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CAE Writing Paper TYPE OF TEXT An article PART 1 or 2 Part 1 or 2 Target Audience Magazine or newspaper readers Aim of writing

To inform and entertain Register Depends on the type of publication Structure Include Appropriate grammar and vocabulary Descriptive language, adverbs and adjectives, linkers and grammatical structures to make it more interesting Modals for suggesting and possibility: We could.. We should.. It might be a good idea to.. The aim of this report is to.. I would suggest that we try.. I am writing with reference to I look forward to hearing from you Phrasal verbs Contractions Direct language 2nd person verbs Imperatives (for instructions) Should / must modals for advice

An eye-catching heading. An Opinions, interesting introduction which gives an stories or personal overview of the article. A anecdotes conclusion that gives the reader something to think about A title, an introduction explaining what you’ve been asked to do. Text divided into sections with headings for each section. A conclusion A title, an introduction explaining what you’ve been asked to do. Text divided into sections with headings for each section. A conclusion Dear Sir / Madam….. Yours Faithfully (if you don’t know the person’s name) Dear Mr / Mrs _____… Yours Sincerely (if you do know their name) Dear John ……Best wishes Hi John……. Cheers A short introduction Headings Bullet points A source of further information if appropriate Suggestions and idea with reasons why you think they are a good idea The aim of the report, the way you’ve collected necessary information Begin with your reason for writing End by saying what you are going to do next or what you want them to do next Friendly introduction and sign off, personal information / ask about family / Clear, simple information that is wellorganised and easy to understand

A proposal

Part 1 or 2

Your boss, a teacher, your colleagues or club members Your boss, a teacher

To make suggestions and persuade people to agree with them

Depends on the audience

A report

Part 1 or 2

To describe a past or current situation and recommend action

Depends on the audience

A formal letter

Part 1 or 2

Various

Depends on the task – to inform, to complain, to ask for information etc Depends on the task – to give information, to make suggestions Give instructions or advice

Formal

An informal letter

Part 1 or 2 Part 2

Various

Informal

An information sheet

The public, specific groups of people such as visiting students

Depends on the audience

positive why you are nominating language the person – make sure you cover all the points in the brief . this is optional. A concluding recommendation Usually formal or neutral. Speak from your own experience of the person you’re writing about Always include both sides of an argument. To express arguments and counter-arguments about a given statement To nominate someone for an award or selection for something. To persuade the judges that your nomination is the best. A conclusion in which you express your final opinion Formal / semiformal An introduction describing the person and the main reason why you are nominating them Examples of how they fulfil the judges’ criteria in separate paragraphs. never just write about the one that you agree with. the academic style argument in favour of the statement and against it in separate paragraphs. Formal / An introduction to the topic.A contribution to a longer piece A review Part 2 Various Part 2 Newspaper or magazine To inform and share opinions – to encourage or discourage Express your opinion of something and make a recommendation To give reasons why you think someone would be good for a specific job Depends on the audience Information organised under headings Details you think the reader will need to make a decision Your opinions A little humour to make it more interesting Reasons why the person could do the job well. depending on who you’re writing to The structure is like a formal letter A character reference Part 2 An employer Work vocabulary 2nd conditional structures Positive adjectives for describing personality An essay Part 2 Your teacher A competition entry Part 2 A judge or a panel of judges (on a tv or radio show etc) Discuss issues associated with a topic. the theatre or books Usually neutral An introduction – a quick or informal description of the subject. Text can be organised under headings. A conclusion summing up the person’s suitability Formal linkers: for example / such as / in contrast / in conclusion Always give the reasons Enthusiastic. Varied vocabulary with good collocations Adjectives Vocabulary specific to the topic eg films.