Atpl Technical General-limitations

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Atpl Technical General-limitations

© All Rights Reserved

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A)

B)

vibration in the resonance frequency

C)

D)

Mach Number with constant weight. The operational limit that may be

exceeded is:

A)

VMO

B)

VD

C)

VNE

D)

MMO

VMO:

A)

B)

C)

D)

A)

B)

C)

D)

weight. The operational limit that may be exceeded is:

A)

VMO

B)

MMO

10

C)

MD

D)

VA

VMO:

A)

B)

C)

D)

A)

FL250

B)

350kts

C)

FL270

D)

M 0.8

A)

Both A and B.

B)

C)

D)

Neither A nor B.

A)

B)

C)

D)

VA is:

A)

The speed at which a heavy transport aeroplane should fly in

turbulence.

B)

The maximum speed at which maximum elevator deflection up is

allowed.

11

12

13

14

15

C)

D)

A)

Vlof

B)

Vs1

C)

Vfe

D)

Vfc

A)

B)

Directional stability.

C)

Structural damage.

D)

Engine stall.

A)

Mass balancing.

B)

C)

A T-tail.

D)

An aircraft has a mass of 60,000kg and a limiting positive load factor of 2,5.

VA is calculated as the EAS at which full positive elevator deflection will give

the limiting load factor at the stall, and is 237kts. If the aircraft mass is

reduced to 40,000kg by fuel burn, what will be the new V A?

A)

194 kts

B)

375 kts

C)

150 kts

D)

237 kts

A)

VLO

16

17

18

B)

VNE

C)

VA

D)

VSO

Mach Number with constant weight. The operational limit that may be

exceeded is:

A)

VNE

B)

MMO

C)

VD

D)

VMO

A)

vibration in the resonance frequency.

B)

C)

D)

A)

Frise ailerons lumped masses attached forward of the control surface

hinge line.

19

B)

A horn balance.

C)

Frise ailerons.

D)

Lumped masses attached on the control surface hinge line to keep the

control surface centre of gravity aft of the hinge line.

A)

4,4 G

B)

+3,2 G

C)

+3,8 G

D)

+6,0 G

20

21

The positive manoeuvring limit load factor for a large jet transport aeroplane

with flaps extended is:

A)

2.0

B)

1.5

C)

3.75

D)

2.5

For an aeroplane with one fixed value of VA the following applies. VA is:

A)

used, without exceeding the maximum manoeuvring limit load factor

B)

The speed at which the aeroplane stalls at the manoeuvring limit load

factor at MTOW

22

23

C)

D)

The relationship between the stall speed V S and VA (EAS) for a large transport

aeroplane can be expressed in the following formula: (SQRT= square root)

A)

B)

C)

D)

VA is:

A)

The speed at which a heavy transport aeroplane should fly in

turbulance

B)

The maximum speed at which maximum elevator deflection up is

allowed

24

C)

D)

A)

1/Bank angle

B)

Wing loading

25

C)

Lift/Weight

D)

Weight/Lift

The positive manoeuvring limit load factor for a light aeroplane in the UTILITY

CATEGORY in the clean configuration is:

A)

3.8

B)

4.4

C)

6.0

D)

2.5

26

By what percentage does VA (EAS) alter when the aeroplane's weight

decreases by 19%?

27

A)

10% lower

B)

No change

C)

19% lower

D)

4.36% lower

The positive manoeuvring limit load factor for a light aeroplane in the utility

category in the clean configuration is:

A)

4.4

B)

2.5

C)

6.0

D)

3.8

28

By what percentage does VA (EAS) alter when the aeroplane's weight

decreases by 19%?

29

A)

4.36% lower

B)

10% lower

C)

No change

D)

19% lower

A)

30

VA?

B)

C)

D)

What can happen to the aeroplane structure flying at a speed just exceeding

A)

B)

too large dynamic pressure

C)

D)

It may suffer permanent deformation if the elevator is fully deflected

upwards

31

What is the limit load factor of a large transport aeroplane in the

manoeuvring diagram?

32

33

A)

3.75

B)

2.5

C)

1.5

D)

A)

B)

C)

D)

angle of attack would increase the CL by 0.079. If a vertical gust increased

angle of attack from the 1g value by 2s, what load factor would result?

A)

0.45

B)

1.45

C)

4.43

D)

5.08

34

35

36

37

38

The distribution of ... and ... in a structure determine natural frequencies and

modes of vibration.

A)

Flaps, slats

B)

Passengers, payload

C)

Mass, stiffness

D)

Stringers, longerons

A)

B)

C)

D)

What is the positive limit load factor for large jet transport aircraft?

A)

n = 3.75

B)

n = 1.0

C)

n = 2.5

D)

n = 1.5

Increase of angle of attack of 1 degree will increase CL by 0.09. A vertical up

gust instantly changes the angle of attack by 5 degrees. The load factor will

be:

A)

2.13

B)

2.0

C)

3.18

D)

1.09

increase in angle of attack of 1 degree increases CL by is 0.1. A vertical up

gust instantly changes the angle of attack by 3 degrees. The load factor will

be :

A)

2.49

39

40

B)

1.71

C)

0.74

D)

1.49

Increase in angle of attack of 1 degree will increase CL by 0.079. A vertical up

gust instantly changes the angle of attack by 2 degrees. The load factor will

be :

A)

0.45

B)

0.9

C)

1.45

D)

1.9

Which statement regarding the gust load factor on an aeroplane is correct (all

other factors of importance being constant)?

1

Increasing the aspect-ratio of the wing will increase the gust load

factor

2

41

A)

B)

1 is correct, 2 wrong

C)

D)

1 is wrong, 2 correct

A)

pressure will move aft which will increase the margins to the structural

limits

B)

By increasing the flap setting in severe turbulence the stall speed will

be reduced and the risk for exceeding the structural limits will be

decreased

C)

reduce the speed and increase the margins of the structural limits

D)

the margin to the structural limitations

42

Which combination of speeds is applicable for structural strentgh in gust

(clean configuration)?

43

44

45

A)

50ft/sec

B)

55ft/sec

C)

D)

66ft/sec

increase in angle of attack of 1 degree increases CL by 0.09. A vertical up

gust instantly changes the angle of attack by 5 degrees. The load factor will

be:

A)

2.0

B)

3.18

C)

2.13

D)

1.09

The shape of the gust load diagramm is also determined by the following

three vertical speed in ft/s (clean configuration):

A)

15, 56, 65

B)

25, 55, 75

C)

35, 55, 66

D)

25, 50, 66

The extreme right limitation for both V-n (gust and manoeuvre) diagrams is

created by the speed:

A)

VD

B)

VC

C)

Vflutter

D)

VMO

46

Which has the effect of increasing load factor? (all other relevant factors

being constant)

A)

Vertical gusts

47

48

49

50

B)

C)

D)

Rearward CG location

A)

Wing dihedral

B)

Straight wings

C)

Winglets

D)

Swept wings

Which statement is correct about the gust load on an aeroplane (IAS and all

other factors of importance remaining constant)?

1

A)

B)

1 is correct, 2 wrong

C)

D)

1 is wrong, 2 correct

The shape of the gust load diagram is also determined by the following three

vertical speed in ft/s (clean configuration):

A)

15, 56, 65

B)

25, 55, 75

C)

35, 55, 66

D)

25, 50, 66

What effect will gusts and turbulence have on the load factor of an airplane

when it changes its airspeed?

A)

B)

The load factor can increase or decrease, depending on the weight of

the aircraft.

C)

D)

51

Which combination of speeds is applicable for structural strength in gust

(clean configuration) ?

52

A)

B)

C)

D)

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