M. Abdul Karim Saqib Saqib

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Karim Mohammed Abdul Saqib. * Translated by: by: Translated Ijaz Saqib. ljazBegum Begum Saqib. .A G GUIDE TO O PRAYER PRAYER UIDE T IN r i l ISLAM rsLAM * by: Researched and by: Renearched andEdited Edited Mohammed Abdul Karim Saqib.

unnece$sary quality of direct Secondly. said. disadvantages. Unfonunately( Muhammad (SAW). himself. sentialpoints lost in in the the unnecessary may get detail.himself.and and esuse it for quick points may get lost sential detail. provide an and view of and provide informative and an informative and comprehensive comprehensiveview performed according teachhow Salat be performed the teachSalat should should be according to the (SAW).the direct the Salat Salat lacks lacksthe the quality the text of the research from Prophet Muhammad Muhammad research from the zunnah of the the Prophet the sunnah (SAW). home. sources." "Pray as you haveseen seenme me praying. literature Englishis is Firstly. literaturein Because of these in Because weaknesses in English English theseweaknesses in existing existingliterature prgduce a medium we felt that the we the need need existed existed to prpduce medium sized sized book on book on Salat would approach approachthe Salat which which would the subject according subjectaccording (SAW). or it is so bulky bulky and and detailed detailedthat quick reference. country. Keeping Keeping in 5 . which three main main disadvantages. the the majority accordmajority of books books have have been been written according to the ing the views views held held by certain certain schools schoolsof thought thought and and for peoplehesitate reason this reason this some hesitateto follow them.The which do exist." Such a book book needs needs. Secondly.said. some people them. There are also books books which which contain are also materialwithcontain material out any to the any reference reference the original originalsources. Prophet. Many and Urdu.FOREWORD FOREWORD Salat in There books dealing dealing with the There are are many many books the Subject Subiectof Salat lvell written both Many of these Arabic and thesebooks books are are well both Arabic Urdu. "Pray as you have praying. The Prophet Muhammad to io the the teachings teachingsof the the Prophet Muhammad(SAW). literature concerning in English concerningSalat Salat available availablein points in either either so so brief that it does does not cover essentialpoints cover essential nearly enough nearly is so that it enough detail. there ings ings of Prophet Prophet Muhammad there in are in English which deal are very very few few books Englishwhich subjectin books in deal with the the subject the way. There with(SAW). ft was was also also felt that a comprehensive It that book comprehensive book on Salat in in on Salat English would would be be useful English useful for converts converts to Islam lslam and and for youth brought Muslim youth brought up Muslim in this up in this country. exist. Thirdly. and comprehensive comprehensive way. becomes difficult to use becomes reference. The books. have havethree Firstly. detail. The Prophet.to Such to contain details contain all detailsof all the the essential essential Salat without being Salat being'too too bulky bulky or complicated that the the complicatedso so that journey or at readercan can use reader use it as referenceon a journey as a point 01 oJ reference home. the same same informative informativeand books.

This points could points could be be clarified clarified as as much as possible. for practices hadiths and settling arguments arguments than than authentic authentic hadiths and practices settling (SAW). so hadiths of the Prophet so that the Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (SAW). If strive to pray according and to strive be against finds sunnah againstthe sunnah finds anything anything unacceptable unacceptableor to be (SAW) we grateful if they wo!!ld of the Prophet worrld Prophet (SAW) we would be be grateful inform us. This was. much as because. for a true Muslim there is is no greater greater proof for Muslim there because. hadiths of possible. language. these circumstances circumstances we referred authentic referred to authentic books. of Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad(SAW). Finally and sisters sistersto study Muslim brothers brothers and study Finally we we ask ask all all our Muslim lf anyone the text and anyone according to it. We hope Allah will accept accept this this humble humble attempt bebeWe hope that Allah cause and help help we we would never never have have without his his support and cause without been been able abfe to do this work. Muhammad Abdul Karim Muhammad Abdul KarimSaqib Saqib 6 . was.needs of our brothers brothers and and sisters sisters every every effort effort has has mind the needs been made made to produce produce this book in simple simple and and easy easy been language. us. In these (SAW). During our research research we sometimes sometimes found that differences differences During practices in various prayer various prayer occurred between established practices occurred between established books.

.22 Chapter Three Chapter Three 23 Story of Azan .................... .... ............18 ..... .. ....... 19 (Prayer) Types (Prayer) of $alat Types of $alat .................................12 Niyat for Wuflu Wuc....... ........ution............. ..I ................ ........ 22 Number Rakats Number of Rakats 22 ..... 13 Du'a at the end of of Ablution Ablution Du'i[ 4 .............lu (Ablution) Niyat ............. 25 Dariidafter A2an the Azan Danidafter the 26 Du"a ....... ..... 16 of $alat (Prayer) (Prayer) Time of ..................................... ......... in Ab....... ..... ..... . 20 Nafl (extra) (extra) Prayer PraYer 22 ..... 9 ..... Player for PraYer Forbidden Times for .............. .........................26 lqamat lqamat Text Iqamat of Iqamat Text of 7 ... .. I ............ l 14 Tayammum r6 .. ..... ........................................... .... 16 Chapter Two Two ............ ............ 5 Foreword 0 Notes . .................... ........... Specialfacilities ............ (PraYer) (Prayer) Place for $alat Place l............ 24 Fajr for Fajr Aian for Listening 25 .. 24 the Aian of the Text of Azan 24 ......... ..... 20 Sunnat Mu'akkadah(canpulsory) SunnatMu'akkadah 20 ... .. I ............. .....r2 (Ablution) .....I .. ...................8 ....... ......................... ....... .......t2 Before doing Wudu Wuqu (Ablution) ......................... 25 Aian to the the AZan Listeningto 25 . .. ........... ...................19 . 13 Special facilities Ab...12 .................. .8 .. ... Nafl Prayer Prayer ..... 3 ..t7 . .... ..................... ......... 17 ....................2 ..................................... 12 Tooth Stick (Siwak) (Siwak) J2 ....ution................... . FarQ Pra}er ObligatoryPraPr Far{ or Obligatory l............. I6 ....CONTENTS c0ilrEilrs Pages Pages Foreword ...19 I............. ... ....... ................. ..... (Prayer) Dress (Prayer) Dressfor $alat ...12 .........•.. . . ... 23 Muai2in The 24 Text .... Before .. 12 Actions of wudu (Ablution) Actions of ..........23 Aian 23 The Muazzin ............. 9 .................20 (conPulsory) ....3 .. ............. .. t 10 Notes . ..18 l..........26 the Azan Aian after the Du'ii after 26 .......9 ...•......t2 Chapter One ... ....

.39 Jalsah (sitting between two ....30 fasmiah .. 31 .45 Du'6s after Salutation 48 Chapter Five Witr Prayer Prayer ..... .52 Going early early to Friday Friday Prayer Prayer 52 Going Prayer before before Jumalt Jumah 52 Prayer :":::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::... ..30 Ta'awwuz Ta'awwuz 30 'fasmiah .._ after Surah SurahFatihah 34 Ruku (&owing) Ruku (J.:::::.36 36 Qawman (standing after Rukfr) afterRukii) Qawman Du'as 37 .. . ......... .. ..38 First ......owing) Du'as 35 Ruku Du'asin Ruku (standing .......Recitation before Fatihah 29 Fatihah before Recitation .28 Four ChapterFour 'Sutra .. ..... . ....42 (Darfid) $alat Alan-Nabi (Dariid) -... 30 ..29 Folding hands Foldingof hands .51 lmportance ........40 Jalsah-e-Istarahat (sitting for rest) 40 (sitting for rest) Jalsah+-Istarahat Second 40 ....... ...5 51 Jumah (Friday (Friday Prayer) Prayer) · · Jumah 1 ..-.........50 Text of Du'E Du'i Qunilt 50 ..40 Rakat SecondRakat Tashahud 40 .29 . ....28 'Sutra ........41 Standing up for up for third Rakat third Rakat Standing . 29 ........-. ..42 Alan-Nabi (Darfrd) ....28 Intention (Niyat) 28 (NiYat) Intention . .37 Du'is in Qawmah Qawmah ...........38 First Sajdah Sajdah ... .---.32 Ameen .. ...42 Du'5safter after$alat Alan-nabi Ending 45 Fnding the the Prayer Prayer Du'as ..............40 Second 40 Sajdalt Second Sajdah .. 28 .39 Sajddrs) two Sajdcbs) Jalsah between ..38 Du'as 38 Du'[s in Sajdah Sajdah (sitting .. .... ...... ..41 .....32 SurahFatihah Ameen 32 .-... ....51 Importance of Friday Friday Prayer Prayer 51 Importance Importance of of Cleanliness Cleanliness for lriday Iriday Prayer Prayer 51 .33 Recitation 33 Recitationafter Fatihah .48 Witr Witr PraYer of Rakat of ofWitr Prayer 48 Number of Witr Prayer Time of Prayer 49 Time Pray Witr 49 How to Pray How Du'i Qunfit Quniit in witr Prayer Prayer 50 Du'i .-............ ..I3 Surah Fatihah Fatihah Surah Recitation 32 FatihahBehind Recitationof Surah Bdrindan an Imam Imam .......... . 28 ..42 Du'as Alan-nabi (Dari"xl) .. .1 8 I .28 Qiblah 28 Qiblah .-..40 Tashahud ..Chapter .... ....29 Talcbir Tahrimah 29 Takbir Tahrimah . ... .

...If First Fint Takbir l-akbir Du'as Du'Esof starting starting Surah Fatihah Surah Fatihah Recitation a Surah Surah Recitationof a Second SecondTakbir Third Third Takbir Takbir Du'as Du'frsof Janazah Janazah Prayer Ending Ending the the Janazah Janazah Prayer Takbir Fourth Takbir PrayerDuring Prayer During a a Journey Journey Whento shorten When Prayers shortenand combinePrayers and combine journey D-uration Duration of journey journey Natl Nafl Prayer on a Prayeron a journey I ::::::::::::::::::::::::ii 53 54 .62 63 63 .Listening (Sermon Listeningto Khutbah Khutbah (Sennon Prayer Prayerafter afterJumah Jumah Eid Eid Prayer Prayer Janazah l)rayer Junazuh llrayer 'f Janazah Conduct Prayer Janazah Prayer Conduct.63 63 oo oa oo oo oo tt •••••••••••• 9 ...54 54 56 56 s7 57 57 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 58 58 59 59 59 59 6r 61 6l 61 6l 61 62 ...

een lean lean !!loon l[oon noon noon wallet fiallet ttour [our noequivalent no equivalent c.rbic English English Equivalent Equivalent a b t th rh J h h kh kh Example Example I t Arabic) Arabic) Example Example English) ( English) A p p le I Y dr '-oJ . I ? 1 J • . Alphabet.. .) J c j oJ C c Allah Allah bismillah bismillah Tirmizi Tirmizi uthman uthman Jabir Jabir Raheem Khalifah Khalifah Dn. mi Aian Aian Asr fur zahid zahid salam sal5m shuaib shuaib salat wudu fahir fahir guhr Jam6'at JamIt'at Maghrib Maghrib Fajr Fajrlqamat Iqamat kitab kitab Jibreel Jibreel Muhammad Muhammad Nisai Nisai wu{u wUQu janazah janazah J ) J ) tA IJ" .i• C. d { I gh gh f g q (l..mi Dn..c oj' d i r I z 2 s sh sh j. k I J m I n U o w j t j h I \ in the ( the middle the letter) middleof of the letterI t in 15 e e e r .Drough jug iug bate [ate no English no English equivalent equivalent the lbe reEemble river liver gero !ero seen shop mop sardine noequivalent no equivalent no equivalent no equivalent razor no equivalent no equivalent no no equivalent equivalent fan lan queen queen feen f. C c . .S L5 y v year 'year to 10 . sounds of the Arabic theArabic letter ArJbic letter Ar.* fJ'" .Notes about thtes about the Transliteration the Transliteration hasbeen represent The system has to corresponding The following following beenadopted adopted system t0 represent r:orresponding sounds of Alphabet.. bat bat !oy loy through t. -b f .

A A.\. abbrwiations been have used inthis this book. R .Jb 6 )1 ll jji f )1 ii (51 $i Cf t5i '1 I'I Dawud 0awfid awwal awwal 13t its t0 its according sound Note: an letter sound according to letterchanges changes Arabic an Arabic $ometimes Note:Sometimes in heginning. SAl0 0 l{ltII 8t UPON uP0tHIM II PEACt AND OF ALt PtACr 0F AllAH At0 BLESSING 8l. equivalent. U v . In such circumstances the Arabic letter has circumstances In such 0r at the end.A 0 0 RADI ALLAHU I/ANHA Ailll|| Ail.llf lillA |J ANHU RA0t PLtA$t0 lllt/ HER l{tR IIMAY WITh |1 llh HIMI Aruil BE 8t PLEASED tAy ALLAH 11 11 .sL r 5l J ) ISo a e i or eee iio re hi hT u -u u aw aw aww aww ay ay ayy aYy iyy ivv I ee ee . So W WA lIA SALLAM $Al. ihe middle been represented by than one English equivalent. that of of thesound lengthening Arabic Arabic English English Equivalents Equivalents Example Example (Arabic) (Arabic) AilAh Allih Raheem Raheem istanja istanja Example Example ((E n s l i s)h English) Apple Apple seen seen sit sit seen seen he he boot boot true true sew sew shovel shovel baY bay age age . the it is at position in the word. position in theword.tS$lll0 Af{ BE R A. of theArabic sounds complex A macron macron (-) (-) placed placed 0n on a a transcribed transcribed Arabic Arabic vowel vowel indicates indicates A lengthening of the sound of that letter. whether it is at the beginning. in whether for example.ALAYlll LAt Lllltj AlAYHI $tt-lAl ul. has Arabic letter the the middle or at the end. English one than bymore more represented heen Abbreviations Abbrwirtionr The following The following abbreviations have been used in book. letter. language. for example. LANU $ .The following following system system has has been been adopted adopted to to represent represent some some of of the the The complex sounds of the Arabic language.

W.) Prophet Muhammad "lf I wouldn't Prophet Muhammad (S. 1. Then Then start start the the wu{u by by saying:saying:. 2. unclean teeth.WJ also said:"If have felt also wouldn't said:have felt people diffic.A. most most graciou$.W.) reported Allah's messenfu mentioned in the thehadith hadith Aisha reported Allah's messen'The use of a tooth-stick is a means of purifying geras assaying:saying:ger ''The the useof a tooth-stick is a means of purifying the pleasing mouth andis is pleasing to the the Lord Lordas aswell" well" mouth and to ) (Ahmad. ACTIO]tIS A8 LUTIOI{. Niyat Niyat by by words words is is not not approved approved by by Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.u is for the the purpose purpose of is for purity purity onfy. muslims should muslims should always try of (S. hand.ult that it it is is difficult for my my people wouf that for I would ordered them a d have have ordered themto to use use a prayer. Clean Clean the the nose: nose: sniff sniff water water up up from from the the right right palm palm and and then then eject eject water water with with the the left left hand. andNisai (S. 3.A.In In this thisway way you canavoid many avoidmany which diseases arecaused by unclean caused diseases which are by teeth. tooth-stick everyprayer.A.So" each So.A. is.l. (S. tongue. 2.W. that is. (S. (R.).).A. and . 3. only. wudu. most most merciful)" merciful) II FO RMIIIIG ACTIONS FOR FOR PER PERFORMING ABLUTION. A B L U T IN O ABLUTION -STICK) (TO SIWAK SIWAK (TOOTH--STlCK) OTH goodpractice practice It is a good is a to clean It to the with or clean theteeth teeth with a a tooth-stick. always try to fulfilthis thiswish Prophet to fulfil wish of our ourProphet (N|YAT) I NTENT|0N M A K T N INTENTION G MAKING FOR (NIYAT) F 0 RWUI}U WUgU Before starting the actions actions Before starting the 0 it is to o wu{u is necessary necesary t0 make makeniyat. Wash Wash the the hands hands up up to the the wrist wrist making making sure sure that that n0 no part part of the the hands hands is is left left dry. niyat. Make Make Niyat Niyat that that the the act act of of performing performing wuf.Bismillbh Bismillah hir-ra[rma nir-raheem nir-raheem (ln (In the the name name of Allah. Oarmi. toilet. heshould use thetoilet toilet and do should before istanja doing wudu.) mentioned As in Aisha (R. l. hand.W.th with the the right right hand. tooth-stick with every with that doing wuQu.W.). istanja before doing wudu. Niyat Niyat should should be be made made in in the the heart heart because because it is is an an action action of of the the heart heart and and not not of of the the tongue. Rinse Rinse the the mouth mouth taking taking up up water water w. (Ahmad.A.. 12 1 2 .l Nisai 0armi. before before doingeach wudu. Allah. dry.A. or a a toothtoothperforming brushbefore before you can brush performing wudu.Chcrpter I Chapter B E F O HDOING D EO I N G WIJOU BEFORE WUQU goto lf someone someone needs to go to the If needs to he use the and do thetoilet. gracious.A. tooth-stick.

s elbows 5.i. face.W. provided that left provided been left dry. from from ear ear to -eat. (Ahmad.) said. Tirmizi. ears. with wet wet hands washing sockswith provided perfonr' put allowed.starting Wet from the the forehead.This Thisis hours including washing the feet. *Wash foot first) toes. HADITH HAOITH (S. andfor theperson After Similarly if there is After this thistime feetmust time the the feet bewashed.A.A. (S. provided that the socks have been put on after perfonr'. twist twist them them around around the the foids foids of the the ears ears then then pass pass the the thumb thumb behind behind the the ears ears from from the the bottom. Maiah). hand. twice ablution canperform actions parthas drY. perform by doing doing theactions 0r three three times. that particular t0 cause cause to wipe wipethe thedressing thewound dressing of the to of with wound witha wet wethand. Tirmizi.A. Wet your your fingers fingers and and then then wipe wipe the the head head with with your your fingerqnstarting fingers. taking taking them them to to the the nape nape of the the neck. 4. (Nisai. washed. feet. that parts of the between the betrueen left dry.twice 0r three twice or bb done doneonce). making 6.lg allowed.}'s approval we meetProphet Prophet approval methods the above above Sinceall all the can ablution by the once. and wickedly. any parts whichhas hasto to be bewashed andif the body particular part is permisible washing that part harm.Rub the head head as as follows:follows:Rubthe 6. anddone done tramgresed. "If anyone Muhammad anyone Prophet said." over andhis hissocks socks (Ahmad.W.A. upwards.W. neck. forehead. {ash Wash the the face. dry. forehead. making sure making sure to the the ankles ankles the feet feet (right fint) up up to 8. the toes. fromthe the time for3 timeof of ablution. dry.) done wrong.rg have been after that the socks 0n an including washing the for an ablution. especially that no no parb the feet feetare areleft especially * S P E C I AFACILITIES L A C I L I T I EIN *SPECIAL ABLUTION IS il A F BLUTIOT{ Rubbing the instead of washing the Eubbing the socks hands instead the feet. days isona ablution. ablution. wickedly. once. making sure sure that that no no part part of them them is is left left dry. actions of ears.) performed Mughira bin said.) and (S.a.W.)t we Since methods meet (S. Clean Clean the the ean ears by by inserting inserting the the tips tips of the the index index fingers fingers wetted wetted with with unter water into into the the ears. and and forehead forehead to to chin chin making making sure sure that that no no part part of the the face face is is left left dry. it is is permissible washing is likely likelyto harm. (Nisai. "Prophet shu'bah and over his and andwiped wiped hissandals. performed ablution ablution Mughira binshu'bah said.e.) "Prophet(S. Abu Dawud. actions shouldonly cleaning ears. that Prophet fathernarrated narrated {S." sandals.A.) once. . *Washthe (right foot 8.W. cleaning of 6 and and 7 should only be once). bring 7.W. upwards. rubbing of of head headand times(except rubbing threetimes once.W. Shuaib. Amr bin "lf father that Muhammad (S. there isa wound wound mustbe Similarly pars of the ablution. then then from bring them them back back to to the the forehead.A. 7. dry. i. Abu and andIbn lbn Majah). 5. performed Muhammad Each detail of ablution has been performed by Muhammad by Prophet Prophet detail has been of ablution Each (except (S. timesrhe hasdone performs actions of more has wrong. performs morethan than3 times.W. ear. hasbeen that no no Dart grand' quoting hisgrandAmr quoting his on of theauthority of his father on the authority hisfather bin Shuaib. Dawild. in in and in any bodywhich washed in ablution. is allowed for 24 24 hours aflowed person from and 3 days if the is on a journey. Ibn lbn Majah) Majah) DU'A AT T H EEND A T THE O FABLUTION ABLUTIOT{ E i l DOF OU'A "Ashhadu "Ash an aha anIii hadu l5iI itaha iIIallahu Ifshareeka lahu illalldhuwah rmhdahu dahu lf shareeka lahfi 13 13 .A.e.A. bottom. journey. twice or times. feet. Then Then rvash wash the the forearms forearms (right (right forearm forearm first) first) up up to the the elbou.he ablution actions of ablution transgressed.

to sand for is use is V. so you should be grateful complete-His (Thepermission (Surah permision purpose to use for this (Surah V.) is servant and messenger.j'i $jli.W." His and isHis messenger.*i 'alnse minat "Allah minat hummaj mai'alnn "Allahhum hlneo minal taw-wlbeen"Mj minal trpwlbmn sni 'alnee (Tirmiril." Muhammad servant thatMuhammad (Muslim) (Muslim) penitent whoare me "0 Allah me those who and me Allahmake among those arepenitent andmake make make meamong purified.*l t f "e.And if you then earth ".. Begin Begin Allah." Him. Strike clean sand. taining these. andrub sand) youclean." complete -His favour be to frvourunto untoyou. palm). put you you in wants andto to but to you and difficulty.A. thentake find any anywater.. andMuslim). does notwish wish rub it on on your hands. but he hewants to make make to in a a difficulty.$rf alone. And deityexcept Allah AndI testify testify "l testify there is no tctify that that there no rjeity except (S.IUIt| whenwater In when cannot be or just enough is rvater In circumstances be found.wall or stone stone etc." rfi'i-*$s. rasuluhu: (Muslim).5lrtirest.. with of thename name of Allah.Et l. 2. 14 14 . palms bothpalms 3. l. these.AW. taining wall or blowinto e.. clean. dust conof hand dustor Strike handon on clean or anything anything con3.. ablution) Tayammum can procedure given Hadith. pafms pan the pass of over and the palms both hands overthe ruh of both the face faceonce once thenrub hands andthen palmand yourright rit'rt hand your with with hand with the the left left palm right andleft lett hand hand theright with the palml. to put youshould grateful you..so to Him.And don'tfind water.frglilfS *r. drinking. verse verse sand thispurpose 6). Allahdoes (or and and Allah not face. (The allowed in the Quran). rruluhu: fi. (Bukhari (Bukhari and Mrslim).i." among those who purified. andhands. the Ouran). takeclean eafth clean (orsand) yourface.."(TirmizH. 6).v}bQy*. muta mub18h-hireen. both of sand.:toiriFi"isl. in allorved PROCEDURE U8E PRO CEO in the hmrt." are thoss whoare among (Tirmizil (Tirmizi) TAYAMMUM TAYATIi...ay..then fren blow into the the palms.g. etc. Make withthe 2. The below is according to and below according to Ouran Ouran The procedure is given and Hadith..g. palms. is injurous iniufous in such situations t0 health: health: such arailable (dry performed. e. Tayammum (dry ablution) can be beperformed. niyat in Make niyat theheart..I that (S.. ph-hiren. 1.. "1 is Allah alone.#l <tr.wa hadu atrna haduan-na ash waash 'abduhE wa Muhammadan 'abduhu wa illuhammadan (Mrnliml.. you don't ". found. or just is circumstancs cannot enough or it is available for or to in situations for drinking...

4. Note: 0ther Other procedures procedures include include the the forearms forearms and .4. Finish Finish with with the the same same Du'd Du'a as as given given at the the end end of ahlution. These These have have been been transmitted transmitted by reputable reputable scholan scholars but the the armpits. most preferable preferable and and authentic authentic is is that that given given above. most o o o oooooo o o o 15 15 .and shoulders shoulders as as well well m as f{ote: armpits. above. ablution.

) to Prophet Prophet Muhammad to Muhammad (S. Nasai.obligatory dat iiiiaai. time.A.) (S. Jabirbin bin Abdullah Abdulfah Jabir (R. prayer.W. 'Stand 'Stand up up and and pray pray Asr'. Zuhr'.) (S. (after (after praying praying 10 10 prayers prayers with with Prophet Prophet MuhamMuhammad mad (S.A.'Stand Stand (S. said.A. I prayed prayedZuhr the messenger pray So of \ messenger of Allah So the Allah (S.W.) and up andsaid saidto to him.W.W.) in in nruo two consecutive consecutive days) days) that that the the time time of prayer prayer is is in in between between th$e these two two timesl" times:" Ahmad. said.A..) prayed Asr when Asr'when the shadow everything the shadow of everything was equal Then Jibreel came was equal to itself. And And we we already already know know that that all all the the ulamas ulamas of of the the Muslim Muslim Ummah Ummah 1 6 16 . This This means means that that was was the the end end time time of of Zuhr Zuhr prayer. obiect. prayer.W.Then Then the tne Angel Anget 'Standup and Jibreel again at the the time time of Jibreel came again at came of Asr Asr and andsaid.) the day to the next next day to Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S. him.qalat. said. itself. 'The angel Jibreel came (R. We We find find that that many many books books on on $alat state the the ending ending time time of Zuhr Zuhr prayer prayer and and the the starting starting time time of fui Asr prayer prayer whEn when the the shadow shadow of something something is is twice twice itself. FAJR PRAYEB FAJR PRAYER Thetime time for for the the Fajr Fajror or the the morning The prayer starts at morning prayer starts at dawn dawnand and atsun-rise. OF Each.W. ThenJibreel came (S. angel Jibreel cams 'Stand (S. zenlth.A.l narrated. 'Stand up and and (S. said.W pray Zuhr'.Chapter Chspter 2 2 . Tirmizi Tirmizi and and Bukhari Bukhari remarked remarked that that this this is is the the most most authentic authentic hadith hadith giving giving the the times times of prayer. itself.DRESS .A.There There be before its are obligatory falat in a day. itself.A.W.. Asr'.W Zuhr when the the sun had decl declined from its when ined from sun had its zenith.A.W. Zuhr'.A.W.A. Ahmad.) PrayAsri Prophet ThenProphet Muhammad prayed Pray Then Muhammad (S.A.A. during_iu time. TIME TIME O FSALAT SALAT 1. arefive five.'Stand up and (S.A.A.) t0 to pray pray fur Asr when when the the shadow shadow of everything everything was was equaf eQuat to to itself. ends sunrise.A. Then Then Jibreel Jibreel came came again again at at Asr Asr time time and and said. Then Then he he prayed prayed fur Asr when when the the shadow $hadow of everything everything rvas was trvice twice its length length _ its Therr Then Jibreel Jibreel said.No plat Cln Noflist crn Tult be be offered offered before its time. ends at Pnyer ZuhrPrayer Zuhr prayer The time for Zuhr Zuhr or The prayer starts time for the early or the earlyafternoon aftemoon rtartswhen whenthe the begins to decline decline sun to from the sunbegins f rom its its zenith zenithand andends wtren thesize an endrwhen rizeof an obiectt isequal object's shadow is to of to the the size of the shadow equal theobject.) prayed ThenProphet prayed !p Zuhr Zuhr when when the the shadow shadow of everything everything was was equal equal to itself.) and pray up and pray Zuhr'. itself. But But this this contradicts contradicts the the above above hadith hadith as as 0n on the the first first day day Jibreel Jibreel asked asked Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.) "The narrated. Then Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.W.PLACE PTACE DRESS and TIME· TYPES OF and OF SALAT SALAT I . beoffered offered proper at or orduring Each must at its proper time.) and and said.TYPES TIME . Nasai.W.A.W.

W.W. saying.W.A.A.agree unanimously unanimously that that n0 no prayer prayer can can be be offered offered before before its its time. (ii) When Whenthe the sun sun was was at at its (jj) til! heightat at midday its height midday til! it passed the themeridian.W.lote: always visible it is is advisable advisable to to follow follow printed printed calendars calendars giving giving the the visible alurnys accurate time of prayer. He He remarked remarked that that the the Munafiq Munafiq (Hypocritel (Hypocrite) up offered his his prayer prayer at at this this time.A. sunset !sha Prayer Prayer !sha The time time for for lsha Isha or or night night prayer prayer starts starts from from the the disappearaitue disappearance The just of twilight and ends just before midnight. FORBIDDEN TIMES OF PRAYER HAYER F ORBIDDE T N IMES O FP There uqbahbin bin Amir were Uqbah were three times at Allah's Amir said. of orethe It is is better better to to offer offer fur Asr prayer prayer bef before the sun sun beeomes becomes yellow yellow It because even even though though it it is is allowed allowed to to offer offer the the orayer prayer at at this this because time the the Prophet Prophet (S.W.)reported mes$enger Abu al (R. up.) messenger forbidus prayor messenger (S.A.Y{.} (S. san fardprayer prayerafter after Um'mah the fard missed fard prayer of missed offeringof allowed the offering Ummahallowed hadith Fair and Asr because of the following hadith following the because of Fajr andfur '1/Vho (S. (i) {i} (R. nal'rated that Hurairah that the the mes: mesbeen Abu Hurairah flarrated hasbeen said.A. disappeared. before ends and of twilight is preferable preferable io to offer offer this this prayer prayer before before midnight midnight but but it It ii the can be be offered offered right right uo uo tn to thp. of each each time accurate PraYer. said.) used to used to forbid us to to pray bury our 0r bury our dead.A.W.t and and ends ends when when twilight twilight has has disappeared. dead. until the sun setsl' sunsets:' ( B u k h a r i 'Muslim) &uslim) M (Bukhari-& missed a missed but a prayer timesbut Only is at times these is forbidden at these forbidden nafl prayer Only naf1 Muslim of the theMuslim theulamas ulamas fard can de Most of prayer Mostof of the de offered. (iii) When When (iii) the near to till set:' thesun sundrew drew near to setting setting till it had had setl' (MUSLIM) (MUSLIM) FORBIDDEN TIMES FOR NAFl PRAYER PRAYER FOR NAFL TiIl M E S FOBBIDDE H.) prayer afterthe is to (S. midnight. offered Maghrib Praycr Prayer Maghrib The time time for for the the Maghrib Maghrib 0r or th0 sunset sunset prayer prayer starts starts just just after after The sunsp.) forgotten Prophet Muhammad (S.l disliked disliked Muslims Muslims to to 0elay Oelay fur Asr prayer prayer time up to this this time. break break of of dawn' dawn. can where Note: In countries countries where due due to to cloudy cloudy weather weather the the sun sun is is not not In l. 'Who has Muhammad prayit remembers iti' prayerhe pray he it:' the he remembers it whenever whenever he should the prayer should ( B u k h a& r i Muslim) Muslim) & (Bukhari (ii) (ij) lqamat prayer the Iqamat for fard fard A cannot be once for be offered oncethe A nafl offered nafl prayer cannot prayer prayer has said. W.) said. offered. or after afterthe fur prayer the sun sun rises. prayer the until the the Asr prayer or until prayeruntil rises.A. meridian. time. (i) When When began (i) the to untir fully thesun sunbegan rise untitit was to rise was fullyup. agree Asr Prryer Prayer Arr The trme time for for Asr Asr or or late late afternoon afternoon prayer prayer starts starts when when the the shadow shadow The of something something is is equal equal to to itself itself and and ends ends just just bef before sunset. oresunset.A.Abu 17 17 ." There three times at which which Allah's (S.) as "No is be said to be saidafter as saying.A. time. has forgotten Prophet said. time.) Allah's messenger reported Allah's al Khudree Khudree Abu Sa'eed Sa'eed Fair "No prayer the Fajr (S.A.

points than in place. slaughter house. 2. Fajr prayer. place for prayer. (b) The be free free from danger. Hadith. ways etc. there is valid except the thenrthere is no valid(Nafl the no prayer or sunnat) sunnat) except prayer Fard Fard prayer for was said. filthy and and shouldbe clan and placesuch impure house. discipline is against Philosophy. to pray on top top of or facing or facing towards DRESS 3. of others avoided. lt is isforbidden forbidden on the the roof roofof of Saitullah Baitullah (e) It lt is forbidden prayon isforbidden grave. "all prayeris tellsus and a masjid A hadith us that that "all and prayer is called mciid (Mosque). hadithtells called (Pure for the Muslims. busy pavements. (d) It prayon (d) to pray (Ka'bah). (e) to towards a grave. (Nafl or prayer then. bathing tip. far{ prayer especially in They epecially in the the Fajr They feel feelthat that the the Rakat Fajrcan 2 Rakat sunnat of before the sunnat of Fajr be offered canonly only be offered before the Far{. The points should an ordinary Thefollowing following thanthat that offered in an ordinary should offered prayer.A. (c) A prayer prayerplace placewhere (c) might wherethe the worshipper worshipper mighthinder hindermovement movement pavements. FOR 3. e. PLACE FOR SALAT purpose place A place or which for of is used used woship building for the the purpose of worship or a building whichis (Mosque). lqanlat senger of said. and a clear of Jama'at. dirty.) of Allah said. DRESS FORSALAT SATAT MEN MEN (i) (j) The dress dres for for the The be from the men menshould should besuch that it covers suchthat covers from the the navel kneemt navel to the least." be he he can This a muslim This means wherever muslimmight offer his his mearsthat that wherever mightbe can offer grmEr prayer prayerbut prayer offered in is in a mosque but the reuardof a prayer offered mosque is far far greater the revvard place. forbidden. The danger danpr could shouldbe be could be due to due or that the to someone that may someone or something maydisturb disturb the worshipper.They clearviolation They should should offer 2 rakat rakatsunnat Fairimmediately immediately offer after sunnatof of Fajr Fardor afterthe the Fard or aftersunrise. bathing slaughter penis place place and pen anda camel isforbidden. The place be clean in a dirty. 18 18 ." (Ahmad (Ahmad & Muslim) Muslim) practice people is seen in practice It is in that continue with that many manypeople seen with the the continue prayer sunnat sunnat prayer even the has though the iqamat iqamat wen though hasbeen beensaid saidfor for the the prayer prayer." clmn)." was for which whichthe lqamat the Iqamat said. "When has said" the Iqamat senger Allah(S.A. congregation discipline Jamd'at. something worshipper. practice This practice against This is congregation Philosophy. impure place such as if a rubbish rubbishtip.filthy (a) should $alat in andpure.busy roadshouldbe waysetc.W. camel (bl The placeshould The place from danger.'t{hen the (S. be when a place for whenchoosing benoted noted choosing (a) The place pure. and the for a mosque (Pure and beenrendered rendered the Muslims. and violationof Hadith. after sunrise. the kneesat lect. others publicroadof should e. public be avoided. mosque the earth earthhas hasbeen clea!l). (Ka'bahl.l hasbeen been said.g.g. FOR SALAT PLACE 2 .W.

W. however.W. the body should tight which the of body should of the whichshows the shape shape shows fitting clothing tight fitting cfothing be avoided. b) Prayer. the WOMEN EN W OM The dress dress of the the woman woman should should be be such such that that it covers covers her her whole whole The body from from head head to foot foot leaving leaving only only the the face face and and the the hands hands un' un· body covered. the the grment garment is is not not long long enough enough to to uover cover the the lf. includes those which he Muslims to Muslims to pray.). Every is prayer [very believer believer is an obligatory an obligatory prayers Failure to day.W. b) NafJ (S. which heencouraged includes those encouraged The can into categones. from "None of you you must must pray pray in in a sin$e single garment garment of whirh whilh no no "None part comes comes over over the the shoulderj' shoulder:' part ( BUKHAR IM USLIM} (BUKHARI & MUSLIM) & If. r9 19 .) by the theHoly whic.A. ltlaflPrayer. canbe (compuhory) (i) Sunnat (i) Mu'akkadah (compulsory) Mu'akkadah Sunnat (S. It isolated and isolated before or after at special special after Fard prav.w. or obligatory obligrtory Salat.) prayer This prayer which the (S. NaflPrayer Prayer divided intothree three TheNafl bedivided categortes. Failure by prayers in to in a a day.) HolyProphet Prophet That which are emphasized by (S.(iil (in (iiil (iii) The shoulders should should not not be be left left uncovered. ThEshoulders $alat can tan be be prayed prayed in in one one garment garment if it covers covers the the body body $alat from the the navel navel to the the knees knees as as well well as as the the shoulders. shoulders.h are Thatis isthose those emphasized and by or prayrlr. A A prayer prayer offered offered in in transparent transparent clothing clothing is is not not valid.W.A.A. Also Also covered. a) Fard is ordered prayer. valid.A. uncovered.l. however. avoided. or after afterthe regularly by him him before before the Fard offeredregularly and offered (optional) (iil Ghair (ii) Mu'akkadah (optional) Mu'akkadah Gheir Prophet Muhammad offered only by Muhammad That is those by Prophet Thatis those offered onlyoccasionally occasionally (s. covered. (S. shoulders then then parts parts of the the body body between between the the navel navel and and shoulders the knees knees should should at at least least be be covered. sin. also before or at and occasions. ordered Fard prayer is prayer.W.) observed Prophet observed theProphet is a voluntary which Thisis a voluntary lt also occasions.A.A. OF L A T 4 . TYPES TYPES O FS A a) or $alat. be 4. five obligatory Allahto to offer obligatory by Allah offer five prayers a serious observe anyone prayers is and is a serious five obligatory obligatory any one of the five observe of the and punishable punishable sin.

WJ 2 rakats before and after afterthe the Zuhr before and2 rakats (BUKHAR (BUKHARI &I MUSLIM) MUSLIM) practice familiarpractice Zuhr It is to sunnat is a familiar offer 4 rakats rakats beforeZuhr to offer sunnatbefore prayer.} (S.) as as saying.. There is for it extra isa a reward it and andno no forleaving leaving it. 2 rakats sunnat Rakats 2 sunnat Mu'akkadah.A.." (S.A.W. rakats 2 or sunnat Mu'akkadah.) (S. (R.A. Fard. allows. be at isolated instante atcordatany instance can offered any isolated accordingto to the thetime timeand and ing capacity of Prophet Muhammad capacity of the thebeliever. rakar Mu'akkadah." used (ABU (ABU DAWUO} DAWUO) (ivl (iv) Mrghrib Meghrib Prryar.2 rakats rakats nafl. acity acity allows. (iiil Asr Arr Praver.A.AJ Another hadith narrated by says. Abdullah Abdullah bin bin Mughaffal Mughaffal reported reported the the Prophet Prophet (S. "Allah's messenger..A. Prophet believer." _ to pray tw'orakats rakas before Asrprayer. 2 Rakats (ii) Zuhr Prryrr." ssparatang them witha asalll salu tation. saying. but that but this this hadith that 2 rakat hadith proves beforethe the sunnatbefore prayer Zuhrprayer Zuhr is allowed...W. prayer.A. mesenger (S.) used to pray 4 rakats said.) "Allah's Ali (R.AW.) praynatl (S.." (TlBftllZll (TfRMIZI) (R. Muhammad (S. "Allah's messenger Another hadith narrated by Ali says. Zuhr (ii) Prlver. 3 rakan rakats fard.W.A.) prayer.W. OF FORTHE PRAYERS OETIGATORY PRAYERS (il Fejr (0 FrirPrlyer. 2 Fard. proves rakatsunnat prayer.) encouraged the to encouraged the believers believers t0 pray nall to to help helpmake make up for for any anyminor minor ombsions up omissions or defects in or other other defec$ in the theobligatory obligatory praysr..} Ali said. 4 rakats far{. Prryrr..(iiil Nell (Extnl (iii) Prryrr(Extrl) thfl Preyer prayer.. 2 0 20 .. 2 rakats sunnat or 4 rakats rakab sunnat sunnat Mu'akkadah Mu'akkadah and number of capandan number timeand anunspecified unspecified of nafl and naflas ro time capalloun. NUMBER TUTIBER FORTHEFIVE OFRAKATS RAKATS FIVEOBLIGATORY 5. Preyer.A...) "Allah's Ali (R.W.W. $rair Mu'akkadah.A. It sinfor lt can beoffered sin it.W. nafl. isalso also allowed. rakatsFard. messenfr used t0 pray rakafu before Ae r prayer before Per prayer separating them with tation.(S. rakats sunnat sunnat Mu'akkadah Mu'akkadah and and an an unspacified unspecified number number of of' nafl nafl 6 as time time and and capacity capacity allows... 5.AJ said alone with messenger lbn Umar Umar with Allah's Allah's mesengel said"I alone (S.) "l prayed prayed Ibn (R.) (S. Prryrr.WJ used to pray two before Asr prayer. (R. 2 rakats fard." rakats rakats Zuhrprayer. (iii) 0r 4 rakats rakat sunnat 2 or 4 rakats sunnatghair Mu'akkadah.A.A.A. rakats Mu'akkadah.A. is an Thb is anextra praying There reward for praying This prayer.

"This third applies to who to applies to those those whowish wish to do d0so. lsha Pmyer. unfard.W. (v) Isha (v) Prayer.W) (H.A.However.nafl after Howrakats the witr witr prayer. However.) prayerl' "Make prayer your said. rakats naflafter after 2 rakats nafl sunset and the prayer before prayer sunset andbefore themaghrib maghrib a r eallowed allowed f o r tliose tliose l v h owish w i s hto are for who ::0. Jamd'at. waiting prayer.) Prophet Muhammad or Muhammad (S.W. waiting for for Jama'at. people hadith some people forbid some forbidthis thisand and find it very othersfind person very suange others if they offer srrange theysee seea a person rakats offer2 rakats naflbefore before natl Maghrib. "Make witr as the last prayer of your night prayer:' night of witr asthelat said. For t h i sthe t h e above above hadithis is a proof.' adding when it the adding whensaying saying the "This thirdtime. peopleoffer HowSome .A. hadith that thereis an authentic authentic hadithwhich that the the witr witr is an states evet." s0.2 rakats rakats rakats Mu'akkadah. sunnat unnumber specified number of allows and specified of nafl nafl'as as time time and and capacity alloran capacity and 3 witr. it is ta pray while to justify naflwhile claim.there person prayer be offered a person wishcs prayer should be after wishes afterall all the the nafl naflwhich offered whicha should prayhave to been offered. a sure sureproof. research we could not find a single single any practice could not entireresearch (S. and 4 rakats fard. sunnat." (EUKHAR &USL|MI (BUKHARI &tMUSLIM) M people Thatwas wasbecause because did not he did wish people That he to not wish t0 treat treatit as asa a comcompulsory pulsory sunnat. (MtsH (MISHKAT) KATI o o o o o 21 21 . witr.A. (S. I people very emphatically Some insist very upon of insist Somepeople upon the emphatically offering the offering of 4 prayer beforethe rakats sunnat before but rakatsoptional ishaprayer optional the isha but during duringour sunnat our proof.) lbn Umar reported thatthe the Messenger of Allah Umar(R. afterthe Somepeople offer 2 rakats whichstates ever."Pray before prayerj' beforethe the Maghrib Maghrib "Pray prayer.any practice find a entire we proof.WJ or from Prophet hiscompanions or order or his orderfrom companions praynafl to justify this Certainly it tQ Certainly is allowed allowed thisclaim. rakats An unspecified number nafl rakats An number of according to unspecified 0f nafl according the time time to the andcapacity capacity.A. time. sunnat Mu'akkadah. to pray have been offered.)reported Mesenger Ibn that of Allah(S.A. t o do F o r this do: 0 . Maghrib.A.

Umar (S. As in all Muslimcountries Aian is is called aloud As you know. lEh..WJ had a AfterProphet Muhammad ordered a bell bellto to be bemade made gather people prayer.) suggested sending someone to somsone t0 announce announce the Jews. iI/allah.A. call to But through the t0 prayer. thanthat?' that?'I replied/Certainly'.will selfthis this to he asked said.'l Aktur. Akbar.AW. when they were busy busydoing doingtheir work. 'Allehu Akbar. Allahu Allahu Akbar. Rabbihirsaid.Ash hadu an Ii AkMr.WJ and discussed the day Prophet ProphetMuhammad Muhammad and the the Muslims the prayerat people the for prayer matter for the the congregational at the the matterof congregational of calling the people calling believers of suggested the of like exact time. But it seems through the people seems thestudy ahadith callthe studyof ahadith Prophet Then Muhammad that that the methodwas was not Then Prophet Muhammad the method not satisfactory..A. One sometimesrespecially (S. not guide to something better t0 prayer.) Prophet hadordered After Muhammad (S. satisfactory. payya an-na Mul)ammadilr rafilullEh.Chapter Chspter J t AZAN . 22 22 .) of but (R.. youto people to He you better Hesaid. whenI saw a man mancarrying in his hands. you wondered fivetimes heard Have times a day day and musthave have ever andyou how howit started? stafted? n2nr*r STORY OF 0FAZAN sroRY Madinah A long when the migrated from to longtime timeago ago theMuslims Muslims migrated fromMakkah Makkah when to Madinah prayer.) Muslims discused day (S. AllEhu Akbar. ShalfI not somsthing said.Some the believers suggested the use use like exacttime. (S..W. AI/shu Altdhu . ' · illal lilh. a naqoose was sleeDing when a a in and nagoose hishands.) Bital the appointed Bilal to Then Allah's Allah's Messenger t0 the prayer. ash hdu an la xh hadu li ilaha il6ha illal lEh..A. La G ilaha ilffia iI/allah. people prayer. in alf Muslim countriesAian calledaloud you ever youmust wondered it. One they were their work.that what that we we would woufddo do with with it?t it?l replied. IQAMAT AZAN IQAMAT you know.Then Messenger (S.Mul)ammadar Mufiammadar resulu/·/iJh. so he meto sav. Qayya 'alaI-fa Ilh fa6h. Have five a heard it.} (S. he will you to me?' me?'When Allah. (a oooch). so the to on to gather the people to prayer.A. and vrras sleeping saw carrying 'Servant you sell When I said. Akbar. (S. Christians.'Servant of Allah.A. Ash Ash hadu an-na an-ru. an-na I)ayya bayya 'a/Sf bayya 'alq galdh 'alal 'alal-falEh 'alSf payya 'alaI falal). Ash lE ilaha ildha illal illal lah.)appointfd prayer. galEh. Ash Ash hadu 'al4 $a/ah. MuQammadAr rasulul-llJh. woulduse to call what I would useit to callthe the guide peopfe prayer. cked replied.W. resitut4en. 'Shall tnld me he told than so repliedr'Certainly'.A. AI/ahu AllEhu Akbar. A/llJhu 'AI/ahu Akbar. companion.W. othes suggested the use a horn suggested ussof a hornlike likethat that (R. AllEhu fuayya fuayya ' Allahu Aktur. Christians. Akbar.A. they to about prayer. on that that that it could be struck struckto so that couldbe "l bin Zaid Abdullah Zaidbin Abd Rabbihi"said. Some of the of something something the others the the bell bell of the the Christians.W.A.WJ agreed to (a something like Naqoose like the bell agreed to use usea a NaQoose something the bell eonch).A. but Umar suggested sending of the Jews. timefor for the the congregational they used used to agree agree abouta a fixed fixedtime congregational prayer remember for the They the They found foundit difficult difficultto time fixed fixed for the prayer t0 remember the time especially when sometimes. Akbar. same day Abdullah bin "1 day a bin Abd same a companion. of but to of its wc not to use because of Christians but he hewas not happy happy useit because itssimilarity Christians similarity with with the the Christians. t0 sav.

A[l6hu AII3hu Akbar.'i5fu"t (i.W.ri. When the congregation is you should say:Allahu Akbar. for for he he has has stronger stronger voice voice than than you you it in making have'.'r{Si.-5{ Ji i -. he by Him Him who who has has sent sent you you with with the the truth. Ash hadu hadu an'na an·na [luhamMuhamAll6hu 'alaqsalah. insha'Allah. prayer.A.3 $et -".Aii\ . people for the congregational prayer. says 'alai FalElr he turn to turn his hisface heshould should $yi'flayya"aial TEXT THE AlAN OFTHE TEXTOF A'NT.'}A " rji*rt 'rF"i l -e9^1-rr '.41 .A.W.W. I I have have seen seen the the same same kind kind by of thing as as has has been been revealed'' revealed".fuh Allfihu Akbar.). All6hu Allahu Akbar. Akbar. madar qad qad q6ma qama tii tis iaieh.I glfif {\tfr::t '. praver. qad qad qEma qama tis tis bayya 'alai fal-ah. have'. and and So he used used it in making making the the call call to grayer. lbn. (Oarmi. lbn Ibn Maiah. So I I got got up up along along with with Bilal Bilal and and begnn began to teach teach it to him. Khuzahah.A. Ahmad. When II told told Allah's Allah's Mesenger Messenger (S'A. insha·Allah. St"offi va$5t'e% og{.3 fti'i'*-::.) (S.) (S."iif rt^t\ JFui'#&)'rjsAil. and and when when you you have have taught taught him him what what you you have have seen seen let let him him use use Bilal. rasOlul-lah. Ibn.l. ready should is {lhen the congregation said.).. ' (Darmi. hayya 'ala. he Umar bin bin al-Khattab al-Khattab heard heard this this' when when he he wu was in in his his house.W. lah.W.. Ash Ash hadu hadu an an li Iii lilaha lilaha illal iIIallah.After the the Aian Aian the the stranger stranger kept kept quiet quiet for for a a while while and and then then After Akbar. When and call into his ears of forefingers whenhe to the the right rightand andwhen faceto he Havva 'alC Saldh he turn turn his his face he should should left. Akbar. Whenhe loud voice. salah. said. face to the theleft. 'Praise be be to Allah!"' Allah!'" replied. lah. H h. making the the call call to prayer. and and Umar he came came out out trailing trailing his his cloak cloak and and said. Allihu you say:said.\!r'^ll9e1.\ 'o'"i'r 9yUfX j 23 23 . jr.dt&G lr l7 f. him.A. truth. KhuzaicDah. To To this this Allah's Allah's Mesenger Messenger (S.IJ#fsJa. he says says in a of forefingers into his ears and call in a loud voice. Tirmizi) Tirmizi) So from from that that day day 0n on t0 to the the present present day day Aian Aian is is said said to gather gather So prayer. (S. Akbar. Majah. house. people for the congregational THE MUAizlN THE mun2iru is called people called A person who for prayer is person the congregational congregational for the who calls callspeople Frayer facing Ka'bah Aian he should stand a saying the stand facing Ka'bah heshould the Aian Before saying a Muaziin Mua2iin Before puttingthe the tips tips in He to his ears ean putting raisehis his hands hands to his He should Makkah.) in the the morning morning what what When had seenrhe seen1he said. vision. galih..*V .A. 'Mesenger 'Messenger of Allah Allah (S. li la ilihillal ilatll illal satah. Ntmad. shouldraise in Makkah. bayya 'alal madar ras0lul-lifr.WJ oi 'Praise replied. said. so so get get up up along along with with II had Bilal. 'lt 'It is is a true true vision.

re there isno nodeity deitybut I witness is butAllah. Come to falah /. Allah.tiJ./ayya 'alaI falal) Hayya'alal yourGood Good Come to your Come to falah I.) is of isthe themessenger messenger of Allah. Come to your Come to Alldhu Akbar Akbar Allihu greatest Allahis is the the greatest Allah Allahu Akbar Akbar Allihu greatest Allahis the greatest is the Allah ildha illal lah LE iliha LlI Lah There is deitybut There is no no deity but Allah.A. Allah. Come to Prayer.I I bear bear witnesthat Muhammad thatMuhammad I witness (S.W. ralatu Khayrum Khayrum minan minan narvmnawm- Kh-ayrum minan minan nawm nawm . prayer Prayer is is better better than than sleep.) Hayyalalag galah prayer tiometo to prayer (. of Allah.A.W.) is of lsthe themessenger messenger Allah.ome sal1h 1. sleep. Allah. GodA. iilat Lah hadu an Ash hadu ld ilaha an la it1ha illal LEh Ash bear witnesthat thatthere there isno nodeity deitybut II bear witness is butAllah.Iayya 'ala1 Hayya'alag salah Prayer. 4tr+1lfl! prayer Prayer is is better better than than sleep.lrr'+:+'!it>iat e+Att.W.!ayya 'alaI falalJ Hayya'alal yourGood. an-na Muhammadar Ash hadu an-na Mul"tammadarrasululliJh rasulul lEh Ash bear witness Muhammad thatMuhammad II bear witness that (S. Allah. hadu an-na Ash hadu rasulul Eh Ash Muhammadar Muhammadar rasululliJh (S. ainru AZAN FoR FOR FA"IB FAJR An An additional additional phrase phrase is is included included in in the the Aian Aian for for the the Fajr Fajr prayer prayer 'alal after after the the second second thyya 'alai Fal6h !:'j. TISTEIIIilG LISTENING TO TO THE THE A2Ail A!AN ll 1) when When the the beliaren believers hear hear the the Aian Aian they they shourd should risten listen to to ir it in in 2 4 24 . tS.Allihu Akbar Akbar Allihu greatest Allah isthe thegreatest Allah is AllEhu Akbar AlliJhu Akbar greatest Allahis isthe thegreatest Allah Allahu Akbar Akbar Allahu greatest Allahis isthe thegreatest Allah Allihu Akbar AlliJhu Akbar greatesr Allahis isthe thegreatest Allah hadu an Ash hadu an la lE i!§ha il6ha iI/allah illal l1h Ash I bear bear witnesthat thatthp. sleep.A.A.Hr)-iit As.

Truly and his lbrahim (A.J I'gG."f th.Lahawla Lahawla Wala Wala quw' quwfal-ah wata rlla Ina Bil-hh.1. Allah..tlayya t:tayya 'al4 salEh and and Havya'alalI:tavya 'alat 2l fal'ah :.) as Ibrahim (A. Allah. (S. .# -JI:$ W "*l dt *4'q# Jt F i $t!. Bil-lah. family.bless "0h. 'ald "Allah "AlEh humma ¥l1·li 1li Muf1am· MuftamMufiammadin wa wa 'ali ali hlE Mul)ammadin Eal-li 'ala 'ald madin kama 'ali Ibraheema lbr1hffima wa wa 'ala ali ili Ibraheema lbrEhema kamE qal-layta'alE innaka lJameedum maied.Ei-id.} peace you have upon sent peace the (S. ately 2) When When the the Muaiiin Muaziin says:says:.) tA..A.JamMultamhumma barik wa 'ala Mul\ammadin wa ffirik 'ala 'alE 'ali Eli Ibraheema lbrEheema madin kama wa 'aliJ ali lbrhheema wa bitakta 'alll Ibraheema kamd blJtakta innaka maied." " fiamedum majeed.S.} (S. innaka I}ameedum !!ilEh (S.) and Truly hisfamily.S.) (S." praiseworthy and youare are OU'A OF AZAN OF DU'A A2AN H. JL1tV U'L-i.W.) and glorioug:" 'alE ali 'alE Mul}ammadin 6li Mu/. completed.W.W-l as sent upon have Muhammad as you of Muhammad the family family of praiseworthy you are and Ibrahim and are praiseworthy Truly you his family. OARUO AFTER AFTER THE THE AZAN AiAN OARiiD g.A.) and of thefamily family andthe bles Muhammad Muhammad Alah.+tJ:.A. the the listener listener and and the the 3) Muaziin recite Oariid Dariid unto unto Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.l 4r' ''i+V. andhis you have lbrahim blessed hare blessed as you glorious." you praiseworthy and glorious.) recite Muaiiin followed by by the the Du Du'a. let comeupon let your (S.A.ULJljfrti J3 3t h\i3 +fu.) and your peace Muhammad upon Muhammad "0h Allah.W.) Truly family.JF! 3) When When the the Aian Aian has has been been completed.S.W.a't'*i |*1ai.A.W.f. (S.A. (S." " hamedum majeed.) Muhammad of Mlihammad "Oh.e. thQ the .':.i-*{6r-tff:tr{+L:7iur:t .A.:il. phrase.S.W. (A. )t &i .ljstener listener should should say say in in reply:-reply:-.A.silence and and repeat repeat each each phrase phrase of the the Aian Aian in in silence silence immedi' immedi· silence ately after after the the Muaiiin Muaiiin has has finished finished sayingthe saying the phrase. follomif f.\L3\3).W.A.) and peace "Oh come (S.W.+G1 fu:irb'++P?.W. wata d+V.A.i.

blesing oun. offered congregtion. will be asuredof of h assured my intercession. have (R.A.iYt'J\'rIal tCi: \'r.A.'ttv'ei3iyi o'nJJUb$ty "AllEh humma rabba rabba "Allah Hazhi tit Hathi hid da'wa tit tdm mati was wassala sald tam imati iJii til Oi imati hii tit Qa ni I waseelata Mufiammada nil waseelata Muhammada 'ath-hu waf Fa{eelata wab wab wal Far.aSt I. :rlr* y:r{'1. T E X TOF O FIOAMAT TEXT IOAMAT o'@N 54'.i\ i.\tA'"r. give of (S.-*3. By (S.. himup up in in a a praiseposition you have promised'. and highest distinction highest distinction and class And him And raise class(in raise him to t0 the the promised youhave promised rank promised rank you promised him." tahfi.) rmad(S..) praisethe Wasila Imad the and and him Wasila andexcellency.)reported (S.A.W.W. Lordof thisperfect . worthy position worthy which he whichyou he will havepromised'.) Jabir(R. grant Muhamcalland Muham' established time.arr Jt. sayin$ '0 God." my (Bukhari) (Bukhari) IOAMAT IQAMAT prayer lqamat is the thesecond to prayer Iqamat is call and immediately before second andis isuttered immediately callto uttered before prayeroffered beginning of the the of prayer with the beginning the obligatory obligatory with congregation.:Ltt Sag c.) as "If assaying.) his rights his eternal rightsof intercesion.A. andraise raise excellency. (S. him.A.'t|*.\'rlJi?. of intercession.. '0 God.A.Lord of this perfect anyone says whenhe anyone says when the he hears hears the Aian Aian .Jeelata mahmhda nil maqamam maqimam mahmuda lazee wa wa ad ad tahu.r l*\ii3 i'e!&tl5't3ii 6'-qrt fi.A." intercession.) reported Mesenger "lf Jabir Allah's Messenger (S.W.s r.*:e.W. prayer grant andof of the the prayer whichis is established forall call which for all time. paradise).ltl ly:.:t& e cAY.W.i#.\3'2.) give Muhammad Muhammad of it.A. it. eternal (in paradise)." taiee "0h Allah! prayer Allah!Lord Lord of of this this complete "Gh prayer of By the the blessing complete of ours.'i$ Akbar Allahu Akbar Allah is is the the greatest greatest Allah Akbar Allahu Akhar Allah is is the the greate$t greatest Allah 26 2 6 .{\'i3 %i i.W.

Azan.- 27 27 . Jamt'at Allihu Akbar Alldhu Allah is is the the Gnatest Greatest Allah AI/shu Akbar Akbar All1hu greatest Allah isthe thegreatest Allahis La illal lEh LE ilaha ildha illallah There is but Allah.-==========.} (S.Ashhadu an en ld Ii il6ha ilaha illal il/alliJh l6h bear witnes witness that that there there is is no no deity deity but but Alah.A.W. Allah. deitybut isno nodeity There hadith in the the hadith This is c that in mentioned that mentioned is the the same of Iqamat lqamat same Thistext text of haYe the first fint to to have wttowc of bin Zaid bin Abd who the. 'alaq /:Ia yya 'alaf $Blah ldh Hayya Come to to prayer prayer Gome /:Iayya 'alaI fa/a/} hlal faldh Hayya Come to to your your good good Come qmatiS galEh Dad QiJmatis salah Qad Jaml'atis rcady ready' Jaml'atis qlmatiqsalah Dad qamatis sal6h Qad Jam.W. Rabbihi bin Zaidbin Abd Rabbihi of Abdullah Abdullah a about . Allah. Allah.A. vision a vision aboutAzan .) h is the the m$sengpr messenger of Allah. I bear Ash hadu anna anna Mufiammadar Muhammadar nsfrlul rasulullah lEh Arh hadu I bear bear witnes witness that that Muhammad Mu'hammad (S. 'at is is reaCy .

aeroplane etc. he try his his best bestto to find find out should try of from should out the the direction direction Oiblah from others. Suc.W.rection while he changes he is is praying trainor anaeroplane in a ship.he Wherever a is d face the facetowards he shoul towards the should Ka'bah going pray. importantcondition conditionof of performance important of if the However. is alone. tertds ( S. othen. 0iblah. ship. world. s articula r t h i n ka bout r a y eh r eI think about the particular obligatory. sutra.however. I ilTEttlT|ON INTENTION After After facinq fac. t i o n a lo a f lp ten ds t0 to perform. e.rection and changes while praying his o.W. accept accept his ft is is important important to start facing It to prayer facing the of startthe the prayer direction 0iblah the direction of Qibtah doesnot not matter and it does matterif his d. or approved by the Prophet (S. hisprayer. infront QIBlAH 0 fE t A H person Wherever a pernon is in in the the world. 0r an N0TE: gives NaTE: Nowadays. of Qiblah However. a compass which the whichgives is available available direction compasis the direction In strange strange places of places and it is instrument of Qiblah.Chapter4 Chopter 4 (PRAYER) C O N D U C T OF O t ' SALAT S A L A T (PRAYER) CONDUCT SUTRA SUTRA personstarts Beforea pray he a person placesomething staru to Before 8 t0 pray he should a shouldplace something (doe place distance prmtratc(does in front frontof of him shortdistance him of short in where he of the the place where he prostrates Sajdah). if it is then judgment and not possible then he he should shoulduse usehis his judgment and facein in a direction direction thinksis face which and whichhe he thinks is that that of Oiblah of Qiblah Allahwill will andAllah prayer. Such an is SUTRA and when the SUTRA called andis isused used when theperson praying person pasinginfront is praying alone. however. then the the imam imamacts ac8 as as The imam. the sutra.g. sutra. unknown city strange place wherehe does or a a place knowthe or where not of he he does not know the direction diiection of the Oiblah. the Qiblah. congregation. the jungle.h pemon an object object is called Sajdah). to poses. Nowadays. praying lf someol'le someone is praying If is in then in congregation. imam. e. possible is not However. him. optional orr n natl prayer he innh ep o b l i g a t o r0 yp .Facing towards very 0iblah(Ka'bah) a very is a performance prayer. penonin prayer. A person passing infrontof of the the person in prayer.A.T sm ade w i t h i nh i sm tion). desert.g.). aloud. He He should should not not utter utter the the words words of of niyat niyat aloud. The intention is made within his mind.In useful instrument and aeroplanes aeroplanes is a useful to possess.The musthave have the must his sutra individual his own own individual sutra i n f r o nof o t f him. person place is in in a a place suchas person is such jungle. o ta a h i si u t h e n t0 ic rophe t asst this iss n not authentic. perform. unknown strange city asa desert.A. pass should on the should pass on of theoutside outside of the thesutra. towards Qiblah is Saudi Arabi. whenhe he is is going to pray. so0 t the person should h ep ind. of prayer.ing the the 0iblah Qiblah the the person person should should make make niyat niyat (inten(intenh ei ntentioi n e r s os nh o u l d t i o n ) . Ka 'bah when to The is sacred mosque The Ka'bah Ka'bah thesacred isin mosgue in the (Ka'bah) Makkah of Makkah in Saudi Facing of in Arabi.L pprove b d yt h eP ra 28 2 8 .However. in a train etc.

W. thewonhipper ment point should point to where the rests in rests to the forehead should spot where theforehead in Sajdah. over over hishands hands hischest hand theleft chest tim Takbir Tahrimah because after saying "AlliihuAkbar" is called Akbar"is Takbir Tahrimah because after saying first"Anihu called Takbir Tahrimah every common and action. shouldsrs. used to before Fatihah.) put his right hand overhis (S.) used his over his hishands over hischest.) with Prophet bl Wi'il said:"I (S. with fingers stretching should earlobes.A.) placing HalbA!aee repofted: Alaee sawthe the Prophet al Halb (Ahmadrlirrrnizi). then fold over his right hand over the hand.1r-"+". with stretching to He should He fingers to the the earlobes. WHERE AND FOTDED T H E HANDS H A I { D SBE B E FOLDED A f { O PLACED PLACED S H O U T DTHE W H E R ESHOULD AFTER SAYING TAKBIR TAHRIMAH? TAKBIR TAHRIIIAH? SAYITG AFTER peopleplace placetheir Some under others place hands othersplace their hands underthe the navel.? ? + 6a r{cs..A. \733U\i" L:41'L#)i o --Ft5 rt4)t .) (R.W. under chest positions but Flacing in either these iscorrect "Placing the in of positions is but it is is better better the hands hands either of these correct practice place of Prophet t0 the the practice to them according to of Prophet them over the chest according to place chest overthe (S." (Ibn Abu Khuzaimah. Hajr Hair(R. several du'ts which to recite recite Fatihah. talk moveTahrimah worldly talk or or moveTakbir every andworldly action. Somepeople them the but which that Prophet uoder that Prophet themuDder but there arehadiths whichstate the chest thereare hadiths state chest (S.3V\& 1# i'.A.W. b. forbidden. Muslim).#i+r:.) hadiths.) and hand over his he put his left left hand and he handover overhis his right (lbn Khuzaimah. Allah Allih humma mashrigiwal wal maqhribi.A.TAKBIR TAHRIMAH TAHRIMAH TATBIR penon After nivat should start prayer saying After making niyatthe the person starthis his prayer saying making should (Allah greatest) "AII'Ihu akbar" (Allah is raising both his hands hands to to is the thegreatest) bothof of his "AllEhu akbar" raising the shoulders. (S. This This then fdd his right lefthand. as mentioned mentioned RECITATIO TE { F O R fATIHAH F RECITATION BEFORE B EA T I H A H (S.W.A.A.W.A. cho$t..)reported: "l saw pfacing Prophet a) (R.) as in authentic hadiths..V.Muslim). (R.A.W. navel.) place Muhammad (S. We of them. thespot Sajdah.W There are are several Prophet Muhammad which Prophet There du'as Muhammad {S.( (.) "1 (S.A. Muhammad ued to to place hands chest. KamE khat|yEya Kama "Alleh humma humma ba'id wa bayna bayna khat5yaya "Allah be'id barnee banee wa humma naq' maghribi.)said: "l prayed prayed Prophet Muhammad b) with Muhammad Wlll b.W. righthand his over his over his over hisleft lefthand hand hisright hand over hischest:' chesti'(Ahmad"Tirtnizi). iliri.W. two 'ij tJ.iit\ 5rll'H o iili +L \sf. baynal mashriqi /ii'adta naqE'adta baynal 2g 29 ." someFuqha There are other which Fuqha There narrations thatsome some othernarrations whichstate statethat aresome place above the navel.* jr=:ag46' o#. used to place theirhands han& under thechest but above used to their the but the navel. Dawld.A. AbuOawtid. chest. common prayer ment is Throughout the theeyesof the worshipper Throughout theprayer theeyesof isforbidden.A.A.W. Muhammad in the the above above authentic Muhammad (S. Wewill used of before will mention mentiontwo them.A.A.

This This recitation recitation is is called called Du'#ul-lstiftah Dua:ul-Istiftah which which means means DuE Du'i of starting. This TASMIA}I TASMIAM Then the the penon person who who is is praytng praying should should say: say: Then 30 3 0 .i*lr . These These (S. _" ".and and alt all praises aro due due unto uflto you·. eaSi. Tirmizi. watabhra "Subpana " SubfrEna Kallah KaltEh humma wabi f)amdika fiamdika wataliiJra ghamtk.. Ibn Ibn Nisai. Dawid. rakat. Muana Imam • the 7 du'as du'f.t )iL|j..e.g.Muslim. ildha wali illJha gh.. Hadith.rrp.W.. \ .and. Mulim. Tirmizi.. 0 Allah./ahi minah minash Shaygd Shayta nir-raipm." (Bukhari mEeewath wal bardi." wath thaJji thalii wal "0 as and are Allahset apartfrom from my East "0 Allah my sins sins andWest West set me me apart m East areapan apart fromeach other.. Dar-qutni.· 4. 'ala iad-duka jad-duka wallJ kasmuka wata'ald kasmuka wata "Gfory be you.W. I !. /'/ " 3 .A. Nisai.. lbn Majah.* Muatta lmamMalik). !I. Majah.AJ is reported reported hatre used thisdu'i du'aTakbir Tahrimah.'(. each from other.by$! yunag-qath thawIJul thawnul abyaqu qinee qinee min Ram'a yunaq·qath min khafiJyaya kha6yEya kama bil min Khatayaya KhatEyEya bil minad maghsilnie min hum maghsilnee minad danasi.." accursed. rakat.i.:. "Glory are Allah. lstiftahshould starting. TA. Fatihah. AtEh hum dan*i.. garment from my o me as is Allah. r. rirg.wruk.a. Musnad-. frommy my sins o wash with snow and 0 Allah.cleanse my sins isdeansed 0 Allah. maee and Muslim). Allah. water. 7." nir-rai-eem.). Imam Ahmad.A}WYUi TA'Awwui Then Then the the person person who who is is praying praying should should say:say.A..." "l This should should only only be be said said in in the the first first rakat. 0ui-ul Du/a-ullstif tah should only only be be recited retited in in the the first first rakat. Abu. v A 'uiu biLEhi bi/. Allih (Bukhari and Muslim).).rVj'. lbn Hibban. .fr)t it." hail.g. Umar Umar(R. Abu Dawiid.al.i+U tiS'#-..together together or just oneof them tftemor or py of the otherdu'as du'6s any the other which by Muhammad which are areapproved approved by Prophet Prophet Muhammad (S. yourmajesty your name andblessed blessed is your name andhigh highis is your and is and and is maie$y andnone rwnlry none iswon'v youJ' of worship wonhipbut but you:' of person readboth both du'ls. meoff sins andhail. bardi. be to praisss yoor to you..andrthere areabout about7.there are du'as du'& tan befound fbundin in different differertt canbe places sevenl Books Booksof Hadith.. Malik).*i t. to have should to shouldrecite the following one. " " A'uiu "1 seek seek Allaht Allah's protection protection from from satan satan who who is is accursed. after saying -" ". mefrom sins asa a white whitegarment uleansed cleanse wCIhing.) is recitethe followingone. unshme off from with water.. Dar-qulni.A. . ":_ \ --. places of several e... . Musnad. llibban.r Ahmad." snow penondoes If then lf a a person know the the duli doesnot not know du'd just mentioned then he he iust mentioned (R. can or just one A persol'1 can read du 6s. used this after saying Takbir Tahrimah.. fromdirt dirtafter afterthorough thorough from washi ng..4' .scan All of the be read before rettting surah can be read together tqether before recitfutg surah Fatihah.

hlaVhim walap "Praise is "Praise is only for Allah.rV . ddl-leen. Sira(al 'amta 'alayhim. " r'nhmd n "Bism il lEh hi "In the the name name of of Allah. " ir-rahnm.A.) Ubadah a) Ubadah 'Thereis reciting with_out as "There acceptable without reciting Surah prayer acceptable no prayer is no assaying: saying: $ol.ih"F "Alltamdu "A/hamdu | li/-/ahi rab-bil 'a/ameen. Laieena an an'amta $iragal Lazeena Ghayril _ maghQubi Ghayril magh{1ubi 'alayhim " A.u P." (S. Fatihah. Mali ki yawmid yawmid : deen. most themost The of Dayof Judgment. theway wayof of those Who have not your youranger. Allah. 'alayhim.=1e i#i( g rt.*t"l' S dJ. Fatihah.W.A. un pray Show us way.the Themost most merciful.'i.Ameen. "Bismfllah hir-rabma nir-raheem.) thatthe Messenger of (S.A.. iyyaka nasta'een.A) reported Messenger All:th's a) bin Allah's Messenger (S.. Fatihah. (S. merciful. of the the Universe. ::J. (S. kind.' .) Messenger thatthe reported Hurairah AbuHurairah b) Abu prayer did and kind of prayed any was saying that anyone who prayed any kind of prayer and did who that anyone wassaying 31 31 .)reported ofAllah b) (R. Ihdl nag siratal mustagmm.. the the mmt most kind kind and and the the most most mercifuli' merciful:' "ln be said said in in wery FNery rakat rakat before before reciting reciting rurah surah Fatihah.ur= e*idrig. This should should be This SURAH FATIHAH FATIHAH SURAH praying recite iurahFatihah. Tirmizi.W.) (R..Du i:-*il Id4l l] e . il-Ehi rab-hi Ar rafrmarahma nir-ralrem.. way." walay'gal-Ieen. thestraight straight Show usthe the whom you blessed.. Fatihah. youhave whom those have blessed. "t-it . help.A. . Nhai.b\tiirydJb-'.' {Bukhari Ibn Majah). Ar .W. Allah. of the theDay Themaster master of Judgment.Lord Lord unlyfor of Univene.mffin.{" !Vyi'*4i AVL i. Mefiki Iyyaka na'budu wa lyydka na'budu nasta'een.) reported bin Samit Samit(R. Ahmad. Dalfrd. youalone You we and to worship to you Youalone weworship and alone alone we for pray for help. l b nM a i a h ) . ' -.. Ahmad.den.A. l'6lameen." (Bukhari Muslim. .# 6 r i . should thepercon Then 6 .Tirmizi. Muslim.) Prophet Muhammad Reciting Fatihah is that Muhammad (S.A.PF.AW.ott . sirital mustaqeem.) thatProphet isso soimportant important Fatihah Reciting of recitation the recitation wiqhoutthe said wi1thout of prayerwas acceptable wG acceptable no prayer thit no said that Fatihah. Abu Oawud.W. anger. The kind.) Allah (n. nir-raheem. .W.A. Who notdeserved deserved have Nor astray:' gone Norgone astray..A. . 5+:^J 3 6'. _ o+ij}$rj1 _ I . Abu Nisai.

'Then when 'Do you he finished finished hc said.) "lf anyone said: anyone obsewes prayer (S..A..' valid.A." Hurairah) (R. ofany anytype typeof of prayer.t ligrt of of the the above above In hadiths we that hadiths we understand undentand thatSurah surah Fatihdrmust murtbe berecited rscited read or read in every Fatihah or in rakat rakatof every prayer.A. nir-raheem." .A.A. (S..w.. notcomplete. b) b) Abu Abu Hurairah Hurairah {R.W. .A. pgopl.Jiorro". of Allah Attah(S." it is deficient. vry clearty clmdy.He.Ummul thatrUmmul Ouran not (luranl.pndin not read nad in in that.M ." It was was said to Abu Abu Hurairahi Hurairah: lt saidto 'What should we do when (Abu 'What should we do when we we are behind an Imam?" He.) cl Abu reported (S. In the the Ii-.:lee-n. . (R.W.) said: the said:'We were werebehind behind Prophet the Prophet (s.}as c) Allah's (S." Khuzaimah. said.. he he saidrAmeen said.) (R. Then when difficurt for'him. isnot " (Abu notvalid.A. is Tirmizi)..A.) (S. (R. we We will will mention mention a a few few of of these these hadiths hadiths here. . lbn Hibban. "Read itt iin silence. H u r a i r a h( lR .. gE.A.A. andnot complete..A.. )r e p l i e d . Ahmad).) said: "If observes prayer (salatl in in which whichhe hedoes does not read read Ummul ummul Quran 0ur5n (Fatihah). not it is it is is deficient.'yE. 'yes..W.ing the following hadith niatter-i tilli.W. ^tlgfenggl Messenger of Then the Messenger Th'en Messenger the 'Do (S..A.) said: 'Do (behind of said: not (behind the not recite reciteanything anything t-he lmam) except (surah Fatihah) Fatihah-tul-Kitab except Fatihah-tul·Kitab Imam) (Surah he raiitratrjbecause because he who does doesnot not include include who it in in his in his his recitation recitation prayer in prayer prayer his prayer (AbuDawiid.o $ome. Bui there ih.A. will deficient.A. when When saying saying Emeen Ameen the the voice voice oT of the the wtrole whole congregation congregation should should resound resound at at the the same same timu.!. a) a) Naeem Naeem al al Mujammar Mujammar said: said: "l "I prayed prayed behind behind Abu Abu Hurairah Hurairah (n.( . and when when he he reached reached walad wala·p {alleen. deiicient. IMAM. very answers the '1Ale al Ubadah Ubadah bin $amit. and not (Bukhari..W. (Muslim).) (R. "u k h a r i ) . .(R. that (Ibn Ibn Ahmad).'Do recitebehind he he you recite We your Imam?' behindyour lmam?'we replie.. willbe be deficient.)reported bl Abu Abu Hurairah Hurairah reported b) (R.) He He recited recited Bismilfdh Bismillah hir-ra[ma hir-rahma nir-raheem..) in and a from the and he he recited recited passage a passage from'the Ouran. timlt There There are are many many hadiths hadiths which which prove prove that that saying saying Ameen Ameen aroud aloud is is Sunnah Sunnah of of the the Holy Holy Prophet Prophet (S. ftrt . drouldnot not be b0any any confusion confusion in'thii should in this matter as ir. is deficient.) 8) bin (R. A MEEIU: AMEEN: It is is sunnah sunnah io to *y say Ameen Ameen when when a person person finishes-recitation finishes_recitation of Surah Surah Fatihah.nlh Fatihah. Hibban.W.and Fatihah·tul· in one oneversion Fatihah.A.) Allah'sMessenger Messenger as praysrwill rrying: "No "[Io prayer wifl benefit benefit saying: a who in a person who did did not read not read in (lhn Khuzaimah. c)a. then then he hE recited recited surah surah Fatihahrand Fatihah.A. {FatihahLit is deficient. but the the recitation recitation became auran.) and and it it was was iheiegular the regular practice practice of of the the companions.) that of Allah thst the the Messenger Mesenger Allah (s.l reported Abu Hurairah Hurrirah(R. here.A. and not complete. lf If he he is is praying praying alone alone he he should should say say "Ameen" "Ameen" in in silence silence and and if hg is is praying praying with with congregation congregation behind behind an an lmam Imam then then he he should should say say Ameen Ameen fairly fairly loudly loudly when when the the lmam Imam finishes finishes saying saying the the last last verse verse of Surah Surah Fatihah. h ims aid A m e e.tul.A.A. (S. and complete. Kitab will deficient.A. Read i ns i r e n c e .w. MrrlimAhmad). in the the Fajr Fairprayer.. deficient.) replied.u " slim).A.)'.A.W. A . Tirmizi).) reported reported that that the the Messenger Messenger ol of Allah Allah (s. replied.w. question. d n dtthe hep b ehind after and people behind him said Ameen ". Muslim Ahmad). (Abu arebehind an lmam?.." rurdr Fatihah.' DawEd.AW.) (S.A. Fatihah. version prayrr Kitsbhis hirprayer willbe bo deficient. ansnrers theQuestion.A.w.W. BECITATIOil OFSURAH SURAH FATIHAH RECITATION OF fATIHAH BEHIND AN BEHIITID Af{ IMAM.{. (Bukhrri.) of Allah Allah (S.) praver. congiegrion.W. Ameen eople a f t e riit ta ((Bukhari).. companions.. n.ysly confused Some people are very confused whether they or theyshould should or should should not l'Iad rsadSurah surah Fatihah Fatiharr praying whirepraying not while in But in congregation.)'. but became difficult for him.) said: said: 'when 'When the the lmam Imam says says GhayriiMaghd0bi Ghayril MaghQubi 'arayhim 'alayhim 32 3 2 . Fatihah. will deficient. willbe be deficienr.

iri Jrb 7 A)6'5'. Dawld." AbuDawud. recite Here Her. yalid walam yhlad. b) Surah b) FalaQ.!'*Fa"". Ameen.i5 8'rratfj-rL.IF9'. Ameen.W. all of say.W.s3 "Oul huwal tahu NQul ldhu ahad. Nisail. lb Majah). sins. forgiven beforgiven his be his sins.A.h you canrecite.lJ'J . ahad. one.A.an m0re prayer. Walam yaku/-/ahu ahad. Was not born of Him. b d (aloud) behind Ibn t h eImam:' l m a m i '(Ahmad. BECITATIO AN FTER FATIHAH RECITATION AFTER SURAH FATIHAH SURAH person praying It is for a is sunnah It for who that read sunnah a person who is read is praying that he he should should Fatihah a surah from Quran 0ur5nafter afterFatihah firsttwo rakats a from in of surah in the of the thefard fard thefirst two rakats prayer.) of Allah "Jews aremore r'nore said: are envious of in our said:"Jews envious of Muslims Muslims in two two things thinp la) our 'alaykum (b) saying greeting someone with Assalamu greeting someone with 'alaykum and Ameen and(b) saying Ameen Assalamu (aloud ) e h i n the (Ahmad .Zt I'4:.) Aisha reported c) Aisha (R. "l found praying dl Ata Atasaid: d) "I 200 praying in found of the said: 200of thecompanions in the themosque mosque companions (S.ite surahs. Was not born of anyone. He one surahs. Surah c#itt*.) Prophet lmam_said of (S." (Ahmad.gti:*'<ii-' 33 3 3 . And whosoever whosoever says Ameen and his his voice voice with that Ameen and blends with he that of of the the angels angels he would would blends (Ahmad. . Here are a Surahs oneor or more are fewshort canrer.:"'. a) Surah Surah lkhlar a) Ikhlas #)'.A. Ameen". Lam va/iff yakul-lahl Kufuwan a. nMajah). (R.A. huq-qamad. a few short Surahs youcan which recite.W.) and the walad dal-!een.A. of the theProphet andwhen when the Imam_said theecho heard voices resound I heard the of voices resound with echo of their their withAmeen".) reported that of c) that the the Messenger Mesenger Allah (S." There There is equal n o one one e q u ato tlo Him. "Say: the theonly onlyone. k'5.FJt$g--a t An63'd3 itX'rtd." i s no Falaq.youshould wala{dal-leenrall of you should walaQ." Wa/am " "Say:He Allah. n dHe anyone. L*ii ih.u:+31 d Ft P. Allah hus-samad. walam yu/ad. whic. He H edoes does a He not produce n o tp c h i l dand .) (S. becuase the Ameen. Heis is Allah.jiq.-G u3 F i5 d Astil v4v h'-.. becuase theAngels Angels and the Ameenand f mamsays the Imam gty Ameen And says saysAmeen.A.!ad. Allah anddoes does not need helps r o d u ca echild. Abu Nisai). Allah helps and not help. need help.W.S.

Nls. n*. 2et)'- uiy- t t. thesustainer in the re{uge seek Mankind. Owner of the From the whisperer. "Say: from the the wil evil of all all that that He He has has ereated. lry Gr^ll o --yt-=l Lvr"$V4 . The hisbody. cl 3}orr+' oA-{..4Lr\*\F d *t. Lord Mankind. the Owner of Mankind.from perpendicular rest to the the rest that to to to hips) hif) is from head head is perpendicular trunk (i.Qui AlAIubi Au}ubi rab-bil rab-bil falaq. rin+.' 'Say:I seek gustainer of mankind. $rsetimes. and And from from the the evil evil of the the envier envier when when he he envies." or mankind.!t t . ilul KhaJaq. stretching fingers andfingers (i. hearB in the thehearts Who wtrispen mankind.' :?'?.'5i. times. khan-n-awaswdsil shar-ril waswa rab-bin n&. spnadapart. falls.g[fi*-j* o-p*---$li 34 34 I rr ." And c) Surrh Surlh ilar. ''Say: refuge in of mankind. \A. gudE rin-nas. #uqad.'93At(a Malikifl lld hin-nas. wan+t*.t:. Min Wa min min shar-ri shar-ri ghisiqin iia waqab.." (Whether he jinns or (Whether among fromamong be)from hebe) iinns _ BOWING RUKU BOWITIG BUKU "Alldhu Akbar" raising Akbar" raising praying Then praying should person saY"Allahu shouldsay the person Then the palms facing the palms both to level facing outward levelwith with the shoulder to shoulder hands his hands both his rukuso bendin thenbend in ruku so Heshould and stretching to He then should to eartobes. his trunk that his finpn knees with the his knees the fingers of should with reston on his shouldrest Hishands hands body. waqab. of mankind." envies. Lord of of Mankind.v4 Qui A'uzubi Ail A'uiuhi I . fs/aq. rab-bin nas.The spread taking care do arms touchhis that his hisarms taking carethat apart. from and from from the the evil evil of the the darkness darkness of night night when when it falls.e.His of the the body.tfY 'r)3 d -rfu rd) d .e. whisperer.(t. Wa Wa min min shar-ri shar-ri hxidin hasidin lia /za Hasao Hasaa Wa HSay: II seek seek refuge refuge in the the Lord Lord of the the dawn. dawn.t( r-:t(r'/tt ^ t qEJr. and and from from the the wil evil of those those (charmers) (charmers) who who blow blow into into knots. IIi Malikin nis. hin-n*. Min shar-ril sil khan-nas. gh*iqin iia Vrla Wa min min shar-rin shar-rin naf-fdthdti nat-famati fil fil 'uqad.'uli2t. posture andnot not the ruku rukuposture person be in and in the andcomposed composed psron should h calm calmand slrould yal azeem" lmst azeem" at least rab-bi hurry read :"Subhana rab-bi yal at read:'tubhana Thenhe should heshould it Then hurry it three . knots. thesneaking sneaking of the From theevil wil of Who whispers in of mankind. do not not touch body. Min shar-rimd shar-rima Khalag. eadobes. treated.fuAI/ari fee fudu 'niA Attaii yuwaswisu Yuwaswisufx Minai iii'nati jin-nati wan-nas.\ or.

xL o. you. t0 you. wabika . mr.AW.A..t {*r o "AlEh humma laka "Allah laka Raka'tu Raka'tu.This means: means: This 's "Glory be be to my my Lord lord who who is the the very very grmtmt:' "Glory (3.#s e'.A) reported of Allah Al*t Meseqrrr of Abi Badri(R. Mtslim.L.-.A. Saidah. rab-bTkhashi'a trta rab-bT Rhahi'a sam'ee sam'ee 'azme wa mukh-khee mukh-kt E wa wa wa 'azmee wa 'qafu wa wa vn masta gal . qada may-va bihe qada bihee mav-ya lil-Iahi. He tan read (3. mmtly -41 t.A. a vl tl.I bowed to you and I believed my mitted you. 0h Allah. r.". Ennntu.ziJLli r_. I irt1.j hr!. walaka alunru.'.bi are mentioned mentioned below:below:are Other Du'is Du'as in in Ruku: Ruku: 0ther Aisha (R. "Subl)ana Kalla humma humma rab-banE rab-bana wabifuamdika wabi(1amdika "Sublpflna Kalld AllAh hum maghfirln.} rnd in Prophet in There are du'as Muhammad (S.3s +a Ld"Nv..=--e-f you and "0h! my you and in you "Ohl in subbelieved andIlrub borwdto my Lord.) reportod reported that that the the melsengpr messenger of of Allah Allah (S.) 9.d Muhammed There areother du'& which whichProphet other Hadith.) V h. times. 0 h Allah.rm.) etc. read usedto read Aflah used Ali of Allah (R. brrin. Muslim).lat mista qal tat . andwhatever whatever carried mitted for the the lord mittedfor of the theworlds:' worl&l' Lordof (S. Two TWD of thsm them rab. You my brain.A.za-. my You are' my sight.) said: said: {S..AW-) (S.) rrportedthlt ilrrt the Mrud a' al Badri the Messenger Abi Masud (S./. t.gs 6F.AW.-ii{U. ol Ruku Ruku Perfection (R." Elameen!' (Ahmad.My My ear. 11 ett. and and all aU praise praise "Glorybe be to you. read it Hecan There are are sgme some other other du'& du'ls which which Gan can be be road read with with subfEna subbina There rab·bi yal yal a3eem or or imtead instead of subfrina rabbi rab-bi yal r. *Lz..A.A. r -. vnlaka aslamtu.) Aisha mostly read read the the follonring du'i du'a in in his his ruku ruku and and nidah.A. oh oh our our Lord. f . my dons and has by my ten tendom hr been beencarried bones. . 5.. " (0ukhari. 9.W. my sight my mitud to are my my lord. forgive me:' mei' forgive be you. fBukhari. Musliml. sajdah. Lord.) the Du'a Ruku: in Rttku: Du'ain following thefonowing $Q. ffiika amantu.) times. lil-Ehi.) (R.A. fnt is b subby my my feet rub' bones. Abu Abu Dawiid Dawfid etc." maghfirlee.f*n.) reported Messenger the Messenger that the reportedthat Ali (R.) .W.W. rab-bil rabSil 'alameen. 7. . Ruku and of in other otherBooks Ruku befound furnd in Books of Hadith. lord. " J?+ifrh\ l. 1l etc. 5.b?5&.r "" . 7.} 35 35 . Muslim.l \") rtt .l i :-)j5 3. Lord. AlEh This means: means: This "Glory be to you.r i. andthey theycan canbe Perfection of and andSaidah.J.

'*'"Sami'allAh hllehhu hu liman liman "Sami hamidai.s not not the the slightesi slightest doubt doubt that the raising raising of of hands hands is is sunnat sunnat and and a a person person who who fractises practises this this that the sunnat sunnat gets gets a a greater greater reward reward than than the the person person who who does does not not practise practise it." his hands who praises him.tly.). Ahmad.FdiJ"ol. Tabrani. Shafaee.continued a g e 37) oon n ppage 3 36 6 37) . Khuzaimah.) (S. Tirmizi. Nisai. There There are. nKhuzaimah.. it. Baitraql Baihaqi etc.}. are. deficient.. Prophet ansnered. Majah.) Prophet )ansmred.s0. even even though though the the action action is is mentioned mentioned in in the the hadiths. place.dah saidah should be done done perfectly. kim). there there is . hadiths. mentions mentions these these hadiths.W. sides. prayer. H (Ahmad. however. Nisai." Sajdah. * raise "verily. he said. kuku. etr. (R.' ''The WOBt steals inhis his "H0wcan Then thecompanions companions asked. "How someone steal from his can someone stear from his prayer?" prayer?" (S.AW. ( S T A i l O I t { AFTER G O A U W I . I(STANDING A H AFTER QAWMAH RUKU) BUKU} perfect After the Ruku the person praying After the perfect Ruku the person praying should raisehis shouldraise his head from Ruku Ruku saying:head from saying:- 6. however.n T (Ibn Khuzaimah.A.W. slowlyand and perfer. "He does doesnot not make makehis his balk back "He straight in srraight in Ruku Rukuand andSajdah.w. Allahlistens listens t0 onewho "Verily Allah toone praises him.) said: (S. Muatti rakat.W.W. Hakim. However. In In the the standing standing position position he he should should be be erect erect so so that that the the joints joints of his his body body go go hack hack in in place. all C O n tt n u e d all the the ulamas ulamas agree agree that that the the prayer prayer of of a a penon person who who does does not not raise raise r . while While in in this this position position he he should should recite recite one one 0r or all all of the the following following du'is du'as iN as many many times times as as he he likes. Malik. Hakim). filuslim.w.A. a b r a nIbn T . Nearly Nearly four four hundred hundred companions comDanions also also narrate narrate this this practice practice of of Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad {s. slowty otherwIse otherwrse sa/at of will penon salat of the the person will be be deficient. However. "Hedoes does nncomplete his "He nOlcomplete his RUKU Ruxu and and Sajdah with perfection. lh b. Abu Dawud. *some peopte *Some people get get very very annoyed annoyed when when they they see see someone someone raising raising his his hands hands while while going going inro into Ruku Ruku and and again again raising raising his his hands hands whili while lifting lifting his his head head from from huku.A. likes. Shafaee." al he said.) used used t0 to raise raise his his hands hands ai at the the beginning beginning of of prayer. provethat These hadiths Rukuand that RlJku These hadiths prove should be and Sa.A.rd. Ahmad. (S. etc. lib Khuzaima ha . before before and and after after Ruku Ruku and and when when standing standing up up foithe for the ihird third rakat. etc." Or sajdah withperfection.WJ said: 'The n0rst thief isone who thief is one who steals in prayer. Muslim. Hakim.A. Tabrani.A. Every llngfq single Book Book of of Hadith Hadith like like Bukhari.A. Tabrani. Ibn Hibban. rbn Ibn Majah.a b r a n i ) .' (Ahmad . (S. n . ^Fuglv lmam Imam Malik. So. Then the asked."and and* raise han& up up to to the the level level of of his his shoulders shaul deB with with palms palms facing facing outwards outwards and and f ingenstretched fingeB stretched to to the the earlobes earlobes and and then then he he should should lower lower his his hands hands to his his sides. Abu_Dawr. Tirmizi. authentic authentic hadiths hadiths which which prove prove that that rrrophet ?rophet Muhammad Muhammad (s-A. lbn Ibn Khuzaimah." prayer.A. cafmfy. Bukhari.l reported Abi Gatadah 0atEdah reported Abi (R."Allahdoes does prayer not consIder theprayer "Allah not conslder the of not of aa man manwho whodoes does not hisback straighten back when bowing forRuku Ruku his when bowing for and performing performing Sajdah:' straighten and Saidahj' (lbn Khuzaima H i b b a Tabrani). calmly.) that of that the the Messenger Messenger of Allah Allah (S. hadiths.

prwentwhatever you want give giveand Nobody can you can Nobody whatever to give want to and nobody canprevent nobody canRive you want prevent penonwith whatever umntto t0 prevent with high rankcannot whatever you and and a person high rank cannot your will.." himselfor anotherfrom from his benefit benefithimself or another his high high rank rank against aginst your will.If lf someone doesnot this does his he this issue...1amdu mil as as samawati smEwEti wa wa mil mil al ardi mil ama arQi wa wa mil shi'ta shi'ta min shayin ba'du:ah ba'du: ah lath qdlal thanaee than1e wal majdiahaq-qu maidiahag-gu ma mE qalal 'abdu Wa Laka /abd..DU'AS tltlQAWMAH oAwtttAH ou'AsIN 6'i. be praised andglorified. all be the praises Lord. » • ..t cl Ali'S.W. Allah..A. his hands shouldnot fight over over not fight issue.' praises beto "Gh.W. ".) says that when the of says in.i. of (rtuuitt mesenger the messenger when that t) Abi Sa'eed al Khudree (R.i.Jltt . allthe "0h.our praises our Lord. our 0ur Lord. as "Gh be be to to you.a) - glrt!tt 1ird1.+. fi JiJ W'J. majorconso because not a major conp4e36) from 36)trovertia' from page point. Praises y9u.n. You filled after afterthat.drrr) "Alldh humma rab-bana llamdu mil "Allah rab-bani lakal l.If' . You." praises Very pure and be pure andblessed blesedpraises many.I . AlEh humma lE mani'a limi a'tayta m1ni'a lima a'tpyta wala 16 wal6 mu'tya lima mu'Sya lima yanfa'u tal mana'ta wala jad-di minkal jad:' wala yanfa'u minkal iad!' Zal iad-di (Muslim.rr1Y^.'tsu*...r. Verymany. 37 37 . "- 6 ii.'... to you. ii. someone not wish wish to raise his hands to raise hands he should should discourage not discourage from doing because othersfrom doingso is not (continuation not others it is (continuati_o4.aJ-n4u | .. b) lakal hamd.4 tq ui: #ti * S.l.) Allah used Allah(S. Muslims his Therefore) Muslims should handsis acceptable. Abu Abu Dawud) Daw0d) "0h Allah.5U-. as much muchas asthey they tan tan you want and andeverything fill and the which fill the the heavens heavens the earth earthand want to everything whichyou be to be praised You deserve that. our Lord. deserve your servant your slaves.. Allah 'abdu WaKullu-na Kullu-na Laka'abd. $sysrtialpoint. Ahmad."i+i =.A.ZV i|*t Jii-i-ii hiJ.5 lakal a) lakal hamdl' "Rab'baha a) "Rab-bana youl' to you.L-{t W !. Ahmad.J \'& #\ t)." is acceptable.glj r .3 \ i Li. Therefore. what your more has than what servant hassaid and all morethan saidand us are all of us areyour slavc.*.A. beto "Gh all be all praises "0h OlJ( Lord.^--. You deserve You deserve filled to be and glorified..9 }^i -'"rJiU urt.'' beto to you.) to say:ued to say:'all5h "Sami "Sami 'allah hu hamida" he it with:hu liman f ollow liman hamida" hewould wouldfollow with:- J6\rg (.ramdan lakal "Rab'bani b) "Rab-bana feei' mubarakan Katheeran tayyiban niubaraka. all all praises you.n fee:' Katheeran o 9Q:1ts&^Wfi#r'-t^3 . Lord.2 I ta.hamdan llamd.'r*o'if (S.

. ...W.. say this He should shouldsay glorybe you. .. -. -9 gj"_ ". ". . SAJDAH qawmah perfectqawmah person praying After the the perfect After the praying should the person shouldmove mwe perform to perform to sajdah saying:' nidahsaying:palms "AllihuAkbar.W-l say the Messenger that the Ali (R..*t!:U:X.A. FIRST TI.. z ) /. 9. . 11 etc.. .-rfi_l.A.. . feet./ -g.I a'16" "Subl)ana "Subl76na Rabbi yal a'la" I I etc. of the seven ground: of should touch the of the thebody should touch body theground: (iil (ii) (i) (j) forehead the along with theforehead with the along tip of 0f the thetip the nose.. :>t-ii +5 LirA-![ .. position.l. /-' ' . nose. 7.. (Ahmad. r .i:It\. kh-al fatabara kal-Iahu al.-J '\J . "7 -i -# (..-. / ' " " . "Allehhumma "Allah laka sajadtu. saiadawajhiya ranjhiya LillaZikhalaqahii sajada Littaiikhalaqahl -vrarahfi guwarah-u... / 1 ....'i .::.) saidthat while doing sajdah:doing saidah:while / -"" .. He timesor 5.. kal-l6hu fatab-ara iqeen (Ahmad.../ :. ..The on the the ground.A...) (R.During parts spreading the hands. . """. 38 38 ... . both bothhands hands both bothknees knees bottomsurface the of the the bottom the toes surface toesof both bothfeet.. -' A-rs-..:.+u . this at at least least3 times 0r 5... /" / t ..)said used Ali of used to say Mesenger of Allah Allah(S." Allah.. : :- r)y4. "Oh glory high. beto to you. ' •• \ \ ". . pointing His fingers fingenand and toes His be towards Qiblah toesshould be pointing should torvards 0iblahwithout without prostration fingers During spreadinp the of prostration seven parts the fingers han&...F: t. position In he say:In this thisposition heshould should say: (iiil (iii) (ivl (iv) '-='. wabika amantu." downwards "Allihu putting palms downwards on below on the theground below knees The knees be brought ground.r-Gj I JA'. wabika laka Emantu.." themost mosthigh.}t?tOi6t+p. .. tirnes. Muslim).rsana Waspw qa sam'ahu FaShaq-qa baqa rah-u Fashaqsa m'ah fr wa ".rsanul khill iqeen"./.... \\.. fa ahsana af.ilt. in the du'ft which be read readin the sajdah sajdah There which can are some $omeother other du'is can be Thereare position." putting ground Akbar.J irl. III SAJDAH OTHER DU'AS IN SAJDAH DU'AS OTHEB i) i) . 9. . 3-..." ( . rmlaka .the "0h Allah. / " (fl-.A. Muslim)./ " L .0awmah readin the Qawmah be read in the There which can can be du'is which other du'as are some someother Thereare Hadith. . . z t t / r ( oJFo *. humma sajadtu. foundin in other be found potitionand canbe andthese thece (PROSTBATIO FIRST SAJDAH (PROSTRATION)... r' 1 : ./. ... . 1.. . should brought downrvards ean.1g. Books otherBooks position can of Hadith. Wasaw-warahii fa suwarahu. . a-}li 1 i -. walaka aslamtu clamtu . i . the should be downwards on the ears. .i /" . (S.times.. 7." ..e.

) used to to say say in in his his saidah:saidah:used I dj !'rL-}'d. Nisai Abu DawTId Muslim. { Muslim .a k i m ) . forgive all of minor of my my sins. H A awDd .almly. perfectly.r. sir-rahu." l' ' /-' | . du'a while sitting thefollowing following 39 . Abu Oawud. and andquietly. "Oh forgive all minor Allah. Allah.It Ahmad.b uD "0h Allah. towards propped toespointing with its in toes up with knees. onesajdah sajdah After performing calmly. commit Ones I commit openly Ones openly commit And I commit secretly.. " / '. without without performed HenLe.n.) (R. They Books of like foundin in authentic authentic be found Theytan here.-' -akhirahf.r} (t . Hakim).W../. Hence.t." ai) ii) Abu Abu Hurairah Hurairah (R.uku for long Prophet Muhammad (S. raise should right foot while'keeping it while theright bending the on 'keeping the foot left foot on it f oot and andsitting sitting the left bending palms the palms pointing 0iblah.on perfectly the person performing After one perfectly and the andr. submitted. / t ( i ".W. wa wa wa 'ald 'alii niy-yatah-u niy-yatahu wa wa sir-rahfi. lt is is sunnat t0 say say be so It to backin sunnat that the the joints so that be straight straight iointsgo thetwo saidahr. Allah.. for for you you I have have prostrated.A.. my my forehead forehead has has prostrated prostrated in in front front of one one who who created created it and and gave gave shape shape to it and and made made it perfeutly.. and and in you you I have have faith. etr.A.) said said that that the the Mesenger Messenger of Allah Allah (S. / tLt /. faith. . sins.4 '. 0nes thefuture. posibly can.. Nisai Abu (S.) long in R. prostrated.W.'{2.) du'is are t00 long longto to aretoo (S. the du 'a while sitting in the in between between twosajdahs." treator. praying should raise his from saying. "Allahu akbar"." .W.and worshipper possibly can. back the back should of should rest and the should andknees. and and unto unto you you I have have submitted.A. canbe menti0n not surprising that Muslim. should Sajdah he du'as ashe read asmany figgeting. previously Ones previously and 0nesI committed and committed Ones I commit in in the future. ( . that lt is is not surprislng Dawddetc. position his closest In position the is to is at at his closest the worshipper wonhipper In Sajdah Saldah quietly. diq-qahu."0h Allah.} (S.Ahmad. "Alleh . wa jil-lahf jil-Iahu wa wa aw-walah-u aw·walahu wa wa akhirahu.A.W. histhighs thighs reston on his hands should his hands of his place.A. and the should try as du'as as t0 read many try to theworshipper should figgeting. go bac." Andones ones secretly. (1t-a) ""h3 hum hum maghfirlee maghfirlee Zanbee Zanbee kul-lahD kul-Iahjj diq-qahi.3 >'"Y + . "AllaJtu akbar". andmajor major ones ones." commit Mesenger Allah of Allah There 'as whith of which the the Messenger other du du'E's There are are some some other (S.WJ stayed in for andSajdah Saidah Prophet Muhammad stayed Rukuand intervals. J. andcapacity available capacity to Allah. praying from sajdah his head head saidah saying.k in place. !. Then Then he he gave gave power power of hmring hearing and and sight sight and and blesed blessed is is Allah'5 Allah's nafils name who who is is the the perfect perfect creator..A. available and of of the theperson. with sub[Ena du'ds besaid All approved du'as tan with said approved canbe authentically All of of the theauthentically time Rabbi yal according to theirown or altogether according to the thetime yal a'ia own or altogether Rabbi 0r on 0n their a'ldor person. JAlSAH {SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAH) TWO BETWEEI'I SAJDAH) JALSAH {SITTING ------perr. ones and ones. Sajdah should be calmly.) used to but du'as to say but these these in his his Sajdah Saidah used say in Hadith like Books of HaeJith mention here.A..yi. be performed calmly.ffn "' (¥') V 4. intervals. propped up towards the the the Qiblah. t/ . " (Muslim.

longer longer surahs surahs are are rcited recited before before shorter shorter surahs. likes. Hence. Hence. SAJDAH SECOND SAJDAH SECOTIO person perform Then the should perform the sajdah saying.!tt3e.All1hu Akbar" and should head up saying saying rndsit sit for a while Hedoes a short short hedid did in in ialsah. "Allah-Akbar". and keep me provide withhalal sourcc of living.. the penon person should should nise raise his his head head srying: saying: "All6trAkbar". TASHAHUD TASHAHUD After After completing completing the the lrot last sajdah sajdah of the the second second rakat. Ourin.ISTAFAHAT FON JAI$AH RESTI.*:liiry'vlr?. sqideh. He He should should sit sit as as he he sat sat betryreon between the the two two sajdah." and make my high. He this up c he dooE frh before befonstanding standing up thesecond rakat.. Al$0.Allahu Then theperson thesecond ". "Oh forgive me. for the second for rakat.rP. 'AllEhuAkbar" raise Thenhe he should hishead Then raise his up . and meon onthe and keep me keep and mehealthy.Allahu should second sajdah saying. living and provide me withhalal sources of and me and myshortcomings.N 6'c>J. ". keep theright rightpath. putting putting his his left left hand hand on on hls his left left knee knee and and righthan&n right handon his his rigrt riltlt knee. and have mercy on "0h Allah.. JALSAH (SITTING FOR REST).:ti'ciiLtj WI m wahdinee hum maghfirlee rvarfrmnee "Allah maghfirlee warlJamnee wahdinee "AlEhhum 'f. forgive and mercy 0nme. rakat.. protruded." Ouran. (Abu DawOd). shortcoming.." Then Then he he should should complete complete his his rscond second rakat rakat in in the the manner manner of of the the fint first one.. have me. lt It is is protruded protruded so so that that the the 4 0 40 . for while as jalsah. surahs. path... Allah.. sajdah. fint siUdah. m0. knee. Also. healthy.and Surah Fatihah reading "Bismillih and Surah Fatihah follorrmd followed by by any any pffige passagl or or a chapter chapter of of the the Holy Holy 0uran. Akbar" and he . Akbar" andrepeat wtrat didin in the thefirst hedid npeatwhat .lrr-r\'. one.finee warfa'nee" 'ifinee warzuqnee wajburnee war warzuqnes wajburnee fa'nos" (Abu Dawild). RAKAT SECOTD SECOND RAKAT Afterstanding standing up for for the thesecond rakat After up rakat he fold second heshould should fold his hishands hands his chest orcr his ashe he did did in in the the first first rakat rakat chect over as and recitation bv bv andstart starthis hb recitation reading "Bismill6h. it. While While choming choosing a passage passage or or a chapter chapter for for the the rocitation recitation in in the the second or or a subsequant subsequent rakat rakat the the worshipper worshipper shoufd should observe observe the the scond order order in in which which they they mcur occur in in the the Holy Holy OurEn." The can or times Theworshipper wonhipper thisdu'i du'i'once 0r _ onco many he cansay saythis G many timr _ c he likes. eoch each Surah Surah or or wne verse should should be be shorter shorter than than the the one one recited recited before before it.E-ISTARAHAT (SITTIITG E. TheJist The fist of the the right right hand hand is is cfosed closed sxcept except for for ths the index index finpr finger which which is is protruded. and complete my complete myrank rank and make hidr.

. which is Alan-Nabi (Darud).'abduhu wa a person wa rasiiluh. prarious hao afterhehas in previous to its person praying A person praying 2 rakats only to rakats nextstage only should shouldcontinue to the the next stage continue (Dar[d].A.J wt ral)ma tullEhi wa barakiJtuhu bankEruhi 'alaynE wa'ala 'iblJdil-/a 'ibediLE his+alihen.." then Surah sayanother another is no needto to say recitation of is There is Fatihah is sufficient.fr.-J..ffi gfi'rff-iei. "AII all prayer." reading"Ash While reading return and return right hand handslightly should and of his his right slightly fingerof indexfinger rabe the the index shouldraise it.iit ..." (S. In division of the theindex index finger. Allaht mercy andAllah's all righteous righteous Peace be Peace on us andon beon on all u and slaves of Allah. rii ..W. "At-tal}iy-yatu liI-lshi waf war-ray wq salawatu wat-lay yibiJtu.J. Allah. pmitionafter.} Messenger.l-Jl i ." slares isworthy worthyof "1 witness that "l bear that no witness no one oneis bear Allah.mb is to division of finger.. In {$t 1othe ftbporitionthe pefion theperson thllposltlon should read:rhould rad:- qii. no need recitation sufficient." While . worship except Muhammad And witness that Muhammad witnesthat And I bear bear (S. worship except Allah.. and worship wonhipare arefor andall all monitary monitary you." " physical prayer.W #s ilqi.r 6 b rtat6*y Lu. There of Fatihah 41 41 hdu anli "Ash hadu iliha il/al/ahu anla'ildha illal lEhu . blessing. it'. o'r#-L. Prophet.'abduh-u "Ash hadu rasilluh.Oh Peace be 0h Prophet.A. thenhe lf a person three should stand is praying heshould "All-ahu he up sayIng "Allahu Akbar" his as Akbar"and and raising raising hands ashe his hands tashahud up after aftertashahud saying "Bismill6h.l is and Hisslave andMessenger.he finsihed saying it to position finsihed saying it.. "All compliments." Allah.tt'."1 p r (+Jeili:.rV:'[yl j Se-.. rafiluh. beupon and and mercy andblessings.and recitation his recitation did start with Tahrimah start his with "Bismillah..c.W.b brought brought thesecond second riqht thu. As-salBmu 'alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu Aseafiniu-'alayka ay-yuhrt-nabiy-yu'' ral1ma tUJlahi W. If three or then stand or four four rakats..i. is Salat wfrich Alan-Nabi Salat RAKAT FOR THIRO STANDING UP THIRD RAKAT U PFOR STAf{DII{G praying penonis rakats." As+alEmu 'alayna As-salamu wahl6 hdu an-na Mul}ammadan wa ash ah hadu Mul7ammadan 'abduhi wa rasOluh. Peace uponyou.. . all physical compliments." b His slare person hadu...il+5 'At-tal|iy-yEtu lil-Ehi yiffitu..and in Takbir TakbirTahrimah did in prayer Fatihah. for Allah...$." third or rakatof of fard men In prayer In the the third or fourth fourth rakat SurahFatihah.+Jsl$*ie gl ..

'ald lbrEheema Kama qal-layta fal-Iayta 'ala Ibraheema KamE Wa'ala ali lbrdheema Ibriheema Wahld Eli innaka bameedum majud.W. send grace and honour on on andhonour "0h Allah.) the to the said Bakr i) bin said that (R. 6ti Muhimmadin. But But a a pgrson person praying praying sunnat sunnat or or nafl nafl praYer prayer can can read read a a surah surah Surah.) said to thatAbu AbuBakr said Amr (R.A." Surelvryou you are the theGreat. follovrnrs truefolloVYers andtrue familyand 0n the thefamily just on just as and on yousent Honour andHonour Grace sentGrace asyou (A.) (R. " "Allah "AlEh humma barik hll Muhammadin bilrik 'ala ' wa • htE ali MuQammadin.W. as described abpve (as he sat after praying rakats).}-'i I-^+ ytir.) Muhammad (S. afew fewof mention willmention (R. ali (S.ES (S. (DAR[D} DU'AS AFTER SALAT ALAN-NABI (DARUD) ALAI{-I{ABI SALAT AFTER DU.S. send (S.i.S') lbrahim (A.W. and praiseworthy.) andon on the thefamily family and and of (A.W.A. dti Muhammadin.)riust and the true followers of Muhammad (S. them.Surah. Allah. Great.) yourblessing Muhammad onMuhammad blessing "0h Allah.W. third After the the cornpletion completion of lrot last rakat rakat he he should should sit sit for for tashahud tashahud Atter (as praying rakats).A.) as you blessings on (A. IJ praiseworthy. companiom.) andtrue followen truefollowers lbrahim of Ibrahim Surely.W.). send (S. after 2 he sat above asdescribed After Tashthud TashJhud he he should should read read Salat Salat Alan'ltlabi Alan-Nabi (0rr0d] (Dariid) as as follor.A.) and and Muhammad (S.A.A. four).P &'54Y .) used to quitea of du'as du'ds a lot lot of There arequite Here we say and Here we themto to the the companions.A. Fatihah.{J4 U U'giit aL 3ih(J.W.) bin Amr Abdullah i) Abdullah 42 42 .W-) to used Prophet wtrich There are which Prophet (S. Muhammad On of Muhammad (S. JJ.) "Qh send your on (S.A.S.) Ibrahim (A. after Fatihah.A.fai.A.y)lgi: "Allah humma humma sal-li sal-Ii blE 'ala Muhammadin "AlEh wa 'atE 'ala ali Muhammadin. taughtthem and he he taught DarEd after Dariid sayafter will a ofthem.J r' r3. ." arepraiseworthy.A. histrue truefollowers. the GF1!at.#!jt$t CLs\$qk6 . wa 'ala Kama lbraheema b1rakta'all Ibraheema KamEblIrakta·'ala 'ald Wa lbrdheema Wa 'ala dli Ibraheema innaka lJameedum maied. the Grgat' you are Surely.A.rrs: follows:After &Gi.) lbrahim yousent 0n Ibrahim blesings sent as and his followen.1 {Lri>L.1#rol"+ltjyoa2V.W.W.S.).S." hameedum majeed." grace "Oh Allah.A. After After recitation recitation he he should should continue continue t0 to complete complete his his after third rakat rakat (or (or fourth fourth rakat rakat if if he he is is praying praying four). " fiameedum majeed.6#)\ 12+\6 )t.A.just Muhammad of followers the and true (A.). you are praiseworthy.S.

uzubika min Ta'lamu.J-'t i t.W. mE ta'lamu.) said.W.r" 4. Allah.wa wa m:a min khayri khaYri rna as'aluka min waas-aluka Ta'lamu. "0h Allah. " ghaffirur (Bukhari and Muslim). rushd[.Y+ iJLiiffi1ii ei.$. "Alleh hUlnma "Allah nee as-diU innee katn ThubatJ humma in as'dtukatn ThubatA 'azeemata fil wal 'azeemata 'alar blar rushdi.'.) used to say in his prayer:(S.l (S. qalban saleeman. Verily. min wa a'uzubika a. a will to path. A*-C dli'J1 '-a}.ilti "' 'Li r tA3:i{ttj ufi. ( B u k h aa r in dM uslim).W. said.fin. war war fiamnee I)amnee innaka innaka antal Mtal ghaflirur ral7eem.*1 \g'-e -A \i. +6Lv.y:Sry:- Messenger of of Allah.A. youfor "Oh II ask you in matter of and Allah." forgiver mercy on me.) theProphet ii) bin reported that of Allah thatthe reported Prophet Aus(R.-' 3#3$ .A." ra!)eem.) to sayin hisPraYer:used . Allah.) bin Aus Shadad ii) Shadad (S. So So forgive forgive me me because because ygu you are are the the only only forgiver forgiver and and have have you. wa Shar-ri rna lima ta'lamu.my prayer. and merciful..Verily.b1$39 r.7'iilJ r{. 'indika. So s.wa Shar-ri astaghfiruka. "Please'teach "Please'teach me me a a du'd du'f so so II can tan say say it it in in Masenger ijl$.lba ilia anta anta faghfirlw faghfirlee maghfiratam maghfiratam min min illd 'indika. ur.A. forstrength ask strength in every dean every matter and ofdean youto power path. And you will power to be beon onthe theright right AndII ask to a stronq ask 43 43 ."(Nisai). wa as-aluka wa ai-aluka l4usna'ibadatil< a. amri. fil alnri. wal wa shukra ni'matika ni'matika . wa| wala yaghfi yaghfi ruz Zulman ruz zuncJba iunr.-Jt :i i s: yl.3i. ta'lamu.A. lis-anan wa lisanan saleeman." my So the the Mesengnr Messenger of of Allah Allah (S. as-alukashukra wa as-aluka 'ib1datixa." the are on me. my duty "Oh Allah.you are the forgiver and merciful. Ii m-a ta'lamu. rY+4'r.j."( Nisai ).std) "Allah humma hllmma innee innee zalamtu zalamtu nafsee nafsee "All6h ?uJman Katheran Katheeran . I I have have been been very very cruel cruel to myself myself (by (by ignoring ignoring my duty "0h Extept to you) you) and and there there is is no no one one who who can can forgive forgive the the sins sins 'except to you.W.A.A. q4diqan. wa wa I]usna qalban facJiqan." prayer.you mercy Allah (R. waas taghfiruka.*sA3 d.i il|4 L\h\'A'ri'LI.

rti +tbt 4+:t'A'eUii:rt "Allih A'iiiubika min inneeA'Eiubika humma innee "AlEh humma Alibil qabri.A) (R.W. Lord. accept ourprayer.rab-ba.:&*r 5 <rt 3 J. A 'Uzubika min qabri. grave." troubles.:i"ltl+1.'t wal maghrami.i'J:.4 . bad. mabYi wal Allih humma A 'uzubika minal innee A'friuhika hummainnee Alfah Ma'thami '1 maghrami. and {Bukhari punishment you from of the the 1I0h in of refuge from the the punishment in you AllahI seek seekrefuge "0h Allah you from dqi'ial.r. du E. perfectly. I aak ask you you for for cvory every goodnas goodness known known and you and and I stek seek refuge refuge in in you you from from arerything everything bad bad that that you you to you know is is bad. Ma'thami wal (Bukhari and Muslim).r} 33r." (iiil (iii) Aisha Aisha (R..A.fu r tf' c'v ) . "Oh make me and my keep up make me and prayers. forgive me and myparents and Believen and all on of " allthe theBelievers Day 0nthe theDay ofJudgment. min fitna til mal}yi wal mamat.Jl+t W' K!.) tsed used to to say say this this du'i in in his his prayen:prayers:dut 1.W. know I ck ask your your forgiveness forgiveness for for all all mistakm mistakes you you know.!l SJ.4 fuU+') Ft. Our accept our 0urLord. 'I "0h Lord. Judgment. prayer. A 'uzubika wa A'iiubika dai-iEli. seek death. truthful. from the refuge in you and I seek seek you from andtroubles troubles of and in and of fromthe the difficulties difficulties refuge in you seekrefuge and I seek you from fromevery nrery refuge in you the Oh I seek refuge in Allah. Lord.F.ng.-. * t. L . life and the life kind of unexpected troubles.tLL." ofsin and unexpected kind sinand rL9-+ i+i'r. anddeath. of daj-jal.) rfu3 +'ilLi Vt*nr r".\Li))jril3 r ?fu.A.A. Mrslim}.'4'. o?\'-14'l . wa mam*t.r | / 1r 'F6}\+j (iv)" Rab bij'alnee livl'Bab bijbtneemuqeemBf mug*mE salati gatatiwa min wa min yateerab-bani gab-bal zur-riy wata tur-riy yatee rab-banE wata qab-bal naghfirle waliwaliday-ya du'a." know. t c_. " fiisEb. parents Our forgive me and my OurLord. Lord.rl. And And I ask ask you you to to make make my my hoart heart rincsrs sincere nronhip and my my tongus tongue truthful.rab-banaghfirlee waliwali day-ya yawmayaqumul yaqfrmul wa lil mumineena mumineenayawma wa iii /}isab. and refuge in the troubles troublc of grave.make me me thankful thankful for for your your bountir bounti. 0h Allah.) (S. mychildren keep children upprayers.) reported reported that that the the Prophet Prophet (S. and and give gi\lR me me ability ability to m0k0 worship you you perfectly. wa Aiibil va A1iubika fitna tid daj-jali." 44 44 .

j. We have have mentioned onfy four but but there thereare are about about twelve.W.A.A. 0 c.. i*t34ii-l"i wr o'it'. a) a) Allahu Allahu Akbar Akbar (once (onte aloud) aloud) (Allah (Allah is is the the greatestl greatest) b) tutagh Astagh firul-f6h firul·liih (3 (3 times) times) b) (l (I rok ask Allah Allah to to forgive forgive mel. Some of these mention here. /1 ".a person memsalutation.A.4U'A· d)y(.W. duE However. of the the prayer completion." Allahr" the face facefirst first to the right right and to the andthen turning to the the left.).' ..A. lt is is preferable to It to Rab and to read readboth both Rabbij'alnee bij'alnee and (S. over times over the shoulder. pletion. praying should try aftersalutation.ally authentically the which proved from (S. try to t0 memo sayafter should (S. j DU'AS AFTER SALUTATIONS DU'AS AFTER SATUTATIOT{S (S.W.6oYr"11it .j*i$!ji-i\ "As-salflmu 'ataykum ''As-salamu wa " rafimatul lehr" wa ra/. I ai^ii t iu r:a\ Hr -L6u:.l practice Prophet It practice of Muhammad (S. Howwer.A. three threeor or four t0 tomthe two. both both times theshoulder. tabarakta ya ialialali waf ikram.) It was wasthe of Prophet Muhammad the continuous continuous fromhis when he away from prayer to when away hisprayer to say:heturned turned say:- r. 1.). DarEd.) which Prophet ProphetMuhammad There which (S. prayer Thisbrings brings four rakats rakats This the of to two.. and We mentioned only comprniom.W.) du'a-s whichare proved the du'as areauthentic.)3:J *' 0 .) There are du'a-s Muhammad are many many du'as person praying used to So.A. lengthy they are are too too lengthy to mention mention here. twelve.^ .W. and follow followthe of Prophet orise themand wewill will mention du'aiwe Some of du'as here. .A. to here. taharakta yd q-l*l' ScratPlts t c.) this du'i du'6'is is not not one one of of those thosedu'as du'a-s this which (S. oljs\irnf . afterOariid.' (r') " .A. ) Allah humma antas salamu Allih humma antas salEmu Wa minkas saldmu Wa salamu wal ikrim. mitted it be it should be known should that knownthat (S.lmatullfJh.) fromthe Prophet the Prophet and those thosehe he taught taughtto to his his compllnions.A. practice Prophet the practice Muhammad arise them of Muhammad (S.people Although mmt people rmd Rab Rabbij'alnee Although most read after it bij'alnee per.W.A. sayafter after Darud. '''''.W..: 9''>::. it is is permittedto reciteany to recite any nice nicedu'i. they However..W.W. these (S. . V::J'. r. turningthe then to lett.) used Prophet which Prophet used t0 say preferable Darfrd.W. (r. four However. me).) r. ct 1" . 45 4 5 .l I•...5l:J *. E I I I D I t {THE GH EPRAYER T PRAYEH ENDING praying After praying person f or himself himself After for as as wishes he asmuch much asthe theperson wishes heshould should prayer endhis hisprayer end saying:saying:- oiltus:r. used to say So. "Peace youand andthe beon on you mercy "Peace be of themercy of Allah.

Heis isthe partner. USLIM) a n dHonour).you are the peace. (Ahmad. Oh you arethe Allah.6. youall thetime. lIal lahu lahu. wa huwa 'ala kul-li af La 3. / (33times). tah| wal)dahil shareeka ibha i itlal wahdah7 Ii ta ilaha limd a'tayta bf'Allah mdni'a lima a'gayta Al'arcn humma la mini'a limE mana'ta manata wa la ld wa la mu:riva mulgiva lima wa Iii yanfa'u Zaljad-di jad.' Allah 'ibadatika' wa wa wa Qunsni shukrika washukrika hunsni'ibadatika." Alldhu and Allahu Akbar (34 "Allah is and Akbar times) thegreatest. af tahl." over everything. Allah. i#Li nr. t0 Allah. 33 ( -.Uj\'Ajj." "Glory beto 4. r1 Lahul hul hamdu Mulku wala hul Lahul Mulku Qamdu '' 'ald kul-li shay-in qadrer. help perfectly!. AbuDawud). posessor Glory of Glory you 0 possessor of youare areblessed. yanfa'u minkal iad. 'There a) ''There is a) is no Godbut no God but Allah. ii't 6g-* /.. " wa shay'in qadeer. la shareeka 3. (33times).a) -tt *j(3iit( -:!." "Nobody prwentwhatever b) "Nobody youwant b) can you canprevent whatever want give to give give andnobody nobody to and can whatever you you cangive whatwer prevent wantto pers0n to prevent want and with anda person with high high rankcannot benefit cannot rank benefit himself or himself or another another fromhis from your hishigh highrank rankagainst yourwilL" against will. Allah. o+ 5V 1g)'4]& lJ#z&a". Andhe hehas full authority has authority And full over everything. blessed." .JL33 . to and think Andto # j J. praise Sovereignty Sovereignty and are andpraise areonly onlyfor for Him. to subh6 nallah (33 "Glory be It is issunnat sunnat nalfEh Allah. Abu Daw-ud). Peace.b^t. Muslim). (Bukhari. (Ahmad.He. of peace. 0h Allah. time.' a'inneeali hummaa'innee Altahhumma 2. worship you. ." isthe 46 46 ." 4. Zaljad-di minkal " (Bukhari." to Allah.ir. eu. you And to thank you." (34times) "Allah great6t. A.Afri iikrika atd Zikrika 2. and to worship you perfectly). allthe (0hAllah. I. It to say say timest.'rfudlf{ .il{'i'p r6" q V -*J I\j'E!{ * af*g :3l(t t r.'oj i+? I LSgtr. "Praise beto Alhamdu lillah (33 "Praise be lillah times). ( and H o n o u r(MUSLIM) )M . (Oh help me you remember to remember meto Allah.t55 rs tb. Him. theonly onlyone He no oneand andhas has no partner.t . . Muslim). 'And of you are thesource source arethe And you Peace.

A. sayand Books Hadith.W.AW.) There du'[swhich which Prophet verymany rnany arevery These be used to them These can used to say themto to his hiscompanions.} Muhammad There are du'as Prophet Muhammad (S. canbe andhe he taught taught companions. l o• oo ol oo oo or •• •• • •• •• •• 47 47 .(S. found in Books of found in famous famous of Hadith.

so.W.)said of Allah Allah that the mesenger Abdullah bin of the messenger saidthat bin Umar Umat (R.} numbers Helikedto do things (S.W.A.eshould should of anyone who to 3 he anyofr w eh olikes likes t o pray h eshould s h o u ldo d oso.A. after Isha. ONE.) rakats units.uslim)." (S.) Witn to to be Prcphet(S.) preferred odd Helikedto do thinp in in odd oddnumbers preferred odd numbers.) said: Prophet that Prophet Ayub(R.A. is one-so helikesthe onqsohelikesthe Allahsays: says: (Muslim).A.! says Allah Messenger of Allah Abdullah of that the the Messenger saysthat bin Umar Umar (R.A." s0. night .A. offered straight Mesenger the Messenger One.A.W. prayers. 3 rat:kats. numbers.A.) asked the believers asked That why is dates etc. camelback. also. o fwitr w i t rhe d0so. Witr Witr prayer prayer is is a separate separate prayer prayer which which can can be be the offered prayer right break of dawn. tne word tn Arabic Arabictne 0NE.) rakat at the theend of the endof is one onerakat said: at atnight.A.A.W." rakat. NUMBER OF PRAYER WITR PHAYER O FWITR ] ' I U M B EOF O R FRAKATS BAKATS (R.OCCASIONAT 'OCCASIONAL PRAYERS PRAYERS WITR PBAYER PRAYER WITB Witr Prryer Prayer b is runnat sunnat Mu'akkadah. M {Bukhari.W. prayer. {S. i s a Ibn 48 48 . .W.A.Chapter 5 Cheipter . Anyone who likes to likes pray witr. i. {Muslim}. Anvone should "EvervMuslim pray ralkats n.W." night. (S.A.) Abdullahbin When prayer (S. When "Nightprayer beoffered is to to be offered in 2 rakats said:"Night rakat which offer1 rakat one that then offer which dawnis isnear near thenhe heshould should that dawn you feels feels of you oneof prayer into can make all the night prayer he offered into an odd number. For the right up up to to the the break dawn.} eating prayer the make to so the that it can canmake the night nightprayer so that the end praywitr at the of the witr at end of to pray night into number. This This is is not not so.W. (Abu Dawud.b nMaiah).k.A.).) (R.ch emphacized emphasized that that some some Muslim Muslim scholars scholars underunderIt rns stood that that it was was wajib wajib (compulsoryl (compulsory) but but after after a c.)." an odd number.A.In In hadiths hadiths In One. That is why Prophet (S. as:when suchas: life. the means.Vitrprayer prayer prayer thenafl naflprayer (S. He He did did not not leave leave this this prayer prayer even even by Prophet during a joumoy journey or when when mounted mounted on on camelbac. in life.) Abdullah 'l.) convenience of the believers Prcphet allowed Witrs be allowed the believen convenience offered straight after lsha.A. W. du'ds. prayer intoan anodd oddnumber.W.areful careful study study of stood hadiths it can can be be said said that that it is is not not wajib wajib but but a very very much much emphasemphashadiths ized prayer. saying du'as.W. Mu'akkadah.A.W. an odd odd number number because wten an Allah because when odd numbers numbers also likes likes odd Allah also Prophet For this reason one.W. N it. ized Witr prayer prayer is is often often mistrkenly mistakenly thought thought of of as as part part of the the lsha Isha Witr prayer.A. saying whensaying saying also.For lshaprayer after the the Isha offeredafter (S.) said: is in units. such prayers. Prophet thisreason remainder is always always by 2"the 2rtheremainder divided is divided (S. prayone heshould shorrld onerakat.prayer (R. so. in his routine his rOlltine believers the Prophet eating dates etc.For is by is one.A." "Allahis number." of Allah "Allah number.) said: Muhammad Abu says that Muhammad (S.A.W.) said: ''Witr is at (S. O a w [ dNisai. do who to he do likes to pray who likes anyone andanyone do so.and (Abu Maiah]. dudng \WI ro so m'ach mt. so." he offered the night all canmake ( B u k h a rMuslim}.A.) says Abu Ayub pray5 rakats pray t0 5 rakats who "Every Muslim should pray witr. (S. word witr witr means. lt It is is very very much much emphrized emphasized Witr Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S. prayer.

7. then.Sometimes Sometimes he prayed during Witr during the part of first part the night. part of of the night. rakat.We understand understand from the the above We from hadiths that abovementioned mentioned hadiths that the the prayeris person actualwitr rakat. (Muslim.W-l in hadiths. offering b) b) A A person person praying praying 3 rakats rakats or or 5 rakais rakats Witr Witr should should not not sit sit for for Tashahud Tashahud in in between between the the rakaB rakats except except in in the the last last rakat.A. Muslim). first rightand then to to the the left left he he should and then should gei immediately get up up immediately complete the the third third rakat.A.g.) prayed witr Muhammad said:"Prophet witr during of the prayed all times timesof during all he Witr the the night. oneWitr Witr a person When praying one person can prayer. prayer. Majah).A.) Prophet by Prophet Muhammad by Muhammari (S. 1.A.A. c) A A penon person praying praying 3. (Bukhari. Isha to who But someone someone who thinks thinksthat that he he get up praynafl praywitr can pray canget up and andpray nightshould naflat at night witr at should at the the end of his his endof prayer. Witr. .W. lbn Majah).W. witr bil bil fasal'. a who who thinks he could could not not get up to to pray part of witr at at the the end witr after end part of the the night nightcan witr immediately can offer offer witr immediately atter goes lshaor beforehe bed. But or before he goes to bed. of All numbers are I rakats All of of these numbers these are apprnved (S.3. it.)said: (S.A. in authentic authentic hadiths. offer it as asthe the usual usual canoffer Whenpraying When praying 3.) said: saidthat that the the Prophet "Anyoneof of said:"Anyone {S.7.)said Jabir (R. night (R. dawn. actual a can although a person offer. or or sixth sixth rakat rakat if he he is is offering offering 7 Witr Witr and and so so on.W.3.A. Tirmizi. 5. 5. rakat. He He should should read read Tashahud Tashahud and and then then get get up up for for the the lat last rakat rakat and and complete complete it.and andsomeHmes part of during night. This This way way of to com-plete offering witr prayer prayer is is called. 5 or or 7 rakats rakats Witr Witr should should sit sit in in Tashahud Tashahud c) in in the the last last but but one one rakat. TIME TIME OF PRAYER O FWITR WITR PBAYER prayer Witr prayer prayer be oftered Witr can after right canbe oftered afterthe lshaprayer the Isha up to rightup to the the oreak of dawn.9. Muslim). Ahmad.or rakats or 9 of witr witr prayer. a person get up thinkshe pray However. (Bukhari. during the sometimu the end of the end part the night nightbut but he he used used o prayer to complete theprayer before thebreak to the before the of " complete break dawn. the right rahmatul-Iah. night. 1. 7 or witr prayer is morn thereis thanone waythe the prayer oneway than prayer can be offered.A.A. person However.W.W. 49 4 9 . oreak of (R. of dawn. the Salutation. witr. on. II HOW TO PRAY PRAY HOW TO WITR WITR praying When prayer. in offering offering 3 Witr. nightprayer. canoffer. called. usual prayer. As-salSmu wa first to the nhmatul-16h. of witr prayer there or 9 I rakats rakats 3. Tirmizi. 5.) you get up who could part of not get up at at the you who couldnot the end end part of the the night he should nighthe should praywitr partof first part witr in in the the first the night pray and of of the you who night andanyone anyone of you who thinks thinks get up partof he can up at at the the end of the canget endpart praywitr he pray the night nighthe heshould should witr then.) prayed Aisha Muhammad (S. fourth fourth rakat rakat if he he is is offering offering 5 witr.A. in the the second second rakat rakat if he he is is . canbe Forexample:For example:a) A A person rakatswitr can a) person praying praying 3 rakats pray 2 rakats like rakats like the the can pray 'alaykumwa usual prayer.sometimes first during duringthe sometimes the middle middlepart of the the night. After As-salamu 'alaykum After the Salutation. 5. present because prayer arepresent the angels angels for the part because the are for offered at the prayer offered the end at the endpart of the the night. ! e.) "Prophet Aisha(R. Ibn Ahmad. rakat.) Prophet Jabir (S. offered.although witr prayer is one one rakat. night. 3." (Muslim.

great practised are All 33methods are authentic and are prac.tised by the great ulamas are authentir. and by the All methods to Muslims anyone ofthese these and scholars. So Muslims r;an lhoose anyone of 33methods to methods So uhoose and suholars. praying prayer. offer the witr When praying 33 rakats, witr, however, ititisis When rakats, witr, the witrprayer. however, offer 'a' 'b'asProphet preferable Muhammad toLhose meth0d or'b' Muhamma.d preferable to method 'a' or (S.A.W.) r.hose " D onot p e y 0 umaghnb rm a g h r ip yourwit r r a y similar said: "00 make prayer to b r a y er." not sri m i l a tr 0your m a kyourwitr e said : (Qiamul·lall). (Oiamul-lail). PBAYER DU'A DUNUT WITR PRAYER O U N UIN T IN WITR Du,A rakat Reading du 'ei Dunut in of Prayer is Reading in the thelast lastrakat Prayer isaa du'a Ounut of the the Witr (S.A.W.) proved practir:e proved practire of Muhammad (S.A.W.) and It be Prophet Muhammad of Prophet it c.an beread read and can r o rafter b e f o rruku eu k u a f t erui<.u. r uku. before or a)Someone someone whowants wants to read a) who to Qunut before ruku read Ounut before rukuhe heshould should read it after after hehas has f inished reciting read it he finished reciting surah Fatihah and chapter surah Fatihah ana cr,apiei o f the t h eHoly H o l yDuran. 0 u r a nWhile . hire w of reciting Qunut a person tan r e c i t i ndu'a gu ' a d 0un0t p r o o n? . rn h i shands h a n din s i n front f r o n rof o f him he folded. h i mor oih e can c a nleave l e a v them e them fofded. . . rup l u p his b) Someone someone who wants wantsto to read read b) who du'a Dunut after du'a0unu:t itter the ttreruku rukuhe he read c a nread i t with w i t hhis h i shands h a n dcupped s can it or c u p p ein d i n front f r o n tof o f him h i m o r he h ecan cin let his his hands hands re6tat at his let rest Saying du'a after hissides. sides. saying du'E' afterthe tne ruku ruku and rupping hands in front preferalle frontis and Lupping hands in as was the ispreferaQle asthis this was the practice (S.A.t/.). Prophet ofProphet Muhammad practice of Muhammad (S.A.\JV.). someFuqhas Fuqhas insisr Some insist that du'a that reading reading du'i Qunut 0un[t is is compul· compulsory in in the the last lastrakat rakatof of the the Witr sory say witr and andsome someothers others sayit it is is rompulsory in the the last lastrakat rakatof compulsory in but of the Fajrprayer, prayer, the Fajr you but if if you studyhadiths hadiths carefully you will study carefully you it is not not compulwill find finclthat that' it'is ,orirtsory either eitherin or in sory in the the witr Witr or in the the Fajr prayer. Therefore, if a a Fajrprayer. Therefo re,it person person leaves leaves du'a du 'ei ounilt Dunut in in his his witr witr prayer prayer his his prayei'wilr prayer will not not be be deficient. defic.ient. Also,if Also, if someone someone does does not'know not know du,i du'a 0unfit Qunut he he need need not not say say another another uhrpter chapter of the the Ouran 'Ouran 0r or any any other other words words in in its its replacement. replacement. Du'a Ou'(j ounDt QunIit can can be be reao read in in iny any prayer. prayer.

a) a) Hasan Hasan bin bin Ali Ali (R.A.) (R.A.) said said that that the the Messenger Messenger of of Allah Allah (S.A.W.) (S.A.W.) taught taught me me the the woids words which which II should should say say in in the the du,d' du'a oi of witr:witr:-

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hadaYta, "Allah feemanhadayta, "AlEh hum hum mahdinee mahdinu feeman 'ifinu feeman Wa feman 'afayta, Efayta, Wa'5finee tanl-lanre feemantawal-Iayta, tawal-layta, wata feeman wata wal-Ianee a'taita, wa lee feemi barik lee wabarik f*mE a'taita, mE qaQayta, shar-rama waqinee waqine shar-ra yug(Etalayk, wald yuCl'/a'alayk, fa-innaka aqde wala fa-innakataqdee manw wllayt, innahu lE Yazil-lu innahDII Yaiillu manw ya'iz-zuman man 'Idaita, Edaita, wala walEya'iz-zu Elaia, wata '!Iaita, tablJrakta rabbana wata rabbanE tabeJakta n alagh fi iil *a wanatubu i lav ka, wanatu nastaghfiiuka bu ilavka. -nabee." qal-lal lahu Wasal-Ial alan nabffi." lahu alanWa Dawfid,Nisai, Abu Dawud, Nisai, (Abu Ibn tbn Majah). Maiah). "0h Allah, Allah. me among youhave guided, "Oh make me those whom guided, make among those whomyou have make andmake among youhave meamong those and me those whom you saved, and whom have andmake saved, make meamong among youhave those wtrom me those whom you chosen, and have chocen, andbless blcs whatever whatever youhave given hwe given protect me,and andprotect you me, me which you mefrom fromthe you theevil which evil you decide hrvedecreed; decreed; verilyr decide have verily., you the and can thethings things andnobody nobody can you;surely decide against penson you befriended the person decide against you; the you can't surely befriended can't penon bedisgraced, dlsgraced, youopposed theperson andthe be and you can't opposed cantbe behonoured. honoured. Youare areblessed, yourforgiveness blecsed, our lord, andexalted, You our and we ask tor Lord, rtr exalted, aslr tor your forgivenes you.Peace andturn turn to t0 you. Peace and and of mercy andmercy Allahbe be upon of Allah uponthe theProphet." Prophet."

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"AlEh humma inna innd nasta'eenuka nista'eenuka .w "Allah nntaghfiruka wa w nastaghfiruka 'atayka .w 'alayk-al yw nuthnee nu'minu bika bika wa vn natawak-ka/u natawak-kalu 'a/ayka nu'minu nuthne 'atayk-al Wa nashkuruka wa /5 16 nakfuruka khayr. Wa nakfuruka wa nakhla'u nakhla'u wa natruku man-y yafjurka. Allah natroku Allih humma iyyaka iyyhka na'budu ne'budu tn nahfidu wa laka wa nasjudu nxjudu wa wa /aka nugal-le wa vn ilayka ilayka nas'i n*'d wa naltfidu 'azfraka wa wa narj0 narjO rahmataka wa nakhshE nak hsha hzibake 'azabake inna 'azabaka bil bil kuf-fdri kuf-fari mulhig. mulhiq. "0h Allah, Allah, we we ask ask you you for for help help and and seek seek your your forgivenes, forgiveness, and and we we believe believe in in you you and and have trtst trust in in you, you, and and we we praiso praise you you in in the the best best way way and and we we thank thank you you and and vve we aIE are not not unungrateful grateful to to you, you, and and um we forsake forsake and and turn turn away iNlay from from the the one one who disobeys disobeys you. you. 0 Allah, Allah, we we worship worship you you only only and and pray pray wtro
51 5 1

you,and runtowards prostrate towards before werun to ourselves before you, we youand and 0urselves andprostrate to you your mercy, and you,and hope to rec,eive you you, to your a.nd ycu and andwe wehope andserve serve yourpunishment. punishment. disbelievers will receive receive we your Surely, the will thedisbelievers fear Surely, we fear punishment." you you rr punishment." some recommend ulamas this-du'aSome ulamas recommend this·du'a in Of prayer. in the thewitr witr prayer. 0f course, courue, read it Lan uan beread as it is isa anice nice du'i but it be as it du'a of du'as which butit it is isnot notone one of those those du'6's which (S.A.W.) Prophet Muhammad Prophet Muhammad (S.A. W.) read in read in his hisQunut. 0unfrt, There aresome some other du'fs (S.A.W.} which There are other du 'as which Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W-l Prophet Muhammad prayer to read in the in used to in Witr prayer or in his other praves. read in his hisQunut 0un[t in Witr his other used 0r the penonLan A person jusione read uanread these all these du'frs A all du'as together or together or jUSl oneof of them them orcombine combine them withother du'a-s. or them with du'as. other ( F R0 f A Y PRAYER) JUMAH (FRIDAY JUMAH PRAYERI IMPORTANC OE FATTENDING A T T E N D I NFRIDAY GH I D A Y IMPORTANCE OF PRAYER F PBAYER Friday Prayer isvery veryimportant amp0rtant Friday Prayer is in It got in Islam. gotits lslam. lt has has itsown ownmoral, moral, political and political social benefits. lt is isobligatory every, social and benefits. It for Muslim except obligatory for every' Muslim except w0men, children, people slaves, women, children, slaves, seriously ill and They seriously ill people andtravellers. travellen. Theycan cin pray Jumah but it it is is not notobligatory pray Jumah but on obligatory on them. them. (s.A.w.) Prophet Muhammad givena Prophet Muhammad (S.A. W.) has warning to hasgiven a strong strong warning to a a person wholeaves leaves prayer hisJumah Jumah good person who his prayer without a reason. without a good reason. In one (R.A.) narrates one hadith hadithAbdullah Abdullah In bin (A.A.) what bin Masud Masu-d narrates whatthe the (S.A.W.) Messenger of Allah Allah (S.A.W.) Messenger of once about who oncesaid people saidabourthe the people who did did not tome t0 the Friday come the Friday Prayer goodreason. not to Prayer without withouta a good reason. '.'l wishto to appoint appoint someone "I wish someone to prayer and go to leadthe leadtheprayer go to andmyself myself to the houses houses of those thosewho who missed missed the of the and FridayPrayer the Friday Prayer andset iet fire fiie to to theirhouses houses with their with the the occupants in occupants in tl-em." (Muslim, Ahmad). Ahmad}. {Muslim, "A pen;on Another states, Another hadith hadith states, pen;on who who leaves leaves 3 Friday Friday prayers prayers uonsecutively, Lonsecutively, Allah Allah puts puts a seal seal on on his hi:) heaft." heart." (Ahmad, (Ahmad, Tirmizi, Tirmizi, abu abu Dawfd). Oawud). I MPORTANC E O FC IMPORTANCE OF CLEANLINESS FOR FRIDAY PRAYER L E A N L I N EF SO S RF BIOAY P BAYER Because Because in in Friday Friday Prayer Prayer a c0mparatively comparatively large large number number or 01 MusMuslims lims gather gather in in a big big placersorlslam place,so,lslam emphasizes emphasizes 0n on the the physical physical cleancleanlines liness as as well. well. Prophet Prophet (S.A.W.) (S.A.W.) said, said, "A person person who who has has a bath bath on on Friday, Friday, cleanses cleanses himself himself fully, fully, uses uses cil oil and and perfume; perfume; then then goes goes to the the mosgue mosque early early in the the afternoon afternoon and and takes takes his his place place quiefl1, quieti',' without without pushing pushing or disturbing disturbing people; people; then then he he prays prays (optional (optional prayer prayer as as much much as as r a y ) ;then then a sa h ew b l etto op uietly he was able pray); sits quietly Khutbah;he s i t sq llistening i s t e n i ntto g o tthe h eK hutbarh;he will will be be forgiven forgiven his his sins sins between between this this Jumah Jumah and and the the next next Jumah." Jumah." (Bukhari). (Bukhari).


A. the people who enter rermrd camel.Then mosque enter until sits Khutbah. ''Stand up up and and pray pray:' .A.W.'Stand him. Muslim).A.A.) that the the Messenger said that of Allah Allah (S.A.) FridayPrayer Prayer Messenger to while of was whilethe the Messenger of Allah Allah(S. (Bukhari." make them not them long. Muslim).Tirmizi]. (R.) that once once says man came (S. When When the the lmam Imam has has finished finished the the speech speech he he gives time time to the the speech.W.A. he is is expected at the to Anyhow he to at Anyhow expected to give lmamcomes comes the Imam sunnat. mosque for Friday group people enter for The of who Thefirst firstgroup who of people get the mosque enterthe the mosque the reward reward enter get equivalent to a equivafent to that that of a of sacrificing sacrificing people getthe the mosque camel.rificing The people equivalent to a who a cow.Tirmizi).l (S. mosque.The the enterthe get the mosque them get after them the reward reward mosque after equivalent to that of t0 that equivalent of sacrificing sacrificing ramand people a ram getthe andthe the people likewise a who get who follow follow on 0n likewise the reward rarard of of a a gradation people chic." Then (Bukhari.) said giving while Khutbah: while he giving Khutbah: h ewas was "lf anyone goes you goes Friday Prayer "If of to the Prayer while of you attend anyone to attend the Friday whilethe the is delivering delivering Khutbah Imam Khutbah he pray 2 rakats and lmam is shouldpray he should rakats and should should long. "Did you pray?" pray?" Khutbah. andso 0n there chicken.} "0n Friday Friday (S. so so Allah's Allah's messdnger messenger (S. answered. Abu Abu Dawfd.) said said to to him.A. After After that that the the lmam Imam gives gives a late 5 3 53 . muslim. "No". late arrivals arrivals to to pray pray 2 or or 4 rakatr rakats sunnat. Then enterthe the mosque the Imam lrnam until the downto sitsdown to give the angels angels their registers registers andsit Khutbah.continuous continuous practice practice in in Saine mosques that that those those who who soinemosques arrive while'the while'the lmam Imam is is giving giving speech speech sit sit down down and and listen listen to to the the arrive speech. sunnat.) There is hadith. codgregation person giving in silence. people Theangels angels keep as The keep writing the of as enter.) Messenger Jabir of said Jabir (R. egg and is of for egg s0 on there is a a gradation of rewards raruards for the thepeople asthey they enter. Then Prophet Prophet (S.W.A. t the said. "N0".W.W. (Muslim).A.) asked asked him.A. to pray Khutbah.) said. "On the stand Q. Khutbah.ken. rakats least 2 rakats sunnat." sit and (Bukhari. (Bukhari.A." the collect their and to collect andlisten listen to the the Khutbah. Jabir(R.W.W. him. theAngels Angels ot nrosque stand thedoor doorof ol the themosque andwrite write down people downthe names and of in in the names the people of the in the they the order in which whichthey order prayer. hg he answgrgd. listen to listen (R. J PRAYER P R A Y E BEfORE R B E F O RJUMAH EU M A H prayas prayer Friday as many goes many A pdrson who to prayer can parson to attend attendFriday canpray who goes from its its zenith zenith to whtm wherr nafls as after from to hasdeclined declined the sun wishes afterthe sunhas ashe he wishes nafls pray giveKhutbah. lf a person arrives to If arrives while Khutbah to it in silence.A. It is is a .W.A.) narrated Hurairah Abu Hurairah Abu (R.) that I)f narrated that the the Messenger Mesengnr Atlah of Allah (S. muslim.A.) (S." n o t make (Musliml.W. least (SEBMON} T LISTENING (SERMON) L I S T E i I I t {TO GO KHUTBAH K HU T B A H Once starts. Dawud. the who after mosque afterthem enterthe themget the reward people to that that of equivalent of sacrificing sac.ITIPORTATTGE IMPORTANCE OF EARLYTO PRAYER OFGOING EARTY GOIIIG TO FRIDAY FRIDAY PBAYER 0n Friday Fridayit is gntready morerewarding rewarding quirklyto goto is more On to quickly ready to get to the the to go mosque. Jabir says that a man came There is another another hadith. (R.) wasdelivering delivering to Friday "Did you Khutbah. whilethe the Imam lmamis is giving Khutbah person pray2 rakats this person rakats then should nafl sitting to then this shouldpray nafl before before sittingdown dorrun to to Khutbah. who enter cow.)said (S.A. enterthe the mosque Fridayprayer. the should listen the Khutbah Khutbah listen 0nue the the whole wholecongregation should starts.W.A. writing thenames names thepeople of the asthey they giveKhutbah.

W. down without without offering offering 2 rakats.A. h e nhe 'This answered.) says says that that the the Mesenger Messenger of Attah Allah (S. A . above.A.) (R.IAH PRAYER prayer anauthenauthenis an After Prayer 2 rakats of prayer is rakats of sunnat Prayer sunnat the Jumah Afterthe Jumah (S.A. prayer.W.W.A. in Jumah Oir6t aloud recite PRAYER AFTER JUMAH AFTER JUtt. When he asked W h ewas 2 rakats. was h e prayed t h o m ethen .) respect should stop stop this this practice practice and and should should not not become become annoyed annoyed when when should others pray pray 2 rakats." down ( B u k h a rM i." prayer.he should (Muslim). in Madinah offer And he Jumah in he did whenever he prayed Jumah Andwhenever 4 rakats." rakats.) Abi said.A.A. The offer 4 rakat then completely to hasto prayer lmamhas but the the Imam Jumah is of but Zuhr prayer prayer of Zuhr is replacement replacement Jumahprayer recite Qirat aloud in Jumah Prayer. short get people These people get very annoyed if they they see see a a person person offer offer Thete veryannoyed if 2rakats sunnatwhile sunnatwhile the the lmam Imam is is giving giving speech.A.) but some some tically practice of Muhammad (S.). Prayer. The The lmams Imams and "nd ulamas ulamas who who have have even even a slight slight fear fear of of Allah Allah and and respect for for nadith nadith and and the the sunnah sunnah of Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.W.WJ said: "Anyone of to after the whois isgoing of you said: prayer.): practic ef Prophet o uas the after b eoffered o f f e r eafter d r a k a t t sa nbe These hadiths clarify that 2. M (Bukhari.l says of Allah Allah(S. Imam.A.) but Muhammad proved practice Prophet of Prophet tically proved PrayertheJumah Jumah companions used to 4 or sunnat after Prayer.A. speech. o r S that hadithc slarify These 54 54 .A.) that t h a t the narrated Hurairah A b u Hurairah Friday pray going after theFriday (S. "Whaneyer "Whenever ong one of you you enters enters the the mosque mosque he he should should not not sit sit $id.es the the Jumah Jumah prayer prayer latethat arrives so late alone.he and forward again little and offer 2 rakats.W. 'lVheneve ( 8 .W. he should pray 4 pray rakats.W" Prophe t u h a m m (S. below. He pray after prayer.W.A. He answered.short Khutbah Khutbah in in Arabic Arabic before before praying praying the the Jumah Jumah Prayer. Prayer. n .W.A. This This is is incorrect incorrect and and unproved from from the the practice practice of of Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.lf The of Zuhr completely then he he has has to to offer rakat far{ of Zuhr prayer. (S.). offer4 J back prayer wentback unti!he hewent not after prayer until Jumah afterthe theJumah prayin the mosque mosque in the not pray d i dnot not h edid praye2 d rakats . usrim).") : was the practice of Muhammad M a d . (Muslim).A. ilteone Abi 0atadah(R.) saysthat lbn Umar then prayer homeand andthen wenthome did not pray prayer until Friday until he he went pray after the Friday afterthe didnot he rakats' p r a y e2 d rakats.W. If person is is late late and and finds finds onty only lf a person Jumah rakat the second 1 rakat with with the the congregation he should complete the second rakat should he complete congregation I rakat alone. Muslim). 'This Jumah afterthe the Jumah mosque pray in the mosque in the (S .W. They They -feel Jeel that that the the 2raxas psnon person is is being being disrespectful disrespectful io to the the lmam. ra leats. pray afterthe rakats sunnat to pray or 6 rakats used companions (S.l Oatadah (R.A.A. ( R .A.W." 4 rakats.) (S. If a penon person arrives so that he he mises mis:.A.W. 4 or 6 rakats can 2 . )narrated o Allah M e s e n g eof r f Allah t h e Messenger Abu (R.usfim).A. rakats.) (S. i.A.) Ibn of Messenger the Messenger that the Umar(R.A.} "Anyone youwho t0 pray (S. unproved It is is also also agninst against those those hadiths hadiths which which we we mentioned mentioned above above and and ft the one we we are are mentioning mentioning below. then 2 andoffer he did prayed Madinah. h eprayed ( B u k h a rMuslim). othen ACTUAL JUMAH PRAYER P RAYER J UMAH A CTUAT Jumah Prayer Prayer is is 2 rakats rakats fard.) i b n Umar Umar Arb d u l l aibn n A t dsays: s a y s''Whenever : prayer forward theJumah Jumah afterthe in would a after prayer littleforward move a little wouldmove Makkahrhe in Makkah. prayer. (Bukhari. These These hadiths hadiths clarify clarify the the points points which which are are mispractised mispraetised above. ) prayed Jumah p r a y e Jumah d Ata Abdullah (R. hen a s k ewhy w d h yhe home. then he would move a little forward again and move he would a rakats.

W. or etc. EidPrayer.rtutrammad 19.a1 lgporteo\(S. (Bukhari. Majah.). Eid is There i5 prayer before or There is no nafl. in a a park e. rakats. (Bukhari.prayer the prayer according to of theJumah Jumah according to the person. theopen.} pray2 rakats (S. lbn Abbas Abbas reported: Prophet Ibn (R.A. too.A.A.prayer no nafl.W.Wol. Takbir Takbir Tahrima). outdoor it can beprayed can ina a mosque mosque 0ra alarge large hall.) said said 7 takbin in in the the first exrratakbirs firsr rakat rakat of of their their Eid Eid and and Rain Rain Prayer Prayer and and extra 55 . for Eid (R.w.) used to only He not pray pray used to pray rakats EidPrayer.I.l. UGT OFEID EIO PRAYER COI{D CONDUCT OF PRAYER prayer Eidprayer 2 rakats rakats beoffered of Eid should 2 of should be in manner 6 as offered in the manner thesame same prayer the usual rakats of the usual except that the of prayer except that there there are takbirs in in the 2 rakats are7 takbin rakat andfive fivetakbirs takbirs in the thesecond the first first rakat rakat.W.) Muhammad Muhammad (S. toorwas theauthentic authentic Prophet of Prophet Muhammad (s. the horizon. onlyfor for Eid Hedid did not before anything orafter after anything before or that. in park should beoffered offdred 0utd00r in the open.A.W.A. posible field. There theEid isno or azim the There is or no Iqamat lqamat azin for EidPrayer.W. before after or after Prayer. (Tirmizi. the and in rakat. With With Ech each extra extra second be-raised raised takbir should be up to to the the shoulder level (as (as in in should up the hands hands takbirthe shoulder level Tahrima).-) -re-p-o-rte-d-:--'-'N-o-do-u-bt-.I grandfather Prophet from grandfather that Prophet said7 takbin from that (S. was the practice of Muhammad because practice this. (Tirmizi. Muhammad (S. thetime timeand andcapacity of the theperson. Prayer. I{UMBER NUMBER OF OF PRAYER OFRAKATS BAKATS OFEID EID PBAYER prayer Eid prayer is 2 2 rakats. to a desert desert it is or a etc. JafarUin f. A. (recitation).) and and Umar Umar (R. field.A. lbn Ibn Majah. (S. Darmi). EIO PRAYER PRAYE EID R PLACE EIO PRAYER P T A CFOR EO R F EID PRAYER prayer Eidprayer Eid should be outdoor in e. Darmi).A. Abu Abu Bakr Bakr (R.A. All extra takbinshould be pronounced should extratakbirs All be pronounced before before starting starting Oir6t Girst (recitation).A. before beginning recitation.g. that.) "No Prophet Muhammad doubt.A. reported Kathirbin Abdullah from his bin Abdullah fatherand Kathir reported from his father' and his his father father (S.) said takbirs in in the the fint first prayer rakatof Eid prayer takbinin of Eid and5 takbirs in the thesecond rakat and second rakat rakat of of Eid Eid Prayer Prayer before beginning recitation.W.A. Prayer.A. Muslim). P R A Y EIS OFFEBE D EIO IR SOFFERED B E F O RK EH U T B A H EID PRAYER BEFORE KHUTBAH Jafar bTrl--MlJhammad (R. Mrslim).g.A. (AbuDawlid) (Abu Dawfid] TIME OF PRAYER EID PRAYER TIME O FEID prayer Eid prayer be offered Eid should be when above should whenthe offered the sun sunIS n obvious above obvious thehorizon. Prophet "No doubt.l (R. capacity goodpractice practice It is It to people who 2 is not people not good to accuse accuse who read read 2 rakats raka$only only because this.If ff it is wet wet or or not not possible to find finda a suitable suitable place prayed outdoor place it be in or hall.)reported: "N0 doubt.A. (R.

dress etc. by different people. in a a standing standing lt has fixed this It to in has to be beprayed for. prayer should in but be offered in an an open shouldbe offered openplace case Janazah 2. CONDUCT The prayers a. male should try best to for futf to tUlfll tl his hisdut'/ try his hisbest should male prayer asthis thisis Janazah prayer should be prayed prayed in as be is more more in congregation congregation Janazah should but rewardful. should stand deadbody body if the the body bodyis the dead partof female. l. then the whole community would bee c considered anaza h h ew hole c o m m u n i tw yo u l db onsidered t h eJ sinful in in the the sight sight of of Allah. reward will only only be the reward though even (S. no there is that prayed prayer.) emphasized and Muhammad emphasized andeu-Prophet In hadiths hadiths err-Muslim couraged the to funeral ceremonies. fixedtime offering time for purification. There people their rows. lmamshould male. Janazah Janazah prayer prayer is is supererogatory supererogatory should prayer. Making prayer intention in Before beginning prayer the should prayers. position like facing like purification. Allah.an people. Like Like other rows.W. So.) (S. positiononly.five extra extra takbin takbirs in in the the second second rakat rakat of their their Eid Eid and and Rain Rain Prayer. (Shafaee). lf no p rayer .A.A. OF PRAYER PRAYER CONDUC O TFJANAZAH JANAZAH 5 . 1.offering thisprayer. P R A Y E DIFFERS D RIFFERS J H 4 . If no one one from from the the whole whole of of the the Muslim Muslim Community Community prayed prayed prayer. should be of as rewardful. ( F U N E R AP LR A Y E R } JANAZAH PRAYER (FUNERAL PRAYER) P RAYEH J ANAZAH JANAZAH PRA YER PRA YER J ATIAZAH is a right right of of a Muslim Muslim that that when when he he passes passes away away other other Muslims Muslims It is should pray pray Janazah Janazah prayer prayer for for him. him.. the part it is isa a female. and no Tashahud in it. the Muslims couraged deceased.W. 5. bodyif if it middle of the thebody themiddle 4. Other conditions prayers. (Shafaee). facingQiblah. and no sajdah. Prayer.W. no ruku. WHILE of andshoulders The stand and of with the shoulders levelwith the head head lmamshould The Imam should standlevel level with the Imam stand level with is male.have sutra. for me tnedeceased. five Prophet (S. PRAYING PRAYER P R A Y I N JANAZAH GA N A Z A H WHILE J 3 . or a etc. lf If some some of of the the people people prayed prayed the the Janazah Janazah sinful frornthe anger of Allah prayer then is saved from of is the anger Allah prayer saved the whole wholecommunity then the community given to the even though the will be given to participants only.A. by different place prayer but in in case 2. in a mosque a mosque PRAYER 3.) In Prophet Muhammad (S. lt can c.essary b. it is ismore rows m0re bean number of rows asit should anodd oddnumber prayer necessary it is isnec. 0iblah. to as prayers. 0ther conditions only.A.every Muslim funeral Sorevery to attend attend Muslims ceremonies. sutra. t h et n the Janazah prayer. 56 56 . no sajdah. intention is in prayer as in Janazah asit Making intention is necessary Janazah necessary b. The necessary condition. facing Qiblah is condition. dut'. the participants only. asin theusual usual in the to be besatisfied satisfied dress have etc. should beginning the intention Before in other other prayers. Janazah prayed reason be prayed of or it any other it can weather otherreason canbe or bad bad weather 0r any of rain rain or in or a hall halletc. Imam d ask to their There to straighten straighten lmamshoul ask the the people should rewardful. There is no Tashahud it. !t be prayed prayed in but thanone in more onecongregation congregation be morethan rewardful." aloud. WHERE W H E R JANAZAH EA N A Z A PRAYER prayers in otherprayers Janazah prayer is different from in prayer is only different from other slightly Janazah onlyslightly There in is no that there is no ruku. Oiblah is a a necessary other prayers facing a.WJ offered offered Eid Eid Prayer Prayer before before Khutbah Khutbah and and recited recited Prophet " aloud.

" hir-rahnEnir-ral.) or or of his comp' compthe anions. recite surah heshould should then and 6tl. Then the should say:person should theperson say:Then kasmuka tabara kasmuka hamdikawa #Sub!}ana ka wa tabara "SubfiEnaKa//ah wabi f}amdi humma wabi Kaltdh humma jad'ouka gh'ayruk.A. your majesty none your name and none and is and is your majesty blessed and high high is is your nameand and blessed isworthy .eem" Fatihah.+\L:J \ 6r +! \ .:T "..'i tti: ". ways Bothways arepractised Muslim scholas. d Du'a of Starting. Starting. DU'. Both are by scholars.s of but you. o J)'-'. .' -t 3x.be made made in the the heart heart as as uttering uttering any any words words of niyat niyat aloud aloud was was not not be the practice practice nf Prophet Prophet Muhammad Muhammad (S.A DU'A 0F OF STARTltrlG. "'""". you. but reading du 'a of in but it is in Janazah Janazahprayer starting du'5 of starting it.i.6 .i41it '>. F FIRST TAKBIR OR TAKBIR TAHRIMA. I )el$)t lit. STARTING. T AKBIR O RT IBST Janazah prayer prayer contains contains 4 Janazah Takbirs./ " jI . N J#-i t1a . akbar and and raises raises his his hands hands up up t0 to the the shoulder shoulder level level with with fingers fingers akbar stretching to the the earlobes earlobes and and the the congregation c. 0 Allah. The The lmam Imam says says Alldhu Allahu Takbim." butyou.A.W.r..U ".cat'f / - . '\' - . and all all praises aredue Altah. Then Then the the person person can can read read one one of those those du'as du'as 0u'6'of which are are recommended recommended in in the the first first rakat rakat of of the the usual usual prayer prayer which before recitation recitation of of Fatihah.V..ongregation doa does the the same' same.L." ildha wali iata"dli " . .. due unto "Glory be to praises are unto you..'.l. stretching Then the the lmam Imam folds folds his his hands hands on on his his chest chest right right hand hand over over Then the lgft..) (S..#r. c.l '" .S 3*6}i t i*v{^:tb. anions.i-3..Some Some scholan he can cansay say other 0r he preferable.:-J/ "izft." wata 'ala jad-duka wafS il5ha ghayruk. if someone does not read readit..^I\. it does doesnot not affect affecthis his However. lett." of worship worship worthy recommend do not Or scholars do not recommend otherdu'as. Fatihah. "Glory be you. doesnot However. / 57 57 . First First Takbir Takbir is is Takbir Takbir Tahrima.rd ryri-qtur.^i'J')rti WW L.and to you. srr^t' i l..1.. someone practised by Muslim prayer. prayer reading is preferable. "A'fiu uA 'uiu bil-Iahi shaY!8 nir rajeem:' minash rajeem!' biHehi minash shayg1 "Eismilldhhir-rahma "Bismill5h nir-rafieem. Tahrima.6'# !tiui#5'56-I i """" 8 Jd)tt1.1r . yj. and then he recite surah Fatihah. du?s..... prayer. AKBIF T AHBIMA.W. For For examplo' examplo' before '4 1+ e. the d..fr o \ l" l+!" j.\\".

58 s8 . W .) prayer without valid that no isvalid Prophet Muhammad (S. T h em ost k ind. Mefiki Iyyaka na'budu na'budu wa lyydka iyyaka nasta'een.A. A . readsurah surahFatihah Abbas(R. alright B . Whohave have deserved anger. SECOND S E C O NTAKOIR DA K B I R r. cjal-Ieen. nasta 'een. The master of the Day off J Judgment. ost t h em m erciful. a yo the way off t those whom you have blessed. Lord " P r a i siis e so orA n l yf l l a hL . Who not your youranger. as Janazah surah Fatihah is for for Fatihah is necessary necesary 6. ma' n Ar i r fieerfi.deen.)ongregThen the should say and s a ythe t h esecond s e c o ntakbir da k b i r t h e Imam lmam should t a n dthe t h econgregThen ation shoulrl follow but to fio l l o w b u t it i t is i s not n o t necessary neressa tr o yraise r a i s the e t0 t h ehands h a n dup u s pto shoulr ation the level does. alone we worship and to you alone o ua Y o ' . " sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (S. .A.A. ) .t is i s alright. (Bukhari).) says b i n Abdullah Abdullah Talhah ( R .W." M u h a m m a d P r o p h e t o f sunnah ( Bu k h a r i ) . RECITATION RECITATIO partof be read read A chapter or can after the a chapter r"napter ran be after therecitation recitation of a or part chapter read of ratihah but to it. a yo T h em aste rf t udgment. practised and bygreat ulamas scholars. $irEgal Ghayril maghdubi maghdUbi _ Ghayril 'alayhim 'alayhim walaf. Sirafalladheena an 'amta 'alayhim. Afterwards he Fatihah aloud. Both ways are i f someone d ways le b l u t if someon eo e sit i. prayer well. oth are t h eshoulder shoulde r v ebut great practised by ulamas and scholars. surah (R. butit it is isnot notessential essential ofsurah surah 7." "Praise only for Allah.A. Maliki yawmid yawn1id: deen. Fatihah to read it.A.) bin Abbas i s the y o u may i t is the k n o wthat t h a tit m a yknow "1 t h a t you " l did r e a dit l o u dso s o that i t out o u t loud d i d read ( S . N o rgone astray".) read he said: said: Afterwards bin aloud.W. Ameen. f orh elp. 'alameen. ord the Universe." Ameen.A. -ra Ar ralt rahma nir·raheem. I ust aqeem. t h ew hose w h o ny r o uh ave b lessed.A.) has said that is without no prayer has said Muhammad Prophet surah Fatihah.). w Show usst the straight way. the most merciful. OF SUHAH ON FA SURAH 6 .a lonw e ew o r s h ia pn dt oy lone ray wee p pray for help. Universe.) b i n Abbas Abbas p Abdullah behind J a n a z aprayer hr a y e r (R.W. u h es Show traigh w ta y .) prayed the h e prayed Talhah bin bin says that the t h a t he b i n Aouf A o u f (R. wala{1 /dl-leen. T I . A . not deserved gone Nor astray". Fatihah. of the The most kind. )and Abdullah a n d Abdullah Janazah behind Abdullah bin (A. in Fatihah necesary proves is necessary fhis that surah is in reciting surahFatihah that reciting Ihis hadith hadithproves Janazah prayer as well. iyyika hdi n ag g i rE gal m mustaqeem."Alfamdu "AIJ:1amdu lillehi lil-Iahi rab-hil rab-bil '6lameen. prayer Fatihah Janazah Some people do surah in prayer but but in Janazah read do not not read surahFatihah Somepeople prayer typeof as of prayer the of as of any anytype the validity validity (S.A. ladheenaan'amta'alayhim. o h eD YOI.

. TAKBIR TAKBIR THIHD 9 .' /. said of t h e Messenger t h a t the s a i dthat H u r a i r a(R. +i\s .W.let let hi.the the one and 0 Allah.A. ". absent./ .8.n. Abu (thefollowfollow' du? (the in his hisdu'a prayed Janazah of and saidin andhe hesaid Muslim a Mus\im prayed of a Janazah ing words): words): ing I'" . deceased.W..'o-$ g}-. deceased t.{.. him.A.jfri $vs(++ y-vv +.Allah Allah taftin-ni ba'dahil. .) ( R. Allah mlO-oa fa 'alai islam..W') A l l a h(S. \ / "" /' /... iman. 1. faith.. DU'A (S.A. THIRD takbirand and thec. people who are our who forgive our people still alive who have Allah. Ibn ." hummJ ajrahu wal6 taftin-na ba'dahii" humnraIii airah[ tahrimna latahrimmi (nhmad. AFTER per$on praying Janazah After Takbir praying Janazah should the person should sec..ongregation congregation Then say the the third thirdtakbir saythe the Imam lmamshould Thenthe pray for the deceased. ./ . kabeerinS'wa gha-ibina." death.r ! I •• .do do not deprive us from from his not deprive his reward reward and do do not not put us fitna (hardship put or us in in fitna or any any type of trial) trial}after type of hisdeath.. Tirmizi. and according andanyone anyone makehim you wish whomyou whom us. Abu Tirmizi. ls." afterhis {hardship b (R..' 1 (.' -(' _U'-=AI r\t$". . elderly. ./ ..+)tj"yl .. f-[Li... .Amin. Now. Now.'rjj-Jn 6'aAti'i'r'liit'r. pers0n a reads if! of prayer.:'. \La'"t+=15 . lbn Majah). du'd andI memorised memorised r) jJf tlt." .. -.. -!. mayyitina.h eachperson shouldfollow.. prayout loudand thecongregation congregation Alternatively the andthe lmamtan out loud the Imam canpray Alternatively benefit of the the for the the benefit du'Bs can say... 0 Allah. Li : w u++ (+-1 ::.n to die diefrom among him Ql1 in belief belief and 0r'rin faith..P.. /" "Allahhum wa shahidina wa shihidini "Allah hay-yina wa wa wa wa may-yitina. heart.1. us and Allah. All All kinds Amin. n.* .'. females.A....i-J"u+ii 7./ \.. O FJANAZAH JANAZAH D U ' AOF 1 0 . .liffr 59 59 . --.an 10. \.) 4ouf bin bin Malik Malik(R.It darid in reuite prayer.. r. "/. "0 Allah../ / . who youngand forgive are forgive our forgive our areabsent.-/ ri . for of kindsof of du'as afterhim.. besaid..forgive arestill andwho have aliveand present pasedaway.. maghfirli hum maghfirli waunthiinl.". (j *r .- \:- ..A.) of Aouf that the the Messenger ft4essenger Allah(S.)said (S.'l:-'"-t t-dJ \/.'r ...an below.l H)i q .".. GZ - .ond Takbir the After the the second preferable dar0d which to read readthe the darud reLite darud to which lt is is preferable in his his heart.'.-.A.after say.. one whom whom you r :sh to keep keepalive alive from among liveac. andour our males our young our elderlv.. \ . eac. . passed forgive here who forgivethose who are andthose thosewho arepresent hereand those av.. ' . Allah.' /".3.) ". '/.. Some of these said. Dawld. \. wa kabeerina iakarin-a sagheerinE wa sagheerina 'alal hummaman la ahyihee isld'm. forgive males 'sh to you " and females. person for the should should shouldpray follow. ahyihee mrn-nd man ahyaytahu ahyaytahI Alleh humma waman fatawaf-fahu waman tawaf-!aytahu min-na alai tawaf-faytahu min-na fatawaf-fahu alal iman.A. reads of his hisusual usual Tashahud in Tashahud a person 9..u.a'.Ey.' \ \.) saidthat of Allah a prayed prayer prayed a Janazah prayer and the and I heard him saying following heardhim the following saying Janazah du'a and it .A. THE SECOND T AKBIR AFTER THE S E C O NTAKBIR D 8 ./' \..:". Maiah).cording from us to among us make hirnlive to Is..i \ \.. *. (Ahmad.'-JJr:r'9" ...r.\. and wishto fromamong us. these arementioned mentioned deceased Lan be Some of are below.. Abu Dawlid...W.. .. wa wa wa zakarina wa unthana. 11. "". .) orf Allah Mesenge a.. gh6-ibinE./. .) h A b u Hurairah a ..

replace betterone. '.-r'eg. we have have come as as intercessors. A. c..you you have areits its Lord...replace with a better abode his present partner present with a better better one.) (R..purify wash snow purify with water. \& )j'" a.grant "0 Allah. jei$$ \#Ii \#.^+.replace replace fromdirt.A. Ahmad). We come secret andopen open deeds. you are Allah.faghfir ii ni Ahmad). . you have guided it Islam. " /'" / . . VIla anta anta hadaytahE IiI wa anta anta hadaytaha razagtahS.i: +Y-." and thepunishment t. j&i \"t+ # 3'l'4 lrja.. wa KhalaqtaltS. and andvou created have vouhave guided it towards toramrds lslam..5 #j b rfrrq\rtt "Allah hum hum maghfidahfr maghfirtahu warhamh[ warhamhti wa'fu wa'fu 'inhu 'anhu wa wa 'dfihee 'afihee wa wa "All6h akrim nuzulohI nuzulohu un wa was-sif was-si' hudkhalah-u." ban (Muslim) . 'mudkhalahu. danasi.. from his snowand his sins) sins)with washhim him (off garment dirt. (off from and ice. .""'" '/ prt -lrVtr ) I wa . him. have have him. have it.S. i# V:4*V'aiL *'v .gt lL$ 55 . Abu DawiJd.wa "Alleh humma anta "Allah wa anta anta Khalaqtaha. islEm. . t" :. replace his present one. forgive him.++ i H\):id-! t.. . +J fi. wa wa adkhil adkhil hul hul jan-nata. wa wa abdilhu abdilhu d6ran d3ran Khayram Khayram qath min darihr-. t 5^ U$i S+h\ At'. wa wa ahlan ahlan Khayram Khayram min min ahlihTwa ahlihi wa zawian zawjan khayrum khayrum min min min wa'Aia zawjihi. "0 Allah. wa hlE niybislr-rihi wa bisir-riha niyqabacjta a'lamu gaba{ta rD!)aha wo anta anta a rilfiahl . soforgive forqive hi0." of hell. banu " yatiie..ilirLrit3 3. anta r3b-buha reb-buh| " vw anta lil islam.13UtSHtt t'i. mercy pardon him. . waghsilhu waghsilhu bil bil m-aee maee akrim 'khatdy1 wath thalji thalji wal wal bardi.Musrim) grant him./' / .you "0 created it.) sa id that of of Allah Allah(S. with a better grave the trials trialsof paradise him from from the of grave make and andsave sarehim him enter enterparadise makehim punishment and the of hell.> r ". wa wa naq-qihlnaq-qihT minal minal 'khataya Kama yunaq' yunaqKama wath qath thawbul thawbul abya{u minad minad danasi..': r 60 60 .A. . "'\ .forgive provide lodgings.W.u3ij Pri'.1. darihT. security. "'. one." intercesors.#. bardi.A. (Abu Daw0d. spacious him a nice nice place andspacious him security. :. Lord. jan-nata. so him. pardon Allah.) the messenger mssenger Hurairah that the Abu Hurairah said prayed prayed and said:and said:- . /1--: gr1 .0'" " .. i'lui4irii\'ii [+ l|#Jciw? '1-. water.. waqihT waqihT fitnatal fitnatal qabri qabri wa ' Aia zawiihi ban ndr"' nar.l Abu (R. :J if' . him provide him place and lodgings. (S..[L. .v i\i "#\ J. shufa'a'a.Yri.W.i 3:i i l. him as is from iscleansed whitegarment cleansed fromhis hissins sins asa white him from present replace family his present his abode with his family present betterone. and taken his soul and andyou have takenout outhis souf and you know knowbest bestabout aboutits itssecret you and deeds. wa anta razaqtaha. mercyon on him.: "'U:"'_-' .jvtj. ice. ji Lanfaghfir lahu shuia'a'a./ "" l... wa 'banu " lah} Zan yatiha..x . with his partner with one.

) said: of Allah you.A. there there should should not not bs be any any objection objection or or confusion confusion if aloud. facedifficulties. QASR 's a journey he should pray prry 2 rakats for raks6 far{ When a is on for he should on a iournoy Muslim a Muslim When theyare. PRAYERI.W. idea. remain.AW.} pnctice of This practice Muhammad (S. lcr and Prayg6 Zuhr. (S.)and they they can can be be found found in in Hadith Hadith Books. rre. PRAYER OASR I." rhould hc bestowed bectornd hshas (tttrsliml.W.) $ying saying fio the words words of of dut du'i rays in Janazah Janazah prayer.AW. 61 61 . Ilote:onsaying du& after Some stress a lot lot on thscompletion saying aftsrthe completion prayer Janazah of prayer but but we ruppgrting of Janazah we did did not not find a single hadith find a ringlehadith poron prayer this Janazah prayer is so Janazah $is idea. the There are are $ome some other other du'is du'is which which are are narrated narrated from from Prophet Prophet There Muhammad (S." he upon you. the lmam Imam recites recites aloud aloud in in Janazah Janazah Prayer. believen such.t0you youshould accept it.A. Therefore. Thir This prores proves that that ths the Mosssngor M . 0ther Other duft du'is can can of be said said with with thesa these dutr du'is but but it is is better better to to stick stick to to duE du'is approved approved be by Prophet Prophet (S. by (R F 0 URTH ENDING THE JANAZAH TAKBIR)· P U R T HT J A i l A Z A PRAYER H R A Y E(FO AKBtRI.A. to the congregation should dothe $mB.). E r { o t ] {T cHE Then mam should say the I lrnam the fourth fourthtakbir andthe Thenthe shoufd saythe trkbir and fie congregcongngl ation follow and should say follorru that the andafter afterthat lmam ationshould should tre Imam should ray "As-alimu "Ar*ali'mu 'alaykum yva 'alaykum wa rafmatul-16h" turning his to face ri$t tim turning to the theright firt and rndthen hisface thsn to the should do and theleft.W. for the the believers thinp easy emyfor prayoll daily facilities is the permission for shortening and combining daily prayers permision and combining for shortening the is facilities joumey.AW. (S. Per PBAYER PBAYA QASR OASRPRAYER 2. All All Muhammad of these these du?s du'is can can be be said said together together or or individually.W. IT ($HORT (SHORT PRAYER) PRAYERI ona a journey.A.A. follorwn may mayface which its it followers in th_ ths$ Included things in Included in in suclLsituations.W.W.) This was the authentic authentic of Prophet Prophet Muhrmmrd wasthe and andhiS hn companions.! (S.) in used to say say the the Janazah Janazah prayer prayer or or at at least least the the duB du'is in in Janazah Janazah prayor prayer used aloud.A. a person so that t0 say for the dececed wants to can uyants the deceased be said sayfor nid after afbr the fie third bkbir.nger of Allsh Allah (S.One thing thing we we can can see see clearly clearly from from the the obovo above mentioned mentioned hadiths haditM One that every every companion companion wtro who narrated narrated ilo the duT du'i of Janazah Janazah prayer prayer that says that that he he heard heard the the Prophet Prophet (S.)and (S. left.W. Books.) gift from "lt is Allrh which h'hhh fromAllah The of said: "It ha a gift Ms$snger TheMessenger Allah(S. Therefore.situatiom. people Note:. REWARDFUl TO TO PRAY ]TORE REWARDFUL IT IS IS MORE 2. compantons. PRAYER (SHORT PRAYER). (S. (Muslim).Some people stress a du'.so accept it. which So the difficulties. remoin c they Zuhr.Fajr and Isha. Prayer.A.and thecongregation thosame. during (SHORT 1. during a a journey. It is to while on praya Prayer wtrile 0asrPrayer a Qasr rervardful to pray is more morerewardful iournoy. m4hrib prayers Fairand and maghrib lsha. prayer. .W.A. individually. PRAYER DURING A JO URNEY JO URTEY DURIilG PRAYEB in tre situations rituatior in Islam way the practical lite and andconsiders corsiden way of of life a practical lslamis is a the made hc made So Allah Allahh.}.I (S. dub a is designed designed that all all the dto du.W. canbe ftird mkbir.A.

) Mesenger Ibn of the Messenger of Allah Allah (S.And And if the thesun had with Asr fur prayer sunhad already cornbined wouldcombine t0 move movehe he would Maghrib set to Maghrib and combine whenhe he wanted wanted and Isha lsha set when hadnot And if the thesun sunhad notset when together at time.W. valid.A. A . However.) that the saysthat used to Zuhr when journey Zuhrand and Asr Asr together together whenhe he was wason on a to combine a journey combine used Maghrib lsha. Ahmad.A. aihaqi).3.W.) that the the Messenger of Allah Allah (S. PRAYERS. A. Dawild .) was saysthat Tabook. 3 miles heprayed miles (Muslim (Muslim.A. P r o p h eMuhammad t uhamma p r a c t i cof o ef Prophpt traveltheyare aretravelprayers whilethey together do in prayers together while in combining combining believe do not not believe believers gift from the believers should whichthe Allahwhich ling.). WHEN A N DCOMBINE COMBIN P EB A Y E R S . Yahya s (R. there opinions m a n yvaried varied o p i n i o n on s 0 n the t h e minimum minimum l i m i tof o f the t h edistance' d i s t a n cfor e ' fexample ox r amp9 limit 48 or day's I e. 0asr. 0 n the t h ebasis b a s iof s f these p e r s ocan na npray these pray 0 a sand r n dcan On hadiths Qasr o h a d i t ha a s person c a can p s h e nthe c o r n b i nprayers er a y e rwhen combine from w t h e distance d i s t a n che h ee travels t r a v e laway a sw a y f r o mhome home i s 3 miles. )says (h S.A. ewould w o u l dpray Qasr.)says Mu/az of was Messenger Mu'62(R.) (S. h i sdistance d i s t a n cis p is limit ie s the t h e minimum minimum f o r Qasr O a s prayer.) that the the wasallowed. m i l e sThis T . bin "I Anas bin when b i n Yazeed Anas b i n Malik M a l i k(R. are M d .lliles. Messenger's offer isup upto offerit is Mesenger's 4.W.A.Still.l A b u Sa/eed b. time.W.there to what Now.) " l asked Y a z e esaid.) Yahya asked when a .A." answered the Qasr allowed. the sun hadalready already dea journey for the the Battle Battle sunhad on a clined to journey after camped wanted t0 start his journey afterhaving having when he lre wanted starthis clinedwhen camped prayers Zuhr an"d somewhere. W . he Gasr. (R. f i m i tfor However t. (Talkhee snHajr). Abu Sa'eed s a y sthat t h a t whenever w h e n e v eRasulullah R r asululla t r a v e l l eabout db o u t1 farsakh a f a r s a kapproximately hp p r o x i m a t e travelled 3 l miles.)sa'ys (S. and his his reject Allah's to reject accept gratefully ard wants Allah's and wantsto gratefully and if someone someone accept to him. ling. time. 4 . t o move move ( A b uDawud.A.A. TO AND PRAYERS. o r Isha (R. Abu D a w f d Baihaqi).i r m i z i ) .A. and he to Maghrib and to combine andIsha. he his together his Zuhr and Asr would combine together he would combine fur prayers somewhere. Jama (H.and andif he he decided decided to move move and to before themboth bothat before and pray prayer prayed the then the r prayer and he delayed delayed the Zuh Zuhr had declined declined thenhe andprayed the sun sun had prayer it combined with at already at Asr Asrtime.nas that Oasrprayer Anas(R.) Messenger of whenever he Allah (S.) (R. lf the on journey for of If deof Tabook. a.W.A. h e r eare a r e many However.A. (Talkhees Ibn lb Hair). heused also used combine andalso (Bukharii.)answered prayer the was A." (S. him. miles . 4 miles m 8 iles 0 r one e l one day's 62 62 . COMBINING prayers person A person on journey can Zuhr toZuhrand Asr prayers combine andAsr t0on a a journey cancombine praying gether Zuhror Asrtime. T prove their very clear meaning These hadiths are r meaning and that arevery in thei These andprove hadiths clearin that proved and a a regular regular is a a proved combining prayers while journey is and prayers while on 0n a a journey combining (S ) .A.And setwhen wanted at Maghrib hewanted together pray M a g h r iand a bn dpray w i t h Isha lsha to he Maghrib it at time.A.) lbn Abbas Abbas(R. . A .W. r rayer.ther e practice (S. da i d .He gether praying them combine themboth bothat or Asr Hecan also at Zuhr canalso combine praying prayers at Maghrib Maghrib Maghrib and together praying them and Isha together both at lshaprayers them both Maghrib or time.h m a d A .) b . lsha time. this should from Allah is a a gift this is However. a y i l e she pray m h .A. COMBININ G 3 .A.W. he Maghrib time. b uDawud. (S. WHEN T OSHORTEN SHORTE N question Now.A.t i l lthere p e o p lwho e ho w a r epeople S . delay i t with a t Isha h ewould w o u l ddelay lsha time. B ( R .A.W.W. P RAYERS.) he went went away awayabout Mesenger whenever about of Allah prayed Oasr.A. m to distance thereis is the the question what is is the the limiting limiting distance ourney and of journey to the of duration o f the t o make t h e facility facility o f Qasr O a s and r nd t h e duration the j make a a n d the Jama valid. (Abu Tirmizi). praythem at Zuhr Zuhrtimet time. (Bukhari).

pray of the the Fajr Therefore. 'lfl ould p afl prayed thenI should should have the complete complete fardprayer. whatthey they were praying a r e praying T h e y are nafl'. 18 etc.g. following Thefollowing hadith The hadith answers this answers thisquestion. you o o o l c lt a o •• 10 l o l •• o o •• o t •• •• •• •• •• •• 6 3 63 ..A. while while the believers believers should journey. days. 4 days. or years. journey. t h e way Makkah on On the hee led uss i in the w a yto t 0 Makkah l e du he nt prayer Zuhr and offered rakats. on a ashe he remains purpose of his hisjourney Even if put to of the purpose place put in to fulfil fulfil the in one oneplace hestays Even if he stays iourney prayers.'Then then have prayed the farq prayer.W. maydo so.). months as on whether it weeks. Thenhe Zuh r prayer an d offered 2 rakats.' Then he he contincontin'l accompanied ued. their reCognises utrdet circurttstances.A. doing. cart of days he can on and is of the number nunrber limit on on the there is no no limit andthere on a a journey. l .W. he to and his However. Oasr and combine 6.A.s takes whether remains a journey.0n on a a journey t o Makkah.}'. Then Then I accompanied accompanied Abu Bakr. lTdays. etc.A.Umar Umarand and Uthman Uthmanand and they thev did did the Abu the same same as as Pr. However. There for you you in in the the for practice of Prophet Propher practice of Muhammad (S.ophet Prophet (S. (Bukhari). prayQasr his prayers. 3 miles. etc. a as whole the society the limit being limit b e i n3 g miles.journey journey etc.'I accompanied the the Messenger Messenger ued. of Therefore. and combine Oasr combine to pray continue he can cancontinue then of days days number if to for of then for a place fixednumber a fixed in a a place t0 stay stayin intended if he he intended g 0 a n d s h orten" the opinions differ on how long he can go on combining and shorteno n l o n g h e c o m b i n i n g c a n onhow si f f e r t h e o p i n i o nd days 18days ing e. NAFL (S. on Butwhat prayer? whatabout anyother But any prayer? about othernafl andsunnat nafland sunnat question. prayers.) Hafs b i n Asim s a y s"1 .A.A. inghis hisprayers.W. o na a journey. ( Bukharil. what i s what In the is o a journey d nf a t h e correct o o r r e cdefinition t e f i n i t i n of I n our o u r opinion opinion iourney the society as a whole recognises urlder their c. journey.W. prayers. 10days. 'If Iccould pray nafl r a yn said. minimum t h eminimum 5. pray pray HaST and combine his hisprayers.) prayer Prophet Prophet (S.W. days.). J) Muhammad {S. l accompanied a c c o m p a n iAbdullah A eb dd u l l ab hi n U Hafs bin bin Umar (R. journey. he went went to sit in in his to sit people praying He saw sawsome somepeople and asked asked me what He praying and me were doing. Then his tent.A.W. months or weeks. 10 17days.g. mar j o u r n e to y Makkah .ircUlllstances. good example Muhammad ThereIS F a good example Muhammad (S. prayer. There aresome some otherhadiths There are other hadiths which which prove prove that that some some of the the comcompanions used to pray panions used to pray nafls nafls during during thelr their journey. Bakr. e. journey. tent. said hee said. " (R. lt It is is better better not not t0 to praynafls naflswhile whiletravelling but travelling pray but if you you stay stay somewhere somewhere and and have have time time youmay doso. the should pray these. He He did did of Allah prayduring during not pray travels his travels than2 rakats. morethan not his more rakats. J OU R N E Y D U B A T I O OF iO l FJOURNEY 5 .'. Then T h e nh s a i dI.)'.4 whensomeone Aftsr rt study we that when s0meone saythat we can cansay hadiths of hadiths studyof a careflll careful beconsidered traveller a traveller stays in temporarily he a considered place hewould wouldbe fixedplace telnporarily in a a fixed stays dayshe journey. (. these. of Allah on on i. it takp.A.) always offered Witr during his journey offered Witr prayer always during his journey andhe heexmphasized exmphasized andexpressed and and the of sunnat the importance importance rakat expressed of 2 rakat sunnat Fajrprayer. DURATION prayers long A person can and his for for as aslong his prayers' pray Qasr person and combine Oasr combine can pray yearu. 'They nafl'. PRAYER P R A Y E ON R NAJOURNEY AJOURNEY O NAFL 6 .) f u i m says.

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