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teach yourself
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aristarhos matsukas

For over 60 years, more than 50 million people have learnt over 750 subjects the teach yourself way, with impressive results.

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For UK order enquiries: please contact Bookpoint Ltd, 130 Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4SB. Telephone: +44 (0) 1235 827720. Fax: +44 (0) 1235 400454. Lines are open 09.00-17.00, Monday to saturday, with a 24-hour message answering service. Details about our titles and how to order are available at www.teachyourself.co.uk For USA order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Customer Services, PO Box 545, Blacklick, OH 43004-0545, USA. Telephone: 1-800-722-4726. Fax: 1-614-755-5645. For canada order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Ryerson Ltd, 300 Water St, Whitby, Ontario, L1N 9B6, canada. Telephone: 905 430 5000. Fax: 905 430 5020. Long renowned as the authoritative source for self-guided leaming - with more than 50 million copies sold worldwide - the leach yourself series includes over 500 titles in the fields of languages, crafts, hobbies, business, computing and education. British Library cata.loguing in Publication Data.:a catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library. Library of Congress cata.log card Number: on file. First published in UK 1997 by Hodder Education, 338 Euston Road, London, NW1 3BH. Rrst published in US 1997 by The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. This edition published 2003. The leach yourself name is a registered trade mark of Hodder Headline. Copyright© 1997, 2003 Aristarhos Matsukas In UK: All rights reserved. Apart from any permitted use under UK copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information, storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or under licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited. Further details of such licences (for reprographic reproduction) may be obtained from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited, of 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, WH 4LP. In US: All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Typeset by Transet Limited, Coventry, England. Prinled in Great Britain for Hodder Education, a division of Hodder Headline, 338 Euston Road, London, NW1 3BH, by Cox & Wyman Ltd, Reading, Berkshire. The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for extemal websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. However, the publisher and the author have no responsibility for the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or that the content will remain relevant, decent or appropriate. Hodder Headline's policy is to use papers that are natural, renewable and recyclable products and made from wood grown in sustainable forests. The logging and manufacturing processes are expected to conform to the environmental regulations of the country of origin. Impression number 10 Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006

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••• CD
Introduction how to use this book pronunciation gUide 1 2 6

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01

V&laoou! hi! ask for and give personal information; introduce people; use Greek greetings

17

••• tn

~

02

TI

KOV&U;; are you doing? how

33

engage in 'small talk'; enquire about each other's health; converse about common daily activities; talk about what jobs people have; count from 1-10

03

tAa va n10UIl& OU~KI! tva let's have a glass of ouzo! order drinks; ask for local drinks; count from 11-20 47

04

KaAI\OP&~'l!bon appelit! order food in a restaurant; ask for local

61

specialities; enquire about Greek eating habits; count from 21-100

05 06

revision test 1 nou &ival '1 AKpOnoA'l; where is the Acropolis? ask for directions; understand simple instructions; find your way around; count from 101-1 000

76 82

hello! who is it? 150 157 131 make telephone calls.. where did you go for Easter? express wishes or congratulations. get the gist of a weather forecast. nOI0C. make arrangements to meet someone. explain a problem with your room 09 9tA£T& TinoTa. purchase tickets and make reservations. state preferences. express opinions and state preferences. name fruit and vegetables. suggest what to do and where to meet. describe past events 15 revision test 3 230 210 use appropriate language at a social function. name the months and seasons 14 nou n~yaT&yla noaxa. name different sports 13 TI Kalpa &KaV£. talk to a doctor. how can I help you? buy things.£ival. what was the weather like? 189 talk about the weather. find out about public transport.vi (') 07 KaAa Ta~i61!have a nice trip! make travel arrangements. ask for remedies. ~ 08 g ~ S' ~ &X&T&6wlloTla. do you have any rooms? 115 Greek language timeline taking it further English-Greek glossary Greek-English glossary enquire about rooms. name colours 10 11 revision test 2 tAa. talk about business plans 12 £ixa tva Tpoll£pa novoKtcpaAo! I had a terrible headache! express feelings. name different professions. tell the time. check in or check out. count from 1000-10000 99 key to the exercises glossary of grammatical terms grammar summary index of grammatical terms and thematic vocabulary Greek history timeline 239 253 257 269 271 273 277 279 297 vii 0 a CD en . make hotel reservations. use expressions of time. enquire about prices. 172 .

bearing in mind the name of the unit. Welcome to Teach Yourself Greek! This is a course designed for learners with no previous knowledge of Greek. ••• o ~ c ••• tn You already know a lot of Greek According to Aristides Konstantinides' book Greek Words in the English Language there are 45. It's called demotic meaning 'popular' or 'everyday' language.a basic introduction to the language you need in Greece) which are best learned as phrases. my editors at Hodder & Stoughton. a form of Modem Greek. which is almost extinct. the climate and the country. There are many phrases in the fITst four units (designed as a 'survival package' . you . while visiting Greece. Athens. so you can familiarize yourself with Greek people. turn to page 273. and now in Berlin who have shown me over the years what is important and fun when learning Modem Greek. fITst just try to get the gist of the dialogues. ~ :c CD ce CD 3 CD ~ o o c. you can learn at your own pace and to the level you need. you will become increasingly aware of Greek loan words in English although sometimes. ~ Special thanks for this new edition go to Rebecca Green. Ginny Catmur and Sue Hart. Whatever your aims in using this book. n _. ••• ~ C. By the end of the course you should be able to communicate in most everyday situations. The language you will learn in this book is that of everyday life in Greece.[ viii 1 n ~ ~ _ Q) _. as opposed to katharevousa. their customs. For a fuller explanation of the history of the Greek language. it can also be used by students with some previous knowledge of Greek to revise and consolidate their language skills.729 Greek words in English! As you work through this course. You will meet the grammar explaining the structure of the phrases in later units. This book will teach you the standard spoken language used today in Greece. The emphasis is on the communicative aspect of the language. also to my students in New York City.

the dialogue. . adjectives. Words from all units can be found in the Greek-English glossary at the end of the book. How you absorb the grammar is up to you. There are tables and examples to help you learn the verbs. 10 and 15 . There are also many new words in this section. The exercises are designed to practise communication. The following sections are included at the back of the book: • Key to the exercises Here you can fInd the answers to all the exercises in each unit. marked with people and their country. Sometimes. there is a Greek word for these words. and even 'P' for car parks. There is also a useful grammar section at the end of the book. nouns. adverbs. nouns. • Greek-English glossary Most words and phrases covered in the fifteen units of this book. but the word PtPAio (book) does not carry an immediate association. D Read the introduction in English at the beginning of each dialogue before you read. When you feel confIdent with the material in the unit. although bibliography does. music. as well as useful facts connected with the subject matter of the dialogues. To develop good pronunciation. but the English word is generally used in everyday language. idea. New technology has also introduced many terms in Greek: computer. There is also a comprehensive revision test after Unit 15. • Index of grammatical terms and thematic vocabulary Here you can fInd out where a grammar point was fIrst explained or a topic introduced. politics.with exercises focusing both on communication and grammar which will consolidate your newly-acquired knowledge and will allow you to check your progress. fax. programme. • Taking it further Many suggestions and sources of real Greek language are collected here for you especially if you have access to the Internet. system. There are at least ten words in these exercises throughout this book that test your ability to make associations between what you already know and what you are learning. • Grammar summary This section provides examples of Greek articles. for example complex. D. looks at the culture of the Greek There are three revision tests in Units 5. prepositions and verbs. and email are a few examples. Study the dialogue and the vocabulary after the dialogue. You might be relieved to know that there are a large number of English loan words in Greek too. for instance tennis and volleyball. you can check your understanding with the Practice section.as well as extremely useful when visiting Greece or talking to Greek people elsewhere. Here are some fIrst examples of loan words: problem. Have a go at the Similar or different exercises in the Practice section of each unit. The last section. you are strongly advised to use the recording as much as possible. although there are some grammar exercises as well. A mini test is included at the end of each unit except after the revision units. • Glossary of grammatical terms Here you can look up the grammatical terms used throughout the book and you will [md a short explanation and some examples. Many sports are also identical in both languages. or listen to. Try to work through the exercises by yourself before you turn to this section to check your answers. The dialogues marked with are on the recording which accompanies this book. In Greece many signs are in English.have to stretch your imagination and bend the odd pronunciation rule to spot them. the sign 'we' for public toilets. Learning these words is extremely important since vocabulary is the backbone of any language . including the street sign for 'stop'. There is generally a further dialogue in the A little extra! section with new vocabulary which provides additional material on the subject. Grammatical points are explained in the Grammar section. • Greek history time line Here you can check the most important dates and events in Greek history. These associations can sometimes be difficult to detect: for example the words puOo~ (myth). • Greek language time line Here you can discover the evolution of the Greek language through the centuries. pronouns. In the Language notes section you will fInd explanations of the new material. adjectives and pronouns. • English-Greek glossary Some useful words and phrases you may need to look up on a visit to Greece or as you work through the course. stress and camping. pttpo (metre) and 1tEpiooo~ (period) are easily detected once you know the Greek alphabet.

It simply helps learners to overcome the challenge of a new script in the early stages. The transliteration system used in this book is a close phonetic representation of Greek words transcribing their sounds into English script. The Pronunciation guide in this introductory section will make most points about pronunciation clear. Keep in mind that although we can always ask native speakers to repeat something for us. We call it an informal transliteration system because various ways have been devised to represent Greek sounds using a western alphabet but no standard form has ever been established. 2 Record yourself and compare your pronunciation with that of a native speaker. Find a native Greek speaker to help you and fInd out about Greek social clubs. between 20 and 30 minutes if possible. Whenever possible repeat aloud. so that the learner can start to understand and speak the language without the obstacle of the new script.). It cannot even be found in a written form of any kind including books. 4 Listen to the recording as many times and as frequently as possible. Transliteration has been used in the dialogues and vocabulary boxes in the fIrst ten units. etc. It will build up your listening and speaking skills as well as your confIdence! 6 Use every opportunity to speak the language. 4 Ask native speakers how a specifIc sound is formed. This section looks at the culture of the Greek people and their country. there are some exercises that cannot be done with the book alone but in such cases the material is always covered by other activities in the specifIc unit or in the Revision tests. If you are interested in practising the Greek script further. Transliteration does have its shortcomings but its value. However. Greek is not a difficult language to speak. signs or public notices. 2 Try to work towards short-term goals. 3 Ask native speakers to listen to your pronunciation and tell you how to improve it. in Greek restaurants or social clubs. This book uses the standard Greek alphabet alongside an informal transliteration system. You don't have to go to Greece to do this. work out how long you'll spend in a particular unit and work within this time limit. even after some considerable effort. How to be successful at learning Greek Transliteration versus Greek script? Transliteration cannot replace the Greek script. 5 Hear yourself speak! If at all possible fmd yourself a quiet place to study where you can speak out loud.Before you learn the Greek alphabet Contrary to popular opinion. Watch them and practise at home in front of a mirror. grasp any opportunity to hear the language (by native speakers in Greece. on the radio. Where Greek offers a more serious challenge to the learner is in reading and writing the language. from the same publisher as this title. native speakers or your teacher. look out for Teach Yourself Beginner's Greek Script and the Teach Yourself Beginner's Greek course. but it has been widely accepted that the more we hear a language and try to tune into its sounds and rhythms the more we can speak it in practice. Many learners sometimes complain about not being able to speak a language. 5 Make a list of words that give you pronunciation trouble and practise them. It is not vital to acquire a perfect accent. it is highly advisable to use it since it will help you a great deal to pronounce Greek correctly. and distinguish sounds . The aim is to be understood. The book makes use of both transliteration and Greek script. here are a number of techniques for working on your pronunciation: 1 Listen carefully to the recording. The recorded dialogues and exercises will also offer you plenty of practice in understanding and responding to basic Greek. A few words about the recording This book can be successfully studied without its accompanying recording. has been generally accepted.something extremely vital at this early stage. o . rather than two to three hours in one session. we can play the recording back and forth without hesitation as many times as needed to hear something or distinguish a sound. particularly at beginner's level. If you don't have the recording. 1 Do a little bit every day. 3 Revise and test yourself regularly using the Mini tests found in each unit. etc. in fIlms. For example. Readers without the recording will fInd that a Symbols and abbreviations Thi~ indicates that the recording is needed for the following section. as already stated above. acquire a more authentic accent. especially assisting reading at early stages.

tcr.~.A. except for r r [ghama].e.As in French. . You will also find the following abbreviations: (sing) singular (pI) plural (lit. feminine and neuter.X. They are marked (m). Alternatively. Otherwise. In Greek.cr/~. £ A written accent is used in all words of more than one syllable to show where the stress falls. Letters and sounds In general. (0 and (n). The second is used to produce the sound of 8 () as in thin. vt. 1: (J/~ [sigma]. Try to observe this as carefully as possible.) literally (fml) formal (infml) informal A a B ~ rr A 0 E £ Z ~ H 11 8 () I 1 K K A A M J1 [alfa] [vita] [ghama] [THelta] [epsilon] [zfta] [ita] N v l. so pay close attention.. Distinguish the different sound of [TH] and [th]. KK. Italian or Spanish.K. Changing the stress can alter the meaning entirely. and X X [hi]. or thug. there are three genders: masculine. Spanish and other languages. 1t1t. ~~. something similar to German. e. Capital letters have no stress marks. Pronunciation guide a The Greek alphabet The Greek alphabet has 24 capital letters and 25 small letters. YX.. eu ~~. listen to how the alphabet sounds when recited in Greek.crcr. This means that you can read or pronounce any word once you know the alphabet.V. remember that all letters have one sound. thought. VV. check the names below: Consonants ~. mayor. mate. pp.s. etc. a as in mat. ts Two same-letter consonants AA.] which is used as a question mark in Greek! The Greek semicolon looks like an English full stop slightly raised. au. This is because the letter 1: [sigma] becomes a small (J in any position of a word except at the end.g. ~. Greek nouns have gender.t. 00 II 1t P p s: 1: (J/ ~ T Y CJ) t l) (f) [thfta] [y6ta] [klipa] [lamTHa] [mil X X [nil [ksi] [6mikron] [pi] [ro] [sigma] [taf] [fpsilon] [fi] [hi] [psi] [omega] Punctuation Greek punctuation is very similar to that of English. YK.y. p. The only obvious difference is the semicolon [. 'I' '" n co Greek. both in the Greek script and in the transliteration. If you have the recording. You can read more about 'stress and intonation' on pages 12-13. in contrast with English where one letter usually has more than one sound.1t.tt The sounds of vowels and consonants in each sub-group above are explained in the following section. 0/ Two-letter consonants Vowel combinatioos yy. Be careful with two letters that have almost the same name: E [epsilon] and Y l) [fpsilon]. though or thus. is a phonetic language. ~1t.o. where it is ~. the vowel or consonant sounds are always pronounced in the same way in Greek. German. unlike English. The first is used to produce the sound of A 0 as in this.

. a~ fin Pp 1: 0'/<. [gh] sounds almost like y in yield and not gh in ** The letter S ~ [ksi] sounds like the x in six or box. Also. Mp Nv * The transliteration ghost.. s· o' :l *There is no equivalent sound in English. unlike English...q» Xx If'.. and Yv have the same sound (i as in sit). The transliteration system used in this course does not show this since in Greek. 11. Examples of consonant sounds: aeroplane helicopter hero idea oxygen hypothesis hour Examples of vowel sounds: Aa EE HTJ I1 00 Yv firo [a] [e] [i] [i] aEponAuvo EAtKOntEpO llProw. Tt Yv D Consonant Up sounds vas in vet 1 gh soft gh sound* 2 y as in yes TH as in this z as in zip th as in thin k as in kit I as in let mas in met n as in net ks as in banks pas inpet ry AC) Zs [vita] [gMma] [THelta] [zita] [thita] [kapa] [lamTHa] [mil [nil [ksi] [pi] . EE HTJ I1 00 Yv firo ll. E~ fin .8 D Vowel sounds Aa a c S" Pp 1: 0'/<. you will rarely fmd word pairs such as fit-feet or sit-seat. [m] [n] [ks]** [p] [r] [s] [z] [t] [i] [f] [h] [ch] [ps] OXt '1IUxoMyta [vutiro] [gh<ila] [yaya] [THimokratia] [z6THio] [theatro] [kithara] [lem6ni] [musikJ.1 [nostalghia] [ksenoTHochio] [piano] [raTHio] [salata] [k6zmos] [treno] [ip6thesi] [fotoghrafia] [hor6s] [6chi] [psihologhia] butter milk granny democracy zodiac theatre guitar lemon music nostalgia hotel piano radio salad cosmos/world train hypothesis photography chorus/dance no psychology 08 KK AI. 0 :l [<ilfa] [epsilon] [ita] [y6ta] [6mikron] [ipsilon] [omega] . Consequently. Mp Nv Kt9upa AEJ.l0Vt 1l0U(}l l1 K vocrtaA yia ~EvoooXdo muvo pUOto craAUta Kocrllo~ tpevo uno9EcrT\ cprotoypa<pia xopo~ Greek vowels can be short or long. tOEa [0] o~uyovo [i] uno9EcrT\ [0] cipa [aerophino] [elik6ptero] [iroas] [iTHea] [oksigh6no] [ip6thesi] [6ra] ry AC) Z~ Up [v] [gh] * [y] [TH] ~OUtT\PO yUAa ytayui OlULoKpatia scioto geatpo [z] [th] [k] [1] 88 KK AI. Please note that all these transliterations are approximate sounds and only the recording or native speakers can offer the exact sound. Remember that HTJ. r as in rest 1 s as in set 2 z as in zip t as in tea f as infit Ihasinhat 2 ch as in loch ps as in laps 9 8c a . a as in raft e as in met i as in inn i as in sit o as in lot i as in inn o as in lot Tt [ro] [sigma] [taf] [fi] [hi] [psi] Q. the Greek word crnin house is transliterated as [spiti] although the first [i] is longer than the second.q» Xx 'P". 00 and firo have the same sound (0as in lot).

'" letter. "I. b and d sounds occur at the beginning of Greek words. 'tcrtyupo [anglia] [golf] [angira] [anhos] [bravo] [lamba] [domata] [mondemo] [tzaz] [tsigharo] England golf anchor stress bravo lamp tomato modern jazz cigarette AI AY EI EY 01 [e] [af] [av] [i] ref] rev] [i] [u] OY Vat au'toKi vrrco Auyoucr'to~ d/lat EUKaipta Eupffi1tll OlKOVo/lia oupavo~ The following two same-letter consonants are always pronounced as the one letter consonant. ** It is always [av] or rev] when at> or Et>is followed by any p. mb and nd sounds occur within a Greek word. personal pronoun) Evav one (indefinite article. y. (j).. short or long. A. v. au't'll 'tll au't'llv her (personal pronoun) 'tllV the/her (article. whereas the ng. p. letter or any vowel. depending on whether they are found in a stressed syllable or not. ~.a1. a. K. [ts] v'to/lu'ta /lOV'tEpVO 't1. Examples of two-letter consonants [ng] [g] [ng] ot> The remaining two-letter vowels have two different sounds each: [af] [av] ref] rev] ft. ~.a Two-letter AI EI 01 OY at Et 01 vowels The following two-letter vowels have only one sound. numeral) The remaining two-letter consonants have two different sounds each: I g as in go 2 ng as in England Eva . 0.. 11. [v] [k] [1] [m] [n] [p] lam chance Europe economy Uranus/sky a 11 Two-letter consonants [gMma-gMma] [ghama-hi] [taf-sigma] [taf-zita] ng as in England (Not as in engine) Db as in inherent ts as in sets dz as in adze The following two-letter consonants have only one sound: [r] [s] [t] :Eu~~a'to (Saturday) !>KK!>V'tP1KO~ (eccentric) /lE'taAAo (metal) 1tpoypa/l/la (programme) 'tupavvia (tyranny) 11t1to8po/lo~ (hippodrome) 't()ppavo~ (tyrant) yAO)crcrUpW(glossary) Bp!>'t'tavia (Britain) vas in vet k as in kept Ias in let mas in met n as in net pas inpet r as in rent s as in set t as in tent yx 'ta t~ Some other remarks 1 The following six words have two different spellings: one with the final letter v and one without. AYYAia yKOA<j> uyKupa [aIfa-ipsilon] [epsilon-ipsilon] af as in after av as in avenue ef as in effort ev as in ever yx MTI/M1t 11ft [00] [b] [mb] uyxo~ /l1tPU~O Aa/l1ta * It is always [af] and ref] when at> or Et>is followed by any 0. [e] [i] [i] [u] [aIfa-yota] [epsilon-yota] [ornikron-yota] [ornikron-ipsilon] e as in set i as in inn i as in inn u as input I b as in boy 2 mb as in timber I d as in day 2 nd as in end The g.. Examples of two-letter vowels: TZ/T~ TI:/Ta [ne] [aftokinito] [avghustos] rime] [efkeria] [evropi] [ikonirnia] [uranos] yes car August [d] [nd] t~ [tz] taltr.

. You are from Greece. y.p.w:axvro v+K v+~ v+1t a1to tTJVEA. are you are not used when formulating questions in Greek.. ?. Can you fill out the grid below working horizontally to complete the alphabet? . Each question concentrates on a specific feature of the alphabet. Can you fill out the grid working horizontally to complete the alphabet? Try to ask a native speaker to say them at a normal speed and pay attention to these sound combinations. or l\vva [ana]. v+t v + 'I' [ng] [ngz] [nb] [nd] [nbz] [enangafe] [tongzero] [denbao] [stindino] [tinbzahno] a coffee I know him I don't go to TInos I look for her Here are some exercises for you to practise on. for example KaAa [kala] well/fine.VT Drop the final -y (0) when the following word starts with a consonant other than the ones listed on the left: 13. 2 There are also some unique lower case letters in the Greek alphabet.. which often adds meaning to what is being said. You have probably noticed that most Greek examples in this section have a stress mark.<p. ---~~ Are youfrom Greece? [iste ap6 tin elaTHA] Elms a1to tTJVEAMOa. 0... the word 'I meaning the without a stress mark and or with a stress mark. To turn a statement in Greek into a question the voice should go up at the end of the sentence instead of going down. T yK. 't or 'II then the two words sound as one and the corresponding combinations create the following sounds: tvay Ka<pt toy ~tpro osyn:aro crtTJYItlvo tTJy. for example ANNA [ana]. e. A. This mark is used to show the main or primary stressed syllable in a given word. It is primarily used with words of two or more syllables. Question-words such as do .to Os IlTJ tOY Osv IlTJV the (article) not (negative particle) don't (negative particle) The grammatical rules for this are as follows: Keep the final -y (0) when the following word starts with a vowel (13) when the following word starts with one of the following consonants: K. This is the case when two words have a similar sound but different function and meaning. ?. did . 1 There are some unique capital letters in the Greek alphabet. A statement in Greek is changed into a question by changing the intonation of the voice without changing the sequence of words or adding question words. When in doubt. for instance. It always falls on one of the Greek vowels and never on a consonant...V. No stress mark is used. 1t.MiOO. ?. AyyAtKa.. although there are a few exceptions of onesyllable words with a stress mark.. [milate anglika] MtMts Il. [iste ap6 tin elaTHa] Elms . does . l\J Do you speak English? [milate anglika]? MtMts 2 When the final letter v in a word is followed by a new word starting with K. Iln. ~. you can check your answers in the Key to the exercises section at the back of the book. or inversions like you are -. Two examples to illustrate this point are given below: You speak English.•. The stress mark can be used on lower case vowels and only on an initial capital vowel letter in a proper name (names for people or places). T~ ~. ~. TO.o. Intonation focuses on the rise and fall of the level of the voice. You should remember that falling intonation is used in statements and raising intonation is used in questions. ~ AyyAtKa..X --. when the word is spelled out in capital letters only. n.

c letters with descenders below the line like g. i B: [b] or [v] ii H: [i] or [h] iii P: [p] or [r] iv X: [h] or [x] 4 Lower-case Greek letters can be divided into three groups according to how they are written..NHtIA IONIOY I [pelop6nisos] .KPHTH Did you pick up the word for Greece [ebiTHa] EnOOa and the word for islands [oishi] vllm.0PAKH .HIIEIPOt i [evia] . b letters with risers above the line like b.[nisia saronikU]ATTIKH .NHtIA tAPQNIKOY [kiklaTHes] KYK.10UO"tKrl [salata] craM'ta [anglia] AyyAia [golf] yKOAcp f [anhos] ayxo~ ii iii iv v vi [domata] v't0l·ui'ta [stres] cr'tPE~ [MIa] J. Can you remember two sports. [kali epithichia]! KUAllE1tl'tVXiu stands for good luck! Now you are ready to move on to the fIrst unit. See if you can get them right. listen to each one fIrst and look them up on the following map to see where each place is.AEt [THoTHekanisos] . q. One of the regions is not on the recording. a b c d e [ne] Vat [musikJ. p.lJ. for instance radio and [raTHio] paOlO.tAM00PAKH f [makeTHonia] .a? They will come in handy later on. e. 6 Some Greek streets are named after British/American people or places.[samothraki] . f.KENTPIKH EAAAilA k [nisia ioniu] . two instruments. d.AA.. Try to match the English names on the left with the Greek script on the right.3 Some Greek letters look like English but have a different sound. etc. Can you complete the grid? ir vA ix~ iiL\ viM xT iiiH viiN xiV iv K viii E xiiil 9 Now practise your pronunciation by saying so~e n~es of geographical regions in Greece. see if you can fInd which one is missing. 7 Most examples in the Pronunciation guide used words which are similar in Greek and English. the box overleaf will help you.EYBOIA .0EttAAIA h [ipiros] .[sporaTHes] . group 'tptvo 1tuivo A nAta 'ttVVt~ Jl1tUcrKS1: aEp01tAUVO Kt8upa EUuoa a 8 Match the words on the left with the words o~ the right to fo~ word-pairs.MAKEilONIA g [thesalia] .tIIOPAilEt j [kendriki elaTHa] . a b c d BYRON HILL KENNEDY VICTORIA i KENNENTY ii BIKTQPIA III BYPQN iv XIAA [atiki] .BOPEIOANATOAIKA NHtIA AIr AIOY e [thraki] . and two means of transportation? If you can't remember everything. If you don t have the recording. etc. Can you group the Greek letters accordingly? The fIrst three have been done for you. . We can do the same in English: a letters on the line like a. check your answers at the back of the book. two countries. c. If you have the recording. You can write in Greek script or transliteration.11taAa [raTHio] paolO [6chi] OX! [elaTHa] EAMoa a b c a 13 y a a b c d 5 Some capital Greek letters do not have an obvious association with their corresponding small letters. Check your answers on the recordmg.ilQilEKANHtOt [vorioanatolika nisia egheu] ..IIEAOIIONNHtOt m [kriti] . etc.

I Ii II ! .1 III 'II II' Ii Iii 1': Ii.I: Ii III III.I I I' 1. ! I ~< C") • a b. . AITIKH-Nill:IA :l:APONIKOY KYKAMEl: b • HIIElPO:l: EYBOIA-:l:IIOPME:l: KENTPIKH EMMA NH:l:IA IONIOY IIEAOIIONNH:l:O:l: KPHTH Iii I! II II i Q o c III I. 16 i D- c II 0 ~ II . II I f bB IIIIII c c=J ~OAEKANH:l:O:l: BOPEIOANATOAlKA NH:l:IAAIrAIOY j • k Q e ~ 8PAKH-:!:AM08PAKH I ~ m~ I In this unit you will learn how to • ask for and give personal information • introduce people • use Greek greetings .

Movo ImAIKo. Aha. What languages do you speak? Italian. Ano nOlO jJtpo~. [a] [ke apo pu Iste]? I see! (lit.~ o ••••• Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre Mary re:la aa~! no><. a Domenico Di Capo.. Listen to. I get it!) and from where you are lam the (f) France (f) re:la oa~! no><. Eae:(~.D1 What's your name? Tim and Mary Johnson are a young British couple both with one-year work placements in Greece. Hello! how (what) What's your name? (lit. Atv&. Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre Mary Jean-Pierre [yasas] [pas sas lene]? Hello! What's your name? [yasas] [me lene Hello! My name's Jean-PierreDepardieu] Jean-Pierre Depardieu. How about you? (lit. [pos sas lene] yAwoo&e.[esls] '1 AyyAia [i anglla] TOJ\ovlUvo [to IanTHina] which place (n) the (n) Paris you? (How about you?) England (f) London (n) D2 What languages do you speak? o ••••• lime apo tin ghalla] [ap6 pya meros]? [apo to parisi] [esis]? [apo tin anglla] [ap6 to 10nTHino] are you from? I'm from France. Ano TOnap(al. [pas] nWe. What?) [Jean-Pierre Depardieu] Jean-Pierre Depardieu. a~ Mve:. he's trying to find out how many languages Domenico speaks.) my name is Aha! (Oh. or read the conversations they have at a party in their early days in Athens. I see! (lit. 'How are you called?' or 'How do they call you?? (fm. [pos]? Pardon? (lit. From London. a re:la aa~! Me:Mve: Jean-Pierre Depardieu. You?) From England. Ano TTlvAyyA(a. [to meros] TO [to] TOnapiol [to parisi] &o&ie. From which town? From Milan.[ghloses] ITaAIKCIitalika] [ ~IAClT& [milate] ~6vo [mono] what languages (f) Italian (language) you speak only ~& Un [me lene] Aal [a] Kal [ke] an6 [apo] noli [pu] &ioT& [iste] &i~al [Ime] T'l(v) [tin] '1 raAAia [I ghalla] a3 Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Are you Italian? [yasu] [Ise italos]? [nelme] [apo pya poli]? [apo to milano] [ala tora meno stin athlna] Hi! Are you Italian? Yes.~ And where nOlo [pya] TO~tpoe. Jean-Pierre Depardieu. I am.. but I live in Athens now. a~ Mve:. Aa! Kal ana nou e:(ate:.oae. . or read. From which part? From Paris. E(jJal ana TTlraM(a. Listen to. Tim works for a bank and Mary is an archaeologist. ImAIKo. Tim meets Domenico at a party.1[yasas] nwe. Tim Domenico Tim Domenico Tim Domenico Tim Tim Domenico Tim Domenico Tim Domenico Tim [yasas] [pas sas lene]? [Domenico di Capo] [ti ghloses milate]? [italika] [mono italika]? [mono italika] [a] Hello! What's your name? Domenico di Capo. Tl YAwaae:~jJLAOTe:. Aa! TI [ti] r&la oae. no><. Only Italian? Only Italian. Aha. Movo ITaAIKO.lpl. Ano TOJ\ov~(vo. the conversation and try to get the gist before reading the translation below.

[kseris anglika]? Do }OUspeak (lit..) you or good. Greeks use other greetings and farewells too.lsing. It is still used however to mean a 'final goodbye' . Ma(pT] Ji Map(a.1E1a Ga~ or simply 1Ela [yasu-yasas-ya] can be used throughout the day. EAAT]VIKa! nWc. The word 1E1a [ya] comes from V1Ela [ighia] (health) and the expression actually means health to you! There are three other meanings of this expression: goodbye . no you know (here. [oreal [yasu meri] That's nice! Take care. e(llal! ATl6 TlOla Tl6AT]. In formal greetings you may hear XaipEtE [herete] (hello) and in certain regions the repeated form XaipEtE! XaipEtE! The answer is also XaipEtE although sometimes you might hear both expressions XaiPEtE! 1E1a Ga~! together as an answer. KaA. rela aou AVT6vIO. do you know?) unfortunately / I am sorry but . =epelC. wonderful to you / you (sing.. KaA.when sneezing and cheers! . Greek! [pos se lene]? What's your name? [Ant6nio] [esena]? Antonio. for people you don't know. [pos se lene]? &o&va [esena] ~ [i] wpaia [oreal oou [su] in Athens (t) I (first person) English (language) Although 1E1a GOV. They are both expressions used every day by young and old alike.tvw [meno] CJTl')v [stin] I') A9~va p athfna] eyw [egh6] AyyAIKO [anglika] 0XI [6chi] ~tpele. Italian (n) (origin) which town (t) Milan (n) but now I live Language notes Greetings and farewells You have already met 1E1a GOV! [yasu] (informal. AyyAIKa. nice. such as KaA. Eyw e(llal aTl6 TO Aov~(vo. or for addressing more than one person). KaA.. bless you .l1G1ttpa [kalispera] (good evening). AVT6vI0.) .. [kseris]? liuCJTuxwe. Qpa(a! rela aou MaipT]. 0& A&V&.O flEGl1fltpl [kal6 mesimeri] (have a nice siesta!) KaA. for addressing people you know) and 1Ela Ga~! [yasas] (formal.l1fltpa stands for both good morning and good day in English. ATl6 TO MlAO..when leaving.. Mary! [yasu ant6nio] 'Bye Antonio. KaA. Eatva. o •••• Mary Antonio o •••• Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary o lTaAoe. [0 ital6s] nOlo [pya] I') noAI') [i p61i] TO MIAovo [to milano] aAAo [ala] Twpa [t6ra] .l1vl>Xta [kalimbta] (good night).VO.. The formal avtio [andio] (goodbye) tends to be used less and less.l1fltpa [kalimera] (good morning). rela aou! Eiaal ITaA6c..O ppa3v [kal6 vraTHi] (have a nice evening) and KaA.!M6vo ITaAIKa Kal Twpa . Greek (language) What's your name? (infm. ae Mve.when drinking..aAAa Twpa Ilevw OTT]VA8Jiva. Yours? [meri i maria] Mary or Maria.[THistih6s] EAAI')VIKO[elinika] nwe.O a1t01EVfla [kal6 ap6ghevma] (have a nice afternoon).Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary Mary Antonio [egh6 fme ap6 to 10nTHfno] I am from London (myself). 'oXI! toUaTUXWc. Nal.know) &Igish? [6chi] [THistih6s] [m6no No! Unfortunately not! Only italika ke tora elinika] Italian and now .

[imaste) elooO'Te/eIO'Te.) or plural form. [isaste) [iste) &lvm.are you? or the addition of extra words. when you use daaatE or datE to one person. Are you Italian? Nat. just remember that the pitch of your voice goes up. it is probably out of respect (with an older person. I am. I am you are (infm) he/she/it is &111m. slJ. Soon you will meet other ways of saying 'yes' such as Jio.J. This means that you put endings after the stem of the verb. such as JiEV.e. Nat.! KaAl']llepa! KaM Ileanllepl! KaM anoveUllal KaAo13pMu! KaAl']vUXTQ! and so on) or when you address more than one person. and ~EP. elvm. The opposite of vat (yes) is 6Xt (no). The Greek semicolon is a mark we do not use in English.(live).vela! vela oou! vela oac:. this is the 'formal' (fm. Elaat ltaJ.e. such as 'you love me . This is often confusing to the ears of many foreigners because the Greek word for yes (vat) sounds like the English no. o ••••• Grammar 1 Asking questions It is easy to ask a question in Greek. etJ. (The stem is the simplest form of a word. [in e) lleV-lJ) [meno) llev-elC:. enianc:. However.lat. I am Italian. words expressing an action or state such as 'go.). or when he or she is younger than you. [menis) Ilev-el [menij llev-eTe [menete) Ilev-ouv [menun) I live/stay you live he/she/it lives you live they live ~EP-(J)[\<sera) ~Ep-elC:.(know).) The function of an ending is to identify who you are talking about. this is the 'informal form' (infm. Yes.! KaAl']llepa! KaM Ileanllepll" KaAl']artepa! KaAO anoveullal" KaAo13pMu!" KaAl']vuXTa!" Other languages also have different forms of formal and informal address for you are: 'tu est' and 'vous etes' in French.) is the question mark (?) in written Greek. likewise). higher social status . such as you are .[ime) elom. The verb &iflal [Ime] to be Notice the statement and the question forms of the verb E1Jiat (l am). (thanks. Notice the different forms of two common verbs: JiEVro(I live) and ~Epro (l know). [ise) [in e) amI? are you? (infm) is he/she/it? are we? are you? (fm) &loa I [ise) &lllaO'Te [imaste) we are elooO'Te/elO'Te [isaste) [iste) elvol [ine) they are you are (fm) eIIlOO'Te. Yes. and are you Italian? when the pitch of your voice goes up at the end. Nat.[\<seris) ~Ep-el [ksen] ~Ep-oulle [kserume) ~Ep-eTe [kserete) ~EP-OUV[kserun) I know you know he/she/it knows we know you know they know llev-oUlle [menume) we live You use daat when talking to one person that you know well. or 'du bist' and 'Sie sind' in German. Notice the following example and the four possible answers: EtO'at haA~. it is a raised full-stop! (-).6~ means you are Italian when the pitch of your voice goes down at the end.lat haA~. eillm elvm [ime) [ine) o ••••• 2 The verbs live/stay and know Verbs (i. Yes. Notice also the head nodding that usually accompanies a Greek yes or no! "You could also say euxaplOTw.! KaAl']llepa! vela! vela ooul vela oac:. Saying yes and no In Greek as in most languages you can answer a question fully or give a shorter answer.do you love me?' The English semicolon (. be. eat') are conjugated in Greek. velal vela oou! vela oac:. i. You will be pleased to know that to ask questions in Greek there are no changes in word order as in English. aJiE and 1tro~!with their corresponding uses. Or you can even give a silent answer by tilting your head forward a couple of times. without any ending.tata.

Ana nou elOTe. You o NiKOc. How would you ask: 'Do you speak English?' a a I-lE b AE~Et~ C uyEia d YAfficrcrE~ e I-l0VO f nOATj g Ota<popE'ttKO h VUXta I-lEpa j Ell-lat 6 Listen to the following conversation and fill in the missing words. HcrtE haM~. 'OXt. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps from the words in the box below. Say hello and ask him how he is. AAM tffipa I-lEVro crtTjv A8rlva.' How would you say that? f You have just arrived in Greece and you want to find people who speak English. Practice 1 See if you can cope with some typical situations that you might encounter in Greece: a You have been introduced to a young Greek woman. b 'OXt. For example: a Mapia TIEtpOU. The shaded vertical word means 'Greece'. d You meet a Greek colleague in the hotel where you are staying. 3 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue. rather than simply Maip11. a b c d BEpEtE raAAtKa. and to for neuter nouns. a Say your name. OEVEll-lat. 'good evening' or 'good night'? e You are so confused that you want to say: 'I'm sorry. i ii iii iv Ano to MtMvo. ~Epro. a i health (hygiene) ii languages (polyglot) iii only (monopoly) iv metropolis v night vi morning vii different viii words (lexicon) ix lam x . At various times of the day. 4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics. soon it will all fall into place. d Say which language(s) you speak. Ana nOLO Iltpo~. I don't speak Greek. BEPEt~ AyyAtKa.Here are two examples you saw in the dialogues earlier in this unit: 2 Match each question to its most appropriate answer. There are three forms of definite article: 0 for masculine nouns. how would you say: 'good morning'. Likewise there are articles in front of city names such as: o NiKOc. Say hello and ask her how she is. d MtMtE AyyAtKa. You rela aa~! n~ aa~ Mve. b Tell him which country you are from. Ask her name. ano tTjv haAia. b You have just seen a friend in the street. Do you know [speak] English? 3 The definite article 'The' (the definite article) has more than one translation in Greek. c KaATjI-lEpa. o •••• All nouns will appear in the vocabulary boxes with the appropriate definite article. c You meet your boss in the street. Nat. o ItaM~ (m) Tj nOATj (f) to I-lEPO~(n) the Italian (m) the city (f) the place (n) o •••• o NiKOc. 'OXt. Ano nota nOATj. 5 '1010 1\ 01a'POPE'tlKO. You Greek definite articles are also used with proper nouns (words which have a capital letter). 11 for feminine nouns. Tl YAwaae~ IlL'll. Don't worry if you don't grasp everything immediately. Eicrat ano tTjv AYYAia. so that Mary is 11Maip11 in Greek. Similar or different? Did you recognize some of the Greek words in Unit I? Can you match up the words in the list on the left with those on the right? The words in brackets might help you. But now I live in Athens. c Tell him which city/town you come from. You Tj A8rlva to Aovoivo {the] Athens (f) (the] London (n) o NiKOc. nffi~ cra~ AEVE. I-l0VOEAATjVtKa.oTe.

'OXl! b. . ae AEve. Na aou aUOTtiaw TTlV C _ rela aou b ! Eiaal C NOl. h __ I rela aou Maip'l. Eyw eillal ano TO Aovt5ivo... use the words in the box below. Gabi is not.. Where are you staying. I'm staying with another German. Maip'l ti Mapia. ano nou f _ Ano TTl E>eaaaAoviK'l. Wheres the Hotel Acropolis? It's close by but I don't know where.. Eyw eillal ano T'lV d _ Ano nOlO llepOC. a 7 Listen to the following list of words on the recording and write each one below its corresponding sound.! f ITaAlKO Kal Twpa . Ano TO MlAOVO. NOl. If you don't have the recording. If you don't have the recording try to ftll in the gaps from the words in the box. Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary Antonio Mary o •••• rela aou! a __ ITaAOc. a 8 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and ftll in the missing words. l)ev POlJnepT EMl1v(l)a oopa(a o •••• aM6 POlJn&pT [robert] No CJou CJUCJTI1CJw su sistfso] [na TO Aip&pnouA [to Ifverpul] li&v TO ~tpw [THen to ksero] 1'1 8&CJCJoAoviKI'I [i thesalonfki] Robert (m) let me introduce . e __ AyyAlKO. d __ Twpa Ilevw OTllv A8tiva. [a] as in cat [e] as in bed At the 'Apollo' hotel Two friends meet Mary in the hotel lobby. They have an informal conversation. to you Liverpool (n) I don't know it Thessaloniki / Salonica (1) A little extra! The extra dialogue below will add some useful phrases to your vocabulary. 9 __ . Try to get the gist of the conversation ftrst before looking up the vocabulary. To l. but not all of it. eillal. Eau. .. This should prepare you for real situations where you understand some of the conversation..epelC. Marie-Softe is from rallia [ghalia] (France) and Gabi is from rEpJlavia [ghermania] (Germany).Mary Robert Mary Robert Helen Robert Helen Robert Helen Robert Helen rela aou a _ rela aou Mapia. rela aou AVTOVIO.epw! Eau. AVTOVIO.UOTUXWc.. e TO l. Ano TO Ail3epnouA. Gabi? I'm staying at the Hotel Acropolis. Mary Marie-Sofie Mary Gabi [yasas] [eTHo menete]? [ne ke 6chij [egho menD eTH6] [i gabi 6chi] [pu menis gabi]? [menD sto ksenoTHochfo akr6polis] [pu fne to ksenoTHochfo akr6polis]? [fne konda] [ala THen ksero pu] [menD me mfa ali ghermanifHa] Hi! Are you staying here? Yes and no! I'm staying here. b __ ' Ano nOla C __ . 'OXl. EAA'lVIKO! nWc.

you will notice that you havevery little personal space: queues at concert halls.Ie[me] 1. r MEvw OTO~evo~oxelo 'AKponoAle. take care! [yasu] 'Bye! [yasu marfa]! Take care. c IIou EiVUl to ~EvOboxEio 'AKP01tOAt~'. lJe Aa! Opala! rela aae. Aomav! rela aou! rela aou. How much do you weigh? Are you married? How many children do you have? How old are you? I think you look fatter! Have you put on weight? How much did you pay for your car/house. Aa! Eau MapI-Zo<pI. are you staying with another French woman? [ne] [meno me tin Yes. H rK<lIl1tt lleVEt IlE Ilia rEPllaviba. IJEvele. .)? How old is your husband/wife? Just remember that these are cultural differences and the questions are not intended to make you feel uncomfortable. Qpaia! rEW cra~ AOt1tOV! rEta cra~! rEta crou! Marie-Sofie Marie-Sofie Gabi Mary Marie-Sofie Mary Gabi Mary Gabi Mary Marie-Sofie Mary Marie-Sofie Gabi rela aae. IJEVW TT]VMovlK ana TOnaplOl.! E~w IlEVeTe. me ali ghaliTHa]? Marie-Sofie. EIVOIKOVTO aMo ~ev ~EPWnou. d rEta cra~ AOt1tOV! a 'Personal' questions Be prepared to meet people who ask what we consider 'personal' questions from the very first moment you are introduced. el5w [etho] GTO [sto] ~evol5oxelo [to ksenoTHohfo] KOVTO [konda] l.lJe oMT] raMI~a.[a] [esi mari-zofij [menis I see! How about you. nou IJEVele. KOlJm. Maria! a 10 Tick the most appropriate answer to the phrasesyou hear.'. Mapla! Phrases: a EboSlleVEtE. a b c d H Mapi-Zo<pi lleVEt crtO ~EvObOXEio'AKp01tOAt~'. I'm staying with monfk] [apo to parisi] Monique from Paris. Most Greeks don't differentiate between 'What's your name?' and 'How much do you eam?'! You could easily be asked the following questions. NOl.lavll5a [i ghermaniTHa] Il raAAil5a [i ghaliTHa] eau [esij Aom6v [lipan] here the hotel (n) near with one/a other/another another German woman French woman you then/well at TO Personal space When you are in Greece. (etc. EivUl KOVt<l aAAa bEV ~epro 1tou. and (K) for false.To understand Greek queuing habits you have to experience them! 'Queuing' in Greece would actually be 'jumping the queue' but beware! Many Greekswould not hesitateto complain if you try it. nou elVOl TO~evo~oxelo 'AKpanoAle. rEta cra~ AOt1tOv. b IIou lleVEt~ Gabi. To ~EvoboxEio 'A1tOAArov' EiVUl KOVt<l crtO ~EvoboxEio 'AKP01tOAt~'. Mevro IlE Ilia <lAATJ rEPllaviba. NOI Kal 0XI! Eyw IJEVW e~w.Ila oAAIl [mia ali] Il repl./) for true. but you have to be prepared. Mevro crtO ~EvoboXEio 'AKp01tOAt~'.'. bus stops or banks are not particularly Orderly. 9 True or false? Mark (. match the most appropriate answer to the four phrases listed below. [a] [oreal! [yasas lipan]! I see! That's nice! Well. maybe not on your first day in Greece and some only by friends or acquaintances. a b c d i ii i ii i ii i ii NUl KUl OXt.110 [mia] oAAIl [ali] I. MEVWlJe IJla oMT] replJaVI~a. If you don't have the recording. H rKOlJnL0Xl. H MoviK bEV EivUl a1to tTJ raAAia.

. [ap6 pu fse/fste]? Where are you from? Ana nOlo IJtpoc. you need to know some countries and cities. [ap6 pya p6Ii]? From which town? <:) ••••• U1tO't'llv EAMou [ehiTHa] U1tO't'llv AYYAiu [anglia] (MsyuA'll Bps'tuviu) [meghali vretania] U1tO't'llv Icmuviu [ispania] U1tO't'llV hUAiu [italfa] U1tO't'll rUAAiu [ghalfa] U1tO't'll rSpllUviu [ghermania] U1tO't'llV EAf3S'tiu [elvetia] U1tO't'll LOU'lloiu [suiTHfa] ® ® U1tO't'llv A9rjvu [athina] U1tO'to Aovoivo [IonTHino] <:) ••••• 0 8 0 0 ® U1tO't'll Muoph'll [maTHriti] U1tO't'll Proll'll [r6mi] U1tO'to TIupicn [parisi] U1tO'to BSPOAivo [verolino] U1tO't'll ZUpiX'll [zirichi] U1tO't'll L'toqOAIl'll [stokh6Imi] Some useful words: EAAUOU Greece EUpOl1tui'Krj'EVOlO"'llEuropean Union Eupro1t'll Europe Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the followi~g ten i!"po~ant words from this unit? Try to write your answers 10 transhteratlOns or Greek script. CD i hello ii 'bye iii good iv from v here vi where vii yes VIII no ix with x near .Some European names When you meet people abroad. Ana nou eioal!£ioT£. [ap6 pyo meros]? From which place? Ana nOla naAIl. Study the map of Europe (Evpo)1tTJ)below. You can probably recognize and identify countries from international car stickers.

. iv [millis anglikli]? MtMe. In this unit you will learn how to • engage in 'small talk' • enquire about each other's health • converse about common daily activities • talk about what jobs people have • count from 1 to 10 . iii [pu menis]? TIou J. viii I'm staying at. vi Do you speak English? vii I live in . My name's. AyyAtK<i. v [ylisu] relU aou. ii [apo pu ise]? A1to 1tOUdaat. ae AEVe. o ••••• i [pos se lt~ne]? TIme.. x I don't know. Can you change them into formal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script.lEVete. i ii iii iv v What's your name? Where are you from? From which city/town? From London. England.. 3 The five phrases below use the informal way of addressing people.2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script... ix It's near...

[mu milas] J. Mr Andoniou! How are you? Good morning. Kuple nana~OnOUAe! TI KaveTe.. 'CAOIIle <pwva~ouvrlwpyo. OK thank you you (pl.a1 Mary naVV'le. good. Mr Andoniou! Oh. form) well. Eillal KaM. Mr Papadopoulos! How are you? Hi.aMa ylaTi Ilou IlIMe.. .) tired why? a little (bit) you speak to me you speak KaAl1llEpa Kuple AVTwviou! TI KaveTe. EVTa~elrlwpyo '" KUplf: [kirie] TI [ti] KaveTt: [kanete] [kala] f:UxaplOTw [efharisto] f:of:ie. [esis] KOupaOJ. [kurazmenos] KaAa ylaTi. A bit tired. KaM.l&VOe.ouv f:VTa~f:1 mistake (n). rela aou Maipl1. KI eyw KaM eillal. lessons. but why are you speaking 'formally' to me? I don't know.ouv [fonazun] plural (m) you talk in a formal way oAol J. KaM. nw! nw! nOloe.lIAae. Mary naVV'le. aMa eillaOTe auva~eA<pol. Mary strikes up a conversation in a corridor ~t. OTOV nAl1aUVTIKO. form) you do. eaeie.) how are you? today I have but. How are you doing? Just fine. Mary naVV'le./infm. Everybody calls me George. Have I made a mistake? No.lou J.. Val! To ~Exaaa! &OU [esij nwe. [kalimera kirie andoniu] [ti kanete]? [kalimera maria] lime kala] [esi pas ise simera]? [kala] [eho omos pende mathimata simera] [po-po] [p-yos kani to proghrama su]? [esis kirie andoniu] [a ne]! [to ksehasa]! Good morning.OTOVnA'l9uVTIKO [milas ston pilithindiko] TO Aa90e. How are you doing today? Fine.. Mary navv'le. yes! I forgot that! Mary naVV'le.1aTa [mathimata] nw! nw! [po-po]! you (sing.[milas] Mr what / how you do.lfm. though five classes (n)..the P~lyglot ~stitute (IlOAUY AffittO I van tOUto) [Polugloto Instttuto] With the director rl(iVVll~ AVtffiVtOl) [Y3nnis Antoniu]. but I have five classes today! Wow! Who arranges your schedule? You. TI Kavele.omos] [ n&vTt: [pende] J.la9l1J. How are you doing? [yasas kirie papaTHopule] [ti kanete]? [yasu meri] [ti kanis]? [kala-kala efharisto] [esis]? [ki egho kala ime] [Iigho kurazmenos] [ala yati mu milas ston plithindiko]? [THen ksero] [THen ksero kala elinika] line lathos]? [ochi] [THen ine lathos] .. Mary Johnson meets her Greek colleague rl(OPYo~ IIa7taM7tol)AO~ [Y6rgos Papad6pulos] at the Greek Archaeological Society lounge. ) but we are colleagues. [pos ise]? ol1J. you are doing (sing. Mary. nA'l9uVTIKO [plithindiko] J.. eau nwe.lIAae. rela aae. all the people) they call everybody calls me (people call me) [oli me fonazun] [endaksi] a2 Mary naVv'le. Eaeie. EuxaplOTw. fine. KaA111lEpa Mapia.nEvTE llaaTillaTa millEpa! (laughing).lIAae. .linfm. Mary naVV'le. KaM.. My Greek isn't very good. liev ~EpW!liev ~EPWKaM EMl1vIKa. thanks. false colleagues(m/f) everyone (lit.Eiaal millEpa. Mary naVV'le. How are you? naVV'le. George.. 'OXI. Mary naVV'le. Maria. OK. you are doing (pl.1&pa [simera] &Xw [echo] OJ.lWe. Mary naVV'le.lf:cpwval. Kuple AVT(llViou! A. ~ev eival Maoe. l\iyo KoupaaIlEVOe. courses Wow! ./fm. Mary naVV'le. &loal. EXW0IlWe. [to lath os] ouvalif:Acpol [sinaTHelfi] oAol [oli] cpwval. [yatij Aiyo [Iigho] J. it's not a mistake . [ala imaste sinaTHelfi] [oli me fonazun yorgho] Hello. You? I'm also fine. Kavel TOnpoypalllla aou. Eival Maoe. you haven't made a mistake Qit.

lal TlOU oe ~ava/3MTlw. programme) Who arranges your schedule? I forgot that! I forgot ~&V TO n10T&uw! [THen to pistevo] nwe. I. Elom KaM. nwe. KaM.O~ dom. Ell. In Greek you probably won't hear Et>Xap\O'tCO at the end of the reply. How are you? Fine. IIc. I'm glad to see you again.Itpee. and n KaVttt. TloM KaAO! n6oee. [pos pas]? noAu KaAa [poll kala] nOO&e. I. just fine.• oou.• l [herome] a ~ava13Atnw [ksanavlepo] xaipo •. are you) in Athens? I've been (lit.eloal.• l nou 0& ~ava13Atnw a [herome pu se ksanavlepo] n10T&UW [pistevo] I am glad I see again I am glad to see you again I believe IIc..O~ datE. pretty good how many? I have been in Athens for three days day(f) I think four hm! I remember Domenico Language notes Asking 'How are you doing?' This is possibly the most frequent Greek question! It is used throughout the day and along with KaAa and 1tOAUKaAa. [pyos] TO npoypa •..ltvIKO. rela oou Maplovva. How are you doing? How are you? How's everything with you? You will hear other ways of asking this question in later units. Domenico.. They meet at the National Archaeological Museum. I think four .• [to pr6ghrama] a nOloe. CJTIlv £ A8fJva ••• D3 Marianne I don't remember! Domenico Di Capo..nOloe. I don't believe it! I see you in Athens again. T\ KaVt~.. How many days have you been (lit. a formula question/answer (something we say but d? not necessarily mean). is the most frequent 'formula question' and 'formula answer'.. [yasu domeniko] [herome pu se ksanavlepo] [pos Ise]? [yasu mariana] [THen to pistevo] [se ksanavlepo stin athlna] [pos pas]? [Ise kala]? Ume poll kala] [esl pos lsa]? [kala] [poll kala] [p6ses meres Ise stin athlna]? [eho tris meres stin athlna] [nomlzo teseris] . 'Exw Tpele. How's it going? Are you OK? I'm just fine.. Kanl TO npoypa •. Tt KUVEtE...... How are you doing? Hi.O~ 1ta~. xaipo •.l0l.. meets Mapuivva Ayye'AolJ (Marianne Angelou).. elom O1TJvA8riva. are only two ways of enquiring about somebody's health. a [pyos kani to pr6ghrama su]? TO ~&xaoa! [to ksehasa] ~&xaoa [ksehasa] who schedule (lit. n<Jic. here are some examples of other ways commonly used: Marianne Domenico Marianne Domenico Marianne Domenico Marianne Domenico Marianne Domenico rela oou NTOl.lal TloM KaM.. Hm! I don't remember! [eho tris meres stin athlna] . [p6ses]? &xw TP&K. I have) three days in Athens.• l [thimame] a a How are you doing? How's everything? very well..••. as in English.II~w Ttooeple.. NOI. Marianne. XI.O~ 1tUtE. [hm]! [THe thimame]! Hi. This question has two different meanings: How are you doing? What are you doing? The question How are you? and its answer Very well. [teseris] X"'! [hm]! 8u •. /).. IIc.e 8ul. an archaeologist. a Greek archaeologist who spent three months in Italy last year.Tlae. ••• p&c.. Xalp0l.. elom. thank you are.ev TO TlIOTeuw! I:e ~ava/3MTlw O1TJV A8riva. nae.lal... 1'1 •.OTTJv A8riva . IIc.• pa [i imera] 1'I & vo •. Singular (Informal) Plural (Formal) Tt KUVEt~.Itpee..•~ [nomlzo] i T&OO&ple...• •.I' /). KavE'tt is the plural and formal form of the verb Kavco. here are some common answers: . Eou TlWe.••.

aUTO we you they (m/m+f) they (f) they (n) .Epirus Maupo~ . aun. eyw eau aUToc. What did you say? or Pardon? asking someone to repeat something Mr.Northern Greece MaupioT)~ and EA/laMYAO\l Asia Minor and Anatolia. Mr Papas? Mr Papadopoulos is tired. Study them and learn them by heart. lC. he. Mr Papadopoulos? Mr Papadopoulos is a gentleman! I Eva/J. (lCUPtO~)TIanaMnouAo~ d Val K6Pl~! DNumbers 1-10 o lC. o lC. Study and learn the following personal pronouns: Singular Plural Thanking someone E\lxaplO'tol (thank you) and t\lxaplO''tol ftoA6 (thanks a lot) are the two most common expressions for thanking someone. KUPlt TIafta. (lCUpl~) Dialogue 3 introduced the numbers 3 and 4.as in Xat~T)oT)J1T)tpio\l and llafta. what are you doing here? There are two common Greek prefixes Xat~T). the corresponding contracted forms are K. You (and nobody else!). In this example.U well nOAu lCaA.T) K\lpia and T) OtO'ft01vioa in Greek. The ending of the family name usually denotes the place of origin: TIanaMftO\lAO~ . n lCuvel~ coo). Although Greek has equivalent corresponding words they are normally left out and mostly used only for emphasis.) These forms change when you address a person directly.Crete MaplClit~ . How are you doing. n lCuve'te. EcrU.lCaA. llapaKaAol is a useful word m Greek. Grammar 1 Saying who Personal pronouns (words like I. XiAla euxaplcr'tO) (many thanks) literally means 'one thousand thanks'.1ia or J.Cephalonia Ma'tcroulCa~ . Please when asking for something Hello when answering the phone Come in when answering the door What can I do for you? in a shop Take a seat pointing to a chair . 3 and 4 have different forms because of grammatical rules. (Ms does not have a Greek equivalent yet. Notice the difference in the following examples: TIafta~ dVal lCoupacr/lEVo~. preceding a name. 8 and 9 have two different forms because of phonetic rules. There are some exceptions to this rule of course. aUTO I you he (m) she (f) it (n) elleic. Mrs and Miss. Here are the numbers 1-10 for you: How are you doing. enhi] OElCa[1Heka] o In the second and fourth examples Mr Papas and Mr Papadapoulos are addressed directly so the ending changes.. The numbers 7.as in llaftaoT)J1T)tpio\l that actually denote an ancestor-'s profession: TIaft~ means priest.U very well E'tffi 1CtE'tffi so. so Oxl noM lCaA.1tCl [enaslmfa/mya] 2 ODO[TRio] 3 'tpia!'tpei~ [tria/tris] 4 'tEcrcrepa!'tEcrcrepl~ [t6sera/reseris] 5 ftEV'te [pende] 6 7 8 9 10 E~l [eksi] eft't6.from the Peloponese TIaftaMKT)~ . Ka. eaeic.vt~ of the verb lCUVrodiscloses the personal pronoun you. for instance. and oiOO. (lCUpl0~) TIaftaMftO\lA~ eival lCoupacr/lEVo~.UI guess I'm all right! fiapaKaAol (You're welcome) and tiftota (don't mention i!) are the two most common responses. you.U not very well ~ 'ta M/le lCaA. KUPlt TIanaMftO\lAt n lCuve'te. it has many meanings depending on context. The endings of women's names are slightly different: lCa TIaftaOOftOVAO\l lCa TIanaOUKT) lCa MaPlCatO\l lCa Ma'tcrouKa lCa Maupo\l lCa MaupioT) and lCa EA/laAoYAO\l (the only one with no change) The numbers 1. they) are part of Eng~ish verbs since they defme who is doing or receiving the action. aUToi aUTEC./e<p'tu [epWefta] OlC'to)/ X'tO)[okt6/oht6] 0 eWEa/eVV1u [enea. are 0 KVP10~. the form lC6.

Kovel Kovoulle KoveTe KOVOUV I do you do he/she/it does we do you do they do Tl KaVETE. OYYAIKO. ii No~il~co E~l. Eicrat KaM. l1ptpa (day). a b c d KaM. and fm. I am doing are translated by one single form in Greek. a b c d Tt KaVtn~.neuter The indefinite article (a or an in English) also shows the gender: Eva~ KUPlO~ ~ia 11~Epa Eva ~EvoooXdo a gentleman a day a hotel Don't worry about not understanding everything immediately. pia (pta) (f) and tva (n) can also be used as the numeral one: Eva ~EvoooXdo a hotel or one hotel ::tp&l KOV&l<. nou. 1tOA-U KaM.have the corresponding masculine. Maupo~'s health. What job (OOUA-Ela) do you do?) (j) Who makes the schedule? How much is it? Match each question with the most appropriate answer. most verbs have the same ending forms in the present tense. Tl KaVETEKUplE AVTcoviou. nocrE~ ~EPE~ dcrat EOd>. (gentleman). [kseri kanfs anglikal? Does anyone know English? We'll look at this in more detail in later units. AEV ~EpCO.masculine 11 11~Epa .EUlaplmro! Eivat Meo~. Tl KaVETEEOd>. Practice 1 See if you can react to the following situations: a b c d e f You are asked about your health. nOlO~ KaVEl 'to 1tpoypa~~a. As mentioned in Unit 1. iv KaM EcrU. feminine and neuter cases. In the beginning you will forget a lot. (eyw) (eyw) (eyw) (eyw) (eyw) Iltvw ~tpw KOVW <pwvo~w IlIAOW I I I I I live / stay or I am living / I am staying knowdo / I make or I am doing / I am making call or I am calling speak or I am speaking 2 Indefinite articles o KUPlO~. i EiJHll KaA. Leave some questions for later! Everything will make sense in time. You are asked to join a group of people.feminine TO ~EvoooXdo .see Unit 1). three.a. How do you say 'Oh. feminine or neuter article in the vocabulary boxes.'Exco Evav 1tOVO(0 1tOVO~ pain (m» nro~ 1ta~. Tl OOUA-Ela KaVE1~. Say that you are very well. KOVW KoveLC:. nocro KaVE1. all nouns . ~£voooXdo (hotel) . Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue. Tell them that you are a little bit tired. Although Greek verbs are conjugated (you add different endings to the stem . Ecru. form) You would like to enquire about K. It has many different meanings depending on the context. I forgot that! '? How would you tell someone that you have only been in Athens for two. (m). The various forms of the present tense in English such as I do. four and five days? 3 Present tense of the verb 'to do/make' The verb Kuvm (l do) is one of the most frequently used verbs. How are you doing? What are you doing here? What do you do? (lit. OEVdvat.words such as KUptOc. = e EooS! . iii 'OX1. along with txm (l have) and dpat (l am). The words tvac.They has three forms for the masculine. You want to ask: 'How about you?' (infm.

0 E I: Y n N T E M H X M E n K N 0 A P n I: n Y I: I a 7 Listen to the following list of words and write each one below its corr~sponding sound. 8 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words.lU noA. You nwpyoc. .Eou. 'Exw Tpel~ Iltpec. she is.ev TO c ! I:e ~aval3Mnw OTTlV A8ilva. If you don't have the recording.lJ. Can you call her (please)? My name's George Papadopoulos. f:.. no><. You nwpyoc. eiOTe OTTlV EMMa. I\) 0 5 Similar or different? Match the list on the left with the list on the right. You rela oa~! no><. 6~(J)c.louO"do Kev'tpo novo i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix institute national (ethnic) museum centre schedule (programme) archaeological all (everyone) polyglot pain x angel Marianne Domenico Marianne Domenico Can you recognize some of the words you have already learned? Find as many words as you can horizontally.na~. rela oou NTOlltVIKO. three. noM KaM. How about you? a Ana TT]E>eooaAoviKTl. You nwpyoc.Ol npoypuJ. a William Jones. If you don't have the recording. but please be less formal. [sighnami] [i kiria Johnson eTHa mlmi]? [malista] leTHa meni] [borite na tin fonaksete]? [me lene] [yargho papaTHapulo] Excuse me. but everybody calls me BiI/. a nou oe ~avaI3Mnw. ernr" < ~ c From Liverpool.oyuco J. EioQl KaAO. d I think only two or three days. Xll! f:.ffi't'tOU tvO"'tt'tou'to ayyeA. is Mrs Johnson staying here? Yes.42 :! :I'i 4 Translate the English into Greek in the following dialogue: nwPYoc. A KUPIE KOVTQ ~6vo TPE:IC. [i] as in inn [0] as in or DAt the 'Apollo' hotel again rtO)pyo~ rrunuMnouA.o~ is supposed to meet his colleague Mary Johnson in the lobby of the hotel.. a b c d OA. f __ Iltpec. e __ b __ .e oa~ ~tpw KaAO! na nOlO Iltpo~ eiOTe. She is not there so he asks the receptionist. try to fill in the gaps from the words in the box below.oa~ Mve.b __ . use the words In the box at the top of page 43. E(VOl 43 :! a1'1 :I'i < 1'1 a- ~ nwc. rela oou Maplovva. no><.e h __ .o~ e f g h j 6 e9vuco UPXmoA. [lit. rlwPYOc. f:. A! Opaia! Ana nou eiOTe. KaM. b __ OTTlV A8ilva. vertically and diagonally . naoe~ Iltpec. four and five letters. OTTlVA8ilva g __ Ttooepl~ .Uy A. why are you speaking to me formally?] f:.ev ~tpw. b From England. d __ noM KaAO. Receptionist rlwPYOc.of two.

! Mna! that denote understanding.. George.. [yasu meri] [ti kanis]? [fse kala]? [yasu yorgho] [fme kala] [ala IIgho kurazmenij [eho tris meres stin athfna mono] [ala THen kimame katholu]! [tha pame sinema] [i ochi]? [THen ksero] [THe nomfzo] [fme malon poll kurazmeni] Hi. admiration.Kupia (Ka) and l)eonolvil)a (l)il)a) are used as courtesy titles in Greek. rlWPVO ntiJpyoe.. In the first two units you came across: Aa! nw! nw! X... (K) has two forms: KUpIOe. AOKTwp 11 AIl)oKTWP(Ap. 'l KO Johnson MciAIOTO. Mary.. I'll look to see if her key is here '" It's not here.. ntiJpyoe. EdD... and surprise in the corresponding contexts. as Monsieur and Madame in French. so start looking out for these interjections. This list will increase in the units to come..... 'Exw TPEIC. H Kn Johnson eival o'to AOIl1tU (lobby).llepEC. and I can't (lit. <PWVO~ETE. uncertainty..oTIOTile. [sto THomatiotis] Ka80Aou [kath6lu] 8a no. Mary ntiJpyoe..(K. OTI']v A8fJvo 1l0VO./) for true and (K) for false. Mary rEIO OOU MoIP'l. The translations of these probably wouldn't help you much.. [tis] CJTO l)W.. E~W lleVEI.. she must be in her room. noAI [pal i) .o [to sinema] . Meolt or MaVTo. or LLD. oMo ~EV KOIIlOIlOI Ko8oAOU! eo nOllE OlVEIlO fJ 6XI... I don't think so .... I've been in Athens for only three days. Kuploe. What is interesting and different is the use of K.. H Kn Johnson 9n 1taet (will go) crtlleva. AEV ~epw .oTIO[to THomatio] Tile.. is a title attached to the name of medical doctors or professionals with a PhD. Ka or l)il)a with the first name of a person only (such as K..when you talk indirectly about someone. a b c d 0 K. Mnopw vo ~W OV TO KAEI~1EIVOI E~W. are used less and less by the new generation. again are you able to. EIIlOI IlOMov noM KoupOOlleV'l ..e. It is best to use your imagination and try them out.oAAov [malon] TO Mell)i key (n) then the room (n) her in her room at all shall we go? cinema (n) rather/probably 9 True or false? Mark (. rrn1ta061touAo~ eival ow ~evoooxeio 'A1tOAAWV'. [to kliTHij opa lara] TO l)W. IE AlVO .nop&iTe va [borite] Tllv [tin] "'100 Aemo [mis6 lept6] av [an] .) (Doctor/Of) ntiJpyoe. AEV EIVOI E~W opo EIVOI OTO ~WIlOTIO Tl']C. &~(a) IJ&V&I. How are you doing? Are you OK? Hi... rathef) very tired. ME MVE We have already seen KUpIOe.. Mr George) as a semi-formal form that does not exist in English. MnopEITE vo nono~onouAo. [tha pame]? TO olve. MIOO AErno.). ~E VOIlI~W .EIOOl KaAO. don't) get any sleep at all! Shall we go to the cinema (movies) or not? I don't know . I'm really (lit.Receptionist [mis6 lepto] [bor6 na THo] [an to kliTHij line eTHo] [THen fne eTHo] lara fne sto THomatio tis] Just a moment. rEIO OOU rIWPVO. nH Ka Johnson ntiJpyoe.. can you her just a minute if nwl nwl Interjections are words that give flavour and emphasis to a statement or question. and Kuple when you address someone directly. T'l E~W llevEI.. I'm OK but a little tired. Tl KOVEIC. Receptionist IUyyVWIl'l. EIIlOI KoM aAM AlVO KOU~OOllev'l. H Kn Johnson eival o'to ocollano 'tTl~.

Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. Is it a mistake? vi vii viii ix x I don't believe that! I'm just fine. i ii iii iv v thanks Greek tired all right today vi vii viii ix x but excuse me sure only rather 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. In this unit you will learn how to • order drinks • order breakfast • order Greek appetizers • ask for local drinks • count from 11 to 20 . v [eTH6 menete]? Eoro J. ii [pos iste]? rrro~ EiatE. Can you change them into informal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script. i ii iii iv v How are you doing? I'm tired.EVEtE.l. Just a moment! In a little while. How are you? I forgot that. i [ti kanete]? Tt KaVEtE. 3 The five phrases below use the formal way of addressing people. I don't remember. iii [yasas kiria Johnson] rEta aa~ Kupia Johnson iv [iste kala]? ElatE KaA6..

tAa va mOUj. tva noM 0j.. 'Mezethopolio' is a tavern with many appetizers and a lot of ouzo.1E tva ou~aKI OTT]<.1tow<. Kal noM ou~o. what's that? I don't understand.1E~E50nwAElo. little) water: Here you go! Do you drink ouzo in England? Yes.1la nOIKLAla. or with water: Ouzo with water: That's it! Let me have (lit. I')Taptpva [i taverna] noAAoue. at Alexandra's . I've got a (lit. 0 ~ W 0 OIJOPCPo [6morfo] TO lJe~elionwA&io [to mezoTHopolio] lJe~tliee... l'J.ME~av5pa<.1la Ta13tpva j. Mary nwpyoe. snacks (cold or hot starters) tavern (t) many waiter (n) (lit.. Phew! Ouzo with lemonade! Awful! and Mary drink ouzo. What are you having.. the Greeks) drink ouzo in Greece? Straight. [oriste]! [pinete uzo stin anglia]? [ne] [eho mia fili] [pu tis aresi to uzo] [pini sinithos] [uzo me lemonaTHa] [uf]! [uzo me lemonaTHa]! [apesio] Iep6lTopoe. D1 nwpyoe... [polus] o aepplTC)pOe.1E~t5E<. [stis] [ela na pyume] c:.'. ME~E50nwAElo . . 'Mezethopolio'. nwpyoe. beautiful) (infm. let's have a glass of ouzo at Alexandra's. · nou elvQl TI']<. [mezeTHes] Mary nwpyoe. Mary rlwpyoe. Mary Malp!']. Mary nwpyoe. . nwpyoe. M . < a 0 = 0 g ~ c: 0 W Iep6lTopoe. Mary nwpyoe.1E nOAAou<.. please?) Two (glasses of) ouzo and a plate of assorted appetizers....! rlwpyoe. [stis aleksandras] .48 >a < a "C l'J l'J. rto)pyo~ IIa1ta061touAo~ invites Mary Johnson to join him for a drink in a local ouzeri-tavema. Let's have a glass of ouzo! tAa va moulJe [meri] [ela na pyume] [ena uzAki stis aleksandras] [pu ine tis aleksandras]? [ine kondA sto parka panathinea] [ena polf 6morfo mezeTHopolio] [mezeTHopolfo] [ti ine aft6]? [THen katalaveno] [mezeTHopolio ine mia taverna] [me polus mezeTHes] [ke polf uzo] [se ligho] . a vel}' nice 'mezethopolio'. at the Panathinea Park. = 0 TOnepKO [to parka] nava8r\vala [panathinea] I') AAe~ovlipa < a [i alexandra] J'"t c: a. Aj. !iuo ou~aKla Kal j.. (you) come and (we) drink) park (n) a park in Athens Alexandra (t) (here = the name of an avenue and tavern) nice (lit. [amesos] come flet's go at let's go and have (lit. [pos pinete to uzo] [stin elaTHa]? [sketo] [me pagho] [i me ner6] [uzo me ner6] [att6 ine] [vale mu ligho ner6].'. Where is (lit.. Mary Iep6lTopoe. Elval KovTa OTO napKo navaSJivala.. Iep6lTopoe. E~av5pa<. c:.. girl) friend who likes ouzo. OTT]<. the) Alexandra's? It's close by. !iEV KaTaAa13alvw.'ME~av5pa<. the servant) will you have assorted appetizers straight away 49 \'to >a < a "C l'J l'J. Mary. Tl Sa napETE napaKaAW. Are you ready to order? (lit. A little while later . pour/put) some (lit. nwpyoe. on the rocks... ~E Alyo . Tl Elval aUTO.) tavern offering a large number of appetizers appetizers (m).. j. She usually drinks ouzo with lemonade. Right away! tAa [ela] OTI')e.[0 servit6ros] 8a nopeT& [tha parete] '1 nOIKIAia[i pikilia] alJtawe. [ti tha parete parakaI6]? [THio uzakia] [ke mia pikilia] [amesos]! D2 rl(bpyo~ OUZO with water! How do people (you.10Pcpo j. ME~E50nwAElo EIVQl j.. rlwpyoe.

I&PPITOpoC.amasos] [uf]! I&PPITOpOC. with ice) water (n) that's it! / this is it! pour/give here you are! that she likes usually lemonade (t) phew! awful (adj. . Il& nayo r.. marmalade)? And toast or (regular)bread. all€Ow<:. I like it a lot.all€OWC. €XW ilia <plAT]nou TTJ<:. Mary n<ix.8wc. Mary nwpyoC. nlv&n: TO OU~o OTTlVEMMa.! . Marie-Sofie 6€AOUIl& Mo npwlva 'KOVTlV€VTaA' Kal Mo 01l&A€T&<:.· Domenico <I>€PT& . !& AlYo ..a OKETOr. n 6€A&T& TO Toal Il& A&IlOVI r.. 13€l3ata. [amesos . Gabi Ila<:. a (cup of) tea and two glasses of orange juice. AIl€OWC.iyoV&po.... Il& KOKa KOAa. Mary nwpyoC..<P€PV&T& I&PPITopoC. brandy straight or with coke. Right away.. YaAa. !KETO. Marie-Sofie 'OXI. could you bring us the menu please? Yes. Ila<:. Metaxa with coke! That's it (lit. any longer). thanks. &UxapIOTW. Toal Il& A&IlOVI. TOV KaTaAoyo napaKaAw. ". Marie-Sofie Kal <ppuyaVI€<:. Ou<p! Ou~o Il& A&IlOvMa! AnalOlo! 'OXI &IVal 8aullaOlo! Mou ap€O&1 noM.ia nIVOUIl& &nIOTJ<:. M&Tal. OpIOT&! mV&T& OU~o OTTlvAyyAla.8wc.[ochi] pne thavmasio] [mu arc!lsi polij [stin anglfa] [pfnume epfsis metaksa] [skato i me koka kola] [metaksa me koka kola]! [ttani]! [THe thEllo n'akuso] [alo pya] No. [fste etimi tara]? Marie-Sofie [thelume THio proina kondinantal] [ke THfo omelates me zambon] [ana ghaliko kafa] [ana tsai] [ke THfo chimus portokali] [thelete to tsaij [me lemoni i ghala]? [tsai me lemoni] [efharisto] [ferte mas] [lfgho vUtiro ke marrnelaTHa] [epfsis] Gabi Domenico niV&T& [pfnete] OKeTO [skatol IJ& noyo [me pagho] TO V&PO [to nero] aUTO &ivai! [afto ine] poA& [vale] OpiOT& [oriste] nou [pu] TI'JC.)/wonderful also That's enough! hear I don't want to hear any more (any longer)! A little later . Gabi.[epfsis] <l>TOV&I![ftanij! aKouow [akuso] A&v 8eAw va aKouow oUo ma! [THen thalo n'akuso alo pya] Marie-Sofie [ke frighanies] P psomij I&PPITopoC. you drink straight on the rocks (lit.iyo !30UTUPOKat llapll&AMa &nIOTJ<:. Il& V&po. Nal. Are you ready now? We'd like two continental breakfasts and two ham omelettes.will Ou<p! I&PPITopoC. ap€O&l TO OU~o. M&Tal.. Would you like tea with lemon or milk? Tea with lemon. Can you also bring us some butter and jam (lit. myel ouvr.l& ~allnov.. OU~OIl& A&IlOvMa. ou~o Il& V&po! AUTO &IVal! BaA& IlOU 'A. Marie-Sofie and Domenico have breakfast in 'America'. right away. [fste etimi]? Marie-Sofie [ochi] [mas farnete ton katalogho parakalo] I&P!3ITopoc. Mary nwpyoC. right away.r. enough)! I don't want to hear any more (lit. In England. peo&1 [tis arasi] a ouv'. it's wonderful. breakfast room of the Apollo Hotel. of course. a French coffee. OpTOKaAl. I've had it! I&PPITOpoC. !TTJv Ayy'A.. EIOT& €TOIIlOI Twpa. EIOT& €TOIIlOI.a Il& KOKa KOAa! <l>TaV&I! i& 8€AW va aKouow I aMo ma . I&PPITOpoC.Eva Toal I Kal Mo XUIlOU<:. [ne vavea] [amasos] [se Ifgho] .) marvellous (adj. Nal. I&PPITOpoC. we also drink Metaxa D3 Breakfast in 'America'! the Are you ready (to order)? No.'A. [sinfthos] I'JA&lJovolSa [i lemonaTHa] oucp! [uf]! anaiolo [apasio] 8auIJooio [thavmasio] &niol'JC. 'Eva yaMIKO Ka<p€.

(appetizers).lKO<. tupuJioauJ. Here are some common plurals of some of the nouns you have already met in Greek: . Kt'PtEOE<. (Turkish coffee). ( (Byzantine coffee) or t06pKlKo<.. (keftethes) . KU'PE(instant coffee). [0 kataloghos] TO npwlvo [to proino] KOvTlvtVTaA [kontinental] op&Atn:C. (hot coffee) or 'PPU1tE (iced coffee) are very popular as well. 11 tv'teKa [endeka] 12 ocOoeKa [TH6THeka] 13 oeKa'tpia [THekatria] oeKa'tpeic. (two spoonfuls of sugar) is sufficient for ordering. NE<.meatballs..J. cptPV&T& [mas femete] cptpn: pac. EJ.l:1o an informal taverna offering a large selection of is appetizers to accompany ouzo.. coffee industry: Loumidis In most places you can also order KU1tOlltolVO(cappucino) or £O"1tptaao (espresso).. ox-oxen. tllpOmtu (cheese pie).tTOIPOI [etimi] cptpV&n: [femete] pac.fish-roe dip. [frighanyes] TO IIIwpi [to psomij oucp! [uf]! = ready you bring (Could you) bring us menu (m) Qit. [0 chimos] TO nopTOKoAI [to portokali] TO A&poVI [to lemoni] TO yoAa [to gMla] TO POUTUpO [to vutiro] 1'1papp&Ao~a [i marmelaTHa] cppuyavltc. (no sugar). retsina or beer.'1VlKO<. ~Eato<. and a1tUVUKOmtU(spinach pie). or KUKao p(Kp'lJi~ (cocoa).vvolla (viennois) or YUJ. Tavernas (tU~EpVU) also offer a large selection of appetizers and local specialities. a Numbers 11-20 The numbers 11-20 are listed for you below. cucumber and garlic dip. (French coffee) and ~Eat1\ aOKoJ. The word itself denotes -1t00J... JiEtPlO<. [ferte mas] o KaToAoyoC. Greek coffee) is also called ~ll~UVt\VO<.. such as car-cars. Two companies dominate the Greek (AOllJiW'I<. Bu.a yoghurt. [0 kafes] TO TaOI [to tsai] o xupOC.llKO<. Greek appetizers include t~ut~iJn (tzatziki) ..(one spoonful of sugar) and yJ. Taal (tea) is readily a~ailable in most places but Kp60 taal 1\ taal JiE 1tuyaKlu (iced tea) IS rarely found in Greece.) and Bravo (M1tpci~o). sheep-sheep.J. [THekateseris] 15 OeKa1ttv'te [THekapende] 16 oeKat~t [THekaeksi] 17 OeKae1t'ta [THekaept<i] 18 oeKaoK'tcO [THekaokt6] oeKaox'tcO [THekaoht6] 19 oeKaevvta [THekaenea] oeKaeVVta [THekaenia] 20 eiKocrt [fkosi] Language notes Greek tavernas ME~£Oo1tooJ. Read the notes again about 1-10 on page 39.atU (hot chocolate). [THekatris] 14 oeKa'ttcrcrepa [THekatesera] oeKa'ttcrcreplC. box-boxes.. These are very informal places and many outdoor tavernas are open from early spring to late autumn. knife-knives.. Restaurants (Eat\Utopto or pEatopav) often demand more formal dress. but nowadays the distinction of aKi:to<.atu (taramosalata) . Grammar 1 Plural forms Did you notice the plural form in the first dialogue of this unit? 060 oll~aKlu And the singular form: EvU oll~aKl one glass of ouzo two glasses of ouzo In English there are also many ways of expressing plural nouns. catalogue / list) breakfast (n) continental omelettes ham (n) coffee (m) tea (n) juice (m) orange (n) lemon (n) milk (n) butter (n) marmalade (f) toast bread (n) I've had it! Enough! No more! phew! Greek coffee Coffee drinking is a social event in Greece that takes place at any time of day. [omeletes] TO ~apnov [to zambon] o Kacptc.1:10 (selling) and JiE~EOE<.

'Exw Jiia q»iA'I O''tl1v AnAia. You are having a drink with a friend. aKoJ. 01 KaToAovol Feminine And for a feminine noun: cI>iAl1 J.e.lEJ.lE"(Ma.lE1. <PiAOC. friend (m) a/the friend 3 d Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue./o 1tOAUOJ. '1 nOIKLAia. ~E~ata.la! 3 Adjectives In Greek a noun requires that everything that precedes it agrees with it in gender.EOO1tWAEtO taverna (n) Evaho J.ouzos Practice 1 See if you can deal with some more situations you are likely to encounter in Greece. please? .l0P<Pl1 iAl1 <p J.01 Aellovol5ee. EiCJtE E'tOtJ. Tt ea 1taPE'tE.Ta Aellovla TO npwlvo . '1 avonll .lE1. a Could you bring us the menu. Look at these examples: 'Exw tva q»iAOO''tl1v AnAia.01 lle~tl5ee.lot. J.EOO1tWAEio And for a masculine noun: cI>iAOC. Nat. ~E~ata. Mou <pEpVE'tE'tOY Ka'taAO"(O 1tapaKaAro.o Kat J.EOEC. feminine or neuter Gender (identifying masculine. ~E~ata. How can you ask for the menu? 'Tea with milk' is what you like. the English sentences to complete the following 4 Translate dialogue. <PiAOC.54 I">a < a 0 'C (OJ Masculine a/the nice (handsome) friend Evac.lOvt. Evac.l0P<Pl1<piAl1 friend (f) a/the friend a/the nice (beautiful) friend a/the nice (beautiful) friend ~ < a :::I c. iv 'Oxt..Ta ou~a the lemon -lemons the breakfast . a b c Tt dvat J.lE1. look at the following examples of the neuter noun and adjectival relationships: ME1.loves the assorted platter .platters the lemonade -lemonades I"< a 0 ~ 0 W TO Aellovi . o novoe.snacks the ice .l0P<P0 a/the very nice little taverna J.lia/l1 0J.Ta npwlva TO OU~o . . 'C 0 c· (OJ I"< a 0 J'l c a.01 avonee. a/the nice (handsome) friend Evac. Iep!3ITopoe. feminine or neuter!) enables you to give more precise information in a statement whereas in English you cannot be as precise. You are tasting ouzo for the ftrst time: give your impression by saying 'excellent' or 'awful'. in English 'friend' is generic whereas in Greek you use either q»iAo(~) (male friend) or q»iA'I (jemalefriend). ~ ~ c 0 W 2 Masculine.lOP<Poc.lE~E<)01tWAEio. :! o Ile~te.menus 55 (OJ.01 nOIKLAiee. ii 'OXt.lOP<pOc./o <PiAOC. E>EAE'tE mat J.lia 1totKtAia. i 'Eva ou. a You are in a JiE~EOO1troAtiO. ME~tOO1troAtiOis a neuter noun (i. Ask for it. I have afriend in England. TI ea nopen: You napaKaAW.EOO1tWAEioa/the nice little taverna Evaho 1tOAU0J.ices the menu .EOO1tWAEtO a/the little taverna Evaho oJ. a b Tpia ME'ta~a 'to'tE. How would you say 'I like it a lot' or 'I don't like it much'? You are ordering a glass of ouzo. b c d e f 2 What's obvious from this example is that in English you have to ask in order to distinguish between a male or female friend. the snack . Neuter the love . I have a friend in England.lia/ 11<piA 11 J. 'to JiE~EOO1troAtiO).lEAEJ. How would you say 'straight up' or 'on the rocks'? You are in a coffee shop. 'EXE'tE ME'ta~a 7 E1t'ta atJ'tEPWV (stars). ill Mia 'ta~Epva J.l0P<PoJ.lia/l1 1tOAUoJ. c d e f Nat.01 novol o KaTO:AOVOe. Order a glass of ouzo and a plate of assorted appetizers. '1 Aellovo~a ./O OJ.lE1. .breakfasts the ouzo . Match each question with the most appropriate answer. Nat.

guys Oit.. AEIlOVI h __ etAETE TO Toal 9 __ yaAo. I&PPITOPOC.. olltoWC.. oucp! 57 1'). 'KOVTlvtvTaA' KQI ~uo Mary nwpyoC. Marie-Sofie EiaTE tTOlllOI TWpO. etAoullE Mo d -e __ IlE ~ollnov. please? AlltoWC.a cafe in the centre of Athens. b __ TOV KOTaAoyo. EUXOplaTW.. [tote egho tha pam ena uzakJl Then I'll have a small [ke mia mikri pikilfa] [yatf (glass of) ouzo and a fmaste stin elaTHa]? small plate of assorted appetizers. You I&PPITOPOC. nopoKoAW.· KOI cppuyovltC. 'oXI.often said by Greek waiters . The shaded vertical word stands for 'Right away!' ..~o EniOllC. < Q 0 ".but do they actually mean it? a b c d e f coffee marmalade coffee without sugar instant coffee how/what cinema b 'Evo YOMIKO KOcpt. . it i AlltOWC: . Why are we in Greece?).lol XUIlOUC:. i __ 1l0C. c __ . EiaTE a __ .. Domenico Di Capo and Mary Johnson have just arrived at 'Neon' . EiaTE tTOIIlOI.56 1'1- >Q < Q :I C. Domenico [pali uzo]! [egho thelo na pyo] Ouzo again! I want to have [ufski sfmera] lena kati whisky today. You I&PPITOPOC. 'C I') 1'). Marie-Sofie I&PPITOPOC. a b c d e f g h f3olhupo Kocpe mipKo J. ToaillE AEIlOVI. c Nothing else for the time being..leM8o crOKOAOtivo KOtaAoyos AeJ. a j 7 Listen to Dialogue 3 of this unit again and fill in the missing words. TinOTO aMo.lopJ. OlltOWC:. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps from the words in the box below. Aiyo ~OUTUPO KOI 1l0PIlEA6.! . A Gutty sark] [me paghakia] Sark on the rocks. We are in Greece after all Oit. b Yes. ~ W 0 \3e\3mo d eTOIJ. 5 IE AiyO.! < Q c 0 ~ ~ Use the clues to complete the crossword. an iced-coffee and an instant coffee. Thanks. rKiJpyoC. IE Aiyo . Gabi Domenico Marie-Sofie I&PPITOPOC. I&PPITOPOC. I&PPITOPOC. [ki egho thelo mfa bfra] And I want a beer: A [mfa Heineken] 0 mfa Amstel] Heineken or an Amste/. d Gould you bring us the bill..lOVt cpiAOS/cpiAll 0lleAetes tof3epvo i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x friend chocolate tavern catalogue/menu/list omelettes coffee butter park marmalade lemon A little extra! a At the 'Neon' cafe nropyos IIoltaOOltOUAos.. q>epn~ rrpWIVa j(.. 'C I') 1'). >Q < Q :I 0 c. Alltowc:! IE Aiyo . Ti 6 Similar or different? Did you recognize any more words in Unit 3? Match the list on the left with the list on the right. children)? I'm suggesting that we have ouzo and a large plate of assorted appetizers.Ol Ile !lJlOlll 0 W olleAeTec:. NOl. Domenico [ti tha parume peTHia]? [egho lea na parume uzo] [ke me mfa megMli pikilfa] KA~ENEION NEON What are we going to have. tvo Toal KOI Mo f __ nopTOKaAI. 0 I&pplTC)pOC.. c Q. You I&PPITOPOC.. lloC.

businessmen. Ila1taoo1touAo<.UK1Kat Ilia 1l1Kprj 1t01K1Aia.. Domenico TI Sa mipoulle nalolO. match the most appropriate answer to the four phrases listed below. though).t') for true and (K) for false. ~axaponAaouio or ou~&pL These places serve students.. [ehun retsina eTHo]? [THe nomizo] [eTHo ine kafe-bar] [as rotisume omos] nwPVOc. It's a coffee bar (here). d Eow ElVat Ka<p& ll1tap.. d i ii i ii i ii i ii e&Affi va mffi ouicrK1 crrjllEpa. 1 don't think (so). Ou1. read the newspaper.young and old: people study. . well you are saying) bottle (n) retsina (f) Greek wine flavoured with resin let's ask Phrases: a IluA1 ou1. c K1 EyW 9&Affi 1l1a Il1tUpa.. o Coffee and ouzo . Eyw Mffi va mipoullE ou1..l-1')! -0 [meghalos] noAI [pali] mw [pyo] 9tAw va mw [tMlo na pyo] TO OUiOKI [to uiski] OI1IJ&pa [simera] IJ& navoKla [me paghakia] I'JIJnljpa [i bira] IJIKp6c. 0 K. e&Affi Ilia Il1tUpa. MIa Heineken /lla r') /lla /lIKPr') . a b c d '01. cuddle.1-I1I-6 [mikrosl-i/-o] VlaTi [yatij KaAo A&C. lovers. 'Eva 'Cutty Sark' IlE miyo. three or four hours. the unemployed and pretty much everybody else . KaAo Ae~! Na nopou/le EXOUVpeTolva b c eow. If you don't have the recording. Mia Heineken rj Ilia Amstel.. A<.01 9&AOUV ou1. DiCapo 9&AE1 &va ouime1. ~axaponAaouia or ou~&pi. SEAoo /lla /lnupa.... OU1. ..![kala les]! TO IJnouKoAI [to bukali] I'Jp&Toiva [i retsina] (here) cafe (n) bar (n) I'm suggesting/saying large (adj) again I drink I would like to drink whisky (n) today with ice cubes / on the rocks beer (f) small because you're right! you're talking sense! (lit. 9&AE1 1l1a pE'tcriva.. H Ka Johnson 9&AE1 1l1a Il1tUpa. fiaTI el/laOTe OT'lV EMooa.o! b Eyw 9&Affi va mffi ouicrK1 crrjllEpa.[kala les]! [na parume ena bukali retsina] .la.o. and generally watch the world go by! A cup of coffee or a glass of ouzo can last two. Let's ask anyhow (lit... KI eyw Amstel. You're right! Let's have a bottle of retsina . talk about politics or football matches.la. Eva /lnouKoAI elval peTolva VO/lI~oo. nOAI ou~o! Eyw SEAOO va moo OUIOKI mi/lepa....o IlE 1t01K1Aia. A~ a 9 Tick the most appropriate answer to the phrases you hear. 'Eva 'Cutty Sark' /le nayoKla. or evening coffee or a glass of ouzo in a Kacp&v&io. .. 8 True or false? Mark (.the Greek national drinks Greeks always find time for a morning. Eow pooTTioou/le O/l~ .o Kat Ilia IlEyuAll 1t01K1Aia. There are many small producers and connoisseurs can tell the difference between brands. TO Kacpt [to kafe] TO IJnap [to bar] . You have probably heard of or tasted Greek ouzo. You will find a Kacp&v&io in every neighbourhood in larger cities and always in the centre (KtvTpO) or square (nAauia) of smaller towns or on the sea front (napaAia) in fishing villages. afternoon. Greek culture has evolved around the daily activities that take place in Kacp&v&ia. Pffi'trjcroullE Ollffi<. talk business. lie Ka<pE-/lnap. Mary Eyw Mffi va nopou/le ou~o Kal /lla /leyciA'l nOIKv. do they have retsina here? .. 0 K. Atw [Ieo] lJ&voAoc. a TOTe eyw Sa nopoo Eva OU~oKI Kal nOIKv.

. au iii [pinete ghaIa]? IIiVE'tE yUAu. v [iste etimi]? EiO'tE s'tOtj.. ii [vaIte mu nero]? BaA'tE !Jot) vEp6. In this unit you will learn how to • order food in a restaurant • ask for local specialities • enquire about Greek eating habits • count from 21 to 100 . Papaioannou (nana"iwovvou). Can you change them into informal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script. Wine (Kpaoi) comes in white (aonpo)..the wine flavoured with resin that Greeks sell in their ouzeri or tavernas. . Ouzo Tsantalis (TaOVTaATJ). i ii iii iv v Here you go! Can I have some .. I have a friend. I like it a lot.). fiveor seven-star bottles. R Hatzimihali (XaT~TJI-Ux6:ATJ). You must try them to find out which you prefer! 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. ? MuC. Boutari (MnOuTOPTJ)or Cambas (Ka!Jnoc.. Retsina Kourtaki (KOUpTOKTJ).. Ouzo 12. i ii iii iv v water also bread milk usually vi vii viii ix x menu breakfast marvellous awful beautiful 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script.) are some of the many good Greek drinks. iv [mas femete] .Metaxa brandy is another national drink.lOt. vi vii viii ix x Do you drink ouzo? What is 'mezethes'? I don't understand. red (KOKKIVO)or rose (po~t). ? That's it! That's enough! I don't want. You should try retsina (p&Toiva) .. <pSPVE'tE. 3 The five phrases below use the formal way of addressing people. Ouzo Mitilinis (MUTIAtiVTJc. etsina Markopoulou (MapKOnouAou). i [ti tha parete]? Tt mipE'tE. and it comes in three-..

let's have moussaka (m) (layers of aubergine. OK! (lit. I£PPlTClPO navvllC. nou txouv. do you want retsina or a small carafe of ouzo? I'd rather (have) a small carafe (of ouzo) and a bottle of water. [0 musakas] Tim navvllC.TI MEI 0 KaToAOVOe.. vToAlla~oKla Kal OOUT~ouKoKla. EVTOE. whatever the menu says) aouT~ouKaKlo [sutzukakia] spicy meatballs in tomato sauce 11 £noxq [i epochij season (f) 80 m£iT£ KaTI.OU~OIlE~t~Ee. MIOO AEmO. Just a moment.EI!ea napayyELAW EVWVIa otva.Ev KaTaAal3aivw TinoTa! EivQl oAa OTa EMT)VIKO! 'EAa Twpa! EivQl oAa OT' AyyAIKO! Bt13Qla! Bt13Qla! T~aT~iKI. I'd like moussaka! They don't have moussaka here. Y£IIICJTtC. whatever is on the menu loti lei 0 kataloghos] (lit. pEToiva Ti tva Kapa<poKI ou~o. A! KQlllia OaAaTa EnoxTie. green peppers filled with rice. Will you have anything to drink? TIm. [tha pyite katij? Will you have anything to drink? (lit. cheese pie. Yes. stuffed peppers. potatoes and minced meat topped with bechamel sauce) vToAlloliaKlo [dolmaTHakia] rice. Tim l::. [piperies ghemistes] or rice and minced meat OTIAt£1 0 KOTaAoyoc. MoMov tva Kapa<poKI Kl tva IlnOuKoAI VEpO. ATJJ. will you drink anything?) TO KopocpaKI [to karafaki] small carafe of ouzo TO IInouKaAI [to bukali] bottle (n) . Let's have a plate of assorted appetizers from the starters (lit. TIll. Nice. MOAIOTa. (lpa'la! TOTE etAoullE Ilia TapallOOaAaTa. 'oXI! 'EXOUIlE 1l0VO O. Tl Eival aUTO. Tim T~m. dolmathakia.EV txouv 1l0UOaKO E~W. 'EXETE 1l0UOaKO.lTJ'tpiou [Yannis DllllitrfU]. nmEplte..D1 Tim Have you got moussaka? Tim navvllC. and a seasonal salad.~ Then we'd like an (order of) taramosatata. a trendy taverna at eTJodo [Thiseo] facing the Acropolis. VEIlIOTte. ea mEiTE Kon. Na nopoullE ilIa nOIKLAia ana TOUe. Ilia TupomTa. etAEle. for lunch. [THen katalaveno tipota]! fine ola sta elinika]! [ela tora]! fine ola sta anglika]! [vevea-vevea]? [tzatziki]? [taramosalata]? [melitzanosalata]? [ti ine afta]? [endaksi]! [tha parangilo egh6 ya sena] [na parume mia pikilia] [apo tus uzomezeTHes pu ehun] [egho thelo musaka]! [THen ehun musaka eTHo] [miso lepto] [ehete musaka]? [ochi]! [ehume mono] loti lei 0 kataloghos] [oreal! [tote thelume mia taramosalata] [mia tiropita] [piperies ghemistes] [dolmaTHakia ke sutzukakia] [a] eke mia salata epochis] [malista] [tha pyite kati]? [tim] [thelis retsina] [i ena karafaki uzo]? [mal on ena karafaki] [ki'ena bukali nero] I don't understand anything! Everything's in Greek! Come on now! Everything's in English! Really? Tzatziki? Taramosalata? Melitzanosalata? What are these? All right! I will order for you. TapallOoaAaTa. Evw etAW 1l0UOaKo! l::. I£pPlTopO navvllC. wrapped in vine leaves mn£pltc. and soutzoukakia. understand nothing/anything everything Come on now! tzatziki (yoghurt-eucumber dip) (n) taramosalata (f) aubergine salad/dip (f) I will (place the) order for you Tim KOTOAopoivw [katalaveno] TinoTo [tipota] oAo [ola] 'EAo TWpO! [ela tora]! TOT~TQKI [to tzatziki] 11 TopolloaoAaTo [i taramosalata] navvllC. or rice and minced meat. J?hnson joins a colleague. Ah. Do you have moussaka? No! We've only got what's on the menu. They go to <I>iA010'tpOV[Filoistron]. ruivvTJ<. MEAIT~aVOOaAOTa.. 11 II£AIT~ovoaoAaTo [i melitzanosalata] 80 nopoyyilAw £yw YIOaho [tha parangilo egh6 ya sena] vo napoulI£ [na parume] o lIouaoKac. ouzo) on offer.

KaAr. ] .f. euxaplOTw. and . (anoPPT]lltvO~) etAHe T~aT~iKl. thanks.. OK. t:.. and two beers. Have you got Heineken? Only Amstel. Oh yes. efharisto] [kali sas oreksi]! Hello! Hello! What are you having? One Loxandra souvlaki. Mnupa IlnOUKQAL. Here you go. tomato(es)? But. vTOIlQTa. nooo KQVOUV. 0/'1 TalJ&ia~ [oli tamias] TO ooupAaKI [to suvlaki] o vupo~ [0 ghiros] TO nOTllPI [to poUri] lJio nOTaT&~ [mia patates] OpiOT&! [oriste]! KoAI\ oo~ 6p&~I'J! [kaH sas oreksi]! the cashier (m/t) chunks of pork on a skewer (n) usually a combination of pork and lamb thinly sliced glass (n) a portion of chips (French fries) here you are! here you go! bon appetit (to you)! o naVKo~ on'6Aa [ap'ola] TI &inon. (confused) Would you like tzatziki. Mnupa oe nOnlPl r.. etAeTe an'oAa Iltoa OTTlv niTa. of course! Qit. ke .. MovoAmstel. KOI . [ke sta THio]? KOI .yesf) On both? On both kalamaki and gyro? Tim and Mary have discovered a souvlaki place in the centre of Athens and they often go there for a snack.. inside the pitta) pitta bread confused the onion (n) the tomato (t) in both? both .a2 Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim . KQl OTO KaAallQKl KQl OTOyupo. [ke . two Amstel. EVTQ~el QUo Amstel.ev KaTaAal3aivw. val(. YnaAAI'JAo~ Tim YnaAAI'JAo~ TIm YnaAAI'JAo~ Tim Kpellllu~l. what?) What did you say? Would you like everything on the pitta bread? I don't understand. VQlI KQl OTa ~uo. (an order of) French fries. Ilia naTQTe~ KQl QUo Ilmjpe~. ntVTe eupw [€5] OpiOTe. 'Eva OOUI3AQKl"W~QVTpac.... onion(s). YnaAAI'JAo~ TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim TalJ&ia~ Tim YnaAAI'JAo~ [thelete ap'ola] [mesa stin pita]? [THen katalaveno] [aporimenos] [thelete tzatziki. [t'ipate]? Mtoo [mesa] '1 nlTo or '1 niTTo [i pita] onoPPl'JlJtvo~-I'J/-o [aporimenosl-i/-o] TO KP&IJIJUi51 kremiTHi] [to '1 VTOlJaTa [i domata] KOI OTO i5uo.. Draught or bottled beer? Bottled beer. 'ExeTe Heineken. kremiTHi. Tun is trying to place the order but he can't quite understand one question. domata]? [a] [ne-ne]! [ke sta THio]? [ke sto kalamaki] [ke sto ghiro]? [aporimenos] [ne-ne]!? TIm TalJ&ia~ rela oa~l rela oa~! Tl 8a nQpeTe.~ a3 At the counter [ap'ola]? (Would you like) everything on it? I'm sorry? (lit.: Souvlaki or gyros? [yasas]! [yasas]I [ti tha parete]? [Emasuvlaki loksandras] [mfa patates] [ke THfo bires] [bira se potiri] ~ bukali]? [bira bukali] [ehete Heineken]? [mono Amstel] [endaksi THio Amstel] [poso kanun]? [pende evro] [oriste.: . Cheers! (lit. [0 pangos] the counter (m) everything on it? What did you say? on (the pitta) (lit..l). Tl einaTe. Good appetite. oa~ ope~T]! YnaAAI'JAo~ Tim An' OAa.. A! val. (anoppT]lltvO~) Nal. How much are they? Five euros. Tl. IlnOUKaAl...

Assorted appetizers 2. To a visitor it is simply a matter of taste.A. ao. onions (Kptpp6blo.VltE~ French fries nOlKlA.A. Squid AOUKclVlKO XCOPlcltlKO Spiced sausage M1tUptEKl Hamburger patty rOplbt~ ao. An interesting expression with no English equivalent is Ko. '-I have you have he/she/it has we have you have they have ----J 1.4€ 1. The &X-&I [echi) verb EICOis 'regular'. for example pouaoKcl (moussaka) and t1tOltl~ (season) in this unit. of course. aou!.OpclKl kalamaki) is a skewer of pork meat.A. or 'Ytlo. Feta cheese l:o. l:OU~A. allover Greece. Here are some examples: ° . New York.tl Opt~'l [kali 6reksi] is said to wish someone a good meal. pEV-CO or KOtOA. po. and so on) and there are many slightly different forms of nouns. endings. 2 Choosing the right ending You might have noticed different spellings of certain words.60€ 1. During meals you might hear 'Ytlo. Grammar notes 1 The verb 'to have' The verbs tlpo. A KOA.clto. Tuna salad c()Eto.l Lettuce PromK'l Russian salad TOVOOo. [echis) verbs in many languages. when cooked.po6A.) and tzatziki (t~Ot~lKl). but also in many smaller places and. There is often more than one singular or plural form in Greek.'YovclKl Fried shrimps no. prefixes. some dishes might taste delicious and others might never be tried again! Below is a list of oU~Opt~Ebt~ (ouzo snacks).clKl(souvlaki) is usually chunks of pork on a skewer. a 21 22 23 30 Numbers 21-100 ElKom Eva [eikosi ena] ElKom ouo [ikosi TIfio] ElKom tpla [ikosi tria] tpuivTa [trianda] tpuivta Eva [trianda ena] crapuvta [saranda] 50 60 70 80 90 100 31 40 1ttvt'Jvta [peninda] E~l1vta [eksinda] E~Olll1vta [evTHominda] oyMvta [oghTH6nda] EVEvt'Jvta [eneninda] EKatO [ekat6] Bon appetit! l:AAA TEl:ISALADS AUIo.clKl s mostly served on a skewer with a slice of bread ('I'COpl) i wheras 'Y6po~ is served on pitta (1tltO or 1tltto.oPalv-coamong others.~!.4€ 2.60€ 1. Why not try them! Sydney and Melbourne where Greek communities flourish.~! (cheers) when raising and/or clinking glasses.4€ 2. such as ~EP-CO.20€ 1.'Yo.o.l (to be) and EICO &X-W [eha) (to have) are the most frequent &X-&IC. ethnic cuisine with many well-known dishes.) with tomatoes (tOPcltt~). Greek is an inflectional language (subject to changes in stems.9€ A souvlaki and a gyro! A aOU~A.Klo. thinly sliced.lo.VclKl Fried cheese 1€ 1€ 1.VO Cabbage Mo.l1 lroVt'l''l! at the end of a meal meaning 'have a good digestion!'. As we have already noted. They have appeared as pouaoKcl~ (adding an -~) and '1 t1t0ltl (deleting the final -~).60€ c()ATIITAlMAIN DISHES Ko. There are souvlakia and gyro stands in cities such as London.tcltt~ T'l'Yo.pci.4€ 2.po.Language notes Greek cuisine Greece has a rich.or 'Ytlo. meaning &X-Ou~& [ehume) that it has regular endings like &X-&T& [ehete) other verbs you have already &X-OUV [ehun) learned.6€ KaA. ( A r6po~ (gyro) (literally meaning spinning or turning around) is actually a combination of layers of pork and lamb rotating on a spit and.

moussaka (object). please. Look at the menu overleaf. l:ePPIT6poC. Miu O"UAa'tuenoxrJ~. Tt elnu'te. You b Yes. l:epPIT6poC. ea nleiTe TinoTa. of the Tllv ~n) to the '1:l 1'1 Genitive TOU of the c d e f g Ask for the menu. season ETtOXtl TO the TOU of the TO ~n) to the AEmo minute AEmou minute AEmo minute the Tll<. 'Exe'te yupo. EiOTEeTolllol Twpa. Case Nominative Plural 0 the 1l0UaaKQ<.. ii . You f Nothing else for the time being. a moussaka. Tt eu nupuyyelAe'te. How could you ask for an aubergine salad. and 'good digestion' as they fInish their meal.olle1. Tt eu nupe'te. Tt eu 1ttehe. iv TIotKtAiu Kat ou1. 12.68 >~.::\ev elnu 'tino'tu! iii Be~uiro~! An'oAu.E()e~. . It is better to use the language incorrectly rather than waiting until you can speak it perfectly. a platter of assorted appetizers. moussakas 1l0UaaKQ moussakas 1l0UaaKQ moussakas Singular 1'] ~ ETtOxrj season ETtOXtl<. You c OK! A pork chop. With frequent use of the language.. l:epPIT6poC. You are not sure whether a restaurant has a specifIc dish or not. You d A small bottle of ouzo. which corresponds to the English word for word. l:epPIT6poC. a snack to accompany ouzo or moussaka? S You are in a Pizza Hut in Greece. TO(V) ~n) to the season Don't be alarmed by the number of different articles and endings: the wrong choice does not make a lot of difference when used in context because a careful listener will understand. for example I (subject).. they will become second nature to you. To add emphasis in English you change the intonation whereas in Greek you can change the word order. Tino'tu! Movo vepo! EuXuptO"'tOulle. I:e Xiyo . Tl ea mipen: napaKaAW. want (verb). TinoTa <iMo./'fl ~ Accusative 2 Match each question with the most appropriate answer. a b c d 3 a b c d e f Tt eivat uU'tU. and the bill! How would you ask: 'Will you have anything to drink?'? How would you ask for a small bottle of ouzo 'Mitilinis'? How do you say: 'Come on now!'? And the question: 'How much are they?'? . f1UOTuXci>c: M6vo XOlplvrlllnpl~6Xa cnlllepa. What kinds of ouzo do you have? l:epPIT6poC. and don't be afraid of it! a Rearrange these lines to make up a dialogue. TOQVTaAllIi MUTLAlivllC.. 6Xl. EiO"'te E'tOtIlOt. Practice 1 Can you respond to the following situations? a b Say 'bon appetit' to someone at the beginning of a meal. You a The menu. Here are some examples to show how many variations of word order are correct for one sentence: Eyro eEAro 1l0\)O"UKU! Eyro 1l0\)O"UKU eEAro! 0EAro eyro 1l0UO"UKU! 0EAro 1l0UO"UKU eyro! MO\)O"UKU eyro eEAro! MOUO"UKU eEAro eyro! In fact the fIrst variant. and verb before object. Can you recognize the ingredients below before you place your order? a b c d e npuO"tve~ 1ttneptE~ 'tovo~ IlnEtKOV nenepovt CPPEO"Kta 't0IlU'tU i ii iii iv v pepperoni fresh tomato green peppers tuna bacon . BE~atU! 3 Word order In English the word order of a sentence is constant: subject before verb.::\uo Ilnupe~ Kat Iliu KOKUKOAu. Have you got any veal chops? l:epPIT6poC.. o. Start enjoying the language. and a seasonal salad. 4 Complete the following dialogue. is the most frequent form. You e A small bottle of Mitilinis.

YnaAAI1Aoc. I'd like a cheeseburger.Tla b t>evd _ on'oAo C crow n[To. a portion of French fries. KOTO- Kpel!l!ul)I. 4€ 6. l!e[Yl!a TOI!GTO. val! KOI aTO ~uo.'tu [horhitiki salcita] is probably the most popular salad in Greece. small size). Two of the words are used more than once. T~aK. Have you been helped?) No. and a small coke (lit. I!OOXGpl. ana l!aVITGpia A little extra! 4€ 6.u'to crOAa'to crE<p vi Monterrey Jack vii mozzarella viii green salad ix Chef's salad x cheddar a 7 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words. What will you get? YnaAAI1Aoc. What's in the Greenburger? It has pickles.00€ 3 TUplG D Ordering YnaAAI1Aoc.50€ 7.50€ 7. tomatoes. SUPREME: MOToaptMa. Kpel!l!ul)1 nem:povl. Kall!aVITGpla XOlpelvo MIKPO METIAIO OIKorENEIAKO Tim TI.50€ 7. 4€ 6. Kpellllu~I.) e _ b Tim SUPER SUPREME: I!e I!naxaplKG.. YnaAAI1Aoc. I!ac. ~al!nov. f f aTO yupo. ano 3 TUplG. l!oTOaptMa. eAltc. q>ptoKla Kal 6. Three friends are trying to order burgers at Goody's. I!aupec. CHICKEN nouAo. YnaAAI1Aoc. (onOPPllllevOC. val (.50€ 7. [ehete eksipiretithij? [ochij [tha ithela ena hamburger me tirij [tighanites patates] [ke mia koka kola] [mikro meghethos] [egho thelo na roUso kati] [ti echi to grin berger mesa]? [echi anguraki] [pikla] [kremiTHi] [domata] [prasini salata ke dresing] . onions. a 6 XroPUl't\Kll auAeJ. aTO KOAOllclKI Kpel!l!ul)I.!).f g h j l!O'tcrOpEAAa 'tcrtv'top 1!0V'tEptu 't~OK 1tpucrwll crOA.00€ fJeoo KOl einole eeA-eTe KQl l!aVITGpia KOloA0130ivw CHEESE LOYER'S: l!eiYl!a I!OVTeptu H n[Toa I!e TO ontOlaA TOtVTOP. npGOlVll neneplG vl0~6:Ta 4€ 6. I!aupec.00€ (onOPPlllltvoC. npGOlVll mneplG. If you do not have the recording try to fill in the gaps from the words provided below. nenepovl. npGOlVll mneplG. npGOlVll mneplG.) NOI.50€ 7. You have decided on a Cheese Lover's salad. . I would like to ask something. MOTOaptAAa. ouv l)uo ana Ta UAIKG nou npOTlI!GTe 4€ MOToaptMa. green salad and dressing. TO ontOlaA piyaVll. Val. T~OT~[KI. Kal l!aVITGpla mnepovl. q>tTa. at Goody's Have you ordered? Oit. It is a tossed salad consisting of: a olives e b b feta cheese c tomatoes d onions e peppers d f cucumbers g vinegar h oil Fill in the crossword with the Greek names of these ingredients.00€ I!OOXGpl. eAltc. I!ac. Tim An'OAO. PIZZA SPECIALITIES SUPREME: MOToaptMa. A.00€ GREEK LOYER'S: Kpel!l!ul)I.

so you won't find many nice or English breakfast.l-Il/-0 [mikros/-v-o] TO lJ&y&80e. ea "S&Aa Eva N'IKOe. Neon's. naTaT&<. 6it. EVTa~&I. [tighanites patates] IJIKpoc. Breakfast in . navvl1e. America The three meals in Greece are npwlvo [proino] (breakfast). True or false? Mark (of) for true and (K) for false. npaOlvll aaAaTa Kal dressing. &X&T& &~unI1P&TI18&i. I want to ask something) I want / I'd like small cucumber (n) pickle (f) meal (n) sandwich (n) breakfast places in Greece offering continental except in tourist areas during the summer. around 9 p. XallnOUPYK&P Il& TUPl. lJ&ol1lJ&plavo [mesimeriano] (lunch) and I3palSlvo [vraTHin6] (dinner? npwlvo is often simply a cup of coffee. and lasting for two or three hours. a Greenburger menu for me with 7 up and a club sandwich for Tonia. TllyavllT&<. Dinner is still the most enjoyable meal of the day. H Tovta OE 9a 1t1Et ti1tota. Hamburger places are everywhere in Greece nowadays. [to meghethos] &yw 8&Aw va PWTI10W KaTI [egho thEllo na rotrso kati] 8tAw [thelo] TO ayyoupaKI [to anguraki] 11nioa [i prkla] TO Y&UlJa [to ghevma] TO oavTouiTe. 'EX&Tf: &~uTlTlP&TT]S&I. 0 NiKO~ 9a 1t1Et Ilia KOKa KOAa IltKpo IltYE90~. Dinner is usually the largest meal of the day. vTOllaTa. . 0 navvll~ 9tAEt tva club craVtOUlt~. Tal3tpV&e. Yla TT]v TOvla.[endaksi] lena grrnberger gevma ya mena] [me seven ap] [ki'ena klab sanduits] [ya tin tonia] [THen ehume seven ap] [mono sprait] [endaksi sprait tote] All right. chips (lit. 'OXl..naTane. Tl &X&l TO Greenburger IlEaa. After a hard-working day many Greeks go out for dinner. H Tovta 9tAEt tva Greenburger. [to sanduits] Many Greeks still enjoy a heavy lunch and an afternoon siesta before returning to work. All right. starting late... International fast-food chains stand next to Greek fast food restaurants such as Corner's. 'EX&1 ayyoupaKI nlKAa. KP&IlIlU~I. Tl1yaVI1T&e. EVTa~&I. KQl ilIa KOKa KOAa IlIKPO o Beyond language Fast-food places Both ooul3AaKI [suvlaki] and yupo [ghlro] places are in competition with international fast-food. Pitta Pan and Hambo. Lebel's. such as sandwiches or salad. the fast pace of the modern business world has changed and nowadays a light lunch. frequently replaces a heavier meal. only Sprite. fried potatoes) small size (n) I'd like to ask something. YnaAAI1Aoe. [tavernes] (tavernas) are an everyday option whereas more expensive restaurants (&CJTlaTopla) [estiatoria] are for special occasions. However. We don't have 7 up..m. Goody's.. f 0 navvll~ OE 9a 1ttEt 7up. [ehete eksipiretithij TO xalJnOupyK&P [to hamburger] TO Tupi [to tirij have you been helped/ served? hamburger (n) cheese (n) french fries. Il&Y&So<.. Eyw S&AW va pwTriaw KaT!. a b c d e 0 NiKO~ 9tAEt tva Xall1tOuPYKEP YEulla. then ... YnaAAI1Aoe. Sprite TOT& . Eva Greenburger Y&Ulla Yla IlEVa Il& 7 up Kal Eva club aaVTou"lT<. l:i&V &XOUIl& 7up 1l0VO Sprite. Sprite.

Kpaal [krasi] (wine) becomes KpaaUK1. and -\taa [itsa]. ayyoupaKI. -oula [-ula]. . These correspond roughly to the English endings of -let and -ing: book--+booklet. Here are some examples and the words they derive from: 11 Kapoq>a TO ayyoupl TO Ou~o 11ooul3Aa 3 The five phrases below use the formal or plural form of addressing people. i Bon appetit! ii It's all in Greek! iii It's all in English! vi A bottle of water. or J11tupa [bira] (beer) becomes J11tup\taa [biritsa].. ii [THen ehume . Can yo~ ch~ge them into informal Greek or singular form? Use transhteration or Greek script. ix How much are they? x I'd like to ask something. vii Do you want retsina? viii I'd rather have ouzo.Diminutive endings/forms You have already met several words ending in -oKI [-aki] such as KapacpaKI.' The three diminutive endings most commonly used in Greek are: -elK1. for example. or oou!3AaKI. [krasili]... They are also used affectionately without implying 'lesser'. iv I'll order for you! v I want stuffed peppers. iv [thelete salata]? eeAEtE ouMtu· v [tha pyite kati]? eu 1ttEltE lean. becomes Avvoula [anula] (little/young Anne. Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. for example Kaq»E [kafe] (coffee) becomes Kaq»EOOK1..[kafeTHili]. These words are not in a dictionary because they are the diminutive form. such as Avvoula or Noula [nUla](for an older Anne). ou~aKI. These endings imply something 'smaller' or 'younger' especially in names. i season ii bottle in glass vi tomato vii chicken viii ten iv chipslFrench fries v onion ix twenty x thirty 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. in carafe (t) cucumber (n) ouzo (n) spit/skewer (t) TO TO TO TO Kapaq>OKI ayyoupOKI OU~OKI OOUI3AOKI small carafe small cucumber sma/I ouzo small souvlaki (on a sticklskewer) [ti ipate]? Tt El1tll'tE. duck--+duckling. drop--+droplet. i [ehete eksipiretitlnl? 'EXEtf: E~U1t11PEt11eEl. Annette). ] ~EV eXOUJlE . They might also be used as a term of endearment.[-ili]. Avva [ana] (Anne).

ltVEt~. a b c d e f g b j Kat nou J. A friend tells you 'EAa va 1ttOUJ. What does rl it mean and how could you answer? Someone asks you: 'Ilou J. NOJ. Where does he or she want you to go? You would like a light breakfast.lEVE'tE nopa. Can you complete the lists below? Singular a ? b yAwcrcra Plural J. L1EV'to ntcr'tEuro. r Singular or plural? You have learned a lot of words in the singular and plural forms in the fIrst four units. hat will W you do? A friend asks you 'IlUJ. sweet or black Greek coffee.lEVro J.lU OXt'. t Respond to the following situations in Greek: a b c d e f g b You are tasting Greek coffee for the fIrst time. ~ tn _. Tt EXEt~.UKt'. Ask for a 'tea with milk' or 'tea with lemon' . o 3 In this unit you will review • Greek greetings • introductions • common daily activities • food and drink • numbers • cities.Check your progress so far.lE crE J.<icrrlJ. Ask for the 'menu' or the 'bill'.li1. Say to a friend that you are tired because you didn't sleep at all. Once you have completed the following exercises.lat nou ElJ.UKt.lE yta Eva OU1.lEJ. Identify any areas that still need some work and go over them again before you start the next unit. Ask for some toast with butter and marmalade.roElVat KaAo yta 'tOy novo.lat EOW.lE'tTJMoviK ano 'to Ilapicrt. Ilw~ na~.. You have been asked: '0a nUJ.. compare your answers with the correct ones at the back of the book. listening to the recording fIrst.'.lavioa cr'tO KEV'tpO. You look tired. aAA. Nat.<i.lE tva OU1. 'EXro EOWEva novo.'.. Eicrat KaA. countries and languages _ <. Ecru. Twpa J.lEcrlVEJ.ltPE~ cr'tTJVAerlva Kat .<i XaiPOJ..lat nOAu KaA. Give your opinion by saying: 'It's excellent!' or 'It's awful!'.lta 'l'apo'tal3tpva. IlUJ.lia UAATJEpJ. 'EXEt~ J.lEpa.ltvro J. L1EVEiJ. What does he or she want to know? How will you answer? Try without o en . Eyw J. Ask for a medium.lOVO ouo J. j a 2 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue.lnOUKuAta ? . rta'ti. To ~tpro .

there are five of each gender.1E1. Ireland. Test your memory by putting the words from the box below into the correct column.35€ MEPAKAI~IKH rEMIIH 1.0 m? n ? ? ? Ka'tuAoyol ? J. III 0' ::J iiJ ct !!l. A<1lPIKH OAAANMA OyrrAPIA u IIOPTOr AAIA v EMMA w l:OYHMA x TAYAANL\H y TOYPKIA z <1lINAANMA s t 79 ~. Neuter 'to KQTOAoyoc.. France and Spain? How many more can you recognize before looking at the answers? 1'1 mnA nAPAdOIIAKH ME: IOYBAAKI KAAAMAKI 1€ IOYTZOYKAKI 1€ rvpo 1€ mnA XnPIATIKH ME: IOYBAAKIA TEMAXIA 2 1. Australia..35€ IOYTZOYKAKIA TEMAXIA 2 1. You order the following: • one item under IIITIA IIAPAaO~IAKH (Traditional pitta) • two items under IIITT A XnPIATIKH (Villager's pitta) • three items under EAAHNIKE~ NO~TIMIE~ (Greek specialities) • one small and two large bottles of beer II II111••• • 11. I!111 I~ 1 npoypalllla llepa llouoeio XU/J0C. 0' ::J It !!l.1a9rjJ. AOSOC.•.55€ EMHNIKEI NOITIMIEI (MEPI4A) IOYTZOYKAKIA :EMYPNEIKA 3€ MniCIITEKInOAITJKO 3€ IECIITAAIEI KYnPIAKE:E 3.78 S. feminine or neuter? You have probably realized how important it is to know the articles of Greek nouns. Can you make out the names for Great Britain.1EPE~ ? ? 1t01K1AiE~ ? ? J.70€ KOTOnOYAO :EOYBAI:ETO 4€ nATATEI THrANITE:E 1€ lAAATA XnPIATIKH 2. .40€ ANAlIJVKTIKON MIKPO O.1UnO g ? h OU1..95€ MErAAO 1.70€ MErAAO O. vuX"ta Kaq>e~ 1a~epva 1Uponl1a Ile~tc. ~I c XUJ.BPETANIA NOPBHnA N..16~ d <ppuyavul e ? f OffiJ.UKl i J. .80€ MnVPA BAPEAIIIA MIKPO O.70€ rvPOI nmA nAN 3.35€ . To help you. ~evo60XelO TQ~{61 You are with some friends at the IIITI A IIAN (Pitta Pan) souvlaki place somewhere in Greece. 6 4 Masculine. nOAl1 novo~ Masculine Feminine • • • • • 5 Countries 0 • • 11 • • • • • • • • Opposite is a list of 26 countries.•.>VUOEA<pOl b ATI:TPAAIA ATI:TPIA c BEAno d rAAAIA e rEPMANIA f nBPAATAP g dANIA h EABETIA i El:00NIA a Ordering a souvlaki j k I m n o p q r IPAANMA Il:IIANIA ITAAIA KYIIPOl: AOYEEMBQYPro MAPOKO MEr.55€ KOTOnOYAO :EnmKON 1.1a'ta O1.E~ j ? k OJ.1EAEta I 01>1..35€ rvpo 1.

!tvouc:.!tvouc. A!JepIK. ea l'j8£Aa Eva XOllnouPYK£P Il£ Tupi.Q KQTOiKOUC. EVTO~£I. D laAaV~LKO D PWOOIKO o repilaVIKO VIa apxapiouc:. o Ef3paiKo 0 MaAalOiaKO o Ayy1l. vTolloTa. D IcmavIKo D ~epf30KPOOrLKa o kn:MKol\anv.i:vouc. nOAEII c navvllC. f1£v h __ 7up 1l0VO Sprite. 'EX£T£ a __ . navvllC. 'OXl. o IpAaV~LKO 0 nOpTOVaALKO o raMN. Dt. '(La o laTlOlVIKO 0 NOpf3T]VIKO o Apaf3IKO o IVOOVTJOIQKO 0 OMaV~LKO o Aq>pLKQvLKa o IV~LKO 0 nOAwVLKO o raMLKO '(La apxapiouc. o c. EVci>8EAW va d __ KOTl. Here is an advertisement for language-learning courses. npOOlVT] f __ KQl dressing. Can you make out the names of the cities and the countries? a 10 Listening comprehension Listen to the last dialogue of Unit 4 again and fill in the missing words.LKO npOXCllpT]j. YnaAAIlAoc. 0 ~OUT]~IKO o repilaVIKO VIa npOXWPT]j. NiKOC.. Tick all the languages you recognize. ~EVQ OQAQTQ e~un~peT~ae[ Kpe~~u6l .. navvllC.KO VIa npoXCllpT]j. Can you make out its message? 9 Foreign languages Greeks often ask what languages you speak. TI EX£I TO Greenburger IlEaa.KO VIa business o EMT]VIKO '(La I. YnaAAIlAoc.!tvouc.n 8 Here is a list of the ten largest cities in the world in 1995 and a projection of the ten largest cities in 2015. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps from the words provided below. The numbers represent millions of inhabitants. YnaAAIlAoc. TTJyavITE~ b __ Kal Ilia KOKa KOAa IlIKPO 01 10 nOAVnAH0EITEPEI Ee eKQTOppUP. 0 KopeCmKa o AyyALKO'(La apxapiouc:. 'EX£I ayyoupoKI niKAa. EVTO~£I. e __ . Sprite TOT£ .n noy MnOPEITE NA MA0ETE '" o AyyN.7 Reading Greek Here is a label from everyday Athenian life.av~a D ITaALKO D Klv~a D TaOAav~o 0 Cl>IVAaV~LKO rAOIIEI o c. Eva Greenburger v£ulla VIa 9 __ Il£ 7up Kal Eva club aovTouIT~ VIa TTJvTOvla.

nOli e:[val '1 AKp6nOA'l. Mary A9r}vaioe. Eival KaArl YUllvaOTlK!'J. E[vat llaKpla. Me: Ta n6<5la..Tll~ aV'lCP6pa~ 8a <5e:iTe: Tllv AKpOnOA'l. naTe: Ile: Ta n6<5la !'JIle: Ae:WCPOpe:[o. EuxaplOTolllle: noM.n&Ipc:i(&1va n&pnaTalJ& [THemas pirazi na perpatame] Athenian (m) excuse me are you going on foot? by bus far at least we don't mind walking . E[vat 61lw~ TouAaXlOTov <5tKa (10) Ae:ma Ile: Ta n6<5la. LTO cpavapl OTpilIJTe:<5e:~laKat OTOTEAOe. Tim Mary In this unit you will learn how to • ask for directions • understand simple instructions • find your way around • count from 101 to 1000 o A9r}vaioe. LTa <5e:~laaae. 'OXl <5e:ve:lVal llaKpla. ~e:~la !'JaplOTe:pa. Tim A9r}vaioe. [0 athineos] oUYYVWIJr} [sighn6mi] nan IJ& Ta noCSla. Mary A9r}vaioe. Tim A9r}vaioe..a1 Where is the Acropolis? [sighn6mi pu ine i akr6poli]? [pate me ta p6THia] p me leoforio]? [me ta p6THia] line makria]? [6chi THen ine makria] line 6mos tulachiston] [THeka lepta me ta p6THia] [endaksi] [THen mas pirazi] [na perpatame] [mas aresi na kanume v61tes] [me ta p6THia] line kali ghimnastikij [t6te] [minete s'aft6n to THr6mo] [mehri tis stiles] [tu olimbiu THi6s] [sto fanari stripste THeksia] [ke sto teros tis anif6ras] [tha THite tin akr6poli] [THeksia i arestera]? [sta THeksia sas] [efharistume polij [yasas]! LUYYVWIl'l. 1le:[Ve:Te: 'aUTOV TO <5pollO IlEXPl Tl~ LT!'JAe:~ a TOU OAullniou ~l6e. TOTe:. EVTa~e:l <5e:la~ ne:lpa~e:l va ne:pnaTalle:! Ma~ apEae:l I va Kavoulle: 136ATe:~ Ile: Ta no<5LQ. [pate me ta p6thia]? IJ& A&wcpop&io [me leoforio] lJaKpla [makria] TouAaXIOTov [tulahiston] CS& lJae. Tim A9r}vaioe. re:la aa~! Tim and Mary are having some difficulties finding the way to the Acropolis in Athens. Tim Mary Tim A9r}vaioe.

[0 perastik6s] IJS auyxwpslTe [me sinhorite] nplllTI'J [pr6ti] I'Jvwvia p ghonfa] JlnpOOTO [brosta] JlnPOOTa aae. NOl I3tl3ala.. METa 01 ITJ'jAEe. AEV KaTaAal3aivw KaAa EAAT]VIKa. IE Aivo .IIAo(a)-J. E~w IlnPOaTa aae. [THe vlepete]? the Athenian (1) passer-by (m) I'm sorry / excuse me first corner (1) in front (directly) in front of you slower on the corner there! Can't you see? AI6e.pWTO(a)-pWTIIl [rotao-rot6] J. Eival KOVTa. &laTE noM KOVTa. aptael [mas aresij va KOVOUJle PoAT&e.. [sta THeksia sas] D 2 Excuse me . Mary A8l'Jvaioe. Nal I3t13Ola.l6e.. D 3 In front of the Acropolis Tim and Mary are right next to the Acropolis entrance. [stiles tu olimbfu THi6s] OTO cpavopl [sto fanari] OTpilllTe [strfpste] ~e~lo [THeksia] OTO TtAoe. I'J VUJlVaOTIK~ [na kanume v6ltes] [i ghimnastikij JleiVeTe [mfnete] JltXPI [mehrij ME auyxwpEITE. KaTaAal3aivETE.. AE~la KaTaAal3aiv&TE. TOU OAullniou t1.IIAIil [milao-mil6] nepnaTo(a)-nepnaTIil [perpatao-perpat6] I ask I speak I walk we like to take a stroll (lit.! [brosta sas] nlO alVa [pyo sigha] OTI'Jvwvia [sti ghonfa] va! na! As pAtneTs.IlnPOaTa aae. Tim [me sinhorfte] [kserete pu fne] [i stiles tu olimbfu THi6s]? [ne vevea] [fste poli konda] [strfpste stin pr6ti ghonfa THeksia] [ke tha THfte tis stiles tu olimbfu THi6s] [brosta sas] [THen katalaveno kala elinika] [milate Ifgho pia sigha]? [ne vevea] [sti ghonfa] [THeksia] [THeksia katalavenete]? [meta i stiles fne konda] [polf konda] [katalavenete]? [ne .. OTa ~e~lo aae. . Na! AE I3MnETE. strolls) exercise (1)(lit. EuxaplaTw.! I'JA8I'Jvaia p athinea] o nepaOTIKOe...l6e. IT~Aee. ITJ'jAEe. Mary A8l'Jvaioe. [na] [THe vlepete]? [eTH6 brosta sas] A9l'Jvaioe. [sto telos] I'JaVl'Jcpopa [i anif6ra] 8a ~eiTe [tha THfte] aplOTepo [aristera] Mary IuyyvwllT].. VOl.la. Tim [sighn6mi] [pu fne i fsoTHos ya tin akr6poli]? [ekf pano] [anevfte aM ta skalopatia] [sto telos] [tha THfte tin fsoTHo] [fne makria]? [fmaste fTHi polf kurazmeni] [6chi] [fste polf konda] [fste brosta stin akr6poli] [apla THen borite] [na THfte tin fsoTHo] [ap6 eTH6] [ti fpate]? p fsoTHos ya tin akr6poli] [fne pfso ap6 aM ta THendra] [fste m6no penfnda metra] [ap6 tin fsoTHo] Tim A8I'Jvaia Mary [sighn6mi pu fne i stiles tu olimbfu THi6s]? nepaOTIKOe. Tim and Mary are wondering if they have taken a wrong turn. TOU OAullniou nSpaOTIKOe. ITph\JTE O'TT]V npWTT] vwvia ~EE. noM KOVTa. Olympus Zeus' Columns) at the traffic lights turn right at the end uphill (1) you will see left on your right Jlae. KaTaAal3aivw.la Kal ea ~EiTE TIe. gymnastics) stay until Temple of Zeus (lit. TOU OAuJlniou Aloe. Nal. They ask for directions again. MLAaTE Aivo mo OlVa. ~EE. E.ne] [katalaveno] [efharist6] [se ligho] . nou Eival 01 ITijAEe.. ITT] vwvia.tP&TE nou EivOl 01 ITJ'jAEe. TOU OAUI-llliou t1.

u: 'to 'tpOul [me to tr6lei] by tram JI&'to 1tovA. a Language notes Public transport Mary A8l'1vaioc. but usually there are not enough taxis to cope with the high-season influx of tourists. [i fsoTHos] £K£i [ekij £Kd navw! [eki pimo]! anpdn [anevfte] TO oKaAonaTI [to skalopati] KOupaOIJ&voc.[oreal [epitelus Msame] [THen andeho] [tin poll zesti stin athina] [allthia] [kimi poll zesti] . EiaTe: IlnpOOTO OT'lV AKponOA'l..u: 'to 1toollA.O. TI e:inaTe:. <pToaalle:! b. LTO T€AOC.u: 'to 0. Yla T'lV AKponOA'l. LUYYVWIl'l. entrance (1) there over there! go up step (n) tired simply from here behind these trees tree (n) fifty metres at last! we arrived I stand I can't stand too much heat really! / that's true! it is very hot These means of transport are all useful in and around Athens: . with taxi stands at designated and central points.e:v aVT€XW Tllv noAli ~€OT'l OT'lV ASJ1va..a'to [me to poTHilato] by bicycle . ·OXl. EiOTe: noAli KOVTO.&(l)(j)Optio[me to leoforfo] by bus .oio [me to plio] by ship .u: 'to A.u: 'to JI'IXaVO. H e:iao~oc.u: 'ta 1toota [me ta p6THia] onfoot . EivOl llaKpIO.u: 'to 1tA. You have to shout your destination point as the taxi slows down! • you often have to share a taxi with other passengers! • a taxi might not take you exactly where you want to go. but in Athens this can be a memorable experience because: • a taxi won't always stop when you hail one.u: 'to 'ta~i) is another popular and still inexpensive way of travelling in Greece.. Yla TllV AKponOA'l e:iVOlniaw ana aUTO TO MVTpa.1.u: 'to Kapcipt [me to karavi] by ship . [kurazmenos] anAa [apla] ano [ap6 eTH6] niow ano [pfso ap6] aUTa Ta ~&VTpa latta ta THendra] TO ~&vTPO [to THendro] n£v~vTa (50) [penfnda] IJ&Tpa [metra] £R1T&AouC. MJ1Se:la! Kove:1 noAli ~€0Tll . Mary A8l'1vaioc.. Tim A8l'1vaioC.nou e:iVOl'l e:iao~oc. £~w . Opaia! EmT€Aouc.VO to aeroplano] [me by plane .u: 'to a&po1tA.Sa ~e:iTe: T'lV e:iaoM. EiOTe: 1l0VO ne:vJ1vTa (50) Il€Tpa ana T'lV e:iao~o.. AnAO ~e:v IlnOpe:iTe: va ~e:iTe: T'lV e:iao~o ana e:~w.. EKe:i novw! Ave:13e:iTe: aUTO Ta aKaAOnOTla.010 [me to alogho] by horse Travelling by taxi (.Jlav [me to pulman] by coach JI&'to 'tptvo [me to treno] by train JI&'t'lv papKa [me tin vlirka] by boat .![epitelus]! cpTaOalJ£ [ttasame] aVT&XW [andeho] ~£V aVT&XW TI'IV noAli ~&OTI'I [THen andeho tin poll zesti] aA~8£la! [allthia]! Kanl noAli ~&OTI'I [kani polf zesti] . but drop you off at the closest point en route! In other cities and in smaller towns the taxi situation is a little bit better. EillaOTe: J1~'l noAli KOUpaall€VOI ..u: 'to 1alOoVpt [me to ghaiTHUri] by donkey .K\ [me to mihanili] by motorcycle Years ago you would have gone 1'1 £ioo~oC.

ow <pavapl o'to o'taupoOpoJ.... The following words and phrases are important trying to understand directions. . .. If you are trying to find your way around Athens. turn in to the first side street second third fourth fifth Notice the different articles (0. (m) o o'ta9J.lO (m) oeD'tepo 'tpho 'tE'tap'to 1tEJ. to K&V'tpO.l1t'tll .ll O'tO f3a90~ o'to 'tEAO~ o'to KEV'rpo at at at at at the the the the the traffic lights crossroads end (of a corridor) end (of a street) centre (of a town/city) Police station Church (EKKAl'loia) .. to) before the nouns... Where is the the the the the the Parthenon? station? Acropolis? square? centre? school? when giving or IIOD eiVal IIapgevrovw. O"'tpi\jf'teO'tO 1tpffi'too'tevo oeD'tepo 'tpho 'tE'tap'to 1tEJ. 11 AKpo1tOAll.. o'tpl\jf'te O't11V 1tpoo'tll yrovia oeDn:Pll 'tPi'tll 'tE'tap'tll 1tEJ. third . o'tpi\jf'te O'tOV (t) turn go go continue. you will find these phrases very useful. second..l1t'tO (n) .l1t'tO eu9eia (straight on) eu9eia.(n) to OXOAeiO. iata (straight ahead) 11. . carry on show . or another city or town. You will also find it useful to become familiar with the names of places and shops below and on the next page. 0 Notice the effect of the three genders on the spelling of the ordinal numbers. turn at the first corner second third fourth fifth ...Understanding directions Have a look at these verbs which are essential understanding directions.. to giving or e~w navw e~w navw eKe:! naVW here over over here over there eKel KaTW e~w KaTW eKelKaTW there below down here down there eAo ovel3o KOTel3o lJelVe OTphjJe mlYOlve nave ouveXloe ~el~e eAaTe ovel3elTe KOTe13eITe lJelveTe OTphjJTe TnWOIVeTe/mWOlvTe naVTe ouveXIOTe ~el~Te come go up go down stay First.lo~. turn in to the first street second third fourth fifth 00& aplO"'tepa (left) o't'aplo'tepa (on the left) 1tpro'to OpOJ. oe~la (right) o'ta oe~la (on the right) .. (t) 11 1tAa'teia.

A£v Ka'taAa~aivffi. You don't see. Grammar note 2) 130A£ <pep£ 13<iAT£ <pepT£ OOT£ ac:. (00£) pour bring let Group II: You have already met some verbs ending in -aro such as 1tEp1tu'taro (to walk). always ending in -tE. (Revise Unit 1.) AVtEXffican be 1 stand or 1 am standing. in terms of frequency. Kavro (to do) (Group I). UV'tEXro(to stand). The verb JllAaro(ro) is a good example: . Greek uses only one form. KaTaAal3aiv&1 KaTaAal3aivoUII& KaTaAal3aiv&T& KaTaAal3aivouv I understand you understand he/she/it understands we understand you understand they understand • Coffee shop Department store Florist's Camera Supermarket (Photographic) shop o en • Fish shop Greengrocer's Butcher's Grammar 1 Giving commands There is a specific verb form used to give commands. Example: Ecru. Example: Aev aV'teXffi'tllv 1toM !. What is worth noting here is that these verbs have a 'full' form and a 'contracted' form: the meaning does not change but. Don't confuse 0Xl (no) with OEV(not) preceding verbs: 'OXl. it is best to learn these in context. Grammar note 3) Rule 4 AE/AEVgives the negative form. you or they.ecr'tll o'tllv Aei}va: (I can't stand too much heat in Athens. ask (me anything!). Examples: Ae ~Ae1te'te. Here are some more: you (informal) you (formal/plural) Group I: KU'tuAaPaivffi is a regular Greek verb. oev Ka'taAa~aivffi: (No.a summary How are you getting on with your Greek verbs? Here is a summary of some of the basic rules mentioned in previous units: • Rule 1 Don't look for words like I. The endings of these verbs differ from verbs such as KU'tUAUpuivro (to understand). (Revise Unit 2. Aev av'teXffi aAAo· ma! 1cant stand it any longer. 1 do not understand.Eia'tE (you are) (Revise Unit 2. KU'tUAUpuivUE you simply use KU'tUAUpuivUE. to speak). This is called the 'imperative'. usually ending in -E or -a. 1 don't understand. Grammar note 1) Rule 3 Don't look for different verb forms distinguishing between 1 stand or 1 am standing. Eia'tE instead of EaEi<. Example: Ka'taAa~aive'tf:. (Do you understand?) (Revise Unit 1. Practise and become familiar with the different forms of the verb. ll1tpocr'ta cr'tllV AKp01tOAll. You have already seen some verbs in the imperative form earlier in this unit (page 88). come here!. such as go!. Practise and become familiar with the different forms of these verbs. pro'taro (to ask). the 'contracted' form is the one most commonly used. Instead of EaEi<.2 Verbs . and you (formal and plural). JllAaro (to talk.) Rule 5 Different make a difference! endings KaTaAal3aivw KaTaAal3aiv&lC. Grammar note 1) Rule 2 Don't look for questions starting with do or does. Remember that the verb form distinguishes between you (informal).

1EtpU tPEVO tpoAel tu~i Uep01tAUVO yuJ.1eto UutoKiv11to. You A9l')vaioc. lHiak6si. turn left at/into the third back street. ii 'OXt. nou e(vQl '1 nAaTe(a. How do you say: 'I'm sorry' or 'Excuse me'? How would you ask: 'Where is the Apollo Hotel'? You want to know if it is far or close by. A9l')vaioc. b Then. You KQl lleT<i. You A9l')vaioc. 'ta~i? A friendly local person has just given you instructions to get to where you want to go. You A9l')vaioc. OEVeivm J. [eniak6sia. nUtE J. 1tuJ. 2 Match each question with the most appropriate answer. Auto OEVEiVUt KUAl1YUJ. To ~f. IlLAO&1 IlLAOP& IlLAOT& IlLAOV& IlLA(a) IlLAOC.X8etO.pendak6sia.] XiAtu/XiAtOtlxiAte<.X8etO. [chilia. c Then. chilies] a d a b c d e f 3 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue: 100 102 151 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics.] eVVtuKOOtul eVVtuKOOtOtI eVVtUKOOte<.g IlLAOW IlLAO&IC.nou va n<iw. iv ~EV ~f. a Stay on this street. :rUYYVWIl'l. ill To Epi:. [eksak6sia.X8EtOclvm CITllvAKp61tOA11· Tt eivm to Epi:. i Nm. [oktak6sia. nou 1tUtE.1UKptU.pOUlle. etc. [triak6sia.pro. EuxaplO1'w noM. [Can you] speak more slowly?' Evm IlUKpui0 nup8evffiva<. Practice 1 Respond to the following situations. how would you say: 'I don't understand Greek well.1VUcrttKl1. apuJt£pc1 and iala? Which forms of transport are related to: tpOA£l. A£(O(JK)pEio. How would you say goodbye and thank him for the advice? Can you match the list on the left with the list on the right? Sometimes the associations might not be as obvious as you might expect. lHiak6sies ] tptaKOcna/tptaKOcnOtltpwKOcne<. etc. The square is on the right.1iu~OAtU crtO Kf.] [ e~uKOOtul e~uKOOtOtI e~UKOOte<.aOEV1tetpuI. etc.1VUcrttKl1 i auto(mobile) ii metres ill foot specialist (podiatrist) iv trolley v gymnastics/exercise vi trigonometry (three comers) vii aeroplane viii train ix centre x taxi .VtpO t11<..A811vu<. a b c a Numbers 101-1000 eKUtO[ekat6] eKUtOVMo [ekat6n TRio] eKUtOV1tevrlvtu f. chili. IlLAO IlLAOP& IlLAOT& IlLAOV&/IlLAOUV I speak you speak he/she/it speaks we speak you speak they speak You have some trouble following the directions given by another person.. a b C d e f g h 1tOOtU KEVtpO UUtO(Kiv11to) tpit11 ywviu J. Eivm KOvtU 11AKp61toA11. £vO£ia. etc.triak6sies] tetpaKOOtul tetpaKOOtOtI tetpaKOOte<.1E J.triak6si.Et! nUJ. [1Hiak6sia. 'OXt.] [ OKtUKOOtul KtUKOOtOtI O OKtUKOOte<. [tetrak6sia.eptak6sia. etc. nou clvm to Epf.VU[ekat6n peninda ena] otuKOOtu/otUKOOtOt/otUKOOte<. continue straight on.1eJ. UAA. KQl lleT<i. a b c d e f d You're welcome! 5 You would like to attract the attention of a passer-by.1etU 1tOOta.] e1ttuKOOtulemUKOOtOtle1ttUKOOte<. clvm KOVtU. How would you ask 'Is it far?' or 'Is it close by?' Translate these directions into English: ~£~ui. etc.] 1tevtuKOOtul 1tevtuKOOtOtI 1tevtUKOOte<.

9 __ IlnpoaTa aTllV AKponoAll.11topd avteXEt Mdvouv dcrat J. EIllaaTe e __ noM f __ . teA-OC. Eyro OEV__ seO"'t'J1. Mary Mary A9l1vaioc. Mary Cl)iAoC. rUVVVWllll.iyo 1tto my<i. [ KUVE'tE [ MdvEt dJ. Ano TO Zannelo. [MtA. Select the correct form to complete the sentence. If you haven't got the recording fill the gaps using the words in the box. lleTplO. \lovo TTOvw ovteXW wpaia e[TTOTe elan: I. 'OXl.l1tOpEltE AEV 't'J1VEicrooo a1tO E&O. rlaTIOXl.. ELaTe j __ m:vrivTO (50) lleTpa ana Tllv elo060. H elo060e. lleTa O"TI"Jv AaTela KOAwvaKlou Vla evav n Kaq>e.lo! rIot> _~1l 1tA. A little extra! c:o 1'1 ::co a b ~ ~ :Ill e Mac. Ano nou va ~eKlvriooulle. [thelume na THume] [merika aksiotheata stin athina] [pos borume na pame]? [pu thelete na pate]? [mas aresi 0 Iikavitos] [i platia kolonakiu] [ke to zapio] [aM ine efkolo] [borite na pate] [pandu me ta poTHia] [ke ine kali ghimnastikij [iTHika pane sto Iikavito] [apo pu na ksekinisume]? [apo to zapio] [borite na THite to zapio] [ke na perpatisete] [mesa sto parko] [epita]? [ghrafo eTHo sto harti] [pos na pate] [prota sto zapio] [ke sto parka] [meta stin platia kolonakiu] [ya ena kafe] [isos metrio] [e]? [ke istera apo eTHo] [fHihni ston harti] [perpatate pros to Iikavito] [poli oreal! [thelis na erthis]? [yati ochi]? eeAOUlle va 60ulle lleplKa a~lo8eaTa aTllV A8riva. nou 8eAeTe va naTe. el6lKa navw aTO J\UKa~I1T6. 11nAaTela KOAwvaKlou Kal TO Zannelo. Cl)iAoC. IlnOpOUlle va nalle. cr'au'tov 'to op6J.a'tda. k __ I EmTeAOUe. AnM 6ev h __ va 6elTe Tl"JV elo060 ana e6w. rTO C __ 8a 6ehe Tl"Jvelo060. Mary A9l1vaioc.. some sights a hill in the centre of Athens (There are splendid views of Tim and Mary plan to see some interesting 1 '0 >' . Mary A9l1vaioc..1E KUVOUV 1 MEivE'tE dvat J. TO J\uKa~I1To. AUTO elvOl eUKoAo. KOl elvOl KaAri VUIlVaaTlKri. KOl UaTepa ana e6w (6elxvel aTOV xapTI"J) nepnaTaTe npoc. 'EnelTa. e f g [Ka'tEf3aiVEt Ka't6f3a Ka'tEf3aivE'tE 1 MtA.. [0 Iikavitos] ~Eot'1 .lE avteXffi 1 a Tim Asking for advice sights in Athens.a'tE A. MnopelTe va 6elTe TO Zannelo KOl va nepnaTrioeTe Ileoa aTO napKo. e. Tli __ . Mary Cl)iAoC. KOUPOa/JeVOI eiao5oC. va ep8ele.'tE<. __ myu-my<i! AevKIrtaAa/hi\W. Mary Cl)iAoC. q>Taoalle! l::.. Mary A9rJVaioc. nwe. \lnopette r'l5'1 /JOKPIO Tim Cl)iAoC. noM wpalal eeAele. apeoel 0 J\uKa~I1TOe. 9 __ noM KovTa. Vla Tllv AKponoAll elvOl nlow ana aUTa TO 6EVTpa.I&PIKeJ [merika] Ta a~lo9&aTa [ta aksiotheata] o AUKaPI1TOC.a I Tim a 7 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words. npWTO aTO Zannelo KOl aTO napKo. apecrEt va __ J36A.'Iowe. Cl)iAoC.94 ::l 0 6 Practise the different forms of Greek verbs that you have learned so far.ev I __ Tl"JV noM m __ aTllV A8riva. Mary Cl)iAoc. AAri8elai Kavel nOAU m __ ..1at KUVOUJ. Mary Cl)iAoc. EKe( b __ . -'t'J1V [ avteXOUJ.aEt MtA. nou elval 11 a __ Vla TllV AKponoAll. va naTe.lE I Cl)iAoc.11tOpOUJ. rpaq>w e6w aTO xapTI"J nwe.:! 0::l 0 c d 0 0) va OEltE [ . EIVOl d __ . Mae. Ave~elTe auni Ta oKaAonana. MnopelTe va naTe navTou Ile Ta n66la.

ol\n OpyavlolJ0C. [fsos] UOT&pa [fstera] li&ixvw [THfhno] npoe. full of expensive stores and trendy street cafes and pubs). easy everywhere especially. particularly on the top where to start? in. Much privatization has recently taken place and its future is not clear. one-manned. i excuse me ii far Greek public transport Olympic Airways (OAUIJmaKIl A&ponopia) is the national carrier with many domestic and international flights. or might not. . III At the traffic light. want to repeat! ano nou &UKoAo [efkolo] naVTou [pandu] &llilKa [iTHika] navw [pano] va ~&KIVI100UIJ&.1e ~nopouv va nave navtou ~e ta noota.the city from the top: reach it by cable car or walk up. Otherwise. Taxis (Ta~i) are usually yellow.) is being extended. Many other private carriers connect Athens with other destinations around Greece. All buses in larger cities now have a ticket-validating machine on board. perhaps later on to show to.) 11nAaT&ia [i platfa] TO KoAwvaKI [to kolomiki] square (f) High-class neighbourhood in central Athens (with the most expensive real estate. inside afterwards. (Piraeus Port Authority) runs all the routes.' Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important o Greek directions A lot of information is given via non-verbal communication .. packs of ten tickets or IJl1vlaia KapTa (monthly cards) are on sale. ii By bus.). OI:E OpyavlolJ0C. On train platforms there are also ticket-validating machines . (the Greek Interrail Organization) connects western Greece with Athens via the ITa9IJo n&Aonovvlloou (the Peloponnese railway station) and northern Greece via the Larissa railway station (ITa9IJO Aapiool1C. o en [ap6 pu na ksekinfsume]? IJtoa [mesa] tn&ITa [epita] ypacpw [ghrafo] o xapTI1e. [thelis na erthis]? 8 True or false? Mark (. i On foot. n&lpalwc. va tp9&1e. There is an extensive bus system both in the city (aoTIKI1 oUyKolvwvia) and intercity/country-rail (un&paOTIKIl oUyKolvwvia KTEI\). words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. 0 Tim protaet: 'esAet~ va speet~.IJl1xavl1lJa. 0 cpiAO~ ypacpet crtOVXapt11nro~ va nave.hands directing you straight on. self-standing booths centrally located throughout the city where single tickets. left or right. there is a conductor (&lonpaKTopac. (navw 11KaTw)! Greeks use maps less and ask questions more often than other people do. a b c d e 0 Tim Kat 11Mary eSAOUV oouv ~eplK(i a~lOeSata. compared with elsewhere in Europe and you are guaranteed a memorable experience that you might. [0 hartis] iowe. or HA&KTpIKOe. blue or white depending on the city. [pros] 9tble. Illil1PolipolJwV EAAaliac. The &KlioTllpla &IOITl1piwv (ticket booths) are small. AllJtvoe. Neither taxi nor bus journeys are expensive. The original line connects Piraeus harbour with the northern suburbs of the city. then to write map (m) maybe. grey. iii left iv right v comer vi vii viii ix x here there entrance square centre 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. One of the two new extensions will eventually reach the newly-built airport 'Eleftherios Venizelos'.f) for true or (K) for false. or Aaplooac. Piraeus harbour serves all the Greek islands. towards do you want to come? The Athens Underground (TO M&TPO Tile.) on the bus or train. va Tou~ apscret to Zamteto ~6vo. or YnoY&IOe. iv It's a good exercise! . A9l1vae. north east of Athens.

. vii Where is the . x It's very hot! c' ~ e 3 The five phrases below use the formal way of addressing people. vi I'm sorry... Can you change them into informal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script..98 ~ 1'I c· v Turn right/left. JVt 01 -~ -- In this unit you willieam how to • make travel arrangements • find out more about pUblic transport • purchase tickets and make reservations • tell the time • count from 1 000 to 10000 . ? viii I can't stand the heat! ix We are very tired.. i [elate eTH6]? EMtE EOc6! ii [minete eki]! MdVEtE EKEt! iii [stripste aristera]! I:tpi'l'tE aptcrtEp<i! iv [pigMnde efthia]! IImaivtE w9Eia! v [sinechiste Isia]! I:uvEXicrtE ima! )00 lIi '1:) o· :I 0 ::! >- 0') 0 =r ~ ~ CD 0:> :J () C CD ..-+ "D O~ -I >C ::::!.

a1
Tim

At a travel agency

Tim and Mary are planning to go on a trip outside of Athens. They ask a travel agent (tal;Eto\rotn:6~ 1tpciKtOpa~ [taksidiutik6s pniktoras] or simply 1tpciKtOpa~) about visiting Thessaloniki. npOKTopac;
[kalimera sas] [parakal6 kathfste] [ti tha thelate]? [skept6maste na pame sti thesalonfki] [kata tin THiarkia ton THiakop6n] [pos thelete na pate] [me aeroplano] [treno i leoforfo]? [aft6 fne to pr6vlima]! [THen kserume] [borfte na mas voithfsete]? [ne] [as THume pr6ta to aeroplano] [sti thesalonfki petai i olimbiakij p ap6lon] [ke i skai bas] [iparchi ptfsi kathe mera] [iparhun ptfsis] [to proij [to mesimeri] [ke to vraTHi] [p6si 6ra fne i ptfsi]? [perfpu penfnda lepta] [ke p6so kani to isitfrio]? [t6ra perfpu enenfnda evr6] [me 61es tis eterfes] [aplf metavasi m6no]? [6chi] [met'epistroffs]

Ka8eion: [kathfste] oK£mopal [skeptome] IKemopaon: va nope [skept6maste na pame] KaTo TI'IV lSlopKela
[kata tin THiarkia]

take a seat, sit down I think, I plan we are thinking of going

pOl'l8oldlpol'l8w [voithao/voith6] ac; lSoupe npliJTa
[as THume pr6ta]

I help let's see first I fly there is flight (t) there are how long is the flight? (lit. how much time is the flight?) around, about, approximately minute (n) how much is the ticket? with eve/}' airline ~it.with all the companies) airline company (t) simple (adj.) one-way, single round trip, retum vacation

npOKTopac;

npOKTopac;

neTowlneTw [petao/pet6] unopxel pparchij 1'1 mrjol'l P ptfsij unopxouv ppamun] nool'l wpa eival 1'1 mrjol'l;
[p6si 6ra fne i ptfsij? nepinou [penpu] TO Aemo [to lept6]

Tim

npOKTopac;

nooo Kovei TO elolTrjplo;
[p6so kani to isitfrio]?

Mary
npOKTopac;

Me oAec;TIC;eTalpiec;
[me 61es tis etenes]

Mary
npOKTopac; npOKTopac;
Tim

1'1 aeponoplKrj eTalpia
p aeroporikf etena]

Tim

npOKTopac;

Mary
npOKTopac;

Mary
npOKTopac;

KaATJlltpa oae;! napaKaAw KaSEiOTE. Tl Sa StAaTE; ~KEm6IlaOTE va nOllE OTTJeEooaAoviKTJ KaTO TTJv i510pKEla TWV i51aKonWv. nwe; StAETE va nOTE, IlE aEpOnAOVO, TptVO rl AEWCPOPEio; AUT6 EivOl TO np613ATJlla! liEV ~tpoUIlE. MnopEiTE va Ilae; 130TJSrlOETE; Nal, ae; i50ullE npwTO TO aEpOnAOvO. ~TTJ eEooaAoviKTJ nETOEl TJ OAUllnlaKrl, TJAnoMwv KOI TJ Sky Bus. YnoPXEl mrlOTJ KOSE Iltpa. YnoPXouv mrlOEle; TO npwi, TO IlEOTJlltPI KOI TO 13poi5u. noOTJ wpa EivOl TJmrlOTJ; nEpinou nEvrlvTa (50) AEmo. KOI nooo KOVEI TO ElOlTrlPlO; Twpa nEpinou EVEvrlvTa (90) EUpW IlE 6AEe; TIe; ETalpiEe;. AnArl IlETo13aOTJ 1l0VO; 'OX1IlET'EnlOTpOCPrle;·

anA-Oc;I-ry-o [apI6s/-f/-6] anArlpeTapaol'l [aplf memvasi] peT' emOTpocprjc;[met' epistroffs] lSlaKontc; [THiakopes]

Oit.

with retum)

A0HNA
09.30 07.51 08.32
-

~.-IlEIPAIM: A0HNA OINOH AEBMEIA

0EIIAI\ONIKH
.13.46 16.48 23.16 18.27 20.29 21.47 17.46 13.47 16.45 18.47 20.46 10.46 09.08 12.09 15.10 17.08 08.08 11.06 14.05 16.04 07.30 10.29 13.29 19.09 18.05 17.01 13.16 16.18 19.17 21.19

12.30 17.00

07.00 10.03 13.01

09.31 12.32 15.29 11.12 14.11 17.09 12.12 15.12 18.11 12.48 18.48 13.16 16.19 19.17

19.31 21.07 22.10 22.45 23.14 •

AIANOKAAM AAPfl:A KATEPINH IlAATY 0~ONIKH

~

07.02 10.01 13.00 15.00

1]2
Tim

By train?
[enenfnda evro] [fne Ifgho akriva] [kserete ta THromoloya tu ose]? [ochi] [ya ta THromoloya tu ose] [prepi na pate] [sta ghraffa tu ose] [polf konda apo eTHo] [pu fne ta ghraffa tu ose]? [parte tin panepistimfu] [efthfa kato] [to THeftero steno fne i sfna] [strfpste THeksia] [ke fne sta penfnda metra] [THeksia sas] [se Ifgho] ... [sighnomi] [pote echi treno ya ti thesalonfki] [parakalo]? [miso lepto na THo] [echi stis THfo ke fkosi] [ke kani trianda evro] [aplf metavasi] [THefteri thesi] [thelete na kanete kratisi]? [THen kserume akoma] [mu THfnete ena proghrama] [me ta THromoloya ya thesalonfki]? [parte ena apo apenandi] [efharistume] EVtvi}vTa (90) eupw tivQl Aiyo aKpll3o. =tptTt Ta 5polloMYIa TOUOI:E; ·OXI.ria Ta 5pOlloAoYIa TOUOI:E nptntl va nOTt OTaypacptia TOUOI:E, noM KOVTO ana t5w. nou tivQl Ta ypacptia TOUOI:E; nOpTt TllV naVtmOTlllliou tu9tia KOToo. To 5tUTtpO OTtvo tival II I:iva. I:TphjJTt 5t~IO Kal tivQl OTantvi}vTa (50) IltTpa 5t~IO oae;. I:t Aiyo ... I:UyyVWllll, nOTt tXtl TptvO yla Tll 6tooaAOviKll napaKaAw; Mloo Atmo va 500. 'EXtl OTIe; o Kal tiKOOI (2.20) M Kal KOvtl TPIOVTQ (30) eupw anAi} IltTo13aOll 5tuTtPll 9tOll. 6tAtTt va KOVtTt KPOTllOll; f::,.tV~tpoUllt aKolla. Mou 5ivtTt tva npoypalllla Ilt Ta 5polloAoyia yla 6tooaAoviKll; nOpTt tva ana antvaVTI. EuXaplOTOullt.

Ninety euros sounds expensive so they look into taking the train.

TO

npaKTopac;

Mary
npaKTopac;

aKplj3a [akriva] ~polJoAoYlo [to THromoloyo] nptn&1 va naT& [prepi na pate] TO ypacp&io [to ghraffo] KaV&1 [kani] I'Jatol'J [i thesi] I'JKpaTI'JOI'J[i kratisi] napT& &va ana antvavTI [parte ena apo apenandi]

expensive timetable (n) you have to go office (n) costs (here) class (f) reservation (f) get one from across (the room)

o •••••

a3
Tim

By bus perhaps?

Tim and Mary are still checking their options so they go to the K TEA: travelling by bus is still the most inexpensive way around and the Bus Port Authority is full of people, noises and hubbub. [pu fne] [to ghraffo pliroforion] [parakalo]? n&paCJTIKOC; [mesa s'afto to ktfno] Tim [efhansto] [se Ifgho] ...
Tim

YnaAAI'JAoc;
Tim

YnaAAI'JAoc;

Mary
npaKTopac;

YnaAAI'JAoc;
Tim

YnaAAI'JAoc;

Mary
YnaAAI'JAoc;
Tim

Mary
YnaAAI'JAoc;
Tim

[yasas] [kathe pate iparchi leoforfo ya ti thesalonfki]? [miso lepto na THo] [iparchi ena pu fevghi] [se misf ora] ~partlun thesis akoma] [p6sa isitfna thelete]? [sighn6mi ala THe fevghume sfmera] [p6si ora kani to taksfTHi]? [kani pendemisi me eksi ores] [thelete na kratfsete thesis]? [p6so kani to isitfno] [me epistrofij? [to aplo fne] [[kosi evro] [ke me epistroff trianda evr6] [p6te prepi na klfsume thesis]? [mia mera prin] [efharistUme polij [efharistume] [tfpota]!

nOU tiVQl TOvpacptio nAllPOCPOPlwv napaKaAw; n&paCJTIKOC; Mtoa o'aUTo TOKTipIO. Tim EuxaplOTW. I:t Aivo ... rtla oae;. Ko9t nOTt unOPXtl Atoocpoptio Via T'l 6tooaAoviKll;

YnaAAI'JAoc;
Tim

Tim YnaAAI1Aoc; Mary YnaAAI1Aoc;

o ••••••

Tim
Mary YnaAAI1Aoc;

MlOO A&mO va Z>w. YmlPX&l eva nou CP&UY&l0& Illcnl wpa ('h). YnoPXouv eeO&l~ aKolla. nooa &lolTiJpla eeA&T&; Luyyvwllll aMo Z>&CP&uyOUIl& cnlll&pa. noOll wpa KOV&l TO TOf;iZ>l; KOV&l n&VTelllOll (5'12) Il& ef;l (6) WP&~. 8eA&T& va KpaTiJO&T& eeO&l~; nooo KOV&l TO &lOlTtlPlO Il& &mOTpocptl; To anM &iVOl &iKOOl (20) eupw KOI Il& &mOTpocptl TplovTa (30) &Upw. nOTe npen&l va KA&ioOUIl& eeO&l~; Mla Ilepa nplv. EuxaplOTOUIl& noAu. EuxaplOTOUIl&· TinoTa!

OtKOVOlltKtlStall 'tPi'tll Stall / Ka'tuo't pcolla Ilni1; VE~KAa~

economy class deck class business class

BEO'T)can also mean position, post, place or thesis. Most languages have words with more than one meaning. Compare the word match in the following contexts: He went to a football match. He met his match in his wife. This blouse is a good match for your skirt! Other examples from this unit are ftUaCO-ftE'tro meaning fly and throw; AEft'tOmeaning minute and thin. You will find more examples in later units, so make a note of the exact meaning in context.

o ••••••

11nAI1Pocpopia [i pliroforfa] ypacp&io nAI1PocpoplWY [ghraffo pliroforion] TO KTiplO [to ktfrio] Ka9& n6T&; [k8the pOte] CP&uyw [favgho] 0& ~.IIo~wpa [se misf ora] 119tol1 [i thasij nOOl1 Wpa KaY&I; [p6si ora kanij? TO anA6 [to aplo] ~& &mOTpocp~ [me epistrofij nplY [prin] TinoTa [tfpota]

information (f) information desk building (n) how often Qit.eve/)' when)? I leave in half an hour seat(f) how long does it take? one-way (n) retum, round-trip in advance (lit. before) not at all, don't mention it! (lit. nothing)

Not at all!
You have already learned the words and phrases to thank or apologize to someone (see page 38). Here's a reminder in case you've forgotten some. EuXapto'tO) EuXapto'to) nOAD XiAta EUXapto'tO) thank you thanks a lot many thanks (lit. a thousand thanks)

Two possible replies you might hear are: ITapaKaAo) Tino'ta! You're welcome! Not at all! Don't mention it!

Language notes
...second class
You have met two meanings for the word 9EO'T): lass in Dialogue 2, c and seat in Dialogue 3. Below are the different classes available when travelling by boat or aeroplane. npO)'tll Stall 5ED'tEPll Stall 'tPi'tll Stall 'touptonKtl Stall first class second class third class tourist class

XiAUXO'vyyvroJ1T)iterally meaning 'one thousand apologies' is used l when somebody has made a serious mistake - along the lines of I am terribly sorry or I am so sorry. Simply O'vyyvroJ1T) r J1EO'VyxCOpd'tE o can be used for 'sorry' or 'excuse me'.

Round trip
When you buy a ticket ('to E10'1't1\pl0)you will have to specify UftAO (one-way) or J1EE1t1O''tpOcp1\ two-way (return). You might also hear: 1l0VO1tTlyat E(lit. just going) V anAtl IlE'tuJ3aOll (lit. single transfer) llE'tu EmO't~ / IlE't'EmO't~ / IlE EmO't~ (lit. with return).

/ ll'EmO't~

(lit. tEO'O'Epte.00 ooooeKa 'to ~paou 6 o'clock 10 o'clock 12 o'clock 12 o'clock exactly (sharp) exactly (sharp) noon midnight o •••••• Grammar 1 More about word order Pay attention to the position of words like 'us'. AU'toi Jlae. ~o11erjcrEt.five).00 ooooEKa 'to J. autOC. These are another form of personal pronouns.) Llev 1. digital watches and timetables use numbers If you want to be specific about the time.24 J. use O't11Jlla (at one).lou 1tEl'tE 't11v oopa. nEVtE and so on (at two.they come before the second verb in Greek but after the second verb in English.lecr11J..four. va M1topoo va O'ae. three.lEpt 12. aUToUc.lE. I help you. Ma~ ~o11eoUv 1toM. We can help them. aun. Eyro crE ~o11eoo.00 oEKa 11oopa aKpt~oo~ 12. 'me'. M1t0POUJ. When it is on the dot of the hour.lia Kat dKOcrt 'tEcrcrEpa 1. 'them' . them If) them (n) Ta Look at the following examples: M1topoo va O'E~o11erjcrffi. I help you. them (m+~ TIC. tpEte. (exactly). They (and nobody else) help us a lot. 1-59: 1. aUTEc. ninE (5). you use aKptlJroe.00 E~t 11oopa aKpt~OO~ 10. I can help you.lia Kat crapav'ta OK'too Use Kat (past) for 1-30 minutes past the hour and napc1 (to) for 31-59 minutes past the hour.Telling the time Telling the time in Greek is not difficult. va Do not confuse them with words like Eyro (I). (he) and so on. Have a look back at Unit 4 to revise the numbers. ~011eOUV1toM.()60. M1topd va Jlae. and O''tle. EiKom (20) and dKOO't ninE (25) are the most frequently used numbers when telling the time. aUTO I you he o •••••• ~ 12 Ilia Kal nevn: t5Uo napa TeTapTo t5Uo napa eiKOOl t5Uo napa eiKOOl neVTe ~ she 5 Ilia KQl eiKOOl Ilia KQl eiKoOl neVTe it Ile ae TOV TllV TO me you him (m) herlf) it (m) elleic. 'EXE'tE oopa. Can I help you? (pI. SEpE'tE 'tt oopa dvat. but remember. You cannot help me. ()iKa (10).. aUTO.l1tOPEl'tE JlE ~o11erjcre'te. M1topd'tE va J. ~o11erjcrffi. you TOUC.lE tO~ ~o11erjcroUJ. Compare the two forms below: eyw eOli aUTOc. E0'6 (you). He can help us. eaeic.48 J. but note that Kat is the only word used when telling the time from a digital watch or clock. I and nobody else!) They help us a lot.look back at Unit 2 to remind yourself. These are subject personal pronouns . Look at this diagram: t5Uo napa nevn: t5Uo napa atKa Ilia KQl TeTapTo 6. us aac. we you they they they Ilac. Ilia KQl IlloiJ Other important words used in telling the time are: Kat 'tE'tap'to quarter past 1tapa 'tE'tap'tO quarter to Kat Iltcrrj half past AE1t'to/AE1t'ta minute/minutes Tt oopa dvat. ~E ~o11eoo. oopa/oopE~ hour/hours vffipi~ early apya late What time is it? Do you have the time? Can you tell me the time? . + fm.

words like <rV'Y'YVcOJi11 (excuse me) or ta~EiOt (trip) could also be spelt <rvyvcOJi11only one y).2 Greek spelling As the Greek language has undergone major shifts in the last 25 years. a across from. to. (Emmanuel). in. Some examples: Eillat cr't11(cre + 't11) 0&crcraAoviK11· TIciro cr't110ecrcraAoviK11. Ecrel~ ano nOD eicr'te. Eillat ano 't11 0ecrcraAoviK11. in and so on are called prepositions. I live in Thessaloniki. Other examples are &tatpEia or &tat pia (company). Next to school. native speakers also have trouble with spelling sometimes. When <r&is followed by the definite article (words like to. There are four 'simple' prepositions: a b c d ano yta I. MavcOA11C.U:: en: Compound prepositions include: a1tEVav'tt (ano) ll1tpocrtci ano Oi1tAa cre (e)ncivro anO/cre Kci'tro cr& IlEcra cre E~ro ano from. A ticket for Thessaloniki. down to. aMci'tcOpa JlEvOUJl& cr'tllVA9t1va. by at. Ai1tAa cr'to (cre + to) crXOAelO. TIOD eivat 'to rpacpeio TIA11POCPOptcOV. TIo'te npEnet va KAeicroUIl&9Ecret~. In this unit. Greek prepositions can be characterized as 'simple' (one word) or 'compound' (two words). Luvtl9ro~ &n'tci cOpe~. Kcige IlEpa vOlli1. 'ta. e f g . EiJlUme a1to'to Aovoivo.ro. 'E~t IlEP&~ nptv. The Acropolis is across from here. TIO<J11 cOpa eivat 11n'ttlcr11. Moo JlOOacr'tll 0ecrcraAovlKll· H AKp01tOA11elVat anEvav'tt a1to eocO. on. r MavoA11C. a b EEpe'te nO<J11cOpa Kcivet 'to 'tPEVO. under inside outside b c d i ii iii iv Kcige nO'te u1tciPxet 'tPEVO. D4 1001 1002 2000 2001 3000 4000 Numbers 1001-1‫סס‬OO xiAta Eva [chtna ena] xiAta (1)0 [chtlia THio] (1)0 XtAtcioe~ [Tllio chilhides] ODOXtAtcioe~ Eva tpet~ XtAtcioe~ 'tEcrcrept~ XtAtcioe~ 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 nEVte XtAtcio&~ E~t XtAtcioe~ entci XtAtcioe~ OK'tcO XtAtcioe~ evvea XtAtcioe~ atKa XtAtcioe~ o ••••••• Practice 1 You are at a travel agency and would like some details about a journey you plan to make. nita or nitta (pitta bread). 't11V) it is reduced to <r. JiaKpuJ. to e f g 2 Is there a flight every day? How long is the flight? How much is the flight? Is it one way or round trip? Can I make a reservation now? Can I have a timetable? How often? How long? How much? Match each question with the most appropriate answer. These are correct spellings. Don't worry about this. Ano nOD eicr'te. A! npaia! Eillat nOAD KoupacrIlEvo~. ADO cOpe~ aKptf3cO~. there is confusion about some spellings and sometimes more than one spelling is used. or JiaKpVU (far). 3 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue. at. EKei nEpa! Ae f3Atnet~. MnopcO va KOtll119cO (sleep). How would you ask: 0 ••••••• 3 Prepositions Words such as on.and the two are written as one word. Nat Ilnopehe! KaM 'ta~eiot! c d I am going to Thessaloniki. or ta~iot (only t instead ( of &t). by for with. and tPtvo or tpaivo o (train). 'Eva etcrt'ttlpto yta t11 0ecrcraAovi K11. opposite in front of next to over/on to down by. aAAci nciro cr't11VA9tlva.

.52 k 4.l'laAAQ 5ev f __ crr.nOO'l wpa KQV&I O9 __ T . o ~ 5 40€... c Second class. unapXel nAl1POq>OPIWV Ta~i~1 enI01'POq>i'\ l'(nol'a q>euyel eeoel~ npLV nOTe YOUR TARGET: 5 words .wpa (Y2)....12 n 1. Mloo Aemo va d __ . Tim YnaAAI'IAoc.. KQV&InevTtl.. LUyyVWI.. Tim EuxaplOTw. nOU elvQI TOvpacpelo a __ Tim nepaOTIKoc.. rela oa<.good 15 words .lepa. nooo KQVelTOelolTr'JPloI.. and repeat. You KaA'll.lf.. how many words can you make? Check that you know what all the words mean! Here's an example to start you off: nOTE. e __ napaKaAw. MIa I.le i__ 30 eupw. You npaKTopac.ltpa oa<.45 f g h j 1. KaTaOTpWl. f What! 18 hours! I can 't stand four hours on a boat! Match the list on the left with the list on the right. YnaAAI'IAoc..lE c d e f g h j 6 1tOAUyAffi't'tO KtV'tpO i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x probkm thesis tourist me polyglot centre hour programme tuna tomato Using the central letter and at least one other. To arno elval20 eupw Kall.lU 'touptonKtl f.la.. I.excellent! a 8 What time is it? Say the following times in Greek. You npaKTopac.l. If you have the recording.30 5. (Via T'l PMo) Me TO Kapal3l r.l&oM.average 10 words .15 9..43 . a b ffipu 1tp6ypuf.ltpa k __ EuxapiOTOUI. npaKTopac.25 6.00 7. Le AlVo . Ynapxel tva nou e __ 0& I. You npaKTopac..etAeT& va KpaTr'JoeTe __ h .nooa elOlTr'JplaStAeTe. KaSe nOTe c __ Aewcpopelo Via T'l eeooaAovlK'l.00 7..leStoel<..30 2. You npaKTopac. TOaepornavo.! TI StAen: napaKaAw. If you don't have the recording.llO'l (5Y2) I... e How long does it take? ~eKaoKTw wpe<.50 3.let~1 (6) wpe<.. n Tim EuxaplOTOUl. b How much is it by boat? TI stOll StAeTe. j __ nptnel va KAelooul. You npaKTopac.30 0 1.lei__ . Mary ! YnaAAI'IAoc..le.4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics.23 I 9. d And the round trip? 70€. a b c d e 8. Ynapxouv etoel<..la. listen to them a couple of times. 5eUTep'l StOll Kal 60€.l0VO nriVQlve. Mary ..l<i'tu 9toTj 1tp6f3ATjf. b o'aUTOTOKTlpIO.very good I ~w IJEoa q>euyoulle and more than 20 words .35 4. a I'd like two tickets for Rhodes.49 m 7. aK0l.llcrr. try to fill in the gaps from the words provided below... a 7 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words.lu 't6vo~ v'tOf.

rl~ [taksitzisD. Tl O<pElAW. 'Exouv 1tOAU KatPO va 1taVEO'tOaEpOOpOJ.a In the taxi Ta~IT~~C.llO. . OPIOTE owoEKa EUpW.10). vela oa~.IlEpa. nou naTE. LE AIYo ... Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: A little extra! A passenger (E1tt~atTJ~[epivatisD travelling to the airport is having a conversation with a taxi driver (ta~ttt. LTl~ OKTWKal otKa (8. nLOTEUW! Tl wpa EIVQl 11mt. It's quarter to two.. Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Em l3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: [ttasame] [miso lepto na sas THoso] [tis aposkeves sas] [efharisto] [ti ofllo]? [endeka evro akrivos] [oriste THoTHeka evro] [kratiste ta resta] [efharisto] [ke kalo taksiTHi] [efharisto] [yasas] nOU nan: KUplE. i ii iii iv v There's time! vi Keep the change! vii I always get it mixed up.. i about vi seat ii flight vii airport iii office viii traffic iv information ix luggage v building x change 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. navTa Ta IlnEpOEUW! naw 0TTl Pooo. Many thanks! You're welcome! owow Tl~ anooKEuE~ oa~.OTE Ta pEOTa. Eml3clTl'JC.OTJ oa~. Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. [pu pate kirie]? [sto aeroTHromio parakalo] [pu pate]? [panda ta berTHElVo]! [pao sti roTHo] [pistevo]! [ti ora ine i ptisi sas]? [stis okto ke THeka] [a] [ehume ora] [THen echi kinisi simera] [se Iigho] . the suitcases I owe keep the change don't need to time) (f) your) o ••••••• o ••••••• 9 True or false? Mark a b c d e ("I) for true and (K) for false. 'EvTEKa EUpW aKpll3w~. IIavE O'tOOU't1KO aEpOOpOJ. LTO aEpoopolllO napaKaAw. E 0 E1tt~atTJ~OCPElAEt 13€. Eml3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~C: Em l3aTI'JC: Ta~IT~~C: Eml3aTI'JC: EuxaplOTw. KpaTt. 0 E1tt~atTJ~1tEtaEt O'tTJPooo. EuxaplOTw KQl KaAO Ta~EIOI. viii Where are you going? ix What time is it? x It's one o'clock. A! EXOUIlE wpa! l1EV EXEl K1V11OTJ at. H 1ttrlO'TJ lVat 0''t1~OKto)Kat tEtapto. we have traffic (f) luggage/suitcase your luggage (lit.llO. It's half past one. EuxaplOTw. Cl>TaoaIlE! Mloo AEmo va oa~ o Ta~IT~~C:[0 taksitzis] o &ml3aTI'JC:[0 epivatis] TO a&pol5p6~IO [to aeroTHromio] ~n&pl5&uw [berTHevo o Kalp6c: [0 keros] ixou~& Kalp6 [ehume kero] I'JKivl'Jol'J [i kinisi] I'JanOOK&U~ [i aposkevij TIC:anooK&uic: oac: [tis aposkeves sas] ocp&iAw [ofllo] KpaT~OT& Ta pima [kratiste ta resta] taxi/cab driver passenger (m) airport (n) I mix up/confuse time/weather (m) there's time / we rush (lit.

[borite .. K [parte to] ITap"tE "to. ~tPE"tE. i ii lli iv v [parakal6 kathiste] ITUpUKUA-IDu8dcr"tE.. o ••••••• In this unit you will learn how to • enquire about rooms • make hotel reservations • check-in or check-out • explain a problem with your room . Can you change them into informal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script. kserete]? Mnopd"tE ...3 The five phrases below use the formal way of addressing people. [thelete isitiria]? etA-E"tE Etcrmlpta. [pu pate]? ITODna"tE.

[elate na sas paolo [0 grum] [tha sas voithisi] [me tis valitses] .. line poli pyo oreal [ke pyo isiho] [nomizo] loti afto me ti thea] [tha ine kalitero ya mena] [simbliroste afti tin kMa paramonis] [ke ipoghrapste eTHo parakal6] [oriste]! [to THomatio sas ine to eksakosia ikosiTHio] [ston ekto orofo].from here) car (n) suitcase (f) here it is! (also va TO!) I don't like Ot)! better larger more quiet I take I will take it local person (m) tourist (m) [ne] [se Iigho] . -Il. [episis ahume alo ana] [pu via pi stin esoteriki avli tu ksenoTHochiu]..0 dopios] [ o ToupiOTac. -0] naipvw [perno] 8a TOnapw [tha to parol o VTOnlOC. TO etXeTe. eo TO nopoo. [psahnete ya THomatia]? [ne ehete THomatia]? [eho ana THomatio] [ya enikiasi] [ya poses meres to thalete]? [ya tris meres] [boro na THo to THomatio]? [vavea] [elate ap'eTHo] [THen ine makria] [aho aftokinito] [afti ine i valitsa sas]? \lJaxvw [psahno] TO i5w~aTlo [to THomatio] Il £volKiaoll [i enikiasi] Via £volKiaOIl [ya enikiasi] an'£i5w! [ap'eTHo]! TO aUTOKivIlTO![to aftokinito] Il paAiToa [i valitsa] vaTO! [nato]! i5£ ~ou apto£l! [THe mu aresi]! KaAuT£poc. [kalimera sas] [parakalo]? [kalimera sas] [ehete THomatia]? [veveos] [thelete monoklino i THiklino]? [ena THiklino] [ya simera to vraTHi mono] [me farTHi krevati] [an ehete] [malista] [mise lepto parakalo] [ehume ena pu vlepi ston kendriko THromo] [achi thea] [ala echi lighi fasaria]. nlO ToupiOTac. NTOnlOc. ToupiOTac. -0 [isihos. Nol.un.. 'EXoo OUTOKivTlTO. Il. ToupiOTpla Yn. Here is a typical conversation in this situation. Y1tllAA:IlA~ l>1tO~Xl1<. NTOnlOc. -I. Nol. Ie Aiyo . Mnopw vo 600 TO 6ooIlOTlO. ToupiOTac.ev eivQl 1l0KpUO. ToupiOTpla Yn.) or PEaE'I'10vla'tu<. NTOnlOc. NTOnlOc.un. NTOnlOc. [oriste] [nato] [ochi] [THe mu aresi] [ahete kati kalitero ke meghalitero]? [aho alo ana] line pyo isiho] [ala pyo akrivo] [na to THo]? [a] [malista] [afto ine endaksi] [tha to parol llJoxveTE: YlO 6ooIlOTlO. a2 At the hotel reception desk A tourist is asking about room availability at the reception desk of a local hotel.un. EAaTe on'e6w! f:. [Resepsionistas] are the words for receptionist. ToupiOTpla Yn. -I. Yn. NTOnlOc.. -Il. -0] lJ£vaAuT£p0C. EivQl mo nouxo oAXo TllO OKpl130. OpiaTe! NOTo! 'OXl.. I'm looking for room (n) rent (f) for rent this way! ~it. ToupiOTac. Iltpee. Bt130l0. rlO Tpele. Iltpee. ToupiOTac..Aun.. NTOnlOc. NTOnlOc. [UpaIilos upothochis] (Y1t. 'ExeTE: 6ooIlOTlO. 6e 1l0U optoel! 'EXeTE: KOTl KaAUTepO KOl lleYaAUTe po.l>1t. ToupiOTac.un. ToupiOTac. ToupiOTac. eivQl Tl 130XiTOOOOe. No TO 600. NTOnlOc. -0 -I.. ToupiOTpla Yn. 'Exoo oAXo tvo. 'Exoo tvo 6oollOTlO YlO evolKioOll· no nooee. -0] [pyo] ~OUxOC.un.a1 Do you have any rooms? Tim and Mary are surprised that there are so many tourists and that so few of them book accommodation in advance.. -0 [kaliteros. A! MQAlaTO! AUTo eivQl eVTO~el. [0 turistas] [meghaliteros. NTOnlOc.

.M0 Eva TlOU I3MTlel OTTJV eoooTeplK!i auM TOU ~ev060xe[ou.AlOTa. -la. EIllaOTe TloM KoupaollEvOl. OUyyvwIlTJ. Exel eEa aMo. KaATJIlEpa oae. I3ve[Te aTlO TO aoavoEp 6e~lo.. unolioX. eEAeTe Vla va Exel eEa !i TJouXla.Vel Kpo.. Tim P&CJ&IjIloviOTae. 'ExeTe Ko.. Bel3a[wc. inside courtyard (f) fill out registration card sign on the sixth floor Mary P&CJ&IjIloviOTae. Exel AlYTJq>aoap[a.TlO Ile TJoux[a. OpIOTe. TTJ 6leUeUVOTJ oae. Tim and Mary have made a reservation with a hotel in the centre of Thessaloniki. KOl KaA!i 6lallov!i' EuxaplOToulle. EuxapIOTooe. -I.oo OTl aUTO Ile TTJeEa ea e[vOl KaMTepo Vla ellEva.. -0] I') auM [i avlij CJUlJnAI')PWOT& [simblir6ste] I') KapTa napalJOvl1e. TlOU e[vOl TO aoavoEp.Tl av ExeTe.TOU 6la6pollou.pm Tlapallov!ie. Mo..TlO oae. 'Exen: 6oollo. l3aAIToee.. NOIlll. They have just arrived at the hotel. e[vOl TO 622 OTOV EKTO opoq>o. A.... aw n [elate na sas pao] o YKPOUIJ [0 grum] I') ToupiOTpla [i turistria] 011') single room double room wide facing (lit. rpo..0 VKpoull ea oae.un. ToupiOTpla Yn.lVTee6w TlapaKaAw. ToupiOTpla ToupiOTpla Yn. Tlo. (Yn. I') P&CJ&IIJlOV resepsion] [i unaAAI')Aoe. Op[OTe! To 6oollo. [esoterikos. Tim P&CJ&IjIloviOTae. MTlopw va EXooEva OTuA6. ea TlPOTlIlOUOalle Eva 6oollo. TJIlEpee. 130TJe!ioel Ile Tle. -u [tarTHis. Kal UTlOVpo.un. KaATJIlEpa oae.un. 'Eva 6[KAlVO Vla olillepa TO I3pMu Ilovo. aMo. OTOTEAOe. EAaTe va oae. eEAeTe 1l0VOKAlVO!i 6[KAlVO..TTJOTJ TEooeple. e[vOl TloM mo oopa[o KOl mo !iouxo. MlOO Aemo TlapaKaAw. OplOTe TO KAel61 oae. napaKaAW..TlO oae.TTJOTJ Eva 6IKAlVO. . napaKaAw IlTlOpe[Te va OUIlTlATJpwOne TTJV Ko. a3 Tim I have made a reservation [kalimera sas] [onomazome Tim Johnson] [ke eho kani kratisi] [ya teseris meres] [kalos orisate kirie Johnson] [parakaI6] [borite na simblirosete] [tin karta paramonis]? [ghrapste t'onoma sas] [ti THiefthinsi sas] [ke ton arithmo THiavatiriu] [etharistos] [boro na eho ena stilo]? [oriste] [se ligho] .~OIlOl Tim Johnson Kal EXooKo...Vel Kpo. oploaTe Kuple Johnson.un) [o/i ipalilos ipoTHochis] 1J0voKAIvo [mon6klino] liiKAlvo [THiklino] cpapliue.oo. KOl TOV aplellO 6lal3aTTJPlou. e[vOl TO 325 OTOV 30 (TpITO) opoq>o. P&CJ&IjIloviOTae.lVTe T'OVOllo. that faces/sees) inner. I:e AlVO . -ij nou pAin&1 [pu vlepi] &CJWT&pIKOe..e.. Me q>apM Kpel3o. Vla KaAWe. -0 -. /'11 take you there (lit..Tla. Exoulle 6.Yn. /'11 go you there) porter tourist (f) Mary P&CJ&IjIloviOTae. 'Exoulle Eva TlOU I3MTlel OTOV KevTplKo 6p01l0. MOAle. -ia. OVOllo. [ehete kani kratisi] [ya ena THiklino] [thelete na echi thea] [i isichia]? [imaste poli kurazmeni] [tha protimusame ena THomatio] [me isichia] [okei] [to THomatio sas ine] [to triak6sia ikosi pende] [ston trito oroto] [molis vghite apo to asanser] [THeksia] [oriste to kliTHi sas] [ke kali THiamonij [etharistume] [ala pu ine to asanser]? [a sighn6mi] [sto telos tu THiaTHromu] KaATJIlEpa oae. P karta paramonis] unoypaljlT& [ipoghrapste] OTOV &KTOopocpo [ston ekto oroto] EAaT& va CJae. OK! To 6oollo.pTa Tlapallov!ie. ETl[OTJe.. oae. I:uIlTlATJPwOTe aUT!i TTJV Ko.

[kano duz] J. Mary PeoelllloviOTac. OpiOaTe! [kal6s orisate] ypallln [ghrapste] '1 lileu8uvo'1 [i THiefthinsi] o apl8J. KoupTiva Ka Johnson. she hangs up (the phone) (lit. M'lv aTEvaxwpleaTE KaSoAoul Ta VEpO <pEuyouv a'eva AEmo.. ).le [tha protimusame] J. Xwpic.. NOll NOl. Mary PeoelllloviOTac. -0] Deinl TO T'1A&cpWVO [kllni to tilefono] TO T'1A&cpllJVO tilefono] [to hello (on the phone) bathroom / tub (n) curtain (f) shower(n) but .lnavlo [to banio] '1 KoupTiva [i kurtina] TO VTOUc..lal [stenahorieme] OTeyvwvw [steghn6no] YPl\yopa [ghrighora] YPl\yopa-YPl\yopa [ghrighora-ghrighora] anopp'1J..my name is '1 KpaT'10'1 [i kratisi] &XW KaVel KpaT'10'1 [eho kani kratisi] KaAwc. none of the bathrooms has a curtain take a shower but the water? How about the water? (lit. -'1.[to duz] J.lOUOaJ. Xwpic. To Ilnovlo iSEVeXEI KoupTiva ... I am called/named) reservation (f) I have made a reservation welcome! write down address (f) number(m) passport (n) pen (m) gladly we would like/prefer just as you come out / step out of the lift key (n) (have) a good stay! at the end of the corridor end (n) corridor (m) receptionist (m) PeoellllovioTac. -i..1&vOc..lou [sto telos tu THiaTHr6mu] TO T&Aoc. Mary PeoelllloviOTac. [to telos] o lilalipoJ. Listen and read the following interesting exchange (more cultural than linguistic . PeoelllloviOTac.. [0 resepsionistas] (lit. val! [ne] TO J. Mary PeoelllloviOTac. [0 THiaTHromos] o peoelllloviOTac.lovl\1 [kall THiamonij! OTO T&Aoc. KoupTiva. especially in summer. [efharistos] 8a npOTIJ.I'1OTeVaXWpl&OTe Ka8oAou! [mi stenahorieste kath6lu] OTeVaXWpl&J. To Ilnovlo OTEyvwvEI yptlyopa-yptlyopa! E??? (AnoPP'llleV'l KAEiVEI TO T'lAe<pwvo).laTa npa.lnavlo liev &xel KoupTiva [ma kanena banio THen echi kurtina] Kavw VTOUc... KOl nu>c. EillOl '1 Mary Johnson an6 TO iSWIlOTIO325. -0 [aporimenos.. Mary PeoelllloviOTac. [ke pos tha kano duz]? [horis kurtina] [kiria Johnson] [horis kurtina] [ma ta nera]? [min stenahorieste kath6lu] [ta nera fevghun] [s'ena lept6] [to banio steghn6ni] [ghrighoraghrighora] [e] [aporimeni kllni to tilefono] PeoelllloviOTac.la ••• Kav&va J.lOAlc. [ma ta nera] TO npo [to ner6] J. the waters) water (n) don't worry at all! I worry I dry up fast extremely fast a4 Oops! The shower curtain is missing! Mary has called reception to complain about there being no shower curtain.Sa KOVWVTOUc. yein ana TO aaavotp p [m6lis vghite ap6 to asanser] TO Dellii [to kliTHij KaAI\ lilaJ. TOU lilalipoJ.. Early reservation (Kpcl'tTJatJ) and confIrmation (E1tlJJt~aiCOOTJ) are essential. Kaveva Ilnovlo iSEVeXEI KoupTiva . Ma .1oc.. she closes the phone) telephone (n) Language notes Different accommodation All kinds of accommodation are available in Greece.. [kanena banio THen echi kurtina] . Ma TO VEpO. Mary [ne] [ne] [ime i Mary Johnson] [ape to THo~at~o] [triak6sia ikosi pende] [to banio THen echl kurtina] . [0 arithm6s] TO lilapaTilPIO [to THiavatirio] o OTuAoc... [0 stil6s] eUxapiOTWC.loc.. . [mal .

Do you have.na (furnished rooms). clean and safe accommodation. to tcroyeto 'to T\fltU1toyeto to u1toyeto MEVW crtOV tEtUptO (4") opocpo. oeutf:po<.l6VaT~&p [o/i manatzer] 0/1"1 a&PI3ITopoC. it can be confusing as the 'ground floor' can be considered the 'fIrst floor'. though.) opocpo<. 5WIlOTlol-a flOv6KAIVO 5iKAIVO TpiKAIVO TeTpOKAIVO roorn/s one bed two beds three beds four beds Kpe~~oTl/-a llov6 51TlM bed/s single double wide cpapM So. 1tproto<. Many pastry shops have a mezzanine.laTiou [to servis THomatiu] o TI"IA&cpWVI"ITllC. or XEN (YWCA for women only). (2°<. .lnaAKOVI [to balk6ni] 1"1 aouiTa [i suita] 1"1 TouaAtTa [i tualeta] npwlvo KOvTlvtVTaA [proin6 kondinendal] npwlvo aJ.lnap [to bar] maid (1) manager (m + 1) waiter (m + 1) (lit. MO't&A (motels) are located along main motorways on the mainland. but it's a good idea to check out the place before deciding to stay. EnUtAcop&va otapt:piapa'ta (furnished apartments) and MncJ.lnap [to mini-bar] o J. [0 bufes] TO &P-KOVTiaIOV [to er-kondision] lobby (n) balcony (n) suite (1) toilet (1) continental breakfast telephone operator (m) telephone (n) mini-bar (n) buffet (m) air-conditioning tpi'to<. To OtUflEptcrflu floU eivUl mo u1toyeto. to 1tUtUpt/o T\fltOPOCPO<. or the XAN (YMCA for men only).good value. Students could try the :E:&v6va~N&6't11'ta~ (youth hostel for men and women).na (rooms to let). EVU flOVO oWfluno EVU Ot1tAO oWfluno Mo ot1tM oWflunu l'dlike .. . Sometimes. you could ask: 'Exete eu rjgeAu .lnoucptc. ? a single room a double room two double rooms You can also ask for: 1"1 KaJ.X&io(hotels) are listed in six categories from A to E by the Greek government according to the level of comfort offered.ltplKav [proin6 amerikan] TO atpl3lC:. IIavoox&io (inns) and IIavm6v (boarding houses) are both types of 'bed and breakfast' .. AOO~ Using the lift It is usually easy to work out the different floors when using a lift. My jlat is in the basement! cellar.all offer an inexpensive stay in Greece. (1"<. . ~wJ. In small towns and villages you will see signs saying EVOlKtcJ. fl1tUAKOVt 9EU tOUUAEtU with with with with with a a a a a bath shower balcony view toilet . . EnUtAcop&va OropcJ.~ov'tat OropcJ. [o/i servit6ros] TO aaavatp [to asanser] 1"1 J. (3°<. This is the groundjloor.) opocpo<.lapltpa [i kamariera] 0/1"1 J. The different names are given below: TO AOJ. .livl-J.:E:&vo&. IToAM ~UXupo1tAumeiu EXOUV 1tUtUpt / T\fltOPOCPO.v1Ka(bungalows) . . Auto eiVUl to tcrOyeto.. servant) lift/elevator (n) bathtub (1) foyer (n) bar (n) EVU OWflUtto fle Mo Kpef3unu EVU flOVOKAtVO EVU OiKAtVO You can also fInd out if the room is: fle fle fle fle fle a room with two beds a single bed twin beds fl1tUVto Vtou<.lnavltpa [i baniera] TO cpouaylt [to fuaye] TO J.) opocpo<.lnu [to 16bi] TO J.[0 tilefonitis] TO TI"IAtcpwvo [to tilefono] TO J. 3rdjloor 2ndjloor 1st jloor mezzanine ground jloor between cellar and groundj1oor cellar/basement 1live on the fourth jloor..

I don't mind Coca Cola.. nelpC!l. To KAEtoi oa<... Look at these examples: Mou apEoEt 'to ~EvooolEiO. the name mYel)] Your address His passport Your key Our rooms The following phrases are often used instead of Elm (l have made a reservation): KpatttO'tt 2 The verb 'to like' The Greek verb Jiou ap&O'El (to like) is quite tricky.possessive pronouns.N. . 'your'. George and Mary bother me.ouv. and JiE 1tElpa~El (l mind / I am bothered) from Unit 6. personal pronouns. Elro KAEiOEt Eva oroJluno yta . N:ve TOUe. TOUc. apeoel !lae.You might have a choice of position: Jl1tpoo'tCi / o'tTIv 1tPOOO'l'TI 1tior%'tO 1tioro Jlepo<. but don't be discouraged: have a go at learning it. o To ota~a'ttlPtO 'tOU. My name [lit.. This is one of the phonetic word pairs that you should learn.. I have booked a room for . and now you're going to learn about 'my'.. ~ou apeoEt 0 JlOUOaKu<.EI I mind you mind he/she/it minds we mind you mind they mind CJ.el !lae.nelpOl. a rWlpy0<."AevE lam called you are caJIed he/she/it is called we are called you are called they are called 1 My. the two words JiOVO and JiOVO might confuse you in the same sentence. !lOU apeOf:l oou apeoel TOU/TIle.. TOU my your his (m) her (f) its (n) Ilac. 'tTI eUAaooa 1tpo<. Two of the very few other verbs that are also similar to this verb are JiE "'&VE(my name is / I am called / I am named) from Unit 1. aac. Mou apEoouv 'ta ~EvooolEia. In Unit 7 you met JiE. TOUc. Kat I like the hotel. 1l0U (JOU TOU Tllc. H OtEUeUVOTI ou. TOUc... your.eo'tTJ.. Note that these pronouns come after the noun they modify whereas in English they come before the noun.a 1l0VO Sta only other view 1l0VO single aAAO. for today the night) is a OtlJlEpa 'to 1tproi OtlJlEpa 'to JlEoTJJlept otlJlEpa 'to a1toYEUJla this morning this afternoon this evening useful Greek expression. LlEv 'tou apeoouv ot oaAu'tE<.. o CO O'llJiEpa to ~pQou (jor tonight. 'their' .el TOV/TIlV!TonEtpOl.el oe nelpOl. apeoel oae. na there's a reservation in the name of .. apeoel TOUe.. O'a~.EI oae. N:ve oae. LlE IlE 1tUpU1. .. Try to learn also these contracted forms which are particularly frequent: Ji'ap&O'El for Jiou apEO'El and O"ap&O'El for O'ou ap&O'El. their. Some other examples are: If the speaker asks: Eva JiOVOOmJiano 11a O'llJiEpa to ~pQou JiOVO. our your their (m + f) (m) their (f) their (n) The verb Ji'ap&O'El (like) changes to Jiou apEO'ouv or Ji'ap&O'ouv and the verb JiE 1tElpa~El (mindlbothered) to JiE 1tElpa~Ouv when the noun following is plural. apeoel I like you like he/she likes we like you like they like U1t<lPlEt Jlia KPUtTJOTJ at' ovoJla . Ta oroJluna Jla<.EtTI 1tOAAtl1. 'tTJVaUAtl at the front at the back facing (towards) the sea facing (towards) the courtyard KUVEI To ovoJla JlOU. but goddess Sea !lE N:ve oeN:ve Tov!Tr]v!TO N:ve !lae. For the time being learn the three pairs below.. I like (the) hotels. .. lit. TI Mapia JlE 1tEtpU1.! ME 1tEtpu1. !lE nelpOl. Movo is single and JiOVO is only. 1tpo<. Do you like moussaka? He does not like salads! Much heat bothers me.EtTJ KOKa KoAa.nelp~1 TOUe.

. 127 >< 1'1 -t 1'1 1"1- a b 01 'C Q. b Here you are! Can I have a pen. I am very tired and I would like to sleep right away. You PeaellJlOV OK€m0J.l0an: OTeVaXWpl&OTe OTevaxwplouVTOI f etAOl tva lleyaAo oOlllano Ile Olpaia 9ta. 'Exete. 'Exete oOlllana. e(val TO 805. TlapaKaAw.l0OTe OK€mean: OK€mOVTOI I think you think he/she/it thinks we think you think they think You PeaellJlOv You PeaellJlOV You a Hello! My name is Joanna Wilke.. Opiate T\ empepaiOlaT\.. It should be quiet and have a sea view. R ~I I 3 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue. Auttl dvat T\ paUma am. How would you say: 'I don't like the room. oae. E 01 'C E 0-t R -t ea nponllouaalle va txet T\auxia.from Unit 7. These verbs behave differently to the other verb-groups you have seen so far. Nat. a b c d e an:vaXOlpl&J. ~a~ netpa~et. Ask the price of the room. d Where's the lift? Practice 1 Respond to the following situations: 5 Match the word on the left with the words on the right. To 15wIlOTlOoae.TO 15pollOIi OTOTl(OOll€pOe.l01 SUlloaol SUIlOTOI SUIlOUJ. 'Exete KaVet KpatT\aT\.I01 OTeVaXOlpl&aOI OTeVaXOlpl&TOI OTevaXOlpl0J. . CJKEn"Copal (I think) .both from Unit 2. The four most frequent endings in this group (called 'reflexive') are -apal. rta noae~ Iltpe~ to 9tAete. It is not quiet and it does not have a view'. Specify what kind of bed you want: single/double? Ask if the hotel has a single room for four nights. Nat.inside) curtain suite micro (-economy. Nat auttl dvat. EMAete va txet 9ta tl T\auxia. l c I don't mind. p(aan: Kup(a Wilke.126 >< 1'1 -t 1'1 1'1- 3 Some other verb forms Here are some verbs that you have already met.l01 OK€meaOI OK€mUOI OKemOJ.. -waves) telephone tourist service reception x central .l°1 SUlloaol SUIlOTOI SUIl°J. [\ev ~tpOl. NOlli~Ol Vat! EMte an'eow! I~ 4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics. KOlpapal (l sleep) . ending in -peu. Tell the receptionist that you have made a reservation. You don't like the room they have given you. e€A&Te TO 150l1l0TlO 13MTl&l va TlpOe. please? Euxap(OTroc. Here they are in full: SUIl°J. in this unit a"CEvaxmplEpal (l worry) and ovopa~opal (I am named / my name is). c d i ii iii iv 'I'axvete yta oOlllana. 'Exete oOlllana yta evOtKiaO'T\. KaAW<. Say you want a double room with a shower/bath. OXt! etAete IltKPO tl lleyaAo. I have booked a room for two nights. peae'lltov toupiatpta Kapta KevtptKO eaOlteptKtl Kouptiva tT\AtcpOlVO aouha atppt~ c d e f g h i j i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix card esoteric (inner .l0OTe SUlloan: SUIlOUVTOI I worry you worry he/she/it worries we worry you worry they worry I remember you remember he/she/it remembers we remember you remember they remember 2 Match each question with the most appropriate answer. a b IltKPO a b c d e f g Find out if a room is available. for example: 9upapal (I remember). IUllnATJPwOTeTTJv o KopTa TlapalloVtle.l°an: SUlloaoOTe SUIlOUVTOI or SUIlOUJ. -opal and -oupal.. and. MTlopw va €XWTO 15la13aniplo oae. -Epal. ITOV oy15oo opocpo.

A Mary p&O&lIJloviOTac. Number them 1-10 in the order you hear them. I don't like it! viii My name's.. Xwp(C. d __ IJncivlO 6ev Exel C __ Kal n~ Sa e __ VTOUC.. /I'm called. Ma Ta f __ . try to fill in the gaps from the words provided in the box on the next page... 9 __ crrevaxwplEcrre KaSoAou! Ta f __ <peuyouv a'Eva Aerno. C __ .Can you recognize some of the words you have already learned? You can find the words by reading the letter-squares horizontally or vertically. To b __ 6ev EXel C __ . [af] [ef] [ev] 421 480 554 557 Mini test anooKeUT\ euxaPlOTOO 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script.. To OCOlJatlO aU(. T 0 M 0 N E X E E I E I = A p E X E 0 I A T A n p P I e A K X n A T E N M 0 A N n Y I = E A T N P T 0 a I n A 0 A 9 Listen to a receptionist assigning different rooms. Mary P&O&lIJloviOTac..) e E E N I 0 y H t::. If you don't have the recording. Mary P&O&lIJloviOTac.. Xwp(C. P&O&lIJloviOTac... use the words in the box below. e(lJal 11Mary Johnson ano TO a __ 325. If you don't have the recording. study these numbers in Unit 5. If you don't have the recording. . i ii ill iv v Don't worry! vi First/second/third . Just a moment please! . NOl! NOl.. To lJn<iVIO h __ YPiJyopa-YPiJyopa! E?? (AnOPP'lIJEV'l KAe(vel TO T'lM<pwvo. ix I've made a reservation. floor vii No. i ii iii iv v roomls a 8 Listen to Dialogue 4 in this unit again and fill in the missing words. Have you got rooms to let? Have a nice stay! I'll take it. There are at least nine words horizontally and nine words vertically that will be familiar to you. Ma . C __ Kup(a Johnson!(?) carls tourist/s suitcasels reservationls vi vii viii ix x address number passport pen shower 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script.. x A room for tonight. eiVUl to .. 325 747 780 821 825 954 n I M H a 7 Listen to the following list of words on your recording and write each one below its corresponding sound.

[simblir6ste eTH6] LUI!1tAllProcr'tE EOro.uina. Can you change them into informal Greek? Use transliteration or Greek script. [ipoghrapste elol Y1tOypa'l''tE EKE\. i ii iii iv v [ehete THomatia]? 'EXE'tE oroJ.3 The five phrases below use the formal way of addressing people. [kal6s onsate]! KaAro~ OpiO"U'tE! [mi stenahorieste]! Mll cr'tEvaXropt€cr'tE! CD ::::J 1] a c "-0 In this unit you will learn how to • buy things • enquire about prices • state preferences • name fruit and vegetables • name colours .

H Kpella 1l0U Sa TEAEIWOEIoUvTolla.!-rV-o [kallteros] JlaQ Jlou [mazi mu] Iwavva nwAIlTqe.) shirt (n) company (f) do you want company? better with me JlaQ [mazij [isos] KalvouPYIOc. ea JiSEAa va avopo.VW IlEPIKo.!-aI-o [kenurios] Il KptJla [i krema] TO npoawno [to prospero] Il KoAwvla p kol6nia] Mary is planning to visit a department store and a colleague of hers decides to join her. eeAEIe. napta.~EOQl va aVOpo.Via Ileva KI'eva nOUKo.va no.llE. Iwavva Mary Iwavva Mary [eTH6 imaste] [ttasame]! [ne] [tha roUso ton politij [ya andrika pukamisa] [sighn6mi] [pu ine ta andrika pukamisa]? [sto vathos] [tha vrume megMIi pikilia eTH6] lime sighuri] [kita]! [a] line orao ala skuro] [ligho pyo anikt6] [ti hr6mata forai 0 Tim]? [sinithos anihta ke mon6hroma] [aspro .a1 Mary We are going to Athinea [hriazome na kano merika ps6nia] [tha ithela na aghoraso] lena f6rema] [ke merika kalindika ya mena] [ki'ena pukamiso] [ya ton Tim] [thelis parea]? [tha ine kalltera ya mena] [an ise mazi mu] [hriazese na aghorasis tipota]? [panda thelo]! [isos THo kamia kenuria krema pros6pu] [ke kamia kol6nia] p krema mu] [tha teli6si sindoma] [pu les na pame]? [tha pame sto athinea] line ena cree polikatastima] [ke ine poll konda apo'TH6] [oreal [pame]l [ande] [pame]I XpEl(i~Ollal va Ko. naJl&! [ande pame]l Mary Iwavva Iwcivva a2 Mary On what floor are the men's shirts? [sighn6mi] [se pyon 6rofo] line ta andrika pukamisa]? [ston tetarto] [sto tmima andrik6n] [Mary ela na parume to asanser] [egh6 tha anavo ap6 tis skales] [ta asanser ine poll mikra] [ke eho klistofovia]! [endaksi] [pame ap6 tis skales] [to athinea echi kili6menes skales] [ti les]? [endaksi] [se ligho] . IjJwvla.OTIllla KQI EivQI nOAu KOVTo. KoAWVla. no. XPElo. [pu les na pame]? Mary Iwavva TO noAUKaTaCJTIlJla [to polikatastima] naJl&! [pame]I aVT&.an6'~w.TinoTa.siel ..llE! AVTE.llE OTO ASIlvaia.OEIe. Il KptJla JlOU9a T&A&IWa&1 together perhaps new cream (f) face (n) cologne/perfume (f) my cream will be running out I complete / I end / I run out shortly/soon where do you think we should go? (lit. no. napea. ea EivQI KaAuTEpa Via Ileva av EioQl Ila~i Ilou. Iwavva Mary Iwcivva Mary Iwavva Mary XP&la~OJlal [hriazome] Ta IjJWVla [to ps6nia] 9a q9&Aa [tha ithela] TO cpop&Jla [to f6rmema] Ta KaAAuvTIKa [ta kalindika] TO nOUKaJllaO [to pukamiso] Il napta [i parea] 9tA&Ie.. where are you saying we go?) department store (let's) go! OK. ea no. nou AEe. Opaia.va naJl&. ~w Kalll(i KalvouPVla Kpella npoownou Kal KalliO. iawe. EivQI eva wpaio nOAUKaTo. no. KaAAUVTlKo.llE! I need shopping (pI. Mary nwAIlTqe. [thelis parea]? KaAuT&poc.) I would like dress (n) cosmetics (pI.VTQ SeAW! 'Iowe.ow Eva <p6pElla KQI IlEPIKo. let's get going! Iwavva p krema mu tha teli6sij Mary Iwavva T&A&IWVW[teIi6no] aUVTOJla [sindoma] nou A&e.lllOO Via TOV Till.kitrino] [ke kamia fora kafe] [emana mu aresun ta righe pukamisa] [ala THen tu arasun kath6lu] .

.f-a/-o [skuros/-a/-o] avoIKT6c. KoiTO! A. oe noLOV 6pocpo eivOl TO OV~PlKO nouKolllOO.. IJpiOKW [vrfsko] 11nOIKIAia [i pikilfa] oiyoupoc. OVOIXTO KOI 1l0VOXPWIlO. [tha pame sti laikf sfmera]? [ke vevea tha pame] [fne triti simera] [ti tha fame an THen pame]? [po-po] [milas san eliniTHa nikokira] [ehete laikf aghora stin anglfa]? [6chi akriv6s to iTHio] [ala kati par6mio] [tha ffghume telos pandon]? [se Ifgho] . nou eivol TO OV~PlKO nouKolllOO. a3 Tim Mary Fruit and vegetables? Tim and Mary buy their fruit. Meooio ti TO 36 voullepo. Mary eAo va nopoulle TO ooovoep....[ti les]? (something) for men. oanpo. oKciAec. Tl XPWIlOTO cpopoel 0 Till. cpopoel. To ooovoep eivOl noM IllKPO KOl exw KAelOTocpo13io! EVTo~el.. on rollers how about it? [61a ta k6vo] [61a ta maher6no]! [ti lei aft6s]? [mi se niazi] [tha parete mfla]? [6chi ap6 eTH6] [pyo kato fne pyo ftina] [ke pyo kala] [tha parume mfla ke portokalia] [ap6 ton kir-k6sta] .f-~-6 [andrikos/-f/-6] TO T~~~a [to tmfma] OTOT~~~a aV15plKwv [sto tmfma andrik6n] av&lJaivw [aneveno] 11oKaAa [i skala] 11M&IOTocpolJia [i klistofovfa] KuAI6~&v&C.. cpTooolle! NOlo eo pWTtiOW TOV nWAT)Tti YlO OV~PlKO nouKolllOO.U'iKt'i uyopa [laiki aghoni] (market) that takes place close to their hotel on Tuesdays. is visiting them this morning. OleA. Iwavva Mary I: uyyvw1lT). oKoAec. EVTO~elo I:e Aiyo . Ellevo Ilou opeoouv po TO plye nouKolllOO OAAO ~ev TOU opeoouv KOSOAOU. Mary's colleague. size (n) e~w. OTOTIltillo OV~plKWV. I: uyyvw1lT).. I:TO 13oSoc.Iwavva Mary Iwavva [ti meghethos forai]? [meseo] [i to triandaeksi [na ena oreal [s'aresi]? numero] nWAI1T~C. I:uvtiSwc. oKoAec. Mary Iwavva nWAI1T~C. TI lleyeSoc. [to megethos] ~&oaio [meseo] TO VOu~&PO [to numero] I find selection (f) sure I'm sure look! I look dark light colour (n) I wear single colour white sky blue yellow brown striped size (n) medium number. I:'opeoel.f-~/-6 [aniktos/-f/-6] TO xpw~a [to hr6ma] cpopaw(w) [forao(6)] TO ~ov6Xpw~o [to mon6hromo] aonpo [aspro] oltA [siel] KiTplVO [kftrino] Kacpt [kafe] plyt [rigM] TO ~ty&8oC. men's section (n) at the men's section I go up staircase (f) claustrophobia escalators (f) Tim Iwavva Mary rolling.. [kili6menes skales] KUAIOp&Voc. No evo wpoio. KiTplVO KOI Kallio cpO Kocpe. Tl Aec. lro<lvva [Imina] Joanna. Iwavva Mary lwavva Mary Iwavva Mary lwavva E~w eilloOTe. av15pIK6c. eivol wpoio aMo OKOUpO.I-qI-o [kili6menosl-V-o] TI A&C.. oKaA&c.f-I'II-o [sfghuros/-i/-o] &i~al oiyouPIl [fme sfghuri] KoiTa! [kfta]! KOITa~w [kitazo] oKoupoc. vegetables and flowers in the I. Eyw So ove13w on6 TIC. "iyo mo OVOIKTO. eo 13poulle lleyciAT) nOIKtAio EillOl oiyoupT). nOlle ana TIC. To AST)voio exel KUAlollevec. I:TOV TeTOpTo. nWAIlT~C.

vegetable. !::. Tim Iwc]vva AlYO . >lit -4 lit -4 -4 0 =i' Mary Kup KWOTae. eo napoul.Ao [to milo] mo KCITW[p-yo kato] TO nopTOKaAI [to portokali] KUp [kir] o ~tvoe. KUp KWOTO.le ov 5ev nal. [0 ksenos] I-I£VaAuT£poc. eo napeTe I. nlo KaTw elvOl mo cpTT]va KOI mo KoAa.lepAI nou Mve. 1.ltiAO KOI nopToKaAlo on6 TOV KUp KWOTO.le. !::.leyoMTepo I. exel KOAa I.lolO.l6TOTO. l.evo KLAOI.l-J1/-0 [n6stimos/-i/-o] I-ItpAI [merlij nou Atv£ [pu lene] TO KIA6 [to kilo] TO l-IapouAI [to marulij x6pTa (horta] llinAa I-I0u [fHipla mu] .le I.OAOTO 1. navTwv. 'OAO TO KOI3W.lepAI! EVTa~el. oMa elvOl Tpm6Aewc..le.ltiAO KOI Mo KLAa nopToKaAlo. KOI l3el3olo eo nal. Mary Kup KWOTae. EIVOI TPITT] atil. l. anyhow I cut I cut/slice something with a knife common expression used by farmers meaning that their produce is of such good quality that they are willing to let you try it before you buy I say never mind apple (n) further down orange (n) Mr foreigner (n) larger Tripolis (Greek town) delicious extremely sweet as they say.! KoAT]l.GAaTO lJOXalf)(iJvw [6ra ta k6vo ola ta maherono] <0 Mary Iwavva Mary ~e nWAI"IT'. 'OX1 OKPII3Wc. nOlOc.e. avopa [i aghora] Aai"K'. KOI elvol VOOTII.136 CZI lit- Kup KWOTac. navTwv [tal os pandon] K6pw [k6vo] I-Iaxalpwvw [maher6no] GAaTO K6l3w.le TeAoc.wOTe 1.lepO OTOUc.lepo. [kalimera stus ksenus mas] [kalimera kir-k6sta] [fHen ehete meghalitera mila simera]? [fHen eho meghalitera] [ala ine trip6leos] [ke ine nostim6tata] [ke ta portokalia] [merli pu lene] [merli] [endaksi] [fH6ste mas] [ena kil6 mila] [ke THio kila portokalia] [p6so ine]? [tria evr6] [ke THeka lepta] [pyos echi kala marulia] [ke h6rta kir-k6sta]? [eTH6 THipla mu] eo nal. n600 elvOl.l0XOlpWVW! TI Mel OUTOc. oov EMT]v150 VOIKoKupa! 'ExeTe AO"iKti oyopa OTT]VAyyAIO. Tplo eupw KOI MKO Aema.l0c.l0c. nw. as the rumour goes kilo (n) lettuce (n) greens next to me 137 CZI lit- >lit -4 lit -4 -4 0 =i' oR 0 <0 '1 TpinoAI"I ~ tripolij v6OTll-loc.. KoAT]l.lepO. 'OXI on6 e5w.ltiAO. oMa KaT! nopol.avopa paiki aghorli] 1"1 0 Tim '1 T piTI"I [i trfti] ea nal-l£ [tha pame] ea cpa1-1£ [tha fame] '1 VOIKoKupa [i nikokira] napOlJoloc.lepo! TI eo cpal. Tim Kup KWOTae.ev exw l. Mary Kup KWOTae. MT] oe vOl(l~el.le OTT]AO"iKti atil. !::. Mary Kup KWOTae. nw! MLAac. and flower market (lit. E5w 51rno I.~evouc. eo cpuyoul.l-J1/-o [meghaliteros] market (1) fruit.l-<ll-o [par6miosl-al-o] TtAoe.lepo. popular market) Tuesday we will go we will eat housewife (1) similar at last.leyoMTepo. Atw [lea] 1-1'1 O£ vOla(£1 [mi se niazi] TO l-I'.. TO 1510.l0POUAIO KOI X6pTO KUp KWOTO. oR Mary Kup KWOTae.ev exeTe l.KOI TO nOpTOKGAlO.ltiAO atil.l0u. Tim Kup KWOTac.

including clothes. [0 hurmas] o avavoc. zucchini I'JnaToTa [i patata] potato I'JVTOIJOTa [i domata] tomato I'J IJ&AIT~OVa[i melitzana] aubergine. eggplant o apaKoc. [0 yarmas] peach cherry banana strawberry coconut date pineapple (kind of) peach oanpo [aspro] IJaupo [mavro] KITPIVO [kftrino] KOKKIVO [k6kino] aanpoIJaupo [aspr6mavro] npoolVo [prasino] IJnAt [ble] Kacpt [kafe] YKpi~o[grfzo] po~ [roz] nopToKaAi [portokalij IJnOpVTld [bord6] po~t [rozel white black yellow red black and white green blue brown grey pink orange burgundy rose AAXANIKA [Iahanika] VEGETABLES TO KapOTO [to kar6to] carrot TO otAlvo [to selino] celery TO IJapouAI [to maruli] lettuce TO AoXaVO [to lahano] cabbage TO Kouvouni~1[to kunupiTHi] cauliflower TO KaAaIJnoKI [to kalab6ki] com TO KoAoKuSOKI [to kolokithaki] courgette. can be: O'Ko6pa xprolla'ta Fruit and vegetables There are fresh produce markets all over Greece . Many objects.. or walls.1-lll -0 'tc'tpaXP(O~oc.1 -lll -0 1tOAUXP(O~oC. dishes and craft items. flowers and vegetables (AaXaVtKll).l ~.selling fruit (<ppo6ta). flags. (striped) KUpO (checked) 1toua (spotted/dotted) c~1tpt~. [i paraskevij TO IoppaTO [to savato] Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday .1 -lll -0 ()iXP(O~oC. ~ o CD ~ovoXP(O~oC. clothes.1 -0 -lll The printed designs are usually: one-colour( ed) two-colour( ed) three-colour( ed) four-colour( ed) multi-colour( ed) [to roTHakino] pty.in the cities and the villages alike . [0 ananas] o YlaplJOC.[0 anithos] dill Days of the week The days of the week are: I'JKuplaKrj [i kiriakij I'J ~&UTtpa [i THettera] I'JTpiTI'J [i trfti] I'JT&TOpTI'J [i tetarti] I'JntIJml'J [i pemdi] I'JnapaOK&U'... Here is some important vocabulary: CS»POYTA [fruta] FRUIT TO IJrjAo [tomilo] apple TO nopTOKoAI [to portokali] orange TO OTacpuAI [to stafili] grape TO Kapnou~1 [to karpuzi] watermelon TO n&novi [to pep6ni] yellow melon TO PO~OKIVO !:: C'I j. [0 arakas] pea o IJai"yyavoc. [0 maindan6s] parsley o OVISOC. (print) AOUAouM'to (jlowery/jloral) TO K&POOI [to kerasij I'JIJnavova [i banana] I'JcppoouAa [i fraula] I'JKapu~a [i kariTHa] o xoupIJOC..1-lll -0 'tpiXP(O~oC.138 C!l Language notes Colours Colours can be distinguished as aV01K'tll Xp<Olla'ta (light colours) or (dark colours).

SancipEI SancipoUIJE SancipeTe Sancipouv / will take you will take he/she/it wiNtake we will take you will take they will take Grammar 1 Talking about the future You have encountered 9a (will) in the previous units..m.30-20.These are all feminine nouns except Saturday which is neuter. (on Sundays). from 9. AEU'ttpEC. TE'tUP'tEC. nc. nc. You have probably noticed the association between OEU'tEPO<.l1t'tEC. The expressions on Sunday. ~a~~a'to from Sabbath and KUp1aKtl (day of the Lord. such as will eat. Here are the future conjugations of two important verbs: Sa KOvW SaKOvEI<..00-15. Usually shops are open all day. nc.: Mondays.the second day of the week.Kat Lu~~a'ta.30 and 17. 'ta Lu~~a'ta TEAEI(OVW mwaivw I3Mnw aVEl3aivw pWTOW TPWW cpEuyW naipvw / finish / go / see / go up / ask / eat //eave / take Sa TEAElwaw Sa now Sa ~w Sa aVEl3wlavel3w Sa pwn'law Sa cpow Sa cpuyw Sa nopw / / / / / / / / will finish will go will see will go up will ask will eat will/eave will take In the second list you'll notice that certain verbs change their form completely. are: 'tTJVKupWKl1 'tTJv AEU'ttpa 'tTJv TphTJ 'tTJv TE'tUP'tTJ 'tTJv IItf. These are irregular verbs which have new forms for certain tenses.) Shops are closed (KAE10''ta)1"1<. nc. 0a is the marker introducing you to a future action. on Monday and so on. TphEC. Tpi'tTt (third day of the week). TE'tUp'tEC.00 a.l1t'tEC. in a religious context). TEtap'tTt (fourth day of the week). including Sundays in the resorts during summer. day of rest). TphEC.m. will go. It's best to learn the new verb forms when they first appear in a dialogue. 9. IIi:J11t'tTt(fifth day of the week).00 p. AW'ttPEC.. IIapaO'KEuTt comes from 1tapaO'KEUa~ro (to prepare. and IIapacrKwtc. will drive. Look at the verbs below: No change KOVW ~epw ocpEiAW / do / know /owe 2 Making comparisons You have already seen several adjectives. Likewise. Now have a look at the comparatives.00 nc. to 10. etc. BAi:1tro becomes 9a &0 and 'tproro becomes 9a tparo. There are further explanations about the future on page 267. nc.l1t'tTJ 'tTJv IIapaoKEul1 'to Lu~~a'tO and nc. KuplaKi:<. IIapacrKwtc. (AW'ttPEC. SaKOvEI Sa KOvOUIJE Sa KOvETE SaKOvouv /willdo you will do he/she/it will do we will do you will do they will do Most shops are usually open (av01K'talav01X'ta) 9.: Tuesdays. on Mondays etc. all week long.00-13. IItf. KaAUTepO lJeyaAUTepO mo aKpl136 mo KOTW better larger more expensive further down mo mo mo mo Jiauxo KaAO avolKT6 cpTTJvci quieter better lighter cheaper Sa KOVW Sa ~epw Sa OcpEiAW / will do / will know / will owe There is a helpful list of adjectives with the different endings at the back of the book (see page 260).. For now learn the word mo (more) with certain adjectives and the ending -t~1 -£p1)1 -tpo (-er) with other adjectives: .30 nc.1 -Tt/-o (second) and AEu'ti:pa (Monday) . KuptaKtc. IItf. Greek verbs can be listed in two categories: those that change and those that don't in the future tense. San6pw SancipEI<. and the plurals on Sundays. TphEC.

and 'I want to do some shopping'? How would you ask: 'Which floor is the men'slwomen's! children's (avOptKolVI yuvatK&lrov/ natOtKolv) section! department?' You need to buy a skirt or shirt. to) with the word 1t10(most) before the adjective. genitive or accusative).1tto UKptj30 or UKptj3on. o <0 vOcmllO<. How would you say: 'I need to do some shopping'.l -0 (more delicious) -TJI mo vOcml1o<. or for singular and plural. Say that you need something smaller. Practice 1 Respond to the following situations in Greek. bad.l -TJI -0 (larger/bigger) mo I1EYaAosl -TJI -0 (larger/bigger) vOO'nI1OtEpo<. including the ones you have already met. How would you refer to one.< < TOU TOV 01 T~eVTAEllav T~eVTAEllav T~evTAEllav T) nAa~ TT)C. checked or spotted? You are talking to a sales person. Fill in the blanks.l-TJ/-o (more delicious) T~eVTAEllav TWV T~eVTAEllav TOUC. Many proper names such as to Ai~&p1toVA-Liverpool). Note the following examples: IlEYaA09 -TJI -0 (large!blg) . O"tTJvA9rjva. or a multi-coloured skirt/shirt? How would you also specify the design if you want striped. similar to the -est in English. Auto EiVUl UKQt~OtEQOO"1tin U1tOto OtKO 110u. Study the colours again if you score less than 75 points! TESTl Traffic lights red = orange= green= _ _ TEST 2 Wine colours white = red = rose = . to IIapicfl (Paris) and to MtA-avo (Milan) don't have any other form. Each colour counts for five points to a total of one hundred points (20 X 5 points). This is the most expensive Auto EivUl to 1tto aKQt~O O"1tin house in Athens. TO ~nap bar (English) TO oaVTou"iTC. Ask him if he wants your company./-TJ/-o (delicious) . nAa~ TT)V nAa~ nAa~ 01 TWV nAa~ TIC. More than 80% of loan words are neuter. T~evTAEllav The superlative form The words best. to Aovoivo ( (London). nAa~ TO TOU TO Ta TWV Ta aoavoep aoavoep aoavoep aoavoep aoavoep aoavoep IlEYaA6tEpo<. There are two ways of forming the superlative form from Greek adjectives: either add an ending. worst. better and cheaper! Auto EiVUl to aKQt~OtEQO O"1tin O"tTJvAlhjva. sandwich (English) TO xa~nOUPVK&P hamburger TO nouA6j3&p sweater (English) KOVTlvtVTaA continental TO aoavotp lift (French) TO olv&~a cinema (French) TO ~a~n6v ham (French) TO VKapa~ garage (French) ~lvl6v minion Below are four colour tests. three. d e 3 Loan words Loan words from foreign languages don't have different forms for the genders (m/f/n) or the cases (nominative.something that does not exist in English. 'I must do some shopping'. small and expensive.po mo <ptTJVO <ptTJVOtEPO or more expensive cheaper 0 Another important word in comparisons is U1tOusually meaning from but here meaning than. smallest and most expensive are known as the superlative form of the adjectives good. Auto EivUl 1tto UKQt~o O"1tin U1tOto OtKo 110u. a b c A friend of yours is going shopping. This is a more exvensive house than mine. Certain adjectives have two comparative forms . Look at the examples below: Auto EiVUl UKQt~o O"1tn. two. fl. except in the genitive. or use the articles (0.

o CD TESTS Your extra points! black = white = Your three favourite colours .l1ev exeTe k IlriAa orillepa. nlO KOTW elval mo h __ Kat mo KaAo. nWAI'JTfic. not more than five kilos. . 6 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words. A Kat f3ef3ataSa nOlle. aMo KaT! d __ ' ea cpuvoulle TeAo~e __ . v~olla~a i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x cherry carrot tomato celery banana chocolate coffee mustard potato pineapple ea mille OTTj a'iKriorillepa. nw! MlM. ~e AIVO. a Iwavva You NOOTllloTaTa!MepAl nou Mve. nw. Match the list on the left with the one on the right.. Kat Ta nopToKoAla. If you don't have the recording fill in the gaps from the words provided below.TEST 3 Psychological happiness = health = S test: what's the colour of . a Ask for one kilo of oranges and two kilos of apples. b Ask if the watermelons are delicious. f Your clues: a b c d e f floor colour colour fruit floor colour energy= _ TEST 4 The rainbow colours: list five colours. _ Solve the clues from (a)-if). Kup KWOTac. a b c d e f g h j 1l0UO~apba ll1tavava avava<. You are trying to find: one fruit. d That's it for the time being. two floors/storeys and three colours. llePAl! c Ask for a small one.AUTo. which is another sevenletter word. Goodbye! 4 A friend has given you a list of groceries. How much are they? Iwavva You nevTe eupw. l1ev exw k __ .. Iwavva MTjoe f __ ' ea 9 __ IlriAa.~ oav b VOlKOKUpO! 'ExeTe Aa'iKriavopo OTTjV AyyAla. 'OXl aKplf3w~ TOC __ . Tim Mary Iwavva You OpIOTe. Iwavva You OplOTeTOpeOTa oa~. Kapow 1ta~a~a oeAlvo K€pam oOKoAa~a Kacpt<.. Mary 'OXl ana eow. 'OAa Ta KOf3W. If you take one letter from each word you will reveal the colour 'green'. 'OAa lla~L e Here you go! Ten euros. KaATjllepa OTOU~ __ j Ila~! Tim KaATjllepa KUp KWOTa... ea i __ IlriAa Kal nopToKoAla ana TOVKUp KWOTa. aAAo elval TpmoAew~ Kal elval I __ . f Thanks. Iwavva You e b o CD Tl SeAen: napaKaAw. All are seven-letter words that end in the centre circle. oAa Ta llaxalpwvW! Tim Tt Mel aUTo~. E'lVat TpITT] orillepa! Tl Sa a __ av oev mille. llePAl nou Mve. 3 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics. llepAl! . Iwavva You TinoTa oMo.

nOlOe. [0 THfskos] TO Mtyapo MOUOIK~C. = TTpO lJ&o'1lJJ3piac. [pro mesimvrfas] [meta mesimrfas] IJ·IJ· = IJ&Ta lJ&o'1lJJ3piac. 8624843 [i pistotikf karta] [etisiosl-al-o] TO &TT1TOKIO [to epit6kio] Cl»nA [fi-pi-a] TT. nl\ATEIA """'.l-~/-o club (t) record (m) Music Hall (n) classic Europe (t) [to megharo musikfs] [klasikos/-f/-o] '1 EUpWTT'1 [i evr6pi] . = TTAaT&ia [platia] nA.l-a/-o quality (t) taste (t) sq. iiSlO lJapOUAla vOla~el nooo VOOTllJOTaTa iSinAa 0 CD 0 CD Opening hours Study the opening hours mentioned in these adverts before you answer the 'true or false' questions on page 148. = square instalment (t) credit card (t) annual interest VAT a. .IJ. Exel KaAa 0 __ Kal p __ KUp KWOTa.AH% 5 KYlJIEAHI '1Mo'1 [i TH6si] '1 TT1GTWTIK~ KapTa &T~OIOc. EiSw q __ lJou.m. 3 147 CIl 1'11'1 of 1'1 of of >- :i' 0 .I . Eva KIM IJrlAa KQl iSuo KIAa nOpTOKQAla. m __ lJae. '1 .R EVTa~el. KOrOnOYAA 10 Y8JlAK' "POI yLO KOL 911110 TTOL6T17TO KoAry yeuC117 •• IITAIA.\tOX'1 [i leschi] o l)iOKOC. lJeyaAUTepa napOIJOIO aWOTe nape Ie. navTwv napoulJe eAAllviiSa q>T11va xopTa >- 1'1 of of !:l ~. Tpla eupw Kal l5£Ka Aema.. Mary Kup KWGTac. KAaoIKoc..146 CIl I't- Mary Kup KWGTac. = ante meridiem THI\.A KYPIAKEI AIIOro /IH11 ANOIXTA '1 TTOIOT'1Ta [i pi6tita] '1 y&UO'1 [i ghefsi] nl\.R q>alJe ~EVOUe. n __ eival.

I'}J. Ka'ta 't1~ 1tapacr'tacrEl~ Eivat aV01K'ta Kal 't1~ KuplaKe~. KAEivffi(I close).1Epa.J. v [tr6-0 musaka] Tproffi J. Hi [ksero elinika] Eepffi EAATJV1Ka./) for true and (K) for false. ~EV Eival aV01K'ta 'tTJVKUP1aKrl· TTJv neJ.KaTO TIC. x Remember the days of the week? Mark (.1. ~EV exouv KO't01tOUAarl yupo. <0 o d e f g h Advert 2 Advert 3 i To Meyapo j k I MoumKrl~ eXE1 AecrXTJ ~icrKOU. avoiYffi (I open) 3 The five phrases below are given in the present tense. WV T napacnooewv [kata tis imeres ton parastaseon] I'}napocnaol'} [i parastasi] nAI'}pocpopiec. vii Never mind! Let's take the lift/elevator.J. . ? It's on the fourth floor.l Kavffi yUJ.1. Advert 1 a b c 'Exouv KaArl1tOl6'tTJ'ta Kat KaArl YEUcrTJ· Eival aV01X'ta Ka9E J.00 J.1epa.11t'tTJKAElVOUV cr't1~ 3. viii Do you have biggerlbetter. a9E J. ii [vlepo tile6rasi] BAe1tffi'tTJAEopacrTJ.30 1t.1epa. Avoiyouv cr'tl~ 8.1.10ucraKa. K ~EV avoiyouv 't1~ KUptaKe~. rta 1tATJPo<popiE~cr'tO 'tTJA&<pffiVO 7282159. performance information present (n) i ii ill iv v Do you want company? vi What's your size? I don't have it with me. ix Come here.. [pliroforfes] TO ~wpo [to THoro] 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. next to me! I'll ask the sales person. ~EV avoiyEl 't1~ KuplaKe~ Xffipi~ 1tapacr'taO"TJ. ii iii iv v i shopping dress/es cream soon marketls vi vii viii ix x foreignerls apple/s orange/s white black .1J. i [teli6no sfmera] TEAEHovfficrrlJ.1e~. 'Exouv Mo 'tTJAE<pffiV1Ke~ ypaJ.1Vacr't1Krl.I&pec. iv [kano ghimnastikJ. Can you change them into the future tense? Use transliteration or Greek script.

ask if this is the price for one way or a return trip. '1:'t'11 bEU't'EP11 yrovia bE~ta' and '1:'t'0 't'pho cr't'EVO bE~ta'. Ask if there is a daily flight to Thessaloniki. Ta 1l0Voxproila 1tOuKalltcra rj 1tOAuxprolla. You are in a travel agency.Check your progress so far. aptcrouv 't"aVOtK't'a rj 't'a crKoupa xprolla't'a. 1 Respond to the following situations in Greek: a b c How would you ask: 'Where's the station?'. The answer was 'Eva wpro to KtAO'. The price is EtKOm 1ttV't'E EUpro. tell him: 'I don't understand Greek well. 'Where's the square?' and 'Where's the centre?'? Someone speaks too fast for you. The answer is positive. Identify any areas that still need some work and go over them again before you start the next unit. o' ~ i I\) •••• 0 d e (iJ f g < -en -o :J 2 In this unit you will review simple directions • purchasing tickets and making reservations • telling the time enquiring about travelling enquiring about rooms and making hotel reservations enquiring about prices and buying things • colours • the numbers 101-10 000 h j Below is a list of many colours you already know. Once you have completed the following exercises.First.What did she ask? Ask for a map at a 1tEpi1t't'EpO. You are at a department store looking for shirts.ltO bPOIlO bE~ta'. The sales person asks: '1:ac. which can be found at the back of the book.' What did s/he ask and what is a possible answer from you? 151 III ~. Can you speak a little bit slower?' . Can you match the list on the left with the list on the right? a b C d e f g h j Il1tE~ Il1tE~crKOUpO KPEIl Ilro~ Kacpt avotK't'o acr11lltVto YKpi~o xpucro 1tpam vo 1tOp't'oKaAi mauve silver gold fawn grey beige vii orange viii green ix cream x tan i ii iii iv v vi . Ask for the bus timetable from Athens to Thessaloniki and when you have to book the bus seats. compare your answers with the correct ones. How expensive are they? Ask for three kilos anyway. Did you understand everything? You're looking at apples. and some new ones. Her reply is 'ME 't'a 1tObta rj 't'o UlYrOKiv11to. how much is it? Second. You hear '1:'t'ov 1tPO. Now ask how many flights there are a day and what is the timetable. You ask a friend to go to the park with you. Ask for their price.As soon as you get it ask for the price.

. . Name the means of transport below.and for k 'tptxov'tu~.•• I I I . . the school and the station.:XONIU:lfiN rINE I I ~ 14 "t~'J~ r 1. '. What did the speaker say? Repeat and write down the directions to APxov'tOcJ7t\'to. Luckily you've got the map. standing where the x is marked on the map below. Can you match the list on the left with the list on the right? a b c d e f g h j k I m n KUl!l1AO cru'ttv cpUVtA(A)U KUI. Say aloud down how to get there. . '" I • ..17tUpv'ttVU AWO vauAov 7ttKt 7t07tAtVU peytov cru'ttv crout't 'tOUtV't 'tOOAt ~eAoooo b I S' !!l.- . I:yrrpOy Avenue) and XAPOKOIIOY street. fine silk vii rayon viii flannel ix poplin x nylon xi tweed xii velvet xiii satin xiv suede You want following (Syngrou and write to get to ANeIAilN 27. You will hear three people asking about the square. You are on the comer of A. Which letters on the plan correspond to these places? •••• D4 a You are in Amerikis Square with your car. cotton v camel-hair vi tulle.. "lib ~ ](1 ~ ({ .:IfiN - ~~ I~ ~ OMONOIA d IN. IlpomaC1T1 I I M01..152 3 Below is a list of different kinds of fabric. .:EnTEMBPIOYTEXACO rKAPAZ ~ SHELL a. o c Imagine you are in a Greek town. Listen to a passerby telling you the way to TalJtpva 'to APXoV'tOcJ'1t\'to.'. I\) o •••• i satin ii linen iii gabardine iv pique.) O'J't()<11t\'t Arne nAPKO nAA TElA AMEPIKID: nATH1. (Here's some help: for d use I!e 'tu 7tOOtU.

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6 rtroPYOI:; is planning to go to L1tE'tO"S~ (Spetses) for a short visit and he needs to book a hotel room. Listen to him making enquiries on the phone and read the conversation below before deciding whether the phrases below are true or false. nwpyoc;
KpaT~a&IC; KaAT)lltpa oa~. ea r'j8eAa va KOVWIlia KPOTT)OT) Yla 3 I3poola oa~ napaKaAw. rla non:; rla aUplo. 'ExeTe OWIlOTla; It OWIlOTlO 8tA£Te napaKaAw; 'Eva OiKAlVO, Ile tva omM Kpe130Tl aAAo 0Xl Ile ouo 1l0VO Kpel30Tla! MlOO Aemo napaKaAw va oW TO KOllnLOUTep. A 1l0AlOTa, txoulle ouo OWIlOTla oiKAlva Il£ omAo Kpel30Tla. 'Eva I3Mnel TO oTa81lo KQl TO oeUTepo I3Mnel TT)8oAaooa. npOTlIlW TT)8oAaooa. EuxaplOTw. T'ovolla oa~ napaKaAw KQl TT) oleu8uvOT) oa~. Kl tva TT)Mcpwvo. NQl, MYOIlQl ...

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8

The sentences below are jumbled up. Put them in the right order adding the time at the beginning of each phrase. The times are: 10:00, 10:15, 11:30, 13:00, 14:30, 15:30. a b c d e f ~__ ota~a1;st s<j>'Il/lspioa Kat ~A.E1tSt'!'IlASopaO"'Il. 1t'llyaivst yta ",rovta. O"'IlKrovs'!ata1to 'to Kps~an. '!proSt /lsO"'Il/lsptavo. 1tivst Eva VS~ Ka<j>E. 1t'llyaivst O"'to/l1tap yta Ilia /l1tupa.

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Mia Kpa'!'IlO"'Ilyta 1tEV'!S~paota. Mia Kpa'!'IlO"'Ilyta Eva OiKAtvO. Mia Kpa'!'IlO"'Ilyta Eva /lOVOKAtVO. 'Eva OiKAtVO/lS ()Uo /lova Kps~ana. 'Eva oW/lano /lS eEa 'to O"'tae/lo. 'Eva oW/lano /lS eEa '!'Il eaAaO"O"a. To oW/lano EXSt '!'IlA.Ecpwvo. Ot KpanlO"St~ eEAOUV ovo/la, OtSUeUVO"'Il '!'IlAE<j>WVO. Kat

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9 Listen again to the second dialogue in Unit 9 and fill in the missing words. If you don't have the recording, try to fill the gaps using the words in the box on the next page.

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Eow elllaOTe, e _ NQl. ea pumjow TOV nWAI1Trj Vla avoplKo. nouKo.llloa. Luyyvwlll1, nou elVQl TO avoplKo. nouKo.lll0a; LTOf _ ea j3poulle llevo.Al1 g EIIlQl OIVOUPI1.KOITa! A, elvQl wpalo aMo. OKOUpO./\lvo mo h _ Tl XPwilaTa lpOpo.el 0 Tim? Luvrj8w~ avolXTo. Kal i , o.onpo, OleA, KITPlVO KQl Kaillo. lpOpo. Kalp€. Elleva 1l0U apeoouv Ta j nouKo.Ill0a aMo. oev TOU apeoouv Ka8aAou. Tl k lpOpo.el; Meoalo rj TO 36 I _ NO.Eva wpalo. m _

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In this unit you willleam how to • make telephone calls • make arrangements to meet someone • suggest what to do and where to meet • talk about business plans

a1
Tim

Is there a public phone?
who works for
'EXEn: T'1Mcpwvo; ~UVVVWIl'1 aHa EiVQl xaAaolltvo. n'1va(vETe antvavTl OTO aAAo nepimepo. EuXaplOTW. (~TO aAAo nepimepo) ... Mnopw va Kavw tva T'1Mcpwvo; TomKo 1'1 unepaOTlKO; TomKo, ei5w OT'1VASf]va. Av eiVQl TomKo, Tl pWTa~; Kave! EuxaplOTw ... (naipvel TOV aplSllo) ... NQl, vela oa~. J\tVOIlQl Tim Johnson. ea f]SeAa va KAeiow tva paVTel30u Ile TOV K. ~TtAlO AllavaTii5'1. nOTe Sa Ilnopouoe va Ile i5el; ea StAaTe apVOTepa oJ1llepa 1'1 auplo; AUplO Sa tlTQV KaAuTepa Vla Iltva, av eival i5uvaTov. 'Eva Aemo va i5w TO npovpalllla TOU ... Mnopei va oa~ i5el auplo OTl~ 2.00 TO lleO'1lltpl. MnopeiTe; NOlllnopw, EUxaplOTw noAu. ea oa~ i5w auplo OTl~ 2.00.

a2
Tim

At Amanatides' office

Tim is organizing a meeting with a colleague Tpu1CEsa nicr'tECl)~Credit Bank. n&plnT&pa<;

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Tim

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KaA'1lltpa oa~. napaKaAw; KaA'1lltpa oa~. 'Exw pavTel30u Ile TOV K. AllavaTii5'1. rpalJlJaTta<; MaAlOTa, KaSiOTe napaKaAw. Tovolla oa~; Tim Ovolla~ollal Tim Johnson, eillOl ouvai5eAcpo~ TOU K. AllavaTii5'1 . .llouAeuw OT'1VWestminster Bank. rpalJlJaTta<; A! MaAloTa. MlOO Aemo Sa TOV napw OTO eowTeplKO . . . (KaTel3o.~el TO aKOUOTlKO). K. AllavaTii5'1~ Sa oa~ i5el oe Mo Aema. ea oa~ cpwvo.l;w EuxaplOTw ... Tim napaKaAw, aKoAouSf]OTe Ile. rpalJlJaTta<; XaipeTe Kuple AJ..laVaTii5'1. Xaipollal nou oa~ Tim l;avaI3Mnw. AlJaVaTil.il'J<; rela oa~ K. Johnson, Tl Ko.veTe; EAaTe, napTe Illa KaptKAa. 'ExeTe xalpeTioJ..laTa an6 T'1 OU~UVOIlou. Kl aUTO eivOl tva IlnouKaAI OUiOKI VIa aa~. AlJaVaTil.il'J<; A! noM euvevlKo eK Iltpou~ oa~. Na T'1~ i5waeTe Tl~ eepllOTepe~ euxt~ IlOU Kal Ta cptAlKOTepa xalpeTiallaTa IlOU. Na Il'1V TO l;exaaen:! 'OXl, 0Xl. .lle ea TO l;exo.aw.

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Is there a public phone (I can use)? (lit. Do you have a phone (I can use)?) out of order xaAaolJ tvo<;J-I'J/-o kiosk (n) / newsstand TO n&pinT&po TomKo<;J-.,/-o local Un&paOTI KO<;J-I1f-O long distance he dials (lit. takes) the number naipv&1 TOV apl8IJo my name is (lit. I am called) AtyolJal 8a .,8&Aa I would like 8a .,8&Aa va KA&iow tva I'd like to make an appointment (lit. 'close' an appointment) paVT&!Jou TO paVT&!Jou appointment (n) he would be able to, he could 8a IJnopouo& av &ivai l.iuvaTov if it is possible o n&plnT&pa<; news stand salesperson / owner (m)

What can I do for you? How can I help you? sit down Ka9ioT& T'OVOlJa oa<;; your name? ovolJa~olJal my name is (lit. I'm named) 0/1'J ouval.i&Acpo<; colleague l.iouA&uw I work I'll call his extension (line) 9a TOVmipw OTO&CJWT&pIKO ... she is hanging up the receiver KaT&!Ja~&1TO aKouOTIKO receiver (n) TO aKouOTIKO I call cpwva~ aKoAou8&iOT& IJ& follow me hello (formal) xaip&T& take a seat napT& IJla KaptKAa greetings/regards Ta xalp&TiolJaTa on your behalf &K IJtpou<; oa<; 8&PIJOT&po<;J-rV-0 warmer TI<; 9&PIJOT&p&<;&Uxt<; IJOU my warmest wishes wish (f) I'J &UX., cpIAIKOT&pO<;J-rV-o friendlier

(the owner) will sell anything from stationery to children's toys.lol TO TOlyapo/-a newspaper/-s magazine/-s chocolate/-s choco-wafer/-s chewing gum ice-cream/-s candy/-ies pen/-s pencil/-s razor/-s stamp/-s envelope/-s cigarette/s D3 ••••• ••••• Tim A business meeting The president of a UK-based company is visiting Mr Amanatides and exploring the possibility of setting up a branch of her company in Greece... No cpUyw.'Evov Kocpe. What's your last name? Write your surname. central booths . friendlier') regards don't forget that! I forget Language notes Greek kiosks To 1tEphm:po. KOAWoopioon: OTI']V EM0:50. o ••••• ••••• evw Smith Tim A~aVaTilir'lC. Ko8iOTe.•• xaipw noAu npoana9w r'I KapTa untpoxa ~aKapl npoacptpw TO avaljlUKTIKO av liev aac.. but remember also pE AEvE.and you can ask there for directions. I1ro~ AEyecrat.These all mean 'my name is'. Kl xoipw noM. Atyopat. Ko8iOTe! No OO~ npoocpepw KO:Tl. f1ev IlIAO:W KOAO: EMI']VIKO: oMo: npoono8w. No OO~ vvwpiow TI']V Kupia Smith. Xoipw noM Kupio Smith (:~:lli8). Smith Tim Smith evw va aac.Ta cplAlKOr&pO xa1p&Tio)JaTa~OU va ~r'lv TO ~exaaeTe! ~exvw my best (lit.. and from ice-cream to worry beads! There is usually a public pay phone and in remote villages this could serve most of the local inhabitants. av 5ev oo~ Ko:vel Kono. In this unit you have ovopa~opat. D Introductions As you now know there are many different ways of saying 'my name is' in Greek. of great importance in everyday Greek life. Below is a list of what is readily available at a Greek 1tEpi1t'tEPO: r'I eCPr'l~epilia/-ec. local gossip and so on.l-oi TO ~oAupl!-a TO ~upacpl!a TO ypa~~aToor'l~o/a o cpaKdAoc. small name) and for your last name or surname E1ti9UO or E1tCOVllpO. "Eva ve~. 'to ovopa POll Eival. '0 OTuAoc. 1tEpt1t'tEpa<. Kavel Kono r'I Tpane~a dni~w ~eKlvw r'I auvepyaaia euxo~al TO OUOTr'I~a Tpane~IKoc. A~aVaTilir'lC. 11010 EtVat 'to E1tiee'tO cru~. ME AEVEKwvcr'tuv'tivo.IlAOUOOVOAOI eTOl! Mo Ko8iOTe. The kiosks are freestanding. Kl aUTO eUXOIlOl . TO neplolilKo/-Ka r'I oOKoAaTa/-T&C. Tim introduces her to Mr Amanatides. AUTi] elVOl I'] KO:pTOIlou. magazines and newspapers.l-l1/-o let me introduce . TO naywTo/-a r'I Kapa~tAa/-ec. H Tpo:ne~o Ilo~ eAni~el va ~eKlvi]ooulle ilIa KOAi] ouvepvooio. When referring to your first name you can use pucpo ovopa (lit. Kl eva lleTplO VIa Ilevo. rpa"''tE 'to E1trovullo cru~. Whats your name? .Eoei~ IllACrre KaAUTepa EMI']VIKO:ana Ilevo.usually one square metre . to you glad to meet you /try card (f) excellent I wish / would that / if only / may I offer refreshment (n) if it's no trouble (to you) bank(f) I hope I start co-operation (f) I wish / I hope system (n) banking 'TO OTUAO/TOOTUAOcan also be used. information on local properties. yvwpiaw . r'I ToiKAa/-ec. Whats your first name? My name is Konstantine. MlAO:Te unepoxo! MOKO:pl va . does not just sell sweets. 11010 EtVat 'to 1l1KPOcrou OVOIlU.. r'I yKocpptTa/-T&C. No Ill'] cpuvel~! ~e xpelo:~ollol VIOTi ~epel~ noMo: ana TO EMI']VIKO Tpone~IKO OUOTI']1l0.eo meiTe KO:Tl. evo OVOl/JUKTlKOiow~.

L\sv sivat KUeOAOUK01t0s. Don't bother to come. You need a tl1AtqKl)V1KtlKapta from a 1ttpi1tttpo. If it is (not) allowed. Av (oev) S1tt'tpE1ts'tat. !fit is (no) trouble to/foryou. you met 9a (will) in the future tense. you will see how far you have come. aa I-lnOpOuoE aa I-lnopOUOal-lE aa I-lnOpouoaTE aa I-lnopouoav aa npoTlI-l0uoa aa npOTlI-l0UOE<. Its worthwhile. Av (oev) sivat ouvu'to. aa DOOUV aa DTaV aa Dl-laOTav aa DoaOTav aa DTav .K01VrovU. but the word has replaced tl1At<pIDVl1J1atelephone call) in most instances. Euxupler'tm yta 'tOY K01tO erou. The telephone instructions are all in Greek.LnOpOuoa aa 1-1IlOPOUOE<. malfunction) BAABH Don't forget these other useful phrases: 't01ttKO 'tllAE<Provo u1tSpUertlKO 'tllAE<Provo local telephone call long-distance telephone call ••••• ••••• 1 0a used as 'will' or 'would' In Unit 9.Ovo~oJ. Thanks for your trouble. Its no bother at all. Ilms ers AEVS. Congratulations! Study the examples below and see how important K01tO~is. Whats your name? llms ovoJ. You might need these most important ones: BAA TE THN KAPT A INSERT CARD Br AA TE THN KAPT A TAKE CARD OUT L\EN AEITOyprEI OUT OF ORDER (lit. 9a was used in three other different sentences: eu rjesAu eu Jl1topoueru eu rjJlOUV I would like I would be able I would be A fourth example is: ea 1tpotlJlouera I would prefer (the conditional tense) from Unit 8. ••••• ••••• OTE (Opyav1(JJ1o~ TIlAt1t1.Ull Kc:bcn~ AJ. it doesn't function) XAAALMENO OUT OF ORDER OUT OF ORDER (lit. A~i~Sl 'tOy K01tO. If you look back at the earlier units. It's a waste of energy/effort. Here they are in full: aa DaEAa aa DaEAE<.lUvUnOlls. no gain!) MllV KUVSlS'tOYK01tOvu'peels. I learn Greek without any difficulty . ( You also know: operator (as a person) or answering machine receiver I would like you would like he/she/it would like we would like you would like they would like I would be you would be he/she/it would be we would be you would be they would be aa I. or from other shops with the sign TRAEKAPTEI: EL\Q (Phone cards on sale here) (THAE-<proVlKss-KAPTEI:). aa npOTlI-l0uOE aa npoTlI-l0uOal-lE aa npoTlI-l0uOaTE aa npOTll-lOuoav I would be able you would be able he/she would be able we would be able you would be able they would be able I would prefer you would prefer he/she/it would prefer we would prefer you would prefer they would prefer If it's no trouble for/to you Here are some Greek phrases to learn by heart: Av (os) erou/erus KUVSl K01tO.oVEnaoa~) the Greek Telephone Company has installed digital phones for public use in several central locations. My name is Kostas Amanatides. This book should have been EAAl1vlKa lropi~ K01tO! (Greek without toil! / Greek without hard work!). !fit is (not) possible. Don't forget: Tu aya9a K01tol~ K'tolVtal! (No pain. it can also mean postcard and can be used in with various other words: 1ttertrotlKt] KUp'tU 'tPa1tS~lKt] KUp'tU 'tllAS<ProvlKt]KUp'tU eK1t'trotlKt] KUp'tU credit card bank card phone card discount card The word K01tO (toil) has many useful meanings in different contexts. aa DaEAE aa aeAal-lE aa aeAaTE aa DaEAav aa DI-lOUV The word tl1A&qKl)VO actually refers to the telephone itself. Whats your name? This is my card Kapta here means business card. In this unit. EiVat XUJlEvos K01t0s.ui~serat. Mueuivro EAAllVlKU Xropis K01tO.

Introduce yourself and say where you work. Look at the following list of examples: 'Eva A. (May) I to go?) 'EA. Some examples from this unit are: M1topro va KaVro. I am able to do. page 255) takes the same verb forms in the future tense preceded by 9a. (1hope) you (to) give her my best regards) Don't forget that! (lit.What will you do? Someone is visiting you. . Shall I go? (lit. How could you say 'Sit down' or 'Have a seat.eEA. He wants me to go. (lit..oucrav If only everybody could speak OA. Main verb form T&A&Il. I would like to make. Someone is saying: IlapaKaA. (Can) I (to) offer you anything?) Na <puyro. (lit.English will and would are replaced in Greek with 9a followed by a verb in different tenses: ea eEA. idiomatic function of va in the three dialogues of this unit.Eicrro. KUpto Smith.la 'tOU. n~ Give her my best regards. yvropicrro 'tOY Let me introduce Mr Smith to you.OtE'tO"t! like this! (lit.a va J.lE()Et~.ro.see the Glossary of grammatical terms.i>vW Tt1waivw I3Mnw av&l3aivw pWTOW(W) TPWw <P&uyw na[pvw Future verb form SUbjunctive verb form StAW va StAw va StAwva StAw va StAw va StAW va StAw va StAw va n:AE:lWaW now to end to go to see to go up to ask to eat to (eave to take Sa T&A&IWaW Sa naw Sa6w Sa avtl3wlav&l3w Sa pwniaw Sa <paw Sa <puyw Sa nopw 6w avtl3w pwniaw <paw <puyw nopw The verb form is the same in the future and subjunctive. The second main function is more idiomatic. I want to go. Na 't11~&OcrE'tE eEpJ.a va KA.'? you to go to go ( want him/her/it I want us to go I want you to go ( want them to go E>EMova 1taVE.£I va 1taco. The simplest way of getting to grips with this function of the subjunctive is to learn examples in phrases as you come across them. All verbs are from Unit 9 (Grammar point 1). 2 The connector word va You will have noticed the extensive use of va to connect two verbs.lOtEpEC.lJ.lE. I want them to go.. nO£I nOIl£ miT£ nav(£) ( want (me) to go ( want Practice 1 Respond to the following situations you are likely to encounter in Greek. You also use this verb form in situations where two verbs in the same sentence have different personal pronouns. Come to see me) It is essential for you to remember here that the verb form of the second verb (the subjunctive . Come and see me.. as in 'I want him to go'. There were many examples of this second.as the second verb in a sentence preceded by va: eEA.lat I will be ea . can see) his schedule. (1would like) to introduce to you Mr Smith. (1hope) (you) not to forget that!) Na crac.a I would like ea "'J. Refer to Unit 9 again for the full conjugation of this verb form.OUeEicr'tE J. (lit.lOUV I would be 3 Subjunctive The subjunctive has two main functions in Greek. The first one was mentioned in the previous paragraph . Notice that. ea . the same changes occur in the future and the subjunctive.eEA.ro I will like ea s1J. let me see (so I 1tpoypaJ. He is able to see you.E1t'tO oco 'to va Just a minute.ro va 1taro. M1tOpEi va cra~ Os1.. StAW StAW StAW StAW StAW StAW va va va va va va now nac. a b e d You are at a 1tEpi1t'tEpO.Ask the 1tEPt1t'tEpa~ for one local and one long-distance telephone call.) MaKapt va J. (1wish that) everybody speaks so!) Can I offer you anything? (lit.ltA. in the following examples. aKOA. eEA.

You AIJOVOTil5llC. then we will see.e You are talking to a colleague. ~Epel KaAlhepa Kal eivQI <pT'lvOTepoc. EuxofJm va naro nptv (va) KAetcrOUV. How could you say: 'My regards to your wife. I10't6 ea eEAa't6 va KAdcr6't6 pav't6~ou. Xaip6crm nou fJ6 ~ava~AEn6t~. nOlov xpel(i~ecrQl VI'aUTOTO pavTe13ou. a b c d e 'EX6't6 'tllAE<Provo.a ea na~. You AIJOVOTil5llC. a c d e f g h 7 3 Rearrange these lines to make up a dialogue. I would like a single room with a bath and a TV. eEA6't6 yta 't01tlKO tl un6pacrnKo 'tllAE<Provo. a b iii Nat napa noAU.30 n·fJ·-2.00 fJ. iv v rta un6pacrnKo. Write out both phrases. 't01tlKO aptellO~ 'tllAE<Provo 6crro't6ptKO Kap'ta crucr'tlllla npoypalllla pav't6~ou OAOl 1t6PlOOtKO i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x i ii iii iv v vi vii viii esoteric system schedule/programme all arithmetic telephone magazine/periodical topic(al) appointmenvrendezvous card >- eo J) is ::I 0 1'1 . . ii Nm. Introduce rt(opyo~ to rUiVV1K Welcome someone at your home. I care who is better! NOfJi~w0 rlwPV0c. a I need Nicholas because his Greekis vel}' good. 8EP6t~.~iKIO!(I hope you are right) (lit.. I would prefer a room with a view. Introduce Mr Smith to your friend. 5 Match the words on the left with those on the right. ~'tllV Tpan6i. ~UYVcOfJll AM eiVal xaAacrfJEvO.1aT1KiJ)co-operation.6~. Na crou npocr<pEpro Kan. 'EX6't6 fJ6'tPll'ttl (unit metre). Mnopei va eival noM apva TOTe. Hello! I have an appointment with Mr Petrou. T M B I n n n N A T H ~ E N a E K A T H - E n . 167 1'1- a b c d e f g h j 6 2 Match each question with the most appropriate answer. aV6~aivro ~AE1tro 1taipvw 1tllyaivro pro'taro(cO) 't6A6tcOVro 'tPcOro <P6UYro ea/va ea/va ea/va ea/va ea/va ea/va ea/va ea/va Use your translation skills to say the following in Greek. Tt cOpa eivm 'tcOpa. Eva ava'l'uKnKo av 06 crou KaV6t KOno. ~6 nota 'tpan6i. You A A A ~ I T P A N ~ n A I P N e E 1\ a p ~ AlJovoTil5IlC. AIJOVOTil5llC. He wants us to go to Thessaloniki tomorrow. H ~ K 1\ AIJOVOTil5llC.. you have right) e f g h S I want to go to the square. a b c d a 4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics. a b c d e f g Nm ano n~ 8. Can you recognize some of the words you have learned in this unit? Remember you can find the words horizontally and vertically.a I1icr't6ro~. c Let's start with Nicholas and if there is a problem with (npo13A'l\..fJ. I10't6 avoiyouv Ot 'tpan6i. b I don't care who is cheaper.r ~ Write out the future or subjunctive forms of the following verbs? ••••• ••••• i Mtcro A6n'to va oro 'to npoypafJfJa fJou. would be . d It's never too late! EAni~w va ExelC. Ecru TI Aec. Where's the restaurant? That would have been (lit. A refreshment (a soda) if it's no trouble for you.in Greek) better for me.'? Use the phrase 'Don't forget that!'. Eivm Mo napa 'tE'tap'tO. 0 rl(0PV0c.

. 01 rope<.'l IOV1Krj TJAyponKrj Ka1 TJEpyacria<. eiVat 101COnK&<. f _ KaTl.lTJxavE<..a1to "t'lV Tpa1te~a "t'l<. c _ Kl evw b noM.tpa1te~e<. 0J.. eK"to<. 101COnK&<. and the two) apK&TO~-~/-o 1"1 0IJOIOTI"ITa ililo~-a/-o novwano IliIWTIKO~-~/-o &KTOc. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps using the words in the box below. "tcov "tpa1te~rov cruvrj9co<. eival '1 KapTa IlOU. H Tpane~a Ilae.TJ Westminster. EAA'lV1K&<. M1topei KaVEva<. 01tco<...ana KpaTIKo~-~/-o &9VIKO~-~/-0 &lJnopIKo~-~/-o 1"1 niOTwal"l IOVIKO~-~-O aYPoTIKO~ -~I -0 1"1 &pyaaia CJ)(&li6v I"IlJl"Ixav~ litxolJal liivw TO auvoAAaYlJa IJtXPI •••• •••• Smith •••• •••• Tim AlJavaTilil"lC: Smith Tim xpelti~o\.le"to AyyA1KO. Na oae.Il. EiVat aVOlX"ta a1to AeUtEpa IlEXP1 IIapacrKwrj.. Ile 1tpro"tTJ"tTJv E9v1Krj Ile 450 "tpa1te~lKE<. 01 J.. 1tOU eiva1 KpanKrJ.IlTJXavE<. 'OAe<. Ka1 H Tpa1te~a EAMoo<. eAni(el Xaipoo npoana8w Kano Ka8iat& A little extra! Greek banks Read the following text about Greek banks carefully. &XOUV"tpa1te~lK&<.leyaAU"tepe<. b __ ~ noM Kupia Smith (LlllS).. va Exe1 Aecp"ta cre cruvaAAaYlla rj wpro rj Kat "ta Mo. 2. IlEXP1 n<. a T'lV Kupia Smith. 1.. oivouv cruvaAAaYlla.l1tOP1KrJ·l ' 10 Mark (. eivat KpanKrJ. ~xeMv oAe<. h va ~eKlvJiooulle Illa KaAJi i _ Kl eyw aUTO j _ Na q>uvw./&lc.') for true and (K) for false. EAMoo<. lliAaTe KaAUTepa EM'lvlKa ana IlEva. To EAA'lVn::o "tpam.1l. !lev lliAaw KaM EAA'lvlKa aAM d . Na Il'l k ! Le I VlaTi ~Epele.00 1t.. OEXOV"tatKat words. several resemblance (f) similar more than (lit. ... av Oev oae.00 J. oivouv cruvaAAaYlla.J. Aun.lal q>U.'OAe<."tpa1te~e<. 'Evav Kaq>E.lal yvoopiooo eUX0J.&<. eiva1 'l E9v1KrJ. Mep1KE<.l010"t'l"te<.KaSe AeUtEpa IlEXP1 IIEIl1t"tTJKat cr"tTJ<. a b c d e Y 1tapxouv 1tOAA.. Y1tllPXOUV 1tllVCOa1to O&Ka EAA'lV1K&<.l. .~t1co cruc:J"tlWa &xe1 apKe"t&<. MiAaTe e ! MaKapl va lliAouoav oAol ETol! Ma c "c ! Na oae. 'l EJ. "tpa1te~e<. KpanKE<.. Kavel 9 _ Kl Eva IlETPlOVla IlEva.ATM IlTJXavE<. Eoeie. 1tOAAE<. noMa ana TO EM'lvlKO Tpane~lKo oUOTTJlla. "tpa1te~e<.30 1l. KaAwoopioan: OTTJvEAMOa.Il. "tpa1te~e<. AAM oev eivat aKp113ro<. TJ Citibank Kat aAAe<.. ~"tTJV EAMoa u1tapxouv 1tavco a1to OeKa1tEv"te ~Eve<.Eva avaljJuKTlKOiowe. then try questions 10 and 11 on pages 169 and 170. 8. TJ Barclays. eiVat am) n<.) Kal Ta liuo both (lit. "tpa1te~e<. H EAMOa &xe1 1tavco a1to 1000 "tpa1te~lK&<. "tTJvIIapacrKeurj. to J " i010.a 9 Listen to Dialogue 3 of this unit again and fill in the missing IIicr"teco<.. 'Eva vee. over than) private except for state national commercial credit (f) Ionian agriculture labour (f) almost machine (f) I accept I give exchange (n) until ~&vo~-I"I/-o foreign Kavtva~KalJia/Kav&va somebody (m)/ somebody (f)/something (n) Ta A&CPTO money (pI.

30 'tl~ IIapa(J1CEUs~.IIo8wTOQ. IIotE~ 'tpa1tE~E~ OExov'tat tl ilivouv (JuvaUaYJ. d •••• •••• e f i [pigheno livrio] IIllYaivro auplO. x How do you do? or Greek 3 The five phrases below are given in the present tense. IIo(JE~ EUT\VtlCS~ 'tpa1tE~E~ u1tapxouv. cigarette and canning companies. around 20% are manufacturers (PIOl.1a. ii I'd like to make an appointment. v Take a seat! vii Don't forget that. more than 15% are freelance/self-employed (d&u8&pol &noyydI. Can you change them into the future tense? Use transliteration script. IIffi~ J. i ii iii iv v te1ephone/s kioskls cardls bankls appointmentls vi vii viii ix x later tomorrow today regards refreshments 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Use transliteration or Greek script. X to you.f g h H Westminster dvat AYY/vtlCtl'tpa1tE~a. and nearly one in four has a TV set (TI'JA&6pool'J). ix Let me introduce Mr. [aneveno t6ra] AVEpaivro 'tffipa. i Can I make a telephone call? vi Sit down please! .InOpol). viii My regards to your wife. ii iii iv v [rotao livrio] Pro'taro auplO. o Some facts worth • • •••• •••• knowing • In a list of the 20 most profitable companies on the Greek stock market. The next 15 places go to other banks. almost one in three has a radio (p6liIO).). AEV !-mopEi lCavsva~ va SXEt /vEcp'ta (JE (Juva/v/vaYJ. [fevgho noris] cI>EUYroropi~. IIo(JE~ ~SVE~ 'tpa1tE~E~ u1tapxouv. Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script.1E 'to E/v/vT\VtlCO 'tpa1tE~tlCo (Ju(J'tT\J. More than 50% of Greeks have independent sources of income (&loOlirU. 11 Answer the following questions. around 5% are hired workers (1. IIo'tE avoiyouv lCat 1tO'tElC/vdvouv Ot 'tpa1tE~E~. and dairy.10tO'tT\'tE~ 'to AYY/vtlCO J. v [perno tilefono] IIaipvro 'tT\/vscprovo. investment companies. ill If it is possible.lOTi&C.lOTi&C.11topd lCavsva~ va sXEt 'ta /vEcp'ta 'tOu. iv I'm glad to see you again.ll1xovo1) r o tradespeople (&l.) and about 7% are pensioners (OUVTO~IOUXOI). a b c 'EXEt 0J. the first five places are held by the five largest banks. Ot 'tpa1tE~E~ lC/vdvouv (J'tl~ 2.1a.1a. One in two Greeks has a phone (TI'JA&cpWVO).

. Nal. Ie xaoalJe XSee. IJOVO 01 'EAAllvee. terrible headache (m) pain (m) head (n) so. &~WO& 1000UpOe.. you were yesterday we missed you sick (not feeling well) I had awful. i5e i5ouAeuouv oKAllpa. TO lJeOTJlJtpl nrlya o'tva cpaplJaKeio. ylaTi i5ev KaSloee.! nou rloouv. lllJlKpaviee..! A! Opaia! Eye. liev nrlya oe ylaTpo. KaAlllJtpa Maipll. TO K&cpaAI KI '&TOI &1I&IVa TO oniTI oAa poui1. 1-11 1-0 . Kal 01 'AyyAOI OTav txouv novoKtcpaAO . IJOU ti5woe tva lOXUpO xam Yla novoKecpaAOUe. TO cpapllaK&io 011')cpaPllaKonoloe. aAM eXTte...1"11'1'< 00 0 ••• >'a 00 -'C 'a 1'1 0- Taoia Mary Taoia Mary In this unit you wilileam how to • express feelings • talk to a doctor • ask for remedies • name different professions • name different sports 1100UV (&)x9&e. KaSolJouv aniTl ouvtxela exste. aniTl.a1 Taoia Mary Taoia Mary Taoia Mary Where were you yesterday? Mary didn't go to her office yesterday and one of her colleagues is quizzing her. oAa 13ou"j~av010 KecpaAl IJOU. 1-11 1-0 o novoK&cpaAoe... 0 cpaplJaKOnOlOe. EXTte. rlaTi eixee.> vOlJl~a nwe. oe Kavtva ylaTpo. o noVoe. BaptSllKa! 'HpSa OTT] i50uAela va napw Aiyo KaSapo atpa! liev Sa i50uMljJw OIJW<. Av eivQl tTOl. 1-1') 1-0 &ixa TpOII&pOe. because of that I stayed house (n) my head was spinning did you go? doctor (m + f) chemist's/pharmacy chemist (m + f) she gave strong a ~<>< -eO ::00. 011') YlaTpOe. 0& xaOall& a~la9&TOe. txw lllJlKpaviee. Eiom KaAUTepa arllJepa. 'HlJoUV ai5laSeTT].. liU01Uxcix. Eixa tva TpOlJepO novoKtcpaAo Kl tTm tlJelVa aniTL. ana TOTe nou rllJOUV IJlKPO nmi5i. KallllJlKpaviee.av OTO K&cpaAI 1I0U nl1y&e. nrlyee.

3:M o ~~ ~ ~ "e. '< ~ en 0 ~ c: Q./.~ .. s:: ::f~ 3:::1 a c· >- o c loyocb')I0AO.~ Q. :e j en ~ ~ ~ ~ t:j P. CD ~ CD en ~ ~ CD en Pol . :e Q) en 0 So rn So~ ~ . OX!3 Of •••... ..loyocb?)I0AO.L OA. S'~ en Q... :e = ~.. III ~~ J) III j. OX!3 ~ 3:Mj. CIJ '"<:l .. 9d3rtod..L OA./.LI 9d3rtod.LI •••.... ~ Zft ~ Q.S D I\) J) o g-s:: ::t 0 =:.~ ~ <: <: ..

.! rIa va eioOl noM LlJI1M 6Tav YKplvla~ele. clerk.Tl aAAo 9a Ylvel.Itpa. Ta EAAT')vIKaoou YlvovTal KaMTepa I. 1-1l 1-0 XAwpOC. noM l. TT')V A9T]va.I130UAT]! ~ae. va lJay&ip&ua o/ll mAoToc. vau'tia.. va l.Iayelpeua 0lTJ Mary Yla va l.IT').Ie TpOq>lKT] ~T')AT')l11PlaOTl.! va 11~&pa •. 'H l.. Roll up your sleeve.nauAou Tim OTO Kpe13aTI l... Vocabulary 'to KpDmJ. asking for remedies and understanding basic medical jargon.1at Eva yta'tpo yptlyopa/ aJ..1a 'to acr9J.nauAou 00 -'C 1'1 '0 o· Tim •••• I\) K... eTOl va I. Language notes In case of emergency In a serious medical emergency people always use their mother tongue. wherever they are. ~aAIl· dizzy.176 :ll'l 0-' <~ 0 iIll'I1'1-< ~D D-t >''0 K. IToD eiVat 'to ta'tpeio. 1tOVoKEq>aAo.. :l 1'1 0-' <>< OD lIil'l- 1'1'< ~D D -t >''0 00 -'C 1'1 '0 O. ITapaKaA. va I1pouv ylaTpoc.. uLIJIlAoc.1Q. 1-11 1-0 cpaivopal tna8a vauTia Il vauTia TI aAAo 8a yiv&l. ayanIlO&C.. MT')v elOOl T600 anOl0l6~o~oe. this pain? :EllKolcr'te'to J. ~UVT]910ee.1at KaAa. euxaplOTw Kuple naUAOU. o/ll unaAAIlAoc. what I am suffering from cook(m) (so I could) cook pilot (m + f) high I complain/moan so. analolol5o~oC. Tpane~IK6e. youeehe/~a1tA. you fell in love officer (here). sick. OI Twpa K eyw tna9a unepK6nwOTl. ~ Eyw Mw va T]OOUVmMToe. Where does it hurt? ITocro Katpo exe'te au'tov How long have you had 'tov 1tOVO.oXrte... appwOToc. l aAAO geAele.I0UVylaTp6e. AyanT')oee. T Na T]I.Ie TT')V T')l. l11V EAAT')VIKT]Kou~lva.. employee (m + f) I wish I were a doctor! (so I could) know ..! KaAT] OUI. 1-11 1-0 YKplvla~w tTOI va PIlV pnop&i va 0& aKOU&1Kavtvac.1at appmcr't"O~.Iayelpae...1Ecrm~.1tAa AyyAtKa.! Na T]~epa Tl exw nagel .ro. KOI ell. 'EXm 1tupe'to. I have got a fever/temperature. 1-1l 1-0 IJtpa P& TIlV Ilptpa ouvI1810&C.t: head) pain in the belly/ stomach (ll KOtAta: belly) sore throot.. headache.! Il oUlJpouAIl ill pale I look I was seasick seasickness. Here are a few basic phrases: Xpeui~oJ.Inopel va oe aKouel I Kavevae. aOtage'to~. nausea what else is going to happen? you see everything black. talking to doctors.Itpa l. it is not possible for anyone to hear you! advice (f) Wheres the doctors office? I don't feel well.1aViKtcra~. .. it is important for you to develop a working vocabulary for feelings. 'Eva yta'tpo 1tOUva J. ('to Keq><iA.1ovia cold asthma stress diarrhoea influenza pneumonia . you are vel}' pessimistic (idiom) pessimist day by day you became used to you loved.: throat) Atcr9avoJ. noM KaMe.. (0 AatJ. unaAAT')AOe.l6e. Please undress / lie down.IT')v nagel TPOq>IKT] T')AT')l11PlaOTl. L\ev atcr9avoJ. Idioms Tt exen:.. Whats the trouble? IToD 1tova'te. KOI eloOl tvae..• TI txw na8&1 o pay&lpac.Iaupa TO I3Mnele. Ifeel ill. noAu paupa Ta pAtn&lC.... seasick.lal XAwI.1a 'to ayxo~ II Otappota II ypi1t1tll II 1tvEUJ. Nevertheless.

. Now test your memory on some professions from previous units by covering up the Greek: 0/11 O"cp~t'topo<.laK01tOlo<./ -0 every J. TO OTOllclXI (f) TjllAciTl) (f) 0 mOlVO~.lol>loiWC. Jogging is 't~OyK\V 11 'YPll'Y0PO paot)v (brisk walking!). I-a nurse 0/11 tl1tUAATtAO<.laKO 119Epa1tEla 'to av'tlO"l11t'tlKO 11O"tlv'taYtl specialist examination allergic cortisone penicillin antibiotic medicine treatment antiseptic prescription TO TPOXa6I'Jv TO aKI TO no6oacpalpo TO poA£ulJnoA I'J Kwnl'JAaaia I'J~lcpaaKia running TO T~OUVTO Skiing TO KoAUIJPI football I'Jno6I'JAaaia volleyball I'J mnaaia rowing TO xavTlJnoA fencing TO IJnaaK£TlJnoA judo swimming cycling horse riding handball basketball Frequency Here is some useful vocabulary (adverbs and adverbial phrases) for talking about how often you do something: (m) 11IlUTl) (n) TO OTolla Indefinite frequency (0) 0 Aalllo~ (P) TO X.l0<.&PI (OAOKA11PO) (q ) 11 KOlAui. 1'1-< -ea a .. / -0 every I. pilot Sport Do you like sport? Do you like to participate in sport or do you prefer to watch it on TV? Many sports «J1tOp) have the same name as in English. every / minute hour / hourly day / daily week / weekly month / monthly year / yearly Professions The following professions can be found in this unit: 0/11 YlQ'tpo<. 0/11 E101KO<. (tennis).lepT'Joiwc. such as 'tEn. doctor 0/11 cpapJ.l0A oxeMv novTo / ouxvo J. 11E~E'taO"ll 0/11 aAAEPY1KO<./ VOPJ.lepIKe<. clerk 0 J.axvu liver intestine bowels Ko8e Ko8e Ko8e Ko8e Ko8e Ko8e Aemo every wpo / wploiWC. popec. but are spoken with a slight Greek accent. Study the sports on the next page and learn the ones you like to watch or participate in.lepo / T'Jl. cook 01tlAO'tO<.IT'JvloiwC. chemist 0/11 VOO"OKOJ..-0 / / every Xpovo / XPoVloiWC. neplol>IKo c onovlO oxel>ov nOTe nOTe Definite frequency always/continually usually/normally often/frequently sometimes/periodically rarely/seldom hardly ever never (k) TO MKTUAO noli IOU Basic body parts 1 t) KUpOla heart 2 'tU 1tVlmpOVW lungs 3 'to (J'topaXl stomach 4 'to at>KID'tl 5 'tu &v'ttpa 6 'tu (J1tJ. Ta onioBla (g) 11 11&011 (5) 0 Kapn~ (t) TO lIclKTUAO XEPIOU (u) TO nolil novm / ouvexelo ouvtl8WC.<>< oa ::0: 1'). -0 / eTT'Joiwc. / -0 every ej3l>oI.luyclpa<.• >''1:1 ~ !:!. 11KOP'tlsOVll 111tEV1K1AA1Vll 'to aV'tl~lO'tlKO 'to cpUpJ.IrlVO l. 00 -'C I') '1:1 ().lMo / ej3l>ol. waiter/waitress taxi-driver . /-a o 'ta~l'tstl<.

In the next few units we are going to look at the past tense. o €PYOT11C. 50oKaAoc.IIKOC... Greeks use them frequently in daily exchanges.Ievw I forget (Unit 2) (Unit 5) I arrive (Unit 5) lam I miss I stay I say ~exaoa €Ina eq>Taoa Jil. except the ftrst three.IOI Xovw l. I1pouv(a) l1oouv(a) I1Tav(e) I1paOTav l1oaOTav I1Tav(e) I was you were he/she/it was we were you were they were . AOylaT1')C. ° aaTUV0I.I€lva I forgot I said I arrived I was I missed I stayed . and there is an additional letter at the beginning of some verbs. Below is a long list of all verbs you have already met in the past tense . KT11vlaTp0C. ° o511Y°C. and healthy year!) (a wish heard on the ftrst days of each year) eixa eiXeC.. Have a nice week In Greek there are many expressions of 'good wishes' that have no English equivalents.Ia811TJiC. o l.. productive. KTlaTllC. healthy month!) (a wish heard on the 1st of each month) Happy New Year! (lit. Do you still remember these expressions from previous units? student teacher worker builder vet book-keeper architect painter policeman driver pianist • g . KuM Xpovo (Eto~) or KUAr] XPOVtu! ~€XVW M(y)w q>TOVW €II. Have a nice. productive week!) (a wish heard on Mondays when people go back to work) Have a good month! (lit. Have a nice.o 7tl::pt7ttEPU~ 0/11 YPUIlIlUtEU~ o 7tIDA11tr]~ 117tIDAr]tpta kiosk owner secretary salesman saleswoman The cartoons below depict some other popular professions. eixe eixape eixaT£ eixav I had you had he/she/it had we had you had they had Note that the usual ending -co becomes -a. Study them and become familiar with them. KUAr] ~EKOUpU011! r KUAr] o UVU7tUU011! Have a nice weekend! (a wish heard on Fridays/Saturdays) Have a nice rest! (a wish heard when people leave work at the end of the day) ••••• I\) a E6 ° ° ° ° ° apXIT&KTOVac. Have a good week! (lit. productive..0 s1- KUAr] OPE~11! KUAr] XIDVE'I'11! KUAr] OtUllovr]1 / KUAtl 7tUPUIlOVr]! Bon appetit! Have a good digestion! Have a nice stay! (at hotels) Grammar 1 Talking about the past So far you have met the present and the future tense in Greek.louv(a) exaoa &1.all from Unit 12. ° ~wypoq>OC. Look out for those that are similar in both languages. Have a nice. ° mavlaTac. Here are two important verbs tlput (1am) txco (1have) in the past tense..

Match each question with the most appropriate answer. Aiyo KaAU'tEpa a1tO xge~. a b I:Kov'ta\jfa OE J. a little bit) pale!'. You meet someone who wishes you 'KaArJ (E)f3ooJ. .:::l 0-' :IIi 1'1 <>< 1'1'< 01:1 1'1.av I stayed. There is an emergency. The vocabulary on the next page might help you! etc. a b c d e i ii iii iv v Ilro~ 1tepaOE~ 'to I:af3f3a'toKUptaKO.and 1\~Epa adds l). some verbs add a letter to the stem in the past tense. I will stay. How would you say: 'We missed you. Ilro~ at09avEo'tE orJJ. Practice 1 Respond to the following situations in Greek.EIC.EC. future and past tenses of this verb.1EiVE'tE o1tin ouveXEta.1ou.. Ask: 'Are you sick? You look kind of (lit. 'E'tot Kt e'tot. El OUIlE ETE ouv Prefix / Stem / Ending & . In the verb JlEvo> (1stay).. you Iltv .. Tt 1tpe1tEt va KavO) yta'tpe. IlrJYE~ 1tOU9EVa. You want to wish a Greek friend a good month! What do you say? You have just finished eating..I&lva . a b It's Monday. 'EXE'tE xa1tta yta 1tOVoKE<paAou~. and some verbs don't change much in the past tense: vOJ. What will you answer? It's the first day of the month.aTE t .IlEIV . mlYa[vw C5[vw KciSollal 13apl&llal &PXOllal VOIl[~w naSa[vw Kcivw m:pvw KOAUIl13w m:pnaTw TP&XW ouvllSI~W ayanciw ~&PW I go I give I sit/stay I am bored I come I think I suffer I do/make I spend I swim I walk I run I get used to I love I know mlya tcswoa KciSloa 13ap&SIlKa l'jpSa vOllloa &naSa &Kava n&paoa KoMIlnT]oa m: pnciTT]oa &TpE~a ouvl'j Sloa aycinT]oa l'j~Epa I went I gave I sat/stayed I was bored I came I thought I suffered I did/made I spent I swam I walked I ran I got used to I loved I knew The additional letter E. you stay.10U o'tov 'tOixo (wall) . A friend of yours says. you already know some of them especially in the main verb fonn. APKE'tU KaAa av Kat OEVeKava 'ti1to'ta! Ilpe1tEt va J. Ask a friend how his weekend was and where he spent it. •••• I\) Don't be discouraged by this list.IlEIV .IlEIV . have a similar conjugation in the past tense: e<p'taoa 1arrived exaoa I lost eJ.ailE .IlEIV . etc.E .1i~O)--t vOJ.llelV .a & .1Etva I stayed eoO)oa I gave bra9a eKava e'tpE~a rJ~Epa I underwent I did/made I ran I knew All these except for 1\~Epa take the prefix E-. I stay. Notice the changes that take place in the present. Iltv Iltv Il&V Iltv El OUIlE ETE ouv Describe what happened to you. Stem / Ending Il&V . o'to o1tin 'tOU aOEA<pou(brother) J.is the stem and -0> is the ending. A friend of yours does not look well. -61:1 1:1 ••• >''0 00 -~ 1'1 '0 O.1Epa. 'EXE'tE Kat llJ. Nat f3ef3ata.I stayed As previously mentioned. etc.1toa KavO) ---t eKava ~epO) ---t rJ~Epa But some of the verbs do change dramatically: epxoJ. 'KaArJ XrovE\jfll!' What will you say? You haven't seen someone for some time.1at ---t c d e f g rJP9a It might be a good idea to keep referring back to this list until you feel confident that you are familiar with them all.w Stem I Ending Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa IlEIV IlEIV IlElv IlEIV IlEIV IlEIV w EIC. in the box 2 &J. The following verbs. Nat.1tKpaviE~.1aoa'.1ia 1te'tpa (stone) .is missing from the we and you forms in the plural. Ask for a doctor right away.IlEIV . Where have you been?'? It's Monday. JlEV. t . stayed. K'tU1tll0a 'to KE<paAtJ.as a prefix. you will stay.

---+ ---+ ---+ ---+ ---+ ---+ ---+ ---+ oKOVTaq>TWI trip over KO~W I cut KTunw I hit mavw I catch neq>Tw I fall ~ya~w I take out llaTwvw I bleed crnaw I break oKOVTa". i e~yoAo KOPOl)~1tOAO (bump.Et. eo1tooo 'to 1tOOt ~OU. = iv v K'tU1tTJOO'to xepto ~OU Kat 'to 1tOOtO ~OU. Especially (£Ii5IKa) my wife because she went shopping every day! IT&AloC. 9 That's not nice. Ato9uvOllat vo KUVW E~E'tO (I vomit). You e We had a good time. IT&AloC. 'E1tl>oo 01tO n<.w (I am shaking) KpUO eXffi KpUUOE<. You KaAT')llepa. 'Emooo 'to Xept ~OU o'tTJv 1tOP'to . Kat .. L1EV eXffi Ka90Aou OPE~TJ.a KTUnTJOa emaoa enEoa e~yaAa llaTwOa ecrnaoa Tptl'W ToupToupi~ 1'& nOVa&1 1'& nOVa&1 0 aplOT&pOc..)OE(oi~o blood).. rIa i5ouA£le~ ri Ta~ii51 ava ••• uxri~ (pleasure). ill eo1tooov ouo O<1K'tUAO. n£paoaT£ wpaia. You IT&AloC. I stayed for three days.. b c d e f g To KEq>UAt ~ou ~oui1. to me it hurts. . [= a bump came out] ii ~U't(J. lump).. (stairs) . . 'toup'tOupi1. ~ou ro~o<.. How is she now? You ITtAloC. TuX£poi! (Lucky you!) EIl£i~ Il£ivall£ crniTl ylaTi T') ITeMa riTav appwO"TT')... h I hope she gets (va yiv£l) better soon! You c . b It was a business trip. KaAUT£pa. I shiver/I am shivering I am shaking it hurts (lit.(I feel a chill). (TJ KOlAtU belly) ME 1tOVUEt 0 apto'tEpO<.a eKo". Match the pictures to the phrases. IT&AloC. O"1CUAE<. d I went alone and my wife came the next (£noll£vo~ /-T')/-0) day. a a 5 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics. You IT&AloC. f I//? What was wrong with her? You ITtAIOC. = a1to 'to a I was on a trip in Crete (KPriTT')).c d e 'EKO'l'o 'to OUK'tUAO ~OU . 'EXffi 'tPO~EPO KOlM1tovo. Tpe~w (I shiver). or I hurt) my left shoulder hurts shoulder (m) Tell the doctor what's wrong with you using the expressions below and overleaf. 'EXffi 'tPO~EPO 1tOVoKeq>oAo. nriY£~ 1l0VO~ oou (alone) ri Il£ TTJyuvaiKa oou. You IT&AloC.. . (lit trip for business) nooo KQlPO ell£lv£~. EiX£ ouveX£la i5lappola. o (j)I'OC. I'ou (j)I'OC. o£ xaoall£! nOli rioouv. KaAlIT£pa.

000) eeooaAla (Thessaly) (700.! KaM j I !ae. nauAou Tim K. particularly in Canada. Tim K.000. the USA. 'H h " . 1tvEtll!ovia aAAEpytKO<.000) a j 8 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words.6 You are looking for two words about sport. There are approximately 4 million Greeks living abroad. 6 Eyw Mw va r. oMo ea yivel. !:lev ~avanow OTIC. a b c d e f g h 1tovo<. two words from your list of definite and indefinite frequency vocabulary. The number of legal and illegal immigrants to Greece has increased dramatically.lpa eyw Enaea d _ KQl eillal XAWIlOC.ETOIva Illl Ilnopei va oe aKouel KavEvac. 1lAIlTllpiaOll. Kal eioQl Evae.poiveoOl oU\l\3ouM\ J.000) 'Hnelpo<. !TO C 11 Mary Ellelve oTO Kpe130Tl Ile TpOcplKr. Tim K.va. Eival Eva wpaio c _ !TO Ta~i61 Enaea vauTia. Tpane~IKoe....9 .000) epoKll (Thrace) (400.. i nausea ii antibiotic iii iv v vi vii viii ix x pilot pneumonia allergic judo handball migraine chemist/pharmacy pain n The Greek population The population of Greece reached a peak of 10. Since then. two words about health. va Ilayeipeua 0TIl Mary Yla va Illlv nOeel TpOcpIKr. K.noM KaMe. aloeOVOllal aKolla a610eeTOC.. nauAou Tim IlEpa Ile TIlV IlIlEpa. nauAou !:lev eillQl a aAM. Tt noM Ilaupa Ta 13MnelC.300. The vertical.! rIa va eioal noM i oTav YKplvlo~elC. OUVrj810e<.000) ni\HeY~MO~ TH~ EMA~ KATA rEnrpA<!llKA t. and two professions. it has been declining. f TIlV Aer.ouv'tO Xav'tl!1tOA cpapl!aKElO lWtKpavia vamia mAO'to<. . South Africa and Australia. TIlV EAAIlVlKr. 7 Match the words on the left with the words on the right. 61lAIlTllpiaOll.oouv mMToe. 't1.IAMEPI~MATA .! rlaTi.Mllv eioal TOoO e __ . EioQl a b __ .. Na rlllouv YlaTpOe. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps using the words provided in the box.. (Epirus) (340.~epa Tl EXWnoeet.2 million in 1991. !nETOec. reaching over 1 million by the turn of the century. aVn~tonKo <. I\iyo XAWIlOC.!Na r. KQl T(. Kou~iva.000) KPTiTll(Crete) (540. This diagram shows the distribution of population in the regions of Greece. ~Tepeo (Sterea) (4. shaded word means continually. nauAou KaAIlllEpa Tim.000) Nll0l0 Alyalou (Aegean Islands) (460. Ta EMIlVlKO oou yiVOVTal KaAuTepa MaKel)ovla (Macedonia) (2. Tl MAO eEAelC.1oyelpa<. Ayo"lloee. with slightly fewer than 10 million at the start of 2000. euxaplOTw Kuple naUAOU.000) IOVla Nll010 (Ionian Islands) (190.

Ill 1'1- 1'1-< 0"" >'1) 00 -"C 1'1 '1) Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script.\)~1kb 1tOA.TJV1Ka. vi I need some rest. In this unit you will learn how to • talk about the weather • use expressions of time • get the gist of a weather forecast • name the months and seasons .Moa. [kano ghimnastikll Kavro y\)~vacr'ttKT1. [ksero elinika] Sepro EA. -I - 3 The five phrases below are given in the present tense. ii iii iv v [kolimb6 pohl KoA. Y&WYPocpIKe 6IOIJ&pioIJOTO KOTe 0° -eo population regions. i [aghapao tin elaTHa] Ayamiro 'tTJv EA.D. geographical according to areas . i ii iii iv v yesterday sick doctor/s pharmacy medicine vi weekend o· vii enough viii serious ix swimming x jogging 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? i I need some fresh air! ii How was your weekend? iii It was a nightmare! iv It was wonderful! v I like swimming a lot.a ~<>< nA'l8UOIJOC. [tr6-o musaka] Tproro ~O\)craKa. Can you change them into the past tense? Use transliteration or Greek script. vii Don't say that! viii It's good advice! ix I feel ill/sick/dizzy/seasick! x I've got feverlheadache/ sore throat.A.

. nou nt. 'Exoul.1&00 OTO crnLTl aUV&xelO KOI l.. •••• W Tim AplOTeiiillC. Mary tells them everything! nec. pac. 1.AVTl YlO OAO OUTa el..<pLAou~ I..lepO elXov aAAOV eeo eKe(.le vo <pal. AKouyeaOl KOI <polveaol noM OTevOXWp'lll. we have gone) event. NOl! 'E~pexe aUV&xelO KOpeKAOno~opo! 'E~pel.10<..I0~ YlO TO TplJil.e 8&A0l.ev KaV0l.lJivTQ 560 wpe<..) we sweated our guts out! what happened I have not been troubled. 'Exel yuplal...yoTe. novTwv T&TOIOnaAloKalpo! eKeivo~·I'J/·o Tim AplOTeiiillC.le Tpel~ l.e KopeKAono50po YlO e~501.le TTjAe<pwvJiael OTOU<...le TlnoTo.. eixape npoypappaTiael Toaa noUo npoypaTa aKouyeaal cpaiveaal OTevaXWPIlP&VO~-rV-o &xoupe noel TO yeyovoc. 'EAO Tl eYlve.110 ~ev elvOl Toao I.. worried nOTe oUOTe eTal exoupe TIlAecpwvl1ael TO Tpll1pepo &XOUVoxeiiloaei TdlKO o Kalpoc.. Tl KOlpO eKove. 'OAO! 6.110.e 8&A0l.IlO KOI ae Mo l.laTTjaenOTe.le vo 50ul. 01 <plAOl ao~ Tl &KOVOV.I0Tlael vo KaVOUl... C!lTaa0l.I&vo~.. my goodness! (lit.le crnlTl.ev el50Te K08oAOU TTjAeOpOOT]...I&pe~ 1.IeTa enlOTp&l\JOl..leOTOcrnlTl TWV<pLAwv1...le T'llAeOpOOT] Ji vo oKOUaOUl.e OT0l.. such words) a2 It rained cats and dogs! 'OAO OKOUYOVTOI1.InaVlO ...IOTO KOI ~ev KaV0l.10<. 6.6.e I. HA&KTpa Mary HA&KTpa HAEK't'PO and Aptcrn:io'll~ fmally hear the end of the story...le vo nal. AUTJi elVOl 'll IOTOPIO 1.I&vO BOUpAO nou 1. 'EnelTO 01 <plAOl 1. nw.I'll Ae~ T&TOIOMYlO! tell us we had planned so many things you sound you look worried. 'Exoul..lW~..le nael Kl aAA-e~ <poP&~ OT'll 1\01. KOI uOTepo OTO K0I. B&~OIO! Tou xpovou! . iiev &xel ~avaauPPei nw. concerned we have been to (lit. 'OXl! 6.Ielv0l.. 6.II.I0~ 80 1.l0To TpOXO~! eo &xeTe TTjV eUKOlplo vo naTe nlaw ~ova.. nOAA-Ji~poxJi· Melv0l.I0~ l... Ae~ eau Tl aUV&~el. nelTe TeAlKa Tl &Ylve... Mo Tl KOlPO &KOVeT&AO<... ~'llyouaov o OTI~ eepl..lel~ l.nw~ JiTOV TO TQl.ev &XW OTevoxwp'll8el nOTe aAAOTe &Tal.. TtTola AOyla! never before like that we have called long weekend (lit. ee& 1.IOTO KOI TeAlKa 0 KOlPO~ 1... three-day event) they have planned at the end. finally the weather messes up everything after all such awful weather! that God (m) don't say this kind of thing (lit.el~1 ao~ 0Tll 1\01.110.. &Aeyov OTI elvOl wpolo 8&peTpO YlO KOV&VO I.I0~TO XaAael OAO. The weather messed up their plans so now they are complaining about it to a couple of friends.D 1 What was the weather like? Tim and Mary have just come back from a long weekend in Lamia. fact (n) it has never happened (occurred) before oh. Ta xaAoel oAa TtAOC.lLAJiaoTe...le TOU aKOal. HA&KTpa 'EAO Tim ne~ 1.10<...le npoYP0I.10<.I0uaelo 1... 'ETal 5ev elvOl.Ie~poxJi. nw! 9d pour pac. 'EAO TWpO..1&00 0Tll 1\01. AUTO TO yeyovo~ ~ev &xell.I~eL nw.le TlnoTQ! ElX0l.I0~.le Toao npaYI.10<..le pa510....naVTWV... H 1\01. TtTOlO noAloKolpO! EKelvo TO TplJil. AUTOI &XOUV axe~laael VO KaVOUl. &xel pyoAel Tllv niOTIl! TI auv&pel iiev &XWOTevaXWPll8ei ° ... pac..e <PaYOTe.6.. nou T&TOIO TUX'll OI. 6.. Pll bC..I0UpOKl apOXvo! eo 1..I0U! Mo~ &xel~ ~yaAel TTjV nlOT'll! Mary YlOTl ~£ 1..lepo. 6. Tl vo ao~ nw.le OTO KaOTpO aT'llV AKpoAol..110.. 'ETal elvOl..I0KPla ana T'llV A8Jivo..ovoaul.le OTllV A8Jivo.I0nUAe<. Mary o geoc.l0u! e&A0l.. troubled.le Toao noAA-a npaYI..

XElll<l>Vae. the year after next adds emphasis to a statement weather (m) sunshine (t) cool Oittle) wind. Mary f). J\tvE on IlnopEI va I3pt~El TO I3pMu aAM ~E VOIlI~W.! aYTi 0 TpOXOC. TO 9&p&Tpo TO pnavlo Via pnavlo nou T&TOla TUXI'JopwC. it hailed (lit. li& cpavaT&. nor .!-rV-o TO a&paKI o a&pac.. history) didn't you watch? (lit. the season. chair legs) it never stopped we arrived we returned story (t) (lit.'Ao KpUO Kat naywvu]. Mary MT]v TOU 1l1MTE Yla TT]J\allla! HA&KTpa f).. HA&KTpa AUTO va AtyETal! EIVOl npaYllan T] KaAUTEpT] Enoxi) .. I:TO J\ov~lvo I3ptXEl KaSE Iltpa. it is said that) pnop&i va 13p&~&1 it might rain right (n) TO liiKIO the day before yesterday npoX9&c.!-I'J/-o &XW &A9&1 I have come rain and snow (lit.. 'EXEl ilia untpOXT] AlaKa~a Kl tva ~POOEPO aEpaKI.Tim. OUTE nOTt! AplOT&llil'JC. KOITa TOV KatpO cnlllEpa. 'QAOI Ilae. 'A'A. Kl 0 KatpOe. XElll<i>VEe. EKEI va ~Ele. OTT]J\allia cnlllEpa.!-I'J/-o wet dangerous &mKivliuvoc.they are both plural) cold (n) TO KpUO frost (t) I'Jnavwvla o I1AIOC. 'ExoullE anocpaoloEl va llT]v nallE OTT]J\allia ~ava! QlJTE TOU Xpovou. npoxTte. rlaTI I3pE Tim. XalpOllat nou T]Westminster Bank ~E O'tOTEtAE OTT]V Kal3aAa i) TT]v =:avST]. SQAaooa Kat allllou~la! ApIOT&ilil'JC. ~IKlO 01lW<. . MT] 1l0U IltAaTE VIa TO J\OV~IVO! rt'aUTO txw tASEl OTT]VEMMa. f). Elvat aVOl~T] Kat nEpillEva nwe. auT!') TT]v Enoxi). Kat nwe. see) winters! &XOUP&anocpaoio&1 OUT& •. rains and fJPOX&C.. Lamia itself or London? Listen to and read the last part of their conversation.EV tXEle. va aKOUOOUP& TO palilo TOU OKaopou! TO KaOTpo 9a pac. . I3poxte.. tAEyav on EIVat T] KaMTEpT] Enoxi) OTT]VASi)va..EV i)SEAa aMEe. sun (m) sea (t) I'J9aAaooa sand (t) I'Jappoulila li&v 0& &OT&IA& you were not sent towns in northern Greece I'J Ka13aAa/l'J:av91'J &K&i va li&lC. hail was dropped) &PI~& xaAa~ hail (n) TO xaAa(1 13P&VP&voc. I'J&UKalpia TOU XPovou! everything sounds (Is) gloom and doom! it was raining (it had been raining) cats and dogs (here) (lit. EIVat napollOlOe. Kat XlOVla. olil'Jvouoav 01 E)&pponuA&c. OIJTE TOU napaxpovou. 5E I3MnEle. breeze (n) wind (m) rum our has it that (lit.. see) didn't you eat? didn't you talk? to listen to radio (n) (eating) to bursting point! castle (n) they would drive us an archaeological site resort (n) swim (n) for swimming we were out of luck! No such luck! instead Tim I3PEvlltvOl Kl EmKlv~UVOI. X&IPWV&C. li& pIMoaT&.! o TPOXOC. al Xlovla K snows . tPl~E xaM~1. &X&I vupiopaTa the tables tum! (Greek expression) wheel (m) chance(t) next year! a3 Tim Who was to blame? Who was to blame? The weather.EV EIVat OIlWe.. A&v& OTI .• OUT& ••. TOU napaxpovou 13P& o Kaipoc.oAa aKouyovTal paupa KI apaxva! &fJp&X& Ta Kap&KAonoliapa li& OTapaTI'JO&nOTE cpTaOap& &mOTp&lIIap& I'JIOTopia li&v &iliaT&. 'HSEAa i)AlO. Twpa.! there you (could) realize (lit. EM> 0IlWe. I'JAlaKalia lipoo&poc. 'QAOI 01 ~POIlOl Elval we have decided neither .

! o TpOXOe. the season.l-l1I-o TO a&paKI o atpae. I3poxee. XElllwvae. XaipOIlQl nou T]Westminster Bank ~E O'eOTElAE OTT]V Ka13aAa Il TT]V::av8T]. lie pIMoaT&. rlaTi 13PETim.. hail was dropped) hail (n) wet dangerous I have come rain and snow (lit.they are both plural) cold (n) frost (f) sun (m) sea (f) sand (f) you were not sent towns in northern Greece there you (could) realize (lit.. nor .! we have decided neither . 11AlaKalia lipoo&poc. KoiTa TOV KQlPO mlllEpa. 'OAOl 01 ~POIlOl Eival tPI~& xaAa~ TO xaAa~1 PP&yptvoc. I1EV 1l8EAa aMEe. Kal X1ov1a TO KpUO 11naywvla o ~Aloe. HAtKTpa AUTO va MYETal! EivQl npaYllaTl T] KaMTEpT] EnOXIl . Mary I1EV EivQl ollwe. epl~E xaAa~1. 'EXEl Ilia unepoXT] AlaKa~a Kl Eva ~POOEPO aEpaKI. 'H8EAa IlAlO. XElllwVEe. history) didn't you watch? (lit.. it is said that) it might rain right (n) the day before yesterday it hailed (lit. "eVE on IlnopEi va 13pe~El TO 13pMu aAAa ~E VOlli~w.. ~E I3MnEle.. OUTE nOTe! ApIOT&ilil1e. I:TO "ov~ivo 13peXE:l a8E K Ilepa. tXOUP& anocpaoio&1 OUT&.l-l'J/-o &mKivliuvoc. OUTE TOU napaxpovou..l-I1/-o txw tA9&1 ppoxte. TO 9tp&Tpo TO pnavlo Yla pnavlo nou TtTola TUXI1opwe. Kal nwe. see) winters! . aUTIl TT]V Enoxll.. 8dAaooa Kal allllou~la! ApIOT&ilil1e. ~iKlO 0IlWe. va aKOUOOUP& TO palilo TOU OKaopou! TO KaOTpo 9a pae. MAo KpUO KQl naywvla.! aVTi tX&1 yupiopaTa 0 TpOxOe. 'OAOI Ilae.X&lpWV&e.EivQl napollOlOe. see) didn't you eat? didn't you talk? to listen to radio (n) (eating) to bursting point! castle (n) they would drive us an archaeological site resort (n) swim (n) for swimming we were out of luck! No such luck! instead the tables tum! (Greek expression) wheel (m) chance (f) next year! Tim I3pEYlleVOl Kl EmKiv~uvol. OUT&. E~w 0IlWe. EivQl aVOl~T] Kal nEpillEva nwe. EKEi va ~Ele. MT] 1l0U IllAaTE Yla TO "ov~ivo! rl'auTo exw eASEl OTT]VEMMa. OTT]"allia mlllEpa. the year after next adds emphasis to a statement weather (m) sunshine (f) cool ~ittle) wind. TOU napaxpovOU IJp& o KalpOe. Olil1youoav 01 0&pponuA&e. breeze (n) wind (m) rumour has it that (lit. Kl 0 KQlpOe..6Aa aKouyovTal paupa KI apaxva! tlJp&X& Ta Kap&KAonoliapa lie OTapaTl10& nOTt cpTaOap& &mOTptljlap& I1IOTopia li&v &iliaT&. . KQl Xlovla. npOXTee.. lie cpayaT&.. chair legs) it never stopped we arrived we returned story (f) (lit.. a3 Tim Who was to blame? Who was to blame? The weather. 11&UKalpia TOU XPovou! everything sounds Os) gloom and doom! it was raining (it had been raining) cats and dogs (here) (lit. eAEyav on EivQl T] KaMTEpT] EnoXIl OTT]VA8llva. 'EXOUIlE anocpaoioEl va llT]v millE OTT]"allia ~ava! OUTE TOU Xpovou. Aev& OTI pnop&i va Ppt~&1 TO liiKIO npox9te.. Tim.. Twpa. 119aAaooa 11appoulila li&v 0& tOT&IA& 11KapaAa/11 :av911 &K&iva li&le. Lamia itself or London? Listen to and read the last part of their conversation. rains and snows . Mary MT]v TOU 1l1AaTEYla TT] "allia! HAtKTpa I1EV eXEle..

Is it drizzling in Athens? No it's raining. Eival ai9pto~.rain. All the months and 'winter' are masculine. autumn Language notes The weather in Greece There are three verbs used frequently in conversations about weather: KUVEI. I 0 louAIle. There is sunshine today.nepi~eva o xel~wvae. it s unsettled. PpEXEI. I o Iemt~pploe. 'll\JlXQAa '1 J3poxT) '1 KQTcuyi&1 wind sun drizzle rain Its marvellous. I 0 AnpiAIle. o Not~pploe. It's windy today. both are frequently used. its terrible.eiVat E~aicrto~. season (t) that goes without saying! indeed '1 uypaaia humidity ToxaM~l hail TO Xl6Vl snow TO auvveq>o cloud 'Exel uypaaia. Xlovi~EI. 0 AuyoUOToe. It drizzles. 'I'lxali~EI. Here are some more useful expressions: (thundet) storm <!>uaoel aTlllepa. I 0 Iemt~PPIle. Eival acrxru!O~.ILxaAi~el OTTlVAeT)va. o A&Kt~pploe. It's snowing constantly. Tt lCatpO EXEI cr'tl1v A9rjva. a The months and the seasons The four seasons are: o xel~wvae. Some useful words and examples: o ovello<. tvtalCaOa. IIol~ £ivaI 0 lCatpO~ cr'to Aovoivo. Pixvel xaM~1. o Maloe. I 0 revaplle. Typical questions about the weather are: Tt lCatpO KUVEIcrr]J!Epa. ". I 0 Malle. There's a thunderstorm. Its awful. There's hail. 1tayffivul. Kal nwe. it snows.EXEI and £ivaI. 'Exel AlaKol)a aTlllepa.lt's cloudy today. its bad. I 0 AeKt~PPIle.I 0 Cl»AePaplle. 'JI6xpa. Pixvel KaTaLyil)a. eiVat a1taicrto~. Its cloudy. o Cl»eppouaploe. 'spring' is feminine and 'summer' and 'autumn' are neuter. eiVat acr'ta'to~.. o OKTWPpIOe. 'OXl J3ptxel. there's dri:aJe.I 0 OKTWPPIle. 'EXel auvveq>lo aTlllepa. Il enoxl\ aUTO va AtyeTal! npay~aTI winter (m) spring (t) I looked forward to Odiom). 'tl1v avot~l1 'to lCatvOlCaipt 'to cp9tv01tffiPO 'to XEtJ!olva in in in in spring summer autumn winter . its wonderful. Xlov(~el aUV&xeLO. sunny. 'EXEl cruvvE<jna. ll. o louvloe. What s the weather like todny? Whats the weather like in Athens? Whats the weather like in London? Some typical answers to these questions are: Eival U1tEPOXO~. winter Il aVOI~1l spring TO KaAoKaipl TO cp81vonwpo summer fall. Kava sOOnJ. it rains. o lavouaploe. o AnpiAloe. o T)AlO<. o MapTIOe. I 0 Not~PPIle.frosty. its brilliant. chilly. cold. January February March April May June July August September October November December As you can see there are two words for each month. o AUYOUOTOe. It s fair. eivat lCalCo~. hail. Its hot. I was very eager/excited . ~poxrj. lCpOO. Il avol~1l nwe. It's humid.txatva. Have you noticed that the months are similar to English? Listen to the exact pronunciation of the seasons and months if you have the recording. piXVEI xaM~I. eivat 9auJ!acrto~. it hails. I 0 IOUVIle.. o louAloe. I 0 MapTIle. XaMs\.

196
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Expressions with months take TOY layouaplO TOY AnpiAlo TOY IOUYIO ... but TO Cll&ppouaplo TO MapTIO TO Maio
in January in April in June

'tOY

or

'to:

a '6

:II

0-

a < .!'!

1'1:II

TOY louAIO TOY Auyoucrro TOY OKTWPplO TO Iem&lJpplO TO NO&IJPpIO TO ~eK&IJPpIO

in July in August in October in September in November in December

'E1:O"1 OEVEivm; 'E1:O"1 OEVEivm; 'E1:O"1 OEVelvm;

Joan can read, can't she? It's easy, isn't it? It's not hard, is it?

So Greek is quite easy, isn't it? What answer would you give to: Tu EAAT\V1KU OEVelvm noM OUcncOAU.E1:0"1OEVelvm; ' If you say: Nm, t1:0"1elvm!' then you are on the right track! Keep up the good work!

in February in March in May

Some Greek idioms
Greek is rich in idioms. It is best to learn these by heart because translation often does not mean much. Idioms add a new linguistic dimension to the language which would otherwise be very sterile. Look at the difference between 'It is raining heavily' and 'It is raining cats and dogs'. The latter brings extra 'weight' and 'importance' to the meaning. Likewise in Greek: BptXE1nupu nOAu contrasted to PixvE1 KupEKAonooupu, or PixvE1 nunuOEe;, or BptXE1 IlE 1:0 1:0UAOUIl1. Below is a list of all the idioms in this unit. Why don't you create another list from the previous units? It will be a good revision exercise for you. We sweated our guts out! (because of you) It rained cats and dogs! It is all gloom and doom! I eat to bursting point! The tables turn! Next year, the year after next! I was very eager/excited, I was dying to ... That goes without saying!

nA nOTE ElnE OTI TO 9EAEI;

'£f3PE~E KupEKAonooupu! 'DAU UKOUYOV1:U1 IlUUpU K1'UpUXvu! Tpc.Oro1:0UcncuO"llou! 'EXE1 yupiO"llu1:u 0 1:pOxoe;! Tou Xpovou, 1:0Unupuxpovou! IIEpillEVU ncOe;Km ncOe;!

The cartoon illustrates the Greek notion of time, especially in a business context and particularly in the public sector where assignments move slowly, or stand still, before, or after, coffee! The cartoon's question probably refers to a supervisor or boss and a certain deadline. It reads: (for) when did he/she say that he/she wants it? rIA rIA rIA rIA MEElA YPIO A YPIO I:HMEPA TQPA for for for for the day after tomorrow tomorrow today (right) now

'Tag' questions
The following examples show you the different forms of 'tag' question in English that have only one equivalent in Greek! It's very easy for you to remember. '£1:0"1OEVelvm; Isn't it? 'E1:O"1 OEVEivm; 'E1:O"1 OEVelvm; 'E1:O"1 OEVelVU1; George studies hard, doesn't he? Mary does not work, does she? Tim cannot swim, can he?

Similar important vocabulary is:
TOUXPOVOU-+ TOUnapaxpovou auplo -+ lleeaUplO ntpCJI -+ nponepOl (e)X8£c; -+ npoxet~ next year -+ the year after next tomorrow -+ the day after tomorrow last year -+ the year before last yesterday -+ the day before yesterday

Grammar
1 This and that
You have seen lots of words like a\>'toc;;, \>'to and a\>'tc1in previous a units, and 'toO'a, a\>'to, 'toO'o, 't&'t010,&K&lVO, 't&'tOla and a\>'tll in this unit. These are all pronouns; like the other pronouns you have already learned they have different forms for gender (mlf/n), singular or plural. These are 'demonstrative' pronouns rather than personal, or possessive, pronouns, which were explained in previous units. The most important demonstrative pronouns are:

Try to learn the different forms of these pronouns in the box below. You can refer back to this page whenever you need to.
Singular Nom. Gen. Ace. Plural Nom. Gen. Ace. aUToi aunov aUToue:; aUTte:; aUTWV aUTte:; aUTO. aUTwv aUTO. Masculine aUToe:; aUTou aUTov Feminine aun') aUTtie:; aUTti(v) Neuter aUTO aUTou aUTO

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••••

W

aUTOc;,aUTrl,aUTO &K&ivoc;, &K&ivl1, &K&ivo TOOOc;, TOOI1, TOOO T&TOIOc;, T&TOla, T£TOIO

this that so, so much, so big, so many such (a),of such a kind

W 2 .d&(v), MIl(v), 'Ox I -

not, don't,

no

Here are some examples from this or previous units: Au'ta 'ta MV'tpa Au'to~ 0 OpOJ.lO~ Au'to 'to K'tiplO Toaa nOAAa npaYJ.la'ta Au'to 'to YEYOVO~ These trees (Unit 5) This street (Unit 5) This building (Unit 6) So many things (Unit 13) Thisfact (Unit 13) So far (Unit 13) Such terrible weather! (Unit 13) That three-day (weekend!) (Unit 13) Such words! (Unit 13)

Can you remember how to make negative sentences in Greek? If you are still not sure, this section will review the most important uses in daily speech. • AE(v) This is used with a verb for negative meaning.
etAW Eillal Mnopw etAEI 'HSEAE ea no.w ~E OOtEtAe

Toao J.laKpta Ts'toto naAtOKatpo!
EKdvo 'to 'tptrjJ.lEpO! TS'tota Myta!

Don't confuse the use of a\>'toc;;,a\>'tll and a\>'to as demonstrative pronouns with a\>'t6c;;,a\>'tll, a\>'to as personal pronouns! The fIrst always come before nouns and the latter before verbs. Some examples: . . . (before nouns) A\>'toC;; OpOJ.lO~ 0 A\>'tll T] yuvaiKa A\>'to 'to K'tipto But ... (before verbs) A\>'toC;; SXEt 060 anina. A\>'tll dVal VOaOKOJ.la. A\>'to dVal aKpt~o. He has two houses. She is a nurse. It is expensive. This street (m) This woman (f) This building (n)

I want lam I can He wants He wanted I will go He sentyou

-'IiE StAW -. IiEV Eillal -. IiEV IlnopW -. IiEV StAEI -. IiEV tiSEAE -. liE Sa no.w -. liE OEOOtEtAE

I don't want I am not I cannot He doesn't want He didn't want I won't go He didn't sendyou

Notice that it is always before the verb: AE(v) + verb -. AE 9SACO AE(v) + 9a + verb -. AE 9a naco AE(v) + (personal pronoun) + verb -. AE aE sa'tEtAE • MT](v) There are two basic uses: a With imperatives MT]v 'tpco~! MT]v na~! Don't eat! Don't go!

MTJv 'to KaVS1~! MTJ J.1ou J.11Aa~! MTJv 'tou J.11Aa'ts! 0eAw va J.1TJv 1taw. A1to<paoioaJ.1s va J.1TJv 1taJ.1s. M1topd va J.1TJ puyw. < M1topro va J.1TJ paw. < dsv J.11tOPro J.1TJ paw. va <
• 'Ox1 This is used like the English 'No'. 'Ox1, 'Ox1, 'OX1, 'OX1, 'OX1,

Don't do it! Don't talk to me! Don't talk to him!

MAJNVERB

FUnJREFORM

3rdPERSON

PRESENT PERFECT

201
:!

IlI')'{aivw

->Sanao -->SaJ¥W» -->Sa crrEVaxwPIl9W -->Sa lI]l\&<pwvf)ow -->Sa OXOOICPu

-->Sa nOEL -->Sa~l -->Sa crrEVlI)(WpI]gel -->Sa l1'jM:<pwvipEl -->Sa oxel>lOO£l

-->(i:)(w) nOEl -->(i:)(W)~1 -->(i:)(w) crrEVQ)(CllPIl9El -->(i:)(W)~1 -->(i:)(w) OXOOlOO£I

I3\«w
crrEVQ)(CllPt4tal "IT]M<pwvW

b With the second verb in a subjunctive form. I don't want to go. We decided not to go. I might not leave. I am able not to eat. I am not able not to eat.

a i) o· a < !!
1'1:ll

:ll

~

Here is the simple conjugation of this tense: exw ex€LC:; eX€l TTJA€<pwvJiO€l TTJA€<PWVJiO€l TTjA€<pwvJiO€l
I have called you have called he/she/it has called we have called you have called they have called

(,)

••••

os geAw va <paw. os J.1sAevs rtropyo. osv J.11tOPro. osv J.11tOPOUJ.1S. os 9a <puYOUJ.1S.

No, No, No, No, No,

I don't want to eat. my name is not George. I can't! we cannot. we won't leave.

eXOUIl€ TTJA€<PWVJiO€l eX€T€ TTJA€<PWVJiO€l TTJA€<pwvJiO€l exouv

Ta~ .•. This is a click of the front teeth while breathing in, often accompanied by a nod of the head. The tilting of the head for a no answer is 'up-and-down' in non-verbal Greek rather than 'left-toright' in non-verbal English! This non-verbal difference combined with the confusing sound of 'yes' (val) that sounds almost like 'no' means that you need to be careful when native speakers use it.

4 The past continuous
This is another past tense showing 'duration' in the past for example (a) it was raining (for some time = duration) when he left the house (past continuous tense in English), and (b) It had been raining for three days last week when I called off my trip (past perfect continuous in English). Both tenses would have been translated as &~P&X& in Greek and not &~P&~& (it rained) that shows no 'duration' but one, single action in the simple past. Some examples: It rained yesterday. (no duration) It had been raining for five hours yesterday before it stopped. (duration) It was raining the day before yesterday when John came. (duration) It rained cats and dogs for 72 hours (and then it stopped). (no duration) It had been raining cats and dogs constantly! (and it probably kept on raining) (duration)

3 Verbs in the present perfect tense
This unit introduces you to another important verb tense in the past called 'present perfect'. It is similar to the English in examples like 'have gone', 'has taken'; it is formed with the verb &Xro + present perfect form (always ending in -&1). Some examples from this unit:

'ExouJ.1s 1taSl. Ma~ exsl~ ByaAsl 'tTJv 1tio'tTJ. 'Exw o'tsvaxwPTJ9d. 'ExouJ.1s 'tTJAS<pWVtlOSl. 'Exouv OXSOlaOS1.

We have been (gone). We have sweated our guts out. I have worried. We have called. They have planned.

'EBpsxs sxge~ 1tev'ts rops~ 1tptV va o'taJ.1a'ttl0s1. 'EBpsxs 1tpoxge~ o'tav tlP9s o rtaVVTJ~. 'EBps~s KapSKA01tOOapa yw sBo0J.1tlv'ta ouo rops~. 'EBpsxs ouvexsw KapSKA01t()Oapa!

An important point that is not always initially obvious, is that the verb form used in the present perfect is a familiar form already learned as part of the future tense. Look at the list overleaf:

Eixo-rE npoypoJJJJo-rierEl vo KavE-rE nOAAa npaYJJo-ro. ---.'DAOl JJOe. Everybody was saying to us . Everybody would be fair very unsettled.ecpEuya ---. Ioovtoe. know.' 'I like it when it is sunny and chilly. croVSXE10.! L\EVnr]yoJJE noOeEva! Kl qro. and it is very cold. AEe. 'H-rov oieptoe. 'Hmv JJoopo Kl'apoxvo.SAqOV . 'DAOl JJoe. 3yQAEL 1 Tl")vniCTTl"J! naTi iSElJae.many times) Everybody said to us .ya TllAEcpwvllaa OXEisaaa i Eina e13pE~E ecpuya ecpaya I went I called I planned I said it rained /left I ate ---. ecpay& cpayaJl& cpayan ecpayav you ate he/she/it ate we ate you ate they ate ---..ElS~O)! Mo KoM (OK.scJ"tTl er-rTlvEAM<>o oAAa <>EV SXEl oypocrio!'. -rllAE<jlwvro Ma'ioe.eTpwy& ---.. You was telling me that the weather and wonderful. .eAEya ---. Instead (here HA&KTpa You 5 a b aVTieETO). .. r]-rov -ro m~i<>l eroo. e e What do you want me to do? i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix aerogram June story March I telephone castle May July hail Match the words on the left with the words on the right. I have never been so concerned You HA&KTpa Practice 1 Can you talk about the weather in Greek? a b c d How would you ask: 'What's the weather like in Greece?'? If they ask you the same question about the weather back home.m. Mae.. 'EAa 1J1lKavELe. Ta AEe. TIeaAoerero..EtnOV . IIwe.. . eXELe. ..eTpwy&c.el3PEXE ---..eTpwya I was going I was calling I was planning I was saying It was raining I was leaving I was eating a 3 Rearrange these lines to make a dialogue. Tl KatpO SKOVE. but idiom)! Tl KatpO elXE.' 'It snows in the winter.Tpwyan ---. d No.' 'Does it snow or hail in Greece?' Someone told you: 'To KOA01caipl KavEl nOAo 1. Kaer-rpo ler-ropio xoM1. c d Match each question with the most appropriate answer.l OEPO-YPOI!I!O 100Atoe. c The weather was awful and NaL. .OXEiSia~a ---. Anoierto Kat aer-ro-ro KaeE JJSpo. nr]yo-rE noOeEva.YOlva ---. yta-ri 'l'lXOAi1. how would you say: 'It's often cloudy.aMa iSEVTOiJ~EpEe. You HA£KTpa a What can I tell you? fLaTi iSElJae. EivaL mo EUKOAO. MTI pw-rae. IIapo nOAo. <>EV AonaJJat noo -ro OKOOO)..TpwyaJl& ---. HA&KTpa au lJ13aivEL. What did he say? Tl eroo opseret er-rTlvEAAa<>o.. ecpay&c.'? 'It's often rainy. TOl Twpa ..! 0 r]Atoe. Mapnoe. oAM <>EVKavoJJE -rino-ro MyO) (due to) -rou KatpOO. b I don't before. . rto-ri pO)-rae. c d e i ii iii iv v a b c d e f Eierat er-rEvoXWPTlJJsVTI. Nat. L\T1AO<>r]. IIapo noAO .eTpwyav I was eating/ I had been eating you were eating he/she/it was eating we were eating you were eating they were eating a g h 4 Complete the dialogue by translating the English in italic. a b e f g h .oAa. You HA£KTpa Ma KaAa! TLauvail3EL.Tl (one.. 'EXEl -rTlAEcpwvr]erEl er-rTlMopio. (duration . single time) Study the list below and compare the two verb forms in the past: m. TI0JJJJoo<>la! Nat npOXese.Tl")AEcpwvouaa ---. AKpl~roe.

12 June Auy. -. Autumn j __ k __ 1 __ A A I A K p y A 6. 15 Aug. lav. :ll: 0I'l- :ll: < !! < !! i!l D a b E Do you know the signs of the zodiac? What are the months for: Aerov KapKivo~ c d LKOp7ttO~ Taupo~? Do you still remember the names of the four seasons and months of the year? The quiz below will test your memory and knowledge! A Which season? ••••• W In which month were you born? Tt J. -. 25 Dec. 6 Mar. I'l- simple a b c d e f g h ave~aivro ~A. 25 Mar. indeed. Can you put them in two lists to separate the religious holidays from the rest? n 0 B I A 0 p n B X M N I I 0 I A e 0 I 0 H A A yiou BamA-dou Ayta 0eocpuVEta Ka8apu ~EUtEpa Euayy. Map. continuous -. Yes. -.204 ::! -6 Q 6 What are the past tense (simple and continuous) forms of the following verbs? rtOpt~ Epya~oJ. -.1rjva yevvrj91lKe~. Anp. y A C Below is a list of most of the Greek public holidays.1Evou Mat. 26 Dec.tro 7taipvro 7tllyaivro protclro(ro) teAetrovro tproro cpeuyro -. 23 Apr. ~EK. What happened? You have often been to Corfu. 21 Apr. Winter a Spring d e Summer g __ h __ Can you recognize some of the words you have already learned? Remember to look horizontally and vertically.1ou lav. -. 28 Oct. What awful weather! I don't like it at all. -. Anp.e. 24 Apr. Test your translation skills: a b c d e f g You look very concerned. 1 Jan. 1 May Labour Day Whit Monday Assumption National Holiday Christmas Day Assembly Day 205 ::! -6 Q i!l 0. aVe~llKa -. ave~atva -. ~EK. -. 0eotOKOU MEyuA-TJTIapaOlCEU'll AnONTIM:XA ~taKatvTJO"iJ. New Year's Day Epiphany Ash Monday National Holiday Good Friday Easter Day Easter Monday P N 0 E n r n I . at the earliest! B Which months belong to each season? Write the months in the spaces provided. Map.1ato~ KoiJ. Anp.1TJO"TJ 0eotOKOU E8vt1(~ EnEtEto~ nVVTJO"t~ XptO"tOU :Euva~t~ tTJ~ 0eotOKOU louv. -. -. haven't you? The weather messed up our plans. 6 Jan. -. OKt. Next year. Ayiou TIvEUJ. -. Did you watch TV? Did you eat? Did you talk? You'll have the chance to go back again. -.

'EXOUIlE a vo IlT]V nOllE OTT] I\OIlIO ~OVo! OUTE TOU XPOVOU OUTE TOU b . 'AM0 j KOI novwvlo.a 10 Listen to Dialogue 3 in this unit again and fill in the missing words.. 13POXEc. 9 EPI~E XaAO~1. EKEi vo ~Elc... civaL. E~w o Ilwc. MT]v TOU IlIAOTE VIO TTl l\olllO! liEV EXElc. ~E 13MnEIC. f 01lW<:. KIO KOIPOc. .cot£PlKOi> <l>paVKlpOUptT) no><. nOAY IIXYPOI ~ 8YEAMl4EII Aovoivo napim P~TJ 25 29 36 . liEV ri8EAO OAAEc. 8ciAoaao KOI OIlIlOU~IO! XoipOIlOI nou T] Westminster Bank ~E I _ OTT]V K0130AO ri TT]V =:ov8T].KOI n<i>c. MT] 1l0U IlIAOTE VIO TO 1\0v~IVO! rl'ouTo EXW i OTT]V EAM~o. AUTO vo MVETOI! EIVOI npoYllOTl T] KaAUTEPT] 0 _ A little extra! The weather Look at the following weather information.£lle<. liEV EivOI 0IlWc..ouTri TTlv 0 _ 'OAOI Il0c. napaxp6voU KOlTa I3pe~el 0EPMOKP AI:IEI: A9i)va 35 0Ea/vlKTl 32 natpa 32 Aaploa 35 IcoavvlVa 34 HpciKAaO 35 El.::o... 'EXEI Illo unEpOXT] AIOKcii5o KI EVO ~poaEpo OEpOKI. try to fill in the gaps from the words provided in the box.. C TOV KOIPO cn1IlEPO. 'H8EAO k . anocpaoioel l\MO nap6~OlOC.8el npoX"{EC. rTO I\ov~ivo 13PEXEI Ko8E IlEpO. XElllWVEc. Elvol e ---OTTJ I\olllo cn1llEpo . I\EvE OTlllnOpEI vo d TO 13pcii5u oMo ~E VOIlI~W. and answer the true or false questions. OUTE nOTE! rloTI 13PE Tim. m TWpO. .. KPUO eTtlKivi5uVOl neptlleva eAeyav o'eUTeLAe enoxn xel~oovac. If you don't have the recording. KAIPO~ ••••• ••••• W Mary HAtKTpa W 5lKlO EA. 'OAOI 01 ~POIlOI EIVOI 13PEVIlEVOI KI h .KOI XIOVIO.. Eivol OVOI~T] KOI n n<i>c. P OTI Elvol T] KoMTEPT] o OTTJVA8rivo. AEUKcocrla 32 39 ~ TPIKYMInMU: ANEMOI ~ AI:8ENEII ~IIXYPOI tfI\-.Kal nou eAAAU:A VVV TAPAfMENH vvv nOAY vvv TAPArMENH 32 Bpul. Tim.

[rotao sta anglikci] Pro'ruro cr'r'AyyAtKU.lTJAO'rEpTJ (lowest) 9EPJ. To Aovoivo eXEt 'rTJ xaJ.A. AMoa<.I-tc. smog (n) v£cp£A~llc.l-l\I-o north-eastern north-western POP£IOliUTIKOc..lE 'rTJV iOta 9EPJ.l-Il/-0 rough (sea) storm. d LE J. BpU~eA. vii This is the best time in Athens. L'rTJ 0EcrcraAoviKTJ 0 KatpO<..1-£c. overcast pOp£IOaVaTOAIKoc.. PPOXtC. [kcini zesti] KUVEt secr'rTJ.lEptKUcrTJJ.l-l1c. marvellous. stormy. TO vtcpOC.l-£C. [perno tilefono] TIaipvro 'rTJAe<j>rovo. viii It's not winter now. tempest (f) 11TplKUllia aCJ8£vl\c. quiet Il 8£PIIOKpaCJia Mini test 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in transliteration or Greek script. weak ICJ)(U poc. MEptKOi UVEJ.. Eivat ucr'ra'ro<. EAATJVtKe<.lepTJ'rTJ<. 0 KatpO<. Ymipxouv 'rpEt<.lOKpacria.l-I\/-o strong 8U£AA~llc. V£CPWCJ£IC. Can you change them into the future tense? Use transliteration or Greek script. 9a dvat crXEMv ai9pw<. You soundllook .l-l\/-o I\p£lIoc. E LE J. hazy (cloudy) in places local (scattered) showers TomKtc.lE 'rTJv 9EPJ.l-l1/-o tranquil.lOKpacria crTrl <I>pavK<j>oup'rTJ dvat 1tapoJ.lOt vat tcrxupoi cr'rTJ9uAacrcra.lTJeXEt 'rTJv U"'TJAO'rEPTJ 9EPJ. 3 The phrases below are given in the present tense. 0 Katpo<.lOKpacria crn<.lda TJ 9uAacrcra Eivat 1tOAU'rapaYJ. [fevgho noris] <I>EUYro vropi<. L'rTJVKpl1'rTJ 0 KatpO<.l-l\/-o local TomKtc.1tOAEt<. . overseas (n) TO £~WT£PIKO Il A£UKWCJia Nicosia (Cyprus) 1186AaCJCJa sea (f) TapaYlltvoc.l-llc. thundery Il 8lit:AAa storm.lEptKUJ.lota J.E<. cloudy.levTJ. vi You are (not) right. 11 Mark (~) for true and ()C) for false.. aUpto. i ii iii iv v [pigheno taksffHi] TITJYaivro'ra~iot.lOKpama.. dvat ucr'raw<. a b c d e f g h j H 9EPJ. it's spring! It rained cats and dogs! ix What's the weather like? You'll have the chance to x It's fair/unsettled/awful! go back again.lOKpacria. dvat ai9pw<. J.temperature (f) abroad.. H ProJ. The rain never stopped. hurricane (f) TomKoc. i ii iii iv v trip/s weather worried television history vi vii viii ix sunshine breeze rain snow x sea 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? i ii iii iv v I've planned/called.I-l\c.

nOU Elval TO It>lOKOplio.111TPI')C.. TOU. AI')~. nou OVTEE.D1 Tim Where did you go for Easter? Tim and Mary are talking about their Easter holiday. 'EXOUIlE tvav Tim KaAO q>LAOTOV navaYti nou Ilae. Elxav tilill 13dAEl apvOKl OTO q>OUPVO Kal KaTOlKOKl OTTJoou13Aa. tAEVE OTl ElvOl tvae. Tooo KaAO. AAAo oTav vvwploallE TOV navaYti OAO Vl'auTo Ilae. Mae. Mae. EIXE KaAtoEl OTO It>lOKOplio OAll TIl MEVOAll BliollMa. Taoiae. aliEAq>tie. AKOUOTO TO txw aMo liE 8UIlOllal.lllTpl')C. TO 1953. where did you spend (do) Resurrection?) he had invited us Holy Week I've heard about it we had heard it before wernet traditional settlement (m) that withstood. rlP&lJoc.tvwv nou nOVE EKEI KOl onwolitinoTE Vla Tllv LjJapoTa13tpva TIle. ElxallE nOEL OTO It>lOKOplio' IlETO OTllv 18oKll' IlETO OTll ~wM>Vll' Kal TtAoe. OElOIlOue. KOTEpa KOl lOTloq>opa q>lllllolltvwv EMtivwv Kal E.ETOUe. Tim nOU va oae. nou aVT&~& o O&IOIJOC. 'OAll TIl MEVdAll BliollMa.y-o o OIKIOIJ0C. 13PE nOllil IlOU. Kal Tllv KuplaKti EVW. OTa rlOVvEva. tipEllll13palilvti l. q>OVaIlE nOAl LjJopl! AvaOTaoia Tl AEe. OlKlOIlOe. eixalJ& nO&1 I') AVOOTaOI') nou KaVan AVOOTaOI'). KOl nou liEV mlvallE. KaAO. TO ElxallE E. Vla Ta IlEvdAa VlWT. survived earthquake (m) tranquil In this unit you will learn how to • use appropriate language at a social function • express wishes or congratulations • express opinions and state preferences • describe past events lJac. Ila nou KovaTE AVOOTaOTJ. IlLAOUOE. tAEVE Vla Tllv tiouXll. we had gone Resurrection (f) Where did you celebrate Easter? (lit.. It>ovaTE KaAO LjJOPllillAaliti. nOU mlvaTE Vla noaxa q>tToe. Arll. napalioOlaKOe. AtIlE .. EIlEle.l-.wti. AVOOTaOTJ KovallE OTO It>lOKOplio.. eiX& KaAto&1 I') M&yoAI') (E)p~olJo~a aKOUOTa TO txw TO &ixalJ& ~aVaKOUO&1 yvwpioalJ& napa~oola KOc. TIle. OUTE Kl EIlEle.l-I')/-o .avaKOUOEI.

and whatever you like/wish. <pLAOUC. I desire &m9ulJw I got you (idiom) o'imaoa I catch.! AvaCJTaoia EuxaplOTw.. young goat (n) kid on the spit what are you telling me. uxaplOTw. -< I'J ::J a. teacher.. TIm and Mary are still telling their friends about their Easter holiday and what it was like leaving Fiscardo. VOl XPovla oou noM6.TI em6UlleLTe! e Mary '0.EMTlvIKec. TeAlK6. AvaCJTaoia D3 Mary We hadn't slept at all .. AilJ& life (f) yacht (8aAaIlTlYoc. M'eKnATioeTe OllwC. n<i>c.. li50u Aomov! Opa(a.drjIJI1Tprje. Ll& Ilac...! Na ~TioelC. nw. E(val noM KovT6. my dear? (lit.llolJivoc.! Tim A! Twpa 6uIlTi6TlKa.. .OWOT6.13ooac. I:WOT6. tX&T& nel aK0l. .nOlouc. Kl'eou LlTlIlTiTPTlva xa(peoal TTlv yuva(Ka oou! I:WOT6.. a .C. Kl eoe(c.lTl! To <l>IOK6.. 6. m. O. 1l6. many years) xp6vla oou noAAa many happy returns to you! va ~110&1e.l-rV-o oTKaJoiSl1noT& rj IJIapoTapipva cpavaT&.pi50! Tim OX! I:uyVWI.dI1IJI1Tprje. Tl em6ulloulle..) (n) cutter (n) sailing boat (n) famous definitely fish taverna (f) did you eat? in other words they had already prepared (put) already lamb (n) lamb in the stove (oven) kid. KOI l3el3ala wpa(a. =epelC.! well done (to you). TTlC. euxaplOTw.KTl. Tim I:UyvWIlTl Kal XPovla noM6.dI1IJI1TPI1e.IllATioel oe K6.. TI &m9ulJ&iT&! may your wish come true! (lit. E(xalle unooxe6e( OTOV Ka6TlYTlTTi Ilac. my child?) so good? where (how) can we start? What can we tell you? D2 Mary Anastasia.la nou &(VOI TO <l>IOK6. ~ oR •••• ~ is Tim and Mary have just realized that it was their friend Anastasia's name day a few days earlier.~ whatever 6.exaoa! AvaOTao(a.6oulle Kal va TIC.. enjoy your wife~ KI &o&ie. ~ ~ . Mnp6. Nat rlopT6. I hold mavw VI6pTa~&e. nw aee Ilou! To l. TOTe. m 0 navaYTic. iSl1AaiSll &ixav l1iSrjpaA&1 11s 11 i TO apvaKI apvaKI CJTO cpoupvo TO KaTOIKaKI KaTOIKaKI CJTrjooupAa TI A&e. AvaCJTaoia ..K&<PaAAOVI6. .ltpoc. YlopTa~ec..dI1IJI1Tprje. TOU nou e(xav Eva IllKp6 OK6. ~ oR •••• ~ is rj ~11 TO VIWT TO K6T(T)&PO TO ICJTlocp6po CPrjl. e1Xe KloAaC.yaTe OTTlV166. 213 :I 0 ~.... TWV EAATlVIKWV va TIC. AUTO( llaC. =epeTe oAec..yav anevaVTI OTOVT]oi TOU Oi5uooea.. . .PP& naliSi IJOU. o'emaoa Mary . -< I'J :I ::J a. Bravo! I've just remembered Twpa 9uIJ119rjKa (lit.. tutor (m) I learn lJa9aivw I use XPrjOllJonOIW liSou Aom6v! here you go! / here's the proof! IJnpapo oae. XPTlOlIlOnOloulle. now I remembered) congratulations to your wife! va xaip&oal Trj vuvaiKa oou! (lit...pi50 &(VOI OTO mo 136p&lo I. . 'OXI i5ev l. T600 KaA6. -< :I c..OXa. nou va oae.<pOC. eTol i5ev eival. TI I wish. KailleT6.~w TTlv Tlllepa TOU n6.. Mary Nal. have you had your name day? have you had your name day? (here) (or birthday) I have / I celebrate my birthday VlopTa~ or name day holiday (f)/celebration 11VIOPTI1 xp6vla noAAa! many happy returns! (lit. TIC.epoull&.! may you live long! / enjoy your life! &KnAl100W I surprise (eKnATiTTwleKnATioow) wish (f) 11&UXIl &ixalJ& unoCJ)(&9&i we had promised o Ka9I1VI1TI1e.. what are you saying. E? Aa! AUTOi5ev TOKaTaAa!3a(vw. EUxec..212 :I 0 c.

Ie TO Mouoelo E TTl<. naturally we had to the next (lit.le OTI1V AeuKai5o.. <IluOlKa KOI 0Xl. I.Vvevo. m.. on that subject then ~diom) Oit.I0AOVOTIelX0l. I (he) had already talked to motorboat (n) you haven't told us yet northern say it.I0uoe[o OTTlVEMai5o. businessman. KOI nou AETe I.lo<.. They were particularly excited about the Vrellis Wax Museum.le e~w! XO[p0I...le i5lo13aoel KOI elX0l...l0OTov noM KOUpOOl.le TI 11i510I..lo<. ~&ixvwI~&i~w K&PIVoc.le OTO MovTelo TTl<.l-I1I-6 aVTiOToIXoc..yoTe! ne<. Listen and read the last part of the conversation. and owner of Scorpio island) we stopped before arriving/getting (lit.le TOU<. AvaOTaCJia Mary &iX& KIOAoe. VO xopeuouv. 'Enpene vo ~ovonal. elXov unooxe8e[ vo I.le VTomou<. nou m.le nepaoei KOVTa ana TO ~Kopmo TO Vl101 TOU OvaOl1.elX0l.leOTO rtavvevo yupw OTI<.10<.l0nioOl. TO 13peTim! Tl TO KpOTa<. shipowner..l-a1-o XOP&UW &v~lacp&pov nou aUou. EKel OKOU00l.le K011. enelTo m. before we (to) arrive) we hadn't slept at all of course. i5el~ouv TO Mouoelo Keplvwv 01. nw. known (person or thing) Tim and Mary are still recounting their exciting adventures in Yannena (or Ioannina = lroo. nopoi50010KTl I. KOI elvol TO I.l0UOIKTl KOI e[i50l.. m.lo<. on'eKel OTI1V npe13e~o KOI OT0I.yol.lUOTIKO. KOI i5ev neool.lepo! <IlOVTOOTIKO!Exoul. ana TO riavvevo .l-r)l-o TO 0lJoiwlJa CJuvapnaOTIKoc.yo .lepo I. OTOIJOTI1CJOIJ& nplv Vo CPTOCJOUIJ& ~&V &iXolJ& KOIIJIl9&i Ko90Aou CPUCJIKO &np&n& vo TIlv oAAIl IJ&PO o yvwOToc. nOU aMou nTlyoTe..laTwv TOU BpeAAI1.vvlVa).le TeTolo l. neVTe TO npwL toev e[X0l. Mo<.. TO KpOTOW(W) TO IJUOTIKO KOI nou A&T& ••• &iXOIJ& n&poCJ&1 TO VIlCJi o nvoCJIle. and that you are saying .l-l1I-o 9a lJae.le OTI1 xwpo 00<.lepo ei5w KOTaAa1301. &X&T&n&1 OKOIJO pOP&loc.l-l1I-o VTonloc..I01 nou T'OKOUW. To~eli51 <pTaOOl.le TO OKa<po<.. image. AVOOTOCJio Tim .l0V0i5IKO OTTlV EMai50 on'ooo ~epouv 01 YVWOTO[ 1.YVWOTOU<.le Kavel tpeuvo nplv vo ep80ul. nl1yalvav TO navIlyupl &~W ana TOni Koc.l-l')I-o they would have taken us (religious) fair (n) outside local local I dance interesting where else? I show / to show wax model (n)... other) day acquaintance. i5eKo Aema e~w ono TO rlavvevo. 'HTOV noM ouvopnoOTIKo KOI evi5lo<pepov. nw! toev TO e[xo ~OvoKouoel! Tpol.. KOI Tl wpo <pTaooTe OTO riavvevo..le TOmKTl.10<. JuAI1CJ&1CJ& TO CJKOcpOe. elXov nE:I OT! 80 I.. AVOOTOCJio Mary KOI OTO rtavvevo..~IlJnlTPIle. Madame Tussaud's OTOAovi5lvo.. OTI1VKe<poMovul.yon:. 'HTOV nOAU evi5lo<pepov KOI KaTI i510<popeTIKOylo 1..l0VTl1. T'lV npWTI1 I. towi5WVI1<.. To MovTelo TlTOV OVOIKTO eKelvl1 TI1V wpo. come out with it! keep secret (n) to continue my story.l118e[ K080AOU KOI ell.yOlvov o'evo novl1yupl e~w ana TO rUl.nplV vo <pTaOOUl.levol. ~& lJoe.l0<.le TTlv aMl1l. IVOl KaT! oVTIOTolXO l.. a4 And in Yannena? ~e Alyo . KIOAO<. MOKapl vo e[xo KI eyw TTlv [i510 eVTunwOl1 OTOVm... neVTe 11 wpo TO npwl. MeTa ana MKO wpe<. Mo<.IuOTIKa nou I. MOAI<.l-o/-o n&e. A.l010l. figure unique/exciting corresponding .leOTO rlavvevo. ' H EMai50 exel TOOO l.. ) we had sailed island (n) Onasis (a Greek tycoon. e[vol noponavw O 90 ana ouvopnoOTIKTl.

T) IIapaaK£u1\) approximately four million people have left the city for the villages (xropla) they come from. you'll notice Athens getting emptier and emptier. and we didn't fall outside!) I wish I had the same impression impression (f) H A vaataaT) can actually refer to the Easter mass or service or to the resurrection itself.tl £1t19uJ1£1t£! Na ~1\a£l~! May your wish(es) come true! May you live long! (you-singular) Language notes Easter in Greece Greek Orthodox Easter is probably the most important religious holiday in Greece. The best response is £1tiaT)~! likewise or XpOvla (aoulaa~) 1tOA. Sava appears as a prefIx to many verbs.E1tro 1taA.l tpo>ro 1taA.'ll (E)f3oolluoa Holy Week starts on M£yaA. PA. This is an expression used on occasions such as name days.l& KI6Aac. A frequent reply is: Kl £a£i~ O. it usually falls one or two weeks after our Easter. and we guessed right! (lit.E1tro ~ava I see again.a Many happy returns! An idiom addressed to the person who celebrates a name day or birthday.l&p6! cpaVTaGTIK6! &ixal.IaKOpl va &ixa KI &yw TI1V iC5la &VTUnWOI1 11&VTUnWol1 awesome! fantastic! we had done (some) research country (f) before coming (lit. This is a very special time of the year.A.l& t~w! l. XplatO~ A VEatT)! Christ has risen! This is used on Easter Sunday and the few days following. such as: ~aVapA.g.l cannot be used as a prefIx although it could be used with the above verbs as a second word: PA. napanovw Kal C5&vntoal.T)9O>~ KUpl~! Truly it was the Lord! 0 H MeyuA.l aKouro 1taA.o I:appato (Easter Saturday) and Easter Sunday. The week before Easter Sunday (KuplaK1\ tOU IIaaxa). The best response is probably the same XplatO~ AVEatT)! and sometimes AA. . birthdays. as you have seen in previous units.T) AWtEpa (Good Monday) and lasts until M£yaA.) Translating 'again' Sava and 1taA.o IIaaxa! Happy Easter! This is a wish used usually before Easter Sunday particularly when people are leaving for the break and they probably won't see each other again until after Easter.a any happy returns (to you) too! M KaA. or cracking red-dyed eggs on Easter Sunday. religious holidays.l I I I I see again listen/hear again eat again go again Instead of 1tUA..l ou could have used the word ~uvu in the last four y examples e.T)9O>~ VEatT)! Truly he was A resurrected or AA.TpOI.E1tro ~avaKouro ~avatpo>ro ~ava1tT)yaivro I I I I see again listen/hear again eat again go again IIaA. Around this time the Greeks use lots of expressions of good wishes: Xpovla 1tOA.l 1tT)yaivro 1taA. before we (to) come) already more than and we didn't miscalculate!. Na ~1\a£t£! Na aa~ ~1\a£l! May you live long! (you-plural) May he!she live long! An idiom addressed to the parents of a newly-born baby. The day after Easter Sunday is A£UtEpa tOU IIaaxa (Easter Monday. rich in cultural heritage so if you have the opportunity to visit Greece at Easter don't miss it! K<ivro/1tepVolTIlv Avamu<J11 '" I celebrate/l spend (the days of) Easter . Euxaplato> or £uxaplatOUJ1£ are two possible answers to the last three expressions. . Many Greek cities and towns have local traditions varying from rUplaJ1a tOU E1tltacpiou (Epitaph's Procession) on Good Friday to cooking lamb.l& KOV&I tp&UVa 11xwpa nplv va tp90ul.A. Congratulations and other Greek wishes Na xaip£aal tT) yuvaiKa aou/ Congratulations to your wife! tOV avtpa aoul to 1taloi aou! husband/child! This is used when you address the husband or wife upon the birthday or name day of his wife/her husband/their child. and by Good Friday (M£yaA.lboth mean 'again'.

-. The snow was coming down / falling down steadily. Aomov! Here you go! Here's the proof! Here you go! Here you are! now KOVW yvwpi~w aVTexw TpWW I I I I I go do meet stand eat -..£o>or 'J. -.~o E1tECJE1to 'ta a xtpta Jlou. M 11Jlou 1tEl~! nE~ 'to AOlnov! Tt El1ta'tE.. Idiomatic uses of the verb 'to say' The verb J.EEl. I fall ill/I am taken ill nE(j)'tO>yta unvo! I go to bed! The different forms of the verb 1tE(j)'tO> are: necpTw ea neow eneoa exw/eixa neoel neoe -neOTe I fall I will fall I fell I have/had fallen fall AEO> has some irregular forms in certain tenses. the other day) We guessed right! He fell out of the car/train.. nE(j)'tO>o. H eEPJlOKpacria 1tE(j)'tEl.Eyo>as many idiomatic uses. AE~ va ~pe~El.n. va 'EAa. nffi~ 'to 'J.. nrlya eKava yvwploa oVTe~a ecpaya I went I did I met I stood. Is it likely to rain? Really! Is that so? Youdon hay so! Come out with it! What did you say? I beg your pardon? What about a pizza? Tt ffipa 'J.Sava also has another meaning with certain verbs: AEV 'to EiXaJlE ~avaKo6CJEl. -.(neOTe) Grammar 1 The past tense This unit contains many more verbs in the past tense. AEV ~tPEl n 'J. I&ou Aomov! NO. nE~ Ko. The list below has the main and the past form of the most important ones.&tE cr'ta EAA:llV1Ko. Let them talk! Never mind what they say! What do you make the time? Come.A'J..neiTe .l1 Jltpa AEV 1tECJaJ1E t~ffi! 'E1tECJEt~ffi ano 'to aU'toKivl1'tOhptvo.vffi cr'tl1 Mapia. I tell a story/secret. H nJlrl yUl 'ta cppou'ta E1tECJE.. Here are some more idioms from this unit and some examples using the verb 1tE(j)'tO> (Ifall)..n Jlou J. AEV ~ePffi n va 1t0>. I am at a loss for words. Tl 'J. 'E1tECJano. I was completely taken aback! I was completely surprised.. Tell me something. I came upon/across Maria / I bumped into Maria.E~ yta JlUl nl'tcra. say around five. The main ones are: M(y)w I say/tell I will say/will tell I said/told I have/had said/told say/tell Note that both 'J. -. . I endured I ate . Atffi on eXffi va 1t0>! Ko..E(y)o> and 1tE(j)'tO>ave the same imperative form: h nECJ'tE (Tell) or nECJ'tE (Fall)! eanw eina exw/eixa nel ne~ ..£El on . To ~o. TllV o. I say my say! I have a hunch/feeling that .E~ Eivm. The temperature is dropping.PPfficr'tO~.The price of fruit went down. More idiomatic expressions In Unit 13 we met some Greek idiomatic expressions. AEO>Jlia tcr'topia/tva JlucrnKo. . a~ nOUJ1E crn~ ntv'tE. How do you say that in Greek? He doesn't know what he is talking about. You know. don't you? Isn't that right? the next day (lit. To X10V1E1tE(j)'tE cruvtXEta.n. The sentence above h is one example. and the list below contains others that are frequently used: nE~ Jlou Ko. We hadn't heard about it before. Say something.

~ .<pay.<pay.. ::I As a reminder. I can't take it any longer! I still learn Greek.... Since they had already put a lamb in the oven .. ElXO <po... < :l c. I ate . (when) Giorgios came home.. .• M(y)w ..• IlIAaw(w) -+ nepvow(w) .• now we had gone -+KaAW he had invited we had done again .av(e) e . MKO Ae1t'to..• ixav noel e I had gone you had gone s/he/it had gone we had gone you had gone they had gone Evro elXov tl0TJ j3<iA..• un6axoll0l .av Important key words used with this new tense or the present perfect are: OKOIlO/OKOIlTJ 2 The past perfect tense This unit introduces you to just one more past tense.. 1l1AtlO"el L\ev dxo <po.<pay..•.. a -4 g l'I < (here) .. .• KOVW I promise I talk I sail (here) I sleep I say I hear again I study/read I do is a.el. I don't want coffee any more......aTe mlY . .avaKovel eixav 130Ael eixalle unoaxe8ei eiXe IlIAJiael eixalle nepoael eixalle KOIIl'l8ei eixav nel eixa l....• ixalle noel e ....... L\e Il1tOPro 1tl0! AKOIlO lloS01vro EAATJV1Ko.• ixa noel e .. o'tov tlASe 0 rtropyo<. Some examples: exw noel exel~ noel exel noel exoulle noel txeTe noel txouv nael I have gone you have gone s/he/it has gone we have gone you have gone they have gone .e mlY .. (no) more already already just Some examples from the dialogues of this unit and other situations are: Now that you are familiar with the present perfect tense featured in Unit 13.vvevo. It is formed with the past tense form of the verb Elm followed by the same verb form as in the present perfect..• ~la13o~w ... .. Panagis had already spoken! talked to ..Kl O"'tO <poupvo ..el I go I went I have gone I had gone tl0TJ Kl0AO<. ...... L\e SEAro 1tl0 KO<pE.e~ e . still. mo miro ..aTe <pay.el elXo 1to..avaKovw l they had prepared we had promised he had talked we had sailed we had slept they had said I had heard again we had read we had done ....• ixe noel e . I hadn't eaten yet when Giorgios came.. eaten).1tTJyolVro 1ttlyo EXro 1to. MOA1<. 1l0A1<. till.• l..R ••••• ~ mly-a mlY ..• ixaTe noel e .el OKOIlO.I forget TlI0VW I hold I arrive <pTOVW I stop aTallaTOW lam eillal I see 13Mnw KaTaAa13aivw I understand l.• KOIIlOIlOl .avaKouael eixalle ~la13oael eixalle Kovel . .• 3o~w 1 I go I invite I redo / do again I prepare ~. yet not longer.exaaa eTllaaa I held I arrived e<pTaaa aTallOT'laa I stopped I was eillouv ei~a I saw KaTGAa13a I understood Here is a list of verbs from this unit in the past perfect tense: 221 eixalle noel eixe KaMael eixalle l.aile mlY . E~ro 01t0 'to rto. MOA1<.exvw -+ -+ -+ -+ -+ -+ -+ I forgot l..el OpVo..a e ...... dxe Kl0AO<... I went . o IIovoytl<.aile <pay..• ixe~ noel e ..avaKouw . this new tense called the past perfect tense will create no difficulties for you...e~ mlY .. here's the full conjugation of two of these important verbs in the past tense....... Just ten minutes outside Yannena..e e<poy. a'to O"1tln. I had just finished eating (lit. tlPSe 0 rtropyo<....

You have already learned many adverbs in the previous units. Study the list below and refer back to it whenever you need to. tl-rav 111tPcO't11 <popa. already 1')1511 already maalready 1. 'H'tav 'ta yevvteAlU Ilou. To eixa'te ~avaKoucrel. 'What else did you do?' . We stopped there for a whole weekend. You c There was a fair and we had the chance [euKutpia] to see local dances and hear traditional folk music. with 6nwc. Remember that most adverbs have one form. vel}' momore ALVOsome. noX. rta'tl tlcracr'tav 'tocro KOUpacrlltVOl. IIou aAAou 1ttlya'te. how much? T600 so.! Na Stlmm. so much 600 as much as l. rta'tl oev eixulle KOlIl11eei KUeOAOU.Kal nwe. inside t~w out.1~are adver?s. K101. KavaTe TlnoTO.3 Adverbs Words such as aKopa. Mu~ tcrKacre~! 3 Rearrange these lines to make up a dialogue. exeTe nel aKolla nou elVOl TO <IllaKQp~o.1to. ea enpene va rlTav wpala! You d Yes. like oavas. and p01. KaArl TUX'llTOTe! aK6I. ~1'J1.1. IIoueeva. t'tcrt oev eivat. ma. Nat exet~.1I1TPI'JC. a b e d e i ii iii IIOlO~ cra~ eiXe KaAtcrel.IaKpla far n6n:. as. rvropicrulle 't11~PUOtvtlsrotl 't11~Pooou. where? nougeva nowhere ei5w here eKei there enavw up. ~I'JPr1TPI'JC. ~I'JPr1TPI'JC.IeTa~U between vupw (a)round KovTa near l. above KaTw down.16voonly wpaia fine eniOTJC. a It's in the most northern point of Cephalonia. 'EAa 1te~ Ilu~. it was very exciting. e Definitely.. too. ~I'JPr1TPI'JC. under I. nepaaaTe. IIe~ Ila~.jUSt 1. a b e d e g You want to ask someone 'How do you say that in Greek?' You want to find out if someone has had his/her name day. Eivat 1tpaYllan 01tro~Mve. like l. What are the expressions used when congratulating someon~ for his wife / her husband / their child's name day? What wdl your answers be when you hear: Na Stlcrw.Ia~i together. Stlmn! Xpovla 1t01. yes. when? T6Te then Twpanow Time Manner Quantity a iv v a b e d e f 0 <plAo~ Ilu~ 0 IIuvaytl~.Iov6single nOTt never al. Aa! Twpa KaTciAal3a. little apKeTa enough OXeMv almost TouMXIOTO(V) at least Ka96Aou not at all nepinou about g 4 Complete the dialogue using the information in italics.1a(11) till. KI'aKolla KuAu'tepu. b We had a good time. IIepacra'te ropaiu n~ OlaK01tt~. Place and direction nou.Itoa in. Here is a list of the most important in each group. a very common expression.1. El~aTe TlnoTO. also KupiWC. I like whatever is nice and I wouldn't mind seeing it again. how? aAAloX. at once nQAlagain ~avaagain nOAu much.16AIC. IIou vu cra~ Atro.1. 'OXI.a~.! Na crm. Sa ~aVanQTe eKel av exeTe QAA'll eUKOlpla. outside l. like mvaslowly n600. yta'tl oev eixulle uu'tOK1V11'tO. yet s KI6Aac.~avo. ~ev Ilae.o. ~I'JPr1TPI'JC. Tl Kava'te. otherwise tTm so. How will is you reply? You want to find out two specific details: Ask 'Where did you go?' and 'What did you do?' Ask 'Where else did you go?'. rtop'taSe~. Adverbs can be divided into four groups according to their meamng: a place or direction b of time e of manner d of quantity 2 Match each question with the most appropriate answer. 'H'tuv 'tocro evolU<ptpOV. Especially for a foreigner.especially Practice 1 Respond to the following situations in Greek.ltowc. 1te~ Ilu~. ~'llAa~rl.mainly li5iwC.

. r~t<m 'to n.. ~ J:! •••• h j KO'tSpO ylOl't lCU1ts'taVtOe. a b c d e f g S l'J :I < a -t < D ::I a.u ~. Au! Au'to 'to 1tOU/lou sl1tSe. < :I c.. manner or quality to complete the sentences. 'touAaXlcr'tOv Ku8oAou Aiyo /lOAle. physically hypno(therapist) cutter fantastic museum c d L\svm)ya 1tf. Choose the correct words from the boxes to complete the sentences.. . g cr'tT)VA9rlvU 'EXro <p'tacrsl Eixu <p'tacrsl 'E<p'tucru yvroplcrse.exucru h 01troe.vSl supcO.sxacrsl 1.. To'tU1.pm.1U1Csio.224 c' ~.J:II.ro /ls'tu1..c!vro rtiwts [ Kov'ta E1. 1taAl /lusi no'ts rtropyo.! 8 Can you recognize some of the words you have already learnt? e I: T n 0 0 T A T E H f E <t> n 0 A 7 Choose the correct adverb of place. sixse.. /l1tpaf3o <pumKa /loucrsio U1tVO i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x sailor/nautical famous bravo captain yacht naturally.lUc. vuu'tT)e.lS'tT)v [ EA£vrJytU D1. cr'tU/lu'trlcru EXro cr'tU/lu'trlcrSl EXSle. 1tO'tE 1tou8sva /ls'tu1. time. Sival 'to crxoAsio !CUlto ' cpapJ..u /lEcrU /lusi d L\sv if:JSAa va 1tplVva <p't00r0cr'tT)V A9i]va. rlDT) yupro •••• 6 Practise the different forms of Greek verbs in past tenses. b . Amo lC6.oJrnO~SC. /ls'tu1. yvroplsse. a -t l'J e Kov'ta E1.J:II. 1taSl cr'tT)VA9rlvu.u 225 :I 0 To crmn J. <pasle..swllC6. yvropicrsle.. DSl exro 1. a b 0 I: 0 N T A sixse. <pUV'tUcr'tlKO <PT)/llcr/lEVOe. sixse. KaVSl uU'to 'to 1tOUKa/llcro.ro /ls'tu1. 1tocro 1tocro 'tocro 'tocro 1to'ts 1troe. 1tlO U/lEcrroe.u < D ::I a. ~ J:! f . <pasl sixse. H KmspiVT) slVUl__ cr'tT)0sauuAovllCT).sxacrsl sixu 1. aM<i f3JJ:1tSte. 'tproSl cr'tU/lu'toucru sixse.UK01t6. sixse.vsl crnc. EXSle. 'to 1tptv vu L\s 9tAro va qiKo 1tspi1tou c j Eixs mlBl J.. Tl cr'tT)v 'tT)AsopUcrT)1tpOx'tEe. Tl EA9ro. a SX'tEe. DSl siDSe. 5 Match the words on the left with the words on the right. K N T A M E T = - Y .

Tim Mr. EKel ~ev exel va ~IlMljJel TinoTa ana Tll 13pa~IVr. TO Evu~pelO.. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps using the words in the box.. eVlunwOT'\ yvWCJ1'o[ napaf>OOlaKn DA little extra! Rhodes is one of the most popular destinatio~s for tourists g?ing to Greece. nou nTlYaTe. TO MouOelo. EKei aKouoalle TomKr.. va llelVel~ eKei. Me TO aeponMvo oe 45 Aema KOI Ile TO nAOIOoe 14 wpe~. . AUTOVOlli~w Kl eyw. KaAi) TUXll! I'JaM8£la npoocptpw naAla n6AI'J TOMaVTpaKI TO£vu~p£io o xwpOC.. TO MaVTpaKI.. va ~laOKe~aoel~ eKel. AvaOTaoia Mary KOI OTa rUlvveva.~wr..V. sailing or fishing boats aquarium (n) site (m) / space. apXOloAoYIKOU~ xwpou~. nw. Ilnap. EivOl aKpl13ava na~ eKei. KWOTac. truth (f) I offer old town. nou aAAou mlYaTe. KW(JTac. whatever else / other I'J~IOKo8~KI'J disco discotheque (f) TOvalT KAalJn nightclub (n) I'JIJnOUaT nightclub with Greek music (f) . Ma~ eixav nel on Sa Ila~ mlYOlvav o'eva a e~w ana Ta rlavveva. Tim Kl'ano 13pa~lvr.Sela. KWOTac. onolao~r. KWOTac. b 1l0UOlKr.. H EAAMa exel Tooa h nou 1l0AOVOTl elxalle ~la13aoel KOIeixalle Kavel epeuva nplV va epSoulle 0Tll i oa~ KloAa~ TllV npwTll Ilepa e~w KaTaM13alle on II ~laIlOVr. ~Tll PMo mlyaTe. AAAa TO13lonKo enine~o eivOl ana Ta mo aKpl13ao'oAIl Tllv EAAMa. Tim 'OXl aKolla. nw! liev TO e1xa ~avaKouoel! 9 I <J>avTaOTlKo!Exoulle TETOlO Ilouoelo OTIlV ' EAAMa.ooulle aAAOV Eva Xpovo napaTaOil ana Tl~ ~ouAele~ Ila~ Yla va Tll llaSOUlle KaAllTepa . Ila~ Sa eival j ana ouvapnaOTIKr. n Tim Kal nw~ nael Kavel~ eKei. . MOAl~MKa Aema e~w ana Ta rlavveva. valT KAalln.. KwoTac. I'Jl\iv~oC. avTou KoOlloouppor.a 9 Listen to Dialogue 4 in this unit again and fill in the missing words. NOI eival. 'Exel TllV naAla nOAll. IlnOUaT. Kal ~ev neoalle e~w! k nou T'aKouw. 'Exel Tooa nOAAa va npoocpepel. Ilnupapie~. Listen to and read the dialogue below. Elval KaTl aVTIOTolXo Ile TO Mouoelo Tll~ Madame Tussaud's OTOAov~lvo. It has a very cosmopolitan summer lIfe and many things to offer young people.Ke~.~wr.. MaKapl va eixa Kl eyw TllV i~la I Mav mlya . 'HTav nOAll e KOI C . old quarters AvaOTaoia Mary unooxe8e£ evf>laq>epov TPOlJepo rraparravco the harbour for yachts. Ma~ eixav d va Ila~ ~ei~ouv TO Mouoeio Keplvwv 0llolollaTwv TOU BpeAAIl..n~ TeAIKa eva~ Xpovo~ va ll11v eivOl apKeTo~ OTllv EAAMa! npenel llaAAOV va ~IlTr. Eival oAa npaYllan aAr. AAAa eival wpaia. area (m) ouvapnaCJ1'lKO a village 54 km south of Rhodes City ~I'JA£UW I become jealous / I am jealous KoolJonoAiTIKoc. Tllv AKponoAIl 0Tll Alv~o . eOTlaTOpla naVTOUKOOIlO~.noTe aAAll~ KoOllonoAlnKll~ nOAll~· lilOKoSr..l-l'J/-o cosmopolitan onolao~~noT£ aAAI'JC. EUKoAa. AAAa exoulle aKouoel Tooa nOAAa Yl'auTr.Kal ei~alle vTomou~ va xopeuouv. 'HTav nOAu C KOI KaTl ~lacpopenKo Yla Ila~. Kal elval TO 1l0Va~lKO OTllV EAAMa an'ooo ~epouv Ol f Ila~..

sea of people. x It was very interesting. i ii iii iv v this year friendls life sailing boatls fish vi vii viii ix x teacherls islandls music of course museurnls o 2 Can you remember the following ten important phrases from this unit? Where did you go for Easter last year? We had heard it before. LlEVEiVat o~ro~ 1tOAUKOcr~01tOAhtKll 1tOAll. i ii iii iv v [pu pate]? lIou 1tan:. vat't KAa~1t Kat ~1toua't.l0UOlKt. aouaTO and TOlq>TeTeAI.r'llJnupapia TO IJnap o KOOIJOC.lTloyAollo~ baglamas 11cpAoyepo flute ii iii iv v 3 The phrases below are given in the present tense. [ine sinarpastik6]? Eivat cruvap1tacrnKo.Recently a form of 'table dancing' has developed . eAocpplo AO'iKt. The nation's educational system is based on languages.1l0UOlKt. throng easily standard of living Music was once a part of the language and played an important part in works such as Homer's epics. That 'musicality' has somehow been lost. job.E'tat Eva Xpovo 1tapa'tacrll yta va OEt Kt aAAo 'tllV EAMOa. physics.lTleKIKO.l0TIKt. ~ aupToKI. 1 Can you remember the Greek for the following ten important words from this unit? Try to write your answers in Greek script. Y1tapXEt Kat AKP01tOAll cr'tO Xropto (village) 'tll~ Aivoou. ix You have not told us yet.1l0UOlKt. vllcruilTIKO TpoyouiSlO t.lTlOU~OUKI bouzouki TO aovToupl dulcimer TOAOOUTO lute TO KAopivo clarinet o I.it is a unique experience for both tourists and locals. We ate a lot of fish. aupTo.. j H Pooo~ ~1tOpEi va 1tPOcrCPEPEt 1tOAAa cr'tOv 'toupicr'ta rj E1ttO'1CE1t'tll (visitor).. [pos pas]? lIo)~ 1ta~. [to vlizo pefti] To ~a1. employment good luck! extension (t) 'the Greek blues') Different kinds of music have. the biotic level) I entertain (myself or others) work. mathematics. To ~tOnKo E1ti1tEOO EiVat xa~llA6. Change them into the past tense. iS1l1. created different dances. philosophy. in turn. 0 Ko)cr'ta~ 'tOu OiVEt 'tllV EUXrj "KaArj 'tUXll". cosmos). Tim XPEta1. [eho tin endiposi] 'EXro 'tllv Ev'tU1trocrll. n Greek music Music has always been essential to the Greek way of life. I.l0UaIKt.. vllauilTlKIl I. To 1tAoio KaVEt 14 o)PE~. pellTleTlKO popular music light popular music regional. folklore music island songs or island music rebetica (many call it (lit.l0TloVO. using either transliteration or Greek script. Some of the most popular are: KoA0I. Did you have your name day? Many happy returns! vi May you live long! vii May your wish come true! viii He has already spoken to some friends. r'I KOOIJOOUPPO~ &uKoAa TO 1310TIKO&nin&i5o i5laOK&i5o~w 11i5oUA&IO KaM TUXI1! 11napOTaOI1 pub(t) bar (n) people (lit. physical education and music! These are the Greek words for some musical instruments: 11 Mpo lyre TO I. H ~paOtvrj ~rorj 'tll~ OEV EiVat crav/o1tro~ (like) aAAE~ KOcr~01tOAhtKE~ 1tOAEt~.. crowd (m) crowd.o 1tEcpn:t. 'EXEt 1tOAAE~OtcrKo9rjKE~. 10 Mark a b c d e f g h (.I) for true and (K) for false. . eI. Some of the many kinds of Greek music are: J\O'iKt. 'EXEt 1toM KOcr~OaAM 6xt Kat KOcr~OcrUpporj.

cycling. painter. George!' If George is a good but 'long-lost' friend. book-keeper. a b What are the expressions used when congratulating someone for his wife I her husband I their child's name day? What are the expressions used on Mondays I first day of the month I first day of the year? If someone else uses those expressions what will your answer be? When do you use 'XPOV1U 1toAAn!'? If you are addressed with this expression. Shall I call a doctor?' 'Long time no see! Where have you been? I've missed you. ask: 'Are you sick? You don't look very well.' . How would you say the following in Greek? a b c d e f 'Oh. horse-riding. nurse. 231 i i: o :s i Co) c d ••••• CJ'I o ~ _ <. 1 Respond to the following situations in Greek. You are asked 'ncb~ ElVUl O"tlvrj9(j)~ 0 KUlPO~ O"'tTJv MsynATJ Bps'tuviu. You look at them and you want to ask some questions. running and soccer.'. how will you say these phrases? You want to find out someone's profession. volley-ball. tn _. builder or teacher. isn't it?' 'Do you have both restaurants and apartments?' 'Where's Fiscardo?' 'Please give me your telephone number. which can be found at the back of the book. Once you have completed the following exercises compare your answers with the correct ones.' Give an appropriate answer. what will your reply be? Ask about the weather: 'What's the weather like in Greece today?' or 'What was the weather like in Greece yesterday?' or 'What will the weather be like in Greece tomorrow?' . In this unit you will revise • making arrangements and meeting someone • initiating and carrying out busines talks • talking to a doctor and asking for remedies • talking about the weather • using appropriate language at a social function • expressing opinions and stating preferences • different professions and sports • naming months and seasons 2 (iJ e f g h j ••• CD tn ••• W Someone has handed you the two business cards below. Give an appropriate answer.l O"'tTJv A9rjvu. You are asked: 'PiXVSl I3poxt~ rj xuMl. you are a manager!' 'What's the name of your hotel in Greek?' 'Rhodes is an island. Identify any areas that still need some work and go over them again so that you're completely satisfied. Ask someone what kind of sports he or she likes. ask: 'What do you do for a living?' then tell himlher that you are a banker. Then tell him or her that you like swimming. A friend of yours does not look well.Check your progress so far.

i Co) ESlP'EROS lP'AJLACE JH[OTElL faliraki p.o. I o' . ( II01E<.. IIw<.Nicholas Statiras F&B Manager 4 The map below shows the temperatures in most major European cities. Look at it and answer the following questions: a b c d e f IIoO"o UKPlf3rj dVal T) 1ttrjO"T) Y1UAovoivo.ElVUlT)KroV/1tOAT)KrovcrtuvnvOU7tOAT)crt'AyyAlK(l. e IIot> EXEl tT)v XUIlT)AOtEPT) EpllOKpuO"iu. Study the list.:. dVal 0 KUtpO<.1tOAEl<. e Tt O"T)IlUiVEt ATAANTIKOL QKEANOL O"t' AYYAtK<i.O"tOAovoivo. H 1ttrjO"T) yta to Dublin dVUl <ptT)VOtEpT) rj UKplf30tEPT) U1tOtT)v 1ttrjO"T) 1Uto Edinburg. AEVE O"tU EAAT)V1Kc1: Prague. 5 Below is a list of many emergency telephone numbers in Greece.rj IlE E1tlO"tPO<prj. Eival Ol hUA1KE<. box 202 . Lisbon. Tu E10"T)trjP1U dVal 1l0VOvu 1tu<. Y IIota dVal T) 1tlO UKplf30tEPT) 1ttrjO"T)O"tT)vEupw1tT).85100 rho~s (0241) 85751-4 telex: 292601 espp GR-fax: (0241) 85744 ••••• U'I ••••• U'I FISCARDO 28084 KEFALONIA GREECE TEL 067491205 3 The advertisement below offers some good deals to major European cities. a b c d e f g 233 IIw<. IIffi<. See if you can answer the following questions. Berlin Kal Brussels? IIot> EXEt 1l0VOAtUKc1ou. Black Sea. and answer the questions below: What are the telephone numbers for the following? €400 €500 €350 €325 €365 €200 €350 TRAVEL PLAN! • AONillNO €380 • nAPILI €350 • POMH €325 • ct>AOPENTIA €370 • BENETIA €380 • MIAANO €360 • BIENNH €375 AeponoplKO elOlnlPIQ Me enlOTpoqlli! • • • • • • • AMLTEPNTAM ilOYBAINO MALlPITH BAPKEAONH EillMBOyprO KONlnOAH BEPOAINO a b c d e Police Port Authority Ambulance Fire Squad Fight against Drugs f g h j Fire Chemists in Athens Chemists in the Suburbs First Aid I Red Cross Tourist Police . IIot> EXEt tT)v U'I'T)AOtEPT) EPIlOlCpuO"iu. Tl O"T)IlUiVEl MELOrEIOL 8AAALLA O"t' AyyAtK<i.

6. ITaUpO<. Read the information and answer the following questions. i Co) npnTEI ANArKEl: ~0Tj t>.lll~P&uoVTa & t..lll~p&UOVTa & ll. ·. IuvauAI&C.lOVUKTEp&UOVTO <l>aplJaKE{a A8rJvlilv t>.&ATio Katpou 100 rlOprOY 108 166 199 109 NTAAAPA 191 9-1 07 9-1 02 9-150 9-1 05 11300 11311 11322 9-171 9-148 IUIlIl&TEXouv: AvaOTaoia MouTOaToou A8Tjva M6paATj Omo805polllKoi TaKTjC. Overleaf are advertisements for two different cultural events.234 ~. nmpoi A8rJvwV-n&Ip<nliJ<.lOVUKTEpEUOVTa l>aplJaKEia npoacrr{wv < npWTE<..lwf.1. (Epu9p6<.pOOTjAcrruvo~a<. a b c d e f KAAAITEXNIKEI EKaHAm:EII !MEIO HPnaov ATTIKOV g When do they both take place? What kind of events are they? How long (how many days) is each event? Does the first event start in the morning or in the evening? How would you translate ArrAIKO <l>ELTIBAA MIIAX? Do you know the name rUWrOY NTAAAPA? Which one of the two events is less expensive and why? C.) ElpllIJEP&UOVTE<. III 0' ••• XPH1:IMA THI\E<tlONA nAPAIKEYH 25.1. ·····... 10€ <l>OITl']TIKQ 5€ -•• .··.MnouPllac.6. EXPRESS SERVICE El\nA OOIKTjBol')9&IO HELLAS SERVICE TOUPlcrrlKIl AcrruvolJ[a ..Il NapKWTIKWV·.: Marc Minkowski IKIlVo9&o[a: Alain Germain EIOlTl')pla: 15€.· ·· AVTlj..IeTWnlOTj nUpKaylwv t>.\. GLUCK: 1~lrENEIA H EN TAYPOII 61vTl')<. Ttlll') &IOllTllP[ou: 15€ AVyOVOTOs 6 Being able to decipher information about cultural events from the Greek press is handy when visiting Greece. BOIl6EI£<.·.W. OPxl')OTpa<. I\llJevapXEio AoeEVOlp6po nUpool3ecrrIKJ'j .. ~AB BATO 26 A vrOYHOY ~ wpa 9:00 .

jJnap. 'OXI aKolla. Set yourself goals.. Then c write the names of the days of the week. TO MaVTpOKI. ME TO aEpon'Aovo OE 45 AEmo Kal jJE TO OE 14 WpE~. Tim Kl'ano I3pa5lv!'J d _ KWOTac.:1] T6X11! . Congratulations on choosing Teach Yourself Greek in your efforts to learn this beautiful and rich language. and speak the language whenever you are in the company of Greeks. KEl. KWOTac. will be more than happy to hear your comments. E KWOTac. but instead continue practising to improve your Greek. I:TTJPMo m.de or by writing c/o Teach Yourself. 338 Euston Road. va jJT]v ElVQl apKETo~ OTTJVEMMa! nptnE m va ~T]n'tOOUjJEoMov tva Xpovo napOTaOT] ano Tl~ iSOUAElt~ jJa~ VIa va TT] jJ080UjJE KaAuTEpa . h . KaA!'J n _ 237 I o :J l. you should not close it. EKEl iSEV EXEI va ~T]MljJEI TlnOTQ ano TTJv I3pa5lv!'J d onOlao5!'JnoTE OAAT]~ e nOAT]C:. re. TT]V AKpOnOAT] OTTJAlV50 . so that you keep on learning. eUKOAa aKOUOEI 1l0Mov KOOIl°c. Good luck! KWOTac. AAM EXOUIlE a Tooa nOAM Vl'aun'tv. Elval aKpll30 va na~ EKEl. If you don't have the recording try to fill in the gaps from the words provided overleaf.. navTou KOOjJOOUPpo!'J.236 7 ~. jJnupaplEC:. London NWI 3BH. Aristarhos Matsukas. KWOTac.. TO Evu5pElO. 'EXEI Tooa noMa va c 'EXEI TTJV naAlO noM]. Even though you have reached the end of the book. Can you match the pictures of the following office items with the list of items? Tim S ( Co) M!'Jn~ I tva~ Xpovoc:.vaTE.. 11. va jJElVEI~ EKEl.. jJnouoT. TJ u't1. You can contact the author directly at the following e-mail address: ajaI4@web. Use the definite articles (0. 1310TlKO TUXI1 l510K08i\KEc. Kal. EOTlaTopla . Hodder & Stoughton. VO'iT KAajJn. aAi\8Ela npooq>epEI i Co) KOOfJonoAITlKl1c. ElVQl oAa npoVjJaTl b .. va k EKEi. England. and b 31 days. AUTO VOjJl~W Kl EVW. a b c a Tim d 'tU B1BAiu 'to 'tTJAe<provo TJ 'tTJAEOPUcrtl 'to E1t1O"'tOAOXUp'to e f g h 0 KU'taAoyoc. o :J Write out the names in Greek of the months which have a 30. MM TO j EnlnE50 Elval ano Ta mo aKpll30 O'OAT] TT]V EMo5a.. AMo ElVQl wpala.. Your comments and/or suggestions will help us to improve future editions. TO MOUOElO. apXQlOAOVIKOU~ XWPOU~. Tim KQl n~ nOEL KaVElC:.f ___ . the author of this book. NQl eival.oon TEAIKO MOlo l5laOKEl5cioElc. naVTou 9 . to) if you can remember them.ev'tu to paolO-KuO"E'tO<provo 'to KOIl1tlOU'tEP 9 Listen to the last dialogue of Unit 14 again and fill in the missing words.

[r]. !1 2 ~. d AnAia e L\ev. aAM. d vi. ill lCaM [kala].e L\ucr'tuXffi~. ix cr/~. AnAia [anglia] . viii Vat [ne]. b ~. c ii. 6 a POll1tep't. 9. Oev ~EPo) EAAT)VllCU. lC. 9. [menD sto/stin]. AnAia [ap6 to 10nTHfno anglia]. S. 'tpEVO [treno] . '< ••• o CD CD CD ~ ••• :r- cra~ AEve. viii ~. d. v Me AEve . -en CD en . x't xi U. g vii.aepo1tMvo [aeroplano] 7 a v. c rela cra~! Tl lCclve'te. b i. haAllCa. L\. 't. ii yeta [ya]. cp. h !1paia. val. ~. ii A1to 1tOUdcrat [ap6 pu fse?]. f 1I0VO. EAAT)vioa. eX. b eillat.lCaAT)cr1tEpa. viii MEVO)cr'tO/cr'tT)V.Eve. 'I' 5 i y. 7 a: aAAcl. d AYYAllCcl (raAAllCa. ix lie [me]. n. 8 'kriti' was not on the recording. f iv. cr.. 0). 0. cr/r". 1. vii v. Unit 1 1 a n~ >< CD C) . EAAT)VllCa) 5 a x. ii 0.g EcrEva. c 1tOAT). b viii. 1I. b Eillat a1to 'tT)v AYYAia. cra~. j ix. a1to. va.lCaAT)VuX'ta../.. lC.. c y. xii 0) 6 a iii. a. V. e. b iv. lC19apa [kithara] -1tlavo [piano]. I:. c A1to 'to Aovoivo. b rela crou! Tl lCclvel~.. e iii. b EAEVT). 8 a dcrat. vi 1tOU[pu]. p. b . d .y. iv A1to 'to Aovoivo.0. 10 a i. viii 0Xl [6chi] . b.. c i. vi M1M~ AnAllCa [milas anglika]?.. '1'.EJ Introduction 1 r. [i]. 0. d ii. $. 'P. V A. i vi. A. x lCov'ta [konda] 2 i nffi~ cre AEve [pos se lene?]. b iv. [h] 4 a a. v eoffi [eTH6]. [me lene]. f Eicrat: c shaded word = EAAaoo (Greece). 0) 3 [v]. ~EPo). e: A. c i. 3 c. 2 a iii. T). ill A1to 1tOla 1tOAT) [ap6 pya p6li?]. 4 a Me AEve POll1tep't. vi 1I. A. lie. f d i. d ii.M1M'te AYYAllCa. d lCaAT)lIEpa. cp. d e SEpel~. 9 a X. f ii. 'tevvl~ [terns].EAMoa [ehiTHa]. vii MEVO)cr'to/cr'tT)V . 1. X. U. A. c i. h v. e iii. ill T). 1I./. b iv. Mini test 1 i yeta cra~ [yasas]. iv lC. 1t.. c i. e. d ii 7 lI1tacrlCe't[basket]. ~. iva1to [ap6].

viii eEACO~UAAOVou~o [thelo malon uzo]. b iv. f X. 5 a KAcI>E. ill Koupacr~Evo~ [kurazmenos]. c NTOMATE~. v KPS~~uDt [krerru'THi]. nco~. h AAM. b X. d X. c Tt KUVS'tS. v cruvrjflco~ [sinfthos]. h rj. g x. b cI>ETA. o~co~. 3 c. ii Ei~at Koupacr~Evo~ [ime kurazmenos]. d 'Eva ~tKPO ~nouKuAt ou~o. vii npcotVo [proino]. g x. v EiVat AUflo~. iv Eicrat KaAU. 7 a E'tOt~Ot. 2 a iv. viii ~E~ata [vevea]. b Ano 'tllv AYYAia. f ArrOYPIA. e x. [ti tha paris]? ii BUAs ~ou vspo [vale mu nero]. iv sv'tu~St [endaksi]. x'tptuv'ta [trianda] 2 i KaArj oPS~l1! [kill oreksi]./. b eau~ucrto! Anaicrto! c Mou apEcrSt nOAu . 9 a i. 4 a Tov Ka'tuAoyo napaKaAro. f iv./. c viii. b vi. 8 a eI'. 8 a xaipo~at. ill nO'trjpt [potiri]. x 'Exco ~ia <piAll [eho mfa tili] 3 i Tt fla nupst~. c i. Mini test 1 i SUXaptcr'tro [etharisto]. c ~Ecra. mas fernis]? v Eicrat E'tOt~O~/E'tOt~l1. ill Au'to sivat [afto ine]. eX. 3 e. d. aAAU yta'ti ~ou ~tAU~ cr'tov nAllfluvnKo. d i. h vi. ill rSta crou [yasu]. [pinete uzo]? vii Tt sivat '~S~EDS~'. f vii. j ix. c Ev'tu~st! Mia XOtptVrj ~npt~OAa. x ~UAAOV[malon] 2 i Tt KUVSt~./. anu OAOt ~s <pcovu~ouv Bill. b v. j iii. d (Ma~ <pEpVS'tS)'to Aoyaptacr~o napaKaAro. ~oucraKu. e 'Eva ~tKPO ~nouKuAt ou~o MunArjvll~. b iii. TI~. v rSta cra~ [yasas] Unit 2 1 a Ei~at noM KaAU. vii KO'tonouAo [kotopulo]. ix anaicrto [apesio]. d No~i~co 8150 rj 'tPSt~ ~EPS~ ~OVO. vi 'Eva ~nouKuAt vspo [ena bukali nero]. 7 a sina'ts. 7 t: KuptS. iv yUAa [ghala]. ix ~ovo [mono]. hi. [ti kanete?]. e 'Eva ~tKPO ~nouKuAt MunArjvll~. ii EAAllVtKu [elinika]. d ii. x i\sv ~EPCO[THen ksero] 3 i TIro~ cra~ AEVS [pos sas lene]?. d 1ttshs Kun. ill 'Vco~i [psorrul. 3 e. b flEAS'tS. f Kat. e O~SAE'tS~. b. NAI. b iii. 2 a iii. [tha pyis kati]? .~ovo. b Nat. iv fla napayydAco syro yta crEva [tha parangflo egh6 ya sena]. [ti karns]?. c Tino'ta UAAOyta 'tllv ropa. b Nat. 4 a Ms AEVSWilliam Jones. ii Ano nou dcr'ts [apo pu iste]?. a. ill TIivst~ yUAa. KYPIE. (Mrjnco~) EXS'tS ~ocrxapicrts~ ~npt~6As~. f. g vo~i~co. a. x Eyro flEACO va pco'trjcrcoKun [egho thelo na rotfso kati] 3 i 'Exst~ s~unllPs'tllfld. j ix. c Ano 'to Ai~spnouA. h iii. c iv. v fla 1ttSt~ Kun.'to Aoyaptacr~o napaKaAro. 4 a Ma~ <pEpVS'tS'tOY Ka'tuAoyo napaKaAro. 'tPSt~. b i. i v. iv To ~Exacra [to ksehasa]. i cI>EP'tS. Eva ~oucraKu Kat ~ia craAU'ta snoxrj~. 6 a EAIE~. cr'tllv. f Tino'ta UAAOyta 'tllv ropa. ix SiKOcrt [!kosi]. MH. e A! 'to ~Exacra! f 'Exco (d~at) Duohpst~hEcrcrSpt~ nEv'ts ~EPS~ cr'tllV Aflrjva. d i./. f XU~OU~. x crs Aiyo [se ligho] 3 i Tt KUVSt~. e v'to~u'ta. g vi.i\s ~ou apEcrSt. ii TIro~ dcrat. d X. a. [milate anglika]?. ii ~nouKuAt [bukali]. d crKE'tO~S nuyo. c .g ~s. c v. 6 Horizontal E~Y. rise kala]? v EDro ~EVSt~. b <pEpVS'tS. e 'tOY Ka'tUAoyo napaKaAro! f 'Eva 'tcrut ~S YUAa. c. f nocrs~. 9 a. b X. 5 a iii. d. d d~at. h flu~u~at. d. d ii. viii DEKa [THeka]. ix Mou apEcrSt noM [mu aresi pohl. notKtAia. 0: KOV'tU. c 1ttcr'tsuco. c X. d KPEMMYMA. Diagonal EXQ. viii i\s flu~u~at [THe thimame]. v [ i\sv flEACO [THe thelo]. [echis eksipiretitlnl?. vi v'to~u'ta [domata]. b i. TIENTE. Ti ou~o EXS'tS. [eTHo menis]? Mini test 1 i vspo [nero]. e. ix Mtcro Asn'to [rnisolepto]. ~E.[meno sto/stin]. [poso kanun]?. e ii. b. iv cI>'tUVSt fuini]. iv na'tu'ts~ [patates]. ix TIocro KUVOUV. b scru. napaKaAro. [thelis salata]?. ill Tt KUVS'tS. e TIITIEPIE~. ii snicrll~ [episis]. ea Unit 3 1 a 'Eva ou~o (OU~UKt)Kat ~ia nOtKtAia.c ~E~ata. d i. c viii. e n~. ill TIou ~EVS'tS [pu menete]?. b X. ii i\sv EXCO [THen eho]. Eva <ppanE Kat Eva VS~ (Ka<pE). ME. f 'EAa 'tropa! g TIocro KUVOUV. viii i\sv Ka'taAa~aivco [THen katalaveno]. v crrj~spa [simera]. vi Ka'tuAoyo~ [kataloghos]. Vertical OMQ~. vi IIivs'ts ou~o. e TIQ~. d ii. d ix. viii flau~ucrto [thavmasio]. c Tov Ka'tuAoyo napaKaAro . iv MtAU'tS AYYAtKu. [ti ipes/t'pes]? iv eEASt~ craAU'ta. e . ~tKprj notKtAia yta 'to ou~o. g BY M. [pfnis ghala]? iv Ma~ <pEPVSt~. [pos ise]?. d . f ii. 5 a vii. b MAPMEAAM. c ~KETO. i iv. EuXaptcr'tro. 6 a vii. ill Eivat oAa cr'ta AyyAtKU! [ine ola sta anglika]. . iii Tt dns~. f. scru. b. d NE~. c ii. [ti karns?].j 'Vco~i. d npcotvu. 2 a iv. f ~INEMA: shaded word AMEI:!U:. c.scrd~. i viii. ii Eivat oAa cr'ta EAAllVtKu! [ine ola sta elinika]. c i. x o~oP<Po [omorfo] 2 i Opicr'ts [oriste]. e ii. b dcrat. d Ka'taAa~aivco. v eEACO1ttnSptE~ YS~tcr'tE~ [thelo piperies ghernistes]. vii eEASt~ psmiva. [thelis retsina]?. [ine lathos]. vii cruyyvro~l1 [sighnorni]. [ti ine mezeTHes]?. = Mini test 1 i snoxrj [epoclnl.d Ei~at Aiyo Koupacr~Evo~!Koupacr~Evll. 8 a X. ii BUAs ~ou Aiyo [vale mu ligho]. sivat. vi aAAU [ala]. vii Ei~at nOAu KaAU [ime poli kala]. ix Eivat KOV'tU[ine koncta]. vi i\sv 'to 1ttcr'tsuco [THen to pistevo]. rise etimos/etirni]? [ Unit 4 1 a KaArj 'OpS~l1! KaArj XrovS'Vll! b Mrjnco~ EXS'tS ~sAt't~avocraAu'tU.

Advanced French. g iv. It serves only as an example. Unit 6 1 a ~uyyvroJ. viii Eicrooo~ [fsoTHos]. m 'to J. 7 a Eicrooo~. 4 a ea rj9EAa OUOE1cr1trjP1Uyta ('tl1v) Pooo. TO~O so much. d.lJ.11: 1tOAl1. POU'tl1PO Kat J. New York (USA). e. 9 a Business English.lUK11tapaKaAro. bus. v yrovia [ghonia]. Arabic. 3 e. 2015: Lagos (Nigeria).ll1 . Danish.lOVO 1trjyatVE rj J. yAUKO. ii MEivE EKEi! [mfne ekf!]. ODO1thE~ xrop1unKE~ J. Irish. c TIocro KUVE1111t'trjO"ll.l1a J. 6 Mou OiVE'tEEva crouPAUK1KaAaJ. b. d ii. iv Eivat KaArj yUJ. C J. Chinese.. e ii. H 1tAa'tEia dvat crta OE~lU. cruvEXicr'tE ima (EUeEia). e trolley bus. h EiJ. or dJ.l1tOpEi'tE.lepa. TIOY that. Mexico City.eo~. b~. n Luxemburg.cIlep'tE J. b TIocro KUVE1J.leva. d J. g. i v. j vi. Sao Paolo (Brazil). L1eKu OKtro (18) roPE~! Eyro OEVuv'texro 'tecrcrEp1~ (4) roPE~ cr'to KUpUP1! 5 a vii. f viii.ll1[sighn6rni]. XUJ. d TIapaKaAro. M1topro va KUVroKpU'tl1crl1tropa.lE.lE!Or 'OX1 crrjJ. Portuguese.la1 KoupacrJ. craM. k 01 OJ. a. Calcutta (India). taxi. k I avtexro.loi. g Eicr'tE. viii L1EV av'texro 'tl1v ~ecr'tl1! [THen andeho tin zesti!]. ix 1tAatEia [platfa]. d iv. Russian. Serbo-Croat..J. x KUVE1 1tOAU~ecr'tl1! [kani poll zesti!] 3 i 'EAa EOro![ela eTH6!]. Thai.lapJ. its speciality is ouzo with appetizers. b Austria.lia 1 J. Seoul (South Korea). straight.C Eiva1 J. TIUJ. 'Evu 'tcrU1 J.lJ. e.lEAuoa. f g J. J. ill ap1crtEpU [aristera]. e Germany.c MEtu. b TIou EiVa1 to SEVOOOXEioA1tOAArov. 2 a iii. i Estonia. p Great Britain.. is 'how long?' and 'how much?' is TIocro KUVE1. g Mou <pepvE'tE AiYE~<ppuyav1e~. 2 f. 01 YArocrcrE~. g 11(l1)J. vi ME crUyxropEi'tE [me sinhorfte]. d J. Mevro cr'tO Aovoivo 'tropa.l1tOUKUA1. q Norway. x Thailand.lepa. c ix. h. MdvE'tE. 01 XUJ. Bombay (India). d x. Dutch.f Tt. 0: 1tOVO~. h 'ta OU~UKta.lepa.l1tOpEi'tE. miJ.la1 KaeOAOU. TIOY where.luna. ill ~'tpi"'E ap1crtEpU! [strfpse aristera!].lOV1 1tUpUKuAro. a. Dhaka (Bangladesh).lEAe'tE~..lEyUAU.lE. f.I 'ta j ou~a. e ii.levo~ y1a'ti OEVK01J. J. Finnish. d vi.lEpioa J. b C Eivat. h eXOUJ.lEpioa crE<p'taA1e~KU1tptaKe~ Ka1 J. Beginner's French.lou 'to AOYUP1UcrJ. 4 Ka'tuAoyo~. ill ~'to <pavup1 [sto fanan].l.e The invitation was Come and have a glass of ouzo (with me). NTO do. c L1EU'tEPl1 eecrl1. Swedish.lE Y1a Eva OU~UK1 ~uYYVolJ. b viii. straight ahead. . Mini test 1 i cruyyvroJ.lat KoupacrJ. d. b i. c~. c. b C d 01 <ppuyav1e~.I.d EiVat J.b MEtu. Shanghai (China). Icelandic. Malay. f rE1a cra~ Ka1 EUxap1cr'tro (1tOAU)!g L1EvKu'taAapaivro EAAl1V1KU KaM.lo. vii EKEi [elal.Eiva1 KOVtU.ME cruyxropEhE.lEYUAE~.Ka<pe~. b 1tuvro. Karatchi (Pakistan). 6 TO the. and so on.l1KprjJ. g. Los Angeles (USA). Afrikaans. e TIocrl1 ropa KUVE1. f M1topro e va exro Eva 1tpoypaJ. vii TIou EiVat 'to/11/0 [pu me o/i/to]. M1AU'tE Aiyo 1t1Omyu.l1tt<p'teK1toAh1KO. (This is of course not the only possible order you could place for this exercise. TIO~H how long. iv OE~lU [THeksia]. v Greece. Japanese. Polish. J 'tupo1tt'ta. 'tapepva.l1tUpaKat ODOJ. ii J. vUX'ta. cr'tphjftE ap1crtEpU cr'tO tpho cr'tEVO.O"Ke'to (EAAl1V1KO) Ku<pe. b Greek for foreigners. f KoupacrJ. d right. d. h x. TIocro cruxvu. Peking (China).e rj0l1. k Spain. b 1ta'tu'tE~.lEyupo. Advanced English. r South Mrica.leV01. c i. b. f Gibraltar.leYE90~. .lacr'tE 1tOAU KoupacrJ. g M1AU'tE. c. x Kev'tpo [kendro] 2 i ME ta 1t001a [me ta p6THia].e av'texro. i 01 J. Hindi. c i. . j v. f Katepa.levo~/ -11. You could probably answer Qpuiu. d pro'trjcrro. Beginner's German. C Korean. Beginner's English. TIocrl1 ropa .n 0 crUVUOEA<pO~. z Finland. vi EOro [eTH6].lE~eOE~ 111t01K1Aia.f The invitation is to go to a fish taverna. 0 Morocco. j Ireland. j.lEt'E1ttcr'tPO<prj~. (both mean 'how often?'). Hebrew.lE~e~.leV01 [fmaste poll kurazmeni]. c teAO~. J. Spanish. 6 a KUVOUJ. C 4 a MdvEtE cr'autov tOV OpOJ.i Ei1tatE.lia J.lOU(eu rjeEAU/eeAro) evu J.loucrdo.le'tp1O.lU01. 5 a iii. f'ta oroJ. E1ticrl1~ J. e 0 Ka'tUAoyo~. f i. TIOTE never. h J. TIOTE when. 8 1995: Tokyo (Japan). TOY of the. TON (in) to the.laKp1U.) 7 The Athenian. e KPEJ.la. s Holland. d Kat J. y Turkey. Spanish (Central and South America).lUel1J. v ~tpi"'tE oE~1<i/ap1crtEpU [strfpste THeksfa/aristera]. b TIocrl1 ropa KUVE111 1ttrjcrl1.lVacrnKrj! [me kill ghimnastikf!]. g Denmark. 'ta~io1.lUJ. C Belgium.laKp1U[makria].. iv TIrjyatVE Eu9Eia! [pfghene efthfa!] v~uveX1crE icr1a! [sin6chise fsia!] Unit 7 1 a Y1tUPXE11ttrjcrl1 Ku9E J. d France. i Shall we go to the cinema? rta'ti 0X1. I Italy. ropaia.lO~. h iv. b iv. d 'Evu 'tcrU1 J.la.lO 1tUpUKuAro. ix EiJ. ii ME (to) AEro<pOpEio[me to leoforfo]. m ~ecrtl1. Advanced German. g iii. c cIlep'tE J. 2 a ii. Indonesian. i.lEto Kapup1.lE't'E1ttO"'t"PO<prj~. left. m Cyprus.lEpa! j He or she wants to know where you live. h Switzerland. w Sweden. M.lOVO.. g KueE 1tO'tE.1l1. i vii. C iii.lJ. d. . ~EvoooXdo. Jakarta (Indonesia). Italian. 8 a. t Hungary u Portugal. 10 a E~U1tl1PE't119d. f.la.lEAEJ. j J.laKp1U. 3 a 'to J. e . 5 a Australia.Unit 5 1 a Eivat u1tepoxo~! Eivat u1tuimo~! b Mou OiVE'tE'tOy KU'tUAoyo 1tUpUKuAro. 'to: 1tpoypaJ. 3 b.ta.lia craAu'ta Xrop1UnKl1. b ix.l. open since 1932. a. Mevro cr'tl1v Aerjva 'tropa. Norwegian.

a eEAEl~ 1tapEa.au'to~.. 4-954. e <pEuyEl. Ka<pE. g iii. x MlO"OAE1t'tO1ta1'aKaAcO![mis61ept6 parakal6!] 3 i 'EXEl~ oro/lu'tto. h 9EO"El~. iv IIou 1tU'tE.. f ~.. XEPI (hand). ill Y1tOY1'a'l'E EKEi! [ip6ghrapse eki!]. ix O"'tUAO~stiI6s]. kseris]? v IIou 1ta~. 2 a iii. Mini test 1 i 1tE1'i1tou [peripu]. 9-780. ill 'OXl. rJO"UXo gea 'tll 9uAaO"O"a. c vii.1'O~E. uO"1tpO 3 a ea rj9EAa Eva KlAO 1t01''tOKUAtCl Kal OUOKlAa /lrJAa. b EVVEaKal EiKOO"t tE'tE. /llU/llO"ll. b ix. TPENO train.1t01''tOKaAi. 6 Horizontal: eE1:H. 1:0Y.ea rj9EAa Eva /lovoX1'ro/lO I oiX1'ro/lo I 't1'iXpro/lo I E/l1t1'l/lE 1tOUKU/llO"O. /lE e IIoO"o KuvEllEivat (au'to 'to oro/lu'tto). IIOPTE1: doors. 5-557.i E1ttO"'t1'O<PrJ. 2-825. h ~. x v'tou~ [duz] 2 i Mll [ O"'tEvaxro1'lEO"'tE! stenahorieste!]. OE /lOU a1'EO"El![6chi THe mu aresi!].k 'tEO"O"E1'l~ EiKOO"t't1'ia. ill 9EAEl~ ElO"t'trJ1'to.lef/ EUKOAO./. e. 10-325. iv Tovo/la /lOU ElVat .YEU/la. 'EXro KAElO"ElEva oro/lu'tto Yla ouo /lE1'E~. 5 a v. e g E1t'tU/llO"ll.h 't1'El~ 1ta1'u EiKOO"t1tEV'tE. 8--480.6-747. g Mll. 1:KEIITONTAI. b. E Eu9Ela. g j 1tO'tE. c 'EXE'tE Eva /lOVOKAtvoytCl 'tEO"O"E1'l~ ll/lE1'E~. ix XiAla EUXa1'lO"'tcO! [chilia etharist6!]. [leghome . TOYIIE wig. ill IIuv'ta 'ta /l1tE1'OEUro [panda ta berTHevo].T01:H so much. vi 9EO"ll [thesi]. b. vi 'Eva oro/lu'tto Yla a1t0'l'E I crr]/lE1'a ('to ~1'uou). iv M1to1'El~ .TEST 2: uO"1t1'O. c . eA. 0Xl 1tto 1toM a1to 1tEV'tEKlAU. Uxa1'lO"'tcO. 4 a rEla O"a~!ME AEVEJoanna Wilke. <PEUyro. 7 a 1tAll1'o<P01'lcOV./. vii 'EXE'tE oro/lu'tta Yla EvolKiaO"ll.c AEV /lE 1tEl1'U~El. c U1t(i1'XEl. ME AEVE.. g AEV /lou a1'EO"El'to oro/lu'tto. eEA. f Ilia. /l1tAE. NETO net.. [ti 6ra iDe]? vi Eivat Ilia (ll c01'a) [iDemia i 6ra]./.yaAli~to. Vertical: APE1:n. vii a1'l9/l0~ [arithm6s]. c AcOO"'tE /lOU Eva /llKPO. c ~. ea rJ9EAa Ilia d /lOVoXPro/lll I oiX1'ro/lll I 't1'iX1'ro/lll I E/l1tPl/lE <pouO"'ta. b f <PEUYOU/lE 'ta~iol.]. PENO Renault. g . 0 Ilia Kat n O"a1'uv'ta 't1'ia. AEYO/lat. IIoO"o --+ 1 .Ei/lat 1tOAUKOU1'aO"/lEVll Kat 9a 1t1'o'tt/louO"a va KOl/lll9ffi a/lEO"~. b ~. 1t1'uO"tvo. f. viii Eivat OUO1ta1'u 'tE'ta1''to [iDeTRio para tetarto]. 1 'ti1to'ta 8 a OK'tcO Kat 'tE'ta1''tO. e Kuvro. EXEI. MONO. NEPO water. Ka<pE~. i iv. v K'ti1'to [ktirio]. f NEPU. [pu pate]? v Tl c01'a EiVat. d ea rJ9EAa [THomatio/a]. ix 9a 'to 1tUpro [tha to parol.. 3-554. [t6noma mu iDe.. E~l 1ta1'U &SKa. Kh1'tvo. d . b Eivat vOO"'tt/la 'ta Ka1'1tOU~ta. ii 1t'trJO"ll[ptisi]. e ea 1t1'o'tt/louO"a KU'tt /llK1'O'tE1'O. x IIa1'aKaAcO! [parakal6!] 3 i IIa1'aKaAcO. (priest). /lEO"a.]. kathise!]. ex. h 1:'tEyVcOVEl. 8 a Aro/lu'tto.. [me lene . levl a1toO"KEurJ. d ~.d oro.m E1t'tUKat OcOOEKa. vii Eivat /llU/llO"ll [iDe miamisi].. AnPA (presents) 0. 3ENOAOXEIO. E1t'tU j Kat 1tEVrJV'taOUO. d KavEva. MEPE1:. v'EXro KUVElKPU'tllO"ll[eho kani kratisi]. f ii. 1:0YT shoot. ii 1:U/l1tArJ1'roO"E Eoffi! [simblirose eTH6!]. 1EVVEaKat Kat O"a1'uv'ta EVVlU. 3 d. ill 'tou1'iO"'ta~lE~ [turistas/es]. [ v Mll O"'tEvaxro1'lEO"at![mi stenahoriese!] Unit 9 Mini test 1 i oro/lu'ttola Eva OiKAlVO/lE v'tou~//l1tuvto.. iv KaAffi~ O1'lO"E~!kal6s 6rises or kalos6rises!]. d iv. Ku9lO"E! [parakal6. b ii./.7--421.i 'tEO"O"E1'l~.1t01''tOKaAi. c 1:E 1tOtoV o1'o<po Eivat 'to 't/lrJ/la avo1'lKcOVI YUVatKElroVI 1tatOlKcOV. [ena THomatio ya ap6pse I simera to vraTHi]. 1t1'uO"tvO. /l1tAE. 10 a.TEST 3: (probably optional!) Kh1'lVO. viii KivllO"ll [kinisi]. [ehete THomatia ya enikiasi]? viii KaArJ OtCl/lovrJ![kali THiamoni!]. iv ~aAhO"a/E~ [valitsa/es].. h vi.[thelis isitirio]?. EXETE. IIE1:TO say it.TEST 4: KOKKtvO. NTOn shower. [echis THomatio]?. 1:TON (in) to the. [boris . TEST 5: /lau1'o. vii aE1'OO1'O/lto [aeroTHr6mio]. e . TOYPNE tour. b M1tuvto. 1 C E1t'tU1ta1'U &SKa. ix a1tOO"KEUrJI [aposkevi/es]. d Au'tu yta 'tllV cOpa. KOKKlVO. vi OlEU9uvO"ll [THiefthinsi]. b ea rJ9EAa Eva /lOVOKAtvo/oiKAtvO. 9 1-821. c Koup'tiva./. IIETPO Peter../. Ka1'o rj 1touu. e ~. c. IIAIIA iv 1tAll1'o<po1'ialE~ [pliroforia/es]. d 't1'ElO"rJ/llO"U. b O1'iO"'tE!M1to1'ffi va EXro Eva O"'tUAO 1ta1'aKaAcO. ii IIpol'to(~)/oEmE1'o(~)1 [mi 't1'ho(~) opo<po~ [pr6toslTHefteros/tritos 6rofos]. x 1'EO"'ta[resta] 2 i 'EXOU/lE E~ Kat1'O! [ehume ker6!].]. NEPO(Y). ENT A3EI. ii K1'a'trJO"'tE 'ta 1'EO"'ta![kratiste ta resta!]. d IIou ElVat 'to aO"avO"E1'./. 3E1'El~. 9 a . ii aU'toKivll'tola [aftokinito/a]... a. TO. b X1'ElU~O/lat val II1'E1tEl va I eEAro va KUVro/lE1'lKU 'I'ffiVla. f 'EXro KUVEl K1'u'tllO"ll. j viii. c i. [pu pas]? Unit 8 1 a 'EXE'tE oro/lu'tta. ii IIu1'E 'to! [pare to or plirto]. d i. 101: (virus) 7 Iafl y1'u<pro. KOKKtvO. /lro~. IIOYPE1: mashed potatoes.. v K1'U'tllO"ll!Kpa'trJO"El~ [kratisi/kratisis]. ANAMONH (waiting). ill y1'a<pEio [ghrafio].k 1t1'tv. viii ola~a'trJ1'to [THiavatirio]. 1:TENO back street. PlyE..KaAU'tE1'o Kat <p9llVO'tE1'O! 2 TEST 1: KOKKtvO. AEV ElVat rJO"UXO Kat OEVeXEl 9Ea. IIPOTIMn. eA.

/. 6 a cpa!!s. ix 'EAa soro.Mou oivs'ts 'tpia KtAU !!tlAa cra~ 1tapaKaAro. eX. e. rSta cra~. c viii. g v. [thelis parea]?. b iv. e ~OrEIO.. c ix.. h . !!E 'to !!E'tpO. I !!E 'to 1tOUA!!av. c iv. c. ivea Kavro yU!!VacrnKtl [tha kano ghirnnastikIl. f X. j xiii. h vi. c e ~n~ OeKa Kat 'te'tap'to . IIocro KavSt (au'to~) 0 xap'tl]~. g !!E 'to Kapapt/ 1tAoio. j !!E "CO E~1tpe~ 'tpevo. i KaAro~ OptcrE~! KaAro~ tlP9a'tE! 2 a v. 4 a XpEtaSO!!at 'to NtKOAa yta'ti ~epst 1tOAUKaAU EAAl]vtKa. b e~t. f votasSt. f x. f iv./ 7 a vii. j vii.EiVat 1tOAUEUKOAO. f Ml]v 'to ~ExacrEt~! g (rtavvl]) Na crou yvropicrro / crucr'ttlcrro "COV K. iv cruv'to!!a [sindoma]. 0 !!apouAta. v ayop-6. d 1tapo!!oto. c !!E 'tOY l]AEK'tptKMu1tOyEto. a.IIou sivat 'to Kev'tpo. ~eKa wpro f Euxaptcr'tro./. To aXOAElO. k !!syaAu'tspa./. b. i vii. ~w'tepa [THeftera]. c ev'tEKa. d Bn~INO.. ..€llkilo .IIou sivat l] 1tAa'tsia 1tapaKaAro. b KITPINO. ~'tpi\jl'ts os~ta crtOV 1tPro"CO OPO!!o. vii !!tlA-o/a [mHo/a]. i vii. c i. IIe!!1t'tl] [pemdi]. g. 10 a 1tOUKa!!tcra. IIl]yaivs'ts !!OVOEva 'ts'tpayrovo Kat cr'tl] ~1tap'tl]~ cr'tpips'ts 1taAt os~ta. i !!Ovoxpro!!a.IIou sivat l] 1tAa'tsia. Smith. ix acr1tpo [aspro]. [tha teli6so simera]. h i. d ~'tl] !!ia . g We don't know. j ptye. Kat 1to'ts. oi1tAa !!ou! [ela eTH6 THipla mu]. d E1t'ta. f ~n~ 06o!!tcru . I . 4 a viii. b ~EV !!E VOtasEt 1tOto~ sivat . va crou yvropicrro / crucr'ttlcrro "CO rtropyo. n IIocro. n xii. P xop'ta. 0 apt9!!o~ 27 sivat cr'tl] yrovia A't9i()rov Kat ~roKpa'tou~. e . 8 a OK'tro. This is not the only possible answer. g 1totKtAia. 0 ata0J10C. ME'ta a1to 'tpia 'tE'tpayrova cr'tpi\jl'ts aptcr'tEpa Kat sivat aKptpro~ cr'tl]V E1tO!!EVl]yrovia cr't'aptcr'tEpa cra~. d iii. i .c Right on the ftrst street. 3 a v. j Do you like light or dark colours? One-coloured shirts or multiple colours? Mou apecrouv 't'aVOtK'ta xpro!!a'ta Kat cruvtl9ro~ 'ta !!Ovoxpro!!a. f pa90~. b EUl]vioa. f X..IIou sivat "CO crxoAsio 1tapaKaAro.I e~ [aghonVes]. f. h Mou oivs'ts "CO 1tpoypa!!!!a !!S 'ta OPO!!oAoyta a1to A9tlva yta escrcraAoviKl]. h iii. i 1tapou!!s. d crKaAE~./T. e ix. g Mo. . iv Eivat cr'tov 'te'tap'to opocpo [me ston tetarto 6rofol. It is not mentioned in the dialogue! h. f ii./. I VOU!!EPO.[ti meghethos foras]?. IIo'ts 1tpe1tst va KAsicrro gecrl]. Tphl] [triti]. viii 'Exs'ts !!syaAu'tspaIKaAU'tspa. h !!E 'to aU'toKivl]"CO. d. g Y 1tapxst 1t'ttlcrl] cr'tl] escrcraAoviKl] Ka9s !!epa. vi Tt !!eys90~ cpopa~. e v. [ehete meghaliteralkalitera]?. E~ta EOrocr'to 1tPro'to ~ cr'tEVO. b.m cr'apecrEt.. d iii.. Ms'ta a1tO'tpia cr'tsva. . x !!aupo [mavro] 2 i eeASt~ 1tapea./. j iii. m vi. vi ~ev-o~/l] [ksenos/i]. x KuptaKtl [kiriaktl. ~appa"CO[savato] 3 i ea 'tsAStrocrro crtl!!~spa. IIl]yaivs'ts w9sia./. cr'tpi\jl'ts os~ta. c r AAAZIO. 6 a X. . ii cpops!!a/cpope!!a'ta [f6remalforemata]. Kav'ts Os~ta cr'tl] yrovia 1tOUsivat "CO TEXACO. d... 3 e. ii ea Oro 'tl]Asopacrl] [tha THo tile6rasi]. b 't!!tl!!a. d iii. 4 a ~'tpi\jl'ts os~ta cr'tl] Mu9tl!!vl]~. k xiv. IIapacrKWtl [paraskevi]. h !!ia././. f!!E 'to AErocpopsio. d . H 'tapepva 'to Apxov'tocr1t1'to sivat cr't'aptcr'tspa cra~ a1tevavn a1to 'to yKapaS 'tl]~ SHELL. ill Kpe!!-a [krema]. . IIl]Yaivs'ts 060 cr'tsva. j ~evou~. vea pro'ttlcrro 'tOY 1troAl]'ttl [tha rotiso ton polit11. ill 'EAa va 1tapou!!s "CO acravcrep [ela na parume to asanser]. g iv. 5 a YTIOrEIO. ... i 1tev'tE. m ~rocr'ts.k . e IIa!!s cr'to 1tapKO. g . Right on the second comer. h rtaVV1']./. ~'tpiPro os~ta cr'tl] ~roKpa"COu~Kat l] A't9iorov sivat 'to ()su'tspo cr'tsvo. d ii. i £25 Eivat !!OVO1ttlyatvs tl !!s't'S1t1cr'tpoCPtl~. c x. 2 a vi.Kavouv. b viii. f KOKKINO.. g ii. IIocrs~ 1t'ttlcrSt~ u1tapxouv 'tl]v l]!!epa. b i. Letter B. i viii. c. Ts'tap'tl] [tetarti]. j Mini test 1 i \jIroVta [ps6nia]. = = = Unit 11 1 a M1topro va Kavro Eva 't01t1KOKat Eva U1tEpacrnKo 'tl]Aecprovo.IIou sivat 0 cr'ta9!!o~ 1tapaKaAro. Letter C 5 a!!E "CO aEp01tAaVO. j 'tecrcrEpt~. f vi. eX. f 'tPEt~.i !!E "CO 'ta~i. Right on the third block (side street). 7 a. . q oi1tAa. viii 1top'toKaAt/a [portokaIila]. vea cparo !!OucraKa [tha faD musaka]. e x. h ix. I xi. Unit 10 1 a IIou sivat 0 cr'ta9!!o~. b .. 9 a ~n~ 'tpwJ'l1!!tO"U b ~~ EV'tEK<4-11O"U ~n~ OeKa . eX. e Opicr'ts!. b IIl]Yaivro w9sia yta 060 'ts'tpayrova. e oro()EKa. f. e ii. e ii. b !!E "CO 1tootlAa'to. e 1tav't(ov. d IIocro Kavouv 'ta !!tlAa. b ~sv Ka'taAapaivro EAAl]vtKa KaAa. ill 9a ~epro EUl]VtKa (cruv'to!!a) [tha ksero elinika (sindoma)]. H 1tAa'tsia sivat cr'tl] !!ecrl] "COU 'ts'tpayrovou oS~ta cra~ Letter A. Ivocrn!!o'ta'ta. c H 1tAatEia . b v. MtAU'ts Aiyo 1tto O"1ya. Kat oouAEUro / EpyaSO!!at cr'tl]V . g 1tapst~ h cp'tl]va. . e !!E 'to 'tpevo. IIpoxropsicr'ts su9sia yta Mo 'ts'tpayrova Kat cr'tpi\jl'ts aptcr'tspa. k 'tpexov'ta~. b . . b ME AevE . e cp'tacra!!E./. b iv. c ioto. . a. d X.. On foot or by car? f 'Exs'ts xap'ts~. d !!E 'ta 1toota. Ms'ta 'to 1tPro"CO cr'tsvo "CO crxoAsio sivat cr't'aptcr'tspa cra~ 1tptV "CO 'teAo~ "COU 'tE'tpayrovou. h avot1C'to. ii ~sv 'to exro !!asi !!OU [THen to eho mazi mu]. k !!eys90~. c acravcrep. d i. g i. vii Ml] crs votasSt! [mi se niazi]. c You have to follow himlher! d Ka9tlcr'tE! IIap'ts !!ta KapeKAa! eTa XatpE'ticr!!am !!OUcr'tl] crusuyo crou/cra~..

C Religious holidays: 2. b v.. e viii.. iii Av ElVat ouva'tov. 5 a 'HIlOUV 'ta~iol O"'tllv Kpr]'tll. d U1tEPK01troO"ll.01 TpU1tE1.. g ecpayae'tproya. OM01:.El 'to XElllrova Kat KUV&l 1tOAUKpUO.0llat Aiyo Ka9apo aepa!.. d i. b L\EV ~epro.. ii 1tEpi1t'tEpo/a. g In summer it is very hot in Greece./. c .(geAE'tE) va KUvro. EAA. g iii.KUVEl K01tO. e .uyo<. Vertical: H0EAA. g ii. 5 a vi. [agMpisa tin elaTHa]. AN. 4. 3 a v. Eival 'tropa.. e iii. c 0eAEl va 1tUIlE O"'tll 0EO"O"aAoviKll auplO. Ile'tpou. 10. d i.Il. THN EEKINH1:0.. e x. [tha figho noris].0llat AiYll aVu1tauO"ll. b v.c 0 KatPO<. 6 a ave~ro.. c VllO"i.. 3 e. vii apKE'tu. j ii. f. b 'H'tav 'ta~iol yta oouAEle<. O"Ewpro r] Kat 'ta ouo. 8:00 1t. ix Il1tUVlO/KOAUIl1tl. 9 a yvropiO"ro..!. ii KOAUIl1tllO"a1tOAU. b i. 4 a vii.yvropiO"ro 'tOy KUplO 'X' x Xaipro 1tOAU.ix Na O"a<. iii 0a cpuyro vropi<. vii MllV 'to AE<.rova yiVEl KaAu'tEpa O"uv't0lla! 6 a IlOL\01:<1>AIPO. Ilou r]A9E 'tllv E1tOIl&Vllllilepa. f PiXVEl X10V1r] xaMi. ~EK1Vr]0"0UIlEIlE 'to N1KOAa Kat av U1t<iPXE1 1tpO~Alllla IlE 'tllV O"uvEpyaO"ia 'to'tE ~Ae1tOUIlE. but it's not humid. ii upproO"'t-O<. f ii... ME voui1. e .... viii O"oJ3apo<. vii Na Il11V'to ~EXUO"E'tE. v 0a ave~ro 'tropa [tha anevo tora] Unit 12 1 a KaAr] J3oolluoa! or E1tiO"ll<. 1tepaO"E<.. f i. ii 0a pro'tr]O"roauplO [tha rotiso avrio]. oexov'tat Kat oivouv O"uvuAAaYlla. h X. g K01tO. 6. Kat KAElVOUVO"n<. ANEBO. g 0a 1tpOnllouO"a Eva orolluno IlE gea. c vi. c 'EIlElVa 'tpEl<..g cpuro./. e iv. e a1tatatooo~o<.. j O"UIlJ3oUAr].b IavouuplO<. 4 a Tl va O"a<. ECP1UA'tll<. vii auplO. d iii.E<. b 'EXE1 O"UVVECP1U O"uxvu. r]'tav a1taiO"lO<. e iii. e A1tpiAlO<. viii O"r]IlEpa.. h.0lla1./ll/o. e u1tepoxa... lluYElpa<. r]'tav 'to 1:aJ3J3a'toKuplaKo O"OU.. 1:TH. e Mou apeO"El o'tav eXE1 AlaKuoa Kat KUVEl \jfUxpa. f i. L\Ev exro 0"'tEvaxrop1l9Ei 1to'te UAAO'tEe'tO"1. c vi. 9 a. 10 a.l O"'tllv EAMoa.uAll/vau'tia!. 1tUEl 'tropa) h EA1ti1./. iv'EKava YUllvaO"nKr] [ekana ghimnastikJ. d 0a r]9EAa Eva 1l0VOKA1VO Il1tUVlOKat 'tllAEOpaO"ll.01l010'tll'tE<. d.! iv'H-rav 9aulla!. e ii./. 'OA01 1l0U eAEyav on KatpO<. k OK'tro~plO<.. b iv. 6 b Eioa-eJ3AE1ta. E1tiO"ll<.. Mini test 1 i Exge<.uyo<. f O"UVr]910"E<. IlAIPNO. b . d XlOvii. iii Yla'tpo<. iii Kup'ta!E<.uyo v O"a<. h ix. h cpuyro. TH1:. e viii.PProO"'tll. g. e Ilou IlE ElVat 'to EO"na'tOplO. 13./aolu9E'to<. e 'OAE<. b IOUVlO<. e IlEpuO"allE ropaia.l. El01KU II aU1. f A.2:00 1l. c 1tUPro.. f (AU'to) 9a r]'tav KaAu'tEpa Yla Ileva.... d Ilr]ya v cpuPllaKo/XU1t1.i AuyouO"'tO<.. e Ilro<.. C A<./x9E<. D a IOUAlO<.. d X.c OK'tro~plO<.! 1:E xuO"allE! Ilou r]O"ouv.f 'Eva yta'tpo alleO"ro<. 7. I NoellJ3plO<. b Y1tUPXOUV1tuvro a1to oeKa.Kat 1tOAUuO"'ta'to<.1l.x J3uollv 2 i XPE1U1.El. c Y 1tUpXOUV1tuvro a1to oeKa 1tev'tE. d IlOTE. c v. Tl 'tll<.. ii 0a r]9EAa va KAElO"ro Eva pav'tE~ou. c ii. iii 'H~Epa EAAllV1KU[iksera elinika]. i v. a. g X.1l. v Mou apeO"El 1tOAU 'to KOAUIl1t1.. d iv. 2 i M1topro va KUVro/ 1tUpro Eva 'tllAecprovo / 'tllAEcprovlllla. 7A a KaAoKaipl. O"uvai~El.. j 1:E1t'tellJ3plo<./. j EUXOllat./. c ix.AuyouO"'to<. iv cpapllaKElO../r]/o.cpope<. b oro. 11 a Nat eXE1 1tOAAe<. g v. h X. f . B a L\EKellJ3PlO<.! 2 a iii.El 1t010<. Kal II O"u1. Ilou 1tr]yE<.. ElVat KaAU'tEp0<. f. d X.. TPOO. h ZOrPA<1>01: Shaded word: 1:YNEXEIA. iv Xaipollat 1tOUO"E ~aVa~Ae1tro.a!E<.cp'tllvOn:po<. 8 Horizontal: 1:AL. llePE<. 12. TOPA. d 1tr]ya1tr]yalVa. O"UvEpyaO"ia./. 9a r]'tav aWplO<.f 'tEAElroO"ro.! (YPr]yopa!) g EtO"at upproO"'tO<. 5. d iv. h 'Eva ava\jfuKnKo. Ilro<. v pav'tE~ou. g iii. EK'tO<. v'Ecpaya 1l0uO"aKu [efagha musaka] Unit 13 1 a Tl KatpO KUVEl O"'tllv EAMoa. g IOUVlO<. Mini test ° Ilovo<..1tro.!b KaM Ilr]va! c EuxaplO"'tro. 3 i AYU1tllO"a'tllv EAMoa. Kat 9aUIlUato<. d ix../i./. b cpaivEO"at. 5 a viii. e Tl geAE1<. d 1:E O"uvuAAaYlla. h EA1ti1. j vii.[kolimbisa poli]. KAIP01:.. c XElllrova<. i v.'to d 1:aJ3J3a'toKUptaKO.vi XpE1Ui. c. (Ilro<. f Avoiyouv O"n<. e pro'tllO"a-pro'touO"a. d h IOUAlO<. c Ka9iO"'tE. h vii. x ava\jfuKnKOIu. h iv.<1>aivEO"atAiyo XAroll0<. d Ilo'te OEV ElVat 1tOAUapyu. eX. 1 i'tllAecprovo/a. iv 0a 1tUpro 'tllAecprovo [tha paro tilefono]. e Arx01:.. b ./.Ilou 010n 1tr]yalV& Yla \jfroVta Ku9E Ilepa. 2 a ii. b iii. b KOA YMBI. 3 i 0a 1turo auplO [tha pao avrio]. - ° . f MUlO<. v Ilup'tE Ilta KapeKAa! vi Ka9iO"'tE 1tapaKaAro. g h i \jfllM. g. d 1tpoO"1ta9ro. b. k CPUYE1<.. h ecpuya-ecpwya. c 1:YNH001:. d 1turo. e pro'tr]O"ro. vi 1:aJ3J3a'toKuplaKo. ix XatpE'tiO"lla'ta. 7 a 0eAro va 1turo O"'tllV1tAa'tEla. A10"9uVOilat ix upproO"'to<. 9.. vi apyo'tEpa. c i. ii Ilro<. iii 'H'tav eva<. A v'tWE'ta .. d i.. iii Ta XatpE'tiO"lla'ta 1l0U O"'tll O"u1. f 1tpoO"cpepro. (Tt EiXE) g Au'to OEV ElVat ropaio. f ii. c vii. b vi. x 'EXro 1tupE'tOl 1tOVoKecpaAo/1tOVOAalllo./. iV'tpU1tE1.. b xaipro. IOUAlO<.. i iv. f'tEAEiroO"a-'t&AEirova. viii EtVat KaAr] O"UIlJ3oUAr]!. 8 a upproO"'to<. fEEETALH. b Nat! 'EXro pav'tE~ou IlE 'tOY K.Mupno<. c <1>EJ3pOUUPlO<. 7 a x... d UV01~1l. i I XPE1U1. d 'OX1.U1tUAAllAO<. c BpeX&l 1tOAAe<. b cp9lV01tropO. b v. av OEVO"a<.a1to IlapaO"Kwr] 1tOU KAElVOUVO"'tll 1:30 1l. c 1tr]pa-e1tatpva. g IlIAOT01:.

- ~ - --- -------~- ..

OK'twl3ptoe. d 'Exs'ts Kat scrna'topta Kat Otallspicrlla'ta. 2 a Aa! Eicrat llava't1. 6 a Tov Auyoucr'to. pronouns.g. 11Ts'tap't11.. e i. e. In Greek. g To 9W'tptKO EPYO.g. 'to tal3l3a'tO.rotl. Summary on pages 257-8 and in Units 1 and 2. See also comparative and superlative. there are more than three words for these articles. d Atlantic Ocean. The following nouns and pronouns can show this: booklbooks and lime. d vii. b v. 9 a aKoucrSt.c H Poooe. 7 a A1tpiAtoe... k OtacrKsoucrSte. See also article. cruVVS<ptEe. BpU~EAASe. t't11 Maopi't11 Kat 't11 b ~allacrKo IlS 37 l3a91l0De. sivat v11cri. The Index of grammatical terms and thematic vocabulary includes the corresponding units in which these grammatical terms or thematic vocabulary are introduced. f llpaya.. Atcrcral3wva. Further explanations and examples in Greek are given in the Grammar summary section starting on page 257. e llOD sivat 'to <I>tcrKapoo... tS1t'tElll3ptoe.. a big car (big = adjective I car = noun). b Theatrical play . 1tapaKaAw. gender and noun in this section. inflection. c ~uo 11IlEpSe. Auyoucr'toe. e Mediterranean Sea.Ilou apEcrouv 'to KOADlll3t/ 111to011Aacria / 11 t1t1tacria / 'to 130Aw Il1tOA / 'to 'tpoXao11v / 'to 1toMmpatpo. e. d To Bpaou .1l. c 11KuptaKtl. Mapnoe. an' are the indefinite articles. (Rome. EIlEva [253] CQ o tn tn Q) The following explains.. f 191. AEvs 'to ~svoooXsio crae..c t'tO OcrAo IlS 20 l3a91J0ue. h 9-102. f Probably the most popular Greek singer. uses usually three out of five existing cases especially nominative. By 2000 he had been singing many kinds of Greek and international music for over 35 years. e Istanbul. g KocrIlOe. ~sKElll3ptoe. These words come before the noun they describe. Greek. ••• (1) () Q) ••• . NoElll3ptoe.KOV'tcrEp'tOor cruvauAia..g Kov'ta cr't11 Maopi't11.. 11Tpi't11. MauP11 eaAacrcra. and accusative. Venice. d Eivat IlS S1ttcr'tpo<Ptl. l'tsAtKa. g iv. 10uAtoe. the most important grammatical terms. For - ~ o -h CQ .6Il11. b H 1t'ttlcr11'tou ~oul3Aivou sivat aKptl3o'tsp11. f Mou oivs'ts 'tOy apt91l0 't11AS<pwvou crae. In English this usually means adding '-er' to the adjective or putting the word 'more' before it.. e. d 199. cr'ta EAA11VtKa. comparative We need the comparative form of the adjective when we make comparisons. Milan) 4 a 'Exst KaM KatpO Ils AtaKaoa Kat IlSptKEe. Summary on pages 260-1 and Units 12 and 14. BspoAivo.. d e Kocrll01tOAi'ttK11e. j 9-171. i 9-150. article There are two types of article: definite and indefinite.. Bsvs'tia. 11 ~w'tEpa.€500. MaYoe.. See Unit 4. They give more information about the noun they describe.. (students) yta €5. 'Etat OSVsivat. h viii.9:00 1l. helhim. Bapcrol3ia Kat ~alJacrKo. tn 3 . <I>AffipsV'tia. and adjectives depending on their function in a sentence. c iii.. Summary on page 260 and Unit 3. b 108.eW'tptKo EpyO / Concert . Q) 3 3 Q) _. e. b aAtl9sta. m llaAAov.. e 109. English has four inflections and most words have no more than two forms. and whom. in a brief and simple way. adjective Adjectives are words which describe people or things. In English. move quickly (move = verb I quickly = adverb). f Pc. MtMvo. 5 a 100. 8 a ii. f vi.. g 9-107. c 166. whose.g.. 11llapacrKSUtl... otcrK09tlKSe. 'the' is the definite article and 'a. genitive. as a much more inflected language. e ENGLISH BACH FESTIVAL. a book I the book. 1tAoio. c 1tPOcr<pEPSt. louvtoe. f j I3tonKo. yta'ti EXSt Stcrt'ttlpta yta <POt't11'tEe. b lavouaptoe.. c H 1t'ttlcr11'tou ~oul3Aivou ..g. 3 a €380..sp (otw9uvtT\e. Florence. 11llEIl1t't11. 1. case This describes the different forms (inflections) taken by nouns. who.)! b llwe.. n'tuX11.h sUKoAa. adverb Adverbs are words which usually give more information about the verbs they describe.

cheaper' or 'expensive ---. proper name See noun. See also case. For example. In Greek. Pronouns are grouped in several sub-categories including personal. ego 'book/books' .[0 andras] is of masculine gender. Words like 'John'. infinitives usually end in -m [0]. his. In the example 'I insist that he come'. In Greek. personal pronouns refer to persons. Summary on pages 264-5 and Unit 7. plural See singular for further explanation. most expensive'. 'Mary'.g. See also adjective and comparative. yours. 'I. gender Gender is one of the categories into which nouns are divided and this mayor may not correspond with sex. personal pronouns are mostly used with a verb only for emphasis. Summary on page 262 and Unit 13. including proper names. inflection. Not all reflexive verbs in English happen to be reflexive in Greek. etc. most nouns can be with an article.g. Unit 3. 'my/his'. 'England'. she. imperative The imperative is the form of the verb used to give directions.g. case. case. This is the form that you will find entered in a dictionary. pronoun Important and frequent words like 'Ilhe'. reflexive. See also pronouns. The names of persons or places are called proper nouns and are spelled with an initial capital letter. e. except the proper nouns. they'. orders. whereas in Greek all nouns. inflection.example. 'the man' 0 UVOPUi. their' are called possessives. and article. They often stand in the place of nouns which have already been mentioned. Summary on pages 261-4 and Units 2 and 7. and neuter categories. feminine. -J!al [me]. In English. See also adjective and superlative. 'these' and 'those' are called demonstratives. They usually show the position of something and normally precede a noun or pronoun. object See word order for further explanation. demonstrative or demonstrative pronouns Words like 'this'. subject or object. possessive Words like 'my. more expensive'. This usually means adding '-est' to the adjective or putting the word 'most' before it. e. we. cheapest' or 'expensive ---. Summary in Unit 9. singular The terms singular and plural are used to make the contrast between 'one' and 'more than one thing' in nouns. to' etc. or 'get up'. subjunctive or subjunctive mood The subjunctive mood is rarely used in English today. These changes in the verb are traditionally referred to . these pronouns are necessary to make a distinction between 'I speak' and 'we speak' whereas in Greek the verb ending will make that distinction. e.g. superlative The superlative is used for the most extreme version of a comparison. 'cheap ---. 'aha' for understanding. See also verb and Unit 11. as are words such as 'mine. Summary on pages 262-3 and Unit 8.g. 'the woman'T\ y\)vaiKa [i ghineka] is of feminine gender. in. and 'the child' 'to 1taloi [to peTHi] is of neuter gender. In Greek. preposition Words like 'on. our. See Unit 9. 'cheap ---. Summary on page 262. and -El [i]. See verb and word order. For example.g. subject The term 'subject' expresses a relationship often between a noun or pronoun and the verb. e. In English. noun and proper noun (or proper name) A noun is the name of a person. 'he come' (not 'he comes') is in the subjunctive form of the verb. or 'table' and 'house' are all nouns. place or thing. reflexive verb A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object of that verb are one and the same. Summary on page 268 and Unit 6. or 'hm' for uncertainty. e. reflexive pronoun Words llike 'myself. See also article. are called prepositions. demonstrative. infinitive The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. and noun in this section. e. interjections Interjections are words that give flavour or emphasis in a statement or question. See verb and Unit 8. England T\ AYYA-ia [i anglfa] is literally 'the England'! See also gender. you. See also pronoun. Ku90J!al [kathome] (to sit) or K01J!UJ!al [kimame] (to sleep) which are not reflexive in English. instructions. See also verb. -am/m [a%]. See also pronoun. will take an article. inflection or inflexion This is an ending or other element in a word that shows its grammatical function (whether singular or plural. feminine. and possessive. tense Most languages use change in the verb form to indicate an aspect of time. 'I shaved myself' instead of 'the barber shaved me'. For example the's' in 'books' or 'he walks'. or commands. Comparative works similarly in Greek. There are also some reflexive verbs in Greek. Summary on pages 258-9. yourself. Summary on page 257 and Units 1 and 3. Greek uses many more inflections compared to English. masculine. and so on). ours'. 'come here'. 'Greece'. 'go there'. 'that'. nouns are divided in masculine. Greek uses the subjunctive much more frequently than English. or 'mine/his' are pronouns. ourselves' are called reflexive pronouns. 'me/him'. personal pronoun As their name suggests. or neuter.

but not about inflexible order of subject-verb-object sequence. which is often called the subject of the sentence.g. Here the approach is different and more organized and systematic in terms of grouping grammatical points together.e. she is. verb A verb denotes action. and 8 for the simple present (I go) and the present progressive (I am going). 'belongs' and 'to my father'. Prepositions and Verbs. See also imperative. with some examples for practical application. For example. The above example can be rendered in six different ways in Greek . an and the are called articles in English.g. Adverbs. See also subject. See Units 1. 6. each noun group has further forms in the singular and plural. although some elements appear in the course and are included for progress a little further. Summary in Unit 4. which show which words belong together.as tense and the tenses may be past. This principle is carried out also in Greek verb forms expressing time in past. feminine (f) and neuter (n). Adjectives. For the future tense. see Unit 9 (I will go). 'I go. so the articles have to agree with these. The most important grammatical groups outlined in this section are: Articles. Greek articles have a lot more than three forms! This is because the nouns they deftne are divided into three genders: masculine (m). e. the subject shows 'who' cares. 'the book'. Unit 13 for the past continuous (I was going) and present perfect (I have gone). In addition. we think. they exist'. or future. For example. tense and verb. [257] CC This grammar summary is intended mainly guide to the language used in the course. subjunctive and verb. In Greek. 1tllro [plio] 'I go'. there is a similar notion about minimal word-units. e. A and an are called indefinite articles and the is called the definite article. This is one of the reasons that all nouns in the course are given with their gender. an and the are therefore different for each gender. . feeling.the speaker places the part of the sentence that he/she would most like to emphasize at the beginning of the sentence. being. Summary on page 265. The Greek words for a. (m). present. present or future. Pronouns. to act as a reference It is by no means a in this section do not learners who wish to m 3 3 I11III I11III m You can skim through this section before you start Unit 1 and you can always refer back whenever you meet a new grammatical point in a unit and compare it with the notes here. en c m ~ 3 3 The words a. reflexive verb. and second their inflexible sequence or rigid order in English. See Units 12 and 14 for the simple past (I went). along with a few examples and direct references back to units. word order This refers to the correct sequence of words in a sentence. 'my mother cares' or 'she cares'. in the sentence 'the book belongs to my father' there are two important points to note: ftrst is the minimal word-units. English verbs cannot stand meaningfully without a subject. or sensation. dVal [fuel 'she is' or vot<i~e'tal [niazete] 'she cares'. In this example for instance. too. whereas Greek can do so more flexibly by changing the endings in the verb form. i. 2. complete grammar. (f) or (n). Grammatical explanations in the Grammar section in the course are somewhat short and to the point. 4. in this case the subject (the book) before the verb (belongs) and the verb before the object (to my father). and Unit 14 for the past perfect (I had gone). In most instances you will ftnd tables to which the different groups belong. The verb is always preceded by a single word or group of words usually either a noun or a pronoun. See also subject and tense. All articles come before a noun. in this case. Nouns.

and most neuter nouns in -1 [oil. [en6s] Evav [enan] evoe. tus filus] [ evoe.the subject of the sentence. if they are the subject or the object of the sentence. These different forms of nouns are called cases. (J'to(v) [sto(n)]. in. (J'tTl~[stis]. remember that nouns in the nominative case come before the verb and indicate the subject of the sentence.iw:e.tvc.&v kuzin6n] [ton ne. The English word 'who' is perhaps the only one that can actually illustrate this idea. Koul. As stated above. and each gender has a singular and plural form. Singular (nom) (gen) (ace) to ~t~Aio [to vivlio] tOU ~t~Aiou [tu vivliu] to ~t~Aio [to vivlio] Plural ta ~t~Aia [ta vivlia] tCOV ~t~Airov[ton vivlion] ta ~t~Aia [ta vivlia] The names of people and things are called nouns. 'whose' in the genitive case and 'whom' in the accusative case. These compound words cannot stand as two separate words. There are three main cases: nominative (nom) . and accusative (acc) .tis kuzfnes] [ [i] "Cwv [ton] n~ [tis] Articles are often used with the preposition (J&[se] at. (Jn~ [stis]. to.the object of the sentence.g. nouns in the accusative case come after the verb and indicate the object.. It is 'who' in the nominative case. -T1~[-is] and -o~ [-os]. (J&+ 'to\) [se] + [to].iva[tinkuzfna] Plural ot Koul. The words in the singular are: (J'tO\) [stu]. You can usually tell their gender by their endings. genitive (gen) . When you look up nouns in a dictionary you will find them in the nominative singular form. and changes according to the role it plays . <piAOUe. The course has introduced most nouns in the nominative case either in singular or plural. The genitive case is used to show possession. filos] [0 'tou <piAOU[tu filu] tOY <piAO [ton filo] Plural at <piAOt[i fili] 'tcov <piACOV filon] [ton tOUe. [mias] Ilia [mia] Neuter Eva [ena] Singular (nom) (gen) (ace) o <piAOe.. Greek nouns are divided into three genders. [enas] Feminine Ilia [mia] Iliae. Koul.i kuzfnes] [ tCOV Koul. that something belongs to someone. As a rule of thumb. [en6s] Eva [ena] Definite article the Singular Masculine (nom) (gen) (ace) 0[0] "Cou [tu] "Co(v) [to(n)] Feminine 1'\ [i] "C1'\~ [tis] "C1'\(v) [ti(n)] Neuter "Co [to] "Cou[tu] "Co [to] Masculine ot [i] "Cow[ton] "Cou~ [tus] Plural Feminine Ol Neuter "Cu[tal "Cwv [ton] "Cu [tal Singular (nom) (gen) (ace) 1'\ Koul.ivac. on. Some genitive and accusative forms have appeared in a few dialogues without any special mention. The following tables show the different forms of Greek articles. in the sentence (its case) . -0 [-0] and -JiU [-ma].for example..nominative. (J'tu [sta]. creating compound definite articles in the genitive and accusative cases only. Most masculine nouns end in -u~ [-as]. accusative. (J'tO\)~ [stus]. (J'tTl(v) [sti(n)]. genitive. [tiskuzfnas] tllv Koul. most feminine nouns in -u [-a] and -T1[-i]. e..see below) when nouns are used in different ways within a sentence . and in plural: (J't(l)V[ston].Greek also has different endings for nouns and their articles (and adjectives ... The different forms are set out below: Masculine (nom) (gen) (ace) Evae.ivee.this shows possession. English grammar has virtually lost all examples of case.iva[i kuzfna] tlle.

his or myself. ptpata [vevea] of course/surely. you. genitive. i.[tWtes] taltal t~ [tos] 't1][ti] to [to] Masculine (nom) (gen) Feminine ~ [meghaIes] J. tptva pou aptatt 'to pclGtO [emena mu aresi to raTHio] I (I) like the radio or tptva pt AEVtATJP1l'tPTJ [emena me lene THimitri] I (I) am called Dimitri.g.g. relative..kalOs] good. The endings of adjectives change according to the noun they describe.rov [meghaIon] ~ [meghaIus] (ace) we you (pi) they tOI[ti] tE<. U~e adjectives. Some examples include: YPllYopa[ghrighora] quickly. accusative. a big red car (adjective-adjective-noun). adverbs have only one form. [Ies] ta [tal Adverbs are words which usually describe the way things happen. [aftOs] mmj [aful auto [afuj] EJlE~ [entis] EGEi<. Many Greek adverbs are formed from their corresponding adjective.[veveos] of course. demonstrative. Note: a car (noun). a big car (adjective-noun). 1(aAo<. [spanios] rarely. [sas] t~[tus] nqtt<. nicely. All strong forms are used for the purpose of emphasis in Greek.[emas] Eml<. E. YPllYopa-YPllyopa [ghrighora . Some examples are ~E~ata [vevea] and ~c~airo<. interrogative and indefinite pronouns. reflexive. . surely and O"mlvla[spania] and O"naviro<. [aftes] aota [afui] weak lIE [me] GE [se] tOV [ton] 't1](v) [ti(n)] to [to] lIll<.anaVta [spania . They give more information about the noun they describe. Most Greek verbs like txm [egho] I have take the nominative form of the personal pronoun. [esas] aotcbv [aftOn] Accusative weak IJOU[moo] GOO [soo] tOO [IU] 't1]<.lf:'YUA. he or my.[mas] Ga<.rov [meghaIon] ~ [meghaIes] Neuter ~[megMla] J.:r1<. Many Greek adverbs end in -a [-a] or ~ [-os]. T\ [meghaIi] Neuter Il£YaAo [meghaIo] Il£YaAoU [meghaIu] Il£YaAo [meghaIo] Nominalive strong I Eyro [egh6] Em) [esi] autO<. your. ~E~alO<. Pronouns are grouped in several sub-categories: personal. Unlike adjectives. possessive.[mas] Ga<.[emas] EG~[esas] autoo<. masculine. [sas] t~[tus] strong E~[emena] EGM [esena] aotov [aftOn] alYl'lj(v) [afti(n)] aoto [aft6] EIJO<. Notice the changes below: YPt1yop~ [ghrighoros] fast. nice -+ KaM [ [kala] nicely. quick -+ YPllyopa [ghrighora] quickly. e. [aftes] autQ [afui] Il£Y~ [meghaIos] IlEYaAoU [meghaIu] Il£YaAo [meghaIo] Genitive weak strong E~[ernena] EGM [esena] aoto6 [afuj] ~[aftis] aoto6 [afuj] EIJO<.l£"'f6Am [meghaIi] J.3 Adjectives Adjectives are words which describe people or things.rov [meghaIon] ~[megMla] you he she it j. because the ending of the verb itself shows who is the subject. yourself. himself or me. adverbs give more information about the verbs they descnbe. something similar to the English ending -ly for many English adverbs.lf:'YUA. Important and frequent words like I.ghrighora] very quickly or (maVta . feminine or neuter endings. Some verbs like pou apEatt [mu aresi] I like or J1t AEVt [me lene] I am called take the accusative form of the personal pronoun. sure -+ ptPata [vevea] surely. you.[veveos] certain. Most adjectives have the same endings as the word ptyaA~ [meghalos] big below: Adverbs are often 'doubled up' for the purpose of emphasis. which give more information about the nouns they desc~be.spania] very rarely. Masculine (nom) (gen) (ace) Feminine IlEyw. Actually it is possible to use both the strong and weak form for extra emphasis. There is a small exception to this remark regarding a few adjectives which have two almost similar forms which are interchangeable in use. which is not absolutely necessary as it is in English. nominative. are pronouns. The personal pronouns have both a strong and a weak form in the genitive and accustative cases.lf:'YUA. KaM [kala] well.[esis] autoi [aful aut£<. [meghaIis] Il£Yw.:rl [meghaIi] ll£yW. singular or plural. him etc.e.[tis] tOO [IU] lIll<. [afuIs] aot£<.

11& 'tOV t:av'to pov [me ton eaftO mu] with myself. t:KElvo~ and 'toao~ are identical with the adjective pt:'YciA~.a 'ta 1tatOta [afta ta peTHia] these children. [pia]? 1tooa. Some have only one form.. a'tov (at: + 'tov) t:av'to 'tov~ [ston eaft6 tus] to themselves. au't6~ av. [pos]? ytati. EKEivTJTJyuvaiKa [elani i ghineka] that woman. what? where? how? why? when? n.tt loti] • The different forms in the singular and plural for av't~. some more than one for mlffn use.6e.[pio]? 1tOOO. They always come after the noun they modify.[tis] tOU[tu] /lae.[p6te]? ° my /lou [mu] your (singlinfml) his her its your (pVfml) their crou [su] tOU[tu] tTle. e. 'to a1tin pov [to spiti mu] my house. Question words like what? who? how? where? are interrogative pronouns. au. etc. -0 as shown in the previous paragraph in this section. n!& 'tov t:av'to 'tTJ~[ya ton eaft6 tis] tm:. [teties] tocrTl[tosi] tocrEe.g. [pOsos]? 1totot.. [mas] crae.Words like myself.. whereas in English they come before the noun. 'ta a1tina pa~ [13 spitia mas] our houses. [pOses]? . In Greek. are reflexive pronouns.[sas] tOUe.[tus] Masculine who? which? how much? which ones? how many? Feminine 1tOW.pa~ [aft6s o andras] this man. -TJ.[toses] Neuter auto [afto] aut<i [afta] EKEtVO [ekino] EKEtVa[ekina] tEtOto [tetio] tEtota [tetia] tocro [toso] tocra [t6sa] who which that whatever autOe. e. [pOsi]? 1totEe. [pios]? 1tOOOe. pu]? [ 1tc. the noun is accompanied by its corresponding article.g. [aft6s] autol [aful EKEtVOe. Possessive pronouns have only one form in Greek. Neuter 1totO. yourself. [pOsa]? 1totOe. [tetios] tEtOtot [tetyi] tocroe.[aftes] EKE1VTI [ekini] EKEtVEe. [ekines] tEtota [tetia] tEtotEe.. [tosos] tocrOt [tosi] 1tOU [pu] 1tOU [pu] 1tOU [pu] O.ol tpiAOl 'tov~ [i mi tus] their friends. They are not as common in Greek as in English and they usually appear only in the accusative form with prepositions. [ekinos] EKEtVOt [ekini] tEtOtoe.. [yiatJ.g. [ti]? 1tOU. e.l? 1tOtE. [pii]? 1tOOot. pOsi]? [ [pia]? 1t6crTJ. herself. ° These words are called possessive pronouns in Greek grammar and possessive adjectives in English grammar! Masculine this these that those such a such + pi so much so many Feminine autTj [aful aUtEe. [pOso]? 1tota.pies]? [ 1tOOEe. tpiA~ 'tTJ~[0 mos tis] her friend. • The demonstrative pronouns av'to~ and t:KElVO~ need the corresponding article for the noun in use.

g. Some frequent prepositions are: Genitive t:vo. anything? every.1tO '(\0. everything something. in English. The course introduces you to the main verb groups (or conjugations there are two main conjugations) in both the active voice (verbs [enandion] [metaksi] [iper] against between in favour.at: y6pro o. So. Kavro can be seen as Kav. they. There are principally two verb endings in Greek for the I form: -ro [-0] and flo. touches on the future and past tenses. and all others. in.e [tfpote] KuSe [kathe] flUO flEXpt 1tptV 1tpoc. by. words like I. [ap6] [ya] [me] [hons] from for. being. Accusative Neuter KUSEvU[kalhena] 6Aa[6Ia] ~PlK(I Masculine everyone (m/fln) everybody (mlfln) + (PI) some (PI) someone. [kapios] Kuveit:. [kathenas] bAot [6li] ~ptKoi [merikIl KWtotor. below in front of behind close to next to aroundfrom inside outside. 6 Prepositions Prepositions in English are such words as between.does not exist in Greek). are not necessary in Greek because of the change in the verb ending. out of KUVEva[kanena] KUVEva[kanena] Words that indicate action.1tO Jttao. etc. he.(the verb stem which remains unchanged) and -ro (the verb ending which tells you whether I. Verb tenses refer to different points in time. in. over with. . etc.1tO fl1tpOata o. something (mIfIn) one. someone. Also. The word following Greek prepositions will sometimes be followed by a noun in the genitive or more often in the accusative case. etc. etc.~i> U1tEP Accusative o. one (person) (mlfln) no-one. [6Ies] ~ptKEr. some more than one for m/f/n use. fltMro [milao] I speak or fltvro [meno] I live are three examples from the several verbs this course includes. nothing (mIfIn) KUSEvlX'. to live.t [-me]. etc. All of them are followed by nouns in the accusative. [merikes] KWtolU [kapia] K~iu [kamfa] K~iu [kamfa] [merika] KWtOtO[kapio] 1tClvroo. All corresponding Greek prepositions have only one form. Some have only one form. to.t [kathome] I sit. all. [meta] [mehri] [prin] [pros] [se] [stis] after until before towards to. with.1tO Katro o. at (place) at (time) There are also some two-word prepositions. [kanenas] Feminine KuSe~iu [kathemfa] bAet:. using the I form of the verb in the present tense. the future and the past. is performing the action).1tO 1tiaro o.for.from. everyone. anything? nothing. and introduces some verb forms after the word yo. [na] to and imperatives.vtiov flUo. This is the main form used for reference to Greek verbs (as the infinitive form in Englishto do. by without . at: anc. [kanis] KUVEvlX'. This course relies mostly on present tense. at: E~ro o.Indefinite pronouns Words like each one. he. each <SA-a [6Ia] + plural Kun [kati] . such as the present.1tO KOVta at: Oi1tAo. for flt: XropiC. to speak. above underneath.l1tO. on. or feeling are called verbs. no-one. Remember that a dictionary will list these three verbs. e.1tO [pano ap6] [kato ap6] [brosta ap6] [piso ap6] [konda se] [THIpia se] [ghiro ap6] [mesa se] [ekso ap6] over. 1tEpt~EVro [perimeno] I wait and KaeOflo. are indefinite pronouns. they. Kavro [kano] I do. remember that personal pronouns.

eu <pam xuipo~at -. Some are: f3AE1tro eu oro -.tntOlm: [Iipliste] you are sorry A. [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha TH6so] theliso] mino] parol stJ.ID[thelo] I want OU.vmJmn[lip3se] you are sorry A. Passive voice The different endings for I. Once you memorize the different endings.. Below are two verbs &lro and CJ't&Avro ith their w full forms in the future: 9a ExOO [tha eho] I will have 9a crtEiAro [tha stOo] I will send 9a cn:dAi:«. eu orocrro eEAro -. eu eEA'I\crro ~EVro-.OVV(£) [thelun(e)] they want 9« tip«t [tha ime] I will be.OVptthelume] we want [ OEA. eu mipro cr'tEAVro-. Remember that the majority of Greek verbs fall into the ftrst conjugation. 9« . EPlO~at -. are the same as those in the present tense. eu Xupro [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha THo] ertho] ziso] fao] har6] I I I I I will will will will will see come live eat be glad 1U:lvOro/1U:lvID [pinao'pin6] I am hungry J11tope)[bor6] I can 1t£tv~ [pinas] you are hungry J11tOPE~[boris] you can 1t£\va(£\) [pina(. eu Epero 1. Future tense The future tense in Greek is formed with the particle 9« [tha] (equivalent to will in English) and the verb.V1tlJpacm: [Iip6maste] we aresorry A. you. etc.i)] he/she/it is hungryJ11topti [bon1 he/she/it can 1t£\vapt [piname] we are hungry J11topo6pE[bonime] we can 1t£\vat£ [pinate] you are hungry J11topEitE[borite] you can 1t£\vo6v(£) [pin6n(e)] they are hungry J11topo6v(£) [bonin(e)] they can Both groups in the second conjugation include verbs always stressed on the last syllable in their main form. eu 1. he/she/it.ro-.vnoMCIl[lipUnde] they are sorry 9a Ex~ [tha ecms] you willlulve 9a ExEl [tha ecm] he/she it will have 9a ExOllfIE [tha ehume] we willlulve 9a ExEtE [tha ehete] you willlulve 9a Ex0IlV [tha ehun] they will have .umltCll lip3te] he/she/it is sorry [ A.1o] fero] figho] I I I I I I I will will will will will will will give want stay take send bring leave Group A GroupB Verbs with an irregular form in the future Some verbs have a completely new form in the future. <pEUyro eu <puyro -. Below you see a list of verbs belonging to both groups: Verbs without any different form in the future Active voice 1 Conjugation EXID[eho] I have EX£t~ [ehis] you have Ex£t[ebj]he/shenthas EXOVpt [ehume] we have EXU£ [ehete] you have EXOVV [ehun] they have OO.ending in -ro) and the passive voice (verbs ending in -op«tl-ap«t).&pro [tha ksero] I will know and 9« 1taro [tha plio] I will go.tntOpcn [Iiplime] I am sorry A.oupl: [tha stiIume] we will send 9a cn:dAEtE [tha stOete] you will send 9a O't&iAoIlV [tha stiIun] they will send Xaipopm [herome] I am glad XaipEcmt[herese] you are glad XaipEtCll[herete] he/she/it is glad XCIlp{JJuJm£ [heromaste] we are glad xaipEcm: [hereste] you are glad XaipovtCll [heronde] they are glad A.. [tha stills] you will send 9a crtEiAi:l [tha stili] he/she/it will send 9a II'tEO. Some are: oivro -.U£[thelete] you want OEA. eu cr'tdAro <pEpVro eu <pEPro -. but most do.£~ [thelis] you want OEl£\ [theli] he/she/it wants OEA. eu ~Eivro 1tuipvro -. Verbs with a different form in the future Most verbs belong to this sub-group.'I\crro 'tproro -. 9« &lro [tha eho] I will have. The present tense for the main verb groups found in the course are set out below. Some verbs do not change their form in the future tense. you will be confident enough to use them in context.

_ CD ::::s 0- Past tense Unit 12 presented many aspects of the past tense in Greek.54/3 greetings 21/1 health 177/12 holidays 204/13 hotel expressions 121/8 meansof transport 87/6 months 195/13 music 228/14 m (') 3 < •••• o (') _. Here you are provided with the full conjugation of two frequent verbs in the past tense: KavO) . adjective 54/3 adverb 179/12. Go! Turn! Get off! Get out! Continue! Stop! Walk! Drive! m ~ negative 23/1 verbs be 22/1 negativeexpressions 198/13 be named noun(seealso gender) masculine. 'Turn left!'. Remember that since Greek has two 'you' forms (informal-singular and formal-plural) as many other languages including German.67/4. 109n possession 124/8 preposition 10817 pronoun demonstrative 198/13 personal 39/2 possessive 124/8 seasons 195/13 spelling 10817 sports 178/12 stores 89/6 subjunctive 165n tag-questions 196/13 tense/mood conditional 163/11 future 140/9. 'Go now!'. [ikseres] tl~tp& [iksere] ~&paJ1& [kserame] ~tpatt [kserate] tl~tpav [ikseran] I knew you knew slhe/it knew we knew you knew they knew . e. [vghes]! cruveXtcrt [sinechise]! crtU~Utllcrt [stamlitise]! 1ttp1tutllcrt [perplitise]! oorjYllcrt [oTHighise]! (pllfml) 1tllyuivttt [pighenete]! crtpi\Jftt [stripste]! ~Ytitt [vghite]! cruvtXicrtt [sinechiste]! crtU~Utrjcrtt [stamatiste]! 1ttp1tUtrjcrtt [perpatiste]! oOllyrjcrtt [oTHighiste]! CD •••• ::r gender 40/2.6/1ntroduction article definitearticle 24/1 indefinitearticle 40/2 plural 53/3 diminutiveendings 74/4 propername 38/2. h:uva [ekana] &KaVtc.g.refersto page 54. tl~tpa [iksera] tl~tptc. (singlinfml) 1trjYUtvt[pighene]! crtphl't [stripse]! ~ytc.9a tiJiat 9a &laat 9a tivat 9a &lJiaatt 9a &laaatt/ tiatt 9a tivat [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha [tha ime] ise] iDe] imaste] isaste]/[ iste] fue] I will be you will be he/she/it will be we will be you will be they will be EJ. This form is very frequent and important in everyday language. French or Spanish.ekana] (to do) and ~EPo) ..iksera] (to know). en colours 138/9 comparisons 141/9 countries 30/1 days of the week directions 88/6 139/9 3 m ::::s 0- The imperative form The imperative is a form of the verb you can use to request.92/6. 'Stop!'.222/14 alphabet. 'Don't speak!'.EKava [kano .ekanes] [ &KUVt ekane] [ KaVaJit [kaname] KaVatt [kanate] tKuvuv [ekanan] I did you did slhe/it did we did you did they did Pleasenote that 54/3. you need to learn two individual words for the imperatives. 'Come here!'.feminine.neuter 67/4 do 40/2 m C tT . tell or order someone to do something. 40/2 reflexive 126/8 time 106n cc D1 a 3 (') >< 3 m •••• m •••• CD _.t1~Epa [ksero ..161/11 numbers 39/2. Unit 3.163/11 imperative 90/6 past 181/12 perfect 200/13 present 22/1. for example.

time of Alexander the Great The Roman Empire Constantinople was built. Golden Age and palaces in Crete The beginning and end of the Mycenaean culture First Olympic Games Parthenon was built. c. >c ::I ::I ia 3 ca ~ii'l ()3 °lll () III _. Greek independence Balkan Wars. Sophocles.216/14 word order 68/4 Timeline 3200 Bc-22oo BC 2000 Bc-17oo BC 1600 Bc-12oo BC 776 BC 500 BC-400 BC Events Bronze Age in Cyclades and Crete First Greek speakers.!r ••.- -<~ III Ill'" eat 202/13 go 220/14 have 67/4 know 23/1 like 125/8 live 23/1 mind 125/8 remember 126/8 speak 92/6 stay 23/1 telephone 201/13 think 126/8 worry 126/8 vegetables 139/9 weather expressions 194/13 wishes 180/12.•. Golden Age under Pericles. <3 . ••• - (I) . and Euripedes Plato's Academy was founded.III _. Crusaders Ottoman Empire. ~ _. Territory from Turks World Wars I and II Civil War. drama originates with Aeschylus. CommunistslPromonarchy Military junta in power Democracy returns to Greece Greece becomes a member of the European Union Olympic Games in Athens 400 Bc-300 BC 200 BC-AD 300 AD 300-1200 1453-1821 1912-1913 1923-1944 1945-1949 1967-1974 1974-present 1982 2004 3 (I) _. erg 5.

0. a. The language has undergone enormous phonological.273 [ 1 C) (i1 CD ~ Timeline 2000 BC Events Ancient Greek. Texts were written in syllabic script. The Greek alphabet is believed to have derived from the Semitic alphabet. BC 1100 BC 800 Bc-5oo Classical Greek. 1. lexical. E. The most notable change was the changing of the direction of writing from left to right instead of from right to left. The alphabet. and syntactical changes coming into contact with neighbouring and faraway nations and people speaking many different languages. morphological. U. Greek belongs to the large family ofIndo-European or Indo-Hittite languages. City states had many different language variations at the time but the four main groups or dialects were the following: . Archaic Greek. specifically that of Phoenicians. The Phoenician alphabet which was introduced to Greece around 1100 BC contained 22 separate signs for the consonants but none for the vowels. with the value of vowels as known today. The Greeks innovated the letters. It developed across the Balkan peninsula around 2000 BC. continued to undergo many reforms and changes. which started replacing the syllabic script.

Arcado-Cypriot, Ionic-Attic.

Doric, Aeolic, and

Hellenistic Greek. The Ionic form of the alphabet was adopted by most city states, thus making a uniformed alphabet throughout the Greek world. During Hellenistic times the Greek alphabet has served as a model for the Latin and Cyrillic alphabet. The Attic dialect, actually an offspring of the Ionic, finally dominated the other dialects in the first century when philosophers such as Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates made Athens the centre of the Greek civilization. In this period and especially close to AD 337, a new form of the Attic dialect appeared with simpler syntax and morphology, a stress accent, and loan words from Latin and Semitic origins. This was the Koine (the common) dialect also called the Hellenistic Koine or the Alexandrian Koine. Hellenistic Greek is the form also known as New Testament Greek (in which the Gospel and other books of the New Testament of the Bible were first written). Byzantine Greek. This was both an imperial and an ecclesiastic language. It is still the ecclesiastic language of the Greek Orthodox church today. Modern Greek. The majority of the foreign words in the Greek language are of Turkish origin because of the occupation from 1453-1821. After 1821, the language was principally divided into the general vernacular (Demotic Greek), and the language of education and literature (Katharevousa), which existed in parallel development for twenty centuries and competed for acceptance and establishment for about 150 years after the Turkish occupation. Demotic Greek prevailed as the

everday spoken language whereas Katharevousa continued in government and scientific books. Demotic Greek was proclaimed the official language of Greece in 1977 and the use of one stress mark instead of five took place in 1982. Classical Greek word forms continue to have a great influence in the world's scientific and technical vocabulary, and make up a large part of the technical vocabulary of English.

275
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~ ~ This section gives you many suggestions of sources to help you develop your interest in Greek language and culture. It also provides you with a number of email addresses and Internet sites which can give a different dimension to your search. Some of the sites listed are bilingual but others are only in Greek. Good luck!

[277]

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Books
If you are in Athens, check out Eleftheroudakis bookshop at 16 Panepistimiou St. for the largest selection of books in English about Greek or Greece. Their website is http://www.books.gr and their email addressiselebooks@hellasnet.gr. The National Book Centre of Greece issues a bi-monthly magazine promoting Greek books in translation abroad. They can be found at 76 Emmanuil Benaki St. or at http://www.book.culture.gr. The free Travelling in Greece brochure is very informative and available from any GNTO office in Greece or abroad. Their address is 2 Amerikis St. and their Internet address is below under the Travel heading. Check out http://www.toubis.gr for the largest selection of maps or travel books in English on Greece.

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Cultural heritage
http://www.greece.gris a sophisticated online magazine about Greece. http://www.cuIture.gris the website of the Ministry of Culture and hosts many of the country's museums. http://www.reconstructions.org has fabulous 3-D models of the Parthenon. http://www.fhr.gris the website of the Foundation of the Hellenic World. http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks brings Ancient Greece alive. http://www.sae.gris the site for the World Council of Hellenes Abroad.

278
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Transport
http://www.gtp.gr gives ferry timetables. http://www.ose.gr offers train information. http://www.ktel.gr gives bus timetables and routes. http://www.aia.gris the website for the new Athens airport. http://www.olympic-airways.gr, http://www.airmanos.gr, http://www.cronus.gr, or http://www.airgreece.gr offer flight information. http://www.elit.gr gives information about cruise ships.

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Travel
http://www.greekholidays.comlcities_and_islands.htmlis a website about travel and holidays in Greece. The Greek National Tourism Organization can be found under http://www.gnto.gr. You can also accesshttp://www.travelling.gror http://www.greekislands.gr for travel agencies, tourist offices and tourist attractions. http://www.ntua.gr/weather offers frequently updated information on the weather. The site http://www.allhotels.gr offers hotel accommodation allover Greece. http://www.travelplan.gris the largest travel agency in Greece.

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[pi-mil [enas], [mfa], lena] [perfpu] [apenandi] [peripetia] [meta] [paIi] [ksana] [simfon6] [aeroplano] [aeroTHr6mio] [sheTH6n] [mazi] [panda] [amerikf] [ke] [thimomenos, -i, -0] [aIos, -i, -0] [otiTHipote] [tipota]? [polikatikia] [THiamerizma] [orektik6] [aprflios] [architektonas ] [h6ros] [polithr6na] [ghiro] [fthano] [6pos] [san] [athina]

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Greek language
Information about online Greek language courses can be obtained from http://www.polyglot24.com. If you are interested in Greek poetry in English, send an e-mail topoetrygreece@hotmail.com. Writing to centre@greeklanguage.gr will connect you to the Greek Language Centre of the Ministry of Education which can offer valuable information about Greek classes or language examinations. http://www.cyathens.org is a study-abroad-programme of the College Year in Athens.

Miscellaneous
http://www.greekcuisine.com offers an extensive array of Greek recipes. http://www.greekwine.gr lists several Greek wines from all over Greece.There are two daily newspapersin English:http://www.kenglish.com and http://www.athensnews.dolnet.gr. http://www.in.gr is the largest Greek portal on the web for Greek speakers. http://www.athens.olympic.org is an important site for everyone interested in the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004. Some sites for Greek music are: http://www.babylon.gr, http://www.avpolis.gr, or http://www.mad.gr. Online auctions can be found at http://www.t1eamarket.gr. Greek comics can be purchased at http://www.arkas.gr.
The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for external websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. However, the publisher has no responsibility for the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or that the content is or will remain appropriate.

Athens

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antithesis cook cooked foods corner counter courgette. down payment dessert dialogue difficult dill dining room dinner disagree discotheque [klist6s. -0 'tpcbro oK'tcbloX'tcb oK'tuKoO"tu/oX'tuKoO"tu OI::KUOK'tcb oyoov'tu EV'tI::KU A 'Y'YAiu(f) A'Y'YAtKU(n/p1) siO"ooo~ (f) <pUKI::AO~m) ( eupcb ~puou (n) 1tO'tE Ku61:: OAU 1tuv'tou UKpt~cb~ O"uyvcbjl11 jll:: O"Unwpl::l't1:: (pl/fml) E~OOO~(f) 1tE<p'tW otKOyEVl::tU (f) 1tU'tEPU~ (m) <1l1::~POUUPto~(m) <pEpUjl1tO't (n) OI::KU1tEV't1:: 1tEjl1t'tO~.282 lQ ::l m if ~ iil CD ~ lQ 6' I 1\1 ~ closed closetlwardrobe coca cola coffee coffee house coffee (medium sweet) coffee (sweet) coffee (without sugar) comedy company computer conservatory contrast.-11.upiu ~PUOtvO (n) Otu<pwvcb OtO"K0611K11 (f) dislike doctor door dorado or gilthead double room down dress dress myself drink early easy eat eight eight hundred eighteen eighty eleven England English (language) entrance envelope euro evening ever every everything/ail everywhere exactly excuse me excuse me 1 pardon me exit fail family father February ferry fifteen fifth fifty film (movie) film (camera) finally [antipath6] [yatr6s] [p6rta] [tsipfua] [THiklino] [kato] [f6rema] [dinome] [pino] [noris] [efko1os. zucchini cousin cousin credit card creme caramel croissant cucumber cup currency customs cutlet dance (verb. -i. -a. -i.-U.-11. -0] [imerominia] [k6ri] [(i)mera] [THekemvrios] [prokatavo1i] [ghlik6] [THiciloghos] [THisko1os. xopo~ (m) O"KOUPO~.uvt (n) VOjltO"jlU (n) 'tI::Awvl::io (n) jl1tpt1. -0] [peninda] [ergho] [film] [te1ika] uV'tt1tu6cb ytu'tpo~ (mlf) 1tOP'tU (f) 'to"t1tOUpU (f) OiKAtVO (n) KU'tW <poPSjlU (n) v'tUVOjlUt 1tivw vwpi~ I::UKOAO~. noun) dark date daughter day December deposit. -0] [cinithos] [trapezaria] [vraTHin6] [THiafon6] [THiskothiki ] KAStO"'tO~. -0 11jlI::POjl11viu (f) KOP11 (f) (11)jlepu (f) L1I::KEjl~Pto~ (m) 1tPOKU'tU~OAl1 (f) yAUKO (n) OtUAOYO~(m) 8UO"KOAO~. -0 1tI::vl1v'tu EpyO (n) <ptAjl (n) 'tI::AtKU 283 m CQ ::l ii ~ ~ i 6' CQ ~ E II .6Au (f) XOPI::UW. -i. -6] [du1apa] [k6ka k61a] [kafes] [kafenio] [metrios] [ghlik6s] [sketos] [komoTHia] [eteria] [kompiuter] [tzamaria] [antithesi] [maghirevo] [maghirefui] [ghonia] [pangos] [ko10kithaki ] [(e)ksaTHe1fi] [ (e )ksaTHelfos] [pistotiki kcirta] [krem karame1e] [kruasan] [angUri] [flitzcini ] [n6mizma] [te10nio] [briz61a] [horevo] [hor6s] [skUros.ujlupiu (f) uni61::0"11 (f) jluYl::tPl::uw jluyl::tpeu'tu (n/p1) ywviu (f) 1tUYKO~(m) KOAOKU6uKt (n) (I:: ~UOEA<P11 ) (f) (1::)~UOI::A<pO~ (m) mO"'tw'ttKl1 KUp'tU (f) Kpl::jl KUpUjlSAE (n) KpouuO"av (n) u'Y'YOUpt(n) <pAu't1. -11. -0] [tr6-0] [okt6]/[oht6] [oktak6sia ]/[ ohtak6sia] [THekaokt6] [oghTH6nda] [endeka] [anglia] [ang1ika] [isoTHos] [fake1os] [evr6] [vraTHi] [pote] [kathe] [61a] [pandu] [akriv6s] [sighn6mi] [me sinhorite] [eksoTHos] [pefto] [ikoghenia] [pateras] [fevruanos] [feribot] [THekapende] [pemptos. -0 uvt60~ (m) 'tpu1tl::1. -11. -i. -0 v'tOUAa1tU (f) KOKU KOAU (f) KU<pE~(m) KU<psvsio (n) jlE'tpto~ (m) YAuKo~(m) O"KE'tO~(m) KWjlwoiu (f) l::'tUtpsiu (f) KOjlmou'tl::p (n) 't1.

-6] [nosokomio] [ksenoTHohfo] [spfti] [pos] [pinazmenos.l1tEnKa (nlpl) EAA11VtKOC. (m) tOEa (t) altEO"coc. yEta O"ou t11C.apo'tapEpva (t) 1tEV'tE 1tEv'taKoO"ta /haltEptO"lta (n) 1t'tr\0"11(t) OPOlpOC.. -6] [hol] [niptfras] [eftihizmenos.. -a tEtaptOC. spouse I I'm sorry / excuse me iced coffee/frappe idea immediately in [engon6s] [stafili] [elliTHa] [elinika] [rebetika] [elinik6s kafes] [baklavas] [kataffi] [taverna] [prasinos. -a] [tetrak6sia] [THekateseris.-11.. -0 EXCO autoc.. iii' m :l i ~ CI 6 0' ~ ! a1to lt1tpoO"tU lppoutO (n) AuiKr\ ayopu (t) YKapu~ (n) O"KOPOO(n) YEPltaVtKU (nlpl) rEPltavia (t) O"T]KcOVOltat KOpitO"t (n) 1tOtr\ pt (n) 1tuco/ 1t11yaivco 1tUCOpOAta KaA11O"1tEpa KaA11ItEpa KaA11VUXta EyyOVt (n) EyyOVr\ (t) 1ta1t1tOUC. apartment flight floor flying dolphin. -i. -0] [psan] [psarotaverna] [pende] [pendak6sia] [THiamerizma] [ptfsi] [6rofos] [iptameno] [poTH6sfero] [ya] [pirUni] [THekapenthfmero] [saranda] [teseris. -11. -a] [tetartos.. -0] [ghalika] [ffios] [ffii] [ap6] [brosta] [fn1to] [laikf aghora] [garaz] [sk6rTHo] [ghermanikli] [ghermanfa] [sik6nome] [korltsi] [potfri] [pao ]/[pigheno] [pao v6lta] [kalispera] [kalimera] [kalimllta] [eng6ni] [engoml [pap6s] [yaya] 'tEAEuovco 1tpo)'tOC. -is. hydrofoil football for fork fortnight forty four four hundred fourteen fourth France free French (language) friend from front fruit fruit and vegetable market garage garlic German (language) Germany get up girl glass go go for a walk good evening good morning goodnight grandchild granddaughter grandfather grandmother [teli6no] [pr6tos.. O"E 285 '2.-r\. -f. -11. -i. apCOltanKO lpUtO (n) EOcO OpiO"tE yEta O"ou tOU X0It1tU (n) O"1ttttKOC. -11. lpiA11 (t) grandson grape Greece Greek (language) [Greek blues] [Greek coffee] [Greek pastry] [Greek pastry] [Greek restaurant/taverna] green grilled foods ground floor half hallway hand basin happy have he heating hello/goodbye (pllfml) hello/goodbye (pllfml) hello/see you (sing/infml) her herb here here you are! h'/ I. (m) Ka'tailpt (n) 'tapEpva(t) 1tpuO"tvOC. -0] [sfzighos] [egh6] [sighn6mi] [frapes] [iTHea] [amesos] [se] EYYOVOC.. -r\.-11. -0] [ghalfa] [eleftheros.. -0 raUia (t) EAEu6EpoC.(m) t1t'tUItEVO (n) 1toMO"lpatpo (n) yta 1ttPOUVt (n) OEKa1tEv6r\ItEpO (n) O"apuV'ta tEO"O"EptC... (m) K lt1taKAapUC. 6EPltavO"11 (t) xaipE'tE yEm O"ac. (m). -0 ". -0] [eho] [aft6s] [thermansi] [herete] [yasas] [yasu] [tis] [aromatik6 fit6] [eTH6] [orlste] [yasu] [tu] [h6bi] [spitik6s. -is. -11. (m) EUtuXtO"ItEVOC. his hobby homemade hospital hotel house/home how/what hungry husbandlwife.. -i. -i. m) ( ytaytu (t) .-EtC.. -i. -0 yaAAtKu (nlpl) lpiAoC. -0 xcoA (n) vt1ttr\pac.Upt (n) ". -i.-tC.(rn/t) EycO O"UyvcOlt11/O"UyyvcOlt11 lppa1tEC.284 ! i ~ CI m :l ! ~ 0' finish first fish fish restaurant five five hundred flat. -0] [psita] [is6ghion] [mis6s. -0 "'11'tu (nlpl) to"OyEtoV (n) IttO"oC.m) ( O"'talpuAt (n) EAMoa(t) eAA11VtKU (nlpl) pEJ. -0 VOO"OKOItEio(n) ~EVOOOXEio (n) O"1tin (n) 1tcOC. -0 O"U~uyoC. -f. alpEC. 1tEtvaO"ItEVOC. -a tEtpaKoO"ta oEKatEO"O"EpEtC.

-0 IlgVID living room London love lucky luggage lunch lyre main mainly manlhusband map March market marmalade/jam married (I'm . -0 1te1tovt (n) lllltoPOCPO~(m) llecrT\llgpt (n) IlgcrT\ (f) yUAa (n) OtKO Ilou Ae1ttO (n) KaepgcptT\~ (m) oecr1tOlvtoa XIDptUnKll craMta (f) crn Ylltl (f) Iltlva~ (m) lttO 1teptcrcrotepo~. polf] [musfo] [manitiiri ] craA. . -a.1tOAAtl. open light light bulb (I) like like (as if) likely.. -a. -a.286 Cl m :I iii' b i ~ 0' III Cl ~ III infonnation (piece of) instant coffee interesting introduce Ireland island music it Italian (language) Italy its January jazz music joblwork juice July June kilo kiosk kitchen knife know lamb late later lawn/grass learn leave left lemonade letter lettuce lift/elevator light (colour). -0 (adj) ltteavo>~ (adv) Atyo~.6Il1tO~(m) Il'apgcret crav / 01tID~ ltteavo~. -0] [meno] 1tAT\pocpopta (f) ve~ Kacpg~ (m) evotacpgpov crUcrttlVID IpAaVOta (f) VT\crWlttKa (nlpl) auto ttaAtKU (nlpl) ltaAta (f) tOU lavouuplO~ (m) t~a~ (f) oOUAetu (f) XUIlO~(m) 10uA. of.6 (n) 1tept1ttepo (n) KOU~tVa(f) Ilaxatpt (n) ~gpID apVUKt (n) apyu apyotepa ypacrtot (n) llaeatVID cpeuyID aptcrtepu Aellovuoa (f) y pUlllla (n) llapOUAt (n) acravcrgp (n) aVOlKto~. -0] [kirios] [iindras]/[ sfzighos] [hams] [mamos] [aghora] [marmelaTHa] [pandremen-os/-i] [maios] [bon na] [fsos na] [(e)mena] [mu] [meseos. -0 CPID~n) ( yA. -i. poli. -f. probably little live [plirofona] [nes kafes] [enTHiaferon] [sistino] [irlanTHfa] [nisi6tika] [aft6] [italika] [italia] [tu] [ianuiirios] [tzaz] [THulia] [chirn6s] [iUlios] [il1nios] [kil6] [penptero ] [kuzfna] [maberi] [ksero] [arnm] [argM] [argh6tera] [ghrasfTHi] [matheno] [fevgho] [aristera] [lemonaTHa] [ghrama] [maruli] [asanser] [anikt6s. of. -0] [prof] [rnitera] [motosikleta] [vun6] [kfrios] [kiria] [polis. -0] [pep6ni] [irni6rofos] [mesimeri] [mesi] [gMla] [THik6 mu] [lept6] [kathreftis] [THespimlHa] [horiatiki salata] [stighnnl [minas] [p-yo] [peris6teros.) May may / is possible to me (after a preposition) me (after a verb) medium. -6] [aposkevf] [mesimerian6] [lira] [kfrios. probable likely. -a.6vt (f) AOVOtVO(n) ayu1tT\ (f) tUxepo~. -T\.to~ (m) 10UVlO~(m) KtA. -0 KUptID~ uvopa~/cru~uyo~ (m) XUPtT\~ (m) Mupno~ (m) ayopu(f) llaplleMoa (f) 1taVtpellgV-o~/ -ll Maio~ (m) ll1topet va/{crID~ va (e)llgva Ilou Ilecraio~. -i. middle melon mezzanine (floor) midday/afternoon middle milk mine minute mirror Miss mixed Greek salad moment month more more morning mother motorcycle mountain Mr/Sir MrslMadam much/very museum mushroom [sal6ni] [lonTHino] [aghapi] [tiher6s. -tl. -0 a1tOcrKeUtl (f) lle<JTtlleptaVO (n) Mpa (f) KUPlO~. -0 1tPIDt(n) ll11tgpa (f) 1l0tocruKAgta (f) ~ouvo (n) KUPlO~ (m) KUpta (f) 1tOAU~. -6] [fos] [ghl6mbos] [maresi] [san ]/[6pos ] [pithan6s. -6] [pithan6s] [lighos. -tl. 1tOAU Iloucreto (n) llaVttupt (n) 287 :I 'eo iii' m b 0' i ~ Cl ~ I I: . -ll. -tl.

(t) XiA. -0 cpU<nKU ~11Mv KOVtU xpetul.. (n) ~ro~ ~e~atu cruxvu ax KuM....o~at yettovtu (t) 7tote ecp11~epi8u (t) 8i7tA.-Tj. -11.. ) nothing novel novel November now number..i 7tOptOKUA.. (m) OKtro~pto<. -I. (m) avuvu<.u ropuio<. ~ia. pair parsley passport pear penthouse petrol/gas petrol/gas station pharmacy pianist pianist pineapple pink plate play play (theatre) please/you're welcome police pop music pork portion post office potato pound (sterling) pound (kilo) practical prefer prepare price private problem prospectus purple [hflia] [monokatikia] [portokali] [portokali] [portokalaTHa] [mas] [ekso] [uzo] [fi1rnos] [pera ]/[pano ap6] [mi-mi] [zevgMri] [maindan6s] [THiavatirio] [ahlaTHi] [retire] [venzini] [pratirio venzinis] [farmakio] [i pianistria] [0 pianistas] [ananas] [roz] [piato] [pezo] [ergho] [parakal6] [astinomia] [laika] [chirin6] [men'THa] [tachiTHromio] [patata] [lira] [kil6] [praktik6s. (m) 6 ~ CD 6' < IS III one thousand one-family house orange (colour) orange (fruit) orangeade our out. (m) 7tepa /7tuvro a7to 6 CD ~ 6' < III III III ~. (m) tropa vou~epo (n) VOcrOKO~U(t) VOcrOKO~O<. -I.iv11(t) 7tputTjpto ~evl. [mia]. eVtu~et evu<. beautiful nine nine hundred nineteen ninety no not not (Do not . [-i].K.. all right one one hundred one thousand one thousand [musikIl [musik6s] [prepi na] [mu] [6noma] [mikr6 6noma] [epitheto] [ethnik6s. size (of clothes) nurse nurse October of course. rj.UiKU (nlpl) XOtptvO (n) ~epi8a (t) taxu8po~eio (n) 7tatuta (t) A.t(n) 7tOptOKuA.11~U (n) 7tpocr7teKtou<.ro tt~rj (t) t8trottKO<. -a. (m) 8ta~utTjpto (n) axA. beautiful nice.n) ( cpap~aKeio (n) 11mavicrtpta (t) o mavicrta<.m. -0 7tPO~A.. -6] [fisika] [miTHen] [konda] [hriazome] [ghitonia] [pote] [efimen'THa] [THipla] [oreos. naturally often oh O. -0] [enea ]/[ enia] [eniak6sia] [THekaenia] [eneninda] [6chi] [THen] [min]/[mi] [tipota] [nuvela] [mithist6rima] [noemvrios] [t6ra] [numero] [nosok6ma] [nosok6mos] [okt6vrios] [vevea] [sihna] [ah] [kala]. (m) pol. -6] [protim6] [etimazo] [tirm1 [iTHiotik6s].te<.tu (n) ~ovOKutotKiu (t) 7tOptoKUA. [ena] [ekat6] [htlies] [htlji] ~OU<nKTj(t) ~OU<nKO<...li8t (n) pettpe (n) ~evl. -a.~. I..tot (m) . e~ro oul..a(t) ~UetcrtOP11~u (n) Noe~~pto<.. -i. -0 7tPOtt~ro etot~ul.iv11<. muto (n) 7tail. -0] [6morfos. -0 o~opcpo<.o (n) cpoupvo<.. outside ouzo oven over p.ro epyo 7tapaKUA.euyupt (n) ~uivtavo<. Eva eKUtO xiA. -0 evveu/ evvtu eVtuKo<na 8eKaeVVtU evevrjvta OXt 8ev ~11V/~11 ti7tota vou~eA. [-6] [pr6vlirna] [prospektus] [mov] XiA. close to need neighbourhood never newspaper next to nice. -rj.288 m lQ :l i" Cil lQ music musician must / have to my name name (first) name (last) national naturally naught/zero near.ro ucrtUvo~iu (t) A.ipa (t) KtA.O 7tpaKttKo<. (mlt) 7tpe7tet vu ~ou ovo~u (n) ~tKPO ovo~a e7tieuo eeVtKO<. [endaksi] [enas]...li8u (t) 289 m lQ :l i" Cil lQ ~a<.

" -0 craltOUVl(n) crooa (t) KaValtE~ (m) JlaAaK-o~/ -rj/-o EAalppOAdiKU (nlpl) 291 c ~ ~ c CD m ::s i" G1 I -< 0' .cr.olpAa (t) JllKPO~..oplo (n) ".poyyuA6~.E) lto. -i.la (t) SUAacrcra(t) EltOXrj (t) KuSlcrJla (n) SEcr.aAa~alvro UltOooxrj (t) KOKKlVO~.290 c ~ m ::s iii question radio rain rarely read realize. -rj. -a. (t) OEU.U E~OO~rjV'rU cra~ltouuv (n) au. (t) lOtO~. ) [er6tisi] [raTHi6fono] [vrochIl [splinia] [THiava... of..m (n) KopMvl (n) ~l'rplVa (t) V'rou~ (n) ltAEUpU(t) EAEUSEp-O~/-. -6] [baghlamaTHili] [mezeTHes] [kapnfzo] [kapnizma] [etsi] [t6sos.EPO~.v (n) AUlt"'JlEVO~. -a...psXro 'pOXUO....OlpAE (n) ltaV. -0 JlltaYAaJlaMKl (n) JlE~EOE~(rn/pl) KaltVl~ro KUltVlcrJla (n) E. -a. 0 ... (rn/t) ~OVOKAlVO (n) aOEAlprj (t) KuSo~al KaSlcrnKo (n) E~l E~aKoma OEKaE~l E~rjv.rocr. rj. -0] [salata] [ekptosi] [fTHios...a~Epva (t) ".a~o~ (m) ~puxo~ pOK (n) Ku~apa (t) / Oro~uno (n) cr. (t) Ka. cr.ocro~." -0 1. see reception red red mullet reservation residence restaurant restaurant serving grilled meat restaurant serving fish return retum/round trip right (direction) right (you're right) river rock rock music room round (in shape) run running sad salad sale/discount same Saturday saucer school science Scotland sea season seat (to sit on) seat (class) second second (with time) second (Just a .U Elt... -0] [savato] [piatili] [sholio] [epistfrni] [skotfa] [thaIasa] [epochIl [kathizma] [tMsi] [THefteros. -0 Oeu." -0 craA<i.UKl (n) crXOAElO(n) E1tlcr.rjJl.-.-.aplu (t) / xacraltO. -i. -6] [treho] [trohaTHin] [lipirnenos. -i.a ~EYESO~(n) oupavo~ (m) yaA<i~tO~.. ) single room sister sit sitting room six six hundred sixteen sixty size sky sky blue sleep slip-ons (loafers) slipper small small bouzouki small dishes/starters smoke smoking so (therefore) so (to such an extent) soap soda water sofa soft soft drink [vlepo] [ksanavlepo] [puI6] [septemvrios] [epta]/[ eM] [eptak6sia ]/[eftak6sia] [THekaefta] [evTHominda] [sambuan] [aful [plio] [karavi] [pukfuniso] [paputsi] [korTH6ni] [vitrina] [duz] [plevra] [eIefther-os/-i] [mon6klino] [aTHelfi] [kathome] [kathistik6 ] [eksi] [eksak6sia] [THekaeksi] [eksfnda] [meghethos] [uran6s] [ghala.... :EKro.m . [oil..-.apo.zo] [vlepo] [katalaveno] [ipoTHochIl [k6kinos]..a~Epva (t) E1tlcr.. -0 :Eu~~a'rO (n) 1tla. .cr. -0] [kimame] [pandofle] [pand6fla] [mikr6s.a(t) EKlt. -0 KOlJlUJlal ltaV.. -a. (t) palholprovo (n) ~poxrj (t) cr1t<lvla ola~u~ro ~ASltro !Ka.EpOAE1t'rO (n) Eva AE1t'rO c i ~ 0' I -< I i see see again sell September seven seven hundred seventeen seventy shampoo she ship shirt shoe shoe lace shop window shower side single (I'm .11tap~ltOUVln) ( KpU. -0] [THefter6Iepto] [ena lept6] Epcb. -0] [sapuni] [s6THa] [kanapes] [malak-6s/-f/6] [elafrolaika] ~ASltro ~aVa~ASltro ltoUAcb :EElt'S~~PtO~ (m) E1t'rcilElp..aKocrla OEKaElp.OlKla (t) Ecrna. -f.pOlprj (t) OE~lU OlKtO (n) (EXEl~/-E.aKocrla/Elp.PElpro ~E E1tlcr..rj ltAOlO (n) / Kapu~l (n) ltOUKU~lcrO(n) ltaltou... [-0] [barbUni] [kratisi] [katikia] [estiat6rio] [psistaria]/ [hasapotavema] [psarotavema] [epistrefo] [me epistrofil [THeksia] [THikio] [ehis] [potam6s] [vrahos] [rok] [kamara ]/[THomatio] [strongiI6s.zios. -......

(n) thanks (lit. 11. area Spain Spanish (language) speak sport spring stamp stay (verb) stay stay sterling stilllyet stool story/history straight straight ahead straight ahead strawberry striped studio/bedsit study study stuffed peppers/tomatoes suitcase summer Sunday supermarket sure! surprised sweet swim swimming Sydney [yos] [sighn6mi] [supa] [kut31i] [bOros] [ispanfa] [ispanika] [millio] [spor] [liniksi] [ghramat6simo] [kathome]/[THiameno] [THiamoml [paramoml [sterlina] [ak6ma] [skamb6] [istoria] [efthia] [efthia brosta] [isia] [fraula] [righe] [garsoniera] [THiavazo] [matheno] [ghemista] [valitsa] [kalokeri] [kirialal [supermarket] [amelI [vevea]! [ekpliktos. -0] [ghlik6s. tpia three [trak6sia] three hundred tptaKOata [thn1er] thriller/horror (ftlm) 9piA&P (n) [isitmo] &tcrttl1PtO (n) ticket cf>pa(f) time (what . tris. crtO [mehri] /.lat / Ota/.lOAoyirov (m) timetable [kurazmenos. -0 KOAU/.. [sto] to/in/at the crtOV.lEvro ota/. -0] Koupacr/.. -11. -ia. -ia] [trianda] thirty tptavta though..ltAaro cr1tOP(n) aVot~11 (f) ypa/.l1tcf> /. -i. [i]..lEVOe... tria] tp&te.ro think [trltos. (m) [pinakas THromologhion] mvooroc.. they (m or m+f) [aful autoi they (n) [afta] auta [nornizo] vO/..l& thatlwho (in statements) [pu] 1tOU the [0]. (m) cruyvcf>/.lOe..latocrll/.... -i.lapK&t (n) a/.ltcrta (nlpl) ~aAitcra (f) KaAoKaipt (n) KuptaKl1 (f) crou1t&p/. afterwards [meta] then/after thatllater [epita] E1t&tta there [eki] &K&i [thesaloniki] Thessaloniki 8&crcraAoviKll (f) they (f) [aftes] aUtEe. theirs [THik6 tus] OtKO tOUe. -0 tired [kurastik6s.l1tO(n) tcrtopia (f) &u9&ia &u9&ia /.l11 (m) crou1ta KOUtaAt (n) xcf>poe. 0 tiring to (used with verbs) [na] va [ston]. -&ie..la crKa/. -is. 9aAa/.l/.oPOI.lE! ~E~ata! EK1tAllKtOe. until crl1/.(m) tllA&<proVtKOe.la9aivro Y&/.ro /. -ta. 6] [kolimb6] [Mnio] [sITHnei] ytOe.292 lQ m :l i' ~ ii ~ lQ 0' < E son sorry soup soup spoon space. to (mlf/n) [theatro] theatre (n) 9EatpO (n) [tus] their tOue. -6] KoupacrttKOe.(m) television [tile6rasi] tllA&Opacrll (f) [THeka] ten OEKa [tenis] tennis tEVte.l&pa(n) [simera] today [tualeta] tOUaAEta (f) toilet vto/.li1.lOAOVOtt / thought [skepsi] crKE'I'11(f) [tris. although [6mos] I [molon6ti] O/. -0] t pitoe..lEXpt to.l1tpocrta iata <ppaouAa(f) ptYE (mlf/n) yKapcroVtEpa (f) ota~a1. I thank you) [efuarist6] &UXaptcrtcf> thanks (lit. [stin]... [to] 0.lroc.lEVOe.l0 (n) Kli90/.l1tavtO ~iov&u (n) tpa1tE1. /.. -i. ) [6ra] [hr6nos] time (much .l&ta then. 11.-11.lovl1 (f) 1tapa/. -0 third thirsty [THipsazmenos.-11. -0] Ot'l'acr/. -0 O&Katp&ie. -i. ) xpovoe.-11.lovl1 (f) crt&pAiva aKO/. -ia thirteen [THekatris. crtllV.(m) Im[Uvia (f) tcr1taVtKa (nlpl) /. we thank you) [efuaristt1me] &UXaptcrtou/. -0 yAuKoe./.lata (f) [domata] tomato [kutalili] [THask3la] [THaskalos] [tilefonik6s th31amos] 293 lQ m :l iii' ~ lQ i ~ III 0' < III . tp&te.t (n) 1tiVK 1tOVK(n) 1taipvro ta~Epva(f) ta~i (n) tmli (n) teaspoon teacher teacher telephone booth I table [trapezi] table tennis [ping pong] take [perno] taverna! Greek restaurant [taverna] [taksi] taxi tea [tsm] I i KOUtaAaKt (n) oacrKaAa(f) oucrKaAOe. -i.

ll. iii' :l b i CD :I\" ca 6' IIJ ~ III we wait waiter waitress wake up Wales walk walk. -i. see. (m) lCi'tPlVOC. AUXUVllCO (n) uno\jfll (f) Seu (f) ~oAeu (n) I I we weather week weekend welcome (you're) welcome! well (e. realize understand (language) unfortunately until until up upset up to usually vegetable view (opinion) view (sight) volley ball [oTHond6vurtsa] OOOVtO~OUptO"u (f) [oTHond6pasta] ooovtonuO"tu (f) [petseta] netO"etu (f) [p6li] nOAll (f) [treno] tpevo (n) [stathm6s trenon] O"tuS~o~tpevrov(m) [taksiTHiotik6 ghrafio] tW. (m) ypucpro O"uyypucpeu~ (mlf) uUArj (f) XPOVOC. well. -0] [mehri] [sinithos] [lahanik6] [apopsi] [thea] [v6lei] [vesel [perimeno] [servit6ros] [servit6ra] [ksipnao] [ualia] [perpatao/-6] [v6lta] [thelo] [vlepo] [ner6] ~etpo (n) / llAelCtplKo~ (m) ~Aenro lCUtUAU~uivro ouO"tuxroc.u. -0 uO"npo KpuO"i (n) Yluti nupuSupo (n) KpuO"i (n) xel~rovu~ (m) yUVUiKUI O"u~uyo~ (f) oouAeuro oouAelu (f) KOO"~OC. -0] [aspro krasi] [yati] [parathiro] [krasi] [chim6nas] [ghineka] / [sizighos] [THulevo] [THulia] [k6zmos] [ghrafo] [sighrafeas] [avli] [hr6nos] [kitrinos. ll. I I . O"ep~ltOpU ~unvuro OuuAiu (f) nepnuturol oro ~OA. car ride want watch water we (no Greek script) (n) nepl~evro O"ep~ltopoC.294 m ca :l ii b :I\" i ca 6' I ~ toothbrush toothpaste towel town/city train train station travel agency trip triple room trout truth twelve twenty two two hundred tzatziki (yoghurt garlic dip) underground understand. what?) what when (in questions) when (within a sentence) where white white wine why window wine winter woman/wife work work (noun) world write writer yard year yellow yellow peach yes Yes.101ffitlKOypacpeio (n) [taksfTHi] ta~iOl (n) [triklino] tpiKA1VO (n) [pestrofa] neO"tpocpu (f) [alithia] uArjSeta (f) [TH6THeka] orooeKu [!kosi] elKOO"l [THio] ODO [THiak6sia] OlUKOcrtU [tzatziki] t~Ut~iKl (n) [metr6 ]/[ilektrik6s] [vIepo] [katalaveno] [THistih6s] [mehri] [6spu] [pano] [taraghmenos.g.tU(f) SEAro ~AEnro vepo (n) I: . (m) Vat ~UA10"tU eO"eic. -i. ~EXPl roO"nou nuvro tUPUY~EVOC. eO"evu eO"u O"uC.g.. -i. O"ou OllCOO"oulO"U~ 295 m '8. sure! Of course! you (pllfml) you (pllfml) (to you) you (singlinfml) you (singlinfml) your (pllfml) your (singlinfml) yours [emfs] [ker6s] [evTHomaTHa] [savatokiriako] [parakal6] [kalos6rises/-sate] ! [kala] [lip6n] [ti] [p6te] [6tan] [pu] [aspros. -ll. -0 Y1UP~UC. O"uc.. -0 ~EXPl cruvrjSroc. I'm well) well (e. -0] [yiarmas] [ne] [malista] [esis] [sas] [esena] [esi] [sas] [su] [THik6 sulsas] q. stroll.i~ KU1PO~(m) e~oo"uiou (f) :EU~~UtOKUP1UKO (n) nupuKuAro KUAroO"opl-O"e~1 O"ute! KuM A011tOV t1 note OtUV nou uO"npo~.

that's true aAAa.otherwise UAAO<. / -T\ /-0 corresponding Avll6vT\oO) Anthony a~t08eato sight (n) tn ::T (Q _. another a~ecrO)<. wind (m) aVT\q>opa uphill (f) livt80<. Aa Aha (Oh. reason (f) aKo~a (T\) still. / -rj /-0 male ave~aivO) [ go up live~o<. I get it!) aya1tliO) [love AYYAia England (f) AYYAtKli English (language) ayyoupUKt small cucumber (n) ayopu market (f) aypo'ttKo<. hall (f) attia cause. / -rj /-0 light / open livot~T\ spring (f) avtexO) [ stand avti instead av'tt~tOttKO antibiotic (n) av'ttcrt1t'ttKO antiseptic (n) avticrtotXo<. but aUepytKo<./ -T\ /-0 other. wind (m) aepollpo~tO airport (n) A8rjva Athens (f) A8T\vaia the Athenian (f) A8T\vaio<. breeze (n) aepa<. / -T\ /-0 sick aepUKt wind (light). once at a~~oulltu sand (f) av if avaKat vtcr~evo<. yet aKouyo~at[sound aKoucr'ttKO receiver (n) aKouO)[listen. - tn o tn m ~ . dill (m) aVotKto<. [ hear aKpt~U expensively aKpt~o<. /-rj /-0 allergic aAAtro<. / -T\ /-0 renovated avavu<.uK'ttKo refreshment (n) avllptKo<. / -rj /-0 agricultural urxo<. pineapple (m) ava1tauo~at [ rest avu1taucrT\rest (f) AvucrtacrT\ Resurrection (f) aVatoAtKo<. / -rj /-0 expensive AAe~uvllpa Alexandra (f) aArj8eta truth (f) aArj8eta! really!. Athenian (m) ateoucra room. Additional vocabulary can be found in the Language notes and Grammar sections.This glossary includes all vocabulary found at the end of each dialogue. / -rj /-0 eastern ava". stress (n) alhu8eto<.

OUtllCOr. I desire €1ti1t€oo level (n) €1ttlCivouvor. I -rj 1-0 cool oucrtuXWr. suitcase (f) a1toq>acri~oo I decide A1tpiAtO<.) €yw I €OWhere €9VtlCOr.I &1Cf:jl13Pl1r. fact (n) Y€VVTlcrTl birth (f) r€pjlavioa German woman (f) y€ujla meal (n) Y€UcrTJ taste (f) ytapjlUr. I am sorry but . corridor (m) OtaVUlCt€p€UcrTJ (staying) overnight (f) Otuppota diarrhoea (f) OtacrlC€li<i~ooI entertain (reflexive) ot€u9uvcr11 address (f) OilCto right (n) OilCAtVOdouble room (n) oivoo I give 13A€1too see I 13oTl9uoo(00) I help 13oA€ujl1tOAvolleyball (n) 13op€toavatoAtlCor. I -rj<.too. street (m) opocr€pOr. indigo raAAia France (f) raHioa French woman (f) YUjlOr. 1-11 1-0 pessimist a1taicno<. I -rj I -i burgundy 13ucrcnvo morel yUAa milk (n) yaAU~to sky blue. I -rj 1-0 national €tOtlCU especially €tOtlCOr. I -rj 1-0 acquaintance. 1-11 1-0 confused a1to<Jl(€urj luggage. (kind of) peach (m) ytati because ytati why? ytatpor. doctor (m. I -rj 1-0 specialist (m. vacation OtUOpOjlOr. I -TI 1-0 wet 13pi<Jl(oo find I 13poxrj rain (f) 13ucrcrtvrjr. I moan I YlCPOUjl orter (m) p YAUlCO sweet (n). known ypa13uta tie (t) ypajljlatocrTljlo stamp (n) ypajljlrj line (f) ypaq>eto office (n) i IQ €ylC€q>aAtlCOr. ill (m) apxtt€lCtOva<. above €1t€tta afterwards. I -rj 1-0 western . f) ytOptu~oo I celebrate ytoptrj holiday (t). outside €~oot€ptlCO abroad (n) €1tUVooup.wedding (m) yuVtl glove (n) y€yovor. f) acravcr€p lift (n) acr9€vrj<. I A1tpiA11<. I-rj 10 northwestern OOOjlatto room (n) ooop€av free 299 C) ow po present (n) ~ ::lI IQ ! is'' J a1t0pP11jl€Vo<.298 C) iI IQ a1tatcnooo~O<. worker (m) ~ ::lI ! IQ Ii<icrlCaAor. number (m) aptcrt€pU left aplC€tU enough aplC€to<. unfortunately. dark 13aAitcra suitcase (f) 13apt€jlat I am bored 13uplCa boat (f) 13yu~ooI take off. I -rj 1-0 discount( ed) EAATlVtlCUGreek (language) €A1ti~ooI hope €jl1tOptlCOr. celebration ytoot yacht (n) YlCapu~ car park. he. then €1tt9ujlw I wish. she. employment (f) OOUA€Uoo work I OPOjlOAOYto timetable (n) OpOjlOr. I -a 1-0 northern 13optur. record (m) McrTl installment (f) OOUA€tU work. that is to say oTlATltTlpiacrTl poisoning (f) ota13atrjpto passport (n) OtalC01t€r. garage (n) YlCoq>p€ta waffle (chocolate) (f) Y1Cpi~or. I -rj 1-0 north- omAOr. jogging (n) 13a9rjr. pea (m) apt9jlo<. I -rj 1-0 simple a1tAU simply a1tofrom eastern ypa<poo I write yprjyopafast ypi1t1tTl influenza (f) yUjlVacrttlCrj exercise (f) (gymnastics) yuvailCa woman (f) yupor. I-TI 1-0 that man. woman. also €1ttcrtp€q>oo I return €1ttcrtpoq>rj return. discotheque (f) d oi<Jl(or.teacher (m) o€ixvoo I show &1C4t13pto<. weak ucr9jla asthma (n) ucr1tpO white acrtUVOjltlCO<. Irj 1-0 this. I -rj 1-0 double Ot<Jl(09rjlCTI isco. gyros (m) yupoo round yoovia comer (f) 13op€tooutllCOr. entrance (f) €lCet there €lC€ivor.policeman (m) utOjlo person (n) Auyoucrto<. it 13uoTlv walking. pull out 13t13Aiobook (n) 13totllCor. cake yAwcrcra language (t) yvwcrtOr.. December (In) < I O€Vtpo tree (n) O€~tU right L\wt€pa Monday (f) o€xojlat I accept OTlAaorj in other words. I-rj 1-0 standard (of living) 13op€tor. I -a 1-0 grey YlCptVtU~oo complain. I -rj 1-0 several apVulCt lamb (n) uppoocrto<. August (m) au~uvoo I increase aU~11crTJincrease (f) aupto tomorrow (n) autolCivTlto car (n) auto<. north winds 13oUtupo butter (n) 13p€ untranslated emphatic particle 13p€Yjl€vOr.! at last! €1tttOlCto interest (n) €1tOxrj season (f) €pyacriajob.April (m) upa then apad<. thing €lC1tArjcroo surprise I €lC1ttoottlCOr.I -rj 1-0 of the brain cerebral (adj. architect (m. employee. all right €votaq>€pov interest (n) €VOllCiacrTl rent (f) €vtU1toocrTlimpression (f) €vuopeto aquarium (n) €VW while €~€tacrTl examination (f) €~ooout. job. event. I -rj 1-0 commercial €VtU~€t OK. I-TI 1-0 dangerous €1ticrTlr. f) €tlCOVa picture (f) €ijlat I am etcrooor. I -tu I -u deep. round-trip (f) €1ttt€AOUr. work (f) €pYUtTlr. awful a1tAO<. I -€<..

and fam. inside Etatpta company (f) Etrjcrto~ / -a /-0 annual Etot~O~ /-11 /-0 ready Etm so. tutor (m) Ka60Aou not at all Ku60~at I sit/stay Kat and Kat ta QUo both KatvOupyto~ / -a /-0 new KatpO~ time / weather (m) KaA.UtEpO~/-11 /-0 better KaAm~ OptcratE! welcome! Ka~aptEpa maid (f) KavEAa cinnamon (f) KavEArj~ /rj /-t cinnamon KavEva~ / -ta / -a nobody (m. seat (f) 6uEAAa storm. good.) EcrEvayou EcrUyou (sing.OVta perfume (f) KOAu~~mI swim KOAU~1ttswimming (n) KOAroVUKtneighbourhood in central Athens KOVtUnear / close to KOVttVEVtaA continental K01trocrllexhaustion (f) KOPtt~oVll cortisone (f) KOcr~01tOAittKO~cosmopolitan KOcr~O~ people. f) KatcrtKUKt kid.t~ you (pI. like that EUKatpta chance (f) EUKoAaeasily EUKOAO~/-11 /-0 easy Eupm1tll Europe (f) EUxaptcrtm (I) thank you EUxrj wish (f) EuXO~at I wisM hope ECPll~Eptoanewspaper (f) EcptUA nightmare (m) tll~ EX6E~yesterday EXroI have ~UAll dizzy (f) ~a~1tov ham (n) ~axap01tAacrtEtO pastry shop (n) ~llAEuro I become / am jealous ~roypucpo~ painter (m. under KacpEbrown KacpEvEto coffee shop (n) KacpE~ coffee (m) KacpEtrj~ / -11 / -t coffee brown KEpa~to* /-rj /-t brick red KEpa~tOt tile (n) KEpUcrtcherry (n) KEptVO~ /-11 /-0 wax KEcpUAt ead (n) h KtA. f) Kttpto building (n) Kttcrtll~ builder (m) KtU1tmI hit KUAtO~EVO~/-11 /-0 rolling. resident (m. on rollers KU1taptcrcr* /rj / -t cypress green KU1taptcrcrtcypress (n) 301 Q i lC ~ if ':z lC 0' ! KupMr .. pol. throng (f) KOt(t)EpO cutter (n) KOUVOU1ttOt cauliflower (n) Koupacr~Evo~ /-11 /-0 tired KOUpttVa curtain (f) KOUcrtOU~tsuit (n) Kpaturo(m) I keep KPUtllcrll reservation (f) KpattKO~ /-rj /-0 state KpEa~ meat (n) KpE~a cream (f) KPE~~UOtonion (n) KpoUa~Ep01tAOtocruise ship (n) KpUOcold (n) Kpuro~a cold (n) KtllVtatpO~ vet (m. OK KaAa~1tOKt corn (n) KaAAUVttKU cosmetics (pI. hurricane (f) 6u~u~at I remember (f) tOtrottKO~ / -rj /-0 private Iavouupto~ / rEVuPll~ January (m) tOto~ / -a /-0 similar tOt~ especially IovtKo~ / -rj /-0 Ionian IOUAto~ / IOUAll~ July (m) Iouvto~ / Iouvll~ June (m) t1t1tacrta riding (f) tcrOyEto ground floor (n) tcrtto1tAola sailing (f) tcrttocpopo sailing boat (n) tcrtopta story.) Ecrmpouxo underwear (n) EcrrotEptKO~ / -rj /-0 inner. goat (n) KUtro down.li well. n) Kavo canoe (n) KUVroI do/make KaAOKatpt summer (n) Ka1tEtuvto~ captain (m) KapU~t ship (n) Kapa~oKuPll~ skipper (m) Kapa~EAa candy (f) KapacpuKt small bottle of ouzo (n) KapotaKo~ / -rj /-0 cardiac KapEKA01tOOapochair leg (n) KapKtVO~ cancer (m) Kapo cheque red KapOtO carrot (n) Kap1tO~t watermelon (n) Kupta card (f) Kapuoa coconut (f) KUcrtpO castle (n) KatatytOa (thunder) storm (f) KataAa~atvro I understand KatUAoyo~ menu (m). history (f) tcrxupo~ / -rj /-0 strong tcrro~maybe. Thermopiles 6EP~OtEPO~ /-11 /-0 warmer 0EcrcraAOVt ll Thessaloniki/ K Salonica (f) 6Ecrll class. f.Okilo (n) KtVllcrll traffic (f) KtOAa~ already KitptVO yellow KAacrtKo~ / -rj /-0 classic KAEtOtkey (n) KAEtcrtocpo~ta claustrophobia (f) KAt~att~O~EvO~ /-11 /-0 airconditioned KO~roI cut KOtAtU belly (f) KotA01tOVO~ stomach-ache (m) KOKKtvOred KOAOKU6tsquash (n) KOA.300 Q lC ! if ':z lC I -< EPXO~at I come Em. perhaps ltaAtKU Italian (language) ltaA.) KUA tcra sock (f) 6aAa~l1Yo~ yacht (f) 6uAacrcra sea (f) 6aAacrcrrj~ / -rj / -t sea blue (f) 6uvato~ death (m) 6au~ucrto~ / -a /-0 marvellous 6EUgoddess (f) 6Ea view (f) 6EAroI want/like KaA. quiet rjcruxo~ /-11 /-0 quiet 0EO~ God (m) 6Epa1tEta treatment (f) 6EpEtpO resort (n) 6Ep~oKpacrta temperature (f) 0EP~01tUAE~an archeological site. fine. list KUtotKO~ inhabitant. f) ~rorj life (f) rj or rjoll already rjAto~ sun (m) l1~tKpavta migraine (f) rjPE~O~ /-11 /-0 tranquil.6~ Italian (m) tmOE~violet Kttpto building (n) Ka611Yllt11~ teacher. crowd (m) KOcr~Ocruporjcrowd. catalogue.

if only. f) Mav'tpUKt the harbor for yachts. Lindos. = V€PO water (n) V€ql€AoJ0lle. / -a /-0 medium ~€'tu~acrll going (f) ~€'taKi vllcrll transport (f) ~€'ta~u between ~&'tpo metre (n) ~&XPt until ~rjAo apple (n) ~llxav1\ machine (f) ~ia / ~ta one. ier (m) p OK'toJ~ptoc. [ stay ~€ptKU some ~&pA. stab ~€ with (f) M€yuAll (E) ~oo~uoa Holy Week ~€YUAOC. yes O~€A&'ta omelette (f) vut't KAa~1t night club (n) O~oto'tTJ'ta resemblance (f) vu'to! here it is! (also va 'to!) o~oiro~a model (n). settlement (m) ~ro~ violet ~oJAOe. false Aai"Koe. / NO&~~Plle. sailor (m) o~opcpoe. image.302 Ii) i a:l KUptaKrj Sunday (f) KUpU:Mr Kupiroe.size (n) ~€S€OO1troA€iO tavern with a selection of appetizers (n) ~€S&e. parsley (m) MUi"oe./ -rj /-0 popular Aat~oe. snacks (m) ~€9aupto the day after tomorrow ~€toJvro [ reduce ~€At'tsuva aubergine. cloudy./ -ll /-0 everything vat! hello (on the phone). / MUlle. probably ~&y€90C. / -a /-0 local ~1tUVto swimming (n)/bath v'toue. a village 54 kIn ~a'toJvro [ bleed ~aupo black ~axatpoJvro [ knife. f) ooov'toyta'tpoe. sailing and fishing boats in Rhodes (n) ~ap~€Moa marmelade (f) ~apOuAt lettuce (n) Mup'ttoe. nausea (f) O~1tp&Aaumbrella (f) V&qlOe. May (m) ~aKUpt [wish. size (n) ~1taAKoVt balcony (n) v'toA~aMKta dolmadakia ~1tavuva banana (f) v'to~u'ta tomato (f) ~1tavt&pa bathtub (f) v'tomoe. March (m) ~ae. cloud. / OK'toJ~Plle. p. little At~&Vae./ -lle. well M~1tu lobby (n) Aovoivo London (n) AOUAouM'to flowery.textremely sweet ~&pOe. student (m) ~ai"v'tavoe. mainly Kro1tllAacria rowing (f) A&ro[say M90e. inside ~€craioe. buffet (m) ~tcpaO"Kiafencing (f) ~1tpocr'tu in front ~upucpt razor (n) ~1tupa beer (f) ~1tupapia pub (f) OOT1Y0C. Music Hall (n) south of Rhodes City Aoytcrn!e. our ~tMro(oJ) [ speak ~ivt-~1tap mini-bar (n) ~tvtOV minion ~€'tu ~€crll~~piae. / -€e. / -ll / -0 most yellow delicious ~1ta! wow! (surprise) VOU~€POnumber. f) ~oucr'tupoa mustard (f) vocr'tt~oe. cook (m) ~asi together. smog (n) vllcri island (n) No&~~ptoe. October (m) 6A. / Mup'tlle. with ~a9aivro [learn ~a9ll'trje. throat (m) M~1ta lamp (f) ~ ~ ~ ~uva'ts€p manager (m. nurse (m. would that. eggplant dip (f) ~&vro [live. eggplant (f) ~€At'tsavocraAu'ta aubergine. book keeper (m) Aomov then. / -ll /-0 delicious ~oucr'tapo1\e. shower (n) ~1tap bar. / -ll /-0 larger M&yapo MoucrtK1\e. a ~tKPO small ~tKpOe.m. figure vau'tlle. i a:l a:l ~ ~ ~ ~ I .) AtaKuoa sunshine (f) Ai~€p1tOUA Liverpool (n) Ai yo some. / -rj / -i cabbage green AaxaVtKO vegetable (n) MXavo cabbage (n) A&yo~at my name is A€~OVUOalemonade (f) A€~6vt lemon (n) A€1t'tOminute (n) A&crXllclub (f) A€UKrocria Nicosia (Cyprus) (f) A€CP'tU money (pi. floral AUKa~ll't'toe. single room (f) VOP~UAnormally one ~ovoxpro~o single colour vocroKo~a nurse (f) ~oumy vocroKo~€io hospital (n) ~oucraKue. = ~ I Aaxavrje.appetizer. / -TJ /-0 beautiful vau'tia sea-sickness. /-1\ /-0 small MtMvo Milan (n) post meridiem ~oAte. moussaka (m) vocroKo~oe. driver (m. dentist (m.U~t encil (n) p November ~ovo only vo~isro [ think ~OVOKAtVO bed. -ll /-0 large / ~€yaAu't€pOe./ -ll /-0 foreign ~1tooo't night club (with Greek ~&pco [know music) (f) ~€xvoJ [forget ~1tOUKuAtbottle (n) ~llPu ashore (f) ~1tOucp&e. a hill in the centre of Athens (m) ~uy€tpae. may ~aKptufar ~unov rather. mistake (n). / -rj / -i mustard vocr'tt~o'ta'toc. overcast 303 Ii) ~. pub (n) ~1tUp~1t€KtoUbarbecue (n) ~avu again ~1tUO"K€'t~1tOA basketball (n) ~aVa~A&1tro[ see again ~1t€PO€uro [mix up ~€KtVoJI start ~1tA&blue ~€voooX€io hotel (n) ~1tOPoJ[ can ~&VOe. lace (n) p ~&cra in. f) ~UO"'ttKO secret (n) OtKtcr~oe.~.Oteveryone [people] VOtKOKUpU housewife (f) vu! there! OAOe. ort (m) p Aivooe.just ~OA.

. the cinema (n) O1Co. = ante meridiem 1tveu~oviu pneumonia (f) 1tOOllAucriu cycling (f) 1toMcpatpo soccer (n) 1tOtKtAiu selection (f) 1tOto<.floor (m) ~ I OEE OPYUVtcr~o<.Oto radio (n) puvte~ou appointment (n) pecre".cpO<. square 1tAUteiU square (f) 1tAlleUVttKo<..ro (m) I ask crtllv into.6to<.6t watch.~~uto Saturday (n) EU~~UtOKUptUKO weekend (n) cruv as.to.6~ep sweater (n) 1tPUwutt indeed 1tpo. I -u I -0 who. slowly 1tuvllYupt (religious) fair (n) 1tUVtU always 1tUVtOU everywhere 1tuvro on the top I on lover 1tUpUOOcrtaKO<. Ee1ttE~~Pll<. I -Tj 10 traditional 1tUpUKUAm please I you're welcome = = 1tupuAiu beach (f) 1tUPU~ovTj stay (f) 1tUPU1tuvro more than IIUpU01CeuTj Friday (f) 1tUpucrtucrll performace criyoupo<.AU staircase (f) O1CUA01to. 1-11 1-0 first mTjcrll flight (f) mmcrll decrease (f) 1tro! 1tro! Wow! 1tm<.as. like cro. though ovo~u~O~Ut my name is 01tro<. your cretcr~o<... ore throat (m) s 1tovo<.VtOUlt<.tU chocolate (f) crOKOAUtTj<..) crou your crOU~Ao.ptO seminar (n) Ee1ttE~~ptO<. clock (n) Po~1tept Robert (m) proto. but. 1-11<.I -Tj I -i chocolate brown (f) crou to you I you (sing.~.cptro trip over I O1COUPO<. tt whatever ou~epi ouzeri (n) oui01Ct whisky (n) oupuvTj<. definitely opicrte! Here you are! Here you go! opocpo<. I plan O1CEtOstraight O1Ctskiing (n) O1COVto. sandwich (n) cru<.tovicrtu<. pain (m) 1tOptOKUA* I-Tj I-i orange 1tOptoKUAt orange (n) 1tocro. passer-by (m) 1teptoOtKU periodically 1teptoOtKO magazine (n) 1tepi1tou about.! of course! 1tm<. I-Tj 1-0 serious crOKOAo.awful weather (m) 1tUA coat (n) to IIuvueTjvUtU a name of a park in Athens 1tUpUXPOvou the year after next 1tUpEU company (f) IIupiO"t Paris (n) 1tUpKOpark (n) 1tUPO~Oto<. approximately 1tepimepo kiosk. 1tAUteiU sq. very 1tOAuKUtuO"tll~u department store (n) po. September (m) 305 G) i ~ ~ ~ (Q 1tovuro I hurt 1tOVOKEcpUAO<. how much? 1tOtE never 1tote. receptionist (m) petcrivu retsina (Greek wine) (f) ptYE striped POMKtVO peach (n) poA.tov reception desk (f) pecre". where? 1tOUU spotted. neither .aou<. when? 1tOU that 1tOU. towards 1tpocr1tUem I try 1tPOcrCPEPro offer I 1tpocrcpo po.ttstep (n) O1Co.. dotted 1tOUeevu nowhere. /throw 1tEcptro I fall 1tllyui vro I go 1ttU already muvicrtu<. 1-11 1-0 sure O"tEAsky blue O"tve~o. tatistical table (m) s mo more mcrteuro I believe 1ticrtll credit (f) mcrtrottKo<. counter (m) 1tuyroVtU frost (f) 1tuyroto ice-cream (n) 1tueuivro I suffer 1tutoi child (n) 1tuipvro I take 1tUAt again 1tUAtOKUtpO<. headache (m) 1tOVOAUt~O<. -u 1-0 dark I cro~upo<. = 1tpO ~ecrll~piu<. pilot (m.. offe r (f) 1tpocrro1tO face (n) 1tpOXeE<. oute . anywhere 1tOUKU~tcrO shirt (n) 1touA. oro~utiou room service (n) crTj~epu today O"t yo.complete 1tAllpocpopiu information (f) 1tAoio ship (n) 1t.I -e<.. earthquake (m) crEAtvo celery (n) cre~tvo. waiter (m. EtOllPoopo~rov EAA. a. I -u 1-0 similar 1tutUtU potato (f) 1tUttVU~ ice-skating (n) 1turo I go IIE~1ttll Thursday (f) 1tevTjvtu 50 1teVtKtAAivll penicillin (f) 1tEvtefive 1te1tovt melon (n) 1tepucrttKo<.304 G) i ~ ~ ~ (Q o~ro<. the day before yesterday 1tprotvO brealifast (n) 1tpmto<. I hold 1tiKAU pickle (f) 1ttA. f) 1tiVUKU<. I -Tj 1-0 credit 1ticrro U1tO behind 1tttU I 1tittu pitta bread IIA. pianist (m) muvro I catch. nor oucp! Phew! OcpeiAro I owe OXt no 1tUYUKtice cube (n) 1tUYKO<.O"tvo green 1tptV before 1tpoypu~~u schedule (n) 1tpo1tepO"t the year before last 1tpo<. Greek Railway Organization (Greek Interail) ocro as much as 0. f) crEP~t<.m. plural (m) 1tATjPll<.Kt souvlaki (n) . I -Tj I -i sky blue oupuvo<. news stand (n) 1tepvm I spend 1tep1tuturo (m) I walk 1tEpcrt last year 1teturo (m) I fly. motor boat (n) O1CE1ttO~Ut I think. how?/what? I crep~ttopo<. to the Eo. like 01trocroTj1t0t/. which 1tOtotlltU quality (f) 1tOAll town (f) 1tOAUmuch. sky (m) oute .

its (n) cruVTJei~Ol I get used to 'tOUUAE'tU toilet (f) cruvrjeOl~ usually 'tOUAUXlO"'tO(V) at least cruVVE<pO cloud (n) 'tOup'tOUpi~Ol I am shaking cruv'tuyrj prescription (f) cruV'tU~lOUXO~ retired person (m. I run crOU't~OUKUKlU spicy meat-balls in out tomato sauce 'tEAlKU at the end. tempest (f) 'tUPUYIlEVO~ I -TJ 1-0 rough Tpi1tOATJ Tripolis (Greek town) (f) 'tUpUIlOcrUAU'tU egg-fish salad. Antonia (f. afterwards uIjITJM~ I -rj 1-0 high <puivOIlUl I look <pUKEAO~ envelope (m) <pUVUPl traffic lights (n) <puv'tucr'tl KO! fantastic! <pupM~ Ita I -u wide <pUPIlUKEio chemist's (n) <pUPIlUKO medicine (n) <pUPIlUK01tOlO~ chemist (m. area (m) U1tUAATJAO~ U1toooxrj~ receptionist (m. cucumber. of such cr'tU<pUAl grape (n) a kind cr'tUX'tTl ash (f) 'tE'tpUKAWO four beds (n) cr'tUX't* I-rj Ii ash grey 't~U't~iKl yoghurt. troubled 'tTJAE<pOlVTJ'trj~ telephone operator cr'tTJ~ at (the) (m) cr'tO at (the) 'tTJAE<pOlVO telephone (n) cr'tOlXEiu data 'tTJV her cr'tUM~ pen (m) cruyyvoJllTJ excuse me 'tTJ~ her 'tl what. so much. f) 'tllrjllu section (n) O"UvuUUYIlU exchange (n) 'to the (n) cruvUp1tUcr'tlKO~ I -rj 1-0 unique. f) cI>E~POUUPlO~ I cI>AE~UPTJ~ February (n) <pEuyOl I leave <PTJlllcrIlEVO~ I -TJ 1-0 famous <peW01tOlpO fall. autumn (n) <plAlKO'tEPO~ I-TJ 1-0 friendlier <popUOl( oJ) I wear . after. regards xuipOIlUl I am glad XUAU~l hail (n) XUp'tO<pUAUKU~ briefcase (m) XUAucrIlEVO~ I -TJ 1-0 out of order XUIl1tOUpyKEp hamburger (n) XUV'tIl1tOA handball (n) XUVOl I miss xum pill (n) XUP'tTJ~ map (m) XEllloJVU~ winter (m) XeE~ yesterday XlOVl snow (n) XAOlIlO~ I -rj 1-0 pale XIl! hm! XOpEUOl I dance xop'tu greens XOUPIlU~ date (m) XPElU~OIlUl I need XPUcrU<plKU jewellery XPTJO"lIl01tOloJ I use Xpovo~ year (m) XPoJllU colour (n) X'tE~ yesterday XUIlO~ juice (m) XoJpu country (f) XoJpo~ site (m). naturally. I end. don't mention it! O"UVUOEA<pO~colleague (m. clerk.taramosalata (f) crOUttU suite (f) 'tEAEloJVOl I complete. so many collaboration (f) 'to'tE then crUVEXElU continually 'tOu his (m). finally cr1tUVlU rarely. and cr'tf:yVoJVOl I dry up garlic dip (n) cr'tEVUXOlPlEIlUl I worry 't~ouv'to judo (n) cr'tEVUXOlPllllEVO~ I -TJ 1-0 'tTJ(v) the worried. physically <pOlVa~Ol I call <pOl'tOypU<plKrj IlTJxuvrj camera (f) XUiPE'tE hello (formal) XUlpE'ticrIlU'tU greetings. cruvEpyucriu co-operation. seldom 'tEAO~ end (n) cr1tUOl I break cr1tttl house (n) 'tEcrcrEPl~ four TE'tUp'tTJ VVednesday (f) cr'tU'tlcr'tlKO~ I -rj 1-0 statistical 'tE'tOlO~ I -u 1-0 such (a). so big. soon 'tPU1tE~lKO~ I-rj 1-0 banking crucr'tTJIlU system (n) 'tPEIlOl I shiver O"UXvu often. TpttTJ Tuesday (f) 'tPOIlEpO! awesome! I awful! 'tPOIlEPO~ I -rj 1-0 awful. f) <POPEIlU dress (n) <POUUYlE foyer (n) <poucr'tu skirt (f) cI>IIA VAT <ppUOUAU strawberry (f) <ppou'tO fruit (n) <ppuyuvlu rusk (f) <p'tTJVO~ I -rj 10 cheap <pUAucrcroIlEvo~ I -TJ 1-0 guarded <pUO"lKUof course. TOVlU Tonia. how O"UIl~OUArj advice (f) 'tlll rj price (f) O"UIl1tATJPoJVOlfill out 'ti1to'tu not at all. employee (m. terrible 'tPO<plKO~ I-rj 10 food 'tpOXUOTJV running (n) 'tpOXo~ wheel (m) 'tpoJOl I eat 'tcrUl tea (n) 'tcruv'tU bag (f) 'tcriKAu chewing gum (f) 'tupi cheese (n) 'toJpu now U1tUAATJAO~ officer. frequently 'tpEXOl I run cr<patpo~oAiu shot put (f) 'tPtaV'tU<pUAArj~ I -rj I -i pink crXEOlu~Ol I plan 'tplUV'tU<pUAAO rose (n) crXEOOV almost 'tPlrjIlEPO long weekend crXEoov 1tO'tE hardly ever 'tpiKAWO three beds (n) 'tU~EPVU taverna (f) 'tplKUlliu storm. f) U1tUPXEl there is uydu health (f) uypucriu humidity (f) U1tEPUcr'tlKO~ I -rj 1-0 long distance U1tEPK01tOlcrTJ over-exhaustion (f) U1tEPOXO~ I-TJ 1-0 excellent U1t0YElO cellar (n) U1tOAOl1tO~ I -TJ 1-0 rest ucr'tEpU later on. name) exciting 'tomKo~ I -rj 1-0 local crUVEOplO conference (n) 'tocro~ I -TJ 1-0 so. space. f) 'tOu~ their 'tPU1tE~U bank (f) cruV't0IlU shortly.

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He has taught Greek for the last 18 years. in New York. Athens and Berlin. Aristarhos Matsukas studied TEFL and Applied Linguistics in the US. Robert Harding Picture Library • Postcards for sale.co. covering all subjects be where you want to be with teach yourself ISBN 0-340-86678-0 teach yourself e 9 780340 I I 866788 01399 . Why not try • Greek Conversation • Beginner's Greek Script • or visit www. You will have lots of opportunity to practise the kind of language you will need to be able to communicate with confidence and understand Greek culture. speaking and writing. Greece the leader in self-learning with more than 500 titles.teach yourself greek aristarhos matsukas • Do you want to cover the basics then progress fast? • Do you want to communicate in a range of situations? • Do you want to reach a high standard? Greek starts with the basics but moves at a lively pace to give you a good level of understanding.teachyourself.uk? Cover • Gavin Hellier.

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