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TOWER CIVIL ENGINEERING REVIEW CENTER

ASSESSMENT EXAMINATION:
MATHEMATICS, SURVEYING AND TRANSPORTATION
ENGINEERING
1. In triangle ABC, ABC = 45. Point D is on segment BC
such that 2 = and DAB = 15. Find ACB.
a. 45 c. 60
b. 55 d. 75

2. Point P is located inside triangle ABC so that angles PAB,


PBC, and PCA are all congruent. The sides of a triangle
have lengths = 13, = 14, and = 15. Determine the
value of angles.
a. 27.45 c. 31.08
b. 29.66 d. 33.54

3. Which of the following is not true about triangle? (R = radius Provide values for backsub solution.
of circumscribing circle, r = radius of incircle) 4. Two adjacent sides of a parallelogram are 3473 and 4822 ft,
a. and the angle between them is 72.23. Find the length of the
4
longer diagonal.
b. 2
4 in in in a. 5820 ft c. 6748 ft
c. b. 6342 ft d. 5009 ft
4 in in in
2 2 2
d. 2 in in in in in in
5. Three circles with centers A, B, and C have respective radii
50, 30, and 20 in. and are tangent to each other externally.
Find the area of the curvilinear triangle formed by the three
circles.
a. 142 in2 c. 152 in2
2 2
b. 132 in d. 162 in

8. The distances from a point inside a regular pentagon to its


vertices are 9 cm, 3 cm and 8 cm, consecutively. Find the
side of the pentagon.
a. 9.67 cm c. 9.33 cm
b. 9.89 cm d. 9.53 cm

6. Pass a plane through a cube so that the section formed will


be a regular hexagon. If the edge of the cube is 2 units, find
the area of the section.
a. 4.80 sq. units c. 3.90 sq. units
b. 5.20 sq. units d. 6.10 sq. units

7. A pole in the form of a circular cylinder of altitude 18 ft and 9. The cross-sectional area of a prismatoid is given by A = z
2
diameter of right section 0.4 ft has a base whose largest 2.7Hz + 4.85H2, where H is the altitude and z is the distance
dimension is 0.5 ft. If the pole rolls until it has covered an from the base to any cross-section. If H = 12 m, calculate
area of level ground, equal to that of one acre, how many the volume of the prismatoid.
revolutions will it make? a. 6534 m
3
c. 6744 m
3
a. 1620.1 rev c. 1330.8 revolutions b. 6624 m 3
d. 6314 m3
b. 1540.6 rev d. 1420.6 revolutions
V = L/6*(A1 + 4Am + A2)
A (0) = 698.4 = A1
A (6) = 540 = Am
A (12) = 453.6 = A2
V = 6624
Or

10. A right cylindrical solid of altitude 6 in. has the cross section
shown in the shaded portion of the figure. BEDG is a circle
whose radius is OG. AFCG is a circle which is tangent to the
larger circle at G. If AB = CD = 5 in and if EF = 9 in, find the
volume of the cylinder.
3 3
a. 3859.45 in c. 3643.54 in
b. 3288.11 in3 d. 3712.09 in3

B
14. What fraction of the volume of a pyramid must be cut off by
A a plane parallel to the base if the pyramid thus formed has a
F lateral area equal to one-half of the lateral area of the
E G
O original pyramid?
C a. 0.333 c. 0.707
b. 0.354 d. 0.891
D

11. Two steel balls, one 6 cm in diameter and the other 4 cm in


diameter, are placed in a cylindrical jar 9 cm in diameter,
consecutively. Find the volume of water necessary to cover
them.
3 3
a. 425.95 cm c. 489.56 cm
3
b. 394.14 cm d. 362.33 cm3
15. At what angle with the horizontal must the base of a right
circular cylinder be tilted to make it just topple over if its
diameter is 13 ft and its altitude is 15 ft?
a. 40.91 c. 49.09
b. 36.87 d. 53.13

12. The center of each of two spheres of radius 9 m lies in the


surface of the other sphere. Find the volume common to the
two spheres.
3 3
a. 926.45 m c. 936.62 m
3 3
b. 954.26 m d. 916.29 m

16. Two chords of a circle AB and CD intersect perpendicularly


at point O. If OB = 6 m, OC = 3 m and OD = 8 m, find the
area of the largest part of the circle.
2 2
a. 51.10 m c. 42.06 m
2 2
b. 46.10 m d. 49.05 m

13. A spherical ball of radius 3.5 cm is dropped into a conical


ve el who e ve tex ngle i 7330. Wh t i the e of the
portion of the sphere which lies above the circle of contact
with the cone?
a. 153.94 cm2 c. 46.05 cm2
2 2
b. 106.71 cm d. 123.02 cm
a. 16 cu. ft c. 13 cu. ft
b. 18 cu. ft d. 14 cu. ft

20. If a polygon has 189 diagonals, determine the number of


lines.
a. 253 c. 210
b. 290 d. 231

ND = 189 = n/2*(n 3); n = 21


NL = 21C2 = 210
17. A right circular cone with top width 24 cm and altitude 8 cm 21. A circle having a diameter of 20 m is inscribed in a triangle
is filled with water. A spherical steel ball with radius 3 cm is ABC where A = 45 and B = 75. Determine the area inside
submerged in the cone. Determine the volume of water the triangle but outside the circle.
below the sphere. a. 210 sq. m c. 251 sq. m
a. 1.08 cm3 c. 0.96 cm3 b. 220 sq. m d. 231 sq. m
3
b. 0.83 cm d. 0.69 cm3

22. A circle is inscribed in a hexagon. If the area of a circle is


18. In triangle ABC, AB = 172.8 cm, BC = 259.2 cm, and CA = 2
78.54 mm , calculate the area between the circle and the
345.6 cm. Determine the length of the bisector of angle B. hexagon.
a. 126.98 cm c. 184.08 cm a. 6.86 sq. mm c. 8.42 sq. mm
b. 157.33 cm d. 231.72 cm b. 9.48 sq. mm d. 8.06 sq. mm

23. A circle is inscribed in a quadrilateral whose given sides are


19. A 4-ft diameter open cylindrical tank, 6 ft high, is filled with 20 m, 30 m, and 42 m consecutively. Find the remaining
water. The tank is tilted to a position such that its water side.
surface will cut the diameter of the base. Calculate the a. 38 m c. 32 m
volume of water left in the tank. b. 34 m d. 36 m
Along the path and 24 meters from the point of tangency,
another way opens towards the pond. From the intersection
of the two ways to the periphery of the pond, the length of
the new pathway is 22 meters. If the new pathway will be
prolonged across the artificial pond, determine the length of
the bridge to be installed.
a. 4.18 m c. 3.65 m
b. 4.08 m d. 3.92 m
Secant-Tangent Theorem
242 = 11(11+x); x = 4.18
29. A rectangle with sides AB = CD = 100 m and BC = AD = 240
m is shown in the figure. It is divided into three parts by
parallel lines AE and FC which are 40 m apart. Determine
the area of the middle region.
B E C

A F D
24. A triangle having an area of 90.48 mm2 is inscribed in a 2 2
circle whose radius is 12 mm. If one of the sides of the a. 7542.18 m c. 6310.54 m
2 2
b. 7662.13 m d. 6202.33 m
triangle is 24 mm, calculate its perimeter.
a. 54.63 mm c. 49.74 mm
b. 67.54 mm d. 70.12 mm

30. Find the area of the curvilinear square at the center of the
figure shown. Square edge = 15 m.

25. A rectangular parallelepiped block, 5 cm x 6 cm x 9 ft, is


painted green. If you cut completely through the solid to form
cubes 1 cm on an edge, how many cubes will have painted
faces?
a. 270 c. 186
2 2
b. 178 d. 122 a. 74.87 m c. 62.89 m
2 2
0-face painted cubes = 3x4x7 = 84 b. 66.67 m d. 70.91 m
Painted cubes = 5x6x9 84 = 186
26. A pyramid 25 m high is divided into three equal parts by two
planes parallel to the base. Find the distance between the
cutting planes.
a. 17.33 c. 4.51 m
b. 8.33 m d. 3.16 m

31. Find the number of triangles that can be formed from 15


27. You are given two circles that are externally tangent to each points.
other. The total number of common tangents that can be a. 720 c. 91
drawn to the circles is b. 455 d. 364
a. 1 c. 4 15C3 = 455

b. 2 d. 3 32. Find the area of the octagram inscribed in a circle of radius


20 cm.
28. A path walk is tangent to a circular artificial pond in a park. a. 692.82 sq. cm c. 937.26 sq. cm
b. 733.11 sq. cm d. 843.55 sq. cm
37. 10 lines are placed on a plane so that no two lines are
parallel. How many points of intersection are there?
a. 36 c. 90
b. 45 d. 72

1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9 = 45

38. One of the sides of a regular tetrahedron is equal to 24 m.


Determine the volume of the tetrahedron.
3 3
a. 1608.4 m c. 1629.2 m
3 3
b. 1617.7 m d. 1632.9 m
3
V = 24 /(6xsqrt(2))

39. Find the area illuminated by a candle 3 m away from a ball 2


m in diameter?
2 2
33. Two pulleys 10 ft between centers are linked by non- a. 4.29 m c. 4.21 m
2 2
crossing belt. The larger pulley is 10 ft diameter and the b. 4.51 m d. 4.71 m
smaller pulley is 5 ft in diameter. Calculate the total length of
the belt. o ; 75.5222
a. 47.3 ft c. 38.1 ft X = 1 cos 75.5222 = 0.25
b. 32.9 ft d. 44.2 ft h = 1 x = 0.75
2(1)(0.75) = 4.71 m2

40. The median of a triangle is the line connecting the vertex


and the midpoint of the opposite side. For a given triangle,
these medians intersect at a point which is called the:
a. centroid c. circumcenter
b. incenter d. orthocenter

41. In a certain topographic survey, a stadia intercept of 0.75 m


was recorded on a stadia rod and the line of sight is inclined
15 above the horizontal. It was found that the stadia rod
which is 3.00 m long is 120 mm out of plumb and leaning
away (backward) from the instrument (internal focusing)
position. Stadia interval factor = 100. Determine the
corrected vertical distance.
a. 18.534 m c. 18.425 m
b. 18.750 m d. 18.707 m

o
d o
o o
o / o
in 0.12 m/3 m; 21732.79
Simplified
V k /2* in 2 k/2*[ o / o ]* in 2
34. A cross belt goes around the pulleys A and B having radii of
V 18.534 m
36 dm and 18 dm respectively. The distance between the
centers of the two pulleys is 137 dm. Calculate the length of
42. A theodolite was set up at station A with trunion axis 1.18 m
the common internal tangent.
above ground, and due to some obstruction in line of sight
a. 118.45 dm c. 91.33 dm
only reading of upper stadia wire could be recorded as
b. 106.34 dm d. 125.91 dm
2.022 m with ve ti l ngle 305, on the t ff held
vertically at station B. The line joining A and B has a
gradient of 1 in 20. If the tacheometric constants are as k =
100 and c = 0, determine the horizontal distance.
a. 201.6 m c. 100.8 m
b. 94.8 m d. 117.7 m

1.18 + VD = y + RR = HD/20 + MHR


2
1.18 k o in k o /20 + (UHR s/2)
2
1.18 + 100s*(cos 305 * in 305) = 100s*( o 305) /20 + 2.022
s/2
s = 0.951 m
H k o 2 = 94.8 m

43. With a theodolite set 1.58 m above station A, a sight is taken


on a staff held at station B. The staff intercept is 1.420 m
with middle cross hair reading 3.54 m, and vertical angle
513. With the in t ument et 1.55 m ove t tion ,
sight is taken on the staff held at station A. The staff
intercept is 1.430 m with middle cross hair reading as 2.35
m, nd the ve ti l ngle 600. he in t ument i internal
focusing with constant k = 101. Calculate the most probable
35. How many possible triangles can be formed from these horizontal distance between A and B.
given: A = 67, a = 150 and c = 250? a. 142.449 m c. 142.338 m
a. 0 c. 2 b. 142.691 m d. 142.543 m
b. 1 d. Insufficient data
HD1 = 101(1.42)(cos -513 2 = 142.2343671
2
36. The base areas of a frustum of a pyramid are 16 sq cm and HD2 101 1.43 o 613 = 142.851929
36 sq cm, respectively, and its altitude is 12 cm. Determine HDave = 142.543 m
the altitude of the pyramid.
a. 36 cm c. 24 cm 44. A line of levels was run from Benchmark-1 to Benchmark-
b. 12 cm d. 48 cm 10, 4 km apart. The average backsight and also foresight
distance was 100 m at every turning point or intermediate
benchmark along the line, the rod settles by 3 cm while the
instrument settles by 2 cm. Find the corrected elevation of
BM-10 based on its recorded elevation of 556.345 m.
a. 555.345 m c. 556.175 m
b. 555.375 m d. 555.615 m

No. of setups = 4000/200 = 20


No. of TPs = 20 1 8 BM = 11
Cor Elev BM-10 = 556.345 0.03 x 11 0.02 x 20 = 555.615 m

45. A line of levels was run with the following leveling note.
Station BS FS Elev (m)
BM1 4.64 209.65
TP-1 5.80 5.06
TP-2 2.25 5.02
BM2 6.02 5.85
TP-3 8.96 4.94
TP-4 8.06 3.22
TP-5 9.45 3.71
TP-6 12.32 2.02
BM3 1.98
It was found that the rod settles by 2 cm while the leveling 49. Figure shows a rectangle ABCD, in which A, B, and C are
instrument settles by 1 cm. Find the corrected elevation of stations where staff readings were obtained with a level set
BM3. up at E and D. The observed readings are tabulated below.
a. 253.13 m c. 235.15 m Station A is a bench mark having elevation of 150.00 m.
b. 253.11 m d. 235.35 m
A 15 m 33 m
D
8 setups, 6 TPs E
Sum BS = 57.5
20 m
Sum FS = 31.8
Cor. BM-3 = 209.65 + 57.5 31.8 0.02 x 6 0.01 x 8 = 235.15 m
48 m
B C
46. From the traverse shown below:
Course Bearing Length Level at Staff Reading at
AB N 2819 E 560.27 A B C
BC N 5623 W 484.18 E 1.856 0.809
CD S 850 W 375.42 D 2.428 1.667
DE 311.44 Determine the rod reading on B when the level is at D.
EA 449.83 a. 1.436 m c. 1.381 m
Determine the bearing of line DE. b. 1.372 m d. 1.403 m
a. S 4512 W c. S 3319 W
b. S 4022 W d. S 3805 W DEAB = 1.856 0.089 = 1.047 m
Level at D
RRB = 2.428 1.047 = 1.381 m

50. A tape of 100 m length suspended in catenary with intermediate


supports measured the length of a base line under a pull of 165
N. After applying all corrections the deduced length of the base
was 1843.76 m. Later on, it was found that the actual supports
were placed at marks divisible by 10 meters and not at the
quarter-points supports as recorded in the field notebook. The
tape was standardized on the flat under a pull of 85 N having a
mass of 0.024 kg/m and cross-sectional area of 4.12 mm2. The
modulus of elasticity of the tape material is 152 GPa and the
acceleration due to gravity is 9.806 m/s 2. Determine the
corrected length.
a. 1843.84 m c. 1843.91 m
b. 1843.78 m d. 1843.74 m

47. An equilateral triangular lot ABC has an area of 24600 m 2.


The lot is to be divided into two equal parts. The cutoff line
formed is parallel to line BC. Calculate the length of the
dividing line.
a. 119.18 m c. 133.45 m
b. 168.54 m d. 149.67 m
2
24600 = *AB *sin 60; AB = 238.3511412
Similar Figures
2 2
0.5A/A = x /(AB) ; x = 168.54 m

48. Readings on a rod held at two points A and B, 75 m apart


are 2.965 m and 1.215 m, respectively. Determine the rod
reading at point in line AB which is 25 m away from A.
a. 2.090 m c. 2.115 m
51. In an alternative two-peg test using a dumpy level, the
b. 2.382 m d. 2.236 m
following observations were taken. All readings were in
meters.
Rod Reading on Instrument at C Instrument at D
A 1.107 0.569
B 0.995 0.287
Point C is equidistant from A and B and D is 14 m from A
(outside line AB) and 75 m from B. Determine the rod a. 1.163 m c. 0.291 m
reading on B for a level line of sight at D. b. 0.582 m d. 0.734 m
a. 0.368 m c. 0.521 m
b. 0.608 m d. 0.496 m Z = offset from the true line
Sin 2/2) = 0.5z/1000; z = 0.582 m

58. What error would be introduced in the measurement of a


horizontal angle if through non-adjustment, the line of
collimation was deflected 54 causing to be not
perpendicular to the trunion axis and sights were taken at
+30 and the other at -30 points?
a. 144 c. 328
b. 052 d. 00

E 54 e 30 sec-30) = 0

59. In determining the horizontal angle between two points A


52. Course AB of a five-sided traverse runs due north. From the and B, the transit is mounted at O. The field notes were
given balanced interior angles to the right: 772326, recorded as shown:
1255859, 1052832, 1162702, E Vertical
1144201. l ul te the zimuth of line E. Sta. Occ Sta. Obs. Azimuth
Angle
a. 1023634 c. 2312731 A 2604030 60
b. 3055859 d. 1675433 O
B 803020 45
Check on the adjustment of the instrument reveals the
following errors. The line of sight with the telescope on the
no m l po ition i defle ted 30 to the left of it o e t
position and the horizontal axis (right end lower) makes an
ngle of 15 with the t ue ho izont l. ompute the o e ted
horizontal angle between A and B.
a. 180103.4 c. 180105.1
b. 180104.8 d. 180107.7

53. What error results on a 200-ft sight with a level if the rod
reading is 6.307 ft but the top of the 7-ft rod is 0.2 ft out of
plumb?
a. 0.0019 ft c. 0.0033 ft
b. 0.0026 ft d. 0.0041 ft

54. What is the sensitivity of a level vial with 2-mm divisions for
a radius of 10 m?
a. 21.6 c. 10.3
b. 33.1 d. 41.3

55. A line of levels 6 kilometers long is run between BM-1 and


BM-2 with average BS and FS distances of 110 meters. The
60. A distance measured with a 50-m steel tape is recorded as
average FS reading is 3.4 m and every time it is taken, the
696.41 m. The tape is known to be 0.015 m too short. What
rod is inclined to the side, from the vertical by 4. What
is the correct length of the line?
should be the corrected elevation of BM-2 if its recorded
a. 696.52 m c. 696.20 m
elevation is 100.00 meters?
b. 696.32 m d. 696.62 m
a. 99.672 m c. 99.432 m
b. 99.832 m d. 99.782 m
CL = 696.41 0.015*696.41/50 = 696.20
Correct Reading = 3.4 cos 4 = 3.392 m
61. Two hills 96 km apart have their apexes at elevations 274.39
Error per set up, e = 3.4 3.392 = 0.008 m
m and 60.98 m above sea level, respectively. What is the
No. of setups = 6000/220 = 27.27
minimum height of a tower that should be erected atop the
Total Error = 0.008 x 27.27 = 0.218 m
taller hill in order to see it from the top of the lower hill?
Corrected elev BM-2 = 100.00 0.218 = 99.782 m
a. 14.321 m c. 16.082 m
b. 15.972 m d. 17.442 m
56. A steel tape is known to be 50 m long at 10C. If the
coefficient of expansion is 0.0000116/C, what distance
should be taped to set two monuments exactly 1000 m apart
when the temperature is 26C?
a. 999.814 m c. 1000.070 m
b. 1000.186 m d. 999.930 m

Laying
CL = ML Ct
-6
1000 = ML + (11.6 x 10 )(ML)(26 10)
ML = 999.814 m

57. If an error of two minutes has been made in horizontal


angle, what would be the offset from the true line at a
distance of 1000 m?
62. The base and altitude of a triangular lot were measured to measurement.
have a certain probable errors of 314.60 0.16 m and 92.60 Distance,
Trial
0.14 m. Determine the probable error of the area. ft
2 2
a. 23.23 m c. 25.99 m 1 200.58
2
b. 46.47 m d. 51.98 m2 2 200.40
Propagation of errors 3 200.38
PE = kPE 4 200.46
A = *bh Determine the probable error of single measurement.
PEA = *sqrt[(bxPEh)2+(hxPEb)2] = 23.23 m2 a. 0.05 ft c. 0.07 ft
b. 0.08 ft d. 0.06 ft
64. Measured from point O, angles BOC, COD and BOD were
recorded as follows: PE 0.6745* 0.06 ft
No. of
Angle Value
measurements 69. Given the accompanying tabulation are the observed data
BOC 283400 2 for a closed traverse obtained from a transit-tape survey.
COD 611500 2 COURSE Distance Bearing
BOD 894940 4
AB 495.85 m N0530E
Determine the most probable angle of COD.
BC 850.62 N4602E
a. 611513.33 c. 611446.67
CD 855.45 S6738E
b. 611444 d. 611516
DE 1020.87 S1225E
i ep n y 894940 283400 611500 40 E 1117.26 S8344W
MPV of O 611500 40x1/2/[1/2 1/2 1/4] 611516 FA 660.08 N5509W
BOC and COD will take positive corr. While BOD gets negative Determine the adjusted bearing of line DE using Transit
corr. Rule.
a. S121552E c. S121658E
65. A line AE is divided into segments for measurement with a b. S121641E d. S48157.50E
tape. The result were AB = 134.10 m 0.040 m, BC =
320.63 m 0.055 m, CD = 173.73 m 0.056 m, and DE =
160.85 m 0.050 m. Determine the probable error of the COURSE Lat Dep
measured length. AB +493.57 +47.53
a. 0.30 m c. 0.10 m BC +590.53 +612.23
b. 0.40 m d. 0.20 m CD -325.53 +791.09
DE -996.99 +219.51
EF -121.96 -1110.58
FA +377.19 -541.70

70. The interior angles of a 5-sided closed traverse are as


follows:
66. Given below are corresponding data of a computation for the Station Interior Angles
area given with missing data of closed traverse. A 11730
Lat Dep DMD B 9632
Course 2A
m m m C 14254
1-2 +60 +16 D 13218
2-3 +70 -1428 The angle E is not measured.
3-4 +14 +186 -5580 Determine the deflection angle of line BC.
4-5 -28 a. 6230 c. 3706
5-1 +12 -46 b. 4742 d. 8328
Determine the area of the whole lot.
a. 0.48 ha c. 0.38 ha DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
b. 0.55 ha d. 0.52 ha Sit# 1. The 150-lb crate is supported by cables AB, AC and AD.

Course Lat Dep DMD 2A


1-2 +60 +16 16 960
2-3 -14 +70 102 -1428
3-4 -30 +14 +186 -5580
4-5 -28 - 54 146 -4088
5-1 +12 -46 46 552
-9584
A = 9584/2 = 4792
A = 4792/10000 = 0.48 ha

67. Six lines of levels are run over different routes to establish 71. Determine the tension in wire AB.
the elevation of BM-X as shown in accompanying tabulation. a. 162 lb c. 346 lb
Route Length Observed Elev of BM-X b. 242 lb d. 458 lb
A 4.15 km 246.85 m 72. Determine the tension in wire AC.
B 5.20 km 246.63 m a. 162 lb c. 346 lb
C 4.76 km 246.70m b. 242 lb d. 458 lb
D 5.82 km 246.75 m 73. Determine the tension in wire AD.
E 6.03 km 246.56 m a. 162 lb c. 346 lb
F 4.98 km 246.69 m b. 242 lb d. 458 lb
Determine the most probable elevation of the benchmark.
a. 246.59 m c. 246.71 m Sit# 2. The 30-kg pipe is supported at A by a system of five
b. 246.73 m d. 246.72 m cords.

W = 1/L
MPV el BMx = sum(x*W)/SumW = [x1*1/L1+ x2*1/L2+ x3*1/L3+
x4*1/L4+ x5*1/L5+ x6*1/L6]/[1/L1+1/L2+1/L3+1/L4+1/L5+1/L6] = 246.71
m

68. A civil engineer measures the distance of points A and B


and the following values were recorded in a series of
74. Determine the force in cord BC. 562 N 83. Determine the force in member AB.
a. 162 lb c. 346 lb a. 1.50 KN c. 4.80 KN
b. 242 lb d. 458 lb b. 3.70 KN d. 6.50 KN
75. What is the force exerted by cord BD? 84. Determine the force in member AC.
a. 340 N c. 562 N a. 1.50 KN c. 4.80 KN
b. 490N d. 618 N b. 3.70 KN d. 6.50 KN
85. Determine the force in member BD.
Sit# 3. Creates A and B weigh 200 lb and 150 lb respectively. a. 1.50 KN c. 4.80 KN
They are connected together with a cable and placed on the b. 3.70 KN d. 6.50 KN
inclined plane. The coefficients of static friction between the
Sit# 7. The tower is held in place by three cables. The force of
crates and the plane are A = 0.25 and B = 0.35.
each cable acting on the tower is shown. Take x = 20 m and
y = 15 m.

76. Determine when the crates begin to slide.


a. 11.8 c. 14.4
b. 12.7 d. 16.3
77. What is the tension in cable CD?
86. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force.
a. 8.23 lb c. 10.28 lb
a. 1502 N c. 1624 N
b. 9.36 lb d. 11.74 lb
b. 1573 N d. 1668 N
87. Determine the coordinate direction angle of the resultant
Sit# 4. The force P supports the 20-kg mass using the Spanish
force with respect to the X-axis.
Burton rig.
a. 54.4 c. 77.6
b. 63.4 d. 90.6

Sit# 8. The truss is used to support the deck of a bridge.

78. Determine the magnitude of force P to balance the system.


a. 21.8 N c. 37.6 N
b. 30.5 N d. 44.2 N 88. Determine the force in member CJ.
79. What is the reaction at supporting hook B? a. 3.12 kips c. 5.08 kips
a. 34.6 N c. 63.4 N b. 4.53 kips d. 6.68 kips
b. 43.6 N d. 36.4 N 89. What is the axial force in member KJ?
80. What is the reaction at supporting hook C? a. 9.4 kips c. 14.5 kips
a. 119 N c. 131 N b. 11.2 kips d. 16.9 kips
b. 126 N d. 147 N
Sit# 9. The Warren truss is subjected to 6 KN and 8 KN loads
Sit# 5. The unstretched length of spring AB is 2 m. The block is applied at G and F, respectively.
held in equilibrium position as shown.

90. Determine the force in member CD.


81. Determine the axial force exerted by spring AC. a. 7.40 KN c. 8.47 KN
a. 88.43 N c. 101.82 N b. 8.08 KN d. 7.68 KN
b. 94.72 N d. 115.63 N 91. What is the axial force in member CF?
82. Determine the mass of the block at D. a. 0.52 KN c. 1.03 KN
a. 8.9 kg c. 14.5 kg b. 0.77 KN d. 1.54 KN
b. 12.8 kg d. 16.7 kg 92. What is the axial force in member FG?
a. 7.40 KN c. 8.47 KN
Sit# 6. The space truss supports the 6-KN load applied at A. The b. 8.08 KN d. 7.68 KN
support reaction at E acts along member EB.
. Sit# 10. The three member frame is loaded as shown in the
figure.

93. Determine the vertical component of the pin force at B.


a. 1.33 KN c. 5.00 KN
b. 3.67 KN d. 6.33 KN
94. Determine the horizontal component of the pin force at B.
a. 1.33 KN c. 5.00 KN
b. 3.67 KN d. 6.33 KN

Sit# 11. The maximum tension that can be developed in the cord
shown is 500 N. The pulley at A is free to rotate and the
coefficients of static friction at the fixed drums B and C is =
0.25.

95. Determine the largest mass of the cylinder that can be lifted
by the cord.
a. 15.7 kg c. 21.5 kg
b. 18.6 kg d. 23.6 kg
96. What is the tension exerted by the cord at pulley A?
a. 877.4 N c. 277.4 N
b. 153.9 N d. 901.1 N

Sit# 12. The composite plate is shown in the figure.

97. Determine the location of center of gravity about the


reference X axis.
a. -1.08 ft c. 2.43 ft
b. -0.35 ft d. 1.22 ft
98. Determine the location of center of gravity about the
reference Y axis.
a. -1.08 ft c. 2.43 ft
b. -0.35 ft d. 1.22 ft

Sit# 13. The composite area is shown in the figure.

99. ete mine the moment of ine ti out x-axis.


4 4
a. 33.5 in c. 42.5 in
4
b. 36.8 in d. 46.8 in4
100. Determine the moment of inertia about Y-axis.
a. 58 in4 c. 74 in4
4 4
b. 62 in d. 86 in