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Design of Composite Beam as per BS8110-97

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**PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
**

REVISION NO.: 3

BS-5950-90 Example-001

**STEEL DESIGNERS MANUAL SIXTH EDITION - DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED COMPOSITE
**

BEAM

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION

Design a composite floor with beams at 3-m centers spanning 12 m. The

composite slab is 130 mm deep. The floor is to resist an imposed load of 5.0

kN/m2, partition loading of 1.0 kN/m2 and a ceiling load of 0.5 kN/m2. The floor

is to be un-propped during construction.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

**Member Properties Loading Geometry
**

UKB457x191x67 w = 6.67kN/m (Dead Load) Span, L = 12 m

E = 205,000 MPa w = 1.5kN/m (Construction)

Fy = 355 MPa w = 1.5kN/m (Superimposed Load)

w = 18.00kN/m (Live Load)

TECHNICAL FEATURES OF ETABS TESTED

Composite beam design, including:

** Selection of steel section, camber and shear stud distribution
**

Member bending capacities, at construction and in service

Member deflections, at construction and in service

BS-5950-90 Example-001 - 1

Sixth Edition.00% COMPUTER FILE: BS-5950-90 EXAMPLE 001.9 29.2 724.9 0. Design of Simply Supported Composite Beam.3 0.3 0.9 0.00% Partial Composite Mc (kN-m) 910. Percent Output Parameter ETABS Independent Difference Construction Design 211.EDB CONCLUSION The ETABS results show an excellent comparison with the independent results.00% Construction Deflection (mm) 29.9 968.2 0.9 0.6 57.01% Shear Stud Capacity Qn (kN) 57.2 .00% Applied Shear Force Fv (kN) 241. BS-5950-90 Example-001 .00% Design Moment (kN-m) 724.: 3 RESULTS COMPARISON Independent results are referenced from the first example.8 910.05% Moment (kN-m) Construction Ms (kN-m) 522.2 0.4 241.9 821.4 0.00% Shear Resistance Pv (kN) 820.2 0.2 522.2 211. in Chapter 21 of the Steel Construction Institute Steel Designer’s Manual.00% Live Load Deflection (mm) 33.2 33.01% Full Composite Mpc (kN-m) 968.6 0. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.

Fu = 450 MPa Loadings: Self weight slab = 2. tw = 8.0 kN/m2 Occupancy (live load) = 5.4 • 2. fcu = 30 MPa. γs = 7850 kg/m3 Light-weight concrete: E = 24.74 kN/m BS-5950-90 Example-001 .6 mm. Dp = 50 mm. tf = 12. bf = 189. br = 150 mm Shear Connectors: d = 19 mm.0 + 1.6 • 0.9 mm.5 mm Asteel = 8. Isteel = 29.855 MPa.: 3 HAND CALCULATION Properties: Materials: S355 Steel: E = 205.5 ) • 3. h = 95 mm.4 • 0.3 . sr = 300 mm.5 kN/m2 Partitions (live load) = 1. py = 355 MPa.0 kN/m2 Self weight beam = 0.0 kN/m2 Design for Pre-Composite Condition: Construction Required Flexural Strength: wult construction = 1.550 mm2.67 kN/m Construction load = 0. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.0 = 11.380 cm4 Deck: Ds =130 mm.5 kN/m2 Ceiling = 0.000 MPa. γc = 1800 kg/m3 Section: UKB457x191x67 D = 453.67 + (1.7 mm.

000 • (130 − 50 ) • 10−3= 3.3 kN-m 8 8 M s = S z • Py = 1.9 mm 384 • E • I 384 • 205.380 • 104 = 0.035 + 130 − • = • 10−3 968.74 • 122 = M ult construction = = 211.0 • 3.9 kN-m 2 3.550 • 355 • 10−3 = 3. 240 2 BS-5950-90 Example-001 .6 • 5 ) • 3. 0004 =δ = = 29.67 = 6.4 .6 3. 035 kN controls Moment resistance of composite beam for full composite action: D R ( Ds − D p ) M= pc Rs + Ds − s for Rs ≤ Rc 2 Rc 2 453.45 • f cu • Be • ( Ds − D p )= 0.8 •= Camber δ 24 mm. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO. 240 kN Resistance of steel in tension: Rs = Py = As • p y = 8.035 80 = 3.0 = 40.67 • 12.0 + 1.3 kN-m 8 8 Full Composite Action Available Flexural Strength: Effective width of slab: L 12. 000 • 29.67 kN/m 5 • wconstruction • L4 5 • 6.000 mmm 4 4 Resistance of slab in compression: Rc = 0. 000 mm ≤ 3.67 + (1. 471 • 103 • 355 • 10−6 = 522.45 • 30 • 3. which is rounded down to 20 mm Design for Composite Flexural Strength: Required Flexural Strength: wult = 1.4 • 2.000 B= e = = 3.24 kN/m wult • L2 40.6 • 1 + 1.24 • 122 = M ult = = 724.2 kN-m Pre-Composite Deflection: wconstruction = 2.0 + 0.4 • 0.: 3 wult construction • L2 11.

189 80 = 3. 292 kN As Rq > Rw. 240 2 ( 3.035 • 10−3 + 2.7 ) • 355 • 10−3 = 1.62 but k ≤ 0.8 • 0.5 • ( 453.8 • 90 =57.6 • • = 0.189 ) 12.8 • Qk =0.035 − 2.6 2. 292 ) 4 = 910.7 • 10−3 2 453. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.6 − 2 • 12.189 kN Tensile Resistance of web: Rw = tw • ( D − 2 • t f ) • p y = 8. the plastic axis is in the steel flange.8 Dp Dp 50 50 Design strength: Q p =k • 0.: 3 Partial Composite Action Available Flexural Strength: Assume 72% composite action – the 75% assumed in the example requires more shear studs than can fit on the beam given its actual clear length.9 kN-m Shear Stud Strength: Characteristic resistance of 19 mm-diameter studs in normal weight 30 MPa concrete: Qk = 100 kN from BS 5950: Part 3 Table 5 Adjusting for light-weight concrete: Qk = 90 kN Reduction factor for profile shape with ribs perpendicular to the beam and two studs per rib: br ( h − D p ) 150 ( 95 − 50 ) k = 0. and D Rq ( Ds − D p ) ( Rs − Rq ) 2 t f M c =Rs + Rq Ds − − 2 Rc 2 Rf 4 ( 3. Rq = 0.035 − 1.5 .72 • Rs = 2.6 • • = 1.6 kN Shear Stud Distribution: The example places two rows of shear studs and computes the numbers of deck ribs available for placing shear studs based on the beam center to center span and the deck rib spacing: 12 m / 300 mm = 40 BS-5950-90 Example-001 .1899 130 − • • 10−3 − 2 3.

1 = ( 521 + 7 + 294 ) • 106= 822 • 106 mm 4 Live load deflection assuming full composite action: BS-5950-90 Example-001 . the number of deck ribs available for placing shear studs must be based on the beam clear span. based on elastic properties.541 • ( 25 − 10 ) = 18.550 =r = = 0.1 • 0.6 =2.5 + 0.: 3 However.000 • 803 2 =Ic + + 294 • 106 4 • (1 + 18. The total resistance of the shear connectors is: Rq =2 • 19 • Q p =38 • 57.189 kN Live Load Deflection: The second moment of area of the composite section.0356 beff • ( Ds − D p ) 3. plus a second stud per rib in all the deck ribs except the mid-span rib since this is the location of the beam zero moment and a stud in that rib would not contribute anything to the total resistance of the shear connectors.67 + 1.000 • (130 − 50 ) For light-weight concrete: αs =10 α l =25 Proportion of total loading which is long term: wdl + wsdl + 0.550 • ( 453. ETABS selects 72% composite action. which is the highest achievable and sufficient to meet the live load deflection criteria.541 wdl + wsdl + wlive 6. ETABS satisfies this 72% composite action by placing one stud per deck rib along the entire length of the beam. and since the clear beam span is somewhat less than the 12 m center to center span there are only 39 deck ribs available.5 + 18 α e = α s + ρl • ( α l − α s ) = 10 + 0.33 • wlive 6. Ic is given by: Asteel • ( D+ Ds + D p ) beff • ( Ds − D p ) 2 3 = Ic + + I steel 4 • (1 + α e • r ) 12 • α e Asteel 8.33 • 18 =ρl = = 0.4 + 130 + 50 ) 3.67 + 1.1 8.6 .0356 ) 12 • 18. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.

000 ) 4 5 • wlive • L4 =δs = 384 • E • I c 384 • 205.7 mm non-composite reference deflection δ partial = δc + 0.3 • (1 − K ) • ( δ s − δc ) = 28.4 kN 2 2 Shear Resistance of Steel Section: P = 0.9 )= 33.9 kN V BS-5950-90 Example-001 .: 3 5 • 18 • (12.2 mm Design for Shear Strength: Required Shear Strength: wult • L 40.3 • (1 − 0.6 • p y • Ds • tw = 0.000 ) 4 5 • wlive • L4 =δc = = 28.7 . 000 • 294 • 106 = 80.7 − 28.8 mm 384 • E • I c 384 • 205.6 • 355 • 453.4 • 8.72 ) • ( 80. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.24 • 12 =Fv = = 241.5 • 10−3 = 820.9 + 0.000 • 822 • 106 Adjust for partial composite action: 5 • 18 • (12.

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