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a1 = 2an

+ 1

= 2an + 3n

(1)
(2) P( Ai | B) =

P( Ai B )

P( B)

(3) (1) (2) P ( B )

(4) (1) (2) P( Ai B)
(5) (3) (4) (2)

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99
(1) a 1 = 3 a n

+ 1

= a n + 2 n + 1 n 1 a n+1 a n

(2) a 1 = 2 a n + 1 = 3 a n n 1 a n + 1 a n
(3) a 1 = 2 a n

+ 1

= 2 a n + 3 n 1 a n+1 a n

83102

() 9 9
(1)
(2)
(3)
() 8 3 1 0 2
() 

() 

() 

() 8 3 1 0 2
http://120.105.39.250/jylin/jylin.htm
83102http://webhd.must.edu.tw/

jylin@must.edu.tw

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991
2
8310213

17

9917
20
8310250

57

9957
59
8310277

83

9983
84
8310297

103

99103
105
83102135

6
99139
140
83102157

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139

7
99161
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83102170

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161

Chapter 1

Chapter

1
99

1.

1.1
1.2

1.3
2.

2.1
2.2

99
1.

1.1

1.2

(1)

(2)

(3)

1
2 1

= 2 + 1 a 2 =| a | ab

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a+b
.
2


(4)

1.3

(1)

3
2
2
2
2
2
(a + b) (a + b)( a ab + b ) (a b)( a + ab + b ) (a + b + c)

2
(1 x)(1 + x + x )

(2)

(x + y - 1)(x - y + 2)

(3)

x 3 + y 3 + z 3 3xyz = ( x + y + z )( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 xy yz zx) .

(4)

1
( a + b)
2

2ab

a+b

1
a 2 b 2
+
c
c

|c|
a2 + b2

5 + 2 6 = 3 + 2 x 2 + x 2 + 2 = x + x 1 .
2.

2.1 a, b a, b 2
3 x.
2.2
(1)

| a + b | | a | + | b |.

(2)

| x - 3 | < 2 | x - 1 | < 1 1 < x < 2.

(3)

| x - 1 | < | 2x - 3 |

1.
(1)

N = N = 1, 2, 3,

Z = Z = , -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3,

(3) Q =
(2)

(4)

R =

2 .
(5) C = i =
C R Q Z N .


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Chapter 1
2.
a
bc R

(1)

a + ba - bab a / bb 0

(2)

a + b = b + aab = ba

(3)

(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)(ab)c = a(bc)

(4)

a(b + c) = ab + ac

(5)

a + c = b + c a = b. ac = bcc 0
a = b.

A = a, b, c a, b, c ba = a

cb = b

A = a, b, c, d

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a, b, c, d R

(1)

a > b ac2 > bc2

a
b
> 2 c 0
a > b
2
c
c
(3) a > b c > d ac > bd
(2)

(4)

a > b ab 0

1 1
< .
a b

3.

9
9
abc
(2) 0.abc =

9
999
(1)

0.a =

(3)

0.abc de =

abcde abc

90
99000

0.2 =

0.1234 =

0.12345 =

4. abcd a + b 2 = c + d 2 a = cb = d
=
=

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Chapter 1
xy x, y (2 + 3 3 ) x + (3 + 2 3 ) y = 3 + 7 3 .

xy xy (2 2 + 3 5 ) x + ( 2 2 5 ) y 4 2 + 5 = 0 .

5. ab a, b

(1)

5 2 151 12

(2)

(3)

a 2 b 2 > 0 | a | > | b | a 2 b 2 < 0 | a | < | b |.

(4)

a2
a2
>
1
a
b
2
| | > | | 2 < 1 | a | < | b |.
b
b

a = 5 + 2 2 b = 9 3

10 a = 2 + 7 b = 11 + 101

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a+b
ab a = b
6. ab
2

(1)

2a + 3b = 10
ab

(2)
 2a2
(3)
 ab

+ 3b2 = 10
ab

= 3
3a + 4b

(4)
 a b

= 12
3a + b2

11 a, b 2a + 3b = 10 ab a, b

12 a, b 2a2 + 3b2 = 10 ab a, b

2a2 3b2

13 a, b ab = 3 3a + 4b a, b

14 a, b a b 2 = 12 3a + b 2 a, b



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Chapter 1
7. A a, B b
b > a
C
x
AC : BC = 3 : 2 C
(1)

C AB A - C - B AC : CB = 3 : 2 ( x a ) : (b x) = 3 : 2

(2)

C AB AC : BC = 3 : 2 AC > BC
A - B - C
AC : BC = 3 : 2 ( x a ) : ( x b) = 3 : 2 .

C x

C
3

3
(b) CAB

(a) CAB

15 A, B 2 12 C AC : BC = 3 : 2 C

8.
(1)

(a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2

(2)

(a b) 2 = a 2 2ab + b 2

(3)

(a + b) 3 = a 3 + 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 + b 3

(4)

(a b) 3 = a 3 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 b 3

(5)

(a + b + c) 2 = a 2 + b 2 + c 2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca

(6)

a 2 b 2 = (a + b)( a b)

(7)

a 3 + b 3 = (a + b)( a 2 ab + b 2 )

(8)

a 3 b 3 = (a b)( a 2 + ab + b 2 )

(9)

x n a n = ( x a )( x n 1 + x n 2 a + + a n 1 ) n = 2, 3, 4, ....

16 x =

3
2
2
3
2 1 y = 2 + 1 x + 3 x y + 3 xy + y =

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17 99 x 2 + x 2 + 2

9. a, b a > b > 0
(1)

(a + b) + 2 ab = ( a ) 2 + 2 a b + ( b ) 2 = ( a + b ) 2 = a + b

(2)

(a + b) 2 ab = ( a ) 2 2 a b + ( b ) 2 = ( a b ) 2 = a b

2 2 p 2 q
( a b ) 2 p 2 q = ( a b ) 2
a, b
p + 2 q = ( a + b ) 2 = (a + b) + 2 ab a + b = p , ab = q ab.

2 2 5 + 2 6 2
18

2 4 7 + 40 40 = 410
4 19(1)

2 2 12 4 5 4 = 22
2 19(2)

2 4 2 3 5 5
2 2 19(3)

18 99

5+2 6 .

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Chapter 1
19 (1)

7 + 40 (2)

12 4 5 (3)

3 5 .

20 5 3 =

a b a, b

10. a
(1)

a, a 0.
a 2 =| a |=
a, a < 0.

(2)

x = a x = a

(3)

x + y 2 = 0 x = 0y = 0

(4)

| x + 3 | +2 | x 2 |= 5
x + 3 = 0 x = 3

24
x 2 = 0 x = 2
-

2
0

2 x 2, -3 x < 2, x < -3

21 99

1
a
c

( ) ( )
2

+ b
c

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22 | 2a + 3b - 11 | + (a + 2b - 7)2 = 0 ab

23 abc Z 5 | a + 2 | + 8 | b - 3 | + | c + 2 | = 3 abc

24 | x + 3 | + 2 | x - 2 | = 5

11. ab a < b ab
(1)

a x b x [ab]

(2)

a < x < b x (ab)

(3)

a x < b a < x b x
[ab)( (ab])

(4)

x a x > a x b x < b x
[a+ ) (a+ )(- b] (- b)

(a) a x b

b
x
(a) a < x < b

a
x
(a) x a

3
10

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Chapter 1
12.
ab
(1)

|a|0

(2)

| a | + | b | | a + b | ab

(3)

| a - b | | | a | - | b | | ab
| | a | - | b | | | a + b | | a - b | | a | + | b |

(4)
(5)

a 0 | x x| = a x = ax = a

(6)

a 0 | xx| a x ax a

(7)

a 0 | x x| a a x a

(8)

x +bb| a a x + b a a b x a b
a 0 | x +

(9)

x +bb| a (x + b ) a(x + b ) a x a bx a b
a 0 | x +

(10)

x x+ b | a | x + b | c
a, c 0 a | x + b x| ca xaa|

25
(1)

(2)

|a+b|=|a|+|b|.

(3)

|a-b|=|a|-|b|.

(4)

aa

(5)

(6)

(7)

| a - b | > | a | - | b |.

1
1.
a

a c
a a+c c
< b > 0, d > 0 <
< .
b d
b b+d d

26 99 | x - 3 | < 2 | x - 1 | < 1

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11

27 99 | x - 1 | < | 2x - 3 |

3
3
1 x < x < 1
2
2

28 2 x + 5 4 x

29 | x + 2 | + | x - 4 | > 6 x

30 -2 a + b 43 a - b 6 3a - b

31 | x + 1 | + | x - 2 | + | x + 3 | x

12

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Chapter 1
32 b x ad y c (1) x + y(2) 2x + 3y(3) 3x - 2y

33 (1) 2 x 61 y 5

(a) xy = (b) x2y = (c) xy2 =

(2)

-2 x 3-4 y 1
(a) xy = (b) x2y = (c) xy2 =

(3)

-4 x -2-3 y -1
(a) xy = (b) x2y = (c) xy2 =

83 102
1. 83 a = 7 + 47 a
(A) 0 1
(B) 1 2
(C) 2 3
(D) 3 4

(E) 4 5

2. 88
1
3

(A) 0.343

(C) 0.34 > 0.343

3. 91 10 170

(A) 3

(B) 5

(D) 9

(E) 11

(C) 7

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13

4. 95 18 1182936 36
36 18 pqp q
p

n F (n) = q F (18) = =
6 2
F(n)
(A) F(4) = 1

(B) F (24) =

(D) n F (n) =

1
n

3
8

(C) F (27) =

1
3

(E) n F(n) = 1
5. 97 ERA
n E ERA

E
9
n

90 90 ERA 3.2
6 ERA
(A) 2.9

(B) 3.0

(D) 3.2

(E) 3.3

(C) 3.1

6. 97 3050
45

(A) 90

(B) 120

(D) 150

(E) 180

(C) 135

7. 97 a, b b2 = 9a a + 2b > 280 a

8. 98
(A) 3.1416
(D)

(B) 3

(C) log10 5 + log10 2

sin15 cos15
+
cos15 sin15

(E) x3 - 2x2 + x - 1 = 0

9. 101
(A) 1.01
(D) 1.15

14

1 1
+ + 1
52 4 2
(B) 1.05

(C) 1.1

(E) 1.21

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Chapter 1
10. 102 k

1.D
7.225

k =

2.BCDE

3.B

4.ACDE

8.ACD

9.B

10.16

5.B

6.D

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15

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Chapter

1
x = 1, y = 2

(1) (a) ab = ba = a(b) a

c = ca = c(c)bc = c
b = b

5 + 2 2 5 + 2 1.4 = 7.8

(2) a(bc) = ab = a(a

b)c = ac = c
a(bc) (ab)
c

9 3 = 9 1.7 = 7.3
5 + 2 2 > 9 3 a > b
10 a 2 = (2 + 7 ) 2 = 11 + 4 7 = 11 + 112

b 2 = ( 11 + 101 ) 2 = 11 + 101

a = 2 + 7 > b = 11 + 101

2a + 3b
10
(2a)(3b) = 6ab
6ab 25 6ab
2
2

2a + 3b
10
25
(2a)(3b) = 6ab 6ab 25 6ab ab

2
2
6
(1) c = 0
25
=
(2)
6
(3) a > b > 0 0 > c > d
(2) 2a = 3b

(4) a > 0 > b

4

0.2 =

2
9
1234
9999

0.1234 =

0.12345 =

11 (1)

a =

3b

5
5
2a + 3b = 10 b = , a =
3
2

2a 2 + 3b 2
10
(2a 2) (3b 2 ) = 6a 2 b 2
6 | ab |
2
2
2a 2 + 3b 2
10
(2a 2) (3b 2 ) = 6a 2 b 2
6 | ab |
2
2
12 (1)

12345 12 12333
=
99900
99900

| ab |

5
6

5 6
5 6
5 6

ab
6
6
6

5
5 6
5 6
5 6
7 3
(2 + 3 3 ) x + (3 + 2 3 ) y = 3 + 73| ab
|(2 x + 3=y ) + (3
x +2 y ) 3=ab
3+
6
6
6
6
+ 2 3 ) y = 3 + 7 3 (2 x + 3 y ) + (3 x + 2 y ) 3 = 3 + 7 3
(2) 2a2 = 3b2
7

3b 2
2
a = 2 2a2 + 3b2 = 10

2x + 3y = 3 3x + 2y = 7
x = 3, y = -1
8

b 2 =

(2 2 + 3 5 ) x + ( 2 2 5 ) y 4 2 + 5 = 0

+ ( 2 2 5) y 4 2 + 5 = 0
(2 x + y 4) 2 + (3 x 2 y + 1) 5 = 0

(2x + y - 4) = 0 (3x - 2y + 1) = 0


(i) a =

a=

15
10
5
b=
,a =
3
3
2
10
15
10
15
,b =
,b =
a=
2
3
2
3

10
15
5 6
, b =
ab =
2
3
6

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Chapter 1
(ii) a =

10
15
10
15
,b =
,b =
a =
2
3
2
3

7 + 40 = 5 + 2

(2) 12 4 5 = 12 2 20 a + b = 12 , ab = 20
10
15
5 6
a = ,b =
ab = 12 4 5 = 612 2 20 a + b = 12 , ab = 20 a = 10b = 2
2
3

12 4 5 = 10 2

3a + 4b
( 3a)(4b) = 12 ab = 6 3a + 4b 12
2
( 3a)(4b) = 12 ab = 6 3a + 4b 12
6 2 5
3a = 4b
3 5 =

=
2
3 2
4b
a =
ab = 3 b = , a = 2
3
2
a = 2 = 12
13

(3)

62 5
2

20

3a + b 2 3c + b 2
=
3cb 2 = 36 = 6
2
2
-3a + b2 12

a + b = 6 , ab

5 1

5 1
2

10 2
2

=
(1) C A(2)B(12)
2
a
b

5 3 = a b ( 5 3 ) =a b

21

1
a 2 b 2
+
c
c

1
2

a +b
c2

1
2

a +b

c2

|c|

a +b
a +b
a2 + b2
A
c2
c2
AC : CB = 3 : 2 (C 2) : (12 C ) = 3 : 2 3(12
C )22
= 2
(C 2)
2
+
C cB

2

c

0 0

= 3 : 2 (C 2) : (12 C ) = 3 : 2 3(12 C ) = 2(C 2)

2a + 3b - 11 = 0 a + 2b - 7 = 0

C = 8

a = 1, b = 3

(2) C A(2)B(12) AC : BC = 3 : 2

AC : BC = 3 : 2 AC > BC
A
B
C

23 0

3
AC : BC = 3 : 2 (C 2) : (C 12) = 3 : 2 3(C 12) = 2(C 2)
5|a + 2| = 08|b - 3| = 0 |c + 2| = 3
= 3 : 2 (C 2) : (C 12) = 3 : 2 3(C 12) = 2(C 2)
a = -2b = 3c + 2 = 3 c = 1
C = 32
- 5 a = -2b = 3c = 1 - 5
16 x 3 + 3 x 2 y + 3 xy 2 + y 3 = ( x + y ) 3 = [( 2 1) + ( 2 + 1)] 3 = [2 2 ]3 = 16 2
24

+ y 3 = ( x + y ) 3 = [( 2 1) + ( 2 + 1)]3 = [2 2 ]3 = 16 2

17

x +x

18

5 + 2 6 a + b = 5 , ab = 6

1 2

+ 2 = (x + x ) = x + x

(a) x + 3 = 0 x = -3

(b) x - 2 = 0 x = 2

a = 3b = 2

5+2 6 = 3 + 2

+
19 (1)

10
2

a = 8, b = 60

3a = b 2 = 6 a = 2, b = 6 = 12

8 2 15 = a b 8 60 = a b

3a = b 2 = 6 a = 2, b = 6

a = 5b = 1 3 5 =

14 ab2 = - 12 a < 0

15 C

62 5

a + b = 6 , ab = 5

3 5 =

c = - a cb2 = 12

6 2 5

=
2
2

3 5 =

7 + 40 = 7 + 2 10 a + b = 7 , ab = 10

0 = 7 + 2 10 a + b = 7 , ab = 10 a = 5b = 2

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|c|
a2 + b2

(1) x 2 (x + 3) + 2(x

(1) 2 | x + 5 | (x + 5) 2 (x + 5)

2) = 5

x = 2 x

(2) | x + 5 | 4

2
(2) -3 x < 2 (x + 3) + 2(x - 2)

4 (x + 5) 4

x -1

= 5

(1) (2) -9 x -7 -3 x

x = 2

-1

- 3 x < 2
(3) x < -3

(x + 3) - 2(x - 2) = 5

29 x 4-2 x < 4x <

-

4
x =
3
x < - 3

(1) x 4

(x + 2) + (x - 4) > 6 2x > 8
x > 4 x 4

(1) (2) (3)

x = 2

(2)

(3) x <

| a | - | b |(4)a 0(7)| a - b | | a | -

(2) |x - 1| < 1

1<x-1<1

4) > 6 6 > 6

2
-

(x + 2)

(x

2 x <

4) > 6 x <
2

2x>4

30 (1) 3a - b a + b a - b

3a - b = (a + b) + 2(a - b)

0<x<2

(2) -2 a + b 4

(1) (2)

(3) 3 a - b 6 6 2(a - b) 12

1<x<2

(4) (2) + (3) 4 3a - b 16

3
3
1 x < x < 1
2
2

a b
31 (1) 0 x x =

3
(1) x x - 1 < 2x - 3 2 <
2
x x

(x

x x <

2<x-3<2

1<x<5

| b |
26 (1) |x - 3| < 2

(2)| a + b | | a | + | b |(3)| a - b |

27 x

2 x < 4

(x + 2)

25 (1)(5)(6)

4
3
x 1 < (2 x 3) x <
3
2
3
4
x 1 < (2 x 3) x < 1 x <
3
2
1 x < 4
3
(3) x < 1

(x - 1) < - (2x - 3)

x < 2 x < 1
x < 1
x 2 < x 1 x < 4 x <
3
4
1 x > 2 x <
3
28 2 | x + 5 | 4 2 | x + 5 | | x + 5 |

12-3

(2)

(2) 1 x <



2 x - 3 x -7

2
-

(3)

(a) x 2 = (x + 1) + (x - 2) + (x
+ 3) = 3x + 2
x 2 3x + 2 32 + 2 = 8
(b) 2 > x -1 = (x + 1) - (x 2) + (x + 3) = x + 6
2 > x -1 8 > x + 6 5
(c) -1 > x -3 = - (x + 1) - (x
-

2) + (x + 3) = - x + 4

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Chapter 1
-1 > x - 3 5 < - x + 4 7

xy

(d) -3 > x = - (x + 1) - (x - 2)

(x + 3) = -3x - 2

-3>x

3x - 2 7

(2) x - y - y

(b) 5
x -1
32 (1) b x ad y c

b+dx+ya+c
(2) 2b 2x 2a3d 3y 3c

2b + 3d 2x + 3y 2a + 3c
(3) 3b 3x 3a- 2c - 2y -2d

3b - 2c 3x - 2y 3a - 2d
33 (1) 2 x 61 y 5

4 x2 361 y2 25
(a) 21 xy 65

2 xy 30
(b) 41 x2y 365

4 x2y 180
(c) 21 xy2 625

2 xy2 150
(2) -2 x 3-4 y 1

0 x2 90 y2 16

(a) 3(-4) xy (-2)(-4)

-12 xy 8
(b) 9(-4) x2y 91

-36 x2y 9
(c) -216 xy2 316

-32 xy2 48
(3) -4 x -2-3 y -1

4 x2 161 y2 9
(a) (-1)(-2) xy (-3)(-4)

2 xy 12
(b) (-3)16 x2y 4(-1)

-48 x2y -4
(c) 9(-4) xy2 (-2)1

-36 xy2 -2
(1) xy a

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I.
., 2013.06

ISBN 978-957-11-7061-9 (1)

1.
524.32

102005061

WB03

I

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