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[CIRCUIT IDEAS]

Dual Polarity DEEPAK GUPTA

Power Supply SANJAY KUMAR

A power supply is the fundamental building block of dropout.


all but the simplest of electronic devices. It converts Diodes D1, D2, D4, and D5 form the rectifying
the alternating current (AC) from our wall outlets circuitry. The output of which is a pulsating DC
into direct current (DC) at some specified voltage. A waveform.C1 and C2 are used for filtering the
dual polarity power supply is capable of supplying output DC waveform. Whereas C3 and C4 are
+/-DC voltage. Dual polarity power supply is used to improve the transient response and filter
created mostly to power up operational amplifier high frequency line noise. Resistors R1-R4 set the
circuits and other circuits that require dual supply regulated output voltage. Both LM337 and LM317
voltage. The voltage is adjustable, requires a few are adjustable 3-terminal positive voltage
parts, and easy to build. The circuit design of this regulators, capable of supplying in excess of 1.5A
dual polarity power supply is regulated with the use over a 2V to 37V output range and -2V to -37V
of a positive (LM337) and negative (LM317) output range respectively.
voltage regulators. The LM317 & 337 regulators develop 1.25V
In the above circuit, TX1 is the center tap across R1 and R3, respectively. This reference
transformer. Each side can provide half of the voltage causes a constant current to flow through
output capacity of the secondary side that they split. the voltage-setting resistors R2 and R4 which
It converts 240V AC to a lower value. Here we have generates an output voltage approximately equal
used a 24VCT (12-0-12) transformer, which will to the following relationship:
supply a peak voltage of 12(1.414) = 16.97V to Vout=1.25*(1+R2/R1)
the rectifiers.The peak output voltage should be D3 and D6 protect the regulator from damage in
slightly higher than the desired regulated voltage so the event the input is shorted.
as to compensate for diode drop and regulator Capacitors C5 and C6 improve the regulators'

D3

D1 LM317
3 2
V1 V0 +Vdc
A/W
D2 1 R1
120 C7 C9
C3 470uF 470uF
0.1uF
TX1 C1 C5 R2
2200uF 10uF 13K

GND
R4
13K
C2
2200uF
D5 C8
R3 C10
C4 C6 120 470uF 470uF
0.1uF 10uF
1

D4 A/W
2 3
V0 V1 -Vdc
LM337 D6
[CIRCUIT IDEAS]

ripple rejection from 65dB to 80dB (typical) by output.


preventing ripple voltage from being amplified at The other application of polarity power supplies are
the output of the regulator.C7 and C8 are Brushless DC motor testing, Aircraft ground
electrolytic capacitor that stiffen the output voltage support systems, Hybrid vehicle systems, Water
and reduce output impedance. Capacitors C9 and treatment.
C10 filter any high frequency noise present at the