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The Gall Bladder occupies a special place among the Yang organs

because it is the only one that does not deal with food, drink and
their waste products. It stores bile, which is a refned product.
Further, it neither communicates with the eterior directly !"ia
the mouth, rectum or urethra#, nor does it recei"e food or
transport nourishment. The Gall Bladder is an $traordinary
%rgan.
The Gall Bladder has & principal
functions'
 Stores and Excretes Bile
The GB stores bile which it recei"es from the (i"er) it
ecretes bile when needed during digestion. $cretion of
bile by the Gall Bladder is an epression of the (i"er*s role
in ensuring the smooth +ow of ,i, since the (i"er pro"ides
the necessary ,i for bile secretion.
 Controls Judgment
The GB controls the capacity to make decisions. It also
gi"es an indi"idual courage and initiati"e. The GB gi"es us
the capacity to turn the -I dri"e and "itality into positi"e
and decisi"e action. Thus, a defcient GB will cause
indecision, timidity and the person will easily be
discouraged at the slightest ad"ersity.
 Controls the Sinews
This function is almost identical to the (i"er function of
controlling sinews. The only slight di.erence is that the GB
pro"ides ,i to the sinews to ensure their proper mo"ement
and agility and the (/ nourishes the sinews with its blood.
0oint Indications and Functions'
 Treats disorders of the eyes, especially those due to 1ind2
3eat or (i"er and GB heat
 Treats disorders of the ear, especially those due to eterior
1ind23eat or (/ and GB channel heat
 Treats headaches, especially one2sided a.ecting the
shaoyang channel at the temple and side of the head
Functions of the Gall
 Treats disorders of the (i"er !/ising (i"er Yang, (i"er Fire,
Interior 1ind, (i"er ,i stagnation#
 Treats phlegm disorders, scrofula and nodules
 4lears 5amp23eat from the GB
 4lears pathogenic factors from shaoyang le"el of 6 stages
!alternating chills 7 fe"er, bitter taste, hypochondriac pain,
dryness of mouth and throat, nausea 7 "omiting#
 Treats disorders of the spirit and hun
 /egulates 5ai 8o
 9ourishes the sinews and marrow
The Gall Bladder Functions
The Main Pathway
5$:58:9
The ;uperfcial pathway
<. The GB channel begins at the outer canthus of the eye at GB <.
=. It crosses to the anterior portion of the ear at GB = and ascends
to the upper border of the >ygomatic arch at GB &.
&. It ascends to the corner of the forehead at GB ? and descends
"ia points GB @, GB 6 and GB A to the region abo"e the ear
where it meets with T$ ==.
?. It cur"es posteriorly behind the ear to the mastoid process at
GB <= and meets with T$ =B on the way.
@. It cur"es upwards across the side of the head to the corner of
the
forehead at ;T C and descends to the supraorbital region at GB
<?.
6. It ascends and cur"es across the side of the head to GB =B.
A. It crosses the top of the shoulder "ia GB =< and T$ <@ to meet
with GD <?
The Gall Bladder 4hannel
C. The channel then passes laterally "ia B( << to ;I <= and then
anteriorly to enter the supracla"icular fossa at ;T <=.
: deep branch
E. emerges behind the ear and enters the ear at T$ <A.
<B.It emerges in front of the ear and passes "ia ;I <E and ;T A to
the outer canthus and descends to the corner of the Faw near ;T
@.
<<.It crosses the T$ channel, rises to the infraorbital region, and
meets with B( <.
<=.It descends to the neck, intersects with ;T E, and reFoins the
main channel in the supracla"icular fossa.
<&.It descends into the chest, meets with 04 <, and crosses the
diaphragm.
<?.It then connects with the (i"er and reunites with the Gall
Bladder.
<@.It continues along the inside of the ribs to emerge in the inguinal
region. It encircles the genitals, runs superfcially along the
margin of the pubic hair and then enters deeply to emerge at
the sacral region where it meets the B( channel at Balioao !the
four points of the sacral foramina# and at GD <.
<6.It then emerges on the buttock at GB &B.
:nother branch
<A.descends from the supracla"icular fossa to the anterior aspect of
the ailla, then passes through GB ==2=?.
<C.It intersects with (/ <& and descends to the hip Foint to meet the
pre"ious branch at GB &B and continues down the lateral aspect
of the thigh and knee.
The ;uperfcial pathway
<E.descends along the lateral aspect of the lower leg to the anterior
aspect of the lateral malleolus
=B.It follows the dorsal surface of the foot along the groo"e
between the ?
th
and @
th
metatarsals to end on the lateral side of
the tip of the ?
th
toe at GB ??.
=<.:nother branch separates at GB ?< and runs between the <
st

and =
nd
metatarsals to the medial tip of the big toe and through
the toenail to link with the (/ channel.
4T:
<. The GB meridian begins superfcially at the lateral canthus of
the eye !GB <# and >ig2>ags up and down the lateral aspects of
the face and head.
=. It descends from GB <@ to GB =B, inferior to the occiput, and GB
=< on the shoulder.
The Gall Bladder 4hannel
&. There are connections from GB & to T$ == to ;T C to GB ?2A to
T$ =B and back to GB C. ;ome tets refer to a connection
between GB <? and B( <.
%ne deep branch
?. goes from GB < down the cheek to the mandible, connects with
;T @.
@. It then goes up to the inferior border of the >ygomatic bone,
crosses the T$ meridian and Foins with ;I <C, and goes down the
angle of the mandible with meet ;T 6.
6. It then passes on down the neck to reach ;T <= where it
reconnects with the main channel.
The Gall Bladder 4hannel
:nother branch
A. (ea"es GB <=, tra"els to T$ <A behind the mastoid process and
enters the ear.
C. It then emerges in front of the ear at ;I <E and passes ;T A on
its way back to GB <.
E. :t GB =< the pathway runs posteriorly across the shoulder to GD
<?, down to B( <<, laterally to ;I <=, then back across the
shoulder to ;T <= where the meridian becomes superfcial again.
:t this point a deep pathway
<B.tra"els through the thora, crosses the superfcial meridian at
GB =?, and comes down through the diaphragm.
<<.It connects with (/ <& and then passes through the (i"er and
Gall Bladder organs.
<=.it continues to the lower abdomen and inguinal region, passes
the public area, and turns backwards to the hip !to GB &B#.
The superfcial pathway
<&.from ;T <= passes in front of the ailla and >ig2>ags down the
lateral aspect of the chest and +oating ribs to the greater
trochanter of the femur at GB &B !"ia (/ <&G<? and ;T &B
according to Hapanese tets#.
:nother deep pathway
<?.8eanwhile at GB =E a deep pathway goes round the back and
across to the sacrum, connecting with B( &<2&? and then down
to GD < and back across to GB &B.
The ;uperfcial pathway
<@.runs from GB &B down the lateral side of the legGfoot to GB ?<
!where a deep pathway runs between the <
st
and =
nd
metatarsals
to the medial aspect of the frst digit and crosses under the
toenail to connect with (/ <#.
<6.The GB channel continues and ends at GB ??.
Diergent Channel
 This lea"es the primary meridian on the thigh and crosses o"er
the hip Foint to enter the lower abdomen in the pel"ic region.
 3ere it links with the di"ergent channel of the (i"er.
 It then crosses between the lower ribs and connects with the
Gallbladder. It di.uses through the (i"er.
 It passes up to the 3eart and esophagus and disperses in the
face.
The Gall Bladder 4hannel
 It connects with the eye and reFoins the primary meridian at the
lateral canthus.

The Gall Bladder 4hannel
!uo Channel
 This lea"es the primary meridian at GB &A on the lateral aspect
of the lower leg and connects with the (i"er meridian.
 It then passes downward to disperse o"er the dorsum of the
foot.
Muscle Channel
 This begins on the ?
th
digit and binds with the lateral malleolus.
It passes up the lateral aspect of the leg and binds with the
knee.
 : branch lea"es the head of the fbula and ascends the thigh.
 : sub2branch tra"els anteriorly, and binds with the thigh abo"e
;T &=.
 :nother sub branch tra"els posteriorly to bind with the sacrum.
 The main channel passes upwards across the ribs to the anterior
border of the ailla. It binds frst in the breast region and then at
;T <=.
 :nother branch runs from the ailla across ;T <= and emerges
anterior to the B( muscle channel. It continues up posterior to
the ear to the temple where it crosses to the "erte and Foins its
bilateral counterpart.
 : branch descends from the temple across the cheek and binds
at the bridge of the nose.
 : sub branch binds with the lateral canthus of the eye.
The Gall Bladder 4hannel
Entry "oint# $eunion "oint ⊥ % & '
(ocation In the depression Fust lateral to the orbital rim
:t the le"el of the lateral canthus
H/1
.5 cun lateral to the lateral canthus of the eye
In the depression on the lateral aspect of the orbit bone
CTA
9eedling B° needling posteriorly .=2.& cun, or etend to connected
with 82392E !Taiyang#
(ote) *ccording to seeral modern texts# this "oint
is contraindicated to moxa+
Function I Entry "oint
I $eunion) GB# TE# S,
I $liminates wind and clears heat
5,B
I $pels 1ind23eat
8
I 4lears Fire
8
I Brightens the eyes
8,B
I Benefts the eyes
5
I 4ourses the channels and frees ,i
B
I /elie"es pain
B
9ame Pu"il Bone-.ole
Tong) pupil of the eye
/i) noun suJ
!iao) bone2hole
*lternate (ames) 3ind
4ur"e,
Greater Yang
(H The function of GB < is directly related to the ,uality of
discernment one applies toward oneself and to the
eternal world. The T48 functions of this point include
draining heat and wind. 3eat here is the physiological by2
product of an underlying mentalGemotional process
predicated on frustration. ;omething has blocked one*s
progress and the result of the emotional work done trying
to mo"e the stagnation has caused heat. 1ind is anything
that mo"es in an unpredictable pattern. 3ere, one is
unable to discern a clear picture of the world) it appears
as an unrelated string of chaotic e"ents. This eternal
confusion undermines the clarity of one*s "ision and is
mirrored by the appearance of internal wind and heat.
⊥ ' & '
For0idden Months 12
(ocation %n the posterior margin of the condyle of the mandible
:nterior to the inferior border of the tragus
1hen the mouth is open, a depression appears at this
point
H/1
Directly below SI 19
CTA
9eedling ;lightly posterior insertion, .@2< cun.
This point should be needled with the mouth wide open.
The patient may close the mouth after insertion.
Function I Benefts the ears
5,8
opens the ears
B
I $liminates wind
5,B,8
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8
I 4lears heat
5
I 4ourses the (/ and GB
B
I 8o"es ,i
B
9ame *uditory Conergence
Ting) To hear, to listen
.ui) To con"erge, to gather) to
meet, to Foin
*lternate (ames) 3earing
(aughter,
3ind Gate, 3inge
%ther
 This point is located on the lower border of the tragus
Ka point the patient uses when opening hisGher
mouth. It lies Fust below ;I <E.
 Lse this point with 1ood 4F patients who ha"e ear
pain.
 It*s also used locally for trigeminal neuralgia.
 It*s good for problems of the ear and when one has
diJculty hearing.
 HG' This point helps an inability to hear other
perspecti"es.
GB < %rbit Bone
$eunion "oint ⊥ 3 & %-'
(ocation :nterior to the ear
Immediately superior to the >ygomatic arch
;uperior to GB =
H/1
9eedling EB° insertion, .&2.@ cun.
4 ,t is traditionally em"hasi5ed that dee" needling
should 0e aoided at this "oint
Function 6 $eunion) GB# ST 72 TE acc+ to D8
I $liminates wind
5
I Benefts the ears
5
I %pens the portals and boosts the hearing
B
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
9ame 9""er Gate
Shang) upper, abo"e) to rise
Guan) gate, pass) Foint
*lternate (ames) Guest 3ost
0erson, Guest
3ost, Guest -ing, Generous
3ost, Greater
Yang
The mandibular Foint is often referred to in 4hinese as the
MgateN !guan#. This point, located on the edge of the
upper bone of that Foint, is called Lpper Gate.
The alternate names Guest23ost or Guest2$mperor
indicate that the host !or emperor# channel recei"es the
T$, (I, B( and ;T channels at GB &.
GB = 3earing :ssembly
$eunion "oint ⊥ : & %
(ocation %n the temple
O :4I posterior to the natural hairline
< :4I inferior to ;T C
H/1
Superior to the temple and the hairline
One uarter of the distance between ST ! and "# $
On the superior border of the temporalis muscle
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# ST# TE
I $liminates 1ind
5,B
I 4lears 3eat
5,B
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I 4lears Fright and alle"iates pain
B
9ame Forehead Fullness
.an) corner of the forehead) chin
=an) full, satiated
If the Faw is closed tightly, there is a swelling !fullness# at
the corner of the forehead. GB ? is located Fust abo"e that
swelling) hence the name Forehead Fullness.
In rare instances, yan means to close, and can therefore
be a mnemonic for remembering that if the Faw is closed
tight there is a swelling at the point.
(H This is an ideal point for easing Faw tension associated
with repressed anger. It is also ecellent for relie"ing
mental tension emanating from the gallbladder oJcial.
GB % 9""er Pass
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %
(ocation %n the temple
O :4I posterior to the natural hair line
%ne third of the distance from GB ? to GB A
H/1
Superior to the temple and the hairline
At the midpoint between ST ! and "# $
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# ST# TE 72 !, acc+ to D8
I $liminates 1ind
5,B
I 4lears 3eat
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I 5isperses swelling and relie"es pain
B
9ame Sus"ended S;ull
3uan) to suspend, to hang
!u) skull, cranium
*lternate (ames' 8arrow 3ole,
8arrow 4enter,
/ice Bite
This point is situated as if suspended on the skull between
the hairline and the root of the ear, and would
furthermore ser"e as a con"enient "antage from which to
suspend someone by their skull. Thus the point is known
as ;uspended ;kull. 5i>>iness may resemble the
sensation of being hung in this way and di>>iness is one
indication this point treats.
GB ? (oathsome Haws
$eunion "oint ⊥ : & %
(ocation %n the temple
O :4I posterior to the natural hair line
Two thirds of the distance from GB ? to GB A
H/1
Three uarters of the distance between ST ! and "# $
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# ST 72 TE# !, acc+ to D8
I $liminates 1ind
5,B
I 4lears 3eat
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I Frees the portals and mo"es ,i
B
9ame Sus"ended Tuft
3uan) to suspend,
to hang
!i) a "ery small
unit of
length of weight)
minute
The character li was originally used to represent the
breadth of an o*s hair, and by etension came to ha"e
the more general meaning of minute. Because of its
original meaning, the character is sometimes replaced by
its homophone, which means a tuft of hair.
GB @ ;uspended ;kull
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %-'
(ocation %n the temple
O :4I posterior to the natural hair line
:t the le"el of the ape of the pinna
:pproimately < :4I anterior to and slightly inferior to T$
=B
H/1
On the temporal bone
On a hori%ontal le&el with T' () and the ape* of the pinna
A little posterior to the line of T' ((
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B! acc+ to D
I $liminates 1ind
5,B
and relie"es pain
B
I Benefts the mouth and Faw
5
I 4lears heat and disperses swelling
B
9ame Tem"oral .airline Cure
>u) cur"e, bend
Bin) the hair of the temples
The location accounts for its name.
GB 6 ;uspended /egulator
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %-'
(ocation %n the head
< :4I directly superior to T$ =B
H/1
On the parietal bone
About 1.5 cun superior to the ape* of the pinna
Directly superior to T' ()
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!
I $liminates 1ind
5,B

I Benefts the head and alle"iates pain
5
I 3armoni>es the diaphragm and ;T and alle"iates
"omiting
5
I Treats alcohol intoication
5
I ;ettles tetany
B
I /elie"es pain
B
I /emo"es channel obstructions
8
I Benefts the ears
8
9ame ?alley !ead
Shuai) to lead
Gu) "alley
*lternate (ames) Following
the Bone,
Following the 4orner, 4ricket
4ontainer
To fnd this point one bends the ear in half lengthwise and
follows its straight edge past the hairline to the
depression !"alley# about <.@ cun abo"e the tip of the ear.
In this way one is Mled to the "alley.N
%f all the M"alleyN !gu# points, GB C has the topmost
location. 4onsidered in this light, the point is the MleadN
for all the other "alley points.
In Following the 4orner and Following the Bone, the
character shuai is rendered as MfollowingN because the
names are locational. In the poetic name 4ricket
GB A 4rooked 3air on the
4ontainer, shuai has e"ol"ed into its homophone meaning
cricket.
%ther
 HG' This is a mental point. It*s about the way a person
engages with life in their minds. 1hen mental acti"ity
o"erdominates, use this point. Lse it for
o"erstimulation without rest. It*s good for wood
migraines.
GB C Flowing Dalley
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %-'
For0idden Months @2
(ocation %n the head
O :4I posterior to GB C
= :4I superior to the natural hair line
H/1
About .5 cun posterior to "# !
Directly superior to the line of the posterior border of the
root of the pinna
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!
I 4alms the ;pirit
5,B,8
and pacifes fright
5
I 4lears GB channel 3eat
5,B
I /emo"es channel obstructions
8
I ;ubdues rising ,i
8
I $liminates interior wind
8
I 4alms spasms
8

9ame Celestial .u0
Tian) 4elestial, of the hea"ens,
sky) 9ature
Chong) ;urge, rush, +ush)
thoroughfare)
a place of importance
*lternate (ames) 4elestial
;urge,
4elestial 4rossroads
GB bears the honorifc McelestialN due to its location on
the head, while MhubN is indicati"e of its importance as a
point of intersection. Tian 4hong is a ;tar 9ame. 
%ther
 This point can be used as a 1indow. In the classics it*s
listed as a 1indow. It pro"ides a direct route to the
middle of a person.
 HG' This is a mental point. It*s about the way the
person engages with life in their minds. Lse when
mental o"eracti"ity dominates.
GB E 3ea"en /ushing
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %-'
(ocation %n the head
0osterior and slightly superior to the ear
< :4I posterior to the natural hair line
:t the le"el of the superior edge of the root of the ear
H/1
+osterior and superior to the mastoid process
One third of the distance from "# 9 to "# 1(
On the cur&e of the "# meridian
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!
I 4lears the head and benefts the neck region
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I 4ourses and disinhibits the (/ and GB
B
I 5issipates wind and frees the connecting "essels
B

9ame Floating Ahite
Fu) To +oat, to drift, to rise
Bai) 1hite, pure
The character fu, meaning rising, is a reference to the
rising of the (/ and GB yang ,i, while bai, meaning white,
is the color associated with metal and refers to the point*s
metal like function of restraining wood. The ideograph bai
may be taken as a reference to the (L, as this point is
utili>ed in the treatment of "arious lung disorders such as
thoracic fullness with gasping, throat bi and counter+ow
cough.
GB <B Floating 1hite
$eunion "oint ⊥ % & %-B
(ocation %n the head
0osterior to the ear
8idway between GB <B and GB <=
H/1
+osterior to the mastoid process
Two thirds of the distance from "# 9 to "# 1(
On the cur&e of the "# meridian
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B! 72S,# TE acc+ to D8
I 4lears the head and benefts the sense organs
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I 4lears 3eat
B
I 5isinhibits GB channel damp2heat
B
I Frees the ears and disinhibits the throat
B

9ame .ead Portal =in
Tou) head
>iao) portal, orifce
=in) yin, the complement
of yang
*lternate (ames) 0illow
Bone
The word MheadN is included in this point to a"oid
confusion with another point of the same name, Foot
0ortal Yin !GB??#. The occipital region, where this point is
located, is considered to be the yin portion of the head.
GB << is employed in the treatment of diseases related to
the f"e portals of the f"e "iscera, i.e., the eyes !eye pain
from taation Faundice#, ears !deafness, tinnitus#, mouth
!bitter taste#, nose !nasal congestion# and tongue
!sti.ness#.

GB << 3ead 3ole Yin
$eunion "oint ⊥ ' & %-B
(ocation %n the head
1ithin the angle formed by the posterior border of the
mastoid process and the
inferior edge of the occipital bone when the head is tilted
forwards
H/1
In the cre&ice ,ust posterior and inferior to the mastoid
process
-here it meets the temporal bone
CTA
9eedling ?@° inferior insertion, .@2< cun.
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!
I $liminates wind
5,B,8
and clears heat
B
I Benefts the head
5
I /ouses the brain and opens the portals
B
I 4alms the ;pirit
5,8
I :lle"iates pain
5
I 4alms spasms
8
I ;ubdues rising ,i
8

9ame Com"letion Bone
Aan) 4ompleted, fnished
Gu) Bone
The term wan gu is the traditional name for the mastoid
process, which is the bony protuberance Fust behind the
ear. This point is located at the edge of that process.
%ther
 4onsider using this point on a 1ood 4F if energy is
stuck.
GB <= Final Bone
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ % & B
(ocation %n the head
O :4I posterior to the natural hair line
%n a "ertical line superior to the lateral canthus
H/1
Two thirds of the distance from ". (/ to ST !
.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
On the frontal bone
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function I $liminates wind
5,B,8
and calms the li"er
B
I 4lears and drains the (i"er and Gallbladder
I /esol"es phlegm
5
I Treats epilepsy
5,B
and calms the ;pirit
B,8
I Gathers essence to the head
8
I 4lears the brain
8

9ame $oot S"irit
Ben) /oot, origin, source
Shen) ;pirit
GB <& is utili>ed in treating spirit disorders, and treating
the spirit is known as treating the source !root# of a
disease. The chapter of the ;piritual :is that discusses
this aspect of treatment is called by the same name as GB
<&' /oot ;pirit.
(H :s wood element oJcials, the gallbladder and li"er
meridians energetically resemble a tree. The location of
this point on the head corresponds to the "iew of the
highest perspecti"e o.ered by the treetop branches. This
point integrates the fundamental "ision present in the
roots !ben# of the tree with this higher perspecti"e.
4ompare this point with the function of (/ <.
%ther
 Lse this point and all Gall Bladder head points for the
;pirit le"el. These points are the "ery basis and
GB <& /oot ;pirit
foundation of ;hen) they ha"e an outgoing, direct
,uality.
GB <= Final Bone
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ : & %
(ocation %n the forehead
< :4I superior to the supra2orbital notch, found in the
middle of the eyebrow
H/1
1 cun superior to the eyebrow
Directly superior to the center of the pupil
On the frontal bone
CTA
9eedling 1ith the fngers of one hand, pinch up the skin o"er the
point, and with the other hand, needle B° in an inferior
direction, .@2.C cun, or needle to connected with Yuyao !82
3926' the midpoint of the eyebrow#
Function I $liminates 1ind
5,B,8
and clears 3eat
B
I Benefts the head and alle"iates pain
5

I ;ubdues rising ,i
8
I Benefts the eyes
5

I Brightens the eyes
B

9ame =ang Ahite
=ang) yang, the complement of
yin
Bai) 1hite, pure, clear
Because this point is situated on the head, which is
associated with yang, and is furthermore the meeting
point of f"e yang channels, yang, is included in the name.
The character bai helps make things clear in that it is
employed to treat eye diseases.
%ther
 This point is good for 1ood 4Fs who are in a muddle. It
gi"es them a real kick.
 It*s good for a patient who has already made a
decision but needs it to be solidifed.
 GB <? 7 <@ are good for headaches and eye problems.
GB <& /oot ;pirit
$eunion "oint# =ang Aei Mo ⊥ % & 3
(ocation %n the head
O :4I posterior to the natural hair line
%n a "ertical line superior to the middle of the pupil
when the eye is looking straight ahead
H/1
At the mid point of the distance from ". (/ to ST !
( 0 cun lateral to the anterior median line
1 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
Directly superior to "# 1/
On the frontal bone
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!# =ang Aei Mo acc+ to D
I $liminates wind
5
I Benefts the head
5
I :lle"iates pain
5
I 4lears the brain
B
I Brightens the eyes
B
I Frees the nose
B
I /egulates the 8ind
8
I Balances the emotions
8
I Benefts the nose and
eyes
5

9ame .ead Cerloo;ing
Tears
Tou) 3ead
!in) To o"erlook, to face
towards)
to arri"e at
>i) Tear
Because GB <@ Mo"erlooksN the eye, the place that tears
come from, it may be called 3ead %"erlooking Tears. It
also Mo"erlooksN in that it treats diseases of the eye. (in
also has an etended meaning of super"ision, or as in this
case, treatment. This is especially meaningful in light of
the line from the %de of a 3undred 0atterns' MPIf there isQ
tearing, needle %"erlooking Tears !GB<@# and 3ead
4orner !;T C#.N
%ther
GB <? Yang 1hite
 This point is good for the mental le"el when a patient
is uptight and tense within himselfGherself. It can be
used with Foot :bo"e Tears !GB ?<#. It is a powerful
point.
 HG' This point calms the mind, eases agitation and
brings clarity. ;ee DII ?< for combination suggestion.
GB <@ 3ead :bo"e Tears
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ % & '
(ocation %n the head
<O :4I posterior to GB <@
H/1
1.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1 cun posterior to "# 15
On the coronal structure
Note: The ori2in of the locations of "# 1341$41! at
(454/.5 ACI posterior to the hairline is un6nown. Dr. -u
-ei7+8in2 has them at 14(45.5 behind "# 159 which is 1.5
cun before the parieto7frontal suture. Dr. :. .oisin8s
locations are similar to ". Solulie de ;orant9 followin2 a
completely di<erent pathway and numberin2 system.
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function I Benefts the eyes
5
I $liminates 1ind and alle"iates pain
5
I 4lears the head and brightens the eyes
B
9ame Eye Aindow
Mu) $ye
Chuang) 1indow
*lternate (ames) :rri"ing at
;plendor
The name re+ects the point*s function and location.
(H This point empowers one to release Fudgments against
self and others. Further, this point may allow one to bring
past e"ents into perspecti"e.
%ther
 This eye 1indow enables the %Jcial to really see
clearly before making decisions and Fudgments. 1hen
you can see what the problem is, you can make a
sensible decision and Fudgment. /emember what the
%Jcial and $lement doKthey are concerned with
decisions and Fudgments. To do this we need to see
clearly where we are going with the mind and ;pirit.
GB <6 $ye 1indow
 This point clears blocks between the mind and ;pirit. It
helps the patient to see himselfGherself and the
process of change as treatment begins to show rebirth.
GB <@ 3ead :bo"e Tears
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ % & '
(ocation %n the head
< :4I posterior to GB <6
H/1
(.5 cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1 cun posterior to "# 13
On the parietal bone
Note: The ori2in of the locations of "# 1341$41! at
(454/.5 ACI posterior to the hairline is un6nown. Dr. -u
-ei7+8in2 has them at 14(45.5 behind "# 159 which is 1.5
cun before the parieto7frontal suture. Dr. :. .oisin8s
locations are similar to ". Solulie de ;orant9 followin2 a
completely di<erent pathway and numberin2 system.
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function I Benefts the head and alle"iates pain
5
I 0acifes the ;tomach
5
I 4lears heat and drains the GB
B
I ;oothes the sinews and ,uickens the connecting
"essels
B
9ame 9"right Construction
/heng) /ight, upright, true,
straight
=ing) The former half of
construction2blood,
nourishment) to manage, to
regulate
The character >heng refers to the point*s location right at
the top of the head, while ying may be considered as an
indication of the point*s ability to reach construction2blood
!ying ue# and thereby nourish the eyes and spirit.
In geographical nomenclature ying refers to the lines that
demarcate the east2west, i.e. hori>ontal direction. GB <A
is located on the hori>ontal line that crosses eactly at the
top of the head.
GB <6 $ye 1indow
Rheng ying also can mean fear or solicitude. This name
may therefore be indicati"e of the use of GB <A for
,uieting the spirit and easing palpitations.
%ther
 The destiny of 1ood is bene"olence and human
kindness.
GB <A Lpright (i"ing
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ 3 & '
(ocation %n the head
<O :4I posterior to GB <A
H/1
/ cun posterior to the anterior hairline
1.5 cun posterior to "# 1$
On the parietal bone
Note: The ori2in of the locations of "# 1341$41! at
(454/.5 ACI posterior to the hairline is un6nown. Dr. -u
-ei7+8in2 has them at 14(45.5 behind "# 159 which is 1.5
cun before the parieto7frontal suture. Dr. :. .oisin8s
locations are similar to ". Solulie de ;orant9 followin2 a
completely di<erent pathway and numberin2 system.
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function I Benefts the head and alle"iates pain
5
I Benefts the nose 7 descends (L ,i
5
5i.uses the (L 7
frees the portals
B
I 4alms the 8ind
8
I 4lears the brain
8
I 4lears the GB and drains heat
B

9ame S"irit Su""ort
Cheng) To support) to contain)
to recei"e
!ing) ;pirit) Ingenious

GB <A is located at the place the ancient 4hinese termed
the Mco"er of the celestial spirit.N 1hether the name
should be translated as ;upport ;pirit, /ecei"e ;pirit or
4ontain ;pirit is not entirely clear. 4heng, in this case,
means Mto supportN in most 4hinese sources.
%ther
 This point is good for the ;piritual connection of the
inside ;pirit with the outside ;pirit. It*s for the (ing
;pirit, one*s deepest internal ;piritual nature.
 It lends sensiti"ity and awareness, subtle and
recei"ing.
GB <C /ecei"ing ;pirit
GB <A Lpright (i"ing
=ang Aei Mo ⊥ % & '
(ocation %n the head
(ateral to the eternal occipital protuberance
<O :4I superior to GB =B
H/1
On the le&el of the upper border of the e*ternal occipital
protuberance of the
occiput =and ". 1$>
1.5 cun superior to "# ()
CTA
9eedling B° insertion, .@2<.@ cun.
(ote) This "oint# li;e all hairline "oints# may 0e
needled in any direction+ Direction de"ends on
sym"tomatology+ The needle should 0e inserted
dee" into the su0cutaneous layer# into the loose
areolar tissue ad<acent to the 0one of the s;ull#
rather than more shallowly+
Function I Benefts the head and alle"iates pain
5
I 0acifes 1ind and clears the sense organs
5
I 4lears the GB and drains Fire
B
I ;oothes the sinews and ,uickens the connecting
"essels
B
I /ouses the brain and frees the portals
B

9ame Brain .ollow
(ao) Brain
Dong) $mpty, spacious
*lternate (ames) Temple
/egion
The fact that GB <E is called Brain 3ollow and GB <C is
called ;pirit ;upport shows that the ancient 4hinese
reali>ed the relationship of the brain to what they termed
disorders of the spirit. 8any points on the GD, GB and B(
channels are used to treat psychiatric !i.e., spirit#
disorders because these three channels tra"erse the
head.
GB <C /ecei"ing ;pirit
$eunion "oint# ⊥ E & B-1F
=ang Aei Mo# =ang >iao Mo
(ocation Inferior to the occipital bone
In the center of the depression between the eternal
occipital protuberance
and the mastoid process
;uperior to the natural hair line and lateral to the border
of the trape>ius
H/1
(.(5 cun lateral to the posterior median line
In the lar2e hollow between the trape%ius and
sternocleidomastoid muscles
1 cun superior to the natural hairline
?e&el with ". 13 and inferior to the occiput
CTA
9eedling !<# ;lightly ?@° inferior insertion in the direction of the
channel, <2<.@ cun
!=# 5irected towards the tip of the nose, the contralateral
eyeball or Yintang !82392&#, .@2< cun
4 Dee"er needling may damage the s"inal cord 4
Function 6 $eunion) GB# TE# =in >iao Mo# =ang Aei Mo acc+
to D
I $liminates 1ind
5,B
and clears 3eat
B
I Benefts the head and eyes
5
I 4lears the sense organs
5,B
and the 3ead
B
I Brightens the eyes and sharpens the hearing
B
I 3armoni>es Si and Blood
B
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,B

9ame Aind Pool
Feng) 1ind
>i) 0ool, 0ond
*lternate (ames) 3eat
8ansion
%ther
 This point is good for any optic ner"e disorder and
symptoms brought on by 1ind. It*s symptomatic for
migraines and is good for headaches in the back of the
neck.
 This point works on a mental le"el on clarity issues) it*s
good for people who ha"e an inability to see or to form
Fudgments.
 It*s a "ery powerful pointKuse it with caution.
GB <E Brain 3ollow
$eunion "oint# =ang Aei Mo ⊥ @-E & B-1'
(ocation 8idway between GD <? and the lateral tip of the cla"icle
Lpon the anterior border of the trape>ius
In line with T$ <@ and ;I <&
H/1
=traditionally at the hi2hest point of the shoulder>
CTA
9eedling 0osterior ?@° insertion, .@2< cun
4 GF° insertion# es"ecially in thin "atients# 0rings a
0ig ris; of Pneumothorax 4
4 Contraindicated during "regnancy 4
Function 6 $eunion) GB# TE# 72 ST# =ang Aei Mo acc+ to D
I /egulates ,i
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,B
I Transforms and lowers phlegm
5,B
I 5issipates nodules
5
I Benefts the breasts
5
promotes lactation
8
I $pedites deli"ery
5,8
I /elaes the sinews
8

9ame Shoulder Aell
Jian) ;houlder
Jing) : well
*lternate (ames) ;houlder
1ell !Bo Hing#
This point*s name is a result of its location.
%ther
 This is a powerful spirit point.
 It*s located below the neck and at the top of the
shouldersKwhere 3ea"en meets $arth.
 This is a reunion point for the Triple Burner and the
Gall Bladder.
 1orking on a physical and spirit le"el, it unites 3ea"en
and $arth, God and man.
 It*s a meeting point to use when the patient is
disconnected from herGher higher self.
 It*s good for when the spirit is shining out but the body
is locked, depleted or "ice "ersa.
 It*s good for the tendons and sti.ness on a mental,
physical and spirit le"el.
 It*s good for the shoulders, neck and general chest
problems.
GB =B 1ind 0ond
 The Triple Burner brings in hea"enly aspects of Fire
and warmth.
 You can use this point with $ye 1indow when you*re
not getting enough Si through to enable the patient to
see.
GB =< ;houlder 1ell
⊥ @ & 3
(ocation In the ?
th
intercostal space
%n the mid2aillary line
H/1
9eedling =B° insertion along the intercostal space, .@2< cun
4 GF° or Dee" insertion may induce a Pneumothorax
4
4 *ccording to seeral classical texts# this "oint is
contraindicated for moxa 4
Function I /egulates ,i
5,B
I Lnbinds the chest
5,B
I Benefts the ailla
5
I /elaes the sinews
B

9ame *rm"it *0yss
=uan) :byss, deep pool
=e) :rmpit
*lternate (ames) :byss
3umor, 3umor
:byss, :rmpit Gate, 3umor
Gate, ;pring
:rmpit, ;pring 3umor
The point is called :rmpit :byss due to its location.
GB == :rmpit :byss
$eunion "oint# GB *larm "oint ⊥ ' & '
(ocation In the ?
th
intercostal space
< :4I medialGanterior to GB ==
H/1
9eedling =B° insertion along the intercostal space, .@2< cun
4 GF° or Dee" insertion may induce a Pneumothorax
4
Function I $eunion) GB# B! acc+ to D
I GB *larm "oint# acc+ to some sources 7inc+ J$A8
I /egulates ,i in the & Fiao
5
I Lnbinds the chest
5
I (owers rebellion
5,B
I 4ourses the (/ and rectifes ,i
B
I 4alms dyspnea
B

9ame Sinew Seat
/he) The two seats of an
ancient chariot) the
sides of the chariot Fust abo"e
the wheels
Jin) ;inew
GB =& is located below the armpit on the side of the rib
cage. The shape of the rib cage is said to resemble the
sides of a chariot in the area abo"e the wheels. In fact,
the intercostal muscles are sometimes called Rhe Fin. The
point rides within these sinews as if they were the seats of
a chariot.
%ther
 1ood feeds the ligaments and tendons that hold the
muscles in place. (ook to this point when there is
atrophy or wasting T no growth, rebirth or regeneration
of the muscles.
 This point gi"es strength and security.
 The strength of mind and spirit are held together here.
GB =& 9eglected 8uscles
GB *larm "oint# $eunion "oint ⊥ ' & '-B
(ocation %n the thora in the A
th
intercostal space
%n the paramedian nipple line
9eedling =B° insertion along the intercostal space, .@2< cun
4 GF° or Dee" insertion may induce a Pneumothorax 4
Function I GB *larm "oint I $eunion) GB# SP 72 =ang Aei Mo
acc+ to D8
I Benefts the GB
5,8
I 4ourses GB ,i
B
I ;preads (/ ,i
5
I Benefts the (i"er
8
I (owers rebellion
5
I 3armoni>es the middle Fiao
5,B
I /esol"es damp2heat
5,B,8

9ame Sun and Moon
$i) ;un) day
=ue) 8oon) month
*lternate (ames) ;pirit (ight,
Gallbladder 8u
The ;un represents yang and the 8oon yin. The 4hinese word
for MclearN is ming, which is a composite made of the characters
for ;un and 8oon. Thus, Fust as the sun and moon make things
clear on earth, this point can help makes things clear in the
mind.
(H Together, these two characters may be rendered as
illumination. It is the "ision of MthingsN that creates the
phenomenal uni"erse. The two eyes are emblematic of the fall
from the unity of the one in which all things are
interpenetrating, to the two where distinctions arise between
good and bad and, ultimately, between the self and 5ao. The
character ming, meaning illumination, has two hal"es. The left
half is the sun and represents outer illumination) the "ision that
brings MthingsN into the world. It is the "ision of creation that
proceeds from the opening of the senses that allows us to
percei"e the phenomenal world. The right half of the character
represents the moon) the ,uality of light at night which blends
all things into one. This inner illumination is the "ision that
results from shutting o. the senses, allowing us to see the
depth of things. The sun and moon are symbols for the left and
right eyes and pro"ide a connection between "ision, the wood
element, and the unity of opposites. It is the faculty of
discrimination that breaks the unity of the uncar"ed wood into
the ten thousands things. The sense of "ision, based on two
eyes, is only capable of seeing duality in the world. 3e who
turns his ga>e outward loses the "ision of unity present at his
depth. :cupuncture point GB =? !the sun and moon !ming## can
address this "ision and help return the "ision of the sage, which
Mrolls the ten thousand things back into one.N
%ther
GB =? ;un and 8oon
 This is a point you wouldn*t use "ery early on, but it*s
etremely "aluable somewhere along the line.
 The name implies that it*s day and night, yin and yang, sun
and moon, male and female, the light and the darkKit*s the
balance. :nyone who is going to make decisions and
Fudgments must make them in a balanced way, not in a
biased way. This is a great point to bring that balance of the
mind.
 This point is about the whole nature of the Gall Bladder
%JcialKdecision making. It harmoni>es opposites and
brings about clarity.
 Lse it on dogmatic people who see in black and white with
no grey areas. MThis is how it s and that*s that.N It softens a
hardened or rigid wood.
GB =& 9eglected 8uscles
D, *larm "oint ⊥ B & B-1:
(ocation :nterior to the tip of the <=
th
rib
H/1
9eedling EB° insertion .@2< cun
4 ,n thin "atients# dee" needling may "enetrate the
"eritoneal caity 4
Function I Didney *larm "oint
I Benefts the -I
5

I 1arms -I cold
B
I /egulates the water passages
5,B
I /esol"es water2damp
B
I Fortifes the ;pleen
5

I /egulates the intestines
5
I Benefts the lumbar region
5
I 5ownbears ;T counter+ow
B

9ame Ca"ital Gate
Jing) 4apital city) hill
Men) Gate, door
*lternate (ames) Si 8ansion,
Si ;hu,
-idney 8u
: capital is an important gathering place, as is an alarm
point. In ;elected $planations of 0oints names, Fing is
said to include the meaning of yuan, source, in ancient
4hinese. Because the point name is the root of prenatal
source ,i, the point name could be translated as ;ource
Gate, indicating GB =@ is a gate to the body*s source ,i.
%ther
 This is a powerful physical point. Lse it to treat the Gall
Bladder itself.
 It*s often used with (i"er <&.
 The point itself is not "ery deep) it gets to the deep
le"el superfcially.
 It is used to get things mo"ing.
GB =? ;un and 8oon
Dai Mo ⊥ H & '-1'
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the abdomen
:t the intersection of the "ertical line passing through the
anterior tip of <<
th
rib
and a hori>ontal line passing through the center of the
umbilicus
H/1
On the line from "# (57($
Inferior to the tip of the 11
th
rib =and ?@ 15>
/ cun lateral to the anterior median line
CTA
9eedling EB° insertion .@2< cun
4 ,n thin "atients# dee" needling may "enetrate the
"eritoneal caity 4
Function I /egulates 5ai 8o
5,8

I /egulates menstruation and stops leucorrhea
5,B
I /egulates the uterus
8
I 4lears and disinhibits damp2heat
B,8
I 5rains dampness
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5

9ame Girdling ?essel
Dai) Girdle, belt) to lead, take in
one*s charge)
to carry
Mai) "essel !of blood and ,i#)
pulse
This point is so named because it is a maFor point on the
girdling "essel and is utili>ed in treating diseases of that
"essel. The girdling "essel itself is so named because it
encircles the body like a belt and takes charge of the
conception, go"erning and penetrating "essels.
GB =@ 4apital Gate
Dai Mo ⊥ B & %-1F
(ocation %n the hip
Inferior and slightly posterior to the :nterior ;uperior Iliac
;pine
H/1
.5 cun anterior to the anterior superior iliac spine
5 cun inferior to the le&el of the umbilicus
?e&el with C. /
CTA
9eedling EB° insertion <2<.@ cun
Function I /egulates 5ai 8o
5

I /egulates the lower Fiao and transforms stagnation
5
I ;trengthens the lumbus and boosts the kidney
B
I 4ourses the li"er and rectifes ,i
B
I Treats "aginal discharge
B


9ame Fifth Piot
Au) Fi"e, ffth
Shu) pi"ot, ais, central point)
indispensable,
4ardinal
$ach of the f"e postions has a number associated with it.
Fi"e is the number associated with the center.
GB =A can be considered the central point of the
abdominal points on the GB channel and is also located at
a le"el central to the body as a whole. ;hu, meaning
pi"ot, refers to the fact that the body turns or pi"ots at
this point. ;ince shu also has meanings of indispensable
or central, it reinforces the connotations of wu, f"e.
GB =A is a reunion point of the GB channel and 5ai mo.
;ince 5ai mo wraps around the center of the body, and a
place of intersection is in fact a pi"ot of sorts, the point*s
name makes sense.
GB =6 Girdle Dessel
Dai Mo ⊥ H & '-B
(ocation %n the hip
8idway between GB =A and GB =E
H/1
.5 cun medial and inferior to "# ($
Note: The ori2in of the location of "# (! at the midpoint
between "# ($ A (9
is un6nown9 but ". Soulie de ;orant has "# (! two B-.
Cnder "# ($ and
three under "# 5)9 with "# (9 one B- abo&e "# 5).
CTA
9eedling EB° insertion <2<.@ cun
Function I /egulates 5ai 8o
5

I (eashes 5ai 8o
B

I /egulates the lower Fiao and transforms stagnation
5
I 4ourses stagnant ,i
B
I /ectifes the two intestines
B

9ame !in;ing Path
Aei) To link, to hold together)
to protect
Dao) road, way, path) to lead,
to guide,
*lternate (ame) %uter 0i"ot
!wai shu#
%ther
 This point is good for 1ood 4Fs with diJcult periods
and uterine problems.
 This point helps pre"ent sidetracking. It helps keep a
person on path.
GB =A Fi"e 0i"ots
=ang >iao Mo ⊥ H & '-B
(ocation 8idway between the anterior superior iliac spine and
the prominence of the greater trochanter of the femur
H/1
5 cun posterior to "# (!
=Traditionally described in the anterior fossa of the
femur8s 2reater trochanter.>
CTA
9eedling EB° insertion <2= cun, or ?@° insertion inferiorly =2& cun
Function I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8

I Benefts the hip Foint
5

I ;oothes the sinews and ,uickens the connecting
"essels
B
I ;trengthens the lumbus and the legs
B
9ame SIuatting Bone-.ole
Ju) To sit, to s,uat) to reside, to
dwell
!iao) bone2hole
%ther
 This does the same things as the fre point of Gall
Bladder.
 Gall Bladder =E 7 &B used with moa on the needle
can bring heat right into the Foint and warm up the
energy.
 5on*t use these points on their ownKuse them with
command points.
GB =C Binding 0ath
$eunion "oint# First *id "oint ⊥ 1F-1' & B-:F
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the hip
0osterior to the prominence of the greater trochanter
H/1
To locate GB 30 on one side, have the patient in a
lateral recumbent position,
with that lower leg extended and the thigh fexed
On the lateral side of the thi2h
One third of the distance between the prominence
of the 2reater trochanter of the femur and the sacral
hiatus
?e&el with the inferomedial border of the 2luteus
ma*imus muscle
and the interior border of the piriformis muscle
CTA
9eedling EB° insertion directed towards the genitals, =2&.@ cun
(ote) * radiating or electric sensation may trael
to the foot+ Since this manifestation of deIi is
"articularly indicated in cases of sciatica# it may 0e
more readily induced 0y locating GB %F one cun
inferior to its normal "osition
Function 6 $eunion) GB# B!
6 First *id) Fractures# S"rains
6 Cne of Ma Dan-yangJs 1: .eaenly Star "oints
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8

I 5ispels 1ind25amp
5,B
I Benefts the hip and leg Foint
5
disinhibits the lumbus
and hip
B
I ;trengthens the lumbus and legs
B
I Tonifes ,i and blood
8
I 5ispels 5amp2heat
8
9ame Jum"ing $ound
.uan) /ing, circle) to encircle)
turn
Tiao) To Fump, to leap
*lternate (ames) /ound
Dalley, 5i"ided
4enter, 3ip Hoint, Buttocks
0ressing, -nee2
The part of the body where 4ap, 3ip Bone,
0i"ot 4enter, 0i"ot Lnion
This point is found is pi"otal for 4enter
Humping and turning mo"ements. 1hen a person s,uats
down in preparation for a
GB =E 5welling in the Bone
Fump, a semi2circular !round# depression appears at this
point) hence the name
Humping /ound.
%ther
 This point is good for hips pain on a 1ood 4F. Go in <B
to <@ fen. It*s good with moa and a moa needle.
GB &B Humping 4ircle
⊥ ' & '
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the thigh
6 :4I proimal to the +eure of the knee
Between the "astus lateralis and the biceps femoris
H/1
$ cun pro*imal to the popliteral crease
On the lateral thi2h
Note: Dr. -u -ei7+8in2 2i&es the location of "# 51 as 3
cun abo&e the De*ure9
and "# 55 as abo&e the head of the femur. Dr. E. ?a&ier
illustrates "# (145(455
at 34541 cun9 with 15 cun as the total measurement of the
thi2h.
CTA
9eedling !<# EB° or slightly ?@° insertion posteriorly <2= cun
!=# ?@° insertion, directed proimally or distally, <.@2=.@
cun
Function I $liminates 1ind
5,B,8

I :lle"iates itching
5,8
I ;trengthens the bones
B,8
I ;trengthens the sinews
B
I /elaes the sinews
8
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I 5issipates cold
B
I /egulates ,i and blood
B
9ame Aind Mar;et
Feng) 1ind
Shi) 8arket, fair, city
1ind disorders can be treated with this point.
Furthermore, wind ,i may gather in this area like people
gathering at a market or fair. Thus the point is known as
1ind 8arket.
GB &< 1ind market
⊥ ' & '-B
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the thigh
@ :4I proimal to the +eure of the knee
Between the "astus lateralis and the biceps femoris
H/1
Note: Dr. -u -ei7+8in2 2i&es the location of "# 51 as 3
cun abo&e the De*ure9
and "# 55 as abo&e the head of the femur. Dr. E. ?a&ier
illustrates "# (145(455
at 34541 cun9 with 15 cun as the total measurement of the
thi2h.
CTA
9eedling !<# EB° or slightly posterior ?@° insertion <2= cun
!=# ?@° insertion, directed proimally or distally, <.@2=.@
cun
Function I $pels 1ind, 5amp and 4old
5,B

I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I ;oothes the sinews and ,uickens the connecting
"essels
B
9ame Central $ier
/hong) 4entral, center
Du) /i"er, ditch, drain
Si +ows in the channels like water in a ri"er. The GB
channel is in a central position relati"e to the other two
yang channels on the lower limbs. The name 4entral /i"er
can be seen to represent the GB channels as a whole. %r,
GB &= may be so named because the GB channel
communicates with the T$ channel !shaoyang#. The T$ is
referred to in the ;piritual :is as Rhong du, Mthe central
ri"er.N Because this point is located in the center of a
groo"e in the muscles that resembles a ditch, the point
name could also be rendered as 4entral 5itch.
GB &= 8iddle 5itch
⊥ ' & 3
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
Between the lateral condyle of the femur and the lateral
condyle of the tibia
H/1
1 cun pro*imal to the popliteal crease
Note: Dr. -u -ei7+8in2 2i&es the location of "# 51 as 3
cun abo&e the De*ure9
and "# 55 as abo&e the head of the femur. Dr. E. ?a&ier
illustrates "# (145(455
at 34541 cun9 with 15 cun as the total measurement of the
thi2h.
CTA
9eedling !<# EB° <2= cun
(ote) *ccording to seeral classical texts# this
"oint is contraindicated to moxa+
Function I /elaes the sinews and benefts the Foints
5,B

I 5ispels 1ind25amp
5
I 5ispels 1ind and dissipates 4old
B
I Suickens the connecting "essels and relie"es pain
B
9ame Dnee =ang Joint
3i) -nee
=ang) Yang, the
complement of yin
Guan) Gate) passage)
Foint
GB && -nee Yang Border
Earth# Sea# ,nKuential "oint# !ower 9niting "oint⊥
E & B-1F
For0idden Months :2
(ocation In the hollow anterior and Fust distal to the head of the
fbula
<? :4I proimal to the prominence of the lateral malleolus
H/1
The relationship to the bone ta6es priority o&er the cun
measurement.
This will be on a le&el with S+ 9
=on the inferior border of the medial condyle of the tibia>.
CTA
9eedling EB° or slightly ?@° posterior insertion <2= cun
This point is sometimes through needled to ;0 E, in which
case it should be located in a more distal position.
Function 6 Earth "oint
6 Sea "oint
6 ,nKuential "oint) Sinews
6 Cne of Ma Dan-yangJs 1: .eaenly Star "oints
I /elaes the sinews
8,B
Benefts the sinews and Foints
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8
I ;preads (i"er ,i
5,8
I 4lears (/ and GB damp2heat
5,8
I 4lears GB 3eat
B
I Benefts the lateral costal region
5
I $pels wind from the knee and legs
B
I 4ourses damp and stagnation in the channels and
connecting "essels
B
I 3armoni>es ;haoyang
5
I ;ubdues rebellious ,i
8
9ame =ang Mound S"ring
=ang) Yang, the
complement of yin
!ing) 8ound, burial
mound
>uan) ;pring, fountain
%ther
 This is a "ery powerful point, although not particularly
for the spirit le"el.
 It*s the assembling point for the tendons.
;ymptomatically, it*s used a lot for ligament type
GB &? Yang 8ound ;pring
illness or cartilage trouble, particularly in the leg and
foot.
 It*s good for arthritic legs and sprained ankles.
 It brings stability and rigidity with +eibility.
 HG' This point brings new birth from resentment and
complaint. Lse this when the person can*t hear that
there is another way to "iew the situation. This point
broadens perspecti"e and plants a new seed.
GB && -nee Yang Border
=ang Aei Mo-3i Cleft ⊥ E & %-B
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
A :4I proimal to the prominence of the (8
0osterior to the edge of the fbula
O :4I posterior to GB &6
H/1
Appro*imately 1 ACI posterior to "# 53
CTA
9eedling EB° <2<.@ cun
Function I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8
I /egulates GB ,i and calms the ;pirit
5,B
I /elaes the sinews
8,B
I :lle"iates pain
8,B
I Suickens the blood
B

9ame =ang ,ntersection
=ang) Yang, the complement of
yin
Jiao) to intersect, to meet) to
hand o"er
%ther
 This point is not particularly powerful. It enhances the
meridian in a general way.
GB &? Yang 8ound ;pring
3i Cleft "oint ⊥ @ & %
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
A :4I proimal to the prominence of the (8
1ith the body supine and the knee semi +eed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fbula
H/1
#etween the peroneus lon2us and e*tensor di2itorum
lon2us muscles
To e*pose the peroneal muscles =lon2us and bre&is> e&ert
the foot.
To e*pose the e*tensor di2itorum lon2us9 dorsiDe* the
an6le
CTA
9eedling EB° <2<.@ cun
Function I 3i Cleft "oint
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5,8
I 4lears 3eat and detoifes poison
5,B
I 5isinhibits the (/ and GB
B
I 5ispels 1ind
B
I :lle"iates pain
8
9ame Cuter .ill
Aai) %uter, outside
>iu) 3ill, mound
%ther
 This point is mainly used for the physical and mental
le"el.
 It*s a place where yin and yang come together and
balance each other.
 You can reach an abundance of energy here.
 Lse it to reach a brittle or rigid person with no true
sense of identity, not center or someone who*s lacking
a sense of worth and ,uality.
 It*s also for intense dislike of the wind.
GB &@ Yang 4rossing
!uo "oint ⊥ E & B
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
@ :4I proimal to the prominence of the (8
1ith the body supine and the knee semi +eed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fbula
H/1
#etween the peroneus lon2us and e*tensor di2itorum
lon2us muscles
To e*pose the peroneal muscles =lon2us and bre&is> e&ert
the foot.
To e*pose the e*tensor di2itorum lon2us9 dorsiDe* the
an6le
CTA
9eedling EB° <2<.@ cun
Function I !uo "oint
I 5ispels 1ind2damp
5

I 5ispels 1ind
B,8

I 5isinhibits 5amp
B
I Brightens the eyes
B,8
I Benefts the eyes
5
I /egulates the (i"er
B
I 4lears 3eat
8
I 4onducts Fire downwards
8
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5

9ame Bright !ight
Guang) (ight, brightness
Ming) 4lear, bright) acute !of
eyesight#
%ther
 It*s particularly good for the mental le"el and has
window like properties.
 Hudgments and decisions need to be made with clarity)
this point is about seeing the fruits and rewards of
making Fudgments and decisions. It gi"es a clear, all
encompassing "ision.
 The Gall Bladder is the only oJcial that deals with pure
energy. If it is not pure, then treat here frst.
 This point brings stability and better muscle
coordination !i.e. use it for muscle spasms, an inability
to stand for long periods, muscular rigidity, paralysis#.
 It*s good for people who ha"e had an ecessi"e intake
of drugs.
GB &6 %uter 8ound
 HG' This point nourishes "ision and the eyes beautifully.
It*s great when a person has a plan and is not clear
about the frst step to take. It sharpens "isual acuity
and focus.
GB &A Bright and 4lear
Fire "oint# Sedation "oint# $ier "oint ⊥ E & '-1'
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
? :4I proimal to the prominence of the (8
1ith the body supine and the knee semi +eed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fbula
H/1
#etween the peroneus lon2us and e*tensor di2itorum
lon2us muscles
To e*pose the peroneal muscles =lon2us and bre&is> e&ert
the foot.
To e*pose the e*tensor di2itorum lon2us9 dorsiDe* the
an6le
CTA
9eedling EB° .A2< cun
Function I Fire "oint
I Sedation "oint
I $ier "oint
I 4lears GB channel heat
5,B,8
I 3armoni>es ;haoyang
5,B
I /esol"es 5amp23eat
8
I 5issipates cold
B
I ;ubdues (i"er Yang
8
I ;oothes the (i"er and resol"es depression
B
I Suickens the connecting "essels and relie"es pain
B

I Benefts the sinews and bones
5
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
9ame =ang *ssistance
=ang) yang, the complement of
yin
Fu) to assist, to support) pole
attached to a
cart to keep it from upsetting
*lternate (ames) ;e"ered
Bone, 0arting of the Flesh,
0arting ;pace
%ther
 Lse this point for etreme coldness in the BodyG8ind)
it may be necessary to use moa frst.
 Lse this point only when the patient is ready to recei"e
the sunshine.
 It*s good for when there is not future, plans, or aims)
it*s also good for ecessi"e sighing.
GB &C Yang ;upport
,nKuential "oint# $eunion "oint ⊥ % & '-1'
(ocation %n the lateral surface of the leg
& :4I proimal to the prominence of the (8
1ith the body supine and the knee semi +eed
The point lies anterior to the edge of the fbula
H/1
5 cun pro*imal to the prominence of the lateral malleolus
#etween the posterior border of the Fbula and the tendon
of the peroneus lon2us
muscle9 i.e. on the Fbula
CTA
9eedling EB° <2<.@ cun
The practitioner should use the inde fnger of one hand
to separate the peroneal
tendons from the fbula, to emphasi>e the groo"e. 9eedle
into the groo"e, frst
slightly posteriorly for .@ cun and then EB°, to a"oid hitting
the fbula. 8o"ement of the patient*s ankle after needling
can result in a bent needle.
Function I ,nKuential "oint) Marrow
I $eunion) GB# ST# B! 7no reunion acc+ to D8
I Benefts Hing
8
I 9ourishes 8arrow
8
I Benefts the sinews and bones
5
I 4lears 8arrow 3eat
B
I 5ispels 1ind25amp
5,B
I $liminates 1ind
8
I Benefts the neck
5
I 4lears GB Fire
5,B
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5

9ame Sus"ended Bell
3uan) To suspend) to hang
/hong) bell) clock) handleless
cup
*lternate (ames) ;e"ered
Bone, 8arrow
4on"ergence
The outer anklebone appears like a bell hung from this
point, pro"iding the image of ;uspended Bell. In ancient
4hina, children often wore foot bells at the le"el of this
point. The other name, of e,ually common usage, is Fue
gu, ;e"ered Bone. This name is a reference to the
prominence at the distal end of the fbula where the point
GB &E 3anging 4up
is located. In fact, this whole area of the leg is called Fue
gu.
%ther
 This is the reunion point of the & lower yang meridians.
Lse it to draw ,i from the upper body to the lower
body, e.g. in 8;.
 Lse it with (i"er 6 to draw energy down into the legs.
GB &C Yang ;upport
Source "oint# First *id "oint ⊥ ' & %-B
(ocation :nterior and distal to the lateral malleolus
0osterior to the tendon of the etensor digitorum longus
H/1
To e*pose the point9 dorsiDe* and e&ert the foot
CTA
9eedling EB° <2<.@ cun, directed towards -I 6
Function I Source "oint
I First *id "oint) Food "oisoning# Poison
I ;preads (i"er ,i
5,8
I 4lears GB heat and damp2heat
5
I Transforms 5amp23eat
B
I /egulates ;hao Yang
5
I 5ispels ;haoyang le"el pathogens
B
I 4lears the (i"er and Gall Bladder
B
I 4ourses in"ersion ,i
B
I :cti"ates the channel and alle"iates pain
5
I Benefts the Foints
5
9ame .ill $uins
>iu) hill, hillock, mound
3u) old burial grounds) ruins)
wasteland
(H :s the source point, GB ?B embodies the function of e"ery
acupoint on the gallbladder meridian, but in a more
general manner. The "irtue of this point is its
empowerment in the broadening of one*s perspecti"e. The
function of this point may be likened to assisting a person
lost in the wilderness so that they may reach the top of a
hill in order to see where they are going. This point is
ideal for one who can*t see the forest for the trees.
%ther
 The mound was a place where :ncestors were buried)
here we can gain the richness of their wisdom, tap into
their knowledge.
 Balanced decision2making and clear Fudgments are
etremely "ital. If someone is imbalanced in this
capacity, you may fnd that heGshe is in a wilderness.
 This is considered the MunshakeableN calm point
because it brings a lot of stability for confusion and it
resol"es a lack of clarity.
 It*s good with moa for warming up the Gall Bladder.
GB &E 3anging 4up
 It*s a classic point to use after surgery to encourage
faster healing.
GB ?B 1ilderness 8ound
Aood# .orary# Stream# Exit# First *id ⊥ % & '
Dai Mo MP# =ang Aei CP
(ocation %n the dorsal surface of the foot
In the angle between the ?
th
and @
th
metatarsal bones
H/1
Distal to the ,unction of the /
th
and 5
th
metatarsal bones
Eust distal to the Dare at the base of the fourth metatarsal
?ateral to the tendon of the e*tensor di2iti minimi muscle
To e*pose this tendon9 dorsiDe* the foot and especially
the Ffth di2it
CTA
9eedling EB° @2< cun. Incorrect angle of insertion will inhibit the
needle from passing between the shafts of the fourth and
ffth metatarsals.
Function I Aood "oint
I .orary "oint 711"-1a# 1:a-:a DST8
I Stream "oint
I Exit "oint
I First *id "oint) .emorrhage
I Dai Mo Master "oint# =ang Aei Mo Cou"le "oint
I ;preads (i"er ,i
5,8
I 4ourses (i"er and GB ,i stagnation
B
I Benefts the chest, lateral costal region and breasts
5
I 4lears the head and benefts the eyes
5
I Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodules
5
I Transforms obstructing phlegm2heat
B
I /esol"es 5amp23eat
8
I 4lears Fire 7
etinguishes wind
B
I Brightens the eyes 7 sharpens the hearing
B
I
/egulates 5ai 8o
8

9ame Foot Cerloo;ing
Tears
/u) foot
!in) to o"erlook, to face
toward) to
arri"e at)
>i) tears) to weep !silent
tears#
(H :s the horary point, GB ?< may empower all the "irtues of
the gallbladder oJcial. This point may allow one who is
fghting back tears of frustration to epress his or her
anger. In this way anger and resentment, predicated upon
the person*s frustration, may be resol"ed.
GB ?< Foot :bo"e Tears
%ther
 This point is the birth of growth, the beginning of
mo"ement. It shows people where they are and what
decisions need to be made.
 It helps to make a fresh start, gi"ing epansi"e "ision.
 It helps a person to cope when heGshe is close to tears.
GB ?B 1ilderness 8ound
⊥ : & 3
(ocation %n the dorsal surface of the foot
Between the ?
th
and @
th
metatarsals
Hust proimal to the head of the ?
th
metatarsal
H/1
+ro*imal to the fourth metatarso7phalan2eal ,oint
At the Dare of the head of the fourth metatarsal
;edial to the tendon of the e*tensor di2iti minimi muscle
CTA
9eedling EB° .@2.C cun. Incorrect angle of insertion will inhibit the
needle from passing between the shafts of the fourth and
ffth metatarsals.
(ote) Classics all say that this "oint should not 0e
treated with moxa or emaciation and death will
follow within % years+ .oweer# modern sources
agree that there are no contraindications to moxa+
Function I ;preads (i"er ,i
5
I 4lears GB 3eat
5
I 4lears the (i"er and drains the GB
B
I Brightens the eyes and sharpens the hearing
B

9ame Earth Fiefold
Conergence
Di) earth, ground
Au) f"e, ffth
.ui) to con"erge, to
meet
GB ?< Foot :bo"e Tears
Aater "oint# ToniLcation "oint# S"ring "oint ⊥ %
& %-'
(ocation %n the dorsal surface of the foot
Between the ?
th
and @
th
toes
Hust distal to the base of the proimal phalan of the ?
th

toe
H/1
Distal to the fourth metatarso7phalan2eal ,oint
Eust distal to the Dare of the base of the pro*imal phalan*
+ro*imal to the web mar2in
CTA
9eedling !<# EB° insertion .&2.@ cun
!=# ?@° insertion directed proimally, .@2< cun
Function 6 Aater "oint
6 ToniLcation "oint
6 S"ring "oint
I 4lears heat
5,B
I Benefts the head, ears and eyes
5,8
I 4lears damp2heat from the channel and reduces
swelling
5,8
I $tinguishes wind
B
I /elie"es pain
B
I ;ubdues (i"er Yang
8
9ame Pinched $aine
3ia) bold, generous
3i) ra"ine, mountain stream
gully
%ther
 Lse this point when a person is thirsty for growthGbirth)
it can be "ery powerful with good changes.
 It*s good for cooling down anger.
 HG' If a person is afraid to make a decision, this point
brings strength and courage into the oJcial. It bring
moisture and +eibility if wood is too rigid.
GB ?= $arth Fi"e 8eetings
Metal "oint# Aell "oint ⊥ 1 & %-'
(ocation (ateral nail point of the ?
th
toe
H/1
About .1 cun pro*imal to the corner of the nail
Eust distal to the Dare of the distal phalan*
CTA
9eedling EB° or ?@° insertion directed proimally .<2.= cun, or prick
to bleed
Function 6 Metal "oint
6 Aell "oint
I 4lears heat
5,B
I 4alms the ;pirit
5,8
I Benefts the head
5
I Benefts the eyes
8
I Benefts the chest and lateral costal region
5
I ;ubdues (i"er Yang
8
I $tinguishes 1ind
B
I 4ourses the (i"er and Gall Bladder
B
I 5rains Fire
B
9ame Foot Portal =in
3u) foot, leg
>iao) portal, orifce
=in) Yin, the complement
of yang
(H This is the metal point on the gallbladder meridian. The
metal element controls the wood element across the ke
cycle. The resolution of anger !a "irtue of the wood
element# is often found in one*s ability to let go !a "irtue
empowered by metal#. The gallbladder is a yang oJcial.
:s such, the ,ualities of metal come to it eternally. 3ere,
the presence of metal may be likened to pruning a plantT
one aspect of good pruning is to eliminate that which is
not essential so that growth may proceed in a focused
manner. (ike all points, GB ?? harmoni>es a continuum of
unbalanced epression. %ne*s ,uality of growth may
emulate a tree that sends out branches in many
directions, yet ne"er grows tall. 3ere, GB ?? may prune
away unnecessary growth so that one can better focus on
a specifc goal, as opposed to many !the unpruned
branches#. :lso, when the gallbladder is out of balance
one may feel that e"ery time one initiates an action one is
Mcut down.N 3ence, this point may also address the
timidity and fear that pre"ents a person from taking
action. In this sense, GB ?? inhibits the control of metal
upon wood*s inclination to grow.
%ther
 This point is not commonly used because it*s not "ery
powerful. It*s about the ,uality of growth.
 This point replaces "ital trace minerals within wood.
It*s "ery similar to GB ?B.
GB ?? Foot 3ole Yin