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First Semester SY 2015-2016
First Preliminary Examination (Sept. 1, 2015)

PRINT NAME: ________________________________________________________

SCORE: ___________
1. The melting pot of races and culture, with a unique heritage from Asia, Europe,
Latin America, North America:
A. Malays
C. Indonesia
B. Philippines
D. Spain
2. How the Philippines benefit in the International agreement:
A. Recognition of the archipelago doctrine
C. An Exclusive Economic
Zone (EEZ)
B. A 12-mile belt of territorial waters
D. All of the above
3. The Philippine topography:
A. an inverted Y-shaped archipelago of the numerous islands and islets, coral
reefs, abundant rivers, lakes and bays; mountains and valleys; cool plateaus and
scenic volcanoes
B. It has the longest discontinuous coastline in the world-34,600 kilometers
C. The 61 harbors and 20 landlocked straits
D. All of the above
4. Valuable springs for medicinal waters and geothermal power:
A. Pansol in Laguna
C. Magsingal in Ilocos Sur
B. Sibul in Bulacan
D. All of the above
5. Theory of the origin of Filipino people:
A. The story of Gods
B. Evolution Theory
6. Theory of the origin of the Philippines:
A. Remnant of a lost continent
B. Land Bridge

C. Legend and Fairy tales

D. All of the above

C. Volcanic Origin
D. All of the above

7. Foreign influences that contributed in the shaping of a Filipino culture:

A. Malays
C. Spanish
B. Chinese
D. All of the above
8. The aim of Spanish colonization of the Philippines:
A. Acquisition of resources
C. Territorial expansion
B. Spread of Christianity
D. all of the above
9. The Finest harbor in Asia:
A. Lingayen Gulf
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C. San Juanico Bridge


B. Manila Bay

D. Bataan Peninsula

10. The longest mountain range in the Philippines:

A. Mt. Banahaw
C. Mount Apo
B. Mt. Bulusan
D. Sierra Mountain
11. The study of the past events:
A. Heritage
B. History

C. Philippines
D. Christianity

12. What is the approximate number of islands that comprise the Philippines?
A. 1077
C. 7107
B. 7017
D. 7701
13. The greatest legacy of Spain to the Filipino people:
A. Culture
C. Religion
B. Christianity
D. Character Traits
14. The first European who re-discovered the Philippines:
A. Ferdinand Magellan
C. Roy Lopez de Villalobos
B. King Philip II
D. Sebastian del Cano
15. The Chief executive or head of the government in the Spanish time:
A. Alcalde Mayor
C. Prime Minister
B. President
D. Governador-General
16. The population of the Philippines in 2010 NSO Census:
A. 92 Million
C. 76 Million
B. 88 Million
D. 68 Million
17. The capital city of the Philippines:
A. Luzon
B. Quezon City

C. Bulacan
D. Manila

18. The longest river in the Philippines:

A. Cagayan River
B. Bulacan River

C. Pasig River
D. Sulu River

19. The highest mountain in the Philippines:

A. Mt. Banahaw
C. Mt. Apo
B. Mt. Bulusan
D. Sierra Mountain

Spanish navigator who first used the name Las Islas Filipinas means The
Ferdinand Magellan
C. Roy Lopez de Villalobos
King Philip II
D. Sebastian del Cano

21. Which of the following was NOT among the repressive policies enforced
during the Spanish period?
A. Fiestas
C. Bandala
B. Polo y Servicios
D. Cedula

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22. Which of the following was NOT part of the goods that were traded during the
Manila-Acapulco galleon trade?
A. Gold
C. Silver
B. Silk
D. Sugar
23. What did Spanish invaders call Pygmies, the aborigines of the Philippines?
A. Malayans
C. Negritos
B. Malays
D. Sakai
24. Slavery or force labor that practice during Spanish time:
A. Polo
C. Falla
B. Polista
D. Encomienda
25. Money or thing of value given by the Filipinos in a particular conquered
territory to a Spanish colonizeds as his rewards:
A. Encomienda
C. Tribute
B. Encomendero
D. Bandala
26. What did ancient Filipinos call the Supreme Being in which they believed?
A. Diwata
C. Allah
B. Bathala
D. Anito
27. During Spanish times, Philippine foreign trade with Spain was carried out
through this country:
A. Mexico
C. Japan
B. China
D. Korea
28. The representative of the King of Spain in the Philippines:
A. Friar
C. Alcalde Mayor
B. Governor-general
D. Royal audiencia
29. Who was known as the Prince of Filipino Printers?
A. Pedro Paterno
C. Francisco Baltazar
B. Jose Rizal
D. Tomas Pinpin
30. What is the typical tagalong love song called?
A. Oyayi
C. Balitaw
B. Harana
D. Kundiman
31. The Noble member of social classes during the pre-hispanic period:
A. Maharlika
C. Alipin
B. Timawa
D. All of the above
32. The third and lowest of social classes during the pre-hispanic period;
A. Maharlika
C. Alipin
B. Timawa
D. All of the above
33. Which of these groups in the Philippines had the most elaborate tattoos in
ancient times?
A. Bicolanos
C. Visayans
B. Tagalogs
D. Ilocanos
34. When was Magellan arrived in the Philippines?
A. 1520
C. 1522
B. 1521
D. 1621
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35. The ruler of Mactan and known as the first native of the archipelago to have
resisted the Spanish colonization:
A. Lapu-Lapu
C. Raja Humabon
B. Magellan
D. Raja Sula
36. Reasons for Colonization:
A. God
B. Gold

C. Glory
D. All of the above

37. This was a special judicial court that investigates the performance of a
governor general who was about to be replaced:
A. The Encomienda
C. The Tribute
B. The Residencia
D. The Visita
38. The shared assumption of what is right, good, or important:
A. Belief System
C. Languages
B. Cultural Values
D. Religions
39. An ancient Austronesian manuscript:
A. Alpabeto
B. Baybayin

C. Sulatin
D. Script

40. The first immigrants to arrive by sea to the Philippines:

A. The Malays
C. The Indonesians
B. The Negritos
D. The Spaniards
41. The ruler of Mactan:
A. Lapu-lapu
B. Magellan

C. Diego Silang
D. Datu Humabon

42. The agreement between the Kings of Portugal and Spain that divides the
world between the two countries with Pope Alexander VIs blessing:
A. Treaty of Paris
C. Treaty of Tordesillas
B. Blood compact
D. Code of Kalantiyaw
43. Among the ships that reached the Philippines, only this ship was able to go
back to Spain:
A. Concepcion
C. Trinidad
B. Santiago
D. Victoria
44. The three major island groups of the Philippines:
A. Visayas, Mindanao and Palawan
C. Luzon, Visayas and
B. Manila, Quezon City and Davao
D. Luzon Visayas and ARMM
45. The worst volcanic eruption in the history of the Philippines was caused by:
A. Mt. Mayon
C. Mt. Pinatubo
B. Mt. Kanlaon
D. Mt. Taal
46. The earliest human remains found in the Philippines are collectively called:
A. Java Man
C. Peking Man
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B. Tabon Man

D. Ramapithecus

47. They were called pintados by the Spaniards because of their colorful tattoos:
A. Ilocanos
C. Tagalogs
B. Maranaos
D. Visayans
48. The most influential Spanish official in the Philippines:
A. Parish priest
C. Alperez
B. Guardia civil
D. Gobernadorcillo
49. The Spanish official who exercised executive, judicial and military duties in the
A. Alcalde mayor
C. Cabeza de barangay
B. Gobernadorcillo
D. Governor-general
50. The smallest unit of local government was the:
A. Pueblo
C. Visita
B. Barangay
D. Encomienda
51. It means the physical features of a country:
A. Description
C. Location Map
B. History
D. Topography
52. Who first proclaimed Manila as the capital of the Philippines:
A. Legazpi
C. Villaloboz
B. Magellan
D. King Philip II
53. The reasons why the Philippines fell to Spain:
A. The Filipinos at the time of the arrival of Legazpi were not united.
B. The Spanish invaders had a great commander in Legazpi.
C. The Spanish conquistadores had the advance technology of the West at that
D. All of the above
54. The Philippines was a colony of Spain for how many years?
A. 3 months
C. 33 years
B. 3 years
D. 333 years
55. The highest court of the land during Spanish times:
A. Encomienda
C. Royal Audiencia
B. Supreme Court
D. King of Spain
56. Who introduced the more advanced culture during Iron Age in the Philippines?
A. Indonesians
C. Malays
B. Negritos
D. Spain
57. The first people to come in the Philippines by land bridges:
A. The Indonesians
C. The Malays
B. The negritos
D. All of the above
58. The scientists who study the origin of the Filipino:
A. Archeologists
C. Malayans
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B. Historian

D. Austonesians

59. The name given by Magellan to Philippines in 1521:

A. Ma-yi
C. Archipelago of St. Lazarus
B. Maniolas
D. Felipinas
60. A common expression among Filipinos in this rest on the fatalistic outlook and
strong dependence on the spirits who will take care of everything if they are
really meant for a person:
A. Pakikisama
C. Bahala na
B. Utang-na-loob
D. Hiya
61-70 Which Asian nations the following Filipino culture came from:
A. Malayan
C. Chinese
B. Hindu
D. Arab
61. The belief that the universe is filled with good and bad spirits.
62. Words like: ate, kuya, katay, sangla, pansit.
63. The barangay system.
64. Sanskirt language such as Sandata, maharlika.
65. Words like: kalan, pinggan, biyaya.
66. The Sultanate political system.
67. The arts like singkil.
68. Use of umbrella.
69. Wearing of white dress when mourning and hiring of professional mourners.
70. Arranged marriages.

_________ 71. The Philippines was named after missionaries because it is destined by
God to be a great missionary country.
_________ 72. Mt. Pinatubo is the worlds smallest volcano and most unusual volcano
being surrounded by lake.
_________ 73. Chinese introduced a community oriented rather than a family-oriented
religion in the form of Christianity.
__________74. Spain is the only Christian nation in the non-Christian Asian world.
_________ 75. Superstitious belief of Filipinos were influences by the Chinese.
_________ 76. Filipinos are the only English and Spanish speaking nation in Asia.
_________ 77. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi established Spanish colonial rule in the
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_________ 78. The most influential and powerful colonial official was the friars.
_________ 79. The hidden treasures that discovered in Malampaya Palawan are gold.
_________ 80. Filipinos have both good and bad characteristics, not like any other nation
or earth.
_________ 81. The early Filipinos had no culture of their own.
_________ 82. Our early ancestors are free to choose their leaders.
_________ 83. Our heritage is seen in our religion, politics, economics and not in social
_________ 84. Christianity was the real secret behind the powers of Spain in the
_________ 85. Philippines was believed to be part of the mainland Asia.

III. MATCHING TYPE (15 points)

_______86. Mt. Mayon
_______87. Climate
_______88. Philippine Deep
_______89. Pagsanjan Falls
_______90. Igorot
_______91. Luzon
_______92. Quezon City
_______93. Cagayan River


Queen of Philippine Flowers

The biggest island group
The great peninsula
The lowest place in the Philippines
The rice granary of the Philippines
The longest river
Most historic river
The largest lake
Favorite tourist spot and movie location
Tropical and monsoonal in character
World most perfect cone shape
Study of the Past
People of the mountains or headhunters
The largest City (Population)
Forced labor

_______94. History
_______95. Bataan Peninsula
_______96. Polo
_______97. Central plain
_______98. Laguna de Bay
_______99. Sampaguita
_______100. Pasig River

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Prof. Jenny Malabrigo

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