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Mechanics for IIT-JEE/AIEEE/AIPMT by Sanjay Pandey

Mechanics for IIT-JEE/AIEEE/AIPMT by Sanjay Pandey

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Published by Sanjay Pandey
These notes are written for IIT-JEE/AIEEE/AIPMT students.
These notes are written for IIT-JEE/AIEEE/AIPMT students.

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Published by: Sanjay Pandey on Jun 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/21/2013

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   P   h  y  s  i c  s    b  y   S a  n  j a  y    P a  n  d e  y   (   K a  n  p  u  r   )    E  m a  i   l  :   s  p  p   h  y  s  i c  s  w o  r   l  d  @ g  m a  i   l . c o  m   M o .   +  9  1  9 4  5  3  7  6  3  0  5  8 ,  +  9  1  7  2  7  5  1  9 4  0  5  1
MECHANICS
Sanjay PandeyMay 19, 2011
 
   P   h  y  s  i c  s    b  y   S a  n  j a  y    P a  n  d e  y   (   K a  n  p  u  r   )    E  m a  i   l  :   s  p  p   h  y  s  i c  s  w o  r   l  d  @ g  m a  i   l . c o  m   M o .   +  9  1  9 4  5  3  7  6  3  0  5  8 ,  +  9  1  7  2  7  5  1  9 4  0  5  1
Contents
1.1 Systematic Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.2 Random Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.3 Quantifying the Uncertainty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41.4 How many Decimal Places?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.5 How does an uncertainty in a measurement affect the FINAL result?. . . . . . . . . . . . 61.6 Percentage Error. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.7 Combination of Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1 The International System Of Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.2 Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.3 Dimensional Formulae And Dimensional Equations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.4 Uses of Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.4.1 Homogeneity of dimensions in an equation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.4.2 Conversion of units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.4.3 To find relations among the physical quantities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122.5 Limitations of the Dimensional Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.1 Scalar Quantities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143.2 Vectors Quantities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153.3 Some Properties of Vectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153.4 Multiplication of Vectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243.5 Assignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2
 
   P   h  y  s  i c  s    b  y   S a  n  j a  y    P a  n  d e  y   (   K a  n  p  u  r   )    E  m a  i   l  :   s  p  p   h  y  s  i c  s  w o  r   l  d  @ g  m a  i   l . c o  m   M o .   +  9  1  9 4  5  3  7  6  3  0  5  8 ,  +  9  1  7  2  7  5  1  9 4  0  5  1
1 Measurements
A measurement should always be regarded as an estimate. The precision of the final result of anexperiment cannot be better than the precision of the measurements made during the experiment, so theaim of the experimenter should be to make the estimates as good as possible.There are many factors which contribute to the accuracy of a measurement. Perhaps the most obviousof these is the level of attention paid by the person making the measurements: a careless experimentergets bad results! However, if the experiment is well designed, one careless measurement will usually beobvious and can therefore be ignored in the final analysis. In the following discussion of errors and levelof precision we assume that the experiment is being performed by a careful person who is making thebest use of the apparatus available.
1.1 Systematic Errors
If a voltmeter is not connected to anything else it should, of course, read zero. If it does not, the "zeroerror" is said to be a systematic error: all the readings of this meter are too high or too low. The same3

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