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PRACTICE 1 - Idioms in Context

PRACTICE 2 - Idioms in Context

PRACTICE 3 - Idioms in Context

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 1 3)

PRACTICE 4 - Commonly Misspelt Word

PRACTICE 5 - Homophones

11

PRACTICE 6 - Writing Correct Sentences

12

PRACTICE 7 - Writing Cohesive Paragraphs

13

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 4 7)

14

PRACTICE 8 - Negative Forms

16

PRACTICE 9 - Antonyms

17

PRACTICE 10 - Correction of Errors - Tenses

18

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 8 10)

19

PRACTICE 11 - Writing Speeches

21

PRACTICE 12 - Identification of Errors

24

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 12)

27

PRACTICE 13 - Writing Better Sentences

28

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 13)

33

PAGE

PRACTICE 14 - Diffusing Words

35

Page

CONTENT

PRACTICE 15 - Matching Questions to Paragraphs

36

PRACTICE 16 - Elaborating Topic Sentences

39

ANSWER KEY (PRACTICE 14 - 16)

41

PRACTICE 1 - IDIOMS IN CONTEXT


Activity 1
Read aloud the following idioms and their meanings.
Then copy the idioms and their meanings into your EW20 exercise book.
You are encouraged to use these idioms when writing sentences.

1. A bundle of nerves
To be very nervous.
2. At the crack of dawn
Very early in the morning
3. Foot the bill
To pay for something
4. Put (something) on the back burner
To delay.
5. Hit the nail on the head
To be absolutely accurate
6. Set ones heart on
To be very keen to get
7. Pluck up courage
To force oneself to do something.
8. A piece of cake
Very easy or simple

Grin from ear to ear


To smile broadly, to look very happy

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10.

9. With flying colours


Very successfully

PRACTICE 2 - IDIOMS IN CONTEXT


Activity 1
Study the idioms and their meanings. Then, do the following activity.
LIST A

1. give me a break

1. give me a chance

2. face the music

2. to meet and deal with the unpleasant results


of ones actions

3. year in, year out

3. occur every year

4. wash ones hands off

4. to refuse to accept responsibility for


something

5. jump the queue

5. to go in front of others in a queue

6. make up ones mind

6. decide what to do

7. keep an eye on

7. to watch carefully

8. live from hand to mouth

8. poor, having just enough to buy food

9. give and take

9. be tolerant and cooperative

10. on the road

10. travelling

11. keep an eye out for

11. be on the lookout for

12. call it a day

12. stop work for the day

13. break the ice

13. to remove nervousness to make people feel


comfortable with each other

14. burn the midnight oil

14. study or work all night

MEANING

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IDIOMS

Activity 2
Rearrange the following words to form correct idioms. Write the idioms in the spaces provided.
Refer to List A.
e.g.

ice break the

____________________________________________________

2. it a day call

____________________________________________________

3. the face music

____________________________________________________

4. take give and

____________________________________________________

5. me a break give

____________________________________________________

6. the queue jump

____________________________________________________

7. eye on keep an

____________________________________________________

8. road on the

____________________________________________________

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1. midnight burn oil the

break the ice

Activity 3
Study the idioms and their meanings in List A (Activity 1).
Then, write the most suitable meanings in the spaces provided.
e.g.

break the ice


Start something new

1. burn the midnight oil


2.
3.
4.
5. call it a day
6.
7.
8.
9. face the music
10.
11.
12.
13. give and take
14.
15.
16.
17. give me a break
18.
19.
20.

21. jump the queue


22.
23.
24.
25. keep an eye on
26.
27.
28.
29. on the road
30.
31.
32.
33. break the ice
34.
35.
36.
37. wash ones hands off
38.
39.

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40.

41. PRACTICE 3 - IDIOMS IN CONTEXT


42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.

Activity 1
1. Study the following sentences.
2. Identify the errors in the idioms.
3. Rearrange them and write the sentences in the spaces provided.

48.

49. e.g.
50.
51.
52.
53.

John solved the problem with his computer. It was cake a piece of. (very simple)
John solved the problem with his computer. It was a piece of cake.

1. It is time about that you complete your History project. (something that should have
been done earlier)
54. ..
2. Their love affair is an secret open. ( be known to many people)
55. .
3. The cobbler earns his and butter bread by mending shoes. (ones livelihood)
56. ..
4. The repair to his lorry cost a him leg and arm an. (very expensive)
57. ..
5. We must touch in keep with our friends. (to talk or write to someone)
58. ..
6. Dr Faiz has his mind up made to marry after his trip to ISS. (decide what to do)

60.
8. My great grandmother is still at young heart. She enjoys parties and concerts. (still
feeling and behaving young)
61.

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7. Krishnan was feeling the under weather yesterday, so he went to see the doctor. (sick)

59.

62.
63.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Activity 2
The following sentences contain idioms.
Read the sentences aloud for correct pronunciation and intonation.
Copy these sentences to form a paragraph into your EW20 exercise book.
Then read the written paragraph again.

64.

1. Hanu Austin was on his way to take his driving test and he was a bundle
of nerves.
2. He got up at the crack of dawn to read his manual once more.
3. He remembered what his father said, Its easier to move around if you
can drive and Ill foot the bill for the lessons.
4. However, Hanu put the idea on the back burner for some time.
5. Then he discovered that his father had hit the nail on the head.
6. He decided to set his heart on getting his licence.
7. With a great deal of encouragement, he plucked up enough courage to
enrol for driving lessons.
8. He thought learning to drive should be a piece of cake.
9. His driving instructor, Mr Wong, was sure that he would pass with flying
colours.
10.Finally, as he came out of the test centre, he was grinning from ear to
ear. He had passed.
65.
66.

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68.

67.

69. ANSWER KEY


70. Practice 2 Activity 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

burn the midnight oil


call it a day
face the music
give and take
give me a break
jump the queue
keep an eye on
on the road

71. Practice 2 Activity 3


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

study or work all night


stop work for the day
to meet and deal with the unpleasant results of ones actions
be tolerant and cooperative
give me a chance
to go in front of others in a queue
to watch carefully
travelling
to remove nervousness to make people feel comfortable with each other
to refuse to accept responsibility for something

11. Practice 3 Activity 1


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
12.

about time
an open secret
bread and butter
cost him an arm and a leg
keep in touch
made up his mind
under the weather
young at heart

13. Practice 3 Activity 2

14.

Hanu Austin was on his way to take his driving test and he was a bundle of

lessons. However, Hanu put the idea on the back burner for some time. When he left
college and wanted to meet his friends, he could not drive. Then he discovered that his father
had hit the nail on the head. He decided to set his heart on getting his licence. With a great
deal of encouragement, he plucked up enough courage to enrol for driving lessons. He
thought learning to drive should be a piece of cake. His driving instructor, Mr Wong, was
sure that he would pass with flying colours. Finally, as he came out of the test centre, he was
grinning from ear to ear. He had passed.

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his father said, Its easier to move around if you can drive and Ill foot the bill for the

nerves. He got up at the crack of dawn to read his manual once more. He remembered what

15.

PRACTICE 4 COMMONLY MISSPELT WORDS

16. Activity 1

becouse

because

1. until
2. freind
3. tomorrow
4. definition
5. bicycle
6. receive
7. sponsor
8. government
9. success
10. oppinion
11. suddenly
12. museum
13. competition
14. title
15. music
16. continue
17. oportunity
18. receipt
19. traditional
20. motorcycle
21. definitely
22. occupation
23. occasion
24. television
25. necessary
26. village
27. disappointed
28. curriculum
29. reference
30. pencil
31. artist
32. writing
__________
33. environment
34. beginning

untill
friend
tommorrow
defination
bicile
recieve
sponser
goverment
sucess
opinion
suddently
muzium
compitetion
tittle
muzik
contineu
opportunity
receit
tradisional
motocycle
definitaly
occpation
ocasion
televisyen
necesary
vilage
disapointed
curiculum
refrence
pensil
artis
writting

__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________
__________

enviroment
begining

__________
__________

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19. e.g. because

17. Here is a list of words which are often misspelt. Learn up the correct spelling.
18. Write the words with the correct spelling in the spaces provided.

20. Activity 2
21. Read this passage about playing safety in the playground. Rearrange the jumbled up
letters and write the words in the blanks.
22.

23. Safety In The Playground


24.

It

is

important

to

always

obey

school

rules.

Students

__________1(braek) the rules daily, and are making the playground a


dangerous __________ 2(palce).
25.
26.

Frequently students run on the paths __________3(wehn) they


know they should __________4(wlak), especially if it has been raining
overnight.

These

students

__________6(sfeaty)

of

__________5(sdloem)

others

even

though

think
the

of

the

teachers

__________7(rienmd) them about it at the assembly. Sometimes the


__________8(tehcear) on duty catches a student disobeying and the
student has to __________9(rporet) to the office fortnightly. However,
__________10(otefn) they get away with it and __________11(smoe)
students only remember briefly what the __________12(pripnical) tells
them.
27.
students

should

never

be

allowed

to

endanger

__________13(otreh) people. They should be made to sit outside the


school office for a week and if they disobey __________14(aigan), they
should be banned permanently __________15(fmro) the playground.
29.
30.

10

These

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28.

31.

PRACTICE 5 HOMOPHONES

32. Choose the correct word from the brackets to complete each of the sentences below.
Write the word in the blank.
33.
1. We made sandcastles at the __________ today.

(beech, beach)

2. My train __________ was very expensive.

(fare, fair)

3. I __________ a small donkey.

(road, rode)

4. __________ you like a cup of tea?

(would, wood)

5. He bought a __________ pair of shoes yesterday.

(knew, new)

6. You look awfully __________: are you all right?

(pale, pail)

7. My mother loves to eat __________:

(pears, pairs)

8. The strong wind __________ his papers away.

(blue, blew)

9. Vegetarians do not eat __________.

(meet, meat)

10. Mother uses __________ to bake bread.

(flour, flower)

11. The Prince of Wales is __________ to the throne.

(air, heir)

12. __________ is the book?

(wear, where)

14. Please do not __________ your time.

(waste, waist)

15. The students will be going for the trip next __________.

(weak, week)

11

13. Adlis children like to eat __________ for breakfast. (cereal, serial)

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55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.

62. PRACTICE 6 WRITING CORRECT SENTENCES

106.

Page

64. e.g. loves. to. school. he. walk. to


65.
66. He loves to walk to school.
67.
68. am - a - I - prefect - school
69. ________________________________________________________________
70.
71. of - Jim - afraid - snakes - is
72. ________________________________________________________________
73.
74. sing - Aileen - and - dance - can
75. ________________________________________________________________
76.
77. fast - The - man - cannot - run - old
78. ________________________________________________________________
79.
80. is - class - boy - tallest - the - Ali - in
81. ________________________________________________________________
82.
83. to - fly - Elephants - are - able - not
84. ________________________________________________________________
85.
86. teachers - obey - We - our - must
87. ________________________________________________________________
88.
89. Shida - loves - skydiving, - Besides - also - swimming
90. ________________________________________________________________
91.
92. the - wall - The - horse - jump - can - over
93. ________________________________________________________________
94.
95. headmaster - spoke - assembly - The - school - at - the
96. ________________________________________________________________
97.
98. train - the - at - The - arrived - station - on - time
99. ________________________________________________________________
100.
101.
national - flag - citizens - respect - must - the - All
102.
___________________________________________________________
_____
103.
104.
sells - The - shop - various - of costumes - kind
105.
___________________________________________________________
_____

12

63. Rearrange the following words to form meaningful sentences. Write the sentences in the
spaces provided. Then, read the sentences aloud for pronunciation and intonation
practice.

107.

PRACTICE 7 WRITING COHESIVE PARAGRAPHS

108.
Read and rearrange the following paragraphs in the correct
order. Then, write them in your exercise books.
109.

(1)

110.
However, it must be understood that not all peer
pressure is bad. There is also positive peer pressure. For example, when you
learn from friends or when you decide to study together, then peer pressure is
not bad. For example, if we learn from good examples shown by friends about
acceptable behaviour, the peer pressure has positive effects. On the other hand,
simply following the crowd when friends ask you to smoke , to cheat or lie to your
parents is negative peer pressure.
111.
112.

(2)

113.
All of us must have experienced peer pressure at
one time or another in our lives. Who are our peers? They are people of the
same rank or age. Therefore, peer pressure can be explained as the influence on
a person by other people about the same age and probably in the same class.
114.
115.

(3)

116.
Therefore, it is important that we should be sensible
enough to say no to negative peer pressure. We should also be sound enough
to distinguish what is negative peer pressure from influences that can benefit us.
117.

119.
There are many reasons why people give in to
pressure. We want to be liked or be popular. So, we do what others tell us to do.
We want to fit in and not be left out. So, we do what others are doing.
Sometimes, it is curiosity that kills the cat. We are curious about what people are
doing. Lastly, we tend to do what the others are doing simply because we have
this follow the crowd mentality. We would feel lost if we did not follow what
others are doing.
120.
121.

13

(4)

Page

118.

122.

ANSWER KEY

123. Practice 4 Activity 1


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

until
friend
tomorrow
definition
bicycle
receive
sponsor
government
success
opinion
suddenly
museum
competition
title
music
continue
opportunity

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

receipt
traditional
motorcycle
definitely
occupation
occasion
television
necessary
village
disappointed
curriculum
reference
pencil
artist
writing
environment
beginning

35.
36. Practice 4 Activity 2
37. Safety In The Playground
38.

It is important to always obey school rules. Students break 1(braek) the rules daily, and are
making the playground a dangerous place 2(palce) to be.

39.

Frequently students run on the paths when 3(wehn) they know they should walk 4(wlak),
especially if it has been raining overnight. These students seldom 5(sdloem) think of safety 6(sfeaty)
of others even though the teachers remind 7(rienmd) us weekly at our assembly. Sometimes the
teacher 8(tehcear) on duty catches a student disobeying and the student has to report 9(rporet) to the
office fortnightly. However, often 10(otefn) they get away with it and some11(smoe) students only

These students should never be allowed to endanger other 13(otreh) people. They should be made
to sit outside the school office for a week and if they disobey again 14(aigan), they should be banned
permanently from 15(fmro) the playground.

41.

Page

40.

14

remember briefly what the principal 12(pripnical) tells them.

42. Practice 5
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

meat
dinner
fill
where
cereal
waste
week

15

beach
fare
rode
would
sit
cut
cute
tap

Page

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

16.
17. Practice 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

I am a school prefect.
Jim is afraid of snakes.
Aileen can sing and dance. / Aileen can dance and sing.
The old man cannot run fast.
Ali is the tallest boy in class.
Elephants are not able to fly.
We must obey our teachers.
Besides skydiving, Shida also loves swimming
The horse can jump over the wall.
The headmaster spoke at the school assembly.
The train arrived at the station on time.
All citizens must respect the national flag.
The shop sells various kinds of costumes.

18.
19. Practice 7
20. Paragraph 2, Paragraph 1, Paragraph 4, Paragraph 3

21. PRACTICE 8 NEGATIVE FORMS


22. Read the following sentences. Circle the verbs in the sentences and change them into
NEGATIVE forms. Rewrite the sentences in your EW20 exercise book.
23. e.g.

He goes to school by bus.

24.

He does not go to school by bus.

1) The fishermen brought in all kinds of fish.


2) One of Sallys friends reads the minutes of the meeting to the committee.
3) I will sit beside her at the football match.
4) The matron has reached the hospital.
5) We left for Penang by the night train.
6) Lara and Sara will teach English at the Teachers Training College.
7) These chairs and desks are damaged.
8) The king and queen were at the exhibition.
9) Dody likes to eat vegetables.
10) The young men drive their sports cars at top speed.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

31. PRACTICE 9 ANTONYMS


32. Read the following sentences. Give the ANTONYMS of the words in bold. Rewrite the
sentences in yourEW20 exercise book.
33.

e.g.

The old lady cries after being informed about the bad news.

34.

The young lady cries after being informed about the bad news.

1) He is a brave soldier.
2) The teachers voice is very soft.
3) The room is dirty and dull.
4) Lily has made a tasty lunch.
5) He is innocent.
6) The tourists arrived at 3.00 p.m.
7) The knives are blunt.
8)

Mr. Jay is a generous and kind man.

9)

The ballerina dances gracefully.

10) It is always cold in the morning.


35.
36.
37.
38.

39. PRACTICE 10 CORRECTIONS OF ERRORS - Tenses


40. Activity 1
1. Read the following paragraph.
2. Correct the tense of the words underlined.
3. Copy the paragraph into your EW20 exercise book.
41.
Penang
Island had a variety of attractions to offer its visitors whatever their
42.
preferences were. Popularly known as the Pearl of the Orient, the island was linked to
43.
the mainland by a 13.5km long bridge, reputedly the longest in Asia. If you chose to
go44.
to the mainland by ferry from Butterworth in the mainland, the ride took you only
ten45.minutes. You could disembark at the jetty. From the jetty, Georgetown was just
within walking distance. Georgetown, the capital, was the seat of the state
46.
government and the commercial hub. It was a quaintly attractive town with modern
47.scrappers existing side by side with older buildings.
sky
48.
49. Activity 2
50. Copy the paragraph in the box. Then, change the verbs underlined to the Simple Past
Tense.
51.
My 52.
Aunt Esah has some very strange habits. She gets up at 2 a.m. and cooks a huge
breakfast
for herself. It is always the same breakfast. She has eggs and sardines, and
53.
coffee. The first thing she does is, she boils the water for the coffee. While it boils, she
54.
starts frying the eggs. While they are cooking in the pan, she takes out her tin-opener
and55.
opens the tin of sardines. She has one special tin-opener which she treasures
dearly.
56. She also loves her frying-pan which she scrubs and polishes carefully until its
copper bottom gleams and she can see her face reflected in it. She loves it so much
57.
that she always talks to it as she cleans it or cooks with it. She also talks to her tin58. of course, and also to her kettle and coffee pot, for that matter. They have all
opener,
been
59.with her since the day she was married.
60.
61.

62.
63. ANSWER KEY
64.
65. Practice 8
66.
1. The fishermen did not bring in all kinds of fish.
67.
2. One of Sallys friends does not read the minutes of the meeting to the committee.
68.
3. I will not sit beside her at the football match.
69.
4. The matron has not reached the hospital.
70.
5. We did not leave for Penang by the night train.
71.
6. Lara and Sara will not /teach English at the Teachers Training College.
72.
7. These chairs and desks are not damaged.
73.
8. The king and queen were not at the exhibition.
74.
9. Dody does not / doesnt like to eat vegetables.
75.
10. The young men do not drive their sports cars at top speed.
76.
77.
78. Practice 9
79.
1. He is a timid soldier.
80.
2. The teachers voice is very loud.
81.
3. The room is clean and attractive / bright.
82.
4. Lily has made a tasteless lunch.
83.
5. He is guilty.
84.
6. The tourists departed at 3.00 p.m.
85.
7. The knives are sharp.
86.
8. Mr. Jay is a selfish and cruel man.
87.
9. The ballerina dances clumsily / awkwardly.
88.
10. It is always hot in the evening.

89. Practice 10
90.
91. Activity 1
92.

93. Penang Island has a variety of attractions to offer its visitors whatever their
preferences are. Popularly known as the Pearl of the Orient, the island is linked to
the mainland by a 13.5km long bridge, reputedly the longest in Asia. If you
choose to go to the mainland by ferry from Butterworth in the mainland, the ride
takes you only ten minutes. You could disembark at the jetty. From the jetty,
Georgetown is just within walking distance. Georgetown, the capital, is the seat of
the state government and the commercial hub. It is a quaintly attractive town with
modern sky scrappers existing side by side with older buildings.
94.
95.
96.
97. Activity 2
98.

99. My Aunt Esah had some very strange habits. She got up at 2 a.m. and cooked a
huge breakfast for herself. It was always the same breakfast. She had eggs and
sardines, and coffee. The first thing she did was, she boiled the water for the
coffee. While it boiled, she started frying the eggs. While they were cooking in
the pan, she took out her tin-opener and opened the tin of sardines. She had one
special tin-opener which she treasured dearly. She also loved her frying-pan
which she scrubbed and polished carefully until its copper bottom gleamed and
she could see her face reflected in it. She loved it so much that she always talked
to it as she cleaned it or cooked with it. She also talked to her tin-opener, of
course, and also to her kettle and coffee pot, for that matter. They had all been
with her since the day she was married.

100.
PRACTICE 11 WRITING SPEECHES
101.
102.
Activity 1
103.
104.
Copy the following speech in your EW20 exercise book.
105.
106.
Good morning, Mr. Dewey Chan, the principal, teachers and fellow
friends. I am Jana Lane. I am proud to have been chosen as the most
outstanding SPM student this year. I must thank all the teachers who have
helped me to achieve this. I am honoured to be invited to give a talk on Tips on
Scoring in Exams.
107.
108.
The first tip is, you should have a good timetable so that you do not leave
out any subject or topic when you are revising. You should allocate more time to
your weaker subjects and less time to the subjects in which you are good.
Therefore, you can study intelligently and systematically.
109.
110.
Secondly, you should start your revision early. Prepare for the
examinations at least a month ahead so that you will be well-prepared. Put aside
a few hours a day for your revision.
111.
112.
In addition, it is good to go over past years examination question papers.
This will help you to familiarise yourselves with the topics for the exams.
Remember, practice makes perfect.
113.
114.
Apart from this, you have to listen carefully and pay attention during
lessons. This will enable you to understand better what is being taught.
115.
116.
Another good way of studying is having group discussions. A few heads
are better than just one. By having group discussions, you will be able to discuss
problems and exchange information as well as share opinions among the group
members.
117.
118.
Finally, you must balance your time between studies and recreation. It
should not be all work and no play. Do something different that diverts your mind
from your studies. Make sure you have enough time for rest and recreation, for
example, you can listen to music, play games, dance or exercise.
119.
120.
These are all the tips I can share with you. I hope they will be useful to
you. Before I end, I would like to wish all of you, All the very best in your SPM
examination. Thank you.
121.
122.
123.

124.
Activity 2
125.
126.
Fill in the blanks with the suitable words. Then, rewrite the introduction of this
speech into your EW20 exercise book.
127.
128.
129.
INTRODUCTION
130.
131.
Good morning to _______(name of your principal), the principal, teachers
and fellow friends. I am _____(your name). I am proud to have been chosen as
the most outstanding SPM student this year. I must thank all the teachers who
have helped me to achieve this. I am honoured to be invited to give a talk on
_____(title of the speech).
132.
133.
134.
Choose the better elaboration from the boxes for each of the point. Rewrite your
choice in the space provided.
135.
136.
CONTENT
137.
138.
The first tip is you should have a good timetable so that you do not leave
out any subject or topic when you are revising.
139.
140.
a) You should not waste your time memorizing.
141.
b) Therefore, you can study intelligently and systematically.
142.
143.
Elaboration:
144.
145.
_________________________________________________________
146.
147.
Secondly, you should start your revision early.
148.
149.
a) Prepare for the examinations at least a month ahead so that you will be well150. prepared.
151.
b) Good reference books will be helpful for your revision.
152.
153.
Elaboration:
154.
155.
_________________________________________________________
156.
157.
In addition, it is good to go over past years examination question papers.
158.
159.
a) This will help you to familiarise yourselves with the topics for the exams.
160.
b) You must not hesitate to ask your teachers.
161.
162.
163.
Elaboration:
164.
165.
_________________________________________________________
166.
167.

168.
Apart from this, you have to listen carefully and pay attention during
lessons.
169.
a) 170.
Make sure your class is conducive for learning.
Elaboration:
b) 171.
This will enable
you to understand better what is being taught.
172.
173.
___________________________________________
174.
175.
176.
Another good way of studying is having group discussions.
177.
178.
a) You should divide your time wisely.
179.
b) By having group discussions, you will be able to discuss problems and
180. exchange information as well as share opinions among the group members.
181.
182.
183.
Elaboration:
184.
185.
_________________________________________________________
186.
187.
188.
Finally, you must balance your time between studies and recreation.
189.
190.
a) Make sure you have enough time for rest and recreation, for example, you
191. can listen to music, play games, dance or exercise.
192.
b) You have to make a list of your preferences.
193.
194.
Elaboration:
195.
196.
_________________________________________________________
197.
198.
199.
Rewrite the conclusion of the speech in your exercise book. Fill in the blank with
a suitable answer.
200.
201.
CONCLUSION
202.
203.
These are all the tips I can share with you. I hope they will be useful.
Before I end, I would like to wish all of you, All the very best in your SPM
examination. _____(thanking the audience).
204.
205.
206.
207.
208.
209.(Note: No Answer Key for Practice 11)

210.
PRACTICE 12 - IDENTIFICATION OF ERRORS
211.
212.
Activity 1
213.
214.
Read the following paragraph
215.
216.
The effects of global warming can be seen in the vanishing corals and also in
abnormal and intense storms. Global warming is caused by the buildup of greenhouse
gases. We can help reduce the effects of global warming by appreciating and being aware
of the issue as well as reading about it. We can also join voluntary organisations and
encourage family and friends to join in too. Other ways are by cutting down or quitting
smoking, using energy wisely, car pooling and maintaining our vehicles so that they do
not emit foul exhaust fumes and using public transportation. We should not practise open
burning and report such a practice to the relevant authorities if we happen to witness it.
217.
218.
219.
In each of the following groups of words, there is an error.
220.
Write down these words into your exercise books, underline the error and correct
it.
221.
1. effects

affect

effect

2. globall

globe

globes

3. warming

warmed

wamr

4. volunteer

voluntari

voluntarily

volunteering

5. cause

casuing caused

6. four

fouls

fouled

faul

7. use

uesing

user

8. smoke

smokes

smoked

9. relevance

relevantly

relevanter

10. wisest

wiser

wies

222.

afects

somoking

wisely

223.
Activity 2
224.
225.
Copy the sentences below into your EW20 exercise book. Correct the underlined
words.
226.
227.
e.g.
The effects of global warming can be see in the vanishing corals.
228.
The effects of global warming can be seen in the vanishing corals.
229.
1. The effects of global warming can be seen in abnormally and intense storms.
2. Global warming is causes by the buildup of greenhouse gases.
3. We can help reduce the effects of global warming by appreciate the issue.
4. It can be reduce by being aware of the issue.
5. It also can be reduced by reading about the issue.
6. We can also joins voluntary organisations
7. We can encouraged our family and friends to join in too.
8. Other ways is by cutting down or quitting smoking and using energy wisely.
9. Other ways are by car pooling but maintaining our vehicles.
10. This is to ensure that them do not emit foul exhaust fumes.
11. Another way is before using public transportation.
12. We should not practise opens burning.
13. We should report to relevant authorities of we happen to witness such activity.
230.
231.

232.
Activity 3:
233.
234.
Copy the sentences below into your EW20 exercise books. Each sentence has an
error. Identify and correct it.
235.
236.
e.g.
The effects of global warming can been seen in the vanishing corals.
237.
The effects of global warming can be seen in the vanishing corals
238.
1. Global warming are caused by the buildup of greenhouse gases.
2. We can encouraging our family and friends to join in too.
3. The effects of global warming can be seeing in abnormal and intense storms.
4. We can help reducing the effects of global warming by appreciating the issue.
5. It can be reducing by being aware about the issue.
6. We can also joined voluntary organisations
7. It can also been reduced by reading about the issue.
239.

240. ANSWER KEY


241.
242. Practice 12
243.
244. Activity 1
245.
1. afects affects
2. globall global
3. wamr warm
4. voluntari - voluntary
5. casuing - causing
6. faul foul
7. uesing using
8. somoking smoking
9. relevanter relevant
10. wies wise
246.
247. Activity 2
248.
1. The effects of global warming can be seen in abnormal and intense storms.
2. Global warming is caused by the build up of greenhouse gases.
3. We can help reduce the effects of global warming by appreciating the issue.
4. It can be reduced by being aware of the issue.
5. It can also be reduced by reading about the issue.
6. We can also join voluntary organisations
7. We can encourage our family and friends to join in too.
8. Other ways are by cutting down or quitting smoking and using energy wisely.
9. Other ways are by car pooling and maintaining our vehicles.
10. This is to ensure that they do not emit foul exhaust fumes.
11. Another way is by using public transportation.
12. We should not practise open burning.
13. We should report to relevant authorities if we happen to witness such activity.
249.
250. Activity 3
251.
1. Global warming is caused by the buildup of greenhouse gases.
2. We can encourage our family and friends to join in too.
3. The effects of global warming can be seen in abnormal and intense storms.
4. We can help reduce the effects of global warming by appreciating the issue.
5. It can be reduced by being aware about the issue.
6. We can also join voluntary organisations.
7. It can also be reduced by reading about the issue.

252.

PRACTICE 13 WRITING BETTER SENTENCES

253.

Activity 1

254.

Read the following paragraph

255.
I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman. Initially, I had only
wanted to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable time that I decided
to extend my vacation for another week. The weather was bright and sunny and
I had a marvellous weekend on the beautiful beach. I also met a charming
young man and we became close friends. He took me to his house in his sleek,
shiny sports car. It was a very small but cozy house with a spacious garden. He
took me to a posh restaurant which served some delicious, mouth-watering
dishes. He also bought for me an attractive dress. Then we saw an interesting
movie.
256.

Complete the sentences below

1. I had a .........................................................................................................................
257.
2. Initially, I had only....................................................................................................
258.
3. I had such an enjoyable ..............................................................................................
259.
4. The weather was..........................................................................................................
260.
5. I had a
marvellous .........................................................................................................
261.
6. I also met a ...........................................................................................................
262.
7. He took me ........................................................................................................
263.
8. It was a .........................................................................................
264.

9. He took
me ....................................................................................................................
265.
10. He also bought
.................................................................................................................
266.
267.

268.

Activity 2

269.

Read the following paragraph

270.
I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman. Initially, I had only wanted
to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable time that I decided to extend
my vacation for another week. The weather was bright and sunny and I had a
marvellous weekend on the beautiful beach. I also met a charming young man
and we became close friends. He took me to his house in his sleek, shiny sports
car. It was a very small but cozy house with a spacious garden. He took me to a
posh restaurant which served some delicious, mouth-watering dishes. He also
bought for me an attractive dress. Then we saw an interesting movie.
271.

Rewrite and complete the following sentences.

1. I had - holiday - Pulau Tioman


272.
___________________________________________________________
______
273.
2. I - spend - a week - enjoyable time
274.
___________________________________________________________
________
275.
3. weather - sunny - bright
276.
___________________________________________________________
________
277.
___________________________________________________________
________
278.
4. I - met - charming - man - became close friends
279.
___________________________________________________________
________
280.
___________________________________________________________
________
281.
5. he - bought - me - dress

282.
___________________________________________________________
________
283.
___________________________________________________________
________

284.

Activity 3

285.

Read the following paragraph.

286. I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman. Initially, I had only wanted
to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable time that I decided to extend my
vacation for another week. The weather was bright and sunny and I had a marvellous
weekend on the beautiful beach. I also met a charming young man and we became
close friends. He took me to his house in his sleek, shiny sports car. It was a very small
but cozy house with a spacious garden. He took me to a posh restaurant which served
some delicious, mouth-watering dishes. He also bought for me an attractive dress. Then
we saw an interesting movie.
287.

Combine each of the following groups of sentences into one sentence.

288.

e.g.
289.

290.
291.

I had a wonderful holiday.


I had a holiday in Pulau Tioman.
I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman.

1. I had only wanted to spend a week there.


292.

I had such a wonderful time.

293.

I decided to extend my vacation for another week.

294.
_________________________________________________________________
_______
295.
_________________________________________________________________
_______
296.
2. The weather was bright.
297.

The weather was sunny.

298.

I had a marvellous weekend on the beautiful beach.

299.
_________________________________________________________________
________
300.
_________________________________________________________________
________
301.
3. I also met a charming young man.
302.

We became close friends.

303.
_________________________________________________________________
________
304.
4. His house was small. His house was beautiful.
305.

His house has a spacious garden.

306.
_________________________________________________________________
________
307.
_________________________________________________________________
________

308.

Activity 4

309.

Read the following paragraph

310.
I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman. Initially, I had only wanted
to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable time that I decided to extend
my vacation for another week. The weather was bright and sunny and I had a
marvellous weekend on the beautiful beach. I also met a charming young man
and we became close friends. He took me to his house in his sleek, shiny sports
car. It was a very small but cozy house with a spacious garden. He took me to a
posh restaurant which served some delicious, mouth-watering dishes. He also
bought for me an attractive dress. Then we saw an interesting movie.
311.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

312.
313.

1. I had a ___________ holiday in Pulau Tioman.

314.

2. I had such an ___________ time that I decided to extend my vacation for another

week.
315.

3. The weather was ____________ and ____________.

316.

4. I had _______________ weekend on the ______________ beach.

317.

5. I also met a _______________ young man and we became __________ friends.

318.

6. He took me to his house in his ______________, ________________ ____________

car.
319.

7. It was a very _____________ but ____________ house with a _______________

garden.
320.

8. He took me to a ___________ restaurant which served some ____________,

____________ dishes.
321.

9. He also bought for me an _______________ dress.

322.

10. Then we saw an _____________ movie.

323.

Activity 5

324.

Lengthen these sentences step by step. Add a word or phrase at each level.

325.

Example:

326.

I want a house

327.
328.
329.
330.
331.

a. I want a big house.


b. I want to buy a big house
c. I want to buy a big house by the sea
d. I want to buy a big house by the sea when I grow up.

1. I had a holiday.
332.
a.
__________________________________________________________________
333.
b.
__________________________________________________________________
334.
c.
__________________________________________________________________
335.
d.
__________________________________________________________________
336.
2. I go to school.
337.
a.
__________________________________________________________________
338.
b.
__________________________________________________________________
339.
c.
__________________________________________________________________
340.
d.
__________________________________________________________________
341.
3. I like eating ice-cream
342.
a.
__________________________________________________________________

343.
b.
__________________________________________________________________
344.
c.
__________________________________________________________________
345.
d.
__________________________________________________________________
346.
347.

348. ANSWER KEY


349. Practice 13
350. Activity 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman.


Initially, I had only wanted to spend a week there.
I had such an enjoyable time that I decided to extend my vacation for another week.
The weather was bright and sunny.
I had a marvellous weekend.
I also met a charming young man.
He took me to his house in his sleek, shiny sports car.
It was a very small but cosy house with a spacious garden.
He took me to a posh restaurant which served some delicious, mouth-watering dishes.
He also bought for me an attractive dress.

351. Activity 2
1.
352.
2.
353.
3.
354.
4.
355.
5.
356.
357.

I had - holiday - Pulau Tioman


I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman
I - spend - a week - enjoyable time
I had only wanted to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable time
weather - sunny - bright
The weather was bright and sunny
I - met - charming - man - became close friends
I also met a charming young man and we became close friends
he - bought - me - dress
He also bought for me an attractive dress.

358. Activity 3
359.1. I had a wonderful holiday. I had a holiday in Pulau Tioman.
360.

I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman..

361.2. I had only wanted to spend a week there. I had such a wonderful time. I decided to extend my
vacation for another week.
362.
Initially, I had only wanted to spend a week there but I had such an enjoyable
time that I decided to extend my vacation for another week.
363.3. The weather was bright. The weather was sunny. I had a marvellous weekend on the beautiful
beach.
364.

The weather was bright and sunny and I had amarvellous weekend on the beautiful beach
365.4. I also met a charming young man. We became close friends.
366.

I also met a charming young man and we became close friends.

367.5. His house was small. His house was cosy. His house has a spacious garden.
368.

His house was very small but cosy with a spacious garden

369.
370. Activity 4
371.

1. I had a wonderful holiday in Pulau Tioman.

372.

2. I had such an enjoyable time that I decided to extend my vacation for another week.

373.

3. The weather was bright and sunny.

374.

4. I had a marvellous weekend on the beautiful beach.

375.

5. I also met a charming young man and we became close friends.

376.

6. He took me to his house in his sleek, shiny sports car.

377.

7. It was a very small but cosy house with a spacious garden.

378.

8. He took me to a posh _ restaurant which served some delicious, mouth-watering dishes.

379.

9. He also bought for me an attractive dress.

380.

10. Then we saw an interesting movie.

381.

Note: No Answer Key for Activity 5

382.

PRACTICE 14 DIFFUSING WORDS

383.
The words in the sentences below have been fused together. Break them up and
write out the sentences correctly in your EW20 exercise book.
384.

e.g.

Juana,themainfemalecharacterinthenovel,ThePearl,playedaveryimportantroleint
hestory.
385.

Juana, the main female character in the novel, The Pearl, played a very

important role in the story.


1. Thecharacteradmiredthemostinthebook,ThePearl,isJuana,thewifeofThePearldiver,Kino.
2. ThecharacterwhomIdislikethemostinthenovel,ThePearl,isthedoctor.
3. Tome,themostimportanteventinthestory,ThePearl,isKinosfindingThePearl.
4. Thebook,ThePearl,hasaverysadortragicending.
5. Aneventinthestory,ThePearl,whichIconsiderahappyoneiswhenKinofoundthelargestpearlintheworld.
6. Inthenovel,ThePearl,thereisoneincidentwhichshowshowpeopleshouldnotbehavetowardsothers.
7. Inthenovel,ThePearl,Kinohadtomakeaverybigsacrifice.
8. Manyoftheimportanteventsinthestory,ThePearl,tookplaceinLaPaz.
9. AssoonasKinofoundThePearl,allsortsoftroublesfelluponhim.
10. Juanawasalsoawomanwhowasnotcrazyaboutwealth.
11. Apearldiver,Kino,hadaveryyoungson,Coyotito.
12. AnotherreasonIadmireJuanaisbecauseofherloveforherhusband.
13. Kinothoughtthatfortunewassmilingonhimwhenhefoundthebiggestpearlintheworld.
14. Inhumanity,hypocrisyandgreedarethenegativehumanqualitiesIhavefoundinthebook,ThePearl.
386.
387.

388.

PRACTICE 15 MATCHING QUESTIONS TO PARAGRAPHS

389.

Activity 1

390.

First, copy the paragraph below into your EW20 exercise book.

391. The important moral lesson I have learnt from the book, The Pearl, is
wifely devotion. It is shown by Juana to her husband, Kino. This quality is clearly shown
when she wanted to throw the pearl back into the sea because she saw how much
trouble the pearl was causing them. The pearl was very valuable and when sold could
help her to lead a life of ease. Yet, she was willing to sacrifice it so that her husband
would no longer be troubled by those who wanted to steal the pearl. She was brutally
beaten by her husband for attempting to throw the pearl back into the sea but she did
not bear a grudge against him because she knew the pearl was supposed to hold all
sorts of promises for him.
392.
393.
394.
Now, choose a question that best matches the paragraph above and write it in
your exercise books.
395.
A. What is the happy event in the story that you have read?
B. What is the important event in the book that you have read?
C. What are the positive qualities of a character in the book you have read?
D. What important moral lesson have you learnt from the book you have read?
396.
397.
398.

399.

Activity 2

400.

First, copy the paragraph below into your EW20 exercise book.

401. An event in the story, The Pearl, which I consider happy is when Kino
found the largest pearl in the world. The finding of the pearl meant that now Kino could
have his son treated by the doctor. The doctor had refused to treat Kinos son because
he did not have the money to pay him. With the finding of the pearl, Kino could now hope
for a better life for his family. He and Juana could be married in church. Previously, he
and Juana were not able to do that. His son, Coyotito, would be able to go to school.
Attending school was a luxury beyond the means of most of the people in the fishing
village. With the money from the sale of the pearl, Kino and his family would be able to
lead a more comfortable life. This event made me very happy because it gave Kino hope
for a better life.
402.
403.
404.
Now, choose a question that best matches the paragraph above and write it in
your exercise books
405.
A. What is the happy event in the story that you have read?
B. What is the important event in the book that you have read?
C. What are the positive qualities of a character in the book you have read?
D. What important moral lesson have you learnt from the book you have read?
406.
407.

408.

Activity 3

409.

First, copy the paragraph below into your EW20 exercise book.

410. In the novel, The Pearl, the climax is when Kino fought with the three
men who had been following him. It is the most exciting part of the story. It was a matter
of life and death for Kino. The fight was a very unequal and unfair one. Kino had to fight
against three seasoned killers, one of whom was armed with a gun and the other two
with other weapons. If Kino lost the fight, he and his family would be killed and his pearl
taken away. If he won, he might be able to save his family. The fight was fast and
furious. Kino managed to kill all the three evil men but his child was killed by a shot from
the gun of one of the evil men. This part of the story is the climax to me because it is the
most exciting part.
411.
412.
413.
414.
Now, choose a question that best matches the paragraph above and write it in
your EW20 exercise book.
415.
A. What is the happy event in the story that you have read?
B. What is the most exciting part in the book that you have read?
C. What are the positive qualities of a character in the book you have read?
D. What important moral lesson have you learnt from the book you have read?
416.
417.

418.

PRACICE 16 ELABORATING TOPIC SENTENCES

419.

Activity 1

420.
Copy the following essay into your EW20 exercise book. Leave five lines after
each sentence as shown. Then, think of the possible elaborations for each point in the
essay.You will be given the rest of the essay to be completd the following day.
421.

THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING ENGLISH

422. English can be said to be the most important and the most useful language in the
world today. There are many reasons why you should study the language properly.
423.
424. The first reason is English will help you a lot when you further your studies.
425.
426. (leave five lines)
427.
428. The second reason you have to study English well is that it will help you to get a
job.
429.
430. (leave five lines)
431.
432. A good command of English will also help you greatly in your job.
433.
434. (leave five lines)
435.
436. Good English will also help you when you travel.
437.
438. (leave five lines)
439.
440. Besides all these, a good command of the language will enable you to enjoy some
of televisions best programmes.
441.
442. (leave five lines)
443.
444. Knowing English will also enable you to enjoy some of the worlds most
beautiful literary works.
445.
446. (leave five lines)
447.

448. You now see the importance of studying English well. You can enjoy many
advantages if you improve your English.Activity 2
449.
Copy these paragraphs into the essay you copied yesterday. Put them in the
correct paragraphs.
450.
451.
If the company you work for is involved in international trade, you have to speak
to prospective customers in English. If your English is bad, you will not be able to get
orders for your companys products. You will likely be dismissed.
452.
453.

Every country in the world studies English. Even the roadside stall-holders in

China speak fairly good English. At least, some of the people you meet on your travels in
other countries can understand English. So, you will not have any communication
problems when you travel to other countries if your English is good. Inevitably, English
is one of the languages used in airport announcements. Knowing English will, therefore,
make travelling overseas easier.
454.
455.

Many of the worlds best books, novels and poems are written in English. If you

cannot read such great masterpieces of writing, you will have missed a lot in life.
456.
457.

We must admit that many of the best programmes are produced by American or

British companies. So, if your English is not good, you will not be able to enjoy such
programmes.
458.
459.

Almost all the books at the universities are written in English. So, if your English

is poor, you are going to have a big problem studying there.


460.
461.

When you go for a job interview, the interviewer will surely talk to you in

English. If you cannot speak English well, your chances of getting the job are very slim.
462.

463.

ANSWER KEY

464. Practice 14
1.

The character I admire the most in the book, The Pearl, is Juana, the wife of the pearl diver,
Kino.

2.

The character whom I dislike the most in the novel, The Pearl, is the doctor.

3.

To me, the most important event in the story, The Pearl, is Kinos finding the pearl.

4.

The book, The Pearl, has a very sad or tragic ending.

5.

An event in the story, The Pearl, which I consider a happy one is when Kino found the largest
pearl in the world.

6.

In the novel, The Pearl, there is one incident which shows how people should not behave
towards others.

7.

In the novel, The Pearl, Kino had to make a very big sacrifice.

8.

Many of the important events in the story, The Pearl, took place in LaPaz.

9.

As soon as Kino found the pearl, all sorts of troubles fell upon him.

10. Juana was also a woman who was not crazy about wealth.
11. A pearl diver, Kino, had a very young son, Coyotito.
12. Another reason I admire Juana is because of her love for her husband.
13. Kino thought that fortune was smiling on him when he found the biggest pearl in the world.
14. Inhumanity, hypocrisy and greed are the negative human qualities I have found in the book, The
Pearl.
465. Practice 15
466. Activity 1
467.B. What is the important event in the book that you have read?
468. Activity 2
469.A. What is the happy event in the story that you have read?
470. Activity 3
471.B. What is the most exciting part in the book that you have read?

472. Practice 16
473.
474. Activity 1 and 2
475.
476. THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING ENGLISH
477.
478.
English can be said to be the most important and the most useful language in the world
today. There are many reasons why you should study the language properly.
479.
480.
The first reason is English will help you a lot when you further your studies. Almost all
the books at the universities are written in English. So, if your English is poor, you are going to have a big
problem studying there.
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The second reason you have to study English well is that it will help you to get a job.
When you go for a job interview, the interviewer will surely talk to you in English. If you cannot speak
English well, your chances of getting the job are very slim.
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A good command of English will also help you greatly in your job. If the company you
work for is involved in international trade, you have to speak to prospective customers in English. If your
English is bad, you will not be able to get orders for your companys products. You will likely be dismissed.
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Good English will also help you when you travel. Every country in the world studies
English. Even the roadside stall-holders in China speak fairly good English. At least some of the people you
meet on your travels in other countries can understand English. So, you will not have any communication
problems when you travel to other countries if your English is good. Inevitably, English is one of the
languages used in airport announcements. Knowing English will, therefore, make travelling overseas easier.
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Besides all these, a good command of the language will enable you to enjoy some of
televisions best programmes. We must admit that many of the best programmes are produced by American
or British companies. So, if your English is not good, you will not be able to enjoy such programmes.
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Knowing English will also enable you to enjoy some of the worlds most beautiful literary
works. Many of the worlds best books, novels and poems are written in English. If you cannot read such
great masterpieces of writing, you will have missed a lot in life.
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You now see the importance of studying English well. You can enjoy many advantages if
you improve your English.

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