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OA Cl'Yn"IL" ',&~P);EB' HA BAAA~ rOA. 1427

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nPBor OCAOBO'&EI('A CPSIIJE OA n'PAHA rOA, 14~1o.

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W T ..... D" ROY A P III A B H 0 J W T"" D" P D J U 1880

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OBO MOJE llPBO BE'B.E HCTO_rHJCKO ,lI,EJlO

nOCBE'RYJEM

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¥ 8AXBA.lJHOCT HA CHMnATlidH, ROJOM JE nPATH.lJA OBAJ MOJ PAA, H HA TIOMO'RH, ROJ¥ MH .IE ¥RA8A.lJA TIPETI11C¥ d¥'R 11 M11 H8BOAE

. HB PABHHX 11CTOP11JCRHX

H8BOPA.

...

CAAPJI\.AJ

CTPABA

II l'eArOI'Op • • • . • • • • • . • • • . • . . • • . .

"3BOpD 3a OBO Ae..tO • • • • . . • • •

VII. XV.

rdaBa BPBa

1I0rAeA aa OOAUTDRY cpncRy npea ROCOBOM D 0.1 Hocoaa .10 cTyoalLa 'Sypl)eBor ua uaAY (1389 - In7). - ByR Bpaaaoaah, - AplKaBuoopaBul1 yrosop C l'rapcRolI OA r. I U6 aao pesYATaT CTe4>aBOBe B aao OCBOBa 'Syp\,eBe cno.aaunse OOABTURe· •

1-46

rdaBa APyra

CllpT AeCDOTa Creeaua. - Orynarse 'Syp1')a Bpansoaaha aa BAaAy.

- 19 JyA D 8 CeoTeal6ap IU7 , '7-78

r .. aBa TpeJ.a

MaTepBjaAHe 0pB.&uRe y 'Syp1')eBoj AplKaBD • •

. . ••... ' 79--'0~

rdaBA "eTBpTa AyweBBe OpH.lBRe y 'Sypt)eBoj "plKaBII • • • •

rJlaBa BeTa

••...•.• 105-120

TYPCRa BojcRa

••••..... ·121-127

rJlBBa meeT.

Hpaa rOAlIua 'Sypl)eBe DAaAe. - BIITKa ROA I'oavnna > • • • • • 138-159

r JlBBa ceARa

3nAaILe cxeaepeecaor rpaaa (1429-1430). - CTaILe Cp6nje D pa.a

'Syp1')eB 0" 14~9-1433 . . • . • . . • . . . . . 160-184

rdaBa OCR a

JeABa aYAujeuunja Y CYATaRa MypaTa. - JuaB c1Jpaunya Rao rOCT y aecnora 'Syp1')a. - Y Au6a Harapane Bpaaaoaaheae aa

y ApUxa Ile.a.CRor • • • . • • • • • • • . • • • • • • . 185-200

rJlaaa AeBeTa

OABowaju 'Sypl)eBu npeaa DOpTH. - Y Au6a Mape BpaBlloBuheBe aa

cyuana MypaTa. _ rOA. 1430 :_t435· . . . . • . . . . !01 -222

VIII

\

r .. aBa AeCeTa OASo~aj;·~y~~e~8~peKa M.4eIlUlIa, 8la3lU1TujO a Yraposoj rOAB.e

143&-1437· . • • •. . . ••••••.••••• 223 -!38

r .. aBa JeAaB&eCTa

Y O'iU npBe nponacTu. - rOA. 1436-I43S . •

r .IaBa ABaBaeCTa

••••.•. !39-'&&

UeTorOABWlLn par. - U.laBODB 'Bypt,eDU.

CpnCHO p06.1>e. - 14.38-14139.· •

r .. aBa TpBB&eCTa

Uu ClleAepeDa.

2&6-U~

'Bypl)eBo cTpascTBoBalbe. - Baaro lberOBO. - TpareABja y SeAeBB-

tIapAaay. rOA. IUO-IUI· ••••.••••••••• 28&-314

r .. aBa qeTpB&eCTa

Henocpeaae nocaeaaae naaa HODor SpAa. - Bop6a B8l1el)y MAeTaHa u Creeaaa Koca'le OHO OCTaTaHa 'Bypl)eBe AplHaBe y 3eTO. - O~aomajB 'Bypl)eBB Ha Hpaoby B.laADC.laBY. - Ca60p OA

9 Jy.a IU3 . . . • • . • . . •. .• • • • • • • 3U-3ft

r .. aBa oeTHaeCTa

UOXOA sa BUHao. - BOTHa aa MopaDR B npea Hamea 3 HOD. 1U.3. BUTKa aa 3.1aTBIlH 2~ AeKell6pa IH3. - BUTsa aa Ky-

.0BIlIlB. - 'Bypal) KacTpooTBIi Caf'UAep6er • • • • . • • 3U-337

r .. aBa meClBaeClTa

CereABscaB IIBp OA 18 Jy.4a IIH. - UPBO oc.l060t,elbe Cp6uje.

Y.laaaa 'Bypl)eB y CueAepeBo 22 ABrycTa I H'· . . . : . 338 -390

Dp ... oaB:

I. ABcTBaa ap .... a iKurllYBAa OA 1426 r,

2. ABcTHsa aojoll A8CnOT 'Bypal) Ay6poB'lasulia nOTBpl)yje acaaacraue r, I US.

3. Pesepe onnrraae Ay6poBa'lse 0 npulI.I>eaoll 6.1ary 'Bypl)eDoli.

,

nPE,lI,rOBOP

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PaA CaM Aa y ABe TpU pexa RameM UCTOpUjy OBe ncropaje.

I1CTOPUUU, ROjU cy ce AO aajaoaajer speaeua 68,-

DU.IIU cpnCROM acropajox, aapnua.sa cy Bp.110 HenOBO.tbaH'~ CYA 0 AecnOTY 'Byp~y Bpaaxoaahy,

OA RaRO [e yqeHH Ay6pOBqaHHH Maapo Op6UH y XVII-oM BeRY aspeaao, Aa [e 'Bypa~ BpaHROBuh nenocrojan H nesepaa, ra ce upra npaaeunaa IberOBOMe KapaRTepy II He oasajame ce OA rsera CBe AO caaa.

Ham npsu nCTopHR, MHorosac.IIymHH JOBaH PajHh lICTUHa ce TpYAU. Aa OHO, mTO ce qHHH Aa je HenOCTO[aacrso 'Byphese nO.llHTHKe, 06jacHu TelIlKHM noaoacajea Cp6nje uSMe~y Typoxe H YrapCRe. A.IIH TeR H OH H3- peROM xaase : «Eme aeajepcraa If ajepoaoxcraa OT Maypoyptiaaa AecnOTY ceMY npanacyexaro aacaercja , OTpenrra cja He MomeT: MHoramAII 60 II TYPROM H Y arapox AaHyjy spjepy aapymaa". (J. 'Pajah, Hcropnja Cep60B, III, 241).

Hajaosaja HCTOPUR cpncaor aapoaa , r. MajRoB aspeaao [e jom AMeRO OIDTpujH CYA. OH Be.m 0 'Byp~y:

,

I

x

« BYAyhn 6eCaaeCTaH, ueanpaa, npersopana H OK.,mjesaao, aoje cne ~oKa3yje BAaCTe.,mHa ouor spexeaa, HHje xorao ytIHHHTH anurra ; MHoro ce TpYAHO a..iH aa..iYAY; IIlTO [e rOA nOtIHlb3.0, HHje My IIIII..iO OA pYKe [ep [e KBapHO OK..iHjeaalbeM, a nar ..iOIIIhy y aespjeue HaMatIHO [e na ce6e raea H OCBeTY 06a oycjeaa Mauapa n Typaaa. To ce BHAH H Y npasarao] paaa.a a.eroeo]. THjel\l [e en. CBHM APYK'lHjH OA Creeaaa. JeAaH 6Hjame cYBHIIIe sjepaa uenpnjarea.y xpHIIIhnHCROl\l II tJI060AY 3e~l.lbe csoje AaAe caxo Aa HaABJlaAa caora ..intIHOr cynapauaa H aa nOCBeAOtIll ..iaHtHY H..ili oOJbe penn Ca)IOiKlfBY AymHOCT nOAaHHtIRY; ApyrH [eanaxo aapatne cnaaora Ii HeMarne nornope sa C..iOmHY paAlbY nporan onurrer nenpa[area-a" (Hcropaja cpnCROt;a aapoaa, 2-ro aaaan.e. 135 l.

Ilxa TOMe BlIIIIe epexeua, - [om AOR [e 1\I0je n03Haaan-e 'Bypl)eBor A06a 61MO apao nOBpIIlHO, - ocehao cax HeKaKO TaMHO Aa OBa xapaarepaornxa He HOClI na ce611 nesar lICTlmliTOCTlI. M acropnja Apymx uapo.aa Ii eaMIi cyspeneaa Aoral)ajn y aauio] oTaI,J611HlI AOBOAIMII cy Me qeC1"O na xacao. Aa ce OCRYAlfUa noarrrn-ueor ycnexa 'Bypheaor He Mome HI1KaKO Y3em aao necyuu.nn AOKa3 6eeaBeCHOCTii Ii npeBpT.-l,lIBOCTH na HI! uecnocoriHOCTIi lberOBe. Y mllBoTY napoaa liMa nepnoaa y Kojll~la jaBHH MOpa..i If no.urrasaa CBeCT TaKO HlICRO croje, Aa [e jeAHoM 6ecaBeCHOM Ce6HQlbaKY MHoro .sanme Aa AO 113BeCHHX, H aKO npUBpCMeHHX, ycnexa Aol)e Hero caBeCHOM KaKBOM ApmaBHHKY If narpaora, Huje peTKO 6HBa..i0 Aa If caxa acropaja, He ncmrryjyhn aeh casro "POCTO npaxsarajyha BeIIlTatIKH craopeaa H cserauox

t

XI

..

paao npauaaa MRIIJ.'belba, noaaare Ca1\10 Aa ce oapaeaaa sao"'YAa, aoja CeOntJlbaKe YSAHme KaO Be",HKe pOAoolbyoe, a na npaae ce POAO.!byoe KaMeHOM oa~a. 'Bypat) BpanKOBHh je uorao OHTH [eaan OA aajcaapureaajax xapaxrepa H [eaaa OA HajcnocooHujux 13.11aAa.lla~a, na oner Aa ce YC.IIeA cycrauaja caaaojaxax nenpuaaaa 0 lbeMY CTBOPU MHclbe, Aa je H pymaH Kapa~Tep H aecnocodaa .. wmaBHHK.

OCUM Tora tJUrlH.IIO I\fH ce Aa Y KapaKTepnCTH~1I 'Sypl)oooj, KaKBa HaM ce AO caaa AaBa.lla, lIMa ncaxo.II0111KUX HeC.IIeACTBeHOCTu, Aa OHa Huje npapoana a Aa no TOMe aa CBY npH.llHKY nnje nCTHHUTa. MajKoB ua np. OACYAHO ocyl)yje MOpa.llHH xapaarep 'Bypt)a aao npnaarsa tJOBeKa a Y HeKY p~Ky opaHU ra xao ee B.IIaAaoua II ApmaBHa tJOBeKa II. Moj UHCTUHKaT' It Moje nOSUTUBHO aaarse 0YHe ce Aa sepyjy Aa jeAaH HCTlIHCKII phas tJOBeK, jeAaH tJOBeK oe3 tJHCTUX. YSBHlIIeHHX H H HAeaAHHX noapera cpua, Mome OUTH Y HCTHHI-I BeJUIKlI BAaAa.llUU 11 Be.llHKH ApmaaHn 1.IOBeK.

Cysra.ao cau y HCTOHIITOC1' OHe R&.paKTepI1CTHKe 11 C Tora, lllTO cax ona3110 Aa ce OHa OCHHBa na 00- AaUH)Ja, - 11 He TO.mKO aa craapnnst noaauaxa 0 HPCYMlhl1BIIM cl>aKTJlMa, aeh na .III1tJHOMe M1lll1.he1LY - CneUHcI>HtJHO RaTO..tHtJKJlX H MaJ,lapCRUX nucana, KOjH cy [aao Y HCKYllJelbY OHAlI Aa 0 'Bypt)y Bpaaaosahy C Henpajare.ecaoa TeHAeH~ujoM naury.

}Ke.mo eMf Aa ce CaMOCTa.IIHJI)f opoytJaBalbe)f 113- aopa yBepnM UlTa je UCTU Ha IIITO ce 'Byphesa KapUKTepa Tl-ltJe.

XII

Borar HCTOPHjClUI MaTepHjaJI. apxase BaTHKaHClte, MJIeTatIKe, Ay6pOBatIKe, 6etIKe, aao H ApyrHx apxuaa IhaJIHje JI YrapCKe, y KOJIHRO [e ,11,0 caaa npeaaa [aeHOCTH TPYAOM [eaaora PajHaJIAa. Tajaepa, ~ejepa MURJIOWMna, CHMe .b~6Hha, J. TI. Illaeapaxa, MeAa Ilyuaha, B. Maayuresa HAp. AaBao Mli [e IWPHCTM, aoje He caxo Haw y peBHOCTn HeHaAMaWHH Pajnh Hnje MMao, Hero aoje HH y HOBHje apeae HH caa r. MajRoB HMao aaje.

OpHrHHaJIHe aopecnoaaeauaje H anaaa-me JIlfCTHHe HS 'Dypi-,eBa A06a, xao H xaaaaarsa CYBpeMeHHRa H nOSHaHMKa 'Byphesax , AaJIa cy MM He He3HaTaH 6poj rrojeanuocra, aoje cy 6al\aJIe HOBe CBeTJIOCTH He caao na xapaarep lberOB, Hero H aa aapaarep 11 paAIbY cpncaor aapoaa onora A06a, 11 y ormrre aa cyapeaeno APYWTBO eaponcxo.

Ilotnas Aa TpaamM nCTHHY 0 KapaRTepy [easor tIOBel\a [a cax naaurao na jeAHy TatIKY, ca xoje ce HMje caxo Taj sapaarep BMAeo, seh ca aoje ce BHAeJIa H xepojcaa 60p6a [eanor nJIeMeHHTor aapoaa y npUJIUKaMa BeJIlfl\e TparMtIHOCTU.

MOjMrof HCTpaatHBalbIlMa aourao caa ,11,0 caspureaor y6el)elba, Aa ncropaja ,11,0 AaHac He caao .aa [e tIHHHJIa HenpaBAY 'Bypl)y Bpanxoanhy, Hero Aa HI1 cpnCROM uapoay npaBAy tIHHI1JIa aaje. Aowao caM ,11,0 ysepeaa, Aa je xapaarep 'Byphea y BeJIMRI1M If fJIaBHHM 11 cywTaCTBeHHM upraxa CBOjuM: tIUCT, naeaenar H nourrosarea . AocTojaH, 11 Aa je TaRO I1CTO 11 aapaxrep oaaamaer aapoaa cpncaor nJIeMeHHT 11 1I0WTOBalba AocTojaH. Hsax- . OBa je cYA611Ha TaRO tIapCTO cnojeaa, Aa HHje HH MaJIO

..

XIII

qYAO, IIITO OBa Moja acropaja 'Bypl)a Bpaaaosaha HHje Apyro, aeh acropaja CpoHje aerosora Aooa.

Ja cax ce TpYAlIO .aa npOHHKHeM Y IIITO aeha opoj nojeaauocra oaora Aooa, Aa HX npHKynHM Y IbHXOBY npnpoAHy ueaaay, Aa nx CAOiKHM Y IbHXOBY npBawlbY xapaoaajy HAH II AHcxapMoHnjy, Aa oojacHIIM npasa IbHXOB CMIIcao II Aa AaAeM, KO.HfKO TO aa caaa MOiKe oHTn, iKHDY H nCTHHltTY CAIIKY oaaama,e paaa.e cpncaora ABopa H cpncaora napoaa. He he Me HlI MaAO 3aqYAHTH aKO ce Ay0.bOM KPHTHKOM 11 HOBIIM srarepnjaaox, KOjH ce jOIII 0YAe 113Heo, Hat)e Aa no raeaoje nojeaaaocra aaa.a acnpaaara. BOJUHl Aa ce aaaax, Aa hy II cax AOiKI1BeTll. Aa OBO Moje AeAO y apyro» H3AaILY, aKO Bor .la, Y nOjeAIIHocTIIMa AonYHHM. MoryhHnM HaqUHOM 11 ncnpaaa». A./HI cax yoel)eH Aa ce raaaae n aeanae AIIHHje OBe acropajcae srpaae y CBOjOj OCHOBU If Y CBOMe KapaKTepy TaKO nOAYAapajy C !lCTHHOM, aa ce OAaKO nopexerara He he.

MMaMAa AOAaM, aa caa [a AO peay.rrara, KaKBH cy y OBOMe AeAY aaaoaseaa, Aowao MOjH~1 caMOCTaAHHM acnnraaaa.ea asaopa, npe . Hero lUTO oax ce noaaao C AeAOM Ap. <1>p. Pasxora ccOAHowaju cpncaax AeCIlOTa If AoceAHua uacnpax KpyHII U Kpa.beBHHH xpsarcao] II

yrapcao] r. 1426-1503 (Knjizevnik, II, 476-480), H oa cTYAHjml El\H1J1a qaKpe cc'Bypal) Cxeaepeaan H aeeua My Jepaaa" (AaHHua sa 1867). OopaAOBao cax ce KaA cax BIIAeo Aa [e TaRaB HayqefbaK, KaKaB [e BHCORO nOlllTOBaHH npeaceanaa [yrocaoaencae aaaaeMHje aayaa, na TOAHKO rOAHHa npe MeHe oaaouia] cpn-

XIV

CRHX AeCnOTa npexa Yrapcao] 1J3HeO y OHOj CBeT.IlOCTH, y ROjOj je H cax aahox, qaRplIHa RapaRTepHCTHRa 'bypt)a H Jepnae TaRO je nyaa Ayxa H TaRO nyna HCTHHHTe CBeT.JOCTH, Aa [a y nurepeoy cpncxe RlblUReBHOCTII caxo ma.llllTH lo1Ory, IlITO 'H>eZ060 nepo HHje HallHCa.110 ueay HCTOPHjy 'Bypt)eBy, aeh je OCTaBH.IlO nepy MOMe.

Y OCTa.llOM Mome 6HTH Aa Ue.llHHY pe3Y.llTaTa MOjHX liCTpamHBalba He 6HX aa [aaaocr H3HOCHO, Aa Me na TO HHje oxparipao npajex, ROju aahoure MOjH npBII QJlaHUH, IlITO HX MOj rrpajare.s B.IlaAaH 'Bopt)eBRh y CBOjOj «OTaI,16HHH)) rOA. 1875 aaurraana. Ha CBaRR HaqHH Ae.110 OBO y OBOM 06.IJHRY He 6H yr.IJeAa.110 CBeTa, Aa ra ce 3aAym6HHa qynHheBa npUXBaTn.IJa aaje. 3a TO, aRO RO OA xaraaaua y IbeMy Hat)e aaaaor HOBor otianemrea.a, HOBe nOYRe, MomAa H assopa sa narparCRH nOHOC, neaa ca aaxsaaaomhy nosre He qynnheBy 3aAym6HHY·

1 Maja 1880 rOA.

Y Beorpaay,

..

Jl'EAOMH.Ih jAHdATOBTIf.'Pt.

M3BOPH sa HCTOPHjy Dypt,a 6paHKoBHta

I.

3BaHnqHe JIIICTIIHe, AUn.llO~le xpnooey.se, nUCMa II

i 3aIlOCn 03 'Bypt)eBOI' spexeaa :

1. Acta Archivi Veneti, spectantia ad historiam Serborum et reliquorum Slavorum meridionalium, collegit et transcripsit Dr. Joannes Schafarik, Belgradi, 1860 I 0 II KIbHI'a. M3Aalbe CpnCKOI' yqeHOr ApymTBa.

2. Annales Ecclesiastici , ab anno MCXCVIII ubi desinit cardinalis Baronius, auctore Odorico Raynaldo, Lucae, 1753 fol, 32 vols.

3. Codex diplomaticus Hungariae, ecclisiasticus et civilis, studio et opere Georgii Fejer, Budae 1829, I-X vol.

4. H3c.lltAoBaHiJl 000, OCTOpOqeCKIIX'L naMJlTHHKaX'L o 6L1TOnHCaTeJlaX'L Ay6poBHoKa, B. Maaymeaa , C IIerepctiypn, 1867

5. Listine 0 odnosajih izmedju [uznoga Slavenstva i mletacke republike skupio Sime Ljubic na sviet izdaje jugoslovenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti u Zagrebu. Ao caaa 5 Klbora.

6. Monumenta Serbica spectantia historiam Serbiae, Bosnao, Ragusii, edldit Fr. Miklosich, Viennae, 1858.

7. Monumenta Historica Slavorum meridionalium etc. e tabulariis et Blbliothecls Jtalicis deprompta, co-

XVI

Ilecta atque illustrata a Vine. Makuscev, vol. I, AnconaBononia-Florentia; Varsaviae 1874.

8. CnOMeHUIJ.U cpncxa TO [ecr I1UC~ta nacaaa OA peny6.AUKe Ay6pOBaQKe Rpa.tbeBUMa, AecnoTuMa, BOjBOAaMa 0 RHe30BUMa opncaaje», 60caHcRujeM II npaxopcRujeM, npenacao o Ay6pOBaQRe apxnse RHe3 Meao Ilyuah, I R.A. OA 1396-1423, Y Beorpaay 1858, II RH>. OA r. 1466, y Beorpaay 1862.

9. Vet era monumenta Slavorum meridionalium historiam illustrantia, maximam pari em nonbum edita ex tabulariis vaticanis deprompta ex collecta ab Ang. Theiner I vol. Romae 1863, II vol. Zagrabiae 1875.

Ocax rora .AUCTUHe U aanacn 113 'Bypheeor apeMeHa nrraanane no r .AaCHunH:'la cpncaor YQeHOr ApYWTBa , y Beorpaay, « CTapUHaMa)) II II PaAY)) jyrOC.AOBeHCRe axaAeMuje HaYRe y 3arpe6y.

I I. CYBpeMeHJII~H 'E>ypl)eBH.

1. Aeneas Sylvius : - Aeneae Sylvl! Piccolominei, postea PH II Papae , opera geographica et Histortca, Helmstadii, 1699. Eae] CU.ABnje [poh. 1405t1464) npe Hero WTO he rOA. 1458 nOCTaTIf nanon 6110 je TajHu ceaperap uapa HeMaQKOra <l>puApuxa III, Rojn je I1MaO npacsnx oaaouiaja C ApmaBmUUt~ta yrapcRIIM He MaH,e C rpoeoaaaa Ue.A,CRUM n AecnoToM -Syp!)el\l. CBa [e npn.AURa Aa [e CU.ABuje .AUqHO noaaanao AecnoTa 'Bypba II J{aTapUHY xhep u,eroBy. 3a nCTopujy naury HapOqUTO lIMa 3aHII~I"bUBIIX noaaraxa y OBtUI Ae.AIIMa CU.ABlljeBU:'I:

Historia de. Europa, - Historia Bohemica, - U Historia Rerum Friderici III, lmperatorls.

2. Brocquiere . .._ Voyage d'outre mer et retour de Jerusalem en France par Ie voie de terre pendant

(;

:? \t

'. )

:' \...

.

Ie cours des annees 1432 et 1433 par Bertrandon de

la Brocquiere, conseiller et premier ecuyer tranchant de Philippe-le-Bon, due de Bourgogne.

Bpoxajep je 600 [eaaora AaHa aa aYAujeH~Hju Y .AecnOTa Dyp~a y lberOBOM nO..bCKOM A80p~y lIeKYAuMY u nyTyjyhu xpoa Cp6ujy A0.ilHHOM MopaBCKOM onacao HaM [e urra je BUAeo. Iberoa je cnac JlerpaHA'Ocu (1e citoyen Legrand D' Aussy) npeaeo aa MOAepHu "'paHnYCRH jeauK'u mraanao ra y « Memoires de l' Jnstitut national des sciences et arts, Tome V, Paris, Fructidore, an XII. r .Hsau Ilaaaosah npenpaaaax npoeecopcaa y Ilapasy UMao je A06pOTY Aa sa xeae . acname U3 epaanycaor' TeKCTa cne OHO lIlTO Bpoaajep 0 Cp6uju it 0 AecnoTY 'Byp~y roaopa.

3. Beheim. - Zehn Gedichte Michael Beheims zur Geschichte Ocsterreichs und Ungerns mit Erlauterungen von. Th. G. von. Karajan, Hlraxnaao y Quellen und Forschungen zur vaterlandlschen Geschichte Literatur und Kunst, Wien j 849. BexajM je, KaKO caM. sa ce6e xaase, 6uo c.ilyra napa 4>puAPHxa IV n xepnera A.iI- 6epTa. Hlro npasa 0 noxoay aa BaARaH r. 14 4 3 H 0 OOTlJ,H na BapHH 1444 TO je caymao OA [eaaor ceor npajare.sa Xaaca Merecra ROjU je y BOjHU ytJecTBOBao o Aora~ajuMa y Beorpaay r. 1456 npana xao OtJeBHAan (von dem Turken keuser Machamet wie er constant inopel gewan und die Sirueu verwust und wie grossen schaden er. vor grtechtschen weissenpurg nam und von dem ~ug den die Christen teten etc. wann ich Michel Peham auch in derselben reis gewesen pin. 51-57).

4. Callimachus. - Philippi Callimachi de Rebus a.

Vladislao Polonorum atque Hungarorum Rage gestis libri tres. Y nOMeHyTo~'1 Illacnraepoaox B3AalbY CTp.

XVII"

,

I· .

B

-,

.. -

(

.xVIII

433-518. Ra.mMax je CJlYHUfO aao oesperap Y apa.sa BJlaAHCJlaBa Jareaoana, ROjH r. 1444 norn6e ROA Bapne.

5. Chalcochondylas. - Laonici Chaloohondylae Turcica Historia JlaoHHR (HHRoJla) XaJlROXOHAHJI OHO [e Y cJI:'moll y A,HMHTpHja AecnOTa OA Mopeje, [eaaora OA 6pahe AeCnOTa TOMe, TaCTa HajMJla~)er CHHa 'Byp~eBOT' Jla3apa. XaJIROXOHAIIJI [e OHO y npHJllIRaMa aa AnCTa AOOPO noaaaje cYBpeMeHY nOJlHTHRY H oanouraje TYPCRe sa OaJlRaHCRO~1 nOJlYOCTPBY. Onacao [e paasnjaa.e TypCRe napesane CBe AO rOA. t 464. AeJlo lberOBO noSHaTO !tIH [e raaohe Y BOHCRoMH3AalbY OA rOA. 1834.

6. Critobulus. - De rebus gestis Mechemetis II, inde ab anna 1451 usque ad annum 1467. Hparonya je I'px y TYPCROj cJlymoll. Onncao [e C BeJlHRHM n03HaBalbeM Aorat)aje OA r, 1451 AO 1467 nOA BJlaAOM cYJI-

Tal-Ia Mexxeaa. Iberoso je AeJlo npnn np urrajmao f

Hap.so Mnaep Y Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum,

YoI, V, Parisiis, 1870.

7. Dlugosz. - Historia Poioniae. A,.IIyrom je no ApmaBHIDI MHcHjaMa apa.eeaane TIO.bCRe AO.lla3HO y YrapcRY, AOOpo je nOSHaT OHO ca cyBpe~leHlIM Aora~a[nsra Y Roje je II TIO.lbCRa npexo csora apaa.a B.IIaAIIC.IIaBa (1440-1444) YBYl.JeHa OHJla. Poh, 1415, PIPO 1480 xao apxnjenacaon OA JleMoepra. Y Il>eroBoj IICTopnjn liMa BamHHx noaaraaa sa acropnjy yrapcKy II cpncKy. Ha maJlOCT [a sa lbHX SHaM CMIO no HaBOAIIMa Y ApyrnM Ae.llIlMa, jep join He Morox AOOHTIf A.IIyromeBo Ae.IIO y opnraaaay.

8. Ducas. - Ducae, Michaeli Ducae nepotis, Historia Byzantina. JOBaH AYKa, narpauaje BHsaHTHjcKII, nOTOMaK uapcae II.UHacTHje A,YRa, ourrap no cxarpaaan C AYOOKIfM ApmaBHdl.JKIIM nOrJleAOM, cyapeaeaaa 'Byp~eB. Hanncao [e ncropajy BlIaaHTHjcKY OA r. 1341 AO

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1455, ,l\ew'lo je aeroso urraxnauo Y BOHCKO~l 1I3AalhY aaaaurnjcxax nncaua rOA. 1834. Y3 a.era [e rrpnaoaar II HTa .. '1lIjaHcKII npesoa OA HOO03HaTOl' Hraaajaana ,. Y K?)le' HapOl.JIITO Y naprujaua aoje ce TOtty Cptia lIMa oacrynarsa OA opnrlma13 II 3HaTH'~. AOAaTaKa, TaKO Aa je ~lOryhHo Aa je npesoa, Tar 0.21. neaaaeora ,1\3..11-' MaTllHu.a.

.

9. Jwanich. - Johannis de Zredna, cancellarlae.:

regis Hungar-iae olim prnto-notarii Epistolae in diver-sis negotiis statum publicum Regni lIungariae concernentibus etc. per Paulum de Jwanich, non BnaHMh mnBeo [e y cpeanua XV neaa H npnaynao HeRo",nRO OA BamHnjllx nacaxa no ApmaBHoj nO"'IITIIU.U yrapcao] csora apexeua. Ilfraunano y Schwandtan, II, 1-106. «IIHmla cy 113 nepnoAe 1445 AO 1451,

10. ROHcTaHTHH <1>H"'030<l> [eaaa OA OHHX Yl.JeHIIX w'hYAIi xoje [e AecnOT Creean BncoKII OKO eerie npnxyn.sao. rOA. 1431-33 aanaca .. iHuTuje u alCuaH. UPUCHO lTO.MUUMBazo, C.,fOeywTaazo, 6.raWtt8CTue8820 zoelTOOU'H8 oectiore Cre¢8HR, CU:UCB'HO Hoee.t>eHuje.\t U lTOHy.-ocOeH.uje.\f., ceeTjejwaaio lTaTpujapxa aeM.be cp6cKuje nu p HU1WUO.\t U UO.,f8THUUX Ha'te .. mux U T. 0. lIajoO.he H3AalLe OA B. Jaruha y r .I1acHJlKY Klh. XLI J,

. 223-327.

\ t- , 11. Marin' Sanuto. - Vite dei Dogi di Venezia etc

\... : arin Sanuto y Muratorii, Rer. Jtalicarum Scriptor 899-960 vol XXII. Mediolani 1733.

t 2. MllxaH.I1o H3 OCTpBHue HHal.Je MHxalJ.1O nOHCTaHTHHOBHn. He SHa ce ynp~Bo lI3 xoje je OCTpBlIU.e \POAOM (Aa "'H PYAHHl.JKe IUH I'opn.o-aopaacae). RaA \'fYPUH r. 1454 ocsojanre HOBO BPAO aapofiuuie ra H y Jananape. no ocsojea.y Boese Typunxa

. -\. """?"

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xx

Ao6R aanoaeauamrao BaA MaAOM jeAHoM TYPCROM nocaAOM Y 60caHCROM rpaay 3BetIajy. YrapCKa sojoaa nOA Rpa.lbeM MaTejoM OCBOjR 3Beqaj 1464 r. Te U Maxaaaa aapoea, lis Y rapcxe je MuxaRAo oramao Y lJewRY, Mopascay u nocae R Y TIO.lbCKY rae [e U yMpO aanacas (OA npaaaxe OKO r, 1490) osoje MeMoape. A,eAo je n03- HaTO nOA UMeHOM « TYPcKa acropaja HAU apoaaaa, sepao H UCTRHUTO cnacaaa OA aesor Cp6RHa UAU BOWIbaKa, aaaaor MHxauAo KOHCTaHTlIHOB us Ocrpaaue , aor cy TypUH Her Aa 3ap06HAH U Met) [aaasape AaAH. » MeHu [e TO AeJlo n03HaTO H3 npesoaa A,p. J. Il. Ilfaeapaaa,

urraanaaor Y rAacHHKY XVIII, CTp. 45-188. ~

13. Phrantzes. - Annales Georgii Phrantzae Pro-

tovestiarii. 'Bophe 4>paHua, ApmaBHHR U ABopaHuH ua- /'" .

\

peBa rptIKUX, CYBpeMeHUR, Ha coy npUAUKY H AUtIHR n03HaHHK 'Bypt)eB (pot). 1401 t nOCAe 1462) Hanacao [e r. 1462 csoje MeMoape n03HaTe nOA ropaaa HaCAOBOM. CAymuo caM ce BOHCKHM U3AalbeM Corpus scriptorum

Historiae Byzantinae, Bonnae, 1838.

14. Elguropulus. - Vera historia unionis non verae inter Graecos et Latinos, sive concilii Florentini exactissima narratio, graece scripta per Sylvestrum Sguropulum etc. Hagae 1660 - 3ryponYA je 6uo jeAaH OA A~;xoBHuKa TajHHx caBeTHHKa naparpaacaor narpajapxa Ha ~AOpeHTHjCKOM ca60py r, 1437.

15. Sibenburger. - Cronica Abconterfayungolqld entwerffung der Ttirckey mit irem begriff, inhalt,Pi'ovintien, Volckern, ankunft, Kriegen, Siegen ets. von

. einem Sibenburger, 22 jar darinnen gefangen gelegen, in Letein bescriben, durch Sebastian Franck verteutscht

1531. Ooaj CH6RIbaHUH, UHalle n03HaT nOA HMeHOM MRA- .;-

6axepa no MecTY MUA6axy OAaRAe [e, 6uo je npHAHKOI'l ~ npBor ynaAa TypcKor y CU6Ulb rOA. 1436 sap06.1beH,'

I

r-

, ,

XXI

,no DOBpaTKY CBOMe HS pODCTBa TypCKor Y KOMe DpOaeae AO 1458 r. aanaca mTO je saao 0 cyapexeaoa cTalbY Y TYPCKoj.

j 6. Thurocz. - M. Johannis de Thurocz Chronioa Hungarorum. iRHBehH Y cpeaaaa XV-or aeaa yrapcKH -CBemTeHIIK Typon aanacao je RpOHHKy Aoral)aja y YrapcKoj AOBeBmu je AO rOA. 1454. IIlTaMDaHa [e y Schwandtnerii, Scriptores rerum hungaricarum veteres ac genuini, I vol. Vindobonae 1746.

17, Windeck. - Eberhardi Windeckii Historia vitae Jmperatoris Sigismundi, DpBH DyT mTaMD8HO y Scriptores rerum Germanicarum, edidi etc. Burchardus Menchenius, Lipsiae 1728, fol. BHHAeK [e 6HO oeaperap iKurMYHA8 Kp8."b8 yrapcaor H semsor H napa HeMatJKor H HMa aaHHMJbUBUX aYTeHTHtJHHX DOAaTaKa 0 oasomajHMa lberOBHM npexa Cp6HjU y DpBOj TpehHHH DeTHaecrora aexa.

-

III. nHCIl;H It,OjH cy 1I(HBeoliH H DHcaoliH y aapawTajy OAlIIax noc.ae ']i',yp~a, HoliK HajBHwe jaAaM Belt, noc.ae H>era.

1. Bonfinius. - Antonii Bonfinli Historia Pannonica, sive Hungarlcarum rerum decades IV Colonlae 1690. Rao npoeeoop xYMaHHTapHHx HaYKa y BYAHMY sa spexe KpaJba MaTeje aanacao je HCTOPHjy YrapcKe -CAyatehu ce sa nocaeaae rOAHHe Ka3HBalbeM crapana ROjH cy y Aoral)ajuMa YtJecTBoBaAH.

2. Barletius. - Marini Barletii Scodrensis de Vita et rebus gestis Scanderbegi praeclarissimi Epirotarum Principis. Argentorati apud Cratonen Mylium, 1537. ~aTHHCKH CBemTeHUK y CKaAPY, MapHH Bapaeraje, atH-

XXII

neo [e Y APyroj nO.lOBHHH XV-or aeaa II onncao mHBoT u'"'AeAa ':Byp~a RaCTpHoTHha Cxenaepfera no Ka3HHalbY .bYAn KojIIMa je paan-a Cneaaepderona aYTeHTIIQHO n03- nara 61Ma.

3. Fatti illustri del Signor Giorgio Scanderbegh, d'incerto autore. Y CaHcoBHHOBOM S60pHHKy CTp. 272- 30 1. H~ 3Ha ce KO [e nacao, aAU OQeBHAHO HeRO KO [e A06po 6HO 1I0SHaT oa OOBepHOM Ap6aHHjoM II C ,11.0- rahajasta y sanaaaou Kpajy6aAKaHcKor 1I0JlYOCTpBa Y XV-OM BeKY·

4. Lavardin. - Histoire de Georges Castriot, surnom me Scanderbeg, Roy d' Albanie, recueillie, dresse et poursuivie jusques a la mort de Mahomet II, par Jacques de Lavardin Seigneur du Plessis-Bourro Pa-

ris, 1597 .~

5. Musachi. - Historia e Genealogia della case Musachia scritta da Don Giovanni Musachio Despoto dell' Epiro (nelI anna 1510). ,AeclloT J083H Mycah, 6aBehH co xao esmrpauar y IlTaAujll, HaIIl.fCaO je .sa csoje CHHOBe MCMoape csoje, Koje je can ueros ROHcTaHTuH 1I0CJle HaCTaB"O " Y HeKOJlUKO AOllYHHO OKO cpeaaae xvt-esesa. Mycalm cy 6HJUI y CpoAcTBeHIIM H aKO Aa.'bHM

. caeaaua c KyhOM AecIIOTa ':Byp~a Bpaaaosaba. Mexoape je lbHXOBe WTal\fIIaO XOIl4> y CBOjHM Chroniques GrecoRomanes, Berlin 1873, CTp. 270--340.

6. Rabbi Joseph Ben Joshua. The Cronicles of Rabbi Joseph Ben Joshua ben Meir the Sphardi. transl. from the Hebrew by C. H. F. Bialloblotzky. London 1836, I-II. Pa6H JOCU4> 6eH Jocnja nacao je csoje KpoHHKe H3Mel)y 1520 If 1553 110 CYBpeMeHHM My H3BopHMa.

7. Spandugino Cantacusino. - Della Origine de' prencipi Turchi, discorso di Teodoro Spandugino Constant.inopolitano. CllaHAYI,lHH RaHTaKY3uH, 1I0TOMaK 11<>;

XXIII

meHcKoj JlHHHjH uaparpaacae Kyhe RaHTaKYSHHa c KOJOM je y npHCHoM CPOj(CTBY OHJla aeonoraua Jepnaa, mHBeo [e H nacao y IhaJlHjH y npao] nOJlOBHHH XVI-or sesa. Ae.w aeroso c KOjHM can co ja C..iYiRHO urrannauo je y Be..iUKOM SOOPHHKY CaHCOBliHOBOM: Historia universale dell' origine et imperio de' Turchi, raccolta da ~1. Francesco Sansovino cavaliero Angelico di Constantino. in Venetia, 1573, cTP. 182-207.

IV. TYPCItH HasopH

1. Kantemir. - The history of the growth and decay of the Ottoman Empire by Joan Dimitrie Konstantin Kantemir, London 1734 fo1. MO..iAaBCKH aaea KaHTeMHp Aooap aaaaau TypcKor [eaaaa H TypcKe RfbHiReBHOCTH, aanacao je OBO csoje AeJlo no TYPCRHM IISaopaaa npea cspmeraa XVII-or seaa.

2 Lewenclaw. - Historiae Musulmanae Turcorum de monumentis ipsorum excriptae libri X,VIII; opus J. Lewenclawii, Francforti 1591. fol. -

3. Sead-eddin. - Chronica dell Origins e progressi della casa ottomana, composta da Saidino Turco. eccellentissimo historico in lingua turca,... tradotta da Vincenzo Brattutti Raguseo etc. Vienna 1649. CeaA-eAHH (MoxaMeA-HOH-XaCaHI,IaH, ROI,Ia-e<l>eHAHja) OHO [e Hac. T~BHHR cyarana Ceaaxa, nncao je CBOjy HCTOPHjy Y Apyroj nO..iOBHHH XVIII-or aeaa, ynorpetinaura paanje TypcRe RpOHI1Qape

V. CpnCI\.H ItpaTJtH .AeTOnHCH H POAOC.AOBH

1. BpaHRoBHh. - Chronica Serbica Despotae Georgii Brancovic e codice serbico-latine reddita operante L B. Francisco Xav. Pejacevic, AaT"H~RlI npeaoa H3-

.,.

XXIV

I.'"

BOAa HS BpaHKOBHheBOI' .I1eTOnHCa. Ilfraxnaa y Arkivi sa povjestnicu jugoslavensku. KIb. III. Zagreb 1854.

2. Jagic. - Fin Beitrag zur serbischen Analistik mit literaturgechichtlichcr Einleitung von V. Jagic (sa ce6e WT3.MnaHO HS II CB. Achiv fur Slavische Philologie 1'. 1878. lIMa TpH AO TaAa HenOSHaTa .I1eTOnHCa urraxnaaa.

3. HOBaKoBHh. - ITpHMepH CTapOI' CpnCKOI' jesHKa D KIbHmeBHocTH, Beorpaa, 1876.

4. Safarik. - Kratke letoplsy srbske, y Okazky obcanskeho pisemnict I v Praze, t 870, CTp. 65-89. IIIa«>apHK [e Ty C.I10mHO y [eaao ocax pasaax KpaTKHx .I1eTOnHCa opncaax OA KojHX [e HajcTapHjH nacaa rOA. 1501 a HajM.I1al)H I'OA. 1700.

5. BpAHDqKO POAoC.l1oBHje. - POAoc.I1oBHje cepOOKH napea , WTaMnaHO y r .I1acHHKY KIb. XXI, 226-276. HasHB.beMO ra BPAHHqKHM jep ra je y BpAHHKY r. 17"46 HS aeaor crapajer pyaonaca npenacao ITpoHrYMaH rora MOHacTHpa Oresaa.

6. ITehcKH OIIWTD .I1HCT. - POAoc.I1oBDje Hme aa CBeTHX napea cpnCKHX, caonnrrao HS «onWTer .I1HCTa. naTpnjapwnje nehcxe." MH.I1om C. MH.I1ojeBHh. r .I1aCHHK. XXXV, 1-104.

7. Ilpoaor B.I1aADUH MaKcHMY. - Ilpoaor Hme aa CBeTHX oua uatnero B.I18AHKe MaKcDMa, 6HBwaro AecDOTa cpncaor OA Jepoxoaaxa I'aspaaa Creeaaosaha, DHcaH HSMel)y 1725-1745., Caonnrrao npoe. raBpH.I10 BHTKOBHh. r.l1aCHHK XXXIV, 150-177.

8. 'I'poaourau, - Hcropaja 0 cepficaax napjex U xpa.sex jyme npenacax as [epoaoaax JOCH«> Tpoaoman. OT PO>K.4. Xp. 1791 M~ eepsapa y MOHacTHpy TPOHOWUf.l1aCHHK, V, cTP. 20-112.

(

xxv

\'1. Apyra 8HaTHHja Aetlla ItOjHII8 call ce Colly1ftHO:

1. Mauro Orbini. - Jl Regno degli Slavi hoggt corrottamente detti Schiavoni, historia di Don Mauro Orbini Rauseo, abbate Melitcnse. Pesaro, 1601.

2. Luccari. - Copioso ristreto degli annali di Rausa libri quatro. Di Giacomo di Pietro Luccari, gentilhuomo Rauseo. Venetia, 1605.

3. Farlati. - JIIyricum sacrum, auctore Daniele Farlato, Venetlis, 1751 fol. I-VIII.

4. Du Cange. - Historia Byzantina etz, auctore Carole Du Fresne domino Du Cange, Lutetiae Parisorum, 1680. fol.

5. Du Cange. - Jllyricum vetus et novum sie Historia Regnorum Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Slavoniae, Bosniae Serviae atque Bulgarlae, Posonii. 1746. ITpoo H3Aaibe y DapH3Y 1648 y 4>o.mjy. JeAaH Aeo: Familiae Dalmamati oae slavonicae etc. R3Bal)eH je 83 Ae.l1a lberoBor nOA 4.

6. Gibbon. - llistory of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon. London, 1777.

7. Hopf. - Geschichte Griechenlands von Beginn des Mittelalters bis auf unsere Zeit, von II. Hopf. Y Ersch u Gruber, AUg. Encykl. der Wissenschaften B. 85" 86 Leipzig, 1867.

8. Katona. - Historia pragmatioa Hungariae, a Stephano Katona. Budae, 1782. 2 Rib.

9. Pray. - Historia Regum Hungariae, a Georgio Pray. 3 vols. Budae 1801.

10. Gebhardi. - Ludewig Albrecht Gebhardi Geschichte des Reichs Hungarn. I-III. Pesth, 1802.

1 1. Engel. - Gschicbte des ungarischen Reichs, von J. C. von Engel, III-I, Wien, 1834.

\.

XXVI

r

12. Fessler. - Geschichte von Ungarn, von J. A.

Fessler, bearbeitet von Ernst Klein, Leipzig 1867.

13. Horvath. - Geschichte der Ungnrn, von Michael Horvath, Pesth. 1851.

14 Szalay. - - Geschichte Ungarns; von Ladisl. von Szalay, 6 vols. Post, 1850 -1860.

15. Appendini. - Notizie istorisho-crltlche sulle antichita storia e letteratura de' Ragusei, I " 11. Ragusa, 1802.

16. Matkovic, - Prilozi k trgovacko-politickoj historiji republike dubrovacke. Rad [ugosl. Akad Rib. VII. 17. Romanin. - Storia documentata di Venezia, di S. Romanin. Venezia 1453-1863, 10. vols.

18. Du Verdier. - Abrego de l'histoire des Turcs par Sieur Du Verdier, historiographe de France. 2 Vols Paris, 1665.

19. Knowles. - The General history of the Turks by Richard Knowles fellow of. L. ColI. Oxon. London, 1638.

20. Mouradgea D' Ohsson, -- Tableau General de l'Empire Ottoman par Mouradgea d' Ohsson. 3 vols, Paris, 1787. -

21. Hammer. - Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches, durch Joseph v. Hammer, Pest, 1827, 10 Rib

22. Zinkeisen. - Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches in Europa, von Jobann Wilhelm, Zinkeisen. Hamburg, 1840.

23. Schimek. - Maximilian Schimeks Politische Geschichte des Konigreichs Bosnien und Rama vom Jahre 867 bis 1 741. Wi en 1 787.

24. Pejacsevich. - Historia Serviae, seu colloquia XIII. de statu Regni et religionis Serviae ab exordio

l:

J

XXVII

ad finem, sive a saec. VII ad XV. Auctore Fran. Xav. E. D. de Pejacsevich, Colocae, 1799.

25. Pajah, - Hcropaja pa31J. caan. uapoaos, Haltnane me Boarap, Xopaaroa Ii Cep60B, 1t3 TMH 3a6BeHHja H3jaTaja H BO cajer HCTOpH'IeCRH npoaaseaenaja JoaHOM PaH'IeM apXHMaHApHTOM BO CB. apx. MOH. ROBHJbe. B BYAHIIOM rpaaje 1823. 4. Rlh.

26. Engel. - Gesohlchte von Serwien und Bosnien verfasset von J. Ch. von Engel. lIalle, 1801.

27. MajKoB. - Hcropaja cpnoaora napoaa, nanacao A. MajKoB, c pycaora npeueo 'D. AaHH'IHh. 2-ro H3A. Baorpaa. 1876.

28. rpHrOpOBHlJ. - 0 Cep6iH D'L ea OTHOrneHH.8X'I> R'I> COci>AHHM'L AepmaBaM'I> npeaayuteorseao B'I> XIV H XV CTo.llbHJlX'I>. PelJ'L B. rpHrOpOBIt'IeMI>. J{a3aHb 1859.

29. rHJl.,<I>epAHHr. - BOCHHJI, I'epueroaaua H CTapas Cep6HJI, C60PHHK'I> COCTaB.IleHbIH A. rH.Ill><I>epAHHroMb C. Ilereptiypr, 1850.

30. ABpaMoBHh. - Onacaunje ApeBHocTH Cp6CRH y caero] (aroncuoj) I'opa, OA A. Aapaxoaaha atHBOnHCna. BeorpaA, 1847. --

31. qaRpa. - 'Dypl)e Caeaepesan H meHa My Jepaua, OA EMH.Ila tIaRpe, y «AaHHUH» sa 1867 r.

32. MH.IlHheBHh. - RHemeBHHa 'Cp6nja, nanacao M. 'D. Mn.llHfieBHh, Beorpaa, 1876.

33. Rackl. - Odnosaj srpshih despot a i doselica naprama kruni i kraljevini hrvatsckoj i ugarskoj g. 1426--1503, priob6io Dr. Franjo Racki. Hlraanaao y «Knjizevniku, casopls za [ezik i poviest hrvatsku i srbsku, Zagreb 1865 god. II. CTp. 476-488.

34. Ljubi6. - Opis jugoslovenskih novaoa od prof.

Sime Ljubica, Zagreb, 1875.

\.

XXVIII

35. HOBaRoBHh. - HOBo BPAO H npatscao llOMOpaaa,e Y HCTOpHjH cpncao] XIV H X V aeaa OA CTO[ana HOBaRoBHha y rOAHWIbHD.H llynHheBe 3aA)'m6HHe 1'. III, 1880 CTp. 263-356.

36. ~huojeBHh. - Ilyronac Ae.l1a npa8e - cTape - Cp6Hje, OA M. C. Maaojeanha, Beorpaa t 87 t 3 RlbHl'e AO caaa.

37. AHMHTpHjeBHh. - Gyorgye Brankovic (Smederevac) Despot der Serben, nach heimatlichen Quellen und zeitgen. frernden Akten mit Beriicksichtigung der spateren kritischen Historiker, von Milan Dimitrijevich, Neusatz 1876.

38. BYR. - Cpncae napoaae njecue caynao HX H na caajer H3Aao ByR CT. Ka.pawdl,KIb., ~I( Seq, 1847. 39. Ilerpaaoaah. - Cpncxe Hap. njecae H3 BOCHe n Xepueroaaae, CRYI1HO Boroa.yti Ilerpaaoaah , Baorpaa, 1867. -

40. CTojaAHHoBHfl. -- Cpncae Hap. necxe (eucae) cxynao H H3Aao B.I1uroje CTojaAHHoBHh, Beorpaa 1869. 41. Borauiah. - Hapoane njecxe H3 crapajax HUjsame npaaopcaax aanuca caynao H aa csajer H3AUO • B. Boramah. Baorpaa, 1878.

fhfa [om H ApyrHx Ae.l1a xao H q.l1aHaRa no l'.I1UCHHUHMa cpn. yqeHOI' APywTBa, lun y PaAY j)TOC.I10B. AKUAeMHje H.I1n H y AeTonHcHMa cpncae Marane, H.I1H y ApXHBy sa nosjecaauy jyrOC.I10BeHcKY, ROjH cy npn nojeAHHHM

TBp~elbHMa npHBat)8I1H, a.IlH Roje onae He n3.lameMO. •

'.

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rJlABA IIPBA

nor.IEA HA nO.IHTlIKY cr-ncar nPEA KOCOBOII n 0.1 KOCOBA .40 CTHIAlhA '&YP"SEBor HA BAAAY (1389 AO 142;1. - RYK GPAHKOBH"t;. - APIKABonPABHU yrOBOP C yrAPCKOIl 0.4 r. 1426 RAO PE3Y.iTAT CTE.AHOBE II RAO OCHOBA "&Y P'IlEBE cnO.t.AWIM:

1l0..tUTllKL

..

lIcTopHjlt' '~yvJJa.~i'a~-;.(lni4h.a ncropaja je SHaMeHl'lTOr [eauor AeJla OHe seaaae H TparntIKe oop6e, Kojy je HapOA cpncaa [our OA npe KOCOBa noseo Aa BOAH. e Aa OH cnacao tIaPOAHY CBOjy ApmaBy.

To [e [eaaa Aeo acropaje 0 nponaAalhY cpncse APacaae cpean-era seaa , - npernocaeatsa H nocaeaa.a aaar rpaaaaosue acropajcae TpafleAHje, - He CTBOP reuajaaue KaKBe nojeaaje, seh AeAO craapaora mHBOTa y HCTHHH. To [e acropnja, xoja HMa Aa ncnpasa psarse MJlaAor [eaaor mHBOTa y rJlO!'tlaSHOM, TernKOM, HSJlOMJheHOM OKJlOny, C Hen06eAHoM H HeH30eiKHoM caphy, To je acropaja oopoe mHBHX a CMpTHHX JbYAH ronaora cpua C earaauourhy X.IlaAHOM H oecMpTHoM. HaYKa xehe npapOAHe aaxoue na MeCTO 4>aTaJlHOCTH. AJlIt TO He CMeTa HH MaJIO Aa ncropaja no rAeKojer aapoaa He HSrJleAa aao npaaa TpareAHja. TaKBa je [eana TpareAHja HCTOpHja Hamer napoaa. A Y }hoj 'Bypal) BpaHKoBHh H }heroaa Cpon spme YJlory, Koja aKO He SaCJ1ymH Aa joj ce nOToMUH AnBe, He Mome Aa He sacJlymn AYOOKY H HCKpeHY cnMnaTHjy }hHXOBY.

1iYPA"& GPABROBB"t;.

...

Aa. y!)e~fO y nojeaaaocra OHe oopoe OA TpHAeceT rOAIlHa (14'17-1457) xojy je 'Bypat) BOAHO, H Aa HX CXBaTIDIO H npaeasao oueuano, Ha.ha An ce 00a3pCMO aa nO.llHTH'IKe Aora!)aje [our 0), Hocoaa , H Aa HX oap no r.~aBHHM nprasra lbHXOBHl\1 YO"lHMO.

TYPUH cy IIpeW.IlH H3 A3uje y Espony aao CnBe3- HnUH rpnaor napa y paTy nporasy napa AymaHa (r. 1347-1349).' Hopaoreha ce paaaopox Me!)y HapoAHMa {)aJKaHcKHM. OHH Kp03 aparxo apeue aaysxy nehn Aeo Tpaxaje. Ilpaa rpaa na CBPOIlCROM ae\t.bHIIlTy (Ha . .umo..b) ocsojaure 1'. 1357, a seh I'. J 365 npeneooure npecro cao] y Jeapene." Ila AorAeAY OBe BeAHRe, aenocpeane H CTpaWHe onaCHOCTIf, uapoanaa Oa.llKaHCKHM OBAaAa MHcao , Aa ce caxo jaKHM xpHwhaHCKHM caaeaox Mome TypUHMa OTIIOP AaTH, na Aa ce y arOAHOM TpeHyTKY H nporaara Mory. AAU aeh OHH YAapUH, aoje cy TYPUH aaAaAH I'puaaa, CpOHl\Ia, H Byrapaxa AO 1370 rOAUHe, nOTpeC.IlH cy ApmaBHe opraaasae THX napoaa TaKO AYOOKO, Aa je y lbliMa aanaaaaao IIPH.IlH"IHO XaOTH"IRO crane. HH jeAaH OA OHa TpH aapoaa Hllje OHO KaAap Aa ca CBOjOM cnarox KOMoHuyje H cHary APyra ABa. 3HaTHHjU ApmaBlIHUH KaKO y Ilaparpaay, TaKO H y TpHOBY H Y Hpymeauy, ocehaaa cy Aa je norpeea IIpaBHTH casea C aehox jeAHoM CHAOM, aoja [e BaH aeuocpeauor AO~lawaja rypcuor. I'PUH cy MIlCAH.IlH Aa TaKBor caBe3HHKa . Ha!)y y nann PHMCKOM; oyrapcrm Ii OPliCKH ApmaBHHUH MIlCAHAn cy Aa ra Ha~y y Rpa.by y,rapCKOM. CBH Tpoje TpamHAli cy ra AaKAe y aanaauo] Enpona.

Ha I'psae je ApaaK H AapOBH'r ApmaBHHR, KaKaB je OliO JOBaH KaHTaRY3eH, Beh y rOA. 1348 nocaao OHO nocaotiany y ABHlboH K nann KAHMeHTHjy IV-OM, npea-

I CantacDzen, III. 28; - Dueas. 17.

t Se&d-eddin. 98; - Hammer, I. 178; - ZinkeiBen I, 226.

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AamyhH Aa ce upaaa aanaaaa H HCTOqHa yjeAHHe, na Aa ce upeayaxe sajeAHHqKH KpCTamRH noxoa npOTHBy Typaaa. I A aeh rOA. 1369 (13-01' ORT06pa) KpeHYO je ce H3 Ilaparpaaa caa nap rpqRH JOBaH Ilaaeoaor , Aa ua aaDaAY eBpOIlCROM AHlIHO DOMOhH TpamH. t

RaKBe cy nOAHTHlJI<e HAeje y TOMe 001' AeAY y rpsKOj uapeaaaa y nocaearso] TpehHHH XIV-or sexa H y npao] DeTHHH XV-or aeaa BAa,c\ue, BpAO A06po noaaayje CaBeT, KOjH [e uap MaHojAo Ilaaeoaor CBOMe aaCAeAHHKY aaaao, a ROjH HaM je BHaaHTujcRH ApmaBHHR H HCTOPHR $paHlla aa6eAemHO. "Je~u'HO 1J.lTO 'Hac ouacaea 00 TypaKa", rosopaure nap, "TO je ae~H>a HJuxoea OR. ce c AaTU'HUMa 'He cje~U'HUMO, K80 U crpex 'Koju UM paTo60p'HU 'NapOO1/. a8UaO'HU y.we8jy. Ra~ ZO~ sac

)' 'Heeepnuttu apurecxe , m8.tbUTe oOMax llOC •. tlmU'K6 y Pusc. aAU z.f.eoajTe oa paaeytteTe txpezoeope He ~OAaaefiu 00 KOHattHe OOAYKe. II Ilap [e [our C BeAHKHM 00- auaearsex CTBapH AOAaBao ,,~a cyjeT8 .ialla~'HUX 'H8- poo« U 1'epOOZAaeCT60 Fpn« 'He fie oaTU ~a ce U Ka~a 00 CTaJfNe U TpajatuH6 XapA-LOHuje ~ofje." s

Y onurre BeAHRa aapaxrepaa upra nOCAeAIbHX 80 rOAHHa auaanrajcae nOAHTHKe 6HAa [e y TOMe: mTO cy ApmaBHHllH H saaaaoua yBHt,UH HeoDXOAHY nOTpe6y TeUIlbera caaeaa ca xpHUlhaHpKHM aanaaoa, na xa Taj caaea HCltYOHAH BeAHKHM aspraaxa ca caoje crpaae, a Maca [e napoaa AO nocaeauer '1aca, H Y caMOM nOCAeAlbeM lJacy, TaKoj nOAHTIlUH OACYAHY onoaanajy npasaaa. '

"

I Cantacullen IV. 9 - Gibbon, Decline and fall of tbe Boman

Empire Ill. 651. - t Ha nCT. ».

I Pbrantzt'B, II, I. 178.

'PhranQeB, III, cap. I-XI, 210-306; - Ducaa, 141-114 ••• oj q.uuaK .na .. llapBl'p&Allo, '1 arOAHWU.HU» lIl, CTp. 9~ H ...... e.

,.

Aa cy Byrapa 110CJIeAlbHx rO,4.HHa caora ApmaBHor oHha PaAHJIH All oe HaCJIOHe Ha YrapcRY, 0 TOMe jeABa Aa Mome CYMIbe OUTH. To oe Aaje AOCTa [acuo BHAeTH HS TypCRHX RpoHHRa xoje onHcyjy naA oyrapcRe APmaBe. I MHTepeCHO CBeAO'IaHCTBO sa TO HMaMO H y mHB01'OnHCY CTe4>aHa BHcoRoI' 0,.'1. l{oHcTaHTHHa 4>HJIOC04>a. npHqajyhH RaRaB [e paarosop HMao CYJITaH Ba[aaar ca CTe4>aHOM 0 casesy C YrapCROM, HOHCTa.HTHH BeJIH Aa [e CYJITaH pexao : Aa cy nopea Apyrllx H oyzepcnu 'l{apeeu Oaw. C roz« U upoua.,f.U, W.TO cy OUAU UPUKAO'H.UAU ZAaey YzpUMa.2

KURO je y OHe HCTe AaHe H CpoHja y BeJIHRoj ueJIHHH OHJla y HCTHM nOAHTHqRHM npHJIHRaMU Y ROjHM H BHsaHTHja H Byrapoxa , He Mome qYAHO OUT" IIITO H n.eaan nOJIHTHqHH mUBOT Rp03 nOCJIeAJbUX 75 rOAHHa Y cpearsea BeRY noxaayje HCTe rJIaBHe xapaaTepHe upre : Te:JIC'H:>y 3'H.aT'H.ujux dpJIC8BHU K8 da. ce Haczoxe 'H.a sene», U eeAU Ky oa03U'l{uj!l Hapooa TOj TeJIC'H:>U.

He MomeMO ce OBAe ynyIIITaTH y aaaarau.e CBHX OHHX MO~leHaTa, RojH cy npecyauo YTHl..(aJlH aa noaaTHRy xneaa Aaaapa H npasau joj AaBa.UI. MH caxo JIeTHMHue nperaeaaxo acropajcxa 4>aKTll, a Met,y OBHMa na HajBHAHHjeM MecTY CTOjH Temlha .. Iaaapesa, Aa Cp- 6Hjy H3MHpn ca CBHMa oyoeanxa. Iloxarsexo cauo CBeqaHO HSMHpeJbe cpncae If rpsnee upaae, 06UOB sen-e ,.'1.0- opUX oAHoIIIaja C Ilaparpaaoa, crynaa.e y npacue cpoaCTBeHe caese C Rpaw'beM 6yrapcRHM IIInillMaHOM. y acre TaR Be CBe3e C rocrroaapex 0,.'1. 3eTe 'Byphe» Baoumbex, C OaJIaTHHOM Rpaw'ba yrapcaora, HHROJIo~1 I'opcanx (de Ga-

I Bead-eddin, 9 .. B. H C. J. Jtrieek, Geschichte der Bulgaren, 345. I w ••••• "'0 I. Oil. HilIlA"Yl.CIGOBIRL.I~" I O,rpOUL rAUO, npt.1011.. I.. CIO. rocnoALcTIO IOCI"_e; I IILcnoue.o",.. no IU.I" 1l1..,IlPLC .... ~ .. II.,.,,, " npoy".~ .. UTA. KORCT&HTBH, 268. -

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raj H Y npHjaTeA>ORe oAHomaje 0 BOOHOM II no OBOMe oe Aaje SaRA> yqHTH Aa je r AaBHa MHoao ..lasapeBe nOAHTHRe 6HAa -- oaBes oa oyoeAHMa H HapOqHTO 0 YrapCROM, Roja [e y OHe AaHe. 6HAa y nYHOM jeRY BOjHHtJRe caoje CAaBe YCAeA aRQnja ..lYABHRa BeAHRor, H HMaAa [aaor nOAHTHqROr ynAnBa y BoOHH, Baamao] a y HeROAHRO H y Byrapoxo] Caxa 6HTKa ROOOBORa H aaaanarsa TypORHX aasopa o rso] TO [acao nOTBpt,yjy. t

OBa xncao BeAHRe xpanrhaucne AHre nporasy Typasa 6RAa je BeARtJaHOTBeHa. AAH je SaXTeBaAa orpoaae mpTBe. Ilpe caera TPe6aAo joj [e apeaeaa Aa caape. Hajsehe je TeWRohe Ba.tbaAO oaBAaAaTH Aa ce aehaaa cpncae BAaOTeAe - OHe ROTe, aoja ce nOA AymaHoM OHOAHRO c YrpltMa RpBaBIMa -- H aehaaa cpncaor AYXODHHwTBa, - Roje je oypeBILHBo Ae6AH.W HaA UPRBOM opncaox H 0 rOpqHHOM r AeAaAo aa RaToAHtJRY nponaranay no BOOHH, -- npHBoAH na aAHjaHQHjy 0 YrapoRoM Bea CBaRe oyMlbe sa ..lasapena speaeaa aaeja yrapoRe aAH[aauaje 6HAa je sa BeAnRH Aeo cpncaor ca60pa H oysame HOBa H oysame onacaa. RaA [e MHoao Ta,Rao WTO heao HRme BHAeTR, aa BAaAe CHHa ..lasapena Mor.IIa Aa pas6yt,yje onrrpora H AO KpajlbOCTH .~I1aOHOra HeS8.AOBOA>OTBa, CA060AHO MomeMO BepoBaTW' Aa je OHa aaanraa aa OOOHA>aH ornop H y npaoae 0TYualbY OBOMe. Y OBOMe peAY MHCAR HaHAa3RI\I0 na BpAO 3HaTHO jeAHo ceeaosaacreo Y Ce8.A-eAHHa. OH, ROjH ~ OBOjy HOTOPHjy TypoRe uapeaaae nacao Y 16· BeRY norAaBHTO no TYPOKRM H3BopHMa, Rame Aa je ..laMp, HaYMH8IDJi Aa

I Pajah, 111. t-,,; - MajKoB, 87.

t Sead-eddiD, Edris II Neahri, y «R3BOPII cpncse nOBeCHOne 113 TypCKnr cnOlileHBKa., npeBOA BpAuha R BepHByepa CTp. 34. - H caN r. I'paropceus, HOjH IIRa'le CyN'bB 0 RCTnR.TOCTH yroBOpa C YrapCKOK OA I US, BeAll Aa je KHt'3 Aaaap y'lIlHIIO caaes C YrapCKOIil y ue .. a Aa 611 3ell.t.y CBOjy OA TypaKa cnacao. Fpnropoaux, Cep6aja aTA. U.

6

crpece ca Sel\foibe caoje japaM TYPCKH, nocaao KpaA> y oocaHcKoMe nocaOOHHY, Koja je HMa.lla «Tajan Ha.lOZ» Aa Ba.KoibYlIn C BoCHOM caaea sa par C TYPUHMa, - Aa je Kpaoib 600aHCKH nocaooHHY TY Bp.110 .IIeno npaano, «uaja6uo 'KaKO OICB.lU oa U tipe jow. 'He oofjotue Ha Mucao oa ce c.lOJICe,» YAeCH Te ce .IIHlIHO oaeraae C Aasapea, saKoibYlIHwe yrosop 0 caseay, 8..I1H 110 uecpeha eeneKaKu xxea 00 A..teKCaH-()puje, 'Ha zpanu~u 60ca'HCKOj, oruoe K CY.lTa'HY, re My xao Taj'HY caOUtuTU cee tu.TO je U Ka'KO je Y BoCH-U U tuTa ce 1'aMO UPOTU6Y 1f>eza peau, u jotU. ce u ca.w UO'HYou oa cY.lTany ca cBoje crpeue UOMome.» I 110A ee KHesOM OA A.IIeKC8HApnje I) oHhe Aa je CKpHBen aaea OA « Caaapa », H 110 TOMO AaK.l1e - rOCOOAap OA Bere Baourah. YoopeAHTH aaa.a C OBUM OHO, WTO ACTolluc IIehcKH (OAH. TpQHOWKU) npasa 0 npaaopy aa Bellepu Y Aaaapa Y OllU OUTRe aa ROWBY: no UHorou. 'l~roBo,. fit H ~ U 6 H H II X • 'II,CTU I HIHnlY6 6Il Gli(a}WH 10lO,iH Olll~IA. 1 I H H V c, A 'I I C B 0 IU 6Il C. l\1~1'. HI UHfi,. YIlC. A6.1 fin n6YlAH C6,AlfIl HI A6CHHQ. rAIBOIO UOAYIl HI TPIln6~.)1 I

CBaKojaKo Mome ce YSMU xao HecYMlbUB 4>aKaT, Aa je CY.IITaH Mypar OA HeKYAa caaaao Aa Aaaap P8.AH Aa caeraaa .II~ry xpHlIJhaHCKY OPOTHBY Typaaa u Aa y IbY YBOAH H Y rapcay, Sa IIOPTY je Bp.IIO [acso OU.IIO, Aa OHa He. CMe JIll xaca lIaCHTH. E.IIeMeHTe Te Alire B8..i1>a.110 je pa3pYWHTU npe Hero mTO ce OHa CTBOPH H YTBPAH. Ilopra HHje caeaa AonycTHTIi Aa nporpax AaaapeBe noAHTUKe caape Y npa.KTHlIKH peaYAT8.T H Mypar je H8amao aa 1\0cOBo Aa OBO COpP-lIU. ~ Ilpasa MHcao I(OCOB-

. I Sead-eddin. 95 i BDA. II The General History of the Turks by Richard Knowles, fellow of L. Ooll, Of on. 1688, CTp. IPS.

t TpoHOUJan r.taCR. V. 86; IIehclIH .. eTOIJ. r ... XXXV, fl4.

, I II MajKoB TaKO cJ.llaya 60j Ha KOCOBY. 08 BUll: .MypaT 1'.1369 npereve Ty APYlll6y (Aaaapa u TBp'Ka) YAaPUBWIl ~a~"ARoIIBojcKOIi Ra Cp6ujy .• CTP. 87.

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cae 6HTKe TaKO je y OHO A06a [acna 6HJIa Ii TaKO je Ay60K YTHcaK na Typxe YlIHHHJIa, Aa IbHXOBH HCTOPHUH jeAHorAaCHO TBPAe, Aa je MypaT na J{OCOBY IJ06eAHO «c86ea xpUw,fiancKux Kpa..be68. I

Hame HapoAHO npeaatse 3Ha aa H3Aajy aa caaoxe J{OCOBY. 3a HCTOPHjy je AueRo [acaaje Aa HMa jeAHa H3Aaja txpe HOCOBa, H3Aaja nOAHTHlIRor naaaa .lla3apenor, H3Aaja ROja. je KOCOBO CTBopHAa.

Caxa 6HTKa KOCOBCKa [our jeAHaKo je TeR BpAO MUO HCTOPHjCKH OCBeT ..beHa. Ilponacr cpnoae aojoxe aa BHAonAa.H 1389 pe3YJITaT je xuraue roxaae cnaeTeHllX aecpeha. Honpnauocr 3eM..be y BeAHRHM yHyTpawIbHM oop6aMa, ropsaaa xoja je OBAe H ouae [our KH"HAa, HeCnpeM.beHOCT aapoaa sa aJIHjaHUHjy ca aanaAOM, neaeponarua TPOMOCT, cnopocr H OCKYAHua eaepfHje y caaor aarraaa, AIfBIJa. opraaaaauaja TypcKe sojCKe, CKOHueHTposaHOCT n.eaane caare H 6p3HIJa IbC3HHe anuaje, opojHa cAa60CT cpucae aojcae, paaaop Met,y BOjBoAaMa, CBe TO, H He caso TO, Hero [om H cee mTO je 3AO H 1111'0 je Ao6po y cpnCKO:\1 aapaarepy, CTeKJIO ce Aa aa H.OCOBY AOHec.e norH6Hjy. Ho 6~'Ae nacao HCTOpnjy 6HTRe xoconcxe, To~e He he rernso 60TH Aa UPIl-

I Sead-eddin. Edria, Neabri aa DOM. 101. Lewenclav Hiatoriae Muaulmannac, 405. - if ,tecnOT Mycab y caojuu .. eloloal'1U111 roool'" sao Aa je na KOCOBO 113aWAa caaeana nojcaa xpnurhancxa, 3a coora npeTKa MaTapaH.l8 KaH'e All je ROCHO aacrsny • nOA KOjOIol cy ee ap6aHamKa rOCIlOA8 60pnAa. Chroniques Graecorom· 278. - BHAO je y cpncsoj aojcun II PYIIYHa, aoje je nojaoaa Mllpqe nocaao. Roesler. Bomaaishe Studien. 812. - Aa je " Byrapa 611010 TOp.\U KOHcT. Jape-rea, Geachicbte der Bnlgaren, 348. - Bocaa je y TO.I1IKOj loIepu yqecTBOB8A8 y 60jy Ha Hocoaj , Aa je IheBIIH BojooAa BoIaTKo Xpanut. KOUaHAOBaO lie ARM jean 11101 Kp".1011 H Aa je KI'n ... 60c.auCKII 1'OpTKO 3BaUllqHllIoI DUCIIRlia jaB.I>8o 3anaAHllIoI KHemeDIIMa "onWTUHaKa, KaKO je 60caucKa BojcRa pa36u.aa TYPKe Ra KOCODY. B. nllr.IIO n.erooo cl>oIopeulIuju, MaKyweo, HTaA. APXIIOB, CTp. r.28. Aa je y 6UTUII yqeCTIIOOan II xpoaTCKR 68H lioaH Xopsar C AparOBO.bUlllla aa Koje ce C OCROBOII Mor.ln PE'tiu Aa cy 113 yrapcKe Kpa.beOIlHe, BBA. Ap. Pavxora, Pokret na slovenskom jugu koncem XIV i poi,etkom XV 8toljeca, Rad. III, Pl ..

8

KynH AOKaae, Aa ce y OqR BHAOBa AHa 1389 y cpnCKOMe CTaHY 'H.uje MUCAUAO, Aa he cyTpa Aa ce 6Hje oAcYAHa 6HTRa. tJeTpHaeCTOI'a Jyaa Cp6a je aa KoCO By [om jeAHaRo MHOI'O Malbe 6HAO HO Typaaa, CsaRHM ce qaCOM OqeRHBaO AOAa3aR [our H ApyrHX BOjBOAa, OA RojHX ce H3peROM noaaa,e BOjBoAa PaAHq H RHe3 Baowa.1 Hlra je H3Mel)y 14 H 15 JYHa. 6HAO y cpncaox cTaHY, acropaja sa caaa [om He 3Ha aa Rame C HeCYMlbHBOM noyaaaaouihy Y CBHMa nojeAHHoCTHMa.

"I'ajaacraeua OHa aerrsa aesep He Mome [our HHRaRO Aa ce OTMe aapoano] TpaAH~HjH, aexoj BpCTH HCTOpHjORe nojeaaje, A.IIH Kp03 CBe OHO, mTO ce AO caaa 3Ha, acropaja . Mome Aa npoaaaa , RaRO [e y OqH BHAOBa AaHa 1389 CpnCROPti I'OCnOAOM OB.IIaAa.IIa noaa rp03811- qaBa paaapaaeeuocr." lIITo je I'OA 6H.IIO .-bYAH C HCTHHHTHM pOAo.-by6.-beM H qHCTHM cpuex, TO je AOWAO H8 J{OCOBO C n.lleMeHHTDM I'lbeBOM aa OHY I'OCnOAY, aoja rrpoaaaa TYPUHMa naas aueasea. Pa3ApameHOCT [e Ta nopacaa RaA ce npexa Be.IIHRHM H aenper JleAHHM Macaxa TypCRe aojcae nOI'JleAaJlO na cpncRy BOjCRY If BHaeao Aa HMa [om cpnCKHX BOjBoAa, H cpncae I'OCnOAe, aoja aa }<,OCOBO CTHI'Jla HHje. Ii [our aehaa, RaA ce nOXBaT3me naoxa, Roja 83 TypCRora CTaHa Aol)owe HeRHMa OA BOjBoAa! I HHwTa HHje IICHXOJlOWRH OCHOBaaaje, HHWTa nepoaaraaje Hero OHO WTO MaJlO sac no jeAHOM .IIeTOnHCY nOMeHYCMo, Aa je Aa3ap, - jeAaH OA HajnAeM6HHTHjHX .-bYAH name aoropaje - na aesepa ROjy Y OqH BHAOB AaHa A8Baw6 BojBoAaMa CBOjHM, AYI'O 8

1 Tpouousan, nehcKB .leTODBC, sa nOH. TIl. t Tpououran, J 4rI, 8 •.

S TaAlljasall, npeBoAsRK AYBe, Bailie A& je TaKBRX nBcaMa Ao6uo B MHAom, na Aa Ill!. je Y sepaocra B IIcKpeBocTB CBOjOj caM DOKR3ao Jla3apy. ,:Mil08 per I. Bua sincera carita et fade tutte Ie lettere de Amorato in ~utinente recevutele mostrava al800 signor di8pote." - Ducae Hist .• Ita lice iDterpr. Ineerto 858,

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AYro (I fit n n 6 Y II 1\ He, A II II A6 II II HI A 6 e H H II 'l rA liBOlO, U 0 A Y II. »

. Aa ce He ynYWTaMO Ay0.tbe y naroaorajy OUTRe KOCOBCRe! Mome ce sao HeCYMIbHBO ysera , Aa je aaacra Te HohH MHAOW OOHAHh npejeaaao no.se, WTO je paCTaB.lhaAOCpnCRY H TypCRY BOjCRY, H Aa [e CYA-raaa Mypa'ra nOA maropox lbeI'OBHM pacnopao. Aa jeAaH QOBeR OA BHCOROI' nOAHTHtIROr H ApYWTBeHor noAomaja, H [eaan tIOBeR HR cny npHAJlRy OA He MaAe <>opa30BaHOCTH, asapma OBaRBO YOHjCTBO, sa TO B3..ba An cY AyweBHe cTPYHe pacRHHYTe HeROM HeOOUtIHOM XaOTHtIROM CHAOM, Aa ce xapaonaja BeAHRor [eanor Ayxa pa30uje y AHcxapMoHujy, aoja UMa HeWTO HaAaexuora. Hcropaja RaA xohe Aa roaopa 0 MHAOWY OOHAllhy He CMe Aa noxaxce caxo aa RpBnBO AeAO nOA uiaropox CYATaHOBHM. HUTH .ce OHa cxe Aa saYCTaBH ~MO aa BaHpeAHOMe, oecnpHMepHOMe, CAaBHOMe [ynaurTBy fbeI'OBOM y TpeHy~HMa, y ROjHMa [e aanaasao y apsaae TaAaCeC:\lpTH. 1\0 xohe Aa BHAH ueaora MH.. aoura, Tpeoa Aa BHAH H acropajy AYllie a-erose, HCTOpHjy OHe u3HeHaAHe caane oype, Roja joj CBe AYOHHe norpecauie, AOR nap Jaaap rosopatue OHe caoje AnBHe pesa aoje OHaRO oAjeRuBaxy OOolbOM, npenamhy u oner o ..t.yoaB.bY H HRAOM H jYHaQROM pe3HI'Ha~HjoM. - Tpeoa Aa BHAH acropajy AyweBHe narn.e lbeI'OBe y OHlIM tIaCOBHMa, aoje npoaeae je3AehH aa nYTY OA uraropa .Ilaaapesa, ycpeA nojcae cpncxe, AO maropa MypaToBa, ycpez, aojcae TypCRe. Mome OUTH Aa he ce npeaeaoa Haho Aa TeR y TOj HCTOPHjH AemH HajBeha CAaBa neroea.

YonjcTBo MypaToBo YCROPHAO je peuren-e BMHROI' naraisa aa Hoeony. Ilocae npBHX TpeHYTaRa 3aoYHe, Hsat)e 38nOBeCT AR ce aopox aa Cp6e Han8AHe. RHea je Jaaap OHO HR jYTpelbY, RaA My CTHme raac, Aa cy

10

TYPUH na CBHMa TatlKa:\ta aanaa npeAY3e.1111. Cpncxa je sojcaa 6H..ia aaaenaheaa, H Ta aaueaahenocr, nopea BHWe AP)THX 3HaI<OBa AyweBHe norpyaseaocra y cpncaoae CTaHY, HHje HHKaKO A06po nperxaaaaaaa,

He Mome oaae 6HTH MeCTO Aa ce npare CBH nojeAHHH TpeHyUH MaBHe 60p6e na ROCOBY. 3Ha ce sao AOCTa nOY3AaHo, Aa cy Cp6H y npBHM xacoaaaa 6HTKe nOCTHr..iH nanpeaaa npexa TYPCKOM AeBOM KPIMY, H aa ce KOPHCT oKpeHY..ia ua TypCKy cTpaHY, KaA je Baja3HT ca pesepaox A0..ieTeO roae KpH..iY y noxoh. Aa....be co Mome xao H3BeCHO Y3eTH, Aa ce, OA npHAHKe y OHOMe tlacy KaA [e aauie AeCHO KpH..iO noseao Aa ce noaaja Ha3aA, MYlbeBHTOM 6P3HHOM nponeo raac, Aa je [eaau nojaoaa (aHOHHMHH npeaoanaau AYKe Kame My HMe: AparocaB np06Hh!) npewao aa TYPCKy crpany ;' Aa je BYK BpauKOBUh ca ceAaM AO AeceT XHoIbaAa KOlbaHHKa OK..iOIJHHRa, ROjH cy 1I0A IherOBOM KOMaHAOM crojaaa, nosoo Aa oacryna, Hapoano npeaaise npa-ra, Aa je aaea Jlasap, BIIAeBWH BYKa KaKO oacryna nOBHKao y ropaon H oner nOHOCHTOM rlbeBY: II [JPOK.teT xexa je ByK y ceu.wa de.tu.wa ceoju u, Y JlCU80TY U UO C.MpTU neKa je tipoxaer !llS

Ro je Taj BYK BpaHKoBHh! 0 TOMe tlOBeKY Baolba HaM peha ABe TPU pexa He caao sa TO WTO [e OH orau 'Bypt,y Bpaaaoeahy, Hero H WTO je OH HOB jeAaH eaexeaar Hone KO:\ln..iHKaUHje y nO..iHTHtlROM opraHH3MY cpnCKOM DOC..ie Kocoaa.

Hao WTO. CMO BHAeAH, TYPUH cy H3aWAH aa RoCOBO Aa cnpese aAHjaHunjy Cp6Hje ca cyceAHMa n ca

I .Arolo fo audita una voce la quale per tutto I' campo se sparse ehe Dragrossavo Probiecio, capitaneo del campo' del dispote, bavea rct.e1l;Uo pt voitato lei arme contra Christian ie. It&l. Interpr, incerto 8M, 2 TpOHOIU&I\, , 4.8, 89.

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sanaAOM. PeSY.4TaT [e 6HTKe KOCOBCKe y npso] .4HIIHjH 6HO Taj, Aa je ce Cp6Hja Ay6oKO 1I0:rpeC.4a H [aao oc.aa6H.4a. OC.4a6..beHa, HaUJ.4a ce OHa HSMe~y jeAHe [axe H cypoae CH.4e. aoja je npeaoraaeaaa HAejy a8HjcKor M~xaMeAaHCTBa H xoja je HMaJla OtleBHAHe arpecaaae TelKlbe y npasuy K AYHaBY, - H Apyre jeAHe CH.4e, aoje arpOOHBHOCT HHTH je TaKO OtleBHAHa H8TH TaKO onacaa 6H.4a. a Koja je aa CBaKH HatlHH npeaoraa.saaa HAejy xpauihancxe 06paSOBaHOCTH. UCTOM nocae HoCOBa, Cp6Hja je noseaa lKHBO Aa oceha Aa, OHaKO c.4a6a H asaypeaa, casa sa ce6e, 600 HaC.40Ha aa KaKBY jatly CH.4Y He )lOlKe Aa oncraae. I1CTOM nOC.4e Hocoaa noCTaJlO je jaCHO Aa 1b0jSII Ba..ba nOTpaJKHTH aacaona 6H.40 na Jeapeae, npeCTO.4HHUy (I napa HCTOtlHOra II ,6H.40 ua BYAHM. npeCTO.4IlHUY .uapa aanaauora". Pemea-e oaor TO.4HKO saamor nO.4HTHtlKOr naraua OTelKaBaJIO ce H oAyr0B.4atlH.40 THMe, WTO ce y 06SHP HHje YSHMao caxo Kpyr SeMa.bCKHX aarepeca, aeh H HOB [eaau apyr AHHaCmtlKHX .4HtlHHX aarepeca, Ha ynpalKlbeHH npeero cpncaa, OAMax cyTpa AaH nOC.4e nponacra na 1{0COBY, nojaaaae cy ce npereaaaje ABejy <l>aMH.4Hja: BpaHKOBHheoe H AasapeBe.

o BYKY Bpauxoaahy caao napoano npeaarse npaxa, Aa. je « no rocnocray J) 6HO npsa y ApmaBH cpucxo]. I 3a. nerosa ce oua Bpanxa SHa Aa je KOBao HOBue nOA CBOJHM HMeHOM 2 H Aa je 6HO ceBa.cTOKpaTOP y napa AymaHa, a. sa OBO BHCOKO aocroiaacreo HMa ce OCHOBa MHC.4HTH, Aa ce

I «Uap ,8Ulla uaTaH nexap BIIHa, .na 1'0.opU cso] rOCOO.!1I cpncxoj : .KOIIe by o.y qaDlY Ha3Apa.HTu?! .AKO by je .anHT· no I'OCnocT." .Hanolly je ByKy, lJpaHKo.llby ••

Cpn. Hap. Hecae, ByKa 1,310.

I Opis jugosl. nov. 180; Y 6eOl'paACKOI' 3.JaTapa IJ. 3. Houcaaha IIl1a jeAaB lbel'08 HOBan HIl KOlle nnuie •• e.lIlKIi C.lyra BpaHKO •.

12

D Y Hac, aao D y BH3aHTllHaI.\S, AaBa.110 CSMO CPOAHHI.\HMa l.\apeBHM.1 no TparOBHMa IWjH ce no uapOAHHM npeaaIbHMa aaaase, BpaHRO CeBaCTOKpaTOp CPOAHO ce liHO C nOTOMI.\HMa OA uapcae .IIose RO~lHeHOBHha,' a BHsaHTHjCKH npaaneaa liHAH cy cyjeTHH H nOHOW..bDBH ..bYAD, KojH ce He" 6n TaRO 003 Be.llHRe aeaoa,e cpol)DBa.llH C RyhOM Roja HHje OA Be.llHROr poaa. Y jeAHoM namea cnOMeuHRY, aa HMe y onHCY npeaooa MOWTHjy aueaa Aa3apa HS llpHWTHHe y PaBaHHI.\Y rOA. t 390 HAH t 391, Rame ce 0 BYRY: Oil. &Hcr ort. CJ\lKHHYXL H R.l\HIYH)[L npoHcxo.\e. H Clio" T. He it il N H H il n J\ e U e H il, SpilHO ae OUIlCTol,nopd CHRL UJ\ilAeHOKL lSe RhHV,.)I. a Y ApyroM jeAHoM cnoMeHHRY, a na HMe Y It POAOC.IIOBlfjy opncaax rOCDOA II Raayje oe BaRO je BYRaH. ApyrH CHH HeMaIbHH, HMao ABa CHHa, A~HTpa H 3aBHAa, RaRO [e :::JaBHA POAHO 'Bypi)Hl.\a, 'Bypl)HI.\ M.IIaAeHa, M.IIaACH Bpaaxa, a BpaHRO BYRa, RaRO [e AaK.lle BYR nOTOMaR HexaIhUH no MyWROj .IIHHHjM M.IIal)e rpaae. ~ OBO ce POAOcaosaje y HeROAHKO noraphyje U O .. HM lllTO yHyRa ByROBa, uapaua Mapa. y jeAHoMe CBOMe nHcMY Rame H3- peaox : «BHAnuIH il~. XPHCOBOVl\e ~ilnHCilHYHe n p. p 0- A H r e l\ H I, II pc, U U H npL&AillEeHYUL" H n,HeHO nOUYHileUHU. GAllroB.pHwHU I, II P e U L I V,. 0' e tj)1l H 0 U. H CHHOU ero np.&l\U~eNYHU. H npHCHO nOUHHIlEUWHU. I, II , E U IVP 0, E+ilIl 0 U. 0 V po III e U .. II' HTA. llOTBpl)yje ce OHO y HeRY pyRy H THMe, mTO je RHea .Ilaaap, BeHqaBlllH ce aa npeero, aamao sa norpeouo Aa 0AMax OA.llHRyje BYRa HajBHwoM caHOM y ABOPCRoj xHjepap-

1 Oay je Mucao npBR R3H60 H YTBPARO CTojaH HOBaHoBuil Y CBOMe paay

nrpa~a 38 cpn •• -IeTonllc .• Starine, IX. 70.

2 BnA. KOBCT. HHKoAAjeBuha, ROIiHeROBHe, r .... CH. XI, !79. J ACTonBC M. C. 117, CTp. I U.

, Starine, IX, 90.

S )Ion. Serb. 521.

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XHjH, nOCTaBHBWH ra AOOnOTOM. I Y TOMe peAY MHMH Mome 6HTH Aa HMa Ay60Ka CMHC.4a, WTO je Aaaap aao ByKy aa ynpaBy K.4aCHQHY aeM.lbY HeMalbHna - noApHM.lbe C Ilpaspeaoa H CHTHHUY C llPlfWTHHOM I Aa, H no rAeKojH TypCKH nasopa cMaTpajy Aa je BYK [om npe Hocosa 6HO neaaaaoau AHHaCTa, KaayjyhH KaKO [e Aasap yayxao y xpuurhaacay .4lfry nporasy cY.4TaHa H «Byxa zoctxoaep« 00 Maxeooliuje.» 2

Aaaap [e npereaaosao aa "peCTO HeMalbHha no npaay caoje meHe, xoja [e 6H.4a npayHyKa AMHTpa, CTapHjer CHHa BYKaHa Heaarsaha, Morae 6H ce AaK.4e ysera, aa je ByK KaO aenocpeaaa MywKH nOTOMaK OA aose Hoxaa.aae HMao [aser npana na npeoro. A.4H aaraeaa Aa cy, ua cariopy y CKonJbY 1374 rOA., .4HtlHe Bp.4HHe AasapeBe, iseroee Be.4HKe sacayre, H na xparao aerona nonY.4apHOCT npanoxorae npaBy MIf.4HtlHHOM, AOK je npasy BYKoBoM OAMara.4a rseroaa .4HtlHa nenonyaapHOCT. Y OCTa.40M, BYK, xao ser Aaaapes, xorao ce .4aKO HSMHPHTH C YSBlfwelbeM caora TaCTa aeh H ua TOMe OCHOBY, WTO [e npeoro Heaarsabea anaa OCTao y ct>aMH.4HjH, H WTO [e no CTapOMe npaBy H npH.4HtlH.40, Aa Aasap, aao aajcrapaja MywKa raasa y cl>aMH.4ujH, says Me y ynpaBH aajsaure MeCTO.

3a HCTOPlfjy [e [acno Aa je ByK ,.1.0 caxe 6UTKe KOCOBCKe mHBeo C .:lasapeM y nyao] C.40SH H 6HO Y Ib Y Be.4HKoj sacra H y yBamelby. Ilfra B.Hwe, HMa suaKOBa Aa je BYK .4HQHO Ay60KO H HCKpeHO Aaaapy OAaH 6HO. Y .4HCTHHIf, KOjOM 20 Jaayapa 1387 y llpHWTHHH nOTBpAH TprOBatiKe C.4060WTHHe Ay6pOBtiaHIIMa, BYR aaayje KaKO cy nOC.IIaHHUH Ay6pOBHHtlKH HUI.4H rea KHeay Aasapy H noxaaaaa My noaaacrane xoje HM [our nap

r

I 'OAOCROKHII (pUC ... H lIapel r.lacB. XXI, ~fl7. 2 Sead-eddin, 95; Knowles 199.

AYlIIaH AaAe, « H r o(nOAHH" HUI. IHE~I. HE norlopNNOV nilYE H OOrlph,\N nlone H I .. UH' AuromE IHWE pEYENH IAIlCrUE AOV"POllaYIf" H A KA.lh IH.\U. nHCtltlNIfl IEANuro roenO),NH" UH .,11,11 CrE.~NIl H r 0 e no ... "Nil U H I H E ~ II (l\tl~tlpt1) Ttllorifl HE norlopHX. NOV mre " norIPAH~ •• » I lIs Te AUCTHHe He caxo Aa ce He BHAH Aa je ByR HMao RaKBUX aenpajarea.caax aaxepa npexa Aaaapy, Hero, ua npOTHB, xpoa OHe pesa AOCTa [acuo aB)""H nOIIITOBalbe H CpAaqHOCT npexa rAaBapy cpncxe ApmaBe.2 Y onHCY npeaoca MOIIITHjy RHe3a Aa3apa H3 ITpHlllTHHe y PasaHHUY, npHqa ce RaRO [e BYR «I. CpUEHTE Yl.CnHWXI. UOWIE" ErO N~.W.A. e. csnpSaN"'IEIO CIOMUO " C. lIaCEU" GAllrOpOAHWUH ErO, lEA HIla nAIlYI. H PWAIlHHE (IaTIOp.WE H AOIOA.HE "POIO),HI.WE Kia CIOA CH 1.~IPIlTHWE CE.» ,

Haje ,d,ORa3aHO aAH je CBa npHAHRa Aa [e ByR, rocnOCRHM CBOjHM nopeaaox BHCORO nOHOlllA>HBH apHCTOKpaT, - crojao y AHqHOj OMpa3H C MHAoweM 06HAHheM, KOjH [e, - cYAehH d lbeMY no Rapa~Tepy KaRaB ce y AeAH~fa noaaaao, _. H npe ROCOBa 6HO tIOBeR Y HapOAY BeOMa O~fH..beH. Aa..be je AOCTa [acno, Aa [e ce BYK C HeRUM AeAO~[ aojcxe nOBYRao C 60ja aa l\OCOBy. Haje [acno H reWRO [e AORa3aTH, Y KOM je ce Tpe'HYTKy u06y'K80. K8'K68 cy My uooyoe aa TO OUAe, U xaK86 je YUAU6 'Ha peiueue OUTKe TO 1MZ060 U06Aa"te~e UM8.W. HapOAHO [e npeaarse OACYAHO nporaacaao Byxa u3AajuuoM H lbeMY npanacaao nponacr cpncay na RoCOBy. CaMO noaauraae HYROBO nOCAe re nponacra AaBaAO je xpaae TaRBOMe CYAY. A"m no MarepHjaAY ROjH je ncropaja AO aaaac npaxyuaaa, OHa - xoja H npeaa

I MODum. 8erbica 207.

z .H3 oBnjex ce DRcaMa He BRAn All je BYK paAIiO All OTMe OA Aaaapa npnjecro.» MajKo., 88.

a AeToDRc CB. 117, CTp. II~.

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ByKy HMa AymHocT Aa oYAe oecnpHCTpaCHa - [om He Mome HlfTH npecyaao Aa nOTBPAH, HHTH npeCYAHO Aa nopexe OHY OCYAY HapoAHy. Haao AaHac aaui ncropujCK" MaTepHjaoil CTOjH. He MO)l(e ce C npaBAOM peha Aa je 030HA>CKH AOKa."laHO, Aa je BYK na ROCOBY 1I3Aajy YlJHHlfO. BYK je jow jeaaaxo npea CYAOM acropaje, ua KOjy ce "POTHBY oCYAa aapoaaax npeaarsa aneayje, H jow jeAHaKo seaa nocaean-y pen fbeHy.

Hlro je BaH CBaKe CYMfbe, TO je: Aa [e. 0AMax no '~-"rtponaCTH KOCOBCKOj. BYK H3Heo caoje npereusaje na npeCTO cpncaa. UH je Y TOMe l.facy OHO 'H.ajcTapuju no~ HeMa~bufia y MYW:X:Oj xuwu ju, AKO je HeKaAa , ~ OH"'O- paaaora Aa fberOBO jal.fe npaao nonYCTH npea 8eoilHKHM aacayraxa soeeae, OA a-era rOAHHaMa crapa[er, KaKaB [e OHO Jlaaap, l.fHHIUO My ce caaa Aa ueaa paaaora aa urro aa najcrapnja MyWKH nOTOMaK Hexa-

~ Ibuha nonYWTa npexa [eaao] meHcKoj r AaBU H.IIH H npexa jeAflOM MAaAOM l.fOBCKY, KaKaB [e Creeaa JlaaapeBHIi, y mlfAaMa xojera TeK TaHKa KpB Heaan.aha rexe. AAH je sehuaa saacreae H CBeWTeHCTBa HMaJJa caA HOB jeAaH paaaor nponlBY a-era. llpH3HaTH aenonyaapaoae BYKy npasa n-eroae , 3HalJH"'0 Olf H3 oe.llora ABOpa y HpyweBUY "pOrHaTH meHY H Aeuy oaora KHe3a, KOjH je napoa aa mlfBOTa TOAHKO ..byOIfO, H KOjH [e CBOjOM caphy aa ROCOBY paaaparao Y [eano H TyroM H nOIlOCOM CBal.fHje cpue, Myl.feHHl.fKH seuau OKO raase JlaaapeBe OHO [e cjajHHjH H jacHHjH OA caer KOoillfKor npaaa BYKoBor. OCHM csera, caua KHerHfba MH.IIHua oHAa je sanpeaaa meHa. Ibeaaaa C.IIHKa Y srauaorapy PaBilHHUH nOTBpt,yje H y HeKOAHKO Aonyfbyje fbe3HHY HCTOPlfjy. Y H,Oj3H 0AMax BHAHTe meHY BMHKe aenore H KHerHfbY BeAHKe enepraje. Y caxo] C.IIHUH .fbe3HHOj BHAHTe Aa [e TO meHa aoja, nOA ..t.yoaaHHN noraeaoa Myma caora, Mome Aa je

16

[aruse nyao RPOTOCTH H MUJlUHe, H oner meHa aoja, y XyUH CBeTCRe 60p6e, Mome Aa je JlaBHua Roja paxe, e OBaROM meHOM yaeo je ByR Aa ce 0 npeoro 60pIl. Ha lberoBoj je CTpaHH 6H.IIO RpyTO H XJlaAHO cl>OPMaJlHO npaso ; na n.eaano] CTpaHH mHBa H TOnJla CHMnaTHja aehane csemTeHCTBa, aaacreae H HapOA8. Y TOj 60p6u y aojo] cy ce CTpaCTH [aao pacnaaase 6nJle, BYR je xopao Aa n()A.IIerHe. Moaee .~aKO 6HTH Aa [e ByK, BHAeBIIIn aa KOCOBY

Aa he 6MTKa Aa ce Hsry6M, 0AcTynHo us Bp.110 CMHIIIJbe- I HHX crparerajcxax H nO.llHTHtIRHX paaaora onurre RQ~ pHCTH. Ha CRaKH HattHH, naje Hii MaJlO HymHo Aa je OH aaacra H3Aao napa na KOCOBY, Te Aa My ce npanaure ... _ Aa [e aaaajaua, AJIH noaauraaex H AeAHMa CJ3PjJw tIOe"¥' I{OCOBa pacna.seao] CTpaCTH nO.llUTHttRoj aao je OH if cyBHIIIe nOBOAa H cyBHUle rpahe Aa ra nanpra H)RHrome sao uSAajHHKa.

II OAMax OA npaora noneraa AHHaCTHtIRe 6op6.e onaaea ce lLe3HHO YTHllalhe na BeJlHKO naraise HapO;'He nOJlHTHKe. Y npBO~1 TpeH)'TKy, H [eaua H Apyra ,fTpaHa jOIII HHCY carypne rae Aa rpasce rrornope. H~ jeAHe Bp..!O 3aHHM"bHBe Ay6pOBatIKe ..!HCTHHe OA 9 Maja 13QO (AaKJle HM nyHy rOAMHY AaHa nocae 6MTRe KOCOBCKe t BMAH ce Aa BYK jOIII' naje na curypuo aaao ~.()he .lIIt ce MH.IIMlla If Creean aesara C YrpMMa MJlM C TYPUMMa, Aa nporany rsera paAe. Ay6pOBtIaHH ce ua UMe 06a8e- 3yjy Aa npaae BYKa C ueaoa <l>aMH.IIHjoM H HMaibeM lberOBH\I y CBOj rpaa «IIKO AH GH AOW'AO .t.o TorliH BP'lU£H.l, IIITO &or H6 AilH, T6p6 H6 0V~UO~6 rocno A H H It K 0 V K A P ~ II T H ~ 6 U A 10 C P n C Ie V, H 0 V rll H.A £ H 0 V 0 V r pH H A H Tv P I, H H A H TKO H H n.)) I

3HaQajHo je Aa ce Ben TaRO peha y npaoxe tIacy nocae Hocona YrpM H TYPIlH nOMHIbY aao qnHHOIlH,

I MOD. Serb. ~15.

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ROjH Mory Aa HMajy ynaana aa pemasaae yayrpaunsax aanaera Y Cp6njH. '3HaQajHo [e Aa..be, Aa cy ce Typua HnaK y npna Max CTaBH.IIH aa crpeuy vlaaapese ayhe a aa cynpor BYRy, I n Aa HajcTapnjH nnCMeHn crtoxeHHK, RojH HMaMO 0 110~HTH'lKoj xopecnoaaeauaja onora A06a, [ecre nanpea nOMeHYTo CBeAO'laHCTBO 0 cnesn BYKOBOj C Ay6pOBHHKoM, ROjH je aeh caa C060M 6no "peCTaBHHR Espone. Bea onaCHOCTU Aa norpemaao, MomeMO ysera Aa je npse rOAHHe noeae KOCOBa napTuja AOMa Aaaapeoa TpamH~a H A061Ma HaMOHa I«>A Ilopre, a BYK Aa ra je TpamHO y sanaaa.

Hero ee osa] oaaouraj y CKOPO Melba. TypUH H aKO HHCY A03BO..baBa~U Aa BYK nocrase rocnoaapex D.e.IIe Cp6nje, . Hiley TO AoaBO.baBaAH HH Creeaay. MHXaH.IIO aa OCTpBHue Kame HapeKOM, Aa je cyaraa Ba-

t jasar nOAeAHO aeM..bY cpncKy Me~y CTe<l>aHOM H BYKOM, ,AaBwH « Ore¢auy Mopaey a zocuooapy By1<y 3eM.tJy, ?(oja ce aose CUTl~Ul~a.)) I liMa jeAaH AOKYMeHaT KOjH je ByK norrmcao y' llpHIllTHHH 21 Hoaexdpa 1392 u y ROMe ce Kame: «A~ IECTI. B~AOUO BI.CilICOUO'( VAO;" B ~ I 0 V, "n 0 C A 0 11 H ~ I. U H puT 0 V P I, H H n p It A 0-

• JEHU leAHIOUOV rocnOAHHOV "llpO'( RIlI.~H:rOV H CAOllH~1. W HHr. .. LlH,1. H IIlAil CAO.H~I. W Hnut. u H pI. P'1l C n H ell Xi. ~ e U A 10 I I.e 9 V, lOA H I 0 IE C T Ia B 0 SAlleTH UOItH, KIlliO KIEUO nAILKIATn AIlHI.I TOVpKOUIa)). a

Typua ey AaKAe npHaHa.IIH Byaa sa csora aacaaa ua aeM..bH, KojOM je ynpaB.lhao H sa apexena AasapeBa. 11 Ay6pOBHHK H MAeUJI npaasasaaa cy ra aa BAaAaoua, ROJn He aaBHe~ HIJ OA' Kpa.ba 60C3HCftOra HH OA rrpeCT(Ma y RpYIlleBUY. Hao TaKaB OH [e KOBao H AHHape,

, Pajuh. Ill. 79; MajKOB. f05.

I MuxaB.IIO 83 Ocrpsane, r .aaOIl. XVIII. 80. a MOD. Serb. 223.

1il'I'A1I BPABKOBB1'>.

18

'OA KOjHX AO caaa 1I03Haje~10 ceAa~1 pa3HHX BpCTa.' lIa noae.eaxa CBOjHM nOTnHCHBaO ce: 'cc B .. X P H C T ~ R 0 r ~ 's "Ilr 0 I" P H n K 0 Y II. R pl. IE 0 B H • h, rOC n 0 A ~ pI. c:, .. - ""leU," H 00,l,0YHIIO.,,2 BHAH ee H3 ooe 'l:'HTY.lle, Aa OH HHje HHKaKO HanYlllTao npaoo, Aa B.IlaAa CDOM 3eM..bOM OA Wape AO AYHaoa. Aa ce caarpao sa npasor B.IlaAaolla OHAH ce H no Tmle, WTO oe y no rAeKo~1 upaseaoa nO)ICHHKY ClIOMHlbe xao ccCTe4>aH BYK". ~ 11 Mycah rosopeha 0 aeouoraxa oH3aH1'HjcKor uapcraa craaea Byaa aa npoo MeCTO. ~

OA npH.IIHKe y 000 A0OO, KaA ce BYK npaaaarsea noprnnax YTopl)yje sao B.IlaAa.Ilall na jeAHoMe Ae.llY cpncue 3eMA>e, naaa oaaj aaHHM"bHBH noayura] CTe4>aHOB, Aa nO.llHTHKY cooje 3eMA>e sease oner C Y rapCKOM. HHKO . MaIbH Hero iKHBOTOIIHcall CTe4>aHOO, "'H.IIOC04> ROHCTaHTHH, npaxa, KaKO je CTe4>aH lIeKaKO npnax rOAHHa no- .. cae Hocosa noayuiaaao Aa ee HaC.IIOHH na YrapcKY. A.IIH je [om jeAHaKo sa TO H CYOHwe paso OH.IIO. OHO WTO ce 6e3 CBaKe cyMlbe AeclJ.IIo npe Hocoaa AecH.IIo ce H oaa. ROHCTaHTHH Kame, Aa cy ccOYU-T06HU xexu 6A8- CTeAU" (a no HMeHY HHKOJla 30jHh H HODaK Beaoupaaah) caMH onTyiKH.IIH CTe4>aHa cY.IITaHY, aao aa xohe Yrpe aa Ib Aa 1l0AIJrHe! \ Ha caaxa HallHH craap a.IlHjaHnHje

C Y rapcaox jow HHje caapeaa 6H.IIa. CTe4>aH je Aowao

y onaCHOCT Aa HaoY'Ie Ha eeoe rs-ea II Bajaaara H.IIAHpaxa" - Bajaaara MYIbeoHTor - H Aa H3ry6H npecTo. Aa cnace CBOjy AHHacTHjy H CBOjy 3eMA>Y CTe4>aH [e

1 Ljubic Opis jugos!. nov, 158. t Mon. Serb. 22:i. 224

S Y npaapeacaoa nOlleHDH), OOIlHIbC ce usa ftGTe.aHa AywaHa. GTe.ana Ypowa» - «C T e. a H By H H II 0 H a x II II> a Map H H a •• GpOCHH OOlleHHIIH XV -XVIII B. 0 .. CT. HOBaKOBolla 10.

, Hopf, Chroniques Graecorom.29 •.

l KOHcTaHTIlII. iKHBOT Ores. AaaapeBoha I'aaca, XLII. 26 i.

II

19

npeayseo ROpaR AP38.R, aAH ROjH je nYH He caao BHTemRe .IIenOTe Hero II BHCORe nOAHTHRe. Oramao je aa nopry B CYATaHY oraopeao acnoseaao nrra je aaaepasao : IlK 0 Ie. £ 0 Tee A 0 V • s" 'I I p. C T I "Ill rio It r 0 one r ov n H T" " 0 V r , 0 U .. ... p 0 V r • S .. Til; H n I • U ""CUOTP"~" ."wn H£ •• U"lCrt.IIOV II II.CnHTtllIHII A ,I. II II HilT. 0 IU" ... c n ° u £ H 0 V ~ .. " Ie I e r I", n p "II A ° x., C£ • H • 0 T.. U 0 H n p " A" SO r ° U. I I. P 0 V If " T I 0 II H II C T .. , Ie. £ ~ 0 w r £ wile .. r • 0 pH» I

OBa OTBOpeHOCT, OBa noeep.saea npeAaHOCT CTe<l>aHOBa, H [our aauie nO.llHTHqRa HcnOBeCT, aoja npa- 3Haje Aa [e pal)eHo na CaBe3Y C Y rapCROM H Roja xaayje, Aa [e osa] HanYWTeH noraasaro mTO ce no AY- 6JbeM pacyl)elby HaWAO Aa «CT8ap uuje YM.eCTUalt - CBe TO yqUHll.IIO [e Ay60R YTHcaR Ha llOPTY. IlourroBalbe TYPCRO npexa CHHY Aa3apeBoM caxo je ce Y3DHCHAO, H OH je oner crao aa npso MeCTO y MHAOCTH CYATaHoBoj.

Ilocae 080r Aoral)aja, - RojH je aa CDY npHAHRy 6HO 1392 HAft t 393 rOA. - 0AMax ce onaaea caperarse HYRoBe nOAHTHRe. YupaB ce TaAa aa 3anaAY noseao oner >RHBJbe Aa paaa aa }IHCAH, ROjOj j.e name ROCOBO lKpTBa 61Ma, aa MHCAH xpnmhaacae AHre nporasy Typaxa, Iloa aohersea spa.sa yrapcaora iRHrMYHAa cnpeMao ce RpCTaWRH noxoa aa Typae." IIlTa je ynpaso BYR P3AHO He BHAH ce y CBHMa nojeAHHOCTHMa, aAH ce no OqeBHAHHM H HeCYMlbHBHM pe3YATaTHMa Aaje noroARTR. RaA je y MapTy 1393 P3Auq U;pHojeBHh npeaao ..lem MAeqaHHMa, OBH npaoxe CBOMe KaCTeAaHY OA ..lema, AHTOHHjy Ae Ilajepanauoaajy, H3Aajy HapeA6y «oa 06-

I Ha BCT. M.

I Chroniquea de Sir lean Froisaart, ch 47, 220j Micha.d, Histoire des Croisades, 111, 180 j _. Bonfiniua B Ap.

,.

~o

o.p:JtCliea lLpujaTeA>CKe ceese C . BY'l<O.lt BpaH'I<06UfieM ~OjUM UCT01tHU.lt CyceOOM.» 1 Mu BUAHMO rae rOA. 1394 Anpaaa 9-or, AY>KAe AHToHHje Beaepao Aaje BYKY BpaaKOBHhy AHnAoMY na rpa~JaHCTlJO MAeTalJKO, Y KOjOj ra Ha3({BJbe: (( Magni(icus ac . potens dominus Volchus de Brancho dominus Rssciee. Slavoniae et cet," - ((CjajHu u .Mofiuu .ZO~UOOUH ByK BpaHKo6ufi, Tocaooep Peuixe, .CAaoouuje u opYZO.»2 ABe rOAHHe noaaaje - nOlJeTKOM [eceaa 1396, apcramaa BOjcK.a nOA . Kpa.beM ,RurMYHMY~AOM npOAa3H Kp03 jeAaH xpa] CTetl>aHOBOr nOAY~BA>a, U TO "UAeHefiu u pytaefiu xao oa upOAaau Kp,03 aeMA>Y Heu.p~jaTc.!bCKY.» '28 Cerrrextipa t 396 OTBOPU ce BeAJlKa oUTRa KOA HHKOnO..-ba. BHCHAO [e 0 ROH~Y Aa je Typ~u He u3ryoe, U WTO je U3rYOUA({ HUCy, TO uMajy 3aXBaAUTU, - U npnaaajy Aa uMajy aaXBaAUTH -;- cjajHoMe jypuwy, KOjH [e Oreeaa ca cpnCKHM OKAonJJH~UMa y OAcYAHOMe lJacy npeAyaeo, H KOjHM [e caTpLO KpCTaWKY BOjCKY OA yrapcreax, He~(alJKUX H epaa~yCR"X xasaaepa, 3a Byaa ce He SHa Aa je ono TOM npUAUROM C TypCKOM BOjCKOM. Ha npOTIfB, SHa ce Aa je pOCAe onTRe Haaono.ecxe ({ ByK UOOU8A 6 He1Wje uoooiJpeHuje upeo IIajaauTo.lt U OT xeao a8KA>y~8H OUCT 8 T8.MH U tW, » KaKO Tpoaouiau Be.llH ~ POAOC.IIOBII HaM Ramy Aara je Baja3HT Aao y n"'OBAUBY saTBopHTH. U IJ,a je He Ayro apexe nOCAe rora ByK, OA Typaxa OTpOBaH, YMPLO nerae y MaKeAoHuju 6 Oxrotipa 1398 roAnHe.· Jow ce He Mome yaeTIf sa HeCYMIbHBO, aan [aao Har"'eAa, Aa cy TYP~H yancaza a nOCAe U OTpOBaAH

,. Misti, XLII. fo). 814 v. 314 v. Hopf, Griech. Gesch. II, 96. 2 Listine iV. 827.

I .Regno Raseiae crudeli fervore in magna rerum direptione horribili strepito pertransito •• Thuroczy y Schwandtner Scriptores. 1,222.

~ Tpoaonran, 'V, 9l.

• .I~TonllclI, ?;afarik, j5 u .. p.

21

BYKa, IIITO cy HalIIAH, Aa je HAH cl>aKTHqRH npacrao,» HAH 6ap paAHO HelIITO ORO npacrajaaa, y RpCTaIIIRH' canea nporasy Typaaa.

ByK je aajnpe oaxparsea onae rAe [e H YMPLO -' na CBY npHAHKy y n",oBAIIBY, - MH je aa CROPO no-:

CAe aouiao U3 CU. rope 6paT iseroe, KnAyl)ep I'epacaa, Te My ROCTH AHrao H OAHeo C060M y CB. I'opy ' rae cy 6e3 oyxn.e H AaHac y jeAHoMe 0,\ ona ABa MOHa-' CTHpa, ROjHMa cy aajnpe HeMalbHhH, a nocae BpaHROBHlm ~fHore MHAOCTHlbe H npe H nOCAe rora qHHHJlH ---:: y XHAeHAapy HJlH y CB, lIaMY. llho [e ByR y TYl)oi-· 3eMA>H YMPLO H IIlTO je Aa.leRO BaH oTal,I6HHe caxpa-: lbeH, TO je HapaBHO MorAO caao Aa AaAe Maxa 'IHTaBOM jeAHoM HH3Y HapOAHHx npasa 0 CMpTH lberOBoj,~ npasa xoje cy y xapuouaja C OHHMa 0 H3AajcTBY lbe-:

I'OBOM na ROCOBY, -

Bop6a H3Met,y AHHacTHje BYKOBe H AHHacTHje Aa-' sapeae HaCTaBA>aJla ce H nocae CMPTl-f BYKOBe. CreeaHOBa [e npereaaaja ua CBY npHAHKy ojasaaa THMe, IIITO' je OH caaa 6HO 1'0AHHaMa aajcrapaja norouaa A03e HeMalbHha, AOK cy C Apyre crpane CIIHOBH ByKOBH MH-' MH.IlH, Aa anaa IIMajy [asera npasa, [ep AOK je CTe·'

, wc ... e ·Ro, .... ."o,ae ..... He., ...... UlllieAoH ... H.e IHC.,.. "~II"" er. - ~010'" PII"O •• H.OU re~lIcnu. H .,IIU. .11". 1.~"IHr •• ~ UO • .,H a .. c •• .,., ro,o,·, - nOBjeCT OT 611THja D OT napcTBIIX aacex pOAOB~ r Aa"D. X, CTp. 270,

, no j8Asoj raaoj aepaaja, Byu je peKao B3 TypCK' TallHBlle " Ao6erao BaOWII, KOjU ra 3& TUII OTpooa. 110 Apyroj jeaaoj 6erajybu 004 TypaKa ""ol,e y Xepnerosaay, Ty ce BIl jUBOIl lIoeTY opoBaAIl nOA !Lilli 3811.ba na ra nporyTt •• T8 ce B "asao TO M8CTO 80Be «BYKO. RAOKOT.U 3a 06e aepas]e BOA. Tponoman, V, 94., no Tpelloj np"qn oIeIRao je ByK 040 Kapal)opl)eBa apeaeua y Hpy_ me.o.,. rA8 oy ,.,. 08 T"PIlB sao 0001018 eseny BAan.aolO (?) a KaA Cp6n 3ayaeUie RpYW8B&U cnaaaiue My KOCTH Te nYCTIIW8 Aa BeTar neneo paaaece. BOA. MII.t. MHAojeouba Ilyronac lIpaoe Cp6nje, I, 46.

22

ean DOTOMaK Heaaa.aha caxo no Marepn, OHn cy TO 6BAB B no ouy B no MaTepa.

OAMax no CMpTH BYKOBOj, aKO He [out If 0AMax nourro je OBa.j Aonao TYpCKe Ta~IHnue, Creean je Aasapeaah aayaeo aKO He CBe a OHO BehH Aeo n.eronax SeMa..ba. 3a HeKO apexe noaoaea] lberOBe meHe H CHaoaa rserosax 6no je sa OtJajaBalbe. lIs jeAHe OeJJeWKe y 8BaHHtJHOj KopecnOHAeHUHjH Ay6poBallKoj OA roa, 1423 BHAB ce, Aa cy 6HJJH nporoiseaa ca caoje aexa.e. H He caao TO, Hero je cyATaH CTpamHHM npensaxa 'JIpaJRHO 0,<\ Ay6poBHHtJKe onurraae Aa My HSAa 6Aaro, Roje joj je ByR aa OCTaBY Aao. Onurraua nopea CBHX THX npera-a npeaa 6JJaro BYKOBoj meHII H CHHOBBMa, re ce OHB «'Koje 1l0MOfiy Toza O.A.aza~ 'Koje OpyZOM UOT- 1l0POM U caeero,u 00 erpene AYOp06HUKa uoepsre y ceoje ZOCUOCTeo.»' Ha CBY npHAnKy nor AaBnTO 6JJarOM 8aA06Hjy sa ce6e ueae seaape aa nopra, Te onpexaaura aajnpe TH~1 HallHHOM 3eMJbHIllTe, aneAyjy aa salllTHTY OHe HCTe nopre, Koja OM je oua rOHOAa. CYJJTaH HX npHMH y CBOjy MHAOCT 0 lberOBOM arrrepaeauajox, a BaJba. Aa H neurro YCJJeA npHja.TeJbCKHX npeacraaaaa onWTHHe Ay6pOBatIKe, Creeaa HM 1I0BpaTH HeWTO oseBHHe. CBe je OBO 6oJJO H3:\fel)y 1397 H t 400 rOAHHe.

Y 60TUO HSMel)y Bajaaara H TaMepAaH~ KOA AHrope 20 JYAa. 1402 rOA., 6HJlH cy y BOjCUH TYPCKOj Creean 0 BYK Aa3apeBHhH, H I'pryp H 'B~'pal) Bpaa-

,

I Y B8CT8ueILY Koje je Ay6pOBRDK AIIO CBojUIi n')K.'"Cap"Ma 16. <l>e6p.

IUa, Kojll nohouie BOjBO.tH Caua..,y: Volcho Brancovich siando morto et diameeo de le sue aignorta, et s i n n d o Ii fioli e t mogler suoi disp e rB i e t disco n sol ati de Ja 8 i g no ria, tolseno el deposito loro de Ragul., la qual non curando Ie grandi et spa\·entevole menaze del Gran Turcho che non cessava de domandare el deposito del dicto Volcho. rende et re8titui el dicto a chi spettna con fermiB8ima et constantin issima fede, col favor del qual deposito et de altro ajuto et eonsig liu de Ragusa ritornando in Signori. etc .• CDOM. Apx . .\y6poB. I. Y Ao.taTKY XXX.

,

23

ROBllnH. I'pryp je nao Y PYKe Taxepaany KaO aap06.bennx. CTe~aH, BYK H 'Dypat, np06HJlH CY ce KpOS TaTapCRY BOjCfCy na AOUl.llH y Ilapurpaa. Ilap MaHojJlo rryTOBUO [e y TO A06a no Espona BesyjyhH nOJIUTHtIKe caeae ca SanaAOM. Iberos aajcrapaja CHH Joaas aao HaMeCHUK ~apCKor AocTOjaHcTBa npUMH CTe~aHa C BeJlUKUM nOtIaCTH'Ia U aaae My TIITyJly AeCDOTa. IIo saXTeBY Ore~aHOBOM CTaBn 'Bypt,a BpaHKOBHha y aarsop H npeaa ra na tIYBalbe HeKaKBO~le BAaCTeJlnHY Poaony, "s Ilaparpaaa, rae je 6es CBaKe cYMlbe HMao rrpHJIHKe Aa Ca3Ha TemlbY rptIKHX ApmaBHHKa sa caBOOOM ca sa"aAOM, CTe~aH je OTnJlOBIfO MopeM Y 3eTY, C HaMepoM Aa oaarae, nOIllTO noxoaa caora aera 'Dypt,a Crpaiua~IHpOBHha Baouraha, OTHAe npeao Hocona y HOBo BpAO .

. fa JlH lllTO CTe~aH Y Ilaparpaay yroaapao, H nrra [e TO 6HJlO, sa caaa [om He aHaMO. Mome ce yaera Aa je sa aepoaan,e, Aa [e c uapex Jouaaox yroBal'f0 0 neao] paau.a, aojo] 6H, KaKO cy ce 60jaJlH, 'Dypat, BpaHKoBHh Morao aa cxern,a 6IfTH. JOUl Malbe SHaMO C KaKBHM [e ce oceha IhHMa, C KaKBHM MIIC.IIHM& H KaKnH;\1 nJiaHOBHMa npH6J1HmaBaO seTCKOMe npasopjy. Caaxojaao Ty ra AO'IcKajy IIJfCMa MaTepe n.erose aoja My [aa.saure aa xyAHOBaTe CTBapH. 'Dypat, je nofierao HS sarnopa naparpaaoaor H OTHUlao Y Jeapeae K CYJlTaHY CYJlejMaHY. Oaaj ra [e aeno IIpHMHO H Aao My BOjCKY TYPCKy C lbOMe Aa aaysxe aKO He ~eJly cpncKy SeM.bY a OHO 6ap CBOjy OtIeBHHY. MHJluna HHje caxo DHCMa IIHcaaa 1 Hero je H HeUlTO sojcue npHKY"H . aa na CBOjHM

1 Bpao je IIHT"pecRo, n J nCIIXOAOWKOIi R y nO.IIITnqKOJ( noraeay, nHCWO Koje je ~hUHlla DOA YTHCKOM OHHX Aoral)aja nuca .. a Ay6poBRRKY nerae y OxTO- 6py 1402,11 Bojera ce c8AplKaj BHIH 113 oaroeopa Ay6poBaqKOr OA 10 1I0BeM. acre 1402 r .• nITo nauie rOCDOACTBO TH aKO HX tCTc.aHa II BYKa) Bor aouece oaavo, All ax HMaMO npjenopjuene jcp nx npje.taraw na Bora H na naure .tywe, FocnoheBO.bRa CII TO DDcaTII Hall. Bor 3Ha II CBjCTY .bC CKPOBHO llTA. (Ay6poB'I8nll H8-

\

CUHOBUMa Y cperarse nocaaaa, C OBOM BOjCROM, ojasaHOM [our H qeTaMa, RojeMY je SeT Baomah aao, Cre~aH nohe us Bere nyT Hosora BPAa.. ROA Tpano.sa, Hume I'paaaaaue aa nooibY ROCOBY, cYR06H ce C TypnUMa 21 HOBeM6pa 1 402 H paa6Hje JlX. I Me~y TUM BYR, aora [e Creeaa nocaao ApyrHM jeAHHM npaauea C HeUITO sojcxe cYR06u ce C BOjCKOM 1.)yp~a Bpanaoauha Te 6YAe paa6ujeH TaRO, Aa [e ce jeABa C 20 nparaaana cnacao R 6paTy CBOMe y HOBo BpAO.

He Mome a aa qOBeRa He 06ysMe Ay60Ka Tyra, R8,A noraeaa aa OBe AUHaCTUqRe CYRo6e y Cp6ujn y OHUM TpeHyuuMa, y RojuMa [e TypcKa napeaaua, norpeceaa jaRuM YAapoM C no.sa U noraonaaaua paaaopox caHOBa Bajasaroaax H3HyTpa, TaKO RPHTUtJRH crojaaa, AUHaCTUQKa [e 60p6a u3Me~y AaaapeBux H BYROBUX CUHoBa, 113Me~y ABa orpauaa Hexau.abeae ~03e, H3auiaa TO~UKO aa 1l0BpWUUY yayrpaunse nO~UTHRe cpncxe nOQeTKOM nemaecrora seaa, Aa je sa TypCKe APmaBHHRe onora speaeaa. xao U 380 TypCKe HCTopHRe Ayro nocae rora, Cp6uja 6u.tla nojax OA ABa eaeaeara, ROjH cy saaaa y cynporaocra, H OA ROjttX ce [eaau 30Be Aaa-orAH a ApyrH BYR-orAH, T. j. CHUOBrt Aaaapeaa U CUHOBH BYKOBU.1 Henpnjare.saaa ce 3eM.be aa Taj HaqUn nocao 3HaTHO oaamuao. TIpujaTeJbH cy U OHAa MOr.llU caxo Aa caaea.sesajy TaKBe nojase. Y TOMe noraeay 3ac.IIymyjy Aa ce cnoMeHY OHa nacua..

BO.l<' KaHO cy oa crapuaa TO ... U"Y rocnoay Y caoj rpaA nplIMa ... II, H Y CllrypHocTR II c qawlly ucnpahaae] .. , a WTO HII nnure TBoja 1I0.l0CT, jep cy y naureu fl'aAY !bellO HOH ee 3 ... 011 TBoje AjellC nCHY, II HOII Te eBOHII 3AOYMeTBOIl AyIiI'OBHHHY Aot'iP11 raac nory6l1T. II Aa aese pjeqll KaIlO nOCH ... ajy 38 rpaA HaM R 31t aac, - 1111 I'ocuohe, Tej JbYAe He aRallO IITA •• CnOM. Ay6p. Aplt. I, U. -

I wK .. TO RUO (6911=1402) pll~BH AlcnoT Cretu .. Ue,CHIO .11 TpM.OAIO le.u,p •• III.· Safarik, 74. - Hoaasosnh, Ilpuuepa, us.

t Bu. Lewenclawi Hiatoriae )(UBu)manae lib. XIV. SOG • A8.Le.

25

aoja xaes H aehe Ay6posaQRO 12-01' AeKeM6pa 1402, - AaRAe caMOHa HeKOAHKO AaHa nOCAe 6HTRe Ha TPHnoa.y - nacaxy MapH Bpaanoaaheao] H CHHY joj 'Bypt,y. Y nHcMY 'Bypt,y BMe: "qYCMO K81<0 UO MUAOCTU 00-. :HCujoj oowaA cu aopaeo xa zocuolju .w.aju,u U M'HOZO ou- 4~MO eece .. lU yeuoee. MOAUMO Ooza 08 yCKopje U eocuoOU"H Fpnjp 1< ea.\& sopeeo aouoe. ETO 'tyjeMo jep eocuoocreo TU C KHeSOM (T. j ca CTe<l>aHOM) U C OP8TOM My jecTe y pacxoMjepu., rep TU je 'HaM neoptuo. Boz eje, eO.beAU OUc.W.O 08 je MeljyeaMa MUP U .by68e K8KO txpjecrou, 8 TOj OU8U1e eocaoooeesu. OUCTe U yaOp:HC8AU 3P.W.bY y ooopy MUPY U CT8'HJY.)) I OBaRaB rOBOp Y OHaROM speaeay 3acAymyje Aa My Cp6H Kp03 CTOTHHe rOAHHa XBaAY oAajy.

lIa nacr Oreeauy Ba.ILa pehn, Aa OH ca cnoje crpaue HUKaAa HHje AaBaO Aa yHyTpalIJlbH rpahaacaa par Maxa rrpeorxe. Csaaojaxo BHJ.H ce, ),30 cy ce nerae Y Te'lajy rOA 1403 ClfHOBH JlaaapeBH II CUHOBH BYROBH noroAlun TaKO, Aa OA Te roanne uexa nnure H3\1e~y lhOX orsopenor cYK06a OKO AlfHaCTHlJnOr mrrarsa, CBa Tpll CHHa BYKOBa OCTaAa cy Aa aajeAHHqKH ca CBOjOM MajKO:\f ynpaBJLajy aeM.bOM cnora oua He3aBIICHO OA Oreeana. !

113 spexena OA 1403 ao t 408 HMaMO HeIW.mKO AIfCTHHa, na KojHMa ce CBn aajeAHo nornacyjy, If na no nexoj OA KOjHX fpryp H 'Bypal) craua.ajy yaa caoje HMe

I Cnox. Aytip. Aps. I, 43.

2 .Ja pa6 Xpncry Bory lIojellY. rocnoasu I'pryp II rocnOAIIH T.ypal) II c rocnot;oll lIajKo" Hlf rocnohoa Mapoll n C npjeaas .... yli.b(·HOM HajJ 6paTOII .IIa- 33POII o6AaAajymTnil nail aellAejy ror-DOAnna If pOAIITeA.a namera rocnoauaa BVKa. - YBOA Y sanae KOjRII DOTBpljyjy CAo6owTlIHe Ay6poRaQKIIII TprOBHlllla, nOTnn(,3H y ~BA"Y£U" TplIO,· lIeeCHa AeKell6pa 29 0" 1405. lim Serb. 2·m.

26

H BAaAa.lla'lJKII np"ACB « CTe<l>aH».' Y XPJICOBO .. ,I>H ROjOM «ea XpUCTa Boz« 6Aazoejepuu rOCUOOUH rpzyp U rOCUOOUU 'Bypa~ U .1aaap u ZOCUOJIC()a .waTtt ux Mapa)) Aajy XHAaHAapy ceao Opaxosau, HMU HeU1TO MeAaHROAH'lIHOra TOHU, ROjH BpAO xapaxrepao 3BY'llH Y YCTuMa CHHOBa BYROBHX, H ROjl! Mome 6HTH AU xapaaTepHme H lbHXOBO AymeBHo cran-e H CMIO OHO apexe Y ROMe cy TO nncaaa. «Ao~owe UJ8,M. seae, CTap~u 00 xacxe tL l~apCKe seepe Xu"taHoapCKe, U ucnoeeou uie 'HaM. 0 uyJICou .lwuaCTU PCKOj KaKO cy UM Ty}J~u .MeToxuje uoyau .. wa"tu. a opyze UOll..{e'HU.{U Y M.eI)YCOOHU.l£ I peroeu ue. A .MU ce 0 TO.l£ uocaeemsacaeo, U euoeeuni K8.'I<O cea Kp8.C'Ha 080za csera '1<8.0 ceuxa tipo.uuie, lL xaxo je tipe 'Hac 6u,,{O zocaooe l~ape8a u wpe.eeee, lWjH ZOCUO()o8awe Kp03 .MHoze zoouHe U He ocrasuuze ru().lteHa OCUM O'HUX caaeo, lWjU ooopa oe.ta UO"tU1HtUW. l.l 60JICaWT8eHe ~p'l<ee UootLzowe: TO U .l£U peeHyjyft n: oeu.wa apeu« cu"tu uauwj upuuecoc.uo uerepu oOJICjo.i Xu.{euoapc'I<oj M.a"tu oeaj UPUHOC ce.w OpaX08at~ UTO. t

OUO npasmpje Y AHHaCTHTIRoj 60pou A03BO.baBaAO je CTe<l>aHY Aa nOR.iOHH CBOjy namibY cnoa.aunso] noAIITMUH. Aa AH je YCAeA xaxsor AorOBopa C uaparpaaCROM BAaAOM, HAH YCAeA noaora AORa3a noprane nep<l>HAMje, TemRO je caaa OACYAHO Ra3aTH, TeR csaaojaao [acno [e, Aa nOCAe OHHX HeO'lleRHBaHHX Aoral)aja na ROCOBY nOA 3HMY t 402 rOAUHe, Creean oner oxpehe caoje noraeae R Espona H cTyna oner Y CBe3e C YrapCROM. AYRapHh rosopa C BeAHKOM npecyanoinhy, Aa

• •. \3 pa6 TBoj CTe.au Fpryp c rocuohoa 11 NajKoli lUI U C Da3.I.y6.t.I·UIIIIB 6paTlljalia "OII"U, CTe+aHO" 'Dypi)ell I. Aa3apolI» - Y80A Y XP"CODO.t.y HojO" 1I0llaCTHpy CD. IIaDAa Ha CB. I'opu ,lajy Helle aeN .... e. MOD Serb. 277 Ilorpeurao .. je, 611.40 y npenUCHBaILY 6u.40 y opUrIlHR.lY, nanucaua roa. t 413 veCTO 1403 uu Koje -,pyre npe HOS.

t r.lacRIIH XI, 141.

27

oy CTe4>aH H BYK, BpaTHBIlIH ce AOMa H3 60ja KOA A Hrope, OAMax nHOaAH Aa H3BeOTe « K pa.AJa Yza PCKOZ U KHe:HCeee uTaAujaHcKe U HeMa'ltKe I) 0 BCoIiHKHM nenpaoIiHKaMa, Koje oy 3aAeCHAe 'I'ypxe « U KaKO 6u cao ",aKO iJUAO tiporeperii ux ua Eepoae, cao Koo cy uazy6u..f>u ~apa, zArume c80je dp:JtCaeHu xe, eojcKY, Kao cy HOe'ltaHO uc~puaHu, U CU.tHWK opyJICjeM rerepcnus« cerpeenu," AAH, AOAaje AYKapnh ananajae pesa, « U aKO cy OHU (OreffiaH U BYK) 06dpJICaeaAU pesne ca06pafiaje u.a. ~o .mA. K MHOZUJI( od re zocuooe, oner aa TO celt 1-bUX06U tipezoeopu , U cea 1-bUXoea d01~aaueal-ba 00- 6a~uwe ce U uod paauu.lt uazoeopu.lta, CaMO da csaxu OCTaHe KOO eeoie nyfie, noaaauure , (jep Boz pao Hawux zpexoee .YTeOe 08 Eepoas jow y POUCT61.1 OCTane t)", I

CaM l{oHoTaHTHH <l>HAOOOcl> Aaje AOHeKAe nOTBPAe OBOMe aaeaaaa.y , jep onHoyjyhH OHe Aoral)aje npea capureraa 1402 H nonparaa yayrpaunser MHpa y Cp- 6HjH aacras.ea : « &IIIfUIlIll .6 ~cllllA"HUH Ifcl, lalO CAUWoll .. , XOAIlUIe OOCLIAIlIETh I .. AIOGULI IIIKO "LI. & .. IE 6 I p. U e o ° A ° £L H ° 0"'. T.. IE r A II A, 0 V fh e 6 U 0 V G LI T H, 00- IAH"" AIOGOYECT .. H. lLen,HIEU.. H 0VYp'tAH AOROALUO, .KO TO IEUOV OGLlY AH G.W6, H e .. nOCA1BhUlHU .. OrrlPAH AIORU .. » AaA.e ce H3 TeKCTa, KOjH OBOMe coIieAyje, BHAH, Aa je TOM npHAHKOM Creeaa H3paAHO npHCTaHaK Yrapcxe, Aa Mome rpaa 6eorpaACKH 3HAaTn, "OGptLTIlIET" U'tCTO 0,.,1," ,nf!lIllrO IiULr,IlAIl rAliroAIO H HChOpOUI.. th OTh Rovr,L, n 0 H II IE f! IlID T 6 H B.. n, • A. A • XL e p .. sac LI " X .. A 6 IE H U 0 It e T .. , 1111 0 U I C P .. 1\ "'1" H 0 A ( 01- TOV ~EUAH ovr,LelOH OGptLTIlIET" C6.,,2 JOIll je 8HaTHO IllTO l\oHcTaHTHH Kame 0AMax nOCAe Tom, Aa

J Luccari, Aunali di RauBa, Lib. II, 78. 1 JKUB. CTeB. oIla3. XLII, 284.

28

je Creean, YTBp,ll,HBWH Beorpaa, nowao Aa 06Hi)e II) ,lI,pyry 3eMoibY. ccua je xexe zpeooee, noje cy Typl~U r.a.lf.OaOolbHO aayae.{u, oner 00 H>UX uoepsruo." I

OBO Ka3UBaJ-be KOHOTaHTUHOBO 0 OBe3aMa OreeaHOBHM 0 Y rapOROM H 0 HeRHM ycnecaaa J-berOBHM npexa Typnaaa, noraphyje ce H 0 Apyre crpaue. Taao HMa jeAHo OHO)lO, xoje [e Kpa..b yrapoKH }I{HrMYH,lI,O rOAHHe 1404 nncao xepuery OA ByprYHAHje <l>1I.,moy, y ROMe My [aaa,a, KaKI) [e Ie Creffiau, xxea 00 Cp6uje UpUCTaO Y3-a-H>, K8KO je upoTuey TypaICa uoouuu: 60jCKY U K8KO je UpUM11.eUl.U UOMofi 00 H>eza - Kpa..t>a yzapcKoZ

3a006110 ueICo'{u ICe uooeae.)1 2

3a ocneraerse OHHX oaaouiaja BaiKHO je H jeAHo nHOMO OOIIlTHHe Ay6pOBa'IKe OA 2-01' Maja 1405 roaaae. HHAII ce aa [e cecrpa CTC<I>aHOBa « KhIi cnerorrovamner KHe"3a Aaaapa. rocnoha Jeaa" (mcHa 'Byp~)a Baorunha) TpamllJla ,lI,a ce oriasecra 0 00JlllTH4KHM nanepaxa xpaa-a. lliHrMYHAa. Ay6pOB'JaHH joj oaroaapajy : ,(AUCT WCUOOcren eu UptlM uC.'ltO 11. pa3yMjecMo WTO 'HaM uucecre, oa su yuUw.e.lfO sa z.-tace 00 zocuoou.n« Kpa..t>a yzapcxoea, W.TO ce 'l.yje. l1 sa TO ZOcuoocTay au OaMO Y3HaT:

UM8MO Macoal' jep je UO .'ltU"'{Of'TU oOJICjoj sopeeo U y eeties« CT8H>y U Y oo..t>e.lf. uep je Oll . .f. 'HU xada, B np&Be ,1,3 BeJl.HBe BOjCB8 npBnpaBJLa. Aa 'huoje TU My je Ka'Ha UAU Kyoje fie c rjeuu. CtLA.aMU, 0,1, rOOIIOABH& AOOnOT& .o.e rOOnOACTBO BB YBB,ZI,jeT, BOB j8 Y BeJlBBOj J&Y<SBje B Y je,ZI,BHOTBY m ILB •. ,,' y. Ayt>POBHHKy cy AaK...le 0 npoaeha 1405 rOA. 3Ha...IH, ,lI,a [e ,lI,eOOOT Creeau y TaKO npHoHHM O,ll,HOwajHMa 0 KpaoibeM yrap-

I I\OHcTAHTnH, na IICT. w.

, .Stephanum ducem Basciae se (Sigismundo) auhjecisse, et eontra:

Turcas mogna potentia profectum, aeceptia a Be magnis auxiliis victoriae aliquot reportasae •• H3BOA U3 nuc .. a y Eng!. Geseh. v. Serw. 855.

~ Cno ... .\y('p. Apx. I. nucuo t t i.

29

CKHM, Aa 08 6cs 0YMlbe Haj60..be 3Ha, WTa CY npaae naaepe Be .. mKH)f BOjHHqKHM cnpeaaxa yrapcaaa :

Ilocae C:\IPTlf KHerHlbe MHAUl(e (11 HOBeM6pa 1405) oAHowajH H3Me~y Creeana H }I{HrMYIIAa nOCTaAH cy jow .... r.PAaqHHjH. rOAIfHe 1406-1407 iKurMYHAo je yoao y

·"tOCHY C BeAHKOM BOjoROM Te KpBaBHM 60jeBHMa KpOS ABe rOAHHe 0PUHYAHO Ty seM.bY Aa npaana oner cysepeHCTBO KpyHe CB. Creeaua. OAaTAe je rOA 1408 AOmao y Cp6Hjy, 6e3 c)"Mlbe y Beorpaa - H !taKO HaM n-eroa cexperap BUHAeK TBpAH. (I YUYCTUO ce c oecuoTOM. Y apezoeope 08 t5yoy jei"m.o.» I Bahe Aa je CTeBaH orrrparao nOCAe }I\HrMYHAa y BYAlfM, jep na cacsano] AHOAOMU OA acre 1408 rOAUHe, KojoM Kpa./h mnrMYHAo YCTaHOBA>aBa opaen aaarnora 3fdsja, 0AMax usa apa..bul(e yrapcae Bapsape, a npea cBHMa APYrHM 6apoHHMa, CTOjH nornacan « Oreffi8H oeCUOT ooCpouje.))l

Ilpasa xapaarep H caApmuHY OHHX nperosopa AaHac jow He 3HaMO. MOr.llH 6H ax no OHOMe WTO je o.lleAOBMO narahara. TOAHKO je [acno Aa oy pe3YATaTH TUX nperonopa HaUUlAH Y ca60py cpnCKOM na >ReOTOKY U OAOYAHY OnOSUl(Hjy. lIa 'le.w joj ce CTaBU HIIKO MathU aeh cax 6paT Creeauon aues BYK. llOAHTH'lKa ce onoSHl(Hja HSMeTe Y AH'lHII cYK06 nyH ropnnne. ByR aao Ha'le.llHHK napraje xoja oA6al(yje canea C Yrpaxa, oTuAe ua nopTy U 0 npoaeha rOAUHe 1409 C TypC1<OM. 80jC1<OM. yna.p.a y Cp6I1jy.· Y3a Ib npncraue Be.llOKO Aeo

I In demselben lezten Ja re seines Lagers. also er von Wossen [BoCKa) zog. do scbrieb man virzebn hundert und a~bt Jare, do zoch et gegen Sirfien nnd Raizen und teindigete mit tom Tischbot [aecno r] das er mit im einl!- 'Wart .• Windeck, CTp. IIH .

. :I Fejer, Codex Diplom. X, vol. 4., 6-57 187.

3 ROBCTaBTHB, rd. XLII. 291; Mupoyp611B KalKe Aa je BYII .llaaapesllh .1.0680 0.1. nopTe aa nOl101l jeaaa Kopnyc 0.1. 30.000 sojuIIKa nOA 8O)lauAo)l Eapeaoc nawe. Manro Orbini, 255; -- Pajuh, 111. 120, no Maapoyp611RY )lUCAII, A. je ce ByK AHfao Ra 6paTa npOCTO 113 BAaCTO.l>y6.a.a, TpalKellu aa ce66 noao-

, -

30

B • sacreae - peKao 6HX HapOl.JHTO oae , mro je HMaJl80 6alIlTHHe jy>KHO OA cyroxa Mopase, AalUe oae, Koja je 611.1180 Aa.be OA ynAHBa yrapcaor a 6AHme aenocpeanox TepopH3MY TypcKe CHAe. Y3alb npacraae K 'Bypa~ BpanKOBHh, KojH OA RaKO My 21 Mapra 1408 npeMHHy CTapHjH 6paT I'pryp, npeayse rAaBHY yAory na ynpaBII 3eM.tbOM BYKOBOM. CTC<I>aHOB je noaoaea] nOCTaO BpAO KPHTHt{HHM. Be.'HKH 6poj BA3.CTCAe npetnao je 6HO R BYKY. lIH na OHe KOjH My ocraaoure He xorame Aa ce OCAOHH. Iberoay AYlIleBHY 60p6y onacyje BpAO >KHBO ca HeROAHRO upra >KHBOTonHcau aeroa 1{0HcTaHTHH. BHAeBlIlH ce y MalbHHH Creean HHje xreo HH Aa ce ynyurra y 60p6y C 6paToM, aeh je npacrao Aa BYRY yCTynH OHY nOAoBHRY ApiRaBe IHTO AemH 6AH>Ke TypUHMa, a ce6H Aa SaApmH OHY nOAY, mTO je 6AHma YrapCROj.1 ITo YBepaBalbY Maspoypeana OBH cy YHYTParnlbQ aepeaa TpajaAH nyHHx mecr xeceua. S

Creeau [e C jeAHHM AeAoM lbeMY eepae MaCTfMe OCTao npa y6et,elbY, Aa sa.sa I1paBHTH caaea C }rrap_ CKOM. lliPTBa, Kojy je npnaeo TOMe CBOMe y6et,elbY, no Mome 6UTH Aa "Hje natIHHHAa Ay60K YTHcaK aa apaa,a jHHrMYHAa. Mome 6HTH Aa oarn OAaTAe nOTHl.Je onaj eHT)'3Hja3aM KojHM BHHACK ua BIUlIe MOOTa y CBOjHM MCMoapHMa 0 CTe<l>aHY rOBOpH. IIa jeAHoM MCCTY CTaB.-I,a n.era xao l.JOBeKa nomreaa H OA pel.JH ua cynpoT Xpsojy H CaHAaAY xao .tbYAHMa, na xoje oe HHje MO-

, I

BHBy 0'l6BIIH6. - MajKoB Ka3yj6 TO KCTO 0 n06YAaMa BYKOB8 6YB8, CTp. '08. (hi AOAaje, Aa je 6pahy H3MUPII0 Kpa.... il\linlyli.!.o. lIlTeTa WTO HHje aaseo H300P aa 000 uocaean,e Topt,ell.e.

I 0 oncj 3HaQajBoj .OABTH'IIIO{ ~n.30"u, KOjOj jeupaaa npapoaa OHalla, KallO caaje y T8KCTY H8.1OlKKO, HMa 3&BHM .... uBax nOABTaKa HOBCTaBTaB +aA080., I' AaCB. XLII, 29~. 83 1L8ra je .yWAO y l\apocTaBBHK IIHoro 0,1. oaora, WTO PajRh B&80" •• Pajuh, III, 119.

s Maaro Orbini, i55.

31

rAO OCAOHHTH.1 Ha CBaKH HatIHH, tIeKajyhH Aa HaCTaHY 60A)e npl'IAI1Ke H na jeAHoj H na APyroj CTpaHH, OH je cax oapasaaao A06pe AHtIHe oaaomaje C BYAHMOM. HaKO lIa\l n-eroa mHBOTomt:caL\ Kame, OH je « na ecaxo .beTO tipu xooe s 3&uaihtu ca60p U nUKozoa ;)ICe zpaou UAU crpswu xe eacupujeM ea3epaw.Taw.e ce»1 SpAO je SHa- 1.JajHo Aa no yrapcKHM H3BopHMa KpaJb iKHrMYHAO yooAe OA Boese If AaAe CTe<l>aHY Cpe6pHHL\Y ca L\eAHM OKPYrOM rOA 1409,S - AaKAe yrrpaao OHe rOAHHe, Y KOjOj je Creean Itsry6uo 6lfO nOAoBHHY csoje ApmaBe C HoBUM BpAoM! OA rOA. 1 411 HMa jeAHa AUCTUHa, RojOH KpaJb iKlfrMYHAo Aaje rpaaoee Carxap H HeMeT CTe<l>aHY y 6amTHHY. ~ OBaKHx he ce AHCTHHa, - KojHMa ce nornphyje aaaaaarse l{oHcTaHTHHoBO, - apexeaox If Burne uaha, [ep OOs CYMIbe HajBehH Aeo 6awTHHa, xoje hmw MaAO nosnaje BUAeTH Aa 'Bypl)e y Y rapcso] ApmH, jow je Creean y paSJHIM npaaaxaaa OA RpaJba llinrMyHAa A06HO 6HO.

Haje Ayro npexe npotnao a IIpHAHKe AOHecome. 1'e Creean OJleT yjeAliHli 06e nOAOBHHe cso]e ApmaBe ~ He caao TO, Hero BitAe, Aa ce jeAaH Aeo HeKaAamlbe onoannnje npaxaaaa aeroaoj aanaauoj nOAHTHL\II. OBoMe je 06pTY AonpHHeJlo mTO je oe npaKTH'IKHM HCKYCTBOM AOKa3HBaAo, KaKO je [apax rypcxora BaCaJlCTBa CBaKHM AaHoM CBe TomH H CBe HCCHOCHHjH. Y Mel)yc06HHM 60p- 6aMa CHIIOBa Bajaairroeax - C"yAcjMaHa 4cJle6Hje, Myce If Mexxera HplflU1.Jlfje, - MHoro [e ce cpnoxe KpBH npoauao, II xaore cy opncae aexa.e rpoaao nocrpaaaze." Ay60K je yruca« aa one napraje y Cp6ujll YtIUHHAO,

I Windeck, 1152.

1 KOHCT8RTUB iKUB. Crea. Aaaap. r.l. XLII, CTp. 3t I.

I Kerchel. not. prael. CTp. '74 Y Engl. Gesch v. Servo :i60. & Fejer, Cod. Dipl. Tom X, vol. V, 141.

& .Ieronucn, ynopeAH B Hammer, I, 817-261; Zinkeisen,I, 48'-443.

32

KaA craaee raac, Aa cy TYPQU no aarroaecra MYCIIHOj nory6u"m y HAOBAHBY opaTa Creeanona KHe3a BYKa H 6pa Ta 'Bypi)ena Aaaapa Bpaaxoaaha 16 J y Aa rOA. 14101 MaAO noaauje Myca [e 6uo uapeano Te nOKYlllallle Aa OTpyjy u 'Bypi)a Bpaaxonnha, KOjH je C TypUHMa sa[eaao a 1l0A KOMaHAO~f MyCIIIIO:\1 oucahanao CUAHBPHjy. JaKa 0 3Apana rp~i)a 'Bypi)ena He nOAAerHe OTPOBY 0 aKO je 6HO 036u"bHO 060Aeo.2 'Bypah ynepaamn ce Aa «)' Typ-rany npajarea.a HeMa» '-IHM ce MaAO OA AejCTBa crposa OIIOpaB", npehe ca cnojox BOjCKOM xa I'puaxa Y rpaa, a oaarae oTnAe y Ilapnrpaa.' Jour npe ouor TYpCKor uoxyuraja Aa ra orpyjy, 'Bypal) je ce 06pa'fRO oaojo] MaTeplf Mapa, Aa nocpeayjo KOA Creeaaa, re Aa ce 03MlIpe. Creeau, KojU je 0 cax OCTao 6e3 6pahe a Aeue 0 OHaKO UMao na]e, Be.HlKOM [e cpaaunouihy npeAycpeo me.be cnora cecrpaha II jeAHllor Bpaineounha KOjo je [our OCTao 600. OH je Mapnae rrpercraaxe aa 03MHpeibe C 'Byp1)o:\1 npnxao « .. IOa.6 orlo'I" CI. ,LlHOUt. UHorOIIlIlA6A'lHLlHU"" BeAR I{oHCTaHTHH. 'Bypal) je Aomao y COAyH a H3 Co .. lYHanpepymaBajylul co, no KaAKaA nYTyj)'hH cax caxmrr, npehe onaj Kpaj, KojH je KHIITHO OA MyeuHHx MIB"",a'-lHUX '-leTa, Te cpehno Aoene AO lIIeera, rAe ra [e nexa.aa BeAURa opymaHd. nparrsa HOjy

I jeTon., Safar. 74; Pajnh , 1I1, 125.

2 Moycllja npaxoaur nOA CHAHDpnjy, IIAjpme Fjyprja IIBoraWTH peseaaro BHOYKa BeAnKaaro KHeaa ja3apa Oy6UTU pil~UI ••• e. IIU,_6 I Iii leyep" .,,010, AilC" T~ .41 OTpil.6HIII 0,,01. IUY I C1U,UI 16 ne-

..

A~.n. OIlllY6 ,.e GOUCYI nOC,pilAiI.· ROHCT.RTaB, SOt.

a 3a CBe TO BBA. KOBcTaHTIIBa, 302 K Aa.be. 'E.yp~y je, .10K je jow 60040- sao nOA CUAIIBpujO!ll, HeKO OA nplljaTe.b3 noruaaao, Aa aKO Ba TOile lIeCTY ocraae AO IIpaKa, Aobll be Typun A\ ra no BanOB8CTII MYCHBoj y6HjV. 'E.ypa~ je lIa TO aapeaao Aa ce npe.lY311e To601ll jYPHW Ha rpaa, re TaKO 3ltBapaB nam",y YTeqe o Bebllll AIUOII ODor a IIYKa y rpaa. OHe aeKOAUKe Koj. OCY'.Aowe y .toropy, TYPUH n06njy. Myca je oe OHARO CJlAUO, WTO lIy je 'E.ypa~ YllaKao, U xreo je nory6BTH caora r.taBDor BOjaOAY MuxaA-6era, Da xora je uoaoapeaao, Aa je 'E.yp~y DpOK.sao urra ce RallepaB&AO.

I

\

33

My je yjaK Creean na cycpeT nOCJIao OHO. BHAH ce Aa [e napoa n03ApaBHO naxapeue Creeana ..1a3apeBHha II 'Eypl)a EpaHKOBHha Be.llHKOM paaomhy. no .IIeTOnHCHMa je saOe.llemeHO, xao Aoral)aj OA Be.lllfKOr SHaqaja, KaKO ((6 .MTO 6922-141.1 OKTO.M6puja 23 oo~e 'Bypa~ ua CoAYHa )) . I l\OHCTaI-ITHH onucyje nojeaanocra 'Eypl)eBa nosparaa U Kame, JCaKO je YC.IIeA Tora « paOOCT 6CeH.euape"teH.8ja 68s6jew.Taw.e ce." t Mome OUTU Aa je jom TaAa uSMet,y IbHX yr.llaB.beHO Aa Creeaa, aKO U AaA,e 000 aeue OCTaHe, nporaaca 'Eypl)a CBOjUM HaC.IIeAHUKOM. Caanojaxo OA TaAa 'Bypal) He caao Aa Huje Burne HUKaKBe caera,e CTe<l>aHY qUHUO, Hero My je BepHO CJIymHo y paSHUM npU.IIUKaMa xao aanoseaaax HaA CBOM BOjCKOM aeroaox, xao II1TO je TO OUO H. np. c.IIyqaj seh 1'e UCTe rOA. y BeAuKoj OUTUU «noA ropox BUTomeM 'H1l HCKPY», r",e je 'Bypat, C BOjBOAOM PaAlflleM HaA CYATaHOM MyCOM cjajHy nooeAY oapaeao (1'. 1413.)'

OA H3Mupelba CTe4>aHOBa C 'Bypl)eM, H HapOqHTO ()A KaKO [e crynao aa OTOMaHCKU npecro cYATaH MexMeA. HaSBaHU Rpumquja, CpoHja [e CBe AO CMpTH CTe<l>aHOBe ymHBaAa MHp. Bpeae [e TO Creeaa ynOTpeOHO Aa nonpasa YHYTPall1lbe oraae y SeM.bU, Aa yaanpeaa oopa- 30BaHoCT H O.llarOCTalbe H aa cxorrsa HOBe a YTBPAH crape caese ca aanaaox. OH je He caxo HaCTaB.baO OAAasUTU y BYAuM aa catiop yrapcaa, Hero je no TBPt)elby aerosor mUBOTonucua atnao H aa RocTajHUqKU cafiop (usMet,y 1414 U 1418) na H y caa PUM.4 ROHcTaHTuH, KOju je U cax OUO AYXOBHHK npa.BOCJIaBHe

npxae U KOju ce U UHaqe noaaayje nOYSAaH, rosopa 0

I ACTODBC. Safar. 71). t KOBcTaBTBB. S04.

a T\OHCTaBTHB. SOil; Hammer. Y, 357: Zinkeisea, I, 44l. , KOBcTaBTHH 311.

ToYPAlI BPABROBRT.

3

/

TOMe C TaKBOM rrpecyaaomhy Aa je TemKO He BepOBaTH My. ITYT Taj no Heaasao] H no IhuHjH, aenora H 60- racrao «BellHTora rpaaa" PHMa, Aa..be B.eAHKa OHa nourra, KOjOM je nap H Kpa..b lliHrMYHAO BOAeo Aa ce oapymyje, - cae TO cayna He Mome 6HTH aa aaje YlIHHHAO Ay60K YTHcaK aa Creeaua H aa OHe npecraanaae cpnCKe BAaCTeAe, KojH cy C IbHMe 6HAH. Bes CYMlbe cy YTHCI\H TH oAjeKHYAH H Y aKTy, KojH je CTe~aH rOAHHe 14 ~6 H3BpmHo.

OC06HTH AOKas npacaax oAHomaja .Me~y OreeaHOM H uapea JRHrMYHAOMHMMfO II Y TOMe, mTO [e AecnOT DOC.I1aO JRHrMYHAY Y noxoh HemTO opncae BOjCKe, Aa 00 60PH Y qemKoj npoTHBY X YCHTa. I'osopeha o XYCHTHMa H 0 Aora~ajHMa rOA. 1422. KOHcTaH'rlfH BeAH: .H cu.lt y60 tJU6WU.U, llOcu"tajeT xpa.b x oecuoTY Ma"tyjy 1-bexyjy "teCT txpoce 60U UCT6a U3tJpaHUX 3UMUY CyWTy 6pje.MeUU 6 jeatCe OOU"t'HUM MaCOM CUX yCTpnWUTU. Jeoce U tJUCT. H upuwaowe eaeoneruuze zoueWTUX U ll.beUYWTUX Aye.» I Haaaaarse Hamer KOHCTaHTHHa A06po 00 nOTBp~yje 6eAemKoM i!{HrMYHAoBor cexperapa BHHAeKa, KOj". npliqajyhH KaKO je rOAHHe 1421 JRHrMYHA CnaAHO Hynea na ce npexa yrapcaoxe BpOAY nOBYKao, - uacrae.sa : Do die behemischen Kezer sahen, dass der Konig hinwech rait, U nd die Sirffen, Rezen und Ungern mit yme, denn er doch viel Sirffen, Rezen. und Ungern bei im hatte, so zogon etc"," T. T. «nOlleM lIeWKH [eperaua BUAorue Aa KpaJb OTUAe, a C IbHMe Cp6u, P8tu1l8HU U YrpH, jep OH 601'Me HMat)ame MHOZO CptJlI, PalU1l8H8 H Yrapa ca C060M; TO H OHR nohouie" UTA.

I ROHCT.HTRH, 3 t 4. , Windeck, 11~8.

rJlABA .llpyrA

ClIPT "&COOT. CTII:+ABA - CT7nAILII: lIl1PlIA BPASKOBB'II.A SA BA.lAlI f9 J7.I B 8 OBDTII:1IBAP ro ... H27.

Hlro [e 'Dypat) nporaatnea HaCAeAHDROM npecroaa opncaor, TO je BeOMa 03AOBOolbHAO Ilopry. Jom BehM3 RaA joj orarome rAaCOBH, Aa ·CTe,z,3H YAemaBa casea c YrapCROM. H.oHcTaHTHH HaM aaayje RaRO je CYATaH «6UOe6UtU zoe oecaor C6a1W zoouue oO..t8au xa KpB..bY yzapCKoM, U llOC..tYWB.6ULU xexe, Koju aa K..te6eT8XY», jom AOR [e ce Creeaa (c npoaeha 1426) y YrapcRoj 6aBHo, nocaao jeAHor OA CBOjHX BepHHX, Aa BliAH urra je y CTBapH.

Ona] je IIOBepeHHR CYATaHOB npHAHqHO Ayro xeaao (na CBY npHAHKy y Beorpaay) AOR je ce Oreean BpaTHO. Haao ce AecnOT ocehao jaR yTBpt)eHOM aAHjaHUlijoM C YrapCROM, onaasa ce H no TOMe, WTO no nOBpaTlCY name He XTeAe AWIHO Aa npaarr CYATaHOBa nocaanaxa'. Haje

qYAO I1ITO je osaj , BpaTHBWH ce CBOMe uapy, noaneo asseurraj, ROjHM AORa3HBaWe HeonXOAHY ncrpefiy Aa ce OAMax ua CTe<l>aHOBY ApmaBY YAapa, jep, rosopatue OH uapy, «aKo TU ue lloljew. ua H>UX, Oofiu fie OHU ua re t '

I .nOlKAaB IRe 1I80ro DOCA8HH, TalKe npama .. AeCDOT yBjeAje 0 BjewTH, A8- pOBaHBja DoeuajeT jellY, 6uiJje"Huja :lICe TOIO He oaoo06u.. KOHcTaBTHs, 316.

t .0 IRE npama .. I: napy 1I80ro KAeBeTame, B aurre, pese B" npBAewl1 ~ CHlI:, OBH YIRe sa Ttl "PU"YT •• KOBCT. Sf7.

48

DBe petIn Aajy MnC.IInTn, Aa [e TypCKn nOC.IIaHnK He caao caaaao aa yroaop , Kojn [e Creeaa C YrpHMa ytInHnO, Hero Aa je aaao, Aa je yrosopy TOMe Kpajlba nea : Hauai) Ha Typ'Ke.

CY.IITaH ce aancra OAM:lX xpene C BOjCKOM na Cp- 6J1jy. He nauraaura HHrAe 03611.bHa ornopa , lberOBa aojcaa, nOA KOMaHAoM 6er Aepoora OA Poxanaje CnHaHname, npoape naeneha AO Hpyureaua, Kojn 3aY3Me. 3a oaaj npBn nOXOA Myparos IIpOTHBY Cp6Hje aaajy H naura H TypcRn assopa. «Sa .beTO 7934 (t 426) XOAU MypaT nOA Hpymeaau H n.seau Cp6.be", Be.llH ce y HalllUM aeronacaxa'. Typcaa asaopa, npaxyna.eaa Y XaHHBa.IIAe H A.eBeHK.IIaBa, He 3HajyhH npasa nOBOA n npasa CMHcao Tora noxoaa, AOBOAe ra Y CBe3Y C jeAHHM .Aoral)a[ex, KOjH My je nperxoaao, H Kojn je OtIeBHAHO npasao A)1JOK YTHcaK na CYBpeMeHe Typxe. Ha HMe 'Bypat) [e BpaHKOBHh 2 aao YXBaTHTu na Y TaMHHUY 6aUHT" neaaxora Ae.llH-6alllY, [eanora OA OHHX M.IIaAHX fieroaaha, KOjH ce paao aaaeraxy Aa «llll1hape» no apajanaaa cpncae ApmaBe. llpOCTU cy TypUH MHC.IIH.IIlI, Aa je Ta APCKOCT « BYK-or .IIHjeBa» AOBO.bHa, Aa 06jacHu, lllTO ce nODI.IIO aa Cp6njy. A.IIu mnBOTonucau CTe<l>aHOB He OCTaB.ba HHKaKBe cyMlbe 0 npaaoxe CMIIC.IIY oaora TypCKora nanaaa I.

Cpehox aa Cp6ujy, Tora ce aera AHrHe 6YHa y l{apa:\taHuju, Te ce cY.IITaHOBa sojcaa onaeaasura caao HeKO.IUKe xpajene noayxe Y 6p30 113 Creeauose Apma-

I f;afar. 7S. - HOB8KOBnh, i64.

I Typcan H3BOPB y JieBeBK.l8aa KalllY H3peKoIII «BII"-OlAUjU. OBO OOIlHlIoellO C Tora WTO I~BBKaj3eB IIHCAR ... je TO BoIaWH. HBea ApaKYA, Hojn je Y T8!IIHHUY 6au.0 Ae ... -6awy. Zinkeiaen, I. &36.

a Jow je Jo;Hr8.1 (Kollle BapaBBo H3W KOBOTaHTKa Baje 003HaT 600) OOlllllao All he 00 Bajope 68TH, Aa je UpB. OOXOA MypaToB HeoocpeAaa OOCA8,lBlta epncuo-yrapcse 8.1 njaRUuje. Eng!. Gesch. v. Serw. 369.

Be I. Moaee 6HTH Aa cy K OBOM pe3YATaTY AonpUHeAH H Helm AHnAOMaTCKH KOpaI\U, xoje [e CTe4>aH, npaayn.sajyhn BOjCKY H cnpeaajyh« ce aa par, anaa KOA Ilopre '-IHHHOj jep KOHCTaHTHH Kame H3peKOM Aa je AecnOT oupasao 6HO K CYATaHY caoje noxaacape 2.

A.,," HHCY caao TYPI\H BOjHOM AeMoHcTpaUHjoM npoTeCTOBa.IJH npoTHBY CTe4>aHOBOr ycnexa y yayrpaunso] H cno.saunso] nOAHTHUH. H aKO ce sa caaa He Mome AOKaaaTH Aa cy TO 6liAO 60caHCRO nOAIITHtIapO Kojn npoxaaauie nopra yroBop CBe<l>aHOB C YrapCKOM, BaH CBaKe je CYMlhe Aa [e y OHO HCTO apexe, y Koje TYPI\H npoapenre y Hpyureaau, sojcxa 60caHCKa ynaaa Y 60- CMICltH aeo CTe4>aHOne ApmaBe II onceaa Cpe6pHHI\Y'. HaKO ce TYPltH rproure narpar 03 Cp6Hje, CTe4>aH oapeae aa BOCHY CBY BOjCKY, KOjy npHHynHo 6ewe. BocaHI\H, 1I3HeHat)eHH HeOtIeKHBaHHM nojasoa CTe4>al-IOBIni C OHY CTpaHY ApoHe, HaUYCTe oncaAY Cpefipaaue, OCTaBe CTaH C MHorHM )'60jHHM MaTepHja.IJoM H ca TpH TOlla, H noaYKy ce Y nepeay K CBOjOj rpaanua '.

CBe ce OBO AeCHAO HeWTO Y APyroj nOAOB"lIH Jyna a I1eIUTO y npso] nO.IJOBHH" Jy.IJa 1426 rOA. 25 Jyaa BIl.-\UMO Creeana y Cpe6pHIII\H rAe, OtIeBHAHO nOA npeTHCKOM aanaera onor C llOPTOM If C BOCHOM, a aaa.a Aa II YC.lJeA asjasa 6YAHMCKora ABopa, paTH4>HKyje yronop Mupa H3Me~y Cp6Hje Ii M.IeTaKa 5. Y paTH4>HRaUHjH

1 0 6ynll Y }\apaIl8HIIJU BUAO Hammer 1. CTp. 425,0 nOBpaTK)" TYPIIKa, Ko-

CTanTOH 317. -- Ynop. II Zinkeisen, 1. 536. 2 I{UHCT. 317.

s KOHcTaHToJl 317.

& «AecDoT me B csopje pjeny npjemaa, jeaee 6ocanno BUAjeBwe ocras.nne BC.' CT3BoBHaja cBoja 6jelllawa C Kpa.t>ell CIlOjuli. OCTa lIIe II IIp3WT8 IIX raaroz,e .. aja Xoluna nynno C lLlllIll AB;e)la. AeCDOT lIIe DOBe.I,e BeolllKyjy B BjeArra4 BeCTn nposeja lIIe B Cpe6pBUK KOBeT. 317.

5 Y IIAeTaQKoj apx, Commemoriale XI ch. 151, Acta Arch. Ven. II, 260.

~7PA~ BPAHKOBH~ 4

50

TOj Ha3UB..be 'Bypl)a BpaHKOBUha « xeliaxoM U ea3"by6- .,beXUM CUXOM ceojuM I.»

BOcaHCKU je KpaA> jom Y Teqajy TOra aera t5uo npaayben Aa TPamu y AeCnOTa Creeana MUP 2. OC.IIOt50AuBmu ce TaKO aa Taj MaX U Typaxa U Bounsaxa Creeaa [e npexo [eceaa H npexo 3UMe 1426 OCTao y Cpet5pHu~u.

no aaapmeaoj paTHcI>uKa~uju MHpa C MA.e~HMa 'Bypal) je oramao xopex y 3eTY, Aa npHMH rpaaose H 3eM..be, xoje cy Cpt5ujH no TOM yrosopy OCTaAe. TOM [e npH.IIHKOM cBpaTHo y noxoAe Ayt5POBHUKY, RaKO 0POHHuja npma, C ~MUM ABOPOM CBOjuM. CA.aBHa H t5oraTa. onWTHHa Ayt5poBaqKa AOqeKaA.a ra [e YCPAHO aao crapa H OCBeAOqeHa npajare .. sa H nOqaCTHA.a cjajHo xao t5yAyher rocnoaapa OA Cpt5Hje. HapOqUTO je onurrnaa oKpymHA.a BMUKOM cjajHotnhy «focnol)y JepHHY». Illecr MA.aAHX rocrroha oA aajcrapujax H HajoTMeHujux ayha B.IIacTe.llHHCKUX, ABOPIf.110 jy je senpexamo H nparaso, KaA t5H KYA rOA no rpaAY nonreraaa, Ilocae csera )lyt5pOBHHK [e aa CBOjUM raA.HjaMa oaseaao 'Bypl)a II nparlbY lberoBY y 3eTy'.

Y HOBeMt5py ra HaA.a3HMO y ApHBaCTY, rae C M.IIeTaqKHM nOC.IIaHHKOM 4>paH'IeCKOM HBUPUHOM OApetJyje y nojeaaaocraxa rpaaaue cpnCKHM H M.IIeTaqRHM 3eMA>aMa y 3eTH. )loKYMeHaT je 0 THM rpananaua norrracaa 11 HOBeMt5pa 1426 y )lpHBacTY'.

Ilpeao 3HMe 1426 H C npoaeha 142'7 yrapcaa [e BojcKa nOA I1BaHoM Maporox nporepaaaaa 1I3 BA.aUlK6-·

1 Georgium quondam Vulcbi Branke nepotem ac (ilium nOlltrum cari-

asimum» •• Ha .eTOIl 11.

I KO.CTaBT.B 317.

s Mano Orbini, H8.

• Acta Arch. Yen. II. 280.

51

BOjBOAY PaAYAa, xor cy TYP~H nOCTaBnAH SeM.lbH Toj sa rocnoaapa 1. Hamn asaopa nOTBpl)yjy OBO Ra3HBalLe assopa yrapoaax " H jom sHajy Aa cy ce Typua C npoaeha 1427 nCKynH.iH y BHAHHy, OAaT.ie npetnaa AYHaB, sayse.in jeAHo yrapoao OCTPBO H orrceaa Ceaepaa, Aecnor [e CTC4>aH na nSMaKY npoaeha TC acre 1427 rOA. nyroaao no Cp6njn. CYAehn no jeAHoM aejacaoa MecTY y IbCrOBOM .mnBoTonHcy, OH je ce OKO cpeaaue JyAa 6aBno y CBOjOj saAy.m6nHn MOHaCTnpy ltaAeHnhy, KaA My CTn.me I' aao Aa cy Typua OHO OCTPBO yrapcao y AyHaBY aayseaa. OAMax [e ce apeayo nyT Beorpaaa", xoje Aa 6YAe 6AHlKe 60jHoMe nOA>Y, Koje Aa npeayaxe noTPe6He xepe sa CAyqaj, Aa Typua noayurajy mTO npexa rOAyn~y nAn BpaHnqeBY.

Y ITeTaK AeBeTHaeCTora JYAa saYCTaBH ce ca CBnTOM CBOjOM Aa pyxa na jeAHoM MeCTY, xoje ce OHAa 3BaAO r aasa HAH r aasaua 40. MeCTO je TO cacaaa 6Ansy nyra , RojH n AaHac 8S Hparyjeaua y Beorpaa BOAn. &0 Aa je Ty 6HAa y OHO A06a Ii upxaa HeKaKBa5• ITo

I Engl. Gesch. v. Serw. 3i2.

2 .(SaoaAHII) jaRO OpUIILID CyT B CTPaBO &.IamcRuje II rpaAB YTBPlRUjyT • B.lua OOApyqB8Ha TBOpOT •• ROHcTaBTuB •• 318.

3 ROBCTaBTUR, S17.

" Ha aaODCY T RIlMeay Roja ce .10 AOAaaac CaqYBao CTOjR «r.la8&8. RoaCTaBTRB y lRBBOTOODCY CTe.aaooy RlUKe A& ee weCTO OBO a8&010 «r .IaBana«; DO KaauaalhY CTapRJ: .a.YAD oao ce .10 181S rOAUae asaao aApBeBuaBa., a TaAa Typna enaae oTapy npKBy Roja je Ty 6u.aa, re ce weCTO ORO nposoee «UPKOHBell. To awe BOCR .aaRac B aace.laR, Hoja je Ty. Sa OBe OBO BOA. MURheBuha Cp6aja, CTp. 2S6 a I 100. UpRBHae cy y jaceaaqllOw cpeay OKp. RparyjeB&qKOr, ABa CaTa 0.1 ApaBl')e.lOBaa Ba HCT(\R, DO.la eara 0.1 Mel)y.lYlRja.

5 MB.luheBllh RalKe, Ali aapoa opuqa, Aa je Ty aeRaA 6 ... & Be.lURa apKBa, ROjy je rpaAllo .aOCOOT Cu.aB. Cp6uja, US. Cllila MUYTBBOBHh Kallle, An je Ty AecooT OOAOr&O 600 .Ieoy apRBy aa onOllea oo6eAe, ROjy je sa TOil uo ... y OAP.ao BaA BpaHHOB.mHlla, Roja cy 0 Typaalla 6uo Aom.lO sa 11.. HCTopoja MH.IYTDaonha U I. n. CpehaOBoh TBPAO, Aa je Ty 600 Be.lOH a C.laBaa 1I0aacTop y Rowe jll 6.0 .... ea 0 saToBeow «06 ... q!lh Paae •.

52

3e.llCHOMe nO..bY paaaneaa CY OH.IIH uraropose, Aa ce rocnoaap sexa.e ca CBHTOM CBOjOM 0AMOpH. Tora AaHa oejame Be.llHKa apyhaua H aarrapa. n AeCnOTY RaO Aa TemIW naaaure na npca OHa rorraa aaryur.eaaa MaUHa. TIoc.IIe pytma MHm..ballle Aa he AOOPO OHTH, aa nOTpaJItH x.IIaAa II .II0Ba IIO OO.llHHUbOj my~IH. Y3jaxa ROlba II Y3e xparyjua ua pyKy. Ilparaoua IberOBH ua Be.llHRO caoje qY/],O onasaure Aa aecnor. Rojn je OUO y30p [axaaaxa If .IJ.OBllHMa, Y TOMe qacy HHT KOH)a jaxame HUT nTHIlY Apmame I<aKO Ba..ba. Y ApyroM jeAHoM ROO HOM oaarpeHyhy AecnOT 1l3ryou paeuoreacy U naae C xon.a. TIPHrpuaure My U npaapxcaaajyha ra acnoa snnnaua, noseaouie aarpar Y CTaH. JeABa AOMlI.IIe ;1,0 nOA CBOj marop, rae naae y AYOOKY necsecruuy.

Tor IICTOr AaHa nocae no AHe Heoo ce na jeAaH nyr naay-re TemRHM llpHIIM OO.llallH~ta. Crpaurau aaxap SUBIIT.1la ce BaA Beorpaaosr u no jeAHoj CTpaHH CpoHje, - jeAHa OA OHI1X crpaunmx oypa, xoja no HeRRA noCAC Ayrnx npenexa 1I3HeHaAu aaure xpajese , U aoja IICIIOA raauor Hooa II u3HaA yaapxraze 3eMJbe nonaja C XYKOM croroauunse rpaoae, a cpua .hYAcRa TajaHCTneHOM HCRO:\I crpasox norpeca. Y Beorpaay ca MHOrnx Ryha RPOBODH nonaaoure ; oypa cRHAe If jeAaH Aeo npona ca catiopne upane , ROjy je Creeaa noaarao ; TaIW H RpOB na naaara AecnoToBe cecrpe. ,LI,yro ce c rpoMoBHOM nyun.aaox upna OO.llailu naA CpOlIjOM paa.IIuMaxy. Mpax je nperucaao 3C:\I.l>y npe Hero [e Aom.lla noh, Y TPCHYTKy, RaA je CYHIlC ceaaao, [eaan jeAHTH p~ jHu apaxan nporperrrao je HaA Beorpaaox, npocyo ce no ABa.IlU, no Hocaajy, no CHBOMe BCHIlY PYAHHqI{HX IMaHIIHa, nao MomAa II na urarop, noll. KojuM ce Ore<l>UH ua canprno] nocrea.n C AymoM OOpHO. O. 3eM./I,O cpncaa ! ~a .IIH je onaj PYMCHli apasaa 3HMICILe rsoje

53

OOJbe 0YAyhHOCTH, HAH [e TO OHO nOCAeAfbH nOJby6au, KOjHM re je AOOpa cpeha ueAHBUa?!

OA KaKO cy ra AOBeAH nOA marop AecnOT je caxo jeAHoM npoxyuao : « flo '£yplja!.... flo '£yplja! .... " 3a CBe apexe OHe BeAHRe oype H npeKY UeAY aoh H3- Me~y ITeTKa H CYOOTe aeaeao [e Y HeCBeCTH. Y cany sopy , Y HeT oaxara Y jpPY, Y CYOOTY 30 JYAa, H3- Aaxnyo je.

Taxo je CHH .Ila3apeB CBPIIlHO TemKY CBOjy 60p6y OA 37 rOAUHa.

Ha r aac 0 CMpTH rseroaoj aapoa je aanaaxao xao Aa je OA [eaaora cpua, Ilopea CBHX CBOjUX cAa60cTH Creeaa H [ecre OHO B.tlaAap, sa KojHM je aapoa Morao Aa aanaase. Y lberOBOM [aenox paAY xao H Y lberOBOM AH1.JHOM xapaarepy HMa no aeurro mTO ce He Mome Aa OAOOPH; aAH HM~ H xaoro 1IlTO 1.JOBeR He Mome APYK- 1.JMje seh Aa Jbyon H nourryje, Creeaa [e OHO 1.JOBeR mapRe AYllle. HaA ncropaja npeAY3Me Aa ce cAymH H3- pasnxa eR3aKTHHX HaYKa, peha he Aa je CTecl>aHOB aepBHH CKAon GHO ooraT, neaeaa, H oner SApaB, C MHoro M03ra y r AaBH, C jaRHM cpue» y npcasra. To je OHO 1.JOBeK y xora cnoa.annsa YTHCUH AaKO noxpehy oAjeR, UH CROPO CBarAa oAjeK nAeMeHHTor SBYKa. OABamaH H nYH Ayxa na oojHoMe nOJbY xao II aa nOJbY ApmaBHH1.JKOM, nYH 1.JOBe1.JHMX, HCRHX nyra AO MeROCTH 1.JOBeQHHX ocehaua, AaRO aana.eas y jYHa1.JRY sarpy BapHHUOM OA Ma'IeBa, AaKO aarraa.an y nzaxen noeTCKHX ocehaisa OA3paROM AenOTC, na OHAO TO HpaCOTOM UBeTa HAll Jbynaouihy meHe, UyH pO~raHTH1.JHOCTH, Creeau je [eaaa OA OHHX JbYAH, xojnx cl>HSH'IKH mHBOT Op30 caropesa, aAH KOjHX HMe ocraje Aa ce Ayro C JbyoaBJbY onoxaa-e H Aa [our Ayro paaropena Apyra cpna, OH Hllje npaaa neAHKH xapaarep y aauio] IICTOPHjH. AAH Me~y CBHMa na-

54

IIIHM BJIaAaOUHMa cpeaisera neaa, OH je HOaR uajrraroMHjR, Haj06pa30BaHHjH, Haj.by6asHHjH R aajnornyuaja soaea, npoHHRHyT caemhy 0 CBOMe 1I,0CTojaHCTBY HOY" HCTHHHTora MHJIOcpl)a. HapOA ra je .by6HO. RlbHmeBHHUB aoje [e OH TaRO paao OKO ce6e npasyn.eao , aa paa nOCTHuaO, OOTOOMaraO H y pea ROjHX [e H cax CBOjHM RfbmKeBHHM OORYllIajHMa TaRO paao crynao r, _. RlbHmeBHHUH cy ce sa Ib OAYlIIeB.lbaBaJIR. TaMepJIaH My ce ARBHO na 60jHoMe no.bY ROA Aarope '. CYJITaHH cy ra nOWTOBaJIH xao jYHat:lHa H MYApa soaeaa a. TYPCKB aponavapa , RaRBH cy MYPR.T AparOMaH H CeaA-eAHH, ROMnHJIaTOpH crapora EAPHsa H Heurpaja , Rail, rOA 0 lbel\ly nOMRfbY, HaSHBJI.,Y ra C Ot:leBHAHHM nOWTOBalbeM « HOJ,Ia - AecnoT» - «BeJIUKR AecnoT.)) Rpa.b mRrMyHAo npaaaaje My TOJIKRUM jaBHHM AOKa3HMa Aa neaa lberOBO (cY cpefiu u y uecpetiu. TaKO eepno" npajare.eCTB04. MJIaAH RaBaJIepU Y Vrapcao] Hall,MeTaJIU cy ce sa t:laCT, Aa HX Creeaa, llpeu BHTes opaeaa 3JIaTHOr 3Maja, ceojoM. PYROM Y BHTelliRH pea YBeAe 5. BOjBoAe H APmaBHHUu, RaRBH cY 6HJIH arrp, 6aH MaTKo TaJIOBau, JOBaH XYIhaA H APyrH, 6HJIR cY cpehaa IIITO cy npae roaaae csoje MJIaAOCTlf npOBeJIH CJIymehH y ABOPY cpn-

I BUA. Q"a8aK 'D. Aa8nuha. alliTs je nacao BUCOKR CTe .. B» y I' nCDRay XI. 166.

t Neshri, ABCT 107. Hammer, I, 313.

a 0 UOWTOBaU.Y Koje je Saja311T DpeMa CTe.aay 8Mao, BaA. 8 aauier KOBCTa81'UBa .U"030.a. 0 ApyruM CY"TaBUMa y Xaxepa U UUBKajaeBa aa Buwe MeCTa.

, BUA. Hit. up. xa ... y. KOjy My iKarMYHAO oAaje y yaoAy aanpes oOMeHYTe "11- CTHBC"A IU&: Tum vero recensitis et diligenter praeweditatis f'idellbus et fidelium obsequiorum eximiis, attollendisque meritis et sinceris complacentlia ipsius Stephani Despori, qui bus idem in cuneUs noslri8 et praedicti Reani lIo81ri arduis c.xpedilionibuB prosperis sed et Ildver8is reB et personam B T. A.

~ KOBCTBBTBB, S.,.

55

CKOM nOA .I1UtIHHM yn.l1HBOM TaKBOI' rocnoaapa U TaKBOI' BHTe3a. KOHCTaHTUH H3peKOM KaiKe: npH~O.AilUO~ CH~" C:.'lTU'lUWU .. U0V-ilCUI.H1UUIU .. &, T"~O"U6HH'OU c:AO",.UTU, a ua APYI'OM [eaaoa MeCTY nOMHIbe u.yzapcK8 6UTe3e cAyze oeCUOT06e,» (CTp. 312 H 339.) BUHAeK, tIeCTO nouauana oeaperap apaoiba mHI'MYHA3, KOjH je AecnOT3 .I1lltIHO n03H3B30, name 0 lbeMy A3 je TO 6HO: « der Biedermann, ein herrlich scham mann, wahrhaft und gerecht und auch friedsam,l» - UOw,Te'H>8.K, oU6no .ult 1{06eK, UCTunUT U Upa6U1{an a U MUP0..byOU6.» Y jeAHOMe nUCHY OA 18 ~e6py3p3 1421 I'0AUHe KHe3, aaacreaa U omnraaa Ay6pOBatIK3 nanry CTe<l>3HY: u. rocltoQune, Boz 6U je upocAa6uA xa Auqy 3eM..b8 U UOCTa6UA au 6eAUKa U CUA'H.a zocuooapa U 'H.a1{eCTUA 6U 6ucoqjeM U 6eAuKOKpaC}MM pa3YM.OM 00 Kojeza 6eAUKa cejeTAofia U 'AY1{e aKU CA'H.'ta'H.e uo 6ceM cejeTY upoc6jeT..be'H.0 jeCT upjeo 1{apMu U Kpa..bMU 'u ZOCltOOaMU 3eMa..b}MMU 6am eeAUKU pa3yM. U upaeoa.t» mliBoTonUCal.\ lbel'OB KOHCT8.HTBH Ka3yjyhH KaKO je Creeaa OMa3HO Mel)y 3an3AHY 1'0cnoAY, neaa: Illtpjoo 6cje.M.U U ua1le ecjex 6UOUM 6je, jeAuKo Ayna uo cpjeo 36je30 U U3 oaAe1te 6UOUM 6jew.e 6C3KO.M.Y.')

ma.l10CT aapoaa CpnCKOI' sa l'y6UTKOM y CTe<l>aHY onncao je petIUTO KOHcTaHTuH <l>H.I10CO<l>'. 0 lbOj311 HaM je OCTa.l10 CBeAOtI3HCTBO H Y OHUM pexaaa, nrro cY ypeaaae y cnOMeHUK y A3HaUllbHM UpKBUHaM3 (OKp. apal'yjeBatIKU): II BAazo'taCTUBU ZOCUOOU'H. Gre¢a'H., 006pu ZOCUOOUH upjeo06pu U MUAU U CAaTKU ZOCUOOU'H. oe-

1 Windek, lib'.

t COOM. Ay6£,. A(lx. 1, 161.

S KOBCT&BTUH, 312. 'KOBCT&BTDB,319-321.

56

CltOT. 0 tope TOMY TKO aa euoje 'Ha ce.M MjecTje .MpT6a« I. Oaa] QYAHH 3anHC HHje oaao cnoxea 0 Ty3H aapoaao] sa CTeMHOM. OH je na HeKH HatIHH Y KaMeH YPe3aHO I'AaCHO [euarse,

ITo OHOMe y3BHKY « no 'Byp~a! ... no 'Byp~a! ... » BHAH ce, Aa je CTe4>aH aa caMpTHOMe tIacy CBOMe crpenHO sa CBe OHO, IIlTO ce y 3el\fA>H AeCHTH Mome H3Mel)y CMpTH n.eroae H AOAaCKa 'Bypl)eBa. 'Bypal) ce TaAa 6aBUO aerae y 3eTH. ITo rsera cy nOCAaAH jOIIl H3 CTaHa na r AaBH. AAII npa oHAalIllbeM CTalbY nYTOBa H HatIHHY nYTOBalba 'Bypal) je TelDKO xorao npacnera y Beorpaa npe cpeaaae xeceua Aurycra, CTe4>aHa cy jOIIl npe Tora caxpauaaa Y rp06HIIUY lberOBY y MaHacHjH C Aecne crpaae npa YAaCKY Y UpKBy2.

'Bypal) Ao.mCKOM CBOjHM y Beorpaa HHje Aao nOBOAa HHKaKBHM H3jaBaMa paaoora HAil oayureaaersa. Hauiao [e aapoa norpyaeea y maAOCT, 3aBHjeH y UPHO", 06y3eT CTPaBOM ca neH3BeCHOCTH noaoaeaja, jep CBaKH ce 60jao xoje yayrpaunser' aepeaa, xoje ynaaa aenpajare.sceor. (cfloo KaOICOO C.MpT u paaZpaOAe'Huje oOlCuoaame» BeAR ROHCTaHTHH. 3HaR OUlUTer ocehaaa aecarypaocra, a y [eauo H A06ap AOKa3 sojae AHCUHnAHHe, HaAa3HMO H Y TOMe, IIlTO ce na I' aac 0 CMpTIi aecnoroao] 3anOBeAHHR II yayrpannse KYAe» - na CBY npHAHRy AecnOTOBor asopa y rpaay 6eorpaACROM - saraopa Y Iby, na je He XTeAe

. ,

HHKOMe OTBOPI1TH, AOR caa 'Bypat) He Aol)e'.

Bo.se Hero HROjH Cp6HH, 'Bypat) je noauaaao CBY TelDKohy osora H 3e~la.bCKor noaoacaja H CBY BeARtIHHY

I Heo 3aURC Hila RamTaMOSB y BYKOBoj «AaBRuDD aa 1826, CTI" 37-40, Y MHKAOWHha Monumenta Berbiea 335; RajT&qHllje y MUllheBuha Cp6nja 236. 2 KOBCTaBTItB, no.

S «A BXllte B rpaAje 6jewe B Be3Roy BRAjeTR CTpaWBO R3MjelLeBaje; cBjeT.. aja qpBUMU no acjex IIYUBO lIteB lICe II AjeTej' KOBcTaBTIlB. 330.

, ROBcTaBu., 3111.

57

onaCHOCTH sa Cp6Hjy. Roje ca re OS6H.bHOCTH TpeHyTKD. onor, Roje mTO je meAeo Aa H caa AalJ,e aspaaa TySH CBOjOj sa CTe4>aHOM, a Ba.lba Aa H BOAehH pallyH 0 on,WTOj norpymeaocra, 'Bypal) HHje xreo HHKaRBUX CBeqaHOCTH npuaaaox KaA npaxaure ynpaBy seMa.lbcKY. « H 6 ~pxeu 60 ZOCllOOCKU.lt 06uttajel( 'Ha apocrptui« He esuoe U c.ilyJ/C6je cepULueULU ce 0 ZOCllOOCI<Oj CA1!eje 'He OllCT 'Huttecoatee peusru, 'HO e MjecTo cezo eallA pUOa'H'H.U 6 6a30yx CAUULaULe ce,' BeAU ROCTaHTUH1•

3BaHUlIHO [e npaxao ynpaBy seMaoibCRY aerae nolIeTKOM xcceua Cenrexepa , no CDOj npHAnuu na AaH poheaa Boropoaaue (8 Cerrr.), CBC paaae aepsaje HamHX aeronaca CJlamy ce aa je AccnOT CTe4>aH YMPhO «II. I\'lTO 6935 -1427» Jy . ra 19-or, H Aa ce II. I\UO 6936 0,\6- cnOTH flOpu" KI\ .... 08"1 .. 1.» A crapa 6936 rOAHHa nolIeJla ce i-or CenTeM6pa 1427.

11 aKO Hnje 6nJlo [aanax CBeqaHOCTH H nece.sa, oner ce oaora AaHa y ABOPY AecnOTOBOM nSBpmHO [eaaa csesaa aaar. Ilocae cAym6e 60mje acayname ce Y ABOPY BeJlnKamH, Kojn cy aeM.bOM ynpaB.baAn, BojBoAe H BAacreaa, Ko~a je nOA CTe4>aHOM ABopcKa ssarsa Ap,uaA3. 06nllaj je 6no y aasaurajcxo] napeaaaa , Aa RaA HOB BJlaAaAall na BAaAY cryrm, CBn AOTaAamlbH ynpaBHnUII noauecy My CBOjC OCTaBKe. Oaa] 06HlIaj xao Aa je 6no npeHc~H H y cTapy cpncRy ApmaBHY ynpaBy. Ha CDalUI Hallnll KaA ce 'Bypal) HS upxae y naaa'ry BpaTH, npal)ome My CBn « uatee 'Hao eeULTMU uocrse.eexu 6je .. I':Y llpjeateO'HUM, llooaCT ecax ateaaA ceoje 6AaCTU jaKO'.» r JleAajyhH npea 0060M .b YAe, Rojn cy aeha n.m Malhn Aeo ceora mnBOTa npOBCJlIl BepHO cAymehn CTCcJ>aHa,

I KOSCT&ST811, 322.

s ~afarik. 76; - HOB&KOBllh, 265 J&rah, 95. s HOSCT&STBB, 3U.

58

.t'),Ae ROjH cy na 60jHHM no.saaa H y APH(aBHOMe 00- HeTY crojaaa lJ.BPCTO ya AaaapeBa CHHa, AEMHJlH C lbHMe cpehy H aecpehy, .lbYAe RaRBH cy 6H.," lJ.eJlHHR PaAHlJ., sojaoaa BHTRo, BOjBoAa MHxaIU, - 'Bypai) ce Ay60RO .. norpeoao. Ca cysaxa y OlJ.HMa pese HM Aa HX CBe yTBpi)yje yaBalbHMa. aoja cy AOTJle HMa.llH'.

Ha OBOMe npBOM xopaay 'Bypai) [e ce noaasso ·Rao MYAap lJ.ODeR. AOKa3HMa CKPOMHOCTII H n060>KHOr nomroaarsa npexa cnoaeay CTecJ>aHOBOM HHje xcrao a Aa He aaA06uje xaora cpua OA OHHX, Koja cy sa CTecJ>aHOM TyroBa.IIa. A YTBPAHBWH aBaHHlJ.HHRe csaaor aa CBOM MecTyaaA06HO [e sa ce6e OHe .lbYAe, ROjH cy, UMajyhH AOT.I1e B.I1aCT y CBOjHM pYKaMa, 6ea cyMlbe IIMa.IIH H name H.IIH Malbe yrr.lJHBa y aeM.lbU.

'Bypai) je TOM npH.I1HKOM YlJ.HHHO [our jeAHo A06po U rrO.llHTHlJ.HO Ae.l1o.

OA nocaeauera noxymaja Aa ce Cpetipaaua AOBeAe nOA B.IIaCT apaa.a 60caHCKora, T.j. OA rOA. 1422, .I1e>Ka.110 je AOCTa Ay6pOBlJ.aHa no TM1HHua)ta cpncanx. 'Bypal) HX je CBe nOMH.IIOBao'. THMe [e 0AMax OA npsor TpeHyTKa cnoje B.IIaIJ,aBHHe Aao AOKaaa, Aa He aa()OpaB./I,a Be.l1HRe YC.I1yre H npajare.scraa , WTO HX [e onWTHHa Ay6pOBalJ.Ka lbeMY H lberOBHM y TO.llHKO rrpH.IIHRa lJ.HHH.I1a.

Aa He OCTaB.lbaMO ABOP AecnOTOB H Aa He noaaaHMO y Aa.lbe nO.l1HTHtlRe paaose 'Bypl)eBe AOR ce 60.lbe He ynoaaaao C HOBHM rocnoaapaaa Cp6Hje.

Ilpe csera 1I0r .IIeAajMo AecrrOTa 'Bypl)a. qOBeK BHCORa H CHaJRHa Y3paCTa, [aaa H xapMOHHlJ.KH pasaajeaa rpaha Te.lleCHa, C npaBH.IIHHM rocnOACKHM upraxa y .IIHUy, AyroM KOCOM, rYCTOM, oxpyraox, AOCTa RpaTROM

I .CBme e n.laqell pe.lojell oa"a BCRKOIIY caB jero nOAaCTI. ROBCTaBTllS, Ba BCT. II.

t OrLini, 263.

59

6paAOM, AyrHM 6p1..(HMa, .11H1IaH 1I0BeR y nYHOMe CMHCJ1Y pexa. 113pa3 rseroaa anna H CBe a-eroao nouamarse nyao MHpHohe, 036HJbHOCTH H aocrojaacraa. MMa My uiecaecer rOAHHa, aaa H3rJleAa sa HeRO.llHRO rOAHHa M.Iln!)H. Aa ra TaRO aaupraxo Aajy HaM OCHOBa H3BOpH ROjH cy HaM sa caaa aa pacnoaoasea-y. JeAaH [e OA THX aasopa C.IlHRa 'Bypl)eBa H lberOBe <l>aMH.IlHje aa [eaao] XpHCOBy JbH a-eroBOj OA rOA. 1429 y ceeroropcaox MOHacTHpy C<I>HrMeHyl. ApyrH cy H3BOPH C..IHRe lberOBe aa HOBI..(HMa Roje [e ROBao'. M3BOP je jeAaH H y DYTODHCY epaauyoaor naeMHha Beprpaaaoua Ae..la Bpoaajepa-, ROjH je rOA. 1433 npoaeo jeAaH AaH y ABOPY AecnOTOBOM y HeRYAHMY H ROjH onacyje 'Bypha aao «cTacoM BIiCORa H ..IHtIHa 1I0- sexa OA CBOjHX 58 AO 60 rOAHHa,» (a 'Byp!)y je TaAa 6H..I0 66 rOAI.JHa). Eaej CH.!BHje, nana Iluje II, cyBpeMeHHR 'Byp!)eB H ROjn. ra je AHtIHO noaaasao, Rame 0 IbeMY, Aa je: «dignus veneratione (si recie de religione sensisset), plurima in eo serrnorus auctoritas, corporis majestas', - «oocTojau OYOOKOZ UOUl.T06a1M (Kao ou. caMO 0 eepu MUC.AUO KaKO Tpeoa), oeceOOM uyu ayKTOpurera, Te.AOJl( eesu-umcreeu." Bapaeraje {ml1BOTODHCaI( 'Bypl)a Hacrpaoraha CReHAep6era), ROjH je cayurao aa- 3HBUlba 0 'Bypl)y Bpaaaonahy OA 3ehaHa ROjn. cy ra n03HaBa.IlH, BeAH 0 lbeMy: «Erat hie Geol"gius Vuchovichius, tum ejus provinciae princeps Despotus Serviae vulgo diet us, vir et corporis decore ac majestate oris non vulgaris, facundia vero ac sermonis gravi-

I ABpalloBl4h, Oouc GB. rope, 68.

2 Jby6uh, Opis JugoBI. Novaea, tab. XIII, 6p. II, I~, 15, 16, U.

3 IIYTonnc Bpoaajepoe nrraanao je aajnre Jlerpau AOCD (Le Grand D, AUBSi) y Memoirea de I' Inatitut vol. V. Ha eur .. OCKU ra je npeaec jow 1801 TOKa I,IoRC. Y r .. acRRKY VI-oil uKajy P3BOAU 04 J. PaoTuha.

4. Aeneae Sylvii, opera, De Europa, 235.

60

tate, si qui» alius venembilis, familia nobili, vetustissimeque , aetate quidem prooecte':" - «oejaw.e oee] 'Bypalj BYK08Ufi, TaaaUHoU 8AaoaAa4, UAU 1<a1<O ce UPOCTO neooe oeCllOT 00 Cpouje, 1.t08eK He MaAe AeUOTe TeAeCHe U 8e.~UttaHCT8a y AU1W, a CAaTKOw.fiy U yoeo.bU80w.fiy C80za. zoeop« 3aCAYJICU8awe upU3HalOa 8U we Hew Mil KO; 00 poo« je OUO llAe.ueHUTOZ U 8pAO CT8- pOZ, a 8efi oejaw.e U caM y waUHa.lta.» Osaj [e onnc y TOAHRO 3HaqajHlIjH H Y TOAHRO same Bepy saMymyje, IlITO nacau aaa-re OIliTpO aanaaa 'Bypt,a. Ha nOCAeTKY H y aatuer TPOHOIliKor aeronacua H~ajy HeROAHRe upre sa AHltHy RapaKTepHCTHKY 'Bypt,eBy. npHllajyhH RaKO [e craa.sea nOA cTpamy y Ilaparpaay 1403 r, aacraa.sa:

. « nOTOM paaa MHorHja xpacora Allua cMjepHaro H npnpoaaaro xpacnopjenaja H YMa I'eopra] Bpaaaoanh uapea MaHojAoM B03.L y6.beH II OT apecra co 6paTOM AaBapCM OTnYIlITeH'.»

Ty [e II AecnOTHua Jepuua, Ha OAHUH xoja HaM je OCTaAaj BnAH~IO BHCOKY meHCRY, BHTRora craca, C AOCTa CHTHHM AHue:\l, jeAHIBf OA OHHX <l>HHIIX AHua, y ROjliX 6HCTpHHa Ayxa 6AliCTa Te aacersyje CBeTAOCT OA zenore HajnpaBIMHHjllX upra, Ilpe 6H co MorAO peha sa AlIue rseaaao Aa je nyHo Ayxa Hero Aa je aeno , a oner je

I Marini Barletii Seodrenis, De vita, moribus ae rebus Georgii Costrioti, Lib. Ill, LXI. A,e.laBapAeR Y caoue npeBOAY Bapaerajeee aeropeje I{aCTPHOTe Kallle TO OBOII peqowa: Le Seigneur ou Despote de Servie, personnage de beaute corporelle et majeste du visage fort venerable, et qui en faconde et gravite de parole etait admirable, autan que nul autre do Ion temps, de noble I.'t trcB aneienne famille, aa reste deelinant deja sur I' Age. Histoire de George Castriote Livre II. 72. - no Eoejy CII.tBllj~· II Bap.aeTujy 0 Op6oRnje onocyje 'Bypt,a Kao qOBen .CTaCOIl Be.allqaRCTBeHa " 0p8BaCXOAoe pe'lOTOCTII«. ~egno degli Slavi, 340.

, TpOIIOWR~. r.ttleR. v, 97.

• HanpeA oOlieRYTo aanpr Ha xpUCOBy.a.B , 1I0.aeTUp, CUrlieR,.

61

CBa npHAHKa Aa je rocnoha Jepaaa cnaaaaa Me~y aene, lolOmAa H epao aerre, aceue csora A06a. I1cToHa ltlAaAOCT [e aeh 6HAa npouraa, lLOj3H [e MorAO 60TH npH.UlKO~1 cTynalba 'Bypt,eBa na BAaAY, H3Met,y 35 0 40 rOAHHa. AJlH TO [e [om jeAHaKo A06a, y KOMe meHe, xoje "Majy Mlloro Ayxa H Hell1TO 6ap AenOTe H TeAeCHlIX Apam", lowry Aa ouapaaajy, ocaajajy U BAaAajy. H aKO TOMe H!tla seh 6AHSY 450 roauaa, oner [e JOIil OHAa BelIlTIIHa acencaor KHTelba 6UAa AaAeKO passajeaa. Ha ~apCKOMe ABOpy BH3aHTUjCKOM, na KojH [e ce Jepana aeh H aao OI'paHaK u-eron yr Ae/\aAa, ynpas OHliX roanua , nopea Apyre BeAHKe noxne 6ltAO [o Y MOAH, Aa rocnohe uoce AyratlKe xaa.nae c npocrpauax B.mKOM OA 60rsTllx U TOIilKliX TKaHlI~a, KaAHcJ>(>, cBI·M.e 1I araaaa S.laTOM 113- neaeaa, Aa noce na rAaBH HeH~O OA Aparor KMlelba, HAH I{ noaaahena nepa uojena, Aa ce napcJ>IIMHlUY pymUtlHOM nOAoM, MOl1lycmf H pasnux Ml1plllIl.l,aSI{M rpaaasra I{ Aa co - [arco 6eAe n pyxene'. Ha c.umn, Rojy 1I0MI1H,e~IO, Jepaua HOCH Ayra'IKY xa.I.III1Y 0,\ capaarue nexe TKUH11~e (na cny npuAIiKy OA araaaa) ooraTO HBeTHU~1 inapaxa n3Be30HY, C yaaHIiM PYKaBInta, ORO CTpylta naCOM YTerHYTYj nonpx OBe Hoell ropu.y xa.LlIHY, aao HeRY AYI'UtlKY IIlRypTe.l>RY, OA nAUBe nexe raauaue oner 60- rUTO uaneaeae H C pYRaBHMa ROj" cA060AHO OA paneaa mice. OKO spara usra HaKBT, IWjl1 aao Aa [e y OA MaCHBHOI' SAaTa. Hoca joj y' pacnaereaax BIlTU~aMa naaa no naehaxa , a aa r AaBU joj [e xao HeKH RA06YR OA :3AaTIUIX npCTeHOBa ApanlM RaMelbeM acanheaax. Haje lin 1>IaAO APCKO OA Hac, ano SaMnCAJUtIO, Aa [e Jepaaa, '-leAO saaaarajcaora ABopa, 6HAa nocaeheua y cne OHe

I rOplbll je CKlIIla nor.JaOUTO no onoae IOTO Beprpanron .lela GpOKlljcp nuuie 0 rocllol}IlMa uapur paACKIlW OHIIX rOAIIHa,

'.,

1

62

CYBpeMeHe rajae, KojuMa ce aeno] jeAHoj meH8 ocarypana oCBajaqRII ynJlHB rae rOA oe nojaaa,

Ty cy n aeua IbHXOBa. Ty [e rpryp, HajcTapnjH can, Hpacaa AeqROI aeh HOCH RaJInaK C OPJlOBHM nepjeM H npenacyje Maq. Ilonoc MaTepe, Y3AaHHua oua csora. Y3AaHHua MHornx KOju cy rora AaHa TY H KOjH 1'0I1eAajytiH aajcrapnjer CUHa AecnOTOBor nOMnW...bajy ~lOme 6HTH HS 06HaB.lbalbe cpncxe uapesaue 8 caeaajy 0 HO~OMe AyutaHY! Ty [e H ApyrH cnH 'Byphea Creean. RaKBe JlH ce HaAe>l{Ae He Be3yjy 8 sa IberOBY 6YAyhHOCT! AJIH Aa JlH je 6HO Ty KaRaB BnAOBUTH crapau Aa 8S opeaaae osor Rpyra, KOjH ce 6J1HCTa 3JlaTOM H CKPJlaTOM, npoape y 6~'AyhHOCT, Aa BHAH KaKO ce ABa MJlaAa caena KHemeBHna norynajy no OOJlOMe CBeTY, AaJIeKO OA oTaI,I6HHe, 6e3 npajare.sa , 6e3 opeacrasa , mHBehu o ycnoaeaaxa npomzocra U 0 yreca, ROjy [e [eanoxe ),aBaJIa rajaaoreeae caxoha CJlaBHOr [eanor MOHaCTupa, a ApyroMe .lby6aB BepH6 H rraexemrre mene jeAHe!! '.

Ty je U HajM.la~u ClfH AecnOTOB Aasap. M8JleHO AeTe, Me3HMqe MaTepUHO. Mome 6u'I'H Aa Jepana OA CBC Aeue n.era aajnaure MUJlyje, na anaa he ce [eaaor' AaHa C XJlaAHUM ymacOPtI y JlHCTOBe HaWHX JleTOnHCa sanacara : ,,0TpoBa Jla3ap MaTep CBOjy AecnoToBHUY Jepnny,

I CHaOBD 'I.ypt,eB8 68018 cy CTaCOM U Y ODDITe cnO.loawaOIl CBOjoli nojaaoa BeOMa yueAD. MAaAH .IoYAa. BpoKBjep Koja BX je BUAeo KalKe B3peROM .(),1 Cli eeo.M8 "paclfu.. Y DO rAeKojDM aaWUM DRCMenaM CDOMeaDnllMa TO ce UCTO KalKe. BBA. I'aaca, XI.82Z,; AeTonHC M. C. aa 1874, cTp.8S. 8 yaapoAHoM je upeAalbY OCTaO 0 1b8Ma nj YTBcaH, Y aapoAaoj neeM8 UpaojeBuh 8BO Kame CAeUOMe rpl'Ypy 8 CTeBaay: «MDAR t,eno. ABa AeenOTOBBha. ROAUKO CTe jaAa8 B cAnjeDlI, - TO.tUKO CTt! ooeuwe .tvjeau. neTpaHoBBh. 492. Bun HHlKe rAaBY XIII.

2 rpryp je DOCAe MHoror DOTYlUllLa 3aBpm.0 CBOj IKBBOT lIao RaAyt,ep y XB.tanAapy. Plljllh, III, ISO. - eTe.aH jf! ce 0IKe8UO AnrCADBOM. hepjy 'I.YI't,a KOMBenOBDha ApujaHDTa KHe3a BaAOBcRora, 1I0ja je ca csoje Ao61'0Te CTeRA. y aapoAy BMe .MajRa Ant,eAaja ••

63

HaKO [e nYHO MHAOCp~a Y npOMHCJlY, KOjH ..bYAcKoMe ORY 6YAyhHOCT SaBeCOM SaKpHBa!

Y ABOpy je jom H ABoje meHCKe aeue IbHXOBe: HaTapHHa H Mapa. Harapana je aeh npeasrer nOAHTHqKUX paqYHaj - KO SHa, MomAa If npeaxer noeTCKHX CHOBa xaaaor MJlaAOr saresa opncnor I Mapa je [our jelJ,HaKO MaAeHO H cpehno AeTe. KaKBY AH joj cpehy HaMelLyjy cpncxe rocnohe, RaA je MHAyjy AHBehH ce 1be3HHOj AeTHIbOj JIenOTH?!

HOBII je rocnoaap 0,11, Cp6Hje BHAeo xaoro CBeTU. 0,11, BYAHMa ,11,0 Bar AaAa HeM a SHaMeHHTHja MeCTa, y ROMe ce OH 6aBHO HHje, HJlH 6ap RpOS aoje nponrao HHje. MHOr.O je BHAeo, xaoro npenarao, MHoro HCKYCHO. Ill'ra ra Huje CHaJIa3HJlO seh y caMOM Ilaparpaay, rae je jCAnora AaHa Jlemao y aaraopy xao nOJIHTHqKH orracan 1I0BeK, a APyrora ce AaHa orrer CJlaBHO aao ser nexaaa napoae Kyhe Hanraxyaeua ! I1a y JeApeHY, H3 aora ce aajnpe omrpo rOHH CUB pOIJ, rseron, na OHAa oner OH cax xao nOJIHTHqKH 6erYHan C qamhy rrpaxa Te [our H BOjCKOM noxaaee , aa OTHM..be ApmaBY 0,11, yjaKa caora Oreeana t 3Ha Aa rosopn same CTpaHHX [eaaaa, rpnan, TYPCKH H HTaJlHjaHCKH. II npajare.ea H HenpujaTe..bH XBaJIe ra xao BeOMa MohHor ooceAHURa. .il1{qHO je OABamaH, BeUlT aa opymjy, A06ap crparer. Y MJlaAO [e csoje A06a rroyaaaaourhy Y conCTBeHY CBOlY caary aurao ,11,0 KpajHoCTH. Iberoso 6erCTBo H3 3aTBOpa uaparpaacaor H nOCJIe 6ercTBo H3 TypCKHX qe.lbycTH npea CHJlHBPHjOl\I, xao H IberOBO rrpoaaaneue KpOS Myoaae xrere 0,11, COJIYHa ,11,0 rpanane cpncxe, IJ,eJla cy KOjHX 6H 110- jeAHHooTH USHeJle 6e3 oyMlbe nyuo pOMaHTUqHe aenore na BHAHK. AJIH TOJlIIRe rOAHHe rOTOBO .aenpeaaane 6op- 6e, noaemanocr cpehe H necpehe , HEln0YSAaIIOCT IbHxoaa , CBe [e TO ypOAHJlO 036u..bHHM n.l10AoM. ,AccnoT

64

'.Bypal) H caaa HOCH Maq 0 OOAPHMa, YMe IbHMe Aa BHTAa OKO ce6e KaA [e rrorpeoa , aAH ce fiea BMHKe aeaoa,e na Marna sa lb. C rOAHHaM& HHje Hsry6Ho npaao Aa ce 30De BHTes, H jYHa'-IKa CAaBa HHje sa Ib Hsry6H:Aa ApaatH; aAH jaqe oeena rOAeMY OArOBopHOCT CBora nOAOataja H MHAHje My [e Aa ra HapOA SOBe «M.yopUM. zocuooepeu", Paaeha RaRO MHCJlH: Aa [e MYAPO, OH He paaa csaraa OHaRO 6pso "OHaKO 0ACYAHO RaRO 6H HeCTpnolbHBOCT, nJlaXOBHTOCT H I10HOCHTOCT BOjBoAa aeroae sojcae " rocnoaasaha ABopa lberOBa no HeRaA ateAeAH. IIpoTIIBHOCT [e Ty aapoa aanaaao no je aacanaao y no r/l.eKoj ~ojoj neCMH, aoja je xao name "JIU Mafhe noMyheHH oAjeR [aaaora MHelha oaora Ao6a AonpJla " AO Hac.

Y paTOBHMa Mel)y Cl1HOBHMa Baja3HTOBUM, 'Bypal) je crexao raac xao aeurr BOjCROBOI). Yupano je OH If 6uo Taj, Rojn [e aao aanoaeauaa cpncae aojcxe carpo DOjCRY Mycauy HU HCKPY, a TMMe ocarypao npecro MexMeAY. OCMM rora, "pOBeBWH Haj60Jbc cao]e 1'0AHHe BOjyjyhH Mel)y TYPllHMa, OH je HMao A06pe aroae Aa ce nOTnYHO ynoana C oAHornajmm TYPCRMM y Espona If y A3Hjlf. Hap01.IHTO je 3H~0 sa OHAaWlbY «UpHY I'opy" OC~IaHCKOra uapcraa - Hapaaannjy. Ilxao je Jllfqna n03HaHCTBa n JlH1.JHlIX CDe3a C MHorMM OA rJlaBHHX JbYAM y no.nrru-ueo] " BojHntIRoj ceepa HU Ilopra II OIW a,e, Ilo CBMMa OBHM npnaaxaua 'Bypal) je Morao 611.110 Henocpeaao, 6HJlO 1I0cpeAHo npexo npnjarea.a y IlaparpaAY, Aa cryna Y TajHe cneee ca CYJlTUHOM OA l{apaMalUfje. A no CBOj"M HaRJlOHOCTlfMa" AHnJlOMaTCRMM cuocotiaocraaa OH je ynpaBo II 6no qOBeR, ROjH ce je xorao nOAyxBa'l'HTH aaaaraa, Aa anrepece MyxaMeAaHCKe [eaae ApataBe AOBcAe Aa cJlyme HHTepeCHMa xpaurhaHCRHM. Y Aa.'be~t pa3Bl1TKY OBe I1CTopHjcKe cTYAnje

65

aaaha . heao aa aaaxoae , • ROjH Aajy MHCAHTH. Aa je 'Bypat, 3aHCTa 6Hsao y CBe3H ca CY.llTaHoM 0,11, Hapa-

xanaje, .' .

lIero OHa H3Beij6aHOCT IberOBa xao aojoaoaohe H AHn.llOMaTCRa ORpeTHOCT n.erona, aoje cy nopTH n03HaTe 6H.Ile, ynpaso cy ra H tIHHH.Ile MHoro onaCHHM no TypCRO uapCTBO. UUTO cy Ha nopTH CMaTpaAH 'Bypt,a Rao onacaa tIOBeRa sa TYPCRY, THMe ce 06jalIIIbaBa Be.llHRH aeo OHe HeYMopHe H cypeaa.aae Onpe3HOCTH, KOjOM [e nopra, sao lIITO hexo BHAeTH, OAH.Ila HaA CBHMa aopaUHMa lberOBHM, H OHe Mpmlbe, KOjOM [e CY.llTaH Mypat' npeaa IbeMY AHcao.

Aa pa3YMeMO jeAHy HapOtIHTY UPTY y RapaKTepy 'Bypt,eBY, a nocae H A06ap Aeo rseroae nO.llHTHKe, aaa.a Aa HMaMO na YMY, Aa [e Y lberOBO A06a, Ma Aa [e cyaue peaecanca nOtIe.110 aa aarpesa aapoae , 06pa30BaHocT

[our [eanaao oaafia , a mYAlba aa cjajnotnhy [our jeA- ...

HaRO [area 6H.Ila. Hapaano Aa je HOBau Y TaRBHM npa-

.IlHRaMa Be.llHKY Moh HMao. ITo necpeha ra lberOBa xoh

UlII.Ila [e OHAa npaauea AeMOpa.llU30Balba. II aaje caao

Aa ce ua noprn H Met,y TYPUHM3. HOBueM xoraa KynHTH

MH.IlOCT napa Ii xpsasa pYKa MytIKOr S.IIptIHHua. Be.llHKH

Aeo OArOBopHOCTH sa onaannsy AeMopa.llH3HUHjy naaa

H na nO.llHTliRY xpamhaacxe peny6.11HKe M.IIeTaliKe. Aa

A06Hjy cTony 3eMoibe cpncae M.IIeUH cy CHCTeMaTHtIRH paaapahaan .'bYAe. 0,11, cHpOMalIIHHx aaacrean-raha Ii c.Ilyry

cpncanx aneacesa 3.1laTOM cy npaBU.IIH umnjyae H M3-

Aajul..\e. OTRynH HM cpncao cpue, na CU UM oreo cpncKy

3eM.bY, - TO je TajHa n.axoaor paaa H lbHXOBor ycnexa.

3a M.IIeTRe HHlIITa Huje 6U.IIO, mTO ce HOBueM nOCTHhn

aajo MOr.llO. l\aA 6u ce ROjH KHe3 oaynpo OTHMatIRoj noaarnua lbHXOBOj, 0AMax 6u ce CTaBH.Ila yueaa na Ibe-

rOBY r .ll.aBy. l\a,ll, [e CKeHAep6er norpaacao Aalb aao

1U'PA"S BPABKOBIIT.

..

66

caojy HaCJ1eAOHHY, xpmnhaacxa cy MJ1eUIf npOrJ1aClIJ1I1 Aa he ,ll,aTH XlJ.baAY ueanaa OHOMe, KO ,ll,OHeCe rJ1any aerosy, -- r J1any [eaaora KHe3a, aora je caa Espona CJ1anHJ1a aao «jYHaKa Xpacroaa" (Athleta Christi!). l{a,ll,. [e xepuer Creeaa YAapao aa Houaa.se Aa ra 0,11, AyOpOnqaHa nonpaTH, AyopOnaqKO nene npOrJ1aCH, Aa ne AaTH AeceT XH.baAa AYKaTa H Kyny y rpaay OHOMe, KOjll AOHeoo r J1any xaeaeeay. Oaa npor J1aCH DOl\a3yjy xasaa [e MOpaJ1 nJ1aAaO Y Met)YHapOAHlIM oaaourajaxa. A KaKas je MOpaJ1 OHO y caMHM HaWI1M xpajesaxa, HajoO.be noxaayje TO WTO cy ce II CReHAepoer II Creean na CKOPO nOCJ1e OHHX npor aaca MOpa.l1H H3MupnTli ea enojHM npoTnnHHUH~la. 0 CTe<l>aHY [eaaa xpouaxa 1l3peROM Kame, Aa Hnje Morao HMaTH aepe HH y HajnOY3AaHlljy OKonlHY caojy ; CTpenHO je Aa My HajO.mmH n.eroa AOr.l1aBHnK Y H3HeHaAHOMe je,ll,HOM qaey r.l1any He oAPyon Te 3acJ1ymn AeceT XHA>aAa AYl\aTa! l{aA je '.Bypat) rOA 1423 oncat)1Inao Cxaaap, y u.eronoj cy sojoua nopea APyrHx 3ehaaa noxaraaa My II naWTpOBHhaHH H napMa.I1UOT11. A.m MJ1eqaHIl norayne aohe ona Ana naexeaa re jeAnora KPHTHqKOra [yrpa OCTaBe cran 'Bypt)eB, Tal\O Aa [e cna cpncaa sojcaa 0,11, Caaapa oTcTymITH MOpaJ1a'.

113 caera oaora nHAH 00, Aa [e xapaxrepua upra onor apexena roaexa Mon noaua y3 OCRYAHUY"bYAn HeeeOUqHUX Y xoje ce DOY3Aafba n~mTH xoaee, Y 'Bypheay RapaKTepy lICTHHa naje 011.l10 ypoheae RaKBe aenonep.blInOCTH npexa .thYAIIMa, aJ1H nopea cae csoje npnpoaae cnsma'raje aa .bYAe OH [e , MepehH Mon aosua II Mon .bYACRHX aaparrrepa y OHUM rrpnaaxaxa , Aanao HOBUY

1 BOA. DOCMO M.leTaqKOr cenara 0.4 7 Janyapa 1423 n KanHTYAanl1jy IlamTpOBuilana 0.4 4 Anpnae T. r. Acta Arch. Ven, 11,129 II t 74. OB811 ce cacaaa A06po norsphyje OBO WTO 8 Op6onBja xasyje, KaKO cy M.lcqanu DOTKYDOAII na~ mrpoaahaue H lIapMlI.IUOTC, Regno degli Slavi, 2~7.

67

npBeHCTBO. Mome 6HTH aa he oe jeAaH Aeo IberOBHX nOAHTHqKHX norpemaxa o6jacHHTH THMe, WTO [e npe~elbHBao Moh Kojy HOBa~ HMa.

Jom hexo Aa otiparaao namlbY na ABe npre y Kapaarepy 'Bypl)eBy. OH [e OYOOKO U TOlI.W lIOOOaICaH. H nOTrryHo OAaH npaBocAaBHoj UpKBH. OBO He H3 nOAHTHKe seh H3 AHqHOr y6el)elba. Y mHBOTY CBOM6 aecnor [e HMao xnoro AaHa, y KOjHMa ce HHmTaBOCT 06HqHHX .lbYACKHX cpeacrasa nOTnYHO y CBOjOj HarOCTH noxa- 3HBaAa. IIcTHHCKO Bep03aKOHCKO ocehaae npoaape CBe 6Hhe IberOBO H HMa npecyana yTH~aja aa nOAHTHKY lberOBy. Apyra je upra 'Bypl)eBa xapaxrepa - 'H>eZ06a 'H.eiHC'H.OCT y Kpyzy lIOpOOU 'i'H.OM. Ae~y CBOjy.by6H BeAHKOM .lby6aB.by xoja rpauaxa na MeKOCTj meHY CBOjy seaaKOM npeaaaouihy xoja rpaaaxa na cAa6oCT. MaAO je .lbYAH, HOjH cy y TaKO AyroM mHBOTY npOAa3HAH Kp03 TOAHKa aoayureaa H TaKBe 6ype. Ao rrocaeaaer csor qaca 'Bypal) je y cp~y CBOMe xpaaao aeyrama.aa naaMeH TonAe OAaHOCTH K aepn, meHlf H AeI.(H CBOjOj. r AeAajyhH ra caxo sao npaaaraa soaesa, HaAa3HMO ra xao CKP03 H CKP03 Ao6pa soaeaa. tIHcTO [e H naaa yrexa mTO BHAHMO aa [e oaaj TemKO HCKymaBaHH crapau y 4>aMHAHjH CBOjOj HMao caoje «THXO npHCTaHHmTe» y xoje je Morao Aa ce aa 6YPH CKAOHH, Aa ce OAMOPH H HOBe

. CHare nahe.

AocaAamlbH HCTOpH~H, rOTOBO 6e3 H3Y3eTKa, MHCAHAH cy Aa HMajy OCHOBa KapaKTepHcaTH 'Bypl)a Kao npeBpT .bHBa H HenO?Tojalla I. A~H KaA ce Ay6.be H CBecrpanaje npoyxa aapaxrep n.eroa y BeAHKlfM nOAHTHqKHM paAlbaMa It MaAHM npHBaTHHM Ae.llHMa, aaha he ce Aa aa OHY npemocrasxy uexa OCHOBa. Ha nporna, [eaaa

1 Taao ra je KapaKTepocao Maypo Op6sBoja, Regno, 264 ; a no &.e .. y B CBB ApyrB n08BsjB CTpaBB na B BaWB nacna. PajRh, Ill, 2H; MajKoB, f3S,. ap,

:;'

..

68

je oA HajjacHHjux upra y lberOBY KapaKTepy ULTO aaoaHY pet! Y caUMa upUAUKa.Ma csero uOULTyje. MaJIO Hume BHAuheMo cjajaa jeAaH AOKa3 TOMe y Aora!)ajuMa npea I'oaynnex, a OOCoiJe H y Aora!)ajHMa npea yrapcKy nponacr na BapHH. 3a aenocrojanor H3BHKaJIH cy ra HapOtIHTO a.eroaa npoTHBHHUU y YrapcKoj. AoiJH KaA ce UKTa HenocTojaHcTBa, xoja cy My npeOaUHBaJIH, oecnpHCTpaCHO ncnarajy, aaha he ce Aa j~ caaraa npasa noBOA AaT OHO ca crpaae YrapCKe H caaraa ce Mome AORU3aTH, Aa OHO, WTO H3rJleAa xao nenocrojancrao y JberOBHM OAHOCUMa npeMa JlUUHMa, JIe»m H HCTUtIe H3 nocTojaHcTBa rseroaor y npeAY3eTOM jeAHoM npaany. 'Bypat) ce sa cee ceoje szaoe BepHO apacao 00Be3a, rsoje My je ApmaBonpaBHH yroBop C YrapCKOM HaMeTHYO. KSA ce AewaBaJlO Aa Yrapcxa HHje aonyrsanaaa npapOAHe npernocranse TUX 00Be3a, na CpoHja OCTaBJl:,6Ha ceOH rpaacaure Aa ce na HatIHH osa] HJlH oaaj MOMeHTaHO oApmH HaA TaJlaCHMa Aom!)aja OA lbe He3aBHCHHX, TO [our He Aaje HHKOMe npaaa Aa TaKBa TpeHyTHa H npeaaana KOJleOalba cpncxe nOJlHTHKe CBOAH na TOOOmJbe nenocrojaacrao YoiJHtIHOM RapaKTepy aaaaaoua cpncxor. JlncToBH OBe acropnje, HaAaM ce, aaaehe AORa3e Aa je noanraaa 'Eypha Bpaaxosaha, y r.mBHOM CBOM upaBUy H y ueJlllHII CBOjOj, OHoiJa AO xpaja AOCoiJeAHa, H Aa he ce TUM caMHM "3HeTH H AORa3 sa nocrojaucrao n.eroaor oiJHtIHOr tcaparerepa, A KaKO cy cYBpeMeHIJUH 'Bypi,)eBH MIIC.-lHJlH BHCORO 0 rseroaoxe nourrea.y H nOY3AaHocTH, Hajoo.he noxaayjy anammaa arera MJleTatIKe n AYOPOBatIKe apxnne. Y aacranaerenxa xoje je BoiJaAa MoiJeTa~IKa nOA 27 Aarycroa 1428 AaJla CBOMe rrocaaaaay JoBaHY Hopepy npenopysyje ce OBOMe Aa nOHYAH uapy JOBaHY Ilaaeoaory , Aa ce cnop n3Me!)y BH3aHTHje R Maerasa 0 HaRHaAH HeKRX nrrera , nosepa H300pHOMe

69

C.YAY, a sa TaKaB M.lleUH npeaaaary : H.m nany C RapAHHa.IICKOM KOAerHjoM, - H.IIH peny6.mKY «l>.II0peHunjy, B.IIH YHHijepCHTeT Boaorsy, H.IIH - « 'Bypf)a BY'Koeufta oecaor« CPUC'KOZ» 1. HajMYAPHja H najcH.IIHHja ApmaBa Y OBaKOM noraeay, npaa caza oaora A06a, Aa.lla [e THMe cjajHy CBeAOI,I6y ceora noaepersa Y MYAPOCT H .IIHtIHH xapaarep cpncaor rocnoaapa. - Haje Malbe aena CBeAOI,I6a Y jeAHoj .IIHCTHHH apxase AyopOBatIKe, Y jeAHoj npecyaa KHe3a H 0YAnja Ay6pOBatIKHX 0,11, rOA. 14 61 , KOjOM ce TymeHa crpana OC.II060~aBa CBaKe oaroaopHOCTH nonex je noaneaa nnCMO 0,11, 'Byp~a Bpaaaosaha, KOMe nucMY « xxea U 1-bewee cycJUje cjeoelie Ha upjeCTOA>Y 00 cyoa ••. HauYHo ejepoesuie" H nosex TymeHa crpaaa no 3BaHHtIHoj H caesaao] H3jaBH KHe3a H aaaoreaa AyopOBatIKUX «He Moza ce HU 'Kozap oo.tbeza ceei'JO'Ka UMaTU, ....• Hew no pY'Ke zocnocep« cpucnoie ceeTouo~ueweza ZOcuooUHa oecuoTa 'Bypf)a» 2.

f.laBHe C.laOoCTH 1Byp~eBe ynpaBo cy y CyBHlIJKy HeKHX lberOBHX BpAHHa. Onpe3HOCT je spaaaa Me~y OCO- 6HHaMa nO.lHTHtIHOr tIOBeKa, a.llH CYBl1l1JHa onpe3HOCT nocraje CAa60CT. Hseroaa je ue.tb Aa H36aBH Cp6Hjy H3 rBO'3AeHHX KaHI,IH TypCKl!X. . Crpaxyje Aa He npenar AH re aa THMe He xoxnpoaa'ryje OHY r .laBHY uea.. AAH TO CTPaXOBalbe 0,11, npeaar .beHeCTH Y3HM.tbe nperepase paaMepe TaKO, Aa y HeKHM TpeHyUHMa npeaasa y oCKYAnuy CBaKe aKTHBHe flDHUHjaTHBe.

Macro je Teme cacTaBHTH y jeAHY UeAHHY oCKYAHe aoropajcae nOA8.TKe H aenoyaaane napoane TpaAuUHje o KapaKTepy aecnorane Jepane. CBe IIlTO U3 UCTOpUjCRUX noaaraaa 0 IhOj3H BHAHMO aocra [acno, TO je, Aa

1. Sindicati, Tol I, fol. 16; Misti, LVII, fol. 33; Hopf, Griech. Gesch. 11,84. -

2 CnOlleu. Ay6p. ApUB8, II. HS. -

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70

je Jepana aena meHa xoja .byOH cjajHocT H nOJJRTRlIRY BJJaCT, H xoja ce y3 CBe TO MHoro MOJlH Bory H csennxa. Aa [eaaa meHa Roja 3Ha Aa je aena H R_oja oceha RaRO je CBOjRM nO.llomajeM Mel)y oIbYAHMa Y3BHweHa, Aa jeAHa meHa y pH3HHnH xoje HROHe 3JlaTOM OROBa.He H APOOHHM OHcepOM HCRHneHe .Ileme nopea npcrersa, rpHBHR H seaana OA Aparor RaMelba, - Aa [eaaa TaKBa. meHa TaRO peha jeAHoM HCTOM apasaoa CTpyjOM oIbyoaBR OOHMoibe H cjajnocr seMaolbCRY H napCTBO HeOecRo, TO HRje HHWTa HenpHpOAHO. Y TOMe je nor JleAY Jepaaa 6uJJa xao H CBaRa APyra meHa. ...byoaB je HMe TBoje meHO, TaWTHHa npeaaae TBoje! AJlH [e Jepaaa HMa.Ila [om H BpJlO [axe CKJlOHOCTH 1I0.llHTHtIRe, MomAa oaw B cnOCOOHOCTH aa TO. 'Bypal), ROjH [e nynrrao, Aa ee y casery ApmaBHOM lIyje H ILeH raac, - H aRO ra HHje'CBaraa xreo Aa nocayura, - H ROjR ja na caxpra OCTaBRO Aa OHa y 38APY3H ca CHHOBHMa seMoibOM ynpaBoIba,KaO aa je sepoaao y Te cnOCOOHOCTH lbe3HHe. OHa HX je Ben H no caMOM nopeaay CBOMe HMaTH MOl' JJa. Mel)y BeJlRRHM BJlacToolbynU;HMa serpaaecrcr-a seua aa HCTORY, jeAaH je OA aajaehax ORO: JOBaH KaJlTaRY3eH cyBpeMeHHR AymaHoB H nap BH3aHTHjcRH (1341-1355), J epaHHH npanpaaea . .ll03a KaHTaRY3eHoBa AaBa.Ila je H ,fhYAe H me He OA npnsaare CflOCOOHOCTH H sapaxrepaocra, Poheaa cecrpa Jepaaaaa , napana OA Tpanesyara, Jeaeaa KOMHeHOBHna, nouatnaaa oe AHBHHM xepoaaxox RaA Hsry6H B napcrso H Myma H ceAaM CHHOBa ua caOolbB TYPCROj! Bpara joj TOMY BHAHneMO y CJlym6H CpoHje. KPB H eacnaraae JepRHHHO tIHHHJlH cy, Te je nOJlH1'HtIRH noJlomaj aa BpXy ApmaBe y OypHHM H TeWRHM npHJlHRaMa HMao sa I~y HapOtIHTOr tIapa. 'Bypal), 1I0Bel: OA meaaecer rOAHHa, Morao [e y HeROJlHRO noaaeha yn.llHBy caoje

I Orbini Regno degli Har.

-,

71

[om jeAH&RO AOCTa MAaAe H aene meHe a ys TO [our H meHe AapOBHTe H nyae Ayxa. CAa60cT JepHHHHe nenocpeane OROAHHe caxo je paarpenaaa lheSHHO BAaCTOJby6- Jbe. RaA meHa no-me Aa mYAH sa nOAHTHlIRHM ynAHBoM, H Hap01JHTO RaA ra ce jeAHoM AoxBaTH, OHa BpAO AaRO ry6H H3 01JHjy H Ryhy H AellY CBOjy. llHHHAH 6H [o] HenpaBAY RaA 6H Ra3aAH Aa Jepaaa HHje Jby6HAa AellY CBOjy, aAH je lhe3HH xapaarep TaRaB, Aa 6H OHa MorAa mpTBOBaTH HajMHAHje aere caoje nOAHTHlIRHM U;eAHMa, 6ap AaAeKO npe, Hero mTO 6H ce 'Bypal) aa TO OAAy- 1JHO. He aHaMO Aa A' HMa AOBOJbHa OCHOBa Aa sa Jepaay RameMO Aa je TO meHa TBPAora cpna. AAH [e AOCTa [aoao, Aa je TO meHa 1JBpCTa aapaarepa, oACYAHe BOJbe H BeAHRor nocrojaaeraa. Ya TO [om H meHa C BeOMa OceTJbHBHM noaocox 0 CBOMe rocnOACKOM nopexay, 0 CBOMe BHCOROM nOAomajy, MomAa H 0 CBOjOj nOAHTHlIROj MHCHjH Y OHOMe 6YPHOM BpeMeHY BeAHRHX CBeTCRHX Aoral)aja. IIha MomeMO 01JeKHBaTH RaA aeeaa C TaRBUM RapaRTepOM H3al)e y cpeAHHy crape cpncae BAaCTeAe - nexaaa TOAHRO nOHOCHTe H cypeBlbHBe,- a caa y 'Bypl)eBO npexe, ocehajyhH AOM CHAe csoje H nponaaaa-e aeaa.sCRO, - TOAHKO ropxe H paaapaacenae 1 CyK06H cy 6HAH CKOPO HeH36emHH. C [eaue crpane cyjeTa H npereasaja jeAHe meHe H MeRymHH H canaerena nepexoaajaa BHsaHTHjCR", - C Apyre crpane BAaCTeAa, aoja ce He YCTPYlIaBa Aa ce aoceraaaa HPOHH1JHHM, RaA RaA na CBY npaAHRy H rpy6HM, AOTaRHe H Tor nepexoaajaaa H onor meHCRor HAOAa OA Meca, BAaCTeAa Roja y 'Bypl)eBo apexe jom HHje 3a60paBHAa, RaRO ce na 60jHmTY rane, aAH aao Aa jom HHje HayttHAa 6HAa RaRO ce y ABOPY npernda. iReHH RaRBa [e Jepuaa , CAaTRa je ocaera; cpnCROM BAaCTeAHHY, aao H Cp6HHY 'Y onurre I CAaTRO [e Aa AaAe ornop. Pe3YATaT [e caera Tora 680 Aa onaa,

72

KaA [e HajBHlIIe Tpe6aJlo Jby6amI OKO npecroaa CpnCKOr, OKO nsera [e 6HJlO snroro H MHOrO MpaOC1'H.

CjajHa rocnoha Jepaaa 113J1a3H Y HapOAHOMe cnoMeHY C IIpnAeBOM «llpoKJleTa». 0 Iboj HapOA nesa : «3.w peou s« aponxer« Jepu xa , - 3AO paOuA8 zope OOtLeKaAa;)). - Hajcrpauraaje joj ce aapoa OCBeTHO neCMOM 0 ABa caena AecnOTOBHha, 0 I'prvpy H CTe4>aHY. ITo HapOAHOMe sepoaarsy OHa je y TOJlHKoj xepa OAaHa 6HJla Typnaxa, Aa je He caao rpaaoae 3l1AaJIa, Aa 6n Typua HapOA AaKlIIe y ponCTBY ApmaAH, H He caao oA6HJla XPHIIIhaacae npocaoue xhepa jej MapH (Y necxa ROMHeHHja) re je TypCKoMe ~apy A8.Jla, Hero je, Aa 6H Typ~IIMa OJlaKlIIaJIa BJlaCT HaA Cp6HMa, caxa CMHCJlHJla naa . .teHH naan Aa OCJlenH 06& caoja CHHa re Taj naaa Y aoroBOpy C hepjy CBOjOM Mapox npeao 'I'ypaxa H H3BpIIIHJla! JeABa Aa HMa rposuaje 3aMHCJlH Y Ma KOjOj APyroj naPOAHOj neCMH. Hcropajcaa [e ocnosa . lbe3HHa AocTa npocra. Hlro Jepana oA6nja xpaurhaucxor npocaoua Mapaaor a caxa n03HBJbe napa TypcKor Aa [o] xhep IIIIITe, TO [e 6e3 cyMlbe aspas napoaaor ceharsa aa 60p6y OHe ABe napraje y Cp6HjH, OA KOjHX je jeAHa xreaa noroA6y C YrapCKOM a Apyra noroA6y C TYPCKO~I. MMa OCHOBa Bepo~anf, Aa je y 113BeCHOM jeAHoM BpeMeHY Jepaaa npanaaaaa OBOj nocaearso] rrapraja. AaJbe cy HCTOPHjCl<8. 4>aKTa: Aa je 'Bypal) aao ahep CBOjy Mapy MypaTy sa meHY, Aa je ce CTe4>aH, cpearsa CHH 'Bypl)eB 3aTeKaO aa ABOPY CYJlTaHOBOM AOlIIaB COOTpH y noxoae, KaA oy TYPQH nOIIIJlH aa CMeAepeBO, H aa je aa nOCJleTKY CYJlTaH II CTe4>aHa H crapnjer My 6paTa I'prypa OCJlenHTH Aao. Osa] TParuqaH Aoral)aj yqHHHO je Ay60K YTHcaK, Ka'O IIITO heao BHAeTH, aa cae CYBpeMeHH CBeT, a HapOqHTO ua HaIII HapOA. Ay60KO norpecea HapOA je OHe HeKOJlHKe acropajcae 4>aKTe noaesao H pasnao Y

73

cnen ,z,aHTa3HjoM, xoja je nOTH~aAa HS assopa anranaTRtIHOr rpKHIbH JepHHH. AocTa je OHAO HapOAY Aa natIyje, Aa je Jepaaa CBOjHM yTB~ajaM npereraa OAAyKy na KOPHCT oaaesy C Typnaaa, na Aa H YAaAoy Ma PHHY H aeopehy ADa opaTa Ibe3HHa npanauie SAOHaMepHOM nAaHY OBe npHjare.bH~e rypcae. M. y TOj neCMH HMa~fO jeAaR AOKa3 aaure KaKO HapOA He nesa npaDY HCTOpajy, seh caxo HCKa3yje UITO cax MHMH H WTa oceha nOBoAOM HeKHX nOAHTUtIKHX Aoral)aja. A MHMH re H ocehaaa Ta BehHHoM cy xapaxrepa cyojeKTHBHor, aeha·HOI\I [eanocrpaaa, tIeCTO npeaaseaa crpamhy H npeapaCYAOM nOAHTHtIKOM.

Y OCTaAOM nenonyaapaocr 'Bypl)eBe Jepaae Mome Aa CO oOjacHH. l.JBpcTolia 1be3HHOr xapaarepa xor aa [e AaKO napoay Aa H3r AeAa xao TBPAona cpua. To, H nOCAe OtIeBHAHa mYAIba lbe3HHa sa nOAHTHtIKHM ynAHBoM, AOseae cy HapoA'0a ~HCAH, Aa CBaKa Terooa, CBaRH Teper, H CBaKa oeAa HMa CBOj H3BOP Y JepHHU. Bpeaeaa cy OOAa TaKBa, Aa cy' H3HCKHBaAa oA napoaa orpoxae mpTBe. Ba.saao [e CROPO HenpeRHAHO crape rp8.AOB6 onpaaeara, HOBe 3HAaTH, BOAHRe nopeae nAahaTH, 01'pOMHe RyAyKe CHOCHTH H Ton~y RpB np0.4HBaTH. Be.!HKa Maca aapoaa HHje YBHl)aAa nOAHTHtIRY HymAY sa CBe ORO, WTO oeoa 031'0 aanoseaaao. HapOA je aao HHCTHHRTOM ocehao, Aa ra TH rpaAOBH OA Typaaa HAR TaKO peha 00 CYOOU'H.e, OAopaHHTH He Mory. Hexa sepa y ,z,aTa.4HOCT npoaanaaaaa [e OHAaWIbH HapOA Haw. A KaA ce HcnYHHAo UITO ce CAyTHAO, RaA cy TYP~H aa cynpoT CBeMY Hanpe3albY cpnCKOM 3ayseAH CPOHjy, ouaa cy ce rpaaosa cpncaa, y spexe 'Bypl)eBo MYKOM aapoanox onpaaa.aaa H sHAaHH, nORa3aAH xao TBpAe aaae aa AaH~y ROjuM TYP~H sapoa onacame. IIaTeh.H OA sYAyMa HS THX rp8.AOBa napoa je y nOTOIbHMa BeROBHMa C ropxa-

74

HOM RAeO n onora, ROju HX je carpaaao. If Y CMIO 'Dypl)eBo spexe, 06a3HpyhH ce na OHY CTpaHY OA RYAa AOAamaxy OHe TemRe 3anOBOOTH, Roje HCRaxy 8HOj H RpB, aapoa [e BHAeO AeCDOTa, orapna MYApa H nyHa Jby6a3- HOCTH, 3a6pHHYTa H norpymeHa TellIRHM MHc.IlHMa H Ay60RHM caasaaeaea. Ilopea aera BHAeo je nOHOCHTY jeAHY rpKHIbY, xoja, rAeAajyhH RaRO ce I'OMHAe MAaaora B crapora CBeTa ..lOMe ByRyhH ApBJbe H .KaMelb8 H3 Ay60RHX nposaaaja aa BUCORe CTpMeHH, CTOjH Henorpeceaa B uaAHa sao Aa je U caaa OA RaMeHa. CpnCKH jy je ceJbaR qyo rAe CHTHHM [eaaaoa rpqRHM 1'0- BOPH rpy6HM H CypOBHM HacTojHHI.\HMa rpaheaaaa, ROjH joj U3 I'psnee Aol)ome. Y BeAHKHM a MHor06pojHHM rpal)eBHHaMa OHHM Jepaaa je rAeAaAa [eacraa sa nOAHTHqR~ oncranaa " nOAHTHqKY Moh npeoroaa, na KOMe je C It.lymeM ceaeaa. TIPHpoAHO je Aa ce mHBO sa IbHX HHTepeCOBaAa. Hapoa , ROj" HHje CXBaTHO cxaoao OHHX rpahesaaa, 3..10 je TYMaqHO Taj aarepec Ibe3HH. CBe OHe Tepere, CBe narae H CBe Hecpehe cnoje HapOA [e OTaBJbao na paqyH OBOj Ib8My aecaanarasao] Tyl)HHI.\H, AOK aajnocae y TemROM CBOM oqajalbY HHje saraopao RIbHry C Y3BHltOM «TIpOKAern Jepaaa l

OA CBHjy OHHX, KOjH cy y nauro] HCTOpujH BpmHAH BMHKe YAore B tIHHHAH BeAHRe rpexose, 'Dypl)eBoj [e rocnoha npeaarsex HapOAHHM Aocyl)eHa HajTeHta H Hajcrpatnaaja xaana. Hcropaja I no OHOMe IlITO AO caaa saaae 0 JepHHH, He Mome HHKaKO Aa rrorname TaRBY npecyay,

,

I

I

*

*

*

*

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IIpe Hero 3aBpmHMO OBY paonpasy 0 aapaxrepy 'Dypl)eBoM H JepHHIiHOM BaJba HaM ce AOTahB HeRHX 4>aMIfAHjapHHx nHTalb8. IbHXOBBX, xoja [om [acao paonpaaeeaa HHOy.

75

'Bypal) ce BeHtIao C JepHHoM 27 AeKeM6pa 1413 £'0_ ARHel• lbeMy je TaAa xon 040 6HTH OKO 46 rOARHa. He MO~ 6HTH Aa OR Haje npe rora , aKO He ABa nyra a OHO 6ap jeAaH nyr, aeb melbeH 6HO. A Aa je aaacra 6HO melbeH H Aene HMao BHAH ce H3 [eaaora nHCMa, I~OjHM rpaa Ay6pOBHHK nOA 11 AeKeM6poM 1408 £'OA., [aaea xarepa 'Bypl)eBoj ((CA.8enoj U ee"f.MO~noj zocuo~u Mapu» , KaKO u roenoaoraa TH nacaaaje npHMHcMO B paseopacao mTO HaM ynacacre sa zocuo~y Je.he'l-6Y, flap ZOCUoOUHa '£yp~a, H MH A03BaCMO OHe uanre BAaCTeAe H OHH pexome jep cy UPUMU"f.U uucanuje 00 pexexe zoclto~e Je.hene U XOU XOTe sa TO oouueaTU t.» BHAH ce Aa OBa rocnoha Jeaeaa y rOA. 1408 HMa npenacay C BAOOTeAHMa - TP£'OBnRMa Ay6posatIKRM, mTO nOKa3yje Aa je He caao nYHOAeTHa aeh H YAaTa. AecnoT Mycah y CBOjHM MeMoapUMa Kame, Aa je 'Bypal) HMao ABe xhepa Je"f.eny H .I1usaoeTY HAH MuA.U~y, OA KOjBX je no lbeMY npsa nomaa sa Mypara a Apyra sa KHe38. OA ApHBaCT& AAeKcHja AHreAOBHha IIInaHa, «KOjH [e 6HO OA A03e napa Teoaocnja" I. ITo Hen03HaTOM nHcny ((CAaBHHx AeAa 'Bypl)a CKeHAepoora», BpaHKOBHh· je UMao ABe KhepH (Jepuny unatte RaTaxysuny u .I1usat5eTY unatte seany MUAU~y» 4.. 1I Taj H3BOP Kame Aa je lIsa6e.aa HAH MH-

I ,Ba .IoeTO UIS Ae.ellBpBja t7 upaaeeome rocnomy AeCUOTBIlY Jueay OT Co.lya& AecUOTY '&ypt,y B& lKcay •• JJ.eToo.c., ~afarik, 76.

t Cpu. COOli. Ay6poB. ApXDB&, I, 93.

a Historia d, c. ){usachi&, p. 52; Hopf, Ohroniques Greco - Romane8, 306. no OBOlie aaBopy JJ.nIl&6eT& .... ltlB.I.U& POAB.I& je c AAeKcuje .. OBY Aeay: Map.a, B.I&lK&, JJ.yu.jy, MlITpy, Aare.l.RY • AUPRjaay. JJ.ya.ja ce YA&.Ia 3a ne-rpa ARre.loB8ha a POAB.a& IIY: na ... a, A.le.cy, J08&Ra, ARApejy H Jepoa.lia. Aare.l.aa ce YAU& 3& CTe.aaa AYKArBaa 8 poAR.la .. y OeT CBROBa; M.Tp& • .18 ARIIRTP8ja ce 1A&.Ia 3& ReRaHOM yrapcKor 6apoRa, pot,8.a Kpa.a.a MaTllje • JlOAB.I& DeT CHaOBa. AlUpB~'Ba j. Dow.aa 3a lI.leTB'lIIOr naTpBaBja JOBa8a MU8.I.ja.- B.u Du Cange, Familiae aug. Byzant. 212, S15.

& Fatti illuatri di Sign. Giorgio Scanderbegh, ed. 8an80vino, 276.

76

1

JlHua nomaa sa Aaexcaja Iltnaua, a Jepaaa HJlH H.aTaRYSHHa sa Mypara. Ha jeAHoj JlHCTHHH y MOHaCTHpy EC~HrMeHy na CB. I'opa , HMajy nopea 'Bypl)a H J(,pane HaCJlHRaHe H ABe shepa, Mapa H «rocnol)a HaraRysHHa» Ij a y BHIIle AP)THX cnOMeHHRa RaTaRyseHoM ce 30Be OHa RhH 'Bypl)eBa xoja nohe sa Y.4pHXa ne.scaor".

Moaee OHTH Aa ce aa jeAHY 0,11, 'Bypl)eBHx KhepH HS rrpaora opaKa OAHOCH OHO npeaaa-e 0 nocraaay MOHacTHpa AeBHqROr y nJIaHHHaMa Ilpne Peae. Ilpaxa oe na HMe KaKO jeAHa 0,11, ahepa lberOBHX y MaJlO HHje oeaenaaa, na je CB. JaHHlmje KOMe je y Ilpaopexxe naaHHHe, rAe ce y caxoha acnaurrame, AOHecoIIle, qYAecHHM HaqHHOM H3J1eqH, Te 'Bypal) HS SaXBaJiHOCTH carpaaa MaHacTHp, KOjH ce no aaaeseno] AeBHUH npoasa AeBHqHH HJlH AeBHq~,

Hero sa caaa [our He SHaMO KO je 6HJIa. npsa meHa. 'Bypl)eBa.. llMaMo caao TpH nenoyaaaaa SHaRa, no KOJHMa OH ce MOrJIO TeR aarahara , Aa. [e OHa OHJIa OA poaa AHreJIo-RoMHeHa. JeAaH je SHaK y TOMe, IIlTO ce y no raexo] aapoaao] neCMH [eaaa Kim 'Bypl)eBa na- 3HB..be HOM'H.e'H.ujafo• ApyrH je y TOMe, WTO Hen08HaTH mHBOTonHcau CKeHAep6erOB ca xpaja neraaecrora neaa Kame sa cHHOBe 'Bypl)eBe ,11,8. cy «'H.efi~u A'H.opuje A'H.Z8Aa no MaTepu wu xoeoj"", Ha nOCJleTKY, y «PpaHQe

1 Au. ABpalloBBk, OUBC "peBa. CB. rope, 67. Mon. Serb. 359. -

, Mon. Serb. 860; - .ileToDacB, ~afarik, 68,64, 78. 77. - Aeneas BylviuB, Europa, c. 5; Bonfinius, 495.

,I I' .... ep .. B.r, BOCBBja, repueroBHaa B Cupaja Cep6aja, t62. - MB.lom MH.lojeBBh,II:YToBalLa, II, 73.

, neTpaHoBBh, Oprrcae aapoane necae aD Xepaeroaaae CTp. "90.

• EBO neo aORTa.CT: Ida Giorgio Vucovich Despoto della Servia, huomo circa i beni del corpo valoroeo, e circa queJli ~el' animo maculato per haver data per moglle la sua figliuola ad Amurath detta Bierina et du

77

HMa [eaao MElCTO no KOMe OH MaTH Mape BpaHKOBHheBe OHAa oecrpa napa AaBHAa ROMHeHal•

RaKO je BaH CBaKe CYMIbe Aa je Jepnaa APyra (aKO He H rpeha) lIteHa 'Bypt,eB~, TO je nararse Aa AH HHCY seaa OA noaaare HaM aene 'Bypheae [om HS npsor OPaKa rseronor t no [eaao] aapoaaoj neCMB fpryp H Creeaa caao cy opaha no ouy a.11H He H no xarepn cyATaHH~H Mapa HAu-RoMHeHujH2• no AUKaHmy Jepaaa je pOAHAa 'Bypt,y caxo RaTapHHY anaue RaTaKYSHHY.

a fpryp, Creeaa, Aasap H Mapa Ae~a cy OA npse me He rseroae-. AAH ce HS HSBOPHHX nHCMeHHX cnOMeHHKa oaora Aooa TO He n~TBpt,yje. Ha npOTHB HMa HX y KO- .. jUMa ce na np. sa CBa TpU CHHa 'Bypt,eBa Kame Aa ux je POAUO C JepHHOM, U jom same HS Tona ROjHX y neAHHH TO HCTO HSAaSH6• Y jeAHoM POAOCAOBY cpnCKUX napeaa H rocnoae aapexao ce Kame: « I'eopraje AecnoT POAH ca JepHHOM TpH CUHa: I'paropaja , CW<I>aHa H Aaaapa H ABe AamTepH: RaTapHHY H Mapujy» 6. ITo TOMe OH HS npaora opaKa OHJJ.a caxo JeJJ.eHa auase MHJJ.H~a.

HOBY jeAHY saoyHY lIHHH IllTO ce y no HeROM JJ.eTonHCY HaJaSH OeJJ.eWKa Aa ce Aasap POAUO y ABrycry

altri Oatagusina, che fu sorella della moglie di Allessio Spano detta Jsabetta et da altri Milizza, sorell a di Lazaro, di Stefano e di Giorgio, nepoti di Andrea Angelo, per via della loro madre ete. - Fatti illustri et. Sansovino, 275.

1 tIIpauua opeqajyl'>R 0 paaroaopy CBOM C uapeM A.aBIIAoM ROMHeRoM U 00- MeRYB Mapy uame DB u.y: huius (rl'gis Davidi) e sorore neptem. Lib. III, c. 1, 213. A.au MomAa je OllaWUOM 1130CTa.aa peq «coasortis». WTO 6B yTBPAUO Aa je Mapa uha J epaae,

2 cA.a HAeTe ceaa Y oOXOAe. - Ba CTe opo'!a 6paha ROIol1leBBBt, - Dpoqa 6paha 04 Apyre lIaTepe«. - Ilerpaacaah Ba BaB. M.

, a Du Cange, Familiae Byzantinae, 337, ch.26:.

, Monum Serbica, 409, 477, 4i8; - Cpncull IIouesHUB, r .aaCB. XLII, 32. I r.aacBBu, XXX, 26~.

...

78

1432 rOA 1. HaA 6R TO RCTRHa 6RAa, OHAa 6R RSaJIa3RAO Aa [e ce .Aasa.p BeHtIaO R 3aAeCIIOTRO y OBOjOj 14-oj rOARHH, - OCRM IllTO je 'Bypl)y r, 1432 6RAO 65 a JepHHR npeao 40 I'OARHa. Aa TO He CTOjR Haj60Jbe OBeAOtIR IllTO oy na XPRCOBOJbR MOHaCTHpy C<I>RI'MeHY OA r, 1 429 nanpraaa CBa TpH CRHa 'Bypl)eBa R IllTO <l>paHnys Bpoxajep BeAR aa RX je r. 1433 CBY TPORQY BRAeo, AOAasajyhR, Aa cy «8eOMIl Aellu» MAaAR JbYAR II Aa «llp80Me UMa 01W 20, i)PyzoMe 07(0 16 a uajM..fafjeM 01W 14 zoi)uua 2. Oaa] .Aa3ap 0 ROMe AeTOIIHC Rame Aa ce POARO y ABrycTy 1432, Mome 6RTR Aa je IIpBO yHyqe AeCIIOTa 'Bypha 110 CRHY My I'prypy, 0 ROMe Pajah H OHaRO Be.llR Aa je lfMao CRHa .Aasapa a.

I «B .. [ero 69100 (= 1432) lIjecena ABrycTa POAB ce .Ilaaap». Cpncxa no':

KeIIBIlB, HOBaKoBBh, r .. aCBBK XLII. 2 Broquiere, 277.

a PajBh, III, iSO.

r .llABA TPE'RA

IlATEPBJAAHE DPB.lUKE Y 'BYP'BEBOJ APlKABU.

Iloxymaaa CMO Aa ce ynoaaaxo C .IlHqHH~1 RapaR-' TepOM HOBUX rocnoaapa 0,11, CpoHje, - AecnoToM 'Bypl)eM .B AecnoTH~oM JepHHOM.

Aa HaM nO.llHTHlIRa acropaja oaora A06a 6YAe mTO [acaaja, BaJba.110 6H, Aa ce A06po ynoaaaao C MaTepHja.llHHM npaaaaaxa SeMJbe H C AymeBHHM craaex Hapoaa, ROMe [e 'Bypa!) rocnoaapex nocrao.

Ha ma.llOCT, sa TaRBa naraaa, - sa naraaa xoja ynpaBo rpeoa ,ll,a lIHHe HajBamHHjH Aeo CBaRe acropaje

.

- sa caaa TeR Ma.110 MaTepHja.lla HMaMO.

Y reorpaecaoxe nor .IleAY AecnoToBa je ApmaBa, y apeae rseroaora cTynalba H.a B.IlaAY, xoraa HMaTH 6.1lHSY 2000 RBaApaTHHx MHJba reorpaecxax. JeAHHH aYTeHTHlIHH cnoxea 0 npocTpaHcTBY cpncxe AecnOTOBHHe y rOA. 1427 HMaMO Y HaTnHcy aa cnoMeHHRY y ApseHr .. saaa, rrpexaa H TO TeR y Bp.110 mHpORHM HeOApeqeHHM nOTe3HMa. Tal\-IO ,ll,eCnOT Creean rosopa caM sa ceGe: «UHAOCTLIO GOll'ielO S;hb rocnOAHH .. BLC'lUL tPL&lt.I6UL H nOAOVHUi'1O H nOC!lBilO H YECTH V r ~ U I i 16 ~ E U It." H G 0 C b " C I i IE 6 IU TEll E H n 0 U 0 pilO ~ETLCIOUOV» I.

1 MII.lBheBuh, Cp6nja 236.

80

OA yrapcae je 3eM.be npanaaao AeCnOTY CTe,z,aHY • I

a nOCAe Ibera H AecnOTY 'Byp~y HajBehH Aeo Cpeaa, I

aajeaao C rpaAOBHMa 3eMYHOM, CAaHltaMeHOM, MHTPO-

BHUOM, }{ynHHHKoM H CHitAYIlIeM. OCHM Tora jOIlI If

Apyra MeC'la H oaIlITHHe y COMO~CI\Oj H TOPOHTUCRoj

KHemHHH (ROMHTaTY)

Ha HCTOK [e rpaaana AecnOTOBHHH HIIIA8. THMOROM (BHAHH [e aeh OHO y TYPCKlfM PYRaMa), xsaraaa je Y qe HHIII H HHIIIKY myny, HHje BpAO [acao Aa.4' je xaaraaa IIHpoT, aJlH [e XBaTaAa Onerono.se C rpaAOBHMa BpecHHROM H 3e.aeH-rpaAOM, H cnYIIITue ce K jyry AO na na noa,e iRerkliroBO xBaTajyhH y ce }{YMaHOBO H jymHe naaaae « lJpMHe rope» (Hapaaara]. Mome OHTH Aa he OBY HCTOtIHY rpaHHUY, KaKO je no caaauusex HCTOPHjCKOM MaTepHjaAY nOBJlatIHMO, Ba.baTH OAMaKHYTH jOIlI MaJlO Aa..be na HCTOK, KaA ce npHRynH jOIlI BHIIIe H3- sopa H noaaraea I.

. Ha jyr je AecnOTOBHHH rpannua OHJla y AHHHjH aoja je XBaTaAa « lJPMHy ropy», IIlapy, Ha~laHHR, aa THM APHM AO npexa ApHBacTY. OA ApHBacTa ce rpaaana nOBAatIHAa R oeneposanaay , npeao caaaapoxor [esepa cnynrraaa ce R BOjaHH, oaanae CBe aeoaox OOUOM AO na ymhe Bojanaao y jRApaHcRO Mope. OA npaxopja 3eTCRora, no yroaopy 0 MHpy C MAeUHMa OA rOA. 1426, CpIIcRoMe je AecnoTY npanaao C H3Y3eTRoM Y JlUHHa R asyne aerose , CBe noses OA MOHacTHpa CB. Haaoae, ROjH [e aa YIlIhy Bojane y Mope, na AO caxe BORe ROTOpcRe. rpaAOBH Bap H BYABa npnnaaa oy CpOHjH, TaKO

I M, III. MU.lojesHh sa np, AplllH .. a je ASCDOTOBHBII DpIIDa .. a.lO u KpaToBo U KpB~a PjeRa (Erpu IIUHRa) na U '£ycTeUAH.l (KocTaBHqKa 6a&.8). Ao Ayme 811A8 ce A'l je ce uapaua Mapa, KhA '£ypi)eoa, DOC.l8.llhHX coojllx rOAUBa qeCTO Y - OBBU Kpajsa.lI. 6a8H.la; a ... TO DO CS6R jom Buje .. 080.l>aB "OlllS, Aa cy oaa llpaje8u AeCDOT(\8I1Ua DplIDaAUK Apyrux KaRSU 6UlKBX a DOY3Aaaojax BaaROsa Ba TO ja ' aa caAB oe BBali.

81

H .i1acTBa xao H HajsHaTHHja COAHJla y TpaCTH H .thymTIU~Ul. AOKJIe je OA Mopa na yHyTpa y SeMJbY amaa ApmaBa opncaa, TO je sa caaa TemKO aaaara, 3Ha ce caxo TOAHKO, Aa Ilaurrposaha ocraaouie nOA saIllTHTOM Maeraaa , a [eaaa Aeo myne rp6a.bCKe npnnaae HoTOpy. Taao ce He Mome sa caaa HH ca. KOJlUKOM noyaaaaomhy Ka3aTH, «(MHKO je oA AaHaIlllbe Ilpue rope npnnaaaao cpncao] ApmaBH. BHAH ce caxo TOJlUKO Aa cy Ty naaaae rpaaaue cpncaoj H 60caHc~oj ApmaBH, H Aa cy rpaa MeAYH ca mynoM H rpaa BHXOP oa cBOjOM aeynoa , npanaaaaa AecnOTOBHHH.

CYBo3eMeHa aanaaaa rpanana HWAa je .i1HMOM, sa THM APHHOM OA npaaaae AO YToKa Illene, OAaBAe peKOM Il.lenoa, RpaJbeBOM nAaHHHOM H JaApOM AO YTOKa osora y ApHHY, TaKO Aa ja Cpe6pHHQa c oKpyroM npanaaaza Cp6HjH. I'paaaua je sanaaaa auraa sa THM oner APUHOM AO Cane. Ho KaA ce yroBop c IT rapcaox OA 1426 D3BpIllHO OHAa je ce aanaaaa rpaaana capruaaaaa na YTOKY Jaapa .Y ApHHY, Ty je rpanaua npeaasaaa aa 3eM.bHWTe AaHaWlbe KHemeBHHe, na npasnex ceaepoHCTOtIHHM HWJla Aa naaae nerae 6J1H3Y Beorpaaa y AYHaBo.

RaA 6H HMa.Ilii Aa noxaaeeao HajnJlOAHHje, najna-

cea.eanje H y onurre Haj60raTHje xpajene cpncae AecnOTOBHHe, MH 6H nOKa3a.1lH aa BpaHHtIeBO, TOnAHQY, CHTHHUY H Mopascay AO.IlHHY.

1 Aa je .ibYWTRua UpUOaA&.4a 'Bypl)y R CTe.aBY AeCOOTY BBA. Acta Arch.

Ven. II, 259. Aa je TO 6uo B ca Tpacroa BIIA. Acta II, 244, rAe ce KalKe;

.• Tristriam et multa alia (T. j. 3ell.l>e, aoje cY Y crapo A06a UpBOua.le KoTOpy) que idem mal1nificus dominus Georgius tenet. 3a KacTe.l AacTBY II. 247. I(pRBa Boropoaane PaTa'lJRe 68.1a je TaRol)e Y ApIRaBB 'Bypt,eBoj, II. 25t. mTO ce TRqe Ilamrpoauha, 'Bypl)y, ROjR RX je TpaIROO, MAeUR oaroeopame : «Cum prefata dominatio eisdem Pastrovichiis promissiones fecerit, de Don assignando eOB dicto domino Georgio nee ali cui alio domino sed iPSOB retineri debere per prefatum ducale dominium.» Acta II, H5.

lIYPAll BPABROBn'l\

6

82

BpaHHqeBO [e 0,11, CTapHHa 6H.il0 ua r aacy ca caora, 60raTCTBa. PYAapcTBO, (RyqeBO!) TprOBHHa H no.scaa npaspeaa HaqHHH.ilR cy na OCTa~HMa CTapHX PHMCRHX naceo- 611Ha jeAaH 0,11, HajnHToMHjHX H Haj60raTHjHx xpajesa CPIICRe ,ll,pmaBel• 0,11, RaRO cy TYP~H nOqeTROM XV-or sexa saA06H.ilH CTaAHOra CTaHHIIlTa aa AOlbeM AYHaBY, rpaa [e I'oaytiau crexao crparerajcxy saamoor, 6paHehH ca Te crpane BpaHHqeBO.

ITHTOMOCT oaora apaja , RojH ce npyma 0,11, H6pa aa HCTOR ,11,0 Mopase a aa nO,ll,Homjy Honaonaaa H Jacrpenua , noxaayje Y HeKO.ilHRO neh H eaao HMe Ton.ilH~a. Ty je 6HO qHTaB ana aehax H MalhHX rpaaosa 0,11, RojHX cy rpaa CB. Ilpoaona H 'I'onaaua (AaH. RyprnyMJbe) 6H.ilH HajsHaTHHjH. AO.ilHHa Ta H naaaae n.AaHHHCKe Roja jy npare, 6H.Ae cy aaxaheae MHor06pojHHM ceaaxa ROjHMa [e CTOqapCTBO H pYAapCTBO AOHe.AO nyHo 6.Aarocrarsa. Ilaana , ~eHTpa.AHO MeCTO sa py,ll,apcRy paAlbY na jyatHo-SaIIa,ll,HHM IIaAHHaMa Honaouaxa, HapOqHTO je sa aaaae aecnora Creeana 6H.Aa y nynoae CBOMe ~BeTy2. HMaAa je Ay6pOBaqRY KO.AOHHjy, KOHsY.Aa H ~PRBY KaTO.AHqRY. ITaA «TOn.AHqRHX rpaaosa" nOA TypCKy B.AaCT 1'. 1454 nOMHIhY HaIIlH .AeTOIIHC~H C OqeBH,!J.HOM 60JbOM y AYWHo IT.AOAOBHTOCT H xpacora TOn.AH~e AOBOAH y ycxahen,e orpaae IIYTHHRe JOIIl IIyHHX CTO rOAHHa nOC.Ae ':Bypl)a4•

1 Y apaDcsora reorpaea E.lpH8HJa (118 .I0CeTOr aeaa] HlI" CDolieHa 0 60raCTBY BpaHneBa y8 onac rpa.laWTa; Gtlographie d' Edrisi, trad. de I' .Arabe, par .Amedtle Jaubert, II, 379, 886.

JeMB oy nocpeaaa .I0BB8 TOlle a BeAase 6op6e H3l1(1)y rpsa a Mat,apa ORO Te 8ell ... e y XI D XII-oil BeRY, a nOCAe B 60p6e 11311e~y Ma~pa a Cp6a. Boje cy 0 Behllil HAa lIalLHIl Dl'eRH.lHlla Tpaj .... e cse .10 ClipTH AywaBoBe.

t 83 rora BpelleHa 0 lLellY RajBawe CUOlieB .I0.la811. COOII. Ay6pOB. Apx.

I, 37, no. 121.

a Dr. C. J. Jiricek, HandeIsstrassoo und Bergwerke in Serbien nnd Bosnien, 5il •

.& oE il paese Topliza non solamente piacevole e bello, IDa ubertoso e abundante di tutte Ie cose necessarie al viver et .• Tre cose de Turchi, Vinegia, 1589.-

I

83

CHTHI!:QOM ce 3BaO can oaa] 6aCeH H3Mel)y BOAOA6.IlHHQe ApHHa aa aanaaao] H BOAOAeJIHHQe MOpaBHQe na HCTOqHOj CTPaHH, xsarajyh« y 00 HOCOBO no.se. r JIaBHO [e MeCTO y CHTHHQH 6HJIa IlpHIIITHHa, a qUTaB jeAaH CHCTeM rpaaosa 6paHHo jy je ca CBHX crpaaa : rpaa HaqaHHK C jyra, HOBO BPAO H rpaa Mopana C [yroacroaa, Ilpaspea ca sanaaa, rpaa BHXOP ca ceaepa • AOK je ApyrH [eaaa HHS MalDHX rpaaosa nOJIa3HO opeaaAUHOM Ibe3HHOM, Tpano.e, Baesan, BytIHTPH, Jeaaa, BpaeHHK. AHO aexaaamaera xopa aapaaacsora 6HJIa [e npHPOAHHM HatIHHO)l oc06HTe nJIOAOBUTOCTH. PYAHUQH ope6pa If 3JIaTa y HOBoMe SPAY 6HJlH cy 06HJIaT U3BOP sa 60- raTCTBO onora apaja. He caao ~ajsHaTHHja TprOBaqKa, Hero U HajsHaTHHja HHAYOTpHjcKa MeCTa crape cpncae

j. ApmaBe 6HJIa cy y CHTHHQH. CeAaMAeooT rOAHHa nOCJIe ROHaqHOr naaa cpncae aecnoroaaae , nyTHHQH cy naJIa3UJIH ua HOCOBY AocTa rycTY aace.seaocr, nYHo ceaa, 0,11. KOjux [e CROPO CBaKO HMaJIO CBOjy npKBy 1'1 npaCTOjHHM HaqHHOM H3ApmaBaJIO caora CBeIlITeHHKa 1'1 eaMHJIHjy MY·.

o HaCe.,beHOCTH H 60raCTBY xopascae AOJIHHe HMaMO SaHHM.,bHBO CBeAOqaHCTBO II>paHQYCKora sareaa BeprpaaAOHa Ae JIa Bpoxajepa, KOjH je rOAHHe 1432- 33 npoI1Iao Kp03 Cp6ujy. Hseroao CBeAOqaHCTBO BpeAH THM BUIIIe, I1ITO [e Bpororjep He Ca!t1O BpJIO CaBeCTaH H OIlITap nocxarpaa , Hero jOIlI H tIOBeK, KojH je, - BHAeBIIIU MHOro CBeTa 1'1 6HBIIIH ABopaHHH xepnera 0,11. BypryHAHje, BJIaAaOQa jeAHe 0,11. HajHaIlpeAHuje H HajBehMa aace.sene SeM.,be y Esporra, - 61'10 nOTuYHo HaAJIemaH Aa OneHH, I1ITa je A06pa HaOO.,beHOCT, I1ITa He. uOCTaBHBIIIH Hpymeaan" , name OH, «upel)ocMo Mopasy na CK6.Il1'I If yl)o-

• KYPBuemBheB UYT apoa Cp6Bjy rOA. 1580. Moj upeBoA Y BIlAOBAaBY 186S.

B. B MaTBoBRh, Rad, XLVI, 165.

8· .

84

cxo Y ApmaBY AecnOTa oa Cponje, Y KpaC1iY U oo6po 1iaceAJe1iY 3eMAJY." Maao sa THM: «TIYTOBaO cax HHS Mopasy H HsyseBUIH R.I1aHaQ [eaau, ROjH ApmH OA DpHJlHRe jeAHY MH..bY, H ROjH AOJla3H OTYAa, UITO ce naaHIIHa npHTHCJla ys pexy, UMaoox oooap UyT Kp03 Kpw.a1i U oo6po 1iaceAJe1i Kpaj. Apyrox AaHa HMaAOx Aa nyTy[ex KpOS UIyMy H no OJlaTY. Hero H nopea caera Tora, OBa [e aea.sa TaKO apacaa, KaKO caxo OPAOBHTH apa] OHTH xoase. Dy1ia je caaa U ceaKY uOTpe6y Ty 1iaMUpu TU MOOlCem.» If oner ua ApyroM jeAHoM MeCTY: « H3- Mefjy HeKyoUMa U Beozpeo«, OOAU1ie cy :HattUttKaHe ceAUMa y KojuMa ce xpsne U ooopa 6U1ia OOOUTU uooce" I.

TIOjHMmHBO je, Aa je HeCe.lheHOCT, KOjy [e apa.seaCTBO asa eerie OCTaBHJlO Y SeM..baMa WTO ca~IHlbaBaxy

ApmaBY ':Bypl)eBY, nopacaa H YCJleA Tora, WTO je no- ..

naaaa TypCRa TepaJla BeJlHRH opoj cpnCRUX nopoaana

H3 xpajesa TYPQHMa aayaernx, y SeM..be, aoje cy jom ROJlHRY TO.ll.lfRY HesaBHCHOCT axaae H ROJlIfRY TO.ll.HRY onrypaocr ASBaJIe (CpOHja H Bocaa I). OBa Aoopa nace..beHOCT AOCTa oojawlhaBa seanae <l>HHaHQHjcRe aaaope AecnOTOBe. OHa Ha.l1aSH nOTBpAe H y HeopojHoMe pOO..by'

xoje cy TYPQH y BHUle npH.II.HRa H3 'Byphese ApmaBe OABOAHJlH.

Mel)y rpaAOBHMa cpnCRHM y OHO Aooa Hajc.II.aBHHjH [e OHO HOBO BpAO. 3a Ib ce SHaA.O na AaJleKO no EBpona H rseroao JlaTHHCKO liMe (CNovomonte') AO.ll.a3n y cnHCHMa oaora Aooa y aanaaao] Espona qeCTO rae My ce H He aaaare. Boaarepaa y CBOjOj reorpaeaja, Kojy naca npea xpa] Xv-or B., BeJlH sa Ih Aa [e rAaOHO MeOTO CpoHje'. 0 aeroaoae ooraTOTBY y cpe6py H SJlaTY

1 Broguiere, 275, 260.

, La ville da Neufmont, metropolitaine du pays, on l'on tient qui! y a mines d'or et d'argent. Vo)aterran, G~ograpbie, liv. VIII; Lavardin Hist, de Georges Scanderb. c. II.

85

xaraae 6a<me npasaxy. H.OHOTaHTHII «I>U.IlOSO«l> Kame 0 IbeMY: «rpa.ll, sa HOTHHY opetipena l »1. ,2J.pyrH je,ll,aH cyBpeMeHHK 'Byphes, I'px l{PHTOBY.I1, Kame Aa oe Y BOBOM BpAY IIO S.I1aTY H ope6py ope", CpeAHIIITe OBe RO.l1HKe pyaapcae paaa,e cpncae jymHo 0..11, KOIIaoHHRa xao H cpeAHIIITe sa TproBHHy ca cpe6poM H S.I1aTOM, HOBO je BPAO 6H.I10 Y onIIITO aajanarnaja TprOBa"llKa H HHAYOTPHjcKa BapoIII cpncsa. CBa je npH.I1HKa Aa je H 06- paSOBaHOCT Tora rpaaa crojaaa aa BHOOKOM cryrnsy. 0 IberOBOMe 60raoTBY H Be.l1HquHH HMajy H AaHac HapOAHa npasaa,a. no [eanoxe 0..11, lbHX rpaa je Taj aeaaaa HMao 6000 xyha, a IIO je.ll,HOM ,ll,pyroM H AO 12.000 ayha". He hexo 6HTH Aa.l1eKO 0..11, HCTHHe, aKO KameMO, Aa [e HOBO BPAO Y apeae 60.l1:.e cpehe csoje nOA 'Byp~eM HMaJiO ORO 40.000 cTaHoBHHKa, IIITO je npeMa OH,II,aIIIlbHM npH.I1HKaMa y Eaporm SHa"llH.I10 Bp40 BHCOKY HaOe.lbeHOCT. CBOjHM MHor06pojHHM cTaHoBHHwTBOM, CBOjOM TPrOBHHOM H HapOlJHTO CBOjHM PYAHHqHMa, HOBO je 6PAO 6H"'0 [eaan 0..11, najanarnajax asaopa sa AoxoAaK crapo] CPIICKOj ApmaBH. OCHM Cp6a, 6H.I10 je y lbeMY ~fHoro Caca, ,2J.y6pOB"llaHa H 'I'aanjaaana Kao CTa.l1HHX cTaHoBHHKa, KOjH cy Y lbeMY HMaAlI cnoje 6aIIITHHe, SeM.I1:.e H ayhe, KaKaB je YTHcaK ua Typae YlJHHH.I10 HOBO BPAO BHAH ce oTYAa, IIITO cy ra npoasaaa «.Ma.j'KO.M ceujy zpa.ooea.)) '. OBO Aaje MHC.I1HTH, Aa je TO 6HO He caxo Be.IlHKH, 60raT H aen, Hero jOIII H [ax rpaa. Y caao] CTBapH TO

. je 6HO [eaaa 0..11, HajjalJHX rpaaosa CpIICKHX.

Beorpaa je 6HO paaocr H nOHOC cpncaor napoaa y npso] "lleTBpTHHH neraaecrora aexa. ,2J.eoIIoT CTecS>aH Aao je ce cpnex H AymoM Aa ra YTBPAH H yxpaca, no-

I KOBCTI&BTBB, 327.

S Fragmenta histor. Graecorum, Vol. V, lib. II, 8. a Hahn, Reise v. Belgrad nach Salonik, CTp. 179.

• Ducaa, 209. YDOp. n Chalcocondylas, Uli.

n

86

AHrao [e Y lbeMY ojajne ABOpOBe H HaBa..bHBaO re Cy ce Haj60raTojH ..hYAH H3 napoaa TY AOCe..baBa.ilH H Kyhe nOAH3a.ilH. IIH HCTOqHOj CTpaHH sapoma nOAHfaO je MHrponoaajy, Be.ilHKY H cjajHY UpKBy, oKpymeHY 3AaibeM sa AYXOBHHKe (( ornnre mHTe..bCTBO») H « BLCilIHUH CIlAW 0I(IPilUIEHil pil~~HYLHillll CilAOBHIIl CL UHorLiHUL AOCTOlllilHHIeUL» 1. Iloaarao je 6HO [om jeAHY UpKBy aerae y «IIePHBOjy», a aa « c.II.aT1wj eoc)u)) carpaaao je crpaaonpajeMHHUY sa 60.ileCHHKe H UpKBy Y lbOj, H « HilCilA" CilAoBH. BLCilllillilro H~GPilHililFO n"oM)). BHAH C6 Aa je OHAa 6HAO BeAHKHX H zenax 6amTa y Beorpaay. I'paa je 6HO ynpano CHCTeM jeaaa OA HeKOAHKO <l>OpTOBa. }{OHCTaHTHH HX Ha6paja C6AaM, Bpoaajep ner ca ABe Ky.ile na y.ilaCKY y npHCTaHHmTe, - AaK.ile oner ceaaa. H3 omnapnora a.ilH aaane AOCTa aejacaor onaca }{OHCTaHTHHOBor BHAH ce, Aa [e rpaa HMao ABory6e 3HAHHe, Aa [e HMao aa AYHaBY A06po yrnpheao npHCTaHHmTe, aa je PH3- nana AecnOTOBa 6HAa y jeAHoj OA Ky.ila y AOlbeMY rpaAY a apceaaa oner y jeAHoj APyroj, Aa [e ropa,a rpaa HMao qeTHpH aanaje, OA KOjHX ce OHe na jyr H I.fCTOK 6H.ile seaaae H HMa.ile MOCTOBe, KOjH cy ce na AaHUHMa AH- 3a.ilHI. Bpoxajep oner ca csoje crpane cnoxaae KaKO [e Beorpaa [aa rpaa , xoaee Aa CMeCTH ner A.O uiecr XH..baAa aorsaamca , HMa AOCTa apraaepnje , H KaKO [e Mel)y TonOBHMa y rpaAY BHAeo [eaan, xojera [e npe'lHHK U3HOCHO 42 naana. 3a npacranaurre ua AYHaBY OR Kame Aa ce saraapa rB03AeHHM .ilaHUHMa, ROjH noaaae OA KyAa IllTO 6paHe yaaaax , H Aa ce y .lb Mome CMeCTHTH AO 20 BOjHuX 6poAoBa. Creean [e ce crapao CBHMa cpecrsaaa, Aa aapoma nOAHrHe TProBa'lKH 3Haqaj; 6eo-

, KOBCTaBTHB,287.

2 KOBCUHTBB CTp. U6. Oa yBepaBa Aa je AeCDOT CTe • .1B qCCTO rOBopRO, K8KO My je BaMepa A& rpu DpeMa BCTOIlY pacnpoc-rpaull.

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