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THE KINTYRE HEARTH TAX (PART 1

)

by A.I.B. stewart

campbeltown, Argyll, scotland

Introduction

In her history of Scotland Professor Rosalind Mitchison of Edinburgh University states "Scotland, in the late Seventeenth Century was also learning to apply her resources to her own affairs. Taxation had developed rapidly not merely in devising of new types of tax, but in the actual extraction of the cash. The Cromwellian excise stayed on and the assessment on land was revised in 1667 as the 'cess'. Landowners in every shire who allotted it were known as the Commissioners of Supply and there provided the basis of county government till late in the Nineteenth Century. Poll taxes were experimented with, and on one occasion in 16918 a Hearth Tax was levied, to help find money for William's French war, but these were eventually dropped, perhaps because they were too hard on the pooro perhaps because they were unenforceable".

Despite the date given by Professor Mitchison it was in 1694 that the tax was raised in Argyll.

The Hearth Tax lists for the shires of Argyll and Bute are preserved under E 69/3/1 in the Scottish Record Office. There are 82 pages in all. The entries for Kintyre appear on pages 42-55 and entries under Knapdale of lands now considered to be in Kintyre, south of Tarbert appear on pages 33-36.

At the back of the list appears the following declaration:

2d ffebry 1694

In the presence of George Earle of Linlithgow & Alexr. Lord Raith Lords Comissioners of the Majy. There compeared Alexr. Mcarthur subcollector of the Hearth money in the shire of Argyll and Bute, who being solemnly sworn deponded That the forsaid List of Hearths contained in this Book Extended to six thousand ffyve hundred and therty nyn hearths which are payed; Is ane true & just List, of all the hearths within the forsd shyres of Argyll & Bute. to the best of his knowledge Excepting the hearths of poor, and about Threescore hearths or thereby, which came to his paynes, being lyeing discontigue from others, through the Baids shyres. And also excepting the hearths of Mull, Terrie, ColI and Ardnamurcharn, Sunart, Appin, Glencoe, Canna and Morvern the counties being in Rebellion saveing Ardgours interest & Locheills which he received & is part of the Charge) And that he used his outmost endeavours, confirm to the proclamations of Councell, anent the infathering of Hearth Money, to attaine to the Knowledge of all the Hearths of the said two shyres and that he has neither wittingly or willingly concealed any hearths But has given up the samen turely as said is And this is the truth as I shall answer to God.

Signed: Alexr Mcarthur

sa

Ane list of the hearths within the united paroachs of Kilcomkill, Kilchivan, Kilblaan, and South Kintyre

Ballimcvicar

Jon McVicar & Hew McVicar

2

Cariskey Hew Mckyge Ard Weere

Duncan McSporan for house and kiln Johne McSporan

Donald McIlmun Miller Ard. McOsenage

Inendunan Duncan McMillan Ane Kiln

1 1

1 1

Inen ni hallich John McMillan

1

2 1 2 1

Inenbeach Angus Mclliver

1

Achnasavill Lauchlane McNeill

Inengych

Dod. & Ard Campbells

2

1

Mucklach Duncan Mcffail

2

Larqibaan

Ard. McMath John McConochie

1 1

Keromenach Duncan McMath

1

Gartnagopag John McConochie Walter McCay

1 1

Stron

John campbell Henry McNeill

2 1

Glenhantie Neill McMath John McMath Ane kiln

1 1 1

Glenmanuill Duncan McComra Donald McSporan Duncan McCualisca

1 1 1

Achnisheag Iver McGechie Angus McGechie John McCay

1 1 1

Borgadillmoir Neill Mcphater Neill Hendrie Allexr. McMillan John McMillan Ard. MCIlchonlie Duncan Mcphater

1 1 1 1 1 1

Mod

Duncan Omey

Duncan McIlphadrick Ane cottage

1 1 1

Bordgadillbeg Neill McCambrose Ard. McMillan John McMillan

Corslach Ard. McMath

1

1 1 1

Remuluachtrach

Duncan & John McMillans

2

Ballimacomra Donald McComra Neill McComra Neill McIlchonlie

1 1 1

Remulichtrach Allexr. McMillan Allexr. Mclntylleor

1 1

Ballimcilchonlie

Donald oig Mclchonlie 1

Ane Kiln 1

Donald more Mcllchonlie 1

89

Culinlongart James Omey Donald McMillan Patrick MCKinnas Donald McKinnas Donald McCavish

1 1 1 1 1

Gartveanichtrach John bui McNauchtan

1

Gartveanuachtrach PheLmine MCIlmichell

1

Glenadillichtrach Donald Mcffail

Duncan Mclleunan & Jon Malcom McClavertich

1 2 1

Dalbradan

Donald McMorran Margaret Arstomie

1 1

Catidell

Duncan & Angus Mcllechrists 2

Glanadilluachtrach Donald MCIllechreist Donald McMurchie Ane cottage

Ballebranan Angus McMath Duncan McMath

1 1

Kilcolmkill Hew McMillan Donald Omey Neill McGibbon Patrick Omey Marion Orr

Hector & Angus McAlesters Ane cottage

1 1 1 1 1 2 1

1 1 1

Ormsarie

Donald Mckinnas Gilbert McNeill Gillis MCOshenag

1 1 1

Machriebeg William Hamilton

1

Lailt

John McNeill Duncan Mclleunan

Machriemoir Robert Ross

1

1 1

Allan Anderson 1

WID. Huy 1

Allexr. Paton 1

Jon McMurchie for house and

smidie 2

Neill Lucas 1

Hew McIlrevy 1

Ane kiln 1

Robt. Ewan for house &

two mllns 3

John McNeill for house &

Carren

Torquill McNeill Duncan McPhadrick Donald Campbell John McIliver John Mcffail Neill McCay

Ane cottage

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

kiln

2

Lephinstra Malcolm McOsenag Allexr. McOsenag Duncan McOsenag ffinlay McCaldrine

1 1 1 1

Brunerakin Thomas Maxwell John How

1 1

Drumnareonich Neill McCuloskay Neill MCIlchenie

1 1

Inshruell

James McCulloch and smiddie

1 1

Gartvay

Patrick McNauchtan Thomas McNauchtan Neill McNauchtan

1 1 1

Dunglase

Angus McMillan

Hew & Iver McMillans

1 2

Killblaan Malcolm McCallum John Mclntyllore Iver McCallum

Eden

Allexr Ralstoune Robert Hall James Ralstoune

Acharoi

John Greenlees James Lockhart

Pensurach John McKay Gilnive McKay Ane cottag

Blasthill John Rid Andrew Rid

William & John Whytts

Knockmoran Donald McMillan Neill McNeill John McMillan

Kilmasenachan Ard. McNeill Lauchlan McNeill John MCIllepheder

Machrireoch

Donald bane McNeill Ard. & Neill McEacherns Donald oig Mcllmichell John Mclbea

Hector McNeill

Ane cottag

Polwillin James Wharrie

James & Williams Maxwells Andrew Wilson & Hew Ridd

Kildavl

Walter Mcffarlan William Wallace Robert Armour Andrew Brown

1 1 1

Gartnagerach Angus McGugan

1

Eredell

Lauchlan McNeill Donald McEacherne

1 1

1 1 1

Sokoch

Ard. Mclntagirt Johne campebell

1 1

1 1

Cantaig

Donald McCallum 1

1 1 1

Glenehervie

Hew McNeill, Neill his sone,

Neill and Ard McIlrevies 4

1 1 2

ffeochaig

John McKissag Lauchlan McKissag Dor.a.Ld McKissag

1 1 1

1 1 1

Corphein

Duncan McPhater Iver McClawrtich

1 1

Glenmurrell John McKuarie

1

1 1 1

Kyranbeg

John McGechie John McIlbrid

1 1

1 2 1 1 1 1

Kyranmoir John Olney

1

Glenmucklach Duncan McCallum John McEacharn Angus McEacharn Ane cottag

John McIlbreid in Knocknagrean

1 1 1 1

1 2 2

1

Christalloch Patrick Ryburne David Smith Patrick Ralstoun

1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Knockstapillmore Robert Dunlape Donald McCallum in Keprigan

1

1

91

Braikled

Donald flimine & John Wallace

Kilirvan

Ronald McAllester Charles McAllester Ard. Campbell Angus McMillan

Knockstapillbeq Neill Mure

Gartloskin Patrick McKendrick Hew Omey

Ballebrenan Neill McMillan Malcolm McGugan Donald McMath Ane cottag

Glenrea

Rorie McGill Donald McGechie

Glaknahavill

Ard. & Neill McWilliams Ard. & Donald MCKendricks Iver McLaurtich

Ane cottag

Lochoridell John McGechie Patrick McGechie Torquill McNeill

Lagnacraig

Duncan McClaurtich

Killguibrach WIn. Mudie WIn. Thompson

Auchnacorbie Andrew Cordiner WIn. Craig

Auchoirk

David Drurnmong Donald Mclntagirt Duncan Mcffersone

2

Belloch

John Cuninghame Robert Pollock

1 1

1 1 1 I 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1

1

1 1 1

1 1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1

5

1 1

1 1 1 1

Tirergus

Johne McNeill James Clark John Mclntalgar Neill Mclncaird Lauchlan McNeill Neill McNeill Ane cot tag

I

I 1

Coallhill ~ Ballegregan James Maxwall

John Maxwall

Hew Kirkland

John McMillan

1 1 I 1

Stramoir John Will

James Gray (Craw?)

1 1

strathbeg James Nilsone

2 2 I I

Drumlemell Adam More Duncan McMillan James Speir

Kilchivane John Wylie James McHenrie

1 1 1

Traligill

James & Allexr Armours

1

Knockhantimor Donald oig McWilliam Neill Mclntylleor Neill McWilliam John Mclnucater

John MCCurlie

Ane cottag

1 1

1 1

Salt-pans

James Stewart for house, saltpans and smiddie

1

Knockhantibeg Duncan MCConichie John 0 Kellie

1 1

92

Lossit

Lauchlan McNeill Donald McLardich Iver McCartan Neill Mcffaill

John Low for house & miln Ane kiln

Balligrogan

Ard. McNeill Malcolm McKendrick

Cragaig

John McCamerose

Innenbeg

John McConichie Donald McConochie

Innenmoir

Allexr. McConichie Malcolm McConichie Ane cot tag

Campbeltoun Glensaddell

Neill McLarint John McHuchone Allexr. Bruce John McWilliam Patrick McViccare Donald McMath John Clark Duncan Clark John Hood ffarchar McKay Ard. McViccare ffinlay Mcffaill John More

Donald McNilage Donald Clark James Akman Duncan McViccare Allexr. Campbell Andrew McCallum John Mclnish

John Montgomerie elder Ard. Gillis

Mathew Gibson

Ard. McCavish

Neill McCallome Patrick McIntosh Mathew Gibsones kiln Ard. Banatin

2 1 1 1 2 1

[Campbeltoun - continued] Allexr. Dunbar 1 WID. Dunbar for house & kiln 2 Tamase Mitchell for house

& kiln 2

Robert Tarbert 1

Andrew DickIe for house &

smiddie 2

John Dikan 1

James Stewart 1

John Adam 1

Andrew Waterson for house &

kiln 2

2 1

1

John Matesone Widdow Todd Donald McHuchon Donald Lamont

Ninian Allan for house & kiln

John Montgomerie younger Patrick McViccare Hendrie McNeill

John Douglas

John Peterson

Soirle McDougall

Unckle John Montgomerie ffindlay McKinlay

James Montgomerie Mathew stewart

Jon ffosters house & kiln James Mitchell's house & kiln

Jon Wyllie younger house & smiddie

William Kelso(n)

Neill MCIlconilles house & kiln

Allexr. McMurchie John ffisher Robert Huy

Jon Wyllie elder John Logan

John Kilpatrick Patrick McIlbreid Donald Stewart Ard. f fl imine John McBryane William Arthur Johne McKirdie Ronald McAllester

2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1

1 1 1 1

1 1 1

2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2

2 1

93

Ane list of the hearths in the united parochs of Killean Saddell and Kilchezie in North Kintyre

Runaheron ffergus McKinlay ALd. Smith Angus McDonald John McQuilkan James Gray

Ane smidie & ane cottag

Dunassarie

ALd. McMurchie ALd. McIlpheder Donald McIlpheder

Gortanfaill

John Mcdonald Donald McIlcattan John MCIlmichel

Ulodell

Ronald McDonald John McStocker Donald McAllister Donald McNeill John McIlmichell Ane cottag

Bellochger Allexr. Heyman ALd. Heyman

ALd. McAllester Ewen Mcdougall Duncan McSporran ffaden Mcffaden Ane cottag

Kilmorrie

ALd. McMurrichie John McIntyre Duncan McNeill Hector McNeill John McConie

Ane cottag

Auchaloskin & Killian Allexr McAllister Donald McCay

John McCay

Malcome Mcffaill

Ane miln & ane kiln

Drumnamucklach Malcome Oroartich Ane cot tag

1 1

1 1 1 1 1 2

Beachar

Duncan McKinlay 1

Ane chamber wesl & cottag 2

[Concise Scottish Dictionary - wissel, wesle n. a building in which merchants assemble for the transaction of business]

1 1 1

Beachmeanich Allexr. McCay ncIllechattan John McLean

ALd. McNivan

1 1 1 1

1 1 1

Beachmore Allexr. Stewart John Weir Duncan McMillan Angus McGugan

1 I 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 ].

Crubistill

Rorie 0 Kellie Donald McEwin Duncan McKervill Ane cottag

1 1 1 1

1 ].

1 1 1 1 1

Muastill

Gilbert McMurich John McMurich Lauchlan McMurich Adam Beith

Donald & John HCMurichs ane cottag

1 1 1 1 2 1

Belloch

Donald McEronot Neill McNeill ALd. McNeill John Sharpe

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1

Glenecardich

Johne Watson elder John Watson younger

1 1

1 1 1 1 2

94

Barr

Robert Russell 1

Iver McCay 1

Donald McNeill 1

Donald Mcpater house & miln 2

Mathew Smylie 1

Katrin Andersone 1

John Kirkland 1

Ane kiln 1

Margmonigach Duncan McCavish Marie Mcintyre Angus Mcquilkan Duncan McQuilkan Ane cottag

Duncan Mcmurich house & cot tag

stukadell f Garvalt

John 0 kellie 1

John McCallum 1

Clenegart

Duncan Campbell Robert McStocker Donald McKioch Ewin MCGrigor Donald McMillan

Clachag

John McCay Donald McIlglase

1 1

Corputachan Catrin McMillan Duncan McMillan John McMillan Duncan Mcllmaluag Dorald McComas

AIDod

John McMartin Duncan Mcllgurim Neill McMillan

1 1 1

Ernikle

Donald McStockert John Mcnuair (?) Malcolm McGechie Ane cottag

1 1 1 1

Drumore

Angus McIllester Duncan McReoch Ane cottag

Kilmaluaig Donald McNeill Allexr. Mckinlay

Put ac han

Hendrie McAllester Charles baan

John McEachin Neill McEachin

Ard. & Duncan McMartines Donald obrolachlan

1 1

Blary

Iver Mclnuer John Hammill

1 1

Nether Blary Angus McMurchie Donald McEachin

Killocra

Neill McNeill Duncan Mcbernard (1) Hector Omuragan Donald McIlmuluag Angus Mclntylloor Ard. MCHendrie

Ard. Mclllechrist Ane cot tag

1 1

Achadaduy Malcom Thomson Allexr McMillan James Banatyn

1 1 1

Killigrewer Gilbert McMillan Angus McM.illan Iver Mclnuer

1 1 1

Tangitavill & Lagalgarb Duncan MCEachin

John Mcbridan

Murdoch McGilchrist Patrick 0 kellie

Duncan McIlmory

Gilbert Mcphaill

95

1 1 1 1 1

2

1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1 1 2 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1