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10/15/2014 the Electrical Distribution Systems for Hospitals - Part Two ~ Electrical Knowhow

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the Electrical Distribution Systems for Hospitals - Part Two
in the previous Topic; the Electrical Distribution Systems for Hospitals - Part One, we talk about types
of Electrical Distribution Systems for Health Care Facilities and we mentioned that the Essential
electrical system will include the following two sub-system:
1- Emergency system: which include the following two branches: (see fig.1)
Life Safety Branch.
Critical Branch.
2- Equipment System/branch.
I explained in this previous topic the Life Safety Branch and Critical Branch.
You can review the following previous topics for more information and good following:
the Electrical Design Requirements for Health Care Facilities Part One
the Electrical Design Requirements for Health Care Facilities Part Two
Today, i will explain the second branch of Essential electrical system which is Equipment System/branch
as follows.
2- Equipment System/Branch:
Definition: A subsystem of the essential electrical system consisting of The feeder conductors and
equipment used to supply electrical power to the equipment branch of the essential electrical system.
the Equipment that fed from Equipment System/Branch will be divided into three ttypes as follows:
fig.1
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1. Equipment Branch Non-Delayed Automatic Connection.
2. Equipment Branch Delayed-Automatic Connection.
3. Equipment for Delayed Automatic or Manual Connection.
1- Equipment Branch Non-Delayed Automatic Connection
it include the following generator accessories which must be arranged for non-delayed automatic
connection to the alternate power source:
Electrically operated louvers
Other generator accessories essential for generator operation
Transfer fuel pump
Equipment Branch Delayed-Automatic Connection
2- Equipment Branch Delayed-Automatic Connection:
This equipment shall be arranged for delayed automatic connection to alternate power source. This
means an outage to this equipment can exceed 10 seconds.
Vacuum pumps and oral evacuation pumps serving medical and surgical functions, including
controls.
Sump pumps and other equipment required to operate for the safety of major apparatus,
including associated control systems and alarms.
Medical and dental air compressors, serving medical and surgical functions, including controls
(such systems may be connected to the Critical Branch; the A/E shall coordinate with the
Chief Engineer at the facility).
Smoke control and stair pressurization.
Kitchen hood supply and/or exhaust systems, if required to operate during a fire in
or under the kitchen hood.
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) equipment serving other than telecommunications
equipment.
Medical and laboratory refrigerators and freezers as required.
Oxygen storage control panel.
Fire pump, jockey pump, and make-up pump for water-based fire protection systems; lighting
and selected receptacles in fire pump room.
Autoclaving equipment (shall be permitted to be arranged for either delayed-automatic or
manual connection to the alternate source).
Administrative Areas: Task illumination and selected receptacles in the hospital Directors,
Engineering, and Security and Communications Suites.
Closed-loop water chilling equipment for linear accelerator.
Domestic Water Pumps: Equipment, control system, light fixture and receptacle near the
pump.
Electric tape for heat tracing of piping requiring freeze protection.
Heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems:
1. Air-conditioning equipment, lubricating oil pumps for centrifugal compressors, control air
compressors, air dryer and absorption machine refrigerant pump to draw down lithium chloride
before crystallization (omit for machines accomplishing this manually).
2. Chillers, chilled water circulating pumps, fans, and controls for surgical suites, recovery rooms,
intensive care, and coronary care units.
3. Chillers, chilled water circulating pumps, fans and controls for animal research facilities.
4. HVAC equipment for Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) areas.
5. HVAC equipment for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Suites and Computerized Topographic (CT)
Scanners.
6. HVAC equipment serving emergency areas in outpatient clinics in seismic and high-risk hurricane
areas.
7. HVAC equipment for Main Computer Room and Telephone Equipment Room, Telephone Console
Room, and Head End Room.
8. Exhaust fans serving Autopsy Rooms, reagent-grade Water Treatment Rooms, Orthotic Laboratory
special exhaust systems, battery charging areas, flammable storage rooms and illustration rooms
(Medical Media).
9. Supply, return and exhaust ventilating systems for Infection Isolation Rooms, Protective
Environment Rooms and exhaust fans for laboratory fume hoods and nuclear medicine areas where
radioactive material is used. These systems are permitted on delayed automatic system only and
shall not be served via manual system. Some systems may be placed on Critical Branch. Coordinate
with VA.
10. Ventilation, cooling and control equipment for electrical rooms.
11. Ventilation, cooling and control equipment for elevator machine rooms.
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10/15/2014 the Electrical Distribution Systems for Hospitals - Part Two ~ Electrical Knowhow
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Hot Water Circulatory and Steam Condensate Return Pumps: Equipment, controls, and light
fixture and receptacle near the pumps.
Hot Water Generator: Equipment, controls, and light fixture and receptacle near the
generator.
Kitchen: Illumination and minimum equipment to feed patients during extended outage;
freezers and refrigerators.
Laboratory Air Compressors and Vacuum Pumps: Equipment, controls, and light fixture and
receptacle near the compressors and pumps.
Animal Ward lighting.
Mortuary Refrigerator or Cold Room: refrigeration equipment and task illumination
Radiology Suite: Task illumination, one automatic X-ray film processor, and one X-ray unit.
Refrigerated Medical Storage: refrigeration equipment.
Sewage Pumps: Equipment, controls, and light fixture and receptacle near the pumps
Supply, Processing, and Distribution (SPD):
1. Task illumination and selected receptacles in the following areas: core, sterile storage, non-sterile
storage, preparation, and decontamination.
2. One ultrasonic cleaner, one ethylene oxide gas sterilizer, one steam sterilizer, one washer
sterilizer, one gas generator.
3. Equipment in warehouse areas needed to preserve subsistence drugs and X-ray film materials that
may be subjected to damage from infestation, humidity or temperature.
Water and Sewage Treatment Plant: Lighting, receptacles and equipment needed during
emergency.
3- Equipment for Delayed Automatic or Manual Connection:
This equipment shall be arranged for either delayed automatic or manual connection to alternate power
source. As mentioned for delayed automatic connection, an outage to this equipment can exceed 10
seconds.
Heating equipment to provide heating for operating, delivery, labor, recovery, intensive care,
coronary care, nurseries, infection/isolation rooms, emergency treatment spaces and general
patient rooms.
An elevator(s) selected to provide service to patient, surgical, obstetrical and ground floors
during interruption of normal power.
Supply, return and exhaust ventilating systems for surgical and obstetrical delivery suites,
intensive care, coronary care, nurseries, infection/isolation rooms, emergency treatment
spaces and exhaust fans for laboratory fume hoods, nuclear medicine areas where radioactive
material is used, ethylene oxide evacuation and anesthesia evacuation.
Hyperbaric facilities.
Hypobaric facilities.
Automatically operated doors.
Minimal electrically heated autoclaving equipment shall be permitted to be arranged for
either automatic or manual connection to the alternate source.
Selected controls.
Electrical Design types according to size of hospital:
the electrical design will vary according the the size of the hospital, you can know and extract
the differences by yourself from reviewing the electrical single line diagrams in both cases ; small and
large hospital as follows:
11- Small hospital case:
the electrical single line diagram will be as follows:
DIALux - Indoor Lighting Calculations
Menu Options
Write Technical Specifications for
Lightning Protection Systems
Determine The Number Of Down
Conductors of LPS
Perform Need for Lightning Protection
Calculations by (4) Different Methods
Perform Grounding Calculations by (6)
Different Methods
Size Earthing Conductors Using NEC
Tables
Size Earthing Conductors Using BS
7671
Select the Best Earthing System
Calculate Voltage Drop as per U.S.
and European Methods
Use NEC Annex B Tables in
Conductor Ampacity Calculations
Perform Conductor Ampacity
Calculations Using NEC under
Engineering Supervision Method
Perform Conductor Ampacity
Calculations Using NEC Section
310.15 Tables
Size Overcurrent Protection Devices
Calculate the Total Demand Electrical
Load for Non-Dwelling Buildings
Calculate Electrical Demand Load for
Dwelling Buildings as per NEC
Optional Method
Calculate Electrical Demand Load for
Dwelling Buildings as per NEC
Standard Method
Calculate general-use receptacles load
in a dwelling unit
Calculate Maximum Permissible
Number Of Lighting Fixtures On A
General Lighting Branch Circuit
Calculate Track Lighting Load
Calculate The Minimum Number Of
General Lighting Branch Circuits For
Any Building
Calculate General Lighting Branch
Circuit Load For Any Building
Calculate Sign And Outline Branch
Circuits Load
Calculate Show Window Lighting Load
Calculate The Minimum number of
receptacle branch circuits for bank or
office buildings
Calculate the Maximum allowable
number of receptacles on a branch
circuit in a dwelling unit
HOW TO
Electrical Demand Load Calculation for
Electrical Demand Load Calculation by
Electrical Demand Load Calculation by
Checklist for Liquid Cooled Generator
10/15/2014 the Electrical Distribution Systems for Hospitals - Part Two ~ Electrical Knowhow
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2- Large hospital case:
the electrical single line diagram will be as follows:
Electrical Single Line diagram for Small hospital
Estimate Preliminary Load By Using
Area Method
Estimate Preliminary Load By Using
The Building Area Method
Estimate Preliminary Load By Using
Space-By-Space Method (Functional
Area Method)
Design Outdoor Lighting By Using
Isolux Diagram Method
Design Outdoor Lighting By Using The
Beam-Lumen Method As Per IES
Design Outdoor Lighting By Using The
Beam-Lumen Method As Per CIE
Design Outdoor Lighting By Using
Point-By-Point Method
Design Interior Lighting By Using By
Using Quick Estimate Charts
Design Interior Lighting By Using Watt
Per Square Feet Method
Design Interior Lighting By Using Point
By Point Method
Design Interior Lighting By Using The
Zonal Cavity (Lumen) Method
Build Preliminary Single Line Diagram
Like Professionals
Make A Preliminary Design Like
Professionals
Write Electrical Design Criteria Like
Professionals
Specify The Required Type Of
General-Use Receptacles For Each
Area In A Dwelling Unit
Distribute General-Use Receptacle
Loads In A Dwelling Unit
Select Receptacle Rating For A Branch
Circuit In A Dwelling Unit
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the Electrical
Distribution
Systems for
Hospitals
Specific Electrical
Requirements for
Industrial Buildings-
...
Specific Electrical
Design
Requirements for
Industrial ...
The Electrical
Distribution
Architecture Part
Two
The Electrical
Distribution
Architecture Part
Five
Alternate Source of Power for Hospital Buildings ( Type 1 - ESS):
The alternate source of power shall be one or more diesel-engine-driven-generator sets with applying the
following points:
you must Provide physical space for one additional generator; paralleling switchgear shall be
appropriately provisioned.
Generator remote alarm annunciator(s) must be used in Energy Center control room, and the
Security office or Telephone Operator office (whichever is continuously staffed).
in the next Topic, I will explain the Electrical Distribution systems for nursing homes and residential
custodial care facilities. so, please keep following.
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Electrical Single Line diagram for Small hospital
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