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Heat and Mass Transfer (MENG01I02)

2010-2011
Assignment 1

NAME: ID: Group:

1. Consider a 1.2 m high and 2 m wide double pane window


consisting of two 3 mm thick layers of glass (k=0.78
W/m.oC) separated by a 12 mm wide stagnant air space
(k=0.026 W/m.oC). Determine the steady state rate of heat
transfer through this double pane window and the
temperature of its inner surface for a day during which the
room is maintained at 24oC while the temperature of the
outdoors is -5oC. Take the convection heat transfer
coefficients on the inner and outer surfaces of the window
to be h1=10 W/m2.oC and h2= 25 W/m2.oC, and disregard
any heat transfer by radiation.

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2. Consider a 5 m high, 8 m long, and 0.22 m thick wall whose representative cross section
is as given in the figure. The thermal conductivities of various materials used, in W/m.oC,
are KA=KF=2, KB=8, KC=20, KD=15, and KE=35. The left and right surfaces of the wall
are maintained at uniform temperatures of 300oC and 100oC, respectively. Assuming heat
transfer through the wall to be one-dimensional, determine (a) the rate of heat transfer
through the wall; (b) the temperature at the point where the sections B, D and E meet; and
(c) the temperature drop across the section F. Disregard any contact resistances at the
interface.

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3. Steam flowing through a long, thin-walled pipe maintains the pipe wall at a uniform
temperature of 500 K. The pipe is covered with an insulation blanket comprised of two
different materials, A and B.
The interface between the two materials may be assumed to have an infinite contact
resistance, and the entire outer surface is exposed to air for which T∞ = 300 K and h = 25
W/m2.K.
(a) Sketch the thermal circuit of the system. Label (using above symbols) all
pertinent nodes and resistances.
(b) For all prescribed conditions, what is the total heat loss from the pipe? What are
the outer surface temperatures Ts,2(A) and Ts,2(B)?

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4. The rear window of an automobile (k = 1.4 W/m.K) is defogged by attaching a thin,
transparent, film type heating element to its inner surface. By electrically heating this
element, a uniform heat flux may be established at the inner surface. For 4 mm thick
window glass, determine the electrical power required per unit window area to maintain
an inner surface temperature of 15 oC when the interior air temperature and convection
coefficient are T∞,i = 25 oC and hi = 10 W/m2.K., while the exterior (ambient) air
temperature and convection coefficient are T∞,o = -10 oC and ho = 65 W/m2.K?

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5. An electrical current of 700 A flows through a stainless steel cable having a diameter of 5
mm and an electrical resistance of 6X10-4 Ω/m (i.e., per meter of cable length). The cable
is in an environment having a temperature of 30 oC, and the heat transfer coefficient
between the cable and the environment is 25 W/m2.K.
(a) If the cable is bare, what is its surface temperature?
(b) If a very thin coating of electrical insulation is applied to the cable, with a contact
resistance of 0.02 m2.K/W, what are the insulation and cable surface temperatures?

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6. A stainless steel (AISI 304) tube used to transport a chilled pharmaceutical has an inner
diameter of 36 mm and a wall thickness of 2 mm. The pharmaceutical and the ambient air
are at temperature of 6 °C and 23°C respectively, which the corresponding inner and
outer convection coefficients are 400 W/m2.K and 6 W/m2.K, respectively. Kst=14.4
W/m.k
(a) What is the heat gain per unit tube length?
(b) What is the heat gain per unit length if a 10-mm- thick layer of calcium silicate
insulation (Kins = 0.050 W/m.K) is applied to the tube?

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