0 conditional – certainty

IF condition present simple If you heat ice result present simple it melts.

IF

condition past simple

result WOULD + base verb I would buy a car.

If

I won the lottery

IF IF condition present simple If If If If I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work people don't eat you heat ice result present simple I am late for work. my boss gets angry. they get hungry. does it melt? If If If If

condition past simple I married Mary Ram became rich it snowed next July it snowed next July

result WOULD + base verb I would be happy. she would marry him. would you be surprised? what would you do?

3rd conditional – no possibility 1st conditional – real possibility
IF condition present simple If it rains result WILL + base verb I will stay at home. If condition Past Perfect I had won the lottery result WOULD HAVE + Past Participle I would have bought a car.

IF IF condition present simple If If If If If I see Mary Tara is free tomorrow they do not pass their exam it rains tomorrow it rains tomorrow result WILL + base verb I will tell her. he will invite her. their teacher will be sad. will you stay at home? what will you do? If If If If If

condition past perfect I had seen Mary Tara had been free yesterday they had not passed their exam it had rained yesterday it had rained yesterday

result WOULD HAVE + past participle I would have told her. I would have invited her. their teacher would have been sad. would you have stayed at home? what would you have done?

2nd conditional – unreal possibility or dream