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Chapter I

Chapter I

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Published by Daniel Torralba

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Published by: Daniel Torralba on Feb 25, 2012
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11/24/2013

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 LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA LEAVES AS A SOURCE OF ETHANOL
 An Investigatory Project presented to theScience and Technology DepartmentSubmitted to:
Ms. Ashley Maria Dimanlig
Science Adviser Submitted by:Calvin Kyle NarvaezDon Francis MendozaEnzo BartolomeDaniel Torralba
 
 
Leucaena Leucocephala Leaves as a source of Ethanol
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTIONBackground of the Study
In the Philippine market nowadays, ethanol is the most expensive chemical sold.Ethanol has long been widespread used as a solvent, of substances intended for human contact or consumption including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicine. Itis also used as a fuel for heat, light, and for combustion engines. It is regarded as aclean fuel.Tropical countries like the Philippines, has many species of tropical starch-richtrees like
leucaena leucocephala
commonly known as ³Ipil-ipil´. Leucaenaleucocephala trees are widely distributed in most localities at low and medium altitudesthroughout the Philippines and are fast-growing rhizomes. Leucaena leucocephalaleaves contain 18.6% carbohydrates which show a potential 1 for ethanol production.Ethanol can be obtained from
leucaena leucocephala
leaves by the process of fermentation, simple distillation and fractional distillation.
 
 
Leucaena Leucocephala Leaves as a source of Ethanol
Statement of the Problem
The objective of the study is to determine the feasibility of ipil-ipil leaves (
leucaenaleucocephala
) extract to produce ethanol through process of fermentation anddistillation.Main Problem:How we can produce ethanol by just using ipil-ipil leaves extract?Questions:1. How many ipil-ipil leaves do we need to produce a sufficient amount of ethanolthat we can use to supply the local market?2. What are the tests needed to support our claim that ipil-ipil leaves can produceethanol?3. How can we compare the ethanol produced from ipil-ipil leaves to commercialethanol?
Hypotheses of the Study
By the process of fermentation and distillation of ipil-ipil leaves extract, we canproduce a certain amount of ethanol.

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