You are on page 1of 1320

By changing your computer resolution, (you can always change it back),

you will minimize your scrolling on a sheet to see the data. It was necess
given the volume of information, to optimize the image area for both PC a

IMPORTANT TO READ THIS !!


To get the most out of the Visual Oral:
Change the Resolution Setting on your
computer:
Right click anywhere on your Desktop,
Left click: Properties, and then Settings
Tab;
Adjust Screen Area to 1024 x
768
Then: Apply, Yes, OK, OK

IF UNABLE: The Video Card in your computer does not support the curre
technology.
All computers sold in recent years should be able to display even smaller

RED TRIANGLE

HOW IT
WORKS:

1024 X 768 was chosen because some computer video cards can only ac
800 x 600, while some pilots want resolutions up to 1600 x 1200.
So 1024 x 768 is a compromise.

CURSOR

1. ON ALL OF THE FOLLOWING SHEETS YOU


WILL
SEE NEAR EVERY ITEM A RED TRIANGLE.
2. THERE IS NO NEED TO CLICK ON
ANYTHING.
3. JUST PASS YOUR CURSOR OVER OR
NEAR THE
RED TRIANGLE TO SEE THE DATA POP-UP
!
TRY THE EXAMPLE TO THE RIGHT!

IN EXCEL SELECT VIEW,


ON SOME SHEETS YOU MAY
TOOLBARS, WEB. SEE RIGHT.
WISH
This is just a CELL IN EXCEL VIEWER, SELECT
TO ADJUST THE ZOOM TO A
that has been high- VIEW,
VALUE
ZOOM, AND AJUST TO SEE
lighted in the
BETWEEN 10% AND 400%.
background grid. THE
SHEET BETWEEN 10% AND
100%. TO MOVE AMONG THE
USE THE FOUR ARROWS
JUMPS
THE
SHEETS
TO THE BEGINNING OF
SHEETS.
THE FILE.
SHIFTS THE SHEETS TO THE
THESE BUTTONS MOVE ONLY THE SHEET NAMES
LEFT.
BELOW,
SHIFTS THE SHEETS TO THE
SO YOU CAN FIND WHERE YOU WANT TO GO NEXT.
RIGHT.
IT DOES NOT CHANGE THE SHEET YOU ARE
JUMPS THE SHEETS TO THE
CURRENTLY ON.
EXAMPLE: YOU ARE CURRENTY ON
END.
THE
QUICK LINKS, TABLE OF CONTENTS
SHEET.
IT IS THE ONE THAT IS HIGHLIGHTED.
ALONG THE BOTTOM OF THE WINDOWS ARE THE SHEETS. THEIR NAMES ARE BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF THAT
SHEET'S CONTENTS.
JUST CLICK ON THE SHEET NAME TO SELECT THAT DATA DISPLAY.

ONCE YOU JUMP


THE
BACK BUTTON
HIGHLIGHTS.

(you can always change it back),


eet to see the data. It was necessary,
mize the image area for both PC and laptops.

computer video cards can only achieve


utions up to 1600 x 1200.

mputer does not support the current standard

ld be able to display even smaller Resolutions.

S OF THAT

NOTE: YOU WILL BE UNABLE TO


EDIT
ANY OF THE SHEETS BECAUSE
THEY
ARE PASSWORD PROTECTED.

THIS IS THE WEB


TOOLBAR.
IT WORKS LIKE YOUR
FORWARD AND BACK
BROWSER BUTTONS.

ONCE YOU JUMP BACK, THE


FORWARD BUTTON
HIGHLIGHTS.
ONCE YOU JUMP FORWARD,
THE
BACK BUTTON
HIGHLIGHTS.
YOU CAN SEE MORE SHEET
NAMES
BY CAREFULLY PLACING YOUR
MOUSE CURSOR HERE, WHERE
IT
WILL BECOME:
AND THEN YOU
CAN LEFT CLICK & HOLD &
DRAG
THE SCROLL BAR RIGHT TO
MAKE
IT SMALLER, REVEALING MORE
SHEET NAMES.

SETUP, BEFORE USING NOTES FOR THE FIRST


HOW TO TAKE AND KEEP NOTES:
TIME
On the QUICK LINKS TOC Sheet you will see a LINK similar to this one:
1

c:/My Document/Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes.doc


BEFORE USING THIS FEATURE FOR THE FIRST TIME YOU MUST DO EXACTLY THIS.
You only do this once; you will NOT need to do this for future Revisions:
1. Open Word.
2. A BLANK document called Document 1 should appear. If not, select File and New and choose
Document.
3. Under File select Save As
4. Make sure you are Saving In the folder My Documents (usually the default).
5. Save this blank document EXACTLY as Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes
Nothing else will work.
6. Then click on the Save button. You are done.

3
4

HOW TO ACTIVATE NOTES: on th


Sheet:
1. RIGHT Click
2. Select HYPERLINK
3. Select OPEN IN NEW WIND
This will Open Word, and Open the
5

Do NOT forget to Save your Note


Do NOT change its name.

WHAT TO DO IF YOU CHANGE AIRCRAFT, or WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE MORE THAN ONE AIRCRAFT
DOWNLOAD:
IF YOU CHANGE AIRCRAFT:
Each different aircraft download from Red Triangle Production download will have a specifically named Word document associated with it.
Your new aircraft download will have its own Word document for Notes. (This does not apply to Revisions).
You must create, as instructed at the top, another Word document for your new download. (This does not apply to Revisions).
Exception: Both Boeing B-757 and B-767 downloads will have the same Word document associated so that Notes for one can be easily acces
by the other.
For example: The Airbus A320 will be named: Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes.doc
The Boeing 737-XXX will be named: Red Triangle B737-XXX Aircraft Notes.doc.
IF YOU HAVE MORE THAN ONE AIRCRAFT:
Within each Excel file clicking on the Link will only open that specifically associated Aircraft Notes document.

WHAT ELSE YOU CAN DO IN YOUR WORD DOCUMENT


NOTES:
1. All of the Notes that you take will be saved on your C: hard drive.
2. Future Revisions will NOT erase these Notes.
3. The link on each sheet is identical and will open the same, single Word
document
every time.
4. Only once will you need to create a Word document and Save As

1. All of the Notes that you take will be saved on your C: hard drive.
2. Future Revisions will NOT erase these Notes.
3. The link on each sheet is identical and will open the same, single Word
document
every time.
4. Only once will you need to create a Word document and Save As
Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes.doc per aircraft file.
5. All future Revisions will use the exact same link from their sheets to this
specific
Word document Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes.doc.
6. They can be Opened, Edited, and Printed any time, independently, of the
Excel
Visual Oral Switch / Light Guides.
7. All of the capabilities of Word, formatting, fonts, tables and such, are
available.
8. You can Right Click in the START Bar along the bottom of your Windows and
select the option to Cascade or Tile your open applications (Excel and Word).
This way you can see both simultaneously.
9. You can also use ALT + TAB to toggle between the Open applications.

These are some of the controls for Headings,


etc.

You are free to organize your Word document


choose.
You may want to Insert Page Breaks and title o
according to
Visual Oral Sheet Names, or perhaps Aircraft S

Under File select Save Copy


As
2

Suggestion: use in a partial Window format.


This way you will be able to see the Visual Oral
data
in the background as you take or read your Notes.
NOTE: Alt + Tab can toggle between open
application.

HOW TO ACTIVATE NOTES: on the QUICK LINKS TOC


Sheet:
1. RIGHT Click
2. Select HYPERLINK
3. Select OPEN IN NEW WINDOW
This will Open Word, and Open the Notes Document.
Do NOT forget to Save your Notes Document.
Do NOT change its name.

MORE

AVE MORE THAN ONE AIRCRAFT

ord document associated with it.


s).
ot apply to Revisions).
hat Notes for one can be easily accessed

ment.

MORE
If you are adept in Word, try this:
go to View, select Master Document.
Create Headings for different Systems,
etc.
Also, under View,
select Toolbars, then in the list

If you are adept in Word, try this:


go to View, select Master Document.
Create Headings for different Systems,
etc.
Also, under View,
select Toolbars, then in the list
select Web.
This enables two buttons that can be used
just like your Forward and Back buttons
in
your Browser for the internet.

some of the controls for Headings,

ee to organize your Word document in any fashion you

want to Insert Page Breaks and title or label Pages


to
al Sheet Names, or perhaps Aircraft Systems.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Mich


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

IONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light G
angle Productions LLC

operties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

These are Quick Links to another place within the


Sheets.

INTERPRETATION: (you MAY see these Symbols throughout the


file.)

This is a known, recent, and/or common Question


that has been asked by an instructor or check airman;
or is a part of a question bank commonly found among
fellow pilots or recent ground school students.
This is typically a Note, Caution, or Warning or other
item
of particular interest.
This is usually a part of a procedure that may have
some
significance in explaining a Systems function.

HOW IT
WORKS

System summaries and information


to help you understand the aircraft.

Not every aircraft system or workbook sheet


will
necessarily have any or all of these symbols.

MORE HELPFUL

1. Use Page Up and Pa

2. If you have scrolled


CTRL + HOME on y
will snap that Shee

3. Your mouse may ha


it may have a Scroll
that
will assist you in mo

4. On some Smart Mou


while
scrolling will ZOOM
100%).

5. In the full Excel prog


CTRL + PAGE DOW
can move you left a
In the Excel Viewer

MORE HELPFUL INSTRUCTIONS:


1. Use Page Up and Page Down to scroll on a Sheet.
2. If you have scrolled / jumped someplace on a Sheet,
CTRL + HOME on your keyboard
will snap that Sheet to its upper leftmost corner.
3. Your mouse may have "smart mouse" technology:
it may have a Scrolling Wheel or other attributes
that
will assist you in moving on the Sheets.
4. On some Smart Mouse' holding down the Ctrl Key
while
scrolling will ZOOM in and out (zoom out limited to
100%).
5. In the full Excel program, on your keyboard,
CTRL + PAGE DOWN or CTRL + PAGE UP
can move you left and right through the sheets.
In the Excel Viewer this will NOT work.

GLOSSARY, ABBREVIATIONS AND


ACRONYMS
Y
Q
SUMMARY OF A319 DIFFERENCES:

1
2

REVISION DATA

SUMMARY OF A321 DIFFERENCES

E1

E2

WHEN DONE, USE YOUR BROWSER'S

F1

F2

BACK BUTTON TO RETURN HERE.

P1

P2

CLICK HERE TO GO TO THE CURRENCY WEB SITE.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registere

1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productio

NGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Or

000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

s see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

INSTRUCTIONS:
!

!!

!!

!!

UPPER OVERHEAD
PANEL

CENTER

LEFT
!

!
!
!
!
!
!

RIGHT

ECAM
DEPICTIONS
ELECTRICAL
FUEL
WHEEL
HYDRAULIC
AIR CONDITIONING
CRUISE ECAM

!
!
!
!
!
!
!

FLIGHT CONTROL
CABIN PRESSURE
BLEED AIR COND
BLEED ENG APU
ENGINE
APU
DOOR OXY

LOWER
! MAIN LANDING GEAR PANEL

GLARESHIEL
D

! FORWARD INSTRUMENT PANEL


! PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAYS
! ALL PFD MODES
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!

NAVIGATION DISPLAYS
NAV SYMBOLOGY
STANDBY INSTRUMENTS
MCDU MESSAGE LIST
RUDDER SYSTEM
BRAKES / GEAR SYSTEMS
AUDIO RADIO XPONDER WX
PEDESTAL

PROCESS:
1. RIGHT Click
2. Select HYPERL
3. Select OPEN IN
IF THIS FAILS,
1. Make sure you h
called
Red Triangle A3
in Word under
2. Manually go the
The Excel Viewer and
able
to make this hyperlink

!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!

SCHEMATIC
S
ELECTRICAL
WING FLIGHT CONTROLS
HORIZONTAL STABILIZER
RUDDER
FUEL
HYDRAULIC
RAM AIR TURBINE
AVIONICS VENTILATION
PNEUMATICS
AIR CONDITIONING
SAFETY PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM
CARGO SMOKE SYSTEM
EFIS ARCHETECHTURE
TAKE NOTES
HERE
..\..\Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes.doc

PROCESS:
1. RIGHT Click
2. Select HYPERLINK
3. Select OPEN IN NEW WINDOW
IF THIS FAILS,
1. Make sure you have previously saved a document
called
Red Triangle A320 Aircraft Notes
in Word under C:\My Documents
2. Manually go there and Open it.
The Excel Viewer and some Excel programs may NOT be
able
to make this hyperlink function. Do it manually.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

TIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light
riangle Productions LLC

erties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

The BLACK background Light clusters ARE also


Switches.
GNADIR
S

System Info
ADIRUs
Integration
Operations

DISPLA
Y

WIN
D

PPO
S

HD
G
ST
S

TK/G
S
TES
T

OFF

FAULT

1
4
7

3
2

ON BAT

2
5
8
0

ENT
FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

FAULT

NAV
ATT

FAULT
ADR2

ADR3

ADR1

FLIGHT
CONTROL
COMPUTERS

ALIGN

NAV
ATT

FAULT
OFF

CLR

IR2

IR3

IR1
NAV
ATT

OFF

SEC
1
FAULT

FAC
1
FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

COMMA
ND
EV AC

OFF

ELAC
1
FAULT

EVAC PNL

NOTE: NOT EVERY AIRLINE HAS GPS


SYSTEMS
INCORPORATED WITH ADIRS.
Throughout the panels you will find these "+" symbols.
They are the grounding points for the background illumination.
If the panel lights do not illuminate, pressing one of these, if you
can
? !
see and find it, should illuminate the background lights from
behind
?
the panel in question.
?
?

3
6
9

FAULT

ALIGN

ALIGN
OFF

The GREY background Light clusters are NOT


Switches.

1
?

! EFIS ARCHITECTURE
3

4 FAC FUNCTIONS
! WINDSHEAR GRAPHS
! LOW ENERGY INHIBITED
! WING FLIGHT CONTROLS
! FLIGHT CONTROL ECAMS

CAPT &
PURS

HORN
SHUTOFF

O N

EMERGENCY
ELECTRICAL
POWER

EGPWS
Modes

TES
T

CAP
T
MAN
ON

RAT &
EMER
GEN

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE

!
? ? ?
?
?

A
U
T
O

FAULT

OFF

TERRA
IN
FAULT

SY
S
FAULT

OFF

OFF

GND
CTL

OFF

RECORDER

FLAP
MODE

G/S
MODE

RCDR

LDG
FLAP 3

OFF

ERAS
E

TES
T

U
ON

PASSENG
ER

A
U
T
O

OXYGEN

CRE
W

SYS ON

OFF

MEC
H

ALL

FW
D

AFT

EME
R
CA LL
O N

A321

FW
D

MID

EXI
T

EME
R
CA LL
O N

MEC
H

HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC
RAM AIR TURBINE
VENTILATION PANEL
ELEC ECAM SMOKE CONFIGURATION

NOTE: NOT EVERY AIRLINE HAS EGPWS


SYSTEMS
OR TERRAIN DIGITAL MAPPING
CAPABILITY.

T
O

MASK MAN
ON

A319 / A320

?
ON

!
!
!
!
!

ALL

AFT

! DOOR / OXY ECAM

L7:

Display:
Displays the information selected by the DATA selector.
Keypad entry overrides the selected display.

A8:

Systems Theory:
Lights OUT -- Normal Operations
-- Generally, Switches should be AUTO, NORM, etc.
Pilot Actions are "Blue-to-do"

D9:

Data Display Switch:


TEST
-- ENT and CLR illuminate and all "8's" on the display
TK/GS -- Displays true track and ground speed
PPOS
-- Displays present lat/long
WIND
-- Displays true wind direction and speed
HDG
-- Shows true heading and minutes remaining until alignment is complete
STS
-- Displays an action code

H9:

Sys 1, 3, 2 Switch:
OFF -- The CDU is not energized.
ADIRS are still energized if the associated IR mode Rotary Selector is not OFF.
1, 3, 2 -- Displays that System's data
NOTE: The THIRD system is in the MIDDLE, just like the ADIRS Switch-Lights below.

L9:

Keyboard:
Pilot can enter:
present position, or
the heading in ATT mode.
Use NSEW letter keys for lat/long
Use H letter for heading entry in ATT mode
Use number keys for:
present position, or
present magnetic heading in ATT mode.
CLR -- illuminates if entry is unreasonable
-- press to clear input
ENT -- enters data input

A11:

Integration of systems: GPS is an OPTION.


ADR
IR
GPS (if
installed)
Barometric Altimeter
ATT
Two GPS systems
Speed
HDG
Can see
constellation of 12 satellites
Mach
TRK
Minimum
required: 3
AOA
Acceleration
Time
correction needs: 4
Temperature
Groundspeed
To detect an
error: 5
Overspeed Warnings
PPOS
To exclude
the error: 6
FPV
Input to the
IR mix position
Normally:
IR comes from FMGC MCDU
but may be entered on the keypad
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sensors:
Output to:
Pitot Static
FMS
AOA
EFIS
TAT
7 Flt computers
FADEC

F11:

ON BAT Light:
1. Illuminates when one or more ADIRUs powered by airplane Battery only.
2. Light also illuminates momentarily (5 sec) at the beginning of alignment
following IR Mode Selector being place to NAV position.
NOTE: This does NOT happen for a fast alignment.
NOTE: If aircraft is on the ground, and
If at least one ADIRU is supplied by BATTERY(S),
Then External Horn sounds, and
External Power Panel has illuminated on it the:
1) ADIRU Light
2) AVNCS Light

A12:

Operations:
Ground: When ADIRS is on Battery power:
1. The external horn sounds
2. The ADIRU and AVNCS lights illuminate on the External Power Panel.
Post-flight: Check the Position Monitor page within 2 min after stopping.
1. Check drift against the table in Chapter 3.
2. Check the groundspeeds to be <15 kts.
3. Enter in Mtc Logbook if groundspeed >21 kts.

L13:

IR 1,2,3 Indicators:
Extinguished -- normal operations -- Alignment completed
FAULT flashing -- ATT and HDG may be recovered in ATT Mode
FAULT steady -- Fault affecting associated IR, (LOST)
ALIGN steady -- Normal alignment mode
ALIGN flashing -1. No present position entered after 10 minutes following
IR Mode Selector being placed to NAV position
2. 1 Degree difference in latitude/longitude entered in
present position vs the position at shutdown
3. IR fault detected

N13:

TEST QUESTION:
What does the ON BAT Light indicate?
ANS:
1. Illuminates when one or more ADIRUs powered by airplane battery only.
2. Light also illuminates momentarily (5 sec) at the beginning of alignment
following IR Mode Selector being place to NAV position.
NOTE: This does NOT happen for a fast alignment.

O13:

FIRST FLIGHT OF THE DAY:


If you have the IRS -- ON, but the Terrain or SYS remains ON,
Then you may have a LATCHED FMGC.
This is NOT readily apparent.
Chapter 3 Supplemental Normal Procedures has the solution
to Single Latched FMGC.

N14:

TEST QUESTION:
What does the flashing ALIGN Light indicate?
ANS:
1. No present position entered after 10 minutes following
IR Mode Selector being placed to NAV position
2. 1 Degree difference in latitude/longitude entered in
present position vs the position at shutdown
3. IR fault detected
TEST QUESTION:
What does the steady ALIGN Light indicate?
ANS: Normal alignment mode

N15:

TEST QUESTION:
If you experience a #1 IR FAULT,
what action should be taken?
ANS: IR 1 FAULT:
STATUS
-- ATT HDG SWTG .. CAPT
| INOP SYS
| IR 1
| CAT 3 DUAL
IR may be available in ATT
See IR ALIGNMENT IN ATT MODE procedure.
CAT 3 SINGLE ONLY

H16:

ADR 2:
APU ECAM Bleed Air Pressure has amber XX when ADIR 2 is:
1. not available, or
2. selected to Off.

L16:

IR 1, 3, 2 Mode Selectors:
NAV -- Normal operating position.
Starts 10 min alignment.
Gives full inertial data to systems.
Select ALIGN IRS on MCDU within 15 min to prevent drift.
OFF -- ADR and IR data not available
ATT -- Only attitude and heading information available.
Enter HDG on CDU Keypad.
Reset every 10 minutes.

N16:

TEST QUESTION:
After selecting the IR Mode Selectors to NAV,
you should select ALIGN IRS within how many minutes?
ANS: 15 minutes to avoid excessive ADIRS drift.

L19:

ADR 1, 3, 2 Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operations
OFF -- Air Data Output disconnected
FAULT -- Fault detected in Air Data Reference
NOTE: The THIRD system is in the MIDDLE, just like the
System Display Switch above.
NOTE: If two (2) fail you're now in Alternate Law.

N19:

TEST QUESTION:
Is the #1 ADR affected if the #1 IR FAULT Light
is illuminated?
ANS: The ADR is still available -If IR FAULT is illuminated, then
Attitude and Heading information can be
recovered in ATT Mode.
TEST QUESTION:
If #1 IR is switched to OFF, is the #1 ADR still operational?
ANS: NO -- the DIRU is not energized and both ADR and IR
data is NOT available.

P19:

NOTE:
It is ADIRS #1 that supplies the input:
speed is less than or greater than 100 kts
as one of the conditions for RAT deployment logic.

R19:

CLICK HERE to go to:


EFIS ARCHITECTURE

A21:

Operations:
Slat/Flap lever works through the Slat Flap Control Computer (SFCC), not these computers.
ELAC
SEC
Normal Roll .................... Normal Roll .........................
Normal Pitch
Speedbrake
Alternate Pitch ..................Alternate Pitch
Direct Pitch .................... Direct Pitch
Direct Roll
Abnormal Attitude .............. Abnormal Attitude
NOTE:

E21:

The ' ........... '

indicate the matches of computer controlling.

ELAC 1: Elevator Aileron Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- illuminated:
1. A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
2. During ELAC Power-up Test it illuminates for 8 seconds.
NOTE: Transients illuminate if longer than 25 milliseconds
OFF -- Computer is OFF
Also RESETS the Computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.

H21:

SEC 1: Spoiler Elevator Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
OFF -- Computer is OFF
Also RESETS the computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.
NOTE: If SEC 1 & 3 fail Speedbrake extension is INHIBITED.
NOTE: SEC 3 only goes to the innermost two Spoilers.

L21:

FAC 1: Flight Augmentation Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
OFF -- Computer is OFF
Also resets the computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.
NOTE: FACs give speeds to the PFDs.

N21:

Flight Augmentation Computer:


Provide four main functions:
1. Yaw Function
2. Flight Envelop Function
3. Low Energy Warning Function
4. Windshear Detection Function (Reactive)
Yaw Function
a) Yaw Dampening
b) Turn Coordination
c) Rudder Trim
d) Rudder Travel Limitation

FAC
Normal Roll
Rudder Travel Limit
Rudder Trim
Alternate Yaw

O21:

Flight Augmentation Computer:


Provide four main functions:
1. Yaw Function
2. Flight Envelop Function
3. Low Energy Warning Function
4. Windshear Detection Function (Reactive)
Flight Envelop Function
1. PFD Speed Scale management:
a) Minimum Speed computation
b) Maximum Speed computation
c) Maneuvering Speed
2. Stall Speed computation at any Configuration
NOTE: From this the Gross Weight is computed.
From this the other Speeds are computed.
If you fail to put the GW/CG in on the FUEL PRED Page then
you will NOT have Managed Speed capability on Climb Out.
3. ALPHA FLOOR PROTECTION
a) Triggered when the aircraft reaches a high AOA
b) Automatically set TOGA Thrust regardless of the Thrust Lever(s) position.
c) Available from Lift-off until 100' RA during the Approach.

P21:

Flight Augmentation Computer:


Provide four main functions:
1. Yaw Function
2. Flight Envelop Function
3. Low Energy Warning Function
4. Windshear Detection Function (Reactive)
Low Energy Warning Function
1. Triggered when the pilot needs to increase Thrust to achieve
positive Flight Path through Pitch.
2. Available in Configurations 2, 3, FULL
3. During deceleration, the Low Energy Warning is triggered
before ALPHA FLOOR Protection -- unless ALPHA FLOOR
Protection is triggered by Side Stick deflection.8

Q21:

Flight Augmentation Computer:


Provide four main functions:
1. Yaw Function
2. Flight Envelop Function
3. Low Energy Warning Function
4. Windshear Detection Function (Reactive)
Windshear Detection Function
1. FAC uses independent Channels.
2. Each FAC interfaces with ELACs when Autopilots are DISENGAGED.
3. Each FAC interfaces with FMGS when Autopilots are ENGAGED.
4. Both computers automatically engage at power up. If any Channel in FAC 1 fails,
then FAC 2 takes over the corresponding Channel.
Envelop of detection is active when Configuration is 1 or more, and:
a) on take off up to 1300'
b) on Approach and Landing from 1300' down to 50'
Detection of Windshear results in WINDSHEAR on the PFD for at least 15 seconds, and
Aural Warning, WINDSHEAR, WINDSHEAR, WINDSHEAR.

W21:

CLICK HERE to go to:


WINDSHEAR GRAPHS

A22:

Alternate Law:
Multiple failures may result in Alternate Law.

N22:

TEST QUESTION:
Under what conditions does the FAC generate a
"SPEED, SPEED, SPEED" message?
ANS: This is the Low Energy Warning.
This is triggered when the pilot needs to increase thrust
in order to achieve a positive flight path through pitch.
This protection is available in configurations 2, 3, and FULL.
during deceleration, the Warning is triggered before Alpha Floor,
(unless Alpha-Floor is triggered by Sidestick deflection).

R22:

LOW ENERGY WARNING INHIBITED:


Normally, triggered during deceleration before
ALPHA FLOOR Protection is reached.
"SPEED, SPEED, SPEED" is sounded;
Thrust MUST BE Increased.
It is computed by the FACs.
Low Energy Warning is INHIBITED:
1. TOGA is selected
2. Below 100' RA
3. Above 2000' RA
4. Alpha Floor is triggered
5. GPWS Alert is triggered
6. Alternate Law
7. Direct Law
8. Both RAs fail
9. Flaps 1
10. Flaps UP

A23:

Redundancy:
7 computers from:
different manufacturers
different computer languages
different algorithms
different hydraulic mix

P23:

CLICK HERE to go to:


WING FLIGHT CONTROL

Y23:

CLICK HERE to go to:


FLIGHT CONTROL ECAMS

F24:

COMMAND Switch: This is how it works, regardless of airline policy.


ON -- Cockpit:
"EVAC" flashes RED with the Horn when the command is activated.
Cabin:
EVAC lights flash at FA panels and EVAC Tone sounds.
NOTE: Pushing the Command Switch a second time
cancels the alert.
OFF -- the Alert is stopped
EVAC -- flashes RED when commanded
Airlines change their policies from time to time concerning the implementation
and use of this Switch.

I24:

HORN SHUT OFF Switch:


Push -- silences the cockpit Horn only

L24:

CAPT & PURS Switch:


PURS/CAPT -- EVAC can be activated from cockpit OR cabin.
If activated from the Cabin, the Horn will
only sound for 3 seconds.
CAPT -- EVAC can be activated only from the cockpit.

A25:

Operation:
Cockpit: EVAC flashes RED + horn
Cabin: EVAC flashes @ FA panels + tone

A27:

Design:
The primary purpose of the RAT is to provide electrical power to the aircraft.
Powering the BLUE system is secondary.
The original A320 RAT design resulted in the loss of the Emergency Generator when
the Landing Gear was extended.
Later modifications and redesign permits the continued use of the Emergency Generator
after Landing Gear extension.
All 319 and 321 aircraft were constructed with the modification.
If not done already, all 320 aircraft will be modified to the new capability.

C27:

EMERGENCY GENERATOR TEST Switch:


PRESS & HOLD:
If AC 1 & 2 are supplying:
1. EMER GEN is driven if BLUE Electric Pump is ON
2. AC ESS BUS & DC ESS BUS connect to EMER GEN
NOTE: ACC ESS SHED & DC ESS SHED are NOT powered
3. ECAM shows ELEC Page -- only on the ground
If BATTERY(S) are supplying:
STATIC INVERTER powers the AC ESS BUS
(Static Inverter TEST)

L27:

MAN ON Switch:
Some airlines have a modification to continue the EMER GEN power when the Gear is DOWN.
AUTO -- RAT automatically EXTENDS... (See RAM AIR TURBINE Quick Link)
If:
1. AC BUS 1 not supplied
2. AC BUS 2 not supplied
3. Speed > 100 kts
Then:
1. RAT drops
2. Blue Hyd System drives the EMER GEN with GEAR -- UP
(MOD: and may with the Gear -- DOWN)
3. EMER GEN supplies when the parameters are proper
Uncovered & MAN ON -1. RAT drops
2. Blue Hyd System drives the EMER GEN with GEAR -- UP
(MOD: and may with the Gear -- DOWN)
3. EMER GEN supplies when the parameters are proper, 3 seconds after coupling.

N27:

MAN ON Switch:
CAUTION: RAT extension will occur anytime the switch is selected;
even when on the ground with potential injury to ground personnel.
Switch is always powered.

R27:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC

F28:

GEN 1 LINE Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
SMOKE -- (+ ECAM WARNING and CRC)
-- Indicates smoke has been detected in the Avionics Ventilation Duct.
Thus it is related to the VENTILATION Panel;
When SMOKE is detected in the Avionics Ventilation Duct, then:
1. BLOWER FAULT Light illuminates
2. EXTRACT FAULT Light illuminates
(Use VENTILATION PANEL Quick Link to the right.)
(See ELEC ECAM Quick Link to the right.)
OFF -1. GEN 1 Contactor OPENS
2. GEN 2 powers AC BUS 1 through the BUS TIE (1)
3. ONE Fuel Pump in each wing remains powered
The ECAM and QRH procedures may arrive at the Emergency Electrical Configuration
(1) This seems to be the only mention of the BUS TIE item throughout the manual.

I28:

RAT & EMER GEN Indicator:


NOTE: This is the only RED FAULT light.
Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- If
1. AC 1 not powered and
2. AC 2 not powered and
3. the EMER GEN is NOT supplying.

N28:

TEST QUESTION:
Under what condition would you use
GEN 1 LINE pushbutton?
Ans: This pushbutton is used for the
Smoke Procedure.

O28:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the difference between the two
RAT MAN ON pushbuttons?
Ans: Look at the RAT SCHEMATIC Sheet.

P28:

TEST QUESTION:
After the GEN 1 LINE pb is pressed,
what components receive power from
the #1 GEN?
Ans: The GEN #1 will power one Fuel Pump
in each wing Tank.

R28:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC

N29:

TEST QUESTION:
After the GEN 1 LINE pb is pressed,
what is supplying power to the AC BUS 1?
Ans: The AC BUS 1 is supplied from GEN 2
through the Bus Tie Contactor.

P29:

TEST QUESTION:
When does the RAT automatically deploy?
Ans: If both Main AC Buses lose electrical power and
the airspeed is above 100 kts, the Ram Air Turbine
will automatically deploy and pressurizes the BLUE
Hydraulic System, which drives the hydraulically-driven
Emergency Generator.

R29:

CLICK HERE to go to:


RAM AIR TURBINE

R30:

CLICK HERE to go to:


VENTILATION PANEL

C31:

Terrain Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operation
OFF --

Inhibits Terrain detection.


Modes 1-5 still function.

FAULT -- Malfunction detected.


Modes 1-5 still function.

E31:

System Switch:
OFF -- All Basic EGPWS Alerts (Modes 1-5) are INHIBITED.
FAULT -- A malfunction in Modes 1-5 detected
-- (+ ECAM CAUTION)

H31:

G/S Mode Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
OFF -- Glide Slope Mode 5 is inhibited.

J31:

Flap Mode Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
OFF -- Mode 3 Flaps INHIBITED.
Use for reduced flap setting landings.
Mode 4 "Too Low, Flaps" voice warning is
INHIBITED to prevent nuisance warnings.

L31:

LDG FLAPS 3 Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
ON -- Used for Flaps 3 landings.
ECAM shows FLAPS 3.
Mode 4 "Too Low, Flaps" voice warning is INHIBITED
to prevent nuisance warnings.

R31:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELEC ECAM FOR SMOKE

A32:

SYSTEM: option
May be based on worldwide Terrain Database. If installed:
Provides a Terrain Awareness Display (TAD) which predicts terrain conflict and displays terrain on the ND.
The Terrain Clearance Floor triggers a Warning of "Too Low Terrain" regardless of configuration.
TAD computes an envelope ahead of the aircraft and generates these Alerts:
(each pilot's pb is illuminated -- for more about this pb see FWD INST PANEL Sheet)
WARNING: "TERRAIN AHEAD, PULL UP"
The ND shows TERR AHEAD with solid RED areas
CAUTION: "TERRAIN AHEAD"
The ND shows TERR AHEAD with solid YELLOW areas
NOTES:
1. When the TERR ON ND pb is ON, the ND displays the terrain in relation to the aircraft in
ARC or ROSE Modes and in colors GREEN YELLOW, RED and MAGENTA and in variable intensities.
2. When the TERR ON ND pb is NOT ON, a Pop-up Terrain Display will cause the terrain to be displayed
and the TERR ON ND pb to illuminate.
3. When TERR ON ND pb is ON, the Weather Radar image is NOT displayed, although the Radar is still ON.
4. The Terrain Display sweeps from the center outward to the sides, to distinguish it from the Weather Radar Display.

N32:

TEST QUESTION:
T/F? The predictive Windshear Alerts have priority over;
TCAS
EGPWS
and other FWC Aural Warnings
Ans: TRUE -- [ They are INHIBITED however, by
Windshear detection by FAC and
Stall Warning Aural messages. ]

P32:

TEST QUESTION:
If a Terrain Warning is generated (either Caution or Warning),
and the TERR ON pb is NOT selected ON, will the Terrain be
automatically displayed?
Ans: A Pop-up Terrain Display Function causes the Terrain Display
to come ON and the TERR ON ND Pushbutton Light to illuminate.
[ See FWD INST PNL Sheet for this pb and light. ]

A33:

MODES:
Mode 1: Excessive sink rate regardless of configuration
"Sink Rate,"
then if continues,
Mode 2: Excessive terrain closure
2A: No gear, no flaps
"Terrain, Terrain,"
then if continues,
2B: No gear
"Terrain, Terrain,"
then if continues (below 700'),

"Whoop ] Pull Up"

"Whoop, Whoop Pull Up"


"Whoop, Whoop Pull Up"

Mode 3: Altitude loss after take-off


"Don't Sink"
Mode 4: Unsafe terrain clearance
4A: "Too Low, Gear" or, depending on speed & altitude,
"Too Low, Terrain"
4B: "Too Low, Flaps" or, depending on speed & altitude,
"Too Low, Terrain"
NOTE: Mode 4 can be inhibited by the crew for approaches with a known non-normal configuration.
Mode 5: Descent below glide slope
"Glide Slope"
at low volume and then increasing volume.
NOTE: Mode 5 can be inhibited by the crew for intentional approaches below the glide slope.
NOTE: All other modes have priority over Mode 5.
NOTE: If the ILS fails only Mode 5 is inhibited. FAULT does not illuminate; no warning is triggered.

E34:

GND CTL Switch:


ON -- CVR, DFDR, and QAR (Quick Access Recorder) are ON.
AUTO -- CVR and DFDR are energized:
1. Automatically for 5 minutes after electric power is supplied to the aircraft
2. With at least one Engine operating
3. Continuously in-flight
Initially you will turn this ON during the Panel Preparations.
The BLUE Light will remain ON until the first Engine is STARTED.
The DFDR will then be in AUTO Mode and operate until
5 minutes after both Engines are shutdown.
If there is problem with the DFDR, a fault is detected, then
an ECAM message; RECORDER DFDR FAULT, is displayed.
There are no actions to be taken by the crew.

I34:

CVR ERASE Switch:


Press and hold for 2 sec:
Upon release it erases the entire 30 minute tape.
1. Aircraft must be on the ground.
2. Parking Brake Handle must be ON.

L34:

CVR TEST Switch:


The CVR test is acceptable with a double beep.
PB Handle is ON, and;
A. GND CTL switch ON
B. or during the first 5 min of power
When switch is pressed and held a low frequency tone is
generated through the cockpit Loudspeakers,
even if the Speakers are switched OFF.

A35:

System:
The CVR and DFDR are automatically energized:
1. 5 min after electrical power application
2. On the ground anytime one engine is running
3. In flight
4. For 5 min after the last engine is shut down.
NOTE: DFDR -- records the last 25 HRS of parameters.

E37:

MASK MAN ON Switch:


AUTO -- Oxygen mask doors open automatically when
Cabin Altitude exceeds 14,000'.
DEPRESSED -- Oxygen Mask Doors OPEN.
NOTE: This Switch is NOT on the Hot Bat Bus, but
either AC or DC ESS SHED.

I37:

Passenger System Indicator Light:


Extinguished -- normal operation
SYS ON -- Illuminates when the control to the
Passenger Oxygen Mask Doors are energized to OPEN.
NOTE: Does NOT mean ALL the doors have opened.
NOTE: Oxygen is self generated and lasts 13 minutes.
NOTE: Remains ON until the Oxygen TMR RESET Switch on
the Overhead Maintenance Panel is pushed.
See UPPER OVHD PNL Sheet.

L37:

CREW SUPPLY Switch:


Extinguished -- ON:
Crew Oxygen Low Pressure Supply Valve is OPEN
Low Pressure Oxygen is supplied to the Crew Masks
OFF -- The Oxygen Low Pressure Supply Valve is CLOSED

N37:

TEST QUESTION:
When are the Passenger Oxygen Masks automatically deployed?
Ans: Each Passenger Oxygen Container has an electrically activated
door that OPENS automatically when the Cabin Altitude exceeds
14,000'.

P37:

TEST QUESTION:
What long will the Passenger Cabin Supplemental Oxygen last?
Ans: Chemical depletion will occur after about 13 minutes.

R37:

CLICK HERE to go to:


DOOR / OXY ECAM Page

A38:

SYSTEM:
There is a GREEN Over-pressure Blow-out Disc on
the lower CAPT side Fuselage to indicate
Thermal Discharge of the Bottle.
After stowing the Mask, to deactivate the Mask Microphone,
PRESS:
1. the Press-to-Test pb
2. the Reset pb

N39:

TEST QUESTION:
What method is used to supply Passenger Cabin Supplemental Oxygen?
Ans: Oxygen Generation for a particular group of Masks begins when a
Mask is pulled toward the Seat. Once Oxygen Generation begins,
it will continue until the chemicals are depleted. There will be
considerable heat and may be some smell. Cabin temperature may
rise. FA may have to manually deploy some of the Masks.
Chemical depletion will occur after about 13 minutes.

C41:

MECH Call Switch:


The Cockpit CALL illuminates on the EXT PWR PNL
in the Nose Wheel Bay and the Horn sounds.
When released the Light stays on until a Mechanic presses the Reset.

E41:

ALL Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates
at ALL FA stations and single chime is heard.

G41:

FWD Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Forward FA station and a high/low chime is heard.

I41:

AFT Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Aft FA station and a chime is heard.

L41:

EMER Call Switch:


Extinguished -- Normal Operation
For a CALL from the FA's:
A) CALL -- flashes amber
B) ON -- flashes white
C) ATT -- flashes white on the ACP
D) 3 long buzzers sound (3 high/low chimes)
Resets when FA handset is hung-up.
For a CALL from the Cockpit;
When EMER Switch is selected ON;
A) CALL -- flashes amber
B) ON -- flashes white
And at the FA stations:
C) ON -- flashes (pink) at ALL stations
D) "EMERGENCY CALL" illuminates on the FA Indicator Panels
E) 3 high-low chimes ("6 bells") sound

M41:

EMER CALL Switch:


ON -1. Flashes for an Emergency Call from the Flight Deck to the Cabin.
2. Pink Light flashes at all area Call Panels.
3. EMERGENCY CALL appears on all FA Indication Panels
4. High - Low Chimes sound three times
CALL flashing -1. This Light flashes for an Emergency Call from the Flight Deck to the Cabin.

E46:

FWD Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Forward FA station and a high/low chime is heard.

G46:

FWD Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Mid FA station and a high/low chime is heard.

I46:

FWD Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Exit FA station and a high/low chime is heard.

L46:

EMER Call Switch:


Extinguished -- Normal Operation
For a CALL from the FA's:
A) CALL -- flashes amber
B) ON -- flashes white
C) ATT -- flashes white on the ACP
D) 3 long buzzers sound (3 high/low chimes)
Resets when FA handset is hung-up.
For a CALL from the Cockpit;
When EMER Switch is selected ON;
A) CALL -- flashes amber
B) ON -- flashes white
And at the FA stations:
C) ON -- flashes (pink) at ALL stations
D) "EMERGENCY CALL" illuminates on the FA Indicator Panels
E) 3 high-low chimes ("6 bells") sound

D49:

MECH Call Switch:


The Cockpit CALL illuminates on the EXT PWR PNL
in the Nose Wheel Bay and the Horn sounds.
When released the Light stays on until a Mechanic presses the Reset.

G49:

ALL Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates
at ALL FA stations and single chime is heard.

I49:

AFT Call Switch:


The CAPTAIN CALL (pink) light illuminates at
the Aft FA station and a chime is heard.

R SCROLLS RIGHT AND LOWER TO SEE RIGHT SIDE DATA


APU SYSTEM
? ? ? ? ?? ??
MORE SYSTEM
ANTI-ICE
APU BLEED
SYSTEMS
ECB
! PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
PRIORITIES
! BLEED ENG APU

PROBE/
WINDOW
HEA
T

ANTI
ICE
WIN
G
FAULT

RAIN
RPLNT

ON

WIPE
R

ENG
1
FAULT

ENG
2
FAULT

ON

ON

ON

A
U
T
O

! SAFETY PRESSURE ECAMS


! CABIN PRESSURE ECAMS
! AVIONICS VENTILATION CLOSED CONFIGURATION

? ?
?? ??

WINDOW/PROB
E
HEATING
??

AIRCRAFT
PRESSURIZATION
MAN V/S
CTL

CABIN
PRESSURE
MODE

LDG
ELEV
AUT
O

SEL
UP

FAULT
MAN

DN

A
U
T
O

SLO
W

STROB
E
ON

FAS
T

BEAC
ON
ON

EXT
LT

WIN
G
ON

AP
U

NAV &
LOGO
ON

12

OFF

OFF

LAN
D

OFF

NOTE: SOME AIRLINES "BOEING-IZE"


THEIR
SWITCHES; THAT IS, REVERSE THE OFF /
ON
SELECTIONS TO STANDARDIZE THEIR
FLEETS.

RETRA
CT

? ?
EXTERNAL
LIGHTS

ON

NOS
E

ON

STAR
T
T. O.

AVAIL

TAX
I
OFF

ON

OFF

O N

ANN
LT

FAULT
OFF

OFF
OFF

RAIN
REMOVAL

OVHD
INTEG LT

INT
LTDOM

ICE IND
&
STBY
COMPASS
ON

MASTER
SW

A
U
T
O

RWY TURN
OFF
ON

??

0
14
10

OFF

BR
T
DIM

BR
T
DIM

OFF

TES
T

BR
T
NO
SMOKING
NO
PED
ON

SEAT
BELTS
ON
A
U
T
O

OFF

?? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??
? ?
APU
! ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC
! APU ECAMS
! BLEED ENG APU ECAMS

EMERGENCY EXIT LIGHTING MATRIX:


OEL -- Overhead Emergency Lights
EXIT -- Exit Lighting
PATH -- Floor Proximity Emergency Escape
Path

DITCHI
NG

-2

SIGN
EMER
S EXIT
LT
A
U
T
O

OFF

OFF

INTEGRAL
LIGHTING
AND
SIGNS

ON
AR
M
OFF

In the ARMED position, these come ON when


the
SYSTEM
FAILURE
following
conditions
are met: OEL EXIT PATH
AC BUS 1
X
X
DC ESS SHED BUS
X
X
X
NORMAL ELECTRICS
EMER GEN -- ON (1)
X
EMER GEN FAILED
X
X
CABIN PRESS > 11,300
X
(1)
OEL -- powered by DC ESS SHED
BUS or
Internal Batteries

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

B1:

QUICK LINK RIGHT AND LOWER TO SEE RIGHT SIDE DATA BOXES.

F2:

System Info:
Fuel is supplied to the APU from the LEFT Manifold by Tank Boost Pumps.
If the Tank Boost Pumps are not operating or in case of a Battery start, the ECB activates a dedicated APU Fuel Pump to supply the APU.
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM:
APU is equipped with two identical Detection Loops (A & B) each of which contain one Heat Sensing Element and a FDU.
The Loop in the fireproof enclosure.
The FDU issues a FIRE WARNING when BOTH Loops detect an Overheat.
If one Loop fails the Warning System remains intact.
If both Loops fail within 5 sec of each other a Warning is generated.
This is accompanied by CRC and both APU FIRE and MASTER WARN lights.
One Fire Extinguisher is provided and can be activated by pressing the AGENT DISCH pb on the APU FIRE panel.
On the ground, fire detection causes the Agent to be discharged automatically.
This is accompanied by Nose Wheel Bay Horn and APU FIRE light on the External Service Interphone Panel.
The Light goes out when the fire is extinguished.
In case of GROUND FIRE
1. APU Fire Warnings activate in the Cockpit
2. Horn in Nose Gear Bay sounds
3. AVAIL Light extinguishes
4. FAULT Light illuminates
5. APU shuts down
6. APU Extinguisher discharges

O2:

TEST QUESTION:
What will cause the ANTI ICE ENG FAULT Light to illuminate?
Ans: Disagreement light:
Valves disagree with commanded position
Momentarily illuminates when valves are in transit

P2:

TEST QUESTION:
When should ENG ANTI ICE be used?
Ans: From Limitations:
2.6.1 ENGINE ANTI ICE.
ENGINE Anti-ice must be ON during all ground and flight operations when icing
conditions exist or are anticipated (except during Climb and Cruise when the
temperature is below -40 c SAT).
Engine anti-ice must be ON prior to and during Descent in icing conditions
(including temperatures below -40 C SAT).

Q2:

TEST QUESTION:
When should WING ANTI ICE be selected ON after Take-off?
Ans: If required, select WING ANTI ICE -- ON after Thrust Reduction Altitude.

R2:

TEST QUESTION:
When should WING ANTI ICE be selected OFF on Approach?
Ans: Normally, WING ANTI ICE should be selected OFF at the FAF.
If in Severe icing conditions, WING ANTI ICE may be left ON for landing.

S2:

TEST QUESTION:
When should Wing Anti-ice be used, if icing
conditions are anticipated or has occurred?
ANS: Use these criteria:
1. Select Wing Anti-ice ON after Thrust Reduction Altitude.
2. Normally, select Wing Anti-ice OFF at the FAF
3. In SEVERE icing, leave Wing Anti-ice ON for landing.

T2:

TEST QUESTION: T/F


Engine Continuous Ignition is automatically provided
when ENG 1 or ENG 2 Anti-ice is selected ON?
ANS: TRUE.

AE2:

TEST QUESTION:
With the LDG ELEV AUTO selected, what altitude is
used for Landing Field Pressurization reference?
Ans: The Pressurization System uses the FMGS Data to
construct an optimized pressure schedule.

AF2:

TEST QUESTION:
When does the Pressurization System switch AUTO Modes?
Ans: After each landing the two Controllers swap roles.

AJ2:

CLICK HERE to go to:


SAFETY PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM

F3:

More System Information:


The APU is located in a fireproof enclosure in the unpressurized tail cone.
The air Intake Flap is located on the underside of the fuselage.
It is ABOVE the waterline.
The APU is equipped with a direct drive generator and a separate compressor that supplies the pneumatic system.
Electrical power is supplied and air is provided for both air conditioning and engine start.
It can be operated to the maximum service ceiling.
The generator can supply 100% of the load to 25,000'.
Above this there is a slight capacity reduction.
On the ground the APU can provide 100% of the electrical load while supplying air for either air conditioning or engine start.
Electrical demands have priority over bleed air.
Bleed air is provided up to 20,000'. (see APU Bleed box)
For improved engine thrust performance the APU can pressurize the aircraft on take-off.

AE3:

TEST QUESTION:
What does the Ditching Switch do?
ANS: When selected to ON, a CLOSE signal is sent to:
1. Outflow Valve (if NOT in Manual Mode)
2. Emergency Ram Air Inlet
3. Avionics Ventilation Inlet Valve
4. Avionics Extraction Valve
5. Pack Flow Control Valves
6. Forward Cargo Isolation Outlet Valve
(if installed)

AF3:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the CAUTION about activating the Ditching PB
while on the ground with External Air (low pressure) and
having all the Doors closed?
ANS: A differential pressure will build up..

AJ3:

CLICK HERE to go to:


CABIN PRESSURIZATION ECAMS

F4:

APU Bleed:
1. Climb
Air provided until 23,500'; get FAULT light
2. Descent
Through 21,000' Bleed Valve reopens

AJ4:

AVIONICS

F5:

ECB: Electric Control Box


It controls and monitors:
1. Start sequence
2. Speed
3. Temperature
4. Bleed air output
5. Shutdown sequence
6. Autoshutdown
7. Dedicated fuel pump

P5:

CLICK HERE to go to:


PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

Z5:

TEST QUESTION:
If Window Heat is required before Engine Start,
how do you select the System ON?
ANS: Probe/Window Heat PB -- ON
NOTE: TAT is NOT heated on the ground.

F6:

Priorities:
Electrical Priority: to the AC Buses -1. Engine Generators
2. External Power
3. APU
4. Emergency Generator
5. Batteries

P6:

BLEED ENGINE AIR ECAMS

P8:

WING ANTI-ICE Switch:


Operation: Wing Anti-ice is provided for Slats 3, 4,& 5 on both sides.
APU Bleed is NOT permitted for/with Wing Anti-ice.
Wing Anti-ice is NOT permitted on the ground.
ECAM memo.
ECAM BLEED Page has two triangular Eng A/I Indicators at opposite sides;
Extinguished (OFF) -- Valves are CLOSED.
FAULT -- Disagreement light: (+ ECAM MEMO)
1. A Valve disagrees with its commanded position
2. Low Air Pressure is detected
3. Momentarily illuminates for Valves in transit
ON -- Valve OPEN if Pneumatic Air is available.
TEST: On ground the Valve automatically open and
close after 30 seconds.

U8:

ENGINE 1, 2 ANTI-ICE Switches:


Extinguished (OFF) -- Valves are CLOSED.
FAULT -- Disagreement light: (+ ECAM MEMO)
Valves disagree with commanded position.
Momentarily illuminates when Valves are in transit.
ON -- Engine Anti-ice Valve OPEN if Bleed Air is available
from a running Engine.
Continuous Ignition is provided when Valve is OPEN
and the ANTI ICE ENG pb is selected ON.
On the ground the N1 will automatically increase to
give better protection against flameout.
The N1 Limit is reduced (tick on gauge) because air is
being used from the Engine for Anti-ice.
NOTE: Fan Blades are NOT anti-iced.

AB8:

PROBE/WINDOW HEAT Switch:


Operation:
AUTO -1. The Probes are heated in-flight
2. The Probes are heated on the ground when;
The Probes are heated after the first Engine is running.
Chapt 3: May be ON for cold weather operations.
WHC (Window Heat Computers):
regulate
protect
TAT probes are NOT heated on the ground.
Window Heat automatically switches from Low to High on takeoff.
Extinguished (AUTO) -- Probes and Windows heated:
Automatically in-flight; High Heat
Automatically on the ground if one Engine running; Low Heat
ON -- Probes/Windows are permanently, manually heated.
Probes are heated prior to Engine START.
Low Heat is used on the ground, High Heat in-flight
NOTE: Before Engine START the Windows may be cleared
by selecting Probe / Window Heat to ON.

AI8:

MODE SEL Switch:


Operation: Automatic switchover from one controller to
the other occurs:
A) in case of failure.
B) three (3) minutes after landing.
Extinguished (AUTO) -the Outflow Valve is controlled by one of two Controllers.
See CABIN PRESSURE ECAMS Quick Link above, and
the next red triangle pop-up directly below this one.
To select the other System:
ACTION: Go MAN for 10 seconds, then AUTO
MAN -- Pilot has manual control of the Outflow Valve through the
MAN V/S CTL Switch.
NOTES:
1) Baro correction is lost in MAN Mode.
2) There will be NO Fault light.
3) Selecting for 10 sec switches Systems 1 - 2
FAULT -- Illuminates only when BOTH Automatic Systems are faulted
NOTE: AUTO permits DITCHING Switch to closed Outflow Valve.

AL8:

LDG ELEV Selector:


AUTO -- as shown, SELECTOR points up
The FMGS Data is used to construct an
optimized pressurization schedule.
Other -- PULL and TURN;
This selector determines the flight profile.
The FMGC Landing Elevation Data is NOT used.
Landing field elevations can be selected from:
-2000' up to +14,000'
CABIN PRESSURE ECAM displays the different
labels for the two MAN annunciations.
Use Quick Link above to go there.

AF9:

MAN V/S CTL Switch:


Operation:
Spring-loaded to neutral position.
Controls the Outflow Valve position using the
Manual Motor -- when the MODE SEL pb is
placed in the MAN position.
If the MODE SEL is in MAN, then:
UP -- Outflow Valve OPENS
DN -- Outflow Valve CLOSES
NOTE: This is a slow Valve.
NOTE: DITCHING Switch closes Outflow Valve only
in MODE SEL AUTO mode.

AP9:

DITCHING Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operations
ON -- Closes all doors below the water line:
1. Emer Ram Air Inlet Valve
2. Avionics Ventilation Inlet Valve
3. Avionics Ventilation Extraction Valve
4. Pack Flow Control Valves
If the MODE SEL Switch is AUTO, then also,
5. Outflow Valve
NOTE: The APU Air Intake Flap is
ABOVE the waterline.
NOTE: When the DITCHING pb is selected
to ON for De/Anti Icing Fluid applications
on the aircraft, the Avionics Ventilation
System is placed in the CLOSED
CONFIGURATION with both Fans running.
a) Due to low OAT there is NO LIMIT to
this operation and configuration.
b) If the ECAM Warning,
VENT AVNCS SYS FAULT
is received, PULL and RESET the
Circuit Breaker after the procedure.
1. CB: D06 on panel 49VU
2. CB: Y17 on panel 122VU
See AVIONICS VENTILATION QUICK LINK above.

P10:

WING ANTI-ICE OPERATIONS:


TAKEOFF / LANDING:
The WAI should be selected ON in anticipation of icing conditions.
Check the Visual Icing Detector (illuminated probe outside center windshield divider).
Check the Windshield Wipers.
1. If required, selected WING ANTI ICE ON after the Thrust Reductions Altitude
2. Normally, WING ANTI ICE should be selected OFF at the FAF.
3. If in Severe Icing conditions, the WING ANTI ICE may be left ON for Landing.
CAUTION:
1. Avoid extended flight in icing conditions with the SLATS EXTENDED.
2. If a significant amount of ice is accumulated on non-deiced parts of the airframe,
then the Approach Speed must NOT be LOWER than:
CONF FULL:
Vls + 5 kts and the Landing distance must be multiplied by 1.1
CONF 3:
Vls + 10 kts and the Landing distance must be multiplied by 1.15

F12:

RAIN REPELLANT:
PUSH -- permits Le Bozec in a measured amount to go to the window.
INHIBITED: (both conditions required)
1. On the ground, and
2. Engines stopped

J12:

WIPER Switch:
Two Speeds:
1. Slow
2. Fast
OFF -- Wiper stows out-of-sight

O14:

STROBE Lights Switch:


Three synchronized lights, wingtips and tail.
ON -- Energized, flashing
AUTO -- ON when Main Gear Strut is not compressed.
OFF -- unpowered

R14:

BEACON Lights Switch:


Two Anti-collision Fuselage Lights, one top and one bottom.
OFF -- Beacon Lights are OFF
ON -- Beacon Lights are ON

U14:

WING Lights Switch:


Two single beam lights, one each wing.
Illuminates leading edge and engine intakes for ice detection.
NOTE: Do NOT rely on visual cues for Engine Anti-ice detection.

X14:

NAV & LOGO Lights Switch:


Dual navigation lights, wingtips and tail cone.
Logo Lights are on the THS and focus on the Rudder.
OFF -- unpowered
1 or 2 -- NAV Lights are ON
-- LOGO Lights are ON:
If
Gear Struts are compressed, or
Slats are extended
Then,
Select 1: turns on the first set of lights
Select 2: turns on the second set of lights

AB14:

MASTER Switch:
ON -- the following occurs:
APU ECAM is displayed (w/ AC bus)
1. BAT BUS supplies electrical power
2. ECB performs self-test
3. APU Air Intake Flap opens
4. APU Fuel Pump (DC) operates if no
Fuel Tank Pumps are ON.
Also, the APU ECAM Page appears on SD.

AF14:

OVHD INTEGRAL LIGHTS Rheostat:


Adjusts the intensity of the lumens.
This adjust the Overhead Panel's Lighting.

AI14:

ICE INDICATOR & STBY COMPASS Switch:


Selects to ON the lighting for the
1. Standby Compass
2. Visual Ice Detector -- extends outside the center divider
of the forward windshields. At night its internal light
works very well. If there is little icing the illumination is
not as nearly visible as when there is icing present.
The Standby Compass is illuminated if
normal electrical power is lost;
on Battery only power.
NOTE: When starting the APU there may be some anomaly in
the Standby Compass due to the proximity of
electromagnetic fields in the nearby APU switchology.

AL14:

DOME LIGHTS Switch:


OFF -- Dome lights are off
DIM -- Dome lights are dim
BRT -- Dome lights are bright
NOTE: When electrical power is supplied by only the batteries,
only the RIGHT Dome Light is ON with
the Dome Light Switch in the DIM or BRT position.

AO14:

ANNUNCIATOR LIGHTS Switch:


TEST -A) All flight deck annunciator lights are ON
B) All LCD's display 8's
C) PFD's and ND's display flags
NOTE: Transfer of data between ECAM and ND is
prohibited during a TEST.
DIM -- Lights are dimmed by a reduced voltage to them.
BRT -- All annunciator lights are bright; (normal).

AB15:

MASTER Switch:
OFF -- Manual shutdown sequence: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. the ON light extinguishes
2. the AVAIL light on the START pb goes out
Depending upon airline OPTION:
3A. APU continues at 100% for 120 seconds
3B. APU continues at 75% for 120 seconds
Then
4. at 7% the Air Intake Flap closes (1)
Normal Ops: wait till Flap closes, 2 min before switching off Batteries.
(1) APU can be re-selected during the cooling period.

AB16:

MASTER Switch: Wait 2 min for Flap to close


before switching off the batteries.
FAULT -- Autoshutdown:
1. Fire -- only on the ground (1)
2. Flap not open
3. Overspeed
4. Loss of Overspeed protection
5. No acceleration
6. Slow start
7. No flame
8. Reverse flow
9. Low oil pressure
10. High oil temperature
11. ECB failure
12. Underspeed
13. EGT Overtemp
14. DC power lost (BAT -- OFF when acft only on Battery power)
(1) Fire on the ground:
a. Horn in Nose Gear Bay
b. Light in Nose Gear Bay
c. APU Agent is discharged

AB17:

DESIGN:
The APU operates a separate Compressor.
Thus, you don't see Turbine temperatures
rise as the loads on the APU increase.

S18:

LANDING Lights Switches:


RETRACT -- Lights are retracted and OFF.
OFF -- Lights are extended and OFF
ON -- Lights are extended and ON

AB18:

STARTING Info:
The APU can be started with:
1. Batteries,
2. External power or
3. normal aircraft power.
Operating parameters are displayed on the APU ECAM page.
The starting sequence is completely automatic:
the pilot initiates it and the electric starter is energized
once the Air Intake Flap is fully OPEN.

O19:

RWY TURN OFF Lights Switch:


Two 45 degree angled Lights on the Nose Gear Strut.
Automatically extinguish when the Gear is raised.
OFF -- Runway Turnoff Lights are OFF
ON -- Runway Turnoff Lights are ON

X19:

NOSE Light Switch:


OFF -- Taxi and Takeoff Lights are OFF
Both Light extinguish when the Gear is RETRACTED.
TAXI -- Nose Strut Taxi Light is ON
T.O. -- Taxi and Takeoff Lights on the Nose Strut are ON

AB19:

START Switch:
ON -- (press); the following occurs:
1. the ON light illuminates
2. APU Air Intake Flap OPENS
3. When fully OPEN the Starter is energized
4. 1.5 seconds later the Ignition is turned ON
5. When N = 55% the Starter is de-energized and
the Ignition is turned OFF
6. At N = 95% plus 2 seconds or
at N = 99.5%
then,
a) the ON light goes out
b) the APU may now supply bleed air (1)
c) the APU may now provide electrical power
d) after 10 seconds the APU ECAM page disappears
e) the AVAIL light illuminates and appears on the ECAM
(1) Bleed air for Wing Anti-ice is NOT permitted.
AVAIL -- illuminates and appears on the ECAM
N = 95% plus 2 seconds
N = 99.5%

AF19:

SEAT BELT LIGHTS Switch:


ON -- illuminates the
1. FASTEN SEAT BELTS signs in the cabin
2. RETURN TO SEAT signs in lavatories
3. Sounds a Low Chime
OFF -- Turns off the Signs; with a Low Chime
AUTO -- Some airlines have and use/don't use the Auto position.
It can have several versions of operation.
NOTE: Automatically illuminate if cabin pressure exceeds about 11,300' ~ 350'

AI19:

NO SMOKING / NO PED LIGHTS Switch:


No Smoking function or the No Personal Electronics Devices OPTION.
ON -- Turns on the NO SMOKING/PED lights in the cabin. With low tone chime.
OFF -- Turns off the signs. With low tone chime.
AUTO -- Some airlines use/don't the Auto position.
It can have several version of operation.
NOTE: Automatically illuminate if cabin pressure exceeds about 11,300' ~ 350'

AL19:

EMER EXIT Light:


This is the only amber OFF light.
Extinguished -- normal operation
OFF -- the EMER EXIT LT Switch is positioned to OFF.

AO19:

EMER EXIT LIGHTS Switch:


ON -- illuminates the following: see Table
a) Overhead Emergency Lights = "OEL"
b) EXIT lights = "EXIT"
c) Floor Proximity Emergency Escape Path = "PATH"
OFF -- Turns off the above lighting systems
ARM -- See Table to the right
With the Emergency Generator operating,
only the Overhead Emergency Lighting will
be powered through the DC ESS SHED BUS.
If it fails they are powered by internal batteries
kept charged by the DC ESS SHED BUS.
NOTE: the LIGHT-EMER pb on the Purser's Panel
can turn ON ALL the Emergency Lighting Systems
independent of this Cockpit Switch going to "ON."

U23:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the normal position for the NAV and LOGO Switch?
Ans: Chapter 3, Originating/Receiving Checklist,
EXT LT Panel:
.
NAV & LOGO Switch ON
.

V23:

TEST QUESTION:
What lights automatically extinguish when the Landing Gear is retracted?
Ans: Nose Taxi and Take-off Lights; Runway Turn-off Lights

X23:

TEST QUESTION:
Can APU Bleed Air be used if Ground Air is connected?
ANS: NO

Y23:

TEST QUESTION:
During the Securing Checklist, concerning shutting down the APU,
how long after the APU AVAIL Light goes out should the crew
wait so that the APU Flap is fully closed?
ANS: 2 minutes.

Z23:

TEST QUESTION:
Can the APU provide power to ALL the electrical users on the ground?
Ans: On the ground, the APU Generator can supply the
entire electrical system
while it provides Bleed Air for Air Conditioning or Engine Start.

AA23:

TEST QUESTION:
Will the APU automatically shutdown for a fire on the ground?
Ans: YES
TEST QUESTION:
Will the APU automatically shutdown for a fire in-flight?
Ans: NO

AB23:

TEST QUESTION:
Can the APU provide 100% of the ELECTRICAL LOAD at 39,000'?
Ans: NO -The APU Generator can supply 100% of the load up to 25,000'.
Above this altitude there is a slight reduction in capacity.

AC23:

TEST QUESTION:
After the terminating flight, you must allow the APU Flap to
Fully CLOSE. How long does the Pilot Handbook require you to
wait before selecting the BATTERIES to OFF?
Ans: Wait until the APU Flap is fully closed,
(about 2 minutes after the APU AVAIL light extinguishes)
before switching the Batteries to OFF.

AD23:

TEST QUESTION:
What Flight Deck Lighting is maintained if
normal electrical power is lost?
Ans: Captain's Instrument Panel
Standby Compass
Right Dome Light, provided the
DOME Switch is set at DIM or BRT.

AE23:

TEST QUESTION:
Is the ANN LT TEST Switch utilized during Preflight?
Ans: NO -(This question is perhaps ambiguous)
Chapter 3, Originating/Receiving Checklist,
INT LT Panel,
.
ANN LT Switch .. As required
PH 5.15.2 says the same information as is
already stated above in the
ANN LT Switch data box.

AF23:

TEST QUESTION:
What Deck Lighting is available with the
loss of Normal Electrical Power?
ANS: This is available:
A) Captain's Instrument Panel
B) Standby Compass
C) Right Dome Light
(if the Dome Switch is positioned to DIM or BRT)

E24:

TEST QUESTION: T/F


The Rain Repellent PB inhibited on the
ground with the Engines stopped.
ANS: TRUE.

X24:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the MAXIMUM ALTITUDE where the APU Bleed Air may be used?
Ans: Bleed Air may be provided up to 20,000'.

Y24:

TEST QUESTION:
If the APU is running, must Bleed Air be manually selected OFF
prior to APU shutdown?
Ans: NO -When the APU MASTER pb is selected OFF,
the APU will shut down after a cooling period elapses.
(PH 16.3.5)

Z25:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC

Z26:

CLICK HERE to go to:


APU ECAMS

Z27:

BLEED ENGINE AIR ECAMS

PANEL TITLE
ENG FIRE
SIGNALS
APU Data
APU
GRAPHIC

!
AGENT 1

AGENT 2

SQUIB

ENG
DISCH

DISCH

FIRE
??
??
FIRE GOUGE ! See Column 1 pop-up graphic
APU
! APU ECAMS
APU GOUGE ! See Column 1 pop-up graphic

AGENT 2

FIRE

SQUIB

ENG

PUSH

PUSH

TEST

AGENT 1

APU

SQUIB

FIRE

DISCH

DISCH

PUSH

TEST

AGENT

SQUIB

FIRE
TEST

SQUIB

ENG
GRAPHIC

DISCH

GREEN

PUMP
SUMMARY

YELLOW

BLUE
PTU
A
U
T
O

FAULT

RAT MAN ON

OFF
ENG 1 PUMP

A320
FUEL
Data

ELEC PUMP

ELEC PUMP

ENG 2 PUMP
A
U
T
O

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

X FEED

ENG 2

ENG 1

APU

FAULT

ON

? ?? ?? ??
HYDRAULICS ! DIAGRAM and System USERS
! ECAMS
?
!
! RAT
CARGO DOOR HANDLE
FUEL
A319/320
see below for A321 Fuel

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

STATIC
INVERTER

A
U
T
O

MAN

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

26.8V

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

? ??
? ??
ELECTRICS
!
Priority - GND
?
Priority - FLT
? ??
DIFFERENCES

DC BUS 2
AC ESS FEED
FAULT

A
U
T
O

OFF

FAULT

BAT
2
BAT

26.8V

DC BUS 1
GALY &
CAB
FAULT

RIGHT TANK
PUMPS

PUMP 2

FAULT

BAT
1

BATT CHK
BATT Data

?? ?? ??
? ??
?

CTR TK
MODE SEL

AC BUS 1

AC ESS BUS

AC BUS 2

ALTN

! DIAGRAM
! ECAMS

??
??
SCHEMATIC
! ECAMS
??

BUS TIE

!
IDG 1
APU GEN

GEN 1
FAULT

FAULT

LO

PACK
FLOW
NOR
M

OFF

COCKP
IT

OFF

COL
D

FAULT

ON

OFF

F AU LT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR
FAULT

COL
D

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

PACK
2

GND
HP

START
O N

ENG 1

AUT
O

APU
BLEED
FAULT

SHU
T

OFF

START
ON

OFF

FUEL
NOTE: THE DIFFERENCE ARE
A321
THE
see above for A319/A320 Fuel
ACT AND CTRK TK XFR
! DIAGRAM
SWITCHES.
ECAMS
!

ENG 2

OPEN
ON

FAULT

FAULT

FWD

OFF

OFF

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

ECON
FLOW

CTR TK
MODE SEL
FAULT

FAULT

MAN

OFF

COCKP
IT

CTR TK

L XFR

A
U
T
O

R XFR
A
U
T
O

RIGHT TANK
PUMPS

PACK
1
FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

??

HOT
AIR
FAULT
OFF

OFF
COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK 1

OFF

COL
D

HOT

RAM
AIR

START

O N

APU
BLEED
FAULT

GND
HP

ON

AUT
O
SHU
T

A-321
A/C &
PRESSURE

??

NOTE: THE DIFFERENCE IS


THE
ECON FLOW PB FOR PACK
FLOW.

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK 2

X
BLEED

OFF

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

! AIR COND SYSTEM


! A/C ECAMS
? ! PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
?
! BLEED AIR COND
?? ! BLEED ENG APU
??
??

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

X FEED

APU

AC
T
FAULT

A/C &
PRESSURE

PACK
2
FAULT

X BLEED

RAM
AIR

OFF

A321
FUEL
Data

COL
D

HOT

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

TEMP
CTL

AVAIL

OFF

PACK
1
FAULT

321 DIFF

FWD
CABIN

GEN 2

HI

TEMP
CTL

?
?
??

IDG 1
EXT PWR

FAULT

OFF

LEAK

A
U
T
O

OFF

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

A2:

ENGINE FIRE SYSTEM OPERATION:


Each engine is equipped with two identical detection Loops (A & B) each
of which contain three Heat Sensing Elements and a Fire Detection Unit (FDU).
The Sensing Elements are located in the Pylon Nacelle, Engine Core, and Fan Section.
WARNING is activated when both loops an overheat in one area.
If one loops fails the Fire Warning System remains operational with the other Loop.
The Warning is also activated if both Loops fail within 5 seconds of each other.
ECAM displays any messages.
The Engine Fire is signaled by:
1. CRC
2. ENG FIRE pb illuminates
3. FIRE Light on the Pedestal Engine Panel illuminates
4. MASTER WARN lights
5. ENG FIRE ECAM message
6. Squib Lights illuminate (if Charge is available)
7. DISCH Lights illuminate
There are two Fire Extinguisher Bottles to fight any fires.

Q2:

APU FIRE Switch:


On the ground, if a FIRE is detected,
an APU Emergency Shutdown occurs with automatic extinguishing.
APU AUTOSHUTDOWN occurs for:
Overspeed
Underspeed
High Oil Temp
Low Oil Pressure
In-flight
APU Autoshutdowns may occur for these same reasons except
there is NO automatic shutdown for a FIRE, nor extinguishing.

R2:

APU FIRE Switch:


PUSHBUTTON:
IN (guarded) -- normal operations
Pilot pushes it to release it OUT, sending a signal to perform the following:
1. APU -- SHUTDOWN
2. SILENCES the Aural Warning
3. ARMS the Fire Extinguisher Squib
4. Squib Light ILLUMINATES
5. Fuel LP Valve CLOSES
6. APU Fuel Pump -- OFF
7. APU Generator is DEACTIVATED
8. APU Bleed -- CLOSES
9. Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSES
FIRE LIGHT:
Illuminates whenever the Fire Warning is activated regardless of pb position.

D3:

AGENT Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operations
PRESSED -- Fire bottle discharges if:
ENG FIRE Switch has been Released OUT.
SQUIB -- Illuminates when ENG FIRE Switch is pushed
to identify the correct Agent Switch
to be pressed.
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST.
DISCH -- Bottle is discharged (for any reason)
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST (lamp test only)

I3:

ENGINE FIRE Switches:


PUSHBUTTON:
IN (guarded) -- normal operations
Pilot pushes it to release it OUT, sending a Signal to perform the following:
1. SILENCES the aural warning
2. ARMS the fire extinguisher squibs
3. CLOSES the Hydraulic Fire Valve
4. CLOSES the LP Fuel Valve
5. CLOSES the Engine Fuel Return Valve
7. DEACTIVATES the Generator
7. CLOSES the Engine Bleed Valve
8. CLOSES Pack Flow Control Valves (due to #7)
FIRE LIGHT:
Illuminates whenever the Fire Warning is activated regardless of pb position.

L3:

AGENT Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operations
PRESSED -- Fire bottle discharges if:
ENG FIRE Switch has been Released OUT.
SQUIB -- Illuminates when ENG FIRE Switch is pushed
to identify the correct Agent Switch
to be pressed.
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST.
DISCH -- Bottle is discharged (for any reason)
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST (lamp test only)

U3:

AGENT Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operations
PRESSED -- Fire bottle discharges if:
ENG FIRE Switch has been Released OUT.
SQUIB -- Illuminates when ENG FIRE Switch is pushed
to identify the correct Agent Switch
to be pressed.
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST.
DISCH -- Bottle is discharged (for any reason)
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST (lamp test only)

Z3:

ENGINE FIRE Switches:


PUSHBUTTON:
IN (guarded) -- normal operations
Pilot pushes it to release it OUT, sending a Signal to
perform the following:
1. SILENCES the aural warning
2. ARMS the fire extinguisher squibs
3. CLOSES the Hydraulic Fire Valve
4. CLOSES the LP Fuel Valve
5. CLOSES the Engine Fuel Return Valve
7. DEACTIVATES the Generator
7. CLOSES the Engine Bleed Valve
8. CLOSES Pack Flow Control Valves (due to #7)
FIRE LIGHT:
Illuminates whenever the Fire Warning is activated
regardless of pb position.

AC3:

AGENT Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operations
PRESSED -- Fire bottle discharges if:
ENG FIRE Switch has been Released OUT.
SQUIB -- Illuminates when ENG FIRE Switch is pushed
to identify the correct Agent Switch
to be pressed.
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST.
DISCH -- Bottle is discharged (for any reason)
-- Illuminates during FIRE TEST (lamp test only)

AE3:

TEST QUESTION:
What conditions result in an Engine FIRE Warning?
ANS: The FDU issues a FIRE Warning when
both Loops detect an overheat in
a particular area.
If both Loops fail within 5 seconds of
each other.
If operating with one Loop working
(one Loop failed), an overheat will
result in a FIRE Warning.

A4:

APU FIRE System:


The APU is equipped with two identical Loops (A & B) each of which contains one Heat Sensing Element and an FDU.
The Sensing Element is in the APU Compartment.
The FDU issues a Warning when both Loops detect an OVERHEAT.
If one Loop fails the System remains operational with the other Loop.
A Warning is also issued if both Loops fail within 5 seconds of each other.
The APU is equipped with one Fire Extinguisher Bottle.
On the ground a detection of APU FIRE causes an automatic shut down of the APU and the discharge of the Extinguisher.
In flight the Extinguisher must be manually discharged.
Fire indications are signaled by:
1. CRC
2. APU FIRE pb illuminates
3. MASTER WARN Light
4. ECAM message
On the ground a Horn sounds in the Nose Wheel Bay and there is also a APU FIRE Light on the External Service Panel.
The APU Extinguisher automatically fires 3 seconds after the sensing of the FIRE.
The Horn quits and the External Panel Light goes OUT when the fire is extinguished.

AE4:

TEST QUESTION:
Can the APU FIRE Test be performed with
the APU running?
ANS: YES, the Test will NOT cause
an automatic shutdown.

AE5:

ENGINE FIRE PB GOUGE:


GOUGE: 2 1 2 1 2
1. CRC Aural Warning -- SILENCED
2. Fire Extinguisher Squibs -- ARMED
(both Squib Lights illuminates)
1. Hydraulic Fire Valve -- CLOSED
1. Engine Fuel Return Valve -- CLOSED
2. Fuel LP Valve -- CLOSED
1. Engine Generator -- OFF
1. Engine Bleed Valve -- CLOSED
2. Pack Flow Control Valve -- CLOSED

AE6:

CLICK HERE to go to:


APU ECAMS

D7:

TEST Switch:
PUSH -- tests the system:
1. CRC
2. MASTER WARN Lights flash
3. ENG FIRE Warning on ECAM
4. ENG FIRE pb illuminates
5. SQUIB Lights ON -- if Discharge Agent is available
6. DISCH Lights ON
7. FIRE Light on pedestal ENG PNL

O7:

APU AGENT pb:


This Switch becomes active once the APU FIRE pb is Released OUT.
The SQUIB Light illuminates to identify the correct Agent to discharge.
PRESS -- Discharges the Fire Extinguisher
DISCH illuminates when the Fire Extinguisher Bottle has lost pressure.
NOTE: A RED Disk is located on the rear exterior of the aircraft to
indicate if the Agent has NOT been discharged.

S7:

APU FIRE TEST Switch:


PUSH -- tests the system:
1. CRC
[ AC power ]
2. MASTER WARN Lights flash [ AC power ]
3. APU FIRE pb illuminates
4. SQUIB Light ON
5. DISCH Light ON
6. APU FIRE Warning on E/WD [ AC power ]
7. APU Page on SD
NOTE: An APU Test on the ground will
NOT cause the APU to shut down.

AC7:

TEST Switch:
PUSH -- tests the system:
1. CRC
2. MASTER WARN Lights flash
3. ENG FIRE Warning on ECAM
4. ENG FIRE pb illuminates
5. SQUIB Lights ON -- if Discharge Agent is available
6. DISCH Lights ON
7. FIRE Light on pedestal ENG PNL

AE7:

APU FIRE PB GOUGE:


GOUGE: 3 0 2 1 2
1. APU -- SHUTDOWN
2. CRC Aural Warning -- SILENCED
3. Fire Extinguisher Squib -- ARMED
(Squib Light illuminates)
0. No Hydraulic Action
1. APU Fuel Pump -- OFF
2. Fuel LP Valve -- CLOSED
1. APU Generator -- OFF
1. Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSED
2. APU Bleed -- CLOSED

U11:

PTU Switch:
Extinguished (AUTO) -- functions:
A) PTU is ARMED to run automatically when
Green and YELLOW Electro-hydraulic Valves are OPEN.
PTU will operate when greater than 500 psi differential between
GREEN and YELLOW Hydraulic Systems is detected.
PTU will automatically TEST during the second Engine Start.
B) PTU is INHIBITED:
1. during the first Engine Start
2. during Cargo Door operation (see YELLOW ELEC PUMP switch).
3. when;
a. Parking Brake is ON and
b. only one ENG MASTER switch is ON.
4. when;
a. Parking Brake is OFF, and
b. NWS is deactivated when Tow Pin is installed, and
c. only one ENG MASTER switch is ON.
OFF -- Both GREEN and YELLOW Electro-hydraulic Valves are CLOSED.
PTU stops.
FAULT -- Illuminates for GREEN or YELLOW:
A) Reservoir Low Level
B) Reservoir Air Pressure Low
C) Reservoir Overheat; except during an Overheat,
-- Light stays ON as long as Overheat remains.
NOTE: This FAULT Light will also illuminate the
Yellow Electric Pump FAULT Light.

AE11:

TEST QUESTION:
When is the PTU inhibited?
Ans: PTU operation is INHIBITED when the:
1. First Engine is being started
2. Cargo Doors are operated
3. PTU pb is OFF
3. Parking Brake is ON and only one
ENG MASTER Switch is ON.

AF11:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the function of the RAT and when
will it automatically deploy?
ANS:
The primary function of the RAT is to
power the BLUE Hydraulic System.
The RAT will automatically deploy with
the loss of both Main AC Buses
(airspeed greater than 100 kts).
The RAT can power the Blue
Hydraulically-driven Generator if necessary.

AG11:

TEST QUESTION:
Name the three Hydraulic Systems and
how they are powered.
ANS: GREEN
Engine 1 Pump
PTU
YELLOW
Engine 1 Pump
PTU
Yellow Electric Pump
Hand Pump for Cargo Door
operation
BLUE
Blue Electric Pump
RAT

AH11:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the purpose of the
Power transfer Unit (PTU)?
ANS: It permits the GREEN and
YELLOW Hydraulic Systems
to pressurize each other
without any fluid transfer.

A12:

PUMP SUMMARY:
RESERVOIR QUANTITY LOW
RESERVOIR OVERHEAT
RESERVOIR AIR PRESSURE LOW
PUMP PRESSURE LOW
PUMP OVERHEATS

ENG 1
PUMP
X.
X.
X.
X.

BLUE
ELEC
X.
X.
X.
X.
X.

PTU
X(1)
X(1)
X(1)

(1) GREEN'S or YELLOW'S RESERVOIR

AE12:

CLICK HERE to go to:


HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

AF13:

CLICK HERE to go to:


HYDRAULIC ECAMS

M14:

RAT MAN ON Switch:


PRESSED -- RAT extends to pressurize the BLUE HYDRAULIC System.
-- If the RAT is already extended for Hydraulic purposes, and
then later AC 1 and AC 2 are lost,
the Emergency (RAT) Generator will automatically connect.
On older technology aircraft, during Go Around,
the Emergency (RAT) Generator tripped OFF,
and needed to be RESELECTED (see Left Overhead Panel).
NOTE: RAT also extends with the loss of AC BUS 1 and AC BUS 2.

ENG 2
PUMP
X.
X.
X.
X.

YELLOW
ELEC
X
X
X
X
X

AC14:

YELLOW ELECTRIC PUMP pb:


Extinguished (AUTO) -- normal operation
Pump is OFF.
Pump comes ON if Cargo Door Manual Selector Valve
is moved to OPEN or CLOSE.
ON -- Pump is on.
If electrical supply is removed, and then reapplied,
the Pump will remain OFF.
-- Accumulator is pressurized.
FAULT -- Illuminates for:
A) When the Pump itself Overheats, and:
B) Reservoir Level is Low
C) Reservoir Overheat
D) Reservoir Air Pressure Low
E) Pump Low Pressure (INHIBITED on
the ground with Engines STOPPED)
F) When PTU FAULT Light comes ON
-- Goes OUT when crew selects OFF,
except during an Overheat; Light stays
ON as long as Overheat remains.

AE14:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the difference between the two
RAT MAN ON pushbuttons?
Ans: Look at the RAT SCHEMATIC Sheet.

H15:

ENG 1 PUMP pbs:


Extinguished (ON) -- normal operations, Pump will
pressurize the System when Engine is operating.
OFF -- the pump is depressurized
FAULT -- illuminates and ECAM message if:
A. Reservoir Level is Low
B. Reservoir Overheats
C. Reservoir Air Pressure is Low
D. Pump Pressure is Low (INHIBITED on
the ground with Engine STOPPED)
-- Goes OUT when crew selects OFF,
except during an Overheat;
Light stays ON as long as Overheat remains.

M15:

RAT MAN ON Switch:


WARNING: The switch is always powered.

R15:

BLUE ELECTRIC PUMP pb:


Extinguished (AUTO) -- ON if AC power is available.
Pump operates in-flight.
On ground pump runs if:
1. AC power is available and at least one Engine is running or
2. BLUE PUMP OVRD Switch has been pressed. (1)
OFF -- Pump is de-energized.
FAULT -- Illuminates for:
A) When the Pump itself Overheats, and:
B) Reservoir Level is Low
C) Reservoir Overheat
D) Reservoir Air Pressure Low
E) Pump Low Pressure (INHIBITED on
the ground with Engines STOPPED)
-- Goes OUT when crew selects OFF,
except during an Overheat:
Light stays ON as long as Overheat remains.
(1) Mtc function on Upper Overhead Panel

Y15:

ENG 2 PUMP pbs:


Extinguished (ON) -- normal operations, Pump will
pressurize the System when Engine is operating.
OFF -- the pump is depressurized
FAULT -- illuminates and ECAM message if:
A. Reservoir Level is Low
B. Reservoir Overheats
C. Reservoir Air Pressure is Low
D. Pump Pressure is Low (INHIBITED on
the ground with Engine STOPPED)
-- Goes OUT when crew selects OFF,
except during an Overheat;
Light stays ON as long as Overheat remains.

AC15:

YELLOW ELECTRIC PUMP pb:


Cargo Door Handle operates the
Yellow Electric Pump just until the
Cargo Door is OPEN.
Then the Pump turns OFF.
The Hand Pump will NOT operate
the Yellow Electric Pump.

AF15:

CLICK HERE to go to:


RAM AIR TURBINE

AG16:

CARGO DOOR:
The Cargo Door Handle only
provides Yellow Electric Pump
pressure to the Cargo Door,
until OPEN.
The Yellow Electric Pump will
also pressurize the Accumulator.

A18:

A319/A320 FUEL SYSTEM Information:


Normal fuel feed sequence is automatic.
When there is fuel in all the Tanks, the Center Tank feeds the Engines first.
-- The Wing Tank Pumps are continuously operating during this time, however.
With the Fuel Mode Selector in AUTO, after both Engines are Started, the Center Tank Pumps operate for two minutes.
Then, after Takeoff and Slat Retraction, they operate until empty plus five minutes, or Slat Extension.
With the Fuel Mode Selector in Manual Mode, the Center Tank Pumps operate continuously.
The crew must position CTR TK PUMP pushbutton(s) to OFF when the Center Tank is empty.
The IDG is cooled by fuel.
Some fuel from the High Pressure Pump passes through the IDG Heat Exchanger and returns to the Wing Outer Tank through a Fuel Return Valve.
The FADEC controls this Fuel Return Valve to regulate the IDG temperature.
If the Outer Wing tank is full, the recirculated fuel overflows to the Inner Wing Tank.
To prevent the Wing Tank from overflow when the Center Tank is supplying fuel, the Center Tank Pumps stop automatically when the Inner Tank is full.
This allows the Wing Tanks to feed the Engines until 1100 LBS of fuel is used. Then the Center Tank Pumps resume operation.

Q19:

CROSS FEED Switch:


Extinguished (OFF) -- normal operation
-- Cross Feed Valve is CLOSED
ON -- Cross Feed Valve is OPEN.
OPEN -- Illuminates once the Valve is FULLY OPEN.

AH21:

CLICK HERE to go to:


FUEL SYSTEM

AE22:

TEST QUESTION:
Is frost permitted on the bottom of the wings?
ANS: Frost is permitted as long as it does NOT
extend outside the area of the Fuel Tanks
and is NOT thicker than 3mm (1/8 inch).

AF22:

TEST QUESTION: (A319/A320 only)


When do the Wing Tank Transfer Valves
automatically latch OPEN?
ANS: When the fuel in an Inner Tank
reaches 1650 LBS,
(both open simultaneously).

AG22:

TEST QUESTION:
What electrical power is required to
Refuel the aircraft?
ANS: External Power,
APU Generator or
Battery.

AI22:

CLICK HERE to go to:


FUEL ECAMS

F23:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

I23:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

N23:

CENTER TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation (AUTO)
Pump is automatically controlled.
Pump is ON if MAN MODE is selected with
the MODE SELECTOR pb.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure drops (+ ECAM CAUTION)

Q23:

MODE SELECT Switch:


Extinguished (AUTO) -- normal operation
Center Tank Pump control is automatic:
1. Pumps run for 2 minutes after Engine Start
2. Pumps are switched OFF 5 minutes after
Center Tank Low Level is reached.
3. Center Tank Pumps normally run if Slats are retracted
and Low Level is NOT sensed.
MANUAL -- Center Tank Pumps are controlled with the
CTR TK PUMP Switches.
FAULT -- (Auto Feed Fault) (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Illuminates when:
A. Center Tank has more than 550 LB and
B. Left or Right Tank has less than 11,000 LB

T23:

CENTER TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation (AUTO)
Pump is automatically controlled.
Pump is ON if MAN MODE is selected with
the MODE SELECTOR pb.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure drops (+ ECAM CAUTION)

X23:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

AA23:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

AE23:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the sequence of Fuel Tank usage with
the Fuel MODE Selector in AUTO?
Ans: Normal fuel feed is automatic. When there
is fuel in all tanks, the Center Tank feeds the engines
first (even though the Wing Tank Pumps operate
continuously).
With the Fuel MODE SEL in AUTO,
the Center Tank Pumps operate for two
minutes after both engines are started
to confirm Center Tank Pump operation
prior to take-off.
After take-off, the Center Tank pumps
restart when the Slats are retracted and
continue to operate for five minutes
after the Center Tank is empty.

AF23:

TEST QUESTION: (A319/A320 only)


When do the Center Tank Pumps
operated in AUTO?
ANS: After Engine START for 2 minutes.
After take-off, and after Slat
Retraction, the Center Tanks
feed the Engines first.
Pumps operate until Center Tank is
empty and then for 5 minutes; OR
until Slat Extension.

AE24:

TEST QUESTION:
The Wing Tank Transfer Valves automatically
latch OPEN when the Wing Inner Cell Fuel
QUANTITY drops to what?
Ans: 1650 LBS

AE26:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the MINIMUM Battery Voltage?
Ans: 25.5 V
TEST QUESTION:
What must be done if the Battery is
below 25.5V?
Ans: A CHARGING CYCLE of 20 minutes
is required.

AF26:

TEST QUESTION:
What would be required is the Battery Voltage
is less than 25.5 V (during Pre-flight)?
ANS: A charging cycle of 20 minutes
is required.

AG26:

TEST QUESTION:
Can the Aircraft Batteries be fully
depleted in-flight? ...or on the ground?
ANS: In-flight: YES
(they must be able to provide
30 minutes of emergency power).
on the ground: NO
From the Manual:
The Battery Chargers are powered any
time the BAT Bus is powered and
provide charging when the Battery
Voltage drops below a set value.
Battery Automatic Cut-off Logic
prevents complete discharge of the
Batteries when the aircraft is on
the ground and unpowered.

A27:

Battery CHECK:

BATTERIES .......

> 25.5V, AUTO

-- If Battery is < 25.5,


Then a Charging Cycle of 20 minutes is required.
a) Battery 1 & 2 -- AUTO
b) EXT PWR -- ON
-- Check ELEC ECAM Page and Battery Contactor -- CLOSED
-- After 20 minutes: Check Battery > 25.5
NOTE: Batteries > 25.5 ensures Battery Charge is more than 50%.
If Batteries > 25.5,
Then BAT 1 & 2 -- AUTO
-- If APU will be started on Battery power then it should be started
within 30 minutes after selecting Battery 1 & 2 -- AUTO.
NOTE: After 35 minutes the Battery Charge is less than 25% capacity.

L27:

BATTERY VOLTAGE Indicators:


Displays battery voltages.

P27:

BATTERY Switches: (for more see "DATA" to the left)


Extinguished (AUTO) -- Battery Charge Limiter connects as needed the Battery to the DC BAT BUS.
This is done by opening and closing the Battery Line Contactor.
Connects:
1. APU started: MASTER Sw is ON and N < 95%
NOTE: Limited to 3 min with Emer Gen running.
2. BAT Voltage < 26.5
NOTE: Charge cycle stops when charge current is below 4 Amps:
a) immediately when on the ground or
b) after 30 minutes when in-flight.
3. On the ground and speed < 100 kts and neither AC BUS 1 or 2 are powered.
NOTE: To prevent excessive drain when on the ground the Batteries disconnect if
Voltage is < 22 V for 1 sec.
OFF -- Battery line contactors are OPEN (illuminate white if DC BAT BUS is powered).
HOT BAT BUSES remain supplied.
RESET contactors by going OFF then AUTO.
FAULT -- Illuminates when charging current rate is outside limits.
The Battery Line Contactor OPENS.

V27:

BATTERY VOLTAGE Indicators:


Displays battery voltages.

AE27:

TEST QUESTION:
If the BAT 1(2) Switches are in AUTO position
overnight without any other power,
will the batteries discharge completely?
Ans: NO -the Battery Automatic Cut-off Logic
prevents complete discharge of the
Battery when the aircraft is on the ground
and unpowered.

AF27:

TEST QUESTION:
If External Electrical Power is connected and
supplying the aircraft, will the EXT PWR pb
remain ON after Engine START?
ANS: EXT PWR pb Light will remain ON.
Electrical Priority:
Engine Generators
External Power
APU Generator

AG27:

TEST QUESTION:
If the EMERG ELEC PWR MAN ON is selected
to ON with normal AC electrical power
available, what will happen?
ANS:
Activation of the RAT under these conditions
will result in the RAT Generator assuming
the loads of the:
1. AC ESS BUS
2. DC ESS BUS
3. ESS SHED BUSES
All other Buses will be powered by
their normal suppliers.

A28:

Battery Information:
Two Batteries each have 23 Amp/Hr capacity.
Each has a Battery Line Contactor (BLC) to connect and maintain their charge.
Each has a Battery Charge Limiter (BCL) to monitor and control the BLC.
They are permanently connected to the HOT BAT BUSES.
The Batteries are connected to the DC BAT BUS when:
A. APU Starting (MASTER Switch = ON and N < 95%)
NOTE: This is limited to 3 minutes when Emer Gen is running.
B. Battery is < 25.5 V. The charging cycle stops when charge current is
less than 4 Amps:
-- on the ground, immediately
-- in flight, after 30 minutes
C. Loss of AC BUS 1 and 2 when below 100 kts (Emer Gen not running)
-- BAT 1 supplies AC STAT INV BUS and
if speed is > 50 kts, then the AC ESS BUS
-- BAT 2 supplies DC ESS BUS
NOTE: Normally the Batteries are disconnected most of the time.
NOTE: Batteries excessive drain is prevented by opening the contactors:
1. Aircraft is on the ground
2. The BAT pbs are in AUTO
3. The main power supply (EXT PWR + GEN ) is cut OFF
4. Battery Voltage is below 22 V for more than 1 second.

AF28:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC

D29:

GALLEY Switch:
Extinguished (AUTO) -- normal operation;
Supplied:
1. Main Galley Bus
2. Secondary Galley Bus
3. In-seat power
NOTE: On the ground all Galley Buses can be powered by APU or EXT power.
OFF -- Main and Secondary Galley Buses, and in-seat power are NOT powered.
FAULT -- Load of any Generator > 100% rated output (+ ECAM CAUTION)
A319/A320:
Main Galley Bus SHEDs when:
a) In-flight: single (any) Generator is operating
b) on the ground: single Engine Generator is operating
DIFFERENCES:
A319/A320: if only one Generator is supplying, then PART of the GALLEY Load is SHED.
A321: if only one Generator is supplying, then ALL of the GALLEY Load is SHED.

AD29:

Priority:
Eng Generators
Ext Pwr
APU
BATTERY

AE29:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the normal priority for supplying
electrical power to the Main AC Buses?
Ans: Eng Gen
Ext Pwr
APU
The EMER GEN will only supply the
Essential Buses.

AG29:

CLICK HERE to go to:


ELECTRICAL ECAMS.

X30:

ACC ESS FEED Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
AC ESS BUS powered by AC BUS 1
ALTN -- AC ESS BUS powered by AC BUS 2
FAULT -- AC ESS BUS is NOT powered (+ECAM CAUTION)
NOTE: With the loss of BOTH ENG GENs AC ESS BUS is
powered automatically by the EMER GEN or
if EMER GEN is not available then BAT 1
powers it through the STAT INV.

AD30:

Priority:
Engine Generator(s) (on side)
APU
Engine Generator (off side)
EMER GEN - RAT
BATTERY

AE30:

TEST QUESTION:
What is the significance of the
Circuit Breakers' colors?
Ans:
Monitored by ECAM:
GREEN
NOT Monitored by ECAM:
BLACK
YELLOW (Battery power only)
RED (Wing Tip Brake CB's)
NOTE: Some of the airlines have a
modification concerning the Battery
Only configuration and therefore NO
YELLOW Circuit Breakers.

AF30:

TEST QUESTION: T/F


In-flight, with only one Generator supplying
the aircraft, the entire Galley Load is shed.
ANS: TRUE.
A319/320 the Main Galley is shed
A321 all Galleys are shed
and In-seat Power is shed

AG30:

TEST QUESTION:
When do the Aircraft Batteries connect
to the DC BAT Bus?
ANS: BAT 1 (2) pb -- AUTO:
a) APU Starting
(Master Switch -- ON and
APU N < 95%)
b) Battery Voltage < 26.5
(Battery is charging)
c) Loss of AC BUS 1 and 2
when below 100 kts
(EMER GEN not supplying)

A31:

STATIC INVERTER:
If the aircraft loses Total AC Power, and aircraft speed is >50 kts,
an Inverter connects to the HOT BAT 1 BUS and inverts DC to Single Phase AC.
This Single Phase AC powers the AC ESS BUS.
This action is independent of and disregards the Battery Switches positions.
If the aircraft speed is <50 kts, then both BAT pb must be in AUTO for this
switching to take place and the Inverter to assume the load.

AE31:

DIFFERENCES:
Any one source can supply the entire
Electrical System through the BUS TIE.
A319/A320:
if only one Generator is supplying,
then PART of the GALLEY Load is SHED
(displayed on ECAM ELEC Page).
A321:
if only one Generator is supplying,
then ALL of the GALLEY Load is SHED
(displayed on ECAM ELEC Page).

R32:

BUS TIE Switch:


There are two Bus Tie Contactors.
Think of them as being "controlled" by either
1. the APU GEN Switch or
2. the EXT PWR Switch.
Any one source can supply the entire electrical System.
See DIFFERENCES to the right.
Simultaneous supply by multiple sources is prohibited.
Extinguished (AUTO) -- normal operation
The BUS TIE will OPEN or CLOSE as
necessary to maintain power to
AC BUSES 1 and 2.
NOTE: The Bus Tie Contactor 1(2) will CLOSE
automatically if GEN 1 or 2 is NOT operating.
NOTE: Both BUS TIE Line Contactors CLOSE when:
a) single Engine operations, or
b) only APU GEN supplying, or
c) only EXT PWR supplying.
OFF -- Both BUS TIE Contactors are OPEN

E33:

IDG Switches:
PRESS -- The IDG will disconnect if engine is turning.
CAUTION: If the IDG switch is held for more than 3 seconds damage may occur.
Do NOT disconnect if engine is NOT running / windmilling.

AC33:

IDG Switches:
PRESS -- The IDG will disconnect if engine is turning.
CAUTION: If the IDG switch is held for more than 3 sec damage may occur.
Do NOT disconnect if engine is NOT running / windmilling.

AE33:

TEST QUESTION:
What source is supplying power to the
aircraft if BOTH the
APU AVAIL Light and EXT PWR AVAIL Light
are illuminated?
Ans: APU
If EXT PWR ON Light is illuminated then
EXT PWR is supplying because it has
priority over the APU.

E34:

IDG Switches: Integrated Drive Generator


Extinguished -- normal operation
PRESS -- The IDG will disconnect if engine is turning.
FAULT -- Illuminated for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. IDG Oil Outlet Overheat ( >185 C)
2. IDG Low Oil Pressure (INHIBITED when N2 < 14%)
-- Extinguishes when IDG is disconnected.

V34:

EXT PWR Switch:


Extinguished -- External power not connected
AVAIL -- External Power is plugged in and
electrical parameters are normal.
ON -- Line Contactor is CLOSED
AVAIL Light extinguished.
ON Light remains illuminated.
see Elec Priority
PRESSED -- with AVAIL light ON:
Line Contactor CLOSES,
AVAIL light goes OUT,
ON light comes ON
(remains even when Eng Gens are supplying power).
PUSHED -- with ON light ON:
Line Contactor OPENS and
AVAIL light comes ON.

Z34:

GENERATOR Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operation;
The Generator Field is energized and Line Contactor CLOSES
provided electrical parameters are normal.
OFF -- The Field is de-energized and Contactor is OPEN.
RESETS the FAULT Circuit.
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. GCU initiates the protection trip
2. Line contactor OPENS (except if GEN Sw = OFF)

AC34:

IDG Switches: Integrated Drive Generator


Extinguished -- normal operation
PRESS -- The IDG will disconnect if engine is turning.
FAULT -- Illuminated for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. IDG Oil Outlet Overheat ( >185 C)
2. IDG Low Oil Pressure (INHIBITED when N2 < 14%)
-- Extinguishes when IDG is disconnected.

AE34:

TEST QUESTION:
What pre-Cautions exist when disconnecting
an IDG?
Ans:
CAUTION: If the IDG switch is held for
more than 3 sec damage may occur.
CAUTION:

H35:

Do NOT disconnect if engine is


NOT running / windmilling.

GENERATOR Switches:
Extinguished -- normal operation;
The Generator Field is energized and Line Contactor CLOSES
provided electrical parameters are normal.
OFF -- The Field is de-energized and Contactor is OPEN.
RESETS the FAULT Circuit.
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. GCU initiates the protection trip
2. Line contactor OPENS (except if GEN Sw = OFF)

M35:

APU GENERATOR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
The APU GEN Field is energized and Line Contactor is CLOSED when:
A) power output is normal, and
B) EXT PWR Contactor is OPEN
1. If External Power is still available, and Engine Generators are supplying,
the EXT PWR ON Light will remain illuminated.
2. If the EXT PWR ON Light is illuminated and the Engines are NOT running,
the External Power is supplying because it has priority over the APU.
OFF -- Generator Field is de-energized and Contactor is OPEN.
RESETS the FAULT Circuit.
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Protection trip
2. Line Contactor is OPEN -- except when APU GEN Sw = OFF
3. Light is inhibited when:
a) APU speed is too slow, or
b) the APU GEN Line Contactor OPENS after:
1) EXT PWR takes over, or
2) ENG GEN takes over.

AE35:

TEST QUESTION:
An ECAM action requires the IDG to be
disconnected.
Can it be reconnected while in-flight?
ANS: NO.

A39:

LEAKS:
The Detection System senses high temperatures in:
1. APU associated Hot Air Ducts (fuselage)
2. Engine Pylons
3. Wings
APU and Pylons are single loop Detectors.
APU LEAK is detected:
1. Cross Bleed Valve -- CLOSES
(except during Engine START)
2. APU Bleed FAULT Light illuminates
3. APU Bleed Air Valve -- CLOSES

PYLON LEAK is detected:


1. Cross Bleed Valve CLOSES
(except during Engine START)
2. ENG Bleed FAULT Light illuminates
3. Bleed Air Valve -- CLOSES (affected side)

Wings use a double loop Detector.


a) Both Loops detect, or
b) One Loop detects (other is inop).
If a WING LEAK is detected:
1. Bleed Air Valve CLOSES on that side
2. ENG BLEED FAULT illuminates
3. Cross Bleed Valve -- CLOSES (except during Engine START)
4. APU Bleed Valve CLOSES if on the LEFT side, (except during Engine START)

F39:

PACK FLOW Switch: Crew can manually select the amount of Bleed Air through the Pack.
LO
-- 80% of normal
NORM -- normal
HI
-- 120% of normal
Permits the selection of Pack Flow according to passenger load and ambient conditions; such as:
1. Hot
2. Wet
3. Smoke Removal
Manual Selection is irrelevant when using a single Pack or with APU Bleed supplying.
In these situations, HIGH is always selected automatically.
Otherwise, if LOW is selected, the Pack Flow is automatically selected to 100% when
the demand to cool is not being satisfied.
NOTE: The Zone Controller may override pilot selected Pack Flow, (HI / NORM / LOW),
or it may increase APU Speed or Engine Idle to meet temperature needs.

L39:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

R39:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

W39:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

AC39:

HOT AIR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
Hot Air Valve regulates pressure.
OFF -- Hot Air Valve CLOSES
Trim Air Valves CLOSE
FAULT Circuit is RESET
FAULT -- Duct Overheat: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Hot Air Valve CLOSES
2. Trim Air Valves CLOSE
-- Light goes OUT when
Temp is below limits
<70 C (158 F)
and OFF is selected.
OVERHEAT is sensed when Duct Temp:
A) reaches 88 C (190 F) 1 TIME or
B) reaches 80 C (176 F) 4 TIMES
in one flight.

AF39:

CLICK HERE to go to:


AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM.

AG40:

CLICK HERE to go to:


AIR CONDITIONING ECAMS.

A41:

ZONE CONTROL:
CHANNEL 1 -- if LOST: regulated to a FIXED Cabin Temperature, Flow Modulation and Optimized Temperature Regulation is lost.
Pack 1 Control Flight Deck Temp
Pack 2 controls Cabin (FWD and AFT) Temp, fixed at 76 F
ALTN MODE displays on ECAM COND Page, XX is displayed for failed components.
Temperature Selectors and Pack Flow Selector are inoperative.
<<< DIFFERENCE
CHANNEL 2 -- if LOST: NO CHANGE, temperature control remains normal.
BOTH FAIL: Packs deliver fixed temperatures to the Mixing Unit: Pack 1 set to 68 F, Pack 2 set to 50 F.
PACK REG displays on ECAM COND Page.
PACK CONTROL: Two DUAL Channel Controllers, one for each Pack.
Commands are received from Zone Controller and adjust Pack Outlet Temperature to the coldest demanded Zone Temperature.
Pack Controllers also regulate Bleed Air Flow through the Packs by modulating the associated Pack Flow Control Valve.
Cooling Ram Air through the ACM Heat Exchangers are regulated by the Pack Controllers.
Ram Air Inlet Flaps CLOSE during take off to prevent debris ingestion.
CHANNEL 1 -- if LOST: Channel 2 takes over; Flow Modulation and Optimized Temperature Regulation is lost.
Temperature is FIXED at the pre-failure setting.
CHANNEL 2 -- if LOST: NO CHANGE, temperature control remains normal by the function of Channel 1.
ECAM BLEED Page -- XX is displayed for failed components.
BOTH FAIL: Packs Outlet Temperature is controlled by the Anti Ice Valve and is fixed to 59 F (15 C). (+ ECAM MEMO)

AE41:

TEST QUESTION:
With the APU supplying Bleed Air, what will be the
Pack Flow if the PACK FLOW Switch is in LOW?
Ans: The manual selection is irrelevant in single
Pack operation or with APU Bleed supply.
In these cases, HI is automatically selected.

AF41:

CLICK HERE to go to:


PNEUMATIC SYSTEM.

AC42:

PACK Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operation; Pack Flow automatically controlled.
Pack Valves OPEN if pneumatic air is available and there is no Overheat.
Valve will CLOSE for:
1. Low Pneumatic Pressure (upstream pressure)
2. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
3. FIRE Switch is pushed
4. Ditching Switch is selected to ON
5. Engine START sequence:
A) When ENG MODE = IGN/START or CRANK,
1. then Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSES
2. and Pack Valve on that Engine immediately CLOSES
B) When ENG MASTER Sw = ON; (or MAN START pb = ON)
1. then Start Valve is OPEN
2. and PACK Valve remains CLOSED while N2 < 50%
NOTE: On the ground, reopening of the Pack Valves is delayed for
30 seconds to avoid a supplementary Pack Closure during the
second Engine Start.
NOTE: If the Crossbleed Valve is OPEN at Engine START,
then both Pack Flow Control Valves will CLOSE.
OFF -- Pack Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- Either: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
2. Pack Outlet Overheat
2. Valve position disagrees with the selected position.

AE42:

TEST QUESTION:
When would RAM AIR pushbuttons be used?
Ans: Ram Air Valve is an air scoop at the bottom
of the fuselage.
It allows the ventilation of the cabin in the
event of a Dual Pack Failure or
for smoke removal.

AG42:

BLEED AIR COND ECAM

E43:

PACK Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operation; Pack Flow automatically controlled.
Pack Valves OPEN if pneumatic air is available and there is no Overheat.
Valve will CLOSE for:
1. Low Pneumatic Pressure (upstream pressure)
2. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
3. FIRE Switch is pushed
4. Ditching Switch is selected to ON
5. Engine START sequence:
A) When ENG MODE = IGN/START or CRANK,
1. then Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSES
2. and Pack Valve on that Engine immediately CLOSES
B) When ENG MASTER Sw = ON; (or MAN START pb = ON)
1. then Start Valve is OPEN
2. and PACK Valve remains CLOSED while N2 < 50%
NOTE: On the ground, reopening of the Pack Valves is delayed for
30 seconds to avoid a supplementary Pack Closure during the
second Engine Start.
NOTE: If the Crossbleed Valve is OPEN at Engine START,
then both Pack Flow Control Valves will CLOSE.
OFF -- Pack Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- Either: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
2. Pack Outlet Overheat
2. Valve position disagrees with the selected position.

AE43:

TEST QUESTION:
When working in hot weather conditions, is it
possible to augment the already operating
Air Conditioning System with External Air to
facilitate air flow?
ANS: This is a CAUTION:
It is possible to introduce External
Air into the already operating system,
but it is NOT PERMITTED.

AF43:

BLEED ENGINE AIR ECAMS

AE44:

TEST QUESTION:
When the Pack Flow is selected to LO (A319/A320)
or ECON (A321), will the Pack Flow automatically
go to 100% if cooling demand cannot be satisfied?
ANS: A319/A320
Flow reverts to HI regardless of
Selector position when:
A) Single Pack operation
B) APU is the sole source
A321
Flow increases to 40% more than ECON
regardless of Selector position when:
A) Single Pack operation
B) APU is the sole source

AE45:

TEST QUESTION: (A319/A320)


When would you use the LO or HI Pack Flow
Selector positions?
ANS: LO -- long flights with less than
50 passengers
HI -- abnormally hot and humid
conditions
TEST QUESTION: (A321)
When would you use the ECON Pack Flow
Selector position?
ANS: ECON -- with less than 140 passengers
OFF -- normal flow

U46:

CROSSBLEED SELECTOR Switch:


AUTO -- Valve will OPEN/CLOSE with APU Bleed Valve.
-- Valve will CLOSE, except during Engine Start, for
1. Wing leak,
2. Pylon leak, or
3. APU leak
SHUT -- X-Bleed Valve is CLOSED
OPEN -- X-Bleed Valve is OPEN

G47:

ENGINE BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
Bleed Valve OPENS if:
1. Upstream pressure is > 8 psi
2. APU Bleed Sw = OFF
3. APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
4. ENG FIRE Sw NOT Released OUT
5. Eng Start Valve is CLOSED
6. Not detected:
a. Leak b. Overpressure c. Overheat
OFF -- Engine Bleed and HP Valves are CLOSED
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overpressure downstream
2. Overheat
3. Wing leak
4. Engine leak
5. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED during Engine Start
6. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED with APU Bleed ON
-- Extinguishes when the ENG BLEED pb is
OFF if the Fault has disappeared.

L47:

RAM AIR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
The RAM AIR Inlet is CLOSED,
Outflow Valve operation is normal, (this Valve may be nearly fully CLOSED).
When CABIN PRESS MODE SEL Sw = AUTO:
ON -- If Ditching Switch is Normal, then:
If Cabin Pressure Differential > 1 psi,
Then:
Ram Air Inlet Opens and
Outflow Valve control remains Normal
BUT the Outflow Valve is closed so
NO FLOW of Ram Air comes through.
If Cabin Pressure Differential < 1 psi,
Then:
Ram Air Inlet Opens and
Outflow Valve Opens to about 50% (it is NOT in Manual Control)
Thus, Emergency Ram Air is supplied to the Mixer Unit.
OFF -- Ram Air Inlet CLOSES

Q47:

APU BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
ON -- APU Bleed Valve will OPEN if:
1. N > 95%
2. No leak on APU
3. No leak on Left Side (1)
(1) Right Side Leak closes the Crossbleed Valve
FAULT -- APU Bleed leak has been detected
(+ ECAM CAUTION)
APU Bleed has priority over Engine Bleeds.
With APU Bleed pb ON, the BMC will shut the
Engine Bleeds Valves to CLOSE.

AB47:

ENGINE BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
Bleed Valve OPENS if:
1. Upstream pressure is > 8 psi
2. APU Bleed Sw = OFF
3. APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
4. ENG FIRE Sw NOT Released OUT
5. Eng Start Valve is CLOSED
6. Not detected:
a. Leak b. Overpressure c. Overheat
OFF -- Engine Bleed and HP Valves are CLOSED
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overpressure downstream
2. Overheat
3. Wing leak
4. Engine leak
5. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED during Engine Start
6. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED with APU Bleed ON
-- Extinguishes when the ENG BLEED pb is
OFF if the Fault has disappeared.

A52:

A319/A320 FUEL SYSTEM Information:


Normal fuel feed sequence is automatic.
When there is fuel in all the Tanks, the Fuel Transfer System controls the flow from the Center Tank to the Wing Tanks.
The Wing Tanks feed directly to the Engines. There are no Inner or Outer Wing Tanks -- it is just one Tank. There still are Vent Tanks.
The AFT Additional Center Tank (ACT) feeds the Center Tank until empty. Then the Forward ACT feeds the Center Tank until empty.
With the Mode Selector in AUTO, the Fuel Level Sensing Control Unit (FLSCU) has automatic control of the Transfer Valve.
When the Transfer Valve is OPEN, fuel from the Wing Tank Pumps flow through the Jet Pump creating suction.
This suction is what forces the fuel from the Center Tank into the Wing Tank.
When the Wing Tank is full the FLSCU closes the associated Transfer Valve.
When the Engine has used 550 LBS of fuel the Transfer Valve will again OPEN permitting more fuel to enter the Wing Tank.
After Takeoff and Slat Retraction, the automatic control of fuel begins.
It begins if the Center Tank High Level Sensor has been dry for 10 minutes and there is fuel in either Aft or Forward ACT.
Transfer of ACT fuel is accomplished by:
1. Pressurizing the Tanks with Cabin Air through the Air Shutoff Valve,
2. The ACT Vent Valves are CLOSED (one per Tank),
3. and OPENING the Air Shutoff Valve,
4. and OPEN the appropriate ACT Fuel Inlet Valve (Aft then Fwd). [ ACT 2 in some manuals = ACT Aft & it transfers first.]
If the Center Tank High Level sensor gets wet, the transfer of fuel from the ACT(s) is stopped.
When it is dry for 10 minutes, transfer resumes.
In the MANUAL Mode the Center Tank Transfer Valves are OPEN.
Wing Tank overflow must be prevented by positioning the CTR TK XFR pushbuttons to OFF when the Wing Tanks are FULL.
The CTR TK XFR pushbuttons must also be selected OFF when the Center Tank is EMPTY.
The IDG is cooled by fuel.
Some fuel from the High Pressure Pump passes through the IDG Heat Exchanger and returns to the Wing Tank through a Fuel Return Valve.
The FADEC controls this Fuel Return Valve to regulate the IDG temperature.

Q52:

CROSS FEED Switch:


Extinguished (OFF) -- normal operation
-- Cross Feed Valve is CLOSED
ON -- Cross Feed Valve is OPEN.
OPEN -- Illuminates once the Valve is FULLY OPEN.

AE54:

CLICK HERE to go to:


FUEL SYSTEM

K55:

ACT TANK SWITCH:


AUTO (extinguished):
Transfer of Fuel (FORWARD) is automatic when:
1. In-flight
2. Slats retracted
3. An ACT Low Level Sensor is WET
4. Center Tank High Level
Sensor has been DRY for at least 10 minutes.
Automatically STOPS if any of the above is NOT satisfied.
FWD -- Manual Transfer:
1. ACT Transfer Valve -- OPEN
2. ACT Inlet Valve 1 or 2 -- OPEN
FAULT Light -- illuminated (+ ECAM CAUTION)
ACT pb is in AUTO, and:
1. Center Tank has < 6614 LBS
2. An ACT has > 550 LBS

V55:

PARKING & SECURING CHECKLIST:


FUEL PUMPS [ C ] -- OFF
Turn the Wing Tank Pumps and the
Center Tank Transfer Valves OFF.

AF55:

CLICK HERE to go to:


FUEL ECAMS

A56:

A321 DIFFERENCES:
1. Fuel System differs with two Additional Center Tanks (ACT).
Fwd and Aft ACT transfer fuel to the Center Tanks which
feeds the Wing Tanks which feed the Engines.
2. There are no Outer Wing Fuel Tanks.
Two messages will not occur:
a) CTR TK FEEDG
b) OUTR TK FUEL XFRD
One new message may be received when fuel in either
Wing Tank is below 1500 KG (3300 LBS):
a) FOB BELOW 3 T
3. On the Upper ECAM there are two GREEN Memos that may appear:
a) FUEL X FEED in the lower right quadrant.
b) REFUELG in the lower left quadrant.
4. Total Fuel Indication (upper right quadrant of the Upper ECAM display):
A) An AMBER BOX surrounds the FOB when the
Quantity shown is not completely usable.
-- This indicates that BOTH Center Tank Transfer Valves
have FAILED in the CLOSED position.
B) If the data signal is degraded the last two digits of the
FOB numbers will appear with DASHES across them.
Check the Fuel System Diagrams/Schematics and Fuel ECAM displays.

E56:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

H56:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

N56:

CENTER TANK L XFR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation (AUTO)
1. The Transfer Valve is automatically controlled.
2. If MODE SELECTOR pb is in MAN Mode, then
the Transfer Valve OPENS.
OFF --Transfer Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- (+ ECAM CAUTION)
-- Associated Wing Tank OVERFLOWS

Q56:

MODE SELECT Switch:


Extinguished (AUTO) -- normal operation
Center Tank Transfer Valves are automatic:
1. Transfer Valves OPEN if the associated Wing Tank is NOT Full.
2. Transfer Valves CLOSE 5 minutes after Center Tank Low Level is reached.
MANUAL -- Center Tank Pumps are controlled with the CTR TK XFR Switches.
FAULT -- Illuminates when MODE SELECTOR is in AUTO, and
A. Center Tank has more than 550 LB and
B. Left or Right Tank has less than 11,000 LB
(+ ECAM CAUTION)

T56:

CENTER TANK R XFR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation (AUTO)
1. The Transfer Valve is automatically controlled.
2. If MODE SELECTOR pb is in MAN Mode, then
the Transfer Valve OPENS.
OFF --Transfer Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- (+ ECAM CAUTION)
-- Associated Wing Tank OVERFLOWS

Y56:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

AB56:

WING TANK PUMP Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operation
1. Pump is energized
2. Fuel is fed from Wings only when
Center Pump pressure drops below threshold.
OFF -- Pump is deactivated
FAULT -- Delivery pressure is Low. (+ ECAM CAUTION)
Inhibited (extinguished) when pump is OFF.

AE57:

TEST QUESTION:
Is frost permitted on the bottom of the wings?
ANS: Frost is permitted as long as it does NOT
extend outside the area of the Fuel Tanks
and is NOT thicker than 3mm (1/8 inch).

AG57:

TEST QUESTION:
What electrical power is required to
Refuel the aircraft?
ANS: External Power,
APU Generator or
Battery.

A61:

ZONE CONTROL:
CHANNEL 1 -- if LOST: regulated to a FIXED Cabin Temperature, Flow Modulation and Optimized Temperature Regulation is lost.
Pack 1 Control Flight Deck Temp
Pack 2 controls Cabin (FWD and AFT) Temp, fixed at 76 F
ALTN MODE displays on ECAM COND Page, XX is displayed for failed components.
ECON Flow Selector is inoperative.
<<< DIFFERENCE
CHANNEL 2 -- if LOST: NO CHANGE, temperature control remains normal.
BOTH FAIL: Packs deliver fixed temperatures to the Mixing Unit: Pack 1 set to 68 F, Pack 2 set to 50 F.
PACK REG displays on ECAM COND Page.
PACK CONTROL: Two DUAL Channel Controllers, one for each Pack.
Commands are received from Zone Controller and adjust Pack Outlet Temperature to the coldest demanded Zone Temperature.
Pack Controllers also regulate Bleed Air Flow through the Packs by modulating the associated Pack Flow Control Valve.
Cooling Ram Air through the ACM Heat Exchangers are regulated by the Pack Controllers.
Ram Air Inlet Flaps CLOSE during take off to prevent debris ingestion.
CHANNEL 1 -- if LOST: Channel 2 takes over; Flow Modulation and Optimized Temperature Regulation is lost.
Temperature is FIXED at the pre-failure setting.
CHANNEL 2 -- if LOST: NO CHANGE, temperature control remains normal by the function of Channel 1.
ECAM BLEED Page -- XX is displayed for failed components.
BOTH FAIL: Packs Outlet Temperature is controlled by the Anti Ice Valve and is fixed to 59 F (15 C). (+ ECAM MEMO)

E61:

ECON FLOW Switch: Crew can manually select the amount of Bleed Air through the Pack.
Permits the selection of ECON or Normal Pack Valve Flow, according to
the number of passengers and the ambient conditions, such as:
A) smoke removal
B) hot conditions
C) wet conditions
ON -- ECON Flow is selected. If the Temperature demand cannot be satisfied,
the System will deliver Normal Flow (20% more than ECON Flow).
NOTE: Manual selection is irrelevant in either:
A) Single Pack operation, or
B) APU Bleed supplying
In these cases the System provides HIGH Flow (40% more than ECON Flow)
NOTE: If ECON Flow is selected, and the temperature demand cannot be satisfied,
the System can automatically select up to Normal Flow (20% more than ECON Flow).
The Zone Controller may override pilot selected Pack Flow, (Normal or ECON),
or it may increase APU speed or Engine Idle to meet temperature needs.

F61:

ECON FLOW Switch: Crew can manually select the amount of Bleed Air through the Pack.
Permits the selection of ECON or Normal Pack Valve Flow, according to
the number of passengers: Some arilines -- ON ECON FLOW if less than 140 passengers.

L61:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

R61:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

W61:

ZONE TEMPERATURE Selector:


COLD -- 64 F, 18 C
Center -- 76 F, 24 C
HOT -- 86 F, 30 C

AC61:

HOT AIR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
Hot Air Valve regulates pressure.
OFF -- Hot Air Valve CLOSES
Trim Air Valves CLOSE
FAULT Circuit is RESET
FAULT -- Duct Overheat: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Hot Air Valve CLOSES
2. Trim Air Valves CLOSE
-- Light goes OUT when
Temp is below limits
<70 C (158 F)
and OFF is selected.
OVERHEAT is sensed when Duct Temp:
A) reaches 88 C (190 F) 1 TIME or
B) reaches 80 C (176 F) 4 TIMES
in one flight.

AC64:

PACK Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operation; Pack Flow automatically controlled.
Pack Valves OPEN if pneumatic air is available and there is no Overheat.
Valve will CLOSE for:
1. Low Pneumatic Pressure (upstream pressure)
2. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
3. FIRE Switch is pushed
4. Ditching Switch is selected to ON
5. Engine START sequence:
A) When ENG MODE = IGN/START or CRANK,
1. then Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSES
2. and Pack Valve on that Engine immediately CLOSES
B) When ENG MASTER Sw = ON; (or MAN START pb = ON)
1. then Start Valve is OPEN
2. and PACK Valve remains CLOSED while N2 < 50%
NOTE: On the ground, reopening of the Pack Valves is delayed for
30 seconds to avoid a supplementary Pack Closure during the
second Engine Start.
NOTE: If the Crossbleed Valve is OPEN at Engine START,
then both Pack Flow Control Valves will CLOSE.
OFF -- Pack Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- Either: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
2. Pack Outlet Overheat
2. Valve position disagrees with the selected position.

E65:

PACK Switch:
Extinguished -- normal operation; Pack Flow automatically controlled.
Pack Valves OPEN if pneumatic air is available and there is no Overheat.
Valve will CLOSE for:
1. Low Pneumatic Pressure (upstream pressure)
2. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
3. FIRE Switch is pushed
4. Ditching Switch is selected to ON
5. Engine START sequence:
A) When ENG MODE = IGN/START or CRANK,
1. then Crossbleed Valve -- CLOSES
2. and Pack Valve on that Engine immediately CLOSES
B) When ENG MASTER Sw = ON; (or MAN START pb = ON)
1. then Start Valve is OPEN
2. and PACK Valve remains CLOSED while N2 < 50%
NOTE: On the ground, reopening of the Pack Valves is delayed for
30 seconds to avoid a supplementary Pack Closure during the
second Engine Start.
NOTE: If the Crossbleed Valve is OPEN at Engine START,
then both Pack Flow Control Valves will CLOSE.
OFF -- Pack Valve is CLOSED
FAULT -- Either: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overheat (Compressor Outlet Overheat)
2. Pack Outlet Overheat
2. Valve position disagrees with the selected position.

U68:

CROSSBLEED SELECTOR Switch:


AUTO -- Valve will OPEN/CLOSE with APU Bleed Valve.
-- Valve will CLOSE, except during Engine Start, for
1. Wing leak,
2. Pylon leak, or
3. APU leak
SHUT -- X-Bleed Valve is CLOSED
OPEN -- X-Bleed Valve is OPEN

G69:

ENGINE BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
Bleed Valve OPENS if:
1. Upstream pressure is > 8 psi
2. APU Bleed Sw = OFF
3. APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
4. ENG FIRE Sw NOT Released OUT
5. Eng Start Valve is CLOSED
6. Not detected:
a. Leak b. Overpressure c. Overheat
OFF -- Engine Bleed and HP Valves are CLOSED
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overpressure downstream
2. Overheat
3. Wing leak
4. Engine leak
5. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED during Engine Start
6. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED with APU Bleed ON
-- Extinguishes when the ENG BLEED pb is
OFF if the Fault has disappeared.

L69:

RAM AIR Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation;
The RAM AIR Inlet is CLOSED,
Outflow Valve operation is normal, (this Valve may be nearly fully CLOSED).
When CABIN PRESS MODE SEL Sw = AUTO:
ON -- If Ditching Switch is Normal, then:
If Cabin Pressure Differential > 1 psi,
Then:
Ram Air Inlet Opens and
Outflow Valve control remains Normal
BUT the Outflow Valve is closed so
NO FLOW of Ram Air comes through.
If Cabin Pressure Differential < 1 psi,
Then:
Ram Air Inlet Opens and
Outflow Valve Opens to about 50% (it is NOT in Manual Control)
Thus, Emergency Ram Air is supplied to the Mixer Unit.
OFF -- Ram Air Inlet CLOSES

Q69:

APU BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
ON -- APU Bleed Valve will OPEN if:
1. N > 95%
2. No leak on APU
3. No leak on Left Side (1)
(1) Right Side Leak closes the Crossbleed Valve
FAULT -- APU Bleed leak has been detected
(+ ECAM CAUTION)
APU Bleed has priority over Engine Bleeds.
With APU Bleed pb ON, the BMC will shut the
Engine Bleeds Valves to CLOSE.

AB69:

ENGINE BLEED Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operation
Bleed Valve OPENS if:
1. Upstream pressure is > 8 psi
2. APU Bleed Sw = OFF
3. APU Bleed Valve is CLOSED
4. ENG FIRE Sw NOT Released OUT
5. Eng Start Valve is CLOSED
6. Not detected:
a. Leak b. Overpressure c. Overheat
OFF -- Engine Bleed and HP Valves are CLOSED
FAULT -- Illuminates for: (+ ECAM CAUTION)
1. Overpressure downstream
2. Overheat
3. Wing leak
4. Engine leak
5. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED during Engine Start
6. Bleed Valve NOT CLOSED with APU Bleed ON
-- Extinguishes when the ENG BLEED pb is
OFF if the Fault has disappeared.

OXYGE
N
TMR

SERVICE
INT
OVR

LT
A
U
T

FAULT
ON

OFF

ON

ON

HYDRAULI

BLUE
PUMP
OVR

READING
LT

The switches
located on this
panel are not
normally used
by Flight Crew
Members.

AVIONIC
S
COMPT

RESET

READING
LT

LEAK MEASUREMENT
C
VALVES
G

OFF

OFF

OFF

O N

BR
T

EN

FADEC
G GND
PWR

AP
U
AUTO
TES EXTING

RESE
T

T
OK

O N

TOILE
T

OCCPD

O N

BR
T

OFF

?? ?? ??
Some aircraft configurations may have the
ENG FADEC GND PWR Switches and
APU AUTO EXTING Switch switched form left to
right.

ON

?
AUDIO
SWITCHING

NOR
M

CAP
T

F/O

! RADIO MANAGEMENT PANEL & AUDIO CONTROL PANEL

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

U3:

AVIONICS COMPARTMENT LIGHT Switch:


Extinguished -- (AUTO) normal operations:
Avionics Compartment Lighting is automatically
controlled by Avionics Door being opened.
ON -- Light is ON

K4:

TMR RESET Switch:


Maintenance uses this to RESET the Control Circuit
after the System was operated.
Extinguished -- normal operations
ON -PASSENGER SYS ON Light goes OFF,
TMR RESET ON Light comes ON
FAULT -Illuminates when the Door Latch Solenoids are energized for > 30 seconds.
or
Time Delay failure > 30 seconds
Electrical power to the Unit Door Latches was not turned off automatically.

P4:

SERVICE INTERPHONE OVERRIDE Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operations
Communication with Service Interphone Jacks are possible
only on the ground with Landing Gear Strut compression.
ON -- Communication is possible without Strut compression.
NOTE: Service interphone is accessed by the CAB button
on the Audio Control Panel.

L8:

BLUE PUMP OVERRIDE Switch:


Extinguished -- normal operations
ON -- Blue Electric Hydraulic Pump is energized,
if:
1. the ELEC PUMP Switch on the HYDRAULIC PANEL is in AUTO,
2. and AC BUS 1 is powered.

U8:

BLUE, GREEN, YELLOW LEAK MEASUREMENT VALVE Switches:


Extinguished -- The respective Electro-hydraulic Valve OPENS to
go back to Normal Hydraulic Supply.
OFF -- the respective Valve CLOSES and
Hydraulic Fluid is shut OFF to the Primary Flight Controls.

L13:

ENGINE 1, 2 FADEC GROUND POWER Switches:


Extinguished -- normal operations
ON -FADEC has electrical power on the ground if the
ENG FIRE pb is NOT released.
or
Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) is
electrically powered from Ground Power.

S15:

AUTO EXTINGUISHING TEST Switch:


OK -- All components are operating properly.
ON -- Tests the APU Fire Warning, Auto Extinguishing, and Shutdown Circuits.
NOTE: If the APU is running, pushing this TEST Switch will shutdown the APU.

V15:

APU AUTO EXTINGUISHING RESET Switch:


Resets APU Auto Extinguishing Test and Shutdown Circuits.

X15:

TEST QUESTION:
The Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC)
is powered by what?
ANS: The System has its own Alternator.
If this Alternator fails, the FADEC switches
over to aircraft electrical power.

Y15:

TEST QUESTION:
There are five Thrust Lever Detents.
Each of these represents an Upper Thrust Limit.
What does the FADEC do if the Thrust Lever is
placed between two Detents?
ANS: The FADEC selects the Rating Limit of
the higher Detent.
This is displayed on the Upper ECAM.

Z15:

TEST QUESTION:
What does the FADEC do during an Automatic Engine START interruption?
ANS: The FADEC does this:
1. Terminate Ignition
2. Close the HP Fuel Valve
3. Close the Start Valve
4. Sequence additional Start attempts
5. Provide FAULT annunciations
6. Dry crank the Engine

T21:

TEST QUESTION:
Does the LOUDSPEAKER control the loudness
of oral alerts and voice messages?
Ans: The Volume Knob for the Loudspeaker
does NOT control the volume of
aural alert and voice messages.

K22:

LAVATORY Light:
Indicates if the forward lavatory is occupied.

AB24:

AUDIO SWITCHING:
Enables the Captain or First Officer to
use ACP 3 in case of failure in ACP 1 or 2.
AUDIO 3 XFRD appears on ECAM MEMO.
NORM -- Each crew member uses their
respective ACPs.
CAPT 3 -- Captain makes selections on
ACP 3 and ACP 1 is deactivated.
F/O 3 -- First Officer makes selections on
ACP 3 and ACP 2 is deactivated.

U31:

Quick Link:
Radio Management Panel
and
Audio Control Panel.

! RADIO MANAGEMENT PANEL & AUDIO CONTROL PANEL


FLIGHT
CONTROL
COMPUTERS

ELAC
2
FAULT

FLT
CTL

SEC
2
FAULT

OFF

SEC
3
FAULT

OFF

OFF

CARGO
HEAT

OVERHEAT
LIGHT

OFF

HOT
AIR
FAULT

CARGO
HEAT

! WING FLIGHT CONTROLS

FAC
2
FAULT

! AIR CONDITIONING ECAMS


! CRUISE ECAM
?

AFT ISOL
VALVE

OPTIO
N

FAULT

OFF

OFF

Compartment Info

AF
T

CARGO
SMOKE
TES

FW
D

SMOKE

DISCH
COL
D

AVIONICS
VENTILATION
Galley Lav Vent.
More Data
OVRD Reasoning
MANUAL
START

DISC
H

BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

CARGO
SMOKE
TES

FW
D

HOT

SMOKE

SMOKE

DISCH

DISCH

VENTILATI
ON
A
U
T
O

AGENT
1
AGENT
2

A
U
T
O

FAULT
OVRD

DISCH

DISCH 1

OFF

DISAGREEMENT
LIGHT

DISCH 2

AGENT
1
AGENT
2

DIFFERENCES: A319
Only ONE Fire Bottle is installed and can be discharged
into
either the Forward or Aft Cargo Compartment.

CAB
FANS

EXTRA
CT

FAULT

DISCH
AGENT2

??

DISC
H
AFT

AFT ISOL
VALVE

OFF

AFT

SMOKE

CARGO SMOKE

HOT
AIR
FAULT

! AVIONICS VENTILATION
! CARGO SMOKE SHEET

OFF

EN

DIFFERENCES: A321
The A321 Aft Cargo Compartment has THREE Smoke
Detection Loops with two Detector in each.

EN

G
MAN
START

O N

O N

O N

NG1
MODE

O N

OPTIO
N
! ENGINE ECAM EPR N1 MODE

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

S1:

Quick Link:
Radio Management Panel
and
Audio Control Panel.

A4:

Operations:
Slat/Flap Lever works through the Slat Flap Control Computer (SFCC),
NOT these computers.
Another perspective:
Pitch
NORMAL Law ----------

ALTERNATE Law ----DIRECT Law -----------

Roll
ELAC

SEC
FAC

ELAC
SEC
ELAC
SEC

Yaw
ELAC

None

FAC

ELAC

ABNORMAL Law -----ELAC


(attitude)
SEC
OTHER -----------------

E4:

SEC: speedbrake
FAC: rudder travel limit
rudder trim

ELAC 2: Elevator Aileron Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- illuminated:
1. A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
2. During ELAC Power-up Test it illuminates for 8 seconds.
NOTE: Transients illuminate if longer than 25 milliseconds
OFF -- Computer is OFF
Also RESETS the Computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.

H4:

SEC 2: Spoiler Elevator Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
OFF -- Computer is OF
Also RESETS the computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.
NOTE: If SEC 1 & 3 fail Speedbrake extension is INHIBITED.
NOTE: SEC 3 only goes to the innermost two Spoilers.

L4:

SEC 3: Spoiler Elevator Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
OFF -- Computer is OF
Also RESETS the computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.
NOTE: If SEC 1 & 3 fail Speedbrake extension is INHIBITED.
NOTE: SEC 3 only goes to the innermost two Spoilers.

O4:

FAC 2: Flight Augmentation Computer


Extinguished -- normal operations
FAULT -- A failure is detected (+ ECAM CAUTION)
OFF -- Computer is OFF
Also resets the computer by selecting OFF then ON.
Extinguishes FAULT Light.
NOTE: FACs give speeds to the PFDs.

S4:

CLICK HERE to go to:


WING FLIGHT CONTROLS.

A5:

Alternate Law:
Multiple failures may result in Alternate Law.

A6:

Redundancy:
7 computers from:
different manufacturers
different computer languages
different algorithms
different hydraulic mix

S7:

CLICK HERE to go to:


AIR CONDITIONING ECAM.

P8:

AFT ISOLATION VALVE:


Extinguished (AUTO) -Provided NO Smoke is detected in the Cargo Bay:
1. Inlet Isolation Valve OPENS
2. Outlet Isolation Valve OPENS
3. Extraction Fan RUNS
OFF -1. Inlet Isolation Valve CLOSES
2. Outlet Isolation Valve CLOSES
3. Trim Air Valve CLOSES
3. Extraction Fan STOPS
FAULT -- Illuminates if either Inlet or Outlet Isolation Valve disagrees
with the selected position.

S8:

CRUISE ECAM

L9:

HOT AIR Switch:


Extinguished (AUTO) -- The Pressure Regulating Valve regulates the hot air pressure.
OFF -- Pressure Regulating Valve CLOSES
Fault Circuit is RESET
FAULT -- NOTE: Nothing happens automatically.
-- Illuminates for a Duct Overheat: 190 F (88 C), and
-- RESETS when temperature decreases; <158 F (70 C), and OFF is selected.
System RESET if the ISOL VALVE Switch = AUTO.

S9:

TEST QUESTION:
Is the FWD CARGO heated?
Ans: NO -From the Ventilation Section of the PH:
Closed Configuration is the normal in-flight configuration.
Air is drawn from the Avionics by the Extract Fan through
the Skin Heat Exchanger and then forced back into the
Avionics Equipment by the Blower Fan. A portion of the
cooling air is exhausted through the cargo underfloor.
NOTE: Some airlines have on the CRUISE ECAM Page the
Forward Cargo Compartment Temperature indicated
and they may have a Forward Cargo Heating System.

A12:

CARGO COMPARTMENTS:
There are pressurized forward and aft cargo compartments.
The aft compartment is heated and ventilated.
A319 aircraft do not have FWD Cargo Heat Systems.
Both compartments are equipped with smoke detector loops.
The forward compartment has two smoke detectors.
The aft compartment has two loops with two detectors each.
The Smoke Detection Control Unit (SDCU) issues a smoke warning when two detectors of one loop detect smoke.
If one detector fails the system remains operational with the other detector.
Cargo smoke is signaled by ECAM, a CRC, the MASTER WARN Light, and the CARGO SMOKE Light.
One extinguisher bottle supplies one nozzle in the forward compartment and two nozzles in the aft compartment.
The agent is discharged by pressing either the FWD DISCH or the AFT DISCH pb.
If the Cargo Smoke Warning is activated in either compartment, the associated Isolation Valves CLOSE and the Extraction Fan STOPS.
Cargo Doors are monitored by ECAM.
NOTE: If the YELLOW Electric Pump is activated by either Cargo Door Selector Lever to operate the FWD or AFT Cargo Door,
most other YELLOW System users are not pressurized and cannot be operated. (See YELLOW ELEC PUMP sw).

O13:

AFT CARGO
COLD
=
Center =
HOT
=

Y13:

FWD Indicators:
SMOKE -- Illuminates with ECAM message when
the System detects SMOKE in the compartment indicated;
if:
1) Both channels detect smoke
2) One channel detects smoke with
the SDCU finding the other channel faulty.

TEMPERATURE Selector:
41F ( 5C)
60F (15.5C)
79F (26C)

DISCH -- Illuminates if the Bottle has discharged.


See AFT Switch for differences.

AB13:

TEST Switch:
PRESS -1. Tests the Smoke Detectors Lights in sequence.
2. Illuminates the SMOKE lights twice.
3. Closes the Isolation Valves of the Ventilation System.
4. Illuminates the DISCH lights.

AE13:

FWD Indicators:
SMOKE -- Illuminates with ECAM message when
the System detects smoke in the
compartment indicated; if:
1) Both channels detect smoke
2) One channel detects smoke with
the SDCU finding the other channel faulty.
DIFFERENCES:
AFT Light also:
A. Closes AFT Cargo Inlet Isolation Valve
B. Closes AFT Cargo Outlet Isolation Valve
C. Shuts off AFT Cargo Extraction Fan
DISCH -- Illuminates if the Bottle has discharged.

AB15:

DISCH AGENT 2 Light:


Illuminates 60 minutes after Agent 1 was used
in either FWD or AFT cargo compartment.
Extinguishes after Agent 2 is discharged.

S17:

TEST QUESTION:
Do both Cargo Smoke Detectors (in one Loop) have
to detect Smoke before an alarm will sound?
ANS: YES. A Smoke Detection Control Unit (SDCU)
will issue a Smoke Warning when two
Smoke Detectors of one Loop detect smoke.

E18:

DISCH Switches:
Ignites the Squib to discharge the Extinguishing Agent in the corresponding compartment (FWD or AFT).
DISCHARGE of either Discharge Switch will illuminate both DISCH Lights. There is only one Bottle.

P18:

DISCH Switches:
Ignites the Squib to discharge the Extinguishing Agent in
the corresponding compartment (FWD or AFT).

X18:

DISCH Switches: (GUARDED)


Discharges associated Agent (1 or 2) into
the respective Cargo Compartment (FWD or AFT).

AB18:

DISCH 1, 2 Lights:
Illuminates when the associated
Extinguishing Agent has been discharged.

AE18:

DISCH Switches: (GUARDED)


Discharges associated Agent (1 or 2) into the
respective Cargo Compartment (FWD or AFT).

H19:

FWD Indicators: See AFT Switch for differences.


SMOKE -- when the System detects smoke in the compartment indicated;
if:
1) Both Channels detect Smoke
2) One channel detects Smoke with the SDCU finding the other Channel faulty.
then:
A) CRC
B) Illuminates with ECAM Warning
NOTE: Expect the SMOKE Light to remain illuminated -- Gases from the source are NOT evacuated and
they remain, causing the Detector to continue to sense the presence of Smoke.
DISCH -- Illuminates if the Bottle has discharged.
NOTE: Both Lights should illuminate -- there is only one Bottle.
See AFT Switch for differences.

J19:

TEST Switch:
PRESS -1. Tests the Smoke Detectors Lights in sequence.
2. Illuminates the SMOKE lights twice.
3. Closes the Isolation Valves of the Ventilation System.
4. Illuminates the DISCH lights.
5. Displays ECAM Warning message
Another answer: Each will occur twice -1. CRC
2. MASTER WARN Lights illuminate
3. SMOKE Lights illuminate
4. DISCH Lights illuminate
5. CARGO SMOKE Warning on the E/WD

M19:

Indicators:
SMOKE -- when the System detects smoke in the compartment indicated;
if:
1) Both Channels detect Smoke
2) One channel detects Smoke with the SDCU finding the other Channel faulty.
then:
A) CRC
B) Illuminates with ECAM Warning
NOTE: Expect the SMOKE Light to remain illuminated -- Gases from the source are NOT evacuated and
they remain, causing the Detector to continue to sense the presence of Smoke.
AFT Light also:
A. Closes AFT Cargo Inlet Isolation Valve
B. Closes AFT Cargo Outlet Isolation Valve
C. Shuts off AFT Cargo Extraction Fan
DISCH -- Illuminates if the Bottle has discharged.
NOTE: Both Lights should illuminate -- there is only one Bottle.

AI22:

AVIONICS

E23:

BLOWER Switch:
FAULT -- Illuminates for:
A) Low Blower Pressure (1)
B) Avionics Duct Overheat (1)
C) Computer (AEVC) power supply failure
D) Avionics Smoke Warning
OVRD -- Forces Blower to STOP
(1) On the ground, with Engines NOT running,
this Warning will cause the External Horn to sound.

H23:

EXTRACTION Switch:
FAULT --Illuminates for:
A) Low Extraction Pressure (1)
B) Computer (AEVC) power supply failure
C) Avionics Smoke Warning
OVRD -- forces Extraction Fan to RUN
(1) On the ground, with Engines NOT running,
this Warning will cause the External Horn to sound.

I23:

BLOWER and EXTRACT Switches:


BOTH switches in AUTO (Extinguished) -On the Ground before take-off power is applied:
Ventilation is in OPEN configuration; CLOSED if skin temperature is low.
After take-off power is applied (and therefore in flight)
Ventilation is in CLOSED configuration; or
Ventilation is in INTERMEDIATE configuration if skin temperature is
above flight threshold.
EITHER switch in OVRD -System is in CLOSED configuration
Air Conditioning air is added to Ventilation air.
If BLOWER Switch is in OVRD then Blower Fan STOPS
BOTH switches in OVRD -Air Conditioning air is circulated and extracted (Extraction Fan) overboard.
BLOWER Switch in OVRD forces Blower Fan to STOP
EXTRACT Switch in OVRD forces the Extraction Fan to RUN

O23:

CABIN FAN Switch:


Extinguished -- ON, normal operation
The two Cabin Recirculation Fans RUN
OFF -- The two Fans STOP.

AI23:

Quick Link:
CARGO SMOKE Sheet

A24:

Galley and Lavatory Ventilation:


The Lavs and Galleys are ventilated by cabin air which is drawn by an Extraction Fan near the Outflow Valve.
This is NOT the same as the CAB FANS Switch's Fans on this Panel.
It is operating any time there is electrical power available.
The Zone Controller Temperature Sensors sample this ventilation air.
If this fan fails then the cabin temperature is fixed at a predetermined value.

A25:

AVIONICS:
One Smoke Detector is installed in the Air Extraction Duct of the Avionics Compartment.
Smoke detection is signaled by:
ECAM
MASTER CAUT Light
BLOWER FAULT Light
VENTILATION FAULT Light
SMOKE Light on the EMER ELEC PWR panel (see LEFT OVHD PNL Sheet in this workbook file)
A single chime.

A26:

OVRD Positions:
Just think of it this way:
BLOWER OVRD forces the Blower Fan to STOP
EXTRACT OVRD forces the Extraction Fan to RUN

H28:

MAN START Switches:


Essentially, these Switches: OPEN the Starter Valve, and both Pack Valves CLOSE.
ON -- Start Valve OPENS if
ENG MODE Selector = CRANK or IGN/START
and
N2 < 20%.
-- Both Pack Valves CLOSE
NOTE: Supplemental Procedure 3b.7.1, PH 3B Power plant
This procedure requires timing, twice.
Step 3 -- start the Clock
The Pack Valves may OPEN after 30 seconds.
There is the sub-procedure if the Pack Valve Auto Closure fails.
Step 7 also requires timing to be started.
NOTE: The Start Valve CLOSES automatically when N2 >= 50%.
Extinguished -- (OFF)
When the ENG MAN START Switch is set to OFF during a Manual START,
the Start Valve CLOSES if the MASTER Switch is OFF.

I28:

MAN START Switches:


Ignition / Start:
1. FADEC energized
2. PACK Valves CLOSE
3. Engine ECAM

P28:

N1 Switches:
ON -- Confirms / Commands Engines to the N1 Mode of operation from the EPR Control Mode.
When an automatic reversion to the N1 rated or Unrated Mode occurs,
selecting the Switch confirms the Mode.
OFF -- (Extinguished)
EPR Mode is selected (if available)

S32:

Quick Link:
ENGINE ECAM N1 MODE

a
!

b
!

c d e f g AUTO THRUST SYSTEM DATA BOXES


! AUTOPILOT ACTIVATION / DISENGAGEMENT
REPRODUCED
SWITCH
(FROM ECAM PANEL)

EMER
CANC

CHRON
O

BAR
O

DATA DISPLAY
SWITCHES

29.92

WPT

CSTR

VOR D

ARPT

NDB
40

ROS
E
VO
R

MASTER
WARN

in
Hg

? ??

AUTO

LAND

h
Pa
PUL
L
STD

FD

HDG

SPD

OFF

V/S
FPA

100

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

UP
PUSH
TO
LEVE
L
OFF

METRI
C
ALT

AP
AP 21

FCU

V/S

-- 07 00
1000

SPD
MAC
H
AP 1

LVL/CH

5000

V/S

HD
G
TRK

VO
R

AD
F

ALT
HDG

F/O'S
MIRRORS
IT.

MASTER

ND CONTROL
PANEL

LAT

---

150

VO
R

PFD CONTROL
PANEL

? ? ? ??

160
320

OFF

ILS

CAPTAIN'S
LEFT SIDE
EFIS

80

10

AD
F

CAPT

SIDE STICK
PRIORITY

CAUT

20

AR
C
PLA
N

ILS

MASTER

NA
V

DN

LOC

A/THR

EXPED

APPR

ALSO WHERE
THE
G METER
IS LOCATED

TAT

-20

SAT

-59

ALT
SEL

07

1127
6
H

GW

13420
0

LBS

45

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

B1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


The Autothrust System sets the required thrust based on inputs from both FMGC and Thrust Lever position.
The Thrust Levers do NOT move when the A/THR System is active.
NOTE: When Autothrust is disconnected, the Thrust Levers directly control the thrust.
When the aircraft loses all electrical power, there are three mechanical controls in the cockpit:
1. Rudder
2. Manual Pitch Trim Wheels
3. Manual/Emergency/Alternate Gear Extension
But there is also a fourth, in that the Thrust Levers, normally considered electrical, control the Engines via the FADECs.
ARMING:
A) On the ground:
1. PUSH the A/THR pb on the FCU when the Engines are NOT running
2. Placing Thrust Levers to FLEX or TOGA with the Engines running
B) In flight:
1. ENGAGE the Go Around Mode
2. When the A/THR System is:
a) ACTIVE, setting the Thrust Lever(s):
1) One Lever beyond MCT Detent
2) Both Levers beyond CL Detent
b) NOT Active (the Thrust Levers are OUT of the Active Range (pb illuminated GREEN)),
-- PUSH the A/THR pb on the FCU
NOTE: If the A/THR System is NOT Active, the following will NOT REARM the system:
1) One Lever beyond MCT Detent
2) Both Levers beyond CL Detent

C1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


DETENTS:
1. TOGA = Go Around / Maximum Takeoff Thrust
2. FLEX MCT = Maximum Continuous Thrust or Flex at takeoff
3. CL = Maximum Climb Thrust
4. IDLE -- for both forward and reverse thrust
5. MAX REV -- Maximum Reverse Thrust
SETTINGS / Throttle Quadrant Indications:
1. TO GA = Max Takeoff / Go Around
2. FLX MCT = Max Continuous / Flex
3. CL = Max Climb
4. 0 (IDLE) = Forward Thrust Idle
5. REV IDLE = Reverse Idle
6. FULL = Max Reverse

D1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


ACTIVATING: The A/THR System is activated when:
A/THR is displayed in WHITE in Column 5 on the FMA
The operating Mode is in GREEN in Column 1 on the FAM;
1. Thrust Levers are set in the Active Range when A/THR is ARMED
2. A/THR pb on the FCU is PRESSED when the Thrust Levers are in the Active Range
3. ALPHA FLOOR Protection is triggered, regardless of Thrust Lever position or Arming status.
ACTIVE RANGE:
1. With both Engines operating; both Thrust Levers are between the IDLE and CL Detents
2. With one Engine operating: Thrust Lever on that Engine between IDLE and MCT
DISCONNECTING:
This is required when cancelling ALPHA FLOOR, TOGA LOCK, and THRUST LOCK
1. Both Thrust Levers are placed to IDLE
2. PRESS A/THR pb on the FCU when the A/THR System was Active or Armed
3. PRESS either Instinctive Disconnect Switches on the Thrust Lever(s)
"MATCH and MASH"
-- Thrust will immediately adjust to correspond with the Thrust Lever position.
To avoid Thrust surges,
first place the Thrust Levers to align with the Thrust Lever Angle (TLA) Indicator (little white circle),
then disconnect the A/THR System.
NOTE: Holding the Instinctive Disconnect Switches >15 seconds will:
1. Disarm the A/THR System for the remainder of the flight
2. With the A/THR System disconnected, ALPHA FLOOR Protection is LOST
The System can only be RESET during the next FMGC power-up on the ground.
4. When RA is <100', placing:
a) one Thrust Lever beyond MCT Detent
b) both Thrust Levers beyond CL Detent

E1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


THRUST LOCK:
This prevents the Thrust from shifting or adjusting when the A/THR System FAILS and Disengages.
ACTIVATION of Thrust Lock:
1. The pilot Disengages A/THR System by using the A/THR pb on the FCU, or
2. The A/THR FAILS and disconnects;
and,
1. Both Thrust Levers are in CL (both Engines operating), or
2. One Thrust Lever in MCT (one Engine operating).
INDICATIONS:
THR LK will flash on the FMA.
MASTER CAUTION flashes every 5 seconds
ENG THRUST LOCKED appears on ECAM every 5 seconds.
THR LEVERS..... MOVE appears on the ECAM
A single CHIME sounds every 5 seconds
RESULTS:
Thrust stays at the pre-disconnect level.
THEN,
Moving the Thrust Lever(s) out of CL (or MCT), will defeat the Thrust Lock, thus the
Thrust will now be in Manual control by the pilot. Move them like a conventional aircraft.
All Indications cease.

F1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


ALPHA FLOOR:
ALPHA FLOOR commands TOGA Thrust.
This Protection is available from lift-off until RA = 100' on approach.
It does NOT depend on Thrust Lever position(s).
INDICATIONS:
A FLOOR appears on the FMA. It is boxed flashing AMBER. See ALL PFD MODES Sheet
A FLOOR appears on the E/WD Display.
DISENGAGE:
Disconnect the A/THR System.
INHIBITED:
ALPHA FLOOR is inhibited when:
1. Alternate Law
2. Direct Law
3. Single Engine and Flaps EXTENDED
TOGA LOCK:
When the aircraft leaves an ALPHA FLOOR condition, you are then in a TOGA LOCK situation.
TOGA Thrust is FROZEN and Thrust Lever movement will have NO effect.
INDICATIONS:
THR LK will flash on the FMA. It is boxed flashing AMBER. See ALL PFD MODES Sheet
RECOVERY:
In case a ALPHA FLOOR situation or TOGA Lock: DISCONNECT the A/THR System. "MATCH and MASH"

G1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


RETARD MODE:
ACTIVE:
Available when AUTO LAND Operations with Autopilot ENGAGED.
This commands IDLE Thrust during the Flare.
ACTION:
Engages at approximately RA= 40' and remains engaged after touchdown.
Voice Aural Call Out, "RETARD" at RA = 10'
NOTE: This Call Out is also sounded at RA = 20' when performing a Manual Landing.
INDICATIONS:
IDLE is displayed on the FMA
IDLE is displayed on the E/WD
OTHER:
If the Autopilot is DISENGAGED during the Flare,
before the aircraft touches down,
Then RETARD Mode is replaced by SPEED Mode and the pilot must manually reduce the Thrust.

H1:

AUTO THRUST SYSTEM:


GROUND SPEED MINI:
This computed speed is NOT displayed to the pilots.
This function uses aircraft inertia and momentum to react to varying wind conditions during an approach.
The goal is to keep the ground speed above the GS Mini Speed.
GS Mini is computed by the FMGC as the IAS Target -- this is the VAPP Target on the APPR PERF Page.
By keeping the GS Mini above the VAPP the aircraft energy is maintained and Stall Margin protected.
COMPUTATION:
GS Mini = VAPP - Tower Wind (the Headwind Component down the Runway Centerline)
NOTES:
Tower Wind is entered by the pilot on the APPR PERF Page in MAG WIND.
Tower Wind is always counted to be positive.
Tower Wind's minimum default value is 10 kts.
Thus, Headwind <10 kts or any Tailwind results in GS Mini = VAPP - 10 kts
In strong winds with Managed Speed the aircraft will carry extra speed in strong winds.
VAPP Target:
This is your Approach Target Speed.
In Managed Speed it is the magenta triangle on the PFD Speed Scale.
Because VAPP Target is continuously computed, it may vary during an approach.
If A/THR is active in SPEED Mode, it will automatically follow VAPP Target, to ensure efficient Thrust Management.
COMPUTATION:
VAPP Target = MAXIMUM of:
1. VAPP, or
2. GS Mini + Actual Headwind (from the ADIRS)
NOTES:
A) Actual Headwind Component is always counted to be positive.
B) Actual Tailwind Component is always counted to be negative.
C) No Maximum Value Limitation exists.

B2:

AUTOPILOTS:
Autopilot Guidance Modes are selected on the FCU and MCDU.
Autopilot Engagement is displayed on the FMA.
Autopilots use Ailerons, Elevators and Spoilers to achieve the desired flight profile.
FACs control the Rudder, Yaw Damping and Rudder Trim and are automatic with Autopilot(s) engaged.
During ROLL OUT Mode the Autopilot controls the NWS Unit.
Full AUTOLAND capability exists with only one Engine.

C2:

AUTOPILOTS ENGAGEMENT:
To engage the Autopilot(s):
1. One A/P can be engaged on the ground if Engines are NOT operating.
Upon the FIRST Engine START it will disengage.
2. The aircraft must be airborne for 5 seconds before an A/P can be engaged.
3. Only one A/P can be engaged, except for after when APPR is ARMED/ENGAGED.
The second A/P will remain ENGAGED until completion of the Go Around Phase.
Then A/P 1 will be ACTIVE and A/P 2 will be in Standby.
4. If at least one F/D is ON, then the A/P will ENGAGE in the Active Flight Director Mode(s).
5. If no F/D are active, then the A/P will ENGAGE in either HDG V/S or TRK FPA.

D2:

AUTOPILOTS DISENGAGEMENT:
To disengage the Autopilot(s):
1. PRESS either Takeover Switch
2. Side Stick is moved beyond the load Threshold.
3. The other A/P is ENGAGED, except:
a) LOC G/S Modes ARMED/ENGAGED
b) ROLLOUT and GA Modes ENGAGED
4. Both Thrust Levers set to TOGA Detent on the ground.
Prevents Takeoff with A/P Engaged following a Touch and Go.
5. Reaching DA minus 50' with APPR ENGAGED on a NON-ILS (RNAV) Approach.
ALSO, in Normal Law when:
6. High Speed Protection is ACTIVATED
7. ALPHA PROT is ACTIVATED
8. Bank Angle exceeds 45
9. Rudder Pedal Deflection is greater than 10 out of Trim.

AE2:

DATA DISPLAY Switches:


Displays selected optional data in addition to
permanent data in:
PLAN,
ARC, and
ROSE NAV Modes.
Only one can be active at a time.

S6:

BAROMETRIC DISPLAY WINDOW:


Displays the Barometric Reference.
Range: 745 hPa to 1100 hPa

AG6:

OPTIONAL DATA Selector:


PUSH -- illuminates the GREEN Light, and
-- Provides the selection of:
1. Constraints
2. Waypoints
3. VOR D = VORTAC Stations
4. NDB
5. Airports
Only one Selection can be used,
except on some early model
aircraft on which both CSTR and ARPT
can be simultaneously selected and
displayed.
NOTE: There is some discussion about
the parameters that determine which
airports are displayed, and what their
attributes are; whether 7000' runways,
etc., are the prerequisite.

A7:

EMER CANC SWITCH:


PUSH -- any current aural warning is canceled
(including GPWS).
-- any current caution;
(ECAM MSG + MASTER CAUTION + AURAL)
is canceled for the remainder of flight
(nuisance warning)
Status Page is automatically called and "CANCELLED CAUTION" with
the canceled failure's Title is displayed.
The canceled caution may be restored by pressing the RCL Switch
for more than 3 seconds.

H8:

MASTER WARN Lights and pb:


Flashes for a Level 3 Warning.
Accompanied by CRC, voice, other sounds.
EXTINGUISHED -1. Press the light (except for some, eg, Overspeed, Stall)
2. Situation is over
3. ECAM CLR pb is pressed (except for some, eg, Overspeed, Stall)
4. ECAM EMER CANC pb is press (see data above)
Aural warnings cease when:
1. Press the MASTER WARN (except for some, eg, Overspeed, Stall)
2. Warning situation is over
3. ECAM EMER CANC pb is pressed (see reproduced Switch for data).
NOTE: See example to the right;
Captain's MASTER and FO's WARN illuminate together, and
FO's MASTER and Captain's WARN illuminate together.

M8:

CHRONO Switches:
First PRESS -- starts the chronometer on the ND.
Second PRESS -- stops the chronometer on the ND.
Third PRESS -- resets the chronometer and
-- removes the display from the ND.

Z9:

MODE Selector:
Provides the selection of the desired display.

AG9:

RANGE Selector:
Provides the selection of the desired
range on the ND.
If Range Data or Mode fails the default is
ROSE NAV at 80 NM range.
This also sets the same range for the
Weather Radar display.

D10:

AUTO LAND Light:


Illuminates FLASHING with Triple Clicks Aural Warning -When below 200' RA and the aircraft in LAND Mode, and one of the following:
1. Loss of BOTH AUTOPILOTS
2. Excessive deviation (LOC and G/S Scales flash on the PFD)
LOC -- 1/4 Dot above 15' RA
G/S -- 1 Dot above 100'RA
3. Loss of signal from Transmitters:
LOC -- above 15' RA
G/S -- above 100' RA
4. Difference between Radio Altimeter Indications is greater than 15'.
The Flight Director Bars flash on the PFD,
BUT the LAND Mode remains ENGAGED.

S10:

BAROMETRIC REFERENCE Selector:


Outer Ring -- Select hectoPascals or inches of mercury.
This does not appear on the display.
Inner Ring -- Used to select values.
Upon FCU initialization the window displays 1013 or 29.92.
Pulling the Knob OUT to set the Standard Baro Reference and
the Window displays STD.
Rotating the Knob has no effect.
Pushing the Knob IN will then make:
the previous Setting available, and
a new QNH selection possible again.

AA10:

TEST QUESTION:
Is Weather Radar information displayed on the ND when
the EFIS Mode Selector is in the PLAN Mode?
Ans: NO -- Weather Radar data is displayed in all other Modes.

K11:

TEST QUESTION:
What happens if both Sidesticks are operated at the same time?
Ans: If both sidesticks are operated simultaneously, both inputs are algebraically added;
however, the sum is limited to single Sidestick maximum deflection.

L11:

TEST QUESTION: T/F


During the Flight Control Checks, ensure full Side Stick
displacement is held for sufficient time for full Control
Surface travel to be reached.
Accomplish this Check in a slow and deliberate manner.
ANS: TRUE.

S11:

TECHNIQUE:
Prior to Descent / Preliminary Checklist -PUSH the Knob IN and set the current
Destination's Altimeter.
Then PULL it back to STD.
This will preselect the Altimeter for the next
Phase of Flight.

E12:

TEST QUESTION:
What causes the AUTO LAND Light to illuminate?
Ans:
1. Excessive deviation (LOC or G/S)
2. Loss of both A/P
3. Loss of signal from LOC or G/S Transmitter.
(See PH 14.1.6 for the details of why the A/P may or may not be
Engaged or Disengaged).

H13:

MASTER CAUT Lights and pb:


Illuminates steady for Level 2 Caution.
Accompanied by a single chime.
EXTINGUISHED -1. Press the light (except for some, eg, Overspeed, Stall)
2. Situation is over
3. ECAM CLR pb is pressed (except for some, eg, Overspeed, Stall)
4. ECAM EMER CANC pb is press (see reproduced Switch for data).
NOTE: See example to the right;
Captain's MASTER and FO's WARN illuminate together, and
FO's MASTER and Captain's WARN illuminate together.

Y13:

VOR / ADF Selectors:


Provides the selection of:
1. VOR Bearing Pointers and/or
2. ADF Bearing Pointers
and
3. DME on the ND in any Mode except PLAN.
Some airlines do NOT utilize the ADF(s).

M14:

SIDE STICK PRIORITY Lights:


ARROW Light -- Illuminates in front of pilot losing authority
-- Extinguishes when Side Stick activation is re-established by:
A. Release of the other Priority Switch in
less than 30 seconds
B. Pushing either Priority Switch momentarily
to cancel a latched priority condition
-- Audio voice warning, "Priority Left" or "Priority Right
CAPT or F/O Light -Both lights flash when Side Sticks are simultaneously
deflected and neither Priority Switch has been pressed.
It illuminates in front of the pilot with priority.
Illuminates GREEN to indicate associated Side Stick has
established priority by activation of its Priority Switch,
and the opposite Stick is not in neutral.
Extinguishes when the opposite Stick is neutralized.

Q14:

FD Switch:
PUSH -- illuminates pb GREEN Light
-- displayed on the associated PFD:
1. Flight Director, or
2. Flight Path Vector/Flight Path Direction Symbol
(if TRK FPA reference is selected).
Push again to remove these indications and the
pushbutton Light extinguishes.

T14:

LS or ILS Switch:
PUSH -- illuminates pb GREEN Light
-- displayed on the associated PFD:
1. LOC SCALE and
2. G/S SCALE
Deviation Symbols are displayed when
a valid ILS Signal is being received.
Push again to remove these indications and the
pushbutton Light extinguishes.

H18:

SLIDING TABLE & MAP HOLDER LIGHTING CONTROLS:


The Slide (moves left and right) turns On/Off the illumination.
Rotating the Knob adjusts the brightness.

B19:

POSSIBLE FCU FAILURES:


The Altitude Selector Knob may experience the following failures:
1. Untimely activation of the Push/Pull function
2. Permanent or transient Loss of Engagement capability
NOTE: Failures are often the result of turning the Knob too slowly, and can be
accompanied by the loss of an FCU Channel.
The ECAM will display this Warning:
AUTO FLT FCU 1(2) FAULT
On the INOP Systems Status Page will be displayed:
FCU 1(2)
RESET by pulling the appropriate CB for at least 10 seconds.
These Knobs:
Speed/MACH; Heading/Track; Vertical Speed/Flight Path Angle; and QFE/QNH
may experience the following;
1. Unexpected one click variation of the value selected by the pilot,
2. Permanent or transient Loss of Selection capability
3. Push to Level-Off function transitorily inoperative
Push to Level-Off action may NOT be taken into account when the V/S - FPA Knob
is PUSHED and TURNED at the same time.
PERFORM a new turn to return to normal operations.

C19:

TEST QUESTION:
On an RNAV Approach, when will the Autopilot automatically disengage?
Ans: All RNAV Approaches are predicated on the use of a DA.
From PH Chapter 18;
CAUTION: When FINAL APP NAV modes are engaged, the
AP/FD will disengage at [DA minus 50'] (if entered) or
DA = 400' (if NO DA entered)
The FDs will revert to basic modes (HDG / TRK).

D19:

TEST QUESTION:
How can the Auto Thrust System be disconnected?
Ans: The A/THR System may be disconnected by any of the following actions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Pressing either Instinctive Disconnect pushbutton on the Thrust Levers.


Placing both Thrust Levers to the IDLE Detent
Pressing the A/THR pb on the FCU when the System is active
Setting one Thrust Lever beyond the MCT Detent when RA < 100'
Setting both Thrust Levers beyond the CL Detent when RA < 100'

NOTE: If an Instinctive Disconnect pb is held for more than 15 seconds,


the Autothrust System is disconnected for the remainder of the flight,
including Alpha Floor Protection.
The A/THR System can only be reset during the next FMGC power-up.

E19:

TEST QUESTION:
What happens if the Autothrust Instinctive pb is held for more than 15 seconds?
Ans:

If an Instinctive Disconnect pb is held for more than 15 seconds,


the Autothrust System is disconnected for the remainder of the flight,
including Alpha Floor Protection.
The A/THR System can only be reset during the next FMGC power-up.

F19:

TEST QUESTION:
How should the ADF/VOR Selector on the
Glareshield be positioned for all phases of flight?
ANS: OFF

H21:

MANAGED SPEED Light:


Indicates FMGS Managed Speed is being flown

N21:

LAT Light:
Indicates Managed Lateral Mode is ARMED or Engaged.

AB21:

LVL/CH Light:
Indicates Managed Vertical Mode is ARMED or Engaged.

AF21:

V/S / FPA Window:


Displays Vertical Speed or Flight Path Angle.

D25:

SPEED / MACH Changeover Switch:


RESSED -- Changes the values displayed in the Speed Window to Speed Target or Mach Target as desired.
NOTE: SPD / MACH changeover by the FMGC is automatic at the crossover altitude (a function of Mach).

G25:

SPEED / MACH Selector Knob:


PUSHED -- Managed Speed is commanded by the FMGS.
Dashed lines are displayed on the FCU and
the Managed Speed Light illuminates.
PULLED -- Speed is selected (BLUE) and control by the pilot.
It is digitally displayed on the FCU.
Aircraft will fly this speed.
TURNED -- 1st Click: display the current speed if in Managed Speed Mode.
Subsequent turns change the value from 100 (.10) to 399 (.99).
If not pulled within a predetermined time (45 seconds) to
engage Speed Mode the selection is lost and dashes reappear.

L25:

HDG / TRK Selector Knob:


PUSHED -- LNAV engages, LAT light illuminates,
dashed lines appear in the HDG / TRK window.
PULLED -- the selected Heading/Track in the HDG/TRK Window engages.
TURNED -- 1st Click: displays current heading (track) if in Managed Mode.
Subsequent turns change the displayed value from 000 to 359.
If not pulled in a predetermined time to engage Selected
Heading the selection is lost and the dashes reappear.

S25:

HDG V/S -- TRK FPA switch:


PUSHED -- alternatively selects for display/guidance either
Heading - Vertical Speed or
Track - Flight Path Angle Modes.
Alternately on the PFD, is displayed:
Flight Director, or
Flight Path Director
Also displays or deletes the Flight Path Vector
Alternately in the HDG/TRK Window above, is displayed:
Heading Reference
Track Reference
Alternately in the V/S - FPA Window above, is displayed:
Vertical Speed Reference
Flight Path Angle Reference
TRK FPA is authorized only during VFR / VMC operations.

X25:

ALTITUDE Selector Knob: Inner Knob, Outer Knob, Push or Pull functions;
PUSHED -- VNAV is engaged, provided LNAV is engaged.
-- LVL/CH light is ON
NOTE: No Vertical Managed Mode can be active unless you have a
Lateral Managed Mode active:
If you are in NAV (managed), then you can CLB, (or DES);
But if you are in HDG (not managed, but manual),
you can only Open Climb, (or Open Descent).
PULLED -- Selects, if displayed altitude is different than current altitude:
Open Climb or
Open Descent
TURNED -Inner Knob -- Altitude will change by 100s or 1000s depending on
Outer Knob -- Changes the Inner Knob adjustments to 100s or 1000s.

AB25:

FEET / METER Conversion Switch:


Converts altitude display between feet and meters.
Metric altitude is displayed only on the Lower ECAM.

AF25:

VERTICAL SPEED / FLIGHT PATH ANGLE Control Knob:


PUSHED -- Vertical Speed of 0 fpm is commanded:
the aircraft initiates a smooth level off profile.
-- NO Altitude Capture.
PULLED -- either:
1. Engages a vertical speed from:
-6000 fpm to +6000 fpm
2. Flight Path Angle from:
-9.9 deg to +9.9 deg.
TURNED -- V/S or FPA in the window display changes.

Q27:

AUTOPILOT 1 Selector:
PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
Engages or disengages the Autopilot 1.
NOTE: Both Autopilots can be engaged
only when the APPR pb is engaged.

T27:

AUTOPILOT 2 Selector:
PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
Engages or disengages the Autopilot 2.
NOTE: Both Autopilots can be engaged
only when the APPR pb is engaged.

L30:

LOC Engagement Switch:


PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
Arms, engages, or disengages LOC Mode.

S30:

AUTOTHRUST Selector:
PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
Arms, engages or deactivates Autothrottle System.
See Data Boxes, Upper Left corner, for System Information.

Y30:

EXPED Selector Switch:


PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
Selects the Expedite Mode for:
1.Climb; Climb Thrust @ Green Dot speed
2.Descent; Idle Thrust @ 340 KIAS / .80 Mach
NOTE: EXPED does not respect 250 kts @ 10,000'.
Some airlines do not want their pilots to use this capability.

AF30:

APPROACH Engagement Switch:


PUSH -- illuminates GREEN Light
ARMS / DISARMS / ENGAGES / DISENGAGES
If an ILS has been selected:
Arms and engages the LOC and G/S Modes
OR
If RNAV has been selected:
Arms and engages FINAL and FINAL APP Modes.

GPWS

??

GS

PFD /
ND
XFR

PFD

OFF

ND

PFD

ND

BRT

OFF

BRT

??

TERR ON
ND

LOUD
SPEAKER

CONSOLE /
FLOOR

OFF
OFF

! PFD

BRT
DIM

! ND

ON

! STBY
INST

MA
X

UPPE
R
ECAM
LOWE
R
ECAM

OPTIO
N

CAPTAIN'S SIDE -(F/O'S MIRRORS


IT)
THIS IS WHERE
THE
METRIC ALTITUDE
AND
G METER
ARE LOCATED

TAT

-20

ALT
SEL

1127
6

GW

13420
0

LBS

GW IS ENTERED ON FUEL PRED


PAGE
AND THEN THE SPEEDS:
(F, S, GREEN DOT) ARE
COMPUTED.

ALT
SEL
SAT

-59

07

1127
6
H

13420
0

45

GW IS ENTERED ON FUEL PRED


PAGE
AND THEN THE SPEEDS:
(F, S, GREEN DOT) ARE
COMPUTED.

UPPE
R
ECAM
LOWE
R
ECAM

N FUEL PRED

EEDS:
ARE

N FUEL PRED

EEDS:
ARE

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner an


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

odd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

60

45
0

40
0

DATA:
80
10
0

IAS

35
0

12
0
14
0

KT
30
0

20
0

25
0

20
20

16
0

18
0

12

10
10

10
9

0
1

1 2 750

ALT
6

10

m
bar
1013
5

?
?

2 1
!

19.2

DMEVOR1
1
L
33

DME2
VOR2
0

30
TERR ON
ND

27

9
24

ON

12
21

15
18

12

NS

EW

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

odd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

ght Guide (trademark protected)

PFD

ND

Master
Warning
Master
Caution

E / WD

ND

PFD

Master
Warning
Master
Caution

THIS IS THE ECAM


The general colors
information.
WHITE -- labels
systems are funct
properly
GREEN -- normal
sometimes pulses
approach
a limit of normal ra
AMBER -abnormal
RED
-- warning
immediate crew ac
required
BLUE -- crew actio
performed
"Blue-To-Do"
MAGENTA -- inhibi
Warning
Underlined items a
failures
BOXED items are
Star items are Sec

FF
v/s
SD

DMC 1

DMC 2

DMC 3

(COMMON DATA CONNECTIVITY & SHARING)

FWC 1

ADIRS
DATA

FWC 2

NAV
DATA

SDAC 1

SDAC 2

CLR, STS, RCL, ALL, a


are
directly wired into the Fl
Display
Management Computer
fails.

AIRCRAFT
SENSORS
ECA
M

T O
CON
F

UPPER
DISPLAY

OFF

BR
T

EN
G

BLEE
D

PRES
S

AP
U

CON
D

DOO
R

LOWER
DISPLAY

OFF

BR
T

CLR

STS

THIS IS THE ECAM SYSTEM LEGEND


The general colors of the ECAM carry
information.
WHITE -- labels
systems are functioning
properly
GREEN -- normal
sometimes pulses as conditions
approach
a limit of normal range
AMBER -abnormal
RED
-- warning
immediate crew action is
required
BLUE -- crew action to be
performed
"Blue-To-Do"
MAGENTA -- inhibited items like TO
Warning
Underlined items are Independent
failures
BOXED items are Primary failures
Star items are Secondary failures

CLR, STS, RCL, ALL, and EMER CAN pbs


are
directly wired into the Flight Warning and
Display
Management Computers in case the Panel
fails.

EMER
CANC

PRES
S

ELE
C

HYD

FUE
L

DOO
R

WHEE
L

F/CT
L

ALL

STS

RCL

CLR

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michae


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (t
Productions LLC

Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

VMAX

180

180

FLIGHT CONTROL
in
PITCH NORMAL
LAW

160

160

VLS

140

140

ALPHA
PROT
ALPHA
MAX

120

120

DECISIO
N
SPEED

140
120
100

80

180

V1
AIRSPEED
REFERENCE
LINE

160
140

120

FLAP
RETRACTIO
N
SPEED

DIFFERENCES: A320 STS is to 400', while the A319 STS is


to 900'

340

MANUAL

340

MANAGE
D

340

320

SPEED

320

TARGET

320
300

AIRSPEE
D
POINTER

280

TARGET
ALTITUDE

ALTITUDE
REFERENCE
ALTITUDE
INDICATION

MODE

300

300

280

280

.65

.65

VERTICAL
DEVIATIO
N

290

286

280

8
20
00
80

290

286

280

TARGET

STD

BARO
REFERENCE

ALTITUDE

3000

FIXED
AIRPLAN
20
E
SYMBOL

20

10

10

FLIGHT
DIRECTO
R
BARS

10

20
00
80
RA

10

10

BARO

DH
230
1007
QNH

RH

BARO
REFERENCE

THE LOWER LINE OF THE ATTITUDE


SPHERE
see GROUND REFERENCE for details.

ROLL
SCALE

a -- BANK
ANGLE
REDUCE
PITCH
ARROW
S

BANK ANGLE LIMIT


INDICATOR

FL
120
STD

b
b -- PITCH
ANGLE
PITCH
SCALE
PITCH LIMIT
INDICATOR

LOCALIZER AND RUNWAY


INFORMATION

V/
DEV

320
20

280

60

20

10

VERTICAL DEVIA
INDICATION

10

GLIDESLOPE DEVIATION SCA


INDEX

55

260
240

20
00
80

LOCALIZER DEVIATION SCALE


INDEX
10

10

50

220

OM

MARKER
INDICATION

ILS
XYZ
109.00
18.2 NM

300

ABC 33R

31

32

33

1023
QNH

34

ILS COURSE
POINTER

V/
DEV
VERTICAL DEVIATION
INDICATION

20

280

VERTICAL DEVIATION
INDICATION

60

20

VERTICAL DEVIATION SCALE a


INDEX
10

10

55

260
240
10

10

50

220

SELECTED HEADING or TRACK


INDEX

HEADING REFERENCE LINE AND


SCALE

TRU

31

32

33

34

ACTUAL TRACK
DIAMOND

1023
QNH

MAXIMUM SIDESTICK
DEFLECTION

100

80

20
00
80

20

20

5
SIDESTICK ORDER
INDICATION

10

10

60

20
00
80

40
10

10
GROUND ROLL GUIDANCE COMMAND
BAR

1023
QNH

31

32

33

1023
QNH

34

FLIGHT
DIRECTOR

LATERAL DRIFT
ANGLE

DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN
ORDERED ROL
ANGLE
AND
ACTUAL ROLL AN

d
FLIGHT PATH
DIRECTOR

DIFFERENCE BETWEE
PATH
AND ACTUAL FLIGHT P

FLIGHT PATH
VECTOR

c
b

FLIGHT PATH
ANGLE

??

ALT SEL

SPD SEL
V1
INOP

SI
CHECK
ALT

CHECK ATT

FD

FPV

DH

ALT

V/S

W/S
AHEAD
ATT

G/S V/DEV

SPD

WIND
SHEAR

SPD
LIM
MACH
ILS 1
DME 1

RA
LOC
HEADIN
G
CHECK
HDG

VMAX

VLS

FLIGHT CONTROL
in
PITCH ALTERNATE
LAW
and in
DIRECT LAW

STALL
SPEE
D

??

GREEN
DOT

200
180
160

140

VFE NEXT

SLAT
RETRACTIO
N
SPEED
and
GREEN
DOT
and
VFE NEXT

340

ECON
SPEE
D

320

RANG
E

300

280

.65

VERTICA
L
SPEED
SCALE

290

286

280

20
00
80

ANALOG
VERTICAL
SPEED
INDICATIO
N

DIGITAL
VERTICAL
SPEED
INDICATIO
N

DIGITAL
VERTICAL
SPEED
INDICATIO
N

FL
120
STD

LANDIN
G
DIGITAL
VERTICAL
SPEED
INDICATION
GROUND
REFERENCE
LANDING
ELEVATION

ROLL
INDEX
SIDE
SLIP
INDEX /
BETA
TARGET

VERTICAL DEVIATION
INDICATION

DESLOPE DEVIATION SCALE and


INDEX

ILS

LIZER DEVIATION SCALE and


INDEX

MARKER
INDICATION
ILS MESSAGE

ILS COURSE
POINTER

VERTICAL DEVIATION
INDICATION

VERTICAL DEVIATION
INDICATION

CAL DEVIATION SCALE and


INDEX

RNAV

CTED HEADING or TRACK


INDEX

NG REFERENCE LINE AND


SCALE

TUAL TRACK
DIAMOND

UM SIDESTICK
FLECTION

STICK ORDER
DICATION

GROUND
INDICATION
S

IDANCE COMMAND
AR

LATERAL DRIFT
ANGLE

DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN
ORDERED ROLL
ANGLE
AND
ACTUAL ROLL ANGLE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORDERED FLIGHT
PATH
AND ACTUAL FLIGHT PATH

FLIGHT PATH
ANGLE

PFD
FLAG
S
V/S

ALL Flags except:


SI
V1 INOP
DME 1
(which are steady)
FLASH for NINE Seconds
and then are STEADY
DH Flag will
FLASH for THREE Seconds
and then is STEADY

(which are steady)


FLASH for NINE Seconds
and then are STEADY
DH Flag will
FLASH for THREE Seconds
and then is STEADY

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIO


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Trian

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properti
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ted), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

Here are the Column guidelines. Right below are examples of the three lines above the
PFD.

FIRST LINE
>>>>>
SECOND LINE
>>>>
THIRD LINE
>>>>>>

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Autothrottle
Operation

AP / FD
Vertical
Modes

AP / FD
Lateral
Modes

SPEED

ALT *

HDG

G/S*

LOC

Column 4
Approach
Capabilities
DH or MDA

CAT3
SINGLE
DH 100

Column 5
AP, FD,
A/THR
Status

AP1
1FD2
A/THR

Below are all the possible Display Annunciations and Messages for the First Line.
The First Line will display the Engaged or the Captured Modes of the aircraft.
Page Down to the next two sections to see similar information for the Second and Third Lines.

MAN
TOGA

SRS

RWY

CAT 1

AP 1 + 2

MAN
FLX XX

ALT CRZ

HDG

CAT 2

AP 1

CAT 3

MAN
MCT

ALT

TRACK

MAN
THR

ALT *

LOC

THR MCT

ALT CST

LOC *

THR CLB

ALT CST
*

NAV

THR LVR

ALT CST
*

RWY TRK

THR IDLE

V/S
-XXX

GA TRK

A. FLOOR

FPA
+XXX

APP
NAV

TOGA LK

EXP
CLB

SPEED

EXP
DES

AP 2

MACH

G/S
G/S*
OP CLB
OP
DES
CLB
DES

N OI TA MR OF NI E NI L T S RI F

N OI TA MR OF NI E NI L T S RI F

FINAL
APP
FLARE
ROLL
OUT
LAND

Below are all the possible Display Annunciations and Messages for the Second Line.
The Second Line will display the Armed Modes of the aircraft.
Page Up & Down to the other two sections to see similar information for the First and Third Lines.

ALT

R OF NI E NI L DN ONCO
EI STA MR OF NI E NI L T S RI F

CLB

NAV

SINGLE

1 FD 2

LOC

DUAL

1 FD -

APP
NAV

- FD 2

DES

2 FD -

FINAL

- FD 1

G/S

1 FD 1

N OI TA MR OF NI E NI L DN OCES

ALT

G/S

12 FD 12

ALT

FINAL

FD

Below are all the possible Display Annunciations and Messages for the Third Line.
The Third Line will display the Special Messages for the aircraft.
Page Up to the other two sections to see similar information for the First and Second Lines.

LVR
ASYM

MORE
DRAG

A / THR
A / THR

LVR
CLB

SET GREEN DOT


SPD

NO DH

LVR
MCT

SET MANAGED
SPD

MDA
XXXX

THR LK

SET HOLD
SPD
USE MAN PITCH
TRIM
MAN PITCH TRIM
ONLY
CHECK APP
SEL

N OI TA MR OF NI E NI L DRI HT

DH
XXX

DECELERAT
E
VERT DISCON
AHEAD
MACH SEL:
XX
SPEED SEL:
XXX

e three lines above the

ALT *

HDG

CAT 1

AP 1

G/S*

LOC

SINGLE

1 FD 2

DH 100

A / THR

SPEED

s.

SOME AIRLINES INSIST ON SPECIFIC


TERMINOLOGY:
THROTTLES or THRUST LEVERS, and ENGAGED
or
ACTIVE, for FMA INDICATIONS and POWER
?? SETTINGS.

FIRST LINE
INFORMATION

SPEED

ALT *

HDG

CAT 1

AP 1

G/S
*

LOC

SINGL
DHE100

1 FD 2
A / THR

SECOND LINE
INFORMATION

SPEED

ALT *

HDG

CAT 1

AP 1

G/S
*

LOC

SINGL
E
DH 100

1 FD 2
A / THR

THIRD LINE
INFORMATION

SPEE
D

??

ALT *

HDG

CAT 1

AP 1

G/S
*

LOC

SINGL
E
DH 100

1 FD 2
A / THR

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-9


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switc

01 Red Triangle Productions LLC

File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

GROUNDSPE
ED
and
TRUE
AIRSPEED

GS 390

TAS 380

TRU

VOR 2
CRS

095 /
20

WIND
DIRECTION
and
SPEED
ACTUAL
AIRCRAF
T
TRACK

CHRONOMET
ER
NAV AID
INFO

2' 30"

ADF
IA

ND
ARC
(MAP)
MODE

GS 390

XYZ
25.2

TAS 380

200 /
50
TBA

VOR/DM
E
PSEUDO
WAYPOINT
S

ABC
FL260

QWRT
Y
250KT
D130R
FL340

D130R
FL340

FLIGHT
PLAN
WAYPOINT
S

XYZ
+FL260

GS 390

XYZ
25.2

TAS 380

200 /
50
TEMPORARY FLT
PLAN:
DASHED YELLOW
Displays any
REVISION
before it is INSERTED..

NOTE: YOU
WOULD NOT
HAVE ALL OF
THESE
SHOWING
ON THE ND.
THESE ARE
ILLUSTRATED
ONLY TO
ASSIST
THE STUDENT
IN
VISUALIZING
THE
POSSIBILITIES.

JKL

XYZ

ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN:


LNAV engaged -- SOLID
GREEN
NOT engaged -- DASHED
GREEN

SECONDARY FLT PLAN:


WHITE
Displays any that are
entered.

MISSED APPROACH: BLU


shows when a MAP Point
selected on the on-side
MCDU
ENGINE OUT:
YELLOW -- NOT ACTIVE
GREEN -- IF/WHEN
ACTIVATED

ROA

ILS MARKER
BEACON

GS 202

330 /
20

TAS 200

ILS APP
9

OM 33L

AIRPORT
SYMBOL

D - LG
6.2

D-LG

LGAT
33R

ABC

XYZ

NAVAID
S
.5L
ZY

10

ILS COURSE
SYMBOL

D120M

COMPASS ROSE RANGE


VALUE

CROSS TRACK E

27

ILS APP
MESSAGE

GS 165

095 /
20 or
SELECTED HEADING
TRACK

LOCALIZER DEVIATION
BAR

15

TAS 150

ILS APP
24

ILS 2
CRS

LOCALIZER COURSE
POINTER

RNAV or VOR APP


MESSAGE

GS 165

095 /
20
SELECTED HEADING or
TRACK

LATERAL DEVIATION
BAR

LOCALIZER COURSE
POINTER

TAS 150

VOR
APP
30

VOR 2
CRS

DATA

Displays Flt
Plan
oriented to
TRUE NORTH
with the
RANGE as
selected on the
EFIS Control
Panel.

GS 388

QWERT /
098
20

TAS 394

250 /
23
N
JKL
XYZ

MAP REFERENCE
POINT

QWERT
E

W
UVW

ABC

ACTUAL AIRCRAFT
POSITION

DEF

GS 394

ABC
65

TAS 388

241 /
15
VOR BEARING
POINTER

WEATHER RADAR
IMAGE

DEF

WEATHER RADAR
IMAGE

160

ABC
XYZ

80

80

VOR 1
XYZ
75 NM

.3R
ROA

ND
FLAGS

Other Messages That


May Appear:
HERE IS THE SUMMARY:
FOR MESSAGES THAT
MAY APPEAR IN
THIS AREA:
CHECK VOR 1 ( 2 )
CHECK ILS 1 (2 )

CHECK
HDG

MAP PARTIALLY DISPLAYED


NAV ACCUR DOWNGRAD
NAV ACCUR UPGRAD
SPECIFIC VOR / D UNAVAIL
SET OFFSIDE RNG / MODE

HDG
LOC

GPS PRIMARY

MODE
CHANGE

GPS PRIMARY LOST

VOR

HERE THE SUMMARY:


FOR MESSAGES THAT
MAY APPEAR IN
THIS CENTER AREA:
MODE CHANGE
RANGE CHANGE
MAP NOT AVAIL

VOR 1
DME 1

OFST R
XX

CHECK VOR
1

HEADING LUBBER
LINE

VOR 2 116.0
0
CRS 020
XYZ

M
SELECTED
HEADING
or TRACK

AIRPLANE
SYMBOL
ADF BEARING
POINTER
VOR BEARING
POINTER

VOR 2
XYZ M

NAV AID
INFO

35 NM

XYZ 320
25.2 NM
09:16

TO WAYPOINT
DATA:
Identification
with Track to
Go,
Dist To Go,
ETA
ACTUAL
AIRCRAF
T
TRACK
ARC MODE
RANGE
MARKS

ARC MODE
RANGE
MARKS
VNAV ALT
CONSTRAIN
T

DEF

FLIGHT
PLAN
TYPES

XYZ 320
25.2 NM
09:16

CTIVE FLIGHT PLAN:


NAV engaged -- SOLID
REEN
OT engaged -- DASHED
REEN

ABC

FLIGHT PLAN CAPTURE:


when on HDG Mode intercept,
LNAV Armed, and FMGC has
computed the Intercept Path.
The portion of the Flt Plan
before
the Intercept Point is GREEN.

SSED APPROACH: BLUE


ows when a MAP Point is
ected on the on-side
DU

ND
ROSE

D - LG 065
6.2 NM
17.:0
5

NAVAID
S

ND
ROSE
NAV
(MAP)
MODE

CROSS TRACK ERROR

ILS DATA:

109.3
ILS 2
0
CRS 327
IXYZ

FREQUENCY
COURSE
IDENTIFICATI
ON
ACTUAL
AIRCRAF
T
TRACK

33

GLIDESLOP
E
DEVIATION
DIAMOND

ILS
APP

VOR 2 117.7
0
CRS 003
ABC

VOR DATA:
FREQUENCY
COURSE
IDENTIFICATI
ON
ACTUAL
AIRCRAF
T
TRACK

VOR
APP

QWERT /
098
20 NM
10:19

ABC 005
65 NM
15:28

ND
PLAN
MODE

WEATHE
R
RADAR

160

TILT ANGLE
CALIBRATION
MODE

TILT
-3.00

CRS XXX

THESE Flags FLASH


for NINE Seconds
and then are
STEADY:
HDG
LOC
G/S
VOR
VOR 1 (2)
DME 1 (2)

G/S
PRED W/S

VOR 2
DME 2

??

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

pyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

SOME AIRLINE'S SOFTWARE MAY OR MAY NOT INCLUDE ALL OF THESE


INDICATIONS.

.2 R

FF

RW

IF

MA

OM

TD

MM

A + alpha

IM
BM

.2 L

RC
CF
MD

NOTE:

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ys (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

LANDING
GEAR
INDICATORS
AUTOBRAKE
PANEL

UNLK

LND
GEAR
UNLK

ON

LO

AUTO
MED
BRK

MAX

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

ON

OFF

ALTERNATE BRAKES
ACCUMULATORS
CHR

RST

? ?
? ?
? ?

ANTISKID
&
NWS
??
??SW
?? ?? ??
?? ??

! APPLICATION WARNING
PARKING BRAKES 1 2 AUTOBRAKES
ANTI SKID
! MAINTENANCE ACTION

CHR
TERR ON
ND

MI
N

DATE

UTC

SE
C

GPS

ON

INT
SET

SET
HR/M
O

MIN/D
Y

HR

LANDING
GEAR LEVER

A/SKID &
N/W STRG
ON

DECEL

BRAKES SYSTEMS
NORMAL BRAKES
GPS
CLOCK
shown

!
!

BRK
FAN
HOT

UNLK

! BRAKES / GEAR DIAGRAMS


! WHEEL ECAMS
!
BRAKE FANS
USE

ET

SEC/
Y

MI
N

UP

First
Flight
Brakes
TEST

LIMIT SPD (IAS)


VLE 280 KT/M67
VLO EXT 250
RUN
KT
RET 220
STP
KT
RST
1
230
KT
VFE 1+F 215
KT
2
200
?? Brakes
KT
Accumulator
3
185
KT
177
Red Arrow FULL
ACCU
KT

A319 / A320
PLACARD
SHOWN
HERE

PRES
S
4

3
1

1
0

BRAKE
PSI
SX
1000
DOWN

TION WARNING

ANCE ACTION

DIFFERENCES:
A319 / A320 -Normal brakes are available when:
1. A/SKID & N/W STRG Switch -- ON
2. GREEN Hyd System Pressure
available
3. Parking Brake is OFF
A321 -Normal brakes are available when:
1. A/SKID & N/W STRG Switch -- ON
2. GREEN Hyd System Pressure
available

A321 PLACARD:
LIMIT SPD (IAS)
VLE 280 KT/M67
VLO EXT 250
KT
RET 220
KT
1
235
KT
VFE 1+F 225
KT
2
215
KT
3
195
KT
FULL
190
KT
The
TRIPLE
GAUGE
Just think of it as the
YELLOW HYD SYS
GAUGE

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and aut
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

Guide (trademark protected)

SWITCHING

ECAM
SWITCHING
PANEL

ATT
HDG
NOR
CAP
T

AIR
DATA
NOR

F/O

ECAM
CONTROL
PANEL
Operations
Computers
Display
Colors
Alert Levels
Priorities
Note
Non-T.O. Inhibit
??

AUTO THRUST a
!
CAUTION:

CAP
T

F/O

EIS
DMC
NOR
CAP
T

ECAM/ND
XFR
NOR

F/O

CAP
T

F/O

ECAM
T O
CONF

UPPER
DISPLAY

EMER
CANC

SYSTEM KEYS, or PAGES:


BR
T

OFF

ENG

BLEED

PRESS

ELEC

HYD

FUEL

APU

COND

DOOR

WHEEL

F/CTL

ALL

STS

RCL

PUSH -- Lower ECAM displays


the
associated ECAM System Page.

LOWER
DISPLAY

OFF

CLR

BR
T

c d e f
EMERGENC
Y:

5
CG UP
12 4
UP
CG
15 3
UP

g ALSO LISTED ON THE GLARESHIELD SHEET


!!

TO
GA

TO
GA

FLX
MCT

FLX
MCT

CL

CG
20 2
UP

CLR

40
35
30

CG
2 20
UP

CL

A/THR

A/THR

CG 1
25 UP

45

5
UP CG
4 12
UP
CG
15
3
UP

1 CG
UP 25

25
0

20
15
10

0
REV

REV

CG
30

??
??

DFDR
Event

CG
30

CG
2 35
DN
3
DN

! ENGINE ECAM
! CRUISE ECAM
ON

FLOOD
MAIN
LT
PNL

OFF

ON

ENG
1

OFF

MOD
E
NOR

FIRE
FAULT
CRA
NK

BR
T

ENG

MASTER
1

OFF

INTEG
MAIN PNL &
LT
PED

BR
T

OFF

1
DN

FULL

FULL

CG
35 2
DN
3
DN

AIDS
PRINT

5
0

1
DN

ENGINE
MASTER
SWITCHES

REV

REV

CG
30

MASTER
2

ENG
2

??
??

FIRE
FAULT

IGN
STAR
T

FLAP
SELECTION
TABLE

?
GND SPOILER
ARMED

! RUDDER DIAGRAM

SPEEDBRAKE
RUDDER
TRIM

SPEED
BRAKE

RE
T

RE
T

1/
2

1/
2

FULL

?
??

L 0.4

FULL

NOS
E
L

RUD
TRIM

NOS
E
R

RESE
T

FULL

FLAPS

FULL

FLAP LEVER

PARKING
BRAKE

PARKING
BRK

PULL &
TURN

! BRAKE (PARKING) DIAGRAM

OFF

ON
PARK
BRK

GEAR
GRAVITY
EXTENSION
HANDLE.

GRAVIT
Y
GEAR
EXTN

GEAR

GEAR

EMERGENCY
GRAVITY
GEAR
EXTENSION

PULL
&
TURN

PUSH THIS BUTTON TO DROP


THE PARKING BRAKE HANDLE
DOWN TO RETRACTED
POSITION.

GEAR

GEAR

PARKING
BRAKE
HANDLE,
EXTENDED
FOR TURNING

SYSTEM KEYS, or PAGES:

PUSH -- Lower ECAM displays


the
ssociated ECAM System Page.

??
??
??

PITCH TRIM WHEELS:


THESE CONTROL THE THS MECHANICALLY.
THESE HAVE PRIORITY OVER ELECTRICAL
CONTROL.
MANUAL MOVEMENT WILL DICONNECT THE
AUTOPILOT.
AFTER LANDING:
THE THS AUTOMATICALLY TRIMS TO ZERO
WHEN
THE PITCH REDUCES TO LESS THAN 2.5
(CONFIRMED AFTER 5 SECONDS)

REVERSE LATCHING LEVERS:


SELECT REVERSE THRUST BY
OVERRIDING THE
STOP LOCATED AT THE FORWARD IDLE
POSITION.
THE STOP IS RESET WHEN THE
THROTTLE IS
SELECTED BACK TO FORWARD THRUST.
AUTOTHROTTLE DISCONNECT
SWITCHES:
PRESSED -- DISCONNECTS THE A/THR
SYSTEM.
THRUST LEVERS or THROTTLES:
(DEPENDING UPON YOUR AIRLINE'S
TERMINOLOGY)
SENDS SIGNAL(S) TO FADEC WHICH
COMPUTES AND
DISPLAYS THE THRUST RATING LIMIT.
THEY CAN BE MANUALLY MOVED OVER
FOUR
OPERATING SEGMENTS, ALONG WHICH
ARE FIVE
DETENTS.
WHEN THE IDLE STOP IS CLEARED BY
PULLING UP
ON THE THRUST LEVERS, THEN REVERSE
IDLE IS
SELECTED.

SENDS SIGNAL(S) TO FADEC WHICH


COMPUTES AND
DISPLAYS THE THRUST RATING LIMIT.
THEY CAN BE MANUALLY MOVED OVER
FOUR
OPERATING SEGMENTS, ALONG WHICH
ARE FIVE
DETENTS.
WHEN THE IDLE STOP IS CLEARED BY
PULLING UP
ON THE THRUST LEVERS, THEN REVERSE
IDLE IS
SELECTED.
PITCH TRIM SCALE:
DEPICTS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE
CG AND
THE PITCH TRIM SETTING FOR TAKEOFF.
THE GREEN BAND IS THE NORAL RANGE OF
SETTINGS.

?
! ENGINE ECAMS
?

??
??

FLOOD
PE
LT
D
OFF

BR
T

??
??
??
DIFFERENCES:

FLAPS

PARKING) DIAGRAM

AIDS
PRIN
T

DFDR
EVEN
T

UTTON TO DROP
G BRAKE HANDLE
TRACTED

PARKING
BRAKE
HANDLE,
EXTENDED
OR TURNING

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Da
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

ACTIVE

STBY / CRS

126.70

126.70

VHF2

VHF1

ALTERNATE
RADIO
MANAGEMEN
T
PANEL

VHF3

SEL

HF 1

HF 2

AM
STBY NAV

NAV

RADIO
MANAGEMEN
T
PANEL

VOR

ILS

ON

MLS

ADF

BFO
OFF

CALL

CALL

CALL

CALL

CALL

MECH

ATT

VHF 1

VHF 2

VHF 3

HF 1

HF 2

INT

CAB

AUDIO
CONTRO
L
PANEL

INT
ON
VOICE

RAD
VOR 2

VOR 1

STBY

AUTO

MKR

ON

ATC

ON

ADF 1

ADF 2

FAIL

TRANSPONDE
R
3
IDENT

4
OFF

MLS

ILS

PROCEDURE:
1. RMP ON/OFF Sw
2. NAV Key (guarded
3. On the RMP to be
a) VOR or ILS Ke
b) Select Frequen
c) Set Course -- R
4. To select another
PRESS

PA

RESET

NAVIGATION TUNIN
1. AUTOTUNING
2. MANUAL TUNING
Page
3. RMP REMOTE TU
TUNING STANDBY N
This is the procedure
A) Both FMGECs o
B) All MCDUs are

6
ALL ABV

TA

OFF

ON
7

CLR

THRT

BLW

STBY

TA/RA

ALT
RPTG

WEATHER
!
RADAR
5

OFF

AUTO

10
15

10

WINDSHEA
R

15

OFF

15

15
5

10

WX /
TURB

F/O
WX

CONTROL
S

WX

1500

10
WX /
TURB

BOTH
CAPT

TILT using ADIR


horizon:

DATA:

PREDICTIVE WINSHEAR: AIRCRAFT HEIGHT ABOVE THE


GROUND
ADVISORY
ONLY
DISPLAY ONLY

1200

!
5 NM

CAUTION

WARNING

CAUTION
ALERTS

365
NO
ALERTS
BELOW 50'

WARNING on
TAKEOFF
CAUTION on
LANDING

50
.5 NM

1.5 NM

3 NM

FAC REACTIVE WINSHEAR: AIRCRAFT HEIGHT ABOVE THE


GROUND
1300
1300
CONFIGURATIO
N
1 OR MORE

5 NM

CONFIGURATIO
N
1 OR MORE

PFD

TAKEOFF
AND
CLIMB
OUT

APPROAC
H
AND
LANDING

50

WINDSHEA
R
Aural Warning:
WINDSHEAR, WINDSHEAR,
WINDSHEAR

FAC uses Independent Channels.


Each FAC interfaces with ELACs w
DISENGAGED.
Each FAC interfaces with FMGS wh
ENGAGED.

VHF1

HF 1

ACTIVE

STBY / CRS

126.70

126.70

VHF2

SEL

VHF3

HF 2

AM
STBY NAV

NAV

VOR

ILS

MLS

ON

ADF

BFO
OFF

NAVIGATION TUNING METHODS:


1. AUTOTUNING
2. MANUAL TUNING -- RAD NAV
Page
3. RMP REMOTE TUNING
TUNING STANDBY NAVIAGTION RADIOS:
This is the procedure used when:
A) Both FMGECs or
B) All MCDUs are inoperative.
PROCEDURE:
1. RMP ON/OFF Switch -- ON (both RMPs)
2. NAV Key (guarded)(both RMPs) -- PRESS
3. On the RMP to be TUNED:
a) VOR or ILS Key -- PRESS
b) Select Frequency -- ROTATE Knob
c) Set Course -- ROTATE Knob
4. To select another Station, TANSFER -PRESS

TRANSPONDE
R

WEATHER
RADAR

TILT using ADIRS 3


horizon:
ATT
HDG
NOR
CAP
T

F/O

-25
5 NM

0
ADVISORY
ALERTS

-40

25
40

3 NM
CAUTION
ALERTS
1.5 NM

WARNING
ALERTS

WARNING ALERT
S
on the ground
.5 NM

PFD

CAUTION ALERTS
in-flight

WINDSHEA
R

Appears for at least 15


seconds

Aural Warning:
WINDSHEAR, WINDSHEAR,
WINDSHEAR

AC uses Independent Channels.


ach FAC interfaces with ELACs when Autopilots are
SENGAGED.
ach FAC interfaces with FMGS when Autopilot(s) are
NGAGED.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15 1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switc
01 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ile, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

B
NOTE: The
TIE
are automatic
interactive
switching for
DC power
distribution.
See
ELEC
ECAM
Sheet
(next one)

DC BAT BUS
DC TIE

BAT
1

BAT
FAULT

BAT
2

BAT 1

TIE

BAT 2

DC BUS 2

HOT BAT BUS


2

TIE

TIE

DC ESS SHED
AC STAT INV

! RAT
RAT &
EMER
GEN

ESS
TR

AC ESS BUS

AC GND / FLT BUS

FAULT

EMER
GEN
(RAT)

AC BUS 1

AC BUS 2
AC ESS FEED
FAULT

BUS TIE

ALTN
OFF

A
U
T
O

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE
OFF

!
SMOKE
ELEC
ECAM

GEN
1
FAULT
OFF

GEN
1

APU
GEN

EXT
PWR
AVAIL

FAULT
OFF

!
APU

GEN
2
FAULT
OFF

ON

APU
GEN

EXT
PWR

TR 2

MAN
ON

AC ESS SHED

LEFT & RIGHT


#1 FUEL
PUMPS

DC GND / FLT BUS

DC ESS BUS

STATIC
INV

TR 1

ESS DC
TIE

OFF

STAT
INVERT
CONTACTO
R

HOT BAT BUS 1

DC TIE

BAT
FAULT

BATT
Data

OFF

DC BUS
1

BATTERY
CONTACTO
RS

GEN
2

MAINTENANC
E
BUS
SWITCH

BA
T
28

ELEC

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
BA
T
28

V
A

DC BAT

ECAM ONE:
EXTERNAL POWER IS
CONNECTED
APU IS OPERATING, NOT
CONNECTED
THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN
A GENERATOR IS TURNED
OFF.

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

28
29

V
A

ESS
TR

GE
N

0 %
116 V
400 HZ

+15
+10

01

54

GW 1220
0

V
A

28
4

28
29

ECAM TWO:
EXTERNAL POWER IS CONNECTED

V
A

GE
N

TR

EMER
GEN

28
29

AC ESS

AC 1

TAT
SAT

APU
GEN

BA
T
28

GE
N

EXT
PWR
115

17 C

C
C

01

V
A

DC BAT

V
A

BATTERY TWO IS OFF

54

GW 1220
0

BA
T
28

0
%
0 V
XX HZ

V
400 HZ

C 17
+15
+10

AC 2

0 %
0 V
XX HZ

BATTERY ONE IS DISCHARGING


NORMALLY

DC 2

ESS
TR

THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN


THE
APU MASTER SWITCH IS
OFF
REGARDLESS OF THE
APU GEN SWITCH.
THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN
THE
APU MASTER SWITCH IS ON
AND
THE APU GEN PB IS OFF.

LB
S

DC ESS

TR

IDG
LO PR

IDG
LO PR

BAT 2
OFF

DC BAT

DC 1

ELEC

0 %
0 V
XX HZ

V
400 HZ
17 C

C
C

BA
T

ELEC

GE
N

EXT
PWR
122

C 17

TAT
SAT

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

0 %
0 V
XX HZ

IDG
LO PR

28
29

AC ESS

AC 1

TR

EMER
GEN

IDG
LO PR

LB
S

V
A

ECAM THREE:
EXTERNAL POWER IS CONNECTED
BATTERY ONE IS DISCHARGING
NORMALLY
BATTERY TWO IS DISCHARGING

BA
T
28

ELEC

DC 1

ECAM THREE:
V
A

EXTERNAL POWER IS CONNECTED

TR

ESS
TR

V
A

28
29

EMER
GEN

GE
N

+15
+10

01

54

DC BAT

V
A

IDG
LO PR

GW 1220 LBS
0

BAT

28
0

V
A

ECAM FOUR:
APU GENERATOR ONLY SUPPLYING.

DC 1

EXTERNAL POWER IS AVAILABLE, NOT


SUPPLYING.

DC 2
DC ESS
1

TR

28
29

ESS
TR

V
A

GE
N

TAT
SAT

ELEC

28
0

17 C

C
C

01

V
A

DC BAT

54

IDG
LO PR

BA
T
28

ECAM FIVE:

V
A

APU GENERATOR and ENGINE 1


GENERATOR.
DC 2

DC ESS

! APU ECAMS

GW 1220 LBS
0

DC 1

0
%
0 V
XX HZ

V
400 HZ

C 17

BA
T

GE
N

EXT
PWR
115

32 %
116 V
400 HZ

+15
+10

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

0 %
0 V
XX HZ

IDG
LO PR

28
29

AC ESS

THIS IS PRIOR TO ENGINE START.

TR

EMER
GEN

AC 1

BATTERY TWO IS DISCHARGING


ABNORMALLY

0
%
0 V
XX HZ

V
400 HZ
17 C

C
C

BA
T
28

ELEC

GE
N

EXT
PWR
115

C 17

TAT
SAT

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

0 %
0 V
XX HZ

28
29

AC ESS

AC 1

BATTERY ONE IS DISCHARGING


NORMALLY

DC 2

DC ESS

TR

IDG
LO PR

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND.

DC ESS
TR

28
33

V
A

ESS
TR

GE
N

GE
N

0
0
XX

26 %
115 V
400 HZ
C 115

17 C

21 RISE
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

BA
T
28

ELEC

01

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

IDG
LO PR

%
V
HZ
2

GW 1220 LBS
0

54

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

52 %
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

28
34

AC ESS

AC 1

TR

EMER
GEN

ECAM SIX: NORMAL


OPERATION

V
A

DC 1

ENGINE 1 GENERATOR
OPERATING.
ENGINE 2 GENERATOR
OPERATING.

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

28
33

ESS
TR

V
A

GE
N

GE
N

39
116
400

OFF

C 114

116 C
21 RISE

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

ELEC

BA
T
28

01

C
C

54

BA
T
28

DC BAT

DC 1

%
V
HZ

ECAM SEVEN:

V
A

ENGINE 1 GENERATOR
FAILURE.
NOTE: IDG DISCONNECT IN
AMBER

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

28
33

V
A

TR
ESS
TR

AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND.

GW 1220 LBS
0

V
A

APU GENERATOR IS OFF.

ID
G

RISE 21
H

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

52 %
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

28
34

AC ESS

AC 1

TR

EMER
GEN

EMER
GEN

28
20

APU GENERATOR IS OFF.

V
A

AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT.

AC ESS

AC 1

GE
N

0
0
0

GE
N

APU
GEN

%
V
HZ

IDG
DIS
C

AC 2

52
116
400

OFF

C 114

116 C
21 RISE

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

BA
T

ELEC

01

C
C

28
0

54

GW 1220 LBS
0

BA
T

DC BAT

V
A

%
V
HZ
2

ID
G

RISE 21

28
0

ECAM EIGHT:

V
A

TR 1 FAILURE.

DC 1

DC 1 STILL POWERED
VIA
DC 2 AND DC BAT BUS.

DC 2
DC ESS
TR

TR

32
0

V
A

ESS
TR
28

130

V
A

GE
N
52

C 43

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

BA
T
28

ELEC

21 RISE

GE
N

43 C

RISE 21
H

54

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

DC 1

35
116
400

%
V
HZ

ID
G

ECAM NINE:

V
A

TR 1 FAILURE and TR 2
FAILURE.
DC 2

TR

DC ESS BUS POWERED


THROUGH
THE ESSENTIAL TR.

32
0

V
A

AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT.

DC ESS
TR

32
0

V
A

EMER
GEN

A
AC ESS

AC 1
GE
N

28
130

ESS
TR V

AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT.

GW 1220 LBS
0

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

%
116 V
400 HZ

28
34

AC ESS

AC 1

ID
G

EMER
GEN

AC 2
GE
N

GE
N

GE
N

34 %
116 V
400 HZ
C 114

ID
G

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

ELEC

25
116
400

APU
GEN

21 RISE
01

C
C

BAT

20
22

V
A

116 C

RISE 21
H

54

%
V
HZ
2

ID
G

GW 1220 LBS
0

DC BAT

BAT

28
22

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

SHE
D

ESS
TR

AC 1

GE
N

%
V
HZ

ID
G

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

0
0
0

EMER
GEN

TR

GALLEY
SHED

C 40

1
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

BA
T
28

ELEC

SHE
D
APU
GEN

XX
XX
XX

STAT

21 RISE
01

C
C

54

GW 1220
0

V
A

BA
T
28

DC BAT

DC 1

0
0
0

42 C

RISE 21
H

GE
N

INV
115
V
400 HZ

%
V
HZ
2

ID
G
LB
S

V
A

ESS
TR

EMER
GEN

AC ESS

AC 1

The APU START is inhibited at this time.

Once on the ground the DC BAT BUS (100


BATTERIES.

V
A

ECAM ELEVEN:
DC 2

TR

Both SHED ESS BUSES are automatically

Below 50 kts the AC ESS BUS will disconn

IDG 1 OIL PRESSURE IS


LOW.

DC ESS

28
33

NOTE: The BATTERIES are DISCHARGIN


supplying the:
1. DC ESS and
2. AC ESS BUSES through the ST

It is unclear whether the STATIC INVERTE


data usually does in this situation. Some s
Maintenance Test.

AC 2

%
V
HZ

ECAM TEN: STATIC INVERTER


OPERATION.
Caused
by:
A) Initial 8 seconds for RAT to deploy.
B) flying less than 140 IAS for RAT effectiv
C) failure of the EMER GEN to function aft

TR

28
34

V
A

AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT.

AC 2

!
IDG 1

GE
N

52 %
116 V
400 HZ

APU
GEN

GE
N

39
116
400

%
V
HZ

GEN 1
FAU LT

FAULT
OFF

IDG
LO
PR

1
TAT
SAT

C 114
+15
+10

01

C
C

BA
T
28

ELEC

116 C
21 RISE

RISE 21
H

54

GW 1220
0

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

ID
G
LB
S

ECAM TWELVE:

V
A

AC BUS 1 FAILURE.

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

SHE
D

ESS
TR

28
34

AC ESS

AC 1

TR

EMER
GEN

V
A

AC 2

The first of several ECAM Action seque


will
explore the AC BUS 1 Failure checklist
ECAM
displays.

This is what begins directly below here.

SHE
D
GE
N

%
0
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

1
TAT
SAT

GE
N

APU
GEN

C 114
+15
+10

C
C

21 RISE
01

39
116
400
116 C

RISE 21
H

54

ID
G

%
V
HZ
2

GW 1220 LBS
0

HOW TO DO ECAM ACTIONS -- HYDRAULIC USED FOR DISPLAY


PURPOSES ONLY.
An ECAM is accompanied by a:
A
1. Chime, and may have a:
2a. Master Warning or
ELE
C
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.

EMER
CONFIG
HY G RSVR
D OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF
G SYS LO
PR
HY Y RSVR LO LVL
D Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.
Quadrant A, Do the "BLUE TO DO" actions -work down through any Boxed Item
until the next Underlined Item,
After each you say, "Clear ECAM?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
ECAM."
When all are done, complete each
Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."
When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
If there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
depending upon your airline's policy:
"ECAM Status, no change. Clear ECAM?" or
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."

HERE ARE SOME ELECTRICAL ECAM SITUATIO


THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE NE
SWITCHLIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
CONTINUE.

Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,


Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."

HERE ARE SOME ELECTRICAL ECAM SITUATIO


THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE NE
When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
SWITCHIf there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
LIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
depending upon your airline's policy:
CLICK EITHER TO EXTINGUISH THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS AND CONTINUE TO DO SOME
ELECTRICAL
CONTINUE.
"ECAM Status, no change. Clear ECAM?" or
ECAM ACTIONS.
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."
MASTER

MASTER

WARN

BA
T
28

ELEC

DC 1

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

BA
T
28

DC BAT

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

SHE
D

AC ESS

AC 1

%
V
HZ

SHE
D
APU
GEN

EMER
GEN

AC BUS 1 FAILURE.
Captain's PFD, ND, and E
BLANK.
AUTOPILOT Disconnects.
MASTER CAUTION LIGH
EXTINGUISHED.

V
A

AUTO
FLT
ELE
C

DC 2

DC ESS

TR

GE
N

MASTER

V
A

WARN

"CHIME"

TR

28
34

V
A

AC 2

GE
N

39
116
400

%
V
HZ

A/P
OFF
AC ESS BUS
FAULT
- AC ESS FEED
..ALTN
AC BUS 1
FAULT
- BLOWER
....OVRD
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

To perform the first ECAM ACTION;


PF: "ECAM Action, I have the aircraft, per
PNF: "AUTO FLIGHT, AUTOPILOT OFF."
ECAM?"
PF: "Clear ECAM."

GE
N

%
0
115 V
400 HZ
1

ID
G

C 114

TAT
SAT

GE
N

APU
GEN

+15
+10

21 RISE

C
C

01

39
116
400
RISE 21

54

116 C

ID
G

GW 1220
0

LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

CLR

AC BUS 1 FAILURE,
CONTINUED
BA
T
28

ELEC

DC BAT

V
A

DC 1

XX
0

V
A

ELE
C
DC 2

C 110
+15
+10

C
C

21 RISE
01

V
A

AC 2

GE
N

39
116
400
RISE 21

TR

28
34

SHE
D
APU
GEN

52 %
116 V
400 HZ

TAT
SAT

V
A

AC ESS

SHE
D

ESS
TR

AC 1

ID
G

AC ESS BUS FAULT Light is


illuminated.

DC ESS

TR

GE
N

BA
T
28

54

113 C
GW 1220
0

To perform the first ECAM ACTION;


PF: "ECAM Action, I have the aircraft, per
PNF: "AUTO FLIGHT, AUTOPILOT OFF."
ECAM?"
PF: "Clear ECAM."

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

AC ESS BUS
FAULT
- AC ESS FEED
..ALTN
AC BUS 1
FAULT
- BLOWER
....OVRD
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

PNF: "ELECTRICAL, AC ESSENTIAL BUS


FAULT,
AC ESSENTIAL FEED, ALTERNAT
< action, > " ALTERNATE."
CLICK on the AC ESS FEED pb to select
ALTERNATE.

AC ESS BUS
BUS TIE

1220
0

BA
T
28

ELEC

AC BUS 1 FAILURE,
CONTINUED

DC 1
1

XX
0

V
A

28
11

ESS
TR

TR

GE
N

39
116
400

C 114
+15
+10

C
C

01

RISE 21
H

54

113 C
GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

AC BUS 1
FAULT

- BLOWER
....OVRD
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

21 RISE

28
34

AC ESS

52 %
116 V
400 HZ

TAT
SAT

DC 2

V
A

ELE
C

EMER
GEN

AC 1

ID
G

V
A

DC ESS

TR

GE
N

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

LB
S

The AC ESS BUS now powers the ESS


TR
-- which powers the DC ESS BUS.

%
V
HZ
2

AC ESS BUS
BUS TIE

CLICK ON ME TO CONTINUE TO THE NEXT STEP FOR THE BLOWER ECAM


ACTION.

ELEC

BA
T
28

AC BUS 1 FAILURE,
CONTINUED

DC 1
1

XX
0

V
A

28
11

ESS
TR

TR

GE
N

39
116
400

C 113
+15
+10

C
C

01

RISE 21
H

V
A

AC 2

APU
GEN

21 RISE

28
34

AC ESS

52 %
116 V
400 HZ

TAT
SAT

DC 2

V
A

ELE
C

EMER
GEN

AC 1

ID
G

V
A

DC ESS

TR

GE
N

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

54

110 C
GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

AC ESS BUS
FAULT
AC BUS 1
FAULT
- BLOWER
....OVRD
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

To perform the ECAM


ACTION;
CLICK on the BLOWER pb.

%
V
HZ
2

VENTILATI
ON
BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

A
U
T
O

EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

BA
T
28

ELEC

AC BUS 1 FAILURE,
FINISHED

DC 1
1

XX
0

V
A

28
11

AC 1

ESS
TR

EMER
GEN

V
A

ELE
C
DC 2

AC ESS

TR

AC ESS BUS
FAULT
AC BUS 1
FAULT
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

V
A

28
34

VENTILATI
ON

AC 2

BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

APU
GEN

GE
N

A
U
T
O

EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

Now that Quadrant A is complete, do


Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc.
Finally,
C 113
110 C ID
2
1
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Sy
21 RISE
RISE 21
G
off....
TAT
+15
C
01
H
54
GW 1220 LB
When done PNF says, "Clear Status?" and
SAT
+10
C
0
S
the PFscenario
responds,
"Clear Status."
This
is done.
To do another, co
following.
CLICK EITHER TO EXTINGUISH THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS AND CONTINUE TO DO SOME ELECTRICAL

52 %
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

V
A

DC ESS

TR

GE
N

BA
T
28

DC BAT

V
A

39
116
400

%
V
HZ

ECAM ACTIONS.
MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"
MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

BA
T
28

ELEC

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

BA
T
28

1
DC BAT

V
A

V
A

DC 1

ELE GEN 2
C - GALLEY.....
OVERLOAD
.OFF

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

28
33

ESS
TR

V
A

28
34

AC ESS

AC 1

TR

EMER
GEN

GENERATOR
OVERLOAD.
MASTER CAUTION LIG
EXTINGUISHED.
This situation, GEN O
OVERLOAD,
calls for the deselecti
OFF.

V
A

AC 2

To perform the ECAM ACTION;


PF: "ECAM Action, I have the aircraft, per
ECAM."
PNF: "ELECTRICAL, GENERATOR 2
OVERLOAD,
GALLEY -- OFF."
Perform the ECAM Action.

GE
N

APU
GEN

52 %
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

1
TAT
SAT

GE
N

C 114
+15
+10

C
C

21 RISE
01

109 %
116 V
400 HZ

RISE 21
H

54

116 C

ID
G

GW 1220
0

LB
S

GENERATOR OVERLOAD,
CONTINUED.
BA
T
28

ELEC

BA
T
28

1
DC BAT

V
A

V
A

DC 1

NOTE: The GALLEY OFF


Light
is now illuminated.

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

28
33

V
A

AC ESS

52 %
116 V
400 HZ
ID
G

1
TAT
SAT

28
34

EMER
GEN

AC 1

GE
N

TR

ESS
TR

C 114
+15
+10

C
C

AC 2

GE
N

APU
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

21 RISE
01

39
116
400
RISE 21

V
A

54

116 C
GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

NOTE:

1. The Galley Shed message.


2. GENERATOR 2 has returned
indications.

%
V
HZ
2

After performing the ECAM


Action:
PNF: "Clear ECAM?"
PF: "Clear ECAM."

GENERATOR OVERLOAD,
CONTINUED.

ELEC

BAT 1
28 V
0 A

BAT 2
28 V
0 A

DC BAT

DC 1

DC 2

PNF: "STATUS; INOPERATIVE SYSTEM,


GALLEY."

DC ESS
TR 1
28 V
50 A

ESS
TR

AC 1

GEN 1
52 %
116 V
400 HZ

AC ESS

GEN 2
29 %
116 V
400 HZ

C 114

116C
21 RISE

TAT
SAT

AC 2

APU
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

ID
G

TR 2
28 V
20 A

EMER
GEN

+15
+10

C
C

01

RISE 21
H

54

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

Then, after reading the STATUS


Page,
PNF: "Clear Status?"
PF: "Clear Status."

This scenario is finished, CLICK on m


to the
EMERGENCY GENERATOR (RAT) OPE
DUAL GENERATOR FAILURE situation

MASTER
WARNING
MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

"DING, DING, DING,


DING"

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

TES
T

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE
OFF

RAT &
EMER
GEN
FAULT

MAN
ON
A
U
T
O

RAT Deployment can be CAUS


A) Multiple failures of elect
sources,
Loss of AC BUS 1 and A
B) Manual Selection

CLICK on either Master Warn


extinguish it and to continu
scenario.
If automatic RAT Deployment
fails,
it can be MANUALLY Deploye

ELEC

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

BAT

28
22

V
A

DC BAT

BAT

28
22

V
A

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS


EXTINGUISHED.
DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR
IMMINENT EMERGENCY GE
DEPLOYMENT.
BATTERIES are DISCHARGI
There is some MOMENTARY
INSTRUMENTATION.
OK

DC 1

DC 2

READ ME
>>

DC ESS
SHED

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

EMER
GEN

AC 1

TR

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 2

SHED
GE
N

0
0
0

ID
G

TAT
SAT

APU
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

%
V
HZ
1

ND
INOP

C 40
+15
+10

C
C

XX
XX
XX
21 RISE
01

STAT
INV

%
V
HZ

115 V
400 HZ

RISE 21
H

54

43 C
GW 1220
0

GE
N

0
0
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

NOTE:
1. BATTERIES ARE POWERING THE AIR
2. BATTERIES POWER THE DC ESSENT
3. BATTERIES POWER STATIC INVERTE
ESS BUS. The RAT & EMER GEN FAULT
come on
during the 8 seconds when th
loads
while the EMER GENERATOR
Initially, CAPT ND, SD, and F/
When EMER GEN comes on l

CLICK on me f

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, BATTERY POWER, IMMINENT RAT


DEPLOYMENT, continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
22

V
A

DC BAT

BAT

28
22

V
A

DC 1

This is one of the few times that the BUS T


The ECAM action MAY call for isolating the
case one
of the two systems has brought both do
After isolating you may be directed to rese
you can bring one back on line.

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

SHE
D

XX
0

ESS
TR

V
A

AC 1

EMER
GEN

TR

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 2

GEN 1

SHE
D
GE
N

0
0
0

ID
G

GALLEY
SHED

%
V
HZ
1
TAT
SAT

APU
GEN

C 40
+15
+10

C
C

XX
XX
XX
21 RISE
01

STAT
INV

%
V
HZ

115 V
400 HZ
RISE 21

54

GE
N

0
0
0

ID
G
GW 1220 LBS
0

42 C

AC BUS 1

APU GEN

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

%
V
HZ
2

IT IS UNCLEAR WHETHER THE STAT


INDICATE
AS DEPICTED. Some sources indicate
mention it.

Both SHED ESS Buses are automatically


SHED.
The APU START is INHIBITED at this time.
PF: "ECAM Action, I have the aircraft. Pe
ECAM.

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, EMERGENCY GENERATOR OPERATION,


continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
22

BAT

DC BAT

V
A

28
22

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

SHE
D

XX
0

ESS
TR

V
A

AC 1

GE
N

ID
G

%
V
HZ
1
TAT
SAT

TR

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

0
0
0

EMER
GEN

SHE
D
APU
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

C 40
+15
+10

C
C

XX
XX
XX
21 RISE
01

AC 2

STAT
INV
115
V
400 HZ

%
V
HZ

RISE 21
H

54

42 C
GW 1220
0

GE
N

0
0
0

ID
G
LB
S

AUTO
A/P
FLT
OFF
ELE
EMER
C
CONFIG
- MIN RAT SPEED
140KT
- GEN 1+2...OFF
THENIFON
UNSUCCESSFU
L:
- BUS TIE .
OFF
- GEN 1+2...OFF
THEN ON

%
V
HZ
2

PNF: "AUTOFLIGHT, AUTOPILOT OFF."


"CLEAR ECAM?"
PF: "CLEAR ECAM."

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,


continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
0

BAT

DC BAT

V
A

28
0

BY THIS TIME, 8 SECONDS HAVE PASSE


DEPLOYED.
BATTERIES ARE NO LONGER DISCHAR

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

EMER
GEN

V
A

28 V
400 HZ

0
0
0

ID
G

%
V
HZ
1
TAT
SAT

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 1

GE
N

TR

APU
APU
GEN
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

AC 2

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

54

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

ELE
EMER
C
CONFIG
- MIN RAT SPEED
140KT
- GEN 1+2...OFF
THEN ON
IF
UNSUCCESSFU
L:
- BUS TIE .
OFF
- GEN 1+2...OFF
THEN ON
- ENG MODE
...SELIGN

STATIC
INVERTER
IS
PNF: "ELECTRICAL, EMERGENCY
UNPOWERED.
CONFIGURATION."
"MINIMUM RAT SPEED IS 140 KT

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,


continued.
BAT

ELEC

20
0

BAT

DC BAT

V
A

28
0

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

EMER
GEN

V
A

28 V
400 HZ

TR

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 1

ELE
EMER
C
CONFIG
- MIN RAT SPEED
140KT
- GEN 1 + 2..OFF
THEN ON
IF
UNSUCCESSFU
L:
- BUS TIE .
OFF
- GEN 1 + 2...OFF THEN
ON
- ENG MODE
...SELIGN

PNF: "GENERATOR 1 and 2


ON."
GEN 1

AC 2

FAULT

GE
N

OFF

ID
G

1
TAT
SAT

APU
APU
GEN
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

54

GW 1220
0

THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN A GENERATOR


IS OFF.

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

OFF

GEN 1
FAULT
OFF

CLICK on me to
CONTINUE

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,


continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
0

BAT

DC BAT

V
A

28
0

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

EMER
GEN

V
A

28 V
400 HZ

0
0
0

ID
G

%
V
HZ
1
TAT
SAT

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 1

GE
N

TR

APU
APU
GEN
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

AC 2

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

54

CLICK on me to
CONTINUE

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

ELE
EMER
C
CONFIG
- MIN RAT SPEED
140KT
IF
UNSUCCESSFU
L:
- BUS TIE ...
OFF
- GEN 1 + 2....OFF
THEN ON
- ENG MODE SEL..
IGN
- VHF1/HF/ATC1..
.USE

AS MENTIONED BEFORE, YOU


MAY BE
DIRECTED TO UTILIZE THE BUS
TIE
"BUSTHE
TIE, OFF, THEN
SWITCH TOPNF:
ISOLATE
ON."
SOURCES.
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ECAM BLU
TO-DO,
AGAIN ATTEMPT
TO RESET THE1 and 2,
PNF: "GENERATOR
GENERATORS
ON."
GEN 1
FAULT
OFF

GEN 1
FAULT
OFF

DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,


continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
0

V
A

DC BAT

BAT

28
0

V
A

AFTER COMPLETING THE REST OF


ITEMS,
PNF: "CLEAR ECAM?"
PF: "CLEAR ECAM."

DC 1

DC 2

THE ELEC ECAM LIST DISAPPEARS

DC ESS
TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

EMER
GEN

V
A

28 V
400 HZ

0
0
0

ID
G

TAT
SAT

APU
APU
GEN
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

%
V
HZ
1

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 1

GE
N

TR

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

AC 2

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

54

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

THE NAV ECAM LIST WILL APPEAR


ELE
C

EMER
CONFIG

- MIN RAT SPEED


140KT
- ENG MODE SEL..
IGN
- VHF1/HF/ATC1..
.USE
APPR NAVAID...ON
RMP 1
- IR 2+3 (IF IR1 OK)
PNF:...OFF
PERFORM ALL OF THE ITEMS I
FUEL
GRAVITY FEED
AUTO
FLT.

ONCE AUTO FLT IS COMPLETELY DO


TURN,
SELECT THE CABIN PRESSURE ECA
ACTIONS.
THIS IS FOLLOWED BY THE HYDRAU
ACTIONS.

ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED,


POWERING.
DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,
continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
0

V
A

DC BAT

BAT

28
0

V
A

DC 1

THEN,
PNF: "CLEAR STATUS?"
PF: "CLEAR STATUS."

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

GE
N

ID
G

28 V
400 HZ

TAT
SAT

TR

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

%
V
HZ
1

EMER
GEN

V
A
SHE
D
APU
APU
GEN
GEN

0
0
0

WHEN SLATS ARE EXTENDED, THE STA

SHE
D

AC 1

GALLEY
SHED

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

On older technology aircraft, when the Gea


line.
This is depicted here only for informational

AC 2

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

ONCE ALL OF THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE


THE PNF WILL READ, AND BOTH PILOTS
STATUS PAGE AND THEN THE INOPERA

54

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

THIS SCENARIO IS
CLICK ON ME TO GO TO
ACTION.

SMOKE CONFIGURATION, ELECTRICAL


SCHEMATIC
SMOKE CONFIGURATION, RAT DEPLOYED, POWERING,
continued.

ELEC

BAT

20
5

V
A

DC BAT

BAT

28
5

V
A

DC 1

DC 2
DC ESS

TR

XX
0

V
A

ESS
TR

28
11

EMER
GEN

V
A

28 V
400 HZ

0
0
0

ID
G

%
V
HZ
1
TAT
SAT

XX
0

V
A

AC ESS

AC 1

GE
N

TR

APU
APU
GEN
GEN

GALLEY
SHED

XX
XX
XX

C 40
21 RISE
+15
+10

C
C

01

AC 2

GE
N

0
0
0

%
V
HZ

42 C
RISE 21

54

GW 1220
0

ID
G
LB
S

%
V
HZ
2

Part of the Smoke Configuration is GEN 1 L


This will cause:
1. GEN 1 Line Contactor OPENS (GEN 1 w
Tank.
2. GEN 2 will power, through the BUS TIE,
a) AC BUS 1
b) AC BUS 2
Electrical loads are reduced by about 75%.
All remaining equipment, except that suppli
TES
GEN 1
RAT & EMER
powered
T
LINE
GEN
through the Circuit Breakers on the Overhe
SMOKE
OFF

NE:
AL POWER IS
TED
PERATING, NOT
TED
THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN
A GENERATOR IS TURNED
OFF.

GE
N

OFF

THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN


THE
APU MASTER SWITCH IS
OFF
REGARDLESS OF THE
APU GEN SWITCH.

APU
GEN

THIS IS THE DISPLAY WHEN


THE
APU MASTER SWITCH IS ON
AND
THE APU GEN PB IS OFF.

APU
GEN

WO:

AL POWER IS CONNECTED

Y ONE IS DISCHARGING
LLY

Y TWO IS OFF

HREE:

AL POWER IS CONNECTED

Y ONE IS DISCHARGING
LLY

Y TWO IS DISCHARGING

OFF

HREE:

AL POWER IS CONNECTED

Y ONE IS DISCHARGING
LLY

Y TWO IS DISCHARGING
MALLY

OUR:

ERATOR ONLY SUPPLYING.

AL POWER IS AVAILABLE, NOT


NG.

RIOR TO ENGINE START.

VE:

ERATOR and ENGINE 1


TOR.

T ON THE GROUND.

X: NORMAL
ON

1 GENERATOR
NG.
2 GENERATOR
NG.
ERATOR IS OFF.

T ON THE GROUND.

EVEN:

1 GENERATOR
.
DG DISCONNECT IN
ERATOR IS OFF.

T IN FLIGHT.

GHT:

LURE.

LL POWERED

D DC BAT BUS.

T IN FLIGHT.

NE:

LURE and TR 2
.

BUS POWERED
H
ENTIAL TR.

T IN FLIGHT.

EN: STATIC INVERTER


ION.
y:
8 seconds for RAT to deploy.
ess than 140 IAS for RAT effective envelop of operation.
of the EMER GEN to function after RAT deployment.

he BATTERIES are DISCHARGING at an unusually high rate as they are


the:
. DC ESS and
. AC ESS BUSES through the STATIC INVERTER.

ar whether the STATIC INVERTER will actually appear where the EXT PWR
lly does in this situation. Some sources say it will only appear during a
nce Test.

D ESS BUSES are automatically shed as indicated by the two labels; SHED

START is inhibited at this time.

he ground the DC BAT BUS (100 kts) will automatically connect to the
ES.

kts the AC ESS BUS will disconnect / be unpowered / shed.

EVEN:

L PRESSURE IS

T IN FLIGHT.

GEN 1
FAULT
OFF

WELVE:

1 FAILURE.

of several ECAM Action sequences

he AC BUS 1 Failure checklist and

what begins directly below here.

B
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

F/CT
L
CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

PUMP

STATU
S

ELECTRICAL ECAM SITUATIONS.


W ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT
WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

D
INOP
SYS
GALLEY

ELECTRICAL ECAM SITUATIONS.


W ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT
WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

AC BUS 1 FAILURE.
Captain's PFD, ND, and E/WD go
BLANK.
AUTOPILOT Disconnects.
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.

A/P
OFF
AC ESS BUS
FAULT
- AC ESS FEED
..ALTN

AVINCS
VENT
HYD
FUEL
F/CTL

- BLOWER
....OVRD

AC ESS BUS FAULT Light is


illuminated.
m the first ECAM ACTION;
AM Action, I have the aircraft, perform ECAM."
UTO FLIGHT, AUTOPILOT OFF." Then, "Clear

ar ECAM."

AC ESS BUS FAULT Light is


illuminated.
m the first ECAM ACTION;
AM Action, I have the aircraft, perform ECAM."
UTO FLIGHT, AUTOPILOT OFF." Then, "Clear

ar ECAM."
AC ESS FEED
FAULT
ALTN

S BUS FAULT Light is


ted.

AC ESS BUS
FAULT
- AC ESS FEED
..ALTN

AVINCS
VENT
HYD
FUEL
F/CTL

- BLOWER
....OVRD

ECTRICAL, AC ESSENTIAL BUS

C ESSENTIAL FEED, ALTERNATE,"


ction, > " ALTERNATE."
the AC ESS FEED pb to select
TE.

DC BUS 2

AC ESS FEED
FAULT
ALTN

AC BUS 2

AC BUS 1
FAULT

AVINCS
VENT
HYD
FUEL
F/CTL

- BLOWER
....OVRD
DC ESS BUS
FAULT

AC ESS BUS ALTN Light is


illuminated.
C ESS BUS now powers the ESS

ich powers the DC ESS BUS.


DC BUS 2
AC ESS FEED
FAULT
ALTN

AC BUS 2

AC ESS BUS
FAULT

- BLOWER
....OVRD

m the ECAM
the BLOWER pb.
VENTILATI
ON
EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

A
U
T
O

AVINCS
VENT
HYD
FUEL
F/CTL

AVINCS
VENT
HYD
FUEL
F/CTL

AC ESS BUS
FAULT

VENTILATI
ON
EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

A
U
T
O

Quadrant A is complete, do
B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item.

D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all

ne PNF says, "Clear Status?" and


sponds,
"Clear Status."
nario
is done.
To do another, continue with the
.

BEGINS
GENERATO
R
OVERLOAD

GENERATOR
OVERLOAD.
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.
This situation, GEN OVERLOAD or APU
OVERLOAD,
calls for the deselecting of GALLEY Power to
OFF.

GALLEY.....
.OFF

m the ECAM ACTION;


AM Action, I have the aircraft, perform

ECTRICAL, GENERATOR 2
AD,
ALLEY -- OFF."

DC BUS 1

he ECAM Action.
GALLEY
FAULT
OFF

IDG 1

A
U
T
O

AC BUS 1
GEN 1

TE: The GALLEY OFF


ht
is now illuminated.

DC BUS 1
GALLEY
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

IDG 1

AC BUS 1
GEN 1

1. The Galley Shed message.


2. GENERATOR 2 has returned to normal
ons.

erforming the ECAM

Clear ECAM?"
Clear ECAM."

CLR

ATUS; INOPERATIVE SYSTEM,

STATU
S

r reading the STATUS

ear Status?"
ear Status."

STS

cenario is finished, CLICK on me to go on

GENCY GENERATOR (RAT) OPERATION,


GENERATOR FAILURE situation.

INOP
SYS
GALLEY

RAT Deployment can be CAUSED by:


A) Multiple failures of electrical
sources,
Loss of AC BUS 1 and AC BUS 2.
B) Manual Selection
CLICK on either Master Warning Light to
extinguish it and to continue with this
scenario.
If automatic RAT Deployment
fails,
it can be MANUALLY Deployed.

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.
DUAL ENGINE GENERATOR FAILURE.
IMMINENT EMERGENCY GENERATOR (RAT)
DEPLOYMENT.
BATTERIES are DISCHARGING.
There is some MOMENTARY LOSS of
INSTRUMENTATION.
ND
INOP

OK

ND
INOP

PFD
INOP

SD
INOP

RIES ARE POWERING THE AIRCRAFT.


RIES POWER THE DC ESSENTIAL BUS.
RIES POWER STATIC INVERTER AND AC
. The RAT & EMER GEN FAULT Light will momentarily
come on
during the 8 seconds when the BATTERIES assume the
loads
while the EMER GENERATOR (RAT) comes on line.
TES
GEN 1F/O ND
RATand
& EMERPFD go blank.
MAN
Initially, CAPT ND,
SD, and
T
LINE
GEN
ON
When EMER GEN comes on line the Capt ND returns. AU
SMOKE

FAULT

OFF

CLICK on me for MORE

T
O

ne of the few times that the BUS TIE Switch might be used.
M action MAY call for isolating the electrical system -- in

wo systems has brought both down.


ating you may be directed to reset the Generators to see if
an bring one back on line.
FAULT

AC ESS BUS

ALTN

AC BUS 2

BUS TIE

APU GEN

OFF

A
U
T
O

EXT PWR

GEN 2

FAULT

AVAIL

FAULT

OFF

ON

OFF

UNCLEAR WHETHER THE STATIC INVERTER WILL


ATE
PICTED. Some sources indicate that it will, others don't
on it.
CLICK on me for
MORE

D ESS Buses are automatically

START is INHIBITED at this time.


AM Action, I have the aircraft. Perform

A/P
OFF

LAND
ASAP
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

RAT SPEED
140KT
1+2...OFF
ON

CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

TIE .
OFF
1+2...OFF
ON

THE GREEN ARROW indicates there are


more items to perform after these listed
items

UTOFLIGHT, AUTOPILOT -

CLEAR ECAM?"
CLEAR ECAM."

CLR

TIME, 8 SECONDS HAVE PASSED AND THE RAT


ED.
ES ARE NO LONGER DISCHARGING.

RAT SPEED
140KT
1+2...OFF
ON

TIE .
OFF
1+2...OFF
ON
MODE
...SELIGN

LAND
ASAP
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT
CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

THE GREEN ARROW indicates there are


more items to perform after these listed
items
LECTRICAL, EMERGENCY
URATION."
MINIMUM RAT SPEED IS 140 KTS."
CLICK on me to
CONTINUE

LAND
ASAP
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

RAT SPEED
140KT
1 + 2..OFF
ON

CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

TIE .
OFF
1 + 2...OFF THEN

MODE
...SELIGN

PNF: "GENERATOR 1 and 2, OFF, THEN


ON."

GEN 2
FAULT

OFF,
THEN
ON.

OFF

GEN 2
FAULT
OFF

"IF
UNSUCCESSFUL:...."
CLICK on me to
CONTINUE

LAND
ASAP
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

RAT SPEED
140KT

TIE ...
OFF
1 + 2....OFF
ON
MODE SEL..
N
/HF/ATC1..
USE

CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

TIONED BEFORE, YOU

BUS TIE

ED TO UTILIZE THE BUS

A
U
T
O

OFF

"BUSTHE
TIE, OFF, THEN
TOPNF:
ISOLATE
ON."
ES.
RDANCE WITH THE ECAM BLUE-

TTEMPT
TO RESET THE1 and 2, OFF, THEN
PNF: "GENERATOR
ATORS
ON."

GEN 2
FAULT

OFF,
THEN
ON.

OFF

GEN 2
FAULT
OFF

"IF
UNSUCCESSFUL:...."

ER COMPLETING THE REST OF THESE QUADRANT 1


MS,
"CLEAR ECAM?"
"CLEAR ECAM."

ELEC ECAM LIST DISAPPEARS.

NAV ECAM LIST WILL APPEAR.


EMER
CONFIG

LAND
ASAP
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

MIN RAT SPEED


140KT
NG MODE SEL..
IGN
CAB
HF1/HF/ATC1..
PRESS
.USE
HYD
PR NAVAID...ON
FUEL
MP 1
R 2+3 (IF IR1 OK)
PERFORM ALL OF THE ITEMS IN QUAD 1 FOR NAV, F/CTL, &
...OFF
EL
GRAVITY FEED
FLT.

AUTO FLT IS COMPLETELY DONE IN QUADRANT 1, THEN, IN


,
CT THE CABIN PRESSURE
CLICK on ECAM
me to PB AND PERFORM THOSE
ONS.
CONTINUE
S FOLLOWED BY THE HYDRAULIC AND FUEL ECAM
ONS.

L OF THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE COMPLETE,


WILL READ, AND BOTH PILOTS WILL REVIEW THE
PAGE AND THEN THE INOPERATIVE SYSTEMS.

EAR STATUS?"
EAR STATUS."

LATS ARE EXTENDED, THE STATUS PAGE WILL REAPPEAR.

echnology aircraft, when the Gear went down the SHED Buses dropped off

picted here only for informational purposes.

LAND
ASAP
RAT OUT
EMER GEN
IGNITION
MAN LDG
ELEV
ST
S

THIS SCENARIO IS FINISHED.


CLICK ON ME TO GO TO THE NEXT ECAM
ACTION.

e Smoke Configuration is GEN 1 LINE Switch -- OFF


ause:
Line Contactor OPENS (GEN 1 will power one Fuel Pump in each Wing

will power, through the BUS TIE, the


BUS 1
BUS 2
loads are reduced by about 75%.
ing equipment, except that supplied by the HOT BAT BUSES, is
RAT & EMER
GEN

MAN
ON

e Circuit Breakers on the Overhead Panel.


FAULT

A
U
T
O

LAND
ASAP
RAT OUT
EMER GEN
IGNITION
MAN LDG
ELEV
ST
S

END.

RED TRIANGLE PRO


1999, 2000, 2001 R

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File,
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ht protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Mic

NS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guid

s] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

FLIGHT
CONTROL
SURFACES

HYD SYS
BY
COLOR

B
G
Y

Wing Tip Brakes


SLATS
Five SLATS
per wing

NOTE: THE ARROWS INDICATE THE CONTROL RECONFIGURATION PRIORITIES OF THE


COMPUTERS. THIS IS THE ORDER IN WHICH CONTROL (COMPUTERS) DEFAULTS (FAILS) IN
THE AIRCRAFT.
?? ?? ?? ??
LAF
! HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC
LOAD ALLEVIAITON FUNCTION
(LAF)
SPEEDBRAKES 2-4
SPEED BRAKES 2-4
ALPHA
LOCK
GROUND SPOILERS 1-5
GROUND SPOILERS 1-5
WING TIP
BRAKES
ROLL CONTROL 2-5 + Ailerons
ROLL CONTROL 2-5 + Ailerons
SFCC 1
SFCC 2

B
5

ROLL CONTROL
SPOILERS
SPEEDBRAKES

LT OUTBD

AILERONS

G
B

! CRUISE ECAM
! ENG ECAM Page

POSITION NUMBERING
2
3
4
5

RT INBD

G
2

FLARE MODE

POSITION NUMBERING
4
3
2

LT INBD

SEC

RT OUTBD

1 ELAC 2

1 ELAC 2

??
FLAPS
Two FLAPS
per wing
Flap Disconnect

SFCC 2
SFCC 1
ELAC
1
FAULT

SEC
1

FAC
1

FAULT

FAULT

ELAC
2
FAULT

SEC
2
FAULT

FLT
CTL

SEC
3
FAULT

FAC
2
FAULT

CRUISE ECAM
ENG ECAM Page

F / CTL

THERE ARE
TWO ECAMS DISPLAYED
ON THIS WORKSHEET.

G B Y
SPD BRK
SEC

ELAC 1
L
AIL

B G

R
AIL

SPOILER
RETRACTED

R
ELEV

RUD
G B Y

B G

SPOILER DEFLECT
2.5

G B

PITCH TRIM G Y
-1.8 UP

L
ELEV

PAGE DOWN TO SEE


BOTH.

SPOILER FAUL
DEFLECTED

Y B
1

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

F / CTL

54

GW 12200 LBS

THE DEPICTIONS OF FAILURES


HERE

G B Y
4

IS TO SHOW POTENTIAL
COLORS,

SPD
BRK
L
AIL

ELAC 1
=

B G

R
AIL

G B

R
ELEV

RUD
G B Y

B G

TAT
SAT

SEC
2

G Y
PITCH
TRIM+3.2 DN

L
ELEV

+15
+10

C
C

01

SPOILER FAULT
RETRACTED

Y B

54

GW 12200 LBS

NOT ACCURACY IN ANY


PARTICULAR CONFIGURATION
OR
SPECIFIC SYSTEM FAULT

THERE ARE
O ECAMS DISPLAYED
THIS WORKSHEET.

AGE DOWN TO SEE


BOTH.
SPOILER DEFLECTED >
2.5
SPOILER
RETRACTED
SPOILER FAULT
DEFLECTED
SPOILER FAULT
RETRACTED

E DEPICTIONS OF FAILURES
HERE
IS TO SHOW POTENTIAL
COLORS,
NOT ACCURACY IN ANY

RTICULAR CONFIGURATION
OR
SPECIFIC SYSTEM FAULT

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyri
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

ELEVATORS
THS INFO
COMMAND

MANUAL
MANUAL
PITCH
PITCH
TRIM
TRIM
WHEELS
WHEELS

??

GREEN HYD SYS

YELLOW HYD SYS

BLUE HYD SYS

ELAC

SEC

ELECTRICAL TRIM
MOTORS
STABILIZER
STABILIZER
MECHANICAL
CABLE
CONTROL

LEFT
ELEVATOR

RIGHT
ELEVATOR

HYDRAULIC MOTORS

G
ELAC

2
SEC

ELAC

SEC

NOTE: THE ARROWS INDICATE THE CONTROL RECONFIGURATION PRIORITIES OF THE


COMPUTERS. THIS IS THE ORDER IN WHICH CONTROL DEFAULTS IN THE AIRCRAFT.

RED TRIANGLE PR
1999, 2000, 2001

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trad
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

al Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

RUDDER
RUDDER

FAC TRAVEL LIMIT


MOTORS
1

DIFFERENCES:
A319 Rudder deflection is limited to
30.

RUDDER
1
FAC
2

Y
B

MECHANICA
L
CONTROL

2
FAC RUDDER TRIM
MOTORS

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyri
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

B SCROLL TO A321 FUEL SYSTEM


A320 FUEL
DATA
IDG OIL
COOLIN
G
FUEL
RETURN
LINE

42,000 lbs Total Fuel


X-FEED VALVE

ENG 1

??

LP
VALVE

TRANSFE
R
VALVES

SPILL
PIPE

OUTER
surge tank 50 lbs
vent tank

LP
VALVE

CENTER
TANK FUEL
PUMPS
1&2

1
DEFUEL
TRANSFER
VALVE

FUEL
PUMPS
REFUELING
VALVE

ENG 2

2
FUEL
PUMPS

A319 / A320 FUEL


SYSTEM
IDG OIL
COOLIN
G
FUEL
RETURN
LINE
TRANSFE
R
VALVES
SPILL
PIPE
OUTER

INNER

REFUELING
VALVE

CENTER

APU

APU FUEL
PUMP

REFUELING
VALVE

INNER
FUELING /
DEFUELING
COUPLING

DIFFERENCES:
APU LP
VALVE

APU
A319 / A320:
The difference between Refuel Full Level and High Level is to make room for the IDG Fuel Return to enter the Wing Tank.
When the High Level is reached the Center Tanks stop sending Fuel to the Engines so that the Wing Tanks will send some fuel to the Engines and make room for more IDG
Return Fuel.
The Wing Tanks will do this until 1100 LBS has been burned off from the applicable Wing Tanks(s) -- at which time the Center Tank Pumps resume operation.
The goal is to burn the Center Tank fuel first:
Refueling goes: Outer Tank, then Inner Tank, then Center Tank.
Fuel Burn is Center Tank, then Inner Tank, then Outer Tank.
So if the Center still has 550 LBS in it when there is more than 11,000 LBS in the Wing Tanks then we know the Automatic System has failed us
the FUEL MODE SELECT SWITCH FAULT Light comes ON.

ENGINE IDG RETURN


FUEL
CAPACITY: 27,500
LBS
HIGH
LEVEL
REFUEL
LEVEL
Transfer Valves OPEN
1650

CENTER TANKCAPACITY: 14,500


LBS
FAULT:
If the Center Tank
and either Wing
Tank

> 550
<
11,000

ENGINE IDG RETURN


FUEL
CAPACITY: 27,500
LBS
HIGH
LEVEL
REFUEL
LEVEL
1650 Transfer Valves
OPEN

ACTUAL AIRBUS CERTIFICATION FUEL IMBALANCE LIMITATION IS 4400 LBS. US Airways Limitation
is 1000 lbs.
A321 FUEL
DATA
CENTER TANK FUEL IS TRANSFERRED TO THE WINGS
FUEL
52,500 lbs Total Fuel

RETURN
VALVE IS
CONTROLLE
D
BY THE
FADEC.

BY JET PUMPS.
THE JET PUMPS ARE DRIVEN BY FUEL FLOW TAPPED
FROM THE
ENGINE FEED PUMPS.

A321 FUEL
SYSTEM

20 FUEL
EM

REFUELING
VALVE

F.
USED
5020

5 6 7 8 9 10 11
A391 / A320 INDICATIONS, SYMBOLS AND
DATA.

FUEL

LBS

APU

F.
USED
5020

FOB
15040

LEFT

SOME INDICATIONS AND


DATA.
FUEL USED
2 RESETS
F.
USED
TO ZERO ON
5020
ENGINE
START. THE
ENGINE
2 NUMBER IS
F.
AMBER
USED
XX
WHEN BELOW
IDLE.

RIGHT

FUEL USED IS XX
NORMAL
WHEN DATA IS
FOB.
FOB UNRELIABLE.

CTR
LO

15040
1560
15
TAT
SAT

5980
C
+15
+10

14

14
01

C
C

A320 FUEL
DATA

54

GW 1220
0

1560

5980

INNER CELL NOT at LOW


LEVEL.
1560

5980

FQI is
UNRELIABLE.
1560

A321 FUEL

ECAM
CAUTION

Fuel Quantity
Indications

NORMAL
INDICATIONS.
1560

1560

1560

INNER CELL at LOW


LEVEL.
5980

15040

INNER CELL at LOW


LEVEL.

TRANSFER VALVE in
TRANSIT.
5980

15

FOB
BOXED.
FOB

LB
S

Transfer
Valves

INNER CELL NOT at LOW


LEVEL.
5980

1560

5980

5980

CENTER CELL
FUEL
QUANTITY
BOXED:
0
BOTH CENTER TANK
PUMPS
HAVE FAILED OR
ARE SWITCHED OFF.

A321 INDICATIONS, SYMBOLS AND


DATA.

5980

1560

OUTER CELL FUEL QUANTITY


BOXED:
1560

5980

INNER CELL QUANTITY


PULSES:
1560

NORMAL
FOB.

5980

A321 INDICATIONS, SYMBOLS AND


DATA.

DATA

F.
USED
260

FUEL

NORMAL
FOB.
FOB

LBS

FOB

APU

F.
USED
250

FOB FQI is
UNRELIABLE
.
FOB

15040

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

10 C
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

0
H

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

TRIANGLE -- FUEL
TRANSFERING.
WING TANK
OVERFLOWED.

CENTER CELL
FUEL
QUANTITY
BOXED:
0

5980

FQI is
INACCURATE.

5980

INNER CELL QUANTITY


PULSES:

BOTH TRANSFER
VALVES
FAILED IN THE
CLOSED POSITION.

5980

5020

10 C

Fuel Quantity
Indications

NORMAL
INDICATIONS.

F.
USED

1. CENTER TANK P
A) FAILED
B) SWITCHED O
2. BOTH TRANSFE
15040
VALVES
FAILED TO OPEN
WHEN
INNER CELL LOW
NORMAL
LEVEL.
INDICATIONS.

5750

2000
C
C

FUEL

1
APU

FOB

LBS

5980

F.
USED
5020

15040

LEFT

15040
FOB
BOXED.
FOB

2780

5980

15040

RIGHT

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR
ALL PUMPS ARE
OFF
1560
15

5980
C

TAT
SAT

F.
USED

+15
+10

14
C
C

14
01

54

FUEL

GW 1220
0

LBS

15

LB
S

F.
USED
5020

FOB

APU

5020

1560

5980

LEFT PUMP IS TURNED ON. APU IS


OPERATING.
ENG 1

15040
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

Fuel Used will reset to ZERO upo


Engine Identifier will also chang

Switching the Left Tank Pump #1


make the ECAM Symbol become
1560
15

5980
C

TAT
SAT

F.
USED

5020

+15
+10

14
C
C

14
01

FUEL

1
APU

FOB

54

LBS

GW 1220
0

Gross Weight will also appear af


Engines are started, if entered o
Page.

1560

5980
C

15

If you fail to enter this GW / CG D


aircraft
will not be able to compute for M

LB
S

LEFT SIDE IS SUPPLYING THE


APU.
SOME MORE DATA DISPLAYED.
F.
USED
5020

15000

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

REFUELI
NG

THIS MAY HAPPEN DURING REF


OPS.
FUE
CTR TANK PUMP 1
L
LO PR
- FUEL X FEED.
ON
- CTR TK PUMP
1.OFF

LO
1520
15

5980

14

14

THESE ARE THE SWITCHES


INVOLVED.
APU

1560
C

15

CTR TK
PUMP 1

TAT
SAT

F.
USED

LO

5980
C

- FUEL X FEED.
ON
- CTR TK PUMP
1.OFF

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

FUEL

LB
S

LBS

FAULT
OFF

F.
USED0

FOB

APU

5020

GW 1220
0

14950

ENGINE NUMBER TWO IS STARTED,


OPERATING.

ENGINE NUMBER CHANGES TO WH


FUEL USED IS RESET TO ZERO.

PUMPS ARE IN-LINE AND PRESSURI


LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

1510
15

5980
C

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

14
C
C

14
01

54

CENTER TANK PUMP


OPERATION.
CENTER TANK WILL FEED UNTIL T
EXTENDED.

1520

5980
C

GW 1220
0

15

LB
S

WHILE THEY ARE OFF, THE SYMBO


GREEN
BECAUSE THIS IS NORMAL.

A321 SOME NORMAL OPERATIONS INDICATIONS, ENGINES RUNNING,


NO APU.
F.
USED
260

FUEL

1
APU

FOB

LBS

F.
USED
250

15040

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

NOTES:
1. There are no CTR TK FEEDG messa
2. Due to the lack of Outer Tanks, ther
messages.
3. The message, FOB BELOW 3 T will
Wing
is less than 1500 KG (3300 LBS).
4. Wing Tank may overflow (turns AMB
-- Center Tank Transfer Valve on tha
-- will REOPEN when about 550 LBS
5. In-flight with Slats retracted, there is
Center Tank < 6415 and one ACT ha
The ECAM ACT XFR FAULT procedu
unusable Fuel remaining in the ACT

EXAMPLE OF: RIGHT OUTER TANK LO


TEMPERATURE

2780

5980
10 C
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

2000
C
C

01

FUE
R OUTER TK LO
LGALLEY.
TEMP
.OFF
- ENG 1 F FLOW INCREASE
IF TEMP ABV 65
DEG
C
- APU...
.AS RQRD
- IDG
1....O
FF

5750

54

-31 C
GW 1220
0

LB
S

HOW TO DO ECAM ACTIONS -- HYDRAULIC USED FOR DISPLAY


An ECAM is accompanied by a:
PURPOSES ONLY.
A
1. Chime, and may have a:
2a. Master Warning or
ELE
EMER
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.
C
CONFIG

HY G RSVR
D OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF
G SYS LO
PR
HY Y RSVR LO LVL
D Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.
Quadrant A, Do the "BLUE TO DO" actions -work down through any Boxed Item
until the next Underlined Item,
After each you say, "Clear ECAM?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
ECAM."
When all are done, complete each
Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."

HERE ARE SOME FUEL ECAM SITUATIONS.


THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE
When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
SWITCHIf there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
LIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
depending upon your airline's policy:
CLICK
EITHER
TO
EXTINGUISH
THE
MASTER
CAUTION
LIGHTS
AND
CONTINUE
TO
DO
SOME
FUEL
CONTINUE.
"ECAM Status, no change. Clear ECAM?" or
ECAM
ACTIONS.
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."
MASTER
WARN

MASTER

"CHIME"

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

F.
USED

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

FUEL

1130

LBS

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS A


EXTINGUISHED.

F.
USED
1140

FOB

APU

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 LOW


PRESSURE.

FUE
L TANK PUMP 1
L
LO PR
- TK PUMP (AFFECTED)..
.OFF

15080

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

To perform the ECAM Action, click


the
LEFT TANK PUMP SWITCH.

LO

ENG 1

1560

5980

1560

5980

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

15

TAT
SAT

F.
USED

1330

+15
+10

14
C
C

14
01

FUEL

1
APU

FOB

54

LBS

GW 1220
0

OFF

15

LB
S

F.
USED
1440

SOME SOFTWARE MAY SAY: L


OFF

FUE
L

L TANK PUMP 1
LO PR

F.
USED

1330

F.
USED
1440

FOB

APU

FUE
L

L TANK PUMP 1
LO PR

14580

LEFT

RIGHT

Now that the Pump has been switc


is now
AMBER and the Pump Switch OF

CTR

1560

5780

15

+15
+10

1560

5680

14

TAT
SAT

14

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

PNF: "Clear ECAM?"


PF : "Clear ECAM."
PNF: Action is to click on the CLEAR
pb.

15

C
LB
S

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 LOW PRESSURE,


finished.

F.
USED

FUEL

1
APU

1360

LBS

F.
USED
1480

FOB

14510

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

1560
15
TAT
SAT

5750
C

14

1560

5640
14

PNF: will read off the list of items i


Quadrant C.
In this case there are none.
PNF: will read off the INOP SYSTE
"INOP SYSTEM, LEFT TANK
NO. 1."

15

PNF: "Clear STATUS?"


PF : "Clear STATUS."
PNF: Action would be to click on t
pbs.

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

MASTER
WARN

GW 1220
0

PNF: "Clear STATUS?"


PF : "Clear STATUS."
PNF: Action would be to click on t
pbs.

LB
S

MASTER

"CHIME"

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

But then, later on, M


"CHIME" .
SOMETHING ELSE

YOU MAY EXPERIE


YOU
ATTEMPT TO BALA
THAT
CASE YOU WOULD
THIS
ECAM BECAUSE YO
TO
GO MODE SELECTO

F.
USED

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

FUEL

1860

LBS

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

F.
USED
1980

FOB

APU

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 L


PRESSURE

13510

LEFT

FUE
L TANK PUMP 1+2
L
LO PR
- FUEL MODE SEL ..
..MAN
- L TK PUMP 2 ...
.OFF
WHEN L TK FUEL
RQRD:
- L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
- PROC: GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

RIGHT
CTR

PERFROM THE ECAM ACTION -- SEL


-- MAN.

LO

ENG 1

80
1560
15
TAT
SAT

4340
C

1560

4360

14

14

15

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


PRESSURE

F.
USED

FUEL

1880

LBS

F.
USED
2000

FOB

APU

13470

LEFT

FUE
L TANK PUMP 1+2
L
LO PR
- L TK PUMP 2 ...
.OFF
WHEN L TK FUEL
RQRD:
- L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
- PROC: GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

RIGHT
CTR
LO

1560
15
TAT
SAT

4820
C

MODE SEL pb -- MAN IS NOW ILLUM


WHITE.
PERFROM THE ECAM ACTION -SELECT LT TK PUMP 2 -- OFF
ENG 1

1560

4840

14

14

15

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


PRESSURE

F.
USED

FUEL

1900

LBS

F.
USED
2020

FOB

APU

13430

LEFT

FUE
L TANK PUMP 1+2
L
LO PR
WHEN L TK FUEL
RQRD:
- L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
- PROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

RIGHT
CTR

THEN, WHEN AND IF LEFT TANK FUE


GRAVITY FUEL
FEEDING PROCEDURE -- APPLY; X
ENG 1

1560
15
TAT
SAT

4820
C

1560

4840

14

14

15

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


PRESSURE

F.
USED

FUEL

1920

LBS

F.
USED
2040

FOB

APU

13390

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

FUE
L TANK PUMP 1+2
L
LO PR
WHEN L TK FUEL
RQRD:
- L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
- PROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

XFEED -- OPEN Light IS NOW


ILLUMINATED.
SYMBOL IS IN-LINE.
ENG 1

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

1560
15
TAT
SAT

4820
C
+15
+10

14
C
C

14
01

1560

4840

54

GW 1220
0

C
LB
S

15

OFF

WHEN THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE


COMPLETED,
PNF: CLEAR ECAM?
PF : CLEAR ECAM.

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

WHEN THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE


COMPLETED,
PNF: CLEAR ECAM?
PF : CLEAR ECAM.

LB
S

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


PRESSURE

F.
USED

FUEL

1940

LBS

F.
USED
2060

FOB

APU

13350

LEFT

RIGHT

- L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
- PROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING
CTR TK FEED: MAN
ONLY

AFTER PNF READS STATUS LIST AN


SYSTEMS LIST,
PNF: CLEAR
STATUS?
PF: CLEAR
STATUS

CTR

ENG 1
1560
15
TAT
SAT

4820
C

1560

4840

14

14

15

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

1
FAULT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


PRESSURE

F.
USED

FUEL

1970

LBS

F.
USED
2080

FOB

APU

13300

LEFT

RIGHT
CTR

THIS IS WHAT IS LEFT UNTIL THE S


EXTENDED,
WHEN THE STATUS LIST WILL AUT
REAPPEAR
FOR REVIEW BY THE PILOTS.
ENG 1

1560

4810

1560

4840

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

15
TAT
SAT

14

14

15

FAULT
OFF

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

INDICATIONS AND
FUEL USED
RESETS
TO ZERO ON
ENGINE
START. THE
ENGINE
NUMBER IS
AMBER
WHEN BELOW
IDLE.

ENG 1

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

2
FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

15040
1. CENTER TANK PUMPS
A) FAILED
B) SWITCHED OFF
2. BOTH TRANSFER
VALVES
FAILED TO OPEN
WHEN
INNER CELL LOW
LEVEL.
1560

LL NOT at LOW
1560

FUEL QUANTITY
5980

BOTH TRANSFER
VALVES
FAILED TO OPEN
WHEN
INNER CELL IS
AT LOW LEVEL.

L QUANTITY

5980

PUMP 1

FAULT

FOB FQI is
FUEL USED IS XX
INACCURATE
WHEN DATA IS
.
UNRELIABLE.FOB

L at LOW

ENG 2

X FEED

APU

ADVISORY in Flight Phases 2 and


6:
DIFFERENCE between the two
Wing's
is greater than 3300 LBS (1500
KG).
The Inner and Outer Tanks with the
highest Quantities will PULSE.

CTR TK
MODE SEL
FAULT
MAN

A
U
T
O

PUMP 2

RIGHT TANK
PUMPS

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

ADVISORY in Flight Phases 2 and


6:
DIFFERENCE between the two
Wing's
is greater than 3300 LBS (1500
KG).
The Inner and Outer Tanks with the
highest Quantities will PULSE.
ENG 1

APU

ENG 2

X FEED
OPEN
ON

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

AC
T
FAULT
FWD

CTR TK
A
U
T
O

L XFR
FAULT
OFF

1. CENTER TANK PUMPS


A) FAILED
B) SWITCHED OFF
2. BOTH TRANSFER
VALVES
FAILED TO OPEN
WHEN
INNER CELL
MAL
FQI LOW
is
LEVEL.
CATIONS.
INACCURATE.
2000
TRIANGLE -- FUEL
TRANSFERING.

ANK
LOWED.

L QUANTITY

ADVISORY in Flight Phases 2 and


6:
DIFFERENCE between the two
Wing's
is greater than 3300 LBS (1500
KG).
The Wing Tank with the highest
Quantity will PULSE.

CTR TK
MODE SEL
FAULT
MAN

A
U
T
O

R XFR

RIGHT TANK
PUMPS

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

OFF

ALL PUMPS ARE


OFF

T PUMP IS TURNED ON. APU IS NOT


RATING.
ENG 1
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

2
FAULT
OFF

uel Used will reset to ZERO upon Engine is START.


ngine Identifier will also change to WHITE.

witching the Left Tank Pump #1to ON will


make the ECAM Symbol become In-line.

ross Weight will also appear after both


ngines are started, if entered on the FUEL PRED
age.

you fail to enter this GW / CG Data, then the


ircraft
ill not be able to compute for Managed Speeds.

EFT SIDE IS SUPPLYING THE


PU.
OME MORE DATA DISPLAYED.COMMON FUEL ECAM
MESSAGES
CTR TK
FEEDG

HIS MAY HAPPEN DURING REFUELING


PS.
CTR TANK PUMP 1
LO PR
- FUEL X FEED.
ON
- CTR TK PUMP
1.OFF

CTR TK
FEEDG

- FUEL X FEED.
ON
- CTR TK PUMP
1.OFF

THESE ARE THE SWITCHES


X FEED
INVOLVED.
APU
OPEN
ON
CTR TK
PUMP 1
FAULT
OFF

CTR TK
MODE SEL
FAULT
MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

NE NUMBER TWO IS STARTED, AND


ATING.

NE NUMBER CHANGES TO WHITE.

USED IS RESET TO ZERO.

S ARE IN-LINE AND PRESSURIZED.

NTER TANK PUMP


ERATION.
TER TANK WILL FEED UNTIL THE SLATS ARE
ENDED.

LE THEY ARE OFF, THE SYMBOLOGY IS STILL


EN
AUSE THIS IS NORMAL.

:
e are no CTR TK FEEDG messages.
to the lack of Outer Tanks, there are no OUTR TK FUEL XFRD
es.
message, FOB BELOW 3 T will occur when Fuel Quantity in either

ss than 1500 KG (3300 LBS).


g Tank may overflow (turns AMBER).
nter Tank Transfer Valve on that side CLOSES automatically, and
l REOPEN when about 550 LBS of Fuel has been used.
ght with Slats retracted, there is a QRH procedure for when
er Tank < 6415 and one ACT has > 550.
ECAM ACT XFR FAULT procedure is done -- this will result with
sable Fuel remaining in the ACT.

LE OF: RIGHT OUTER TANK LOW


RATURE

R OUTER TK LO
GALLEY.
TEMP
.OFF
ENG 1 F FLOW INCREASE
TEMP ABV 65
EG
C
- APU...
.AS RQRD
- IDG
1....O
FF

CTR TK
FEEDG

B
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

F/CT
L
CAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

NG 1 PUMP
OFF

STATU
S

OME FUEL ECAM SITUATIONS.


LLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT

YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

D
INOP
SYS
GALLEY

FUEL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 LOW


PRESSURE.
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.

L TANK PUMP 1
LO PR
- TK PUMP (AFFECTED)..
.OFF

CTR TK
FEEDG

(Unrelated to the exercise)

To perform the ECAM Action, click on


he
LEFT TANK PUMP SWITCH.

PH CH 21 WILL
ADVISE:
LIMIT ALT TO 35,000
IF
A SINGLE PUMP
LEFT TANK
2
PUMPS
FEEDS
FAULT
FAULT
BOTH ENGINES WITH
OFF
OFF
HOT JET B (FUEL
TEMP
ABOVE 30 C).
SOME SOFTWARE MAY SAY: L TK PUMP 1
OFF
ENG 1

L TANK PUMP 1
LO PR

CTR TK
FEEDG

L TANK PUMP 1
LO PR

CTR TK
FEEDG

Now that the Pump has been switched OFF, the Fuel Symbol
s now
MBER and the Pump Switch OFF Light is illuminated.
ENG 1

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

"Clear ECAM?"
"Clear ECAM."
Action is to click on the CLEAR

CLR

STATU
S

INOP
SYS
L TK PUMP
1

NF: will read off the list of items in


uadrant C.
In this case there are none.
NF: will read off the INOP SYSTEMS List,
"INOP SYSTEM, LEFT TANK PUMP
O. 1."

1
FAULT

ENG 1

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

2
FAULT

NF: "Clear STATUS?"


OFF
OFF
F : "Clear STATUS."
NF: Action would be to click on the CLEAR or STATUS
bs.

NF: "Clear STATUS?"


F : "Clear STATUS."
NF: Action would be to click on the CLEAR or STATUS
bs.
STS

CLR

But then, later on, MASTER CAUTION,


"CHIME" .
SOMETHING ELSE HASHAPPENED
YOU MAY EXPERIENCE THIS SHOULD
YOU
ATTEMPT TO BALANCE THE FUEL. IN
THAT
CASE YOU WOULD NOT ACCOMPLISH
THIS
ECAM BECAUSE YOU DO NOT WANT
TO
GO MODE SELECTOR TO MANUAL.

EL LEFT TANK PUMP 1 and 2 LOW


ESSURE

ASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


XTINGUISHED.

L TANK PUMP 1+2


LO PR
UEL MODE SEL ..
..MAN
TK PUMP 2 ...
.OFF
HEN L TK FUEL
QRD:
L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
PROC: GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

CTR TK
FEEDG

FROM THE ECAM ACTION -- SELECT MODE SEL pb


N.
ENG 1

X FEED

APU

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

CTR TK
MODE SEL
FAULT
MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

L TANK PUMP 1+2


LO PR
TK PUMP 2 ...
.OFF
HEN L TK FUEL
QRD:
L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
PROC: GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

CTR TK
FEEDG

E SEL pb -- MAN IS NOW ILLUMINATED


E.
ROM THE ECAM ACTION -CT LT TK PUMP 2 -- OFF
ENG 1
APU

X FEED
OPEN
ON
CTR TK

LEFT TANK
PUMPS

CTR TK
MODE SEL

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

L TANK PUMP 1+2


LO PR
HEN L TK FUEL
QRD:
L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
PROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

CTR TK
FEEDG

N, WHEN AND IF LEFT TANK FUEL IS REQUIRED:


VITY FUEL
ING PROCEDURE -- APPLY; XFEED -- OPEN
ENG 1

X FEED

APU

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

CTR TK
MODE SEL

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

L TANK PUMP 1+2


LO PR
HEN L TK FUEL
QRD:
L TK FEED ...
.GRVTY ONLY
PROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING

D -- OPEN Light IS NOW


MINATED.
MBOL IS IN-LINE.
ENG 1

CTR TK
FEEDG

X FEED

APU

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

CTR TK
MODE SEL

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

MAN

N THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE


MPLETED,
CLEAR ECAM?
CLEAR ECAM.

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

CLR

N THE ECAM ACTIONS ARE


MPLETED,
CLEAR ECAM?
CLEAR ECAM.

CLR

STATU

INOP
SYS
L TK
PUMPS

TK FEED ... S
.GRVTY ONLY
ROC:GRVTY FUEL FEEDING
R TK FEED: MAN
ONLY

ER PNF READS STATUS LIST AND THEN INOP


TEMS LIST,

: CLEAR
TUS?
CLEAR
TUS

STS

ENG 1

X FEED

APU

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

CTR TK
MODE SEL

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

OFF

MAN

OFF

A
U
T
O

OFF

CTR TK
FEEDG

ST
S

S IS WHAT IS LEFT UNTIL THE SLATS ARE


ENDED,
EN THE STATUS LIST WILL AUTOMATICALLY
APPEAR
R REVIEW BY THE PILOTS.
ENG 1

X FEED

APU

OPEN
ON
CTR TK
LEFT TANK
PUMPS

CTR TK
MODE SEL

PUMP 1

FAULT

FAULT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

MAN

PUMP 2
A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

END

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

GREEN
RESERVOIR

BLUE
RESERVOIR

ENGINE 1 FIRE VALVE

RAT

ELECTRIC PUMP

ENGINE1
PUMP

LEAK MEASUREMENT VALVE


LEFT & RIGHT OUTBOARD AILERONS
LEFT & RIGHT SPOILERS 3
LEFT & RIGHT ELEVATORS
LEFT & RIGHT SLATS WTB
LEFT & RIGHT FLAPS WTB
RUDDER

ACCUMULATOR
LEAK MEASUREMENT VALVE
LAF Accumulator
LEFT SPOILER 4
LEFT FLAP WTB

PRIORITY VALVE
SLATS
EMERGENCY GENERATOR
RAT & EMER
GEN
FAULT

MAN
ON
A
U
T
O

!
SLATS / FLAPS
LANDING GEAR
NOSE WHEEL STEERING

ENGINE 2
PUMP

ACCUMULATOR

LEAK MEASUREMENT VALVE

PRIORITY VALVE

ENGINE 2 FIRE VALVE


ELECTRIC
PUMP

ACCUMULATOR

LEFT INBOARD AILERON


LEFT SPOILER 5
LAF Accumulator
LEFT SLAT WTB
RIGHT FLAP WTB
RIGHT SLAT WTB
RIGHT SPOILER 5
RIGHT INBOARD AILERON
LAF Accumulator
LEFT & RIGHT SPOILER 1
LEFT ELEVATOR
STABILIZER
RUDDER
YAW DAMPER 1
NORMAL BRAKES ??
REVERSER 1

HAND
PUMP

YELLOW
RESERVOIR

POWER TRANSFER UNIT

RIGHT SPOILER 4
LAF Accumulator
LEFT & RIGHT SPOILER 2
RIGHT ELEVATOR
STABILIZER
RUDDER
YAW DAMPER 2
REVERSER 2
ALTERNATE BRAKES ??
PARKING BRAKE
PB Accumulator
PRIORITY VALVE
FLAPS

CARGO DOOR
External Control
Panel is beneath
and just aft of
the
Cargo Door on
the belly of the
aircraft.

9 10 11 12 13
SYMBOLS ASSOCIATED WITH
HYDRAULICS

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

3000

YELLO
W

3000

PSI

3000

PSI

GREEN

PTU
ELEC
OVHT

RAT

11

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

ELEC
OVHT

C
C

01

ENG 1 PUMP

FAULT
OFF

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

SYMBOLS ASSOCIATED WITH HYDRAULIC NONNORMALS

HYD

GREEN

BLUE

PSI

1449

YELLO
W

PSI

3000

PTU
LO
LO

ELEC
OVHT

RAT

ELEC

LO AIR
PRESS
OVHT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

PTU
SYMBOLS
PTU

GW 1220
0

LB
S

PTU

PTU

PTU

BEFORE ENGINE
START

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

YELLO
W

PSI

PSI
PTU

LO

RAT
ELEC

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

LO

LO

C
C

01

ELEC
OVHT

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

BEFORE ENGINE START CARGO DOOR OPENING USING YELLO


PUMP

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

YELLO
W

PSI

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
LO

RAT

LO
ELEC
LO

THE GREEN TRIANGLE BECOMES


SOLID.
SYSTEM LABEL BECOMES WHITE.

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

BEFORE ENGINE
START,
CARGO DOOR
OPENED;
YELLOW PUMP -OFF

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

PSI

YELLO
W

PSI
PTU

ELEC
LO

RAT
ELEC

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

LO

LO

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

FIRST ENGINE, ENGINE 2, IS STARTED;


TURNS
ON
SOME TYPICAL
ECAM

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

NOW THAT THE CARGO DOOR IS OPE


THE PUMP STOPS AND PRESSURE IS
REMOVED.

3000

PSI

MESSAGES

YELLO
W

SEAT BELTS
NO PERSONAL ELECTRONIC
DEVICES

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
LO

RAT

ELEC

ENGINE TWO HAS BEEN STARTED.


SYSTEM LABELS CHANGE TO WHITE.
3000 PSI IS AVAILABLE ON THE YELLO
SYSTEM.
ENGINE 2 INDICATOR IS WHITE.
AS SOON AS ONE ENGINE IS RUNNING
SYSTEM
AUTOMATICALLY PRESSURIZES.

AS SOON AS ONE ENGINE IS RUNNING


SYSTEM
AUTOMATICALLY PRESSURIZES.

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

SECOND ENGINE, ENGINE 1, IS STARTE


TESTED
SOME TYPICAL ECAM

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

3000

3000

PSI

MESSAGES

YELLO
W

SEAT BELTS
NO PERSONAL ELECTRONIC
DEVICES

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC

THE SECOND ENGINE, ENGINE ONE H


STARTED.
THE POWER TRANSFER UNIT IS TEST
THEN IT DISCONNECTS.

RAT
ELEC

ENGINE 1 INDICATOR IS WHITE.


SYSTEM LABELS CHANGE TO WHITE.

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

SECOND ENGINE, ENGINE 1, HAS


STARTED;
PTU WAS
TESTED,
DISCONNECTS
SOME
TYPICAL
ECAM
MESSAGES

HYD
GREEN

BLUE

3000

YELLO
W

3000

PSI

SEAT BELTS
NO PERSONAL ELECTRONIC
DEVICES

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC

PTU HAS DISCONNECTED.

RAT

ELEC

AFTER TAKEOFF, UPON RETRACTING


GEAR,
IF YOU WERE LOOKING AT THIS PAGE
WOULD NOTICE THE GREEN SYSTEM
LEVEL
SLIGHTLY DECREASE AS THE GEAR IS
RETRACTED.

AFTER TAKEOFF, UPON RETRACTING


GEAR,
IF YOU WERE LOOKING AT THIS PAGE
WOULD NOTICE THE GREEN SYSTEM
LEVEL
SLIGHTLY DECREASE AS THE GEAR IS
RETRACTED.
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

An ECAM is accompanied by a:
HOW TO DO ECAM
1. Chime, and may have a:
ACTIONS
2a. Master Warning or
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.

LB
S

A
ELE
EMER
C
HY G RSVRCONFIG
D OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF
G SYS LO
PR

The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.
Quadrant A, Do the "BLUE TO DO" actions -work down through any Boxed Item
until the next Underlined Item,
After each you say, "Clear ECAM?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
ECAM."
When all are done, complete each
Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."

HY
D

Y RSVR LO LVL
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

HERE ARE SOME HYDRAULIC ECAM SITUATIO


When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE N
If there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
SWITCHdepending upon your airline's policy:
LIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
CLICK
EITHER
TO EXTINGUISH
THEor
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS AND CONTINUE TO DOCONTINUE.
SOME HYDRAULIC
"ECAM
Status,
no change.
Clear ECAM?"
ECAM
ACTIONS.
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."
MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"
MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS A


EXTINGUISHED.
HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESER


OVERHEAT

G RSVR
OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF

ECAM: GREEN SYSTEM OVERHEAT MAS


CAUTION.
THE HYD ECAM PAGE IS AUTOMATICAL
DISPLAYED.
THERE ARE TWO FAULT LIGHTS ILLUMI
PERFORM ECAM ACTION (Click on the S
Light).
GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP

OVHT

FAULT
OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR OVERHEAT,


CONTINUED

GW 1220
0

LB
S

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR OVERHEAT,


CONTINUED

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

3000

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

G RSVR
OVHT
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF

NOTICE THE PTU FAULT LIGHT REMAIN


ILLUMINATED.
THE PTU Symbology BECOMES AMBER
CONTINUE ECAM ACTION.
GREEN

2
ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

OVHT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR OVERHEAT,


CONTINUED
GREEN

2800

HYD

PSI

BLUE

3000

HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI

3000

PTU
ELEC

G RSVR
OVHT

NOW ENG 1 PUMP OFF LIGHT IS ILLUM


NOTICE THE ENG PUMP 1 FAULT LIGH
ILLUMINATED.
THE PRESSURE IS DROPPING SIGNIFIC
THE PUMP SYMBOL IS NOW AMBER.
THIS WILL CAUSE ANOTHER MASTER C

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

NOW ENG 1 PUMP OFF LIGHT IS ILLUM


NOTICE THE ENG PUMP 1 FAULT LIGH
ILLUMINATED.
THE PRESSURE IS DROPPING SIGNIFIC
THE PUMP SYMBOL IS NOW AMBER.
THIS WILL CAUSE ANOTHER MASTER C
GREEN

ENG 1 PUMP
FAULT

OVHT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

OFF

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

CLICK ON EITHER MASTER CAUTION


SCENARIO.

MASTER
WARN

THIS IS THE SECOND MASTER


CAUTION.

MASTER
CAUT

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR OVERHEAT,


CONTINUED

HYD

GREEN

2000

BLUE

3000

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT

ELEC

G RSVR OVHT
G ENG 1 PUMP
LO PR

THE SECOND MASTER CAUTION IS FOR


PRESSURE
FROM THE PUMP WE HAVE TURNED

GREEN PRESSURE DROPS FURTHER.


THIS WILL CAUSE A THIRD MASTER CAU
GREEN

ENG 1 PUMP
FAULT

FAULT

OVHT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

OFF

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

CLICK ON EITHER MASTER CAUTION


SCENARIO.

MASTER
WARN

THIS IS THE THIRD MASTER


CAUTION.

MASTER
CAUT

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR OVERHEAT,


CONTINUED

HYD

GREEN

1200

BLUE

3000

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

OVHT

G RSVR OVHT
G ENG 1 PUMP
LO PR
G SYS LO
PR

THE THIRD MASTER CAUTION IS FOR T


PRESSURE.
THIS IS A PRIMARY FAILURE AND IS BOX
IT CAUSES THE SECONDARY FAILURES
(GEAR).
THE GREEN SYSTEM SYMBOLOGY IS A
ALL THAT REMAINS IS FOR YOU TO DO
"CLEAR ECAM."
THE F/CTL AND WHEEL PAGES WILL CO
GREEN
ON THE STATUS PAGE
YOU WILL HAVE
YOUR APPROACH WILL INCLUDE GRAV

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

FOR ANOTHER ECAM, CLICK ON ME


CONTINUE.

FOR ANOTHER ECAM, CLICK ON ME


CONTINUE.

MASTER

3000

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

HYD

GREEN

BLUE

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

EXTINGUISH THE MASTER


CONTINUE.

HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI

YELLOW HYDRAULIC
LEVEL

MASTER

"CHIME"

WARN

Y RSVR LO
LVL
- PTU
OFF
- YELLOW ENG 2 PUMP ...
.OFF

MASTER CAUTION ALERTS THE CRE


CONDITION.
THE YELLOW HYDRAULIC SYSTEM P
LOW AND
THE INDICATOR IS AMBER.
BECAUSE THE YELLOW ENGINE 2 P
NOTE THAT THERE A
LOW
PRESSURE, THELIGHTS.
YELLOW SIDE OF T
ALSO. BLUE

ELEC PUMP
FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

A
U
T
O

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS


EXTINGUISHED.
HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RE
LEVEL,
CONTINUED

Y RSVR LO
LVL
- PTU
OFF
- YELLOW ENG 2 PUMP ...
.OFF

MASTER CAUTION ALERTED THE CREW


CONDITION:
YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW
THE YELLOW HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRE
LOW AND
THE INDICATOR IS AMBER.
PERFORMBLUE
THE ECAM ACTION: PTU -- O

ELEC PUMP
FAULT
OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

A
U
T
O

NOTE THAT THERE ARE TWO


LIGHTS.

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

3000

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

3000

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

Y RSVR LO
LVL
- YELLOW ENG 2 PUMP ..
.OFF

THE PTU FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES.


THE WHITE PTU OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATE
THE PTU SYMBOLOGY BECOMES AMBE
CONTINUE THE ECAM ACTION: YELLOW
--OFF.

BLUE

ELEC
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

A
U
T
O

LB
S

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED
GREEN

3000

HYD

PSI

BLUE

3000

HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI

3000

PTU
ELEC

Y RSVR LO
LVL

THE PUMP FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHE


THE PUMP OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
THE YELLOW PUMP SYMBOL BECOMES
LINED.
THE YELLOW PRESSURE WILL DROP SI
CAUSE
ANOTHER MASTER CAUTION FOR YELL
PRESSURE.

ELEC
RAT
ELEC

THE PUMP FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHE


THE PUMP OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
THE YELLOW PUMP SYMBOL BECOMES
LINED.
THE YELLOW PRESSURE WILL DROP SI
CAUSE
ANOTHERBLUE
MASTER CAUTION FOR YELL
PRESSURE.
ELEC
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

A
U
T
O

CLICK ON EITHER MASTER CAUTION TO


SCENARIO.

MASTER
WARN

"CHIME"

MASTER
CAUT

GREEN

3000

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

HYD

BLUE

3000

PSI

PTU
ELEC
RAT

LO

THE MASTER CAUTION LIG


EXTINGUISHED
HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RES


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

Y RSVR LO LVL
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR
Y SYS LO
PR

THE YELLOW SYSTEM IS NOW DISPLAY


THE ECAM MESSAGE INDICATES THE P
LOW.
IT ALSO STATES THE YELLOW SYSTEM
PRESSURE.
IT IS NOW A MATTER OF CLEARING THR
MESSAGES AND F/CTL PAGE THAT WILL
THERE WILL BE NUMEROUS ITEM ON T
TOO.
HOWEVER, THIS ISN'T YOUR DAY....... B

RAT

THE YELLOW SYSTEM IS NOW DISPLAY


THE ECAM MESSAGE INDICATES THE P
LOW.
IT ALSO STATES THE YELLOW SYSTEM
PRESSURE.
IT IS NOW A MATTER OF CLEARING THR
MESSAGES AND F/CTL PAGE THAT WILL
THERE WILL BE NUMEROUS ITEM ON T
BLUE
TOO.
HOWEVER, THIS ISN'T YOUR DAY....... B
FAILS....

LO
ELEC

ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

GW 1220
0

54

OFF

LB
S

A
U
T
O

DING, DING, DING, DING, DING, DING, DING. CLICK ON ME TO


CONTINUE.

"DING,
DING,
DING,
DING"

MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

HY
D

YELLO
W

1500

PSI

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT

ELEC
LO

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RES


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
THIS IS A MASTER WARNIN
YOU HAVE HAD A SERIOUS
TWO HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
BLUE SYMBOLS ARE AMB
EXTINGUISH THE MASTER
CONTINUE.
B + Y SYS
LO PR
- RAT
.MAN
ON
MIN RAT SPEED...
..140KT
MAX SPEED...
320/.77
BLUE ELEC PUMP .
..OFF
MANEUVER WITH CARE

BLUE SYSTEM HAS A FAULT


LIGHT.

GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT

FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RES


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

THE MASTER WARNING LI


EXTINGUISHED.

THESE ITEMS ARE READ W


THEM.

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

1500

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI
PTU

ELEC

BLUE SYSTEM HAS A FAULT LIGHT. BL


AMBER.
PERFORM THE ECAM.
YOU WOULD UNCOVER AND PRESS TH

RAT
ELEC

LO

B + Y SYS
LO PR
- RAT
.MAN
ON
MIN RAT SPEED...
..140KT
MAX SPEED...
320/.77
BLUE ELEC PUMP .
YOU HAVE
HAD A SERIOUS FAILURE OF
..OFF
SYSTEMS.
MANEUVER WITH CARE

GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL, CONTINUED & BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILS,
CONTINUED

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

2500

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI
PTU

ELEC

RAT
ELEC

LO

B + Y SYS
LO PR
MIN RAT SPEED...
..140KT
MAX SPEED...
320/.77
BLUE ELEC PUMP .
..OFF
MANEUVER WITH CARE

THE RAT HAS DEPLOYED AND IS POWE


SYSTEM.
RAT SYMBOLOGY IS NOW GREEN.
BUT NOW THAT THE BLUE SYSTEM IS P
YOU WILL NO LONGER HAVE THE LAN
SERIOUSNESS.
THE MASTER
CAUTION NOW CHIMES
GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

MASTER

MASTER
WARN

OFF

"CHIME"

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED &
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM RECOVERED BY RAT
DEPLOYMENT

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED &
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM RECOVERED BY RAT
DEPLOYMENT

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

2800

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT

LO
ELEC

LO

Y RSVR LO LVL
BLUE ELEC PUMP
LO PR
- BLUE ELEC PUMP
OFF
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR
Y SYS LO
PR

THE SITUATION HAS IMPROVED AND W


A SINGLE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILURE
CONTINUE THE ECAM ACTION. YOU WO
GUARD
AND PUSH THE BLUE ELEC PUMP PUS
GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL, SCENARIO FINISHED & BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM RECOVERED BY
RAT DEPLOYMENT

HYD

GREEN

3000

BLUE

2800

PSI

HY
D

YELLO
W

Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR
Y SYS LO
PR

PSI
PTU

ELEC
RAT

LO
ELEC

Y RSVR LO LVL
BLUE ELEC PUMP
LO PR

THE BLUE PUMP NO LONGER INDICATE


PRESSURE,
BLUE PUMP IS NOW OFF.

ELEC

2
GREEN

ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

YOU WOULD DO THE FOUR QUADRANTS:


(A) "CLEAR ECAM", (B) LOOK AT THE F/CTL PAGE, AND THEN CLEAR THAT.
(C) LOOK AT THE STATUS PAGE, AND CLEAR IT, (D) READ THE INOP SYSTEMS.
THIS SCENARIO IS FINISHED.
You can use [ Ctrl + Home ] Keys to return to the upper left corner of this Sheet, or go
elsewhere.

OFF

LS ASSOCIATED WITH
ULICS

GREEN

BLUE

YELLOW
PTU
FAULT

RAT MAN ON

OFF
ENG 1 PUMP

FAULT

ELEC PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

OFF

ELEC PUMP
ENG 2 PUMP

A
U
T
O

GREEN RECTANGLE IS THE NORMAL FILL


RANGE.
AMBER RECTANGLE IS THE WARNING AREA.
FILL RANGES:
GREEN : .66 Gal/2.5
L
BLUE : .40 Gal/1.5
L
YELLOW: .66 Gal/2.5
L
CAPACITY RANGES:
GREEN : 3.8 Gal/14.5
L
BLUE : 1.7 Gal/6.5
L
YELLOW: 3.3 Gal/12.5
L
LOW LEVEL RANGES:
GREEN : .92 Gal/3.5
L
BLUE : .63 Gal/2.4
L
YELLOW: .92 Gal/3.5
L

A
U
T
O

FAULT
OFF

FAULT
ON

ENGINE

ENGINE START DOOR OPENING USING YELLOW

GREEN TRIANGLE BECOMES


.
EM LABEL BECOMES WHITE.

ENGINE

DOOR

PUMP --

HAT THE CARGO DOOR IS OPENED,


MP STOPS AND PRESSURE IS
ED.

GINE, ENGINE 2, IS STARTED; BLUE PUMP


N
PICAL ECAM
ES

ELTS
RSONAL ELECTRONIC
S

PARK
BRK
APU
BLEED

E TWO HAS BEEN STARTED.


M LABELS CHANGE TO WHITE.
SI IS AVAILABLE ON THE YELLOW
M.
E 2 INDICATOR IS WHITE.
ON AS ONE ENGINE IS RUNNING THE BLUE
M
ATICALLY PRESSURIZES.

ON AS ONE ENGINE IS RUNNING THE BLUE


M
ATICALLY PRESSURIZES.

ENGINE, ENGINE 1, IS STARTED; PTU IS

TYPICAL ECAM
GES

ELTS
RSONAL ELECTRONIC
S

PARK
BRK
APU
BLEED

COND ENGINE, ENGINE ONE HAS BEEN


ED.
WER TRANSFER UNIT IS TESTED.
T DISCONNECTS.

E 1 INDICATOR IS WHITE.
M LABELS CHANGE TO WHITE.

ENGINE, ENGINE 1, HAS


D;
SPICAL
TESTED,
DISCONNECTS
ECAM
ES

ELTS
RSONAL ELECTRONIC
S

S DISCONNECTED.

TAKEOFF, UPON RETRACTING THE

WERE LOOKING AT THIS PAGE, YOU


NOTICE THE GREEN SYSTEM FLUID

LY DECREASE AS THE GEAR IS


CTED.

TAKEOFF, UPON RETRACTING THE

WERE LOOKING AT THIS PAGE, YOU


NOTICE THE GREEN SYSTEM FLUID

LY DECREASE AS THE GEAR IS


CTED.

B
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

F/CT
LCAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

1 PUMP
FF

STATU
S

D
INOP
SYS
GALLEY

ME HYDRAULIC ECAM SITUATIONS.


OW ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT

U WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

GREEN HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR


OVERHEAT
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.

U.
.OFF
EEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF

REEN SYSTEM OVERHEAT MASTER


.
ECAM PAGE IS AUTOMATICALLY
ED.
RE TWO FAULT LIGHTS ILLUMINATED.
M ECAM ACTION (Click on the SwitchGREEN

BLUE
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON
ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

EEN ENG 1 PUMP


OFF

THE PTU FAULT LIGHT REMAINS


ATED.
Symbology BECOMES AMBER.
E ECAM ACTION.
GREEN

BLUE
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON
ENG 1
PUMP

OFF
ELEC
PUMP

FAULT

FAU LT

OFF

OFF

G 1 PUMP OFF LIGHT IS ILLUMINATED.


THE ENG PUMP 1 FAULT LIGHT ALSO REMAINS
ATED.
ESSURE IS DROPPING SIGNIFICANTLY.
MP SYMBOL IS NOW AMBER.
LL CAUSE ANOTHER MASTER CAUTION.

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

G 1 PUMP OFF LIGHT IS ILLUMINATED.


THE ENG PUMP 1 FAULT LIGHT ALSO REMAINS
ATED.
ESSURE IS DROPPING SIGNIFICANTLY.
MP SYMBOL IS NOW AMBER.
LL CAUSE ANOTHER MASTER CAUTION.
GREEN

BLUE
PTU
FAULT

RAT MAN ON

OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC PUMP

ENG 1 PUMP

FAU LT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

A
U
T
O

ON EITHER MASTER CAUTION TO CONTINUE THE


RIO.
MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

OND MASTER CAUTION IS FOR THE LOW


RE
THE PUMP WE HAVE TURNED OFF.

RESSURE DROPS FURTHER.


L CAUSE A THIRD MASTER CAUTION.
GREEN

BLUE
PTU
FAULT

RAT MAN ON

OFF
ENG 1 PUMP
FAULT

ELEC PUMP
FAU LT

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

FAU LT

FAULT

OFF

OFF

A
U
T
O

ON EITHER MASTER CAUTION TO CONTINUE THE


RIO.
MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

F/CTL
WHEE
L

RD MASTER CAUTION IS FOR THE GREEN SYSTEM LOW


RE.
PRIMARY FAILURE AND IS BOXED.
ES THE SECONDARY FAILURES, FLT CONTROLS AND WHEEL

EN SYSTEM SYMBOLOGY IS AMBER NOW, TOO.


REMAINS IS FOR YOU TO DO IS: "CLEAR ECAM?"
ECAM."
L AND WHEEL PAGES WILL COME UP IN SEQUENCE.
GREEN
BLUE
STATUS PAGE
YOU WILL HAVE NUMEROUS ITEMS.
PROACH WILL INCLUDE GRAVITY GEAR EXTENSION, ETC.

FAULT

RAT MAN
ON
ENG 1
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

NOTHER ECAM, CLICK ON ME TO


CONTINUE.

PT
U

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

NOTHER ECAM, CLICK ON ME TO


CONTINUE.

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW


LEVEL
EXTINGUISH THE MASTER CAUTION TO
CONTINUE.

U
OFF
LLOW ENG 2 PUMP ...
OFF

ER CAUTION ALERTS THE CREW TO THE


ITION.
ELLOW HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE IS
AND
NDICATOR IS AMBER.
USE THE YELLOW ENGINE 2 PUMP SIDE HAS
NOTE THAT THERE ARE TWO FAULT
SURE, THELIGHTS.
YELLOW SIDE OF THE PTU IS LOW
YELLOW
PTU
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC PUMP
ENG 2 PUMP
FAULT
OFF

FAULT
ON

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW


LEVEL,
CONTINUED
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.

U
OFF
LLOW ENG 2 PUMP ...
OFF

CAUTION ALERTED THE CREW TO THE


ON:
HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL.
LOW HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE IS
D
CATOR IS AMBER.
M THE ECAM ACTION: PTU -- OFF.
YELLOW
PTU
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC PUMP
ENG 2 PUMP
FAULT
OFF

NOTE THAT THERE ARE TWO FAULT


LIGHTS.

FAULT
ON

LLOW ENG 2 PUMP ..


OFF

FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES.


TE PTU OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
SYMBOLOGY BECOMES AMBER.
E THE ECAM ACTION: YELLOW ENG 2 PUMP
YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT

FAULT
ON

OFF

P FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES.


P OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
LOW PUMP SYMBOL BECOMES AMBER AND CROSS

LOW PRESSURE WILL DROP SIGNIFICANTLY AND

R MASTER CAUTION FOR YELLOW SYSTEM LOW


RE.

P FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES.


P OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
LOW PUMP SYMBOL BECOMES AMBER AND CROSS

LOW PRESSURE WILL DROP SIGNIFICANTLY AND

YELLOW
R MASTER CAUTION FOR YELLOW
SYSTEM LOW
PT
RE.
U
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP

FAULT
ON

FAULT
OFF

N EITHER MASTER CAUTION TO CONTINUE THE


O.
MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILS
THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED
Y RSVR LO LVL
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

F/CT
L F/CT
L

LOW SYSTEM IS NOW DISPLAYED IN AMBER.


M MESSAGE INDICATES THE PUMP PRESSURE IS

STATES THE YELLOW SYSTEM HAS LOW


RE.
W A MATTER OF CLEARING THROUGH THE ECAM
ES AND F/CTL PAGE THAT WILL COME UP.
WILL BE NUMEROUS ITEM ON THE STATUS PAGE,

R, THIS ISN'T YOUR DAY....... BLUE SYSTEM ALSO

LOW SYSTEM IS NOW DISPLAYED IN AMBER.


M MESSAGE INDICATES THE PUMP PRESSURE IS

STATES THE YELLOW SYSTEM HAS LOW


RE.
W A MATTER OF CLEARING THROUGH THE ECAM
ES AND F/CTL PAGE THAT WILL COME UP.
WILL BE NUMEROUS ITEM ON THE STATUS PAGE,
YELLOW
PT
R, THIS ISN'T YOUR
DAY.......
BLUE
SYSTEM ALSO
U
FAULT
OFF

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP

FAULT
ON

FAULT
OFF

CLICK ON ME TO

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILS, CONTINUED
THIS IS A MASTER WARNING!
YOU HAVE HAD A SERIOUS FAILURE OF
TWO HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS.
BLUE SYMBOLS ARE AMBER.
EXTINGUISH THE MASTER WARNING TO
CONTINUE.

T
.MAN

LAND
ASAP
F/CT
L

RAT SPEED...
..140KT
SPEED...
77
E ELEC PUMP .
..OFF
EUVER WITH CARE

YSTEM HAS A FAULT

BLUE

YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT

FAULT
ON

FAU LT
OFF

A
U
T
O

FAULT

ON

OFF

YELLOW HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR LOW LEVEL,


CONTINUED
BLUE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILS, CONTINUED
THE MASTER WARNING LIGHTS ARE
EXTINGUISHED.
THESE ITEMS ARE READ WHEN YOU GET TO
THEM.

T
.MAN

LAND
ASAP
F/CT
L

RAT SPEED...
..140KT
SPEED...
77
E ELEC PUMP .
E HAD A SERIOUS FAILURE OF TWO HYDRAULIC
..OFF
S.EUVER WITH CARE

STEM HAS A FAULT LIGHT. BLUE SYMBOLS ARE

M THE ECAM.
ULD UNCOVER AND PRESS THE PUSHBUTTON.
BLUE

YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

FAULT
ON

RAT SPEED...
..140KT
SPEED...
320/.77
E ELEC PUMP .
..OFF
EUVER WITH CARE

LAND
ASAP
F/CT
L

HAS DEPLOYED AND IS POWERING THE BLUE

BOLOGY IS NOW GREEN.


W THAT THE BLUE SYSTEM IS POWERING UP,
LL NO LONGER HAVE THE LAND ASAP
NESS.
TER CAUTION NOW CHIMES.
BLUE

YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

CLICK ON
EITHER
TO CONTINUE.

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

FAULT
ON

RSVR LO LVL
LUE ELEC PUMP
O PR
UE ELEC PUMP
OFF
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

F/CT
L

ATION HAS IMPROVED AND WE ONLY HAVE


E HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FAILURE NOW.
E THE ECAM ACTION. YOU WOULD LIFT THE

H THE BLUE ELEC PUMP PUSHBUTTON.


BLUE

YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON

OFF
ELEC
PUMP

A
U
T
O

FAU LT
OFF

Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

E PUMP NO LONGER INDICATES LOW


RE,
MP IS NOW OFF.

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

COVERED BY

RSVR LO LVL
LUE ELEC PUMP
O PR

A
U
T
O

F/CT
L

FAULT
ON

BLUE

YELLOW
PT
U
FAULT

RAT MAN
ON

OFF
ELEC
PUMP
FAU LT
OFF

A
U
T
O

A
U
T
O

ELEC
PUMP
ENG 2
PUMP
FAULT
OFF

FAULT
ON

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions L

LE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral S
2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ee File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

BLUE

GREEN

YELLOW
PTU
A
U
T
O

FAULT

RAT MAN ON

OFF
ENG 1 PUMP

ELEC PUMP

FAULT

A
U
T
O

FAU LT
OFF

OFF

FAULT
OFF

SOLENOID #
1

RAM
AIR
TURBINE

RAT
SOLENOID #
2

LGCIU
and
NOSE GEAR
Input

ELEC PUMP
ENG 2 PUMP

TES
T

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE

EMER
GEN

RAT &
EMER
GEN
FAULT

OFF

EMERGENCY ELECTRICAL
PANEL

DC ESS
EMER GEN
116 V
400 HZ

ESS TR
28 V
11 A
AC ESS

CAP
T
MAN
ON

FAULT

ON

NOTE: THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE


IS TO
SUPPLY THE BLUE HYDRAULIC
BLUEPRESSURE.

RESERVOIR

ELECTRICAL
PUMP
A
U
T
O

ACCUMULATO
R
TO THE BLUE
SYSTEM
NOTE: YOU CAN FLY THE AIRBUS WITHOUT THE FLIGHT CONTROL
COMPUTERS,
BUT YOU CANNOT FLY THE AIRCRAFT WITHOUT HYDRAULIC
POWER.

NOTE:
Loss of both MAIN AC BUSES, along with speed greater than 100 kts
(from ADIRS #1), will automatically deploy the RAT.
These Switches are for pilot commanded activations and compliance
with
the ECAM "blue-to-do" checklists.

: THE PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE RAT

SUPPLY THE BLUE HYDRAULIC


SURE.

ELECTRICAL
PUMP

HOUT THE FLIGHT CONTROL

RCRAFT WITHOUT HYDRAULIC

ter than 100 kts

and compliance

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

GEAR
UP

WHEE
L

UNLK

LO

STEERIN
G
L/G CTL

20

20

REL

20

A/SKI
D
ALTN BRK
AUTO
BRK

20

REL

MAX

TAT
SAT

WHEE
L

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

LND
GEAR
UNLK

AUTO
BRK

MED

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

BRAKES SYSTEMS
NORMAL BRAKES
ALTERNATE BRAKES
ACCUMULATORS
PARKING BRAKES
ANTI SKID
AUTOBRAKES
! MAINTENANCE ACTION
! APPLICATION WARNING

GW 12200 LBS

LANDING GEAR DOWN, MEDIUM BRAKING, SPOILERS


DEPLOYED

STEERIN
G
160

REL

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

L/G CTL

110

110

ALTN BRK
AUTO
BRK
MED

REL

140

C
C

01

54

GW 12200 LBS

OTHER SYMBOLS and


MESSAGES

WHEE
L
UP
LOCK

UP
LOCK

UP
LOCK

RUDDER INHIBITED:
Palm Button -- DEPRESS
NOSE WHEEL STEERING:
The Tillers sum algebraically.
LIMITS:
TILLER ---- 75
RUDDER -- 6,
Lessens as takeoff speed
until
equals ZERO at 130 IAS.

UP
LOCK

UP
LOCK

UP
LOCK

STEERIN
G
L/G CTL
C

300

320

REL

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

A/SKID
ALTN BRK
AUTO
BRK

01

150

54

110

REL

GW 12200 LBS

HOT BRAKES
SITUATION

GEAR
TABLE
BRK
FAN
HOT

ON

BRAKE HOT
- SBRK
FAN
.
- DELAY
TAKEOFF
FOR
ON
COOLING

ANOTHER BRAKE
SITUATION
BRAKE
A/SKID NWS
S BRK PR.
FAULT
- MAX
1000 PSI

NOTE: Autobrake is
LOST.

CAUSED BY:
1. YELLOW Hydraulic failure, or
2. GREEN Hydraulic failure, or
3. Failure of BOTH Brakes Steering Control
(BSCU).
STATU

S
-MAX BRK PR
.1000 PSI
- LDG DIST ..
CAT
3 SINGLE
APPLY
ONLY

ACTION:
Manually brake the aircraft and limit brake
applications
to 1000 PSI (monitor the Triple Brake Indicator
Gauge).
MULTIPLES:
NOTE: QRH and Non-Normal PECULIARITIES:
A319: X 1.4
A320: X 1.5
A321: X 1.6
There are separate sections in Chapter 21 Non-Normal Procedures for Brakes and Landing
Gear.
Currently the Brakes Section only references the LOSS OF BRAKES in the QRH.
ALL other Brake Non-Normals are located and referenced in the Landing Gear Section.

LND
GEAR
UNLK

BRK
FAN
HOT

UNLK

ON

AUTO
BRK

A/SKID &
N/W STRG

MAX

ON

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

OFF

RAKES SYSTEMS
ORMAL BRAKES
LTERNATE BRAKES
CCUMULATORS
ARKING BRAKES

NO NWS STEERING or LOST ANTI SKID


situation:
BRAKE
ANTI SKID / NWS
- SBRK FAN OFF
.
MAX BRK PR ...
ON
1000 PSI

MAINTENANCE ACTION
PPLICATION WARNING

BSCU:
The BSCU receives inputs from:
1. TILLERS (both pilots' are inputs are algebraically
summed)
2. RUDDER PEDALS
3. AUTOPILOT

TILLERS

75

RUDDER

DER INHIBITED:
Button -- DEPRESS

E WHEEL STEERING:
illers sum algebraically.

S:
R ---- 75
DER -- 6,
Lessens as takeoff speed increases
equals ZERO at 130 IAS.

UP

NOSE WHEEL STEERING ANGLE:


TILLER ---- ANGLE DECREASES above 20 kts until
progressively
equals ZERO at 70 kts.
PEDALS -- ANGLE DECREASES above 40 kts until
progressively
equals ZERO at 130 IAS.
NOTE: It self-centers after takeoff.
NWS INHIBITED:
A LEVER on the Towing Electrical Box DEACTIVATES the
System.
This message appears on ECAM:
NW STRG DISC
After the FIRST Engine STARTED it changes to:
NW STRG DISC

Red Arrow

DOWN

HOT BRAKES
SITUATION

.
ON

ANOTHER BRAKE
SITUATION

Y:
W Hydraulic failure, or
N Hydraulic failure, or
of BOTH Brakes Steering Control Units
STATU
S

.1000 PSI
..

INOP
SYS
CAT
3

DUAL
ANTI SKID
NW STEER
BSCU CH 1
BSCU CH 2

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

TIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light
riangle Productions LLC

erties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

BRAKES SYSTEMS
NORMAL BRAKES
AIRCRAFT
SPEED
AFTER IMPACT
( WHEEL
LONGITUDINAL
SPEED )
DECELERATION
( ADIRU )

5
ALTERNATE BRAKES
ACCUMULATORS

COMPUTATIO
N
LO

COMPUTATIO
N
BSCU

HYDRAULICS

! APPLICATION WARNING
PARKING BRAKES 1 2 AUTOBRAKES
ANTI SKID
! MAINTENANCE ACTION

HIGHES
T
VALUE

? ? ? ? ?
?? ?? ?? ??
?? ?? ??
!

AUTO
MED
BRK

MAX

DECEL

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

ON

A/SKID &
N/W STRG

ON
AUTOBRAKE
SELECTION

OFF

RELEASE
ORDER

RELEASE
ORDER

OR

NORMAL SERVO
VALVES

AUTOMATIC
SELECTOR

ALTERNATE SERVO
VALVE

WHEEL
SPEED

WHEEL
SPEED

NOSE WHEEL STEERING ( NWS )

?? ??

BSCU
CHANNEL
TWO

BSCU
CHANNEL ONE

TOWING
LEVER
NOT IN
TOWING
POSITION

CHANNEL ONE

RUDDER
PEDALS

DATA

ANY
COMBINATION:
TILLER +
PEDALS

AND
AUTOPILO
T
LGCUI 1 and
2

NWS
ANGLE
A/SKID &
N/W
STRG

ON

OFF

LGCUI 1 and
2
1. NLG Down, Locked &
Compressed
2. MLG Down, Locked & Boogies in
Ground position

OFF
ON

OFF

??

INFO
OPERATION
LGCIU
CARGO DOORS
FLAPS
NOSE GEAR
GEAR DOORS
MAIN GEAR
LANDING
GEAR
LEVER
CARGO
DOORS

GREEN HYD
PRESS

OR

MLG on GROUND

L/G LEVER DOWN

NOSE
GEAR

SYSTEM
1

ADR 1 < 260 KTS


ADR 3 < 260 KTS

ENG
2

OPENIN
G
SYSTEM
1

AND
OR
SELF
MAINTAINED

LGCIU
12
LGCIU
1
PROXIMITY
DETECTOR
S
FLAP
POSITIONS

CLOSUR
E

GRAVITY EXT
SW

DOOR
SELECTO
R
VALVE
DOORS

NOSE and MAIN


GEARS

LANDING GEAR INDICATION and WARNING ARCHITECTURE


SYSTEM ONE:
Proximity Sensors
on Gear and Doors

LGCIU 1

BAT BUS
INDEPENDENT DOWNLOCK
LOGIC
INDEPENDENT SYSTEM:
Downlock Proximity Sensors
on Gear and Doors

DATA

UP

DOWN

SYSTEM TWO:
Proximity Sensors
on Gear and Doors

AUTO
MED
BRK

LO

LGCIU 2

A/SKID &
N/W STRG

MAX

?? ??
ON

DECEL

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

ON

OFF

LANDING GEAR BRAKES and ANTI-SKID

To Other Dual Valve

OFF

GREEN

YELLOW

BSCU

To
Other
Wheels

AUXILIARY
LOW
PRESSURE

ACCUMULATOR

RUDDER
PEDALS

ON
PARK
BRK

NORMAL
SELECTO
R
VALVES

AUTO
SELECTO
R

CONTROL
VALVE
PARKING
BRAKE

DUAL
VALV
E

DUAL
SHUTTLE
VALVE

ALTN
SERVO
VALVE

TACH
To ECAM

To Other Gear

To Other Wheels

To Opposite Wheel

DISTRIBUTION
LINE

UNLK

LND
GEAR
UNLK

BRK
FAN
HOT

UNLK

ON

A/SKID &
N/W STRG
ON
LO

OFF

ANTISKID OPERATION

NORMAL SERVO
VALVES
ALTERNATE SERVO
VALVE

GREEN HYD PRESS


From Nose Gear
Doors
when CLOSED
STEERING
SELECTOR
VALVE

NWS
ANGLE

STEERIN
G
SERVO
VALVE

AUTO
MED
BRK

MAX

DECEL

DECEL

DECEL

ON

ON

ON

BRAKES SYSTEMS
NORMAL BRAKES

A/SKID &
N/W STRG

ALTERNATE BRAKES
ACCUMULATORS

NOSE
GEAR
GEAR and DOOR OPERATION

GREEN HYD
PRESS

SYSTEM 2
IDENTICA
L
-- ADR 2
replaces
ADR 1 & 3

SAFETY
VALVE

CUT OUT
VALVE

GEAR
SELECTO
R
VALVE
NOSE and MAIN
GEARS

LND
GEAR

UNLK

MASTER
WARN

MASTER
CAUT

HORN

ECAM
WARNING
DISPLAY

ECAM
WHEEL
PAGE

Other Dual Valve


AUXILIARY
LOW
PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION
LINE

PSI x
1000

ACCU
3

PRESS
0

4
1

0
BRAKE
S

BRK
FAN
HOT
ON

A/SKID &
N/W STRG
ON

OFF

BRAKE FANS
USE

ANTISKID
&
NWS SW

? ?
? ?
? ?

?? ?? ??
?? ??
! APPLICATION WARNING
PARKING BRAKES 1 2 AUTOBRAKES
ANTI SKID
! MAINTENANCE ACTION

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, ow


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark pro

witch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

CLICK ON THESE TO SEE THE DIFFERENT


CONFIGURATIONS.

SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
F/O's
VALVE
SIDE
FUSELAG
E

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER
CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE
AVIONIC BAY
AIR
EXTRACTIO
N
FAN

BLOWER
FAN

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

FILTER
SKIN
INLET
VALVE

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

TES
T

RAT &
EMER
GEN

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE

EXTRACT
VALVE

FAULT

OFF

CARGO
UNDERFLOO
R
(OUTLET)

CAP
T
MAN
ON

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

ECAM

VENTILATI
ON
A
U
T
O

BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

A
U
T
O

EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

CAB
FANS
A
U
T
O

OFF

VENTILATION
EMERGENCY ELECTRICAL
POWER

OPEN
CONFIGURATION

ON THE GROUND
ONLY

CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE

IF IT GETS TOO COLD, THE CLOSED CONFIGURATION


IS USED
SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

AVIONIC BAY
AIR
EXTRACTIO
N
FAN

BLOWER
FAN
SKIN INLET
VALVE

FILTER

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

EXTRACT
VALVE

SKIN INLET
VALVE

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

FILTER

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

CLOSED
ON THE GROUND, OR IN
FLIGHT
CONFIGURATION
CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE
CARGO
UNDERFLOOR
(OUTLET)

IF IT GETS TOO WARM, THE INTERMEDIATE CONFIGURATION


IS USED
SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

AVIONIC BAY
AIR
EXTRACTIO
N
FAN

BLOWER
FAN
SKIN INLET
VALVE

EXTRACT
VALVE

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

FILTER

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

CARGO
UNDERFLOOR
(OUTLET)

INTERMEDIATE
CONFIGURATION
CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE

IN FLIGHT
ONLY
SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

AVIONIC BAY
AIR
EXTRACTIO
N
FAN

BLOWER
FAN
SKIN INLET
VALVE

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

EXTRACT
VALVE,
PARTIALLY
OPEN

SKIN INLET
VALVE

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

FILTER

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

CARGO
UNDERFLOOR
(OUTLET)

ABNORMAL
CLOSED CONFIGURATION
CONFIGURATION
PLUS
AIR CONDITIONED AIR IS
ADDED.
CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE

BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER

BLOWER
FAN
STOPS

A
U
T
O

SKIN INLET
VALVE
BLOWER SWITCH
FORCES
BLOWER FAN TO STOP.

EITHER BLOWER or EXTRACT SWITCH IS IN


OVERRIDE.

FILTER

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

SMOKE
INTERMEDIATE CONFIGURATION
PLUS CONFIGURATION
AIR CONDITIONED AIR IS ADDED.
CAPTAIN'S
SIDE
FUSELAGE

AVIONIC BAY
AIR

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

EXTRACTION
FAN
OPERATES
EXTRACT
VALVE

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

CARGO
UNDERFLOOR
(OUTLET)

BOTH BLOWER or EXTRACT SWITCH IS IN


OVERRIDE.
SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

SKIN HEAT
EXCHANGER

AVIONIC BAY
AIR

EXTRACTION
FAN
OPERATES

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAG
E

BLOWE
R
FAULT
OVRD

BLOWER
FAN
STOPS

A
U
T
O

SKIN INLET
VALVE
BLOWER SWITCH
FORCES
BLOWER FAN TO STOP.

FILTER

AIR
CONDITIONING
INLET VALVE

AVIONIC BAY
AIR

EXTRACTION
FAN
OPERATES

AVIONICS
EQUIPMENT
RACKS

AIR
CONDITIONING
DUCT (INLET)

EXTRACT
VALVE
SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE
CARGO
UNDERFLOOR
(OUTLET)

CAB
PRESSP

LDG
ELEV
V / S FT MN

PSI

EXTRACT
VALVE

10

0
2

0.5

CAB ALT FT

UP

0
0

300 FT

AUTO

DN

150
SAFETY

SYS 1
VENT
INLET

IN EXCHANGER
LET BYPASS
LVE

PACK 1
TAT
SAT

ECAM

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

EXTRACT
VALVE

EXTRACT
PACK 2

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

DE / ANTI
ICING
PROCEDURE
DITCHI
NG

O N

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

EXTRACT
VALVE

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

EXTRACT
VALVE,
PARTIALLY
OPEN

FROM LOWER
OVERHEAD
PANEL

SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

SKIN
EXCHANGER
ISOLATION
VALVE

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAGE

EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

EXTRACT SWITCH
FORCES
EXTRACT FAN TO RUN.
A
U
T
O

EXTRACT
VALVE
SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

GEN 1
LINE
SMOKE

F/O's SIDE
FUSELAG
E

OFF

EXTRACT SWITCH
FORCES
EXTRACT FAN TO RUN.

EXTRA
CT
FAULT
OVRD

EXTRACT SWITCH
FORCES
EXTRACT FAN TO RUN.
A
U
T
O

EXTRACT
VALVE
SKIN EXCHANGER
INLET BYPASS
VALVE

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) To


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (tradem
Red Triangle Productions LLC

l Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

R
PSI
C

ENG
1
FAULT

42
196

ON

AFT 85

INPUT
PRESSURE
OUTPUT
TEMPERATURE

79
H

ENG 1

120

FAN AIR
VALVE

BMC
STARTE
R
HP

LO

PRECOOLER

PACK 1 AIR

HI

HP
BLEED
VALVE

OVERBOARD

ON

OFF

AFT CARGO
HEATING

BLEED
VALVES

ANTI
ICE

BMC

ENG 1 BLEED

ENG 2

OFF

IP

STARTE
R
FAN AIR
VALVE

ENG
2
FAULT
ON

OPEN

FAULT

FAULT

HP

ANTI
ICE

AUTO
SHUT

WING ANTIICE

ON

BMCs

OVERBOARD

PRECOOLER

PSI
C

42
196

INPUT
PRESSURE
OUTPUT
TEMPERATURE
2

LO

X BLEED

WING ANTIICE

OVER PRESSURE
VALVES

120 C

PACK 2
FAULT

APU BLEED

HP
BLEED
VALVE

WATER TANK

OFF

IP
WIN
G
FAULT

HYD
RESERVOIRS

HOT
AIR

FAULT

APU BLEED
VALVE

GND
HP GND
AIR
SUPPLY

APU

THESE ALWAYS SEEM BACKWARDS:


For the flow direction, you would think they
would
have placed the Input Pressure on bottom and
Output Temperature above it.

ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT
OFF

HI

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

CAB
FANS

FORWAR
D

65

COCKPI
T

70

0 0

75

AF
T

72

72

79

OFF

CABIN AIR

MIXING UNIT

FANS &
FILTERS

HOT
AIR
PRESS

LP GND
AIR
RAM
AIR

PACK
CONTROLLER

ZONE
CONTROLLER

LO

PACK
FLOW
NOR
M

TRIM
AIR
VALVE

TRIM
AIR
VALVE

TRIM
AIR
VALVE

PACK ONE

HOT AIR
FAULT
OFF

REG
VALVE

PACK TWO

O N

EMER RAM
AIR
PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
FLOW
CTL
VALVE

PACK
2
FAULT

OFF

OFF

COCKP
IT

HI

PACK
FLOW
CTL
VALVE

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

CAB
FANS
COL
D

HOT

COL
D

HOT

COL
D

HOT

OFF

FROM
RIGHT
OVERHEAD
PANEL

COND

FAN
CKPT

65

72

FWD

70

TRIM
AIR
VALVE

TEMP

FAN
AFT

75

79

72

FANS &
FILTERS

HOT
AIR

CABIN
AIR

85

AFT

79
H
C

PACK
CONTROLLER

HOT
AIR
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

BLEE
D
20 C
C

120 C
OFF

LO

FROM
RIGHT
OVERHEAD
PANEL

HI

RAM
AIR

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protec

ch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

A319 / A320

SOME NORMAL
DISPLAYS

COND

ALTN
MODE

FAN
CKPT

PACK
NOR
FLOW

FWD

65

LO

TEMP

FAN
AFT

72

HI

F
PACK
1
FAULT

75

PACK
1

OFF

70

72

79

AFT

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

OFF

A321
ECON
FLOW

OFF

PACK
1
FAULT

HOT
AIR

01

C
C

HOT
AIR

85

79
SOME AIRLINES MAY HAVE
THE
FORWARD CARGO HEAT
OPTION.
IF SO, THERE MAY BE
INDICATIONS
SIMILAR TO THE AFT SYSTEM.

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

54

GW 1220
0

PACK
1

OFF

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

LB
S

OFF

SOME FAILURE
DISPLAYS
TEMP

COND
CKPT

FWD

65

70

AFT

72

72

F
CON TRIM AIR SYS
D
FAULT
- FWD CAB TRIM
VALVE

75

79

AFT

HOT
AIR

THERE IS NO ACTION TO DO
EXCEPT:
CLEAR ECAM? CLEAR ECAM.

85

177

CARGO
HEAT

HOT
AIR
FAULT

OFF

AF
T

HOT
AIR
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

TEMP

COND
CKPT

65

FWD

72

AFT

COL
D

LB
S

75

ONE OF THREE TRIM VALVE


FAILURES

CKPT

FWD

65

70

AFT

72

CON
TRIM AIR SYS
D
FAULT
- AFT CAB TRIM
VALVE

81

72

75

AFT

HOT
AIR

85

79

H
HOT
AIR

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

<< TEMPERATURE CONTROL


DATA

XX

CKPT

GW 1220
0

AFT

XX

XX

XX

XX
H

XX

AFT

HOT
AIR

85
79

H
HOT
AIR

+15
+10

C
C

01

DUAL ZONE CONTROL COMPUTER


FAILURE

XX

xx

TAT
SAT

PACK 2

LB
S

TEMP

XX

FWD

XX
C

54

PACK
REG

COND

THERE IS NO ACTION TO DO
EXCEPT:
CLEAR ECAM? CLEAR ECAM.

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

PACK 1 GETS SET TO 68


F
PACK 2 GETS SET TO 50
F

COCKP
IT

HOT
AIR
FAULT

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

APU
BLEED
FAULT

RAM
AIR

START

GND
HP

O N

SHU
T

AUT
O

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

ON

COCKP
IT

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

X BLEED

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

OFF

HOT
AIR
FAULT

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

OFF

COL
D

HOT

COL
D

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM
AIR

START
O N

APU
BLEED
FAULT

GND
HP

SHU
T

TRIM AIR SYS


FAULT
HOT
AIR
FAULT
OFF

PACK
2
FAULT

ECAM? CLEAR ECAM.


PACK 2

AFT ISOL
VALVE
FAULT
OFF

AF
T

HOT

THREE TRIM VALVE


ES

OFF

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

ON

S NO ACTION TO DO

AUT
O

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

X
BLEED

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

OFF

TRIM AIR SYS


FAULT

S NO ACTION TO DO

CAM? CLEAR ECAM.


HOT
AIR
FAULT
OFF

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK 2

OFF

ONE OF THREE TRIM VALVE


FAILURES:
CKPT TRIM VALVE
FWD CAB TRIM VALVE
AFT CAB TRIM VALVE
HIGH PRESSURE HAS BEEN
DETECTED
DOWNSTREAM OF THE:
HOT AIR PRESSURE REGULATING
VALVE

ONE CONTROL COMPUTER

K 1 GETS SET TO 68

K 2 GETS SET TO 50

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) T


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

DUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / L
ed Triangle Productions LLC

Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

CAB
PRESSP

LDG
ELEV
V / S FT MN

PSI

300

AUTO
CAB ALT

FT

SOME NORMAL CABIN ALTIT


CABIN
INDICATIONS
MAN V/S
CTL

FT

PRESSURE
MODE
SEL

UP

DN

0.5

MAN

10

0
0

UP

FAULT

DN

ON THE GROUND,
AUTOMATIC OPERATION
SYSTEM ONE IS
COMMANDING

150
SAFET
Y

SYS
1
VENT
INLET

EXTRAC
T

PACK 1

PACK 2

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

CAB
PRESS

54

LB
S

NOT displayed when in


MAN

LDG
ELEV
V / S FT MN

P PSI

GW 1220
0

CAB ALT

FT

FT

EXCESSIVE CABIN
ALTITUDE
CABIN
MAN V/S
CTL

PRESSURE
MODE
SEL
UP
DN

8
0

1.0

10
0

DN

9550
SAFET
Y

MAN

On takeoff the outflow valve is slight


bump.

the climb IS DONE ACCORDING TO


DESCENT PRESSURIZATION IS AU
FPM FOR
PASSENGER COMFORT.

VENT
INLET

EXTRAC
T

PACK 1

PACK 2

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

CAB
PRESS

P PSI

C
C

01

MAN

UP

1000

FAULT

54

LDG
ELEV
V / S FT MN

GW 1220
0

AUTO

500
CAB ALT

AFTER TOUCHDOWN THE OUTFL

LB
S

FT
FT

EXCESSIVE CABIN
RATE

V / S FT MN

P PSI

FT

UP
10

2000

0
0

CAB ALT

9.0

DN

SYS
1

9550
SAFET
Y

SYS
2

PRESSURE IS LOST THROUGH


THE OPEN VALVES ON THE
PLANE.

VENT
INLET

EXTRAC
T

PACK 1
TAT
SAT

PACK 2
+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

VALVE POSITION
TABLE.

INLET

X X

EXTRAC
T

SOME NORMAL CABIN ALTITUDE


CABIN
INDICATIONS LDG
PRESSURE
MODE

ELEV
AUT
O

SEL

FAULT
MAN

A
U
T
O

DITCHI
NG

-2
0

14

12

4
10

O N

HE GROUND,
OMATIC OPERATION
EM ONE IS
MANDING

XCESSIVE CABIN
ALTITUDE
CABIN

LDG
ELEV
AUT
O

PRESSURE
MODE
SEL

FAULT
MAN

A
U
T
O

DITCHI
NG

-2
0
2

14
12

4
10

O N

keoff the outflow valve is slightly closed to prevent a pressure


.

imb IS DONE ACCORDING TOA FIXED LAW SCHEDULING.


CENT PRESSURIZATION IS AUTOMATIC AND LIMITED TO 750
FOR
SENGER COMFORT.

ER TOUCHDOWN THE OUTFLOW VALVE WILL FULLY OPEN .

SSIVE CABIN
RATE

URE IS LOST THROUGH


PEN VALVES ON THE
.

POSITION

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michae


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (t
Productions LLC

Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

EMER RAM AIR

MAN V/S
CTL

CABIN
PRESSURE
MODE
SEL

FAULT

UP

ADIRS 1 + 2 + 3
FMGC

LGCUI 1 + 2

LDG
ELEV
AUT
O

MAN

DN

A
U
T
O

0
2

14
12

O N

4
10

ECAM SYS
DISPLAY &
ECAM
WARNING

DITCHI
NG

-2

CPC 2

CPC 1
MANUAL
BACK-UP

NOT USED

EIU 1 + 2
1

SAFETY

MAN

INPUTS SAME
AS
CPC 1
NOT USED

MOTORS

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (co
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

9 10 11 12

SOME NORMAL SYMBOLS


ENGINES RUNNING AND APU BLEED
ON.
PACK

BLEE
D

FLOW
NOR

LO

20 C
C

20 C
H

120 C

RAM
AIR

100 C

LO

PACK
1
FAULT

HI

LO

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

ANTI
ICE
PSI
C

PSI
C

GND

PACK 1

OFF

ANTI
ICE
42
196

HI

OFF

42
196

APU

WIN
G

FAULT
ON

HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP
H

IP
54

GW 1220
0

The logic is lost on me:


You would think these two would be r
positioning:
the Outlet Temp should be ABOVE th

LBS

BLEE
D
20 C

20 C

120 C
LO

HI

LO

APU

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

42
196

PSI

PSI
C

H
PACK 2

HI

44
200

100 C

RAM
AIR

OFF

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

BLEE
D

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

THE FOLLOWING ARE VERY COMMON


THESE SEEM TO OCCUR MORE THAN
FLIGHTS,
ESPECIALLY IF JETWAY AIR WAS USE
VALVES GET FROZEN. SOME CREWS
EARLY
TO HAVE TIME TO THAW THE VALVES
THE
SITUATION. THERE ARE SEVERAL UN
TECHNIQUES
THAT CREWS USE INVOLVING TESTS

20 C

20 C

16 C

15 C

HI

LO

44
200

RAM
AIR

HI

LO

APU

AI
PACK 1
R
FAULT
- ENG 1
BLEEDOFF

42
196

PSI

PSI
C

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

THE FOLLOWING ARE VERY COMMON


THESE SEEM TO OCCUR MORE THAN
FLIGHTS,
ESPECIALLY IF JETWAY AIR WAS USE
VALVES GET FROZEN. SOME CREWS
EARLY
TO HAVE TIME TO THAW THE VALVES
THE
SITUATION. THERE ARE SEVERAL UN
TECHNIQUES
THAT CREWS USE INVOLVING TESTS
THROUGH
AI
PACK 2
R AND
FAULT
THE MCDU
ALSO THE PULLING O
- ENG 2
BREAKERS
BLEEDOFF
ON THE AFT PANELS BEHIND THE FIR

LBS

BLEE
D

EITHER WAY -- THE ONLY THING YOU C


ACTION,
IS TO CALL MAINTENANCE. THEY WIL
AND
DO THE SAME THINGS. SOMETIMES IT
FREE UP
THE VALVES -- BUT YOU RISK HAVING
GATE IF
ITBEFORE
FAILS TOENGINE
RESOLVE
IT. MEL SAYS YO
START
FL310.
APU BLEED WILL BE USED TO START
ENGINES.

X
BLEED

20 C
C

20 C
H

16 C

16 C

HI

0
15

PSI
C

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

0
15

APU

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

RAM
AIR

LO

+15
+10

C
C

01

SHU
T

OPE
N

SELECT: APU BLEED -ON


APU
BLEED
FAULT
ON

2
HP

AUT
O

IP
54

GW 1220
0

LBS

NO PRESSURE IS SUPPLIED SO THE I


AMBER.
ENGINE LABELS ARE AMBER BECAUS
BELOW IDLE.
DO NOT USE APU BLEED IF GROUND
CONNECTED.

APU BLEED -- ON; ENGINES WILL BE


STARTED.
COMMON ECAM
MESSAGES

BLEE
D
20 C
C

20 C
H

16 C

RAM
AIR

16 C

HI

LO

35
185

SEAT
BELTS
NO PEDS

PSI
C

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

36
190

APU

THE X BLEED VALVE WILL TEMPORAR


AMBER
AS IT TURNS IN-LINE.
NOW THE ENGINES WILL BE STARTED
CLICK ON THE ENGINE MASTER 2
SWITCH
TO SIMULATE THIS AND TO GO ON TO
THE NEXT DISPLAY.

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP
H

IP
54

GW 1220
0

LBS

APU
BLEED
FAULT
ON

AFTER ENGINE START, APU BLEED


SUPPLYING

BLEE
D
20 C
C

20 C
H

16 C

16 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

36
196

SEAT
BELTS
NO PEDS

PSI
C

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

37
195

NOW YOU MAY DESELECT APU


BLEED.

APU

THE ENGINE BLEED VALVES REMAIN


CLOSED
BECAUSE THE APU BLEED VALVE HA
PRIORITY OVER THEM.

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP
H

IP
54

AFTER ENGINES STARTED, APU BLEED


TURNED OFF

GW 1220
0

LBS

NOW THE ENGINES HAVE BEEN


STARTED.
THE ENGINE IDENTIFIERS HAVE TU
WHITE.

AFTER ENGINES STARTED, APU BLEED


TURNED OFF

BLEE
D

SEAT
BELTS
NO PEDS

20 C
C

20 C
H

16 C

RAM
AIR

16 C

HI

LO

38
198

PSI
C

THE X BLEED VALVE WILL TEMPOR


AMBER
AS IT TURNS IN-LINE.
THE APU BLEED VALVE IS
CLOSED.

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

APU
BLEED
FAULT

37
200

ON

APU

THE ENGINE BLE


OPEN.
THE ENGINES AR
AND
LP VALVES MAY

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP
H

IP
54

GW 1220
0

An ECAM is accompanied by a:
HOW TO DO ECAM
1. Chime, and may have a:
ACTIONS
2a. Master Warning or
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.

LBS

THE HP VALVES
TAKEOFF
THEY WILL CLOS
THE GND INDICA
TOO.
A
ELE
EMER
C
HY G RSVRCONFIG
D OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF
G SYS LO
PR

The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.
Quadrant A, Do the "BLUE TO DO" actions -work down through any Boxed Item
until the next Underlined Item,
After each you say, "Clear ECAM?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
ECAM."
When all are done, complete each
Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."

HY
D

Y RSVR LO LVL
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

HERE ARE SOME PNEUMATIC ECAM SITUATIO


When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE N
If there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
SWITCHdepending upon your airline's policy:
LIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
CLICK
EITHER
TO EXTINGUISH
THEorMASTER CAUTION LIGHTS AND CONTINUE TO DO
SOME BLEED
"ECAM
Status,
no change.
Clear ECAM?"
CONTINUE.
ECAM
ACTIONS.
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"
MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

ENGINE 2 BLEED
FAULT

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

BLEE
D

AI
ENG 2 BLEED
R
FAULT
- X BLEED.
OPEN

20 C

20 C

120 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

100 C

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

42
322

THE BMC WILL DETECT THE SITUAT


BMC COMMANDS ENG 2 BLEED VAL
This is still GREEN because the Valve
position.
FLOW THROUGH THE SYSTEM HAS
TEMPERATURE HAS EXCEEDED LIM
CLICK ON ME TO
CONTINUE
X
BLEED

2
HP

IP

HP

IP
SHU
T

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

AUT
O

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

1220
0

C
C

ENGINE 2 BLEED
FAULT

BLEE
D

AI
ENG 2 BLEED
R
FAULT
- X BLEED.
OPEN

20 C

20 C

120 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

100 C

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

0
175

WHEN THE VALVE IS CLOSED THE:


1. PRESSURE DROPS
2. TEMPERATURE DECREASES.

ENG BLEED 2 SYSTEM IS NOW


UNAVAILABLE.
BUT ENG BLEED 1 SYSTEM IS
FUNCTIONAL...
PERFORM ECAM ACTION: XBLEED
OPEN.
X
BLEED

2
HP

IP

HP

IP
SHU
T

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

AUT
O

ENGINE 2 BLEED
FAULT
0

BLEE
D

AI
R

20 C

15 C

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

NOW THE FLOW IS RESTORED TO T


SIDE.
ENG 2 BLEED FAULT LIGHT EXTING
BECAUSE
PNF:
"CLEAR CONDITION NO LO
THE OVERHEAT
ECAM?"
EXISTS.
PF: "CLEAR ECAM."

44
200

X
BLEED

2
HP

IP

HP

IP
SHU
T

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

AUT
O

LBS

ENGINE 2 BLEED
FAULT

BLEE
D

ONE PACK ONLY IF WAI


ON
20 C

15 C
H

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

WIN
G

44
200

PNF WILL REVIEW THE STATUS AN


SYSTEMS.
PNF: "CLEAR STATUS?"
PF: "C
BUT
THEN WHAT IF YOU NEEDED T
STATUS."
ANTI-ICE?
SELECT WING ANTI ICE -- ON.
FAULT
ON

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

ENGINE 2 BLEED FAULT


WING ANTI ICE
REQUIRED

BLEE
D

AI
ENG 2 BLEED
R
FAULT
- PACK 2 ...
..OFF

20 C
C

120 C

15 C
H

RAM
AIR

20 C

THE AIR ENG 2 BLEED FAULT


PROCEDURE
IS AUTOMATICALLY DISPLAYED.

PERFORM ECAM ACTION, PACK 2 -OFF.

THE AIR ENG 2 BLEED FAULT


PROCEDURE
IS AUTOMATICALLY DISPLAYED.

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

PERFORM ECAM ACTION, PACK 2 -OFF.

ANTI
ICE

WIN
G

44
200

FAULT
ON

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

HI

ENGINE 2 BLEED FAULT


WING ANTI ICE
REQUIRED

BLEE
D

AI
R

20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

ANTI
ICE
PSI
C

PSI

APU

44
200

1
IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

WIN
G

FAULT
ON

2
HP

PACK 2 IS SHUT OFF FROM THE


SYSTEM.
THEN YOU WOULD CLEAR ECAM.

HI

LO

ANTI
ICE
44
200

ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT

ENGINE 2 BLEED FAULT


FINISHED.
WING ANTI ICE BEING USED.

BLEE
D
20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

HI

LO

ANTI
ICE

ANTI
ICE
44
200

PSI
C

PSI

APU

44
200

1
IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

WIN
G

FAULT
ON

2
HP

THEN, AFTER REVIEWING THE INOP


SYSTEMS,
PNF: CLEAR STATUS?
PF: CLEAR STATUS.

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"
MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

RIGHT WING
LEAK

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

BLEE
D
20 C
C

120 C

15 C
H

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

AI
R WING
R
LEAK
- X BLEED .
SHUT
- WING
A.ICEOFF
AVOID ICING CONDITIONS

HI

LO

ANTI
ICE

ANTI
ICE
44
200

PSI
C

APU

THE ECAM ACTION LABEL AND ACTI


DETECTED
RIGHT WING BLEED LEAK.
PERFORM ECAM ACTION, XBLEED -

PSI
C

44
200

WING

FAULT
ON

200

44
200

ON

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

RIGHT WING
LEAK

BLEE
D

AI
R WING
R
LEAK
- WING
A.ICEOFF
AVOID ICING CONDITIONS

20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

HI

LO

ANTI
ICE

ANTI
ICE
44
200

PSI
C

PSI

APU

0
22

1
IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

WING

FAULT
ON

2
HP

THE X BLEED VALVE CLOSES.


RIGHT SYSTEM BLEED PRESSURE D
RIGHT WIND ANTI ICE IS NOT SUPP
AMBER.
CONTINUE ECAM ACTION, WING AN

RIGHT WING
LEAK

BLEE
D

AI
R WING
R
LEAK
AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

20 C

RAM
AIR
HI

LO

44
200

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

0
22

WING ANTI-ICE IS SWITCHED OFF -IT DOES NO GO TO RUN IT ON ONE


WING.
THEN:
PNF: CLEAR ECAM?
PF: CLEAR ECAM.

WIN
G

FAULT

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

ON

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LBS

AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

RIGHT WING
LEAK

BLEE
D

AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

RAM
AIR

20 C

HI

LO

44
200

HI

LO

PSI
C

PSI

APU

PNF WILL REVIEW AND READ


THE
STATUS AND INOP SYSTEMS.
PNF: CLEAR STATUS?
PF: CLEAR STATUS.
WIN
G

0
22

FAULT
ON

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

MASTER

THIS SCENARIO FINISHES


HERE.

LBS

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"
MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

CROSS BLEED FAILS TO


OPEN
Select OPEN when:
1. APU BLEED VALVE pb is
ON or,
2. Engine START or,
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
3. WING ANTI ICE is ON.
EXTINGUISHED.

BLEE
D
20 C
C

15 C
H

120 C

HI

PSI

196

20 C

RAM
AIR

LO

36

AI
X BLEED
R
FAULT
- X BLEED ..
MAN CTL

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

0
20

APU

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

APU
BLEED
FAULT
ON

HP

IP

NORMALLY THE X BLEED OPENS.


IF IT FAILS THEN YOU GET THIS ECA
THE X BLEED INDICATOR REMAINS
AMBER
TO INDICATE THE DISAGREEMENT.
PERFORM ECAM: XBLEED -- MAN C

HP
H

IP
54

GW 1220
0

LBS

If Manual Opening is inoperative and


available,
turn Wing Anti Ice OFF and Avoid Icin

CROSS BLEED FAILS TO


OPEN

BLEE
D
20 C
C

20 C
H

120 C

RAM
AIR

120 C

HI

LO

36
196

PSI
C

HI

LO

PSI
C

GND

THE CROSS BLEED OPENED AND


RIGHT SIDE PRESSURE & TEMPERAT
REFLECTS THE
APU SUPPLYING THAT SIDE.

APU
BLEED
FAULT

37
195

ON

APU

2
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP
H

IP
54

GW 1220
0

LBS

IF THIS FAILED THEN THE X BLEED I


REMAINED
CROSS-LINE AND AMBER TO INDICA
IfDISAGREEMENT.
Manual Opening is inoperative and
available,
turn Wing Anti Ice OFF and Avoid Icin

NORMAL SYMBOLS
ES RUNNING AND APU BLEED IS
COCKP
IT

HOT
AIR
FAULT

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK 1

APU
BLEED
FAULT

RAM
AIR

START
O N

GND
HP

ogic is lost on me:


would think these two would be reversed in their
oning:
Outlet Temp should be ABOVE the Inlet Pressure.

HOT
AIR
FAULT
OFF

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK 2

HOT

OFF

FAULT
OFF

LLOWING ARE VERY COMMON FAULTS.


SEEM TO OCCUR MORE THAN 50% OF THE
S,
ALLY IF JETWAY AIR WAS USED. IT IS AS IF THE
GET FROZEN. SOME CREWS START THE APU

E TIME TO THAW THE VALVES AND DEAL WITH

ON. THERE ARE SEVERAL UNOFFICIAL


QUES
REWS USE INVOLVING TESTS ORDERED

ON

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK 2

X
BLEED

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

OFF

LLOWING ARE VERY COMMON FAULTS.


SEEM TO OCCUR MORE THAN 50% OF THE
S,
ALLY IF JETWAY AIR WAS USED. IT IS AS IF THE
GET FROZEN. SOME CREWS START THE APU

E TIME TO THAW THE VALVES AND DEAL WITH

ON. THERE ARE SEVERAL UNOFFICIAL


QUES
REWS USE INVOLVING TESTS ORDERED
GH
PACK 2
FAULT
DU AND
ALSO THE PULLING OF THE CIRCUIT
- ENG 2
ERS
BLEEDOFF
AFT PANELS BEHIND THE FIRST OFFICER.
PACK 1
FAULT
- ENG 1
BLEEDOFF

WAY -- THE ONLY THING YOU CAN DO, BESIDE THE ECAM

ALL MAINTENANCE. THEY WILL COME TO THE COCKPIT

SAME THINGS. SOMETIMES IT TAKES ENGINE AIR TO


P
VES -- BUT YOU RISK HAVING TO COME BACK TO THE

TOENGINE
RESOLVE
IT. MEL SAYS YOU'LL BE RESTRICTED TO
RE
START
LEED WILL BE USED TO START THE
ES.
AP
U
MASTER
SW
FAULT
ON

APU BLEED --

STAR
T
AVAIL
ON

ESSURE IS SUPPLIED SO THE INDICATION IS


.
E LABELS ARE AMBER BECAUSE THEY ARE
IDLE.
T USE APU BLEED IF GROUND HP AIR IS
CTED.

COMMON ECAM
MESSAGES
APU
BLEED

LEED VALVE WILL TEMPORARILY BECOME

RNS IN-LINE.
HE ENGINES WILL BE STARTED.
ON THE ENGINE MASTER 2
H
ULATE THIS AND TO GO ON TO
EXT DISPLAY.

ENG
ON

MASTER
2ENG

OFF

MOD
E
CRAN
K

NOR
M

FIRE

IGN
START

FAULT

APU
BLEED

NGINE BLEED VALVES REMAIN


ED
USE THE APU BLEED VALVE HAS
ITY OVER THEM.

W YOU MAY DESELECT APU


ED.

THE ENGINES HAVE BEEN


RTED.
ENGINE IDENTIFIERS HAVE TURN
TE.

APU
BLEED
FAULT
ON

APU
BLEED

X BLEED VALVE WILL TEMPORARILY BECOME


ER
TURNS IN-LINE.
APU BLEED VALVE IS
SED.

THE ENGINE BLEED VALVES WILL NOW


OPEN.
THE ENGINES ARE AT IDLE SO BOTH HP
AND
LP VALVES MAY SHOW IN-LINE.
THE HP VALVES WILL MODULATE; AT
TAKEOFF
THEY WILL CLOSE.
THE GND INDICATOR WILL DISAPPEAR,
TOO.
B
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

F/CT
LCAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

1 PUMP
FF

STATU
S

D
INOP
SYS
GALLEY

E PNEUMATIC ECAM SITUATIONS.


OW ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT

U WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

HYDRAULICS
USED
ONLY FOR
EXAMPLE.

ENGINE 2 BLEED
FAULT

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.
ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT
- X BLEED.
OPEN

BMC WILL DETECT THE SITUATION.


COMMANDS ENG 2 BLEED VALVE -- CLOSED
s still GREEN because the Valve is in the COMMANDED
on.
W THROUGH THE SYSTEM HAS CEASED.
PERATURE HAS EXCEEDED LIMITS.
CLICK ON ME TO
CONTINUE
PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

INE 2 BLEED
LT
ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT
- X BLEED.
OPEN

N THE VALVE IS CLOSED THE:


RESSURE DROPS
EMPERATURE DECREASES.

BLEED 2 SYSTEM IS NOW


VAILABLE.
ENG BLEED 1 SYSTEM IS
CTIONAL...
ORM ECAM ACTION: XBLEED -N.

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

NE 2 BLEED
T
ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT

THE FLOW IS RESTORED TO THE RIGHT


.
2 BLEED FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES
AUSE
"CLEAR CONDITION NO LONGER
OVERHEAT
M?"
TS.
CLEAR ECAM."

CLR

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

OFF

NE 2 BLEED
T
STATU
S

INOP
SYS

STATU
S
NE PACK ONLY IF WAI
N

INOP
SYS
ENG 2
BLEED

WILL REVIEW THE STATUS AND INOP


TEMS.
: "CLEAR STATUS?"
PF: "CLEAR
THEN WHAT IF YOU NEEDED THE WING
TUS."
-ICE?
ECT WING ANTI ICE -- ON.

PACK
2
FAULT

X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

AIR ENG 2 BLEED FAULT


CEDURE
TOMATICALLY DISPLAYED.

ORM ECAM ACTION, PACK 2 --

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

NE 2 BLEED FAULT
G ANTI ICE
UIRED

ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT
PACK 2 ...
..OFF

CLR

STS

WING
A.ICE

OFF

AIR ENG 2 BLEED FAULT


CEDURE
TOMATICALLY DISPLAYED.

ORM ECAM ACTION, PACK 2 -PACK


2
FAULT
X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

OFF

NE 2 BLEED FAULT
ANTI ICE
UIRED

ENG 2 BLEED
FAULT

WING
A.ICE

2 IS SHUT OFF FROM THE


EM.
YOU WOULD CLEAR ECAM.

CLR

PACK
2
FAULT
X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

OFF

NE 2 BLEED FAULT
SHED.
G ANTI ICE BEING USED.
STATU
S

INOP
SYS
ENG 2
BLEED
PACK 2

, AFTER REVIEWING THE INOP


EMS,
CLEAR STATUS?
CLEAR STATUS.

STS

CLR
PACK
2
FAULT

X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

OFF

THIS IS NOT YOUR DAY.


NOW YOU GET A MASTER
CAUTION
FOR A DETECTED WING LEAK.
CLICK EITHER TO EXTINGUISH
THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS
AND CONTINUE WITH THE ECAM
ACTION.

RIGHT WING
EAK

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

R WING
LEAK
X BLEED .
SHUT
WING
A.ICEOFF
AVOID ICING CONDITIONS

WING
A.ICE

ECAM ACTION LABEL AND ACTION IS FOR A


CTED
T WING BLEED LEAK.
ORM ECAM ACTION, XBLEED -- SHUT.
PACK
2
FAULT
X
BLEED

PACK
2

OFF

SHU
T

AUT
O

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N
START

R WING
LEAK

OFF

WING
A.ICE

WING
A.ICEOFF
AVOID ICING CONDITIONS

X BLEED VALVE CLOSES.


T SYSTEM BLEED PRESSURE DROPS TO ZERO.
T WIND ANTI ICE IS NOT SUPPLIED; SYMBOLS ARE
ER.
TINUE ECAM ACTION, WING ANTI ICE -- OFF.
PACK
2
FAULT
X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

R WING
LEAK
AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

WING
A.ICE

ANTI-ICE IS SWITCHED OFF -ES NO GO TO RUN IT ON ONE


.
:
CLEAR ECAM?
CLEAR ECAM.

CING
ONS

CLR
PACK
2
FAULT

X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

OFF

AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

STATU
S

INOP
SYS
WING
A.ICE
ENG 2
BLEED
PACK 2

AVOID ICING
CONDITIONS

LL REVIEW AND READ

S AND INOP SYSTEMS.


LEAR STATUS?
LEAR STATUS.

STS

CLR
PACK
2
FAULT

X
BLEED

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

SCENARIO FINISHES
.

THIS IS A NEW SITUATION.


CROSSBLEED FAILS TO
OPEN.

OFF

THIS IS A NEW SITUATION.


CROSSBLEED FAILS TO
OPEN.
CLICK EITHER TO EXTINGUISH
THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS
AND CONTINUE WITH THE ECAM
ACTION.

CROSS BLEED FAILS TO


OPEN
Select OPEN when:
1. APU BLEED VALVE pb is
ON or,
2. Engine START or,
MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE
3. WING ANTI ICE is ON.
EXTINGUISHED.

X BLEED
FAULT
- X BLEED ..
MAN CTL

APU
BLEED

MALLY THE X BLEED OPENS.


FAILS THEN YOU GET THIS ECAM MESSAGE.
X BLEED INDICATOR REMAINS CROSS-LINE AND
ER
DICATE THE DISAGREEMENT.
ORM ECAM: XBLEED -- MAN CTL
X BLEED

AUT
O
SHU
T

OPE
N

ual Opening is inoperative and only one Bleed is


ble,
ing Anti Ice OFF and Avoid Icing Conditions.

THESE SCENARIOS ARE


FINISHED.

APU
BLEED

ROSS BLEED OPENED AND


SIDE PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE
ECTS THE
UPPLYING THAT SIDE.
X BLEED

AUT
O
SHU
T

OPE
N

S FAILED THEN THE X BLEED INDICATOR


INED
S-LINE AND AMBER TO INDICATE THE
ual Opening is inoperative and only one Bleed is
GREEMENT.
ble,
ing Anti Ice OFF and Avoid Icing Conditions.

END

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (reg


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Prod

TIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light

TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visu
99, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

erties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)


Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

8
BEFORE ENGINE
START

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
LO

15 C

16 C

15 C

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

HI

LO

PACK
1

OFF

16 C

LO

HI

PACK
1
FAULT

RAM
AIR

OFF

0
15

PSI

0
16

PSI
C

GND

THIS IS THE PANEL AS YOU WOULD


PACK 1 AND PACK 2 OFF LIGHTS AR

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

ENGINE NUMBERS ARE AMBER BEC


THAN IDLE.

LB
S

BEFORE ENGINE
START

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
LO

15 C

16 C

PACK
1

FAULT

15 C

RAM
AIR

16 C

LO

HI

LO

HI

OFF

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

0
15

PSI

0
16

PSI
C

GND

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

BOTH PACK SWITCHES ARE AMBER


THERE IS
NO BLEED PRESSURE AVAILABLE.

THE CONTROL VALVE INDICATIONS


AMBER.

LB
S

APU BLEED SUPPLYING THE


AIRCRAFT

APU BLEED SUPPLYING THE


AIRCRAFT

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
LO

29 C

32 C

HI

PACK
1

FAULT

70 C

RAM
AIR

75 C

LO

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

HI

LO

PACK
1

OFF

OFF

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

NOW THE APU BLEED WILL BE TUR


ON.
PACK FAULT LIGHTS EXTINGUISH
APU BLEED LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVES AR
OPEN.
MIXING UNIT IS CONNECTED.
BYPASS VALVE MODULATES.
SYMBOLOGY BECOMES IN-LINE.

DURING ENGINE
START

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
LO

15 C

16 C

PACK
1

FAULT

15 C

RAM
AIR

16 C

LO

HI

LO

HI

OFF

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

BLEE
D

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

WHEN THE ENGINE START SEQUEN


THE PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE
FLOW DECREASES TOWARD ZERO

THEY OPEN AGAIN ONCE THE ENG


STARTED.

LB
S

AFTER ENGINE START, APU STILL


AIRCRAFT

AFTER ENGINE START, APU STILL


AIRCRAFT

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
M

LO

30 C

32 C

HI

PACK
1

FAULT

73 C

RAM
AIR

80 C

LO

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

HI

LO

PACK
1

OFF

OFF

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

FLOW IS HIGH WITH APU SUPPLYIN


THEY OPEN AGAIN ONCE THE ENGI

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

NOTICE THAT THE ENGINE BLEED V


THIS IS BECAUSE THE APU BLEED
THEM.
THIS IS ALSO THE DEPICTION FOR A
BLEED ON
TAKEOFF WHEN USING THE APU BL
PERFORMANCE LOSS.

AFTER ENGINE START, APU BLEED


OFF

BLEE
D

PACK
FLOW
NOR
M

LO

30 C

32 C

PACK
1

FAULT

73 C

RAM
AIR

OFF

80 C

LO

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT

HI

LO

HI

OFF

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

APU BLEED -- OFF.

APU
2

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

An ECAM is accompanied by a:
HOW TO DO ECAM
1. Chime, and may have a:
ACTIONS
2a. Master Warning or
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.
The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.

ENGINES PROVIDE A HIGHER RATE


FLOW SO
THE PACK FLOW IS REDUCED.

BOTH ENGINE BLEED VALVES OPE


BOTH HP AND IP VALVES ARE IN-LI

LB
S

A
ELE
EMER
C
HY G RSVRCONFIG
D OVHT

An ECAM is accompanied by a:
1. Chime, and may have a:
2a. Master Warning or
2b. Master Caution as well. If so, press to extinguish it.

HY G RSVR
D OVHT
- PTU.
.OFF
- GREEN ENG 1 PUMP
OFF
G SYS LO
PR

The entire ECAM will take place in four quadrants of the E/WD and SD [A, B,
C, D].
The pilot-not-flying completes each quadrant before going on to the next
one.

HY
D

Quadrant A, Do the "BLUE TO DO" actions -work down through any Boxed Item
until the next Underlined Item,
After each you say, "Clear ECAM?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
ECAM."
When all are done, complete each
Quadrant B item, in order: non-starred and starred lines. Then,
Quadrant C will list affected System(s), etc., -- read off each item. Finally,
Quadrant D will list all of the Inoperative Systems. Read them all off....
When done you say, "Clear Status?" and the pilot flying responds, "Clear
Status."

Y RSVR LO LVL
Y ENG 2 PUMP
LO PR

HERE ARE SOME BLEED ECAM SITUATIONS.


When Flaps/Slats are extended these Status items will reappear for review.
THE THIN YELLOW ARROWS POINT TO THE N
If there is no change, the Preliminary Checklist line response will be,
SWITCHdepending upon your airline's policy:
LIGHT THAT YOU WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO
CLICK
EITHER
TO EXTINGUISH
THEorMASTER CAUTION LIGHTS AND CONTINUE TO DO
SOME BLEED
"ECAM
Status,
no change.
Clear ECAM?"
CONTINUE.
ECAM
ACTIONS.
"ECAM Status Checked, no change."
MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

"CHIME"

MASTER

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

MASTER

PACK
OVERHEAT

MASTER

MASTER

WARN

WARN

MASTER

MASTER

CAUT

CAUT

PACK
OVERHEAT

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

BLEE
D

AI
PACK 1
R- PACKOVHT
1.
OFF
WHEN
PACK OVHT
OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

30 C

32 C

247 C

RAM
AIR

80 C

LO

HI

LO

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

PACK
1

APU

FAULT

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE HAS


THIS IS AN AUTOMATIC RESPONSE
NO FLOW GOES TO THE MIX UNIT AMBER.
THE COMPRESSOR OUTLET TEMPE
THE AMBER VALVE IS IN DISAGREE
POSITION.
PNF: PERFORM ECAM ACTION: PA

IP

54

GW 1220
0

PACK
1

OFF

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

LB
S

PACK OVERHEAT,
CONTINUED

BLEE
D

AI
PACK 1
R
WHEN OVHT
PACK OVHT

OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

- PACK 1...
ON

12 C

32 C

235 C

RAM
AIR

80 C

LO

HI

LO

35
103

PSI

PSI
C

GND

36
104

PACK
1

APU

FAULT

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

NOW THAT THE SWITCH IS IN THE O


THE FLOW REMAINS AMBER BECA
ABNORMAL.
THE VALVE IS NO LONGER IN DISAG
THEREFORE
CHANGES TO GREEN.
THE FAULT LIGHT WILL REMAINS A
ABNORMAL
CONDITION CONTINUES TO EXIST.
OFF

IP

54

GW 1220
0

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

LB
S

PACK OVERHEAT,
CONTINUED

BLEE
D

AI
PACK 1
R
OVHT
WHEN PACK OVHT
OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

15 C
C

32 C
H

229 C
LO

RAM
AIR
HI

35
103

PSI
C

75 C
HI

LO

PSI
C

GND
APU

36
104

WHEN THE TEMPERATURE HAS CO


C),
(THE FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES
OF THE
ECAM WOULD BE PERFORMED.
PNF CAN PERFORM THE ECAM: PA

PACK
1

FAULT

PACK
1

PACK
1

APU

FAULT

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

HP

IP

54

GW 1220
0

PACK
1

OFF

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

LB
S

PACK OVERHEAT,
FINISHED

BLEE
D
20 C

32 C

150 C

RAM
AIR

LO

75 C

HI

35
103

PSI

HI

LO

36
104

PSI
C

GND

PACK
1

APU

FAULT

1
HP

IP

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

HP

THE VALVE TURNS INLINE.


FLOW IS RESTORED.

IP

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

OFF

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

ORE ENGINE
RT
COCKP
IT

HOT
AIR
FAULT

AFT
CABIN

FWD
CABIN

OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

APU
BLEED
FAULT

FAULT

START

GND
HP

O N

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2
FAULT

PACK
2

X
BLEED

RAM
AIR

OFF

COL
D

ENG 2
BLEED
FAULT

OPE
N

START

ON

OFF

OFF

S THE PANEL AS YOU WOULD FIRST SEE IT.


1 AND PACK 2 OFF LIGHTS ARE ILLUMINATED.

NE NUMBERS ARE AMBER BECAUSE THEY ARE LESS


IDLE.

ORE ENGINE
RT
FWD
CABIN

COCKP
IT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM AIR

START
O N

APU
BLEED
GND
HP

H PACK SWITCHES ARE AMBER BECAUSE


RE IS
LEED PRESSURE AVAILABLE.

CONTROL VALVE INDICATIONS ARE ALSO


ER.

BLEED SUPPLYING THE


RAFT

FAULT
ON

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2FAULT
PACK
2

X
BLEED

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

COL
D

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED

OPE
N

FAULT

START

OFF

BLEED SUPPLYING THE


RAFT
FWD
CABIN

COCKP
IT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM AIR

APU
BLEED

FAULT

START

GND
HP

O N

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2FAULT
PACK
2

X
BLEED

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

COL
D

ENG 2
BLEED

OPE
N

FAULT

START

ON

OFF

OFF

THE APU BLEED WILL BE TURNED

K FAULT LIGHTS EXTINGUISH AND


BLEED LIGHT ILLUMINATES.
K FLOW CONTROL VALVES ARE
N.
NG UNIT IS CONNECTED.
ASS VALVE MODULATES.
BOLOGY BECOMES IN-LINE.

NG ENGINE
RT
FWD
CABIN

COCKP
IT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM AIR

APU
BLEED

FAULT

START
O N

GND
HP

N THE ENGINE START SEQUENCE BEGINS,


PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVES CLOSE.
W DECREASES TOWARD ZERO.

Y OPEN AGAIN ONCE THE ENGINES ARE


RTED.

ER ENGINE START, APU STILL SUPPLYING THE


CRAFT

ON

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2FAULT
PACK
2

X
BLEED

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

COL
D

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED

OPE
N

FAULT

START

OFF

ER ENGINE START, APU STILL SUPPLYING THE


CRAFT
FWD
CABIN

COCKP
IT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM AIR

APU
BLEED

FAULT

START

GND
HP

O N

SHU
T

AUT
O

PACK
2FAULT
PACK
2

X
BLEED

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

COL
D

ENG 2
BLEED

OPE
N

FAULT

START

ON

OFF

OFF

W IS HIGH WITH APU SUPPLYING.


Y OPEN AGAIN ONCE THE ENGINES ARE STARTED.

CE THAT THE ENGINE BLEED VALVES ARE CLOSED.


IS BECAUSE THE APU BLEED HAS PRIORITY OVER
M.
IS ALSO THE DEPICTION FOR A PACK BLEED OFF/APU
D ON
OFF WHEN USING THE APU BLEED -- NO
FORMANCE LOSS.

ER ENGINE START, APU BLEED -FWD


CABIN

COCKP
IT

AFT
CABIN

HOT
AIR

FAULT
OFF

COL
D

COL
D

HOT

HOT

PACK
1

HOT

RAM AIR

APU
BLEED

FAULT

START
O N

GND
HP

SHU
T

AUT
O

BLEED -- OFF.

NES PROVIDE A HIGHER RATE OF


W SO
PACK FLOW IS REDUCED.

H ENGINE BLEED VALVES OPEN AND


H HP AND IP VALVES ARE IN-LINE.

B
NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

HYDRAULICS
USED
ONLY FOR
EXAMPLE.

OFF

ENG 2
BLEED

OPE
N

FAULT

START

ON

PACK
2FAULT
PACK
2

X
BLEED

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

COL
D

OFF

NAV
F/CTL
AUTO
FLT

F/CT
LCAB
PRESS
HYD
FUEL

1 PUMP
FF

STATU
S

D
INOP
SYS
GALLEY

E BLEED ECAM SITUATIONS.


OW ARROWS POINT TO THE NEXT

U WILL LEFT CLICK ON TO

PACK
OVERHEAT

HYDRAULICS
USED
ONLY FOR
EXAMPLE.

PACK
OVERHEAT

MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS ARE


EXTINGUISHED.

PACK 1
- PACKOVHT
1.
OFF
WHEN
PACK OVHT
OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

K FLOW CONTROL VALVE HAS CLOSED.


IS AN AUTOMATIC RESPONSE OF THE AIRCRAFT.
LOW GOES TO THE MIX UNIT -- THAT LINE IS ALSO
ER.
COMPRESSOR OUTLET TEMPERATURE IS HIGH (> 230 C)
AMBER VALVE IS IN DISAGREEMENT WITH THE SWITCH
TION.
PERFORM ECAM ACTION: PACK 1 -- OFF

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

K OVERHEAT,
TINUED

PACK 1
WHEN OVHT
PACK OVHT

OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

- PACK 1...
ON

THAT THE SWITCH IS IN THE OFF POSITION,


FLOW REMAINS AMBER BECAUSE THIS IS STILL
ORMAL.
VALVE IS NO LONGER IN DISAGREEMENT AND
REFORE
NGES TO GREEN.
FAULT LIGHT WILL REMAINS AMBER AS LONG AS THE
ORMAL
DITION CONTINUES TO EXIST.
PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

CLICK ON ME TO CONTINUE,
PACK OVERHEAT COOLS
DOWN...

K OVERHEAT,
TINUED

PACK 1
OVHT
WHEN PACK OVHT
OUT:
- PACK 1...
ON

N THE TEMPERATURE HAS COOLED, (< 230

FAULT LIGHT EXTINGUISHES), THE REST


HE
M WOULD BE PERFORMED.
CAN PERFORM THE ECAM: PACK 1 -- ON

PACK
1

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

VERHEAT,
D

VALVE TURNS IN-

W IS RESTORED.

PACK
1

ENG 1
BLEED
FAULT
OFF

END.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (register


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productio

ANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual O
000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

es see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

UPPER ECAM:
E/WD

FOB:

N1

10

15500

10

83.0

FQI has DEGRADED


DATA

CL

83.5

88.5 %

FUEL QUANTITY is NOT all USEABL


following:
FOB:

10

EGT

593

N2

91.8

FOB:

27960

F.F.

280

LBS/H

VARIOUS
MEMOS

ENG 1 OIL LO
PR
IF OIL LO PR < 13
PSI:
- THR LEVER 1 ..
IDLE
- ENG MASTER 1 ....
..OFF
LOWER ECAM:
SD

ENGIN
E

1702
17.4

OIL
QT

N1

1.1

1659

CHEC
K

2.3

CKPT

PSI

+15
+10

CAB V/S

72

75

75

69

C
C

200

AUTO

01

FT

CAB ALT

54

CHEC
K

N2
CHEC
K

F.F.

FT

6000
H

EGT

CHEC
K

FT/MN

250

FWD F AFT

70

0.1

0.8

17.5

LDG ELEV
P

0.7
VIB (N2)

AIR

TAT
SAT

OUTER TK FUEL
XFRD
REFUEL
G

VIB (N1)
F.USED
LBS

LBS

91.7

2840

10

604

15500

GW 1220
0

CABIN VERTICAL SPEED IS IN AUTO


MODE.
LB
S

SOME AIRLINES MAY HAVE A FOR


COMPARTMENT
HEATING SYSTEM OPTION.

SOME AIRLINES MAY HAVE A FOR


COMPARTMENT
HEATING SYSTEM OPTION.

ENGIN
E

VIB (N1)

1702

F.USED
LBS

17.4

OIL
QT

1.1

1659

VIB (N2)

LDG ELEV
2.3

0.1

0.8

17.5

AIR
P

0.7

PSI

200

AUTO

FT

FT/MN

CAB V/S
UP
2

CKPT

FWD F AFT

70

1000

72

75

75

69

DN
CAB ALT

CABIN VERTICAL SPEED IS IN MAN


MODE.

FT

6000
TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

has DEGRADED
A
15500

LBS

L QUANTITY is NOT all USEABLE due to the


A319 / A320:
wing:
1. Inter-cell Valve failure
15500
LBS
2. Loss of Center Tank Pumps
A321:
Center Tank Transfer Valves
have
failed in the CLOSED position.

ARIOUS
EMOS
OUTER TK FUEL
XFRD

CTR TK
FEEDG
FUEL X
FEED
ACARS MSG

CHECK LABEL:
IF THERE IS A DISCREPANCY BETWEEN
THE
A) N1
B) N2
C) EGT
D) FF
VALUES ON THE FADEC-DMC BUS AND
THE
DISPLAYED VALUES,
THEN,
THIS MESSAGE IS DISPLAYED
BENEATH THE
AFFECTED PARAMETER.

N VERTICAL SPEED IS IN AUTOMATIC


E.

ME AIRLINES MAY HAVE A FORWARD


MPARTMENT
ATING SYSTEM OPTION.

ME AIRLINES MAY HAVE A FORWARD


MPARTMENT
ATING SYSTEM OPTION.

IN VERTICAL SPEED IS IN MANUAL


E.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edw


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

stered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trade

al Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

6
NORMAL
INDICATIONS

N1

10

83.0

10

N2

FOB:

27960

100.0

LBS

91.7

F.F.

2840

10

604

88.5 %

EGT

91.8

CL

83.5

10

593

N1

N1

2840

LBS/H

LDG LDG GEAR DN


SIGNS ON
SPLRS ARM
FLAPS . FULL

CTR TK
FEEDG

NORMAL IDLE
INDICATIONS
IDLE
10

19.5

N1

10

390

N1
10

EGT
C

FLX

19.5

F.F.
X X

10

FOB:

390
S

58.5

600

N2
%

F.F.
%

89.9

56 C

LBS/H

2380
0
FLAP

REV

8920
LBS

62.3
F

58.5
FULL

N1

600
5

SEAT BLETS
NO PERSONAL DEVICES

REV

REV

SEAT BLETS
NO PERSONAL DEVICES

62.3
SECONDARY ENGINE INDICATIONS, ENGINE
START

F. USED
LBS

1530

OIL
QT

20
0

15.5

15.5

PSI

(N1)
0.9

VIB
1.2

1.3

PSI

120

NAC
C

241

SECONDARY ENGINE INDICATIONS,


ENERGIZED

N1
%

XX

OIL FILTER
CLOG
FUEL FILTER
CLOG

AFTER ENGINE START, NACELLE TEMPERATURE


DISPLAY

240

594

ENG
1
ENG
2

35 PSI

115

ASSOCIATED ECAM
MESSAGES

120
AB

20

(N2)

F.
FILTER
CLOG

90

IGN

EGT

OIL
FILTER
CLOG

10
0

90

115

VIB
0.8

20
0

10
0
0

1530

ENGIN
E

XX

XX

XX %

EGT

XX

FOB:

XX

27960

LBS

N2

XX

XX

F.F.

XX

ENGINE ANTI ICE IS SELECTED ON.


1. Engine Anti Ice Valve OPENS if bl
available
2. Continuous Ignition is provided w
Ice is
selected and the Valve is OPEN.

XX

LBS/H

ENG A.
ICE
IGNITION

ENGINE ANTI ICE VALVE OPEN with e

ECAM CAUTION appears for any disa

ENGINE ONE LOW OIL PRE

N1

10

83.0

CL

83.5

88.2

F.F.
5

10

EGT

593

N2

91.8

FOB:

LBS/H
6680

155000

LBS

ENGINE MASTER SWITCH


FOR CLARIFICATION. THR
LEVERS
NOT SHOWN -- YOU PROBA
ALREADY
KNOW WHAT & WHERE TH

91.7

F.F.

2840

6680

10

604

SEE THE SECONDARY IND


LOWER DISPLAY...

10

280

LBS/H

ENG 1 OIL LO
PR
IF OIL LO PR < 13
PSI:
- THR LEVER 1 ..
IDLE
- ENG MASTER 1 ....
..OFF

ON

ENGIN
E

F. USED
LBS

2150
20

OIL
QT

200

VIB
0.8

ENG
1

OFF

FIRE

(N1)
0.9

20

VIB

MASTER
1

(N2)

FAULT

15.5
PSI

10
0
0

115

N1

10

12.1

10

X X

5.1

X X

N2
%

F.F.
%

OIL
FILTER
F.
FILTER

56

THIS IS IMPORTANT:
WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN AN ENGI

10

MCT

99.6

99.6

10

390

F.F.

LBS/H

X X

8920

FOB:

2380
0

LBS

ENGINE STALL CHECKLIST: QRH PG


1. NOTE THE TIME -- MTC WILL WA
ENGINE
TIME ON THE AIRCRAFT.

2. CONSIDER THE OVERWEIGHT LA

3. GET THE APU --ON (GENERATOR


200)

OVERWEIGHT LANDING CHECKLIST:


1. CONSIDER TURNING ON THE BR
LANDING

58.5

2. NOTE THE RATE OF DESCENT A


FPM).

600
T.O. INHIBIT

ENG 1 FAIL
-- THR LEVER 1 ..
IF NO
IDLE
DAMAGE:
-- ENG 1 RELIGHT
.
INITIATE
SHUT
DOWN

1.3

120

EGT

15.5
10
0

13

(N2)

VIB
1.2

QT
0

STS

LAND
ASAP
-- ELEC
-- HYD

These suggestions are from one who ha


Make ATC work for you -- they know all r
Courses.
Do NOT get expansive with your FAA Re

AND -- DON'T LET THE CAPTAIN LEAV


LANDING
UNTIL AN ENTRY IS MADE IN THE LO

THRUST
A319
23,500
A320
27,000
A321
32,000

10
M

100.0

10
M

62.3

REVERSER
S
IN
TRANSIT

10

REVM
62.3

Any of four Reversers


Doors
are:
1. UNSTOWED or
2. UNLOCKED.
If a Door unlocks in-flight,
this flashes for 9 seconds,
then remains steady.
ALL FOUR
REVERSER
S
FULLY
DEPLOYED

10

REV

REV
M
62.3

10
M

594

OCIATED ECAM
SAGES
OIL FILTER
CLOG
FUEL FILTER
CLOG

LLE TEMPERATURE

NDARY ENGINE INDICATIONS, FADEC NOT


GIZED

E ANTI ICE IS SELECTED ON.


ngine Anti Ice Valve OPENS if bleed air is
ble
ontinuous Ignition is provided when Engine Anti

lected and the Valve is OPEN.

E ANTI ICE VALVE OPEN with electrical failure.

CAUTION appears for any disagreement.

ENGINE ONE LOW OIL PRESSURE


SEE THE SECONDARY INDICATIONS
LOWER DISPLAY...
ENGINE MASTER SWITCH SHOWN
FOR CLARIFICATION. THRUST
LEVERS
NOT SHOWN -- YOU PROBABLY
ALREADY
KNOW WHAT & WHERE THEY ARE.

ENG

MASTER
1

ON

ENG
1

OFF

MOD
E
NOR

FIRE
FAULT
CRA
NK

IGN
STAR
T

S IMPORTANT:
TO CONSIDER WHEN AN ENGINE COMPRESSOR STALLS?

E STALL CHECKLIST: QRH PG 16.


OTE THE TIME -- MTC WILL WANT TO KNOW SINGLE
E
ME ON THE AIRCRAFT.

ONSIDER THE OVERWEIGHT LANDING CHECKLIST - PG 41

ET THE APU --ON (GENERATOR < FL 250, BLEED AIR < FL

WEIGHT LANDING CHECKLIST: QRH PG 41


ONSIDER TURNING ON THE BRAKE FANS PRIOR TO
NG

OTE THE RATE OF DESCENT AT TOUCHDOWN (LAND < 360

suggestions are from one who has been there.


TC work for you -- they know all runway data, freqs, ILS
s.
T get expansive with your FAA Report -- call the Union first!!

DON'T LET THE CAPTAIN LEAVE THE AIRCRAFT AFTER


NG
AN ENTRY IS MADE IN THE LOGBOOK.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

9) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protect

h / Light Guide (trademark protected)

N1 N1 MODE

EPR

IDLE
1.
4

1.
2

1.
6

1.227

1.
2

EPR

1.
4

1.
6

1.227

CL

1.277
F.F.

EGT

458

10

83.5

N1

EGT

83.5

N2

90.1

4
LDG
INHIBIT
STS

1.
2

XX

EPR

N 1

1.
4

1.
6

1.447

FLXCL

1.447
F.F.
X X

EGT

FOB:

553

S
XX

N1
%

XX
ENG 1 FAIL
-- THR LEVER 1 ..
IF NO
IDLE
DAMAGE:

N2
%

56 C
LBS/H

XX

LBS
1

LDG LDG GEAR DN


SIGNS ON
SPLRS ARM
FLAPS . FULL

XX

REV

10

90.1

6680

FOB: 155000

458

6680

1.2

LBS/H

2380
0
FLAP

8920
LBS

10

92.0

FULL

92.9
T.O.
INHIBIT
LAND
ASAP
-- ELEC
-- HYD

SEE BELOW FOR THE N 1


MODE

-- THR LEVER 1 ..
IF NO
IDLE
DAMAGE:
-- ENG 1 RELIGHT
.
INITIATE
SHUT
DOWN

LAND
ASAP
-- ELEC
-- HYD

STS

F. USED

1530

1530

LBS
25

25

OIL
0

QT

15.5

15.5

30
0

30
0

PSI

152

115

ENGINE

SECONDARY ENGINE
INDICATIONS

VIB
0.8

(N1)
0.9

VIB
1.2

(N2)
1.3

OIL
FILTER
CLOG

148

F.
FILTER
CLOG

120

IGN

35

PSI

120

NAC
C

240

241

N1 MODE

N1 MODE
90.8%
XX

CL

XX

EPR

EGT

N 1 MODE

1.277
F.F.

OIL FILTER
CLOG
FUEL FILTER
CLOG

AFTER ENGINE START, NACELLE TEMPERATURE


DISPLAY

115

ASSOCIATED ECAM
MESSAGES
ENG
1
ENG
2

AB

35

PSI

ENGINE
START

6680

LBS/H
6680

FOB: 155000

LBS

EGT

458

10

83.5

N1
%

90.1

N2
%

FOB: 155000

458

LBS

10

83.5
90.1

EN

G
MAN
START

LDG LDG GEAR DN


SIGNS ON
SPLRS ARM
FLAPS . FULL

LDG INHIBIT

O N

STS

FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE


PANEL.

1.4

1.6

REV
1.227

8
M

485

10
M

31.7

EE BELOW FOR THE N 1


MODE

CONDARY ENGINE
DICATIONS

OCIATED ECAM
SAGES
OIL FILTER
CLOG
FUEL FILTER
CLOG

LLE TEMPERATURE

10

25.9

EN

EN
NG1

G
MAN
START

O N

O N

MODE

O N

FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE RIGHT OVERHEAD


PANEL.

1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

NORMAL
DISPLAYS

APU
APU GEN

AVAIL

32 %
116 V
400 HZ

AP
U

BLEED
35 PSI

MASTER
SW
FAULT
ON

10

%
0

STAR
T
AVAIL

100

ON

10

EGT
C

580

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

ABNORMAL
DISPLAYS

APU
APU GEN

AVAIL

101 %
121 V
411 HZ

BLEED
XX PSI

EGT
10

FUEL LO
PR

%
0

108
10

TAT
SAT

LOW
OIL
LEVEL

EGT
C

FLAP
OPEN

710

1050
+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW 1220
0

LB
S

BEFORE
START

APU
APU GEN

XX
XX
XX

%
V
HZ

BLEED

APU GEN

XX
XX
XX

%
V
HZ

BLEED
1 PSI
N

10

%
0

0
10

EGT
C

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

01

C
C

54

GW

LB
S

WHAT will CAUSE an AUTOSHUTDOW


a FAULT Light, (+ ECAM CAUTION) Ap
for:

APU
APU GEN

32
116
400

%
V
HZ

BLEED
35 PSI

AP
U
MASTER
SW
FAULT

10

ON

%
0

STAR
T

108
10

AVAIL

FLAP

ON

EGT
C

TAT
SAT

1050
+15
+10

C
C

01

54

GW

LB
S

10
M

710

l CAUSE an AUTOSHUTDOWN?
Light, (+ ECAM CAUTION) Appears

APU

FIRE -ON THE GROUND


ONLY

OVERSPEED
LOSS OF OVERPEED
PROTECTION
UNDERSPEED
NO ACCELERATION
SLOW START
EGT OVERTEMPERATURE
NO FLAME
REVERSE FLOW
LOW OIL PRESSURE
HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE
AIR INLET FLAP NOT OPEN
ECB FAILURE
DC POWER LOSS
(BATT -- OFF when aircraft
on Batteries ONLY)

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions L

LE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral S
2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ee File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

SYSTEM
DESCRIPTION
CARGO SMOKE
TEST

DISCH
AFT

SMOKE

SMOKE

DISCH

DISCH

AND

FWD

AFT CARGO
COMPARTMEN
T

AND

DISCH

FORWARD
CARGO
COMPARTMENT
SDCU

A319 /
A320

A321
FORWARD
CARGO
COMPARTMENT

AFT CARGO
COMPARTMEN
T

SDCU

AND

AND

AND

O
R

AFT CARGO
COMPARTMEN
T

SDCU

AND

AND

O
R

SDCU

AND

AND

OR

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, ow


1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark pro

witch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

OXY

DOOR /
OXY

V/S
SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

A319

1499

PSI
0 FT/MN

A319 DIMENSIONS:
LENGTH:
111' / 33.84M
WINGSPAN:
111'10" / 34.1M
HEIGHT:
39'11" / 12.17M
MINIMUM PAVEMENT TO
TURN 180
(THEORETICAL):
67'9" / 20.64M
MINIMUM DISTANCE TO
CLEAR
AIRCRAFT, 180
(WINGTIP):
70'10" / 21.58M

CRE
W

OFF

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

01

54
H

OXY

DOOR /
OXY

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

GW 1220
0

1535

V/S

C
C

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

01

54
H

LBS

GW 1220
0

PSI
0 FT/MN

LBS

A320
A320 DIMENSIONS:
LENGTH:
123'3" / 37.57M
WINGSPAN:
111'10" / 34.1M
HEIGHT:
39'10" / 12.14M
MINIMUM PAVEMENT TO
TURN 180
(THEORETICAL):
75'2" / 22.9M
MINIMUM DISTANCE TO
CLEAR
AIRCRAFT, 180
(WINGTIP):
72'2"/ 21.99M

+15
+10

C
C

1220
0

DOOR /
OXY

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

DOOR /
OXY

1535

OXY

V/S

C
C

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

SLIDE

01

54
H

PSI
0 FT/MN

A321 DIMENSIONS:
LENGTH:
146' / 44.51M
WINGSPAN (1):
111'3" / 33.9M
HEIGHT:
39'8" / 12.09M
MINIMUM PAVEMENT TO
TURN 180 (THEORETICAL):
90'7" / 27.6M
MINIMUM DISTANCE TO
CLEAR
AIRCRAFT, 180 (TAIL):
80'5" / 24.5M
(1) May be due to the
fact
that the A321 uses
double
slotted Slats, unlike
the
other models.

GW 1220
0

OXY

LBS

399

PSI

REG LO
PR
V / S 0 FT/MN

AVIONI
C

A321

AMBER
CONDITIONS
DEPICTION IS FOR
DEMONSTRATION
OF COLORS ONLY, NOT
NECESSARILY
ACCURACY FOR A SPECIFIC
MODEL. CRE

CABIN

CARGO

EMER
EXIT

SLIDE

OFF

CARGO

SLIDE

TAT
SAT

+15
+10

C
C

CABIN

01

54
H

GW 1220
0

LBS

+15
+10

C
C

1220
0

9 DIMENSIONS:
GTH:
111' / 33.84M
GSPAN:
111'10" / 34.1M
GHT:
39'11" / 12.17M
IMUM PAVEMENT TO
N 180
EORETICAL):
67'9" / 20.64M
IMUM DISTANCE TO
AR
CRAFT, 180
NGTIP):
70'10" / 21.58M

0 DIMENSIONS:
GTH:
123'3" / 37.57M
GSPAN:
111'10" / 34.1M
GHT:
39'10" / 12.14M
IMUM PAVEMENT TO
N 180
EORETICAL):
75'2" / 22.9M
IMUM DISTANCE TO
AR
CRAFT, 180
NGTIP):
72'2"/ 21.99M

1 DIMENSIONS:
GTH:
146' / 44.51M
GSPAN (1):
111'3" / 33.9M
GHT:
39'8" / 12.09M
IMUM PAVEMENT TO
N 180 (THEORETICAL):
90'7" / 27.6M
IMUM DISTANCE TO
AR
CRAFT, 180 (TAIL):
80'5" / 24.5M

May be due to the


t
t the A321 uses
ble
tted Slats, unlike

er models.

AMBER
CONDITIONS

CTION IS FOR
ONSTRATION
OLORS ONLY, NOT
ESSARILY
URACY FOR A SPECIFIC
EL.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15 1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switc
01 Red Triangle Productions LLC

ile, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)

AC POSITION INVALID
ALIGN IRS
ALT F-PLAN DELETED
AWY/WPT MISMATCH
CABIN RATE EXCEEDED
CHECK A/C POSITION
CHECK APPR GUIDANCE
CHECK DATA BASE CYCLE
CHECK GW
CHECK QFE
CLK IS TAKEOFF TIME
CRZ FL ABOVE MAX FL
CSTR DEL ABOVE CRZ FL
CSTR DEL UP TO WPT01
DECELERATE
DEFAULT STATE ASSUMED
DELETING OFFSET
XXXX IS DESELECTED
DEST/ALTN MISMATCH

DIR TO IN PROCESS
ENTER DEST DATA
DISCONT AHEAD
ENTRY OUT OF RANGE
F-PLN ELEMENT RETAINED
F-PLN FULL
FMS1/FMS2 A/C STS DIFF
FMS1/FMS2 GW DIFF
FMS1/FMS2 POS DIFF
FMS1/FMS2 SPD TGT DIFF
FORMAT ERROR
INDEPENDENT OPERATION
INITIALIZE WEIGHTS
IRS ONLY NAVIGATION
LIST OF 10 IN USE
LIST OF 20 IN USE
NAV ACCUR DOWNGRAD
NAV ACCUR UPGRAD
NEW ACC ALT - HHHH

NEW CRZ ALT - HHHHH


NEW THR RED ALT - HHHH
NON UNIQUE ROUTE IDENT
NOT ALLOWED
NOT ALLOWED IN NAV
NOT IN DATA BASE
ONLY SPEED ENTRY ALLOWED
OPP FMGC IN PROGRESS
PAGE UPDATE IN PROGRESS
PLEASE WAIT
PRESS MCDU MENU KEY
RESET IRS TO NAV
REVISION NOT STORED
RWY/ILS MISMATCH
SEC F-PLN DELETED
SELECT DESIRED SYSTEM
SENSOR IS INVALID
SET SPEED AUTO
SET HOLD SPEED

SET VVTO
SPECIF NDB UNAVAIL
SPECIF VOR-D UNAVAIL
SPD LIM EXCEEDED
STEP ABOVE MAX FL
STEP DEFINED AT WPT01
STEP DELETED
STORED ROUTE FULL
SPEED ERROR AT WPT01
TMPY F-PLN EXISTS
TIME TO EXIT
TOO STEEP PATH AHEAD
TUNE BBB FFF.FF
UNKNOWN PROGRAM PIN
USING COST INDEX-NNN
VERT DISCON AHEAD
WAIT FOR SYSTEM RESPONSE

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A320 US Airways (copyright protected), [for Dates see File, Properties] Visual Oral Switch / Light Guide (trademark protected)
1999, 2000, 2001 Red Triangle Productions LLC

B2:

AC POSITION INVALID:
Invalid airplane position.
If the message has been cleared and access to the HOLD or
DIR TO page is attempted with invalid airplane position, the message reappears.

D2:

DIR TO IN PROCESS:
Accessing the VERT REV or LAT REV on one MCDU
with the DIR TO page displayed on the other MCDU.

F2:

NEW CRZ ALT - HHHHH:


The cruise altitude is redefined.

H2:

SET VVTO: on EFIS PFD


Vertical Velocity Takeoff
Message generated during Engine OUT mode using Selected Speed when:
1. FCU selected speed is greater than or equal to
Green Dot + 10 kts and ALT* or ALT are NOT active, or
2. FCU selected speed is less than or equal to Green Dot - 10 kts.

B3:

ALIGN IRS:
Requires a return to INIT A page. Displayed when "ALIGN IRS" prompt has not been selected.

D3:

ENTER DEST DATA:


Wind, QNH, temperature at destination have not been entered and the aircraft is 180 mn from the destination.

F3:

NEW THR RED ALT - HHHH:


The thrust reduction altitude is redefined.

H3:

SPECIF NDB UNAVAIL:


The desired NDB to be auto-tuned has been deselected.
NOTE: Some airlines have no NDBs. They are probably
GPS with ADIRS integrated.

B4:

ALT F-PLAN DELETED:


Alternate F-PLN has been automatically deleted when the F_PLN memory has been exceeded.

D4:

DISCONT AHEAD:
Appears 30 seconds prior to a lateral discontinuity when in the NAV mode,
or a modification is made with less than 30 seconds prior to the discontinuity.

F4:

NON UNIQUE ROUTE IDENT:


An attempt was made to enter a CO RTE identifier on the NEW ROUTE page
that is identical to an existing CO RTE identifier.

H4:

SPECIF VOR-D UNAVAIL: on EFIS ND


The desired VOR, VOR-DME, or VORTAC to be auto-tuned has been deselected.

B5:

AWY/WPT MISMATCH:
A VIA?GO TO on the LAT REV page is attempted and the revised (or GO TO) point is not on the entered airway.

D5:

ENTRY OUT OF RANGE:


Attempted data entry is out of the range specified for the selected field.

F5:

NOT ALLOWED:
Data entry is not allowed in the selected field, or a line selected key action is not allowed.

H5:

SPD LIM EXCEEDED:


The airplane is more than 300 feet below the speed limit altitude
and exceeds the speed limit by more than 10 kts.

B6:

CABIN RATE EXCEEDED:


The computed airplane descent prediction exceeds the cabin's ability
to repressurize at the selected rate when within 200 mn of the destination.

D6:

F-PLN ELEMENT RETAINED:


Attempt is made to delete stored navaids, waypoints, or
runways contained in any F-PLN, or those being tuned.

F6:

NOT ALLOWED IN NAV:


An attempt to modify the "TO" waypoint is made while in the NAV mode.

H6:

STEP ABOVE MAX FL:


A step altitude has been entered that is above the predicted maximum altitude.

B7:

CHECK A/C POSITION:


Radio position differs from IRS position by more than 12 mn while DME/DME or VOR/DME inertial position mode remains valid.

D7:

F-PLN FULL:
The memory required is more than is available.

F7:

NOT IN DATA BASE:


The entered CO RTE identification, FROM/TO pair, or place does not exist in the current data base.

H7:

STEP DEFINED AT WPT01:


A step exists and the STEP PRED page is accessed at a different point than where the existing step is defined.

B8:

CHECK APPR GUIDANCE: on EFIS PFD


A non-ILS approach is part of the F-PLN and an ILS is manually-tuned on the RAD NAV page.
APP NAV and FINAL APP guidance modes are available.

D8:

FMS1/FMS2 A/C STS DIFF:


The message precedes a transition to the independent mode.
Also appears at power-up if a disparity appears in FMS data.

F8:

ONLY SPEED ENTRY ALLOWED:


A Mach entry is attempted for a preselected speed value on the CLB page.

H8:

STEP DELETED:
A step is deleted due to an Engine OUT, insertion of another step, or
a prediction determination that the step cannot be flown (too near the TOD).

B9:

CHECK DATA BASE CYCLE:


The current date does not match the effective date in the active data base and a FROM/TO or CO RTE entry is made.

D9:

FMS1/FMS2 GW DIFF:
On-side and off-side aircraft weights differ by more than 4410 lb.

F9:

OPP FMGC IN PROGRESS:


Single FMGC mode automatically selected due to on-side FMGC failure.
Entries on either MCDU are transferred to the operating FMGC.

H9:

STORED ROUTE FULL:


Three pilot-defined routes already exist.

B10:

CHECK GW:
FMS and FAC-computed gross weights differ by more than 5 tons.

D10:

FMS1/FMS2 POS DIFF:


On-side and off-side aircraft positions differ by more than 5 nm.

F10:

PAGE UPDATE IN PROGRESS:


A line select key is pressed on the F-PLN page while prediction are being updated.

H10:

SPEED ERROR AT WPT01:


WPT01 = 5 character constraint waypoint.
In LNAV, a speed constraint is predicted to be missed by more than 10 kts.
The message is cleared when prediction is within 5 kts.

B11:

CHECK QFE:
At transition to QFE a difference of more than 100 feet is detected between QFE and
the altitude predicted using the QNH set in the PERF page and the data base airport elevation.

D11:

FMS1/FMS2 SPD TGT DIFF:


On-side and off-side target speeds differ by more than 5 kts.

F11:

PLEASE WAIT:
Re-synchronization between both FMGCs is in progress.

H11:

TMPY F-PLN EXISTS:


Displayed when any line select key (except ERASE or INSERT) is selected or
when flight planning is attempted on the Secondary F-PLN while a Temporary F-PLN is displayed.

B12:

CLK IS TAKEOFF TIME:


An estimated takeoff time (ETT) constraint (UTC constraint at departure airport) is
entered and the clock time becomes equal to the ETT constraint.

D12:

FORMAT ERROR:
The data does not meet the specified entry format for a given field.

F12:

PRESS MCDU MENU KEY:


The SUBSYSTEM page is displayed and the system which was selected does not respond.

H12:

TIME TO EXIT:
The airplane must leave the HOLD immediately to satisfy Fuel Reserve requirements.

B13:

CRZ FL ABOVE MAX FL:


The entered cruise altitude is above the computed maximum altitude.

D13:

INDEPENDENT OPERATION:
Both FMGCs are operating independently of each other.

F13:

RESET IRS TO NAV:


An INIT position is present or has changed since IRS alignment, but none of the IRUs are in the ALIGN mode.

H13:

TOO STEEP PATH AHEAD:


Displayed in Cruise phase when within 150 nm of destination or
in Descent/Approach phase in the NAV mode and the descent profile is too steep.

B14:

CSTR DEL ABOVE CRZ FL:


F-PLN altitude constraint has been deleted by the insertion of a cruise FL or step-down altitude which is at or below the F-PLN constraint.

D14:

INITIALIZE WEIGHTS:
ZFW or block fuel (FOB) are undefined after engine start.

F14:

REVISION NOT STORED:


A pilot-defined route or CO RTE (Active or Secondary F-PLN) is stored
and indicates that the following elements are not retained:
1. Pilot-entered Holds
2. Offsets
3. Modifications to Terminal Area procedures.
4. Pilot-entered constraints
5. FMS-created waypoints

H14:

TUNE BBB FFF.FF:


VOR cannot be auto-tuned because of a manual VOR selection.

B15:

CSTR DEL UP TO WPT01:


A constraint has been deleted due to a transition to the go-around phase prior to sequencing the destination.

D15:

IRS ONLY NAVIGATION:


The aircraft is NOT in the Approach or Terminal Area and:
1. The airplane has been in the IRS mode for more than 10 minutes
OR
2. The airplane is in the IRS mode and starts the Descent Phase.

F15:

RWY/ILS MISMATCH:
CLB, CRZ, DES, APPR, or GO-AROUND phase and the ILS frequency entered on
the RAD NAV page does not match the associated ILS frequency at the destination runway,
or
Preflight or Takeoff phase and the ILS frequency entered on the RAD NAV page does
not match the associated ILS frequency for the departure runway.

H15:

UNKNOWN PROGRAM PIN:


System initialization fails due to an incompatible or undefined
airplane program pin combination with the FMGC software.

B16:

DECELERATE: on EFIS PFD


The airplane is in the cruise or climb phase beyond the top of descent and in Managed speed.

D16:

LIST OF 10 IN USE:
An attempt has been made to enter more than 10 stored runways into the data base.

F16:

SEC F-PLN DELETED:


The Secondary F-PLN is automatically deleted when the memory is exceeded.

H16:

USING COST INDEX-NNN:


A F-PLN exists and a ZFW or GW is entered prior to defining a Cost Index (CI).
The FMGC defaults to the last flight's CI.

B17:

DEFAULT STATE ASSUMED:


All initialization data is cleared after a long term power interruption.
Generally, appears only when powering-up a new MCDU.

D17:

LIST OF 20 IN USE:
An attempt has been made to create a waypoint when 20 are already in place.

F17:

SELECT DESIRED SYSTEM:


The MCDU MENU page is displayed.

H17:

VERT DISCON AHEAD:


The aircraft is in DES mode, too steep of a profile exists on the next leg, and
the airplane is less than 30 seconds from the discontinuity.

B18:

DELETING OFFSET:
An offset is automatically deleted.

D18:

NAV ACCUR DOWNGRAD: on EFIS ND


Navigational accuracy has been downgraded from HIGH to LOW.

F18:

SENSOR IS INVALID:
Generated when:
1. FF or FQ, or FF+FQ, or FQ+FF is selected on the FUEL PRED page and the sensor(s) is invalid, or
2. FOB is entered alone and the FF sensor is Invalid.

H18:

WAIT FOR SYSTEM RESPONSE:


The SUBSYSTEM WAIT page is displayed.

B19:

XXXX IS DESELECTED:
The entry of a de-selected navaid is attempted on the RAD NAV or PROG page.

D19:

NAV ACCUR UPGRAD: on EFIS ND


Navigational accuracy has been upgraded from LOW to HIGH.

F19:

SET SPEED AUTO: on EFIS PFD


The airplane is in Selected Speed and a preselected speed does not exist for the next flight phase.

B20:

DEST/ALTN MISMATCH:
Attempt is made to enter an alternate CO RTE that does not have the same origin as the primary destination.

D20:

NEW ACC ALT - HHHH:


The acceleration altitude is re-assigned.

F20:

SET HOLD SPEED: on EFIS PFD


The airplane is in Selected Speed, a Hold is inserted in the F-PLN,
the airplane is within 30 seconds of the Deceleration point,
and the Selected Speed differs by more than 5 kts from the Hold Speed.

YOU ARE AT THE END OF THE


FILE.

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS,


LLC

If you find an inaccuracy, click here and let me know. Thank You.

e-mail
redtriangle@h

E-MAIL
?
ME

RED TRIANGLE PRODUCTIONS LLC a Delaware Corporation, (registered 3-15-99) Todd Michael Edwards, owner and author, A318/A319/A320/A321AL
1. IF YOU FIND AN INACCURACY OR HAVE A SUGGESTION, AND
2. IF YOUR COMPUTER CAN ESTABLISH A CONNECTION WITH THE
INTERNET,
THEN
A) CLICK AS INDICATED TO INITIATE AN EMAIL TO THE AUTHOR.

BE PATIENT, GIVE YOUR COMPUTER A MINUTE OR TWO TO


ESTABLISH THE
CONNECTION. YOU MAY THINK IT IS DOING NOTHING, BUT IT WILL
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
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TRIANGLE
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RED
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aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
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aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
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and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
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owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
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and
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PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
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DeM
WORK.
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LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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owner
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aCorporation,
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Michael
LLC
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author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
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owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
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3-15-99)
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RED TRIANGLE
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RED
Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
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PRODUCTIONS
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PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
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PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM

RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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(registered
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ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
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RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
autho
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
Corporation,
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
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aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
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aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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Michael
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RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
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aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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Todd
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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(registered
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
autho
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
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Todd
author,
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owner
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3-15-99)
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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owner
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aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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RED
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
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RED
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
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owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
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PRODU
Todd
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Delaware
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RED
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
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owner
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
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A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
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owner
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
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A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
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Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
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PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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owner
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Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
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LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
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Delaware
Corporation,
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(registered
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
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LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
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A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
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PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
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TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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Todd
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Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
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A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
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owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
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owner
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Edwards,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
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LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
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A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
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Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
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Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
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RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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owner
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3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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Todd
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
LLC
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PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
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DeM

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a Delaware
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
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RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
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RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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Delaware
Corporation,
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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PRODU
Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
autho
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
LLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
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author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
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Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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author,
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Michael
and
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Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
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3-15-99)
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Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
LLC
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
(reg
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
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RED
3-15-99)
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TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
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LLC
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Todd
autho
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3-15
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
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RED
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
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aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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LLC
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owner
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aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
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Todd
and
owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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Delaware
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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author,
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
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(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
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Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
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Todd
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owner
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
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Michael
and
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TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
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3-15-99)
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(registered
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ToddLLC
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3-15-99)
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(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
RED
PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
RED
Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
a Delaware
LLC
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Corporation,
aTRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
aCorp
Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
RED TRIANGLE
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LLCRED
a Delaware
LLC
TRIANGLE
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a Delaware
LLC
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aTRIANGLE
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Delaware
Corporation,
LLC
RED
(registered
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
LLC
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Delaware
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TRIANGLE
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
owne
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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PRODUCTIONS
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a Delaware
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
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TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
RED
owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
and
owner
Michael
LLC
author,
RED
Todd
and
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
author,
A318/A319/A320/A321AL
RED
Michael
and
LLC
TRIANGLE
Todd
author,
A318/A319/A320/
owner
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
PRODUCTION
(registered
Delaware
Michael
and
A318/A31
LLC
PRODU
Todd
autho
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Edw
3-15
(reg
DeM
RED TRIANGLE
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Delaware
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Delaware
(registered
LLC
RED
3-15-99)
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
3-15-99)
LLC
Todd
REDaCorporation,
Michael
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
ToddLLC
RED
Michael
Edwards,
Todd
aCorporation,
TRIANGLE
3-15-99)
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaware
Michael
Edwards,
LLC
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owner
Todd
aCorporation,
Edwards,
3-15-99)
TRIANGLE
PRODUCTIONS
(registered
Delaw