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Water Jet

Water Jet

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Published by FIRDAUS BIN MAHAMAD

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Published by: FIRDAUS BIN MAHAMAD on Nov 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/17/2013

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Waterjet
first draft 9/23/04 from Prof. Carmichael notes.9/17/06: modified to reflect w (V=>V
A
) and separate inletand outlet pressure loss (in addition to drag) to reflect paperV
A
velocity inletw wake fractionVs ship velocityVj nozzle (outlet) velocity
VA
 
:=
 
VsVs
(1
 
 
w)
 
T
 
=
m_dot
(
VJ
 
 
VA
)
 
m_dot
 
=
mass_flow_rate
 
d
 
hVj
 
V
A
 
ρ
 
g
d
at inlet centerline ...
plocal
 
=
patmos
 
+
 
at this point ... total pressure (pitot tube)
poin
 
=
plocal
 
+
 
1
 
⋅ρ
VA
2
 
=
patmos
 
+
 
ρ
g
d
 
+
 
1
 
⋅ρ
VA
2
 
2 2
 
pressure at inlet to pump ...
1
2
 
total pressure (pitot tube) ...
pop
 
=
poin
 
 
ρ
g
(d
 
+
 
h)
 
=
patmos
 
 
ρ
g
h
 
+
 
2
 
⋅ρ
VA
 
pressure at pump exit... total
poj
 
=
patmos
 
+
 
12
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
pressure (pitot tube) ..total pressure increaseacross pump ...
poj
 
 
pop
 
=
patmos
 
+
 
21
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
 
patmos
 
+
 
ρ
g
h
 
 
21
 
⋅ρ
VA
2
 
=
21
 
⋅ρ
 
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
 
+
 
ρ
g
h
 
energy rise across the pump
poj
 
 
pop
 
1
 
2 2
 
per unit mass flow is ...
ρ
 
=
2
 
 
V j
 
 
VA
 
+
 
gh
 
power absorbed by ideal pump is
poj
 
 
pop
 
1
 
2 2
 
therefore ...
Ppi
 
=
m_dot
ρ
 
=
m_dot
 
2
 
 
V j
 
 
VA
 
+
 
gh
 
ideal efficiency is then ... and quasi propulsive coefficient is ...
 
) T
PTi
 
effective_power
 
PE
 
R Vs
 
(1
 
 
t
 
Vs
 
1
 
 
t
 
T VA
 
1
 
 
t
 
PTi
 
1
 
 
t
η
i
 
=
η
D
 
= === =
 
=
 
=
⋅η
i
Ppi
 
power_delivered
 
Ppi
 
PPi
 
PPi
 
1
 
 
w
 
PPi
 
1
 
 
w
 
Ppi
 
1
 
 
w
⎛ 
 
VJ
 
 ⎞
 
PTi
 
T VA
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
VJ
 
)
 
2 VA
 
VJ
 
)
 
2 VA
 
VJ
 
 
VA
)
 
2
⎝ 
 
VA
 
 
1
 
 ⎠
 
 
(
 
VA
 
 
(
 
VA
 
 
(
η
i
 
===
===
Ppi
 
Ppi
 
m_dot
 
1
 
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
+
 
gh
 
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
 
+
 
2gh
 
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
 
+
 
2g
 
h
 
⎛ 
 
V j
 
 ⎞
2
 
gh
 
2
 
 
 
1
 
+
 
2
 
⎝ 
 
VA
 
 ⎠
 
V
2
 
 
 
if h = 0
⎛ 
 
VJ
 
 ⎞
 
2
 
VA
 
 
1
 
2
 
same as propeller (we
η
i
 
=
 
=
developed following in
⎛ 
 
V j
 
 ⎞
2
 
V j
 
+
 
1
 
actuator disk
 
VA
 
 
1
 
VA
from actuator_disk.mcd using new variables to avoid duplication
Δ
v
 
:=
 
VVVV j j
 
VVA
 
Δ
v
Δ
vVV
 
:=
 
VVA
 
+
 
T VVA
 
VVA
what are implications of
2
 
η
I
η
I
:=
 
 
simplify
 
 
2
η
I
 
=
2
 
VV
 j
= VV
A
?
T V
 
VVA
 
+
 
VV j
 
VV j1
 
+
 
VVA
 
h cannot be negative (would be ducted prop, h limits efficiency
Real waterjet with losses 
=
T
 
T
 
=
m_dot
net thrust of waterjet
Tnet
 
Draginlet
(
V j
 
VA
)
 
conventional drag coefficient
Cd
 
=
Drag
 
1
2
 
⋅ρ
v
 
A
 
2
 
== =
drag coefficient of inlet
CD
 
1
 
Drag
2
 
1
 
Drag
 
1
 
Drag
 
⋅ρ
v
 
A
 
⋅ρ
VA
A
VA
 
m_dot
VA2 2
 
2
 
net thrust
Tnet
 
T
 
 
Draginlet
 
=
m_dot
(
V j
 
 
VA
)
 
CD
 
21
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
=
 
⎛ 
 
VVA j
 
 
1
 ⎞
 
 
CD
 
21
 
=
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
 
 
 
net thrust power
PT_net
 
=
Tnet
 
VA
 
=
 
2
 
⎛ 
 
VVA j
 
 
1
 ⎞
 
 
CD
 
12
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
 
 
 
delta p across pump must be increased to account for losses ...
we'll assume separate inlet and outlet losses
assume internal losses are ... ~ 1/2*
ρ
*v^2
Δ
ploss
 
=
Δ
pin_loss
 
+ Δ
pout_loss
and the pump pressure rise is ...
non-dimensional pressure loss coefficient is ....
=
Δ
pin_loss
 
Δ
pout_loss
 
=
and the real pump pressure rise is ...
Kin
1
 
⋅ρ
VA
2
 
Kout
 
1
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
2
 
2
 
poj
 
 
pop
 
=
21
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
 
+
 
ρ⋅
g
h
 
+ Δ
ploss
 
=
21
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
 
VA
2
 
+
 
ρ⋅
g
h
 
+
 
Kin
 
21
 
⋅ρ
VA
2
 
+
 
Kout
 
 
21
 
⋅ρ
V j
2
 
⎛ 
 
g h
V j
 
 ⎞
1
2
 
 
V j
 
 ⎞
2
 
⎛ 
 
2
 
 
poj
 
 
pop
 
=
⋅ρ
VA
 
 
 
1
 
+
 
2
+
 
Kin
 
+
 
Kout
 
2
 
⎝ 
 
VA
 
 ⎠
 
VA
2
 
⎝ 
 
VA
 
 ⎠
 
 
 
ideal pump power is ...
Ppi
 
=
ρ
 
=
1
 
2
 
2
 
 
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 
 
V j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
2
 
 
1
+
2
g h
2
V
 
Kin
 
Kout
 
 
 
 
2
 
⎛ ⎝ 
V j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
++
2
 
 
 
2
 
pop
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
m_dot
 
VA
 
 
⎛ ⎝ 
η
 
 
poj
 
1
 
2
 
m_dot
 
pop
 
=
m_dot
 
VA
 
Pp
 
=
actual_pump_power
 
Ppi
 
poj
 
define
η
p
such that
η
=
p
 
Pp
 
2
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 
 
2
PPi
 
V j
 
CD
 
+
Kout
 
 
⎛ ⎝ 
V j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
m_dot
+
2
g h
2
V
 
Pp
 
=
 
1
 
Kin
+
=
PT_net
 
=
 
VA
ρη
p
 
η
p
 
=
p
 
V j
 ⎠
1
 
2
 
2
 
 
1
 
VA
η
real
 
Pp
 
2
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 
2
 
Kin
 
 
 
 
for a different form ... multiply numerator anddenominator by (V
A
 /V
 j
)^2 ...
 
 
 
 
 
2
m_dot
 
VA
 
η
p
 
V jV j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
⎛ ⎝ 
 ⎞ ⎠
g h
2
VA
 
1
 
 
1
 
2
 
Kout
+ + +
 
VA2
 
V j
 
VA
 
VA
 
VA
 
2
 
V j
 
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 ⎞ ⎠
CD
 
2
 
2
 
η
p
 
=
Kout
+
 
V j
 
VA
 
2
 
1
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 
 ⎞ ⎠
 
Kin
 
1
 
12
 
η
p
 
 
1
 
 
1
 
1
CD
 
VA
 
 
VA
 
V j
 
V j
=
η
real
 
2
 
2
 
2
V j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
⎛ ⎝ 
⎛ ⎝ 
⎛ ⎝ 
 ⎞ ⎠
⎛ ⎝ 
 ⎞ ⎠
g h
2
VA
 
g h
2
 
2
 
Kin
 
2
 
Kout
+ + + + +
 
V j
 
V jV j
 
1
 
2
 
1
 
2
 
(
 
 
 
 
⋅μ
 
g h2
 
(
 
 
 
 
⋅μ
 
g h2
 
)
2
 
η
2
 
⋅μ
 
1
 
μ
CD
 
Kout
 
2
 
η
Kout
 
⋅μ
 
1
 
μ
 
 
)
 
 
 
CD
 
Kin
 
⋅μ
 
g h2
 
 
p
 
p
and substitute
μ
for V
A
 /V
 j
...
=
η
real
 
=
2
(
)
(
μ
Kin
 
 
1
 
+
 
1
 
1
 
)
1
 
CD
 
Kin
 
+ + + +
 
2
V j
 
V j
 
and the quasi propulsive coefficientis then ..
V j
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
 ⎞ ⎠
1
 
1
(
 
)
2
 
η
p
 
 
1
 
 
1
CD
 
Kout
 
2
⋅μ
1
 
μ
VA
 
21
 
 
t
 
 
1
 
 
t
 
CD
 
2
 
=
η
D
⋅η η
=
 
p
 
p1
 
 
w
 
1
 
 
w
2
 
2
 
2
 
(
⎛ ⎝ 
V j
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
V j
 
VA
 
⎛ ⎝ 
 ⎞ ⎠
1
 
Kout
μ
1
+
g h
2
VA
 
2
 
Kin
+ + +
 
V j
 
as from above ...
V j
 ⎠
1
 
2
 
 
2
m_dot
 
VA
net thrust power
PT_net
 
Tnet
 
V
 
 
1
= =
 
VA
 
 ⎞ ⎠
)
μ+
 
⎛ ⎝ 
 
 
2
 

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