0 Up votes0 Down votes

0 views3 pagesreviewer for physics

Apr 16, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

reviewer for physics

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

reviewer for physics

© All Rights Reserved

- Chapter 2rr
- 08 - MC Practice - Fluids
- Chapter10 Physics| 1 Chapter 10 – Physics ..................................................................................................................... 2 10.1.1
- Buoyancy forces in CT applications
- IIDandE ForcesOnCurvedSurfaces Buoyancy
- 3 Cartesian Divers
- 2008
- Untitled
- A
- 8-Chapter 3 Text 2011
- Science
- Lazy Assignment
- Scheme of Work - Fm 4 PhysicsNEW
- AAV IOM
- 2010 - Tomita and Honda - Practical model to estimate drift motion of vessels by tsunami - Coast. Eng. - Feb 06.pdf
- CFX_Intro_12.0_WS3_Room_Study.ppt
- Physics
- Fluid Mech
- Density and Specific Gravity
- Mecanica de fluidos Cengel Chapter 03

You are on page 1of 3

20 m

1. An open cylindrical container, 20 m high and 10 m diameter, is completely filled with water

(water = 998 kg/m3). The container is standing at ground level and the atmospheric pressure

(patm) is 1.01 x 105 Pa.

a. What is the mass of a sphere of water with radius 0.5 m?

b. What is the total pressure at the bottom of the container?

c. What is the total force on the bottom of the container?

d. If the container were filled with oil (oil = 925 kg/m3) instead of water, what would the

pressure at the bottom be?

Pascal’s Principle:

2. The largest barometer ever built was an oil-filled barometer constructed in Leicester, England

in 1991. At an atmospheric pressure of 1.01 x 10 5 Pa, height of the oil column was 12.2 m.

a. What was the density of the oil used in the barometer?

b. Were the barometer filled with water instead of oil, what would be the height of the water at

the same atmospheric pressure?

3. A U-shaped container has a diameter of 0.25 m at one end and 1.0 m at the other with

plungers at each end and an applied force of 1000 N is applied to the narrow end.

a. What is the resultant force generated at the wide end?

b. When 2000 J of work are performed by the 1000 N applied force, how high does the fluid level

rise (on the wide end of the container). Assume the fluid rise occurs at constant velocity.

Archimedes’ Principle:

1. A turtle with volume 0.25 m3 is floating in the ocean, 80% of the turtle’s volume is

submerged. Assume the density of the ocean salt water (sea water) is 1.024 x 103 kg/m3.

a. What is the buoyant force exerted on the turtle?

b. What is the mass of the turtle?

c. If the fluid were pure water (water = 998 kg/m3) instead of salt water, how much of the turtle’s

volume would be submerged in the water?

2. A spherical mass (14.7) kg is attached by a mass-less string to a force sensor then

submerged into a container of water.

a. What is the force sensor reading (i.e. the tension force in the mass-less string) before the

mass is submerged in the fluid?

b. When the mass is submerged, the sensor reading is 92.9 N. What is the buoyant force

exerted on the mass?

c. What is the density of the hanging mass?

3. A 60 kg person is attached by a mass-less string to a force sensor then submerged into a

container of water. Assume all of the air is out of her lungs when she is submerged.

a. What is the force sensor reading (i.e. the tension force in the mass-less string) before the

mass is submerged in the fluid?

b. When the mass is submerged, the sensor reading is 37.2 N. What is the density of the

person?

4 . The density of body fat (body fat) is 918 kg/m3 and the density of “lean body mass” (lean mass) is

1100 kg/m3. Determine the amount of body fat, in kg, for this person. Assume that the total

body mass is the sum of fat mass plus lean mass: mtotal = mfat + mlean .

Ans. The same as answer (b).

10. An airplane has a mass of 2.0 x 106 kg and the air flows past the lower surface at 100 m/s.

The wings have a combined surface area of 1200 m 2.

a. How fast must the air flow past the upper surface of the wings if the plane is to maintain

constant elevation while in the air?

mg

Ans. Fnet = Fbelow - Fabove - mg = 0 � PbelowA wings - Pabove A wings= mg � Pbelow - Pabove=

A wings

mg 2mg

Pbelow -Pabove = 1

2 air ( v2above - vbelow

2

)= � vabove= 2

+ vbelow = 192 m

s

A wings air Awings

b. If the surface area of the wings were increased by 25%, what would be the upward

acceleration of the plane?

Ans. Fnet = Fbelow - Fabove - mg = ma � alift = = 2.39 sm2

m

Archimedes’ Principle (one more thing…)

11. A face down iron hemisphere (r = 1.0 m) is completely submerged in water, suspended by

a cable. The peak of the hemisphere is 0.5 m below the surface of the water.

a. Calculate the gauge pressure on the bottom face,

Pbottom, of the mass.

Ans. ho

Pbottom= g(ho + r)

(

Pbottom= 998 mkg3 ) ( 9.8 ) ( 1.5 m)

m

s2

= 1.4671 �104 N

m2

surface due to Pbottom. r

f

(

Fup=Pbottom p r2 )

Ans.

(

Fup= 1.4671 �104 N

m2 ) p ( 1m) 2

= 49,090N

c. Derive the equation for the vertical gauge pressure, Pupper-y exerted on the upper (spherical)

surface.

Ptop-y = �

� �cos θ

d. Calculate the force exerted on the upper surface due to P upper-y.

Ans. The downward fluid force on the a small area dA of the mass is:

dFdown=Ptop-y dA where dA = ( r �

dθ) ( r �

sinθdf )

Fdown=�

Ptop-ydA = �

�

� gh o + gr ( 1 - cos θ ) �

�cos θ ( r �

dθ ) ( r �

sinθdf )

p p

2 2p 2 2p

Fdown= gr ( ho + r ) �

2

df - gr

cosθsinθdθ � 3

� df

cos θsinθdθ �

2

0 0 0 0

Fdown=�

Ptop-ydA = �

�

� gh o + gr ( 1 - cos θ ) �

�cos θ ( r �

dθ ) ( r �

sinθdf )

� 2 �� 2p � p

� 3 p2 �� 2p �

3 cosθ

Fdown= gr ( ho + r ) �

2

2

sinθ �� f �- gr � �f �

� 0� 0 � 3 0 �� 0

� �� � � �� �

�1 � � r�

Fdown= gr2 ( ho + r ) p - gr 3 � �( 2p ) = gr 2 �

ho+ �p = 25,605 N

�3 � � 3�

e. Calculate the net force exerted on the mass due to the 2 forces above.

f. Apply Archimedes’ Principle to the mass and calculate the buoyant force exerted on the mass

due to the fluid. Compare this value to the answer calculate in (e).

�2 �

Ans. Vdisp = � �p (1.0 m)3 = 2.09 m3

�3 �

( )( )( )

FB = gVdisp = 998 mkg3 9.8 sm2 2.09 m3 = 20,484 N {the same value as (e)!}

- Chapter 2rrUploaded byShen Yen
- 08 - MC Practice - FluidsUploaded byBrian Rubinton
- Chapter10 Physics| 1 Chapter 10 – Physics ..................................................................................................................... 2 10.1.1Uploaded byRoach
- Buoyancy forces in CT applicationsUploaded byQazi Waqas
- IIDandE ForcesOnCurvedSurfaces BuoyancyUploaded byKenneth Knowles
- 3 Cartesian DiversUploaded byDrewe Niehaus
- 2008Uploaded byrmp_wlafica19
- UntitledUploaded byapi-105663865
- AUploaded byShu85
- 8-Chapter 3 Text 2011Uploaded bymedievolo
- ScienceUploaded byAkhil Raj
- Lazy AssignmentUploaded bythefoot39
- Scheme of Work - Fm 4 PhysicsNEWUploaded byنور هدايو احمد
- AAV IOMUploaded bymagdyeng
- 2010 - Tomita and Honda - Practical model to estimate drift motion of vessels by tsunami - Coast. Eng. - Feb 06.pdfUploaded byigor774
- CFX_Intro_12.0_WS3_Room_Study.pptUploaded byAnonymous Eg2OrH3ZM
- PhysicsUploaded byNowella Kryzel Pelayo
- Fluid MechUploaded bybernabas
- Density and Specific GravityUploaded bycpmac123
- Mecanica de fluidos Cengel Chapter 03Uploaded byZandrik Arismendi
- 2015 Safety & Environmental Protection FINAL QUESTIONS.docUploaded byEnaj Olea Buenviber
- Sepetang Bersama Panitia FizikUploaded byNAJMIL
- 1083ch2_27Uploaded byAfza Hafidz
- CLB21103 Process Instrumentation Experiment 4: Level measurementUploaded bySiti Hajar Mohamed
- Density of Solids Using Archimedes PrincipleUploaded byBalaji Velusamy
- FMM NOTES.pdfUploaded byVipinBaisla
- Ch3Uploaded byandrayanidesi
- De DH Tieng Anh Khoi A1 20122014Uploaded bynam hà
- By Andrew Zimmerman JonesUploaded byFlor Bonifacio
- physicsUploaded byS P SINGh

- 18.1.8 DNA Replication WorksheetUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Ideal Gas LawsUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Worksheet PrecalUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Way Back Into LoveUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Binomial Expansion WorksheetUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Electrostatics ProblemsUploaded byquasar2138
- Long test for refraction and lensUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Testing Dunn ad Dunn.pdfUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Sect 3.x VARIATION 094.pdfUploaded bynovey_casio
- Capacitors Parallel and SeriesUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Standard ElipseUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- evaluating_definite_integrals.pdfUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Long Test eLECTRICITY.docxUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Number TheoryUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Ratio and Proportion worksheetUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- 12 Electric Potential EnergyUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- 12 VoltageUploaded by140557
- Review Test 1 Trigonometry - CopyUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- trigonometry worksheetUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- 03 - Chain RuleUploaded bysiddharthpande777
- WS Limits Continuity IVTUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- evaluating_definite_integrals.pdfUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- NewtonWorksheet(1)Uploaded byjparkteach
- Practice Math Placement TestUploaded byMahmoud Qousi
- AldehydesandKetones.docUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Lens Equation WorksheetUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- (4) States of Matter and the KMTUploaded byJose Barrera Galera
- Worksheet Variables SeparableUploaded byJose Barrera Galera

- h + s Risk Assessment FormUploaded byarchie_sinclair
- 1. Materials Question From My BookUploaded byNavin Kumar
- Evidence-based Policy Making for Youth Well-beingUploaded byLuiz Alberto Dos Santos
- Determination of Heavy Metals in Fish Tissues WateUploaded byADDY NARAYAN
- Case Report MalariaUploaded bylilis
- Trees of Somalia: A field guide for development workersUploaded byOxfam
- 100 Weird Fantasy HirelingsUploaded byZac Freeman
- UFGS 33 52 90.00 20Uploaded bypradanangkp
- ISO-IEC-17025Uploaded bysimbua72
- UntitledUploaded byoutdash2
- 763 rust transformer.pdfUploaded byricardoamarilla
- Chrom It e DomesticUploaded byyaswanth
- Lubricants_FENS00930_1509_98483Uploaded byJatin Nizama
- (EBook) - Business - (Executive Book Summary) - Proactive Risk Management (2).pdfUploaded byARMANDO MESTAS
- Mission Ol - BoilerUploaded byPsk alx
- V-AUploaded byrutu
- GreenField Price List 2013Uploaded byMunish Chandel
- OSCE Shoulder ExaminationUploaded byJeremy Yang
- Segmentation of Brain MRI Using Active Contour ModelUploaded byDesirée López Palafox
- Energy Efficient motors.pdfUploaded byAnoop Mathew
- Illumination Engineering Lecture IITKGPUploaded byTommyc1024
- KHF 950 Install & Maint ManualUploaded byTD
- E165-E165M_Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry_2012.PDFUploaded bydavid ortiz lutzow
- Steel WorksUploaded byJatupong Arun
- NAPHIA State of Industry Report AvalonUploaded byMihai Adrian
- Basic First Aid for Kids.pptxUploaded byArceo Granada Abigail
- cladogram storyUploaded byapi-354026134
- 3. APTIS Speaking Exam - Overview Analysis and Practice Booklet (1)Uploaded bysitiashikin
- Tspcb ImplementationOfE WasteRules GuidelinesUploaded byPavan Kalyan
- Shrinkage MethodUploaded byRodrigo Cortés Castillo

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.