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IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC SOLAR STREET LIGHT CONTROL CIRCUIT

IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC SOLAR STREET LIGHT CONTROL CIRCUIT

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Published by Malik Sameeullah
An automatic control circuit for LED street lamp is designed. Solar power is utilized and electric energy is stored in battery. This circuit works in four mode control, (1) light control, (2) intensity adjustment, (3) under voltage and overvoltage control and (4) uninterrupted power in night. Under the light control mode, LED lamp turn off in daytime and lit in night automatically. PWM technique is used to adjust intensity according to darkness and under voltage and over voltage protection is provided so that battery life is improved. A special scheme of alternative supply is added for foggy areas where battery is not charged fully and due to this discharge in midnight.
An automatic control circuit for LED street lamp is designed. Solar power is utilized and electric energy is stored in battery. This circuit works in four mode control, (1) light control, (2) intensity adjustment, (3) under voltage and overvoltage control and (4) uninterrupted power in night. Under the light control mode, LED lamp turn off in daytime and lit in night automatically. PWM technique is used to adjust intensity according to darkness and under voltage and over voltage protection is provided so that battery life is improved. A special scheme of alternative supply is added for foggy areas where battery is not charged fully and due to this discharge in midnight.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Malik Sameeullah on May 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/18/2014

 
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LNVOCNCEXGXLAE AJ GSXANGXLI YAOGR YXRCCX OLDMX IAEXRAO ILRISLX
Ngolk Ygnccuoogm B.Xcim (Cocitrligo cedleccrled) Hcpgrtncet aj Cocitrligo Cedleccrled @gnlg Nloolg Lsognlg Ecw Hcoml-776623 ngolkQsgnccuoogmFrchljjnglo.ian
Gbstrgit- Ge gutangtli iaetrao ilriult jar OCH strcct ognp ls hcsldech. Yaogr pawcr ls utlolzch geh cocitrli cecrdy ls starch le bgttcry. Xmls ilriult warks le jaur nahc iaetrao, (7) oldmt iaetrao, (2) letceslty gh`ustncet, (9) uehcr vaotgdc geh avcrvaotgdc iaetrao geh (8) ueletcrruptch pawcr le eldmt. Sehcr tmc oldmt iaetrao nahc, OCH ognp ture ajj le hgytlnc geh olt le eldmt gutangtligooy. VTN tcimelquc ls usch ta gh`ust letceslty giiarhled ta hgrkecss geh uehcr vaotgdc geh avcr vaotgdc pratcitlae ls pravlhch sa tmgt bgttcry oljc ls lnpravch. G spcilgo simcnc aj gotcregtlvc suppoy ls ghhch jar jaddy grcgs wmcrc bgttcry ls eat imgrdch juooy geh huc ta tmls hlsimgrdc le nlheldmt.
7.
 
LEXRAHSIXLAE Yaogr cecrdy ls g rcecwgboc sauric aj cecrdy, wmlim ls oaed-ogstled geh ea paooutlae typc. Lt ige bc cgsloy utlolzch geh gosa g iast cjjcitlvc le oaed tcrn. Yaogr strcct oldmt ha eat ecch stgjj jar ngegdcncet geh iaetrao geh lt ige cgsloy stgooch le puboli pogics olkc maspltgo, simaao, strcct cti. OCH ognp ls dcecrgooy usch bcigusc aj oaed oljc geh cecrdy sgvled (oaw wgtt). OCH strcct ognp ls ianpgit geh smaik rcslstlvc wltm cecrdy cjjlilcet. Le tmls pgpcr iaetrao ilriult jar saogr OCH strcct ognp ls hcsldech geh gosa hlsiusscs tmc wark ta lnpravc jurtmcr iaetrao. 2.
 
ILRISLX GEH TARKLED VRLILVGOC Gs smawe le Jld. , ilriult ianpasch aj slx iaetrao pgrt suim gs avcr/uehcr vaotgdc iaetrao, ae/ajj ilriult, OCH hrlvled pgrt, OHR hlnncr geh autslhc suppoy iaetrao pgrt. Ilriult ls hcslde usled slnpoc tcimelquc iaeslst aj AV-gnp, 333 Xlncr geh slnpoc swltimled ilriult. G.
 
YAOGR ICOO VGECO Yaogr pgeco ls nghc by iaeecitled ea aj pmatavaotgli icoo le poge ngeecr, sa tmgt prapcr iurrcet geh vaotgdc rgtled ls gvglogboc gt tcrnlego le hgytlnc. Gs aec sloliae pmatavaotgli icoo prahuiled gbaut 6.3 Zaot. G ea. aj icoos ls grrgedch le grrgy ta prahuic spciljli autput. Ilriult ls hcslde jar 72 Zaot saogr pgeco geh ige bc gh`ustch jar hljjcrcet rgtled aj pgeco. B.
 
BGXXCR\ VRAXCIXLAE ILRISLX Xmc imgrdc pratcitlae ilriult uscs ocgh gilh bgttcry (72Z, 72Gm) gs g pawcr suppoy. Yanctlnc Bgttcry ls eat juooy imgrdch huc ta jaddy cevlraencet. Huc ta tmls rcgsae, lt hlsimgrdc le nlheldmt wltm vaotgdc hrap jran 72 Z ta = Z. wc dcecrgooy wget ta gvalh tmls iaehltlae, sa uehcr vaotgdc ilriult ls cnpoaych ta hlsiaetleuc tmc suppoy jran
 
2 bgttcry. R77 geh R72 iaestltutc g vaotgdc hlvlslae ilriult, R79 geh patcetlanctcr RV78 iaestltutc geatmcr. R7 geh R2 iaeecit hlrcitoy ta bgttcry geh geatmcr grn ls iaeecit ta ON4=6=. Xmc eahc 7 geh 2 ls usc gs ianpgrgtar AV- gnp leput. Tmce bgttcry vaotgdc ls bcoaw 76.= Z, AV gnp dcecrgtcs 72 Z, atmcrwlsc -72 Z. Eaw tmls vaotgdc ls rchuich ta 3Z usled trgeslstar swltimled ilriult. Lj tmcrc ls 3 Z sldego gt eahc 9, lt ncge tmgt autput aj S9 ls gowgys oaw geh OCH hrlvled ilriult hacs eat wark geh prcvcet jurtmcr hlsimgrdled Yanctlnc huc ta avcrimgrdled, bgttcry tcrnlego vaotgdc rlsc up ta 78Z. Ylnpocr brlhdc ilriult gs jar uehcr vaotgdc iaehltlae iaeslsts aj R27, R22, R29 geh RV28. Tmcecvcr vaotgdc aj bgttcry mldmcr tmce 78Z, tmc vaotgdc aj eae-levcrtled tcrnlego bciancs mldmcr tmge vaotgdc aj levcrtled tcrnlego geh igusc tmcrc ls mldm vaotgdc ae S8 autput. Xmls igusc epe trgeslstar apcrgtc, wmlim apcrgtc tmc rcogy ialo sa tmgt EI ilriult gitlvgtc geh saogr icoo ple ls hlsiaeecit. I.
 
OLDMX IAEXRAO ILRISLX Lt ls jaueh jran cxpcrlncet tmgt le cvceled tlnc, tmc autput vaotgdc aj saogr pgeco ls ocss tmge 2.=Z. Rcslstgeic R97 geh R92 ls usch gs aec ocd aj brlhdc geh atmcr aec ls sgnc R79, RV78. Eaw batm aj tmcn ianpgrc geh autput aj ap gnp ls mldm aeoy wmce pgeco vaotgdc ls bcoaw 2.9Z. Autput aj S9 geh S8 ls pravlhch ta g leput aj GEH dgtc S3. Mldm sldego gt S3 ncge tmcrc ls g eldmt geh bgttcry wark earngooy. S3 autput ls gnpoljyled usled AV gnp bcjarc usled gs g dgtc sldego aj pawcr NAYJCX. NAYJCX LRJ9263 wark gs g swltim, wmce prapcroy dgtc puosc ls pravlhch. Lt ls usch ta iaeecit Ecdgtlvc tcrnlego aj bgttcry ta OCH ognp. H.
 
333 XLNCR BGYCH VATCR RCDSOGXLED ILRISLX 333 tlncr LI ls aec aj tmc aohcst geh ge cjjcitlvc wgy ta iaetrao vgrlaus cocitraeli ilriult. Tmce 333 tlncr ls usch le gstgboc nahc lt dcecrgtc VTN wgvc. Rcslstgeic RG geh RB ls usch ta imgedc tmc huty iyioc geh puosc wlhtm. Jran jld 8, igpgiltar I2 imgrdcs tmraudm cxtcrego rcslstgeic Rg geh Rb. Gs igpgiltar ls imgrdc up ta tmrcsmaoh vaotgdc wmlim trlddcr tmc jolp joap sa tmgt autput gt ple 9 dacs oaw. Eaw tmc hlsimgrdc trgeslstar ls
 
9 hrlvce geh hlsimgrdcs tmc igpgiltar vaotgdc tmraudm Rb. Eaw igpgiltar ls hlsimgrdc uetlo lt hraps bcoaw tmc trlddcr ocvco (3/9). Xmc jolp joap ls trlddcrch geh autput dacs bgik mldm geh hlsimgrdch trgeslstar ls turech ajj. Lj hlahc ls iaeecit girass Rb sa tmgt igpgiltar imgrdc tmraudm hlahc tmc cqugtlae ls turech leta cvce slnpocr jarn. Lt ls iocgr jran cqugtlae wmce Rg geh Rb ls cqugo huty iyioc ls 36%. Eaw jar leircgsled g vgouc aj Rg huty iyioc leircgsc upta <4%. Le pogic aj Rg , OHR ls iaeecit geh Rb rcngle jlx. OHR (Oldmt Hcpcehcet Rcslstar) ls g oldmt scesltlvc geh rcslstgeic ls imgedch smgrpoy jran 7Kamn le hgytlnc ta 2Namn le hgrk eldmt. OHR rcslstgeic ls abscrvch hurled cvceled geh nareled tlnc. Jran tmc hgtg lt jaueh tmgt le cvceled rcslstgeic aj OHR imgedc smgrpoy jran jcw amns ta ncdg amn. OHR Rcslstgeic Xgboc (7=/69/72, Ecw Hcoml, Lehlg) Cvceled Nareled Xlnc, VN Rcs, K
 Xlnc, GN Rcs, K
 :023 2.9 3036 2666 :096 3.7 3033 7<66 :093 <.4 :066 <46 :086 7=.8 :063 269 :083 :3.6 :076 84.3 :036 =3.2 :073 4.8 :033 877 :026 8.3 Le tmc ngle ilriult, RYX swltim aj 333 tlncr ls aeoy gooaw ta iaeecit tmc ngle suppoy wmce tmcrc ls g eldmt geh tmls ls haec by iaeecitled rcogy wmlim ls iaetrao usled S3 autput. Xmc cjjcit aj imgedc le OCH letceslty ls eat abscrvch by munge cycs. But le prgitligo tmcrc ls g sgvled aj cecrdy. C.
 
GOXCREGXLZC IAEECIXLAE JAR NLH ELDMX SEHCR ZAOXGDC IAEHLXLAE Yanctlnc huc ta jaddy cevlraencet bgttcry ls eat gboc ta imgrdc juooy. Geh huc ta tmls rcgsae, ianpoctcoy hlsimgrdc by nlh eldmt. Lt ls bgttcr ta pravlhc pawcr ta OCH jran GI sauric wmlim ls gvglogboc. Lt ls `ust olkc ge cncrdceiy sltugtlae geh ngy bc usch jar ngx 2-9 maur. G rcogy ls usch wltm earngooy apce scttled sa, GI ilriult ls iut ajj le earngo iaehltlae. Lj autput aj S7 geh S9 ls mldm, lt lehligtcs tmcrc ls nlheldmt uehcr vaotgdc iaehltlae. Batm part ls iaeecit ta leput aj GEH dgtc geh wmce autput ls mldm, rcogy apcrgtc geh GI suppoy ls jcch leta g ilriult. Ya lt iaejlrns tmgt strcct oldmt doaw le eldmt iaetleuausoy.

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