Leucaena Leucocephala Leaves as a source of Ethanol
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTIONBackground of the Study
In the Philippine market nowadays, ethanol is the most expensive chemical sold.Ethanol has long been widespread used as a solvent, of substances intended for human contact or consumption including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicine. Itis also used as a fuel for heat, light, and for combustion engines. It is regarded as aclean fuel.Tropical countries like the Philippines, has many species of tropical starch-richtrees like
commonly known as ³Ipil-ipil´. Leucaenaleucocephala trees are widely distributed in most localities at low and medium altitudesthroughout the Philippines and are fast-growing rhizomes. Leucaena leucocephalaleaves contain 18.6% carbohydrates which show a potential 1 for ethanol production.Ethanol can be obtained from
leaves by the process of fermentation, simple distillation and fractional distillation.