Internet Activity ONION ROOT TIPS AND THE CELL CYCLE
Actively dividing cells pass through a predictable series of stages called the cell cycle. Acell cycle starts with interphase, just after a new cell is formed by mitosis. Duringinterphase, the cell duplicates its DNA and increases its mass and number of cytoplasmiccomponents. This prepares the cell for the next round of mitosis. The cell cycle endswhen the cell divides. If you look under a microscope at cells from actively dividingtissue, you will find that their cell cycles are not synchronized. Some cells are ininterphase, while others are in the various stages of mitosis. By noting the number of cells in each stage, it is possible to calculate the relative lengths of each phase of the cellcycle.
In this activity, you will calculate the lengths of the various phases of the cell cycle in anonion root tip. First you will view some slides and graphics of onion root tips provided bythe Molecular Expressions Photo Gallery. Then you will complete the online activity provided by the Biology Project at the University of Arizona.
Use your browser to go to Molecular Expressions Photo Gallery: Mitosis
Notice in the micrograph at the top of the page that there are cells in a variety of stages.View the onion slides in this section, then click on "mitosis" in the sentence "Learn thesteps in mitosis ...” This will take you to a Java tutorial. Keep in mind what you havelearned here as you proceed to the second part of the activity.
Use your browser to go to Online Onion Root Tips at
Begin by reading the description of the five major cell phases. You will need to keep thisinformation in mind during the activity.Make a copy of the data sheet that appears on the second page (provided). You will needit to answer the questions.Proceed through the activity, identifying the phase for each cell you are shown. Payattention to the hints if you misidentify a cell at first.1