The language of thieves was first written in Sumer Sumerian is a language that hides things and does not

intend to reveal them. One of the problems Sumerian linguists have faced is the lack of verbs or rather their irregular pattern formation. Even Kartvelian languages have some kind of patterns although Georgian has the largest number of irregular verbs among the agglutinative family. Sumerians are the vagabonds of the ancient world. The reason why Sumerian is the thieves guild can be found in its lack of any grammatical structure. Sumerian idiom is a pun of the spoken language and as such it has no real verbs. The verbs of Sumerian mirror the verbs of Akkadian. All agglutinative languages have certain structures of verb formation while Sumerian has none whatsoever. The funniest thing about Sumerian is that when it uses verbs it rhymes with Akkadian. et us see the demonstration using a typical Sumerian ideogram for head! Sumerian sa" #$EA%& '()*+,! E% ---a. E% ---b. Old Akkadian. agash --. /r ---. Early Old 0abylonian. Old 0abylonian. unknown1 wr. sa" 2head3 person3 capital2 Akk. 4a44adu3 r56u is used to create structures that rhyme with Akkadian! E,ample 7 sag rig #0ESTO8& '7(7,! Old 0abylonian1 wr. sag rig9 2to bestow2 Akk. 6ar:ku 'sa"#head& ; rig#donate&1 #7 & sag rig9 )< distinct forms attested3 click to view forms table. 1. to bestow (104x/79%) = E>?Old 0abylonian?Sippar !(sa")# rig7$$ % ...$ % &'$.(').*+ % 6e,ri, ik$,tum O0 %iri Sippar Seg.9. *3 !(sa")# rig7$$ % % % 6a,ra, kum$ O0 %iri Sippar Seg.9. @. E>?Old 0abylonian?unknown !(sa")# rig7$$ % % %6a,ra,kum O0 %iri 2O,ford2 +*A. unknown?Old 0abylonian?unknown sa" rig7,ga % re,e6 6i,ri,ik,tim BS SS-. 79C+9 i <@.

E,ample + sa" gi #0 ODK& '+),! Old 0abylonian1 wr. sa" gi< 2to block2 Akk. ha6E3 mah:ru 'sa"#head& ; gi#turn&1 #7 & sa" gi< 'sag gi<1

( distinct forms attested3 click to view forms table. 1. to blo-. = E>?Old 0abylonian?unknown lu/ sa" gi4,a % sa(,ak,pu ?Old 0abylonian?unknown sa" gi4, a % sak,lu BS SS-. sa" gi4,a % sa,ak,lum BS SS-. 79C+9 i <93 E,ample ( sa" 6um #OFFOSE& '+*,! Old 0abylonian1 wr. sa" 6um+ 2to go against2 Akk. hi:6u 'sa"#head& ; 6um#give&1 #7 & sa" 6um+ < distinct forms attested3 click to view forms table. 1. to go against = E>?Old 0abylonian?Gippur sa" 0um/,mu % he+,a,6u,um F0S A). 7<@ #O0GT >---& A<H<. Gote! -t is a pun of words because Sum H Akk. ideogram 1'2 he2 he #0E&. kan (gan gana kana gam4) 'see full listing1 sag7 sag #SDATTEI&. So '..a3ian he2-a-šu-um = Akk. sag7-a-šu-um a suggestion of Sumerian sa" 0um/,mu Actually the ending Ju is typical of Semitic verbs. So the author of Sumerian is playing with the reader cat and mouse. E,ample < sa" tum #IE%/DE& '+,! Early Old 0abylonian1 wr. sa" tum+ 2to reduce2 Akk. 4al:lu 'sa"#head& ; tum#suitable&1

#7 &

sa" tum+ 'sag tum+1 7 distinct form attested3 click to view forms table.

1. to re3u-e = E>?Early Old 0abylonian?Gippur sa" tum/,ma mu,un,"ar % ma,gi,ir,tam,4 sa" tum/, ma i,ni,in,"ar % ma,gi,ir,tam,4 The fourth e,ample is the most visible rebus game of Sumerian because tum/,ma mu,un, "ar (mu,un,"ar tum/,ma1 is the metathesis of an entire phrase to mirror Akkadian ma,gi,ir, tam

The surprise of Sumerian and Akkadian is that they complement each other when they form a cognate. Kor e,ample the cognate for the head is created by the ideogram! S'1 dul7 'see full listing1 sa12 'see full listing1 sag 'see full listing1 saĝĝar (saggar) sa""ar #B- STOGE&. saĝ (šag šak sag saga saĝa sak) sa" #DLLE&. sa" #KIOGT&. sa" #$EA%&. Akkadian! 'lso5 r56u. dunga. ris. ri6. sam,'SAG1. san. sa4. sur7<. 6a+<. 6a4. 6eg,'SAG1. Mug(. Semitic scribes used allophonic values of the Semitic word base r56u #head& to create additional phonetic values of the ideogram that could be used as phonetic artificial new words that in turn served as new markers for representing phonetically other Akkadian words. So from re6u N phonetic ris. ri6. sur7< N san. sa6. . 6a+<. 6a6. 6eg,'SA11 where r ? n are allophones N sam,'SA11 where n ? m ? g are allophones N Mug( N dunga where 7 ?3 are allophones. The Akkadian r56u ; Sumerian sa" H sa""ar which has the largest phonetic value of the ideogram and as such it is the starting point of any phonetic value in ideogramOs chart. This is the universal rule of all Sumerian ideograms that Sumerian and Akkadian cognates must complete one another like two partners in a marriage.

Gow - am going to demonstrate how the author of Sumerian got the idea of the word head and why it matches perfectly to Akkadian r56u. Similar to the way the author found the word for #hand&. he found the word for #head& by omitting one part of an Akkadian e,pression. Kirst of all Sumerian 2upper millstone2 H raised head of the millstone is a metaphor created with two Akkadian words. -t is a rebus representation of an Akkadian phrase #0a68 r90i & Akkadian! 0a68 anda"al #E>A TE%& wr. anCdaC"al+ 2e,alted2 Akk. elE3 6a4E de #FO/I& wr. de+ 2to pour3 to winnow2 Akk. 6ap:ku3 6a4E mar6u #SFA%E& wr. "e6marC6u 2a spade2 Akk. nashiptu3 6a4E ni il #I-SE& wr. ni+ il+ 2to rise high2 Akk. 6a4E nim #$-G$& wr. nim 2'to be1 high. elevated3 'to be1 early3 easterner2 Akk. 6a4E un #$-G$& wr. un( 2to arise3 sky3 'to be1 high2 Akk. elE3 6amE3 6a4E 0a68 0a e6li a de #-II-GATE& wr. a de+ 2to irrigate 'by flooding12 Akk. 6a4E 6a e4li a dug #-II-GATE& wr. a dug< 2to irrigate 'from canal water12 Akk. 6a4E 6a e4li 0a68 0a lub0i 6u6 #DOLEI& wr. 6u6+3 6u63 6u6) 2to sink down3 to cloud over3 to cover. to spread over3 to envelop. overwhelm3 covering3 surface3 to raise 'clothes12 Akk. a6:ru3 er5pu3 kat:mu3 sah:pu3 sehpu3 6a4E 6a lub6i 0a68 0a r90i gu il #IA-SE& wr. gu+ il+ 2to raise the head2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i gu Mig # -KT T$E $EA%& wr. gu+ Mig( 2Pto lift the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" il #IA-SE& wr. sa" il+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. r56am na6E3 6a4E 6a r56i sa" us #IA-SE& wr. sa" us+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" Mig #IA-SE& wr. sa" Mig( 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i 0a68m iri #$-G$& wr. iCri 2'to be1 high2 Akk. 6a4Em 8e shall see that the Sumerian author found a fantastic idea to create new Sumerian words. The method is similar to the thieves guild. -t is a pure deception! Krom Akkadian Akk. #6a4E 6a r56i &. the author erased #Q 6a r56i & and the result was the pure form #6a4E Q& Once again the operation was very simple and nobody would notice a thing! Akk. #6a4E 6a r56i & C #Q 6a r56i & H #6a4E Q& identical to Sumerian sa" #head& with the allophones! '0ag 0a. sag saga sa"a sa.1. 8e know that a single author did it because he carefully named the head sa" #pronounced sang& and dropped other allophones '0ag 0a. sag saga sa.1 because they were too close to the Akkadian #6a4E 6a r56i &.

-n a similar fashion the author changed Akkadian particle #6a& into Sumerian #6u& 'hand1 from Akk. 4:tu 6a 'from the hand1. -n fact the meaning of #the head& derived from Semitic verbs! 6a4E ! 1. to be'come1 high. elevated 1tn. to rise repeatedly 'Astronomy1 *. to raise up 3 to e,alt 3 to bring. travel upstream :. to e,alt. elevate 3 to praise 2. to rise 'price1 6a4E ! high. elevated. in a high place3 of high rank3 prominent. sublime 8e shall see this pattern again and again. 8e Rust got lucky because no linguist in the world would have ever dared to draw such a conclusion because Sumerian is the thieves cant and as such does not obey any laws. Sou can solve Sumerian secrets by thinking like a Sumerian. by being Sumerian. talking like Sumerian. The author of Sumerian took his secrets to the grave and he never shared them even with his closest friends. ike %a Linci he must have lived a long life to the fruit of his creation. to see an entire nation and finally the whole ancient world be captivated by his discovery. After all we owe him the seeds of civiliMation. eonardo %a Linci was one of the greatest Sumerians of all times. $e is known to be an artist. a scientist but above all he was a man who loved weapons. $e enRoyed to see people being killed and even observed in the head4uarters the battle of the army using his maps. $e came from a very humble background and was an illegitimate son of an aristocrat with a prostitute. a story similar to that of Sargon. king of Akkadian empire son of a gardener and a temple prostitute. Such people want to show the society that they are special and that they deserve a higher status in it. They would do whatever it takes to prove their point. Gothing would stop them. -t was demonstrated earlier that Sumerian scribes 'Akkadian speaking scribes1 loved to create false leads and create a lot of confusion Rust like false leads in a labyrinth. Each time the reader tried to make a logical connection between Sumerian and Akkadian. the scribes created another lead to drive the reader mad and finally make him give up his search altogether. 8hat Sumerian scribes could not have predicted was that humans would invent computers and reveal their scam! Sum. !(sa")# rig7$$ % '... 6e,ri, ik$,tum Sum. !(sa")# rig7$$ % '... 6a,ra, kum$ Sum. sa" rig7,ga % '... re,e6 6i,ri,ik,tim Sum. sa" gi4,a % '... sa(,ak,pu Sum. sa" gi4,a % '... sak,lu Sum. sa" 0um/,mu % '... he+,a,6u,um Sum. sa" 0um/,mu % '... he+,a,6u,um H sag9,a,6u,um Sum. sa" tum/,ma mu,un,"ar % '... ma,gi,ir,tam,4 Sum. sa" tum/,ma i,ni,in,"ar % '... ma,gi,ir,tam, Sumerin scribes put tremendous efforts to hide their tracks especialy by using the following false lead! Observing the wordCsentence structure in Sumerian T'sa"1N rig9 we can detect two separate ideograms which were allegedly created by a single Akkadian word. They both derived from the abbreviation of Akkadian 0e,ri,i.C#tum& 'f.1 #head bestow& ? 6aCraC#kum&'m.1 -n gives the impression that this lead is the best choice because there two parallel nouns in Akkadian one feminine and the other masculine and they both were divided the same way in Sumerian.

8hat matters is that in every instance the word sentence in Sumerian is built according to Akkadian model where the verb comes always at the end of the sentence. This is the most important thing that counts. -t means that those who created Sumerian were Semites. ook again! Sum. sa" il #IA-SE& wr. sa" il+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" us #IA-SE& wr. sa" us+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" Mig #IA-SE& wr. sa" Mig( 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i -n a better perspective this is! saU il+Cla saU il+Cla saU il+Cla saU il₂Cla aCle reC6i 6aC4aCaCan reC6i reC6aCan 6aC4aC tum B-GT'reC6aC an1N aCleCtum one who raises the head 'in pride1 one who raises the head H putting down of the head raised head raised head

8e can clearly see that Sumerian is a rebus system of Akkadian because the name for the head in Sumerian is built to represent Akkadian word ending Sumerian U ? Akkadian n hence Sumerian saU T Akkadian reC6aCan ? 6aC4aCaCan Sumerian idiom is aligned according to Akkadian syntan,. 0ut the list of Sumerian and Akkadian morpheme alignment is amaMing!

saU il₂Cla saU il₂Cla saU il₂Cla saU il₂Cla saUCus₂ saUCdu saUCdu saU du₃Cdu₃ saU du₃ tuku saU du₃ nuCtuku saUCgag saUCgagCga saUCgu₂Cgal

aCle reC6i 6aC4aCaCan reC6i reC6aCan 6aC4aC tum B-GT'reC6aCan1N aCleCtum muCkiCil reC6i 4aCa4C4aCdu naCabCniCtum puCutCtuC4aCtum iC6u la iC6aCnu V/maT'santakku ma1N V/maT'santakku ma1N 6arCḫu

one who raises the head 'in pride1 one who raises the head H putting d own of the head raised head raised head attendant head head H form fashioned ones to have shape to have no shape H insignificant triangle triangle proud H splendid

saUCbur₂Cra saU sun₅Cna saUCbur saU aga saU men'GA₂W'A.EG 11 saU kalCla saU kalCla saUC%-V saU niU₂Cgur₁₁ saU u₄Csakar saUCgi₆Cgi₆Cga saUCkul saUCkul la₂Cla₂ saUCkulCkul saUCdu saU 6u₁₂ barCra saU 6u barCra saUCUu₁₀ ḫum saU Ua₂CUa₂ saU 6um₂Cmu saU Ue6 raḫ₂Craḫ₂ saU sukudCda saUCtabCba saU tabCba saU tabCba saU MiCUal₂ saU siki muCdur₇ saU kur₂Cra saU kur₂Cra saU balCla saUCki gid₂

abCrum 6alCṭum abCrum aCguCu₂ B-GT'aCguCu₂1N a4Crum 6uC4u₂Crum 6aCanCtaCku reCe6 namCkuCri B-GT'reCe61N arC ḫi ṣaCalCmaCatC3 4aC a4CT4aNCdi siCikCkuCrum B-G siCikCkuCri 6iCikCkuCraCtum aC6uCu₂ V/maT'6ubarrEtu ma1N V/maT'6ubarrEtu ma1N guCbuCT,N 6aCkaCnu ḫeCe'G-V1C6um raCpa₂Csu₂ arCgu 6uCtapCMuCru tapCpuCu₂ kaCbaC6u reCe6 6iCkiCinCni maCluCu₂ 6aCnuCu₂ naCakCrum naCbalCkaCtum guCubCbuCḫu

a kind of priest arrogant a kind of priest crowned head crowned head important person very important person triangle initial capital beginning of the month humankind bolt to secure with a bolt bolts head H headache release of a slave release of a slave my head is paralyMed H to place the head to hurry to beat high head protection H to grant shelter companion to put on headgear head of living things H upper part o f a hunting net head of matted hair strange person hostile person to shake the head H crossing long forehead H bald

Some of the earliest Sumerian words are related to the number one H alone H whole in Akkadian!

saUCdili saUCdili saUCdili

eCduCu₂ eCteCnuC#u₂& giCitCma' /1Clum

alone H prominent alone alone H perfect

saUCdili

pi₂CriCi6Ctum

alone H secret

0efore we begin to e,plain the rebus representation of the name head in Sumerian 6eg, H /I/WVE we will try to e,plain a very strange phonetic value for the ideogram head! S'1 dul7 'see full listing1 sa12 'see full listing1 sag 'see full listing1 saĝĝar (saggar) sa""ar #B- STOGE&. saĝ (šag šak sag saga saĝa sak) sa" #DLLE&. sa" #KIOGT&. sa" #$EA%&. Kull listing. 'lso5 r56u. dunga. ris. ri6. sam,'SAG1. san. sa4. sur7<. 6a+<. 6a4. 6eg,'SAG1. Mug( 8hat in the worldX *unga versus sagX ;<.S;.' dungu dungu #D O/%&. Kull listing. 'lso5 dunga,'Y-B.S-.AY1.

dunga H SAG dunga+ H / dunga, H -B.S-.A duga( H $-WG/G duga< H KA duga, H / There seems to be no phonetic affiliation between dug?duga?dunga and the assigned ideograms! SAG. -B.S-.A. $-WG/G. -f Sumerian had been spoken in the streets of Akkad

people would have been unable to associate those terms with the phonetic value 3unga. Obviously the phonetic dunga is a nasaliMed value of duga< H KA #mouth. voice. speak& 8hat is the relationship between dug #SFEAK& and KA #mouth& and SAG #head&X 8hat is the connection between dug #SFEAK& and / #false&X 8hat is the report between dug #SFEAK& and -B.S-.A #cloud&X $ave you ever heard the thunder during a stormZ 8hat is the link between dug #SFEAK& and $-WG/G #phlegm. saliva. spittle&X They are all produced inside the mouth. dug #SFEAK& '(*9*,! E% ---b. Old Akkadian. agash --. /r ---. Early Old 0abylonian. Old 0abylonian. uncertain1 wr. dug< 2to speak. talk. say3 to order3 to do. perform3 to negotiate2 Akk. atwû3 dabābu3 epēšu3 qabû See a dug#irrigate&. al dug#desire&. ene dug#play&. guguru dug#trim&. guru6 dug#unmng&. "e6 dug#copulate&. ha6 dug#have se,&. kas dug#run&. mi dug#care for&. sa dug#arrive&. 6u dug#touch&. 6u dug#transform&. 6u tahab dug#soakZ&. u dug#admire&. #7 & dug< 'du771

(' du11 'see full listing1 dug4 (duga4 du11) dug #SFEAK&. e7 e #SFEAK&. e #TI/ST&. ga14 'see full listing1 giri17 'see full listing1 gu3 gu #LO-DE&. i5 'see full listing1 inim (enem enim i5) inim #8OI%&. ka (kag2 kak2 ga14) kag #BO/T$&.

kag2 'see full listing1 kir4 kir #$SEGA&. kiri3 (giri17) kiri #GOSE&. su11 su #K-0EIS&. sumurx(KA) sumur #AGGIS&. uzugx(KA) uMga #TIEAS/IE&. zu2 (su11 še2 zuh zug2) Mu #K -GT& 'na<Mu+1. Mu #S$AIE& '"e6Mu+1. Mu #TOOT$&. zug2 'see full listing1 zuh Muh #STEA &. Kull listing. 'lso5 bu,'KA1. da7+. dag). eme,'KA1. en<. ?ene"?. gir79. gur7*. i6). me,'KA1. nag,'KA1. pe<. pi<. pu). 4a(. sig,'KA1. sug,'KA1. sumu,'KA1. 6ed79. 6eg7(. 6i,'KA1. 6ud,'KA1. Mib<. Sou need more 77 tablets at a time Rust to e,plain the relationship between the word 6eg #head& and A #water& which comes by way of association of dug #SFEAK& and KA #mouth& and SAG #head& and -B.S-.A #cloud. thunder& H -B #rain& ; S- #horn& ; A #water&. To Semitic scribes rain is H a horn full of water. Ancient people had no glasses. They drank water from a filled horn. The applied phonetic value goes even furthur deep into the structure of those elements associated with the first meaning of dunga #[thunder. cloud& duga( H $-WG/G =; da1! 'see full listing1 du1! duggan #0AG& 'ku6du7A1. du"3 dub #KGEE&. dug3 dug #0-I%& 'dug(mu6en1. dug #GOO%&. he 'see full listing1

hi (he ha4) hi #B->&. Kull listing. 'lso5 ʾi(. dab(. de*. di+. dugu. i77. kugu. mu,'$-1. ta*. te+. ti+. \a(. \ab]. \e+. \i+. Again we can see the relationshop between the phonetic value of #head& 6eg, and #rain& -B and #water& A C through the agency of dunga dunga,'Y-B.S-.AY1 #cloud. thunder T speak&. 6eg, H A 6eg, H G-V.GE^s 6eg, H $A^g 6eg, H -B.A 6eg, H -B.A.A 6eg, H KAWK-%+ 6eg, H KAW 6eg, H KAWV/ 6eg, H SAG 6eg, H /I/WG/ 6eg, H /I/WVE +>+?1+ gur5 (kur12 guru5) guru #GI-G%&. kud #D/T&. guru5 'see full listing1 guruš3 guru6 #D/T&. šakir (šakira) 6akir #D$/IG& 'dug6akir1. šakira 6akira #F AGT& 'u+6akira1. šegx(#$%$&'$#) 'see full listing1 šurumx(#$%$&'$#) 6urum #SFI-GK E&. Kull listing. 'lso5 6akiri. 6ig,'Y/I/WG/Y1.

6akir #D$/IG& '<<,! Old 0abylonian1 wr. dug6akir(3 dug6akir3 dug6aCkir3dug6akir,'Y /I/WB-G;G-;GAY1 2churn2 Akk. šakirru

#7 & #+ & #( & #< &

dug

6akir( 6akir 6aCkir 6akir,'Y/I/WB-G;G-;GAY1

dug

dug

dug

@ distinct forms attested3 click to view forms table. 1. -hurn (44x/100%) = E>?E% ---a?unknown 0a.irx(@;:1'A?2;) E% Lessels ). E>?Old 0abylonian?/r 3ug0a.irB$$ % sa,.i,ir % *+1,+>+?1' % ša,ki,i,rum /ET 9. A9] 79. Akk. šakirru 2churn2. +>+?:C 'lso5 6eg,'Y/I/WVEY1. 6ig,'Y/I/WVEY1. :C ašnan2 a6nan #GIA-G&. niga (nigan) niga #KATTEGE%&. še se #%8E &. se # -LE&. 6e #0AI ES&. 6e #DOGE& '"e66e1. 6e #DLGE&. 6e #$OOKZ&. 6e #F AGT& '6esar1. 6e #S$AFE&. 6e #T$AT&. 6eg #AGIEE&. 6eg #LO-DE&. u2! u #GIA-G&. Kull listing. 'lso5 nig,'VE1. nigu. sag,'VE1.

+>+ ala (alu al ale ali) ala #%I/B& 'ku6ala1. eri 'see full listing1 iri (eri ulu4 er4 ir4 uru ere) iri #D-TS& 'iriki1. lu 'see full listing1 ri2 'see full listing1 u1( 'see full listing1 uru urun #E>A TE%&. Kull listing. 'lso5 re+. ru@. 6ig,'/I/1. The phonetic value 6eg, H /I/WVE is a rebus representation of Akkadian rēšu 2head2.

Akkadian 0a68 # A ! . AG.TA.G_ ! & 'adR. 3 f. šaqūtu1

high. elevated. in a high place 3 of high rank 3 prominent. sublime Df. šaqû 0a68 # A ! . G-B ! & 'vb. u?u. i?i 3 stat. šaqu1

1. to be'come1 high. elevated 1tn. to rise repeatedly #G-B.BEV ! & 'Astronomy1 *. to raise up 3 to e,alt 3 to bring. travel upstream :.to e,alt. elevate 3 to praise 2. to rise 'price1 See also ! šapālu 0a68 #GAG ! [Feeding → Drink] & ' 1

71 to give to drink . to serve drinks 3 šammu ša mu)*i ša+, ! to poison 3 +1 to irrigate . to water . also of the rain ! to irrigate 3 dim*a ša+, ! to weep tears . to shed tears 3 (1 to soak te,tile 3 <1 to fill a cistern with water 3 Df. šāqiu, rab šāqê, šaqu, šāqītu, šāqûtu, šīqu ( !, šiqītu, mašqû, mašqītu, mašqûtu, mušaqqûm ("! Domparison with other Semitic languages ! $ebrew ! ha64aa `irrigationa ma06Dtu ' 1 [Feeding → Drink] 71 a watering place 3 +1 an irrigation outlet 3 (1 a drink . a medicinal potion 3 <1 a leather enema bag 3 Df. mašqû, mašqūtu ma06Etu ' 1 [Feeding → Drink] 71 a watering vessel 3 +1 a potion 3 Df. mašqû, mašqītu ma068 ' 1 [#$untr% → &gri'ulture] 71 a watering place 3 +1 a sprinkling vessel . a watering can 3 Df. mašqītu Lariants ! mašqium ma06ium [#$untr% → &gri'ulture] b ma64E 0F6iu ' 1 [(r$)e**i$n*]

b 6:4E 0F68 # c.V/.S- A(.%/* ! T-G. / ! c.S- A(.V/.%/*.A ! [(r$)e**i$n*] giver to drink. butler. cupCbearer 3 3 ra" š)+- chief cupCbearer # c.GA .V/.S- A(.%/* ! . c.GA .V/.%/*.A ! piece of brewerPs e4uipment Df. šaqû Lariants ! šāqiu -t is obvious that the same scribe who wrote in Sumerian was writing in Akkadian as well simultaneously Sum. sa" il #IA-SE& wr. sa" il+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" us #IA-SE& wr. sa" us+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" Mig #IA-SE& wr. sa" Mig( 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i -t is impossible to write in two languages at the same time unless Sumerian is the language of thieves. a trick language. a puMMle where the meaning was transferred from an Akkadian word to another! Akkadian r56i became 6a4E and then Rust sa". The transformation from Akkadian verb to elevate N adRective high N [elevate a watering vessel N 3rin. N Goison allows the scribe to create simultaneously Sumerian and Akkadian derivatives through folk etymology. See also! );.A+A kušum ku6um #DIS&. ku6um #$E-G$T&. Kull listing. 'lso5 6a4a. 6a4u. 6a4um. Sumerian ku6um is a pure Akkadian word 6a4um realiMed through metathesis. Krom the idea of dfeeling highO derived the Sumerian word for dbeerO! . c.GA .KAV. / ! & 3 irrigator 3 a . V/.%/*.S- A(.A ! & 'n.1 . c.KAV. / ! . .

); "e2 bad #OFEG&. e #SFEAK&. "i 'see full listing1 "iz biM #TI-DK E&. dugx(./) dug #FOT&. e0ir2 ebir #LESSE CSTAG%&'"e6epir+1. ešemen5 (ešemin5) e6emen #IOFE&. kaš (gaš kas2) ka6 #0EEI&. Kull listing. 'lso5 ebir,'0-1. hubur,'0-1. ka*. kae. pe+. pi+. sa7*. siris<. su7). 6a+7. 6u7(. Sumerian ka6 #beer& T Sumerian ku6um #$E-G$T& T Akkadian 6a4um The ideogram 0- gained the phonetic value ka6 #beer& from the association of the ideogram 0in the phrase 0-. / ku6um #$E-G$T& ka6 #0EEI& '7(**@,! E% ---a. E% ---b. Old Akkadian. agash --. /r ---. Early Old 0abylonian. Old 0abylonian. unknown1 wr. ka63 ka6+ 2beer3 alcoholic drink2 Akk. šikaru = E>?Early Old 0abylonian?Gippur .a0 si7.ur,re #ka6 d0EEIO siMkur dprayerO& Sumerian word siMkur dprayerO has got its phonetic value from the Akkadian e4uivalent to the adRacent Sumerian word ka6 #0EEI& Akk. šikaru+ The way of association created the fertile ground for creating new Sumerian derivatives. Sumerian siMkur dprayerOT Akk. šikaru+ Sumerian .a0 );$ lu,lu,bu,um The phonetic value lu,lu,bu,um 3erive3 from 0-. / because of the association of .a0 );$ to 0-. / 8e come back to the ideogram S'1 dul7 'see full listing1 sa12 'see full listing1

sag 'see full listing1 saĝĝar (saggar) sa""ar #B- STOGE&. saĝ (šag šak sag saga saĝa sak) sa" #DLLE&. sa" #KIOGT&. sa" #$EA%&. Akkadian! 'lso5 r56u. dunga. ris. ri6. sam,'SAG1. san. sa4. sur7<. 6a+<. 6a4. 6eg,'SAG1. Mug(. Then we find out the sentence! = E A?Early Old 0abylonian?unknown 7'u1 gin+ ge6dur+ marCtu sir(Cde( 0-G 7A. A@A 7.

EZEN

asilx(EZEN) 'see full listing1 ezem (ezen izun ezema ezena ezin izen izim izin esen esin) eMem #KEST-LA &. ezen 'see full listing1 sir3 sir #0-G%&. šer3 'see full listing1 šir3 (šer3 ser3 sir3) 6ir #S-GG&. Kull listing. Also! asila,'EfEG1. asilal,'EfEG1. bad,'EfEG1. sidra. sil,'EfEG1. sirda. sirim+.

durme #D$A-G& #sa" sir(&'7,! Old 0abylonian1 wr. durme 2chain2 Akk. 6er6erru #7& durme

7 distinct form attested3 click to view forms table. 1. -hain (1x/100%) = unknown?Old 0abylonian?unknown ##dur+&& H H H šeCerCšeCerCrum gDS A<. 9)C9] 7).

sir #0-G%& '<,! Early Old 0abylonian. Old 0abylonian1 wr. sir(3 sir+ 2to bind2 Akk. rak:su #7& #+& sir( sir+

< distinct forms attested3 click to view forms table. 1. to bin3 (4x/100%) = E A?Early Old 0abylonian?unknown 7'u1 gin+ ge6dur+ marCtu sir(Cde( 0-G 7A. A@A 7. See! e tar sir3 guGE sir3 6u sir. Akk. rak:su 2to bind2. The Akkadian scribe transferred the Semitic value rak:su H sir 2to bind2 from the ideogram to the ideogram sa""ar #BSTOGE& because of the phrase! durme #D$A-G&

#sa" sir( & '7,! Old 0abylonian1 wr. durme 2chain2 Akk. 6er6erru. The phonetic value was transferred from one ideogram to the adRacent one. Semitic rak:su N Sumerian saggar 1*he e22e3* 42 me*a*hesis5 The transfer of the phonetic value from live language to the artificial one was arbitrary and was conducted on the basis of association of one ideogram to another Rust by Ru,taposing them in a phrase. 0ut the story of Sumerian secrets does not end there.

8ikipedia! Sa-.-loth '$ebrew hi k *aḳ1 is a term originally denoting a coarsely woven fabric. usually j made of goatPs hair. -t later came to mean also a garment made from such cloth. which was chiefly worn as a token of mourning by the -sraelites. -t was furthermore a sign of submission '- Kings ,,. (A et se4.1. and was occasionally worn by the Frophets. The gewish Encyclopedia says the Old Testament gives no e,act description of the garment. so its shape must be a matter of conRecture. According to Adolf Kamphausen. the saḳ was like a cornCbag with an opening for the head. and another for each arm. an opening being made in the garment from top to bottom. Karl Grlneisen '2Ahnenkultus.2 p. *A1 thought the saḳ resembled the hairy mantle used by the 0edouins. Kriedrich Schwally 'in StadePs 2feitschrift.2 ,i. 79<1 concludes that it originally was simply the loinCcloth. which is an entirely different conception from that of Kamphausen or of Grlneisen. Schwally bases his opinion on the fact that the word 2ḥagar2 mn jo p 'to gird1#7& is used in describing the mode of putting on the garment 'see gosh. i. *3 -sa. iii. +<. ,v. *. ,,ii. 7+3 ger. vi. +]. ,li,. (1. One fastens the saḳ around the hips '2sim beCmotnayim.2 Gen. ,,,vii. (<3 2hePelah Pal motnayim.2 Amos viii. 7A1. while. in describing the doffing of the saḳ. the words 2pitteaḥ meCPal motnayim2 are used '-sa. ,,. +1. According to - Kings ,,i. (9 and -- Kings vi. (A. it was worn ne,t the skin. Schwally assumes that in prehistoric times the loinCcloth was the usual and sole garment worn by the -sraelites. -n historic times it came to be worn for religious purposes only. on e,traordinary occasions. or at mourning ceremonies. -t is natural that. under certain circumstances. the Frophets also should have worn the saḳ. as in the case of -saiah. who wore nothing else. and was commanded by God to don it '-sa. ,,. +1. Old traditions easily assume a holy character. Thus Schwally points to the circumstance that the Boslem pilgrim. as soon as he puts his foot on Ḥaram. the holy soil. takes off all the clothes he is wearing. and dons the iḥram. The views mentioned above of the original shape of the saḳ. do not. of course. e,clude the possibility that. in accordance with more refined ideas. it was afterward made larger. and in later passages 'e.g.. Esth. iv. 7. +3 gonah iii. )1 the verb 2labash2 i qr js p 'to wear. be clothed1 #+& is used in describing the mode of putting it on. Sumerian secrets lay deep in the layers of Semitc forms of religion. The name for head in Sumerian is a secret word related to the process of mourning. The Sumerian name for head derived from the Semitic custom of covering the face with a sackcloth during a period of mourning. -t is an euphemism for dbeing nakedO before god. 8ikipedia! ;hram -lothing 'also spelt Ahram clothing1 includes menPs and womenPs garments worn by Buslim people during the ,-ram pilgrimage '.a//1 and or ' umrah 1. The main obRective is to avoid attracting attention.#7& BenPs garments often consist of two white unChemmed sheets 'usually towelling material1 and are universal in appearance.#7& The top 'the riḍā1 is draped over the torso and the bottom 'the i0ār1 is secured by a belt3 plus a pair of sandals. 8omenPs clothing. however. varies considerably and reflects regional as well as religious influences. but they often donPt wear special clothing or cover their faces.#+&

8hite ihram clothing is intended to make everyone appear the same. by God there is no difference between a prince and a pauper when everyone is dressed e4ually. sa66aHa '6a44:ya 1 #Frofessions& sack maker . sackcloth maker 3 Df. *aqqu sa66u #Dlothing& 71 ! a sack 3 +1 ! sackcloth 3

Df. *aqqa%a See also ! bašāmu, *āgu, a0a 1 illu, naruqqu, ittu**u

sFgu #Transport& sackcloth 3 Df. *aqqu See also ! bašāmu, a0a 1 illu, naruqqu, *aqqu, ittu**u, a0amillu -n the end! 6a4:lu la #$AGG& wr. la+3 la3 lal+ 2to supervise. check3 to weigh. weigh 'out1. pay3 to hang. balance. suspend. be suspended3 to show. display3 to bind3 binding. 'yokeC1team3 to press. throttle3 to winnow 'grain13 to carry2 Akk. al:lu3 han:4u3 hi:\u3 kamE3 kasE3 eimittu3 kullumu3 6a4:lu3 6u4alulu3 MarE 6a4ummatu ilim #IA%-AGDE& wr. iClim 2radiance3 deathly silence2 Akk. 6alummatu3 6a4ummatu i6iu #S- EGDE& wr. iC6iCu) 2deathly silence2 Akk. 6a4ummatu lib #%AfE%& wr. lib 2daMed silence3 'to be1 daMed2 Akk. 6a4ummatu sig #S- EGT& wr. siCig3 6eg) 2'deathly1 hush3 'to be1 silent2 Akk. 6a4ummatu 6a4E anda"al #E>A TE%& wr. anCdaC"al+ 2e,alted2 Akk. elE3 6a4E

de #FO/I& wr. de+ 2to pour3 to winnow2 Akk. 6ap:ku3 6a4E mar6u #SFA%E& wr. "e6marC6u 2a spade2 Akk. nashiptu3 6a4E ni il #I-SE& wr. ni+ il+ 2to rise high2 Akk. 6a4E nim #$-G$& wr. nim 2'to be1 high. elevated3 'to be1 early3 easterner2 Akk. 6a4E un #$-G$& wr. un( 2to arise3 sky3 'to be1 high2 Akk. elE3 6amE3 6a4E 6a4E 6a e4li a de #-II-GATE& wr. a de+ 2to irrigate 'by flooding12 Akk. 6a4E 6a e4li a dug #-II-GATE& wr. a dug< 2to irrigate 'from canal water12 Akk. 6a4E 6a e4li 6a4E 6a lub6i 6u6 #DOLEI& wr. 6u6+3 6u63 6u6) 2to sink down3 to cloud over3 to cover. to spread over3 to envelop. overwhelm3 covering3 surface3 to raise 'clothes12 Akk. a6:ru3 er5pu3 kat:mu3 sah:pu3 sehpu3 6a4E 6a lub6i 6a4E 6a r56i gu il #IA-SE& wr. gu+ il+ 2to raise the head2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i gu Mig # -KT T$E $EA%& wr. gu+ Mig( 2Pto lift the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" il #IA-SE& wr. sa" il+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. r56am na6E3 6a4E 6a r56i sa" us #IA-SE& wr. sa" us+ 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i sa" Mig #IA-SE& wr. sa" Mig( 2Pto raise the headP2 Akk. 6a4E 6a r56i 6a4Em iri #$-G$& wr. iCri 2'to be1 high2 Akk. 6a4Em The Sumerian name for head means #head of a god& not head of a human. Sumerian was the language of the gods who lived on high. Sumerian was designed to communicate with the gods and was never spoken by man. -t was used inside the temple and on the street.