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Cell Trans

Cell Trans

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Published by Naveen Eldose RN

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Published by: Naveen Eldose RN on Apr 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/20/2012

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Cells
Cells are the basic units of life
All organisms arecomposed of cells.
The activity of the body’s
cells determines the boththe structure and thefunction of the body.
What well be
concentrating on is howthings move in and out of cells.
 
Plasma Membrane
The PM separates the cellinterior (the cytoplasm) fromthe cell exterior (extracellular orinterstitial fluid).
Both the cytoplasm and the ECF
are aqueous, i.e., they’re both
water based.
The PM is a bilayer (doublelayer) of phospholipids.
A phospholipid is a moleculemade of a glycerol backbone towhich 2 fatty acids and onephosphorous-containing groupare attached.
2 PM’s as seen w/ an electron microscope
 Cartoon representation of the PM
 
In this molecule, we see the glycerol backbone (tan), the 2 fatty acidsyellow), and the phosphorous-containing group (purple). The glyceroland fatty acids are nonpolar
 – 
they do not dissolve in water(hydrophobic). The phosphorus-containing group is polar
 – 
it doesdissolve in water (hydrophilic). So, the phospholipid has a polarportion and a nonpolar portion (a portion that can dissolve in waterand a portion that cannot). Because of this, we say that phospholipidsareamphipathic.

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