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PART I

1. Look at the pictures and identify the environmental


problems.

a. ______________________________
______________________________

b.

c. ______________________________
______________________________

d.

e. ______________________________
______________________________

f.

g. ______________________________
______________________________

h.

PART II
2. Read the following article carefully:
Nowadays, many of us try to live in a way that
will damage the environment as little as
possible. We recycle our newspapers and
bottles, we take public transport to get to work,
we try to buy locally produced fruit and vegetables and we
stopped using aerosol sprays years ago. And we want to take
these attitudes on holiday with us. This is why alternative forms
of tourism are becoming more popular all over the world.

But what is ecotourism?


There are lots of names for these new forms of tourism: responsible
tourism, alternative tourism, sustainable tourism, nature tourism,
adventure tourism, educational tourism and more. Ecotourism probably
involves a little of all of them. Everyone 2has a different definition but
most people agree that ecotourism must:
1. conserve the wildlife and culture of the area.
2. benefit the local people and involve the local community
3. be sustainable, that is make a profit without destroying natural
resources
4. provide an experience that tourists want to pay for.
So for example, in a true ecotourism project, a nature reserve allows a
small number of tourists to visit its rare animals and uses the money that
is generated to continue with important conservation work. The local
people have jobs in the nature reserve as guides and wardens, but also
have a voice in how the 2project develops. Tourists stay in local houses
with local people, not in specially built hotels. So they experience the local
culture and do not take precious energy and water away from the local
population. They travel on foot, by boat, bicycle or elephant so that there
is no pollution. And they have a special experience that they will
remember all of their lives.
This type of tourism can only involve small numbers of people so it can be
expensive. But you can apply the principles of ecotourism wherever you
go for your holiday. Just remember these 2basic rules.
Be prepared. Learn about the place that youre going to visit. Find out
about its culture and history. Learn a little of the native language, at
least basics like Please, Thank you, and Good Morning. Think of your
holiday as an opportunity to learn something.

Have respect for local culture. Wear clothes that will not offend people.
Always ask permission before you take a photograph. Remember that
you are a visitor.
Dont waste resources. If the area doesnt have much water, dont take
two showers every day.

Remember the phrase Leave nothing behind you except footprints and
take nothing away except photographs. Take as much care of the
places that you visit as you take of your own home. Dont buy souvenirs
made from endangered animals or plants.
Walk or use other non-polluting forms of transport whenever you can.
Be flexible and keep a sense of humour when things go wrong.
Stay in local hotels and eat in local restaurants. Buy local products
whenever possible and pay a fair price for what you buy.
Choose your holiday carefully. Dont be afraid to ask the holiday company
about what they do that is eco. Remember that eco is very fashionable
today and a lot of holidays that are advertised as ecotourism are not much
better than traditional tourism.
Retrieved from: https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/magazine-articles/ecotourism (abridged)

3. Match the words from the text with their synonyms.


1. damage (introd.)
collectively
2. sustainable (1st par.)
3. wildlife (2nd par.)
4. profit (4th par.)
5. allows (6th par.)
6. basic (7th par.)
7. souvenirs (11th par.)
8. endangered (11th par.)
9. fashionable (15th par.)

a. wild animals and plants


b. keepsake
c. harm
d. popular
e. ecological
f. threatened with extinction
g. gain
h. gives permission
i. simple

4. Decide whether these statements are true or false.


Correct the false ones.
a. Nowadays people want to protect the environment when they are on
holiday.
_________________________________________________________________
b. Business tourism is another name for ecotourism.
_________________________________________________________________

c. Ecotourism uses its profits to protect local species.


_________________________________________________________________
d. In this form of tourism, tourists usually stay in eco-friendly hotels.
_________________________________________________________________

e. An ecotourism holiday is generally cheap.


_________________________________________________________________
f. You should learn something about the native culture you are visiting.
__________________________________________________________________
g. You can take lots of photographs everywhere that you go.
_________________________________________________________________
5. Answer these questions on the text.
a. What attitudes do people have today in order to protect the
environment?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
b. What are some of the alternative names for ecotourism?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
c. Why do tourists stay in local houses with local people?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
d. How do tourists travel during their holiday?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
e. Why is ecotourism expensive?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

f. Would you like to participate in an ecotourism project? Why / why not?


_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

PART III
6. Choose the right word from the box to label
these geographical features.

valley
mountain

bay
waterfall
canyon
desert

a. ____________________
__________________

d. ____________________
___________________

coast

b. _______________________

c.

e. _____________________

g. ____________________
_____________________
PART IV

f.

h.

7. Complete the sentences with the right phrasal verb: carry off /
on / out / through.
a. I will ____________________ with my work while the children are playing
outside.
b. When he had that problem, he needed help to ____________ it ________.
c. The government will ____________________ the reforms despite the
opposition.
d. The scientists are planning to ____________________ some tests on a new
medicine.

8. Choose one of the following relative pronouns who,


which or whose to complete the sentences.
a. I talked to the girl _______________ car is parked in front
of my house.
b. Mr Jones, _______________ is a taxi driver, lives in my
street.
c. We often visit our grandparents in Manchester
_______________ is in

the United Kingdom.

d. This is the student _______________ comes from Italy.


e. The boy, _______________ mother is a teacher, is in my
class this year.
f. Where did you put the books _______________ I gave you
yesterday?
9. Combine each of the following pairs of sentences using
appropriate relative pronouns.
a. This is the house. It was built in 2004.
______________________________________________________________________
b. Susan plays the guitar brilliantly. She is only 12 years old.
______________________________________________________________________
c. New York is the largest American city. It isnt the capital of the United
States.
_______________________________________________________________________
d. I have got a brown dog. His name is Max.

_______________________________________________________________________
e. The two brothers climbed Mount Everest. Mount Everest is 8.848 m
high.
______________________________________________________________________
f. The girl is our neighbour. We met her at the shopping centre yesterday.
_______________________________________________________________________
g. Jennifer doesnt like water sports. Her best friend loves swimming in the
ocean.
______________________________________________________________________
10. Transform the underlined words into their corresponding
adjective.
a. The picture was filled with colours. It was very ____________________.
b. They have a lot of creativity. They are extremely ____________________.
c.

enjoy

reading

mystery

books.

They

always

have

lots

of

____________________ details.
d. She feels its her responsibility
____________________ student.

to

study

hard.

She

is

11. Choose the best alternative in each case.


a. I cant see something / anything. I have got
something / nothing in my eye.
b. Do you live nowhere / anywhere near Brian?
c. There is no one / someone at the door. Can you go there,
please?
d. I went somewhere / nowhere last night. I stayed home
and watched TV.
e. I spoke to anybody/ nobody at the party because I didnt
know somebody / anybody.
f. Did you buy nothing / anything at the supermarket? Yes, I
bought some / any apples and oranges.
g. We need to go shopping; we have some / no food in the
fridge.
PART V

12. Look at this environmental volunteering opportunity in


Australia and write a short e-mail to the organization asking for
more information about it and expressing your interest in
participating in the project.

WA Beach Clean Up, 10th and/or 11th October 2015


for Tangaroa Blue Foundation

About this opportunity


Lets make this the biggest Beach Cleanup yet!
Join in a beach clean up on 10th & 11th October 8.00 am to
6.00 pm at various South West locations. Or register a team
and clean up a beach of your own choosing.
Site coordinators needed to pick a beach and get a team
together.
Gift pack for the person finding the most unusual item. Bring
your camera.

Additional requirements
A beach cleanup is suitable for all ages and everyone is
invited to participate.
Bring sunscreen, hat, plenty of water, comfortable and safe
footwear.

Time Required:
daytime
Good for:

Families
Large group volunteering (10+)
Skilled Volunteer
Travelling/short term volunteers
Volunteers with limited English
Youth/school volunteers (age
14-18)

Interested in:

Garden Maintenance

Reimbursement:
Gift pack for person finding most
unusual item. Bring your camera.

Retrieved from: https://volunteer.com.au/Opportunity/Type/13/environmental