18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.

fm Page 526 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Answers
Chapter 1

Exercise 1-04

Start up
1 a 54
e 40
i 8

b 28
f 81
j 7

c 63
g 6
k 36

d 42
h 9
l 5

2 -6, -5, -3, -1, 0, 3, 7, 9
3 a 4

b 5

c 6

4 a 30

b 10

c 12

5 a 0.4

b 0.25

c 0.375

Exercise 1-01
1 a 13
e 276
i 600
m 210
q 267

b
f
j
n
r

77
276
24
64
267

c
g
k
o
s

136
80
42
28
350

d
h
l
p
t

480
8
352
19
140

2 a 7000
e 46
i 414
m 176
q 48
u 120
y 413

b
f
j
n
r
v

210
49
108
15
4500
2673

c
g
k
o
s
w

8
400
11
1616
600
63

d
h
l
p
t
x

116
140
16
15
54
126

Exercise 1-02
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1 a 1604
e 1106
i 4004

b 3462
c 510
f 21 636 g 6150
j 2213
k 1903

d 634
h 440
l 10 201

2 a 38
e 32
i 7

b 197
f 15

d 65
h 36

c 257
g 16

Exercise 1-03
1 a -13
e -9
i -11

b 10
f 1
j 4

2 a -20
e 5
i 48
m3

b
f
j
n

-18
-7
-16
28

3 a 0
f -5

b 6
g 20

b 9.38
e 13.04

c 0.51
f 2.80

2 a 3.9
d 7.3

b 4.1
e 15.1

c 0.3
f 4.0

3 a 9.704

b 13.457

c 0.083

4 C

6 1.05, 1.058, 1.085, 1.508, 1.805, 1.85

1234

1 a 4.62
d 6.09

c -7
g 0
k 0
c
g
k
o
c -1
h 120

32
-45
5
25
d 0
i 12

d -12
h -3
l 1
d -2
h -70
l 15

5 a
c
e
g
i

b
d
f
h

1, 1.07
4900, 5416.1
88, 85.83
103, 110.333

Exercise 1-05
1 C
2 a
f
k
p

18
12
-28
-2

3 a 0.5
f 0.3

b
g
l
q

1
28
1
-119

b 2
g 1

c 28
h 30
m2
r 1

d 10
i 5
n -12

e 28
j 58
o -1

c 0.8
h 3.7

d -3.7
i 3.8

e -4

Exercise 1-06
3
1 a -----10
2
e --5
1
i --------200
2 C

7
b --------100
41
f -----50
1
j 1 --5

3
c --------100
7
g -----20
33
k -----------1000

9
d -----------1000
13
h --------500
1
l 14 -----25

3 a 2.1
b 46.11 c 11.5
e 3.14
f 15.96 g 18.97
i 81.473 j 17.901 k 3.78

d 3.43
h 2.68
l 0.748

4 a 12.6
e 0.78
i 170

d 37
h 0.1
l 1.13˙

5 a

+
9.36

c

e 1

4 D

19, 18.7
30 000, 29 707.90
20, 20.8
5, 4.72
2, 1.8

e

b 25.22
f 0.024
j 10.44
4.1

2.07

c 6.2
g 5.2
k 0.12
b

13.46 11.43

18

22.1

20.07

×

8.6

2.1

0.6

5.16

1.26

5.8

49.88 12.18

÷

20.14

0.81

0.5

40.28

1.62

d

26

5.4

20.6

12.2

11.93 14.07

5.67

×

2.04

17.6

12.11

70.07 142.94 848.55
0.65

1.33

7.87

0.07 287.71 11.57

526

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 527 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

Mental Skills 1A

Exercise 1-09

2 a
d
g
j

12:25pm
10:55pm
9:10am
2305 hours

b
e
h
k

1:10am
0610 hours
3:15am
12:20am

c
f
i
l

10:50pm
0010 hours
1100 hours
11:35am

4 a
d
g
j

6:05pm
2:50am
10:50pm
0400 hours

b
e
h
k

6:40am
1245 hours
12:15pm
1:35pm

c
f
i
l

12:10pm
0355 hours
1545 hours
7:20am

1
2
1 a 1 --b 3 --2
3
2
3
e 6 --f 4 -----3
11
7
13
2 a --b -----2
3
27
36
e -----f -----4
5
1
1
3
5
7
3
3 --- , --- , --- , --- , --- , --8 4 8 8 4 8
4 a 1
b 1
----2
3
3
e --f 1
--5
2
i 4
--7
5 a 3
b 8
d 4
e 6
g 40
h 90

Exercise 1-07
1 a 25
e 7
i 1000
2 a 3

b 8
f 1
j 81
b 3

c 36
g 64
k 243

c 2

d 6

d 81
h 256
l 216
e 3

f 5

3 B
4 a 12
e 32
i 2304

b 18
f 16
j 18

c 36
d 150
g 128 000 h 225
k 18
l 157

6 a 0.3
d 0.11

5 a 36
b i 4 ii 9
c Yes, 36 = 4 × 9

1
c 2 --4
16
g 4 -----21
21
c -----4
g 71
-----7

1
d 2 --5
13
h 4 -----15
17
d -----3
h 63
-----4

6
c ----13
g 2
--3

d 3
--4
h 3
--5

c 20
f 3
i 45

b 0.37
e 0.01

c 0.023
f 0.0056

7 a 0.015, 0.35, 0.085, 0.5
b 0.015, 0.085, 0.35, 0.5

6 a i 400 ii 16 iii 25
b Yes, 400 = 16 × 25

Exercise 1-10
1 a 4
--5
d 13
-----15
g 1
--4
j 11
--3

7 (3 × 8)2 = 32 × 82
8 Teacher to check.
9 a 32, 324
c 3, 32, 102, 900
e 4, 42, 72, 784

b 22, 112, 484
d 8, 22, 82, 256
f 3, 5, 32, 52, 225

b 4
--- = 1
--8 2
2
e 1 ----21
h 3
--4
k 31
--2

7
c ----10
7
f ----20
i 1 14
-----15
l 12
--3

1234

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Exercise 1-08
1

Number

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Number squared

1

4

9

16

25

36

49

64

81

100

121

144

Number cubed

1

8

27

64

125

216

343

512

729 1000 1331 1728

2 a 28
e 2

b 16
f 7

c 17
g 13

d 33
h 6

b 4.6
f 44.7

9 a 6
c Yes, 6 = 2 × 3

3 D
4 C

c 22.4
g 1.0

d 1.9
h 10.3

b i 2 ii 3

10 a i 15 ii 5 iii 3
b Yes, 15 = 5 × 3

5 5 and 6
6 D
7 a 7 and 8
d 4 and 5

8 a 6.1
e 7.9

b 10 andd 11 c 14 and 15
e 8 and 9
f 9 and 10

11 a 4, 2, 8
d 4, 9, 2, 18

b 4, 11, 2, 22 c 9, 3, 10, 30
e 81, 25, 45 f 36, 49, 42

12 Teacher to check.

ISBN: 9780170136952

ANSWERS

527

56789012
9012345678
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678901234567890123456789012
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90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 528 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

1
2 a --6
8
d -----15

6
b -----35

6
1
c --- = 1 --4
2
13
3
f ------ = 2 --5
5
3
i --4
11
l -----14
c 18
f 12

e 3

g 5

h

38
5
j ------ = 3 -----11
11
3 a 4
d 36

k
b
e

28
------ = 2 4
--10
5
1
3 --2
3
22

Mental Skills 1B
2 a
c
e
g
i

8 h 30 min
3 h 25 min
11 h 25 min
5 h 10 min
7 h 55 min

b
d
f
h
j

5 h 40 min
8 h 25 min
1 h 40 min
5 h 45 min
7 h 25 min

2 B

4 A

5 A

b 613 m

c 47 m

12 C

Power plus
1 b

i
iii
v
vii
ix

2 a
c
e
g
i

1.2 × 104
7 × 10-3
5 × 10-4
1 × 106
1.11 × 10-8

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2
1234
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6
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3

24 000
0.0933
0.000 009 6
0.010 01
240 000 000

ii
iv
vi
viii
x
b
d
f
h
j

455 000
666.7
0.000 008 9
56 980 000
0.005 7011

3.45 × 108
4 × 103
4.1 × 10-4
3.35 × 10-4
7.2 × 10

4
270
153
50

2 a 320

b 314

3 a 230
e 324
i 116
m 2258

b
f
j
n

4 a 2

b -5

528

1164
748
70
3540

c 98.087 d 70.0
c 8
g 8

d 231
h -2

7 a 1.33
1
8 a ----10
9 a 9.31
e 10.4
i 6.25

b 2.09
23
b -------100
b 19.72
f 1.75
j 6.3

c 0.40
7
c ----------1000
c 30.5
g 0.325

d 2.75

b 1296
e 8
b 20
f -1

d 7.97
h 80

c 161 051
f 5184
c 3
g 100

d -5
h 3

14 a 2, 2, 4 × 100, 400
15 a 3 3
b 42
----4
5
9
11
16 a --b -----2
3
3
6
17 a --b --4
7
e 1
f 2

b 64, 8 × 7, 56
1
c 21
d 7 ------3
11
c 27
d 57
----------4
5
1
7
c --d ----2
12

18 a 0.14
b 0.7
c 0.021
5
15
1
19 a --b ------ = 1 ----- c
7
14
14
7
d 3 ----e 43
f
-----10
56
g 1
h 14
-------2
33
20 a $15.25
b 1440 m
c
d i 225
ii $660
e $108
f 15 000 L

d 0.08
5
-----24
15----28

$5620.50

Start up

Chapter 1 revision
b
f
j
n

b 13.11
b 10
f 53

Chapter 2

Teacher to check.

1 a 210
e 308
i 46
m8

5 a 0.5

13 15.6
3 4800

10 $125 000

11 a 566 m

h 3

12 C

8 0.8 m

9 $36.56

g -12

6 a 12
e 21

11 a 9
e 1.5

6 a $10.05 b $9.95
7 $57.75

f -14
j 8

10 a 343
d 625

Exercise 1-11
1 $54

e -11
i -4

c
g
k
o

15
40
40
1150

d
h
l
p

477
275
144
296

c
g
k
o

731
6468
22
4625

d
h
l
p

264
8082
93
69

c 7

1 a
c
e
g
i
k

7p
k2
2pm or 2mp
6y
g
4a

b
d
f
h
j
l

ab
n3
pkd
3tq
3q
x

2 a 10
e 16
i 4

b 24
f 7
j 4

c 6
g 25
k 20

d 10
h 20
l 42

3 a -1
e 3

b 4
f -13

c -10

d -18

d -9

NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4

ISBN: 9780170136952

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 529 Monday, September 22, 2008 1:13 AM

4 1
1
4 a --- = --- b --8 2
4
12 1
e ------ = --- f 2
36 3

7
c -----10

2
d -----15

d

x
y

7
9

14
10

28
12

84
20

e

x
y

5
6

10
16

12
20

20
36

f

m

4

16

21

25

n

1

7 1---

9

11 1---

Exercise 2-01
b N+3

1 a 4N
N
c N ÷ M or ----M
N
e N ÷ 2 or ---2
g N + 15
i N−1
N
k N ÷ 4 or ---4
m 10N

d N+1
g

h 12 − N
j 2N

x
y

-4
-19

-1
-7

0
-3

3
9

h

mx

0

1
--2

3
--4

1 1---

yb

1

2

2 --1-

4

n 7N − 12

q
f q ÷ r or -r
pq
h pq ÷ r or ----r
j pqr − 7p

g pr + 7
i 4p + qr

3 a 5L + 2
b 3t − 9
c 2w + 17
d 1.5k − 4.2
1
e --x- + 3
f A
---- – 12 or --- A − 12
2
5
2
5y
R
g --- + 6.5
h 5y ÷ 3 or ----3
3
4 (Note: The wording may vary.)
a The sum of x, y and z.
b Three times N plus z.
c The product of x and y minus 5.
d N divided by 4.
e Four times x minus 2.
f The product of x, y and z.
g Five times N plus 12.
h Forty-seven minus 2 times N.

Exercise 2-02
2 a 11
e 14
i 13

b 12
f 26
j 32

c 16
g -1
k 5

d 13
h 14
l 6

3 a -150
e -5
i 18

b 100
f 34
j 11

c 9
g -15
k -180

d 2
h 19
l 5

4 a

e
m

0
0

5
30

9
54

23
138

b

c
j

4
8

8
12

11
15

32
36

n
q

1
13

3
19

11
43

32
106

ISBN: 9780170136952

2

b m2, 3m2
d 2v, 4v, v
f 5, 7, 9, 2

1 a 4x, 2x, x
c 2ab, 6ab
e 6pq, 2qp, 3pq
2 a
d
g
j

4m
8mn
11cd
6x2

b
e
h
k

10ab
2xy
4m
15p

c
f
i
l

3p
k
6y
3rs

5k + 4j
10s2 − 7st
2y2
8gh

b
e
h
k

9ab + 2
10mn
12d − 4e
4p + 3q

c
f
i
l

7m2 + 2m
9k + 3l
4 − 2x
5a + 2c

3 C
4 a
d
g
j

5 a 3x − 3y
c 9k2 + 11
e x2 − 7x + 7
g 11 + 11y
i 6g + 7h
k 52a + 30m
m 15x − 2y

b
d
f
h
j
l
n

4ab + 3mn
6bc − 9a
4p2
7r + 3s
6x2 − 13x + 6
5 − 5q
13r2 + 3s2

1234

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67890123

4567890123
0123456789
567890123 8901234
789
0123456789

Exercise 2-04

1 B

c

2

Exercise 2-03

b pq
d pr − q

e 3q + p

2

f 7N

l 2N + 7

2 a p+q+r
c r−q

2

56789012
9012345678
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1 D
2 a
d
g
j

12y
28q
24pm
180mn

b
e
h
k

56m
15f
30ac
54x2

c
f
i
l

2kq
21pq
8y2
8r 2

4 a
d
g
j

4m
8a
5
9

b
e
h
k

4d
15s
10
5mn

c
f
i
l

5k
12
7
4ef

5 a
d
g
j

-8bd
-4a
12m2n2
6e

b
e
h
k

-24m2
-7k
3c
6x2

c
f
i
l

-90kl
7
40r2
18mn

3 A

ANSWERS

529

3456789012345678
456789012345678901234567890
234567890123
012
8901234
345678901234
34567890123456789012
789
90123456789012345678901234
3456
123456789012345678
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
678901234567890123456789012
123456789012345 234567890
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
89012345678901234567890123
34567890123456789012345678
789012345678901234567890123
23456789012345678901234567
78901234567890123456789012
23456789012345678901234567
67890123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456
567890123456789012345678901
01234567890123456789012345
56789012345678901234567890
901234567890123456789012345
45678901234567890123456789
90123456789012345678901234
345678901234567890123456789
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= 12 --4 4 x c ----12 1 f 6 --. 5. 9. 27 2 a 3 f 4 b 2 g 11 c 4 h 5 c 1. 3. 9. 15 d 5 i 3 e 6 3 C 4 Teacher to check ISBN: 9780170136952 . 2.= k 3 12f 3f f -------. 15. 16 1.= m b -----.= r k -----. 3. 21. 6 1. 2. September 22. 4. 2. 36 1. Jill: P = 2l + 2w Thomas: P = 2(l + w) i 1 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 5k f -----12 7n i -----12 6 Teacher to check. 9 a c e g i k 7a + 22 18 + 17j n+7 14c + 23 m2 + 4m + 3 15f 2 − 2f + 4 b d f h j l 6x 22t + 11 4w + 2 6 7d + e -11e2 Exercise 2-09 Exercise 2-07 1 a d g j 1 a 5a + 10 d 4x + 4y g 14k + 35 10 They both are correct. 55 1. 4. 8. 7. 3. 8.= ----8 2 18m 9m i ----------.= --10 2 4w e ------21 13x h --------24 4 a 3m -------4 7y d -----12 5l g ----4 11k 24y2 4g 7n d -3 h 15 l 0 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 1 a d f g h i j k l 1. 6. 42 1. 30 1.= -----2 10 5 x 2d d --e -----3 5 7c 4x x g -----h -----.= -------20 10 12k l --------.= 1 --5 5 l 6 o 4a 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 2x + 3y 5m + 10n 2mk 3x − 4y b e h k 5p + 10 5x2 + 4y 10ab − 8b 9a2 − 6a 2 a 8a e 21p i 7 m 15abc q 3b b f j n r 3 a 12 e 45 i 6 b -33 f -162 j 24 530 2x 2c2 5 pr 2a c g k o c f i k 27m 4 15rs 108mn c 66 g -10 k 1 2a + 2b 5m2 + 9n 6m2 + 2m 7q − 16 d h l p b 6m − 18 e 9p − 9q h 15m − 6 c 2j + 18 f 11m − 44 2 a -3k − 12 d -2d − 2e g -45 − 18x b -4m + 4 e -5g + 5h h -24f − 16 c -7r − 21 f -2c − 6 3 a xy + 3x b pq − 7p c d2 + 4d 2 2 d 2h − h e a + 3ac f 6lm + 8ln g 15k2 − 10k h 21j2 + 35jk 4 C b -8p + 6q c k2 − 12k 2 e 8n + 20mn f 2x − 14x2 h -5 − 7k 7 a 7a + 26 d 6p − 9 g 12p + 7 b 11k + 15 e 4 − 3y h -8y + 8 c 3q − 3m f 9 − 6t 8 Teacher to check. 25 e 1. 8 1. 2.= --10 8 2 4r 4a j ----. 18. 24 1.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.= 2a 4 2 5f 13q l 2 a ----b --------c --6 15 4 29k m 3h e --------f -----g -----24 20 10 3k d t i -----j --k --4 8 2 3k c -----.= 3 1 --2 2 6 d --k 9 g --. 12. 6. 5. 2. 3.= 4 1 --2 2 2 j m m4 k l --2 49 1 o -----.= 1 --3 3 b 3a -----7 mq e ------np 7 2 a --. 14. 5. 5. 3.fm Page 530 Monday.= 4k 3 e d ----18 29n h --------24 47m l ----------20 j 2 m 9d 2 1234 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 27 c -----xy y f -----2x mn b -------28 6a e --------55k p h -r 2 k --3 4 1 n --. 2008 1:13 AM 6 a y4 e 7q3 i 3y3 b a3 f k3l2 j d2e2f c 2c2 g m3n2 k 4q2r4 d t5 h p4k3 l m2np Exercise 2-05 2m 4n 2n 1 a -------. i 1 h 2c k 3 --a b 6b c a Exercise 2-08 5 a 4x2 + xy d -20 + 5m g -2f 2 − 4f Exercise 2-06 ac 1 a -----24 7q d -----4p 4 g --9 5k k b -----. 2. 3. 4. 9 b 1. 6. 6. 10. 3. 12. 11. 2. 4. 3.

18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 531 Monday. September 22. 2008 1:13 AM 5 a 3x f 4m b 8j g 16c c 2x h 5n d 7k i 3x e 5p Mental Skills 2 2 a 720 e 560 i 560 b 486 f 216 j 616 c 825 g 189 k 135 d 128 h 432 l 675 Exercise 2-10 1 a c e g i 2(x + 2) 3(4k − 5) 3(x2 + y2) 6(2x − 1) 2(2pq + 5) b d f h j 4(p − 4) 5(j − 4k) 5(x − 3) 2(a + 4b) 5(1 + 3x) 2 a c e g i x(y + z) p(q − 1) a(a + 2) n(24m + 11) k(3k + 4j) b d f h j a(b − c) c(d + b) h(5k − 8) y(x + y) f(e − 2f) 3 a 4(x + 2) b 3(m + 2) c 5(a − 2) d 5(3m − 2a) e 4(2x − y) f 4(3m − 4w) g h(k − 1) h x(2y − m) i p(12 + 5r) j x(x + 5) k m(4 − m) l y(y − 11) 4 C 5 a c e g i 2a(m + n) 2a(2p + 1) 3x(y − 4) 2x(7 − y) 3y(3x − 4z) b d f h 3x(2y − 1) 5m(n − p) 2p(q + r) 5j(4k + 1) 6 a c e g i k 7a(b + 2) 3m(1 − 3w) 4m(2a − 3p) 3x(1 + 3y) xy(z + a) ac(2 + 3b) b d f h j l 2x(1 − 3y) 5x(2y − 5w) 3y(3x + 2m) ab(1 + c) 6m(3 − 6n) pq(r + m) 7 a c e g i k r(s + 7) p(p − 2) j(3 + j) 7e(1 + 3e) a2(a2 + 1) 3m(mn + 3) b d f h j l 4(s2 + 4) 2k(3k2 − 1) n(7 − n) 6q(1 − 2q) xy(x + y) 3abc(4abc − 1) Exercise 2-11 1 a c e g -4(k + 6) -5(r − 5) -a(p − q) -6(2y + 3) b d f h -m(n + p) -9(k − 3) -x(x + 7) -f(4 − f) 2 a c e g -4(x − 2) -5(x − 2) -2(3x + 4m) -a(1 + b) b d f h -3(m + 2) -5(3x − 2m) -5(x + 2) -3(xyz − 2abc) ISBN: 9780170136952 i -4(4 − x) k -m(2 − 5p) 3 a c e g i k j -a(x + y) l -8(3x + 2y) -8x(2y + 3k) -4m(2w − 3) -ab(1 + c) -6k(2 + 3w) -4g(5f − 1) -abc(1 − d) b d f h j l -4x(4 − 3y) -5x(1 + 3y) -xy(a − w) -rt(4 − 7s) -19a(p + 2) -abc(1 + d) Exercise 2-12 1 a m6 d y10 g h10 j t21 m m9 b e h k n p7 k3 n8 d16 k12 c f i l o k10 x9 q6 s24 p14 3 a 12x2 d 42k4 g 40e4 j k3l5 m 25c6d 4 b e h k n 10p2 8y4 a3b4 f 8g11 48u4v4 c f i l o 33m4 2u6 m7n7 6p4q2 80x15y14 4 a y2 d q3 g j2 j r mq p 1 b e h k n m2 n8 e2 m4 c4 c f i l o k x5 1 k3 d5 5 a 2k5 d 2r g 6v j s6t5 m 4k4l 4 6d p -----7e b e h k n 4a4 4g2 6n4 m7n7 7g4h4 c f i l o 5l7 6p3 e6f 6x3y 8pq 2 D 1234 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 Exercise 2-13 1 a d g j n18 x14 k14 a14 b k6 e j 24 h v10 4k2 p10q5 8k3j 3 125x12y27 b e h k c y20 f b18 i t 20 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 2 B 3 a d g j 125m6 81g16 16c4d 2 128m28p14 c f i l a3b3 m20n5 10 000r16s8 x12y18z30 Power plus 1 a p(9q + 5 − 2p) c x(2 − 7x + 3y) e (b − 3)(a − 7) b 11(4k − 3l − m) d (y + 2)(x + 3) f (k + 1)(4 − j) ANSWERS 531 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .

angles at a point equal 360° n q = 62.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 2 a acute d obtuse g reflex b obtuse e right h straight c reflex f revolution 3 a 74° b 52° c 2° d 88° 4 a 151° b 11° c 80° d 147° 5 a b c d vertically opposite angles right angle reflex angle straight angle Exercise 3-01 1 a c e g i complementary supplementary straight acute angles at a point b d f h reflex obtuse vertically opposite adjacent 2 a x = 70. vertically opposite angles c = 115..and 10-2 means --------. complementary angles l n = 70. complementary angles b a = 112. angles at a point equal 360° e a = 19.xy 2 6 1 5a + 7b --b --------c -----------------x 10x ab x(x + 2) + 3(x + 2) b (2 + x)(x − 7) = 2x − 14 + x2 − 7x = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 2 = x + 5x + 6 = x2 + 2x − 7x − 14 = x2 − 5x − 14 b c 3 a 4 a 5 x0 means 1 and 50 means 1. Chapter 2 revision 1 a N+3 2 a 1 1234 0123456789 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 b 7A − 3 b -12 c 18 3 a 13k d 20m g 7a + 9b b 17d e 5pq h 16r + 11s c 15p f 10cd i 8f + 7g 4 a 8x d 32pq g 8rs k 5 a --2 17f d -------20 b 21bc e 24a2 h 5 m b ---2 s e -----12 2 b -----15 c 60m f 5j i p4 d c --2 6 a 1 890123 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 d 9 M c ----. straight angle equals 180° x = 170. vertically opposite angles b = 135. vertically opposite angles b = 70. straight angle equals 180° h x = 165. angles at a point equal 360° m = 270. straight angle equals 180° f a = 45. angles at a point equal 360° p p = 45. angles at a point equal 360° i x = 270. straight angle equals 180° m w = 156. vertically opposite angles k k = 58. angles at a point equal 360° a = 50. 1 --- 1 --- 7 x 2 means x and 64 3 means 3 64 . Teacher to check. adjacent angles g a = 52. straight angle equals 180° c a = 110. angles at a point equal 360° j a = 45.or M ÷ N N e -8 f 25 24 3 c -----. adjacent angles m = 235. x 10 2 Teacher to check.= 1 --4 4 7 a 4a + 28 d -32 − 8v b 12k + 6 c -2n − 8 8 a mn + 4m b 2a2 + 3ab c 14j2 − 21j 9 a 20 + 2n b 9v − 27 c 8y + 23 e 2 10 a 3 b 4p c 2 11 a 3(x + 3) b 5(N − 5) d 4N(2 − 3M) e xy(1 + z) g y(y + 7) h 4j(2k + 3j) 12 a -2(1 + 4q) d -p(q − 1) g -s(s − 7) c 3a(2 + 3b) f ab(1 + c) b -4(4r + 1) c -3(4 − 5t) e -8x(2 + 3y) f -k(k + 4) h -mn(m + n) 13 a x6 b m6 c 2p7 d 8p3q4 14 a n6 b v3 c 16l 2 d 6r d8 15 a c 23m6 = 8m6 532 p4q4 b d k24l18 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 Chapter 3 Start up 1 Teacher to check. 2008 1:13 AM 2 a i P = 4x + 6 ii A = x(x + 3) = x2 + 3x i P = 4p ii A = p2 1 i P = x + y + 16 ii A = --. straight angle equals 180° b = 65. 1 1 6 x -1 means --.= 3 --7 7 7 3 d --.fm Page 532 Monday. straight angle equals 180° r a = 23. September 22. straight angle equals 180° f x = 53. straight angle equals 180° o y = 40. straight angle equals 180° d y = 285. straight angle equals 180° b = 128. equal complementary angles q p = 62. straight angle equals 180° 3 a b c d e ISBN: 9780170136952 . angles at a point equal 360° a = 80. straight angle equals 180° c = 135. Teacher to check. vertically opposite angles c = 52.

co-interior angles do not add to 180° Yes.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.8. alternate angles are equal h = 60. vertically opposite angles c a = 65. acute-angled isosceles. interior 3 a e = 67 d x = 70 b h = 29 e p = 130 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 c m = 90 f w = 88 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 4 a m = 112 b a = 94. straight angle equals 180° 2 Teacher to check. exterior. alternate angles are equal b = 119. k 6 a b c d e f x = 42. equilateral r = 15. b = 86 c a = 74. isosceles x = 60. interior e = 95.fm Page 533 Monday. because all angles equal 60° 5 a b. b = 17. acute-angled. corresponding angles are equal No. a = 50. vertically opposite angles are equal and corresponding angles are equal g w = 108. interior b = 116. co-interior angles add to 180° d = 70. straight angle equals 180° q = 80. straight angle equals 180° y = 108. k b b. h. e. Angles on a straight line add to 180°. alternate angles are equal m = 120. l scalene. i. corresponding angles are equal p = 89. b = 74. isosceles a = 17. alternate angles are equal f y = 89.2. straight angle equals 180° b c = 70. straight angle equals 180° h m = 30. d. obtuse-angled scalene. obtuse-angled ISBN: 9780170136952 4 No. right-angled isosceles. x = 66. co-interior angles add to 180° a = 61. Mental Skills 3 2 a 176 e 682 i 152 b 363 f 707 j 540 c 261 g 1818 k 2142 d 405 h 3564 l 588 ANSWERS 533 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . exterior y = 16. exterior. acute-angled scalene. obtuse-angled equilateral. interior m = 135. interior. isosceles Exercise 3-04 1 a a = 50 e e = 124 i i = 52 m m = 65 q y = 120 b f j n r b = 30 f = 50 j = 90 n = 139 x = 96 c g k o t c = 30 g = 67 k = 60 n = 158 x = 50 d h l p d = 60 h = 22 l = 30 m = 60 2 a x = 60 b a = 80 c a = 40. exterior y = 114. c = 90 3 A Exercise 3-05 1 a i d° b i t° c i w° 2 a b c d e f ii a° and b° ii q° and p° ii x° and z° 1234 h = 104. j.2. corresponding angles are equal h a = 100. co-interior angles add to 180° x = 108. right-angled isosceles. alternate angles are equal d = 45. co-interior angles add to 180° Exercise 3-03 1 a b c d e f g h i j k equilateral. co-interior angles add to 180° b = 115°. d = 85. September 22. acute-angled isosceles. co-interior angles add to 180° (by construction) 4 D 5 a b c d Yes. c = 38 5 B 6 Angle sum of a triangle is 180°. isosceles y = 7. alternate angles are equal d g = 50. equilateral l = 4. alternate angles are equal m = 70. 4 C 3 A Exercise 3-02 1 a alternate c corresponding e alternate 2 a b c d e f b co-interior d co-interior f co-interior a = 70. b = 50. obtuse-angled scalene. co-interior angles add to 180° 3 a a = 61. right-angled scalene. right-angled isosceles. co-interior angles add to 180° m = 112. 2008 1:13 AM g p = 90. straight angle equals 180° e p = 100. alternate angles are equal Yes. alternate angles are equal (by construction) i n = 250.

rhombus. b = 49 p x = 130. d. bisect f equal. bisect e equal. co-interior angles add to 180° ISBN: 9780170136952 . alternate angles are equal b x = 95. convex quadrilateral. kite Parallelogram. m = 67 o a = 131. y = 156 a = 49. Exercise 3-07 890123 hexagon Number of sides 6 D 0123456789 Number Number Sum of of sides of angles inside triangles polygon square 5 a c e g i k 1234 Polygon hexagon. equal. square. convex decagon. b = 92 b d f h j a = 154. bisect sides. rhombus Square. regular. irregular. convex nonagon.fm Page 534 Monday. right. a x = 121 b x = 88 d x = 110 e x=6 g x = 67 h x = 155 j x = 108 k x = 30 c f i l x = 96 x = 34 x = 117 x = 140 Chapter 3 revision 1 a obtuse b acute 2 a x = 50 c y=5 b a = 50. parallelogram. c = 7 1 a a = 90 b b = 60 c c = 140 d r = 90 e m = 62 f l = 15 g n = 131 h p = 50 i x = 280. equal. parallelogram. 90°.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. regular. parallel. rectangle hexagon 6 120° m = 123 x = 156. rhombus. b = 130. b = 7 a = 70. y = 80 j k = 90 k s = 300 l t = 142 m b = 147 n l = 68. convex pentagon. non-convex triangle. Exercise 3-10 Teacher to check. irregular. right angles opposite. September 22. 90°. Power plus 1 Teacher to check reasons. y = 93 a = 147. y = 72 q m=5 r a = 50. right angles 2 a b c d e f g Rectangle. rectangle Trapezium. opposite. parallelogram. c = 108 2 D Exercise 3-08 1 a b c d e f g h 534 Polygon octagon 8 135° decagon 10 144° pentagon 5 108° dodecagon 12 150° 6 a 14 b 34 c 26 d 53 e 125 Exercise 3-09 1 Teacher to check. trapezium b Square. parallelogram. angles. regular. kite Square. irregular. sides. parallelogram. square. rectangle. irregular. n = 113. 8 Teacher to check. convex heptagon. n = 75 a = 5. rhombus Square. b = 26 l = 45 x = 87. rectangle. 2008 1:13 AM Exercise 3-06 2 1 a b c d parallel equal. parallel. b = 33 a = 4. trapezium 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 6 4 720° heptagon 7 5 900° octagon 8 6 1080° nonagon 9 7 1260° decagon 10 8 1440° c 4140° d 17 640° 3 a 2340° b 3240° 4 a a = 95 b b = 110 c d = 108 d c = 160 e g = 140 f x = 90 g e = 135 5 Angle size 4 90° 3 b. c. irregular. opposite. equal. b = 90 m = 75. non-convex NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 7 Teacher to check. sides. f triangle 3 60° 4 a Square. Exercise 3-11 Teacher to check. rectangle. equal. b = 130 d n = 72 e w = 130 3 a corresponding c co-interior c reflex b alternate 4 a m = 100. convex octagon. rhombus. rhombus Rectangle.

187 m 0.% 11 1 j 43 --.18 d 0. 1440° 11 a 120° b 108° c 135° 12 to 17 Teacher to check. 10.625 c f i l 0.% 3 k 40% 2 b 6 --. right-angled scalene. corresponding angles are equal 5 a b c d e f g h i scalene.75 g 0. 2008 1:13 AM c x = 80. obtuse-angled 6 a a = 50 d y = 53 b a = 42 e x = 34 c y = 30 f m = 106 7 a c e g m = 63 y = 123 a = b = 115 a = 48. obtuse-angled isosceles. irregular.375 0.% 3 2 h 14 --.04 p 0.004 b e h k n q t 0.fm Page 535 Monday.6% j 145% m 148.82 0.% 2 1 5 a 22 --.5% 3% 126% 167. rhombus square. 20.% 3 1 f 62 --.5% g 2.% 9 2 e 16 --. 360° heptagon.511 0. rectangle. 5.5% p 287.71 j 0. rhombus square. obtuse-angled equilateral.0012 2 a d g j b e h k 0.% 2 1 d 92 --. 100.007 c f i l o r 0. 2. Exercise 4-01 3 1 a --5 9 e -----10 3 b --4 19 f -----20 ISBN: 9780170136952 61 c --------100 99 g --------100 d 80% 7 g 63 -----. 50.% 3 1 e 83 --.2% 13. b = 68 c m = 26 d y = 61 quadrilateral. obtuse-angled isosceles.% 7 1 -----30 23 --------150 1 1 --3 1 1 ----16 e 26% j 20% o 40% t 34% 2 c 66 --.25% 0.182 b e h k n q t 55% 55.2 0. 4.08 0.0912 0.5 0.125 0. regular. 900° pentagon.% 2 2 d -----25 3 h --------100 1 a 0. b = 66 8 a b c d e f square. corresponding angles are equal d m = 88. rhombus 9 a y = 70 10 a b c d b x = 81 b x = 135 d d = 70 f a = 56. parallelogram.875 0. rectangle. parallelogram.9175 0.999 0. right-angled scalene.5625 3 a 38% d 62. acute-angled isosceles.56 0. acute-angled isosceles.% 4 7 j 1 -----20 9 n ----25 1 r ----50 k 1 --4 o 49 -----50 s 1 --5 l 21 --2 7 p -----10 33 t -------100 13 3 b --------c --d 400 8 5 1 f --g --------h 8 200 9 7 j -----k --l 80 8 9 n -----o 1 p --16 8 21% c 25% d 45% 70% h 96% i 30% 55% m 60% n 75% 52% r 80% s 50% 4 b 44 --. acute-angled isosceles.4% 7% 135% 245% 31. straight angle equals 180° y = 80. September 22. alternate angles are equal p = 88. regular. rhombus square.% 3 1 h 83 --.5% 70% c f i l o r u 96% 5. rhombus square.% 2 3 g 83 --.% 4 2 l 41 --.025 0.01 s 0.0675 0.0825 0.% 2 1 i 6 --.% 3 c 90% f 55% 1234 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 Exercise 4-02 Chapter 4 1 a 13% 17 2 a --------100 3 d --------100 63 g --------100 3 a $5 d 10 kg 3 i 1 --5 1 m --2 1 q ----25 u 18 -----25 3 2 a ----40 31 e --------200 2 i --3 21 m --------500 3 a 17% b f 48% g k 30% l p 85% q u 90% 1 4 a 12 --.163 0.075 0. rhombus square. irregular.05 0.205 0.5% 15. rectangle. 25. parallelogram.5% s 90% ANSWERS 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 535 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .12 0.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 540° decagon. Start up b 73% 11 b --------100 51 e --------100 89 h --------100 b 6 kg e $3 c 8% 1 c --------100 97 f --------100 55 i --------100 c $5 f 2 kg 4 1.

25% c f i l o 17% 33.0% ii 7. -----5 11 4 20 3 c 57%.6 m 217. 43%.71 7 231 passengers 536 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 8 a 63 swimmers c 33 cars e $149.605.18 m 113.75.29 mL 45.5% 3 62.3% Car 110.3% 23% 15% 37.5% b e h k 25% 12. -----. 7% 4 25 50 50 3 19 c 0.5 L g $100. 2008 1:13 AM Mental Skills 4A 2 a 70% d 88% g 80% j 35% m 90% b e h k n 66% 75% 80% 30% 45% c f i l o 45% 75% 55% 80% 52% 4 a 25% d 60% g 59% j 70% m 91% b e h k n 68% 10% 70.2 c f i l o 14 38 7.5 67. 0.6 3 a $55 d 19. Eels 4 a i ii ii iv v vi vii viii b i Petrol 129.5 b e h k n 24 15 17...50 473.075.539 1974 c f i l o r 5 kg $67. September 22. -----. 0..18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.% g 350% -----.72 km m $89.3% c f i l 70% 12.5 kg 1350 m c f i l o r 144 min 900 m 30 min 234 cm 2400 mL 18c 2 C 5 0. --.7% Salary 115.. --.3% 84% 5. 78%.2% 42.1% 53.4% 5 a 91% b 9% 6 a 31% b 13% 7 5% 8 a i 4.5% Rent 120% Gold jewellery 142.% 227 13 31 b 127% d 295% e 160% f 228 4--.29.fm Page 536 Monday.4% Exercise 4-06 1 a 125% c -----.68 p $1410 b e h k n q $45 126 cm 285 g 152.62 5 3 16 27 7 5 a 80%.8% 78. Sharks.6 ha 4 a 96 cm d 75 mL g 4 cm j 27 g m 219 days p 6935 g b e h k n q 350 kg 108 kg 84 h 900 L 367.9% Share 185.5% 31.% h 108 44 2 a 104.1% House 147.76 m $15.3˙ % b 90% e 15% 2 a 75% b No c 87% f 37.62 43.50 9 a $105 b 273 road deaths d 115 plants b $70 c 1400 seats Exercise 4-05 1 a 50% d 58.55 kg 6 a $0.5% 12.34 j 286.5% 11.1% b 30. -----b 0.2% iii 6.2 84 57.7% b Oven iii is discounted the most 9 A 10 a d g j 8.7. -----7 50 1234 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 Exercise 4-04 1 a 17 d 8 g 87.5 c $2613 e 595 g 7 57 b 453 d 126 m f $460 3 a Broncos: 125% Bulldogs: 112% Cowboys: 85% Dragons: 31% Eels: 116% Knights: 87% Panthers: 76% Rabbitohs: 97% Raiders: 87% Roosters: 62% Eagles: 185% Sharks: 118% Storm: 231% Titans: 80% Warriors: 152% Wests Tigers: 78% b Storm. --. Broncos...5% 4 a 26.. -----. --.4% Exercise 4-03 1 a 75% 2 d --3 2 a 22% 13 d -----25 4 b -----25 e 18% c 65% f 55% b 33% c 93% e 8% f 26% 3 B 4 9 1 7 4 a 0.3% Computer game 150% Share ii Car ISBN: 9780170136952 .5 j 12. --.5% 27.48. 0. 0.5 85.b 22%.

25% 18 Less than.60.2km f 13.3% 6 44.50 profit 50c loss 14 798 8 a $25 15 $18 691. September 22.50 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 16 C Exercise 4-11 Exercise 4-08 1 a d g j 7 $82.3% 52.02.4% 15 $172.65 7 a $405 b $3105 c $43.50 5 a $97. 4˙ % 8 $66 250 10 a 30 d $243.6% c 35.75 9 $660 000 b 102 e 1240L i i i i i i Profit = $17 Profit = $185 Loss = $5 Profit = $1. 12 B 13 22 785 7 a b c d e f i i i i i i $15 profit $110 profit $12 loss $40 loss $12. $5.43 4 a d g j $27 $1020 $988.62 $468 b $2250 e $101. 2008 1:13 AM Exercise 4-07 1 a 157.75 i $63.50 6 a $442.25 3 a $1000 b 40% 4 a $800 b 11. ii ii ii ii ii ii 23.50 i $12.40 e $6.65 e $71.75 b $23.50 1 D 2 a d g j $120 $6 $393.25 16 a $540 b $378 c A loss of $92 was made.68 $2428.20 3 80% 4 $41.25 ANSWERS 537 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .04 b $1.1% profit 25% loss b 55.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.3L 2 Teacher to check.20 b $127. 50% 12 $8625 13 $11200 14 11.4% c $468 f $16.2kg f $942 11 Teacher to check.18 b $11.6% b $71.4% loss 26.7 kg $233.75 f $225.96 h $186.5 d $2650 Exercise 4-09 b 114 e 152kg c 73.53 3 a d g j $1350 $108 000 $4981. $2.30 1 27 2 81.58. $5.05 4 a $11 d $52.50 h $630 c $11 200 f $6255 i $18.7% Exercise 4-10 17 $168. The new sale price is $376.43 c $18.5% 10 40% 1234 11 Profit = $60.45 f $99 c $51. $2.25 5 60% 6 234 points Mental Skills 4B 3 2 a --4 3 e -----50 14 i -----25 1 m --5 19 4 a -----25 e 22 -----25 i 17 -----25 3 m ----50 7 b -----25 17 f -----20 9 j -----10 6 n -----25 1 b -----10 f 14 -----25 1 j ----20 49 n -------100 3 c -----10 8 g -----25 18 k -----25 53 o --------100 4 c --5 g 3 --4 k 3 --5 o 41 -----50 7 d -----50 49 h --------100 13 l -----20 $700 $1900 3m $700 b e h k $700 800 cm 150 min 80 kg 9 d ----20 31 h -------100 l 27 -----50 c f i l $4600 74.38 e $3.50 b $78.38 b $720 e $1706.75 1 a b c d e f c 101.33 96 min 2 $1500 3 $3000 4 $24 000 5 79 800 6 $51 360 7 $15 250 ISBN: 9780170136952 8 348 9 37.20 5 23. $3. 3 a $1. $3.3% 26.25 h $735 c $262.fm Page 537 Monday.40 f $3777.34.35.6% 26.50 9 Profit of $448.7% 46.1% profit 20% profit 44.17 $1364.45 Loss = $1250 Loss = $21 2 a $234 d $1267 ii ii ii ii ii ii 20% 44.7% loss 48.

83% 1 2 3 14%.76 b $519168 b 45.17 4 $1409.50 d $1765.5 75 3 2 .23 b 22.88 c 0.82 e 90 f 11.15 d 3k + 10 c -2 2k + 4j d 10p g 11p + 5q 4d − 2f 3p b ----c 11 f 19n --------24 e 19 d 3 4p 24ab d 4x h 2 7k -----10 d 5m -------6 c 6 --a b 6m − 24 e 6m + 4 d 20 -----m c -14k − 7 f 4p 16 a 2(m + 2) d -12(x + 2) b d(d − 1) e a(2b + 3) c 6(p + 2q) f -2x(x − 3) 17 a 15y 6 b 5y5 c 7n5 13 $603. 51%. 0.9% 9 $302.4 f 0. 0.2˙ % f 34% i 300% 3 a 0.75% d 5 h 2 l -15 b $25..2. --b 0.85 6 a 6561 e 72 b 25 f 32 c 216 d 36 7 a 15 1 8 a i --2 b i 5 --2 b 14 1 ii --3 ii 7 --4 ii 6 1 --3 b 11 -----15 f 13 --5 c 9.fm Page 538 Monday.50 10 Refrigerator $327.44 c $583993 7 a $318 c -20 g -2 k 6 b $67.= -------. 2008 1:13 AM Power plus 1 a $127.40. 77% 6 7 4 23 1 13 -----.0135 2 a $499200 5 a $96.80 3 a 8 e 28 i -16 b 9 c i 51 --2 9 a 11 --5 e 11 --3 10 a k + 5 b 20k e k − 12 or 12 − k 11 a 8 b 9 12 a e i k b f j l 13 a e 5a 6 2a 8x + 6y 2d -----3 5x -----8 3 --5 4x + 8 -3p − q d 0. --. -----50 2 25 6 b 15. Cordless phone $161..5% 4 a 18 b -30 f -6 j -28 c 3 d 1 3 f 165 g 4 --h 8 i 2 4 5 a -4.8% 5 a c 1234 6 a d 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 b 61.5 iii 3 --5 iii 22 -----5 iii 1 2 --5 7 c ----20 3 g ----10 c --k2 d 2.054 4 a 56% d 4.57 f 0.7% c 42.23 b 0..162 e 0.25 18 a m20 b 9k4 c 125m9n6 14 80% 19 a y = 65 c x = 313 b k = 135. --.153% f 126.7 e 18. --.3% c 72% e 0.25 b 41 e 27 c 301 f 37 538 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 14 a 15 a d 21 a b c d b 1 i scalene i scalene i isosceles i equilateral ii right-angled ii acute-angled ii acute-angled ii acute-angled 22 a m = 60 b x = 50 23 a x = 130 c t = 72 c k = 65 b m = 50 24 a parallelogram c square d m = 60 c n = 35 b rectangle d kite ISBN: 9780170136952 . l = 45 d q = 62 20 a d = 78 b f = 112 8 182. Computer printer $288 11 703 12 a $260 b $38 990 15 a $67275 b 48% 16 a $28 b $650 c $39 Mixed Revision 1 1 a 140 d 480 b 135 e 180 c 120 f 15 2 a 325 d 20.75 c 89 24.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.50 c $138.9 7 a 33.39 c 0.= ----e -------100 100 1000 40 2 a 70% d 7.= ----------.12 d 1.725.34 b $1627.5% b 24% e 57% h 130% c 22.8 iv 4 --5 iv 13 -----7 iv 2 1 --4 1 d 4 ----10 h 2 --5 3 a $187 000 b $158 950 c $97 615.5% g 112.7.02 6 $220 Chapter 4 revision 37 1 a -----50 157 d --------100 3 f -----25 29 b --------100 13 c -----20 7 1--7.. September 22.

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4.07.007 b e h k n 0. 1 3 = 1 1 c ----d ----e ----. 1 --.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.75 d 0.05 0. 69% 3 f 0.= --6 3 iii 0 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 + 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 a 11 b They occur a different number of times.81.55 Mental Skills 5A 0123456789 c 0.= --.= 1 --b -----. 0. Green 3 Red 100. 6%..609. 0. --.821 15 No 890123 1 b --4 4 e ----10 d 3. 0..707 2 3 1 e 10.. 0. 2 --6 5 3 b 3.16 0.0628 c f i l o 0. ----.61 d 0. 10.264 0..25 --.. Yellow 40.98 0.3 Red 5. September 22.= --6 3 1 iv --6 A B C 50% 33 1---% 3 16 2---% c 3 13 10 a Mental Skills 5B Green Yellow Green or Blue 9 a Green Yellow 3 2 a --5 g 2.6.7.085 0.49 f ----..4 j 0.68 Blue 14 Teacher to check.3005 Exercise 5-03 1 5 1 a --b 0 c --6 6 2 a Getting a head b Rolling an odd number c Not raining tomorrow d Selecting a blue sock e Selecting a brown chocolate 1 5 1 3 a --b --c --6 6 2 1 999 4 a -----------b -----------1000 1000 5 a 130 15 3 115 b i --------. 7.3 0.15 m 0.d 0 4 4 2 4 2 28 36 -----b -----64 64 No.= --12 4 12 4 1 2 1 2 1 --b --. 55%.503 c 1 --.87 j 0.345.4 6 5 3 1 2 c 0.= --.= -----ii --------. 2 --. 1 --.7 0.648 0.-----130 26 540 f 5 --6 i 1 --5 h 0. 6.124 0. 10...2 0.44 0.105. -----.6 0. Green 60 0 3 9 3 -----..05. 0. 8} d 33 --1-% 16 --2-% 3 12 a i 3 d 4 3 c 3. 0.45 0.639.271 0.-----36 36 12 36 2 Yes. 10.25 7 a b {5.082.7 b 0. 0. 1234 0. Power plus 1 2 1 d --.5 h --1.. 22.43.07 g 0. 2 --.5. 3 --8 5 4 2 e 0.262 4 a 0. 1 b 2 c 1 ----3 3 6 d --. 0.54 c f i l o 0.c --.401 0. --. 0. 17%.= 1 6 d 0. --4 10 5 5 a 16%.fm Page 540 Monday. 0..045.29 0.28.9 g 0. 50% d --.725 b e h k n 0. 3.04 0.817 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 2 a 0.409.007. ISBN: 9780170136952 . Yellow 2. -----12 12 6 a c d e 11 a 3 3 25% 3 1 ii --..= --6 2 Outcome Probability 8 a 2 1 iii --. --10 8 2 4 3 g 0. 0. they each have the same chance of winning.5% 9 Exercise 5-04 Teacher to check. 1 b 27%. Teacher to check. 3. --. 3.= 23 -----130 26 130 26 75 = 15 iv -------v1 .1825 m 0.51. 0..105 3 a 0.04..85 0. 0. 2008 1:13 AM 6 7 8 1 --3 1 --6 1 --4 0.513.

= --e --4 2 4 2 4 1 5 5 a --b --6 6 8 7 6 a 3 b ----c ----15 15 3 7 7 a ----c ----28 28 200 = 1 b 100 = 1 8 a ----------.-----1000 5 10 10 9 a white. 0). lemonade. I f D. J(0. lemonade. 3. 3). 6). C(3.d 1 − ----.3x b y = -2x d y = x -4 f y = 1--.fm Page 541 Monday. cola. 2).. F e A.= --. The theoretical probability 20 10 of a tail is also -----. E(-2. ice cream 1 b -----12 Chapter 5 revision 1 Teacher to check. 6). lemonade. 7. lemonade. ice cream pizza. B(4. L b E. lemonade. 6. cake hot dog. P(8) = --4 4 4 4 2 1 2 1 1 c --. cola.-------------. ice cream hamburger. -2) K(2. J Exercise 6-01 1 a x y 1 4 2 8 3 12 4 16 5 20 T 20 16 1234 12 0123456789 8 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 4 b teddy teddy rabbit 0 or rabbit cat c white blue pink cat teddy teddy rabbit cat 9 11 10 a i -----. -5). cake hamburger. 8 1 1 1 1 b P(5) = --. F(-5. G c H.x + 2 3 a n = 4m c b = 2a + 5 e F = 5m b q = -p d z = -2h + 1 f v = -4u + 6 2 2 4 A(5. -6) 5 a B. 1 3 1 c --. cola. -2). ice cream hot dog.. cola. cake hamburger. C d K. 2.). cake pizza. -4). cola. teddy bear Chapter 6 Start up 1 a f m 1 4 2 5 3 7 6 10 b x y -1 -2 c w 0 2 6 10 d x 4 -18 21 v 6 4 0 y 2 -9 10 --1. 20 ISBN: 9780170136952 b x y 1 2 3 4 5 S 1 6 2 12 3 18 4 24 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 5 30 T 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 S ANSWERS 541 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . cola. cake pizza. September 22.-----1000 5 1000 10 2 400 1 = 9 c -----------. L(6. G(-6. ice cream hamburger.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.-23 --1- e d 1 3 5 22 f 7 17 27 112 h p 1 2 -2 -5 8 -7 -16 23 e -4 3 6 -4 7 -8 14 -47 2 2 a y = 3x c y=x+4 e y = 10 .. 4.= --d --. H(-6. cake hot dog.. I(-3.ii -----20 20 1 b The theoretical probability of a head is --2 10 (which is -----. P(6) = --. ice cream pizza. 5).= --6 2 4 a 5. P(7) = --. lemonade. 2 a 5 b 1 1 b --6 3 a 1 c 5. 0). D(0. 2008 1:13 AM 3 a hot dog.

September 22. 2008 1:13 AM c 1 4 x y M 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 d 2 7 3 10 4 13 5 16 Exercise 6-02 1 a i x y 0 2 1 3 2 4 y ii 4 y=x+2 3 2 1 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 1 2 3 4 x -2 b i 1 2 3 4 5 B 1 6 x y 2 11 3 16 4 21 x y 0 -1 1 0 2 1 y ii 2 1 -2 5 26 -1 0 -1 y=x–1 3 4 x -2 -3 H 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 -4 c i x y -2 -2 0 0 2 2 y ii 3 2 -3 -2 d i 1 2 3 4 5 T x y 0 1 2 -4 -3 -2 1 2 3 x 1 2 3 x y ii 1 -3 x y 1 4 2 6 3 8 4 10 -2 5 16 0 -1 -1 -2 -3 1234 y=x–4 -4 P 12 10 8 6 4 2 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 -5 e i x y 0 4 1 5 2 6 y ii 6 5 3 2 1 2 3 4 5 S 1 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 b i y=x+4 4 0 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 -1 0 -1 -2 0 2 a i y=x 1 x y 1 5 2 8 3 11 4 14 5 17 P 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -3 f i x y 0 1 2 -6 -5 -4 -2 ii -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x 1 2 3 x y 1 -3 -2 0 -1 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 y=x–6 -7 1 2 3 4 5 S 3 Yes 542 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 .18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.fm Page 542 Monday.

September 22. Teacher to check.2 2 1--2 2 1 y = --. so they have the same slope. d The constant is different.fm Page 543 Monday. -5 x -2 3 a ii ii ii ii ii ii y = 3x + 4 y = 5x − 2 y = 10x − 3 y = -2x + 4 y = 3x – 5 -4 1 Yes No No No Yes Yes Exercise 6-03 -1 0 -1 3 -1 0 -1 2 a c e g y f 6 -2 y = 3x – 2 1 2 3 x -2 y e i i i i i i Mental Skills 6 2 1 -1 0 -1 x 7 a b c d e f 3 1 -2 3 4 y = 3x 2 2 y d 4 1 y = 2x – 1 -2 y c 6 D 2 y = 2x + 1 1 -2 5 a Increasing b Increasing c Decreasing d Increasing e Decreasing f Decreasing y b 4 543 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . Teacher to check. b They are moving down towards the bottom right-hand side of the number plane. 4 a They are moving up towards the top righthand side of the number plane. 2008 1:13 AM y 2 a 4 3 3 2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 1 x -2 -2 -1 0 -1 3 1 2 3 x -2 -2 -1 0 -1 1 5 -2 y = 2x + 4 4 -2 2 -3 1 1 2 3 2 3 x 2 a i c i 6 y = -x + 3 4 1 3 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 y = -x + 5 5 2 e i x -1 0 1 2 -2 0 2 4 g i 1 -2 y -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x 3 5 2 -3 2 1 --2 1 1 1--- -2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 2 y = 1 – 3x -2 x x -3 -2 -1 0 y 5 4 3 2 ii x -2 -1 0 y=x+1 y=x y=x–1 3 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 4 x -2 y = 2 – 2x 0 -1 -1 1 2 3 x -2 -2 -3 -4 a They are all parallel to each other. Teacher to check. c The y-intercept is different for each graph. 1 Teacher to check.x x -1 0 1 2 y 1 0 -1 -2 y y d 6 2 e d i ii y = -x 2 x -2 -1 0 -1 ii y = x − 2 ii y = 2x y b 3 3 x -2 -1 0 1 y -4 -3 -2 -1 -7 4 4 y = 2x + 10 y = 8x − 6 y=x+9 y = 9x − 9 b i ii y = x − 3 -6 y c b d f h x -1 0 1 2 y -4 -3 -2 -1 y -2 Teacher to check. Teacher to check.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. b The coefficient of x is 1 each time. Teacher to check. ISBN: 9780170136952 ANSWERS 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 2 -3 1234 1 y 1 1 1--.x + 2 2 1 2 3 h i 3 4 x y f 2 2 1 5 1 2 y 1 y = -x -4 1 1 -3 -1 1 x y 3 ii y = -x + 2 x -1 0 -2 -1 0 -1 1 0 Exercise 6-04 -1 0 -1 1 -2 0 y 2 f i ii y = 2x − 1 1 y=4–x 3 x ii y = 1--.

-3 Exercise 6-05 -4 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 y = . The y-intercept is different for each graph.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. They all have different slopes. c The equations of lines with the same y-intercept have the same constant term. Equations with a negative (−) coefficient of x have decreasing graphs. Coefficient of x is 3 each time. The y-intercept is different for each graph. 4 y = 2x y=x y 4 3 y = 12 x 2 0123456789 1 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 -4 -3 -1 0 -1 -2 1 2 3 4 x -2 0123456789 1 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 x 3 -2 -3 a b c d The y-intercept is 0. d The graphs of lines with the same y-intercept cross the y-axis at the same point. 0). The coefficient of x is different. The constant is different. 1) 1 y=x =1 y = -x + 2 = -1 + 2 =1 -2 544 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 . The constant term is 0.12x a They all pass through (0. b The constant term is 0. + 2 -x -4 a b c d y y= 2 1 2 y 6 3 4 x 7 y = -2x 6 5 -2 -3 4 y = -x 3 -4 2 a b c d They are all parallel to each other. 2008 1:13 AM 5 -x 4 + y= +1 3 -x y= -2 -1 0 -1 -3 3 -2 + 1 The y-intercept is 1. 8 a The equations of lines with the same slope have the same coefficient of x. b The graphs of lines with the same slope are parallel to each other. c The four lines have different slopes. The constant is different. 7 Equations with a positive (+) coefficient of x have increasing graphs. The coefficient of x is different. The constant term is 1. f The equations of lines that are decreasing have a negative coefficient of x. they are not parallel. 1 B y 2 a i 1 -2 y 5 5 4 3 y = 3x + 1 y = 2x + 1 y =x + 1 y = 12 x + 1 2 1 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x y=x 2 -1 0 2 x y = -x + 2 -1 ii (1. d The four lines have different coefficients of x. September 22. They all have different slopes. 3 y = 3x + 2 y 5 y = 3x y = 3x – 1 4 3 2 1 -4 -3 0 -1 -1 -2 1 2 3 4 x -2 -3 -4 a b c d 1234 All lines are parallel.fm Page 544 Monday. Coefficient of x is -2 each time. e The equations of lines that are increasing have a positive coefficient of x.

(2. 2). --. 3).. -4). y = -x – 1 y=x+1 = -1 + 1 =0 c y 3 x = -2 Parallel to y-axis. 2) y = 2x =2×1 =2 4 2 1 4 -1 0 -1 3 -2 2 -3 1 -4 -6 -1 0 -1 -2 y=x–2 1 2 3 x -5 -4 -3 -2 4 y=x+4 y=x–2 3 2 1 -6 -5 -4 -3 -1 0 -1 -2 1 2 3 4 5 6 x -2 2 -3 1 -4 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 1234 a Rectangle y=x+3 =3+3 =6 ii (3. 2008 1:13 AM y b i 5 x y = --. -2 x+y=3+1 =4 ii (3. 0) and (-6. -2 --..− 2 2 2 = --. 5).− 2 2 =1−2 = -1 ii (2. (-3 --. 2 a Curve c Curve e Straight line b Straight line d Curve f Straight line ANSWERS 545 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . 0) -2 4 3 2 y = x2 – 2 1 -2 -1 0 -1 -2 ISBN: 9780170136952 1 2 3 x y = -x + 1 4 Parallel to x-axis. (1.--.fm Page 545 Monday.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 1) y= x –2 2 3 y -3 y=x+2 5 5 x+y=4 = -2 + 1 = -1 y 3 -2 c i y = -x + 1 y y b y=x+1 2 1 -3 4 x -1 0 -1 -2 1 -2 2 3 x=4 Parallel to y-axis.). y=3 x y f i x x y = -x − 1 = -(-1) − 1 =1−1 =0 ii (-1. -1) y = 2x 4 y=x+1 3 2 1 -3 -1 0 -1 -2 1 2 3 x 7 6 y=x+1 =1+1 =2 ii (1.) 2 2 2 2 3 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 Power plus 1 a y e i x 6 4 3 y = 2x 5 y = -3x + 6 5 4 -2 4 6 5 -3 3 7 y=x−2 =3−2 =1 6 y=x+3 2 y y = -x + 6 y d i 1 Vertices are (1. (. September 22. 6) y = -x – 3 x -2 y = 2x =2×3 =6 1 1 1 1 b (4.

-1) 1 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x y = -x − 3 = -(-2) − 3 =2−3 = -1 -2 y y = 2x b i c i 1234 ii x 0 1 2 3 y -2 -3 -4 -5 1 1 -2 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 -5 x y ii 0 1 1 -2 -1 --2 y 2 -1 2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 4 5 iii Teacher to check.fm Page 546 Monday.--2 y = 12 x – 2 1 -2 3 -4 -4 d i 2 -3 -3 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 1 -2 y = -x – 2 -2 0123456789 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 2 2 890123 y=x–2 3 3 iii Teacher to check. y y=x–1 3 0 -1 -1 1 2 3 2 1 x -4 -3 -2 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 4 x -2 b i x -1 0 y -2 0 1 2 ii 2 4 y -3 4 -4 3 y = 2x 2 iii Teacher to check. 2008 1:13 AM Chapter 6 revision 1 1 3 x y 2 5 3 7 7 4 5 9 11 x 0 1 y -1 0 2 1 3 2 y=x+3 y=x y=x–2 4 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3 2 1 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x 4 -2 -3 -4 a The slope is the same. 1 2 3 4 5 y ii 9 a i 4 3 y = -x – 3 1 -2 y=x+1 4 2 iii Teacher to check. 2 a 2 b 2 b y = -2x − 1 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 . b The constant term is 0.2 m e 21 cm c 86 m f 13 cm 2 a 4 m2 d 91.84 cm2 b 30 cm2 e 58 mm2 c 56 m2 f 140 m2 Start up x -3 5 a y = 2x x Chapter 7 -2 b No 4 y = 2x = 2(-2) = -4 ii (-2. -4) 3 1 . September 22. 0 2 a i y 8 a The y-intercept is 0.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. b Coefficient of x is 1. 0123456789 4 y d Yes b y = -2x + 1 c y = -x − 3 Exercise 7-01 1 Teacher to check. y=x+1 = -2 + 1 = -1 ii (-2. 3 a Increasing c Decreasing b Increasing d Increasing 4 a No c Yes 6 a y=x+3 546 y=x−2 = -2 − 2 = -4 1 a 12 cm d 112 mm b 19.

142 857 143.6 cm2 13.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.3 cm2 0.1 cm j 69.7 cm c 51.57 mm 5 4.142 732 4 3.6 d h l d h l 600 52 17 600 22 9.42 cm d 18.142 732 431 b 3.64 cm2 17 671.23 c g k c g k 9900 490 195 8 9 9. six decimal places Mental Skills 7 c i 1 ii none 2 a e i 4 a e i 16 000 16 000 1500 8 4 8.2 mm2 38.140 845.141 593 b Teacher to check.70 m b 62. d 11 r = --.4 mm2 19.160 494 2 a 3.8 Exercise 7-03 d i 2 ii 2 e i 1 ii none f i 1 ii none 8 a radius d diameter g sector 9 a b c d e f Radius 30 mm 12 mm 25 mm 13 mm 28 mm 20 mm b quadrant e chord h circumference c tangent f arc i segment Diameter 60 mm 24 mm 50 mm 26 mm 56 mm 40 mm Exercise 7-04 10 The diameter is double (2 times) the radius.83 mm c 43.140 845 07.57 cm b 25.13 m2 3.142 857 3 a 3. 6 D 7 a i 1 ii none b i 1 ii none 1 a 3.or d = 2r 2 12 a 20 cm b 4 cm c 10 mm 13 a 5 cm ISBN: 9780170136952 b 1 cm 1 a 30 cm b 300 cm c 6 cm d 21 cm e 60 cm f 18 cm g 30 cm h 6 cm 2 a 12.8 mm e 22.98 cm d 12. September 22.1 m c 500 mm 1 a c e g 2 a c e g i 28.1 mm h 18.02 mm2 1256.5 b f j b f j 210 400 1360 50 50 4.0 cm i 57. 3.77 m2 ANSWERS 547 1234 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .141 592 653 6 ii 3.19 million kilometres 15 a 25.13 m c 9.3 40.46 mm2 b d f h b d f h 452.4 mm g 100.34 m2 452 000 000 km2 1.2 m2 3421. 5 Teacher to check.141 592 92 5 3. two decimal places d Tsu Ch’ung-chih. 25.54 cm2 804.25 mm2 0.141 057. 3. c 3.3 cm f 111.47 cm2 0.85 cm 3 a 37.5 mm 10 C 11 16 cm 12 210. 2008 1:13 AM 3 i a c ii a c diameter sector radius circumference b d b d segment arc chord tangent Exercise 7-02 4 Teacher to check.71 m 6 a 188.66 m 14 936. 3. 3.5 m 13 63.1416 6 a i 3.142 857 143 b 3.fm Page 547 Monday.48 cm2 254.4956 cm b 477 7 236 mm 8 40 024 km 9 100.7 cm b 10.85 cm2 78.141 056 714.160 493 827 b 3.4 cm d 142.42 m 16 Ali.

07 cm2 Exercise 7-06 1 a 2.3 mm c 57.938 58. 890123 1 2 infinite 1 1 1 ii ii ii ii ii ii 3 a 1 cm 1 a 12.6 cm c 2.8 mm2 8 a 28. area = 218 m2 c perimeter = 59.6 cm c 13.08 cm2 41. blue.8 mm2 d 39.54% 6 a 9168 m2 c 1842 m2 b 7326 m2 d $44 668.3 cm 2 a 8.6 mm2 c 88.97 28 110 cm2 21.8 km 4 Three Exercise 7-05 2 a c e g i 2 a b c d e f 5 a 12.7 cm2 6 615.2 m2 cm2 160.3 m d 29. 6} b {red.4 m b 7. area = 223. 2. b impossible d even chance f Teacher to check.55 cm 7 a 12.033 m2 ii 254.12 mm2 88 584.09 cm2 b 0. 3.4 m2 c 47.3 m2 b 4.0 mm 6 a 21.fm Page 548 Monday.5 m. 2008 1:13 AM 4 539.28 cm2 3 a Teacher to check.5 cm.23 cm2 9 a perimeter = 63.6 mm b 6.7 mm2 d 19. area = 22 cm2 Mixed Revision 2 1 a certain c Teacher to check. green.9 m2 4 a 2.0 cm b 62.81 cm 3 a 14. green} 1 2 3 a --b --2 3 3 7 4 a -----b -----10 10 5 a mm2 b 1216.62 mm2 1234 i i i i i i ii 95.07 m2 b d f h 4 a i iii b i iii 0123456789 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 m2 153.1 cm2 2 e 117. e Teacher to check. yellow. 2 a {1.81 cm2 12 10 Chapter 7 revision 8 6 1 a segment d centre g sector 548 b radius e diameter h tangent c arc f chord NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 4 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 R ISBN: 9780170136952 .6 cm c 44.905 m2 314.27 cm2 c 37.7% b Power plus 1 a 35.0 m2 5 27.469 m2 5 a 4m c 75. 4.159 m2 59.78 m2 4 a 52.2 mm2 d 615.13 m2 3 D 5 3690.8 cm2 8 0.85 cm d 56.42 cm c 26.27 cm2 16. 5. yellow.4 cm b 1228. September 22.6 cm2 c 5.85 cm b 40.70 cm2 b 116.82 c 166.90 cm2 b 235.8 mm d 88.46 cm2 292.75 7 6.1 m c 1.44 m2 cm2 10 a 12 cm b 24 cm 11 A b 981.5 cm d 55.36 cm2 2 4 R H 3 8 4 5 6 12 16 20 c H = 4R − 4 d H 20 18 16 14 c 2.7 m.55 cm2 d 208.42 d 8258. blue.8 m2 b perimeter = 67.40 m2 b 2m d 78.9 cm2 b 314.2 cm2 f 0.50 7 a 32 b 521.3 cm2 e 235.6 cm2 c 153.3 cm m2 3 a 21.2 m2 9 2035.73 m2 b 6.8 mm b 14.690 m2 cm2 221.4 cm2 none 2 infinite none none none b 2.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. red.1 m 2 a 85.54 46.

21 12.37 27.41 11.56 b 49 e 900 h 1.94 28. y = 2x + 1 b y = x + 3.46 18. 2008 1:13 AM 6 a 0 3 x y 1 4 b 2 5 x y 0 2 y 2 6 15 a 78.27 cm2 Chapter 8 x 3 b 452.6025 6.63 8.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.6 e 7. 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 c 12.25 Exercise 8-02 2 b 75.7 f 0.5 b 1.39 mm2 d 38.5 c b e h k 549 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .64 83.8 i 31.55 cm ISBN: 9780170136952 b 91.4 e 17.5 f 9.25 42.40 mm d 21.4 h 10.7 c 4.16 m2 y y = 2x 16 153.41 169 64 2 a 14 d 25 4 a 10.48 cm2 Start up c -1 0 -5 -1 x y 1 3 y 3 2 1 -2 -1 0 -1 y = 4x – 1 1 2 -2 -3 -4 -5 7 a No 8 a x y b Yes -2 0 -1 1 0 2 b y=x+2 1 3 9 a y = 2x − 3.25 42.42 cm c 80.29 cm2 b 557.25 6.03 30. 52.76 f 12.3 d 431.35 d 0.87 13.08 mm2 18 a 490.65 c 7. 77. 13 2.42 mm 21. y = -x + 3 y 10 a b (3.14 cm2 c 339.9 6 a 25.5 10 a 2 b2 a 2 + b 2 c 2 9 16 25 25 36 6.25 36 64 100 100 ANSWERS 1234 0123456789 31.5 18.98 m 14 a 15.25 100 900 3 a d g j b e h k c f i l 3. September 22.83 m c f i l b 30 e 11 5 d 121 4.38 b 8.0 g 4.94 cm2 6 5 5 4 y=x+3 3 -2 1 4 4 2 3 1 2 -1 0 -1 1 2 3 1 x -1 0 -1 -2 1 2 17 a 14.44 c 144 f 10 000 i 106.34 Exercise 8-01 1 a d g j 25 12.fm Page 549 Monday.99 cm 441 36.9 d 12.09 2 a 4 d 14 b 8 e 11 c 10 f 7 3 a 25 cm b 28 cm c 76 mm 4 a 40 cm2 b 16 cm2 c 100 mm2 5 a 10.87 mm2 b 50.42 cm c 62. 6) 6 5 4 3 y=x+3 2 1 -3 -2 y = 2x -1 0 -1 1 2 3 x -2 11 a b 3 x 1 a d g j 16 625 4. b z e ST h n 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 200 c LN f TU i f Short Hypotenuse sides (cm) (cm) a b c a 3 6 6 b 4 2.33 e 734.25 c 8 f 19 1 a p d PR g c 12 a 31.5 8 c 5 6.36 b 21.3 160.54 cm2 c 314.48 26.68 6.

6845 b d f h j 9.9 m f 6.65 m h 624 cm i 786. 25 11.32 5 92.2 km 6 23 cm 7 3.5. 61 15.9 mm e 35. 1625 117.9 y = 80 2 Mental Skills 8 1234 2 a c e g 22.7 km c 7.81 b 10 201 e 26.5 1 C 2250 cm 4 a 9 km 3 b d f h Exercise 8-07 Exercise 8-04 1 a c e g i x = 2. 41 13.4 km Exercise 8-06 1 a 74 m b 60 mm c 288 cm d 85 cm e 164 km f 560 m g 16.50 1 a c e g i k right-angled not right-angled not right-angled not right-angled not right-angled not right-angled Exercise 8-08 b 6. 112. 8. 4900.9 mm 4.52 = 2. e. 180. 1624.3 cm b 127. 60. c. where c is the length of the hypotenuse and a and b are the lengths of the two shorter sides.25 2.9 m d 35.5 m ISBN: 9780170136952 .fm Page 550 Monday.25 km b d f h j l right-angled right-angled right-angled right-angled right-angled right-angled 72 m 3 10.01 h 40 401 3025 13 225 38 025 24 025 c f i l 2025 56.5 10 Teacher to check. 4901 4.52 + 62 x2 = 32 + 32 112 = 82 + r2 b d f h 132 = 122 + 52 172 = 82 + 152 102 = 82 + 62 122 = 22 + p2 2 a d g j 625 7225 9025 4225 b e h k 4 a d g j 441 8281 3721 16.4 km 23. September 22.8 m = 115. 5 y = 9.4 m 7 223.21 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 10 m 15 m 130 mm 7.8 m 3 56789012 21 m 4 a 23.6 m 7 18.81 m 6 3.61 m 8 10.6 mm 11.9 m 2 a 12.4 cm 2 111.2 y = 3. 40.4 x = 306.52 6. 2008 1:13 AM 3 c2 = a2 + b2.9 cm c 28.25 m 7. 24. 7. h are Pythagorean triads 8 38 m 3 a c e g i 9 4 Teacher to check. 84.2 km 2 a.4 cm f 11.25 60 025 c 961 f 6561 i 1.3 cm b 89.3 m = 7. b. Exercise 8-03 1 D 2 a c e g i k BC2 = BA2 + AC2 p2 = m2 + n2 y2 = x2 + z2 c2 = a2 + b2 PR2 = PQ2 + QR2 f 2 = d 2 + e2 b d f h j LN 2 = LM2 + MN2 XZ2 = XY 2 + YZ2 l 2 = m2 + n2 e2 = c2 + d 2 KL2 = LJ 2 + JK 2 3 a c e g i 52 = 32 + 42 12.6 x = 11.2 cm 1.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. g. Exercise 8-09 Exercise 8-05 1 a x = 12 c y=8 e d = 18 550 b y = 16 d a = 15 f x = 12 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 1 a 48 cm d 140 cm b 64. 113 57.7 cm e 170 cm c 31.6 cm 5 637 m 6 23. 85 19.52 = 102 + 7.4 m b d f h j 41 cm 25 cm 29.39 cm 4 6. 6844. 181 99.

2 cm 11 a 672 cm2 c 17.25 cm. 8 = 2.12 5 a x = 22. Wed = 48°. Sat = 60°.1 m 6 7 5 a Score 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 b 1732. Hobart or Hobart. September 22.3 m2 4 a 22 m2 d 106.0 cm2 f 10.6 d 5.5 cm2 c 123. Melbourne 3 600 000. 9 = 1.0 cm Exercise 9-01 1 M on Power plus Sun 1 a 20. Darwin 100 000. about 108 beats/min c After 2 minutes and 4 minutes 9 10 11 4 D Start up 3 a 50 8 6 = 0. 11 = 0.6 cm2 b 136 cm2 e 49.7 f 2.5 cm.1 2 a p b XZ 3 a CE2 = CD2 + DE2 c r2 = p2 + q2 b PR2 = QP2 + QR2 b x = 25 c y = 9. Brisbane 1 800 000.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.2 m b 16.5 cm Chapter 9 1 360 Jelly bean colour 12 10 8 6 4 2 3 Hours of sleep 4 a c = 9.9 m 3 a 21. Darwin c 32. Cola 8.4 cm Mon = 72°. Canberra 300 000. 10 = 1.3 cm2 Red Black Purple Pink OrangeWhite Colour c 40.5% d 18 times 6 a 100 beats/min b After 3 minutes.55 c n = 70 6 a 161 cm b d 175 cm e 40 mm 10 a 9.4 b 10. Fri = 36°.6 e 10. Sydney 4 100 000.05 mm2 2 10 b 34. c b 152.45 b x = 17.5 4 a Cola.2 b 8.28 cm t Frequency Chapter 8 revision ed W Thur s Sa 2 4 18.0 m2 e 84 mm2 Tues 3 a 192 cm2 d 24 cm2 Tally || | ||| ||| |||| | |||| || |||| | Total c 3 Frequency 2 0 1 3 3 0 6 7 4 1 27 d 8 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 Quiz scores 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Scores 6 a 1234 Sport Ice skating Speed skating Ice hockey Bobsled Triathlon |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| Tally Frequency ||| 8 |||| || 12 |||| |||| ||| 18 |||| |||| 15 || 7 Total 60 ANSWERS 551 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .5 m 244 m 8 a. Lime. 2008 1:13 AM c 360 mm2 f 1.fm Page 551 Monday.8 2 a 16.25 cm. Sun = 36° Day of birthday Fri b 95. Lemonade b Orange 6.2 cm b 26.75 cm.3 c 27. Thurs = 72°.2 m2 1 a 22. c c 649 mm f 13.75 cm. Orange. Hobart 200 000. Lemonade 4 c 23 b 10 e 7 a potatoes c 954 000 t 8 a dog ISBN: 9780170136952 b onions d 198 000 t b 6 c bird Frequency 5 a Adelaide 1 100 000. 7 = 2. Lime 5.43 7 28. Perth 1 400 000 b Canberra.22 m 9 b. Tues = 36°.

Exercise 9-04 1 Possible answers: a Too open-ended and vague. Very unenjoyable’. ‘Are you generally satisfied with your current lifestyle? Yes or No’. c Too open-ended. 3 a The average weekly income in Australia is about four times that of Malvolia. Rarely’. Two or more times per week. Once per month. Should explain why this information is required. before or after tax. Exercise 9-05 1 a Munchies sell twice as much as Doggo’s. b Too open-minded. the scale is not even: increasing by 50. d ‘People have died for our Australian flag’ includes bias in the question so it should be removed to allow the question to be fair and objective. 2 = 72°. Enjoyable. from one job or more. f Should provide options. of siblings 0 1 2 3 4 5 Tally |||| |||| |||| |||| ||| |||| |||| |||| ||| Total b 5 c 1 d Number of siblings 0 = 45°. 6 Teacher to check. should include options. Once a week. b Answers vary. Also too personal. c Graph in part b because it is much steeper. then 25.fm Page 552 Monday. should provide options and state whether it is per year or per week. 5 = 27° 1 0 Frequency 5 10 8 9 5 3 40 2 e Too open-ended and vague. 4 Teacher to check. Not enjoyable.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 2 a Millions of dollars b 5 4 3 Exercise 9-02 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 c Q g Q d Q h Q 2 a D e C b C f D c D g Q d D h D 3 a C e QD b C f QC c QD g QD d C h C census sample census sample b e h k sample sample census census 3 2 1 2004 2000 2002 2003 2005 2001 Year b Exercise 9-03 1 a d g j 4 0 c sample f sample i census Profit 4 Millions of dollars b C f C 3 2 2000 2002 2004 2001 2003 2005 Year 2 Teacher to check. September 22. 3 = 81°. b Per week ($) 1234 1 a Q e Q Profit 5 Firefighter salaries 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 SA WA Vic ACT Tas NSW State 5 Teacher to check. 4 = 45°. should assure people their privacy will be respected. 2008 1:13 AM Favourite winter Olympic sport I S H B T (Divide bar to these proportions) c Ice hockey 7 a No. should include options such as ‘Very enjoyable. such as: ‘Every day. c Teacher to check. 4 a The scale does not begin at 0. b Munchies sell many times as much as Doggo’s. Once per fortnight. 1 = 90°. 552 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 . 3 Teacher to check. Fair.

5 475.5 1004. 2008 1:13 AM Mental Skills 9 2 a 36 b 200 64 °C 320 330 340 350 360 370 mL c 500 504 508 512 516 520 524 528 532 536 540 544 548 552 556 560 564 568 572 576 580 584 588 592 g d 128 e 30 35 f 160 170 310 min g 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 kg h 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 56 58 60 62 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 162 40 45 180 50 190 55 200 60 210 65 220 70 75 80 230 240 250 12:00 2:00 4:00 6:00 8:00 10:00 12:00 2:00 4:00 midnight am am am am am noon pm pm 85 90 260 cm 95 100 105 110 115 270 280 290 300 L 6:00 8:00 10:00 12:00 2:00 4:00 6:00 8:00 time pm pm pm midnight am am am pm i 120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225 240 255 270 285 300 315 330 345 360 375 390 405 420 sec j 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 625 650 675 700 725 mL 3 a Exercise 9-06 1 a Class intervals 1–5 6–10 11–15 16–20 21–25 26–30 |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| Tally |||| |||| |||| | |||| || |||| ||| Total Frequency 9 10 11 12 10 8 60 b 16–20 2 a 402 Class c intervals 401–410 411–420 421–430 431–440 441–450 451–460 461–470 471–480 481–490 491–500 Class centre 3 8 13 18 23 28 33 Tally Frequency ||| |||| | |||| | |||| |||| |||| || |||| |||| Total 3 6 6 9 7 5 4 40 b 16–20 b 500 Class centre 405.5 974.5 964.5 d 411–420 and 421–430 ISBN: 9780170136952 Class intervals 1–5 6–10 11–15 16–20 21–25 26–30 31–35 4 a Tally Frequency |||| |||| |||| ||| 4 5 5 3 0 4 4 2 3 2 32 |||| |||| || ||| || Total Class intervals 950–959 960–969 970–979 980–989 990–999 1000–1009 1010–1019 1234 Class centre 954. but probably more. c 1010–1019 Exercise 9-07 1 a Number of calls 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total Frequency 3 5 7 4 5 4 2 30 ANSWERS 553 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .5 Tally |||| |||| |||| ||| |||| |||| |||| Frequency || ||| || |||| | Total 7 8 5 3 4 7 11 45 b At least 950 hours.5 415.fm Page 553 Monday.5 455.5 425.5 435.5 445.5 465.5 495.5 1014.5 994.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 485.5 984. September 22.

5 65.5 6 a and b NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 Frequency 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 18 45.5 85.5 Class centres e 70% 21 3 d -----. c 61–70 d 42.5 95. 2008 1:13 AM 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of calls d 8 days 3 8 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 23 28 33 c 3 d 20% Pulse rate 51–60 61–70 71–80 81–90 91–100 5 a c 31–40 41–50 51–60 61–70 71–80 81–90 Class centre 35. 4.5 Total 3 D 4 a b c d e f 55.5 Use of Internet 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0123456789 0123456789 e 3 Frequency Frequency 1234 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 7 Class Class Tally Frequency intervals centre 1–5 3 |||| 5 6–10 8 |||| |||| ||| 13 11–15 13 || 2 16–20 18 |||| ||| 8 21–25 23 |||| 4 26–30 28 |||| 5 31–35 33 | 1 36–40 38 || 2 Total 40 b Client ages e c 7 days 2 a b 31–40 The answer depends on the class intervals chosen.5 45.5 85.5 Class centres Class centres 890123 56789012 13 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 35.5 65.fm Page 554 Monday. September 22.5 95.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 6.5 Tally |||| |||| |||| |||| || ||| |||| ||| |||| | Frequency 8 13 9 6 2 38 Pulse rates 55.5 55. 8 5 cm 4 days 155 cm 11 days 24 days Age 65.5 75.5 75.5 75.5 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 38 5. 12.5 65. 26 ISBN: 9780170136952 .= --28 4 Exercise 9-08 1 |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| |||| Tally Frequency |||| ||| | 9 8 6 4 8 5 40 ||| Total 554 Class centre 55.5 85. 9.5 75.5% Calls made each day Frequency Frequency b 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Number of goals 2 a b c d 18 25 16 18.5 85.

33.7% between 70 and 99 3 D ISBN: 9780170136952 Stem 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Maria 9 5 9 8 7 5 2 0 6 5 1 3 Parramatta 3 5 6 7 8 0 6 8 8 4 5 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 6 6 Stacey 1 2 3 4 5 0 4 5 9 9 0 0 5 5 7 7 4 b Stacey.8% 0 1 2 3 4 5 Number of accidents on a day 0 25 33 4 67890123 Score Frequency 0 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 3 6 2 3 23 Total b 23 3 a Class intervals 31–40 41–50 51–60 61–70 71–80 81–90 b 32 c 20 Class centre 35. 177 cm c 5 d 4.5 45. overall higher scores c 96 8 a b c d e 39 2 Leaf 7 0 1 3 5 3 4 5 7 7 7 8 9 2 2 3 6 6 8 0 1 5 5 7 7 = 137 Liverpool 5 4 4 5 3 5 8 6 6 6 8 5 1 1 6 3 3 1 6 4 50 2 35 40 7B marks 38 6 b Cobar Cougers. 2 times 2 30 37 7 6 a 25 c 92 6 a 0 25 36 4 b Dynamo. 16. 2008 1:13 AM 3 a Ages Frequency 23 1 24 0 25 1 26 2 27 0 28 0 29 3 30 1 31 6 4 a b 31 to 38 c 23. f 26 Exercise 9-09 1 a Stem 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 a b c d e f 64 27 99 42% 4. scores are closer together c Maria d Teacher to check. 26 Accidents on the motorway each day Frequency 4 a 32 3 b mode = 0 c 9 d 5 Stem 13 14 15 16 17 Key: 13 45 45 50 50 26 44 to 50 From the dot plot. September 22.2%. 20.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.7%.5 65.5 75. overall higher scores 5 C 35 40 7A marks 35 3 5 a 25 7 a 30 34 2 b 137 cm.% 3 d 101 40 4 b Liverpool.5 55. 5 times Tilba Tigers.% 7 ANSWERS 555 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .5 85.3%. 25%.5 Cumulative frequency 4 9 12 18 20 23 d 11 Frequency Cumulative frequency | 1 1 0 1 0 1 |||| 5 6 |||| |||| || 12 18 |||| |||| 10 28 Total 28 c 1 Tally 3 d 96 --. 25. 7A marks seem generally higher. 2 a Leaf 6 1 6 8 5 7 8 1 5 5 2 2 4 7 4 b 76. 124 1 c 53 --.fm Page 555 Monday. 1234 Power plus 0123456789 1 Teacher to check.

d i 35% Boys 0 7 8 9 0 8 0 0 5 8 2 6 2 3 3 4 5 5 8 3 ii 50% ISBN: 9780170136952 . 2008 1:13 AM 9 Chapter 9 revision 1 Number of visits 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 No. 890123 2 12 a 18 b 28 8 d -----15 c 3 13 a 31 Frequency 14 20 21 10 Total 65 b Stem 7 8 9 10 Leaf 1 5 6 8 9 9 0 0 0 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 8 8 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 5 6 8 8 4 5 c 90 kg 14 a Girls 8 9 8 9 7 5 8 9 5 3 2 1 9 6 0 6 5 3 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 b 94. September 22.fm Page 556 Monday.5 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year 2 c 6 -----. a girl c Teacher to check.5 3 2. of Students 15 12 9 6 3 0 A B O AB Blood group Tally |||| | ||| Frequency 6 3 0 5 3 2 4 5 2 Total 30 |||| ||| || |||| |||| || b A B AB Frequency a 1 O Visits to school library 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 1234 Age 22 23 24 25 26 Tally || |||| |||| | |||| |||| Frequency 2 4 6 4 5 3 a QD d QC b C e QD c QC f C 4 a census d sample b sample e sample c sample f sample 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 7 a Profit scale does not begin at 0. b Sales have increased greatly c Company profits 4 Profit ($ millions) 0123456789 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 3 4 5 6 7 Number of visits 8 a Class Class Tally Frequency intervals centre 60–64 62 || 2 65–69 67 |||| |||| || 12 70–74 72 |||| |||| 10 7 75–79 77 |||| || 80–84 82 || 2 Total 33 b 10 556 3.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.% 33 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 8 9 10 9 10 11 1213 14 15 11 a 42 b 3 c 10 d Class intervals Class centre 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 32 37 42 47 5 Teacher to check. 6 Teacher to check.5 2 1.5 1 0.

5 L b e h k 120 min 3.4 tonnes ii larger packet by 10 cents 13 1.f --.fm Page 557 Monday.= 1 --3 3 3 3 4 a 6 b 10 e 6 f 4 5 a 2 d 405 g 2125 c g c g c f i l 3 --5 5 --. September 22.52 m ANSWERS 0123456789 67890123 Exercise 10-04 11 a i 5 kg 1234 557 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . 6 a 1 : 12 c 8:4 = 2:1 b 4:1 d 4 : 12 = 1 : 3 7 a 12 : 5 c 15 : 60 = 1 : 4 b 1:4 d 5:3 8 Class B. 2008 1:13 AM Chapter 10 Start up 1 a d g j 300 cm 1500 mL 5 min 7.--------20 100 2 a 1 : 10 b e 3:2 f i 1:1 j m 19 : 7 n b d f h j l n p r t 1 : 5 = 2 : 10 4 : 7 = 20 : 35 7 : 12 = 49 : 84 3 : 4 = 75 : 100 5 : 9 = 20 : 36 17 : 34 = 1 : 2 24 : 12 = 4 : 2 5 : 20 = 15 : 60 50 : 40 = 25 : 20 3 : 4 : 5 = 15 : 20 : 25 1 a 5:6 d 4:3 g 5:2 j 8:5 m6:4:3 b e h k n 3:4 4:3 4:3 25 : 12 8 : 15 : 14 2 a 5:8 d 2:1 g 9 : 14 b 40 : 1 e 5 : 14 h 32 : 15 c 4:1 f 10 : 13 i 5:3 3 a 4:7 d 1:2 g 1:4 j 3:2 m 10 : 7 p 100 : 20 : 3 b e h k n q c f i l o r 13 : 8 3:4 1:2 1 : 100 9 : 10 2:1:3 c f i l o 9:8 8:5 12 : 7 9:5 5 : 18 : 20 5:3 3:2 20 : 1 2 : 15 100 : 7 45 : 10 : 9 1 C 2 32 cm 3 20 cm 4 1440 students 5 245 6 480 kg 7 17.6 m 65 mm 8150 m 2 a 6 b 12 c 4 1 4 3 a --b --4 5 4 1 5 2 e --.= 6 --3 9 7 = 35 w ----.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 km/h 8 8 kg 9 Ali $90. b 17 : 100 e 16 : 3 11 a 1 : 2 c 5 : 12 f 1 : 10 b 25 : 30 = 5 : 6 d 10 : 3 f 3:5 10 a 3 : 250 c 1:3 e 2:5 b 1:4 c 11 : 9 d 2:1 12 B Exercise 10-02 1 a 2 : 3 = 8 : 12 c 3 : 5 = 9 : 15 e 5 : 8 = 20 : 32 g 5 : 11 = 30 : 66 i 2 : 1 = 10 : 5 k 12 : 4 =3 : 1 m 30 : 45 = 6 : 9 o 16 : 40 = 2 : 5 q 24 : 20 = 6 : 5 s 2 : 3 : 4 = 6 : 9 : 12 ISBN: 9780170136952 3 a c e g v 7 --.= 1 --.= 25 -----3 15 1:2 c 2:5 7:3 g 10 : 1 41 : 107 k 3 : 1 24 : 13 o 2 : 7 2:3:5 3:1:4 2:3:4 8 : 12 : 9 4 a 50 : 200 = 1 : 4 c 5 : 49 e 70 : 210 = 1 : 3 g 15 : 48 = 5 : 16 i 4000 : 350 = 80 : 7 k 18 : 1000 = 9 : 500 m 48 : 8 = 6 : 1 d h l p 5:7 5 : 11 1 : 16 2:5 b d f h 3:4:6 1:2:6:3 5:3:2 2:5:3:7 b d f h j l n 300 : 1200 = 1 : 4 30 : 120 = 1 : 4 24 : 6 = 4 : 1 20 : 1000 = 1 : 50 25 : 180 = 5 : 36 8 : 48 = 1 : 6 75 : 500 = 3 : 20 5 4:5 6 5 : 1000 = 1 : 200 68 : 1000 = 17 : 250 7 a 48 : 28 = 12 : 7 c 35 : 28 = 5 : 4 e 20 : 28 : 35 b 20 : 35 = 4 : 7 d 20 : 48 = 5 : 12 f 48 : 83 Exercise 10-03 5 Teacher to check. Fiona $63 10 18 cm. 9 a 13 : 25 d 150 : 1 u 2 --. 24 cm 12 20.= 3 3 --4 4 2 5 c 95 f 190 i 470 Exercise 10-01 1 a 5:7 d 7 : 13 b 3:5 e 5:3 c 7:9 2 a 7 : 12 d 13 : 20 b 5:8 e 3:8 c 9 : 16 3 a and b Teacher to check c About 1 : 3 4 Teacher to check.= 1 1 --4 4 9 10 b 17 e 4 h 6210 2t 18 000 mg 8h 85 cm d h d h 1 --4 15 -----.= 21 -----8 24 x --5.

36 km ii 0. Exercise 10-06 2 a 20 sheep/h c $4.50/kg e 20 m/s g 40 marks/test i 90 cars/day k 37 m/s m 1500 rev/min o 50 km/h q 4.5 cm : 5 km = 1 : 200 000 6 cm : 1500 m = 1 : 25 000 7. $400.75/kg 8 km/L 50 kg/ha 3 Teacher to check. 30 kg 6 $200.mL of Y.5 cm : 750 m = 1 : 10 000 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 1 1100 words 2 $475 3 420 runs 4 300 km 5 500 m 6 2520 mL 7 975 sheep 8 48 km 9 6 flights 10 400 revs 11 a 30 b 11 c 40 s 12 a 17°C b 29°C c 12 noon 13 a 14 L b 126 km 5 15 4 --. September 22.65 i $59.9 m 2.75 m 17 m 1.375 tonnes 1234 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 3 6670 km 4 66 cm i 1.ha 6 b 480 14 $3980 17 a 12 18 a 5400 seconds b 90 min 16 7 s c 70 ha 1 c 1 --. $250 f $375.36 km ii 1 km to the middle of the park iii 680 m b i 1. $1000. 6 m and 10 m Exercise 10-08 19 240 kg 1 Teacher to check. $600 8 18.50/h 1 a b c d 2 a b c d e f 3 a 72 mm or 7. $2000 5 $16.8 m/s 25 students/teacher 34 points/game 8 articles/h 600 boxes/h 920 bottles/h $35/h $2.80 g $57.5 cm : 3 km = 1 : 40 000 8 cm : 4 km = 1 : 50 000 7. $300 c $350.5 runs/over s $10. 80 g 9 18 kg.375 km vi 68 750 cm or 687.h 2 ISBN: 9780170136952 .2 m 5m×4m 5m×4m 2.m 3 15 203 m 17 $18 288 000 18 a 45 cm.90 j $133. $24 7 20 g.5 m × 2 m 4m×3m 4m×4m 20 m2 ii 20 m2 4 a 0. $100 b $200. 16 --.35 mm c 30 mm or 3 cm 558 b d f h j l n p r t 9.fm Page 558 Monday.70 15 1078 letters 17 80 kg 2 1 : 25 000 is 1 cm = 250 m a i 50 000 cm or 500 m ii 75 000 cm or 750 m iii 150 000 cm or 150 m iv 137 500 cm or 1375 m or 1.68 km c 560 m d 400 m by 160 m e 160 m f 20 cm Mental Skills 10 18 4 m. 16 10 D 11 $40 12 125 girls 13 25 14 600 g 16 4375 kg or 4. $450 e $250.28 mm Exercise 10-07 1 a b c d e f 5 5.85 b $39.mL of Z 3 3 Exercise 10-05 1 a 9 b 5 c 7 d 11 e 13 f 6 2 a $400.2 cm long height 700 cm or 7 m 160 mm or 16 cm 640 mm or 64 cm i i i i i i i ii iii iv v b i 400 cm 200 cm 90 cm 275 cm 1700 cm 120 cm ii ii ii ii ii ii 4m 2m 0. $125 3 $30 and $60 4 $1000.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 m b i 40 cm ii 10 cm iii 20 cm iv 16 cm v 28 cm vi 2 cm 3 cm : 300 m = 1 : 10 000 2. 2008 1:13 AM 14 a 5 mL b 20 mL 2 16 186 --.85 f $69.80 h $53.80 e $42.75 d $34. Exercise 10-09 iii 16 m2 b 8 mm d 0.375 km v 237 500 cm or 2375 m or 2. 36 cm b 99 cm 2 2 19 11 --.80 c $35. $150 d $50.6 cm 6 a 2 a $35.

fm Page 559 Monday.25 6 40 km/h 7 D 8 a 720 km b 30 km 9 3 km 11 56 km/h 13 Teacher to check. 8 a B b A c C Exercise 10-12 1 a c e g i k 18 000 m/h $0. 5 a 375 g can c 735 g tub 18x 6 y = --------.4 L/h 432 L/day 60 000 kg/day 50 g/cm $42/h 3 a 97. 12:15pm.hours e 10. 1 : 200 000. and between 2:00pm and 2:30pm 2 a 300 km d 100 km/h b 4 hours e 100 km c 1 hour 3 a 11:00am.8 km/h b 349. 1 : 10 000.9 km 1 12 1 --.km/h 5 b 2 L bottle d 235 g jar Chapter 10 revision 80 1 a 8 : 16 or 1 : 2 60 40 b 20 a 0 6 Distance from home (km) 18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5˙ m/s 8 m/mL b d f h j l 1260 m/h 2. 2008 1:13 AM 1 2 1 1 12 Hours ISBN: 9780170136952 2 b 12 : 24 or 1 : 2 2 a 4:7 d 5:9 b 1:3 e 3:1:4 c 1:6 f 1 : 5 : 20 3 a 5:2 d 3:8 b 2:3 e 1:5 c 25 : 1 f 1:5 4 a 2 : 3 = 8 : 12 c 2 : 3 : 4 = 6 : 9 : 12 2 6 e --.19 a 2400 m2 c 60 m2 b 40 m2 d 24 min 20 13 km/L Exercise 10-10 1 a 5 km/h d 17 km/h b 480 km/h e 100 km/h c 5 km/h f 80 km/h 2 a 120 km/h c 200 km/h e 36 km/h b 120 km/h d 9 km/h f 6 km/h 3 a 8 m/s b 1. 6 km 2 b 2 km/h c 12 km d Between 11:30am and 1:30pm.km/h 3 5 c 120 Speed km/h 100 Triathlete’s training 20 16 12 8 4 0 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 am am am am am am Time 7 Teacher to check.6 km/h iv 12 km/h 4 a 240 km b 10:00am.4 km/h iii 9. c 1330 km 10 63. 2:00pm b 12:45pm c 48 km 1 d 4 --.= --3 9 b 1 : 5 = 2 : 10 d 3 : 4 : 5 = 15 : 20 : 25 7 21 f --. 1 : 1 000 000.5 m/s 4 B 1500 1.05 seconds Exercise 10-11 1 1 a 1 --.88 km/h e 82. 12:45pm. September 22.= 6 km/h 15 0.01/g 2400 mL/h 50 000 kg/ha $39 000/year 360 sheep/day b d f h j l 108 000 m/h 1200 mL/h 18 000 m/h 25 000 kg/day 30 km/h $420/week 2 a c e g i k 18 km/h $100/kg 666.2 km/h d 108 km/h 1234 Power plus 0123456789 1 1 : 1 000 000.7 km/h 2 f i 16 km/h ii 6.= 100 m/min b ---------. 160 km c Sam d 9:00am to 9:15am.7 mL/s 250 kg/ha 30. Brian: 53 --.= -----8 24 ANSWERS 559 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .hours 2 14 54.5 5 a -----------.hours. 1 : 2 000 000 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 2 262 400 3 a 704 km2 b 49 928 568 700 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 4 Teacher to check. 10:15am to 11:15am 1 e Sam: 96 km/h.2 km/h c 11.

$3000 9 a 91 cm (approximately) b 11. $2000.27 cm2 f 78 km2 h 380.14 kg/m2 d 24 cm/min b 12.21 m2 3 a d g j 150 m2 156 m2 189 m2 201.2 cm (approximately) 8 a triangular prism f triangular prism 10 a 1 : 25 000 b i 625 m c i 3.5 km f 5.16 m2 ISBN: 9780170136952 . September 22.5 min or ±30 seconds 2 a C b i 250 m ii 349 m Exercise 11-02 1 a c e g 8 000 000 mm2 32 000 m2 0.66 ha 900 ha 2 a 24 m2 d 37.8 km/h 17 a 20 km b 3 stops c 4 km/h d 2:30pm e Between 2:30pm and 3:30pm 18 a 2880 mL/h 1 c 8 --.95 c 18.5 cm2 173 000 cm2 480 mm2 3.3 mm2 f 85.56 mm2 4 a 950 mm2 d 70 cm2 c c 5 h 4 c pyramid f prism i prism b 280 mm2 e 91.13 mm2 4 28.5 cm ii 1100 m or 1.10/h b 110 km/h d 5.5 km2 b d f h b 36 cm2 e 6 km2 b e h k c 53.6 km b 3.5 s 10 km/h ii ±5 km/h 20 mL ii ±10 mL 1 min ±0.6 cm g 0.27 5 a cm2 b b 3 g 1 d 6 i 6 e 2 d rectangular prism i cube Exercise 11-01 1 a b c d e f i ii i i i i i ii 0.9 cm2 1 619 200 cm2 or 161.5°C 1s ii ±0.8 m2 490 mm2 or 4.4 cm2 f 84 cm2 2 A 3 a b c d e f g 700 mm2 or 7 cm2 450 mm2 or 4.5 mm 1°C ii ±0.7 cm2 b 27.fm Page 560 Monday.m/s 3 19 a 7.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 45 km/h Chapter 11 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 b neither e neither h pyramid 7 a 5 f 5 7 $40 and $60 1234 6 a prism d prism g neither Start up 1 a 200 mm d 4.1 km ii 10 cm 11 a $3.52 cm2 c 20 m2 Exercise 11-04 1 a 1.2 km i 400 mm 2 a 48 mm d 66 cm b 30 m e 100 mm c 340 m 3 a 120 m2 d 42 m2 g 9.50/kg c $14. 27 km/h b 0.5 km 16 a 80 m/min b 4.5 cm2 d 210 cm2 560 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 b 850 mm2 c 8.2 runs/over 12 a $19.86 cm2 b 121 cm2 c 30 m2 e 50. 2008 1:13 AM 5 a 2:3 e 4:1 b 1:3 f 1:4 6 a 100 girls c 4:3 g 65 : 4 d 3:5 h 3:2 b $45 000 8 $1000.1 cm or 1 mm ±0.19 km2 8.5 m e 4000 m h 8.5 L b $503.50 d 7.56 km2 51 m2 c 88 m2 2 27.5 cm2 70 000 cm2 or 7 m2 168 000 cm2 or 16.5 m/s.5 m/s.2 m c 2.2 cm2 Exercise 11-03 1 a 48 cm2 d 3 cm2 b 136 m2 e 340 mm2 c 54.92 m2 54.5 ha 13 a 10 km/h b 5 km/h 14 a 20 km/h b 90 km/h 15 a 170 km b 247.05 cm or ±0.89 cm f 36 cm2 1000 cm2 i 71 m2 88 000 cm2 4 B 5 a 38.

9 mm2 V = 1005.4 m2 Mental Skills 11 b f j n r 70 900 770 26 8 c g k o s 240 220 18 18 104 d h l p t 900 300 34 12 24 5 000 000 4 000 000 6 7600 8 200 000 000 b d f h j 1 600 000 0.06 cm3 4 a 48 cm3 d 90 cm3 b 264 mm3 e 15 400 mm3 mm3 5 a 22 500 c 13 200 cm3 c 1512 m3 f 7.1 m2 V = 4021.6 cm2 c 8.44 m2 d 143.2 m3 c A = 153.096 875 m3 d 176 km3 f 1300 m3 3 a 135 cm3 c 6120 mm3 e 21 952 mm3 b 64 m3 d 1.fm Page 561 Monday.8 cm3 e 40 565.02 mm2 e 472 cm2 g 862.52 m2 e 9 cans cm2 5 a 145 140 = 14.0 cm3 1.7 m3 d A = 49.8125 m3 cm3 b 928 d 288 cm3 6 0.306 m2 7 A cm3 8 a 220 c 24 000 m3 e 82 m3 ii 1000 L iii 1 kL 4 a 70 200 000 cm3 b 70 200 L 5 a 1.1 m3 9 a 380.51 c 68 mm2 mm2 b 274. m2 6 131.0005 kg 2 a 450 mm2 c 6.728 m3 f 258.5 mm2 h 162 cm2 c 97.0 cm3 f 301 592.3 cm3 4 B 5 424 mL 6 Answers may vary.6 m2 f 30 cm2 i 680 cm2 1 D 2 a 150 cm2 d 1840 m2 b 176 m2 c 224 mm2 e 10 800 mm2 3 a 746 cm2 d 542 m2 b 337.9 mm3 3 2714.001 kg ii ±0.5 L 7 1 800 000 L 8 Answers may vary.9 2 a 210.5 3 A 7 a 18.1 cm3 499.8 cm3 d 117.4 mm2 d 30 km2 2 a 450 m3 c 3541.1 m2 V = 786.25 cm ii ±125 g ii ±0. 2008 1:13 AM 2 a 240 m2 d 1344 m2 b 80 cm2 e 1.3 mm3 b A = 4263.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.3 mm3 b 5209.8 m3 b 3 685 088. Teacher to check.5 mm2 c 126.48 m2 Exercise 11-07 b 828 cm2 b 288. m3 b 18 849.002 8 200 000 4 000 000 0.74 m2 f $494.17 ≈ $175 c 71 .4 m2 b 66.8 m3 17 583.5 cm b i 250 g c i 0.5 cm2 e 684 mm2 f 144 m2 b 2.0 mm2 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 Chapter 11 revision 1 a i 0. Teacher to check.7 cm2 b 512.2 m2 2 a 160 e 2600 i 180 m 46 q 40 u 44 5 4 6000 1 200 000 9 Answers may vary.8 m2 c 315 mm2 3 a 148 mm2 b 1080 m2 d 33.6 m2 7 a 8.3 cm2 ANSWERS 561 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .2 mm3 1234 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 Power plus 1 a 15.3 m2 b 133 cm2 d 86 cm2 3 a 120 m2 4 a 550 cm2 5 a 384 mm2 ISBN: 9780170136952 c 8200 f 900 i 3.32 m3 b 1320 L 6 a 121 500 cm3 b 121. Exercise 11-08 1 C 2 a c e g 1133. September 22.514 b $174.5 m2 c 423.55 c 862.6 m3 mm3 b 11 220 d 29 450 mm3 b 17 671.8 m2 V = 732 944.5 mm3 d 1606.85 Exercise 11-06 1 a c e g i b 1600 e 8200 h 3400 10 1728 L b 71.9 m 1 a d g j 2 a 1 000 000 cm3 b i 1 000 000 mL Exercise 11-05 4 a 1.8 m3 3 a 2919.8 m3 c 486.42 cm e 25 300 mm3 b 4.6 litres 8 a A = 201.

7 m 3 a 6.2 m2 b 330 m2 ISBN: 9780170136952 . A census is a survey of the whole population.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 cm b p m = 17.5 m iii 1 cm iii 16.50 : $6.7 L b Cost ($) 6 a 128 m3 b 216 cm3 d 2200 mm3 e 672 m3 cm2 b 112.7 m 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 7 8 9 10 Mark Tally |||| |||| |||| ||| |||| |||| Frequency 4 9 8 3 10 6 |||| ||| |||| | 2 3 4 5 6 8 a quantitative b categorical c categorical 9 a continuous b continuous c discrete Class centre 62 67 72 77 82 13 Australia Tally Frequency | |||| |||| || |||| |||| |||| ||| || 1 12 10 8 2 6 5 4 3 2 1 4 5 6 7 8 Score 9 14 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Stem 0 1 2 16 a 3 : 5 b 3:2 c 5:2 17 a 1 : 3 d 40 : 3 b 8:3 e 1 : 12 c 1:3 f 2:5:7 18 a 3 : 8 d 1:3 b 8:5 e 30 : 1 c 9 : 16 f 70 : 100 : 3 19 20 20 $1.9 cm b 3. 30 a 248.hours 2 b 26 km c 6.0005 kg 26 a 36 000 cm2 b 8.035 L b 4000 L 9 a 452. for 1 --.2 m2 b 880 mm2 b 22.0072 mL e 0.fm Page 562 Monday.43 m3 Frequency 8 a 5.5 L d 0.120 L c 6500 L f 0.68 m2 c 90. September 22.5 cm2 c 30 m2 b 55.5 km/h 24 a 18 mL/h b 7 m/s 25 a 0.39 mm3 1 a xm=5m c x km = 6.4 km b y mm = 41 m 2 a m cm = 24 cm c p cm = 33.50 : $4.75 cm2 m2 27 a 137 11 a The cost axis does not begin at 0.00 21 a i 15 cm b i 20 m ii 25 cm ii 32.1 m2 29 a 60 cm2 31 a 256 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 b 22 Leaf 4 5 6 9 0 1 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 4 8 10 A sample is a group of items or people selected from the population to be surveyed.25 m 22 a 440 km b 50 hours 1 23 a 1:00 pm.001 kg b ±0. 562 USA a Between 10 and 13 b Proportions on the bar graph should be as shown: 1 Class 60–64 65–69 70–74 75–79 80–84 15 Score 1 2 3 4 5 6 0123456789 12 a 8 c 30 7 a 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 Frequency 5 7 5 10 3 10 8 6 4 2 6 1234 Tally |||| |||| || |||| |||| |||| ||| Frequency b Mark 6 7 8 9 10 New Zealand Country Mixed Revision 3 6 a 30 25 20 15 10 5 b 543.9 m 4 a right-angled b not right-angled 5 a 36 cm b 35.6 m2 28 a 62. 2008 1:13 AM c 3993 m3 7 a 3000 mL b 2.

640 3 a m=6 m3 35 a 7.p x = 15 4 r N = -5 s k = 17.928 L 37 a 942.0018 m3 34 a 216 33 26928 cm3 cm2.5 1 or 102 --2 c x = 42. Exercise 12-04 1 a x=6 e N = 21 i x = -21 2 m m = 4 --5 4 q N = -1 --5 2 C 3 a x=5 d N = 23 g k = -5 j x=7 mx=3 p x = -1 5 s x = 2 --6 b x=9 c x = 12 f B = -4 g x = -4 j x = -24 k x = 9 d N=5 h x = -10 l x = -4 n x = -24 o x = -1 1--. 2008 1:13 AM 32 0.5 cm3 b 14 726.5 t m = 51 b e h k n q x=9 N = 22 m = 31 x=8 x = -4 x = -2 c f i l o r N=3 x = -5 x=4 x = 10 x = -6 x = -1 t x = -11 ANSWERS 563 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .7 ii -12 iii -2 ii m = -10 i y=2 2 c i 1 --3 iv 1 vii 41 b 5 a T e F 3x − 6 5d − 35 4b + 32 9j + 9 -n + 3 v 16 viii 0 b T f F 6 a subtracting c dividing vi 9 c F g F d T h F b adding d multiplying Exercise 12-01 1 a x=3 b x=9 e b = 10 f c = 26 i m = 125 j p = 65 c a=5 d m = 20 g k = 20 h d = 130 k m = 26 l q = 56 2 a x=3 e f=2 i y=9 b m = 24 c q = 6 f w = 72 g p = 11 j a = 20 d n = 30 h x = 24 3 a x=5 e x=2 i r=6 b p=7 f x=8 j d = 35 c k=5 d x=4 g m = 28 h a = 12 4 a x = 10 b x=2 c x = 120 d x = 2 Exercise 12-02 1 a w = 15 d p = 18 g m=7 b x=6 e x=8 h y = 16 c m = 16 f k=9 i d = 45 2 a p =11 d y = 60 g d = 18 b m = 13 e k = 24 h y = 48 c x = 17 f n = 21 i m = 123 ISBN: 9780170136952 1 d c = 16 --2 g d = 12 4 a m = 12 d k = 48 g k = 30 5 a d g j m = 19 n = -8 x=2 x=3 b n=4 c k = 11 e x=9 f x = -9 h h = -7 i a = 102. 4752 cm3 b 128 m2.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 kL b 7.5 m3 36 a 26 928 mL b 26.fm Page 563 Monday. September 22.5 f a = -12 b d = 10 e x = 1000 h n = -55 b e h k p=8 x = 10 y = -7 k = -10 c f i l p = 19 n = 44 h=7 n = -8 x=3 x=3 x = -1 x = -1 c f i l x=2 x = -6 x=4 x = -4 Exercise 12-03 1 D 2 a d g j x=5 x=4 x=2 x=3 3 a x=7 d x = 11 g x=3 2 j x = 4 --5 4 D 5 a d g j x=8 a = 16 m=6 a=9 6 a x = -1 d m=1 g j = -5 b e h k b x=8 e x=2 h x=2 k x=7 b e h k m=9 n = 16 k = 15 h = -15 b x = -3 e p=3 h x = -37 c x=3 f x=2 i x = -5 3 l x = 4 --4 c f i l k = 20 h = -35 x = -12 x = 14 1234 c x = -2 f q=7 i x=2 0123456789 7 Two operations must be performed to find the answer.2 mm3 Chapter 12 Start up 1 a 7 e 6 i 10 b 7 f 23 j 5 c 8 g 5 k 8 d 27 h 3 l 20 2 a -3 e 3 i -10 b -5 f -11 j -8 c -12 g 36 k -9 d -2 h 3 l -72 3 a c e g i 4 a 2m + 6 4k + 28 6a − 18 5q − 30 -2p − 8 b d f h j i m=6 ii y = -6 3 iii m = --2 iii y = -2.

028 4 a 66.012 c 0.4 f 0.fm Page 564 Monday. 2008 1:13 AM Mental Skills 12 2 a 3. 100 kg 3x + 1 = 5x − 11.663 k 0.6°F iii 40°C f i 10 hours b m=4 f d=5 j x=8 c d=6 g x=9 k k = 12 d p=4 h x=8 l q = 20 c 2 a x=9 e q=3 b p = 12 f j=6 c x=2 d x = 11 g m = -2 h y = -3 g j x=2 2 m x = -2 --3 4 a x = -2 1 d k = .0663 Exercise 12-05 1 a a=6 d p=3 g y=0 b k=4 e n=3 h a=7 c x=3 f q=6 i r=6 2 b x = 2 --3 1 e m = 5 --4 h x = -1 2 b k = --3 1 e k = 2 --5 1 h j = .027 j 0. 8 cm 2 x i --.75 b k  28 e n  -4 3 h w  -3 --4 c r  13 f k  -10 1 i d  --4 k t  40 l a  72 n r  810 q k  4.2 2 a p5 d j9 2 g x  3 --5 15 j d  2 -----32 m p  66 p v  -12 s x3 b k  18 e n  -2 h r  -3 c p  73 f m  -7 i w  2.8 i 0.5 e 0.663 d 0.2 k 1.8°F -10°C 18 years old ii l = 11 ii h= 6 iii w = 13 iii a = 15 ii A = 30 iii h = 9 ii P = 400 iii R = 4 Exercise 12-09 1 a x=1 e j=3 i x=3 3 a x = -9 d x = -7 g x=1 ii ii ii ii iv ii 3 a i P = 34 b i A = 132 iv b = 15 c i V = 58 1 --3 d i I = 125 iv T = 7.24 b 2.20 (or 20c) d N = 10 b A c A d D 5n − 130 = 300.63 i 6630 b 6630 f 663 j 66. September 22.5 --2 b x = -4 e x=8 h x = -4 k x=7 c x = -7 f x = 11 i x = 16 1 l x = 6 --4 1 n x = -2 --2 b p=5 c x = 11 e y=4 f q=2 Exercise 12-07 1 a P = $11 c N = 55 2 a B 3 a b c d e f g 564 b R = $0. 6 7(T + 15) = 294. 8 years old 8s = 3s + 500.5 1 t m  5 --3 o n  -30 r a  5.90 i $75 i 80.4 k x  10 l p7 n m  93 q k0 t n6 o a4 r x  17.07 1 a Exercise 12-06 1234 11d h 44 = --------.8 d 0. 33 cm 6(y − 13) + 5 = 95..8 --2 c a=1 2 D 3 a a=3 d p=1 2 g x = --3 4 a d = -2 d x = -3 1 g t = 1 --2 f x=5 1 i y = 4 --2 c p = -2 1 f m = 5 --2 i q = -1 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 Exercise 12-08 1 A 2 a b c d e 107 i $600 i $13. 28 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 122 28 words 267 24.663 h 663 l 0.+ 200 = 750. $2750 5 4 37°C e 0 1 2 b 3 -3 -2 -1 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 d f h 1 2 3 4 5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 0 1 2 3 -1 0 1 2 3 2 B 3 a x1 b x4 e x  -6 f x  -4 i x  25 j x  0 c x6 g x2 d x  -1 h x  -4 Exercise 12-10 1 a y4 d t  45 g t  -16 1 j x  2 --2 m r  16 p n  -1 s t  5.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.3 c 6.12 g 0.36 h 8.63 g 0.1 ISBN: 9780170136952 .8 l 0. $86 m + 8 = 2m. 27 years old 2l + 34 = 100.3 e 6.

September 22. 2008 1:13 AM 3 a i a4 ii b i m7 ii c i u7 ii d i x4 ii 1 e i n  1 --2 ii f i e  11 ii g i y2 ii h i q  -3 ii i i x7 ii j i p4 ii 1 k i y  3 --2 ii 1 l i k  2 --4 ii 4 a x5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 5 6 7 8 9 2 3 4 5 6 2 0 3 1 4 2 5 3 4 d m  85 2 f a  3 --3 3 h x  .5 1 b p  2 --c k  -6 2 e x  -1 f x  -4 d d  -15 ISBN: 9780170136952 b x  -1 Chapter 12 revision d Power plus 1 a x=7 e x=3 b 6 a x=1 Exercise 12-11 1 a k  -4 3 a x = 5.j x = -16 k x = 3 -----.+ -----.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. -4 c x = 4. 250 tickets 11 a 1260° 12 a b c 0 1 2 1234 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 b 8 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 13 a y  4 c p7 e k  -5 b q  14 d x  12 f a  -3 1 g m  3 --2 14 a m  -4 h n  3.5 g a  -21 3 a x  -5 c x  -3 e x  -6 b x=4 f x=2 c 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 6 a x  -8 c x=2 g x=0 d x=1 h x = -1 1 1 1 i x = 3 --.--4 j t  -45 g n9 1 i m  .--4 1 b m  -8 --2 d q8 3 f a  -3 --4 2 h y  -6 --5 b d  -8 d k  12 f r  -62.+ 4 = x. -5 b x = 4.+ --. 6 jumpers 9 a 3 b 5 10 a 2N = 300.5 1 h t  -17 --2 b x1 d x  -8 f x  -9 c p9 3 e j  -8 --5 1 g x  . -2 e x = -1.fm Page 565 Monday. 150 tickets b 2N = 500.--4 2 a n  -18 c m  24 e x  -7.+ 5 + --. -4 d x = 2. x = 65 ANSWERS 565 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .l x = --2 11 7 2 m x = -38 n x = 30 o x = 20 p x = 26 --3 c x  -6 1 a k=7 e x=4 i x = 14 b x = 11 f f = 12 c a = 14 d a = 33 g m = 28 h x = 24 2 a x=9 b m=4 c k = 12 d d = 18 3 a x=4 b x = 12 e x = -77 f x = 77 c x = -8 g x = -3 d x = -36 h x = -12 4 a x=2 d n=7 g m = -4 5 a x = 10 e x = -6 e x = -3 7 a n=6 e x=2 b n = -2 e q = -3 h m = 22 b x = 10 1 f a = 5 --2 b N=3 3 f x = 2 --5 b x=4 f x = -13 c x=3 f x=9 i k = 108 c n = 25 d m = 21 g k = 26 h d = -29 c P=3 d N = -2 g x=3 h N = -3 c x=2 g x=5 d x=1 h x = -2 8 a C. x = 7 b 4x2 = 100. 3 x x x x 4 --. x = 5 c 3x − 15 = 180. -7 f x = -5. 84 years 6 12 7 2 5 a 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 b x8 1 c k  1 --2 e d  10 2 a 4x + 2 = 30. 59 b B.

median = 5. c This changes the mean by about 10. Mike : 75. B: 25. range = 99 Mean = 55.6 4 C c 3 hours 0 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 b 30 Frequency histogram and polygon d 890123 Leaf 0 7 8 8 9 4 9 9 3 3 8 8 8 b 4 1 c 3 --6 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 5 a b c d $625 000 $696 500 $767 273 Median 6 a Al : 75. range = 6 Mean = 29. range = 38 Mean = 47. with A ranging from 5 to 8.2. 7 a A: 6. 2008 1:13 AM Chapter 13 Exercise 13-01 1 a 8 Start up 1 12 13 14 15 2 a Stem 3 4 5 6 3 a 53 4 a Hours 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 b 24 Frequency 1234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 Class 16–20 21–25 26–30 31–35 36–40 41–45 Tally || ||| || |||| || |||| || ||| Total Frequency 2 3 2 7 5 2 3 24 b 2 f none j fruit c 3 d 45 g 2 and 5 h green b 7. September 22. and B ranging from 3 to 10. B: 6.7 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0123456789 5 b 10 1 c 16 --3 1 f 143 --3 c 99. while A has 11. median = 3.1. median = 16. median = 55.3. Mike 6 c 72 d i Mike. median = 50. 41–45 Frequency 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 c 240 3 d 43 --4 2 a 36.9. range = 7 h Mean = 9.4. range = 0 Mean = 80.0 c Teacher to check.7 b Al 2.4 5 a 7. c 10 8 2550 1 C c 12 1 e 54 --2 3 a 7 c 7 e 43 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of hours Class centre 18 23 28 33 38 43 Tally |||| | |||| ||| ||| |||| || |||| || Total Frequency 6 4 3 3 7 7 30 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 b 20 4 a b c d e f g 1 b 37 --2 1 d 21 --2 f 5 b 9 d 36 f 46 Mean = 4.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. range = 39. smaller range ISBN: 9780170136952 . range = 3 b 17 18 23 28 33 38 43 Class centres 566 3 a 4 e 45.3 b The major difference is that set B has 91 as its final value. 6 a A: 16.fm Page 566 Monday. mostly lower scores ii Al.0.21 i spade Exercise 13-02 c Frequency histogram and polygon 6 a 4 3 e 19 --4 b 26.5.5.1 b Group B has marks much more spread out than A.4. range = 8 Mean = 15. median = 32. median = 72.9.875 2 a 7 a 36–40.6. median = 9.5 d 2.2 Mean = 5.

5 40 $270 $8.84 i $0.3 2 A 3 Number of visits (x) 0 1 2 3 4 8 Total 4 a 5 a 6 a b x 1 2 3 4 5 6 Tally |||| |||| ||| |||| |||| || | Total Number of visits 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 fx 4 16 15 16 10 6 67 f fx ||| |||| || |||| || |||| ||| ||| ||| Total 3 5 2 7 4 3 3 3 30 0 5 4 21 16 15 18 21 100 12 15 pigeons 15 14.44 c $490 g 79.6 $152.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.6 4 a 10 e 160.6°C 8 Quinn quiz marks 6 a 1234 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Marks 3 0123456789 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 8 Carter quiz marks 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Marks fx 24 40 42 90 34 72 60 362 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 b 10 c 0 d 8 Quinn: 9.45 iv 22.26 42.6 iv 1.20 j $6.9 ii 36 ii 1.3 2 B Tally Number of pigeons (x) 8 10 14 15 17 18 20 Total i ii iii iv f 4 8 5 4 2 1 24 a b c d e 2 a 19 d $20.76 89.48 b $0.8 ii 131 ii 17 iii 124.5 l 42.8 4 Maximum daily temperature in Cowra 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Temperature (°C) 5 a 11.76 $1.54 p $2431.1 Exercise 13-04 1 a i 6 b i 0.60 f $4.fm Page 567 Monday.8 iii 37 iii 1.8 iv 37. 8 Carter: 9 e 8 Carter.90 c 2. more high marks 7 a Stem 0 1 2 3 b 30 Leaf 4 5 6 0 1 1 5 5 5 0 0 1 0 8 1 5 1 c 1968 8 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 1 2 3 5 6 9 d 15 e 15 Exercise 13-05 1 a Mean = 51 1 Median = 47 --2 Mode = 45.5°C b i ii iii iv 7 3 3 3 1--- b 10°C c 12.48 ISBN: 9780170136952 34 2 2.39 d $1.01 c f i l o 87.93 j 38c m 31.1 2 8 b e h k n $7.76 l 64 6 a 100 e $1.4 k 768 d $1.76 Number of Members (f) 3 4 3 6 2 4 3 25 b 3 a i 40 b i 44 i 5 ii 2 1 iii 2 --2 iv 2.20 g $0. September 22. 2008 1:13 AM Exercise 13-03 1 a x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Total Mental Skills 13A f 22 2 8 9 6 10 3 60 fx 0 2 16 27 24 50 18 137 f fx 5 6 14 3 5 1 34 0 6 28 9 20 8 71 b c 137 i 6 ii 0 iii 3 iv 2. 50 Range = 40 ANSWERS 567 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .5 iii 17 iv 121.4 i 9c b 124 f $2550 j $1.50 $3.72 h $0.35 h 6.5 g 4c k $0.

Michelle 59 11 1. 5 a and b Temperature and pressure 8 Answers will vary. for example 5.5 Fiona Fiona.7.36 fx 14 9 12 15 30 21 8 5 a $797.40 j $87.50 h 50 l $105 600 1 15 biscuits 2 9 days 400 3 3500 plants 4 54 days 200 5 2000 batteries 6 433 ball-bearings 7 172 students 8 32 students 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Volume (cm3) 9 a 1500 b 875 c 2625 d 115 cm3 3 a 70 kg.50 h 150 k $300 l 98 d $22. the mean and median only apply to numerical values.or 38.1 L c 120°C Copper blocks 1400 1000 c 30 d $450 g $60.5.50 7 a b c d e 1234 Frequency 7 3 3 3 5 3 1 4 a and b Leg length (cm) 2 a 1 Mode = 100 Range = 69 Pressure b Mean = 93. Chantelle 43.96 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Algebra test c Elaine 46. more consistent d 296 e 2. the amount she earned in six weeks divided by 6.fm Page 568 Monday.3˙ 3 Median = 39 b 1090 kJ NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 .8 3 a The mean.50 k 225 1200 Mass (grams) 0123456789 890123 c 4. September 22.14 Median = 100 1 c Mean = 38 --.8 Chantelle Fiona 42. 16 10 a 10 Arm and leg length 35 0 Fiona 42.50 c $810. Chantelle 33. 6. b $441 4 a Letters 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Tally |||| || ||| ||| ||| |||| ||| | b 2 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 d 6 b $770 d median 6 a $688 750 c $640 000 b $640 000 d median/mode 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 46 56 30 20 10 0 50 Temperature c About 33 g/cm3 6 a and b 70 100 Test results Data test 60 50 40 30 20 10 c 100 50 52 54 Arm length (cm) 40 9 a B b No. 1140 kJ c 105 kg 568 b 60 f $90 j $84 Exercise 13-07 800 0 c 710 g 2 a $308 e 96 i 210 4 a $360 b 40 c 88 e 450 f $63 g $80 i $50.73 m Mental Skills 13B Exercise 13-06 1 a 1.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. Teacher to check explanations. b 37 48 c i 32 cm ii 47 cm d Yes. 2008 1:13 AM Mode = 39 or 41 Range = 24 b 3 c 1.4 L 2 a and b b 0.

7 c 15–19 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of goals scored b 125–125.fm Page 569 Monday.36 140.5 b Mean = 14.7 126. 500 400 300 b 24 c i 6 4 6 1 no mode ii 4 ii 6 ii 5 ii 1 goal ISBN: 9780170136952 4 6 8 10 Age in years ii 675 mm 12 1234 d 7.5 68.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.2 124.5 631 16 268. September 22.5 Total 0123456789 fx 678 625 753.1 Chapter 14 Start up 1 Teacher to check.2 125.5 483 3657 67890123 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 Sum f = 54 b 54 c 72–77 d 67. 2 a i 4 b i 10 1 c i 3 --2 d i 23 4.5 35 60 140 b 36 800 Power plus 2 a b c d i i i i Circumference (mm) 4 a Frequency histogram 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Tally Frequency ||| 3 |||| || 7 6 |||| | |||| 4 || 2 | 1 | 1 Total 24 iii 2 goals iv 2.5 years 7 24 065 250 Class centre 56. 2008 1:13 AM Exercise 13-08 d b 4 c 28 b 49.5 62.1 4 a b c d 4 4 35 37 5 a 37 6 a and b ii ii ii ii 74. The sum of the sisters’ wages is $8000. ii ii ii ii c 36.25 34. 4 8.5 c 2. 1 1 2 a x = 1 --b m = 1 --2 2 1 3 d k = 3 --e a = 1 --3 4 2 1 g b = 4 --h h = 8 --3 2 3 c a = 1 --5 1 f n = 3 --3 ANSWERS 569 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .5 d 5 Frequency 1 a 3.5 80.7 kg ii 7 Number of goals 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 c i 300 mm 8 a Chapter 13 Revision 3 a d 35 600 2 6 Yes.25 Age and thickness of trees 5 a 40 b and c Teacher to check.5 74. teacher to check.1 iv iv iv iv 100 4 No.6 6 33 66 148 200 3 92% i i i i iii iii iii iii 700 1 6 1 a b c d 4.2 Raised by 3 marks Does the same to the mean.2 Sum f = 130 fx 621 4988 6886 3142.7 125.6 57.2 77.5 22. so each of the other two sisters earn much more.4 c 125.78 3.5 2 a 5 3 A 5 a Frequency 4 6 11 3 24 fx 28 72 187 66 353 Class centre 124.5 1117.

AC = DE. ∠R = ∠E 4 A 5 Possible answer: 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 3 a p = 2. MN = QP. JN and TS iii 5 : 7 d Not similar e Not similar f Not similar g Not similar h Similar i ∠S = ∠U. ∠D = ∠H ii AB and EF. AD and EH. ON (or RS) ∠EDH (or ∠FGH). KL and PQ. ∠M = ∠R. ∠B = ∠F. ∠B = ∠E.fm Page 570 Monday. ∠R = ∠V. QR = DE. ∠B = ∠F. NM and TS. BC = EF. ∠P = ∠T. then translation c rotation. F and P 2 A 3 a D and J b C c H 4 a translation b reflection d reflection e rotation c rotation f translation 5 Possible answers: a reflection or rotation.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. then translation b rotation. y = 60 f x=6 4 a PR = SR QR = TR ∠PRQ = ∠SRT b SAS c x = 46. RQ and VW. EF ∠QRS (or ∠PON). y = 28 Mental Skills 14 2 a $700 e $300 i $300 c 400 g 250 d 700 h $300 Exercise 14-05 1 a ABCD ||| IJKL c ABCD ||| JKLI e ΔHGF ||| ΔJIK b ΔSTU ||| ΔXVW d UVWXY ||| MNJKL 2 a Similar i ∠A = ∠E. ii Measured length and width. ∠C = ∠F LM = RQ. NJ ∠YXW. B and K. CB = EF ∠A = ∠D. 2008 1:13 AM 2 B Exercise 14-01 1 A and H. OP ∠R. reflection Exercise 14-02 1 Possible answers: a ABCD ≡ JKLI b ΔMNO ≡ ΔPRQ c NOPQ ≡ RSTU d ΔACB ≡ ΔEDF e WXYZ ≡ KLMJ f JKLMNO ≡ STUPQR 2 a d f g h 1234 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 ∠F. WV e ∠IHG. DC and HG iii 3 : 2 b Not similar c Similar i ∠J = ∠T. SP and UT. PR = CE ∠P = ∠C. ∠K = ∠P. 570 b AAS f SAS j SAS c False d True c 2. AC = DF ∠A = ∠D. ∠C = ∠E PQ = CD. ∠Q = ∠D. September 22. y = 3 d x = 4. ZU 3 a i ii b i ii c i ii d i ii AB = DE. ∠M = ∠Q. RQ c ∠Q. ∠Q = ∠W ii SR and UV. LM and QR. E and L. PQ and TW iii 3 : 2 3 a x = 44 d n = 100 6 Possible answer: b $800 f $400 j 500 4 a b b y = 60 e p = 55 c m = 150 f q = 32 i Yes ii No iii Yes i All circles are similar. DE b ∠P. ∠C = ∠G. ∠N = ∠P AB = DF. n = 20 c x=6 e x = 58 b x = 15. ∠N = ∠S ii JK and TP. BC and FG. 5 Teacher to check Exercise 14-03 6 a True 1 Teacher to check. LN = RP ∠L = ∠R. ∠L = ∠Q. ratio is different.5 3 d --2 g 3 h 3 Exercise 14-06 Exercise 14-04 1 a SAS e RHS i RHS b False 1 a 2 c AAS g AAS d SSS h SSS NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 4 e --5 1 i 1 --2 1 b --3 1 f --2 2 j --3 k 2 ISBN: 9780170136952 . iii All semi-circles are similar.

AC = US ΔDEF ≡ ΔWXV DE = WX. with sides 4 cm b kite. IHH = NM. a Length 10 units 9 a x = 7.4 f b = 24 5 306.fm Page 571 Monday.43 cm Exercise 14-08 1 Teacher to check. since all three angles add to 180°. 2 Teacher to check. the third angle must also be equal. JL = RP 3 Teacher to check.65 2 C 1 3 a y = 3 --3 d a = 9. 2 a b a b 1234 b n = 43. D and E 6 a Possible answers: i AB = GH BC = HI CD = IJ EF = JK FA = KL b i PQ = US QR = ST RP = TU c i MN = RS NO = ST OP = TQ PM = QR d i HI = EF IJ = FG JK = GD KH = DE 5 7 a --b 1. a 23 m b 52 m c 13 m d 13 m e 49 m 4 Teacher to check. with sides 4 cm and 6 cm c parallelogram. KL = QP. 2008 1:13 AM 2 Teacher to check. 10 a Teacher to check. 33.5 6 8 Teacher to check. b a = 54 c b = 48 3 Teacher to check. BC = TS.2 Mixed Revision 4 Power plus 2 a m=5 ΔGHI ≡ ΔOMN GH = OM. FE = YX. GI = ON ΔJKL ≡ ΔRQP JK = RQ.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.5 b w = 12 e p = 40 c y = 14. c x = -5 d t = 18 2 a x=9 b x=8 c a = 15 3 d x = 1 --4 3 a q=6 b x=3 4 a x=0 b x=3 6 Teacher to check. Exercise 14-09 1 a c d e Three angles b Three sides Two sides and an angle Two sides and an angle Three sides f Three angles 2 If two angles are equal. 3 a Yes e No b Yes f Yes c Yes g Yes d No h No 4 a SAS b RHS c AAS 5 A and G. 6 h = 12 Chapter 14 revision 1 A and E.25 ANSWERS 571 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 . 5 Teacher to check. September 22.6 b x = 77 c q=6 e k = 24. Exercise 14-07 1 a x = 15 e r=5 a b a b 8 x  -2. C and F. 34 7 The ratio of areas is a2 : b2.5 cm and 1 cm b d = 10 f q=8 c p=9 g x = 27 d k = 15 h y = 7. 5 a 1 kg b 32.75 f x = 20 4 a x=5 d a = 40.2 ii ∠A = ∠G ∠B = ∠H ∠C = ∠I ∠D = ∠J ∠E = ∠K ∠F = ∠L ii ∠P = ∠U ∠Q = ∠S ∠R = ∠T ii ∠M = ∠R ∠N = ∠S ∠O = ∠T ∠P = ∠Q ii ∠H = ∠E ∠I = ∠F ∠J = ∠G ∠K = ∠D 6 c --d 2 5 b Length 82 mm 1 Teacher to check. 7 a x5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 b k6 2 3 4 5 6 7 c x5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 d m6 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0123456789 67890123 1 a a=1 e k = 77 4 Teacher to check. 3 Teacher to check scale drawings. B and F ΔABC ≡ ΔUTS AB = UT. 3 a equilateral triangle. DF = WV ISBN: 9780170136952 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 b m=3 f x=2 5 Teacher to check. b Approximately 19 m 11 a Angles b Two sides and included angle. with sides 1.

50 d 55% 10 $20 12 a 45% 1 13 a --2 x 14 a i y ii b 25% 2 b --7 -1 1 11 c -----14 0 2 1 3 y 2 4 iii No 4 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 0 -1 y=x+2 1 2 3 x -2 -3 ISBN: 9780170136952 .52 c 162.9 Age x 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 7 b -----24 c i 30.5 ii 30 ii 90 b i 30 d i 92 ii 6 ii 8 f 6 1 6 2 3 2 4 24 fx 168 29 180 62 96 66 136 737 Paper 2 30 20 10 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 h 0.fm Page 572 Monday.7 12 a i 4 b i 15 13 a and b b i 31 d i 92.09 4a 3u -a2 − 6b2 5x + 9 iv 6 70 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 2 a c e g iii 30 80 0123456789 i 5 iii 2 iii 21 90 890123 e 7 ii 30 Exam marks 0 1 a 11.3 d x = 100 21 60 m 572 3 g --5 b 5a(1 − 3b) d -2b(4a − 1) 6 a b c d e f g h i 40 d 2 4 a 2(y + 4) c -3x(x + 4) 5 a 4 50 c -13 b d f h 3 a 3a + 15 d -15 iv 2 iv 20.5 10 a i 2 c i 3. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Paper 1 c 60 14 5 8 a i isosceles b i scalene c i scalene ii obtuse-angled ii obtuse-angled ii right-angled 9 a 2625 kg 15 A and J. D and G 16 a ΔABC ≡ ΔGHI b AB = GH or BC = HI or AC = GI ∠A = ∠G or ∠B = ∠H or ∠C = ∠I 17 ASA 18 a PQ = XY or QR = XW or SR = ZW or PS = YZ b ∠P = ∠Y or ∠Q = ∠X or ∠R = ∠W or ∠S = ∠Z c PQRS ||| YXWZ 3 19 --4 20 a y = 3 b y = 45 c t = 9. C and F.45 11 a ii 6 ii 0.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS. 2008 1:13 AM 9 a i 3. September 22.1 ii 2 c i 3.425 ii 3.25 -3p 11a3 + a2 8p − 7q 4x2 + 8x b 2y2 + 6y e 14x − 20 c 20 − 8k f m+4 c 20 b -3 m = 34 (angle sum of a triangle) m = 45 (angles on a straight line) y = 68 (angle sum of a triangle) m = 100 (exterior angle of a triangle) x = 132 (vertically opposite angles) x = 67 (angle sum of a quadrilateral) y = 130 (angles on a straight line) x = 62 (exterior angle of a triangle m = 62 (corresponding angles on parallel lines) j m = 82 (angles in a straight line) k b = 78 (alternate angles on parallel lines) l x = 103 (opposite angles in a parallelogram) 7 Teacher to check. 3.5% 3 e -----20 11 $27.56 60 11 b 1 -----20 2 f 1 --5 j 0. m = 5.43 ii 2 ii 21 100 1234 General Revision NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 b $2.

724 e 3.15 b 85 cents 3 $1875.25 7 23 trees 8 75.74 23 Teacher to check 11 a $41.1 c 216 f 10201 d 1.0 ii ii ii ii m2 153.4 25 a 12.68 i 160 j 29.7 y = 16.5 d = 76.9 b 10.2 cm d 50 m b 18 cm e 18 cm c 30 mm 26 a 9.42 2 a $19.25 44.5 h 148 3 a 4.40 12 53. 2008 1:13 AM b i x -1 0 y -3 -1 1 --2 0 1 y ii 33 a 1 iii Yes 5 4 3 2 1 y = 2x – 1 2 3 x -3 -2 -1 0 -1 16 a b c d m = 17.4 c 42 ANSWERS 573 3456789012345678 456789012345678901234567890 234567890123 012 8901234 345678901234 34567890123456789012 789 90123456789012345678901234 3456 123456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 123456789012345 234567890 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 789012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 67890123456789012345678901 12345678901234567890123456 567890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 901234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 345678901234567890123456789 89012345678901234567890123 34567890123456789012345678 .2 km 9 $85.3169 h 6859 b 5 f 14 c 9 g 2.20 24 6.728 g 4.8 mm 18 a 2 : 5 f 1 2 2 6 11 7 9 2 40 Total -3 i i i i Tally | || || |||| |||| |||| |||| || 1 -2 15 a b c d Score 45 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 b -9 c -12 d -8 f -15 g 75 h 5 i -5 j 7 k -96 l 45 m -25 n 24 o 96 p 14 q -16 r 15 s -36 t 10 4567890123 0123456789 567890123 8901234 789 0123456789 56789012 9012345678 890123456789012345678 12345 1234567890123456789 0123 45678901234 012 345678901 4567890123456789012 Exercise A-03 1 a 196 d 1.5 c 45 d 5.6 p = 25.7 cm 66.8 fx 45 94 96 294 550 357 468 106 2010 b Mean = 50.5 cm 21 1200 22 4900 1 a 5068 b 14.3 d 7 67890123 b 529 e 26.5 mm2 29 a x = -6 d a=5 b a = -4 e d = -5 c x=4 f r=3 30 a x  4 d a  -16 b m  -7 c k2 31 a -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 x b -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 m c -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 k d -19-18-17-16-15-14-13-12 a b 5 ISBN: 9780170136952 c 5 0123456789 Exercise A-02 1 a 7 e 15 28 a 400 d 910 m2 32 a 4.1 m/s 10 13 buses 1234 b $1318.9 39.9 g 23 h 1. September 22.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.50 4 7542 kg 5 2.5 cm2 85.2 d 6. y = 52 Appendix 1 Exercise A-01 17 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 b 6:7 c 20 : 1 d 1 : 100 19 264 20 a 5 cm | |||| | || |||| b 30 cm c 2.5 35 a QR 1 36 a --2 37 a x = 7 b <L c SRQ b 4 b x = 48.0 c 2.fm Page 573 Monday.8 cm 62.48 k -8.5 f 26.4 m 6 $11.3 cm2 272.084 l 12.1616 2 a 26 e 9.0 m 25.1 cm2 d 160 m2 b 8 cm2 e 15 cm2 c 30 mm2 27 a 150 cm2 b 1340 mm2 cm2 b 288 cm2 e 84 m2 c 300 mm2 f 4536.8 mm2 34 a 62 b 42 c 42.4 4 a 16 e 6 b 156 f 2 c 56 g 10 d 1206 5 a 11.49 b 1.

875 f 0.17 7 5 a ----20 73 d -------200 1 b 2 ----25 3 e 1 ----50 1 f 19 ----12 c 0.= 1 ----14 14 e 11 --2 21 h -----32 k 35 --6 n 15 1 --9 4 c 19 -----.8 e 0.36 b 32 --7 c 55 --8 3 e 12 ----10 b 0.hours 4 11 208 songs b $159.= 1 ----15 15 f 1 11 -----24 i 11 --6 l 25 --8 1 o -----10 j 6 m 41 --8 7 17 1 --.c -----.hours 2 1234 0123456789 890123 4567890123 8 0123456789 890123 8901234 8 63 --.f 53 -----4 3 7 5 3 6 3 a 33 --5 2 d 7 ----11 4 a 0.38 12 42 5 --.5 d 0.e 31 -----. September 22.b -----.hours 4 9 40 10 a 12 3 --.d 33 -----.hours 8 0123456789 56789012 2345678 123456789012345678 345 34567890123456789 23 45678901234 345678901 7890123456789012 3456789012345678 78901234567890123456789012 4567890123 2 1234 34567890123456 567890123456789012 789012 2345678901234567890123456 6 12345678901234567890 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 3456789012345 23456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 01234567890123456789012345 45678901234567890123456789 90123456789012345678901234 45678901234567890123456789 890123456789012345678901234 34567890123456789012345678 89012345678901234567890123 23456789012345678901234567 78901234567890123456789012 23456789012345678901234567 678901234567890123456789012 2345678901234567890123456 67890123456789012345678901 01234567890123456789012345 56789012345678901234567890 574 NEW CENTURY MATHS 8 STAGE 4 ISBN: 9780170136952 . 2008 1:13 AM Exercise A-04 2 1 a --3 1 b --2 1 c --3 4 d --5 6 e --7 4 f --5 11 16 30 2 a -----.fm Page 574 Monday.5˙ 1 c ----------1000 f 13 -----40 1 6 a ----10 1 d ----14 4 g ----15 1 b 15 -----.18 NCM8_4 SB ANS.

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