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Precision Measuring Tools
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Precision Measuring Tools
Word Meaning Context More Information

Blade micrometer is a
measuring device that
blade
has a thin blade to
micrometer
reach inside narrow
recesses.
Blade micrometer is used for measuring
The blade micrometer measures narrow where the standard micrometer spindle could
grooves and keyways. not be accommodated.

Combination set is
used as a rule, a The combination set consists of: blade, center
combination
square, a miter, a head, protractor head, combination square
set
depth gage, a height head, scribe, and spirit level.
gage, and a level.

Combination set

Comparator
graphically displays
and measures Optical measurement is a different and
comparator dimensions and valuable aid to quality control. Capable of
shapes that would be magnifying an object hundreds of times.
difficult to measure
with regular tools.

Also known as shadow graph

Depth micrometer
depth measures depth of
micrometer holes, slots, and other
recesses.
These micrometers come as a set with
interchangeable rods to accommodate
Measuring a depth of a slot. various measurements.

Dial indicators check
alignment of machine
components; show the
variation of the object
dial being measured.
indicators There are 2 types of
dial indicators:

a. Balanced reading
(has figures in both
directions from the

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zero) Dial indicators can be used to make
linear measurements.
b. Continuous reading
(numbered
continuously)

Continuous reading dial indicator

Disc micrometer
disc measures forming
micrometer tools, cutting edges,
narrow slots.

This micrometer finds its application in
The disc micrometer is also called a measuring flanges and hard to reach areas.
flange micrometer.

Gage blocks are used for:
Gage block set is also
known as "Jo Blocks".
Precision-round - calibration and inspection of precision
gage block instruments
square or rectangular
set - to set comparators/indicators
blocks are made of
steel, chrome, or - setting of sine bars
tungsten carbide. - precision layout
The measuring surfaces are lapped and - machine setups
polished to 200 milionths of an inch.

Micrometer is used to
measure materials. It
is available in metric
micrometer and inch systems. The
most common are the
outside and inside
micrometers.
The most commonly used precision
instrument. Available in different shapes and sizes

Rules are also used for transfer
Outside caliper measurements with calipers. It is used for
outside
measures an outside semi-precision and comparison
caliper
surface. measurement. They depend on "feel" to
measure a part.

The outside caliper is used to measure
outside diameter.
A type of "Go" or "No-
Go" gage used to
admit or refuse the They are mounted at the ends of an
plug gage inside dimension of an aluminum handle. "Go" in one end and "No-
object. Go" on the opposite end.

There are three types:

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- plain cylindrical
- cylindrical taper
- thread plug gage

Available in different sizes

A type of "Go" or "No- There are three types:
Go" gage used to
ring gage admit or refuse the - plain ring gages
outside dimension - taper ring gages
being checked. - thread ring gages

Ring gages are used as sets.

The 60 degree
comparator
screw micrometer is usually
thread called a screw thread
micrometer comparator
micrometer or pitch
micrometer.
The pitch diameter, the most important
Measuring the pitch diameter of a screw measurement of a screw thread.
thread.

Sine bar is used for The sine bar is a precision bar that has been
checking angles, hardened and then ground and lapped to very
sine bar
typically used with precise dimensions. It is also used for
gage blocks. machine setups.

Precise angles are measured using the
sine bar.

Various types of snap gages:
Snap gage gages
snap gage diameters, lengths,and - adjustable snap gage
thickness. - adjustable roll snap gage
- dial indicator snap gage

The adjustable limit snap gage is used to
check outside diameter.

A square has two A machinist uses several types of squares for
square straight edges that a variety of jobs. A square is used for
form a right angle. inspecting squarness and laying out work.

A master precision square

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Surface gage is a
scribing tool that draws
lines parallel to a Surface gages are designed for a variety of
surface surface. When uses. The main uses are for scribing lines,
gage combined with test transferring measurements and for probing
indicator, flatness, surfaces in inspection work.
parallelism and heights
may be inspected.

The surface gage

Universal bevel
universal
protractor is used to
bevel
lay out, measure, or
protractor
check angles.

The bevel protractor can measure
angles to five minutes of a degree.

Vernier caliper is a
precision measuring A Vernier caliper consists of a beam with a
Vernier tool capable to read fixed measuring jaw, a sliding jaw witht he
caliper within .001 inch. Used Vernier scale, and a mechanism for making
for inside, outside and fine adjustments.
depth measurements.
The Vernier caliper

Vernier gear-tooth
Vernier
caliper measures gear
gear-tooth
teeth using two Vernier
caliper
scales.

Designed to measure the thickness of
gear teeth.

It is rugged and
reliable tool that gives
precise and
Vernier dependable
height gage measurements over
long vertical ranges. It
is also used for
precision layout.

The Vernier height gage

http://itdc.lbcc.edu/cps/machineTool/precisionTools/precisionToolsALT/precisionTools.htm 6/2/2009