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Gas Venting Systems

Design Service & Complete Gas Ventilation Solutions


in accordance with BS8485; 2007

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Table of Contents
Background BS 8485:2007 Code of Practice Passive Venting Solution & Design Visqueen Gas Vent Mat System Overview - Gas Flow Fittings and Outlets Visqueen Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Visqueen Gully Vents Visqueen Airbrick Visqueen Gas Fitting Index Complete System Product Installation Technical Support 1 3 6 7 8 9 13 15 18 21 22 24

Permission to reproduce extracts from BS 8485:2007 is granted by the British Standards Institution (BSI). No other use of this material is permitted. The complete British Standard can be purchased from the BSI online shop: http://shop.bsigroup.com/en/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030149737
The information given in this brochure is based on data and knowledge correct at the time of printing. Statements made are of a general nature and are not intended to apply to any use or application outside any referred to in the brochure. As conditions of usage and installation are beyond our control we do not warrant performance obtained but strongly recommend that our installation guidelines and the relevant British Standard Codes of Practice are adhered to. Please contact us if you are in any doubt as to the suitability of application.

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Background
The hazards of ground gases must be taken into account when designing and constructing new developments. Ground gas can be drawn into a building by the pressure difference that exists between the inside and outside of the building (warm indoor air is less dense than cold outdoor air). Ground gases can enter buildings through: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Cracks in solid oors Construction joints Cracks in walls below ground Gaps in suspended concrete or timber oor Gaps around service pipes Cavities in walls Soil and vent pipes

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Common ground gases and contaminates Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons can be highly toxic and are a derivative of the petrochemical industry. Hydrocarbons are prevalent in areas such as disused petrol stations and post industrial sites. Most hydrocarbons are carcinogenic and potentially ammable. Methane An odourless ammable gas that is explosive when released to the atmosphere at levels as low as 5% and exposed to a source of ignition. Methane is formed wherever there is below-ground degradation of organic substances e.g. landll sites, sewage treatment areas, mining localities and peat bogs. Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide is a colourless, odourless gas that in high concentrations can result in asphyxiation. The gas is formed by the oxidation of carbon compounds such as in landll sites. When carbon dioxide levels reach concentrations of 3% symptoms of headaches and shortness of breath can occur, becoming severe at 5%, with loss of consciousness at 10%. Its potentially fatal at concentrations of 22% and above. Radon Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that is odourless and colourless. It is formed where uranium and radium are present. It migrates into any building that is built over the source. If it accumulates in a building at unacceptably high concentrations it will increase the potential risk of the occupants developing lung cancer.

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BS 8485:2007 Code of Practice


for the characterisation and remediation of gas contiminated land in affected developments
This standard is intended to provide a framework that will allow designers to judge the adequacy of ground gas and related site investigation data, providing an approach to determining appropriate ground gas parameters. This can be used to identify a range of possible construction solutions that will mitigate the presence of ground gas on a development site. The standard is broken down into the following key elements: 1. Site categorisation and investigation A desk study should provide sufcient information on sources, pathways and receptors for these to be investigated. Once any potential gases have been identied a full ground gas investigation must be undertaken using borehole testing and analysis. 2. Risk assessment objective Determining the gas ow rate This sets out how the data collected during site monitoring visits that measure hazardous gas emissions from specic monitoring points can be assessed and used to arrive at one value that represents the whole site (or set of values if a large site would be best split up into zones). After determining the gas ow rate it is then characterised in the table below:

Terms and denitions


For the purposes of this document the following apply. NOTE: These terms are not to be confused with similar terms in other referenced documents. Ground gas potentially hazardous gas, generated below ground NOTE: The most common ground gases are methane and carbon dioxide. Measured ow rate q total gas ow from a borehole measured in volume per unit time (typically litres per hour) Measured hazardous gas concentration Chg concentration of a specic hazardous gas measured as a percentage of the total gas volume from a borehole Calculated hazardous gas ow rate Qhg calculated ow rate of a specic hazardous gas from a borehole reading, i.e. Qhg = Chg 100 q

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Table 1. Characteristic gas situation 1 Hazard potential Very low Site characteristic hazardous gas ow rate, Additional factors Qhgs lh1 <0.07 Typically 1% methane concentration and 5% carbon dioxide concentration (otherwise consider an increased characteristic gas regime) Typical measured ow rate <70 l/h (otherwise consider an increased characteristic gas regime)

2 3 4 5 6

Low Moderate Moderate to high High Very high

0.07, <0.7 0.7, <3.5 3.5, <15 15, <70 70

NOTE: The side characteristic hazardous gas ow rate is synonymous with the gas screening value in CIRIA C665 and NHBC Report no.: 10627-R01 (04) [3].

3. Solutions Recommended gas protection Having ascertained the characteristic gas situation, as the nal part of the process, the appropriate gas protection measures should be selected for the building. There are a great number of existing designs and component elements available in the current market (and others being developed constantly); Table 2 and Table 3 give a guide as to the relative performance of the various types of designs and systems available today. Given the combined design gas regime and risk factors, a guidance value for the required gas protection in the range 0 to 7 should be obtained from Table 2. Then, a combination of ventilation and/or barrier systems should be chosen from Table 3 to meet that requirement using a point scoring mechanism.

Table 2. Required gas protection Characteristic gas situation NHBC trafc light Very low Non-managed property, e.g. private housing 0 3 4 6 D) Commercial buildings 0 2 2 4 5 7

Public building 0 3 3 5 D) 6 E)

Industrial buildings 0 1 C) 2 3 4 6

1 2 3 4 5 6

Green Amber 1 Amber 2 Red

NOTE Trafc light indications are taken from NHBC Report no.: 10627-R01 (04) [3] and are mainly applicable to low-rise residential housing. These are for comparative purposes but the boundaries between the trafc light indications and CS values do not coincide.

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Table 3. Protection Element/ System a) Venting/dilution (see Annex A) Passive sub oor ventilation (venting layer can be a clear void or formed using gravel, geocomposites, polystyrene void formers, etc.) Very good performance Good performance 2.5 Ventilation performance in accordance with Annex A. If passive ventilation is poor this is generally unacceptable and some form of active system will be required. There have to be robust management systems in place to ensure the continued maintenance of any ventilation system. Active ventilation can always be designed to meet good performance. Mechanically assisted systems come in two main forms: extraction and positive pressurization. Assumes car park is vented to deal with car exhaust fumes, designed to Building Regulations Document F [5] and IStructE guidance [6]. Score Comments

Suboor ventilation with active abstraction/pressurization (venting layer can be a clear void or formed using gravel, geocomposites, polystyrene void formers, etc.) Ventilated car park (basement or undercroft) b) Barriers Floor slabs Block and beam oor slab Reinforced concrete ground bearing oor slab

2.5

0 0.5

It is good practice to install ventilation in all foundation systems to effect pressure relief as a minimum. Breaches in oor slabs such as joints have to be effectively sealed against gas ingress in order to maintain these performances.

Reinforced concrete ground bearing foundation raft with 1.5 limited service penetrations that are cast into slab Reinforced concrete cast in situ suspended slab with minimal service penetrations and water bars around all slab penetrations and at joints Fully tanked basement c) Membranes Taped and sealed membrane to reasonable levels of workmanship/in line with current good practice with validation Proprietary gas resistant membrane to reasonable levels of workmanship/in line with current good practice under independent inspection Proprietary gas resistant membrane installed to reasonable levels of workmanship/in line with current good practice under CQA with integrity testing and independent validation. Intermittent monitoring using hand held equipment Permanent monitoring and alarm system Installed in the underoor venting / dilution system Installed in the building e) Pathway intervention Pathway intervention 0.5 1.5

2 The performance of membranes is heavily dependent on the quality and design of the installation, resistance to damage after installation, and the integrity of joints.

d) Monitoring and detection (not applicable to non-managed property, or in isolation) 0.5 2 Where tted, permanent monitoring systems ought to be installed in the underoor venting/dilution system in the rst instance but can also be provided within the occupied space as a fail safe.

This can consist of site protection measures for off-site or on-site sources

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Passive Venting Solution & Design


Current UK construction practice adopts the concept of multiple gas protection measures to form a gas control system, typically protection measures increase in number and robustness as the potential risk increases. The gas protection solution is based on the point scoring system from BS 8485:2007. Visqueen has developed a comprehensive passive venting solution to facilitate the dilution and dispersal of dangerous gases. Used extensively across the UK, the system comprises of: Visqueen Gas Vent Mat Visqueen Gas Flow Fittings Visqueen Gas Vent Outlets including the unique Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Visqueen Gas Membranes & Gas Resistant DPCs Specication To determine what system is required we would require a copy of the site investigation report, foundation layout and perimeter sections for the purpose development. If venting is required, in accordance with the guidance provided within BS8485: 2007, Visqueen Technical Support Team will specify the most cost effective solution. Visqueen Gas Vent Mat can be laid in various methods: Blanket Coverage: Covers the entire oor area, usually required on more heavily gassing sites Percentage Coverage: Installed in strips to cover specic percentage area of the buildings footprint Bespoke: Installed in strips at predetermined centres

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Visqueen Gas Vent Mat


Lightweight and easy to install High gas ow capacity Creates a de-pressurisation zone for collection of ground gases Cost effective compared to traditional below slab perforated pipework and ll Description The Visqueen Gas Vent Mat comprises a cuspated HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) core bonded to a non-woven polypropylene geotextile lter membrane. Visqueen Gas Vent Mat is 25mm thick and supplied in 900mm x 50m roll format. Installation Information The Visqueen Gas Vent Mat is designed to be installed with the geotextile lter side of the product in contact with the ground. The product can be laid as single strips at predetermined centres beneath a ground bearing slab or raft foundation to create a strip effect or butted together to create a blanket. When installing in strip format, careful consideration should be given to the foundation and super structure design in order for the vent mat to be positioned accordingly to avoid over complex detailing. Please consult with the Visqueen Technical Support Team for assistance when designing and detailing a strip venting design system. Jointing Where a venting blanket is required, unroll the mat into position. The next roll should be placed in a similar way to the rst so the dimpled cores butt together. The geotextile lter membrane extends beyond the width of the dimpled HDPE core at one side; this creates an overlap. Continue installing further rolls in a similar manner to create the blanket. Technical Data Characteristic Width Length Thickness Compressive Strength Roll Weight Roll Diameter In-plane air ow capacity with soft/hard platens @ 20 mm and 100kPa Shear Strength Units mm m mm N kg m l/m/s kN Value 900 50 25 3000 80 1.3 155 1

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System Overview Gas Flow Fittings and Outlets


Visqueen offer a variety of solutions to disperse gas from beneath buildings. The type of passive venting outlet and tting to disperse gases is dependant on the building type and the amount of gas ow - Please consult Visqueen Technical Support Team for further information. Visqueens complete outlet system consists of the following options: Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box A high performance ground level vent provides an unobtrusive method of venting around the perimeter of a building. Typical building applications are curtain walling and glazing where the ducting cannot be taken through a perimeter wall. The Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box is available with a variety of lid types providing options for different levels of airow, appearance and safety. Visqueen also offer Gully Vents in two options; Circular and Rectangular, please refer to page 13. Airbricks The UV stabilised polypropylene airbricks are available in a variety of colours to blend into masonry walls. Airbricks can also provide a cross ventilation method beneath suspended beam and block oor type constructions. Vent Bollards Visqueens Gas Vent Bollards are available in a variety of nishes for an aesthetic yet functional means to terminate the venting. Typical applications include commercial buildings, retail parks, warehouses and distribution centres.
Vent Bollard

Airbrick

Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box

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Visqueen Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box


Unique design reduces the risk of water ooding into the void Releases harmful gases safely into atmosphere Supplied with a variety of lids to suit most applications Part of the Visqueen Gas Venting System Visqueens unique high performance Flood Resistant Gas Vent Boxes provide an alternative to passive periscope vents and airbricks in masonry for suboor ventilation. When xed to connecting pipe work and geocomposite void formers they provide controlled release and dispersal of gas from the ground to the surrounding atmosphere and reduce the risk of ooding into the void below.
150mm

Description Visqueen Ground Vent boxes comprise of a High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) base with two 110mm pipe connections; the rst to connect to the venting system and the second to connect to the stormwater / land drainage system. There are various options of slotted and perforated lids manufactured from a variety of materials, from stainless steel to plastic, to ensure gas collected from beneath the building is harmlessly vented to the atmosphere. Provision is also made for a side connection to the vent box. Application

500mm

300mm

Typical building applications are curtain walling and glazing where the ducting cannot be taken through a perimeter wall. Visqueen ood resistant gas vent boxes provide an alternative to passive periscope vents in brick and blockwork for suboor ventilation. When xed to connecting pipe work and geocomposite void formers they provide controlled release and dispersal of gas from the ground to the surrounding atmosphere. High or Low Airow Lid Options The Visqueen Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box is supplied with varying lid options to suit most applications including: High airow (slots) - for general use in pavements, non road or landscaped areas. Free air capacity 19,200mm2.

High Airow = 19,200mm free air capacity

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Low airow (perforations) - specically designed for safety e.g. child friendly lids within a school environment. Free air capacity 5,994mm2.

Low Airow: 6mm perforations = 5,994mm free air capacity

The lids are available with various nishes including: Stainless steel Galvanised steel Please note all vent box options are only suitable for pedestrian trafc. Should a road trafc rated vent be required please contact the Visqueen Technical Support Team for further advise. Installation The vent box should be placed on a minimum of 150mm deep, 20mm diameter shingle. The unit should be surrounded with 150mm of concrete to the top of the box and smoothed level to allow the gully grate lid to be positioned on top of the unit. Visqueen Flood Resistant Vent Box Product Options:
Product Reference VT020A VT020B VT020C VT020D Product Description Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Stainless Steel High Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Stainless Steel Low Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Galvanised Steel High Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Galvanised Steel Low Airow

Gas Flow Fittings Visqueen offers various ttings that connect the vent mat to the Visqueen Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box thus ensuring the gas is efciently dispersed from beneth the building. Please see next page for a typical detail.

Gas Vent Mat Connector with Pipe (VT011)

Gas Vent Mat

Gas Vent Pipe (Cut) (VT008)

Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box

90o Bend (VT002)

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Typical Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box System Detail

1 2 3 Visqueen Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box and Lid 150 4 GL FFL

VT002 90o Bend Geocomposite Vent Mat 25mm Stormwater Drainage VT011 Gas Vent Connector

VT008 Gas Vent Pipe

Key: Visqueen Gas Protection Membranes/ DPC :1 2 3 4 Visqueen Gas Barrier Visqueen Zedex High Bond DPC on HP Tanking Primer Visqueen 100mm Double Sided Tape Visqueen 150mm GR Lap Tape

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Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box


Section
Stainless steel perforated lid secured using 4 no. counter sunk threaded allen bolts Perforations to be 6mm with 8mm or slots

Internal catchment tray to fall 1:60 to centre of box Drip along exposed edge 75 1:60 fall 125 300 Drip Provisions is also made for side connection to the vent box.

125

125

110mm spigots

vent & drain pipe

Connect vent to sub-oor ventilation layer or vented void Drain 125 Vent Connect drain to stormwater / land drainage system Drain pipe outlet to have 10 mm removable mesh cover to prevent debris from entering / blocking the system

Plan

Line of catchment tray above

500

Isometric 12
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Visqueen Gully Vents


Releases harmful ground gases safely into atmosphere Available in circular or rectangular options Fully compatible with the Visqueen gas venting system Costeffective ground level option Visqueen's Rectangular and Circular Gully Vents provide an alternative to passive periscope vents in airbricks in masonry for suboor ventilation. When xed to connecting pipe work and geocomposite void formers they provide a controlled release and dispersal of gas from the ground to the surrounding atmosphere. Description Visqueen's Rectangular and Circular Gully Vents comprise of a High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) base with a 110mm pipe inlet and a galvanised steel lid. The rectangular vent box is available with two lid options comprising of both perforated and slotted nishes. Application Typical building applications are curtain walling and glazing where the ducting cannot be taken through a perimeter wall. Visqueen gully vent boxes provide an alternative to passive periscope vents in brick and blockwork for suboor ventilation. When xed to connecting pipe work and geocomposite void formers they provide controlled release and dispersal of gas from the ground to the surrounding atmosphere. Circular Gully Vent Free Airow Capacity 7,000mm
320mm* 50mm

690mm

320mm

Plan 13

Section

*Bespoke heights available

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Rectangular Gully Vent Visqueen's Rectangular Gully Vent has two lid options to suit most applications. These are the following: Low airow (6mm holes) - specically designed for security e.g. child friendly lids within a school environment. Free air capacity 6,840mm2. High airow (6mm wide slots) - for general use in pavements, non road or landscaped areas. Free air capacity 18,100mm2.

Plan
50mm

Section

320mm*

Low airow (6mm perforations)= 6,840mm2 free air capacity

690mm

320mm

High airow (6mm wide slots)= 18,100mm2 free air capacity

Product Reference VT021 VT022A VT022B

Product Description Circular Gully Vent Stainless Steel Rectangular Gully Vent Stainless Steel High Airow Rectangular Gully Vent Stainless Steel Low Airow

*Bespoke heights available

Installation The gully vent should be placed on a minimum of 150mm deep, 20mm diameter shingle. The unit should be surrounded with 150mm of concrete to the top of the box and smoothed level to allow the gully grate lid to be positioned on top of the unit.

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Airbrick and Connections Solution


Visqueen Airbricks are made from UV stabilized polypropylene and are available in various colours. The robust interlocking airbricks have a textured nish while installation is fast with airbricks replacing external masonry. The free airow capacity is 6,000mm. Colour Options Black Terracotta Anthracite
Product Reference VT024A VT024B VT024C Product Description Airbrick Black* Airbrick Terracotta* Airbrick Anthracite*
70mm 210mm

* To be used in conjunction with Adjustable Z Vent (VT014) to connect to vent mat to air brick. Adjustable air vent can be adjusted vertically to a height between and adjusted horizontally using extension sleeve VT015.

57mm

Gas ow ttings Visqueen offer various ttings that connect the vent mat to the airbricks thus ensuring the gas is efciently dispersed from beneath the building to the atmosphere. A typical system build up is illustrated below.
Gas Vent Mat Gas Vent Mat Connector (VT010) Adjustable Z Vent (VT014)

Extension Sleeve (VT015)

Airbrick Terracotta (VT024B)

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Visqueen Vent Bollard


Our range of gas venting bollards include self nished stainless steel, powder coated steel (as shown) and HDPE. They provide an aesthetic yet functional solution for dispersing ground gases into the atmosphere, particularly when a vent pipe with a high free air capacity is required. The bollards are made to a high standard and are easy to install. The Gas Venting Bollard is 1200mm in height, allowing for a standard 800mm-900mm above external ground nish level. The 110mm diameter gas venting bollard allows for a 25,000mm free air ow. Bollard Size (height x diameter): 1200mm x 110mm Free Air Capacity 25,000mm Material nishes: Stainless steel Powder coated steel (as shown) High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
Product Reference VT023A VT023B VT023C Product Description Gas Vent Bollard Stainless Steel Gas Vent Bollard Powder Coated Steel Gas Vent Bollard HDPE

Gas ow ttings Visqueen offer various ttings that connect the vent mats to the bollard thus ensuring the gas is efciently dispersed from beneth the building. A typical system is illustrated to below.

Gas Vent Pipe (Cut) (VT008)

Gas vent mat

90o Bend (VT002) Gas Vent Mat Connector with Pipe (VT011)

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Typical Visqueen Gas Vent Bollard Detail

VT023 (A, B or C) Gas Vent Bollard

1 2 3 150 4 GL FFL

VT008 Gas Vent Pipe

150 VT002 90o Bend

Geocomposite Vent Mat 25mm

VT008 Gas Vent Pipe

VT011 Gas Vent Connector

Key: Visqueen Gas Protection Mebranes/ DPC :1 2 3 4 Visqueen Gas Barrier Visqueen Zedex High Bond DPC on HP Tanking Primer Visqueen 100mm Double Sided Tape Visqueen 150mm GR Lap Tape

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Gas Fittings Index


All buried ttings and pipes are HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) unless stated Twin Wall Smooth

330mm

220mm 70mm

I.D 108mm

I.D 108mm 220mm

200mm

60mm

120mm

70mm

VT001 T Fitting*
*PVC

VT002 90o Bend*


*PVC

VT003 Coupling* **
*PVC **Multit option also available see Product index.

3m 40mm

1.5m

990mm I.D 119mm

VT004 End Cap

VT005 Solid Carrier Pipe

VT006 Slotted Carrier Pipe

1.5m 3m

3m

VT007 Slitted Carrier Pipe

VT008 Gas Vent Pipe

VT009 Flexible Connector Pipe

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All buried ttings and pipes are HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) unless stated Twin Wall Smooth
100mm 915mm 1130mm 330mm

50mm

336mm 243mm

990mm (Slot)

VT010 Gas Vent Mat Connector

VT011 Gas Vent Mat Connector Slotted

100mm

215mm 42mm 200mm

915mm 50mm 105mm

VT012 Gas Vent Mat Connector with Pipe

VT013 Vent Pipe Adaptor

70mm

290mm

220mm

550mm

210mm

VT014 Adjustable Z Vent

VT015 Extension Sleeve*


*Also available as vertical extension sleeve see product index

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Visqueen Gas Venting Product Index


Gasow Fittings
Product Reference VT001 VT002 VT003A VT003B VT004 VT005 VT006 VT007 VT008 VT009 VT010 VT011 VT012 VT013 VT014 VT015A VT015B Product Description T Fitting 900 Bend Standard Coupling Multi Fit Coupling End Cap Solid Carrier Pipe (Coupler Included) Slotted Carrier Pipe Slitted Carrier Pipe (Coupler Included) Gas Vent Pipe Flexible Connector Pipe Gas Vent Mat Connector Gas Vent Mat Connector Slotted Gas Vent Mat Connector with Pipe Vent Pipe Adaptor Adjustable Z Vent Extension Sleeve (Horizontal) Extension Sleeve (Vertical) VT005, 006 and 007 Vent Mat 25mm; VT014 & 015A Vent Mat 25mm; VT005 & 006 Vent Mat 25mm; VT005 VT005 & VT014 VT010, 13, 015 & 024 VT010, 013 & 014 VT014 Compatibility VT005,006 & 007 VT005,006 & 007 VT005,006 & 007 VT005,006 & 007 VT005,006 & 007

Outlets
Product Reference VT020A VT020B VT020C VT020D VT021 VT022A VT022B VT023A VT023B VT023C VT024A VT024B VT024C Product Description Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Stainless Steel High Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Stainless Steel Low Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Galvanised Steel High Airow Flood Resistant Gas Vent Box Galvanised Steel Low Airow Circular Gully Vent Stainless Steel Rectangular Gully Vent Stainless Steel High Airow Rectangular Gully Vent Stainless Steel Low Airow Gas Vent Bollard Stainless Steel Gas Vent Bollard Powder Coated Steel Gas Vent Bollard Plastic Airbrick Black Airbrick Terracotta Airbrick Anthracite Compatibility VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT002 VT014 VT014 VT014

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Complete system
Gas Barrier Membranes In accordance with the recommendations of BS 8485:2007, a passive venting system can also require a gas barrier membrane. Visqueen offer an extensive range of gas barriers to suit most applications as shown by our product selector below. Table below indicates suitability of membrane type to resist specic ground gases. Radon GX Geomembrane & GX Flexi HC Barrier Gas Barrier Membrane Gas Resistant Self Adhesive Membrane (GR SAM) Liquid Gas Membrane (Liquid GM) Low Permeability Gas Membrane (LPGM) Radon Membrane CO2 Methane Hydrocarbons

GX Membrane

Gas Barrier

Liquid GM

LPGM
Accessories

Radon Membrane

A full range of accessories including pre-formed units, top hats, tapes and gas dispersal ttings are available from Visqueen Building Products: see website for details.

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Product Installation
How to lap and joint a membrane above a oor slab

Remove loose debris from the surface of the oor slab and unroll the rst sheet of membrane. The surface of the slab should be smooth and free from projections or indentations if very rough, apply a sand blinding.

Remove the protective paper from one side of the appropriate jointing tape and apply it to the rst sheet, starting about 50mm from the edge. Ensure that all surfaces are dry for maximum adhesion.

Unroll the second sheet along the joint, overlapping the rst by at least 150mm. Press rmly onto the double sided tape, gradually removing the protective paper.

Seal the edge of the overlap with appropriate sealing tape.

How to joint the cavity tray to the membrane at the oor perimeter

Install the DPC starting from the outside of the external wall, over the inner masonry leaf and nishing at least 200mm from the wall.

Just before the oor topping is applied (or oor slab is cast), clean any mortar droppings, or other debris from the DPC. Remove the protective paper from the appropriate jointing tape and apply the tape to the DPC, Starting about 50mm from the edge.

Lay the membrane over the oor slab (or suboor blinding), overlapping the DPC by at least 150mm. Press rmly onto the appropriate jointing tape, gradually removing the protective paper.

Seal the edge of the overlap with appropriate sealing tape.

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Service Pipe Penetrations Damp proof and airtight seals should be formed around all service entry points. Visqueen Top Hat Units are available for sealing around pipe units. The full system consists of: Rigid preformed pipe sleeve (top hat) unit available for either 110mm, 135mm or 160mm External diameter pipes. Flexible preformed pipe sleeve (Top Hat) unit supplied to suit pipe. External diameter as required. Double sided jointing tape. Girth lap tape. Foil lap tape for gas applications. How to install a top hat
Key
1 2 3 4

3 4 2 7 4 3 5 1

Preformed Pipe Sleeve Visqueen Gas Barrier Visqueen Double Sided Tape Visqueen GR Lap Tape

5 6 7 8

Jubilee Clip Visqueen TreadGUARD 1500 Visqueen Vapour Barrier Smooth Sand Blinding Layer

Cut a circular hole in the membrane as close as possible to the pipe, or pipe socket. Ensure that pipe penetrations do not occur at joints in the membrane.

With the pipe in position, slide the Visqueen Preformed Top Hat Unit over the pipe (various diameters are available 110mm being the most common).

Mark the extent of the square horizontal skirt over the membrane and also mark the line of the top of the top hat unit around the pipe.

Raise the top hat unit and cut four lengths of Visqueen Double Sided Jointing Tape, one for each side of the horizontal skirt. Allowing for an overlap at each corner. Cut one length to go round the pipe.

Start to remove the protective paper from the double sided tape around the pipe and raise it up at an angle so that it will project above the top hat unit when it is stuck to the membrane.

Release the protective paper from each of the four lengths of double sided tape. Lower the top hat unit, ensuring that the free end of the protective paper around the pipe is reachable, and seal the horizontal skirt to the membrane.

Gradually remove the remainder of the protective paper from the double sided tape around the pipe.

Seal the junction of the horizontal skirt and the membrane with the appropriate sealing tape and secure the top hat unit to the pipe with a jubilee clip.

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Technical Support
For more than 50 years Visqueen Building Products, part of British Polythene Industries PLC, has been recognised as the leader in the development, production and supply of high performance, high quality construction products including best selling damp proof membranes, damp proof courses and gas protection systems. For high quality protection against gas and damp ingress on increasingly demanding site conditions, only Visqueen Building Products offers you a complete solution. Gas Venting Design Support Visqueen offer an unrivalled technical and design service. To determine what system is required we require the site inspection report, foundation layout and perimeter sections. On receipt of this information Visqueens technical design team can provide an outline drawing of a cost effective venting solution. Please contact our technical helpline on 0845 302 4758 for further information. Venting systems should be designed on a site specic basis. Quality and Environmental Assurance Visqueens products are manufactured under strict quality guidelines. As part of our commitment to the highest standard of quality and service, Visqueen is registered to ISO 9002, 14001 and 18001. CPD Seminars Visqueens Continuing Professional Development (CPD) seminars are designed to provide critical up-to-date information on the latest building regulations and guidance affecting those in the construction sector. Presented by our highly qualied and experienced technical consultants, Visqueens one hour interactive seminars provide key advice and support for architects, speciers and anyone involved in new-build construction or refurbishment. Visqueen offer two CPDs: Structural Waterproong Gas Protection To arrange your free CPD seminar please complete our online from the link below or call us on 0845 304 2567 visqueenbuilding.co.uk/cpd.asp

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0845 302 4758


visqueenbuilding.co.uk enquiries@visqueenbuilding.co.uk