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# 2011-2012

Crane Runway Girder
Dr. Ibrahim Fahdah Damascus University

2011-2012

2011-2012 Components of Crane system .

Some typical arrangements ranging from the lightest to the heaviest are shown .2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue1: Vertical Load Transformation The support method of the crane runway girder depends on the magnitude of the reactions being transmitted.

2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue2: Free Rotation at the Supports Free rotation at the supports of crane runway girders is important in order to prevent bending and torsional moments in the columns. .

2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue3: Transverse Load Transformation Figure (b) illustrates the reversible strain to which the girder web is subjected .an action leading to the result shown in Figure (c) Dangerous details for lateral forces .

The top flange acts as a horizontal beam delivering its reaction to the column.2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue3 could easily be prevented by simply connecting the top flange directly to the column. . as shown.

2011-2012 Typical Section of Crane Girders .

2011-2012 Rail Fastenings .

2011-2012 Design Procedure (BS5950 Code) .

2011-2012 Classification of Cranes .

2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads • The weight of the trolley (carriage) + Lifted Load (Rh) • The weight of the crane bridge (Rs) • The self weight of the crane girder & Rails (Rg) Note: The load to the crane girder will be maximum when trolley wheels are closest to the girder. .

2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads (cont.) For Warehouse or workshop F=1.3 => the load combinations below Conservatively we can simplify the calculation . a factor of 1. .3 can be applied simultaneously to both the lifted load and to the self-weight of the crane.

5*(Rs/2+Rh*(Lc-ah)/Lc) . assuming there are two wheels on each side.) So the maximum unfactored static point load per wheel. is: Rw=1.2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads (cont.3*0.

2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads Plan View .

5.1. (clause 3.5. (clause 3.2. Referred to as the surge load.1 of BS 2573-1:1983[4]). BS 2573: Part 1:1983 [4]) . • Skew loads due to travelling referred to as the crabbing force.2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads • Inertia forces produced by the motion drives or brakes.1.

e.2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads • Transverse Surge load is taken as 10% of the combined weight of the crab and the lifted load. • Longitudinal Surge load of 5% of the static vertical reactions.2 (BS 5950-1:2000). crane bridge and lifted load). • Crabbing forces are obtained from clause 4. from the weight of the crab.11. Note : Horizontal loads need not to be combined together. If the crane is class Q1 or Q2. . (i. then the crabbing forces would not need to be considered.

4 Wv + 1.4 DL + 1.4 DL + 1.4 DL + 1.4 (Wh1 or Wh2 or FR) .6 (Wh1 or Wh2 or FR) • LC3 =1.2011-2012 Step3: Load Combinations Wv FR Wh1 Wheel Wh2 Rail Load combination according to BS 5950-1:2000 (Table 2) are: • LC1 =1.6 Wv • LC2 =1.

2. 6. 3.2011-2012 Step4: Design Checks 1. 7. 5. 8. 4. Major axis bending Lateral-torsional buckling Horizontal moment capacity Consider combined vertical and horizontal moments Web shear at supports Local compression under wheels Web bearing and buckling under the wheel Deflection .

5.5.5. Note: Moment capacity should be reduced in case of high shear according to BS 5950-1-2000 : 4.2.2011-2012 Major Axis Bending For plastic section: Note : Sx is for the whole section Check limit to avoid irreversible deformation under serviceability loads.or H-sections.1 BS 5950-1-2000 4.2.3 .2. see BS 5950-1-2000 : 3. BS 5950-1-2000 4.5 Note: for section classification of compound I.3 & Table 11.

6. BS 5950-2000 4.4 Pb is the bending strength and is dependent on the design strength py and the equivalent slenderness λLT.3.6. • No account should be taken of the effect of moment gradient i.3 BS 5950-2000 4. . crane loads need not be treated as destabilizing. and 4.3.2011-2012 Lateral-Torsional Buckling • Check gantry girder as an unrestrained member for vertical loads.3.4.e. assuming that the rails are not mounted on resilient pads. use I and H with unequal flanges to calculate λLT.2.3 .3 BS 5950-2000 4.6.11.7(a) For compound section (Rolled section + plate ). mLT (lateral-torsional buckling factor) should be taken as 1.0.3. • Due to interaction between crane wheels and crane rails.11. BS 5950-2000 4.6.

5 . Moment capacity of the top flange plate. Mc.2011-2012 Horizontal Moment Capacity Horizontal loads are assumed to be carried by the top flange plate only. BS 5950-1-2000 4.2py Zplate and py*Splate.plate is equal to the lesser of 1.2.

3.3.3.2011-2012 Consider Combined Vertical and Horizontal Moments 1-Section Capacity: BS 5950-1-2000 4.8.1 For simplicity take maximum M x and M y (rather than coexistent M x and M y) and assume that the minor axis loads are carried by the plate only. M LT is the maximum major axis moment in the segment.2 2-Buckling Capacity: “simplified method” BS 5950-1-2000 4.8.0 for simplicity. Note : mx. . my factors can be taken as 1.

3 Note: It is ok to assume that the sear is resisted by the UB section => Av = tD (for rolled I-sections.2011-2012 Web Shear at Supports BS 5950-1-2000 4.3 (a) .8.8. load parallel to web) BS 5950-1-2000 4.

1 45 HR Tplate Tflange 2(HR+T) The stress (fw) obtained by dispersing the wheel load over the length xR should not be greater than py for the web.2011-2012 Local Compression under Wheels The local compressive stress in the web due to a crane wheel load may be obtained by distributing it over a length xR given by: BS 5950-1-2000 4. .11.

2011-2012 Web bearing and buckling under the wheel/supports BS 5950-1-2000 4.5.2.31.5. .1 Bearing capacity of web for unstiffened web Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web BS 5950-1-2000 4.

However. a useful assumption is that the maximum deflection occurs at the centre of the span when the loads are positioned equidistant about the centre. For two equal loads.2011-2012 Deflections Vertical deflection due to static vertical wheel loads from overhead travelling cranes BS 5950-1-2000 2.2 Table 8(c) Horizontal deflection (calculated on the top flange properties alone) due to horizontal crane loads Note : The deflection of crane beams can be important and the exact calculations can be complex with a system of rolling loads. .5.

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