The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Wright's Chaste Wife, by Adam of Cobsam

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Title: The Wright's Chaste Wife
A Merry Tale (about 1462)

Author: Adam of Cobsam

Editor: Frederick J. Furnivall

Release Date: December 26, 2005 [EBook #17400]

Language: English

Character set encoding: UTF-8


Produced by David Starner, Taavi Kalju and the Online
Distributed Proofreading Team at

[Transcriber's note:

This e-text uses a number of characters that depend on utf-8 encoding,
particularly small and capital yogh (?, ?), small and capital thorn (�,
�), double l with a tilde through (l?l?), u with a macron (u), h with a
line through the top (h), r with a upwards hook attached to the
horizontal stem (r?) and ae ligature with an acute accent (?). If they
do not display properly, you may refer to transliterated (Latin-1)
version of this text.

This e-text also uses some characters that are not in unicode. I have
rendered them following:

{m~} for a m with a loop back over the character.
{n)} for a n with a ) attached to the right side.
{d+} for the d with a little crook attached to the top right of the d.

There is also one instance of (on line 391 of the poem) a m with a )
attached to the right side (rendered as {m)}), but this is probably a
typo for {m~}. I have left this as is.

Text and letters in brackets [ ] is original.

Obvious typos are corrected in this e-text.]

The Wright's Chaste Wife.

Early English Text Society

Original Series, No. 12


Reprinted 1891, 1905, 1965

Price 7_s._ 6_d._


Wright's Chaste Wife,


"A Fable of a wryght that was maryde to a pore
wydows dowt_re_ / the whiche wydow havyng
noo good to geve w_i_t_h_ her / gave as for
a p_re_cyous Johel?l? to hy_m_ a Rose
garlond / the whyche sche affermyd
wold nev_er_ fade while sche
kept truly her wedlok."

A Merry Tale, by Adam of Cobsam.

_From a MS. in the Library of the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth,
about 1462 A.D._


_Published for_
_by the_


REPRINTED 1891, 1905, 1965.

for he had to complain of the lords of his day: Also do �ese lordynges. BUNGAY. the Librarian at Lambeth. that the Commons of England were glad of their Yorkist king. Good wine needs no bush. let him lose the fun.... �ey rauys a mayden a?ens here wyl.[1] Finding the present poem also on the paper leaves. The Garlond. A grete vylanye �arte he dous ?yf he make therof hys rouse [boste]: �e dede ys confusyun. and here it is for a half-hour's amusement to any reader who chooses to take it up. And mennys wyuys �ey lede awey �ertyl. nor shall I repeat to those who begin it the exhortation of the englisher of _Sir Generides_. and let all true men pity him. or ye hens wende. It was made .. I shall not tell the story of it--let readers go to the verse itself for that. SUFFOLK PREFACE. 3769-70. son of Sir Gawain. And more ys �e dyffamacyun. Whych floure al?l? ynglond doth glade. and . Though the state of morals disclosed by the story is not altogether satisfactory. Vn-to the whych floure I-wys The loue of God and of the comonys Subdued bene of ryght. to edit for the Society in one of his Gawain volumes. �e[y] trespas moche yn twey �ynges. "for goddes sake. which Mr Morris is some day."--(ll. and this agrees well with the allusion to Edward the Fourth's accession. and the triumph of the White Rose o'er the Red alluded to in the last lines of the poem..Original Series No..) If any one having taken it up is absurd enough to lay it down without finishing it. Of flourys most of honoure. The handwriting of the MS. Of roses whyte �at wyl?l? nott fade. I trust. 12 REPRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN BY RICHARD CLAY (THE CHAUCER PRESS) LTD. The volume containing the poem was shown to me by Mr Stubbs. must be of a date soon after 1460. in order that I might see the version of Sir Gyngelayne. I copied it out the same afternoon. and this tale needs no Preface. For. yet it is a decided improvement on that existing in Roberd of Brunne's time in 1303. Here this tale unto the ende.

8vo. yea. which will be printed separately. 1869.H. he with them stood in grace alone: by reason whereof. * * * * * PP.--There are other Poems about Edward IV.. it is impossible to please God without faith. in the Roxburghe (ii. if they would admit and take the said erle as their prince and souereigne lord.loved Duke Richard's son.. The English version. cap. and to mainteine his right. Keller. this Edward the Fourth. The Latin story begins 'Gallus regnavit prudens valde. and courage. and in _Wit and Mirth.' 'Let us therefore pray God.--Mr C. Pearson. 1682. as the apostle says._ P. de Castitate. is much quainter and fuller of incident than its original.' &c. the Pepys (iii. for his great liberalite. 1865. in the volume. clemencie. therefore. 145). p.S." Would that we knew as much of Adam of Cobsam as of our White-Rose king.. because.' The Carpenter gets a shirt with his wife. and other plentiouslie gaue monie to support his charges. men of all ages and degrees to him dailie repaired. in an altered form. St George's Square. N. vpright dealing. also. the historian of the Early and Middle Ages of England. and the Ballad "The Fryer well fitted. 'The wife is holy Mother Church.. an Antidote to Melancholy_.[2] but more than this poem tells of him I cannot learn. or A Pretty jest that once befel. 69. some offering themselues and their men to ioepard their liues with him. a prince so highlie fauoured of the peple.' 'These you must shut up in the chamber of penance till you get an eternal reward from the eternal King. let Holinshed's record prove. not made to work. which is never to want washing unless one of them is unfaithful. 85). He says: "The Wright's Chaste Wife is a reproduction of one of the _Gesta Romanorum_. and they are merely kept on bread and water. the lust of the eyes. But the 'morality' of the Latin story is rich beyond description." With the Wright's Chaste Wife may also be compared the stories mentioned in the Notes. the Douce (p. "Out of the ded stocke sprang a branch more mightie than the stem. has supplied me with the immediate original of this story. He testifies: "Wherevpon it was againe demanded of the commons. and the lust of the flesh. in Pills to purge . The lovers are three Knights (_milites_).W. 172).' 'the Carpenter is the good Christian. which all with one voice cried: Yea.[3] One on Women is given at the end of the present text. that aboue all other. How a maid put a Fryer to cool in the well" printed "in the Bagford Collection.S. 23 November. nor is any wife introduced to see her lord's discomfiture. ed. _3. He must have been one of the Chaucer breed.' 'the shirt is our Faith. 20.' The three Knights are 'the pride of life.' The Wright's work typifies 'the building up the pure heart by the works of mercy.

afraid of no Of erthely man hadde he no dowte. she refuses him for fear of hell-fire. Tush. E. went he was Al?l? they seyd "welcome.Melancholy. tells the Friar to run behind the cloth. I could sing thee out. and Love Poems_. i._] Al?l?myghty god. triumphant. She won't help him at first. earthly man. My sovereigns. what so they were. Butt yn yougeth to lede hys lyfe [leaf 178.)] [Footnote 2: Chaucer brings off his Carpenter. 6 Meny farleyes �at I haue herd_e_. and ye schal?l? here. 18 At first he would Thys wryght would wedde no wyfe. 21 for wherever he Ou_er_ al?l? where he gan wende. or 1719. and down he flops into the well. wed no wife. So she consents if he'll bring her an angel of money. 15 Or other werkes. harowe. When he comes back. 1867. leaves 178-187. with an abstract of the story. 273-5. and she covers the well over with a cloth.E. 325". And dyd tham wele I-nough. Thous wrought he hem farre and nere. (1869. 12 who. a tale And telle you al?l? the cas. I will tell you Of a story I wyl?l? begynne. he can clearly sing himself out of the well: but at last she does help him out. Lambeth 306. 340. at work. Saue you my sou_er_eyns in towre & hall_e_. . and not with the swived wife and broken arm that he gives his befooled Oxford craftsman in _The Milleres Tale_. If thou wert in Hell.)] [Footnote 3: In _Political.] THE WRIGHT'S CHASTE WIFE. (_Lybius Disconius_. keeps his money because he's dirtied the water. 1707. was Whether that he were yn or owte. nor plowgh. To werke hows. 9 of a wright Of a wryght I wyl?l? you telle. quoth the Friar. (1869. He goes home to fetch it. 404. and the tune of which. frende. [Footnote 1: The since printing of the Romance in the Percy Folio MS. iii. And lyued by hys myster. The Friar makes love to the Maid. ii. back] In myrthe and o�er melody. And send you good grace! 3 If ye wyl?l? a stounde blynne. maker of all_e_. Religious. Ye would haue wondyr how yt ferde. and has given her the money. because if he could sing her out of hell. Lystyn. Text Soc. [_MS. is given in Chappell's _Popular Music_. of this land. she pretends that her father is coming. i. That some tyme in thys land gan dwelle.. and sends him home dripping along the street like a new-washed sheep. Ballads and Romances. though.) will probably render this unnecessary. thou needst not doubt.

30 A widow near had a Ther dwellyd a wydowe in �at contre fair daughter That hadde a doughter feyre & fre. "so god me saue." 66 The wright is Of thys chaplett hym was ful?l? fayne. He weddyd her ful?l? sone. 60 but change when And yf thy wyfe vse putry. And so he dyd her doughter fre: 45 and proposed for For the erand that he for ca{m~} the maiden. 63 And by the garlond �ou may see. HE RECEIVES A she is faithless. takes her home. Or tolle eny man to lye her by.) PROPOSES.welcome. Men wolle desyre her? fro me. Tho he spake." 24 but at last he Tyl?l? on a tyme he was wyllyng. IN LOVE. Fekyl?l? or fals yf �at sche be. He �ought to speke wyth �at may. So seyd men in that tyde. ROSE GARLAND Than wolle yt change hewe. 75 men will try to "My wyfe �at ys so bryght of ble. Or ellys yf sche be trewe. him as a portion (And �at forthynketh me. 69 marries her and And ladde her home wyth solempnite. THE WRIGHT FALLS wished As tyme comyth of all_e_ thyng. The chaplett wolle hold hewe. was nott to layne. goods. WITH HIS WIFE. and therefore went And rose erly on a daye to her mother And �yder gan he to ryde. word sprang wyde. None such in thys contre: 54 of roses Haue here thys garlond of roses ryche.) 51 a garland Saue a garlond I wyl?l? the geue. Meke of maners. and do gla[d]ly. and feyr? of hewe. delighted with his And of hys wyfe. Ye schal?l? neu_er_ see. "by heuen kyng. while his wife is Al?l? the whyle thy wyfe ys stable true. Whan they home come. 27 to have a spouse A wyfe for to wedde & haue to look after his That myght hys goodes kepe and saue. Her the wright Such a wyfe would I haue would like to lie To lye nyghtly by my syde. Than to hym seyd sche: 48 The mother says The wydowe seyd. 33 true and meek. corrupt his wife." 39 by him. that will keep its For ytt wyl?l? eu_er_ be newe. 42 The wryght was welcome to �e wyfe. AND (So seyth the p_ro_fesye. In al?l? thys lond ys none yt lyche. whyle ye lyve. she can only give I may geue wyth her no �ing. And hyld her brydal?l? dayes thre. 72 and then begins to Thys wryght in hys hart cast. 81 Wyth wallys strong as eny stele. garland and wife. Of her. 57 colour [leaf 179] Wete �ou wele w_i_t_h_owtyn fable." 78 So he plans a Butt sone he hym by�ought crafty room and That a chambyr schuld be wrought tower. 36 The wryght seyde. For sche was bothe stabyl?l? & trewe. Bothe of lyme and stone. think that when he If that he walkyd est or west is out at work As he was wonte to done. . And �at hastly and sone. And her saluyd al?l? so blyve. And for to leue al?l? foly. �at good yema{n)}. Sytt downe.

102 his wife. ever get out of if And he were lockyn in �at towre." he seyd. its colour if she Than wyl?l? my garlond vade coloure. Yt wes feyre on to see. The wryght hys garlond hadde take w_y_t_h_ hy{m~}. with plaster of Wyth plast_er_ of parys �_a_t wyl?l? last. he once got into That cowde gete owte of �at wonne. WIFE AT any tricks with Nor her to begyle. 120 tell me whether my Syr. 96 and if any one That who-so touchyd yt eny thyng. "wele. Nowe hath he done as he �ought. HOME. HIM. Just then the town By �at tyme �e lord of the towne Lord Hadde ordeynyd tymbyr redy bowne. That was bryght and no �ing dymme. And in the myddes of the flore wrought for there was a A wondyr strange gyle. middle. build a Hall. For hys wyfe he made that place. "woult �ou haue �i wyfe? and offers to I wyl?l? send aft_er_ her blyve fetch his wife That sche may com to the. I hadde yt wyth my wyfe. where hadyst �ou �is hatte and asks what it That ys so feyre and newe?" 117 means. WORK. BRIBES THE And so dyd sche the lord curtesly: WRIGHT'S WIFE Sche seyd. it will And seyd." And change wyl?l? yt the hewe. And �at dare me neuer? rewe. . For �at he schuld wyth hym lende (a job for two or Monythys two or thre." That wyl?l? I wete thys same nyght thinks the Lord. "welcome ye be. wright's garland. It was made wyth a wyle. 87 which no one could Ther ys [ne] kyng ne emp_er_oure. 105 sends for him to Aft_er_ the wryght the lord lett sende. Such ous know I neu_er_ none. Or[1] yf �at sche be trewe. He fonde the wyfe ther-in p_re_sente [leaf 180] That was so bryght and schene. dame. THE LORD 132 Sone he hayled her trewly." 129 and goes to the To the wryghtys howse anon he went. "Sir. 123 and will change And yf my wyfe loue a p_ar_amoure. by my garlond I may see wife is false or Fekyl?l? or fals yf �at sche be. LEAVES HIS This was to stop That no man schuld beseke her of grace. He owte framyd yt sone." 111 too. 114 He sees the The lord axyd hym as he satt. howe faryth my swete spouse husband That hewyth vppon your? tre?" 138 but the Lord "Sertes. 90 it. "syr. true. And I am come. so haue I hele.) The lord seyd. Whether thys tale be trewe. And dorres sotylly made and wele. 93 trapdoor in the A trapdoure rounde abowte [leaf 179. 108 three months. The wryght answerd al?l? so blyue. AND 99 a pit. "I'll try that. In to �e pytt he schuld flyng GOES TO down he'd go into Wythyn a lytyl?l? whyle. wright's wife. back] That no man myght come yn nor owte. She asks after her "Syr. 84 and builds it soon The chambyr he lett make fast. Paris." 126 The lord �ought "by godys myght. go wrong. THE WRIGHT only touched it. "Felowe. An halle to make of tre." TO LIE WITH 135 Thus seyd the wyfe of the hows.

"not till my I schrewe hym �at yt �ought." Sche seyd that sche ne rought. That farther myght he nott fare. As I mott broke my heele. "Nay. get out. 195 and then threatens And eu_er_ the lord made euyl?l? chere. LORD IS go [leaf 180. Vp the steyer they gan[3] hye: THROUGH Upstairs he goes. on me �ou rewe!" 186 pity on him. That me thynketh my hert wolle brest. "so mut y the." sche seyd." 153 but he presses "Certes. "in to the chambyr wyl?l? we. The lord began to crye." 159 On this she "Syr. The wyfe seyd to hym in hye. 198 but she doesn't Sche seyd "I recke nere . graunt me thy grace grant him his To pley with the in some preuy place will." 189 husband sees you." 171 chamber. My husbond by his garlond myght see. 177 wright's trapdoor. I thought when I cam hydder? For to bryng[2] yt al?l? to-gydder?. 150 Hadde we onys begonne �at gle. "dame. to let that be. 174 stumbles. 144 and prays her to Good dame." put down the "I swere by the holy rode 162 money. back] Ther no man schal?l? vs see. For gold and eke for fee. consents if he'll Take me that mony here anon_e_. And seyd. The wallys were so thycke w_y_t_h_y{n)}. 156 and offers her 40 Forty marke schal?l? be youre mede marks. in �at ye maye: For godys loue change thy mode. And of such wordes speke no mare For hys loue �at dyed on tre. DROPPED into the secret No lenger wyl?l? we spare. that deede schal?l? be done. 141 declares his own My loue ys so vppon the cast love for her. I can nott seye howe That I am come hydder nowe To thys hows �at ys so newe." 165 The 40 marks she Ther sche toke xl marke takes Of syluer and gold styff and sterke: Sche toke yt feyre and welle. and pops down 40 He fel?l? doune in to �at chaste feet through the Forty fote and somedele more." The lord arose and lokyd abowte The Lord tries to If he myght eny where gete owte. Of sylu_er_ and of gold[_e_] rede. "Nay. "naye. �ou schalt by thys dere. Tyl?l? myne husbond come and se. The lord stumbyllyd as he went in hast. good dame to have Good dame. Loue me. It wolle none otherwyse be. The stepes were made so queyntly A TRAPDOOR. her. 183 I am so depe in thys sure flore That I ne can come owte att no dore. "Syr. THE 168 and tells him to Sche seyd. For sorowe he would wexe woode. To wete the wylle of the." says she. the wife. lett be youre fare. what do ye there?" 180 He prays the "Dame." he seyd. dame. but Butt yt holpe hy{m~} ryght noght. I pray you. And that schal?l? do the good. That he no where myght owte wynne But helpe to hy{m~} were brought." 147 She entreats him "Good syr. 192 can't.

I saye. her work. "spin me some And a betyngstocke ful?l? fyne. "nay. his food. tools. Sche brought the lyne and hempe on her backe. TO EARN HIS There of he hadde gret nede. "dame. 231 Whan �at he hadde wrought a thraue." sche seyd. back] Wyth a thrafe of flex mare WIFE." says she. 216 If �ou wylt worke. WRIGHT'S [leaf 181. Mete ne drynke ne getyst �ou none unless you sweat Butt �ou wylt swete or swynke. 234 "That I hadde somewhat for to ete Now aft_er_ my gret swete. and says. Me thynketh yt were ryght. 213 for it. dame. And therto putt my myght. and goes away to The wyfe went in to her lofte. Ful?l? gladly would I ete. And nought �at he schuld blynne. AND HAS 204 Next day the Lord Than yt fel?l? on �at o�er daye. yt schal?l? be done. Butt hys men knewe nott of hys woo Nor of �er lordes pyne. lays on well. And in to the pytt sche yt sclang With a grete hete: 222 the flax and hemp. 246 and more flax. "Work "Syr lord. And would haue hadde yt fayne. bryng yt forthe. THE STEWARD And yf �i worke be wrought wele RESOLVES TO Thou schalt haue to dyne." 225 Ther sche toke hym a bonde For to occupy hys honde. So feyre the wyfe the lord gan praye and keeps him up That he schuld be werkyng aye. 237 for he's toiled For I haue labouryd nyght and daye night and day. 228 He does. Whether that he ys wende?" 255 The wryght answerde and seyd "naye." 219 she throws him the Sche toke the stocke in her honde. tell me sone. Sche satte and dyd her dede. And bade hym fast on to bete. Wyth some mete �ou comfort me. For I haue both hempe and lyne." And a swyngyl?l? good and grete. away. I sawe hym nott syth yesterdaye. to his work. .care for that. He leyd yt downe on the[4] stone. "haue �ou �at. 249 The lord was fayne to werke tho. 207 [leaf 181] He seyd. flax. I schrewe herre �at �e doth drede. 210 from me For I swere by swete seynt Iohn_e_. Of mete and drynke he gan her p_ra_y." TEMPT THE 243 gives him meat Mete and drynke sche hym bare. 252 The Steward asks The stuard to �e wryght gan saye." 201 The lord was sone owte of her �ought. and then asks for Mete and drynke he gan to craue. his Lord. so god me spede. DINNER." "You'll get none Sche seyd. Whyle I am here and �ou art there. the wright after "Sawe �ou owte of my lord to-daye. And sparyd nott on to leyne. and drink Of ful?l? long boundyn lyne." And lerne for to swete. for seynt charyte. The for to plese. And leyd on strockes wel?l? good wone." 240 The wife The wyfe seyd "so mutt I haue hele." He says he will: "Dame. TO BEAT FLAX begs for food.

"be the same hatte me whether my wife I can knowe yf my wyfe be badde goes bad. 309 sends him up the Vp the sterys sche hym leyde quaint stairs. 'sykerly Women beth both queynte & slye.' takes his money. Sche seyd. lett be thy fare. Of thy garlond wondyr I haue. 297 and offers her 20 Haue here of me xx marke marks. it him. her again. 261 and asks who gave The stuard seyd. As many a woman ca{n)}. wythowtyn drede. Then doth my wyfe me wrong wyth-all_e_. off And forth he spedde hem tha{n)}. this very night." 273 gets plenty of And in to hys chambyr he gan gone." He seyd. drede the noght Wyth me to do that dede. THE TRAPDOOR." 300 She says. Tyl?l? he saw the wryghtes bedde: THE STEWARD IS Of tresoure �ought he none." 270 "I'll prove that The stuard �ought "by godes myght." 294 The steward urges The stuard seyd "for hym �at ys wrought. It ys wythowtyn eny drede. And of his erand he was onredde Or he were fro he{m~} I-gone. Whether �ou blys or banne. AND 276 Butt he ne stynt att no stone THINKS to the wright's Tyl?l? he vn-to �e wryghtes hows come HE HAS house. tumble through In to �e seller? he fylle sone. That ylke same nyght." 285 her that night. My husbond wolle wete wyth-owty{n)} mare And I hym dyd that vnryght." 264 "Sir. 288 I would nott he myght yt wete For al?l? the good that I myght gete. Thys tresoure schal?l? be thy mede. dame. 267 If my floures ou�er fade or falle. "so god me saue. garland. And of hys garlond hadde ferly What �at yt be-mente. "nay. SUCCEEDED 279 He mett the wyfe amydde the gate. to lie by To lye by the al?l? nyght." That schal?l? I preue thys same nyght says the steward. 315 "What the devil The lord seyd "what deuyl?l? art �ou? . and eny man lay me by. So Ih_esus_[5] mutt me spede 291 as her husband For. Of gold and syluer styf and starke. the neck. 282 [leaf 182] Al?l? the good �at ys myne and offers her all I wyl?l? the geue to be thyne he has. and goes And toke tresure ful?l? good wone. The mony he gan her bede. takes her round Abowte �e necke he gan her take. SO WELL. the trapdoor. I trowe �at he be schent. it will tell "Syr." 303 The stuard �ought. And who yt hath the sent. And seyd "my dere wyght. SHOT THROUGH 312 and lets him He went and stumblyd att a stone. money." 258 then notices the The stuard stode �e wryght by. don't tell any Lett no man wete butt we two nowe. would be sure to My husbond would yt wete truly. "Then "Syr." one. Downe to the bare flore. know of it. "syr. 306 He �ought wele to haue be spedde." To me by eny other ma{n)}." he seyd. There-of. She refuses. and I graunt �at to you.

"syr. "by swete sen Ione." 342 her skull. "Felowe. they're doing. 321 The lord seyd. The stuard drewe in to the derke." 357 The Lord works The lord satt and dyd hys werke. away. up. and sey nott so. 360 The lord seyd. "syres. "dame. Att hole lesse or mare. and sytt be tyme. Hys lord hadde forgote curtesy: Tho[6] seyd �e stuard. That I geue to god a gyfte. "welcome. For he gaue hym nought.are you?" says And �ou hadest falle on me nowe. here ys youre lyne. "The stuard. "wolle he nott spynne. and no �ing thycke. AND and reels. chaffs him. The lord seyd. But the wife For �ou schalt worke or eu_er_ �ou goo." And I haue made yt al?l? I-lyke. your? lyne ys I-doo. glad to eat his And thy good wylle put �erto. he'll And �ou wolt eny mete wynne. Gret sorowe was in hys �ought. I hold yt welle I-wrought." 318 [leaf 182. "geue me some. his Lord is My lord. words." 339 The steward says The stuard seyd "wyth-owtyn dowte. man." WORK FOR 351 "I'll die for The stuard seyd. Me thynketh yt gret payne." 363 and gets his food Mete and drynke sche gaue hym y{n)}. PROUD. As a man buxome and bayne BUT IS 348 and unless he rubs Thowe schalt rubbe. 345 says he'll soon be Fayne �ou schalt be so to doo. Wyl?l? ye nott lerne to swete?" 333 the Lord says. the Lord. what do you to. if he ever gets And eu_er_ I may wynne owte." 369 steward. and I want Nowe would I fayne ete: 336 my dinner." 354 answers he. HIS DINNER. "We both came on For o erand we come bothe. rele. Haue yt in godes blessyng and myne. He seyd "felowe. and drink. yf �ou hungyr welle. Than seyd �e lord her vn-to. "Your flax is 'Dame. Thowe hadest hurt me ful?l? sore. 372 The stuard satt al?l? in a stody. out he'll crack I wyl?l? breke her brayne. [leaf 183] Thowe wylt worke. back] The stuard stert and staryd abowte The steward finds If he myght ower gete owte he can't get out. Thy wordes �ou torne agayne." 324 The stuard lokyd on the knyght. done. None of it will he Of thys mete schal?l? he haue none give to the That ye haue me hydder brought. Rather would I dy for hungyr unhouseled. Wyl?l? he do ryght noght?" 366 The lord seyd. "so haue I hele." Wyth-owte hosyl?l? or shryfte. WILL NOT get no meat. And seyd. but eats it all The stuard hungeryd att �e last. what do you here?" 327 there. hunger first. for godes myght. and wonders why He seyd. and spynne. Ful?l? clere." sche seyd. one errand." The sothe wolle I nott lete. lett be. For �ou schalt helpe to dyght thys lyne For al?l? thy fers[e] fare. What worke �at the be brought." 375 . "then haue I wondyr. The lord ete and dranke fast." 330 The wife asks what Tho cam the wyfe them vn-to. wyth-owtyn oth.

Then the Proctor The proctoure of �e parysche chyrche ryght sees the wright Came and lokyd on �e wryght. Syth the tyme I sawe you last. Hys mete �erwyth to wy{n)}. seye. For no �ing that ye blynne. 399 Butt �e stuard �at was so stowde. Sche seyd "syr. �is werke must nedys be done. 417 but if she's false And yf my wyfe take a p_ar_amoure." 384 asks for work. TO WORK 387 Sche brought a swyngyl?l? att �e last. AND 423 goes to the To the wryghtes hows he went." WIFE. fade. and steward and "Sey. I pray you yt may so be 429 That ye would graunt me of your? grace he must have her To play w_y_t_h_ you in some p_ri_uy place." sche seyd. back] The stuard toke vp a stycke to saye. 414 and while she is For al?l? the whyle my wyfe trew ys. [leaf 184] Or ellys to deth mutt me.and won't give him The lord seyd. Al?l? that that ys here y{n)}. "Good syres. to earn their Yet was he fayne to werke for hys mete dinner. the The stuard began fast to knocke. earn some for Much hungyr yt schal?l? be thyne himself. IS TRAPDOORED. and went therto. IS OBLIGED him. And seyd "syres. Was fayne to swyngell_e_ �e scales owte. "Bett_er_ ys me �us to doo Whyle yt must nedys be do. 408 Fast �e proctoure gan hym frayne. and asks where he "Where hadest �ou �is garlond gayne? got his garland It ys eu_er_ lyke newe." 396 spinning away Were �e lord neu_er_ so gret. 402 while the Lord's The lordys meyne �at were att home people cannot make Wyst nott where he was bycome. it will. And neu_er_ falle nor fade. wright's wife He grete �e wyfe wyth feyre entente. out what has They were ful?l? sore adrad. "With my wife." Than wolle my garlond vade �e floure. 405 become of him. . The wryght gan say "felowe. Though he were neu_er_ so sadde. AFTER ALL. Ther-of he was nott glad. THE STEWARD wife throws it The wyfe �rew hym a swyngelyng stocke. true it will never My garlond wolle hold hewe I-wys. Though �ou make much mone." 426 and declares his "A! dame." 381 The steward gives Vp he rose. That dare me nott rewe." 411 from. Fast �e proctoure gan to pray. Wyth my wyfe. "sorowe haue �e morsel?l? or sope one crumb: That schal?l? come in thy throte! Nott so much as o crome! 378 let him work and Butt �ou wylt helpe to dyght �is lyne. welcome be ye. That dare I ley myne hede. He lokyd as he ware madde. yf �ou wylt knowe." 420 The proctor thinks The proctoure �ought. Lord are both Hytt wyl?l? be the bett_er_ to spynne. in." 390 Sche gaue hy{m)} a stocke to sytt vppo{n)}. swyngyl?l? bett_er_ yf ye may. "in good faye THE PROCTOR he'll test this. That schal?l? I wete thys same daye TEMPTS THE Whether yt may so be. my loue ys on you fast love for her." 393 [leaf 183. "swyngyll_e_ on fast." 432 or die.

Whan he in to �e seller felle. Butt wele he knewe �e knyght CAN'T 459 And the stuard �at swyngelyd �e lyne. "We're as good as We hold vs that be here nowe." 438 The proctor The proctoure seyd. And eu_er_ to hy{m~} sche seyd "naye." 492 ." 483 The Lord says. 435 as her husband Hadest �ou done �at dede w_y_t_h_ me. 480 have to work for Yet must vs worke for owre mete. and yet And lett preue yt be syght.She says nay. you." 468 working the wife's The proctoure seyd. They eat and They ete & drunke in such wyse drink. "For me yt schal?l? be euyl?l? wrought will never do the And I may see aryght. For I lernyd neu_er_ in lon{d+} it's not his For to haue a swyngel?l? in hond trade. Nowe hath sche the tresure tane. It wolle �e helpe welle to lyue. The lord seyd. to work ere you Yf yt be as I vndyrstond. our food. Yheue me some mete. fful?l? of myght. and give That �ey geue hym ryght noght. (What helpyth yt to lye?) 447 The wyfe went the steyre be-syde. "thynke ye no schame. and the proctor The proctoure went a lytyl?l? to wyde tumbles into the He fel?l? downe by and by. Thowe camyst to loke howe we fare. nothing. "why flyte ye two? "And you'll have I trowe ye wyl?l? werke or ye goo. The stuard seyd. "as good as �ou. For to bete thys wyfees lyne? [leaf 184. will know of it by My spouse by hys garlond myght see. (ye be to blame." 456 The proctoure began to stare. they go upstairs. "by heuen kyng. That schuld torne me to woo. Nowe helpe �is lyne were dyght." 486 go. marks. his garland. going to hell. WHERE HE Lord and steward What do ye here thys nyght?" HAS GOT 462 are after there. MAKE OUT but asks what the He seyd "syres. him to sit down. for godes pyne." Or ellys schal?l? we none gete. Come and sytt vs by." 477 The steward says. The stuard seyd. And vp �e steyre be they gane. 453 The stuard lokyd on the knyght. for godes myght. the proctor." 444 These she takes. He was in hart ful?l? sory." Abowte he goys twyes or thryes. That wolle I nott doo.) to his great Of that the wyfe ye brought. back] For Ih_esus_ loue. he. If he sey to the any �ing He schal?l? haue sorowe vn-sowte. he doesn't know For he was he wyst neu_er_ whare. The mony here haue I brought. The steward asks And seyd "proctoure. 441 offers her 20 Twenty marke I wolle �e geue. and thinks he is He wente to haue sonke in to helle. 474 like. THE PROCTOR where he is. Mete nor drynke to owre honde. By day nor be nyght. TO. "god geue the care. "what do ye in �is yn_e_ flax." 465 He stode styl?l? in a gret �ought." 471 The proctoure seyd ryght as he �ought. What to answer he wyst noght: "By mary ful?l? of myght. 450 cellar. 489 the proctor The proctoure seyd.

" HE HAS 495 till at last The proctoure stode in a stody TO WIND Whether he myght worke hem by. And to hym seyd w_y_t_h_ myld[_e_] chere. "so god hym spede. The good wyfe rawte hym a rocke. DINNER. By-fore the swyngel?l? tre. "what ys �is dynne? THE THREE and he asks what I here gret noyse here wythynne. 546 [leaf 185. Fayne would I wete what they were. 510 do. A-nothyr swyngelyd good and fyne By-fore the swyngyl?l? tre. 525 One of hem knockyd lyne. . AND SPIN And so to torne hys �ought. 504 Sche seyd "whan I was mayde att home. For therto hadde sche nede. three Be come to helpe you and me. "workemen thre "Why." he seyd. and spins away And he span wele and fyne well. all that noise is Tel?l? me. Howe cam thys vn-to?" 549 The knyght seyd "What ys best rede? The Lord asks M_er_cy I aske for my mysdede. "Yes. so god the spede. 522 As he approaches And as he cam by hys hows syde he hears a noise. wright comes home." Who are they?" Butt when he sawe hys lord there." 513 He wauyd vp a strycke of lyne. my lord and knyght? Tel?l? me nowe for godes myght he came there." 507 gets a distaff and Sche gaue hym in hande a rocke hynde. I schal?l? yt worke both feyre & welle As ye haue taute me." 519 Thus they all sit Thus �ey satt and wrought fast and work till the Tyl?l? �e wekedayes were past. home came he. That �ou schalt wel?l? see. And ageynst hym went sche. pit. "That mary mott the spede!" 501 he too knocks for The proctoure began to knocke." sche seyd. "Syr. "so haue I hele. FOR HIS 498 To the lord he drewe nere. work. and asks how And seyd.disgust. COMES HOME meet him. Other werke cowde I do none My lyfe ther-wyth to lede. back] What do ye here. He �ought yt was a strange cas. The wright sees Hys hert bygan to drede: 543 his Lord in the To see hys lord in �at place. Therfor �ou schalt haue no mete. dear. AND FINDS 534 "Dame. 528 The thyrde did rele and spynne. workmen have come Ther-of we haue gret nede. dame. The stuard seyd "euyl?l? spede the soppe If eny morcel?l? come in thy throte Butt �ou w_y_t_h_ vs hadest wrought. 516 The lord seyd "�ou spynnest to grete. Then the wryght. 540 to help us. some winding to And bade hem fast for to wynde [leaf 185] Or ellys to lett be hys dede. THE WRIGHT his wife comes to Hys wyfe was ware of hys comyng." 537 about. He herd[7] noyse that was nott ryde Of p_er_sons two or thre. Mete and drynke ther-wyth to wynne." he seyd. CULPRITS. Gret nede ther-of hadde he. 531 Thus �e wryght stode herkenyng.

"Dame. THE CELLAR. I wyst my lord neu_er_ do ryght noght The lady says she Of no �ing �at schuld be wrought. And when they cam vp aboue{n)} CULPRITS . "Good Wyth gret trauayle and peyne. 591 wanted to lie with Wyllyng �ey were to do me schame. he and his Ther-of sche was ful?l? fayne: 573 companions came Whan sche came vn-to �e steyre aboue{n)}. here again. 576 looks down into "Good syres." 558 and orders his The wryght bade hys wyfe lett hy{m~} owte. in ther maner_e_. If they passe hens to-daye 561 "No. there for. and says. "So ys myne. Sche lokyd vn-to �e seller downe. 597 they are. THE 606 "Ah. "So am I." THE 609 us. I am glad �at we be here. Glad was �at lady of that tydyng." says To se you among thys flex and hempe. her gold and _And_ ther they be al?l? thre. wife to let the "Nay. 603 three culprits The knyght seyd "felowys in fere. and ye hadde bene wyth vs. The lady And seyd." 552 sorry. The wife says they The ryche gyftes so clere. Butt nowe late me saye. 579 sirs. �en sorowe come on my snowte Lord out. verame_n_t. bother my Tyl?l? that my lady come and see snout if I do." 600 lord for herself. and there Mo than two or thre. So she sends for And of ther purpos & ther intente THE LORD'S WIFE the dame to fetch That they would haue wrought." Howe �ey would haue done w_y_t_h_ me. what are you I pray you helpe �at we were owte.mercy: he is very My hert ys wondyr wo. SEES HIM IN 570 her lord home. The lady answerd her ano{n)}. we by owre mete ful?l? dere. she took their "I haue thynges to do att home gifts. By god in trinite. By godes dere pyte. 567 me. WIFE SETS you'd been with As welle as dyd we." 582 full dear: The lady spake the wyfe vn-tyll_e_. doing?" And I wyl?l? swere w_y_t_h_-owtyn dowte "Earning our meat Neu_er_ to come here agayne. The Lord says. come out. the wright. The lady asks the Eu_er_ych. wanted to do with Therto sche seyd noght. and tells her what When sche wyst her lord was lyuyng. you'd have Dame. says the wife. help us out. [leaf 186] And seyd "dame. 588 wife why Gold and syluer they me brought." 564 "before his lady Anon sche sent aft_er_ the lady bryght sees what he For to fett home her lord and knyght." Sche told her what they hadde ment. by swete Ih_es_us. the men are there And forsoke yt. The lady lawghed and made good game and laughs Whan they came owte al?l? in-same heartily when the From the swyngyl?l? tre.--�is ys nott to leyne." Ful?l? sore myne hert yt doth oppresse. WRIGHT'S worked too if Ye would haue wrought." 594 silver. yf yt be youre wylle. and offered I toke ther gyftes wyth-owtyn blame. and What doo thes meyny here?" 585 I'll never come The carpentarys wyfe her answerd sykerly." "Al?l? they would haue leyne me by. "to Ful?l? sore yt ruyth me. and would yt noght. what doo you here?" the cellar. really wants her Such as fallyth to me. her. 555 see you among the To se you in such hevynes. flax and hemp.-.

" 615 you. faithful wives Pray we to Ih_es_u ful?l? of myght. WIVES GO 642 TO HEAVEN! Here then is Here ys wretyn a geste of the wryght written a tale of That hadde a garlond wel?l? I-dyght. for charyte. For thy dere moderys loue ther-of nott to mys. true lovers as the As trew louers to be 657 [leaf 187] As was the wryght vn-to hys wyfe wright and his And sche to hym duryng her lyfe. before." The knyght and thys lady bryght. Then the Lord and Howe they would home that nyght. 618 And so they went home. for her reward. they'll never go That neu_er_ in ther lyfe 627 back for five and Would they no more come in �_a_t wonne forty years. 624 and the steward The stuard sware by godes ore. wright's wife. 639 alive! So come thryste on ther hedys Whan they mombyl?l? on ther bedys MAY ALL GOOD Ther pat_er_ n_oste_r ryue. Owre hertes for to glade. I can tell So mary so mutt me spede. "so god saue me. back] By the weye as they rode 621 says. God grant us all Graunt vs al?l? hys dere blessyng his blessing. That feyre mott hem byfalle. 663 It was made. FREE. wife were. Throwe a wode in ther playeng. On their way home For to here the fowlys syng they halt. 633 The garland is Thus the wryghtes garlond was feyre of hewe. the Wright and his The coloure wyl?l? neuer fade. Now god. fresh as ever.[8] [leaf 186. 636 I take wytnes att gret and smal?l?. bliss. For no thyng they would abyde. 666 which was made of Of roses whyte �at wyl?l? nott fade. They hovyd stylle and bode. as ADAM of COBSAM Thys seyd Adam of Cobsa{m~}. Thus true are all Thus trewe bene good women al?l? good women now That nowe bene on lyve. Of flourys most of honoure. Amen. Butt gaue yt to the wryghtes wyfe. And hys wyfe bothe good and trewe: There-of was he ful?l? blythe. 630 The lady gives all Of the tresure that they brought. 645 Garland. The lord seyd. 651 come to heaven's And that they may come to heuen blys. . They turnyd abowte and lokyd downe. 660 Amen! Here ends our tale Here endyth the wryghtes p_ro_cesse trewe of the Garland Wyth hys garlond feyre of hewe That neu_er_ dyd fade the coloure. All_e_ good wyues all_e_. their money to the The lady would geue hem ryght noght. Thys forty yere and fyve. Whan they were onys thens come. lady go home. Ih_es_u graunt hem. �at ys heuyn kyng. 648 and may all true And al?l? tho that doo her husbondys ryght. 612 I never had such a Yet hadde I neu_er_ such a fytte turn in my life As I haue hadde in �at lowe pytte. and proctor swear And so dyd the proctoure much more. 654 and be such Now all_e_ tho that thys tretys hath hard. by the avyse Of hys wywes moder wytty and wyse.

Randle Holme gives a drawing of a heckle. this. and of the Commons Explicit. p. For reference to two analogous stories to that of the Poem. The loue of god and of the comenys and receive the Subdued[9] bene of ryght. Except so far as the _swingle_ served as a heckle. love of God. though heckles (iron combs) must have been in use when the poem was written--inasmuch as _hekele_. The thyrde did rele and spynne. the word has been corrected. and the second that of the Prioress and her three Suitors in the Minor Poems of Dan John Lydgate. There are no insettings of the third lines. The lines through the _h_'s in the MS. to render the fibre finer and cleaner. A-nothyr swyngelyd good and fyne By-fore the swyngyl?l?-tre.D. _hekelare_.White Roses. _hard_] [Footnote 8: The letter between the _b_ and _a_ has had the lower part marked over. _Ihc_] [Footnote 6: MS. _of_] [Footnote 2: _or_ hyng. are not. One of hem knocked lyne. [Footnote 1: MS. published by . was dispensed with. marks of contraction. or spaces on changes of subject. the flowers that Wyth trewloues medelyd in syght. must correspond to the preliminary breaking of the plant.] NOTES. The first is that of _Constant Duhamel_ in the third volume of Barbazan. I am indebted to Mr Thomas Wright.] [Footnote 5: MS. 1440 A. But it must mean a long _s_. Whych floure al?l? ynglond doth glade. in the MS._] [Footnote 3: MS. the further _heckling_ of the flax. and _hekelynge_. ? _MS. and then the scutching or beating to separate the coarse tow or hards from the tare or fine hemp. Under _Hatchell_. 669 gladden all Vn-to the whych floure I-wys England. The two first of the three operations of flax-dressing described in lines 526-529. _gar_] [Footnote 4: ? MS. ab. _The_] [Footnote 7: ? MS. are in the Promptorium.] [Footnote 9: May be _subdied_. 15. too. I believe. _hekelyn_.

4. who dishonours them one after another. Blynne. Bonde. ed. the priest. of Barbazan's Fabliaux. to the third. stop. but is himself terrified at the corpse getting up: all three run away from one another: the knight falls on a stake. Frenche men synne yn lecherye And Englys men yn enuye. the parson breaks his head and jumps into a bramble bush. scull. and bury him. _blinnan_.the Percy Society. the bath being still in the same room. with rather aggravating circumstances. another comes. AS. And." She promises herself to the first if he will lie for a night in a chapel sewn up in a sheet like a corpse. then hunted by the whole town and their dogs. well bitten and beaten. 118. She then sends successively for their three wives to come and bathe with her. and the prioress gets rid of them all. a bund-le. if he will perform the funeral service over the knight. Du. p. pretending it is her husband. 107-117. and the forester. and breaks his fore top in falling from the tree. 348. speedily. so that when one is there and stripped for the bath. 292. 1840. 89. the provost.) The second story. and into a snare set for bucks. who on her refusal persecute her husband. let him read the astounding revelation made of the state of the early French mind by the tales in the 3rd and 4th vols. Finally the latter are turned out of the house naked. she introduces her own husband. and frighten both parson and knight. the merchant gets tossed by a bull. if he will dress up like a devil. 44. . a parson of a paryche. ed. out of which they can see all that is going on in the room. GLOSSARY. This the burges Sir John does well. is as follows:--A prioress is wooed by "a yonng knyght. ready.--_Minor Poems_. 1808. To stop their attacks she gives them appointments at her house immediately after one another. she conceals them one after another in a large tub full of feathers. 342. _bondt_. or rather well feathered. 110. if. Brayne. to the second. Blyue. Bayne. one _� l'enverse_. told by Lydgate. 226. Halliwell. and as each is stripped naked in the bath. and a burges of a borrow. ed. cease. and all in view of their three husbands. and. but not before she has made the "burges" or "marchaunt" pay her twenty marks not to tell his wife and the country generally of his tricks. a bush of thornes. In the Barbazan tale "the wife is violently solicited by three suitors." (If any one wants to see a justification of the former half of the proverb quoted by Roberd of Brunne. a bavin.

Fere. _l�n_. Fare. In-same. stay. Layne. sorrowful. Chaste. wrangling. 148. Germ. beat. Brydalle. 71. 246. _landian_. salvation. repents. AS. 484. trade. project. Hele. 14. flax. 308. AS. hide. strife. 107. _hende_. _for�encan_. chest. 409. Myster. 51. buy. Dyght. _mestier_. 644. Gan. I promise you. company. uncheerful. Hynde. Hovyd. or _unr?d_. . Geue to God a gyfte. to despair. Forthynketh. wrangle. 323. 329. second. 379. halted. Dowte. ? rope. _fraihnan_. 604. going on. box. ask. 231. prepared. to land. 624. 22. Meyne. 335. Lyne. dress. AS. _unr�t_. Onredde. pit. marriage feast. ? AS. Lende. AS. _fregnan_. I'll take my oath. enjoy. 176. 351.Broke. Flyte. gentle. I-doo. fear. AS. _brauchen_. Coleridge. quarrel. did. AS. one. 324. 165. Frayne. H. done. 214. stopt. 508 ? natty. Leyne. to prolong. 602. finished. lay. I-dyght. Fr. 205. I make a vow. 197. 140. or _lengian_. wish. Goth. O�re. imprudent._ fl�t_. together. household. conceal. O. 12. _br�can_. 68. bride ale. _unr�t_. prepare. 403. makes sorry. _br�d-�l_. By. AS.

for reeling and spinning (l. stables (_sic_) chains and pinns to the Coach-pole. 198. Or. light. _rok_. p.) "_Swingowing_ is the beating off the bruised inward stalk of the Hemp or Flax. reached. 62. such erected in Fesse O. 503. Bk. _rijf_. 524. Though Randle Holme. whoring. Rocke. Gibbs). "Swingle-Staff. 285. p. Schent. _geryd_. 529). xxxiii. 187. Tolle. Stounde. below. Dan. to reck. "To _swingle_. Du. to hold it by: It is used for the clearing of Hemp and Flax from the large broken Stalks or *Shoves." Phillips. 285. Swyngylle. p. Take. p. _een Rocke_. G.. O. and are fastened by Iron hooks. or abundant. 'What. Du. No. yet at Chap.. To Winde Flaxe or Wool upon a Rock (Hexham). AS. _scendan_. from the outward pill. A Distaffe. Ryde. 3. 3. in _Swyngylle_. Col. 161. shall a woman with a _rokke_ drive thee away?'" Digby Mysteries. �quus. col. No. a Stick to beat Flax with. a Term among Flax-dressers." (A drawing is given by Holme. adultery. 61. Rawte. or rind. AS.. which said Stalks being first broken. 11 (Halliwell). and cut into shivers by a Brake. bark. such in Pale A. gives the _Swingle-Tree_ of a Coach-Pole (these are made of wood. 4. on the plate opposite p. see _shoves_*. bruised." Phil. _Reeling_ is to wind the Yarn of the Wheel Spool on a Reel. col. _r�hte_. is as much as is heckled at one Handful. "He beareth Sable. which it is hung upon. Strycke. III. _Spinning_ is to twist the Flax hairs into Yarn or Thrid. or a Spin-rock. 401. � iv." Phillips.H. have pity. Surmounting of a _Swingle_ Foot. born by _Flaxlowe_. care for. . 107. to the which Horses are fastened by their Harnish when there is more then two to draw the Coach). Scales. entice (H. of _r�can_. he says. to beat. a _Swingle_ Hand erected. _Rocken_. S. _puterie_. destroyed. "An Instrument us'd in some Parts for the spinning of Flax and Hemp. 186. 106. viii. vi. levis. 1. AS. thrive. born by _Swingler_. deliver. _rocken_: "a distaff held in the hand from which the thread was spun by twirling a ball below. 508. O. _rokkr_." p. This is a Wooden Instrument made like a Fauchion. "_Strike of Flax_. S. _swingele_. Lye.... The. ch. short time. rife. which as (_sic_) the Hemp or Flax. 4. a whip. _Spinrock_. 642." Phillips. 503. Rewe. Ryue. 216. 2. small. gave. AS. ? husks. with an hole cut in the top of it. Rought. lash. 514. 258.Putry. Fr. 2.N. by the help of the said _Swingle_ Foot.

[Some be lewde. Go schrewes wher thei goo. 8 And some be tame. dwelling. 4 some be lewde. 12) within 2 lines of the sharp _f_ade (l. may have been Edward's substitute for the broom (_planta genisla_). which is given by Coles as _Herb Paris_ (a quatrefoil whose leaves bear a sort of likeness to a true-lovers' knot). 12. riming with 'owte. &c. wild. make bare purs w_i_t_h_ some me{n)}. Willement (Regal Heraldry) notices that the angels attending Richard II. 20. back] Some cane part with-outen hire. [_Lambeth MS_. Ar. Wonne. give. a quatrefoil of the field. _brest_. fade. _badde_ with _hatte_. 401. in the picture at Wilton. Yougeth. and some be fonde. Yheue. on a chev. or the imitations of the berb or flower _Truelove_. l. or. had any such plants on his arms or badge. three cinquefoils.. _vadden_ (Hexham). [Footnote 1: The use of the flat _v_ade (l. 417). see Edmonston's Heraldry. _leaf_ 135.[2] Yit all thei be nat soo. Su{m~} be nyse. 90.[1] ?it al thei be nat soo. Yit all they be nat so.] WOMEN. 105. 275. mad. Woode. _Cost_.Tre. 419. the other. Ar. wood. are careless rimes too. on a chev. 16 . sa. p. store. Appendix. bachelor's freedom. had collars worked with white roses and broom-buds. And some cane take brede of a manes hande. Wone. corresponds with the flat 'stow_d_e. Vade. wome{n)}. y vndirstond_e_. one. quantity. 153. Trewloves.' l. Some be nyse as a nonne hene. 306. l. And some make bate in eueri chire. 419.] Wome{n)}. And some cheke mate with oure Sir_e_. 265-6. youth. The Trewloves bear. 400. 491. and in Halliwell as _one-berry:_ but I cannot find that Edward IV. some all be schrewde. 142-3. p. sa.] 12 [leaf 135. Knots. if a plant be meant by it. either figures like true-lovers' knots. and trueloves. loue of wome{n)}. On the other hand..[1] 125. Du. 628.' l. timber. 669. Knots were often worn as badges.

l. and some can lye. J. the reprint has _manne_. 44 Some be lewde. 36 Yit all thei do nat soo. 89-91. Some be lewde. while both have _withowte_ for _with oure_.. Some be lewde. at p. pp. Yit all thei be not soo. 1546). a herb?"). p. go wher they goo. besides minor differences. vol. differs a good deal from that given above. 1847. 40 He that made this songe full good. and sume be schreued_e_.R.' the nuns being famous. Lumby first told me of the proverb 'As white as a nun's hen. and _accripe_ for _a ttripe_. Some of the{m~} be treue of love Beneth �e gerdel?l?. Som be browne. and the original _nanne_. 24 and some be schrewed_e_. Came of �e north and of �e sother{n)} blode. Explicit. and reprinted by Mr Thomas Wright. go where they goo. 3. for what I read as _nonne_. I have not cancelled this impression. and some be schreud_e_. As. and some be whit. Yit all thei do nat soo. p. 28 And in a hode aboue cane chove. [Footnote 1: The Rev. And some of theym be chiry ripe. and some be schrewed_e_. no doubt. _as nice as a Nun's hen_. And some cane sette �e moke awrie. l. Some cane flater. "_accripe_. 32 go where they goo. 248. for delicate poultry. Some cane whister. 43 of the Spencer Society's reprint. 1867. 103 of his edition of _Songs and Carols_ for the Percy Society. i. go where thei goo. 15. and sume be schreued_e_.S. John Heywood has in his _Proverbes_. from Mr Wright's MS. l. Some be lewde. 1562 (first printed. 20 And some be tender as a ttripe. The other version of the song. 21 (see Halliwell's Dictionary. in his text.--This Poem was printed by Mr Halliwell in _Reliqui� Antiqu�_. P. go wher they goo. & some cane crie. Yit all we be nat soo. She tooke thenterteinment of the yong men All in daliaunce. some be [s]chrwde. Sume be lewde. but nat above. . Sume be lewde. And some-what kyne to Roby{n)} Hode. 48 Go where they goo.

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