Student A
Student A


1. Introduction 3

2. Millennium development goals and the sustainable development goals 3
2.1 What are the MDGʼs? What are the SDGʼs?..............................................................3

3. Global goal 7 4
3.1 What is global goal 7? ...................................................................................................4
3.2 What are the targets of global goal 7?
3.3 What will the result be if this goal is achieved?........................................................4

4. Organisations supporting global goal 7 4

5. Statistics for global goal 7 5

6. Progress of global goal 7 6

7. Reflection 6-9
7.1 How did I research this project?...................................................................................6
7.2 What was my action?......................................................................................................7
7.3 What did my results show?.........................................................................................8-9

8. Works cited list 10

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The statement of inquiry for this unit is, “There can be a better future for everyone if
humans learn to interact in a more inclusive and equitable manner.” This means that
humans can make the world better if they learn to interact better. It will require effort and
guidelines to make the world better. The sustainable development goals were developed
for the purpose of making the world a better place.

The millennium development goals were
a declaration signed by 193 countries.
They were first signed in the year 2000
and were to be completed by 2015. There
were 8 millennium development goals.
These goals were eradicating extreme
poverty and hunger, achieve universal
Figure 1: These are the MDG's primary education, promote gender
equality, reduce child morality, improve
maternal health, combat HIV/ aids, malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental
sustainability and develop a global partnership for development. These goals were written
to make the world a better place by combatting some of the worlds largest issues. These
goals encouraged the world to make lots of progress. For example, child morality rates
decreased from 103 deaths per 1000 births to 88 deaths per 1000 births. The average life
expectancy rose from 63 to 65. Also 8% more people gained access to clean water.
However, the millennium development goals were not fully achieved, thus the sustainable
development goals or the global goals were created.

The global goals are a set of agreements
written by the UNʼs annual general
assembly. In total 193 countries signed
the global goals. This agreement has 17
goals, which relate to different issues
that the world is trying to solve. The
goals were written to make the lives of Figure 2: The SDG's
every person on the planet safer,
healthier, happier and overall better. Some of these goals include no hunger, clean water
and sanitation, sustainable cities, clean and affordable energy, etc. The global goals were
designed to ensure that nobody is left behind in global change. The global goals were
signed on September 25th 2015 as an extension to the millennium development goals. In

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2015 the global goals were written as an extension and are more detailed. The global goals
have 169 targets altogether. The goal that I studied during this topic was sustainable
development goal 7; clean and affordable energy. In this essay I will be discussing this
essay as well as reflecting on my action I completed.

The main target of global goal 7 is that by 2030, everyone will have access to affordable,
efficient, sustainable and modern energy. The second target of this goal is to double the
worlds energy efficiency rate. Another main target of this goal is to reduce fossil fuels,
increase the use of sustainable energy and further develop sustainable energy sources.
Unsustainable energy sources such as coal, oil and gas are one of the main causes of
global warming. They release about 60% of the greenhouse gas emissions. This goal also
includes improving the energy efficiency of technology and infrastructure. SDG 7 is very
important because non renewable emery is one of the largest contributors to global
warming. Global warming causes many side effects such as the ice caps melting, the sea
level rising and acid rain. It also causes health problems due to humans breathing in
carbon dioxide. A high exposure to carbon dioxide can cause vision damage, congestion
of the lungs, high blood pressure, muscle contractions and shortness of breath (toxtown).
If this goal is achieved by 2030, the economy would be able to rise. The economy would
rise due to, children being able to study at night and use more resources e.g. a laptop.
This would lead to more people having higher income jobs. This could also lead to a
decease in poverty and a decrease in slums and poor housing. A rise in the economy
would help many of the other global goals to be achieved. Some examples are no hunger
would be able to be achieved because people would have the opportunity to have more
money, enabling them to be able to buy food. Another example is good health. If the
economy is higher more people will be able to pay for better health care for their families
and themselves.

Some organisations dedicated to helping this goal are the UN and the IEA. The UN has
many volunteers all over the world, conferences and donations that are helping this goal
become achieved. The IEA works on developing sustainable energy sources and making
more energy efficient technology. Organisations such as the UN, IEA and scientists all
around the world are very important in helping this goal be achieved. An example on how
the goal is helping being achieved is that solar panels are being further developed. The
Israel Institute of Technology has made solar panels 70% more efficient in 2016. The UN
has been partnering with many large energy companies all around the world in order to
build more energy efficient hydroelectric power stations and solar panels in countries with
limited access to electricity. Some examples of the locations of these new energy plants

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are Sub- Saharan Africa and Asia. This will help to provide more of the people in these
areas with renewable energy sources. Some other companies helping to improve and
enhance sustainable energy sources are the FAO, the UN Foundation, Novozymes, KLM,
Carbon War Room, Bloomberg, New Energy Finance and the Roundtable on Sustainable

95% of people living without
electricity are located in Sub-
Saharan Africa and some
developing parts of Asia. Many
of these people live in poverty
and cannot afford to pay the
electrical bills. Worldwide over
3 billion people donʼt use
electrical cookers or heater. As
an alternative, they burn wood
and charcoal. This release
carbon dioxide into the
atmosphere and the smoke
from the fire can cause health
problems. However, SDG 7 is
going very well in some
countries such as the US,
Australia, Saudi Arabia,
Canada, Iceland, Norway,
Kuwait and Qatar. These
Figure 3: Graph of statistics about electricity worldwide
countries use the most
electricity in all over the world.
For example, the US uses 18% of the world's electricity in one year. In 1990 just over 50
countries provided their entire population with electricity. In 2010 just under 75 countries
provided their entire population with electricity. In 2012 almost 100 countries provided
100% of their population with electricity.

This goal has steady progress even before the SDGʼs were signed. In 2012 sustainable
energy sources provided 13.3% of the worlds electricity. However, in 2013 this number was
raised to 22%. In 2016 around 1.2 billion people (16% of the world population) had no

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electricity. This was 15 million less than in 2015. Also in 2001, about 79% of people had
electricity. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that over 85% of people had access to
electricity. This goal has had lots of progress throughout the years, however 1 in 5 people
still donʼt have access to electricity. In Africa the electricity rate has risen from only %32
in 2010 to 35% in 2012. This is a large increase of an extra 25 million people a year,
however it is not enough for the ever growing population of Africa. Africa would need to
provide at least 60 million people each year with electricity to keep up with the growing
population of the people.

Goal 7 is being achieved in many different ways. The first way that this goal is being
achieved is the reduction of the use of fossil fuels and the increase of the use of
sustainable energy sources such as wind power, hydroelectric and solar power. The next
way that this goal is begin achieved is the reduction of energy waste from people who
have a large supply of electricity. This can be achieved by turning lights off when not
necessary, keeping the air conditioner at 25 degrees Celsius, keeping laptops on energy
saving mode and much more. Another way that this goal is being achieved is by the
development of the sustainable energy technology. Many science companies all around
the world are working on developing these important devices. The final way to help
support this goal is awareness raising. This can be completed by informing your family
and friends. This can also be completed by informing others with posters, infographics or
graphs of data.

To research this project first as a class everyone presented a Sway on the different
sustainable development goals as a group. These presentations focused on what the goals
are, their targets, examples and their progress. These presentations helped me
understand what the sustainable development goals are. After this we chose our goals
and started researching them individually while also planning action.

The action I completed for this project is an energy survey. I collected data from 10
different classrooms over the coarse of 5 days. I visited these classrooms twice a day and
recorded if the lights and air-conditioners were on. I recorded the data on an exel spread
sheet and after used the data to see about how much energy is wasted in kWh.

With my data I made an infographic with a group of others who completed the same action
as me. The infographic showed how much energy was wasted per classroom throughout
the 5 days and how much energy was wasted overall. I also used a poster to compare the

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energy waste to another product which used the same amount of energy. My results
showed that all together the 10 classrooms wasted 126.4kWh of energy. This is equivalent
to charging an IPad Pro 10, 533 times. This is also equivalent to leaving an oven on for 126

My results surprised me because I didnʼt realise how much energy just 10 classrooms
could waste. My action made me more aware about turning electrical devices off when
not in use. My action will help this goal become achieved, because it will make others
aware that leaving electrical
devices on for long periods
of time wastes a lot of
energy. When the other
people are more aware then
they will also help make a
difference. My action can be
continued on for many
years, as other students can
also make energy surveys to
Figure 4: Our group standing by our board keep track of how much
energy our school wastes.

Perhaps the school could take our energy waste data into consideration and ensure that
rules are set about leaving lights and air-conditioners on when not in use.

I also completed awareness raising during this project. I made a few posters about my
goal. These posters included what the goal was, a few facts and what people could do to
help. I hung these posters up around the school so that students could see them as they
walked around the campus. After I completed my action, I also made a poster displaying
our results. The posters showed how much energy was wasted with just the lights left on,
with just the air conditioners left on, the total energy wasted and what is equivalent to the
amount of energy wasted.

After completing our action and the results, we had two presentations to complete. First
we went to the primary campus and set up our stand for the primary students (grade 5
students). We presented them about the sustainable development goals. The students
listened to our presentation and completed our quiz. Afterwards, some of the students
signed up to complete further action. These students were given orange string to
symbolize that they are going to complete action.

Student A

If I was to do this project again, I would do the research the same way. The sway at the
beginning on the project helped me gain a small understanding of the goal before the main
project begun. After this I researched the goal in more detail for my report. The thing that
I would do differently is my action. I would record the data for more classrooms for an
extended period of time. This would help gain more accurate results. Also if I was to do
this project I would follow this project up further by continuing the results and perhaps
emailing the teacher with the most energy efficient classroom to congratulate them and
send a warning email to the teacher wasting the most energy to remind them to help save

Future actions I
could complete for
this project are
ensuring to save
energy myself in
my home by
setting all the air
conditioners to 25
degrees Celsius,
turning lights and
fans of before I
Figure 5: This is what our board looked like on our Wednesday presentation.
leave and set all
electronics to
energy saving mode. This would help me reduce the amount of electricity I am wasting. A
way my action could be used in the future, is that energy surveys could be regularly made
in GESS to monitor how much energy is being wasted.

Me and my group who were completing the same action and similar goals worked together
well to make a presentation together for the students. We worked together collecting the
results for our survey, by splitting up the classrooms so we would each only check a few
of them. We also worked collaboratively to make the results for the survey. We also worked
together to make a quiz for the students to try after listening to our presentation. Overall
I think we worked well together on our goal, however we all also made lots of individual

Overall I learnt a lot throughout this project on the global goals. I learnt about the global
goals in general and about goal 7 in much more detail. My action allowed me to learn how

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much energy 10 classrooms in GESS actually waste in 5 days. This gave me an idea on
how much energy the whole of GESS might waste. Another thing I learnt throughout this
unit was how small, simple things can actually help achieve the goal great deal.
Throughout this entire unit I believe that I learned a great deal and found it very
interesting. I enjoyed being able to work in groups for the presentations because it enabled
you to be able to share information. I found this an enjoyable unit that should be continued
for many years to come.

Student A

Works Cited List

Wibby, Brian. "5 Facts Related to Affordable and Clean Energy." MSU Extension. N.p., 5 July

2015. Web. 07 June 2017.

Max. "SDG 7 - Access to Affordable, Sustainable and Modern Energy." Millennium

Development Goals. N.p., 15 Sept. 2016. Web. 08 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown "American Geosciences Institute." How Much of the World's Energy Does

the United States Use? | American Geosciences Institute. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown. "Africa Far from Sustainable Energy for All, But Showing Signs of

Progress." World Bank. N.p., 17 Feb. 2016. Web. 9 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown. "Carbon Dioxide." Tox Town. NLM, 19 Apr. 2017. Web. 9 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown "Energy - United Nations Sustainable Development." United Nations.

United Nations. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown "Goal 7: Affordable & Clean Energy." The Global Goals. Web. 07 June


Unknown, Unknown "Goal 7: Affordable & Clean Energy." The Global Goals. Web. 07 June


Unknown, Unknown "Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy." UNDP. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown "India." The Global Goals. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown "United Nations Millennium Development Goals." United Nations. United

Nations. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown United Nations. United Nations. Web. 07 June 2017.

Unknown, Unknown. "Total Energy Consumption." Enerdata. N.p., 2016. Web. 7 June 2017.