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Gessa Cristelle M.

Labrador IV- Reg

MATH BEFORE CHRIST CONTENT: Math started way back before Christ was born .Most of the time people use math, they dont even notice it. If you just go to check the time, youre still using math. So when people a long time ago used math, they didnt know they were using it . Archimedes became really familiar with math, but no one called the study math yet. People used little pieces of it every day and they didnt notice it so they took no notice of it at all. The Romans used Roman Numerals and noticed math and how it was used. That is where numbers got their name. The whole point is math has been around forever but we just didnt notice it until we became more sophisticated. In 3,000 B.C., people first started using theoretical tools and numbering systems in Mesopotamia (Babylon) and Egypt. The mathematician and scholar Euclides started his famous school of mathematics in Alexandria, as such laying the corner stone of mathematics. The Egyptians used a decadic numbering system, which is based on the number 10 and still in use today. They also introduced characters used to describe the numbers 10 and 100, making it easier to describe larger numbers. Geometry started to receive great attention and served in surveying land, cities and streets.

EXPERIENCE: o Family: In my family Math is very important since my father is an Engineer and my older sister is an Architect student. We use Math every day, in school at home, everywhere. My mother uses Math when she calculates our daily expenses. o Self: I use Math every day. I use Math everywhere I go in whatever I do. In school I deal whenever I pay something or when we are having our classes. In going to school I use it when I pay for my fare in jeepney. At home, I use Math whenever I look at the time or do my assignments. o Community: In a community, Math is very important. It is used to determine the population, the budget needed for a certain project. o Science & Technology: Without Math Science & Technology wouldnt be present. They say Math is the twin of Science. Without Math theres no Science & without Science theres no Technology. One of its important uses is the computation using formulas used in inventions.

REFLECTION: Before we were even born Math is already here. It could be the oldest thing present in this world. It was present even before Christ. Math is the root of everything. It is our everyday knowledge come from. So it is very important to know its importance,

Swe have to learn it, live by it, and apply it. We may not realize it but in every single thing we do, Math is always there.

ANALYSIS: Math is indeed very old but is the most useful thing in the world even up to this very day. Math shouldnt be taken lightly. It can be the easiest to deal with but could also be the hardest. It is the most useful thing, even more important than Science. It is dated way back in time, even before Christ. People have been using Math but are not aware that they have been using it. It is in later time that people have gain knowledge of Math and therefore studied and discovered new things to widen the knowledge about Mathematics.

EVALUATION: Our world is advancing rapidly, with each new day different from yesterday. It is very important to be up dated. We should not limit ourselves to the knowledge that we have now, but instead with each new day we should widen it more. Learn more as to discover new things and have more knowledge and make use of it.

NUMEROLOGY CONTENT: Numerology is the study of numbers, and the occult manner in which they reflect certain aptitudes and character tendencies, as an integral part of the cosmic plan. Each letter has a numeric value that provides a related cosmic vibration. The sum of the numbers in your birth date and the sum of value derived from the letters in the name provide an interrelation of vibrations. These numbers show a great deal about character, purpose in life, what motivates, and where talents may lie. Experts in numerology use the numbers to determine the best time for major moves and activities in life. Numerology is used to decide when to invest, when to marry, when to travel, when to change jobs, or relocate. Pythagoras, the Greek mathematician who lived from 569-470 B.C., is said by many to be the originator of much of what we call numerology today. The actual origins of numerology predate Pythagoras, the most popular being the very old Hebrew Kabbalah. In the twentieth century, the old discipline seems to magically reappear in the form of a series of books published from 1911-1917 by L. Dow Balliett and it was helped along in the 30s by Florence Campbell, and within the next few decades a wealth of literature was available to the public. Indeed, if you look at the past 90 years, it would seem that the discipline has moved very rapidly. But perhaps all of this was known at a much earlier time, and it was just hiding from us for a while.

EXPERIENCE: o Family: It is very important in my family since we are of Chinese origin and we look into horoscopes or predictions. Numerology is used in predictions or horoscope. o Self: It is important to me because I can use it when I want to know something, it is a big help when I need to make a decision, o Community: In a community, Numerology is of use whenever they need to make a decision like when to make something or when is the best time to make something. o Science & Technology: It is also important in Sciences since Sciences is full of predictions and derivations. Numerology can be used with this.

REFLECTION: Ive learned that Numerology is important too. This is one branch of Math in which shows a different use of it. I never thought that Math can be use to predict or to get the meaning of something. Study of Numerology can be a great help to the community and people.

ANALYSIS: Numerology is simply a study of numbers; Pythagoras was named as the father of modern Numerology. Numerology is actually very old too since it was dated back in the twentieth century. Now, numerology is used in various things. Masters of Numerology uses it to predict an event or to know the meaning of a word through the use of numbers. It is also used in horoscopes.

EVALUATION: Indeed Numerology is important. We should have the time to learn it because it could be of great use to us. These days, there are many things that we do not understand and through the use of Numerology we can find some meaning or know some information about those things.

NUMBER MYSTICISM CONTENT: The study of the occult meanings of numbers and their supposed influence on human life .Number mysticism is one of the most important symbolic aspects of astrology (Symbolism) and at the same time some of the roots of number mysticism are to be found in celestial observation. Number symbolism holds the view that numbers have not only a quantitative-numerical value where one number follows the next, but also possess an inherent quality independent of their numerical value. This quality enables us to comprehend cosmic cycles and laws and to transfer and relate them to life on Earth (Microcosm/Macrocosm; Analogy). Some esoteric schools associate letters of the alphabet with certain numbers and so come to a completely different understanding of texts such as the Bible. Numbers are an important concept in the everyday world. Although individuals may not think critically about numbers in their everyday lives, many individuals still place importance on certain numbers without knowing they are doing so. Some numbers may not have the typical mystical quality, but rather are important because of the historical background attached to the number. One such number is the number 2. Other numbers are important facets of ones life based on the qualities that they are believed to possess. Numbers themselves are deemed to have characteristics that make them distinguishable from other numbers. W ith the rise of numerology, such numbers as 666 have become signicant with the biblical references attached to the number. Modern number superstitions, such as those involving the number 7 and the number 13, also have historical roots comparable to 2. These two numbers have maintain prominence in todays societ y because of the background a nd superstition attached to thes e numbers.

EXPERIENCE: o Family: We once watched TV show that talked about the history of numbers. We found out that each number has its own history or has a history tied to it. o Self: I first encountered Number Mysticism in school when our teacher had a discussion about it, I enjoyed listening to him and Id like to know more. o Community: In a community, Number Mysticism is encountered every day since a community deals with numbers everyday. o Science & Technology: Science is full of mysteries, one of which are how things were created or their origin. Example of these things are numbers, when talking about the history of numbers Number Mysticism is the answer.

REFLECTION: Learning about numbers is easy, we can count, we can write, but we think we know them well. The truth is we dont, there are so many things we dont know about them. After reading about Number Mysticism, I realized that there is more to numbers than we know. We dont even know where they came from, or why they are called like that or why they look like that.

ANALYSIS: Number Mystecism is the study of the history of numbers, it was discovered by Pythagoras. Numbers have a unique characteristic that makes them distinguishable from other numbers. In Number Mysticism we learn all about this characteristics and the history tied to it.

EVALUATION: Learning about Number Mysticism is not easy since there are so many numbers, and each number has its own characteristic and history. But it is fun to explore all about them and find out new things about numbers that we never even thought of before.

LOOKING BACK AT MATH: 2000 YEARS AGO CONTENT: During the last 2000 years, mathematics has changed radically. Mathematics were never invented but rather discovered. It exists in every aspect of our lives, all around us. Humans have been known to use numbers for about 8000 years. Around 3500 BC the first account of cross tabs were kept which Assyrians used for collecting taxes. Mayas used quipus around 2500 BC to keep track of counts. Symbolic mathematics with equations, theorems and proofs began around 500 BC. In the 17th century calculus was invented (independently by Newton and Leibniz) and modern abstract algebra where symbols like x and y denote arbitrary entities stems from the mid 19th century. As this historical account shows, the growth spurt in mathematical development is of relative recent origin. Around 2000 years ago Hindus developed the number system we still use today. It reached its current form around the 6th century. Arabic mathematicians introduced it in the west about a century later. Thats why we still call it the Arabic system although that description isnt quite true. Besides this system many others have been, and some are still in use. We have seen the Cuneiform, Etruscan, Mayan, ancient Chinese, Ancient Indian, and Roman. The ancient Chinese and Roman numbers are still in use. In all systems, the numbers 1-2-3 bear structural similarities, and from there on the numbers always differ. For instance, in Arabic numbers, 1-2-3 were made up of one through three horizontal lines which can still be seen in the way we write 1-2-3. The similarity between 1-2-3 appears to carry some significance with regards to how we process small (up to 3) numbers (almost instantaneously, little cognitive processing) relative to larger quantities.

EXPERIENCE: o Family: When my father went to Japan and bought a book about the History of Math. He asked us to read this and understand it more. o Self: I had my experience about this when we had our lesson about this when were in second year. o Community: It is important in the community, because it is all about the history of Math. Math is very important in the community, so if there was no Math 2000 years ago, theres surely no Math now. o Science & Technology: It is very important in Science & Technology because if scientists doesnt understand something, they could look into the outline of Math years ago.

REFLECTION: It is very important to learn what Math was like 2000 years ago. Because learning the roots of Math will actually make it more easier to understand it now. There are a lot of very important details that we should know about. We should also understand the concepts and how the modern Math was developed.

ANALYSIS: 2000 years ago, the number system that we use now was developed by the Hindus. Thats why it is called The Arabic System. So basically, Math 2000 years ago continue to live on. Besides this system many others have been, and some are still in use. We have seen the Cuneiform, Etruscan, Mayan, ancient Chinese, Ancient Indian, and Roman. The ancient Chinese and Roman numbers are still in use. In all systems, the numbers 1-2-3 bear structural similarities, and from there on the numbers always differ

EVALUATION: So far, it is hard to go way back years ago since there is very limited sources of information. But according to history, Math started years even before Christ was born. But looking at the world now, Math has truly developed. Lots of Mathematical systems has been developed over the years. The Math that we know now has actually its own history, and is dated years and years ago.