Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref: Title

SX009a-EN-EU

Sheet

1

of

12

Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson
Date Date

Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by

March 2005 April 2005

Example: Composite floor slab
This example shows the design of a composite floor slab for both construction stage and composite stage. The composite slab is checked at both ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state. In many markets there are benefits in avoiding propped construction but in this example props are used for pedagogical reasons. The slab considered is propped, as shown below
[mm]

P
Created on Tuesday, November 06, 2012 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

P 1800 1800 1800 1800

P 1800

1800

P are temporary props during casting of the concrete Sheeting data: The characteristic values for the chosen sheeting are as follows: Yield strength Thickness Effective steel area Second moment of area of steel core Plastic bending resistance Sagging bending resistance Hogging bending resistance Resistance to support reaction Resistance to horizontal shear fyp,k = 320 N/mm ts = 0,778 mm Ap = 955 mm2/m Ip = 33,0 × 104 mm4/m Mpa,Rk = 5,29 kNm/m
+ M a, Rk = 3,41 kNm/m − M a, Rk = 2,86 kNm/m
2

From trade literature

Rw,k = 34,0 kN/m

τu,Rk = 0,306 N/mm2

EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Slab data: Slab depth Slab mean depth Slab depth above sheeting Effective depth Concrete C25/30 ht = 120 mm hred = 103. In the construction stage. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement 19 10 45 30 50o 60 150 900 27 Partial safety factors: • • • • • • Loads: The slab is designed for both the construction stage and the composite stage.5 γM0 = 1.0 γM1 = 1.5 γVS = 1.0 γC = 1. November 06.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 2 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 2012 This material is copyright .all rights reserved.5 mm hc = 75 mm dp = 101 mm fck = 25 N/mm2 Ecm = 31000 N/mm2 Sheeting geometry and slab: [mm] dp ht Created on Tuesday. the steel sheeting acts as shuttering and has to carry its own weight. In the composite stage the slab has to carry its own weight. The following loads are considered in this example: γG = 1. the wet concrete and the construction loads. EN 1993-1-3.35 γQ = 1.25 (permanent loads) (variable loads) EN 1993-1-1 EN 1993-1-1 EN 1992-1-1 EN 1994-1-1 EN 1990 . floor finishes and the live load.

46 kNm/m + M Ed = 1.all rights reserved.0 kN/m2 gp = 0. 5 ⋅ 1. 09 ⋅ 1.75 kN/m2 q2 = 1.5 + 0.81 kNm/m p c + Mq = 0. 078 ⋅ 0. 35 ⋅ 0.78 kNm/m . 82 = 0. November 06.6 kN/m2 g2 = 1. 5 ⋅ 0.09 kN/m2 gc = 2. 82 = 0. 46 = 1. 094 ⋅ 1. 81 + 1.09 = 2. Ultimate limit state: Maximum sagging bending moment: + + + M Ed = γG ⋅ Mg + γQ ⋅ Mq + + + Mg = Mg + Mg = 0. 2012 This material is copyright . EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Construction stage: Self weight of the sheeting Self weight of the wet concrete Distributed construction load Concentrated construction load Composite stage: Self weight of the slab Floor finishes Live load (hotel) g1 = 2.5 kN/m2 Verification of the sheeting as shuttering Created on Tuesday. 094 ⋅ 2.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 3 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. EN 1993-1-3. 6 ⋅ 1. 82 + 0.2 kN/m2 q = 5. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement The sheeting resistance needs to be verified in the construction stage in both ultimate and serviceability limit state according to EN 1993-1-3.6 kN/m2 q1 = 0.

moment and support reaction − M Ed F + Ed ≤ 1.75 + 1.41 kNm/m > M Ed =1. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement − − Mg .5 kN/m 1.41 + = 3.86 − = 2.11 (6.1. 5 + = 1.Rd EN 1993-1-3 §6. 35 ⋅ 1.18 kNm/m OK 1. 0 All design checks are OK at the ultimate limit state.86 kNm/m > M Ed = 2.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 4 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. .18 12. 86 34.0 Negative bending M − Rd = − M Rk γ M0 = 2.15 = 12.25 M Rd Rw. 55 = 2. 2012 This material is copyright .35 ⋅ 5. Mq .18 kNm/m FEd = γ G ⋅ FG + γ Q ⋅ Fq = 1. November 06.0 kN/m > FEd= 12. 5 ⋅ 0. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Maximum hogging bending moment: q2 q1 gc gp 3000 − − − M Ed = γG ⋅ Mg + γQ ⋅ Mq = 1.0 = 34. EN 1993-1-3. 25 2.5 ⋅ 3.28) OK 2.0 OK Interaction.78 kNm/m OK 1.5 kN/m Created on Tuesday. 01 + 1.13 < 1. Design check: Positive bending + M Rd = + M Rk γ M0 = 3.all rights reserved.0 Support reaction RRd = γ M1 RRk = 34. Fg and Fq are calculated by computer.

81 kNm/m Created on Tuesday. . due to the wet concrete and the self weight of the sheeting should not. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Maximum compression stress in top flange: σ com = λp = ε= M sls 0. Hence.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 5 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.e. EN 1993-1-3.1 = 0. 4 ⋅ 2. 2012 This material is copyright .max = OK EN 1994-1-1 §9.82 = 0.1 gives kσ = 4 λp = 30 / 0. Table 4. 09 + 3. i. 778 28. ρ = 1.8 N/mm2 4 Ip 33.36 Æ ρ = 1. i. 0 EN 1993-1-5 Table 4. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Serviceability limit state: The deflection. δs. 82 + 0. EN 1994-1-1 §9. unless otherwise noted in the National Annex. 65 ⋅ 0. 6) ⋅ 18004 = 3.4 σ com = with ψ = 1.3. 0 ⋅ 10 fy σ cr 235 = b/t 28. 4 ⋅ 1. 094 ⋅ 2. Ip is fully effective. is less than 1/10 of the slab depth.all rights reserved. 0 . 0 Since the reduction factor. 078 ⋅ 0.6 mm = δs = 180 180 δ s. therefore no ponding effects need to be taken into account.e.6 mm 384 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 33. does Ip need to be recalculated due to local buckling? Maximum positive moment in serviceability limit state: M sls = 0. 0 ⋅ 104 L 1800 =10 mm > 3.2 (2) The deflection. the serviceability limit state is also OK. 81 ⋅ 106 ⋅z = ⋅ ( 45 − 19) = 63. 9 4. 4ε kσ 235 = 1. δs = ( 2.9 63. 4 ⋅ g c ) ⋅ L4 384 ⋅ EI p Check if the sheeting is fully effective. 6 ⋅ 1. 8 EN 1993-1-5 § 4. The sheeting can work as shuttering in the construction stage.max = L/180. δs. 65 ⋅ g p + 3. 09 ⋅ 1.6 (2) δs = ( 2. exceed δs. no reduction of the top flange is necessary. November 06.

5 xpl = Ap ⋅ f yp.Rd EN 1994-1-1 Figure 9. if the neutral axis is above the sheeting. 2012 This material is copyright .6 mm 0.4. 0] ⋅ 3.2 (5) q g1+g2 M Ed = M Ed Created on Tuesday.5 kNm/m = 8 Design bending resistance: The sagging bending moment resistance should be calculated from the stress distribution in the figure below.d = γ M0 f ck = 320 = 320 N/mm2 1.7 .85 fcd xpl dp + fyp. 5 χ pl = 955 ⋅ 320 = 21. 0 f cd = γC = 25 = 16. EN 1993-1-3.d centroidal axis of the profiled steel sheeting - Nc. 5 ⋅ 5. 85 ⋅ b ⋅ f cd f yp.all rights reserved. 0. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q] ⋅ L2 8 [1.k f yp. November 06. EN 1994-1-1 §9.85 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 16.f z Np Mpl. 6 + 1.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 6 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 62 = 20.7 N/mm2 1.d 0. 35 ⋅ ( 2. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Verification of the composite slab: Ultimate limit state: The continuous slab will be designed as a series of simply supported spans. 2) + 1.

6 / 2 ) ⋅ 10−3 = 27.Rd τ u. MRd. MEd. at a distance of 1247 mm from the support a full shear connection is fulfilled.Rd b ⋅ τ u.7. required for full shear connection can be determined by Lx = Created on Tuesday.Rd = Lx = τ u. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Ap ⋅ f yd N cf = b ⋅ τ u.Rd ⋅ b ⋅ Lx ≤ N cf EN 1994-1-1 §9. Lx.all rights reserved.5 kNm/m > 20. . November 06.3 (8) The distance to the nearest support. EN 1993-1-3. 2012 This material is copyright .Rd = 955 ⋅ 320 ⋅ (101 − 21. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 For full shear connection: M pl. In the figure x is the distance from the support.5 = MEd Longitudinal shear by partial connection method: Shear span required for full shear connection N c = τ u.Rk 0.245 Hence.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 7 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.245 N/mm2 γ Vs 1. Design check using the simplified partial interaction diagram: For any cross section along the span it has to be shown that the corresponding design bending moment.Rd = Ap ⋅ f yd ⋅ d p − xpl / 2 ( ) M pl. 25 955 ⋅ 320 = 1247 mm 1000 ⋅ 0. 306 = = 0. does not exceed the design bending resistance.

6 + 1. MEd [kNm/m] 30 Mpl.2 200 200 = 1+ = 2.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 8 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.18 γC = 0.all rights reserved. 6 = 22. EN 1993-1-3. 5 See Note in EN 1992-1-1 §6.7 kN/m 2 Design vertical shear resistance: 1/ 3 ⎤ Vv.2 Lx 1.8 1.Rd = ⎡ ⎣CRd.min = ( vmin + k1 ⋅ σ cp ) ⋅ bw ⋅ d p CRd. 2012 This material is copyright . 2) + 1.6 2 M Ed ≤ M Rd for all cross sections Vertical shear: VEd = VEd = [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ L 2 [1.Rd MRd 20 10 M Ed = [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ x 2 ⋅ ( L − x) Mpa 0 Created on Tuesday.18 = 0.c = k = 1+ 0. 0] ⋅ 3.2 with a minimum of Vv. 4 dp 101 . November 06.4 0.Rd.2. 35 ⋅ ( 2.c ⋅ k ⋅ (100 ⋅ ρ I ⋅ f ck ) + k1 ⋅ σ cp ⎦ ⋅ bw ⋅ d p EN 1992-1-1 §6. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement x [m] 0 0.12 1.2. 5 ⋅ 5. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 MRd.

7 kNm/m = VEd OK All design checks of the composite slab in the ultimate limit state are OK.8 kN/m Minimum value 1/2 vmin = 0.3 kN/m Vv. November 06.all rights reserved. i. 004 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 75 = 300 mm2/m φ8 s160 mm will be enough for this purpose.1 (2) not less than 0. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 ρl = Asl ≤ 0.8 kN/m > 22. Serviceability limit state: Cracking of concrete: As the slab is designed as simply supported. Ac k1 = 0. 035 ⋅ 2.Rd = 42.e.65 Vv.2. 43 / 2 ⋅ 251 / 2 = 0. 4 ⋅ (100 ⋅ 0.Rd = 42.e Asl = Ap bw = 400 mm/m. no axial forces or prestress.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 9 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 2012 This material is copyright .min = ( 0.4% of the cross-sectional area of the concrete above the ribs. 035 ⋅ k 3 / 2 ⋅ f ck = 0.Rd = ⎡ ⎣0. The cross-sectional area of the reinforcement above the ribs should be §9. only anti-crack reinforcement is EN 1994-1-1 needed.2 Vv. ρl = 955 = 0. 004 ⋅ b ⋅ hc = 0.e.8. i.15 ⋅ 0 ⎦ ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101 Created on Tuesday.15 1/ 3 ⎤ Vv.15 ⋅ 0) ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101 = 26.02 400 ⋅101 σ cp = N Ed = 0 .Rd. since NEd = 0. 65 + 0.024 > 0. EN 1993-1-3.02 Æ ρl = 0. the smallest width in [mm] of the section in the tension area. .12 ⋅ 2. i.02 bw ⋅ d p Asl is the area of the tension reinforcement in [mm]. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement See Note in EN 1992-1-1 §6. 02 ⋅ 25) + 0. min As = 0.

for concrete. the slab is considered to be continuous. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Deflection: For the calculations of the deflections of the slab. November 06.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 10 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. EN 1993-1-3. n. for both longand short-term effects may be used. an average value of the modular ratio. 43 + 955 ⋅ (101 − 35. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement I bc = 3 b ⋅ xc + Ap ⋅ ( d p − xc )2 + I p 3⋅ n xc = ∑ Ai ⋅ zi ∑ Ai = ⎞ n ⋅ Ap ⎛ 2 ⋅ b ⋅ dp ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟ ⎟ b ⎜ n ⋅ Ap ⎝ ⎠ xc = 10 ⋅ 955 ⎛ 2 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 101 ⎞ ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟ = 35. 4)2 + 33.2 (5) = Ep E ⎞ 1 ⎛ ⋅ ⎜ Ecm + cm ⎟ 2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ = 210000 ≈ 10 2 ⋅ 31000 3 Second moment of area for the cracked section Created on Tuesday.all rights reserved.4 mm ⎟ 1000 ⎜ 10 955 ⋅ ⎝ ⎠ I bc = 1000 ⋅ 35. n= Ep E ' cm EN1994-1-1 §9.8. 2012 This material is copyright . 92 ⋅ 106 mm4/m 3 ⋅ 10 Second moment of area for the un-cracked section I bu b ⋅ hc3 b ⋅ hc = + 12 ⋅ n n 2 3 hp ⎞ hc ⎞ b0 ⋅ hp b0 ⋅ hp ⎛ ⎛ ⋅ ⎜ xu − ⎟ + + ⋅ ⎜ ht − xu − ⎟ + 2⎠ 12 ⋅ n n ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2 Ap ⋅ ( d p − xu )2 + I p b⋅ xu = h ⎞ ⎛ hc2 + b0 ⋅ hp ⋅ ⎜ ht − p ⎟ + n ⋅ Ap ⋅ d p 2 2⎠ ⎝ b ⋅ hc + b0 ⋅ hp + n ⋅ Ap . The following approximations apply: • • the second moment of area may be taken as the average of the values for the cracked and un-cracked section. 0 ⋅ 104 = 5.

3 mm 1000 ⋅ 75 + 650 ⋅ 45 + 10 ⋅ 955 2 I bu 1000 ⋅ 753 1000 ⋅ 75 ⎛ 75 ⎞ 610 ⋅ 453 + = + ⋅ ⎜ 58. 01146 ⋅ G1′ ⋅ L3 0. EN 1993-1-3. 7 ⋅ 5. 92 + 13. 7 ⋅ 106 . 7 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m 2 2 Deflections The total deflection under the worst load case should not exceed L/250. 0099 ⋅ 0. 0099 ⋅ψ 1 ⋅ q ⋅ L4 0.G ′ = 1 0. 2012 This material is copyright .1(4) δ c. November 06. 5 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m 2 Average Ib of the cracked and un-cracked section Ib = Created on Tuesday. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement I bc + I bu 5. 3 − ⎟ + 955 ⋅ (101 − 58.23 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. 3)2 + 10 2 ⎠ ⎝ 33.q = 0. 01146 ⋅ 4680 ⋅ 36003 = = 1.g 2 Live load. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 1000 ⋅ xu = 752 45 ⎞ ⎛ + 650 ⋅ 45 ⋅ ⎜ 120 − ⎟ + 10 ⋅ 955 ⋅ 101 2 2 ⎠ ⎝ = 58.68 kN/m = 2. 3 − ⎟ + 12 ⋅ 10 10 2 ⎠ 12 ⋅ 10 ⎝ 610 ⋅ 45 ⎛ 45 ⎞ ⋅ ⎜120 − 58. Weight of floor finishes: 0.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 11 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 6 ⋅ 2 2 δ c. 2 ⋅ 36004 = = = 0. 6 = 4. 0 ⋅ 36004 = = 2. 7 ⋅ 106 EN1992-1-1 §7.67 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. 7 ⋅ 106 Removal of the props: G 1' G 1' G 1' G1′ = g1 ⋅ L 3. 0068 ⋅ 1. 0068 ⋅ g 2 ⋅ L4 0. 0 ⋅ 104 = 13. 5 = ⋅ 106 = 9.4.86 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. worst case: q q δ c.all rights reserved.

G ′ + δ c.g + δ c.q = 1. EN 1993-1-3. 67 + 2.76 mm 1 2 . o δ c = 4.4 mm 250 250 OK y d s u C T r h e i a s t e m d a t o e n r i T a l e i s a c . 86 = 4.E g e x a m p l e : C o m p o s i t CALCULATION SHEET i v Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 12 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.76 mm < L 3600 = = 14. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date o Eurocode Ref Made by r March 2005 April 2005 N y Checked by Total deflection: p δ c = δ c. 23 + 0.

2012 This material is copyright . France 3. UK 2.Example: Composite floor slab Example: Composite floor slab SX009a-EN-EU Quality Record RESOURCE TITLE Reference(s) ORIGINAL DOCUMENT Name Created by Technical content checked by Editorial content checked by Technical content endorsed by the following STEEL Partners: 1. Spain Resource approved by Technical Coordinator TRANSLATED DOCUMENT This Translation made and checked by: Translated resource approved by: . November 06. Germany 5.all rights reserved. Sweden Created on Tuesday. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Example: Composite floor slab Company SBI SBI Date 10/03/2005 08/04/2005 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson G W Owens A Bureau A Olsson C Muller J Chica G W Owens SCI CTICM SBI RWTH Labein SCI 7/7/05 17/8/05 8/8/05 10/8/05 12/8/05 06/7/06 4.

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