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Mammals Text "orbergiano modo"

Mammals Text "orbergiano modo"

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Texto sobre los mamíferos en inglés, elaborado según los principios del método inductivo-contextual de H. Orberg.
Texto sobre los mamíferos en inglés, elaborado según los principios del método inductivo-contextual de H. Orberg.

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Published by: Emilio Canales Muñoz on Nov 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/09/2014

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 Mammals
ALL ABOUT MAMMALS
 
What is a mammal?
Mammals are animals that have hair, are warm-blooded, and nourish theiryoung with milk. Some modern-day mammals include people, apes,cats, bats, dogs, tigers, mice, moose, aardvarks, beavers, elephants, gorillas,  sloths,pandas,hamsters,horses,whales, and dolphins. 
Types of MammalsMonotremes
: Themonotremesare primitive egg-laying mammals.Modern-day monotremes include theechidnas (spiny ant-eaters)and theduck-billed platypus. 
Marsupials
:Marsupialsare another group of mammals; their young areborn in an extremely immature state; most female marsupials have pouches.Some marsupials include thekoala,kangaroo,and thenumbat. 
Placental mammals
:Placental mammalsare mammals whose young areborn at a relatively advanced stage (more advanced than the young of othermammals, the monotremes and marsupials). Before birth, the young arenourished through a placenta. The placenta is a specialized embryonic organthat is attached the mother's uterus and delivers oxygen and nutrients to theyoung. Most mammals are placental mammals, like cats, dogs, horses, andpeople.
Diet
 Mammals have to eat a lot to maintain their high body temperature. Dietsvary from genus to genus. As with most animal groups, there are moreherbivores (plant-eaters) than there are carnivores (meat-eaters).mother feeding herbabywarm-blooded <warm = moderatelyhot + blooded <blood = red fluid inveinsbloodnourish = give foodtoegg-laying mammal= animal whichreproduces witheggs.immature< in-maturepouchattach = beconnected withgenus = group
placentauterus
 
 Mammals
Types of Mammalian Diets
:Herbivores (plant eaters) - includingbeavers,cows,horses, pandas,  sloths,and othersCarnivores (meat eaters) - includingwhales and dolphins, dogs,  tigers,lions,and othersOmnivores (eat plants and meat) - people, somebears,pigs, dingosand othersInsectivores (eat insects) -aardvarks,anteaters,pangolins,and others
Venomous Mammals
: Only a few mammals are venomous, includingtheduckbilled platypus (males only),several species of shrews, and theSolenodon (a small insectivore).
Mammal Extremes
 
Fastest mammal
(also the fastest land animal): thecheetah(60-70mph = 97-110 kph)
Slowest mammal
- thesloth(less than 1 mph, or 2 kph)
Biggest mammal
, biggest animal that ever lived on Earth - thebluewhale
Biggest land mammal
Tallest mammal
- thegiraffe
Smallest mammals
- the pygmy shrew (weighing 1.2-2.7 gm) andthe bumblebee bat (weighing about 2 gm)
Loudest mammal
- theBlue Whale.The second loudest is theHowler Monkey. 
Smallest newborns
-marsupials(pouched mammals, like thekangaroo) 
Smelliest mammal
- thestriped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Fat
- Theblue whalehas the thickest layer of fat
Most dangerous
- the polar bear and the hippopotamus are the mostdangerous mammals for the human being.
Source:
Questions:
 1.
 
What are the main characteristics of a mammal?2.
 
Name five modern-day mammals3.
 
Which mammals lay eggs?4.
 
What is the distinctive feature of marsupials?
 
venomous =poisonouspoisonousfastest < fastmph = miles per hourslowest < slowbiggest < bigtallest < tallsmallest < smallloudest < loud =noisynewborn<new-born =animal which has justbeen bornsmelliest < smelly =with strong smellthickest<thick 
thinFeature=characteristic
 
 Mammals
5.
 
What is the placenta function?6.
 
Why do mammals have to eat a lot?7.
 
Name three plant-eaters8.
 
Name three carnivores9.
 
What are omnivores?10.
 
Which are the only venomous mammals?THE SUPERLATIVE OF ADJECTIVESWe use the superlative when we want to express the highest degree orquality of an adjective:
The cheetah is the fastest mammal in the world 
-
 
One-syllable adjectives form their superlative by adding
est
to thepositive form.
Fast fastest Slow slowest 
-
 
adjectives ending in
e
add
st
 Large largest 
-
 
Adjectives ending in one vowel and a consonant
 – 
t, -d, -g, -m, -ndouble the last consonant.
 Big biggest Fat fattest 
-
 
Adjectives of two syllables ending in
 – 
y
drop the
 – 
y and add
 – 
iest
Smelly smelliest 
-
 
Adjectives of three or more syllables form their superlative byputting
most
before the positive
 Dangerous most dangerous Beautiful most beautiful
-
 
Irregular adjectives
Good best  Bad worst Far farthest/furthest 
large = big

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