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The Unit 6 Assignment requires you to apply the theories, concepts, and research that
you have covered so far this term to a hypothetical case study. Your answers to the
questions and completed graph should consist of information from the text and
supplemental readings. You also may use sources from the Kaplan library or other
credible Internet sources, but your primary sources should be the readings assigned for
the course.
Read each Case Study and answer the questions below. You will need to write 23
typed pages for each case in order to address all required parts of the project. Answers
to the questions should be typed in an APA formatted Word document, double-spaced in
12-point font and submitted to the Dropbox.
Your final paper must be your original work; plagiarism will not be tolerated. Be sure to
review the Syllabus in terms of what constitutes plagiarism. Please make sure to
provide proper credit for those sources used in your case study analysis in proper APA
format. Please see the APA Quick Reference for any questions related to APA citations.
You must credit authors when you:
1. Summarize a concept, theory or research
2. Use direct quotes from the text or articles
Read Case Study 1: Martin
Martin, a behavior analyst, is working with Sara, a 14-year-old girl with severe
developmental delays who exhibits self-injurious behavior (SIB). Saras target behavior
is defined as pulling her hair, biting her arm and banging her head against the wall. After
conducting a functional analysis, Martin decided to employ an intervention program
consisting of differential reinforcement of other (DRO) desired behavior. Martin collected
data on Sara's SIB before and during the intervention. Below is a depiction of the data
that Martin collected:
Saras Frequency of SIB
BASELINE Occurrences

Address the following questions, and complete the following requirements:

1. Create a basic line graph using Microsoft Excel, to be included in your Word
document. The graph should depict the data provided in this case study. You
should only need to create one graph, with SIB depicted, both in baseline and
in intervention.
2. What type of research design did Martin employ when working with Sara? What
is an advantage and a disadvantage of using this research design?
3. According to the data in the graph, was the intervention that Martin selected
effective in modifying Sara's self-injurious behavior?
4. Martin had considered using an ABAB reversal design when working with Sara.
What are some ethical implications of selecting a reversal design when working
with the type of behavior problems that Sara was exhibiting?
5. Martin's supervisor requested a graph of the data he collected when working
with Sara. Why are graphs useful in evaluating behavior change?
6. Discuss how a graph demonstrates a functional relationship. Identify whether
the graph that you created using the data provided in this section depicts a
functional relationship.