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You are on page 1of 23

Fraction Parts

2

5

Numerator:

Number of

sections

coloured in,

making up part

of the whole

Denominat

or:

Number of

sections that

Unit Fraction

Any fraction that has the number one

as the numerator

1/

4

1/

1/5

2

1/3

Proper Fraction

A fraction representing less than a whole where

the numerator is less than the denominator

5

/

2

1

5/6 0/23

Improper Fraction

where the numerator is greater than the

denominator

3/1

7/4

9/2

Mixed Fractions

mixed fractions and vice versa. Mixed

Fractions shows a whole number beside a

proper fraction.

Mixed Fraction

the denominator and add the

numerator (2x2= 4 +1= 5, 5/2)

Improper Fraction

5/2

(5/2=2) with one left over making it 2 1/2

Fractions are relative to their whole

Need to know what the whole is made up of to

know what the fraction represents

When looking at the same whole, is more

than 1/3

But of 10 is 5 and 1/4 of 100 is 25

Or of a small pizza will be less than 1/4 of a

large

Fraction Parts

Dont have to be adjacent- The different colour pieces do not have

to be touching to make up a fraction of the whole. Orange covers

1/4 , Yellow 1/3, Green and Red 1/6. Orange squares are all

touching unlike the green that are separated but the both cover of

the whole.

Dont have to be the same shape- The whole does not have to

broken down into equal sized squares. Can be divided into different

shaped triangle. Can easily see a yellow and orange triangle divides

the rectangle in half diagonally.

Manipulatives

for

Fraction Kit

Fractions

Fraction Circles

Fraction Strips

Fraction Blocks

Patterning Blocks

Geoboard

Faction Kit

Whole

1

Thirds

1/3

Halves

1/2

Sixths

1/6

Quarters

1/4

Twelfths

1/12

Eights

1/8

Twenty-Fourths

1/24

Pattern Blocks

Geoboard

Grid Paper

Concepts and how they Compare

Model

What Defines

the Whole

What

Defines the

Parts

Means

Area

defined region

Equal area

covered as it relates

to the whole unit

Length or

number

line

(Linear)

The unit of

distance or

length

Equal

The location of a

distance/lengt point in relation to 0

h

and other values on

the number line

Set

is determined as of objects

one set

in the subset as it

relates to the defined

whole

1. Area Model

Known to be the easiest for kids to

understand

Uses equal sharing and partitioning

Can easily be seen visually while

using manipulatives

Rectangular model can be used

Area Model

Pink makes up the

whole and is

divided into

quarters

Purple represents a

fraction of the whole

1/4

1/2

1/4

1/4

3/4

2. Linear Model

Number Line

Infinite number of fractions on the

number line

Can always divide a space on the

number line in half

Looks at length rather than area

Fractions on a Number

Line

1/3

1/4

2/3

1/2

4/5

3/4

4/3

5/3

3. Set Models

Kids have the most difficulties with set

models

Visuals do not make up a whole

Groups of objects or a collection of objects

Whole = Set of objects not a certain area

Models Kids may find

difficulties seeing

these images as a

whole of 9. It is harder

to see that the 6

apples and 3 bananas

make up a whole of 9

fruits. We may see

that 2/3 of these

objects are apples

and 1/3 are bananas.

Instead, kids may just

see a group of fruits

and cannot visualize

the whole that these

Models

When starting to

introduce set models,

you may want to

include some sort of

area model behind the

images. This could help

assist the students in

understanding that the

apples are representing

6 red squares and the

bananas as 3 yellow

squares. Counting all

the squares, or fruit

within the squares,

make up a whole.

Colours or fruits would

5 cookies and 4 kids, how do we equally share the

cookies?

Now What?

kids until there are no more

Kid #1

Kid #2

Kid #3

Kid#4

Each kid will get one, one, one, one, quarter, quarter,

quarter, quarter and, quarter, quarter, quarter,

quarter. In total that is one cookie and 2 quarters

each.

References

Karp, Bay-Williams & Van de Walle. Elementary and

(9th Ed.). Toronto: Pearson Education Canada Inc.

Ruth Beattys Week 11 Lecture, January 18th, Fractions

Sharp, J. Garofalo, J. &Adams, B (2002) Childrens

cookies and a puppys pills. Making sense of fractions,

rations and proportions (pp 18-28)

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