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Supplement digital content
Supplement digital content 1. Surgery codes for a laparotomy
The table illustrates the surgical codes, from which the study population was conducted

Chapter NCSP surgery codes
KJA KJAH00, KJAH20, KJAH30, KJAH33, KJAH40, KJAH96 KJAK00, KJAK03, KJAK10, KJAK13,
KJAL00, KJAL10, KJAL20, KJAL30, KJAL30A , KJAL50, KJAL96, KJAM00, KJAM10, KJAP00,
KJAQ00, KJAW96,
KJB KJBA00, KJBA10, KJBB00, KJBB10, KJBB96, KJBC00, KJBW96
KJC KJCA00, KJCA20, KJCA96, KJCC00, KJCC20, KJCD20, KJCE00, KJCE96, KJCW96
KJD KJDA00,, KJDA60, KJDA63, KJDB00, KJDC00, KJDC10, KJDC20, KJDC30, KJDC40, KJDC96,
KJDD00, KJDD96, KJDE00, KJDE96, KJDF00, KJDH00, KJDH40, KJDH50, KJDH60, KJDH63,
KJDH70, KJDW96, KJDW96A
KJE KJEA00, KJEA10, KJEW96
KJF KJFA00, KJFA10, KJFA16, KJFA60, KJFA63, KJFA70, KJFA73, KJFA76, KJFA80, KJFA83,
KJFA86, KJFA96, KJFB00, KJFB10, KJFB13, KJFB20, KJFB30, KJFB30A, KJFB33, KJFB40,
KJFB43, KJFB46, KJFB50, KJFB60, KJFB63, KJFB96, KJFC00, KJFC10, KJFC20, KJFC30, KJFC40,
KJFC50, KJFD00, KJFD10, KJFD20, KJFE00, KJFF00, KJFF10, KJFF13, KJFF16, KJFF20, KJFF23,
KJFF26, KJFF30, KJFF40, KJFF96, KJFG00, KJFG10, KJFG20, KJFG23, KJFG26, KJFG30, KJFG33,
KJFG36, KJFG40, KJFG50, KJFG60, KJFG80, KJFG96, KJFH00, KJFH10, KJFH20, KJFH30,
KJFH33, KJFH40, KJFH96, KJFJ00, KJFJ96, KJFK00, KJFK10, KJFK20, KJFK96, KJFL00, KJFL10,
KJFL20, KJFL96, KJFM00, KJFW96
KJG KJGA00, KJGA00A, KJGA60, KJGA96, KJGB00, KJGB10, KJGB20, KJGB30, KJGB32, KJGB40,
KJGB50, KJGB60, KJGB96, KJGC00, , KJGC96, KJGW96
KJJ KJJA00, KJJA10, KJJA20, KJJA23, KJJA26, KJJA30, KJJA40, KJJA43, KJJA50, KJJA96, KJJB00,
KJJB10, KJJB20, KJJB30, KJJB40, KJJB50, KJJB53, KJJB96, KJJC00, KJJC10, KJJC20, KJJC50,
KJJW96
KJK KJKA00, KJKA10, KJKA20, KJKA96, KJKB00, KJKB40, KJKC00, KJKC40, KJKD00, KJKD10,
KJKD20, KJKD30, KJKE00, KJKE06, KJKE96, KJKF00, KJKF96, KJKW96
KJL KJLA00, KJLA20, KJLB96, KJLC00, KJLC10, KJLC30, KJLC50, KJLD00, KJLD10, KJLW96
KJM KJMA00, KJMA10, KJMA96, KJMB00, KJMB10, KJMW96
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Supplement digital content 2. Indication for readmission
The table illustrates the ICD-10 blocs, which were selected as indication for readmission

ICD-10 blocs Title
A00-B99 Certain infectious and parasitic diseases
C00-D48 Neoplasms
D50-D89 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
E00-E90 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases
G00-G99 Diseases of the nervous system
I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system
J00-J99 Diseases of the respiratory system
K00-K93 Diseases of the digestive system
L00-L99 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
N00-N99 Diseases of the genitourinary system
R00-R99 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
T80-T89 Complications of surgical and medical care, not elsewhere classified
Z00-Z99 Factors influencing health status and contact with health services
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Supplement digital content 3. ICD-10 codes for surgical or medical postoperative
complications
The table illustrates the ICD-10 codes used to identify postoperative complications

Category ICD-10 codes
Infections J100, J110, J12, J13,D J14, J15, J16, J17, J18, J69.0, J85, J86, L03, L04, N10, N12, N151, N159,
N300, N309, N390, R788, T793, T802, T814, T816, T827, T836, T857, T89
Renal and E15, E27, N139, N17, N19, N312, N990, N999, R33
endocrine
Cardiovascular I21, I26, I46, I48, I49, I50, I74, I80, I81, I82, I950, I952, I959, I978, I979, R57, T790, T800, T801,
T811, T817, T882
Pulmonary J80, J81, J90, J91, J93, J955, J958, J959, J960, J969, J981, R09
Neurological F05, F13, G45, G46, G81, G82, G83, G931, G936, G970, G971, G978, G979, I63, I65
Wounds L89, T812, T813, T815
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Supplement digital content 4. Surgery codes in NCSP-chapters
The table illustrates the laparotomy surgery codes in NCSP-chapters

Surgery codes in chapters N (%)
Abdominal wall, mesentery, peritoneum and greater omentum (KJA) 7 190 (15)
Diaphragm and gastro-esophageal reflux (KJB) 90 (0.2)
Esophagus (KJC) 180 (0.4)
Stomach and duodenal bulb (KJD) 4 415 (9)
Appendix (KJE) 13 021 (28)
Intestine (KJF) 17 792 (38)
Rectum (KJG) 994 (2)
Liver (KJJ) 633 (1)
Biliary tract (KJK) 2,413 (5)
Pancreas (KJL) 69 (0.2)
Spleen (KJM) 503 (1)
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Supplement digital content 5. Primary surgery codes – Top 10
The table illustrates the top ten of the major laparotomy surgery codes

Surgery code N (%)
Explorative laparotomy (KJAH00) 6 306 (20)
Partial resection of small intestine (KJFB00) 3 072 (10)
Right hemicolectomy (KJFB30) 2 764 (9)
Closure of perforated ulcer of stomach (KJDA60) 1 734 (5)
Resection of sigmoid colon with end colostomy (KJFB60) 1 707 (5)
Freeing of adhesions in intestinal obstruction (KJFK10) 1 704 (5)
Closure of perforated ulcer of duodenum (KJDH70) 1 568 (5)
Division of adhesive band in intestinal obstruction (KJFK00) 1 541 (5)
Ileocaecal resection (KJFB20) 945 (3)
Resection of sigmoid colon (KJFB46) 811 (3)
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Supplement digital content 6. Prevalence of minor and major laparotomies
The figure illustrates the prevalence of minor and major laparotomies in the study period. Error bars illustrate the 95%
confidence interval