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Control System Notes

Control System Notes

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Published by atul mishra

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Published by: atul mishra on Jul 04, 2011
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06/09/2013

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CONTROL SYSTEM NOTES
(For
 
Bachelor
 
of 
 
Engineering)
 
Notes
 
by:
 
PROF. SHESHADRI G. S
Soft
 
Copy
 
material
 
designed
 
by:
 
KARTHIK KUMAR H P
Your
 
feedbacks
 
can
 
be
 
mailed
 
to:
 
hpk_kumar007@yahoo.com
 
INDEX
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
Control Systems 
 
By:
Sheshadri.G.S.
HPK Kumar 
 
Introduction to Control Systems
By:
Sheshadri.G.S.
CIT, Gubbi.
Control System means any quantity of interest in a machine or mechanism is maintained or altered inaccordance with desired manner. ORA system which controls the output quantity is called a control system.
Definitions:
1.
 
 Controlled Variable:
It is the quantity or condition that is measured & controlled.
2.
 
 Controller:
Controller
means measuring the value of the controlled variable of the system & applying themanipulated variable to the system to correct or to limit the deviation of the measured value to thedesired value.
3.
 
Plant:
A
plant
is a piece of equipment, which is a set of machine parts functioning together. Thepurpose of which is to perform a particular operation. Example: Furnace, Space craft etc.,
4.
 
System:
A
system
is a combination of components that works together & performs certain objective.
5.
 
 Disturbance:
A
disturbance
is a signal that tends to affect the value of the output of a system. If a disturbanceis created inside the system, it is called
internal
. While an
external
disturbance is generated outside thesystem.
6.
 
Feedback Control:
It is an operation that, in the presence of disturbance tends to reduce the difference between theoutput of a system & some reference input.
 7.
 
Servo Mechanism:
A
servo mechanism
is a feedback controlled system in which the output is some mechanicalposition, velocity or acceleration.
8.
 
Open loop System:
In an
Open loop System
, the control action is independent of the desired output. ORWhen the output quantity of the control system is not fed back to the input quantity, the controlsystem is called an
Open loop System.
9.
 
 Closed loop System:
In the
Closed loop Control System
the control action is dependent on the desired output, wherethe output quantity is considerably controlled by sending a command signal to input quantity.

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