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Relion Protection and Control

630 series
Engineering Manual

Document ID: 1MRS756800


Issued: 2014-11-28
Revision: E
Product version: 1.3

Copyright 2014 ABB. All rights reserved

Copyright
This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written
permission from ABB, and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third
party, nor used for any unauthorized purpose.
The software or hardware described in this document is furnished under a license
and may be used, copied, or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such
license.

Trademarks
ABB and Relion are registered trademarks of the ABB Group. All other brand or
product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.

Warranty
Please inquire about the terms of warranty from your nearest ABB representative.
http://www.abb.com/substationautomation

Disclaimer
The data, examples and diagrams in this manual are included solely for the concept
or product description and are not to be deemed as a statement of guaranteed
properties. All persons responsible for applying the equipment addressed in this
manual must satisfy themselves that each intended application is suitable and
acceptable, including that any applicable safety or other operational requirements
are complied with. In particular, any risks in applications where a system failure and/
or product failure would create a risk for harm to property or persons (including but
not limited to personal injuries or death) shall be the sole responsibility of the
person or entity applying the equipment, and those so responsible are hereby
requested to ensure that all measures are taken to exclude or mitigate such risks.
This product has been designed to be connected and communicate data and
information via a network interface which should be connected to a secure
network. It is the sole responsibility of the person or entity responsible for network
administration to ensure a secure connection to the network and to take the
necessary measures (such as, but not limited to, installation of firewalls, application
of authentication measures, encryption of data, installation of anti virus programs,
etc.) to protect the product and the network, its system and interface included,
against any kind of security breaches, unauthorized access, interference, intrusion,
leakage and/or theft of data or information. ABB is not liable for any such damages
and/or losses.
This document has been carefully checked by ABB but deviations cannot be
completely ruled out. In case any errors are detected, the reader is kindly requested
to notify the manufacturer. Other than under explicit contractual commitments, in
no event shall ABB be responsible or liable for any loss or damage resulting from
the use of this manual or the application of the equipment.

Conformity
This product complies with the directive of the Council of the European
Communities on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Directive 2004/108/EC) and concerning
electrical equipment for use within specified voltage limits (Low-voltage directive
2006/95/EC). This conformity is the result of tests conducted by ABB in
accordance with the product standards EN 50263 and EN 60255-26 for the EMC
directive, and with the product standards EN 60255-1 and EN 60255-27 for the low
voltage directive. The product is designed in accordance with the international
standards of the IEC 60255 series.

Table of contents

Table of contents
Section 1

Introduction.......................................................................5
This manual........................................................................................5
Intended audience..............................................................................5
Product documentation.......................................................................6
Product documentation set............................................................6
Document revision history.............................................................6
Related documentation..................................................................7
Symbols and conventions...................................................................7
Symbols.........................................................................................7
Document conventions..................................................................7
Functions, codes and symbols......................................................8

Section 2

IED engineering process................................................13


Monitoring and control system structure...........................................15
Workflow...........................................................................................17

Section 3

PCM600 tool...................................................................21
Connectivity packages......................................................................21
PCM600 and IED connectivity package version...............................22
PCM600 projects..............................................................................22
Communication between PCM600 and the IED...............................22

Section 4

Setting up a project........................................................25
PCM600 operates on projects..........................................................25
Installing Connectivity packages......................................................25
Setting up communication between PCM600 and the IED...............26
Project managing in PCM600...........................................................28
Creating a new project.................................................................28
Plant structure..................................................................................29
Building the plant structure..........................................................30
IEC 61850 naming conventions to identify an IED......................30
Inserting IEDs...................................................................................32
Inserting IEDs in online mode......................................................33
Inserting IEDs in offline mode......................................................38
Inserting IEDs from the template directory..................................43
Inserting pre-configurations.........................................................45
Setting IED IP address in the project...........................................47
Setting technical key.........................................................................48
Using 630 IEDs in COM600 project..................................................49
Enabling Web Server...................................................................51

630 series
Engineering Manual

Table of contents

Using the Web HMI..........................................................................52


Logging in....................................................................................52

Section 5

Protection and control engineering................................53


Application Configuration tool...........................................................53
Function blocks............................................................................54
Signals and signal management.................................................56
Function block execution parameters..........................................56
Configuration parameters............................................................60
Connections and variables..........................................................60
Hardware channels......................................................................61
Validation.....................................................................................62
Validation when creating an application configuration...........62
Validation on demand.............................................................63
Validation when writing to the IED..........................................64
Parameter Setting tool......................................................................64
Signal Matrix tool..............................................................................65
Engineering control functions...........................................................67
Introduction..................................................................................67
Remote/Local switch...................................................................69
Bay control...................................................................................69
Switch control..............................................................................73
Circuit breaker/Circuit switch.......................................................76

Section 6

Local HMI engineering...................................................79


LED and function key engineering....................................................79
Local HMI engineering process...................................................79
LED operation modes..................................................................84
Single-line diagram engineering ......................................................89
Concept description to present and generate diagrams in
graphical display editor................................................................89
Supported single-line diagram symbols.......................................93
Bay configuration engineering.....................................................96
Creating a complete HMI display page..................................97
Linking process objects..........................................................97
Events and indications....................................................................100

Section 7

IEC 61850 communication engineering.......................101


IEC 61850 interface in the IED and tools.......................................101
Function view for IEC 61850 in PCM600...................................101
IEC 61850 interface in the IED..................................................102
GOOSE data exchange........................................................102
Station configuration description file types................................103
IEC 61850 engineering procedure..................................................104

630 series
Engineering Manual

Table of contents

IEC 61850 protocol references and pre-conditions...................104


Sequence for engineering of IEC 61850 protocol......................104
Exporting SCL files from PCM600 .................................................105
Exporting SCD files...................................................................105
Exporting ICD or CID files.........................................................106
Engineering of vertical and horizontal communication in
IET600............................................................................................107
Importing SCL files to PCM600......................................................108
Importing SCD files....................................................................109
Importing ICD or CID files..........................................................111
Writing communication configuration to IED...................................112
IET600 engineering........................................................................112
Managing projects.....................................................................113
Adding new IEC 61850 clients for IET600.................................115
Attaching IEC 61850 clients to a bus with IET600.....................115
IET600 user interface................................................................115
Setting visibility of columns in grid editors............................117
Filling down multiple cells.....................................................118
Substation section configuration in IET600...............................118
Creating conducting equipment for a bay.............................118
Mapping logical nodes..........................................................119
Creating data sets with IET600.................................................120
Creating report control blocks with IET600................................122
RCB client configuration with IET600........................................122
Configuring RCB clients semi-automatically........................123
Horizontal communication engineering.....................................125

Section 8

IEC 60870-5-103 communication engineering.............127


Engineering in PCM600..................................................................127

Section 9

DNP3 communication engineering...............................129


Signal configuration user information.............................................129
Adding setting groups.....................................................................130
Configuring DNP3 protocol signals.................................................132
Setting DPN3 signal parameters....................................................134
Configuring DNP3 class............................................................135

Section 10 Configuration migration................................................137


Migrating the configuration to a later version..................................137
Creating a backup.....................................................................137
Creating a reference IED project...............................................137
Migrating the IED configuration.................................................138
Updating the license..................................................................138
Reengineering................................................................................139
630 series
Engineering Manual

Table of contents

Reengineering in the Application Configuration tool..................139


Reengineering in the Parameter Setting tool.............................139
IEC 61850 reengineering...........................................................140
Updating DNP3 points in the Communication Management
tool ............................................................................................141
Mapping in Graphical Display Editor ........................................141
Updating Signal Matrix..............................................................141
Changed functions.....................................................................142

Section 11 Glossary.......................................................................145

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Section 1

Introduction

1.1

This manual
The engineering manual contains instructions on how to engineer the IEDs using
the different tools in PCM600. The manual provides instructions on how to set up a
PCM600 project and insert IEDs to the project structure. The manual also
recommends a sequence for engineering of protection and control functions, LHMI
functions as well as communication engineering for IEC 60870-5-103, IEC 61850
and DNP3.

1.2

Intended audience
This manual addresses system and project engineers involved in the engineering
process of a project, and installation and commissioning personnel, who use
technical data during engineering, installation and commissioning, and in normal
service.
The system engineer must have a thorough knowledge of the load-shedding
functionality, protection and control equipment and the configured functional logic
in the IEDs. The installation and commissioning personnel must have a basic
knowledge of handling electronic equipment.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

Decommissioning,
deinstallation & disposal

Maintenance

Operation

Product documentation set

Commissioning

1.3.1

Engineering

Product documentation

Planning &
purchase

1.3

Installation

1MRS756800 E

Quick start guide


Quick installation guide
Brochure
Product guide
Operation manual
Installation manual
Engineering manual
Technical manual
Application manual
Communication protocol manual
Point list manual
Commissioning manual
GUID-C8721A2B-EEB9-4880-A812-849E1A42B02C V1 EN

Figure 1:

The intended use of documents during the product life cycle

Product series- and product-specific manuals can be downloaded


from the ABB Website http://www.abb.com/relion.

1.3.2

Document revision history


Document revision/date

Product series version

History

A/2009-09-15

1.0

First release

B/2011-02-23

1.1

Content updated to correspond to the


product series version

C/2011-05-18

1.1

Content updated

D/2012-08-29

1.2

Content updated to correspond to the


product series version

E/2014-11-28

1.3

Content updated to correspond to the


product series version

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Download the latest documents from the ABB Website


http://www.abb.com/substationautomation.

1.3.3

Related documentation
Product series- and product-specific manuals can be downloaded from the ABB
Website http://www.abb.com/substationautomation.

1.4

Symbols and conventions

1.4.1

Symbols
The caution icon indicates important information or warning related
to the concept discussed in the text. It might indicate the presence
of a hazard which could result in corruption of software or damage
to equipment or property.

The information icon alerts the reader of important facts and


conditions.

The tip icon indicates advice on, for example, how to design your
project or how to use a certain function.
Although warning hazards are related to personal injury, it is necessary to
understand that under certain operational conditions, operation of damaged
equipment may result in degraded process performance leading to personal injury
or death. Therefore, comply fully with all warning and caution notices.

1.4.2

Document conventions
A particular convention may not be used in this manual.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Abbreviations and acronyms are spelled out in the glossary. The glossary also
contains definitions of important terms.
Push button navigation in the LHMI menu structure is presented by using the
push button icons.
To navigate between the options, use
and
.
Menu paths are presented in bold.
Select Main menu/Settings.
WHMI menu names are presented in bold.
Click Information in the WHMI menu structure.
7

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

1.4.3

LHMI messages are shown in Courier font.


To save the changes in non-volatile memory, select Yes and press
.
Parameter names are shown in italics.
The function can be enabled and disabled with the Operation setting.
The ^ character in front of an input or output signal name in the function block
symbol given for a function, indicates that the user can set an own signal name
in PCM600.
The * character after an input or output signal name in the function block
symbol given for a function, indicates that the signal must be connected to
another function block in the application configuration to achieve a valid
application configuration.

Functions, codes and symbols


Table 1:

Functions included in the IEDs

Description

IEC 61850

IEC 60617

ANSI

Protection
Three-phase non-directional
overcurrent protection, low stage

PHLPTOC

3I>

51P-1

Three-phase non-directional
overcurrent protection, high stage

PHHPTOC

3I>>

51P-2

Three-phase non-directional
overcurrent protection,
instantaneous stage

PHIPTOC

3I>>>

50P/51P

PHPVOC

I(U)>

51V

Three-phase directional
overcurrent protection, low stage

DPHLPDOC

3I> ->

67-1

Three-phase directional
overcurrent protection, high stage

DPHHPDOC

3I>> ->

67-2

Distance protection

DSTPDIS

Z<

21, 21P, 21N

Automatic switch-onto-fault logic

CVRSOF

SOTF

SOTF

Fault locator

SCEFRFLO

FLOC

21FL

Autoreclosing

DARREC

O -> I

79

Non-directional earth-fault
protection, low stage

EFLPTOC

I0>

51N-1

Non-directional earth-fault
protection, high stage

EFHPTOC

I0>>

51N-2

Non-directional earth-fault
protection, instantaneous stage

EFIPTOC

I0>>>

50N/51N

Directional earth-fault protection,


low stage

DEFLPDEF

I0> ->

67N-1

Directional earth-fault protection,


high stage

DEFHPDEF

I0>> ->

67N-2

Harmonics based earth-fault


protection

HAEFPTOC

Io>HA

51NHA

Voltage dependent overcurrent


protection

Table continues on next page

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Description

IEC 61850

IEC 60617

ANSI

Transient/intermittent earth-fault
protection

INTRPTEF

I0> -> IEF

67NIEF

Admittance-based earth-fault
protection

EFPADM

Yo> ->

21YN

Multi-frequency admittance-based
earth-fault protection

MFADPSDE

I0> ->Y

67YN

Wattmetric earth-fault protection

WPWDE

Po> ->

32N

Stabilised restricted earth-fault


protection

LREFPNDF

dI0Lo>

87NL

Third harmonic based stator earth


fault protection

H3EFPSEF

dUo(3H)>/
Uo(3H)<

27/59THD

High-impedance based restricted


earth-fault protection

HREFPDIF

dI0Hi>

87NH

Rotor earth-fault protection

MREFPTOC

Io>R

64R

Phase discontinuity protection

PDNSPTOC

I2/I1>

46PD

Negative-sequence overcurrent
protection

NSPTOC

I2>

46

Negative-sequence overcurrent
protection for machines

MNSPTOC

I2>G/M

46G/46M

Phase-reversal protection

PREVPTOC

I2>>

46R

Three-phase thermal overload


protection for feeder

T1PTTR

3Ith>F

49F

Three-phase thermal overload


protection, two time constants

T2PTTR

3Ith>T/G

49T/G

Three-phase thermal overload


protection for motors

MPTTR

3Ith>M

49M

Motor startup supervision

STTPMSU

Is2t n<

48,66,14,51LR

Motor load jam protection

JAMPTOC

Ist>

51LR

Emergency start

ESMGAPC

ESTART

ESTART

Loss of load supervision

LOFLPTUC

3I<

37

Three-phase current inrush


detection

INRPHAR

3I2f>

68

Transformer differential protection


for two-winding transformers

TR2PTDF

3dI>T

87T

High-impedance or flux-balance
based differential protection for
machines

MHZPDIF

3dIHi>G/M

87GH/87MH

Stabilized differential protection for


machines

MPDIF

3dI>G/M

87G/87M

Three-phase overvoltage
protection

PHPTOV

3U>

59

Three-phase undervoltage
protection

PHPTUV

3U<

27

Positive-sequence overvoltage
protection

PSPTOV

U1>

47O+

Positive-sequence undervoltage
protection

PSPTUV

U1<

47U+

Table continues on next page

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Description

IEC 61850

IEC 60617

ANSI

Negative-sequence overvoltage
protection

NSPTOV

U2>

47O-

Residual overvoltage protection

ROVPTOV

U0>

59G

Directional reactive power


undervoltage protection

DQPTUV

Q>-->,3U<

32Q,27

Reverse power/directional
overpower protection

DOPPDPR

P>

32R/32O

Underpower protection

DUPPDPR

P<

32U

Frequency gradient protection

DAPFRC

df/dt>

81R

Overfrequency protection

DAPTOF

f>

81O

Underfrequency protection

DAPTUF

f<

81U

Load shedding

LSHDPFRQ

UFLS/R

81LSH

Low voltage ride through


protection function

LVRTPTUV

U<RT

27RT

Overexcitation protection

OEPVPH

U/f>

24

Voltage vector shift protection

VVSPPAM

VS

78V

Three-phase underexcitation
protection

UEXPDIS

X<

40

Three-phase underimpedance
protection

UZPDIS

Z< GT

21GT

Circuit breaker failure protection

CCBRBRF

3I>/I0>BF

51BF/51NBF

Tripping logic

TRPPTRC

I -> O

94

Multipurpose analog protection

MAPGAPC

MAP

MAP

Local acceleration logic

DSTPLAL

LAL

LAL

Communication logic for residual


overcurrent

RESCPSCH

CLN

85N

Scheme communication logic

DSOCPSCH

CL

85

Current reversal and WEI logic

CRWPSCH

CLCRW

85CRW

Current reversal and WEI logic for


residual overcurrent

RCRWPSCH

CLCRWN

85NCRW

Bay control

QCCBAY

CBAY

CBAY

Interlocking interface

SCILO

Circuit breaker/disconnector
control

GNRLCSWI

I <-> O CB/DC

I <-> O CB/DC

Circuit breaker

DAXCBR

I <-> O CB

I <-> O CB

Disconnector

DAXSWI

I <-> O DC

I <-> O DC

Local/remote switch interface

LOCREM

R/L

R/L

Synchrocheck

SYNCRSYN

SYNC

25

Tap changer control with voltage


regulator

OLATCC

COLTC

90V

Protection-related functions

Control

Generic process I/O


Table continues on next page

10

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Description

IEC 61850

IEC 60617

ANSI

Single point control (8 signals)

SPC8GGIO

Double point indication

DPGGIO

Single point indication

SPGGIO

Generic measured value

MVGGIO

Logic Rotating Switch for function


selection and LHMI presentation

SLGGIO

Selector mini switch

VSGGIO

Pulse counter for energy metering

PCGGIO

Event counter

CNTGGIO

Runtime counter for machines and


devices

MDSOPT

OPTS

OPTM

Circuit breaker condition


monitoring

SSCBR

CBCM

CBCM

Fuse failure supervision

SEQRFUF

FUSEF

60

Current circuit supervision

CCRDIF

MCS 3I

MCS 3I

Trip-circuit supervision

TCSSCBR

TCS

TCM

Station battery supervision

SPVNZBAT

U<>

U<>

Energy monitoring

EPDMMTR

Measured value limit supervision

MVEXP

Hot-spot and insulation ageing


rate monitoring for transformers

HSARSPTR

3Ihp>T

26/49HS

Tap position indication

TPOSSLTC

TPOSM

84M

Voltage variation

PHQVVR

PQMU

PQMV

Voltage unbalance

VSQVUB

PQMUBU

PQMUBV

Current harmonics

CMHAI

PQM3I

PQM3I

Voltage harmonics (phase-tophase)

VPPMHAI

PQM3Upp

PQM3Vpp

Voltage harmonics (phase-toearth)

VPHMHAI

PQM3Upe

PQM3Vpg

Three-phase current measurement

CMMXU

3I

3I

Three-phase voltage
measurement (phase-to-earth)

VPHMMXU

3Upe

3Upe

Three-phase voltage
measurement (phase-to-phase)

VPPMMXU

3Upp

3Upp

Residual current measurement

RESCMMXU

I0

I0

Residual voltage measurement

RESVMMXU

U0

U0

Power monitoring with P, Q, S,


power factor, frequency

PWRMMXU

PQf

PQf

Sequence current measurement

CSMSQI

I1, I2

I1, I2

Sequence voltage measurement

VSMSQI

U1, U2

V1, V2

Supervision and monitoring

Power quality

Measurement

Table continues on next page


630 series
Engineering Manual

11

Section 1
Introduction

1MRS756800 E

Description

IEC 61850

IEC 60617

ANSI

Analog channels 1-10 (samples)

A1RADR

ACH1

ACH1

Analog channels 11-20 (samples)

A2RADR

ACH2

ACH2

Analog channels 21-30 (calc. val.)

A3RADR

ACH3

ACH3

Analog channels 31-40 (calc. val.)

A4RADR

ACH4

ACH4

Binary channels 1-16

B1RBDR

BCH1

BCH1

Binary channels 17 -32

B2RBDR

BCH2

BCH2

Binary channels 33 -48

B3RBDR

BCH3

BCH3

Binary channels 49 -64

B4RBDR

BCH4

BCH4

Binary receive

GOOSEBINRCV

Double point receive

GOOSEDPRCV

Interlock receive

GOOSEINTLKRCV

Integer receive

GOOSEINTRCV

Measured value receive

GOOSEMVRCV

Single point receive

GOOSESPRCV

Station communication (GOOSE)

12

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 2
IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

Section 2

IED engineering process

PCM600 is used for various tasks in the IED engineering process.

IED engineering management

Communication management

630 series
Engineering Manual

IEC 61850 station communication engineering is done using a separate


tool, IET600. PCM600 interacts with IET600 by importing and
exporting SCL files.
Organizing GOOSE messages received and managing the used IO signal
is done by using the Signal Matrix tool.
Communication engineering for the DNP3 protocol by using the
Communication Management tool.
Communication engineering for the IEC 60870-5-103 protocol by using
Application Configuration tool and Parameter Setting tool.

Disturbance record management

Organizing the bay IEDs in the structure of the substation by defining


voltage levels and bays below the substation. A PCM600 project can
have only one substation.
Configuring the IED functions (for example protection and control
functions and LHMI functions) by using the Application Configuration
tool.
Configuring the parameters and setting values for the IED itself and for
the process functions by using the Parameter Setting tool.
Drawing single-line diagrams and making links to dynamic process
values by using Graphical Display Editor. The single-line diagrams are
displayed in LHMI on the bay IED.
Configuring connections between the application configuration function
blocks and physical hardware input and outputs by using the Signal
Matrix tool or the Application Configuration tool.

Generating overviews on the available (disturbance) recordings in all


connected protection IEDs by using the Disturbance Handling tool.
Manually reading the recording files (in the COMTRADE format) from
the protection IEDs by using the Disturbance Handling tool or
automatically by using the PCM600 Scheduler.
Managing recording files with the Disturbance Handling tool.
Creating recording file content overview reports for fast evaluation with
assistance of the Disturbance Handling tool.

Service management
13

Section 2
IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

Monitoring the selected signals of an IED for commissioning or service


purposes by using the Signal Monitoring tool.
Listing all actual existing IED internal and process events by using the
Event Viewer tool.

GUID-A7998F38-17A0-453C-AFFC-9C0B5E781B8A V1 EN

Figure 2:

Organization of PCM600 in different management tasks

There are also additional functions for managing projects and organizing user rights.

PCM600 user management

IED user management

14

Organizing users regarding their rights, profiles and passwords to use


different tools and functions in the tools.
Defining allowed activities for user profiles to use tools in PCM600.
Organizing users with their rights, profile and password to read and write
files of the IED.
Defining allowed activities for the user profiles to use the read and write
function.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Section 2
IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

Once the engineering of the IED is finished, the results must be written to the IED.
Conversely some parts of the engineering information can be read from the IED for
various purposes.
The connection between the physical IED and PCM600 is established via an
Ethernet link on the front or rear port on the IED.

2.1

Monitoring and control system structure


The monitoring and control system for electrical substations contains a number of
IEDs for various purposes.
See PCM600 documentation for the recommended size of a project.
Larger projects can be divided into several PCM600 projects.

HSI

NCC-GW

PCM600

(station-IED1)

(station-IED2)

(tool set)

Station bus

bay
IED 1

bay
IED 2

bay
IED n-1

Station level

Station
Communication

bay
IED n

Bay level

IEC08000101.vsd
IEC08000101 V1 EN

Figure 3:

Principle structure of a monitoring and control system for a substation

The monitoring and control system can be divided into three main parts.

Bay level IEDs


Station communication
Station level IEDs

All three parts require specific engineering and configuration. PCM600 is used to
do the complete engineering and configuration activities needed for bay level IEDs.
Product type and version specific engineering data needed by PCM600 for
protection, control and communication engineering of a particular bay IED is given
in an IED connectivity package.

630 series
Engineering Manual

15

Section 2
IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

PCM600 communicates with the bay IEDs via an Ethernet connection. The
connection allows reading and writing all configuration data needed for proper
operation from or to the IED. The IEDs have communication interfaces for
protocols and media used for station communication. IEC 61850 communication
files for a bay IED or a complete station can be exported from PCM600 to station
engineering tools for engineering of station communication between bay IEDs and
station IEDs.
A PC with PCM600 can be connected to any 630 series IED within a station using
the Ethernet connection.
The Ethernet connection can then later also be used for service and maintenance
purposes. The connection is also used to handle disturbance records in
COMTRADE format from protection IEDs using the IEC 61850 file transfer.
The IEDs of today are designed on the concept of the IEC 61850 standard. This is
mainly given for the organization of functions represented by an equivalent logical
node in the IEC 61850 standard. The mapping between the logical node data model
in the IED, following the structure and rules in part 7 of the IEC 61850 standard,
and the function blocks in an IED configuration is given in the IEC 61850
communication protocol manual.
The concept is also used for DNP3 protocol. The signals used or delivered by a
function block are automatically generated and available for station
communication. This concept allows a very efficient cost saving signal engineering.
The IEC 60870-5-103 protocol is engineered in Application Configuration tool and
Parameter Setting tool.
The engineering of the used communication protocols is a separate task and an
addition to the engineering of protection and control functions.
PCM600 can be used for different purposes throughout the IED life cycle. A set of
special tools is available for different applications. The applications can be
organized in various ways.

IED product engineering


IED communication engineering per protocol
IED system monitoring
IED product diagnostic

This manual is valid for PCM600 supporting the 630 series product.

16

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Section 2
IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

2.2

Workflow
Start
Project
ACT
SMT

Save the work


between the
different steps

PST
GDE

DNP3
IEC 60870-5-103

Signal engineering

Create plant structure and


insert IED objects

Configure IED functionality

Parametrization

Create single line diagram


for local HMI

IEC 61850
Export
SCD

CMT
ACT

IET600
Import
SCD

Export SCL files from


PCM600
Import SCL files to IET600
and do signal engineering.
Export updated SCL files
from IET600.
Import SCL files to PCM600

Make GOOSE connections

SMT
IED
WRITE

Write configuration to IED

End
IEC09000623 V4 EN

Figure 4:

IED engineering workflow

The described sequence is a proposal based on practical experience and


dependencies of the steps. It is possible to follow a different sequence based on the
information available at the time when the project is started. This means that
several iterations may be needed to complete the project.
Setting up a PCM600 project

630 series
Engineering Manual

The plant structure is built according to the substation structure.

17

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IED engineering process

1MRS756800 E

See PCM600 documentation for the recommended size of a


project. Larger projects can be divided into several PCM600
projects.

IEDs can be added to the plant structure by inserting the IED in online mode in
which the configuration is read from the physical IED, by inserting an IED in
offline mode, by importing a *.pcmi file or by selecting an IED template from
the template library (*.pcmt).
The reading of IEC 61850 communication configuration is not
supported when reading a configuration from an online IED.

IED objects are uniquely named within the PCM600 project.

Application configuration in the Application Configuration tool

Protection and control functions can be configured as needed.


The configuration made in the Application Configuration tool is saved to make
the interfaces and signals available for other engineering tools within
PCM600, for example, for the Parameter Setting tool.

Parameter setting and configuration in the Parameter Setting tool

Configuration parameters such as CT and VT conversion values of the


transformer module are checked by the tool.
If needed, the setting values are checked and adjusted with the Parameter
Setting tool.

Single-line diagram configuration in Graphical Display Editor

It is possible to create a single-line diagram for the switching devices in the bay.
Measurements can be included when needed.
The dynamic elements are linked to the functions created in the Application
Configuration tool; for example, a breaker object is linked to the circuit
breaker control function.

LHMI engineering

Function blocks for LHMI element groups, LEDs and Function keys are
configured with Application Configuration.
The LED and Function key behavior is defined with Parameter Setting.

Communication protocol engineering

18

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The communication engineering details are protocol-dependent.


The Communication Management tool is used for DNP3 engineering.
The IET600 station configuration tool is used for IEC 61850 engineering.
The Application Configuration tool and Parameter Setting tool are used for
IEC 60870-5-103 engineering.
After changing the parameters marked with ! (on LHMI), IEC
61850 data model, user management settings or general
60870-5-103 settings, the IED restarts automatically for the
changes to take effect.

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Engineering Manual

19

20

Section 3
PCM600 tool

1MRS756800 E

Section 3

PCM600 tool

Protection and Control IED Manager PCM600 offers all the necessary functionality
to work throughout all stages of the IED life cycle.

Planning
Engineering
Commissioning
Operation and disturbance handling
Functional analysis

The whole substation can be controlled and different tasks and functions can be
performed with the individual tool components. PCM600 can operate with many
different topologies, depending on the customer needs.
For more information, see PCM600 documentation.

3.1

Connectivity packages
A connectivity package is a software component that consists of executable code
and data which enables system tools to communicate with an IED. Connectivity
packages are used to create configuration structures in PCM600. The latest
PCM600 and connectivity packages are backward compatible with older IED
versions.
A connectivity package includes all of the data which is used to describe the IED,
for example, it contains a list of the existing parameters, data format used, units,
setting range, access rights and visibility of the parameter. In addition, it contains
code which allows software packages that consume the connectivity package to
properly communicate with the IED. It also allows for localization of text even
when its read from the IED in a standard format such as COMTRADE.
Update Manager is a tool that helps in defining the right connectivity package
versions for different system products and tools. Update Manager is included with
products that use connectivity packages.

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Engineering Manual

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PCM600 tool

3.2

1MRS756800 E

PCM600 and IED connectivity package version


Download connectivity packages from the ABB Website
http://www.abb.com/substationautomation or directly with the
Update Manager in PCM600.

3.3

PCM600 projects
A typical project in PCM600 contains a plant structure including one or several
IED objects, where each IED object contains the engineering data created or
modified using the different PCM600 tools.
Several projects can be created and managed by PCM600, but only one project can
be active at a time.
With PCM600, it is possible to do various tasks.

Open existing projects


Import projects
Create new projects
Export projects
Delete projects
Rename projects
Copy and paste projects

The extension of the exported project file is .pcmp. The files are only used for
exporting and importing projects between PCM600s.

3.4

Communication between PCM600 and the IED


The communication between the IED and PCM600 is independent of the used
communication protocol within the substation or to the NCC.
All communication is done over Ethernet using either IEC 61850 or FTP/FTPS
protocol.
Each IED has an Ethernet interface connector on the front and optionally on the
rear side as well. The Ethernet connector can be used for communication with
PCM600.
When an Ethernet-based station protocol is used, the same Ethernet port and IP
address can be used for PCM600 communication.

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Two basic variants have to be considered for the connection between PCM600 and
the IED.

Direct point-to-point link between PCM600 and the IED front port
Indirect link via station LAN or from remote via network

1.
2.

If needed, the IP address for the IEDs is set.


A PC or workstation is set up for a direct link (point-to-point), or the PC or
workstation is connected to the LAN/WAN network.
The IED IP addresses in the PCM600 project are configured for each IED to
match the IP addresses of the physical IEDs.
Technical keys of the IEDs in PCM600 project are configured for each IED to
match the technical keys of the physical IEDs.

3.
4.

For successful IED engineering and usage, check the workstation firewall TCP and
UDP port configurations, especially for IEC 61850 and FTP. Other protocols are
not used for engineerging and/or they are optional.
Table 2:

Ports that must be open in the firewall for different protocols

Protocol

630 series
Engineering Manual

TCP port

File Transfer Protocol (FTP and FTPS)

20, 21

IEC 61850

102

Web Server HTTP

80

Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP)

123

DNP TCP

20000

23

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Section 4
Setting up a project

1MRS756800 E

Section 4

Setting up a project

4.1

PCM600 operates on projects


A typical project in PCM600 contains a plant structure including one or several
IED objects, where each IED object contains the engineering data created or
modified using the different PCM600 tools.
Several projects can be created and managed by PCM600, but only one project can
be active at a time.

4.2

Installing Connectivity packages


A Connectivity package contains the complete description of the IED data signals,
parameters and protocol addresses for a certain IED type and version. Several types
of IEDs can be managed in one PCM600 project, thus the corresponding
Connectivity package has to be installed on the PC. A Connectivity package is
managed in a separate tool called Update Manager.
1.
2.
3.

Close PCM600.
Run the RE_630 Connectivity Package Ver. n.exe installer. (n = version number)
To install the connectivity package, follow the steps in the installation
software guide.

Activating installed connectivity packages


The IED connectivity package has to be installed before activating the connectivity
packages.
1.
2.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Activate the appropriate connectivity package in the Update Manager after the
installation. The Update Manager shows the IEDs that are compatible with the
installed PCM600 version.
Select the ABB IED Connectivity Package RE_630 Ver. n (n = version
number) to use 630 series products. It is recommended to always use the lates
version of the connectivity package.

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GUID-C1CC8E0C-CBBE-4C02-8E32-8F0888191BE0 V2 EN

Figure 5:

Activating the connectivity package

PCM600 recognizes the installed Connectivity package(s) during startup and the
corresponding IED types are available in PCM600 when starting a new project.

4.3

Setting up communication between PCM600 and


the IED
The communication between the IED and PCM600 is independent of the used
communication protocol within the substation or to the NCC.
The communication media is always Ethernet and the used protocol is TCP/IP.
Each IED has an Ethernet interface connector on the front and on the rear side.
Both Ethernet connectors can be used for communication with PCM600.
When an Ethernet-based station protocol is used, PCM600 communication can use
the same Ethernet port and IP address.
For the connection of PCM600 to the IED, two basic variants have to be considered.

Direct point-to-point link between PCM600 and the IED front port.
Indirect link via a station LAN or from remote via a network.

The physical connection and the IP address must be configured in both cases to
enable communication.
The communication procedures are the same in both cases.

26

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1.
2.
3.
4.

If needed, set the IP address for the IEDs.


Set up the PC or workstation for a direct link (point-to-point), or
Connect the PC or workstation to the LAN/WAN network.
Configure the IED IP addresses in the PCM600 project for each IED to match
the IP addresses of the physical IEDs.

Setting up IP addresses
The IP address and the corresponding mask can be set via the LHMI for each
available Ethernet interface in the IED. Each Ethernet interface has a default
factory IP address when the complete IED is delivered.

The default IP address for the IED front port is 192.168.0.254 and the
corresponding subnetwork mask is 255.255.255.0, which can be set via the
local HMI path Main menu/Configuration/Communication/TCP-IP
configuration/Front port.
The default IP address for the IED rear port is 192.168.2.10 and the
corresponding subnetwork mask is 255.255.255.0, which can be set via the
local HMI path Main menu/Configuration/Communication/TCP-IP
configuration/LAN1.
The front and rear port IP addresses cannot belong to the same
subnet or communication will fail. It is recommended to change the
IP address of the front port if the front and rear port are set to the
same subnet.

Setting up the point-to-point access to IEDs front port


The IED front port is a standard Ethernet interface with DHCP server functionality.
When a PC is connected to the front port, the DHCP server automatically assigns
the IP address from the same subnetwork.
See the operating system manual for details on how to obtain the IP
address automatically.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Connect the PC network adapter to the IED front port.


Wait until the operating system automatically acquires the
network address.
Check that the front port connector green status LED is lit.
Ping the IED to verify that the connection is correctly
established. The default IP address of the front port is
192.168.0.254.

Use Ethernet crossover cables only for point-to-point connections.


Modern network adapters contain logic for automatic detection if

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Engineering Manual

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1MRS756800 E

they are connected directly to another network adapter using a


regular Ethernet cable.

Setting up the PC to access the IED via a network


This task depends on the used LAN/WAN network. The PC and the IED must
belong to the same subnetwork.

4.4

Project managing in PCM600


Many project management operations are possible in PCM600.

Open existing projects


Import projects
Create new projects
Export projects
Delete projects
Rename projects
Copy and paste projects

An extension of the exported project file is *.pcmp and those files are only used for
exporting and importing projects between PCM600s.

4.4.1

Creating a new project


1.
2.
3.

28

On the File menu, select Open/Manage Project to see the projects that are
currently available in the PCMDataBases.
Open Projects on my computer.
Click the icon New Project.
To create a new project, currently open projects and object tools shall be closed.
The New Project window opens.

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1MRS756800 E

IEC09000375-1-en.vsd
IEC09000375 V1 EN

Figure 6:

4.

4.5

PCM600: Create a new project window

Name the project and include a description (optional) and click Create.
PCM600 sets up a new project that is listed under Projects on my computer.

Plant structure
The plant structure is used to identify the location of each IED in within the
substation organization. It is a geographical image of the substation and the bays
within the substation. The organization structure for the IEDs may differ from the
structure of the primary equipment in the substation. In PCM600 it is possible to
set up a hierarchical structure of five levels for the IED identification.
The plant structure is built up according to the project requirements. PCM600
offers several levels to build the hierarchical order from center down to the IEDs in
a bay.
Five levels are available.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Project = Center
Substation = Name of the substation
Voltage Level = identifies to which grid type or part in the substation the IED
belongs to
Bay = Bay within the voltage level
IED = selection of the IED, which is used in the bay. Several IEDs are possible
within a bay, for example one control IED and two protection IEDs.

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IEC09000359-1-en.vsd
IEC09000359 V1 EN

Figure 7:

PCM600: Set up a plant structure

Once a plant structure is built the name of each level in the structure should be
renamed by the names/identifications used in the grid. Use the right mouse button
to build the plant structure by selecting the elements from the context menu.
Rename the level after insertion, using the Rename possibility or the Object
Properties. Figure 7 shows the start of a project with two IEDs placed but still not
renamed.
The plant structure corresponds to the complete grid including the
needed IEDs.

4.5.1

Building the plant structure


1.

Create a new plant structure in one of the alternative ways.

2.

4.5.2

Right-click in Plant Structure and then select New/Create from


Template.
Right-click in Plant Structure and then select New/General and select
one of the elements IED Group or Substation.

On the menu bar, click View and then select Object Types.
Select the needed elements and drag them to Plant Structure. Close the
window if it does not close automatically.

IEC 61850 naming conventions to identify an IED


This section is only valid when the IEC 61850 standard is used for station bus
communication. According to the IEC 61850-6 clause 8.4, the SCL model allows
two kinds of project designation in the object properties.

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A technical key is used on engineering drawings and for signal identifications.


This is contained in the attribute name as identification of each object. If this
value is used as reference to an object, it is contained in an attribute name
starting with a string denoting the reference target object type, and ending with
the string Name. The technical key is used within SCL for referencing other
objects. Observe that name is a relative identification within a hierarchy of
objects.
A user oriented textual designation is contained in attribute desc. Attributes are
not allowed to contain carriage return, line feed or tab characters. The
semantics of desc shall also be relative within an object hierarchy.

PCM600 takes care of these two possibilities. The two possible signal designations
are available per object in the object properties for all hierarchical levels beginning
with the station as the highest level.
The technical key is automatically generated based on the rules and type
specifications of IEC 61346 and the extended definitions done for substations by a
technical committee. The technical key is shown in Object Properties underSCL
Technical Key or Technical Key.

The station is predefined by AA1 where 1 is the index. To get the real
station name that is used it is possible to rename the 'SCL Technical Key' for
the station to the name used by the project. To minimize the word length take a
short form, because this will be used also in the messages transmitted to
identify the events etc. In the example = DMSTAT.
The voltage level. In the example = 400 kV and C1 selected from the drop
down list below the SCL Technical Key.
The bay and the IED are appended with the coding defined in the IEC 61346
standard and the substation definition lists. Bay = F409 and Q1. IED =
TR_421 and SB1.

The user oriented textual designation is visible in the plant structure for each
object. It is the name given by default or changed via the Rename possibility.

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IEC09000360-1-en.vsd
IEC09000360 V1 EN

Figure 8:

PCM600: IEC 61850 signal designation concept

Figure 4 shows the IED named in the example TR_421 in the object properties
with the two designations TR_421 and SB1.

4.6

Inserting IEDs
The context menu or the Object Types view shows the available 630 series IEDs
possible to insert, on the bay level in the plant structure, according to the installed
connectivity package.
Different actions are possible on the bay level in the plant structure.

32

Insert an IED in the offline mode or in the online mode.

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Online mode: When the IED is already connected to PCM600 and the
communication is established, PCM600 can read the configuration
directly from the physical IED. This is useful when an order specific IED
is used. The order configuration is written to the IED at the factory and
can be accessed by PCM600. The housing type, the used overlay version
for LHMI and the IO boards included in the IED will be read from the
IED directly.
Offline mode: When the physical IED is not available or not connected
to PCM600 the engineering steps are done without any synchronization
with the IED. The offline configuration in PCM600 can be synchronized
with the physical IED at a later state by connecting the IED to PCM600.
It is possible to see whether the inserted IED is in offline mode
or online mode from the plant structure. A red color cross
before the IED symbol indicates the offline mode as shown in
Figure 9.

IEC09000361-1-en.vsd
GUID-659A66EC-34BC-4B54-9EE3-148D2D74C5BD V1 EN

Figure 9:

4.6.1

Plant structure showing IED TR_421 in online mode and IED


TR_521 in offline mode

Import a template IED available in the template library as a *.pcmt file.


Import a pre-configured IED available as a *.pcmi file.

Inserting IEDs in online mode


To set up an IED online, the IED must be connected to PCM600.
1.

In the Plant Structure view, right-click the bay, point to New, point to the
IED category and select the IED type to be inserted.
The Configuration Mode Selection Page dialog box opens.
Alternatively, drag an IED from the Object Types view to the
bay level.

2.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Select Online Configuration and click Next.

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Communication protocol selection page is displayed.

IEC09000363-2-en.vsd
IEC09000363 V2 EN

Figure 10:

3.

PCM600: Configuration mode selection wizard

In the IED protocol list, select the IED communication protocol and click
Next.
The Communication protocol selection page is displayed.

IEC09000364-2-en.vsd
IEC09000364 V2 EN

Figure 11:

4.

34

PCM600: Communication protocol selection wizard

In the Port list, select the port.

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If the rear port is selected, type the correct IP address (of the physical
IED to be configured) to the IP address box.

Communication configuration is now defined.

IEC09000365-2-en.vsd
IEC09000365 V2 EN

Figure 12:

5.
6.

PCM600: Communication port and IP address

Click Next in the Configuration Wizard.


Cross-check that the IED whose IP address has been inserted has been
detected online by PCM600.
If the IED is not online or the IP address is not correct, data
cannot be scanned from the IED. Also, this prevents
proceeding further.

7.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Click Scan to scan/read the IED Type and Product Version for the IED that
is online.
After a successful scan, click Next.

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IEC09000366 V3 EN

Figure 13:

8.

36

PCM600: IED Version detection

Click Scan to scan/read the order code of the IED.


After a successful scan, click Next.

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IEC09000367 V3 EN

Figure 14:

PCM600: IED Order code detection

The Setup Complete Page dialog shows the summary of the IED Type,
Product Version, IP Address of IED and Selected Order Code. It is
possible to cancel the insertion or confirm the configuration and do the
insertion with Finish.

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IEC09000368 V3 EN

Figure 15:

PCM600: IED Setup completion wizard

If an error is found on the Setup Complete Page, it is not possible


to go back and make modifications. If an error is detected, cancel
the insertion by clicking Cancel and insert the IED again.

When the online configuration is completed, it is advised to read


the configuration from the IED to ensure that the IED object in
PCM600 has the same configuration data as the physical IED.

The reading of IEC 61850 communication configuration is not


supported when reading a configuration from an online IED.

4.6.2

Inserting IEDs in offline mode


When the IED is not available or is not connected to PCM600, engineering can be
done offline. The offline configuration in PCM600 can be written to the IED when
it is connected.

38

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Working in the offline mode has an advantage compared to online mode because
the preparation for the configuration can be started even though the IED is not
available.
1.
2.

In the Plant Structure view, right-click the bay and from the list select New
and the IED application area, for example, Feeder IEDs.
Select the IED type to be inserted.
Alternatively, drag an IED from the Object Types view to the
bay level.
The Configuration mode selection page opens.

GUID-CF10FED1-7EA7-409E-99BD-697A88AD019D V1 EN

Figure 16:

3.
4.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Configuration mode selection wizard

Select Offline Configuration and click Next.


Click Next on Communication protocol selection page.

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GUID-CA223390-8283-4F53-AECF-85E2E9870F3C V1 EN

Figure 17:

5.

40

Communication protocol selection page

Setting up an IED in the offline mode is similar as in the online mode;


However, with the offline mode it is not necessary to type the correct IP
address in the Communication port and IP address dialog box.

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GUID-32101077-07E2-4A57-AC7B-340D68111D37 V1 EN

Figure 18:

6.
7.

630 series
Engineering Manual

IEC61850 communication protocol

Select the correct product version on the Version selection page and click
Next.
Select correct order code on the Order code selection page.

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GUID-42D32F57-BC5D-4942-B2DA-5F135C8FC866 V1 EN

Figure 19:

8.

Order code selection page

Click Next on the Setup complete page that shows the summary of the IED
type, version, IP address and the selected order number.
Ensure that the order code is correct.

42

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GUID-EA1A7E89-D456-4E1E-A49E-833A46452BC2 V1 EN

Figure 20:

9.

4.6.3

Setup complete page

Click Finish to confirm the configuration and conduct the insertion.

Inserting IEDs from the template directory


An IED in the plant structure can be exported as a template (*.pcmt). A template
library can be built with all the exported IED templates. It is possible to insert an
IED from the template library to create a new IED in the plant structure. Change
the IP address, the name and the technical key that corresponds to the physical IED
after a template IED has been imported.
A template IED can only be inserted when the bay is selected in the
plant structure.

1.

630 series
Engineering Manual

In the Plant structure view, select the bay, right-click, point to New and
select Create from template.
The Create New Object from Template dialog box opens.

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IEC09000371-1-en.vsd
IEC09000371 V1 EN

Figure 21:

2.
3.

PCM600: Selecting IED from template library

Select the IED from the list of available IEDs.


Click the icon on the right column in the list of available templates.
The Template Properties dialog box opens.

IEC09000372 V2 EN

Figure 22:

4.

44

PCM600: IED Template Properties

Delete, import or create a template by clicking the corresponding button.

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To delete the selected template, click Delete Template.


To import a template from the selection window, click Import
Template.
To insert the selected IED to the bay, click Create.
It is possible to insert more than one IED from the Create
New Object from Template dialog box. The dialog box
remains open until Close is clicked.

5.

4.6.4

Click Close when finished.

Inserting pre-configurations
Pre-configurations can be downloaded free of charge from the ABB Website.
Pre-configurations in PCM600 are available as *.pcmi files and include all
information that is related to the IED object in PCM600. The pre-configuration is
bound to a specific hardware configuration.
A license update tool is needed to be run to ensure that the
configuration is compatible with the ordered device.
Pre-configurations can be inserted in two alternative ways.

1.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Use the pre-configuration that has been ordered together with the IED.
Create an own configuration, export the configuration as *.pcmi file and use it
to configure other IEDs.

Right-click the bay and select Import to select the IED configuration file
(*.pcmi) that was downloaded from the ABB Website.

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IEC09000644-1-en.vsd
GUID-0F2CBC13-4937-4B0F-B880-A7C88E9E2D19 V1 EN

Figure 23:

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Import an IED from the context menu

Import the *.pcmi file from the bay level in the plant structure.
Click OK to insert the new IED object in the plant structure.
Get the order code of the ordered IED, which is available in the order
confirmation E-mail.
Open License update tool from the IED context menu.
Modify the configuration according to the needed application.
Write the configuration to the IED.

When the order code is entered, the tool compares the ordered hardware and
software options to the previously imported configuration. If there is a difference in
hardware or if the configuration uses functions that are not included in the license,
the configuration can not be written to the IED. Mismatches in the license are
shown in Application Configuration. Functions that are not available in the license
are shown in blue color in Application Configuration. Hardware channels from
changed hardware modules are unallocated and the user has to reallocate them.
Ordered default configurations are not locked. Any of the available
default configurations can be used for a particular product type as a
base to create an own configuration. The only requirement is that
all needed hardware and software options are available.

It is possible to give the inserted IED in the plant structure a userdefined name. Be sure to only user characters a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and _.
Do not use space character in IED names.

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1MRS756800 E

4.6.5

Setting IED IP address in the project


There are two alternatives to set IP address of the IED object in PCM600. The used
alternative depends on the time at which the IP address is available.
The IED object in PCM600 must have the same IP address and subnetwork mask
as the front or rear port on the physical IED to which the PC is connected. The IP
address of the physical IEDs front and rear port can not be set from PCM600 but
only from LHMI.

Via the first window of the wizard when including a new IED in a project.

IEC09000365-2-en.vsd
IEC09000365 V2 EN

Figure 24:

Alternative 1: IP address via first Wizard window

Via the IP address property of the IED in the Object Properties window.

IEC09000362-1-en.vsd
IEC09000362 V1 EN

Figure 25:

630 series
Engineering Manual

Alternative 2: IP address via IED Object Properties window

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Section 4
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1MRS756800 E

1.
2.
3.

4.7

Select the IED to enter the IP address.


Open the Object Properties window.
Place the cursor in the IP address row and enter the IP address.

Setting technical key


The Technical Key Editor tool is used to synchronize technical keys in the
PCM600 project and in an IED. These two technical keys have to be the same in
order to communicate with the IED. The technical key has to be unique for each
IED in the project. Maximum length of the technical key is 18 characters and it can
start with character from range A-Z or a-z.
PCM600 sets technical key values for inserted IEDs based on IEC 61850 naming
conventions. The default value in the IED can be replaced either with the current
value in PCM600 or with a user-defined value. The technical key in the PCM600
project can be edited in the IED properties panel.
The technical key property in PCM600 corresponds to the IED
name attribute in SCL files. Avoid changing the IED name attribute
outside PCM600, because data in PCM600 might be lost when
importing SCL files.

GUID-A74156F8-2CB9-48B8-9720-610450673B1B V1 EN

Figure 26:

48

Technical key in Technical Key Editor and in properties panel

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Section 4
Setting up a project

1MRS756800 E

1.
2.
3.
4.

Select an IED in the plant structure.


Right-click and select the set technical key. A dialog window opens to inform
about the technical key concept.
Click OK. The technical key is read from the IED and the Technical Key
Editor window opens.
Select the way the technical key is defined.

5.

Use the existing technical key in the IED.


Use the existing technical key defined for the IED object in PCM600.
Set a user-defined technical key, which changes the technical key for
both the physical IED and IED object in PCM600.

Click OK to confirm the selection.


It is not possible to set a user-defined name or select the
technical key in IED if the value is the same as already given
to another IED object in the PCM600 project. A dialog
window opens if this is the case.

4.8

Using 630 IEDs in COM600 project


The 630 Connectivity Package does not have support for SAB600. This means that
the 630 series IED needs to be imported as a generic 61850 device. It is also
possible to import a full PCM600 project including several 630 IEDs to SAB600.
In this case PCM600 project information is imported to SAB600 using a SCD file.
Procedure
1.

First create PCM600 project including several 630 IEDs.

IEC09000686-1-en.vsd
IEC09000686 V1 EN

Figure 27:

2.

630 series
Engineering Manual

Create PCM600 project including several 630 devices

Export the SCD file from PCM600 and import it to SAB600.

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IEC09000687-1-en.vsd
IEC09000687 V1 EN

Figure 28:

3.
4.

Export SCD file from PCM600 and import it to SAB600

Select the correct IEC 61850 Client identification in the IEC 61850 OPC
Server properties to enable the event reporting for imported IEDs.
Create new generic IED in SAB600 project.

IEC09000394-1-en.vsd
IEC09000394 V1 EN

Figure 29:

5.

50

Create new generic IED in SAB600 project

Export the CID file from PCM600 and import it for the created generic IED.

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IEC09000395-1-en.vsd
IEC09000395 V1 EN

Figure 30:

Import exported CID file for created generic IED

Using a 630 series IED as a generic 61850 device supports controlling switch
gears, monitoring measured values and reading disturbance recordings.

4.8.1

Enabling Web Server


The Web Server has to be separately enabled for parametrization from COM600.
Set the parameters in SAB600.
1.
2.

In the Web Server Enabled box, type True.


In the Web Server IP Address box, type the IP address.

IEC09000396-1-en.vsd
IEC09000396 V1 EN

Figure 31:

Enable Web Server for parametrization

The Web Server option becomes available in the COM600 Substation view
and it opens the WHMI for the 630 series IED.

IEC09000397-1-en.vsd
IEC09000397 V1 EN

Figure 32:

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Engineering Manual

WEB Server available in COM600 substation view

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4.9

1MRS756800 E

Using the Web HMI


WHMI is disabled by default.
1.
2.
3.

4.9.1

To enable the WHMI, select Main menu/Configuration/HMI/Web HMI/


Operation via the LHMI.
To enable writing through the WHMI, select Main menu/Configuration/
HMI/Web HMI/Write mode via the LHMI.
To open the WHMI, write the IED IP address to the address bar of the
browser.

Logging in
If no users have been created with PCM600, both the default user ID and password
is SuperUser.
1.
2.
3.

Enter the username.


Enter the password.
Click OK.

A071238 V3 EN

Figure 33:

52

Entering username and password to use the WHMI

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Protection and control engineering

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Section 5

Protection and control engineering

5.1

Application Configuration tool


The Application Configuration tool is used to create the application configuration
for an IED. The application configuration is built up with function blocks that are
dedicated for different functionality.

Preprocessing blocks
Control related functions
Protection related functions
Monitoring functions
Communication
For more information about function blocks see the technical manual.

Some function blocks are mapped as logical nodes according to the IEC 61850
standard. See the IEC 61850 communication protocol manual for more
information. Other function blocks are not mapped as logical nodes.

Logical gates
Timers
LEDs
Function keys

The Application Configuration tool has some basic general features.

Organization of an application configuration

Features to program an application configuration

630 series
Engineering Manual

Organizing an application configuration into a number of logical parts


(MainApplication)
Organizing a MainApplication over a number of pages

Inserting function blocks, making connections and creating variables


Including hardware IO channels directly in the application configuration
Setting function blocks and signal visibility to Signal Matrix and
Parameter Setting

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Signal Matrix does not support signals of integer type or


group signals. If these types of signals are set as visible
for Signal Matrix, they will not be shown in Signal Matrix.

Documenting the application configuration, for example, to make printouts


Testing the application configuration online
The function block signal values are updated in the
online debug mode only if the function is enabled.

Saving application configurations as templates in an application library


to reuse them in other IEDs
Validating the application configuration during the configuration process
on demand and while writing the application configuration to the IED

For instructions on how to perform the different tasks in PCM600,


see PCM600 online help.

5.1.1

Function blocks

Function blocks are the main elements of an application configuration. They


are designed for a various number of functions and organized in type groups.
The different function block types are shown in the Object Types View. Figure
34 presents an overview of the main parts that are relevant for function blocks.
Set user defined names for function blocks and signals marked with blue text.
Signals that have a user defined name created in Application
Configuration, are only visible in Parameter Setting if the IED
configuration is written to the IED and read back to PCM600.
Otherwise the default signal name is shown in Parameter Setting.

Do not use other characters than a-z, A-Z, 0-9 and _ when
setting user defined names for signals and function blocks,
since other characters might not display properly in LHMI.
Also avoid using space character.

54

Set IEC 61850, ANSI or IEC 60617 symbol standard.


Set IEC or/and ANSI naming style.
Lock function blocks.
Set visibility for execution order, cycle time and instance number.
Manage signals, for example hide, show and rearrange.
Invert Boolean inputs and Boolean outputs.

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13
11

10

14

15

16

12

17
IEC08000258.vsd

GUID-186DCB92-F665-4D1B-B0E1-33F25C9C98B0 V1 EN

Figure 34:

ACT: Function block overview

Connection(s)

User defined function block name

Function block, selected (red)

Mandatory signal (indicated by a red triangle if not connected)

Function block name

Function block, locked (red)

ANSI symbol

Inverted output

Hardware, binary output channel

10 Hardware, analog input channel


11 User defined signal name
12 Hardware, binary input channel
13 Execution order
14 Cycle time
15 Instance number
16 Inverted input
17 Signal description note

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5.1.2

1MRS756800 E

Signals and signal management


The function block has a set of input and output signals. The placement of function
block signals is from left to right. Input signals are placed on the left and output
signals on the right.
Function blocks can contain more signals than needed in that application part.
Unused signals can be hidden to get a clear picture.
Signals are located up and down on both sides of the middle position. When there
is space left, some signals may be moved up or down for better visibility and
connection routing.
Boolean input and output signals may need to be inverted to fulfil the logic. The
Application Configuration tool supports the adding of inversion logic to a binary
signal.
All input signals have a default value that is used when the signals are not
connected in the configuration.
The input signal on glue logic function blocks can only be inverted
if a glue logic function block with lower execution order in the
same cycle time is available. Similar, the output signal can only be
inverted if a glue logic function block with higher execution order
in the same cycle time is available. Up to two input signals and two
output signals can be inverted for glue logic blocks in the same
cycle time.

Even though current is injected to the IED and the IED is connected
to PCM600 in online mode, the signal value in Application
Configuration is shown as zero.

5.1.3

Function block execution parameters


Three function block execution parameters have influence on the runtime execution
of the function block within the application configuration.

Execution order
Cycle time
Instance number
A function block is executed only when at least one of the output
signals is connected.

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Each time a new function block is selected these parameters have to be selected. In
fixed mode user selects parameters from the drop down lists in ACT. In automatic
mode best suitable instance is selected automatically. Depending on the function
block type not all three parameters are selectable. The cycle time may be
predefined to one value. The instance number is a counter for the total possible
number of function blocks of that type used within an application configuration.
The Execution Order and Instance Number are a combination that is predefined
within a product. It is possible to select a pair out of the list. Figure 35 shows an
example how the drop down list could look like.

IEC08000269.vsd
IEC08000269 V1 EN

Figure 35:

ACT: function block organization parameters

The Cycle Time can be selected to 3, 5, 10, 100 or 200 ms. Depending on function
block type and the 630 series product only one or more possibilities may be available.

REF630 and REM630 have functions running in 5, 10, 100 and 200 ms cycles.
RET630 and REG630 have functions running in 3, 10, 100 and 200 ms cycles.
A minus sign in front of the cycle time, for example -200ms,
indicates that the application is time driven, otherwise the
application is analogue data driven. Analogue data driven
applications require sample values from Analogue input modules in case the physical module is broken, applications are not
executed. Time driven applications are executed periodically
regardless of the status of the analogue signal processing.

The application execution is organized in time classes.

3 ms

630 series
Engineering Manual

For transformer differential protection and analog signal monitoring.


Binary I/O and circuit breaker control supporting the fast protection
functions.
The task starts on data change given by the analog signal scanning

5 ms

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For instantaneous protection functions.


Binary I/O and circuit breaker control supporting the fast protection
functions.
The task starts on data change given by the analog signal scanning

10 ms

1MRS756800 E

For time delayed protection functions, monitoring functions and fast


control applications like disconnector control.
The task is started by the end trigger of the 5 ms task

100 ms and 200 ms

For all other tasks mainly control and supervision functions


The task is started periodically by the clock and the end trigger of the 20
ms task

The combination Execution Order, Instance Number is predefined by ABB. Mainly


for basic logic function blocks like for example AND, OR, a set of combinations
spread over the full range of execution orders is available. This gives the possibility
to select a combination which fits to the execution order range needed in that
application part.

Application configuration cycle time and execution order organization


The application execution within the 630 series products is organized in four time
classes, see Figure 36.

IEC09000740 V1 EN

Figure 36:

ACT: Possible MainApplication cycle times

For the same time point, faster cycle times are executed first.

A function block that is placed after a function block in the


execution flow must have the same or a higher cycle time and/or
execution order. See Figure 37.

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IEC09000688-1-en.vsd
IEC09000688 V1 EN

Figure 37:

Cycle time and execution order

A function block type can be defined to be a member of one or several cycle times.
A function block instance can be set only to one cycle time.
See examples for 630 series:
In order to have full advantage of the fast 5 ms and 3 ms cycle times all function
blocks in the signal chain need to have the same cycle time. Instantaneous
protection function running in 3 ms cycle time needs to be connected to the
preprocessing SMAI_20 function block that is also running at 3 ms task cycle. In
addition logic function blocks used with these fast cycle protection functions need
to have 3 ms task cycle. Same procedure needs to be followed for each cycle time.
SMAI_80 function included in REF630 product offers support for higher sampling
frequency for analog inputs - 80 samples per line frequency cycle (4 kHz in 50 Hz
network). This high sampling frequency is needed for the intermittent earth fault
protection function INTRPTEF and analog group signal to it needs to be connected
from SMAI_80 FB. Other functions can also use lower sampling frequency
provided by SMAI_20 FB (20 samples per line frequency cycle).

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Execution Flow

Execution order
group 1

Execution order
group 2

Execution order
group 3
IEC08000271.vsd

IEC08000271 V1 EN

Figure 38:

ACT: Concept of Execution order sequence

In the conceptual MainApplication example in Figure 38, the execution order of


the main function block in the execution order group 2 defines the execution orders
needed in group 1 and 3. The preceding logic done with function blocks in group 1
must have a lower execution order than the ones in group 2. The following function
blocks in group 3 must have a higher execution order than the main function block
in group 2.

5.1.4

Configuration parameters
Configuration parameters can be viewed and set with the Parameter Setting tool.
For example, the SMAI function block has to be configured to support AC-current
values or AC-voltage values.

5.1.5

Connections and variables


A connection is the link or "wire" between function block outputs and inputs.
Rules and methods to do connections:

Drag a line between two signals.


Link two signals by using variables.
It is possible to search and replace variable names in ACT.

Connection validation
Only signals of same type can be connected, see Figure 39.

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IEC08000304.vsd
GUID-535DA644-BAAA-4282-9965-64AD44FA7588 V1 EN

Figure 39:

5.1.6

ACT: Warning message by signal mismatch for a connection

Hardware channels
Hardware channels can only be connected to a function block input or output. A
hardware connection can be established with the Application Configuration tool or
Signal Matrix tool.
When a hardware channel is connected, a graphical symbol appears in the
Application Configuration tool. The connection is also displayed in the Signal
Matrix tool with a cross mark. Hardware channels are always visible in the Signal
Matrix tool.
There are four types of supported hardware channels.

Binary input channels


Binary output channels
Analog input channels
Analog output channels

Hardware input channel can be used as often as needed. A hardware binary output
channel is taken from the list of available channels when a new channel is
requested. This prevents using the same hardware binary output channel twice.

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IEC09000613-2-en.vsd
IEC09000613 V2 EN

Figure 40:

5.1.7

ACT: HW signal channels

Validation
Validation checks the application configuration for errors based on the rules that
govern the creation of the application at three different times.

5.1.7.1

During the logic creation, while making a connection or placing a function block
On demand by starting the validation
When writing the application configuration to the IED

Validation when creating an application configuration


Validation is made when creating the application configuration.

62

A connection between two input or two output signals is not possible


A connection between two different data types is not possible: for example,
from a binary output to an analog input

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5.1.7.2

Validation on demand
The validity of an application configuration can be checked by clicking Validate
Configuration in the toolbar. The Application Configuration tool checks the
application configuration for formal correctness. The found problems are divided
into warnings and errors.

Warnings, marked with a yellow warning icon

Example: a variable connected to an output signal that is not connected


Example: if an output from a user connects an output from a higher
execution order function is connected to inputs of lower execution order
function

Errors, marked with a red circle with a cross

Example: unconnected hardware output

Warnings do not prevent writing to the IED. However, errors must be corrected
before writing the application configuration to the IED. The application
configuration can be saved and the Application Configuration tool can be closed
with open errors, but the application configuration cannot be written to the IED.
These problems are listed in the Output view under the Application
Configuration tab. Double-clicking the error or warning row navigates to the
MainApplication/Page/Area, where the problem was identified.

IEC09000614_2_en.vsd
IEC09000614 V2 EN

Figure 41:

630 series
Engineering Manual

ACT: Validation on demand

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5.1.7.3

1MRS756800 E

Validation when writing to the IED


When writing the application configuration to the IED, an automatic validation is
performed. The validation is the same as the manually demanded validation. Errors
abort the writing.

5.2

Parameter Setting tool


Configuration and setting parameters can be changed either from LHMI or from
the Parameter Setting tool in PCM600.
Some parameters are only visible in Parameter Setting and some
only on LHMI.

A common write from PCM600 to the IED, where parameters are


changed in Parameter Setting, overwrites any parameter changes
made locally from the LHMI.

To export parameters from Parameter Setting, both XRIO and CSV


formats are supported.

Do not make Parameter Setting read/write operation to IED when


disturbance recorder is storing data since that causes PCM600 to
report that the IED is offline or having communication problems.
All variables listed and shown in the parameter list can be sorted into two groups.

Configuration parameters
Setting parameters

Configuration parameter
A configuration parameter specifies an operation mode of an application function
or of the IED. These are basic configurations, which are normally configured only
once and then settled. The IED configures itself at start-up according to the given
configuration parameter values.

Setting parameter
A setting parameter (short form only setting) is a parameter that can be changed
in the IED at runtime.

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Setting group
Nearly all settings used by the IED for the protection application functions are
organized in a group of settings. Up to four setting groups can be configured with
different values. The IED supports the selection of a setting group at runtime.

IED parameters organization


The organization of the parameters in a tree structure is visible in the plant
structure by expanding the setting tree.

5.3

Signal Matrix tool


The Signal Matrix tool is used to make cross-references between the physical I/O
signals and function blocks and for the GOOSE signal input engineering.

BIO
FBs

BIO

FBs

TRM

SMAI

GOOSE Inputs

IEC 61850

GOOSE FBs for


binary and analog
data, interlocking
communication
and voltage control

IEC08000173_2_en.vsd
IEC08000173 V2 EN

Figure 42:

SMT: Operation principles

A binary input channel can be connected to one or more function block inputs. If a
binary input channel is connected to several different function blocks in ACT, the
connection will appear as glue logic in SMT.
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A binary output channel can only be activated from one function block output. If it
is activated from more than one function block output, the glue logic has to be
used.
Glue logic means inserting a logical gate (OR and AND blocks) between the binary
input and the function blocks or between the function blocks and the binary output
channel. This can be engineered with the Signal Matrix tool.
Connections made with the Signal Matrix tool are automatically
also shown in the Application Configuration tool. Connections
made in Application Configuration tool are automatically shown in
Signal Matrix tool.

It is possible to group and collapse hardware channels in Signal


Matrix to get a better overview.

IEC08000150-2-en.vsd

IEC08000150 V2 EN

Figure 43:

SMT Connection between binary input channels to binary input


signals

The Signal Matrix tool has a separate sheet for each possible combination.

66

Binary inputs
Binary outputs
Analog inputs
Analog outputs
GOOSE

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5.4

Engineering control functions

5.4.1

Introduction
The apparatus control function continuously supervises and controls circuit
breakers, disconnectors and earth-switches within a bay. Permission to operate an
apparatus is given after evaluation of conditions from other functions, such as
interlocking, synchrocheck, operator place selection and external or internal
blockings.
Figure 44 provides an overview from what places the apparatus control function
receives commands. Commands to an apparatus can be initiated from the Control
Center (CC), the station HMI or the local HMI on the IED front.
cc
Station HMI

GW
Station bus
Local
HMI

Local
HMI

Local
HMI

RE_630
Apparatus
Control

RE_630
Apparatus
Control

RE_630
Apparatus
Control

I/O

I/O

I/O

Breakers, Disconnectors & Earthing switches


IEC09000603-1-en.vsd
IEC09000603 V1 EN

Figure 44:

Overview of the apparatus control function

The apparatus control function has the following features:

630 series
Engineering Manual

Operation of primary apparatuses


Overriding of synchrocheck
Select-Execute principle to give high reliability
Selection and reservation function to prevent simultaneous operation
Selection and supervision of operator place
Command supervision
Block/unblock of operation
Block/unblock of updating of position indications

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Substitution of position indications


Overriding of interlocking functions
Operation counter

The apparatus control is realized by means of a number of function blocks designated:

LocalRemote switch (LOCREM)


Bay control (QCCBAY)
Switch controller (GNRLCSWI)
Circuit breaker (DAXCBR)
Circuit switch (DAXSWI)

The three latter functions are logical nodes according to IEC 61850. The signal
flow between these function blocks is shown in Figure 45. The detail description
for all these functions can be found in technical manual. Logical node for
interlocking (SCILO) in Figure 45 is the logical node for interlocking. Control
operation can be performed from the LHMI.

IEC 61850
-QB1
-QA1
QCCBAY

DAXCBR
SCILO

GNRLCSWI

-QB9
DAXSWI
SCILO

GNRLCSWI

IEC09000601-1-en.vsd
IEC09000601 V1 EN

Figure 45:

68

Signal flow between apparatus control function blocks

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5.4.2

Remote/Local switch
The IED has Remote/Local (R/L) switch available on the LHMI. However, if it is
required to use R/L switch externally, that is, to use switch other than available on
LHMI, it is necessary to use Local remote (LOCREM) function in the configurations.
LOCREM function has the three following binary inputs - CTRLOFF, LOCCTRL
and REMCTRL. The information from the external switch needs to be connected
to LOCREM function via binary inputs.
Consider the example as shown in Figure 46, the three different positions available
from the external R/L switch is connected to binary input card. These binary inputs
are then connected to LOCREM function in Application Configuration Tool
(ACT). It is also required that the setting Control mode of LOCREM function is set
to External LR-switch switch.
Binary
Inputs Card

External R/L
Switch

BI1

Off
Local

BI2

Connecting
to LOCREM
function
LOCREM
CTRLOFF
LOCCTRL
REMCTRL

Remote
BI3

IEC09000600-1-en.vsd
IEC09000600 V1 EN

Figure 46:

LOCREM Engineering

LOCREM function acts in OFF position, in case if more than one


binary input is at logical TRUE, or if all are at logical FALSE due
to some error in connection, or due to faulty external switch.
The indication about the position of R/L switch is available on LHMI.

5.4.3

Bay control
The Bay Control (QCCBAY), fulfils the bay-level functions for the apparatuses,
such as operator place selection and blockings for the complete bay.
QCCBAY gives permission to operate from two types of locations either from
Remote (for example, control center or station HMI) or from Local (local HMI on
the IED). The Local/Remote switch position can also be set to Off, which means no
operator place selected, resulting into no operation from local or remote. The
connections between LOCREM and QCCBAY functions are not visible to the
customer, they are internally connected. If LOCREM indicates that R/L switch is in
REMOTE mode the same information is available to QCCBAY and function sends
information about the Permitted Source To Operate (PSTO) to other functions
internally.

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QCCBAY also provides blocking features that can be distributed to different


apparatuses within the bay. There are two different blocking alternatives:

Blocking of position indications


Blocking of commands
It is not compulsory to use the QCCBAY function in the
configuration if any of the above blocking functionality need not be
activated.

When blocking of position indications is activated, the change in position (close or


open change) of the apparatus is ignored by the IED. Similarly, when blocking of
command is activated, it will not allow to perform any close or open operation on
the apparatus. The message that is displayed on the Display page when any
operation is tried to perform with blocking of command connected to TRUE is as
shown in Figure 47.

IEC09000604-1-en.vsd
IEC09000604 V1 EN

Figure 47:

Message displayed when controlling any power apparatus with


BLK_CMD of QCCBAY connected to logical TRUE

Logical node for interlocking


Logical node for interlocking (SCILO) provides the information to the switching
controller GNRLCSWI whether it is permitted to operate due to the switchyard
topology. Customer need to prepare the interlocking conditions logics using OR/
AND logics and this information is given to SCILO at OPEN_EN and CLOSE_EN
inputs. Lets take an example, consider the switchyard topology as shown in Figure
48, the earth switch shown in the topology can be open or closed if (a) the circuit
breaker is in open position OR (b) circuit breaker is in closed position AND both
the disconnectors are in open position.

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IEC09000605-1-en.vsd
IEC09000605 V1 EN

Figure 48:

Typical Power system topology

The interlocking logic for earth switch for the topology is shown in Figure 49.

IEC09000606-1-en.vsd
IEC09000606 V1 EN

Figure 49:

Interlocking condition for earth switch for power system topology

The output of this interlocking condition ES_EN, is connected to functional input


of SCILO at OPEN_EN and CLOSE_EN as shown in Figure 50.

IEC09000607-1-en.vsd
IEC09000607 V1 EN

Figure 50:

Interlocking condition connected to SCILO

A situation may occur where power apparatus have different open and closing
logic, for example, in case of circuit breaker, where any interlocking condition for
opening may not exist, but closing may require some interlocking checks (like the
spring is charged or there is a trip signal, for example). Under such circumstances,

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logical TRUE may be connected to OPEN_EN and CLOSE_EN may be connected


with condition obtained from the logic prepared.
The POSOPEN and POSCLOSE inputs of SCILO require the information about
the current status of the apparatus for which the SCILO is used. For example, in the
earth switch, the binary input indicating the information about the earth switch in
open position and closed position is connected to POSOPEN and POSCLOSE
inputs of the SCILO respectively. This information can be connected directly from
the binary inputs containing earthswitch position information or may be connected
as a feedback loop obtained from DAXCBR/DAXSWI function. Both possibilities
for a SCILO handling circuit breaker are shown in Figure 51.

IEC09000608-1-en.vsd
IEC09000608 V1 EN

Figure 51:

Possibilities for connecting position indications to SCILO

The outputs enable open and close from SCILO: EN_OPEN and SCILO:
EN_CLOSE are connected directly to input enable open and close of GNRLCSWI:
EN_OPEN and GNRLCSWI: EN_CLOSE, as shown in Figure 52.

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IEC09000609-1-en.vsd
IEC09000609 V1 EN

Figure 52:

5.4.4

Connection of enable open and close connection between SCILO


and GNRLCSWI

Switch control
The Switch controller, GNRLCSWI, initializes all operations for one apparatus and
performs the actual switching and is more or less the interface to the drive of one
apparatus. It includes the position handling as well as, the control of the position.
GNRLCSWI initializes and supervises all functions to properly select and operate
primary switching devices.
After the selection of an apparatus and before the execution, the switch controller
performs the following checks and actions:

A request initiates to reserve other bays to prevent simultaneous operation.


Actual position inputs for interlocking information are read and evaluated if
the operation is permitted.
The synchrocheck/synchronizing conditions are read and checked, and
performs operation upon positive response.
The blocking conditions are evaluated.
The position indications are evaluated according to given command and its
requested direction (open or closed).

At error, the command sequence is cancelled.


An apparatus can be controlled (open/close) with the help of GNRLCSWI function
in the following different ways:

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By using local automation function that is, AU_OPEN, and AU_CLOSE inputs
From the Local panel L_SEL, L_OPEN and L_CLOSE inputs
Directly by selecting the apparatus from the Display page and using Open/
Close button available on LHMI.

When local automation functions are used for opening or closing operation the
opening and closing command from such local automation should be connected to
AU_OPEN and AU_CLOSE input of the GNRLCSWI function. GNRLCSWI
evaluates whether the condition for opening or closing are fulfilled and the
operation is performed.
Similarly, if local panel is used for opening or closing operation, the inputs which
deal with opening and closing are connected to L_OPEN and L_CLOSE
respectively. However, with this mode of control it is required that before
performing any operation the local select input L_SEL is activated. Activation of
only L_OPEN or L_CLOSE will not result into opening or closing of apparatus.
L_SEL is first activated and then L_OPEN is activated for performing opening
operation, Similarly, L_SEL is first activated and then L_CLOSE is activated for
performing closing operation.
The switch controller GNRLCSWI works in conjunction with the synchrocheck
and synchronizing function SYNCRSYN. It is assumed that the synchrocheck
function operates continuously and activates the SYNC_OK signal when all
synchronizing conditions are satisfied to the switch controller GNRLCSWI. The
result from the synchrocheck function is evaluated during the close execution. If
the operator overrides the synchrocheck, the evaluation of the synchrocheck state is
omitted. When there is a positive confirmation from the synchrocheck function, the
switch controller sends a close signal EXE_CL to the switch breaker function
DAXCBR.
When there is no positive confirmation from the synchrocheck function, the switch
controller sends a start signal START_SYN to the synchronizing function. The
function sends a closing command to the switch function when the synchronizing
conditions are fulfilled, as shown in Figure 53. If no synchronizing function is
included, SYNC_OK input should be connected to TRUE and SYN_INPRO to
FALSE.

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GNRLCSWI
EXE_CL

DAXCBR
OR

CLOSE

SYNC_OK
START_SYN
SYN_INPRO
SYNCRSYN
CLOSE. CB
Synchro
Check

Synchronizing
function

IEC09000602-1-en.vsd
IEC09000602 V1 EN

Figure 53:

Example of interaction between GNRLCSWI, SYNCRSYN


(synchrocheck and synchronizing function) and DAXCBR functions

RES_EXT input deals with the reservation functionality. The purpose of the
reservation functionality is primarily to transfer interlocking information between
IEDs in a safe way and to prevent double operation in a bay, switchyard part, or
complete substation. Reservation can be done from the bay in which IED is located
or may be from another bay. It is only possible to reserve the function if it is not
currently reserved. When RES_EXT is activated for a particular apparatus the
apparatus is reserved and it cannot be operated from the IED. If RES_EXT is
activated and a simultaneous attempt is made to open/close the apparatus from the
LHMI, the message that will be displayed on the display is as shown in Figure 54.

IEC09000610-1-en.vsd
IEC09000610 V1 EN

Figure 54:

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Engineering Manual

Example of interaction between GNRLCSWI, SYNCRSYN


(synchrocheck and synchronizing function) and DAXCBR functions

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The present status information of the apparatus, that is, open or closed or
intermediate stage is available to GNRLCSWI function from the switch function
DAXCBR/DAXSWI via XPOS input. The XPOS input of GNRLCSWI is
connected to XPOS output of DAXCBR/DAXSWI. The same information is also
available at the GNRLCSWI binary outputs at OPENPOS, INTERMPOS, and
CLOSEPOS. The output POSITION indicates the same information in integer form.
The EXE_OP and EXE_CL are the execution command for opening and closing
operation. Once all the required conditions for an opening or closing operation are
fulfilled, GNRLCSWI generates the execution command; these outputs are directly
connected to OPEN and CLOSE inputs of the switch function DAXCBR/DAXSWI.
When an apparatus is selected either from LHMI or by L_SEL input, output
SELECTED is activated, indicating the selection has been made and now waiting
for the opening or closing command. The blocking of execution of command if any
by QCCBAY function is reflected at CMD_BLKD output.
Depending on the error that occurs during the command sequence, the error signal
is set with a value. An output L_CAUSE on the function block indicates the latest
value of error during the command.

5.4.5

Circuit breaker/Circuit switch


The functional block, DAXCBR acts as an interface module for circuit breaker and
DAXSWI acts as an interface module for disconnectors and earth-switch. The
binary input information indicating the status of the apparatus is connected to
POSOPEN and POSCLOSE input of DAXCBR/DAXSWI function. In case of
circuit breaker with truck arrangement, the truck positions are also connected to
DAXCBR function at TRUCK_OPEN and TRUCK_CLOSE inputs. The status is
also available at binary output OPENPOS and CLOSEPOS output of DAXCBR/
DAXSWI function. In case of DAXCBR the truck position information is available
at TRUCK_POS output in integer form.
Binary input signal LR_SWI is included in this function to indicate local or remote
switch position from the switchyard provided via I/O board. If the signal is set to
TRUE, changes of position are only allowed from switchyard level. If the signal
value is FALSE, commands from IED or higher level are permitted. When the
signal value is set to TRUE, all commands are rejected from internal IED clients.
The function can be blocked by activation of BLOCK input. Similarly, it is also
possible to block individually the open and closing operation by activating
BLK_OPEN and BLK_CLOSE input respectively. The group of execution
information XOUT from the GNRLCSWI is connected to XIN input of DAXCBR/
DAXSWI function.
The binary output responsible for opening or closing of the circuit breaker or the
disconnector or earth switch is connected to EXE_OP and EXE_CL output of the
DAXCBR/DAXSWI function.

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If the function is blocked to perform opening or closing operation, the same will be
indicated as OP_BLKD and CL_BLKD outputs. The blocking of execution of
position updates if any by QCCBAY function is reflected at UPD_BLKD output.
CNT_VAL indicates the number of closing and opening operation performed by
the apparatus, the same can be reset via RS_OPR_CNT input.
Depending on the error that occurs during the command sequence, the error signal
is set with a value. An output L_CAUSE on the function block indicates the latest
value of error during the command.

Example
A typical example is shown in Figure 55, indicating the interconnection between
SCILO, GNRLCSWI and DAXSWI functions:

IEC09000611-1-en.vsd
IEC09000611 V1 EN

Figure 55:

630 series
Engineering Manual

Example of interaction between SCILO, GNRLCSWI, and DAXSWI


functions

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Section 6

Local HMI engineering

6.1

LED and function key engineering

6.1.1

Local HMI engineering process


The LHMI engineering process involves several steps. Figure 56 presents the preengineering step, the main steps in the engineering process and the required
sequences.
Local HMI
ACT / SMT
Select and configure
HMI function blocks
SAVE

PST
Set function
keys and LEDs
SAVE

GDE / ACT
Create the
single line diagram
SAVE

END
IEC09000622_1_en.vsd
GUID-915F9153-0B1C-4D05-9C30-E22D7224C7C7 V1 EN

Figure 56:

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Engineering Manual

LHMI: Engineering process flowchart

Application Configuration tool with possible assistance of Signal Matrix tool

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Parameter Setting tool

To use the function keys and LEDs on LHMI it is needed to insert the
corresponding special function blocks for these operation element groups.
The function blocks for the LEDs are organized as single function block
per LED but indexed to the group identification, for example
GRP1_LED3 (indication LED 3 in virtual LED group 1).
The function blocks for LHMI are visible by default for Parameter
Setting tool.
Use Application Configuration tool to connect start and trip signals from
application functions to LED function blocks.
The operation mode of the function keys and the LEDs is defined in
Parameter Setting tool.
The presented text labels on the display for LHMI keys and LEDs.

Graphical Display Editor with assistance of Application Configuration tool,


for example

to make the single line diagram of the primary process part.


to make the dynamic links for the apparatus.
to make the dynamic links for measurements.

Application Configuration tool and local HMI function blocks


A set of special function blocks is available for all the operation element groups on
LHMI.
See the technical manual for more information about function blocks.

List of LHMI function blocks that are available in Application Configuration tool:

LHMICTRL
FNKEYMD1 to FNKEYMD5
LEDGEN
GRP1_LED1 to GRP1_LED15
GRP2_LED1 to GRP2_LED15
GRP3_LED1 to GRP3_LED15

The function blocks for the LEDs are organized in function blocks per LED. They
can be placed close to the logic where the information per LED is built in
Application Configuration tool.
Figure 57 describes the basic LHMI and the operation element groups. These are
the 15 LEDs and their belonging text elements on the display [A]. They are
operated by the keys [a] and [b].
The other group is the five function keys with their IEDs and the corresponding
text elements on the display [B].

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GUID-50252C85-F6EA-4B18-BFCC-97C19F5B746F V1 EN

Figure 57:

Local HMI: Placement of local HMI operation elements

Function block LEDGEN

Handles an external acknowledge signal as source to acknowledge the LEDs.


Generates an additional pulse for general purposes whenever the LEDs are
acknowledged by the operator.
Generates a pulse whenever a new LED signal occurs. It may be used to
trigger an acoustical alarm.
Handles the timer tReset and tMax for the LED operation mode 'LatchedResetS'.

Function block GRP1_LED1 to GRP3_LED15

630 series
Engineering Manual

The 15 LEDs on the right side of the display can indicate in total 45 alarms,
warnings or other signals to the operator. They are organized in three groups 1
to 3.
Each signal group belongs to one function block.
Each LED illuminates in one of the three colors: RED, YELLOW or GREEN.
The organization of flashing, acknowledgment and group selection is done
directly between the function blocks and the basic LHMI keys, the

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'Multifunction' key [a] to toggle between the three groups or the 'Clear' key [b]
to acknowledge or reset the LEDs.
Only the programming of the signals is needed for the LEDs.
The operation mode of the LEDs is defined in Parameter Setting tool.

Function block FNKEYMD1 to 5

Every function key has an own FNKEYMD function block.


The 5 function keys on the left side of the display [B] can be used to process
demands.
The function block handles the signal for the LED included in the key as input
signals.
The LED signal of the key is independent of the key function and must be
programed to process demands.
The function block handles the operators command when the key is pressed as
output signal.
The functions are activated whenever a key is pressed the first time. The
corresponding text elements for the five keys appear on the left side of the
display. No execution of the function is done. So the first push is used to
activate the presentation only.
The next key push is handled as activate function and the output signal of the
function block is set.
The operation mode of the function key is defined in Parameter Setting tool
(pulse, toggle).

Parameter Setting tool and function block configuration


The operation mode of the function keys and the LEDs must be defined per key
and LED in Parameter Setting tool.
The function key can operate as:

Pulsed signal

Toggle signal

Each push changes the state of the signal: OFF-ON-OFF-ON-OFF...


The default position after power up or reset is OFF.

Menu shortcut

82

Each push forces a pulse of a configured time.


The pulse time can be set in Parameter Setting tool.
The default pulse time is 200 ms.

When pressing a key configured for that purpose, the function key panel
is hidden and LHMI opens directly in the configured menu.

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IEC09000656-1-en.vsd
GUID-679D02FA-E695-4E66-AE3E-042E25BFE98D V1 EN

Figure 58:

LHMI: Function key operation mode

The LEDs have a number of different operation modes, see Figure 59:

General definitions

Each LED can illuminate in one of three colors: RED, YELLOW, GREEN.
Only one color is illuminated at a time.
The priority for illumination and the color is linked.

630 series
Engineering Manual

The LED illumination follows the status of the signal. The LED
illuminates flashing (F).

LatchedAck-F-S

The LED illumination follows the status of the signal. The LED
illuminates steady (S).

Follow-F

The operator's acknowledge for the LED signals is done for all three
signals (RED, YELLOW, GREEN) of the LED.
A reset of the LLEDs operates also on all three signals of the LEDs.

Follow-S

Prio 1 = RED
Prio 2 = YELLOW
Prio 3 = GREEN
When RED and YELLOW are ON at the same time, the LED will
illuminate in RED.

The LED latches the signal change OFF-ON and flashes (F) until it is
acknowledged.
When the signal is still ON at the time the signal is acknowledged the
LED changes to steady (S) mode.
When the signal has already changed to OFF before the time it is
acknowledged, the LED turns to OFF.

LatchedAck-S-F

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LatchedColl-S

The same as LatchedAck-F-S but the LED starts with steady state and
flashes after acknowledgment.
The LED illuminates in all cases in steady mode only
The LED latches a signal change from OFF-ON until it is acknowledged
by the operator.
The LED stays in steady mode when it is reset and the signal is still in
ON state.
The LED is OFF only after the signal has changed to OFF state AND it
is reset by the operator via 'Clear' operation.

LatchedReset-S

This mode is used for all LEDs that are used to indicate a disturbance.
The LEDs will stay in the last state after the disturbance run time until
they are reset after a defined time.
The timers are set in Parameter Setting tool in the function block LEDGEN.

IEC09000657-1-en.vsd
GUID-60FA2D59-4A4D-4DB7-90F8-5648E7C0C1DA V1 EN

Figure 59:

6.1.2

LHMI: LED operation mode

LED operation modes


Description of different operation modes for LEDs to be configured in Application
Configuration tool and Parameter Setting tool.
Six operation modes are listed in the drop down menu in Parameter Setting tool.

84

Follow-S
Follow-F
LatchedAck-F-S
LatchedAck-S-F
LatchedColl-S
LatchedReset-S

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Engineering Manual

Section 6
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LED operation mode Follow-S


Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000395.vsd

IEC08000395 V1 EN

Figure 60:

LHMI: LED operation mode Follow-S

Monitoring a signal with a LED is a simple mode, where the LED follows the
signal state. More than one signal per LED can be used when applicable. See
Figure 60 for the valid priority rules. The LED illuminates always in steady state.

LED operation mode Follow-F


Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000396.vsd

IEC08000396 V1 EN

Figure 61:

LHMI: LED operation mode Follow-F

This is the same mode as Follow-S but the LED illuminates flashing, see Figure 61.
This mode may be used to indicate that a tap changer or Petersen coil is moving.

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LED operation mode LatchedAck-F-S


Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Ack
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000397.vsd

IEC08000397 V1 EN

Figure 62:

LHMI: LED operation mode LatchedAck-F-S / Base

The classical mode to indicate incoming alarms or warnings, which the operator
has not seen since the last acknowledgement, is presented in Figure 62 as a basic
operation mode. There are two possibilities for the operator to acknowledge.

The signal is already gone when acknowledged, the LED turns OFF (at least
for this color).
The signal is still ON, the LED stays illuminated and changes to steady state.

Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Ack
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000398.vsd

IEC08000398 V1 EN

Figure 63:

LHMI LED operation mode LatchedAck-F-S Ack Prio / 1

When more than one color is used the rules for priority are valid.

86

Two or more signals are still ON when the LED is acknowledged.

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All colors (signals) are acknowledged and they will illuminate in steady
state.
Incoming additional signals with lower priority will illuminate when
they become the highest priority in steady mode.

One or more signals with higher priority are changing to ON after an


acknowledgement.

The higher priority color (signal) will illuminate in flash mode.

See Figure 63 and Figure 64 for these two principles.


Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Ack
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000399.vsd

IEC08000399 V1 EN

Figure 64:

LHMI LED operation mode LatchedAck-F-S Prio / 2

LED operation mode LatchedAck-S-F


This operation mode operates exactly as the one described above (LatchedAck-FS). The only difference is that the illumination mode is changed. Flash mode
instead of steady mode and steady mode instead of flash mode.

LED operation mode LatchedColl-S


Signals

R
Y
G

LED

R
Y
G
Reset LED
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000402.vsd

IEC08000402 V1 EN

Figure 65:

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Engineering Manual

LHMI: LED operation mode LatchedColl-S

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This mode catches a signal change to ON and the LED stays ON until the operator
resets the LEDs for this group.
If the signal is still ON when a reset LED is done, the LED will illuminate again.
This occurs when the application configuration accesses the signal again in the next
cycle after reset. The thin dashed lines in Figure 65 shows the internal state of the
LED following the signal and reset, when no higher prior signal is given.
The LED illuminates always in steady mode.

LED operation mode LatchedReset-S


S1
S2
S3
S4
tMax
tRestart
AutoReset
ManReset
S1LED
S2LED
S3LED
S4LED
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000400.vsd

IEC08000400 V1 EN

Figure 66:

LHMI: LED operation mode LatchedReset-S

This mode is useful to monitor signals that are involved in case of a disturbance,
see Figure 66. The signal state after the disturbance allows a fast overview about
the disturbance. To get always the situation of the last occurred disturbance, the
LEDs are reset after a predefined time (tReset). So this is the longest time a
disturbance can be monitored by the LED situation.
In case a second disturbance occurs before the tReset time has elapsed, see Figure
67, the signals that are still ON at the end of tReset will return to ON with the next
application configuration cycle after tReset. To clear these LEDs, a second timer
tMax is used. TMax is started when the first signal of the disturbance changes to
ON. tMax is stopped, when tReset could clear all LEDs.
A disturbance runs for a maximum of some seconds, while tReset can be in the
range of 60 to 90 seconds.
The timer tReset and tMax are configured in Parameter Setting tool as part of the
function block LEDGEN.

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S1
S2
S3
S4
tMax
tRestart
AutoReset
ManReset
S1LED
S2LED
S3LED
S4LED
Illumination =>

= Steady

= Flash
IEC08000401.vsd

IEC08000401 V1 EN

Figure 67:

6.2

LHMI LED operation mode LatchedReset-S / 2

Single-line diagram engineering


Phase angles are shown as radians in the single line diagram (GDE
measurand) symbols but in degrees in other views on the LHMI.

6.2.1

Concept description to present and generate diagrams in


graphical display editor
Additional concept information to use GDE, see Figure 68:

630 series
Engineering Manual

Different GDE windows


HMI display raster layouts
Drawing lines (doing a Link)

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HMI display
window pages

Symbol library
window

Regard the
squence of pages

IED HMI
display window
IEC08000123.vsd

GUID-B6194955-8FFC-4945-96B3-0E824C12DA88 V1 EN

Figure 68:

GDE: Screen image with active GDE

Procedure
1.
2.
3.

Start GDE to open a presentation of the tool.


GDE has a fixed symbol library window on the left side of the display.
The presentation is empty when no page exists for the IED.

Display window and sequence order


Rules to handle HMI pages:

90

Several single line diagrams can be created for one bay.


The IED supports one bay.
The sequence order of the HMI pages in the Graphical Display Editor starts
from left to right.
Measurements and the single line diagram can be shown on the page in any
possible order and placement.
All symbol objects, for example apparatus, text and measurement, on the HMI
page must be linked to the correct function block in the application
configuration in order to present the correct process values.

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Symbol library
The symbol library window contains some panes that include drawing symbols or
elements to create a single line diagram, measurements and texts on a page. Click
on the name bar of the selected element to open the pane.
The library shows the symbols either in ANSI standard or in IEC standard. The
standard is selected by the drop down list box located on top of the display window.
When changing to the other library standard, GDE closes the library windows,
changes the symbols according to the selected new standard and redraws the single
line diagram in the display window.
Select the different panes and their symbols to become familiar with the available
symbols.
Measurements (Measurands) are presented in one format that explains itself when
selected. Select the format and drop it in the drawing area. Use the object
properties to make adaptations.

Special symbols for dynamic text


In the text pane the symbol library contains a set of special symbols to present text
that depends on the status of variables. A set of three symbols is either valid for a
single bit information or for a list of up to 32 different inputs. The corresponding
function blocks in ACT are of type VSGGIO and SLGGIO.

Select Dynamic Text and Indication to present the text for the actual value of
the function block, see Figure 69.
Click Select Button to select the value.

IEC08000127.vsd
GUID-9DD9EEF4-5C3E-47AB-9764-9C0C2749DD85 V1 EN

Figure 69:

GDE: Dynamic Text symbols

The standard (IEC or ANSI) for the symbols and the selection of the font size for
the text elements can be changed using the two selector boxes on top of the page
window.

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HMI display raster layout and text font selection


The raster in the page changes from symbol presentation to text presentation when
a text object is selected and vice versa.
The text can be presented in two different font sizes:

UniCode characters (6 x 12 pixel)


UniCode characters (13 x 14 pixel)

The total size of the presented white area (page) represents the visible part of the
local HMI display without header and foot-line.
The visible display for a single line diagram is organized in a raster of 13 x 8
(columns x rows). Each symbol presented by 24 x 24 pixels included by the drag
and drop method must be dropped in a raster box. The icon Snap to grid must be
enabled to place a symbol, for example an apparatus object. The description text
for an apparatus object can be placed in all four directions around the symbol. The
description is part of the symbol and the description can be placed even if the Snap
to Grid is not enabled.

Handling text
The raster switches when text is selected in a raster of 45 x 15 (columns x rows).
One raster box is the placeholder for one character. A text element must be placed
in the position of the raster. The name and the unit of a measurement or text
symbol can be changed either by double click the symbol or via the object property
window.
Select and toggle Show Texts using the IED Fonts to get a view how it will look
like later on the real HMI display.

Doing Link to draw lines


The line width has to fit to the line width used for the symbols. The standard size is
2. Choose the line width in a selection box placed in the upper area above the page.
A line that is not connected to a symbol may be done in any line width in the range
1 - 5. But it needs to be simple connection points to be drawn.
For the procedure to draw lines when the apparatus symbols are placed, see Figure
6.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

92

Place the apparatus or transformer symbols by drag and drop in a raster box.
Place the connections symbols by drag and drop in a raster box.
Click the Link icon to enable direct line drawing.
Center the mouse pointer on the center of a connection point; visible in two
circles at the endpoints of a line, to draw a line.
Click to start and move the mouse pointer to the destination connection point.
Center once again the mouse pointer and click to drop the line.
Draw all line elements that are necessary.
Click Select in the menu bar to finish the line drawing.

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Line draw icon

start point

end point
en05000598.vsd

GUID-05BDFA24-3EF9-4EC4-8039-763B70C50C1E V1 EN

Figure 70:

6.2.2

GDE: Drawing a line

Supported single-line diagram symbols


Table 3:

Supported symbols

IEC symbol name

Node type

IEC symbol ANSI Y32.2/ Category


definitions
IEEE 315
symbol
definitions

Junction

Connections

Busbar junction

Connections

Earth

10

Connections

Feeder end

21

Connections

Current transformer

Measuring transformers

Voltage transf. 2 windings

Measuring transformers

Measurand

11

Measurands

Capacitor

Others

Surge arrestor

Others

Generator

Others

Table continues on next page

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IEC symbol name

1MRS756800 E

Node type

IEC symbol ANSI Y32.2/ Category


definitions
IEEE 315
symbol
definitions

Reactor

14

Others

Motor

15

Others

Coil

18

Others

Transformer 2 winding

16

Power transformers

Transformer 3 winding

17

Power transformers

Autotransformer

23

Power transformers

Isolator, 00 = middle position

Switchgear

Isolator, 01 = Open

Switchgear

Isolator, 10 = Closed

Switchgear

Isolator, 11 = Undefined

Switchgear

Breaker, 00 = Middle position

Switchgear

Breaker, 01 = Open

Switchgear

Breaker, 10 = Closed

Switchgear

Breaker, 11 = Undefined

Switchgear

Truck, 00 = Middle position

22

Switchgear

Truck, 01 = Open

22

Switchgear

Truck, 10 = Closed

22

Switchgear

Truck, 11 = Undefined

22

Switchgear

Isolator indication only, 00 =


Middle position

25

Switchgear

Isolator indication only, 01 =


Open

25

Switchgear

Isolator indication only, 10 =


Closed

25

Switchgear

Table continues on next page


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IEC symbol name

Node type

IEC symbol ANSI Y32.2/ Category


definitions
IEEE 315
symbol
definitions

Isolator indication only, 11 =


Undefined

25

Switchgear

Breaker indication only, 00 =


Middle position

26

Switchgear

Breaker indication only, 01 =


Open

26

Switchgear

Breaker indication only, 10 =


Closed

26

Switchgear

Breaker indication only, 11 =


Undefined

26

Switchgear

Isolator motor operated, 00 =


Middle position

27

Switchgear

Isolator motor operated, 01 =


Open

27

Switchgear

Isolator motor operated, 10 =


Closed

27

Switchgear

Isolator motor operated, 11 =


Undefined

27

Switchgear

Isolator2, 00 = Middle position

32

Switchgear

Isolator2, 01 = Open

32

Switchgear

Isolator2, 10 = Closed

32

Switchgear

Isolator2, 11 = Undefined

32

Switchgear

Isolator2 indication only, 00 =


Middle position

33

Switchgear

Isolator2 indication only, 01 =


Open

33

Switchgear

Isolator2 indication only, 10 =


Closed

33

Switchgear

Isolator2 indication only, 11 =


Undefined

33

Switchgear

Breaker2, 00 = Middle position

34

Switchgear

Breaker2, 01 = Open

34

Switchgear

Breaker2, 10 = Closed

34

Switchgear

Breaker2, 11 = Undefined

34

Switchgear

Table continues on next page

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IEC symbol name

6.2.3

1MRS756800 E

Node type

IEC symbol ANSI Y32.2/ Category


definitions
IEEE 315
symbol
definitions

Breaker2 indication only, 00 =


Middle position

35

Switchgear

Breaker2 indication only, 01 =


Open

35

Switchgear

Breaker2 indication only, 10 =


Closed

35

Switchgear

Breaker2 indication only, 11 =


Undefined

35

Switchgear

Static text

Texts

Dynamic text

29

Texts

Select button, 00 = Middle


position

30

Texts

Select button, 01 = Open

30

Texts

Select button, 10 = Closed

30

Texts

Select button, 11 = Undefined

30

Texts

Indication button, 00 = Middle


position

31

Texts

Indication button, 01 = Open

31

Texts

Indication button, 10 = Closed

31

Texts

Indication button, 11 =
Undefined

31

Texts

Bay configuration engineering


A page with a single line diagram and measurements contains active living objects.
The object values are updated by the IED periodically (measurement) or in case of
an event. Once the symbols are placed on the HMI page they must be linked to the
corresponding function block in the application configuration, which protects or
controls the object that the symbol on the HMI page represents.

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6.2.3.1

Creating a complete HMI display page


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Make a sketch how to present the single line diagram.


Place the apparatus, transformer and other symbols that are needed for the
single line diagram into the raster boxes.
Add connection points where needed.
Link the apparatus symbols with line elements.
Adjust the text symbols while writing to north, east, south or west. Use the
object property window to do it.
Place measurements when needed.
Edit the name, unit and number of decimals of the measurements.
Select each object that has a dynamic link and create the link to the
corresponding process object.
Check to select the correct function block. Function blocks of the same type
can have different instance numbers.
Validate that all links are done.
Save the complete picture.
Repeat the steps for all pages when more than one is needed.
Write the display configuration to IED from the GDE tool.

IEC09000666-1-en.vsd
GUID-11C787C2-BA45-4F98-8B92-2AE3294EC15E V1 EN

Figure 71:

6.2.3.2

GDE: Establish a dynamic object link

Linking process objects


To describe a process object within an IED it needs to be established in the
application configuration, configured when given with its parameters by PST and
linked to be displayed in the HMI.

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Three tools are needed in linking.

ACT to program the application function block for apparatus and/or


measurements.
PST to adapt the settings and/or configuration parameter of the application
function block.
GDE to establish the link for updating the selected data attribute in the HMI of
the application function block.

Different application function blocks are used to deliver the needed information.

1.
2.
3.
4.

98

Switch controller (of type CSWI) for an apparatus.


All configured function blocks with measurements (of type MMXU) for the
measurements.
VSGGIO for one bit indications for the dynamic text symbols.
SLGGGIO for 32 bit indications for the dynamic text symbols.

Right-click the apparatus symbol and select Select Input Signal. A list of
engineered switch control application function blocks opens, see Figure 6.
Select the switch control application function block that corresponds to the
selected apparatus.
Right-click the measurement symbol and select Select Input Signal. A list of
the engineered measurement application function blocks opens.
Select the measurement application function block that corresponds to the
selected symbol.

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IEC08000125.vsd
GUID-62A21B8F-41CA-4E0F-B9ED-A9C3DA43DBE1 V1 EN

Figure 72:

GDE: Input signal selection

The order number in the selection window of the process objects corresponds to the
number given in the PST tree and to the application function block in ACT.
Only those apparatus and measurements are shown that are configured in the
application configuration program.

en05000611.vsd
GUID-A0DA50E2-B05F-4432-ACBC-29699F61A092 V1 EN

Figure 73:

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GDE: Object properties windows for text insertion

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The single line diagram screen can display different values, with
the help of the dynamic text fields. Please remember that these
values are displayed by default in SI units (for example - active
power is displayed in W). Modify Scale Factor in the object
properties (see Figure 74) to display values in more readable units
(for example MW). Be sure to write the proper unit under the Unit
Text field.

As the function delivers angles in radians, a scale factor of 180/pi =


57.3 shall be used to display the angle in degrees

IEC10000174.vsd
GUID-CA49988A-9B92-4097-903C-75CEA020CBA4 V1 EN

Figure 74:

6.3

GDE: Object properties window for unit change

Events and indications


To get IED events to the LHMI event list and indications for the Start and Trip
protection indicator LEDs, the disturbance rerecorder needs to be engineered.
See the technical manual for more information on how to configure
and set the binary signals of the disturbance recorder.

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Section 7
IEC 61850 communication engineering

Section 7

IEC 61850 communication engineering

7.1

IEC 61850 interface in the IED and tools


For more information on the implementation of IEC 61850 in IEDs,
see IEC 61850 engineering guide and conformance documents.

7.1.1

Function view for IEC 61850 in PCM600


The IED function blocks have a design based on the demands and advantages of
the IEC 61850 standard. This means that there is a strict relation between the
function blocks and the logical node types. This relation is automatically handled
by the PCM600 tools.
The concept in IED is such that the 61850 data for each function instantiated in
ACT are automatically created. This means that the user do not need to handle any
instance information for the functions regarding IEC 61850.

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FBs
with
monitoring
only

FB
AFL
LN
part

FB
AFL

FBs
with
monitoring
and
commands

LN
part

FB
AFL
LN
part

GOOSE
Receive
GOOSE
Send

Commands

Event
handler

Communication handler
IEC 61850 protocol

LN
LN
GOOSE
GOOSE
Send
Send

FBs
FBs
GOOSE
GOOSE
Receive
Receive

GOOSE interf.

IEC 61850 interface in the IED

Command / IN / OUT interface AF part

7.1.2

1MRS756800 E

Event
queue

IEC08000364.vsd
IEC08000364 V1 EN

Figure 75:

IEC 61850: Communication interface principle

IEC 61850 provides a method for identifying all signals that belong to a function.
These signals are identified through the logical nodes representing the functions.
All signal information for commands and monitoring are available in logical nodes.
Whenever a function block is instantiated in the Application Configuration tool,
PCM600 automatically generates the corresponding logical node data.

7.1.2.1

GOOSE data exchange


The IEC 61850 protocol supports a method to directly exchange data between two
or more IEDs. This method is described in the IEC 6185072 clause 15. The
concept is based on sending multicast telegrams over the Ethernet. Whoever needs
the information detects the telegram by its destination address and will read the
telegram and deals with it. The telegrams are multicast sent and not acknowledged
by the receiver.

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Data-set

LN

LN

LN

LN
LN

LN

IED 2

Receive

Receive

Send

Data-set
LN

LN

LN

Receive

Receive

Data-set
LN

IED 1

Send

Receive

Send

Receive

IEC 61850 Subnetwork

LN

LN

LN

LN

LN

IED 3
en05000830.vsd

IEC05000830 V1 EN

Figure 76:

IEC 61850: Horizontal communication principle

Figure 76 shows an example with three IEDs where each one communicates with
all the others.
GOOSE message is defined by configuring the data set and the GOOSE control
block (GoCB). This engineering process is done in a station configuration tool, for
example IET600. The task involves configuring lists with the signal, value and
quality (data attributes) that belong to the GOOSE message dataset.
In the opposite direction the standard only defines the IED as a receiver of the
GOOSE message. How the GOOSE input signals are handled must be defined in
the IED application configuration. The SCD file generated by the IET600 station
configuration tool contains these GOOSE data sets as input data. The input data
must be connected to a GOOSE receive function block (GOOSEBINRCV,
GOOSEINTLKRCV, GOOSESPRCV, GOOSEDPRCV, GOOSEINTRCV or
GOOSEMVRCV) in SMT.

7.1.3

Station configuration description file types


The IEC 61850 standard defines SCL file types in the sequence of engineering.
These files have a different definition, which is explained in IEC 61850-6. Three of
the file types are used in the engineering process for an IED.

ICD = IED capability description


The IED name in an exported .icd file is always named
TEMPLATE.

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Capability description of the IED in logical nodes and their data. No


information about, for example, the communication configuration is
included.
An IED is already extended by default data sets and report control
blocks. They are predefined by ABB.

SCD = Station configuration description

1MRS756800 E

A complete configuration description of all IEDs in a station and the full


engineering of process signals and communication structure is included.
This includes all the needed data sets and control blocks.

CID = configured IED description

The CID file contains the information needed for configuring one
specific IED.

The reading of IEC 61850 communication configuration is not


supported when reading a configuration from an online IED.

7.2

IEC 61850 engineering procedure

7.2.1

IEC 61850 protocol references and pre-conditions


To engineer the IEC 61850 protocol interface for the IED, the following additional
product manuals or knowledge of their contents is required.

7.2.2

Knowledge of the IEC 61850 engineering process as described in the IEC


61850 standard.
The technical manual which describes function blocks defined as logical nodes.
The IEC 61850 communication protocol manual.
The IEC 61850 conformance documents for the IED to be engineered.

Sequence for engineering of IEC 61850 protocol


The IEC 61850 standard defines how information is communicated in a substation.
The information communication can be divided into different parts.

Description of the substation part, including the used logical nodes


Description of the IEDs with their logical nodes
Description of the communication network
Description of the engineering process

For more details please refer to the IEC 61850 standards. In the following
description it is assumed that PCM600 together with IET600 is used as system
configuration tool.
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1.
2.
3.

SCL files are exported from PCM600. In this case, a SCD file. It is also
possible to export other SCL file types.
Horizontal and vertical communication is configured using the station
configuration tool, for example, IET600.
SCL files are imported to a PCM600 project. In this case, it is the updated
SCD file.
IET 600 (2)
SCD file

create project
import SCD file
configure data sets
configure Report CBs
configure GOOSE CBs
export SCD file

PCM 600 (1)

SCD file

PCM 600 (3)

do IED engineering
export SCD file

IED 1

import SCD file


link GOOSE input data
Write to IED

IED 2

IED n - 1

IED n

GUID-5096E041-8757-49F2-BB8D-D02B6222C359 V1 EN

Figure 77:

7.3

IEC 61850: Signal engineering procedure flow

Exporting SCL files from PCM600


A pre-condition is that all IEDs in the project must be engineered in PCM600. The
hardware interface, for example the communication port, has to be selected and
configured. The used interface addresses have to be set according to protocol and
project definitions. The station communication port has to be activated in the IED,
that is to set the IEC61850-8-1Operation setting to On.

7.3.1

Exporting SCD files


1.

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Select the station in the plant structure.

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Station

IEC08000415.vsd
GUID-466A9F09-C384-48A7-B38C-B5BF221F416E V1 EN

Figure 78:

2.
3.
4.

IEC 61850: Export SCD step 1

Right-click the station and select Export.


Select a location from the open standard Windows menu to store the file and
name it.
The SCL Export Options dialog box opens.

IEC09000627-1-en.vsd
GUID-4779D0DE-FAEF-4B27-835E-8C1FD2215FE6 V1 EN

Figure 79:

5.

7.3.2

Select Export Private Sections and click Export to export the private
sections to the SCD file. A progress window shows the ongoing export of the
station.

Exporting ICD or CID files


1.
2.
3.

Select the IED in the Plant Structure view.


Right-click the IED and select Export...
The Export dialog box opens.
From the Save as type list, select the type of file to export.

106

IEC 61850: SCL Export Options

Configured IED description (.cid) for the IEC 61850 structure as needed
for the IED at runtime
IED capability description (.icd) for the IEC 61850 structure

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IEC08000416.vsd
GUID-41A96291-035E-475D-8B3D-2AF21C0EBE4D V1 EN

Figure 80:

4.
5.

IEC 61850: export IED file type selection

Click Save.
The SCL Export Options dialog box opens.
Select the export options.

Export Private Sections


Export As SCL Template
Include Goose Sending IEDs
The options in SCL Export Options window are only
available when an ICD file is exported.

IEC08000418.vsd
IEC08000418 V1 EN

Figure 81:

6.

7.4

IEC 61850: Export IED file Options

Click Export.

Engineering of vertical and horizontal


communication in IET600
For IEC 61850 engineering a separate system configuration tool is needed to be
used with PCM600. In PCM600 Ver. 2.3 or earlier the recommended tool is
CCT600. In PCM600 Ver. 2.4 or later the recommended tool is IET600, which is
also included in the PCM600 Engineering Pro installation package.
Procedure for signal engineering for the station by using IET600:

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1.
2.
3.

1MRS756800 E

Create a project in IET600.


Import the SCD file created by PCM600.
Do vertical communication engineering (monitoring direction).
3.1. Check the default data sets.
3.2. Configure and/or re-configure the default data sets.
Note that reporting data sets shall only contain data
intended to be used by clients, for example for event
handling.

The data set for GOOSE may contain signals on data


attribute level or on FCDA level. The latter is also called
structured GOOSE.
3.3. Configure additional Report Control Blocks when needed for each data
set used for vertical communication.
3.4. Link the IED clients to the Report Control Blocks.
Up to five report clients can be configured.

4.

Do horizontal communication engineering.


4.1. Configure GOOSE control blocks for each data set configured for
GOOSE messages.
Note that one data may be included in a GOOSE data set
only once.

5.
6.

Update the data flow.


Export the updated SCD file.
All data sets, all Report Control Blocks and GOOSE control block
must be located at LD0 / LLN0.

7.5

Importing SCL files to PCM600


The IED engineering tool must be able to receive a SCD file or an ICD file as an
import to receive the engineered communication extensions, for example, for the
different IEDs.

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7.5.1

Importing SCD files


1.
2.
3.

Select the station in the Plant Structure view.


Right-click the station and select Import.
From the open standard Windows menu, select the file to be imported and
start the reading.
The SCL Import Options dialog box opens, querying how the file should be
handled during the import.

GUID-ADF60975-2AD7-47CF-AD26-37094ACEA4F0 V1 EN

Figure 82:

4.

In the SCL Import Options dialog box, select how to handle the file during
the import.

5.

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SCL Import Options

Click Don't import IEDs of unknown type to protect the existing


IEDs in case the SCD file does not match the original configuration in
PCM600.
Click Replace unknown if it is known that the file includes additional
IEDs that are needed. The IED of type Generic IEC 61850 IED is
used to integrate these kinds of IEDs into the plant structure, for example.
Click Ignore PCM Object Type to update the IED object(s) in
PCM600 from the IED type(s) in the SCD file, whether or not the IED
type(s) in the SCD file matches the IED object(s) in PCM600.
Click Ignore Substation Section to not import the SSD file part of the
SCD file.

Click Import when the file definition has been completed.

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6.

1MRS756800 E

A progress view displays the importing procedure.


Make connections from the sending IEDs to the receiving function blocks
with the Signal Matrix tool.
Make connections between the signals that the server is sending and all the
GOOSE receive interface function blocks included in the application
configuration on the clients side.
If a client is defined for GOOSE receive, at least one cross in
Sigmal Matrix is required to be able to write the configuration
to the IED.

To enable GOOSE communication, set Operation to On in


Parameter Setting for all included GOOSE receiving function
blocks in the application configuration.
7.

Write the configuration to the IED.


In the Plant Structure view, select the IED, right-click and select Write to
IED.

GUID-72BA958D-8725-4C63-AAEF-8DF69E04E408 V1 EN

Figure 83:

Common write menu

The engineered data is written to the IED when executing a


common Write to IED operation.

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7.5.2

Importing ICD or CID files


1.
2.
3.

Select an existing IED to import IEC 61850 files.


From the Files of type list, select the file type of IEC 61850 to be imported
(ICD or CID).
The SCL Import Option dialog box opens.
In the SCL Import Option dialog box, select how the file is to be handled
during the import.

GUID-ADF60975-2AD7-47CF-AD26-37094ACEA4F0 V1 EN

Figure 84:

4.

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SCL Import Options

Don't import protects the existing IEDs in case the SCD file does not
match the original configuration in PCM600.
Replace unknown can be used when it is known that the file includes
additional IEDs that are needed. The IED of type Generic IEC 61850
IED is used to integrate these kinds of IEDs into, for example, the
plant structure.
Ignore PCM Object Type updates the IED object(s) in PCM600 from
the IED type(s) in the SCD file, discarding whether or not the IED
type(s) in the SCD file matches the IED object(s) in PM600.
Ignore Substation Section does not import the SSD file part of the
SCD file.

Click Import when the definition has been completed.


A progress view displays the importing procedure.

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7.6

1MRS756800 E

Writing communication configuration to IED


IEC 61850 communication depends on proper communication configuration in all
IEDs that communicate via IEC 61850. It is not possible to read the
communication configuration from the IED to PCM600.
However it is possible to make a configuration change in one IED, without
affecting the communication engineering. For example, when the Application
Configuration tool configuration is changed, but no changes are done for the
instantiation or deletion of functions that represent a logical node.
When a changed configuration is written to the IED, the user is asked to update the
communication configuration.
1.
2.

Select Yes in the Update Communication window to update the


communication configuration part in the IED.
Select No in the Update Communication window to keep the
communication configuration part in the IED. Other parts of the configuration
will be updated.
If no changes have been done in the communication
configuration part, click No in the Update Communication
window.

IEC09000729-1-en.vsd
IEC09000729 V1 EN

Figure 85:

7.7

Updating the communication configuration in the IED with the


configuration made in PCM600

IET600 engineering
After the IED configurations are prepared in PCM600, IEC 61850 communication
is engineered in an IEC 61850 system configuration tool, where the substation
section part, horizontal GOOSE communication and connections between IEDs
and event reporting clients (SCADA, gateway) can be configured.

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In PCM600 Ver. 2.4 or later the recommended IEC 61850 system configuration
tool is IET600, which is also included in the PCM600 Engineering Pro package.
See IET600 documentation for more detailed description of the features.

7.7.1

Managing projects

Create a new project.


1.
2.
3.
4.

Click the round button on the top of the left corner of the IET600 window.
Select Manage Projects.
Click New button in the Projects dialog box.
Type the name of the project.

GUID-59477F79-C256-4A8B-BB72-D8CF0621B4F4 V1 EN

Figure 86:

Import an SCD file exported from PCM600.

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Creating a new project in IET600

Choose Import SCL File from the shortcut menu of the project object.
Click the Import button.

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GUID-919FA6E8-97DB-4AF6-B345-15CEA627F143 V1 EN

Figure 87:

Importing an SCD file in IET600

An SCD file can be imported to a project only once. If another


IED needs to be later added to the configuration, it must be
first created with the Create New IED function. Import the
related CID or ICD file with the Update IED function.
Another alternative is to create a new project in IET600, and to
import the whole SCD file from PCM600 again. All existing
IEC 61850 configuration including GOOSE remains if the
changes made in IET600 are already imported to PCM600.

If IED configuration has been changed in PCM600 after


importing the SCD file to IET600, the project can be updated
using Update IED function in IET600. The function first
compares the IET600 project and the selected SCL file, and
removes the old content of the updated IED(s) and creates new
IED content based on the updated file.

114

Export the SCD file for PCM600 by clicking the Export button.
In IET600 there is no need for manual data flow updates, since IET600
updates all related data automatically while working with different editors.

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7.7.2

Adding new IEC 61850 clients for IET600


IED SCL export from PCM600 for 630 series preconfigurations contains five
default client definitions, Client1...Client5, which are used by all the RCBs.
For example MicroSCADA and COM600 clients are able to use these client
definitions directly. If other clients need to be added to the IET600 project, the ICD
file describing the client data model has to be imported.
Adding a new IEC 61850 client to an IET600 project is a two-step operation. The
client must be first created using the Create New IED function, after which the
Update IED function can be used to import the related ICD or CID file.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

To create an IED, click the IEDs tab in the navigation pane.


Click the root node in the IED tree.
Right-click the node and click Create New IED.
Type the name of the client IED as it is in the file to be imported. Click OK.
Right-click the created IED and click Update IED.
Select any valid SCL file that is SCD, ICD, CID or IID, and click Open from
the file selection dialog box.
IET600 automatically matches IEDs with the same name in IET600 and in
the file.
To import the IED from the file, click OK.
The procedure used in configuring IEC 61850 clients can be used to
create or update any IED, also several IEDs at the same time.

7.7.3

Attaching IEC 61850 clients to a bus with IET600


All IEDs and report clients must be connected to a subnetwork to enable proper
configuration. For example after creating a new IEC 61850 client it must be
manually attached to a subnetwork.
1.
2.
3.

7.7.4

Click the Communication tab in the navigation pane.


Click the Subnetworks tab in the editor pane.
In the Subnetworks grid, select the bus from the Subnetwork list to attach the
IEC 61850 client to the bus.
An alternative way is to drag the client in the Communication tab to the
correct subnetwork.

IET600 user interface


IET600 user interface is divided into sections, that is, panes for navigating and
displaying the project data.

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GUID-24A13EC0-532C-4853-A1D6-5CAC2BD10229 V1 EN

Figure 88:

IET600 user interface

1 Menu on the top of the user interface


2 Navigation pane for context-oriented navigation and filtering the various editors
3 Properties pane for detailed properties of the selected element in the navigation pane
4 Editors for detailed design and engineering of the substation, IEDs and IEC 61850 communication
5 Logging and messaging (output) pane

The navigation pane provides context-oriented navigation of the editors. It has


three tabs, which correspond to three different context views.

Substation Full substation topology and primary equipment nodes


IEDs IED nodes and corresponding functionality
Communication Subnetworks and connected IED access points

The editor pane is the main working area of the IET600 user interface. It is
organized to various tabs for detailed substation design and engineering. The
visible tabs depend on the node type selected in the navigation pane. For example,
the IED node in the navigation pane shows the detailed views related to each
engineering step.

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Dataset editor
RCB editor
RCB clients

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GCB editor
GCB clients
Inputs
Available editor tabs depend on the selected node type, not on the
selected navigation tab. Choose any available context view to do
the needed engineering tasks.

Choose upper or lower level in the structure to see the data of


single, many or all IEDs at the same time in the editor pane.

7.7.4.1

Setting visibility of columns in grid editors


Most editors are implemented as tables. These grid editors provide features like
setting column visibility, filtering, sorting, automatic data filling, copying and
pasting, finding and replacing and exporting to Excel.
Most tables include columns which are hidden by default.

GUID-0585BCF1-1ADF-4A5D-91C4-2AECB3F66F55 V1 EN

Figure 89:

1.
2.

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Setting column visibility in a grid editor

To set the visibility of the columns, click the upper-left icon of the table.
Select or clear the check boxes from the Field Chooser dialog box.

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Filling down multiple cells


The fill down feature in a grid editor allows filling multiple cells in a sequence
automatically.
1.
2.
3.

Click the first column in the selection.


Press and hold, then click the last column in the selection.
Right-click and choose Fill Down from the shortcut menu.

GUID-3229D79B-EB99-49DA-8EFB-31D883A11A3E V1 EN

Figure 90:

Filling down multiple cells

Fields in between are filled with the content of the first row in the selection.

7.7.5

Substation section configuration in IET600


Substation topology consists of the substation, voltage level and bay nodes. Bay
nodes include also the conducting (primary) equipment, which corresponds to the
switches, that is, the circuit breakers, disconnectors, earth switch, of the configured
IED. Substation topology is initially built by importing the SCD file from PCM600.
The SLD editor is a graphical editor for the configuration of the substation section
in IET600. It provides tools to draw the primary equipment and the interconnection
between the equipment in the bay. Also, the bay equipment can be connected to the
busbar to define a complete single-line diagram for a voltage level.
SLD in the IED is configured using the Graphical Display Editor of
PCM600, not in IET600

7.7.5.1

Creating conducting equipment for a bay


1.
2.
3.

118

Select a bay node in the substation navigation pane, for example Q02.
Click SLD tab in the editor pane.
Click the primary equipment icon, for example circuit breaker.

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4.
5.
6.

Move the pointer to the bay drawing area and click to add the equipment.
Enter the name for the equipment in the Naming dialog box, for example Q0.
Draw all primary equipment similarly.

GUID-E31AF865-B7FE-49EE-A6FD-310F1C297D34 V1 EN

Figure 91:

7.7.5.2

SLD editor

Mapping logical nodes


In addition to the substation topology configuration, LNs (logical nodes) of the
IEDs need to be mapped to proper objects, for example to support automatic bay
configuration via SCL files in a SCADA system. According to IEC 61850
standard, any LN in any IED can be mapped to any node in the substation
structure. However, in practice there are restrictions between LN types and
equipment types, but all LN types can be mapped to the bay level.
LNs related to the conducting equipment are mapped first, and then all the
unmapped LNs are connected to the bay level.
LNs associated with circuit breakers are SCILO, GNRLCSWI and
DAXCBR, and LNs associated with disconnectors or earth switches
are SCILO, GNRLCSWI and DAXSWI.

1.
2.

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Select the bay node in the substation navigation pane, for example Q02.
Click SLD tab in the editor pane.

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On the right of the SLD is the LN mapping editor. The first column shows the
mapping target and the remaining columns to the right show the available
LNs and their properties.
In the first column choose a substation item (bay or equipment) to map to that
LN.
To select the LN mapping target, either type in the target, select it from a
shortcut menu, or use the Fill Down function to fill multiple rows automatically.

GUID-47E32E91-E922-4882-8C28-16AD18A29DEB V1 EN

Figure 92:

7.7.6

LN mapping editor

Creating data sets with IET600


Data sets are created or modified using the Dataset editor, which consists of three
parts.

120

Grid for existing data sets (data set creating, deleting and renaming)
Selection lists for adding new entries to a selected data set
List of data set entries for selected data set (viewing, deleting)

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GUID-D2E0B8C9-6D5E-4032-9C38-805C2A19389B V1 EN

Figure 93:

Data set editor

1 Grid
2 Selection lists
3 List of data entries

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Select an IED node in the IEDs navigation pane.


Click the Datasets tab in the editor pane.
Right-click the area containing data set names and select Insert new row.
Define the LN where the data set is to be placed (preselected LD0/LLN0 is
recommended) and the name for the new data set.
Click Append>> to add data items to the end of the data set or click Insert>
to add data items above the selected row in the data set entries list.
Above the data set entries list is shown how many attributes it is
possible to add to the data set and how many are already added.

Select a proper FC (functional constraint) value for the data


attributes to be added to a data set. If none is selected, that is (all)
is shown on the list, it is not possible to add attributes to the data set.

Data set entries for vertical reporting are selected using the data
object level, and entries for GOOSE using the data attribute level.

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Creating report control blocks with IET600


Configuration properties, such as the attached data set and the buffering and
triggering options of the RCBs are are defined in the RCB editor. A predefined
RCB configuration of a preconfigured IED is a proposed default configuration
which can be adapted according to the requirements.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Click an IED node in the IEDs navigation pane.


Click the RCB Data tab in the editor pane.
Right-click the area containing RCB names and select Insert new row.
Define the LN where the RCB is to be placed (preselected LD0/LLN0 is
recommended) and the name for the new RCB.
Use the field chooser to show or hide the properties. For example, SeqNum,
Entry ID and Reason Code options, set by default in the IED, are hidden by
default.

GUID-B40C1703-845C-492A-8350-3B0559C730C9 V2 EN

Figure 94:

RCB editor

Conf.Rev cannot be manually edited. IET600 updates it


automatically to the next multiple of 100 when the configuration
changes.

Deleting an RCB does not totally remove it from IET600. Instead,


its status is set to Deleted and it is not exported to SCL files.
Removing a data set automatically puts the related RCB to the
Deleted state.

An RCB cannot be renamed. To rename an RCB, delete it and


create a new RCB with a new name.

7.7.8

RCB client configuration with IET600


To succeed with an RCB client configuration, the potential clients and their
communication configuration should be known. Therefore, the IEDs must be added
and configured to the subnetwork before configuring the RCB client.

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The rows of the RCB client editor show IEDs and RCBs and the columns show the
available client IEDs.
If a client IED is not on the same subnetwork as a server IED or
RCB, it cannot be configured as a client.

GUID-E295D590-217A-41E6-8C99-2B76E432325C V1 EN

Figure 95:

RCB client editor

Different keys can be used when editing the cells.

PLUS SIGN (+), asterisk (*) or X to add an additional client to the existing ones
Numbers to change the client sequence or add clients
MINUS SIGN (-), SPACEBAR or DELETE to delete existing clients
Double-clicking with the mouse to add or delete clients

RCB client editor supports both manual and semi-automatic client configuration.

7.7.8.1

Configuring RCB clients semi-automatically


On the right in the RCB client editor there are option buttons to choose whether to
show IEDs (for defining default clients) or RCBs or both together.
There are also buttons to allow semi-automatic configuration of default clients and
RCB clients.

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GUID-EB4EE24C-111F-45E7-BFC4-FF6A1DB93F3F V1 EN

Figure 96:

1.

Configure the default clients which are used by the rule-based RCB
generation to automatically configure RCB clients.
Use buttons on the RCB client editor.

2.

Semi-automatic configuring of RCB clients

Clear All removes all default clients


Configure Empty fills out only default clients for those IEDs that have
no clients configured yet
Configure All deletes all existing default clients and fills them out
afterwards

Configure the RCBs clients.


The default clients must be configured before configuring RCB clients
otherwise the automatic RCB client configuration does not work. Use buttons
on the RCB client editor.

Clear All removes all RCB clients


Configure Empty copies the default client configuration of this IED to
its RCBs (only for those RCBs that have no clients configured yet)
Configure All deletes the existing RCB clients and copies the default
client configuration of this IED to its RCBs
IET600 updates the Enabled Clients configuration value of the
RCBs automatically based on the configuration made in the RCB
client editor. In addition, IET600 always reserves one extra
engineering client. For example, when configuring three RCB
clients, the Enabled Clients value of that RCB is 4.

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7.7.9

Horizontal communication engineering


Creating and handling data sets and GOOSE control blocks (GCBs) is similar to
data set and RCB handling for vertical communication. GCBs are created and
configured in the GCB editor.
One data may be included in a GOOSE data set only once.

GUID-5581EAB0-B3DE-4099-9358-3035F9EDDEC1 V1 EN

Figure 97:

GCB editor

GCB configuration properties:

MAC address is the address to which the specific GOOSE data is sent. The
address range for GOOSE multicast addresses is from 01-0C-CD-01-00-00 to
01-0C-CD-01-01-FF.
APP-ID (application identifier) must be a unique HEX value for sending the
GCB within the system. It identifies the purpose of this particular data set. Its
value ranges from 0000 to 3FFF.
Application (appID) (goID) is a unique GoID for each GCB in the system.
Recommendation is to define a device-specific value and not to use the default
empty value.
VLAN-ID and VLAN Priority properties can be used in the networks
supporting virtual LANs.
t(min) (MinTime) indicates the maximum response time in milliseconds to
data change. The recommended value for 630 series is 4 ms. This time can be
used by the receiver to discard messages that are too old.
t(max) (MaxTime) indicates the background heartbeat cycle time in
milliseconds. The default value is 10 000 ms. If there are no data changes, the
IED still resends the message with the heartbeat cycle to enable the receiver to
detect communication losses.

Configuration of GCB clients is done with the GCB client editor.

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GUID-2DC9FFE2-8C7E-4A9E-AEBD-2983F5D174D2 V1 EN

Figure 98:

GCB client editor

The rows of the GCB client editor show GCBs, that is, senders and the columns
show the IEDs available as GOOSE clients, that is, receivers. If the client IED is
not on the same subnetwork as the GCB sender, it cannot be configured as a client.
Different keys can be used when editing the cells.

PLUS SIGN (+), asterisk (*) or X key to add an additional client to the
existing ones
MINUS SIGN (-), SPACEBAR or DELETE to delete existing clients
Double-clicking with the mouse to add or delete clients

Upon adding or removing clients, the corresponding input sections are updated
automatically.

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Section 8

IEC 60870-5-103 communication


engineering

8.1

Engineering in PCM600
Application Configuration and Parameter Setting in PCM600 are used to configure
the communication for IEC 60870-5-103 protocol.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Add the desired IEC 60870-5-103 function blocks to the application


configuration in the Application Configuration tool.
Connect the outputs of desired protection and monitoring function in the
application configuration to the inputs of the corresponding IEC 60870-5-103
function block.
Set the function type and desired information number, where an information
number must be supplied, for each IEC 60870-5-103 function block instance
in the Parameter Setting tool.
Set the general communication parameters for IEC 60870-5-103 and time
synchronization parameters in the Parameter Setting tool.

See the IEC 60870-5-103 communication protocol manual for more information
about the IEC 60870-5-103 implementation.

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DNP3 communication engineering

Section 9

DNP3 communication engineering

9.1

Signal configuration user information


Basic knowledge about DNP3 and the used definitions are required
to use CMT. See the DNP3 communication protocol manual for
information on the DNP3 implementation in the IED.
CMT allows to configure the signals that are used to communicate with clients or
master units for DNP3 protocols.
On the left window CMT organizes all available signals from the application
configuration in containers that are preselected as signal types.
On the right window CMT provides containers that are selected by tabs. Each
container represents one communication channel. The number of possible
communication channels is IED type dependent. The IED uses TCP/IP as
communication channel. DNP3 can be tunneled over TCP/IP, and serial
communication RS-485 is not supported.
Use direction icons that are located between the windows to move all signals or a
set of individual signals between the windows.
DNP3 signal types, index and default setting for classes are predefined in CMT.
Adapt the signal configuration to project definitions. The signal type can not be
modified due to the fact that the internal signal set up is fixed.
When the default configuration values are sufficient, the task is finished when all
signal are moved according to the project requirements.
With the Save option, the signals are stored for the communication part of the IED
according to the default selections.
Only for analog measurements additional configuration parameters are shown to do
signal scaling to DNP3 protocol presentation. This can be done when the
Configuration Table View is selected.
Finally, the signal configuration to the different DNP3 channels can be listed in a
report on demand and per signal type.

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Adding setting groups


In order to show for a DNP master which setting group is used, the following
procedure can be performed.
In this example, only setting groups one and two are used. The DNP3 master will
get two binary inputs: the first is set if setting group one is used, the second is set if
setting group two is used.
1.

Configure ACTVGRP (Basic IED functions) and SPGGIO (Monitoring) with


the Application Configuration Tool (ACT).

GUID-E4A10C6E-40C8-4FD0-8A5A-BAEFCDDC4AE3 V1 EN

Figure 99:

Application configuration tool

To make it easier to recognize the signals for the active setting


group, the user-defined names are used.
2.

130

Open the Communication Management tool. Set Signal Type to Binary Input
Object and choose the connection of the master for which the values should
be presented.

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GUID-C9C0B03F-37BB-4419-879E-A5E4B3B07FA7 V1 EN

Figure 100:

3.

Communication Management tool

Select the signals and move them to the DNP signal list of the master. DNP
point zero and one of the Binary Input Objects are used for indicating the
active setting group in this case.

GUID-30E25076-B71E-4A97-AFD4-5BDA25E1A082 V1 EN

Figure 101:

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Selecting the signals into the DNP signal list

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Configuring DNP3 protocol signals


1.

Save the actual project configuration in PCM600 to make all signals visible
for Configuration Management tool.
Direct configured hardware channels in the application
configuration appear in CMT. Do not configure these
hardware channels to be sent by DNP3 as they are not eventhandled.

IEC10000172.vsd
IEC10000172 V1 EN

Figure 102:

Configuring hardware channels directly to the function blocks

GUID-FF46FEE9-FEA6-4E29-A6D4-039148A9FB32 V1 EN

Figure 103:

2.
3.

132

CMT: Hardware channels appearing in the Communication


Management Tool

Right-click the IED in the plant structure and select Communication


Management to start the Communication management tool.
Select the DNP3 protocol from the new window and click OK. Figure 104
presents the design of the two container windows, which open after the
selection of DNP3.

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The right window shows tabs for possible communication channels.


The left window has a drop down menu for signal selection and buttons
for signal movement.

IEC09000689-1-en.vsd
IEC09000689 V1 EN

Figure 104:

4.

To move signals, select one or several signals.

5.
6.

CMT: Container window design when selecting DNP3 protocol

Click in the list of signals to select one signal.


Press SHIFT or CTRL and several signals to select a set of signals.
Right-click in the list of signals, select Select All from the context menu
or press CTRL+A to select all signals.

Press the blue arrow button to insert the selected signals into the configuration.
Press the green double arrow button to insert all signals into the configuration.

IEC08000361.vsd
IEC08000361 V1 EN

Figure 105:

7.
8.

CMT: Move buttons

Click the Signal Type drop down list to select the other signal types for this
channel.
Repeat to move signals for all signal types and save the selection.
Content changes in the DNP3 container are marked with a star at
the end of the name. The star indicates that changes in the container
have to be saved before leaving CMT.

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IEC08000339.vsd
IEC08000339 V1 EN

Figure 106:

9.4

CMT: Marker to indicate changes in the container

Setting DPN3 signal parameters


Two parameters per signal can be set for all signal types:

1.

The index of the signal


The class configuration

Set the index of the signal.


1.1. Click the two inner arrows to sort signals to another index sequence or
select Set Index from the context menu to move one or a set of signals
to another array.

IEC08000336.vsd
IEC08000336 V1 EN

Figure 107:

CMT: Context menu in DNP3 window

IEC08000363.vsd
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Figure 108:

134

CMT: Set Index menu

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The selection window shows the number of signals selected.


1.2. Define the Starting index for this group and click OK.
2.

Set the class configuration.


2.1. Click in the class field of the signal to change the class configuration.
The Select Class window opens.
2.2. Make the selection according to the definitions in the project and click
OK to close the window and get the new configuration.

IEC08000338.vsd
IEC08000338 V1 EN

Figure 109:

9.4.1

CMT: Select Class window

Configuring DNP3 class


In DNP3 the user classifies the signals and defines which signals are not a member
of any class. Communication Management tool has a default predefined
organization of classes per signal type. In the master station the classes can be
polled in sequences according to the demands in the project. Unsolicited reporting
is possible as well.
Modify the organization of the classes for each signal individually.
1.
2.
3.
4.

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Click in the Class field of the signal.


The Select Class window opens for classifying the signal.
Select the signal classes and choose between None and 0 to 3 according to the
project demands.
Click OK to set the signal classification.
Write to IED.

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Section 10

Configuration migration

10.1

Migrating the configuration to a later version


PCM600 Ver.2.5 or later and 630 series Connectivity Package Ver.1.3 support
migration from 630 series Ver.1.0 to Ver.1.1, Ver.1.1 to Ver.1.2 and Ver.1.2 to Ver.
1.3. However, due to changes in the functions, reengineering is necessary.

Make sure that the new function versions in the updated product fulfil the
requirements.
Be careful when replacing functions, signals or parameters that were removed
at migration.

The actual migration is done by IED Configuration Migration in PCM600.


Updating the complete configuration requires updates in the tools too, such as
Application Configuration tool, Parameter Setting tool and Graphical Display Editor.

10.1.1

Creating a backup
Since the migration process is not reversible, export a copy of the project for backup.
1.
2.

10.1.2

Select Open/Manage project.


Select the project to be exported and click Export Project.

Creating a reference IED project


At migration, some functions, signals and parameters are removed, and they have
to be reengineered. Having an original IED object as a reference helps in
reengineering. Create a PDF file of the original Application Configuration tool
configuration for easy comparision.
1.
2.
3.

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Create a new IED Group to the PCM600 project.


Copy the original IED object and paste it to created IED Group.
Rename the reference IED object to identify it easily when tools are open for
both IEDs.
The reference IED object can be used while reengineering the IED
configuration. All PCM600 tools can be opened to separate tabs for both the
migrated and the reference IED.

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10.1.3

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Migrating the IED configuration


1.
2.

3.
4.

Select the IED to be migrated and right-click Migrate Configuration.


Select the version to migrate to, for example 1.1, in the dialog and click
Continue.
A summary of the migration is displayed.

10.1.4

All the functions that cannot be migrated. The corresponding function


blocks are removed from the configuration. Some of these functions are
part of the fixed instances found under the IED configuration in the plant
structure, and these functions will be instantiated automatically, for
example, for the DNP3 functions, but their parameters will be reversed
to default values.

Versioned
Functions and
Hardwares

All functions that have been replaced in the configuration, that is,
migrated to a new function version.

Functions instance
is changed due to
change in creation
rule

The functions that, for example, have changed the execution order or
application cycle, but the function version is the same in both the two
product versions. Further information on the migration of these functions
is displayed in the log window after migration.

The functions that are not mentioned in any of the lists have the same version
in both the products. Reengineering is not necessary for those functions.
Click Show Migration Report to print or save the list.
The list is useful later when updating the configuration.
Click OK when report is printed or saved.
A double progress bar shows up. The migration takes a few minutes.
The log window contains valuable information from three different parts of
the migration.

5.
6.

Obsolete Functions
and Hardwares

Implications of Execution order changes gives information about


functions that have changed execution order, which will affect the data
flow in the IED.
Non-migrated parameters are printed as warnings. Later on these
parameters have to be updated manually.
Non-migrated 61850 signals from datasets are also displayed in the
output window.

Copy and save all the content in the migration log window.
Check for any exceptions or errors.

Updating the license


When the configuration is migrated, the IED license is still inherited from the
previous product version. All correct functions are available in PCM600 only after
a succesful license update.

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Collect the order code information for the migrated configurations before starting
the license update.
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

Save and close Application Configuration tool when the configuration


migration is completed.
Run License Update tool from the IED context menu.
Optionally, create a backup of the IED before starting the license.
This is not required if a backup of the project has been created earlier.
Select online or offline mode for migration.
In the online mode, the order code information is read from the IED. In the
offline mode, the user can paste the order code from the clip board or select
the options manually.
Select order options for the IED and finish the process.
The new license also comprises the optional software used in the
original configuration.

10.2

Reengineering

10.2.1

Reengineering in the Application Configuration tool


Review reported changes in a migration report and in an output log window. If a
function has been removed, it indicates that the function has been replaced by
another function or the migration has not been possible for other reasons. If a
signal has been removed, it indicates that the particular signal has a new functional
meaning. Study the technical manual to ensure how the functions are used
correctly. Even if the function has a new version number, the actual change in the
function itself might be very minor. See Table 4 for list of functions that might
require actions after the migration.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

10.2.2

In the Application Configuration tool, update the configuration for the listed
functions.
Save the configuration.
Run Validate Configuration.
Examine the report in the log window, and update the configuration
accordingly.
Save the Application Configuration tool configuration again and exit.

Reengineering in the Parameter Setting tool


Parameter values remain unchanged for all the functions listed in Versioned
Functions and Hardwares or Functions instance is changed due to change in
creation rule. Parameter values remain unchanged also for the functions not listed

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in the migration report, that is, the functions that have the same version in both the
product versions.

Set the parameter values again for all the needed functions.
1.
2.
3.
4.

10.2.3

All functions listed in Obsolete Functions and Hardwares.


All parameters for which the migration failed. See the migration log
window for failed parameters.
Note that some functions may have new settings.
Parameters of the DNP3-related functions that are reset to default values
in migration. Restore the original parameters.

IEC 61850 reengineering


Before exporting the SCD file and doing the IEC 61850
reengineering in IET600, other IEDs in the PCM600 project have to
be also migrated.
The IEC 61850 configuration remains unchanged at migration for all unchanged
data attributes.
IEC 61850 engineering has to be done separately for data attributes and logical
nodes or data objects with changed names. These signals are listed in the migration
log window. Export the SCD file again and redo the SCL engineering for the data
attributes removed at migration.
The names of the signals, data objects and logical nodes may have
changed. Verify therefore with the documentation that the IEC
61850 configuration is valid.

After the migration, the IEC 61850 configuration is partly unchanged, partly
reverted back to default, and possibly partly invalid. Therefore, carefully
verify and modify the IEC 61850 configuration.

140

Verify that there are no empty data sets. Add signals to data sets, or
remove empty data sets.
Contents of the default data sets might have changed due to function
block replacing.
Data set naming and amount might have changed. Check also
corresponding report control blocks.
Verify the substation section, because the references to LNs of replaced
function blocks are not automatically added back.

Import the SCD file when the engineering is done.


Open the Signal Matrix tool and check connections.

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Other IEDs also need update of incoming GOOSE signals from the
migrated IEDs in the Signal Matrix tool.

10.2.4

Updating DNP3 points in the Communication Management


tool
If DNP3 is used, the configured DNP3 points must be updated. All DNP3 points
from the migrated functions are removed from the configuration.
1.

Open the Communication Management tool.


Some of the earlier configured DNP3 points are struck through in the list.
Select the signals on the left side corresponding to the struck-through signals.
Click the blue arrow to the right to add the signals.
Update the index numbers of the signals.
Updating is necessary to be able to keep the configuration in the DNP3
master unchanged. The index number should match the one of the struckthrough signal.
Remove the struck-through signals, when the update of signals is finished.
Repeat the procedure for all signal types and all configured DNP3 masters
(TCP 1-4).

2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

10.2.5

Mapping in Graphical Display Editor

10.2.6

In Graphical Display Editor, map all mappings to functions that have been
manually reinstantiated in the Application Configuration tool.
Map again all functions included in the Obsolete Functions and Hardware list
of the IED configuration migration report.

Updating Signal Matrix

Update connections between hardware and software functions.

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Analog input objects


Binary input objects
Binary output objects
Counter object
Counter bit indication object

Update connections of obsolete functions.


Update connections if a signal connected to hardware of a replaced
function has been removed or if its meaning has changed.

Verify and update the configuration if any of the changed functions has been
connected directly to hardware.

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10.2.7

1MRS756800 E

Changed functions
Table 4:
Function

Functions changed in the configuration after the migration from 630 series Ver. 1.0
to 630 series Ver. 1.1
Implication

SCILO1)

All instances are removed from ACT.

SPGGIO1)

All instances are removed from ACT.

DPGGIO1)

All instances are removed from ACT.

PSM_BATSUP1)

The function is removed from the Application Configuration tool. The signal is
now available in the PSM module analog inputs.

PSM_TCS1)

The function is removed from the Application Configuration tool. The signal is
now available in the PSM module analog inputs.

A3RADR1)

The function is removed from the Application Configuration tool. The signal is
now available in the PSM module analog inputs.

DEFLPDEF

New setting Base value Sel phase added.

DEFHPDEF

New setting Base value Sel phase added.

INTRPTEF

Setting Ground start value renamed to Voltage start value.

SCEFRFLO

Amount of recorded data banks increased.

DARREC

CB closed Pos status setting default value changed to 0.

DSTPDIS

Setting Voltage Mem time added.

CVRSOF

Minimium values for Operate time delay, Dead line time and Cur voltage Det
time and step resolution for all time settings.

MNSPTOC

DO type corrected.

LREFPNDF

Removal of setting Base value Sel Res. Now internal minimum current levels
are also based on phase base values.

RESCPSCH

Harmonized default value for setting Scheme type with the default of the same
setting in DSOCPSCH.

GNRLCSWI

Changed default for input SYNC_OK to TRUE.

SSCBR

DOs PosOpn and PosCls removed from the default data set.

CSMSQI

The time quality for mandatory data SeqA.c3 (showing always zero amplitude)
is corrected.

VSMSQI

The time quality for mandatory data SeqV.c3 (showing always zero amplitude)
is corrected.

1) The function must always be reassigned if it has been used in the earlier configuration.

Table 5:
Function

Functions changed in the configuration after the migration from 630 series Ver. 1.1
to 630 series Ver. 1.2
Implication

EPDMMTR 1)

Function is removed from ACT.

COM

Debounce time lower limit changed for binary input.

BIO

Debounce time lower limit changed for binary input.

MAPGAPC

Under-operation mode corrected.

MNSPTOC

IEC and ANSI symbols updated.

Table continues on next page

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Function

Implication

MPDIF

IEC and ANSI symbols updated. Frequency adaptivity for the DC bias algorithm.

DOPPDPR

IEC and ANSI symbols updated.

OLATCC

New setting added: Base select phase.

T2PTTR

IEC and ANSI symbols updated.

DARREC

IEC61850 mapping added for output AR_ON. Output ACTIVE changed to be


visible in ACT.

CSMSQI

Small correction in IEC 61850 mappings.

DRRDRE

Internal change for process event clearing.

SELFSUPEVLIST

Internal change for process event clearing.

MST1TCP

Missing parameter obj03DefVar corrected.

MST2TCP

Missing parameter obj03DefVar corrected.

MST3TCP

Missing parameter obj03DefVar corrected.

MST4TCP

Missing parameter obj03DefVar corrected.

LANGUAGE

Revert back to default language on configuration write fixed.

1) The function must always be reassignedif it has been used in earlier configuration.

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Glossary

ACT

1. Application Configuration tool in PCM600


2. Trip status in IEC 61850

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

CB

Circuit breaker

CID

Configured IED description

CMT

Communication Management tool in PCM600

COM600

An all-in-one communication gateway, automation


platform and user interface solution for utility and
industrial distribution substations

COMTRADE

Common format for transient data exchange for


power systems. Defined by the IEEE Standard.

Connectivity
package

A collection of software and information related to a


specific protection and control IED, providing system
products and tools to connect and interact with the IED

CSV

Comma-separated values

CT

Current transformer

Data set

The content basis for reporting and logging


containing references to the data and data attribute
values

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHT

Disturbance Handling tool in PCM600

DNP3

A distributed network protocol originally developed


by Westronic. The DNP3 Users Group has the
ownership of the protocol and assumes
responsibility for its evolution.

DO

Data object

EMC

Electromagnetic compatibility

Ethernet

A standard for connecting a family of frame-based


computer networking technologies into a LAN

EVT

Event Viewer tool in PCM600

FC

Functional constraint

FTP

File transfer protocol

GCB

GOOSE control block


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Glossary

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GDE

Graphical Display Editor in PCM600

GoCB

GOOSE control block

GOOSE

Generic Object-Oriented Substation Event

HMI

Human-machine interface

Horizontal
communication

Peer-to-peer communication

HW

Hardware

I/O

Input/output

ICD

IED capability description

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEC 60870-5-103

1. Communication standard for protective equipment


2. A serial master/slave protocol for point-to-point
communication

IEC 61850

International standard for substation communication


and modeling

IED

Intelligent electronic device

IET600

Integrated Engineering Toolbox

IID

Instantiated IED description

IP

Internet protocol

IP address

A set of four numbers between 0 and 255,


separated by periods. Each server connected to the
Internet is assigned a unique IP address that
specifies the location for the TCP/IP protocol.

LAN

Local area network

LED

Light-emitting diode

LHMI

Local human-machine interface

LN

Logical node

Logical node

Also known as LN. The smallest part of a function


that exchanges data. An LN is an object defined by
its data and methods.

MicroSCADA

Substation automation system

MON

Signal Monitoring tool in PCM600

NCC

Network control center

PC

1. Personal computer
2. Polycarbonate

PCM600

Protection and Control IED Manager

PSM

Power supply module


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Glossary

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PST

Parameter Setting tool in PCM600

R/L

Remote/Local

RCB

Report control block

REF630

Feeder protection and control IED

REG630

Generator protection and control IED

REM630

Motor protection and control IED

RET630

Transformer protection and control IED

RS-485

Serial link according to EIA standard RS485

SAB600

Substation automation builder tool

SCADA

Supervision, control and data acquisition

SCD

Substation configuration description

SCL

XML-based substation description configuration


language defined by IEC 61850

SMT

Signal Matrix tool in PCM600

SNTP

Simple Network Time Protocol

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

UDP

User datagram protocol

VT

Voltage transformer

WAN

Wide area network

WHMI

Web human-machine interface

XRIO

eXtended Relay Interface by OMICRON

147

148

149

ABB Oy
Medium Voltage Products,
Distribution Automation
P.O. Box 699
FI-65101 VAASA, Finland
Phone
+358 10 22 11
Fax
+358 10 22 41094
www.abb.com/substationautomation

1MRS756800 E Copyright 2014 ABB. All rights reserved.

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