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ISO 10816-1 replaces ISO 2372 as a general guide outlining measurement and evaluation of mechanical vibration in typical industrial machinery. Note that although these guidelines are defined in accordance to machine classification as noted below, these guides provide a standardized starting point for evaluation. Once the general classification of the machine has been identified, the application, mounting technique, and operational conditions must also be factored into the level of acceptance in applying the evaluation criteria. In application-specific installations, this guideline may be modified in accordance to application requirements. Per ISO 10816-1: Velocity measurements can be categorized as follows: Class I machines may be separated driver and driven, or coupled units comprising operating machinery up to approximately 15kW (approx 20hp). Class II machinery (electrical motors 15kW(20hp) to 75kW(100hp), without special foundations, or Rigidly mounted engines or machines up to 300kW (400hp) mounted on special foundations Class III machines are large prime movers and other large machinery with large rotating assemblies mounted on rigid and heavy foundations which are reasonably stiff in the direction of vibration. Class IV includes large prime movers and other large machiery with large rotating assemblies mounted on foundations which are relatively soft in the direction of the measured vibration (i.e., turbine generators and gas turbines greater than 10MW (approx. 13500hp) output. Related typical zone boundary limits are outlined as follows: Velocity Severity Velocity Range Limits and Machine Classes
mm/s RMS 0.28 0.45 0.71 1.12 1.80 2.80 4.50 7.10 11.20 18.00 28.00 45.00 in/s Peak 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.10 0.16 0.25 0.40 0.62 1.00 1.56 2.51 Small Machines Class I Good Good Satisfactory Satisfactory Unsatisfactory (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Unsatisfactory (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Satisfactory Unsatisfactor y (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Satisfactory Unsatisfactory (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Good Good Medium Machines Class II Large Machines Rigid Less Rigid Supports Class IV Supports Class III
Enveloped Acceleration (gE) is not categorized by ISO 10816-1, however, this is a valuable assessment tool for rolling element bearing condition, and may be utilized in conjunction with the above general guidelines. Note that machines are classified according to shaft size (in mm) and rotating speed, which are a function of bearing design.
Enveloping Severity peak to peak 0.1 0.5 Satisfactory 0.75 Satisfactory 1 2 4 10 Unacceptable (danger) Unsatisfactory (alert) Unsatisfactory (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Satisfactory Unsatisfactory (alert) Unacceptable (danger) Dia. between 200 & 500mm and Speed <500rpm Good Good Good Shaft Diameter & Speed Dia. Between 50 & 300 mm & speed between 500 & 1800rpm Dia. Between 20 & 150mm & Speed is either 1800 or 3600rpm