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Steve Hsu, Business Development Manager, 2012-10-26

Solar power plants from ABB We make solar power reliable and affordable

A global leader in power and automation technologies Leading market positions in main businesses

145,000 employees in about 100 countries $38 billion in revenue (2011) Formed in 1988 merger of Swiss and Swedish engineering companies Predecessors founded in 1883 and 1891 Publicly owned company with head office in Switzerland

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 2

Power and productivity for a better world ABBs vision

As one of the worlds leading engineering companies, we help our customers to use electrical power efficiently, to increase industrial productivity and to lower environmental impact in a sustainable way.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 3

How ABB is organized Five global divisions

Power Products $10.9 billion 36,000 employees

Power Systems $8.1 billion 20,000 employees

Discrete Automation and Motion $8.8 billion 29,000 employees

Low Voltage Products $7.7 billion 31,000 employees

Process Automation $8.3 billion 28,000 employees

(2011 revenues, consolidated; including Thomas & Betts revenue for LP division)

ABBs portfolio covers:

Electricals, automation, controls and instrumentation for power generation and industrial processes Power transmission Distribution solutions Low-voltage products

Motors and drives Intelligent building systems Robots and robot systems Services to improve customers productivity and reliability

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 4

ABB offers turnkey solar power plants Reliable execution and guaranteed performance
CSP power plants

CPV power plants

PV power plants

Cost effective direct steam generation

High efficient power generation with steam parameters up to 130 bar, 530C steam
Highest yield per m2 land In cooperation with Novatec Solar

Outstanding solar electrical efficiency with triple junction cell and dual axis tracking. Prefabricated and tested modular plug and play system In cooperation with Greenvolts

Optimized integrated solution Maximal yield at each moment of day Integration into grid Independent from module supplier

ABB Group Month DD, Year

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Three solar technologies for different applications Highest performance for every environment
CSP power plants

CPV power plants

PV power plants

Utility scale power plant from 50 MW to 250 MW

Utility scale power plant 1 to 50 MW Dezentralized power plants from 100 kW

Utility scale power plant 1 to 100 MW Industrial roof top installation from 500 kW

Dispatchable energy from plant with thermal storage


Process heat / steam Solar resource: high DNI area

Solar resource: high DNI area

Solar resource: all level of global irradiation

ABB Group Month DD, Year

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Photovoltaic power Integrated solution

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 7

PV: offered scope Clients requirement defines ABBs scope

Panels

Trackers

DC cabling protectors

Inverters

Transformat ion center

Grid connection

PV: ABB as turn key contractor Integrated solution for high performance
V V

Tracker
A

DC field
A

Inverters

DC Cables

Panels

Trackers

DC cabling protectors

Inverters

Transformation center

Automation, monitoring and remote control

Integrated plant design, and yield calculation

Turnkey solution project management, site management, H&S, quality control

External partner

PV: different set up according to clients requirement ABB cooperates with module supplier
a) ABB and module partner build a consortium, managed by ABB

Developer client

Turnkey ABB
Power electronics ABB

PV modules partner
Balance of system ABB

Automation ABB
b) Module Partner is sub supplier to ABB, but the PV Module Partner is directly accountable for the extended warranty period of PV Modules

Electrification ABB

Developer client

Turnkey ABB Power electronics ABB Balance of system ABB

Automation ABB

Electrification ABB

PV modules partner

ABB Group Month DD, Year

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Photovoltaic power Standard PV plants components & ABB portfolio associated

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 11

Standard plant and ABB portfolio Typical layout of a PV solar plant


1 7
Main elements of a Solar Power plant:
1 Solar arrays (fix or solar trackers)

VISTA EN PLANTA DE PARQUE SOLAR 2MW

2 Solar Drives 3 LV distribution and protection cabinets 4 Inverter + transformation center 5 Entrance point

5 3 2 4

6 Supervision and control station 7 Civil engineering (ground preparation, streets, buildings) 8 Safety & Security system (CCTV,etc)

MV net

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 12

MV prefabricated Substation

Standard plant and ABB portfolio


Standard 1.000 Mwp Electrical drawing

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 13

Standard plant and ABB portfolio


Products and services Cell and Photovoltaic modules (No ABB) Trackers Inverters Substations Protections Security access control Supervisory control REE dispatching protocol (Partner of ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB)

Solar energy optimization

(ABB)

Installation, erection and commissioning. Integrators alliance

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 14

Photovoltaic power The Evolution of PV Interconnection Requirements

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 15

PowerTech, 2011 IEEE Trondheim Date of Conference: 19-23 June 2011 Author(s): Marinopoulos, A. ; Corp. Res., ABB AB, Vasteras, Sweden Abstract The current work focuses on two specific issues concerning grid-connected solar PV units, i.e. the fault ride-through capability, also called low voltage ride-through capability, and the voltage support function through reactive power injection during faults. With the first one the PV unit can actually provide some limited grid support, whereas with a defined reactive power characteristic it can give a complete dynamic grid support. These two requirements, already known for wind power generation but new for the PV, have been recently introduced in the German technical guidelines for connection to the MV grid. Scope of the paper is to implement these requirements in a large solar PV plant, modeled in DIgSILENT PowerFactory, in order to understand its operation, and to evaluate its behavior and impact on the grid, in terms of stability and voltage support during grid fault.
ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 16

PV standards a look to Europe

EU countries (i.e. Germany. France and Italy) have passed new grid interconnection standards for MW installs All are somewhat different, but major trends for static and dynamic grid support can be recognized:

Static active power limitation (curtailment) Dynamic active power reduction

Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT)


Power factor set point Reactive power generation (VAR compensation)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 17

Grid interconnection - USA

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 18

Grid interconnection - USA

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 19

Grid interconnection - USA

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 20

ABB Central Inverters, PVS800 Grid support - Reactive power compensation - Power reduction - Low voltage ride through (LVRT)
ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 21

ABB Center Inverters PVS800 Overview (1)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 22

ABB Center Inverters PVS800 Overview (2)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 23

ABB megawatt station PVS800-MWS


1. Grid support Substation - Reactive power compensation - Power reduction - Low voltage ride through (LVRT) 2. Comply to IEC 62271-202 High-voltage/low-voltage prefabricated substation standard
ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 24

ABB junction box with monitoring PVS-JB-8-M


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 25

ABB junction box with monitoring

ABB junction box with monitoring Block Diagram


Junction boxes with string monitoring 24 x 8 = 192 modules, 192 x 245 Wp = 47,04 kWp
MODBUS STR MON 230VAC

Solar Array 1.1

PVS800-57-0500kW-A (1000 Vdc)

24 x 8 = 192 modules, 192 x 245 Wp = 47,04 kWp


MODBUS STR MON 230VAC

Solar Array 1.2

. . . 24 x 8 = 192 modules, 192 x 245 Wp = 47,04 kWp


MODBUS STR MON 230VAC

To the transformer (300 Vac)

Solar Array 1.11

24 x 8 = 192 modules, 192 x 245 Wp = 47,04 kWp


MODBUS STR MON 230VAC

ETHERNET/ MODBUS CONV (NETA)

Solar Array 1.12

Ethernet switch 230 Vac supply Modbus


ABB web box

Totally per 500 kW inverter: 24 x 96 = 2304 modules 2304 x 245 Wp = 564,48 kWp

Remote monitoring portal

Internet From other 500 kW inverters

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 27

ABB String Inverters, PVS300 for


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 28

ABB PVS300 String Inverters

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 29

Remote Monitoring Portal (RMP) application

Reactive power kvar display

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 30

Photovoltaic power
ABB central inverter PVS800 Preventive maintenance and Reconditioning services

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 31

PVS800 Central Inverter Care Contract

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 32

PVS800 Central Inverter Maintenance Service Schedule (sample)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 33

Yenfu Cheng, Head of Power Generation Business Unit, 2012-10-26

Solar Power ABB,


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 1

Standard plant and ABB portfolio


Products and services Cell and Photovoltaic modules (No ABB) Trackers Inverters Substations Protections Security access control Supervisory control REE dispatching protocol Solar energy optimization (Partner of ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB)

Installation, erection and commissioning. Integrators alliance

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 2

Thermosolar Power Plants (CSP)

CSC Technology is based on solar radiation concentration to produce steam or hot air which could then be used on conventional electric plants.

Main Components

Concentrator: Different optics elements as mirrors, concentrate the sun on a point or a line where the receiver is located. Receiver: The receiver collets the concentrated sun rays and transfers the energy to a heat transfer fluid. Heat Exchanger: At the evaporator the heat transfer fluid transfers heat the water that becomes steam. Turbine

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 3

There are 4 key CSP technologies: parabolic trough has by far the largest installed fleet

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 4

350 MW of parabolic trough capacity installed in the Mojave Desert, US in the 1980s, ABB was a key participant in these projects.

Thermosolar Power Plants (CSP) Parabolic

The parabolic troughs are used to track the sun and concentrate sunlight on to the thermally efficient receiver tubes placed in the trough focal line. In these tubes, a thermal transfer fluid is circulated, such as synthetic thermal oil. This oil is then pumped through a series of heat exchangers to produce steam. The steam is converted to electrical energy in a conventional steam turbine generator. Main components

Reflector Absorber tube Tracking system Structure

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 5

CSP simplified scheme

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 6

Thermosolar Power Plants (CSP) Power Tower

A circular array of heliostats (2 axis tracking mirror) is used to concentrate sunlight to a central receiver mounted on the top of a tower. A heat transfer medium in this receiver absorbs the highly concentrated radiation and coverts it into thermal energy to be used by a turbine. Main components

Heliostats Tower Receptor

Characteristics:

High temperatures = High yields

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 7

Solar power tower

Solar Trees power tower power 17MW currently under construction in Andalucia, Spain, total estimated cost = 200M Euro Key design challenges:

Central receiver high differential thermal stresses & large n Of temp cycles (fatigue)

Pumping molten salt up to the top of the tower


Sensor concept & engineering ACS Cobra construction Saint Gobain heliostat glass Siemens Turbine island

Consortium:

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 8

Stirling System

SunCatcher 25 kW 38ft Thermal engine stirling cycle with an asynchronous generator

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 9

Hybrid CCPP (ISCC): basics


ISCC = Integrated Solar Combined Cycle

The heat coming from the solar field is used as extra energy for steam production on the combine cycle. Thereby the fuel is partly substituted by the solar resource.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 10

Pablo Astorga, ABB Spain - Power Generation (PSP), 11/03/2009

Solar Power in ABB ABB Thermal Portfolio for STP

Thermosolar power plants

ABB Portfolio for STP eBOP

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 12

ABB Portfolio for STP Electrical Balance of Plant (eBOP)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 13

ABB Portfolio for STP Typical ABBs supply


Distributed Control System AC800M/PGP Field Solar Communication System (SCS): 1 x AC800M Solar Field Control System (LOC): 1,250 x AC500 Main transformer: 50/65 MVA, 225/11KV, YNd11, vacuum regulation MV switchgear for 11kV and 6.3 kV Breakers

2xVD4/M-12.12.50ZC+PowerBlock ZS1 4xHD4/P-12.16.25+PBE-2 40xHD4/P-12.06.25+PBE-1

Contactors: 8xV/P-7 (RM)+PBE-1

Fuses: 24x for the contactors


Transformer: DTE1000A8D (100 kVA, 3 winding, 6000/725V) Drive: ACS800-07-1160-7 (953 A, 690 V, IP54R) Motor: AMA400L2L (900 kW, 690 V, 2 poles, IP55, IC411)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 14

STP plant development, integration and subsystems

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 15

ABBs Portfolio for STP


ABB substation ( 50 MVA - 100 MVA ) ( 132 KV - 225 KV )

Key deliverables Turnkey substations.


Transformers. Switchgear.

Motorized Breakers.
Automation relays. Associated equipment Repair, spare parts, maintenance, remote monitoring Feasibility and grid studies. Short-circuit calculation, selectivity and protection coordination Transient system stability and dynamic behavior Harmonic analysis, filtering and lining up systems settlement Ground simulation.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 16

ABBs Portfolio for STP Transformer

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 17

ABBs Portfolio for STP MV Switchgear

MV Switchgear for 11 kV and 6,3 kV: Breakers: 2xVD4/M-12.12.50ZC+PowerBlock ZS1 4xHD4/P-12.16.25+PBE-2 40xHD4/P-12.06.25+PBE-1 Contactors: 8xV/P-7 (RM)+PBE-1 Fuses: 24x for the contactors
ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 18

ABBs Portfolio for STP Motors and Drives

Motors and drives

Transformer: DTE1000A8D (100 kVA, 3 winding, 6000/725V) Drive: ACS800-07-1160-7 (953 A, 690 V, IP54R)

Motor: AMA400L2L (900 kW, 690 V, 2 poles, IP55, IC411)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 19

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar field control : LOC

ABB

ABB

Individual positioning of each collector Calculation of the solar vector Temperature control HTF Autonomous from DCS Internal checking of LOC / PLC

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 20

ABBs Portfolio for STP LOC by ABB

Main function of LOC Each LOC calculates the solar cetos, based on NREL algorithms and positioning the solar collector according the operation mode chosen

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 21

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar field control : LOC

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 22

Solar Control System


LOC interfaces
SCS interface Modbus TCP:

Control and surveillance of Collector position HTF parameters Operational modes

Temperature Collector Monitoring:

Pt100 supervision of HTF

Hydraulic positioning system:


Solenoid valves actuators Pressure control of the hydraulic system

Collector Secure & Stow position:

Limit switches

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 23

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar field control : LOC

I/O signal type LOC TOTAL AI(4-20mA) 3 3 RTD 2 2 DI 12 12 DO 8 8 TOTAL 25 25

Vertical LOC cabinet: ABB Gemini 700x460x260 mm

Thermoplastic molding
Robust and resistant to direct exposure to the sun High resistance to chemical and environmental elements Includes PLC, I/O, switch and various LV equipment Complete, independently certified solution Applus

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 24

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Distributed control system

SCS

DCS

Control Room
AC800M AC800M AC800M AC800M AC800M AC800M Solar Field Modbus RTU MT protection BT analyzer

LOC
BOP I BOP II Electrical system

etc

Communication

HTF

TES

Solar Field

HTF, BOP & POWER ISLAND

TES

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 25

Concentrated solar power plant (CSP) Solar field network requirements

Standard Ethernet architecture, independent of plant type


Parabolic trough Power tower Avoid broadcast traffic

Network segmentation depending on the amount of LOCs

Remote programming available Industrial, standardized products


Long lifecycle Long term spares availability

Standard solutions over standard products

Different calculation precision requirements for parabolic trough (10-2) and power tower (10-3)

Contol system of solar field LOC

Main function

Positioning of the solar collector to drive and concentrate the solar radiation into a point Maintenance of the operational modes in an independent way tracking continuously the sun Maximizing the performance of the solar field Maintain the system safe and running Industrial standard products instead of tailor made solutions Easy adaptation to changes International support of standard products

Foto

Andasol 1. Cortesia de COBRA-SENER

Design parameters

Key points

Know-How in power generation


High end PLC Standard communication protocols and networks Solar algorithm of high resolution

ABB Group 15, 2012 | Slide 27

October

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar Field Network

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 28

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar Field Network

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 29

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar Field Network

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 30

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar Field Network

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 31

ABBs Portfolio for STP


Solar Field Network

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 32

Pablo Astorga, ABB Spain - Power Generation (PSP), 11/03/2009

Solar Powerin inSTP ABB ABB Thermal References

Thermosolar power plants

PSA Solar Power Plant DISS loop


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) for the DISS test loop (1.3 MWt)

Customer benefits

Constitutes an excellent experimental system for investigating the two-phase flow and direct steam generation for electricity production. Autonomous from DCS. High degree of standardization in planning and documentation. Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 34

Andasol 1 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) MV Switchgear Motors & Drives Unit Transformers

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems.


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation. Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 35

Andasol 2 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) MV Switchgear Motors & Drives Unit Transformers

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems.


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation. Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 36

Extresol 1 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field System (LOC): 624 units MV Switchgear Motors & Drives Unit Transformers

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems.

High degree of standardization in planning and documentation.


Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions. Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution. Short installation and commissioning time.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 37

Extresol 2 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field System (LOC): 624 units MV Switchgear Motors & Drives Unit Transformers

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems.

High degree of standardization in planning and documentation.


Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions. Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution. Short installation and commissioning time.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 38

Kuraymat Integrated Solar Combined Cycle


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) : Power Block + Solar Field MV Switchgear Motors & Drives

Customer benefits

ABB assumes responsibility for engineering and coordination activities towards control & electrical systems. Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 39

Hassi RMel Integrated Solar Combined Cycle


ABBs Supply

EBOP concept, including


Transformers MV Switchgear LV Switchgear Complete Electrical System Cabling

Customer benefits

Totally integrated and compatible full scope solution High degree of standardization in planning and documentation Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 40

Martin Integrated Solar Combined Cycle


ABBs Supply

Solar Field Control System (LOC): 1,136 units

Customer benefits

ABBs experience in solar collector positioning Extremely short delivery schedule High degree of standardization in planning and Documentation High degree of flexibility in engineering and LOC design

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 41

Manchasol 1 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field Control System (LOC): 624 units

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution Short installation and commissioning time

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 42

Manchasol 2 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field Control System (LOC): 624 units

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution Short installation and commissioning time

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 43

VALLESOL 1 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field Control System (LOC): 624 units

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution Short installation and commissioning time

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 44

VALLESOL 2 Solar Power Plant


ABBs Supply

Distributed Control System (DCS) Solar Field Communications System (SCS) Solar Field Control System (LOC): 624 units

Customer benefits

ABBs flexibility and experience with complex power systems


High degree of standardization in planning and documentation Extremely flexible system regarding O&M and future extensions Totally integrated and compatible control scope solution Short installation and commissioning time

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 45

Photovoltaic Plants

Solar Power Plant Types


PV roof plant installation (EPC)

Low/ medium power photovoltaic installation in building. Fix structure. Fix structures, solar panels, inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, automation and transformer. Possibility to get additional fee in tariff due to architectonical integration Typical Power (10kw to 500kw)

PV ground plant installation: Fix structure (EPC)


Medium/ High voltage standard photovoltaic installation in a fix structure Possibility for very high efficiency improve (60%) Fix structures, solar panels, inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, prebuilt transformer center, security, automation, transformer, cabling and small civil work. Typical Power (100kw to 50,000 kw)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 47

Solar Power Plant Types

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 48

Solar Power Plant Types


PV ground plant installation: 1 / 2 axis trackers (EPC)

Medium/ High power photovoltaic installation in a 1 or 2 axis structure Possibility for very high efficiency improve (60%) 1 or 2 axis structures (multiple or single pole), robots, motors, drives, solar panels Inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, prebuilt transformation center, Security, automation, transformer, cabling, substations and small civil work, Typical Power (100kw to 50,000 kw)

PV concentrated ground plant: 3 sun (EPC)

Medium / high power photovoltaic installation 2 axis structure and 3 sun concentration.

Possibility for very high efficiency improve (60%)


2 axis structures (multiple or single pole), robots, motors, drives, solar panels, inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, prebuilt transformation center, security, automation, transformer, cabling, substations and small civil work. Typical Power (100kw to 50,000 kw)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 49

Solar Power Plant Types


PV concentrated ground plant : 500 sun (EPC)

Medium/ High power photovoltaic installation 2 axis structure and 500 sun concentration.

Possibility for very high efficiency improve (60%)


2 axis structures (multiple or single pole), robots, motors, drives, solar panels, inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, prebuilt transformation center, security, automation, transformer, cabling, substations and small civil work Typical Power (100kw to 50,000 kw)

HCPV Heliostat concentrated PV power tower (consortium)


High power, heliostat PV tower concentration (1,500 sun) in High efficiency panel. Heliostat trackers, high efficiency panel in tower structure, motors, drives, solar panels Inverters, switchgear, low voltage & protection cabinets, transformation center, security Automation, transformer, cabling, substations and medium civil work. Typical Power (50,000kw to 150,000 kw)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 50

Photovoltaic Plants

Standard plant and ABB portfolio


Products and services Cell and Photovoltaic modules Trackers Tracker Control System Inverters Transformer & Switching System Containerized CT concrete building Substations Protections Security access control Supervisory control Grid dispatching control Solar energy optimization system (No ABB) (Partner of ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB) (ABB)

Containerized inverter concrete building (ABB)

Installation, erection and commissioning (ABB) Integrators alliance


O&M (from 5 years to 20 years)
ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 52

(ABB)

ABBs Portfolio for PV Electrical Balance of Plant (eBOP or EPC)


Product and System Concept eBOP or EPC Concept

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 53

Advanced solutions for automation in solar plants


ABB 15.10.2012 Enter filename via "View - Header and Footer...". Apply to all. | 55

PV Plant Scheme

Panels

Structures

- DC Cabling
-

Inverters

CT

Protection String Control Tracker Control

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 56

Standard PV Plant Design

High efficiency equipment selection


Panels Trackers Inverters

Switchgear Transformer Cable Selection

Standard Design (Standard module type 1Mw Design)


Engineering Works Electrical Calculation

Electrical Cabinets Concrete prebuilt CT all in it

Looses Calculation
Automation & Supervision PR Calculations

Concrete prebuilt Inverters all in it


Communications Operation & Maintenance

Optimized System Design Panels classifications


Switching System None assistant plant operation

Electrical looses

Optimal Power Peak Calculation

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 57

Standard PV Plant Design

Lower total cost.


No coordination for partners scope Reduced installation cost Reduced commercial risk

Added value to client


Increase availability Greater flexibility Reduced operation cost

Support fast track project


Sharing of responsibilities Guaranteed delivery Access to a complete product range Using ABB project experience Reduced technical risk

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 58

Standard PV Plant Design

Feasibility and grid studies


Short-circuit calculation, selectivity and protection coordination Load flow calculation, components design Transient system stability and dynamic behavior Harmonic analysis, filtering and lining up system settlement Economical convenience and lifecycle analysis (LCC inverters)

Strong competence for personalized solutions planning thanks to our local resources support

The experience and innovative solutions ABB can offer are studied and tested all over the world, this is why we will always be able to meet the customers requirements.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 59

Panels Right technology selection


Concentrator PV CPV Photovoltaics Conventional Si Thin Film Others (Nanosolar, Multi-spectrum)

Lowest LCOE potential Highest energy density Matches peak load demand Best in hot climates

Mature technology Indirect sunlight acceptable Tracking optional Efficiency approaching limits of technology Performance degrades at high temperatures

Indirect sunlight acceptable Less temperature degradation than silicon PV Suited to rooftops/ construction Lowest Efficiency

Low cost effective Technology immature Low efficiency & stability No bankability criteria

Readily scalable to GW
Tracking Mandatory Requires Direct Sunlight

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 60

Photovoltaic plant automation Architecture

The system will manage, among traditional automation functions/features

Solar tracking system, when available, for production maximization Performance calculation of the different stages ABB patented switching system for optimizing inverter efficiency Troubleshooting management of strings Integration of plant security and surveillance system Production automatic reporting system

Solar standard solution Technology highlights

High precision shadowing control algorithm for solar tracking Extensible and scalable solution for any plant size Switching system for optimizing inverter efficiency Performance/efficiency oriented supervision system

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


High precision shadowing control algorithm for solar tracking

Shadowing prevention according to tracker dimensions and plant layout Other systems use backtracking correction, thus preventing unnecessary movements and efficiency losses

Solar standard solution Technology highlights

High precision shadowing control algorithm for solar tracking

ABB algorithm calculates the optimal position modeling panels and tracker structure geometry

Photovoltaic plant automation Local algorithm


Standard PLC program IEC based Program code opened an easy to export Trigonometric function calculations: SIN, COS, ARCSEN and ARCOS Position accuracy from >0.2 up to >1.5 (real sun position) Automatic order for trackers security position in case of wind and hail PLC software already programmed Easy and fast commissioning

Photovoltaic plant automation Architecture


LAN 2 Local Automation LAN 1 Solar Tracker OPERATOR WORKPLACE DCS Inverters

MV an LV Switchgears

Internet
eMail

Remote Access Transformers

Remote Office

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


Inversor Inversor Celdas Transformador RS-485 AC800M Estacin Metereolgica AC500 AC500 AC500 AC500 RS-485 AC800M AC500 AC500 AC500 AC500 Estacin Metereolgica

1 MW

Inversor

Inversor Celdas Transformador

1 MW

Switch TCP/IP

Switch TCP/IP

Extensible and scalable solution for any plant sizes

All HW and SW components apply scalable architecture Easy systematical re-usable pattern

Photovoltaic plant automation Function allocation

At the DCS level is controlled


Solar plant power electronics device controls Optimization - switching Neural networks - intelligent forecast and approximation Alarms and events handling Trackers

At local automation is performed

Accurate solar tracking algorithm One and two axis movement control implementation Power connection box management Current per line current control to detect strings failures

Power connection box


Photovoltaic plant automation Tracker control cubicle

Breakers

Power supplies (motors and PLC)


Inverter relays PLC AC 500 (8 D/I, 8 D/O, 4 A/I) Sun position algorithm (0,02 accuracy) F.O. Switch. (Modbus TCP/IP network) Enclosure Geminis type

Relays and terminal blocks

Photovoltaic plant automation PLC for local automation

Communicatio ns modules

CPUs

I/Os + Bases

Cabecer a FBP + Base

Bases CPUs

Photovoltaic plant automation Local automation architecture


Supervision and control systems
6PLC5 6PLC2 4PLC4

8PLC3

7PLC4

6PLC4

6PLC1

4PLC3

4PLC2

3PLC3

2PLC5

1PLC4

9PLC5

9PLC3

9PLC1

8PLC2

7PLC3

6PLC3

5PLC4

5PLC2

4PLC1

3PLC2

2PLC4

2PLC2

1PLC3

Cable Cat5+

9PLC4

9PLC2

9PLC4

8PLC1

7PLC2

7PLC1

5PLC3

5PLC1

3PLC4

3PLC1

2PLC3

2PLC1

1PLC2

1PLC1

Cable

interior armari o
Spider

RS20-0400

5Tx

Fibra

ptica
Master

Multimodo

RS20-0800

RS20-0800

Master

ADSL SAI ON-LINE

Photovoltaic plant automation Operator mimics

Photovoltaic plant automation Operator mimics

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


Switching system for optimizing inverter efficiency

Input power distribution for optimizing inverter efficiency Switching principles


Inverter low performance at low loads Inverter high performance at medium-high loads One inverter working at medium load, better than two inverters working at low load Load balancing among inverters

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


Switching system for optimizing inverter efficiency

Low performance

High performance

Photovoltaic plant automation Advanced optimization

DCS advanced control functions


Operation of the switch over cabinet Optimization based theoretical calculations Neural networks analysis

ABB system optimization Automatic switching system


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 77

Maintenance / damages inverters Protection faults

ABB system optimization Automatic switching system

Improving production by optimizing the light capture during dawn and nightfall Improving production during high cloudiness Improving production in emergency situation (hail, high wind)

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 78

ABB system optimization Automatic switching system

Energy optimization drawing

Automatic switching system to optimize:


Energy during dawn and nightfall
Cleaning and maintenance of panels / trackers Damages or maintenance of inverters Hail and high wind

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 79

Photovoltaic plant automation Advanced optimization

Over the Maximum Power Point Tracking algorithm (MPPT) to increase performance in operational points like low sun conditions it has been developed a set of algorithms based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and designed to adapt themselves to the particular conditions of every PV plant

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


Switching system for optimizing inverter efficiency
PI nv1

PI nv1
PI nv2

PI nv3

PI nv3

The difference is in the PV turbine equivalent I-V curve (affected by panel degradation, dirtiness, etc..) Neuronal network learns from real values to get progressively a better PI

PI nv1
PI nv2 PI nv3

PI nv1

PI nv3

ABB system optimization Repower concept 55% to 70% total production increase
V A

Maximun

DC Voltage input !

Maximum

DC current input !

Standard series and parallel arrays of panels

Cases of optimization :

Low irradiance months Cloudiness days Lost due to panels dirt Lost due to panels efficiency decrease

Advantages

optimization

system
A

Additional individual series

Old installation. Repower with same tariff New installations: 10 to 15% total price decrease over normal installation (no CT , no inverters, no HV installation)

Master PLC control system


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 82

ABB system optimization Production optimization

1 / 2 Axis sun Trackers Panel flash report classification Dawn Nightfall Cloudiness Wind + Hail Damages + Maintenance Transformer + electrical Adding Panels Dirt

+ 25 % to + 35 % - 3,2 % to + 0,8 % + 1,1 % to + 1,4 % + 0,7 % to + 1,1 % + 0,05 % to + 0,1 % + 0,2 % to + 0,3 % + 0,4 % to + 0,6 % + 30 % to + 70 % additional power) Will affect all parameters before.

When solar panels efficiency decrease by year this data become more relevant.

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 83

Solar standard solution Technology highlights


Performance/efficiency oriented supervision system

Real time plant performance ratio calculation based on:


Irradiation Panels strings Inverters Transformers

New advanced features Oriented to performance

Efficiency calculation

For individual elements (strings, trackers, inverters) For stages For the whole plant

To allocate malfunctions in the shortest time Alarms for deviation in real time (alarms) Reports

Performance calculation Stages


Modules DC cabling Inverters and swicthing Trasnformers

Tracking

Stages for performance Real time PR Calculations


Modules Characteristics
(Fresh Data)
V

Tracking
-

Perfect Optimal distribution

DC cable design charactericits

Inverter characteristics
Swicthing scheme Inverters
V

Transformers characteristics
Trafo

Inverters output
V

Counter
V

DC field
A A

Inverters
A

Transformer

DC Cables

Panel String:
Temperature Sun

Tracker:
Tracking Tracking Tracking Control Sun

DC Cabling:
DC

Inverter:
Control

Transformation Center:
CT

efficiency accuracy gain

cable losses for: DC input DC Input status

for:

control for:

Irradiation

Control Voltage Current

Temperature Voltage Current AC

Temperature AC AC AC

Current

String Monitoring
Panel

DC/AC DC/AC

Voltage Current Power counter Kwh / Disconnect

for:

location for:

position position

Protection PR DC cable

Power

Algorithm Panel Panel Dirt

Tracker Motor 2

Restarting MPPT

Energy

degradation failure

movements

analysis system

Connect

Axis tilt sensors calculation

Switching Neuranal

Restarting Protection

Shadows

algorithm

status

PR panel

Backtracking
Emergency

Inverter

efficiency

Transformer
PR transformer

efficiency

position

PR inverter

Maintenance PR tracker

Real performance Devices for measuring

Measurements devices

Weather station

Pyranometers Reference cells

Inclinometers Strings measurements Inverters measurement


Input DC Output ac

Transformers
Electrical metering

Theoretical performance Calculation methods

Equipment characteristics

Modules behavior Tracking models


Perfect Optimal

Cabling design Switching, inverter curves Transformers performance curves

Control system strategy and features

PLCs, SCADA, databases

Energy balance reports


18/12/2009 Plant P1 Modules L ne P1-L1 String P1-L1-S1 P1-L1-S2 P1-L1-S3 P1-L1 Radiation 8 KWh 8 KWh 8 KWh 24 KWh Output Measured 1,2 KWh 1,2 KWh 1,2 KWh 3,6 KWh Output Eff. Calculated Eff. Measured Calculated 1,22 KWh 1,22 KWh 1,22 KWh 3,66 Kwh 14% 14% 14% 14% 14,5% 14,5% 14,5% 14,5% Ratio 96,6% 96,6 % 96,6 % 96,6 %

P1-L2

P1-L2-S1 P1-L2-S2 P1-L2-S3 P1-L2

8 KWh 8 KWh 8 KWh 24 KWh

1,2 KWh 0,9 KWh 1,2 KWh 3,3 KWh

1,22 KWh 1,22 KWh 1,22 KWh 3,66 Kwh

14% 11,25% 14% 12,5%

14,5% 14,5% 14,5% 14,5%

96,6 % 77,58% 96,6% 90,26%

P1

--

48 KWh

6,9 KWh

7,32 Kwh

13,78%

14,5%

93,52%

P2

P2-L1

P2-L1-S1 P2-L1-S2

8 KWh 8 KWh

1,2 KWh 1,2 KWh

1,22 KWh 1,22 KWh

14% 14%

14,5% 14,5%

96,6 % 96,6 %

P2-L1-S3
P2-L1

8 KWh
24 KWh

1,1 KWh
3,5 KWh

1,22 KWh
3,66 Kwh

13%
13,64%

14,5%
14,5%

90,11 %
94,35%

P2

--

24 KWh

3,5 KWh

3,66 Kwh

13,64%

14,5%

94,35%

Summary

--

--

72 KWh

10,4 KWh

10,98 Kwh

13,71%

14,5%

93,80%

Power Generation Service Our portfolio

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 91

Operation and Maintenance PV

ABB offers technical services and consulting for the plants optimization, providing our professionals experience to the customer for: Inefficiency elimination and out of service limitation Development of customized solutions for:

Costs reduction Productivity and profitability increase Out-of-date units enhancement Residual activity incremented Works in line with regulations Quick intervention Safe and effectiveness The best care for any application (protections, control, supervision, and tele-diagnostics) Environmentally friendly

Asking ABB means granting:


ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 92

Photovoltaic power Reference Sites

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 1

Global power generation ABB delivers EPC / BoS Photovoltaic plants

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 2

PV Reference: La Robla, Spain 13.3 MWp in operation since 2010


Customer need

Maximize the performance and reliability of the solar plant Get the plant in operation in 3months

ABB response
Customer: GA Solar Type of Project: ERCAM 1 axis Tracker Turnkey 13,3 MW PV solar plant. Year of Commissioning: 2010

ABB delivers the complete solar plant in consortium with a solar manufacturer ABB applied an efficiency improvement system to maximize the overall performance of the PV solar plant

ABB scope:

Commissioning

Supply: Substation, DC cabinets, AC cabinets, unit transformers, switchgears, equipment housing, system optimization, control and SCADA. Turn key installation, ground & civil works: Inverters, trackers, PV modules, transformers and switchgears, cabinets, housing, system optimization, control, SCADA, security system, cabling, etc

Partner scope: PV modules.

Customer benefit

Reliable and efficient PV solar plant. Performance Ratio (PR) > 80% Optimized operation, control and maintenance of PV solar plant (sun tracking, system optimization, control and protection, etc.) La Robla produces 22.6 GWh per year displaces 11,500 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually

ABB Group Month DD, Year

| Slide 3

Client kept the deadline and qualified for Spanish feed-in tariff for solar plant

PV Reference: La Sugarella, Italy 24.2 MWp in operation since 2010


Customer needs

First class automation and electrical systems Maximize plant performance and reliability

Size: 24.2 MWp, 1 axis tracker Customer: Phenix Renewable ABB Scope: EPC

ABB response

ABB delivers the complete solar plant in consortium with a solar manufacturer ABB applied an efficiency improvement system to maximize the overall performance of the PV solar plant ABB scope:

Year of commissioning:
EPC:2010

Supply: Substation, DC cabinets, AC cabinets, unit transformers, switchgears, equipment housing, system optimization, control and SCADA. Turn key installation, ground & civil works: Inverters, trackers, PV modules, transformers and switchgears, cabinets, housing, system optimization, control, SCADA, security system, cabling, etc

ABB Group Month DD, Year

| Slide 4

PV Reference: Spinasanta, Italy 6 MWp, in operation since 2010


Customer needs

First class automation and electrical systems Maximize plant performance and reliability

ABB response
Size: 6 MWp, fixed installation Customer: Actelios Solar ABB Scope: EPC

ABB delivers a complete EPC. ABB applies an efficiency improvement system to maximize the overall performance of the PV solar plant

Year of commissioning:
EPC:2010 Status:

ABB scope: Supply: Panels, structure, inverter centers, DC & AC cabinets, transformers, switchgears, cabling, equipment housing, protection equipment, MV connection line Installation: Panels, structure, inverter centers, DC & AC cabinets, transformers, switchgears, cabling, equipment housing, protection equipment, MV connection line, PV modules electrical connection

Connected to the grid

ABB Group Month DD, Year

| Slide 5

ABB solar inverter example cases Bulgaria: 5,88 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 5,88 MWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: 20 kV Solar modules: poly-csi

Customer: A investor for photovoltaic plants looking for reliable supplier with local presence

Solution 5 pcs of PVS800-MWS-1000-A ABB string monitoring junction boxes ABB monitoring system Commissioning: May 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 6

ABB solar inverter example cases UK: 4,99 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 4,99 MWp Application: ground mounted system on an old World War II RAF airfield Grid connection: 33 kV Solar modules: mono-csi, HEE 250 Wp

Customer: Experienced solar developer, builder and operator focused on security, plant efficiency and profitability.

Solution PVS800: 10 x 500 kW ABB integrated inverter and MV components housing ABB switchgear ABB MV main substation Commissioning: July 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 7

ABB solar inverter reference cases Slovakia, Sirkovce: 1 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 1 MWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: MV grid, 22 kV Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Investor wanting reliable supplier with full offering to guarantee return of investment

Solution PVS800: 4 x 250 kW Transformer: ABB, oil Switchgear: ABB Commissioning: Aug 2010

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 8

ABB solar inverter example cases Italy, Borgo Montello: 3 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 3 MWp kWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: MV grid Solar modules: poly-csi

Customer: Investor looking for secured return of investment and one-stop shopping

Solution PVS800: 12 x 250 kW ABB transformer and switchgear ABB Inverter and MV housing ABB monitoring system Commissioning: May 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 9

ABB solar inverter example cases Germany: 13,1 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 13,1 MWp section of 91 MWp plant Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: 20 kV Solar modules: poly-csi

Customer: a large plant developer and system integrators looking for reliable supplier with rapid response and local presence

Solution 9 pcs of PVS800-MWS-1250kW-20 Skytron monitoring system Commissioning: Dec 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 10

ABB solar inverter example cases Germany: 2,75 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 2,75 MWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: MV grid Solar modules: CdTe thinfilm

Customer: Investor looking for secured return of investment

Solution PVS800: 10 x 250 kW Transformer: ABB 2,5 MW Commissioning: Dec 2009

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 11

ABB solar inverter example cases Germany: 1,2 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 1,2 MWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: 20 kV Solar modules: poly-csi (Eging PV)

Customer: A system integrator for photovoltaic plants and planning company for large turnkey plants

Solution PVS800-MWS-1000kW-20 Skytron monitoring system Commissioning: May 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 12

ABB solar inverter example cases India, Delhi: 1 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 1 MWp Application: warehouse flat roof system Grid connection: MV grid, 11 kV Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Owner of warehouse

Solution PVS800: 4 x 250 kW Commissioning: Oct 2010

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 13

ABB solar inverter example cases Italy, Modena: 750 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 750 kWp Application: machinery workshop flat roof Grid connection: MV grid Solar modules: poly-csi

Customer: Owner of mechanical workshop looking for green image and safe return of investment

Solution PVS800: 2 x 250 kW + 100 kW Commissioning: June 2010

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 14

ABB solar inverter example cases Taiwan: 238 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 238 kWp Application: factory roof Grid connection: MV grid, 22 kV Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Investor looking for reliable SI with proven components

Solution PVS800: 1 x 250 kW Commissioning: April 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 15

ABB solar inverter example cases Taiwan: 475 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 475,2 kWp Application: factory roof Grid connection: MV grid, 22 kV Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Investor looking for reliable SI with proven components

Solution PVS800: 2 x 250 kW Commissioning: May 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 16

ABB solar inverter example cases Thailand: 1,4 MWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 1,4 MWp Application: ground mounted Grid connection: MV grid, 22 kV Solar modules: a-Si single junction

Customer: Investor looking for reliable SI with proven components

Solution PVS800: 2 x 500 kW + 250 kW (negative grounding, 1000 Vdc) Solar inverter complete care, 10 years Commissioning: November 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 17

ABB solar inverter reference cases Finland, Pitjnmki: 181 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 181 kWp Application: factory flat roof Grid connection: LV grid, 400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Property management of ABB factory in Helsinki

Solution PVS800: 1 x 120 kW PVS300: 7 pcs Commissioning: June 2010

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 18

ABB solar inverter reference cases Switzerland: 141 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 141,12 kWp Application: office flat roof Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: mono-cSi, 245 Wp

Customer: Local utility investing in green power

Solution PVS300: 15 x 8 kW with power balancing (group of 3 inverters) Remote monitoring with 2 pcs SREA-50 and ABB remote monitoring portal Commissioning: March 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 19

ABB solar inverter example cases Sweden: 80 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 80 kWp Application: ground mounted power plant Grid connection: LV grid, 400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Solar educational center

Solution PVS800: 100 kW Transformer: ABB 90 kVA Commissioning: Aug 2009

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 20

ABB solar inverter example cases China: 75 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 75 kWp Application: flat roof installation on a factory roof Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi, 235 Wp

Customer: Property management of ABB Beijing drives factory and office

Solution Solar inverters:


3 x PVS300: 8 kW PVS800: 100 kW

ABB junction boxes Commissioning: March 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 21

ABB solar inverter example cases Germany: 94 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 94 kWp Application: sloping roof system on industrial building Grid connection: LV grid, 400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi, 235 Wp

Customer: Property management of ABB Ladenburg premises

Solution PVS800: 100 kW ABB junction boxes ABB Low voltage transformer dry type 300V/400V AC500 PLC for plant monitoring for Inverter Monitoring Commissioning: December 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 22

ABB solar inverter example cases France: 90 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 90 kWp Application: roof-top system on light aircraft hangar Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Owner of the light aircraft hangar looking for reliable solar inverters

Solution PVS300: 9 x 8 kW + 3 x 4.6 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) Commissioning: May 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 23

ABB solar inverter example cases Italy: 96 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 96 kWp Application: roof-top system on tilted factory roof Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Office furniture factory owner wanting to improve their image and taking advantage of the FIT

Solution PVS300: 12 x 8 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) Commissioning: January 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 24

ABB solar inverter example cases Italy: 82 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 82 kWp Application: roof and canopy for car parking Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Property management of ABB Dalmine factory site. The PV plant is part of the activities for reducing the environmental impact of the facility.

Solution PVS300: 9 x 8 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) Commissioning: March 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 25

ABB solar inverter example cases Greece: 72 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 72 kWp Application: office flat roof system Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly cSi

Customer: Property management of ABB offices in Metamorphossis Athens

Solution PVS300: 9 x 8 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) ABB plant design, AC distribution panel, AC500 PLC for plant and SREA-50 for inverter monitoring Commissioning: December 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 26

ABB solar inverter example cases UK: 50 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 50 kWp Application: clothing factory flat roof system Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400V Solar modules: cSi

Customer: Clothing factory owner looking to improve their image and reduce the net energy cost in longer run

Solution PVS300: 6 x 8 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) ABB LV ac distribution cabinet with isolator and meter and RCD's also supplied Commissioning: October 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 27

ABB solar inverter example cases Argentina: 26 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 26 kWp Application: office flat roof system Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: mono - cSi

Customer: ABB real estate office

Solution 3 x PVS300 8 kW Commissioning: June 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 28

ABB solar inverter example cases Estonia, Tallinn: 25,2 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 25,2 kWp Application: factory flat roof Grid connection: LV grid, 230 V/400 Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Property management of ABB drives and inverter factory

Solution 3 pcs of PVS300, 8 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) SREA monitoring system Commissioning: September 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 29

ABB solar inverter example cases India, Bangalore: 10 kW kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 10 kWp Application: ground mounted special rack installation Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: poly-cSi

Customer: Property management of ABB drives

Solution 3 pcs of PVS300, 3,3 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) Commissioning: June 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 30

ABB solar inverter example cases Taiwan: 9,68 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 9,68 kWp Application: sloping roof system on office building Grid connection: LV grid, 230/400 V Solar modules: cSi

Customer: Company investing on solar for green image

Solution PVS300: 3 x 3,3 kW, with power balancing (3 inverters) Commissioning: November 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 31

ABB solar inverter example cases Belgium: 4,59 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 4,59 kWp Application: roof-top system on single family house Grid connection: LV grid, 230 V Solar modules: cSi, 18 x 255 Wp

Customer: Private single family house owner

Solution PVS300: 1 pcs 4,6 kW Commissioning: November 2011

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 32

ABB solar inverter example cases Italy: 4,6 kWp PV plant

System description

PV plant: 4,6 kWp Application: roof-top system on single family house Grid connection: LV grid, 230 V Solar modules: cSi

Customer: Private single family house owner

Solution PVS300: 1 pcs 4 kW Commissioning: January 2012

ABB Group October 15, 2012 | Slide 33