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Type: P9660

Earth Fault Relay












True R.M.S. measurements


Low Set and High Set tripping thresholds
6 selectable IDMT (Inverse Definite Minimum Time) characteristic curves
Adjustable DT (Definitive Time)
Measurement and live display of earth fault current
Pre-defined selectable CT ratios (5:5.5000:5)

Microprocessor based (self checking) with non-volatile memory


Ecosmart Energy efficient power supply design

Rear mounted pluggable connectors for supply, relay contacts and


current input

PRESENTATION

Dims:
W x H. 96 x 96mm (front)
W x H. 89.5 x 89.5mm (main body)
L. 100mm

FUNCTION OVERVIEW

Programming mode.

START

IO 0.00A

TOROID RATIO
Set ratio of externally
connected toroid

NETWORK
FREQUENCY
Set for 50 or 60Hz
connected toroids


1. LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) for user information
2. RESET button
3. TEST button
4. Power supply green LED indication

RELAY 1 SETTING
Set reset mode
method

5. MODE button*
6. Parameter increment button*
7. Parameter decrement button*
8. Trip status red LED indication
* accessible only when the front cover is open

RELAY 2 SETTING
Assign relay activation and
reset mode methods

OPERATION & OVERVIEW


The P9660 (from the P9600 series family of IDMT/DT relays) is a microprocessor based relay
designed to monitor and detect an Earth fault current by measurement of the imbalance of the
current from a current transformer arrangement like that shown in the Connection Diagram
on Page 5.

EARTH FAULT
CURRENT SETTING
Set Low-set and High-set
tripping parameters

A clear backlit LCD provides all the key information that the user requires for both operation
and the setting up. Setting is achieved in a few simple steps and requires no previous
knowledge of product operation.

SUMMARY1
List all parameter and
function settings

Normal operation provides the user with the actual live earth fault current on one screen. The
actual current represents that of the current passing through the primary side of the externally
connected CT. This is achieved by the setting of the ratio for the CT.
Programming mode allows the user to assign the operation of both internal relays for either
Auto or Manual resetting. Relay 2 has the added option of being allowed to energise at the
start or end of a time out period. If assigned to energise at the start, the Relay can be used to
operate a buzzer or lamp giving early warning before a system actually shuts down.

Programmable parameters
User settings summary mode
START

Display live
earth fault
current

Low-set and High-set thresholds can be programmed for the Earth fault detection. The time
current characteristic of the low-set units are selectable between Normal Inverse curve 3/10,
Normal Inverse curve 1.3/10, Long Time Inverse curve, Very Inverse curve, Extremely
Inverse curve, Extremely Inverse 0.65 curve and Definite Time. High-set units are the
Definitive Time type. Instantaneous tripping is possible by setting the time to minimum.
A simple Summary screen is displayed once the programming is complete. The same screen
can also be displayed by subsequent presses of the RESET button. This allows the user to
access key information with the tamperproof transparent cover closed and sealed.
A Test mode is provided (also accessible with the tamperproof transparent cover closed) to
confirm the correct operation of the internal relays. The relays will energise when the TEST
button is pressed and de-energise when the button is released (AUTO Reset) or when the
RESET button is pressed (MAN reset).

SUMMARY1
List all parameter and
function settings
1

Displaying of the Summary screen during normal operation is achieved via subsequent
presses of the RESET button. See Section 7. QUICK VIEW OF USER SETTINGS for further
information.

Broyce Control Ltd., Pool Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 4HN. England
Tel: +44 (0) 1902 773746 Fax: +44 (0) 1902 420639 Email: sales@broycecontrol.com Web: www.broycecontrol.com
The information provided in this literature is believed to be accurate (subject to change without prior notice); however, use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk.

P9660-1-A 1
012378

INSTALLATION
Installation work must be carried
out by qualified personnel.

BEFORE INSTALLATION, ISOLATE THE SUPPLY. THIS PRODUCT IS


DESIGNED TO CONNECT TO SEVERAL TYPES OF CIRCUITS.
ENSURE ALL ARE ISOLATED^
Remove the P9660 from the packaging.
Lift the raised part of the side clip in order to withdraw from the housing.
Carry this out on each side.
Insert the P9660 into the panel cut-out and fit the side clips back on to the
housing.
Slide the clips towards the front of the unit until they come in to contact with
the reverse of the panel. The unit is now secured in place.
Wire the supplied female pluggable connectors as required.
Plug the connectors into the relevant sockets on the rear of the unit.
The P9660 is now ready for powering and programming.

The front window of the P9660 is supplied with a clear protective film which
can be removed as and when necessary.
^ When carrying out future maintenance on the product or application and it
becomes necessary to disconnect the connectors from the product, ensure for
the Current Transformer connector, they do not remain open circuit.
circuit This can
lead to high voltages being present on this connector.

PROGRAMMING

Programming/setting of the P9660 is carried out using the 3 buttons located


behind the transparent cover.

The
button selects the required parameter to be changed. The
buttons either increment or decrement a value accordingly.
Any adjustments made are stored by the pressing and holding of the
button
until the LCD shows the word Saved!
Saved!
Saved! See Section 6. SAVING OF SETTINGS.

Please read the Notes during programming before commencing with the
following.
1A. TOROID RATIO

Setting the Toroid Ratio will allow the actual Earth fault current (Io) to be
displayed on the LCD which represents that of the current flowing through the
parallel connected, external CTs. If no CTs are used, the parameter should be
set to 5/5 (i.e. 1:1). Use this if the fault current is likely to be <5A.
Default setting is 5/5

Press and hold the


button. The LCD displays a screen showing the
characters User
User Settings
Settings then the following screen appears
Digits which
can be adjusted

TOROID RATIO
5/5

NORMAL OPERATION

Apply power to the unit and the green Power supply LED will illuminate.
The LCD will momentarily display a welcome screen as shown
Model No.
Version

TYPE: P9660
Ver: X.X

Press either

or

to set the primary value of the external CTs.

The digit after the forward slash / cannot be changed.


1B. NETWORK FREQUENCY

Default setting is 50Hz

.then after a short delay reverts to indicating the following information:

Whilst in the same screen as that for the Toroid Ratio (see 1A.), press
the

button to display the options for NETWORK FREQUENCY.


FREQUENCY
TOROID RATIO
5/5

Actual Earth
fault current

IO 0.00A

NETWORK FREQUENCY
50Hz
60Hz

Press either
or
to select between 50Hz or 60Hz. This should be
set to suit the frequency of the network being monitored.

Press and hold the


the next section.

TEST MODE

Press and hold the


button and both relays will energise. The LCD will
display the characters TEST and the product part number (as below). The
LCD backlight and red Trip LED will flash.

button to set the options for Relay 1


1 as described in

2. RELAY 1 SETTING

Default setting for Relay 1 is Manual resetting mode.

TEST

The LCD displays the following screen.

TYPE: P9660
Ver: X.X

Release the
button and the relay(s) will remain energised if set to Manual
reset or de-energise if set to Auto reset.

Press the
to de-energise relay(s) which are set to Manual reset. The
LCD will revert back to Normal operation. The LCD backlight and red
Trip LED will stop flashing.

RELAY 1 CONFIGURATION
AUTO
MAN

Actual LCD presentation when adjustable parameters are displayed.

Testing should be carried out on a regular basis to check the integrity of the
P9660.

Press either
or
to select between AUTO resetting or MANUAL
MAN
resetting (after a fault has occurred).

Press and hold the


the next section.

button to set the options for Relay


Relay 2 as described in

DO NOT use this product to provide a means of isolating circuits


in order to work on when placed in the TEST mode. This should
only be done by means of operating isolators, circuit breakers or
other methods of removing power in this application.

continued on next page

Broyce Control Ltd., Pool Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 4HN. England
Tel: +44 (0) 1902 773746 Fax: +44 (0) 1902 420639 Email: sales@broycecontrol.com Web: www.broycecontrol.com
The information provided in this literature is believed to be accurate (subject to change without prior notice); however, use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk.

P9660-1-A 2
012378

PROGRAMMING (continued)

3. RELAY 2 SETTING

Default setting for Relay 2 is to energise at the end of the time out period.
Resetting mode is Auto.

Setting of Relay 2 is carried out in a similar manner as Relay 1;


1 however it
is necessary to assign the relay to either energise at the start (S) or end (E) of
the time out period.
RELAY 2 CONFIGURATION
AUTO (E)
MAN (E)
AUTO (S)
MAN (S)

8. LAST TRIPPED INFORMATION

This information is held in memory even if power is removed. If a new trip


event occurs, this information will be overwritten.
This feature allows the user to view the key information relating to the last trip
condition. It is accessed as described in Section 7 on the left.
It highlights the level of current at the time the trip occurred; the triggering method
(Low-set or High-set) and which relays were activated. An example is shown
below.

Actual LCD presentation when adjustable parameters are displayed.

Press the same button again to display the Last Tripped Information screen
(refer to the next section for further information on this feature).
Press again to display the Earth Fault Summary screen.
Press again to display the contact details for Broyce Control.
Press again to revert back to Normal operation.

Press and hold the


button to set the options for EARTH FAULT as
described in the next section.

IO 5.90A Io>
R1 R2

4. EARTH FAULT SETTING

Default settings for Earth Fault are shown in the LCD screen example in this
section.

Notes during programming

Settings for Earth fault are displayed in turn following subsequent presses of

If during programming it is necessary to abort, press the

the

Pressing and holding either

E/F SETTING
Low Set:
1: Io> 2.00A

holding the

Press either

Press the

or

to change the current.

button to select the remaining settings and use the

and

buttons to change them.


E/F SETTING
Low Set:
1: Io> 2.00A
2: Curve NI 3/10
3: ko> 0.1
High Set:
4: Io>> 10.0A
5: to>> 0.05s

button briefly.

button until the desired screen is displayed.

Short presses of the


button will allow further editable settings to be changed
within a specific screen.
If the user remains in a setting or summary screen where no adjustments or
button presses are made within a certain period, the screen will revert back to
Normal operation. Additionally, any settings that have been made but not stored
will not be saved.
E/F refers to Earth fault.

TRIPPING MODE

Actual LCD presentation when adjustable parameters are displayed.


Screen example above also shows the default settings for OVERCURRENT.

Relays that
were
activated at
trip

or
for >1sec. will increment or
decrement the new value at a quicker rate.
Stepping through each User Setting screen is performed by pressing and

button. The Low-set trip current (Io>) is displayed first.

Level which
was triggered
(i.e. Low-set)

Press and hold the


button to view the summary of settings for EARTH
FAULT as described in the next section.

When an Earth fault condition occurs, the current displayed on the LCD
increased accordingly. When the level of current exceeds the Low-set setting,
the reading will be highlighted by the digits flashing.
The LCD backlight will flash.
Relay 2 will energise immediately if set to energise at the start of the time out
period (See Section 3. RELAY 2 SETTING).
The characters Io> will display to indicate the Low-set has been triggered.

If the Curve in selection 2: is set to Definite Time, then selection 3: will
display 3: t> and the required delay can then be set.
If High-set is set to Disable in selection 4:, then Io>> or to>> cannot be
adjusted.

IO 3.60A Io>

Low-set
triggered

5. EARTH FAULT SUMMARY

It is not possible to edit settings when this screen is displayed.

E/F SUMMARY
Io> 2.00A
NI 3/10
ko> 0.1
Io>>10.0A
to>>0.05s
R1 = MAN R2 = AUTO (E)
CT=5:5, FREQ=50Hz

The letter in brackets refers to


whether Relay 2 has been set
to trigger at the start or end of
the time out period.
(E) = End of time out
(S) = Start of time out
Either abbreviation can appear
after the word MAN or
AUTO

See Section 3. RELAY 2


SETTING

6. SAVING OF SETTINGS
If after viewing the Summary screen the settings are correct, press and hold

the
button until the word Saved.
Saved. appears. Any new settings are now
stored.
The screen will revert back to Normal operation.

7. QUICK VIEW OF USER SETTINGS

It is not possible to edit settings when these screens are displayed.
This feature can also be activated with the front window closed!

Following the setting of Earth Fault, the LCD displays the Earth Fault
screen showing a summary of the settings made during programming. All
settings are displayed. The selected CT ratio, Network Frequency and Relay
operation (following a Reset) information is also displayed.

Press and hold the

If the current continues to increase above the High-set setting, the characters
Io> will change and display Io>> to indicate the High-set has been
triggered.

IO 13.00A Io>>
R1

High-set
triggered
Relay(s) which
energised on
tripping

When the unit finally trips, the digits will stop flashing and remain highlighted.
This allows the user to see what current caused the unit to trip.
The red Tripped LED will also flash.
The relays which energised are also displayed on the screen after tripping.
Press
to reset and return the unit back to normal operation (assuming
the fault has been cleared). The LCD reverts back to displaying the normal
system currents and the red Tripped LED stops flashing.

 If either relay is set for Auto resetting, then they would have de-energised after
the fault had cleared. The corresponding relay ident (i.e. R1 and/or R2) on the
display would also disappear. Pressing the RESET button will only clear the
LCD. If either relay is set for Manual resetting, then pressing the RESET button
will de-energise the relay(s) and clear the LCD.

button to display the initial power up screen.

Broyce Control Ltd., Pool Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 4HN. England
Tel: +44 (0) 1902 773746 Fax: +44 (0) 1902 420639 Email: sales@broycecontrol.com Web: www.broycecontrol.com
The information provided in this literature is believed to be accurate (subject to change without prior notice); however, use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk.

P9660-1-A 3
012378

IDMT CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

Normal Inverse 3/10


3/10 (NI 3/10)*

Normal Inverse 1.3/10 (NI 1.3/10)*

t (s)

t t(s)
(s)

10

k
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
k0.4

1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5

1.0
0.3
0.9

0.4

0.4
0.1
0.3

0.8
0.7
0.2
0.6
0.5
0.1

0.3

0.2

t (s)

Long Time Inverse (LTI)*


(LTI)*
10

200

100

10

k
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6

0.5
0.4
0.3

0.2
0.05

0.2
1
0.1

0.1

0.1
0.05

0.05

0.05
0.01

0.1
1

10

20

10

0.1.
1

20

Extremely Inverse (EI 0.65)*

t (s)

t (s)

20

I/I>

Extremely Inverse (EI)*


(EI)*

Very Inverse (VI)*


(VI)*

10

I/I>

I/I>

1000

100

100

10

10

10

1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7

0.6

0.5
0.4

0.3
0.2

1.0 k

0.1
0.1

0.9

0.8
0.7

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3

0.1

1.0

0.1

0.05

0.6
0.5

0.05

0.1

0.9
0.8
0.7

0.4
0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1
0.01

10

0.01

20

0.01
1

10

I/I>

20

10

20

I/I>

I/I>
I/I>

* Abbreviations used in the LCD screen for the selected IDMT characteristic curve.

The sequence of curves that are presented to the user when programming is shown below

NI 3/10

NI 1.3/10

LTI

VI

EI

EI 0.65

Broyce Control Ltd., Pool Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 4HN. England
Tel: +44 (0) 1902 773746 Fax: +44 (0) 1902 420639 Email: sales@broycecontrol.com Web: www.broycecontrol.com
The information provided in this literature is believed to be accurate (subject to change without prior notice); however, use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk.

P9660-1-A 4
012378

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Supply voltage Un (1, 2):

85 265VAC/85 - 370VDC
18 57VAC/18 75VDC

Electrical life:
Dielectric voltage:
Rated impulse
withstand voltage:

150,000 ops at rated load


2kV AC (rms) IEC 60947-1
4kV (1.2 / 50S) IEC 60664

(Voltage range should be specified at time of


ordering)
Rated frequency:
Isolation:
Rated impulse
withstand voltage:
Power consumption:

50/60Hz (AC Supplies)


Over voltage cat. III
4kV (1.2 / 50S) IEC 60664
3W max.

Rated current input In:


Rated frequency:
Burden:
Overload:

5A (directly connected)
50/60Hz
<0.4VA @ In
4 x In (continuous)

External CT (15,16):
Maximum CT primary
current rating:

Class P recommended. (with 5A secondary)


5000A

Earth fault settings:


Low-set trip (Io>):
0.10 5.00A (2 100%)
Low-set time multiplier (ko>): 0.05 1.00
Low-set definite time (to>): 0.05 100s
High-set trip (Io>>):
0.10 50.0A (2 1000%) or disable
High-set definite time (to>>): 0.05 2.5s
Pick up value:
Accuracy:
Protection threshold:
Time delay (DT):
Time delay (IDMT):

+2% of trip setting

Actual Earth fault current:


Display update time:
Repeat accuracy:

5%
5% (with a minimum of 50mS)
5% (with a minimum of 50mS and I > 1.2 x
set-trip)
1% of rated current In
<1 sec.
0.5% @ constant conditions

Ambient temperature:
Relative humidity:

-10 to +60C
+95%

Max. DC Load Breaking Capacity

Electrical Endurance

Housing:
Protection:
Weight:
Mounting:
Max. panel thickness:

Flame retardant Lexan


IP55 / IP20 (rear)
410g
Panel mounting. Cut-out = 91 x 91mm ( 0.5mm)
12mm

Terminal type:

UL94 V-0 rated pluggable and re-wireable female


connectors comprising:
2-way (Power supply 1, 2)
6-way (Relay contacts 3.8)
8-way (CT input 15, 16)
Note that terminals 9 to 14 are not used on this
model and should be left unconnected.
0.05 - 2.5mm2 (30 - 12AWG)

Terminal conductor size:


Recommended tightening
torque:
Wire stripping length:
Approvals:

4.4in lb (0.5Nm)
0.24 0.30in (6 7.5mm)
Conforms to IEC. CE and
and RoHS Compliant.
EMC: Immunity: EN/IEC 61000-6-2
Emissions: EN/IEC 61000-6-4
Generic: IEC 60255-26 (EMC), IEC 255-3, IEC
60255-151

( ) Bold digits in brackets refer to terminal numbers on the rear of the unit.
Options:

Output:
(RL1 - 3, 4, 5):
(RL2 - 6, 7, 8):
Output rating:

1 x SPDT relay
1 x SPDT relay
AC1 250V 8A (2000VA)
AC15 250V 5A (1250VA)
DC1 25V 8A (200W)

The P9600 range also includes combined Overcurrent or Earth fault relays
available with either IDMT or DT characteristics. Additionally, a voltage, power
and frequency monitoring only product is also available. Please refer to separate
data sheets.

DIMENSIONS

CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Aux.
A1

A2
10

96

1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8

RL1

RL2

IN
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

L1
L2
L3
N

100

96

Front view

96

MADE IN U.K.

89.5

Side view

All dimensions are in mm.

Broyce Control Ltd., Pool Street, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV2 4HN. England
Tel: +44 (0) 1902 773746 Fax: +44 (0) 1902 420639 Email: sales@broycecontrol.com Web: www.broycecontrol.com
The information provided in this literature is believed to be accurate (subject to change without prior notice); however, use of such information shall be entirely at the users own risk.

P9660-1-A 5
012378