# Dew Point calculations with an example

The dew point of the temperature at which a liquid begins to condense from a vapor. The calculation is very simple for a pure component it is the boiling point of the pure component. A simple equation like Antoine’s equation can be used to calculate this. For multicomponent mixtures, the vapor-phase composition Yi is given. If along with the vapor composition, the temperature is given, then we must increase the pressure till the first drop of liquid is formed. This is called Dew point pressure calculation. If the pressure is given, then we must decrease the temperature till the formation of liquid. This is called Dew point temperature calculation. In both the cases the temperature or Pressure is adjusted till the liquid composition of the liquid is equal to 1. ∑Xi = 1.0 We shall calculate Dew point temperature calculations here. For an ideal mixture that follows Raoult’s law this becomes ∑ Antoine’s equation can be used to calculate the vapor pressure of each component. ( ) Where, P is the vapor pressure A, B and C are component specific constants T is the temperature

Let us calculate the Dew point temperature of a mixture of Benzene (0.3), Toluene (0.4) and m-Xylene (0.3) at a pressure of 1 bar.
The Antoine’s coefficient are given in the table below A 9.2806 9.3935 9.5188 B 2788.51 3096.52 3366.99 C -52.36 -53.67 -58.04

Benzene Toluene m-Xylene

239932 Now take Benzene as or “key” component and get a new estimate of the temperature.3 123.25006 0.528 SUM 382.139364 0.4 153.239989 0.33 (K) PVap 2.129602 0. We use the following equation: yi 0.315 411.Note: It is very important to pay attention to the UNITS of the temperature and Pressure as the parameters have been obtained by regression and the units are very important.3 ∑ Using the inverted Antoine’s equation we can now get a “new” estimate of the temperature as Tnew = 391.8266 383.558087 P yi/PVap 0.090628 xi=yiP/PVap 0.703268 0.537551 0.76 Benzene Toluene m-Xylene Mole fraction averaged the first estimate is yi yiT Benzene 0. To get a first estimate we can get the boiling point of each component by inverting the Antoine’s equation: ( ) BP (K) 352.982652 0.326 m-Xylene 0.139364 0.314785 0.702 Calculate the vapor pressures at this temperature and sum the Liquid mole fractions: PVap yi/PVap xi=yiP/PVap Benzene 2.848 Toluene 0.537551 1.703268 P 0.239989 0.129602 Toluene 0.806496 1.407062 0.407062 m-Xylene 0.870176 1.3 105.4 0. Our coefficients are with temperature in K and pressure in Bars.3 0.916903 Benzene Toluene m-Xylene .42658 0.

984707 xi=yiP/Pvap 0.42 (K) yi 0.587654 0.151995 0.2 (K) we have reached our solution: For grins we can calculate the sum of liquid mole fractions.587654 0.002748 xi=yiP/Pvap 0.587654 1.312 (K) Since the temperature does not change by more than 0.259935 0.14967 0.14967 0.14967 0.259935 0.3 0.264457 0.New vapor pressure of “key” (Benzene) component is recalculated Using the inverted Antoine’s equation we can now get a “new” estimate of the temperature as Tnew = 387.997259 Benzene Toluene m-Xylene .3 Pvap 2.259935 0.599079 0. yi 0.3 0.264457 0.631674 1.154134 0.015531 Benzene Toluene m-Xylene We are getting close: New vapor pressure of “key” (Benzene) component is recalculated Using the inverted Antoine’s equation we can now get a “new” estimate of the temperature as Tnew = 388.3 0.8 (K) yi 0.151995 0.3 Pvap 2.154134 0.510504 P yi/Pvap 0.599079 1.3 Pvap 2.500769 P yi/Pvap 0.4 0.4 0.587654 1.672546 1.997259 Benzene Toluene m-Xylene New vapor pressure of “key” (Benzene) component is recalculated Using the inverted Antoine’s equation we can now get a “new” estimate of the temperature as Tnew = 388.002748 xi=yiP/Pvap 0.14967 0.4 0.510504 P yi/Pvap 0.672546 1.259935 0.134399 0.

3).4) and m-Xylene (0.3) at 1 Bar is 388. Toluene (0.Thus our Dew Point Temperature for a mixture of Benzene (0. .12K.