kp∂n A^vIm¿

2011 P\p-hcn 05 30 apl¿dw 1432 ]pkvXIw 01 e°w 17

15/hnsI apl-ΩZ- vIp´n ss^kn
I\n-™p-In-´nb
Jp¿-B≥ ku`mKyw

hmb-\°
- m-cpsS Fgp-Øp-Iƒ
FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬
IhnX
hm¿Ø-Iƒ
hnNm-c]
- Yw

X´n∏p {]f-bØ
- n¬
apßp∂ tIcfw

22/PÃnkv apl-ΩZv XJn Dkvam\n
Jmkn Cbm-fn(J)s‚ _p≤ni‡n

08
ipsF_v \^okv hmcm-º‰

tIcfw IpSn-b≥am-cpsS
\mSv; k`bpw

12
]nW-tßm-Sv A_q-_Iv¿

Xplv^-Øp¬ apPm-ln-Zo≥

tIcf Ncn-{X-Øns‚
I\epw ImXepw
26/]n aplΩZv dlvam\n at©cn
AXzvekpkod-Øp-∂_
- h
- nø

28/_jo¿ Im´p-ap≠

18
hne 5 cq]
ka-kvXm-ebw, tNfmcn
tX™n-∏ew ˛ 673 636
ae-∏pdw Pn√, tIcf
t^m¨: 0494 2400938

th≠m-ØX
- n\p t]mI-cpXv aItf...

30/Peo¬ ss^kn ]p√-t¶mSv
{]Xn-^e
- ß
- f- psS A\¥ km[y-XI
- ƒ

alvaqZv ]\-ßm-ßc
amt\-PnMv Ub-d-IvS¿ : ]mW-°mSv kønZv sslZ-den inlm_v Xß-ƒ
No^v FUn-‰¿
FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv Ub-dI
- vS¿
s{]m^. sI Ben-°p´n apkven-bm¿
lmPn sI aΩZv ss^kn
FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv FUn-‰¿
P\-d¬ amt\-P¿
]n]n apl-ΩZv ss^kn
A_vZp- a- Zv ]qt°m-´q¿
FUn-‰¿
]ªn-j¿
thßq¿ kzem-lp-±o≥ dlvam\n
Fw-]n-Fw A ≥ ico^v Ipcn-°ƒ

sunniafkar@gmail.com
k¿°p-te-j≥
kn-]n CJv_m¬
Ih¿
iwko¿
te˛-Hu´v
laoZv ta¬apdn

hmb-\°
- m-cpsS Fgp-Øp-Iƒ
IØp-Iƒ C˛-sa-bnepw sNømw: editorsunniafkar@gmail.com

tIcfw samss_-ep-If- psS
U∫nwKv bmUm-Ip∂p
A–p¬ laoZv tNte{º
]p√n-∏-d-ºv, ae-∏pdw

IØn t]mepw C{X-am{Xw Zpc-¥ßƒ temIØv hcp-Øn-sh-®n-´n-√.
lntcm-jn-a-bnepw \mK-km-°n-bnepw
hoWp-s]m-´nb B‰wt_mw_p-Iƒ
B {]tZ-i-ß-fnse P\-߃°v
C∂pw Zpc-¥-am-Ip-∂p-≠v. temIØv
\S∂ c≠v alm-bp-≤-ßtfm
hnhn[ cmPy-߃ XΩn¬ \S∂
bp≤-ßtfm Ipsd {]tZ-i-ßsf
th´-bm-Sn-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]d-bp∂Xpw icn-bm-Wv.
]g-b-Im-eØv "ae-∏pdw IØn'
bmbn-cp-∂s{X G‰hpw amcIw.
Aßs\ Hcp [mcW tIcfw
apgps°bp≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xmbn tI´n-´p≠v. Hcn-°¬ Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv
Hcp D∂tXmtZym-K-ÿ≥ ae∏pdØp \n∂v h∂ Xs‚ Iogv
DtZym-K-ÿ-t\mSv tNmZn®p: ""\o ae-

4

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

∏p-dØv \n∂t√ hcp-∂Xv? \ns‚
Ac-bn¬ IØn-bpt≠m?'' DSs\
h∂ Iogv DtZym-K-ÿs‚ Dt∏cn:
""ae-∏p-d-Øp-Im¿ IØn -sIm≠p
\S-°p-∂Xv Irjn Bh-iy-Øn\mWv. Nne-t∏mƒ AXv Cßs\bpw (I-øn¬ IØn ]nSn-°p∂Xpw hb-dn\v t\sc IpØm≥
Hcp-ßp-∂Xpw BwKy-Øn-eqsS
ImWn®v) D]-tbm-Kn°pw.'' Ahn-sS
IqSn-bn-cp-∂-h¿ s]m´n-®n-cn-bmWv
adp-]Sn \¬In-b-Xv. C∂v tIc-fØn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kam-[m\w
Ifn-bm-Sp∂ {]tZ-i-amWv ae-∏pdw
F∂v Gh-cmepw AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏´
Imcy-am-Wv. Hcp ]pXnb Xcw IØn
Ipd®p apºv cwK{]thiw sNbvXncp-∂p. "Fkv IØn.' B IØn
Irjn Bh-iy-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂-X√ F∂Xv \ap-s°ms° Adnbmw.
IØn-tb-°mfpw tXm°n-t\-

°mfpw t_mw-_n-s\-°mfpw Zpcp-]tbmKw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Ct∏mƒ
samss_¬ t^mWp-I-fm-Wv. Hcp
samss_¬ t^msW-¶nepw
ssIhiwsh°mØ Bfp-Iƒ
Ipdhm-Wv. imkv{X-˛-km-t¶-XnI
hnZy-bpsS kIe KpW-^-e-ßfpw
F{X- sN-dp-Xm-°mtam AXmbn
amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv
samss_¬ t^mWp-Iƒ. kvIqfp-Ifnepw tImtf-Pp-I-fnepw a‰p- hn-Zym`ymk ÿm]-\-ß-fnepw GXms≠√m taJ-e-I-fnepw Hcp hnh-cssIam‰ D]-I-c-Wsa-∂-Xn-\-∏pdw
CXv hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.
Ipd®v apºv ao©-¥-bn¬ s{Sbn≥
X´n c≠p F´mw ¢mkv hnZym¿∞nI-ƒ acn-®p. Ah-cpsS ssIønse
samss_¬ t^mWm-bn-cp-∂p-hs{X
Zpc-¥-Øn\v Imc-Ww. Cb¿t^mWneqsS ]m´mkz-Zn®v {Sm°n-eqsS \S∂n-cp∂ Ip´n-Iƒ s{Sbn≥ hcp-∂Xv
I≠n-√˛Ah¿ A‘-cm-bn-cp-∂n-s√¶nepw. s]mXp-In-W-dns‚ Ic-bn-encp∂v kwkm-cn®p sIm≠n-cp∂
bphmhv InW-‰n¬ hoWp acn-®Xpw
am[y-a-߃ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-cp-∂p.
IS-ep-≠n-bn¬ sdbn¬]mfw apdn-®pI-S∂ bphXn s{Sbn≥ X´n acn®Xpw samss_¬ t^m¨ D]-tbmKn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmgmbn-cp-∂p.
]cnkcw ad-∂p≈ kaq-l-Øns‚
Cu t]m°v Ftßm-´mWv?
2014˛¬ C¥y-bn¬ samss_¬
t^m¨ D]-t`m-‡m-°-fpsS FÆw
100 tImSn-bm-Ip-a-s{X. C¥y-bpsS
P\-kw-Jy-bn¬ 97 iX-am\w
t]¿°pw t^m¨! 2009˛¬ shdpw
52.5 tImSn-bm-bn-cp∂p samss_¬
t^m¨ hcn-°m-cpsS FÆw.
2010˛¬ AXv 77 tImSn-bmbn
Db¿∂p. \ΩpsS ap∂n¬ ssN\
am{Xw ˛88 tImSn.
Cc´ knw CSm-hp∂ sk‰pIƒ C∂v e`y-hpam-Wv. Chbn¬ Iymad, hoUntbm
sπb¿, sdt°m-U¿ F∂nßs\ kIe aƒ´n-ao-Unb
kuI-cy-ß-fpw Dd-∏v. F√mhcpw ]pXp-]p-Ø≥ hmßn-s°m-

≠n-cn-°p-∂p. samss_¬ Sh-dpIfpw h¿[n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.
Ah ]cn-ÿn-Xn°v hcp-Øp∂
BLmXw F{X-am-{X-am-sW∂v
icn-bmb ]T-\-Øn-eqsS ]pdØp-h-cm-\n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
cmPysØ ]pXp-X-e-apd t^mWpI-fmb ssat{Im amIvkv, kvss]kv,sk¬, Im¿_¨, td XpS-ßn-bh
Ipd™ sNe-hn¬ AXym-[p-\nI
kuI-cy-ß-fm-Wv \¬Ip-∂-Xv. Chbn¬ I≈- t \m´v I≠p- ] n- S n- ° ¬,
sImXp-Ip-\i
- oI-cWw hsc D≠-s{X.C- ¥ y- b n¬ {]Xn- a mkw Cd- ß p∂
F´p-tImSn samss_¬ sk‰p-I-fn¬
A[n-Ihpw hn‰-gn-bp-∂Xv {Kma-˛A
- ¿≤\-Kc {]tZ-iß
- f- n-em-W.v Ch-bn¬ C‚dm-IvSohv thmbvkv tªmKv, C‚dmIv S ohv thmbv k v Nm‰v , sh_v
Unssk≥ F∂n-hbpw e`y-am-Wv.
t]msc ]qcw!
Iº-\n-I-fpsS hcp-am-\-Øns‚ 10
iX-am\w am{X-amWv Um‰m k¿hokn-eqsS e`n-°p-∂-Xv. 85 iX-am\hpw
Fkv.F
- w.-Fk
- neqsSbmWv. dnbm-en‰n
tjmIƒ hym]- I - a m- I p- ∂ - X ns‚
Kp´≥kv Ct∏mƒ ]nSnIn´nbt√m?
{Kma-ß-fnse sNdp-∏-°m¿ 5˛6 aWn°q¿ samss_-en\p ap∂n¬ sNeh- g n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . CXn- ¬ IqSp- X ¬
kabw ]m´p-tIƒ°m-\mWv D]-tbmKn-°p-∂-Xv. ]m´p- tIƒ°m≥ Cb¿t^m-Wp-I-fp-≠v. Bscbpw iey-s∏Sp-ØmsX Km\-ß-fm-kz-Zn-°mw.
ankvUv tImfn-eqsS hio-I-cn®v
]oU\w \S-Øp-∂Xv samss_¬
Xcw-K-tØm-sSm∏w hym]-I-am-Ip-∂p.tkm- j y¬ s\‰v h ¿°nwKv kwhn[m\w bphm-°-fm-Wv IqSp-Xepw D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂s- X∂v t\m°nb \SØn
Hcp ]T-\-Øn¬ hy‡-ambncp∂p.
{KmaoW D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ°v BtcmKy- ˛ - k m- º - Ø nI tkh- \ - ß ƒ
samss_¬ Iº-\n-Iƒ Hcp-°p-∂Xv
a\-   n- e m- ° mw. IØn- t ]m- e p≈
amcI D]-Ic-Wß
- ƒ C{X-am{Xw Zpcp]tbmKw sNø- s ∏- ´ n- ´ n- √ F∂v
Xo¿Øp ]d-bm≥ km[n-°pw.
Ãm‰kv knw_- e mbn sIm≠p
\S-°p∂ samss_¬ t^mWp-If
- psS

Zpcp-]t- bmKw \nc-h[n IpSpw-_ß
- sf
A\m-Y-am°nIgn-™p. IpSpw-_-_‘-ßsf inYn-e-am-°n, Ip´n-I-fpsS
]T\\ne- h mcw Xmgv Ø n, kaq- l Øn¬ Acp-Xm-bvaIƒ hym]-I-am-bn,
aqey-߃°v hne I¬∏n-°p∂ Hcp
kaqlw sas√sa√ C√m- X mbn
sIm≠n- c n- ° p- ∂ p.- A - \ p- h - Z - \ obw,
\njn≤w F∂n-h-bpsS AXn¿h-c-ºpIƒ am™pXpS-ßn. F√mw lem¬
F∂ \ne h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.
Aº-e∏
- p-gb
- n¬ aq∂p hnZym¿∞n\n-Iƒ Bfl-lXy sNøm-\n-S-bmb
sR´n-∏n-°p∂ hnh-c-߃ e`y-am-btXm-sS-bmWv s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymk Ubd- I v S ¿ samss_¬ t^mWp- I ƒ
kvIqfn¬ \ntcm-[n-®-Xv. Bcw-`-iqcXzw {]I- S - a m- ° n- s b∂√msX
Cs∂√mw ]g-b-]Sn Xs∂. A[ym]-I¿ I¿i-\-ambn \nb-aw \S-∏m-°p∂n-s√∂v c£n-Xm-°fpw c£n-Xm°ƒ Aew- ` mhw ImWn- ° pI- b msW∂v A[ym-]-Icpw Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. A[ym-]-I¿ ]nSn-s®-Sp-°p∂
samss_¬ t^mWp-I-fn¬ A«oe
hoUntbm Nn{X- ß fpw I≠s{X.
Ggmw- ¢mkn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Ip´n-If
- n¬
\n∂v ]nSn- s ®- S pØ samss_¬
t^mWp-I-fn¬ hsc \oe-®n-{X-ß-fmbn-cp∂p! Ip´n-Isf ]pd-Øm-°m≥
Xocpam\n®m¬ c£n- X m- ° fpw
cmjv{So-b-°mcpw CS-s]-Sp-∂p.
ssN\okv samss_- e p- I ƒ°v
hne- Ip-d-hm-Wv. Ah-cpsS UºnwKv
bmUv Bbn C¥y, {]tXy- I n®v
tIcfw amdp∂ Zn\-߃ hnZq-c-as√∂v \mw Xncn-®-dn-b-Ww. Ip´n-IfpsS hgn-hn´ t]m°n\v Hcp Imc-Wambn samss_¬ t^m¨ amdp∂nt√? Kuc-h-amb Hcp Nn¥ C°mcy- Ø n- e p- ≠ m- I p- ∂ n- s √∂ Imcyw
sR´n-∏n-°p-∂X
- m-Wv.

kp∂n
hmcnI

hcnkwJy
Hcp h¿jw 250/-˛
Bdp amkw 125/-˛

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

5

hmb-\°
- m-cpsS Fgp-Øp-Iƒ

hn⁄m-\Ø
- ns‚ alXzw
^ukn-b F≥ aÆn¬]n-em-°¬
Iqcn-bm-Sv, ae-∏pdw

kmwkv°m-cnIambn a\p-jy≥
A\p-Zn\w IpXn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wt- √m. AXn-\m¬Xs∂ kaq-lØn¬ hn⁄m-\-sa∂ Aaq-ey-k-ºØns‚ {]m[m-\y-ta-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. ssh⁄m\nIambn Db¿∂-htcmSv CS-]g- I
- m\pw temI-Øns‚
IpXn∏v a\- n-em-°m\pw, AXn-\∏pdw km[m-cW PohnXw \bn-°m≥
hsc hn⁄m\w AXy-¥m-t]-£n-Xam-Wv. C∂v Cu taJ-e-bn¬ ISpØ
a’-ca- mWv \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv.
hn⁄m\ kºm-Z-\sØ hf-sctbsd t{]m’m-ln-∏n® aX-amWv
Ckvemw. hmbn-°pI (C-JvdA
- v-)
F∂ Xncp-h-N\w sIm≠m-cw-`n°p∂ hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ \tΩmSv
hmbn®v Adnhv t\Sm-\mWv
Blzm\w sNøp-∂-Xv. ""hn⁄m\w
kXy-hn-izm-kn-bpsS If-™p-t]mb
kº-Øm-Wv. AsX-hnsS I≠mepw
s]mdp-°n-sb-Sp-°pI'' F∂ Xncp-\_n-bpsS hN\w F{X A¿∞-hØmWv! AXn-\m¬ \mw Hmtcm-cpØcpw hn⁄m\kºm-Z\
- Ø
- n\v
ap∂n-´n-d-ß-Ww. ""]ncn-ap-dp°w eLqI-cn-°p∂ {]{In-bb
- mWv ]T\w''
F∂mWv Km¿U-\¿ a¿^n ]d-™n´p-≈-Xv. Hcp a\p-jy≥ P\\w
apX¬ acWw hsc hnZym¿∞n-bmWv, AYhm hnZy A¿∞n-°p-∂-h\m-Wv. Adn-hv, \∑, `‡n F∂n-hbmWv hnZym-`ymkw sIm≠v e£y-anSp-∂-Xv. a\p-jy\v kmaq-lnI
PohnXw \bn-°m≥ hn⁄m\w
t\S¬ \n¿_-‘-am-Wv.
6

hn⁄m\w I¿a-ß-fpsS ASnØ-dbpw kmc-Ynbpw Ahsb icns∏-Sp-Øp-∂X
- p-am-Wv. I¿a-ßf
- n√mØ hn⁄m\w \njv^-e-am-bXv
t]mse hn⁄m-\-an-√mØ I¿Ωßfpw \njv^e
- a- m-bn-cn-°pw.
I¿ahpw hn⁄m-\hpw ]c-kv]cw
]qcI-ßf
- m-W.v
""\n›bw ]fin-X∑
- m¿ am{Xta
A√m-lp-hns\ `b-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≈q.
\nß-fn¬\n∂v kXy-hn-izmkw
ssIs°m-≠h
- -scbpw hn⁄m\w
\¬I-s∏-´-h-scbpw A√mlp ]Z-hnIƒ \¬In Db¿Øp-∂-XmWv (hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥)
Xncp-ta-\n(-k): ""hn⁄m\w
tXSn Hcmƒ Hcp hgn-bn¬ {]th-in®m¬ kz¿K-Øn-te-°p≈ Hcp
am¿§w Ah\v A√mlp kpK-a-am°n-sIm-Sp-°p-∂X
- m-Wv.'' hnZym¿∞n°p-th≠n ae-°p-Iƒ NndIv hncn®p-sIm-Sp-°pw. BImi `qan-bn-ep≈
k¿∆cpw kap-{Z-ß-fn-ep≈ a’y߃ hsc s]mdp-°-ens\ tXSp-∂Xm-Wv. \n›bw ]fin-X-∑m¿ Aºnbm-°f
- psS A\-¥cm-hI
- m-in-If
- m-Wv.
Zo\mtdm Zn¿ltam Ah¿ hnt´®p
t]mbn-´n-√, ChnsS Ah¿ Dt]-£n®p-t]m-bXv hn⁄m\w am{X-am-Wv.
AXv sIm≠v B¿ hn⁄m-\-am¿Pn®pthm Ah\v kºq¿Æ ku`m-KyamWv ssIh-cn-°m≥ Ign-™X
- v.
Jp¿-B-\n¬\n∂v Hcp BbØv
]Tn-°p-∂Xv \qdv dIv-AØv \nkvIcn-°p-∂X
- n-t\-°mƒ ]pWy-ap-≈Xpw
AXp-t]mse C¬ans‚ Hc-[ymbw
]Tn-°p-∂Xv Bbncw dIv-AØv \a-

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

kvIc- n-°p-∂X
- n-t\-°mƒ DØ-aa- msW-∂p-amWv Xncp-\_n ]Tn-∏n-°p∂-Xv.
aX-]-c-ambn ]Tn-°m-\mbn A\pim-kn-°-s∏´h ^¿fv sF\pw,
^¿fv In^m-bb
- p-am-Wv. ico-AØv
\nbaw _m[-I-amb Hmtcm a\pjy\pw \n¿_-‘-ambpw ]Tn-®n-cnt°-≠h
- b
- mWv ^¿fvsF≥. Ch
\ap°v ]cn-tim-[n°mw:
Alvep-kp-∂Øn h¬P-am-AØns‚ hnizmk Imcy-߃:˛ ]pØ\m-ib
- ß
- fpw sX‰n-≤m-cW
- I
- fpw
a‰pw \S-am-Sp∂ C°m-eØv \∑-tbXv, Xn≥a-tbXv F∂v th¿Øn-cn-®-dnbm\pw AX-\p-k-cn®p {]h¿Øn°m\pw Cu hn⁄m\w A\n-hm-cyam-Wv.
t\mºv, \nkvIm-cw, l÷v,
kIm-Øv apX-emb Bcm-[-\m-I¿Ω߃ \n¿h-ln-°p-∂X
- n-\m-hi
- y-amb
Adn-hv.
Imcy-߃ A√m-lp-hn¬ `cta¬∏n-°¬, ]S-®-hs\ t]Sn-°¬,
hn[n-I-fn-ep≈ kwXr]vXn XpSßn
lrZ-b-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp∂ Adnhv.
k¬kz-`m-hw, Zp z-`mhw Ch
th¿Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-\p≈ Adn-hv.
k¬kz-`mhw Pohn-XØ
- n¬
]I¿Øp-Ibpw, hntcm-[n-°-s∏´
Imcy-߃ Ad-bp-Ibpw Ah PohnX-Øn¬ \n∂-I‰n PohnXw \bn-°pIbpw sNøp-I.
Hcp apkvenw Adn-tb-≠Xpw
A√m-ØX
- p-amb [mcmfw Imcy-ßf
- p≠v. A√m-lphpw dkqepw I¬]n®Xv Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]I¿Øp-Ibpw
hntcm-[n-®Xv shSn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp
DØa kap-Zm-b-ambn Xocp-hm≥ \mw
{]b-Xv\n-t°-≠X
- p-≠v.

]¶p-sh-∏ns‚ imkv{Xw
F√m

hgn-I-sfbpw Ah-K-Wn®v H‰°v Ign™pIqSpI a\p-jy\v km[y-a-√. ]ckv]c kl-I-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw B{i-b-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw ]¶m-fn-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw km[yX-Iƒ ASn-°Sn IqSn-h-cp∂ temIØv hnti-jn-®pw. F{X amdn\n¬°m≥ {ian®mepw t\cnt´m A√m-sXtbm \Ωƒ a‰p-≈-hsc B{i-bn®psImt≠-bn-cn-°p∂p.
a\p-jy≥ am{X-a-√ Cß-s\. F√m ]S-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw \ne-\n¬∏n\v ]¶p-sh-∏ns‚
Hcp imkv{X-ap-≠v. "imJ-Iƒ ]c-kv]cw H´n-\n¬°-cp-sX∂v IcpXn AI‰n \´p
ac-ßsf \mw/\mw Xs∂ Adn-bmsX aÆn-\-S-nbn¬ sI´n-∏n-Sn®p thcp-I-sf'∂v Hcp
Ihn-X-bp≠v.
BZy-a-\p-jy≥ PohnXØn-te°v IS-∂p-h-∂-t∏mƒXs∂ IqsS Hcm-fn-√m-ØXns‚ _p≤n-ap´v ]d™p A√m-lp-hn-t\m-Sv. Pohn-X-Øn\p Xs∂ ]¶m-fn-bmbn
Hcp kv{Xosb ]S®psImSpØp A√m-lp. C∂pw \ΩpsS `mcy-amsc Ipdn®v \Ωƒ
AtX hm°nepw A¿∞-Ønepw PohnX]¶m-fn-sb∂v hnfn®pt]mcp-∂p.
Xs‚ ktlm-Z-c-t‚-sX∂pIqSn A¿∞-ap-s≠-¶nte hnizm-kn°v kz¥-sa∂v ]dbm≥ Ign-bq. X\n°v am{X-ambn H∂pw hnizmkn Icp-Xn-sh-°p-∂n-√. IpSpw-_°m¿°n- S - b n¬, ]cn- N - b - ° m¿°n- S - b n¬,
ap∂n¬ ImWp-∂-h¿°n-S-bn¬.... Aßs\- `£-Ww, hmkv{Xw ]m¿∏n-Sw, Ccn-∏n-Sw
bßs\ F√m-h¿°p-an-S-bn¬ \Ωp-tS-sX∂p F√mw ]¶p-sh-∏n-\p-≈X
- m-Wv. "Ccn-∏S- ß
- ]d-bp-∂-sXms° \mw ]¶p-sh-°p-∂p.
fn¬
\n߃
Abhv
hcpØ
pI.
A√mlp
Fs‚ PohnXw Ft‚Xp am{X-a-s√∂
\n߃°v Abhv hcp-Øp-sa∂v' I¬∏nt_m[-ap-≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AXv F√m-h¿°p-ap- c- mWv hnizm-kn-Iƒ
≈- X mbnØocp- ∂ p. \Ωƒ a‰p- ≈ - h ¿°p- °-s∏-´h
th≠n Pohn-°p-∂-Xn-emWv ]¶p-sh-∏ns‚
a[p-c-ap-≈-Xv. "kz¥-Øn\v C„-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Xs‚ ktlm-Z-c\pw C„-s∏-Sp-∂Xp hsc
\n߃ Hcmfpw hnizm-kn-I-fm-Ip-I-bn-s√'∂v Xncp-\-_n(-k) ]d-™n-´p-≠v.
`£-Ww, hkv{Xw, ]m¿∏n-Sw, Ccn-∏n-Sw... F√mw ]¶p-sh-∏n-\p-≈-Xm-Wv. bm{Xbn¬ CS°psh®v Ib-dn-h-cp∂ ktlm-Z-cs\ D≈ kuIcywsh®n-cpØn \Ωƒ
\ΩpsS Ccn-∏nSw hoXwsh®p sImSp-°p-∂p. C\n Hcmƒ°pw Hgn-hn-s√∂p IcpXn
hnim-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv hnizm-k-a-√. "Ccn-∏n-S-ß-fn¬ \n߃ Abhv hcpØpI, A√mlp \n߃°v Abhv hcp-Øp'-sa∂v I¬∏n-°-s∏´hcmWv hnizm-knIƒ.
Ac-®m¨ hb-dns‚ Imcy-Ønepw ]¶p-sh-∏ns‚ saØ-tUm-fPn ]d-bp-∂p≠v
aXw. Poh≥ \ne-\n¿Øm≥am{Xw Ign®v _m°n kl-Po-hn-Iƒ°v Bh-iy-sa-¶n¬
\n¿_-‘-ambpw sImSp-°m≥ _m[y-ÿ-\m-Wv hnizm-kn.
]d-bmsX Ibdnhcp∂ ho´nse AXn-Yn-Iƒ°v D≈Xv sh®phnfºns°mSp°p∂p \mw. "c≠m-fp-Iƒ°v XnI-bp-∂-XmWv Hcm-fpsS `£-Ww, F´p t]¿°v
XnIbpw \mep -t]-cpsS `£Ws-a'∂v Xncp-\-_n(-k) ]d-™n-´p-≠v.
˛FUn-‰¿

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

7

X´n∏p {]f-bØ
- n¬
apßp∂ tIcfw
{][m\ tÃmdn 
ipsF_v \^okv hmcm-º‰
"]pI-bn-√mØ ASp-∏p-Iƒ Bep-h°m¿ sIm≠pt]mb-t∏mƒ ]Tn∏pw
]co-£bpan√mØ tPmen Rßfpw
sImt≠mbn F∂ßv Icp-Xn-°f',
Npc-Øn\v Xmsg thm´v sNøp∂
Btcm sh® {]mtZ-inI ]mc°v
Npc-Øn\v apI-fnse tdj-\cn
hmßp∂bmƒ ]d™ adp-]Sn
_kn¬ Iq´-®ncn ]S¿Øn. Ip‰ym-Sn®pcw hgn hb-\m-´n-se-Øp-∂-Xn\v
]Xn-s\´mw ]Sn Ibdn k∂n-[m-\Øn-se-Øp-∂X
- n-s\-°mƒ henb
Imbn-Im-[zm\w Bh-iy-am-Wv. t\ctØmSv t\cw-sh®v GXm\pw Nne
]Ømbw _kp-Iƒ am{Xta B
hgn°v hcn-Ibp-≈q-. s]cp-a-g-bØv
_kn¬ ao≥ Ib-dpw; s]mcn-sh-bneØv sh¥p-cp-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw.
AXn-\n-S-bn¬ \√ s\Sp-\o-f≥
amae khm-cn.
8

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

hb-\m-´n¬ \memƒ IqSp-t∂-sSsØms° Ct∏mƒ N¿® \nb-a-\Ø-´n-∏m-Wv. F¥mWo km[\w
F∂-dn-bm-Ø-h¿ ]e-bn-SØv \n∂pw
tI´pw I´pw Ih¿∂pw AXyp-{K≥
cmjv{Sob \nco-£W
- ß
- ƒ \SØn
BƒIq-´-ßsf Ipep-°p∂ Imgv®Iƒ ImtW-≠Xp Xs∂-bmWv.
H∂mw t]Pnse eoUv sse\pw
hm¿Øm-tI-{µhpw Npc-Øn\v apI-fnte-Xm-Ip-∂Xv A]q¿∆ Zr°m-bX
- n\m¬ \memƒ I´m-se¥m F∂
\ne-]m-Sn¬ s]´v Bth-i-s∏-Sp-∂hcpw C√m-Xn√. Ign™ ]n.-F-kv.kn. sSÃn¬ Ggv ÿm\Øns‚
am‰-Øn¬ \nb-a\w \ntj[n-°-s∏´
kplrØv ineo^v tams\ Ign™
eohn\v \m´n¬ t]mb-t∏mƒ I≠p;
]t£ km[m-c-W-t]mse ap„n-Npcp´n Npa-en¬ kvt\l-°pØv X∂n-

√, Dujva-f-ambn Nncn-®n-√. Rm≥,
ImcWw tNmZn-®X
- pan-√. sImXn-®Xv
hn[n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ hn[n \oXo\ax
A{X Xs∂. Ah\p Int´≠
XkvXn-Ib
- m-hmw A`n-emjv apX-emfn
23 e£-Øn\v adn®p hn‰Xv. F¥pN¥w!
Hdok-bn¬ \S∂ Agn-a-Xn-bpsS
t]cn¬ s\Sp-a-ßm´v {]Xn-tj[
{]I-S\w \S-Ønb a\p-jy-\mWv
C∂o \mSns‚ dh\yq a{¥n. AgnaXn F∂p tI´m¬ hgn-amdn \S-∂ncp∂ ]≠sØ kZm-Nmcw h°p-Iƒ
NnX-dnb \ne-bn¬ eman-t\-j≥
sNbvXv Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-csØ
k¿°m¿ hI ayqkn-b-Øn-ep-≠v.
sIm√-h¿jw A[nIw apº-√m-Øsbm-cn-°¬ "_kns‚ Imbn'
ssI°q-en ]‰nbXns‚ t]cn¬
hnt√Pv B^o-ksd Ce-Iv{SnIv
t]mÃn¬ sI´n-bn´v ap„n-Nn-X-dpthmfw X√n-Ø-I¿Ø hnπ-h-bu-h\-ßf
- psS sNºSkwL-amWv
]pXnb \nb-a\
- \
- n-Ir-„X
- b
- psS
]n∂n-se∂ "\yqkveo°vkv' shfns∏-Sp-ج Ah-cn-ep-≠m-°nb A¶em∏v sNdp-sXm-∂p-a-√. c≠p
sIm√w apºv "s]mdp-°-s∏´' \¥n
apX-em-fnbpw tZim-`n-am-\n°v th≠n
Pb-cm-P≥ XIn-Sw-a-dn® c≠p tImSn
t_m≠bpw km‚n-bmtKm am¿´n\pw
`q´m≥ tem´-dn-bp-sams° Acßv
Ih¿∂ IΩyq-WnÃv Im´-∏°
- m-Xen\v ]pXnb hm¿Ø-Iƒ H´pw
ipt`m-Z¿°-a√Xm\pw. As√-¶nepw
Ct∏m-gsØ Afi-IS- m-l°
- m‰v
Xs∂ CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{So-bØ
- n\v
sshdkpw _mIvSo-cn-bbpw
]I¿Øp∂ kmw{I-aW kwlm-camWv. C¥y-bnepw ssN\-bnepw
sh\n-kz-e-bnepw Iyq_-bnepw
]ns∂ hb-\m-´n-ep-sa√mw Aßs\
Xs∂. XmXzn-Im-[n-jvTn-Xa- mbn
Ah¿ t\cn-Sp∂ Ime-l-cW
`ojWn ad®p]nSn-°m\pw am[y-a-˛_u-≤nI Xnc-kv°c- W
- Ø
- n¬\n∂v
c£-s∏-Sm\pw th≠n hnhm-Z-߃
D≠m-°n-sb-¶nepw hm¿Ø-If
- n¬
\nd™p \n¬°pI F∂ \miw-]nSn® \ne-]m-SmWv ]pXnb IΩyqWnÃv am\n-s^-tÃm. kam-[m-\Øns‚ cmPym¥-cob ktµ-iß
- ƒ

]cn-K-Wn®v Cu h¿jsØ
s\mt_¬ ]pc-kv°m-c-Øn\v sXcs™-Sp°-s∏´ ssN\-bnse P\m-[n]Xy t\Xmhv "entbm knbm-h'sb
`c-W-IqSw Xpdp-¶ne-S-®Xpw kΩm-\Zm\®Sßv _ln-jv°c- n-°m≥ `c-WIqSw am[y-a-ßsf \n¿_-‘n-®Xpw
entbm°p ]I-c-ambn kΩm\w
hmßp-∂Xv XS-bm≥ entbm
knbmhs‚ kvt\l-]m-Xnsb ho´pX-S¶
- e
- n-em-°n-bXpw temI IΩyq-WnksØ Ign™ hmc-Øn¬ Gsd
hna¿i-\h
- n-t[-ba- m-°n-bn-cp-∂p.
Bbn-S°v Xs∂, C¥y-bn¬ G‰-hp-

Øn-\n√ F∂-XmWv I≠phcp∂
Imgv®. ad°p ]n∂nse am^n-b-°q´-amWv C∂v \mSp `cn-°p-∂Xv
F∂Xv hy‡-am-Wv. HcpImeØv
henb temI]cn-⁄m-\-ap≈ ]{X]m-cm-bW
- °
- m-cmb \m´p-]fi
- n-X∑m¿ ]d-™n-cp-∂p, a{¥n-am-scm-∂p-a√ knhn¬ k¿hokv DtZym-K-ÿcmWv \mSv `cn-°p-∂-sX∂v. Ipd®p
Imew Ign-™-t∏mƒ dnYw am‰n-∏-d™p: Ct∏mƒ temIw `cn-°p-∂Xv
am[y-aß
- f
- m-sW∂v. Ct∏m-gnXm
AXpw amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. aoUn-bm-dmUnkw F∂ s]bvUv tP¿W-en-

aoUn-bm-dm-Unkw F∂ s]bvUv tP¿W-en-khpw
AXns‚ ad-hnse Kp≠-If- p-amWv C∂sØ lotdm-Iƒ.
hm¿Ø-Iƒ adn-s®m-Sn-°m\pw Ie¿∏n-√mØ
ip≤-t\-cp-If- psS IÆpw ImXpw sh´n hnI-ea- m-°m\pw
Icm¿ Gs‰-SpØ Hcp _n\m-an, Nm\¬ ]m\-enepw
FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ Ukv°n-ep-ap-s≠-¶n¬ F{X-tIm-Snbpw ap°n
GXv sImSnbpw s]m°n F{X B≠n-tem-dn-Iƒ Ib-‰n-t∏mbmepw Hcp Np°pw `b-s∏-Sm-\n-√mØ \mSm-Wn-t∏mƒ tIc-fw.
am[ya am^n-b°
- m¿°v apºn¬ a{¥n-a∂
- ∑
- m¿ hsc
k¿∆-k‘
- nbpw aS°n ]qP-]p-jv∏m¿®\ \S-Øp-tºmƒ
\nb-a]
- m-eI
- sc Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X
- n-e¿∞hp-an-√
a-[nIw _em¬°mc ssewKnI
kl-Po-h-\-Øn\v Ip´n-Iƒ hnt[-bam-hp-∂Xv CSXp `cn-°p∂ _mwKmfn-em-sW∂ Is≠-Øe
- p-ambn
"thmbnkv' amK-kn≥ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnbXpw Ah¿°v Ccp-´nse Cc´
{]l-c-ambn `hn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
At∏mƒ ]ns∂ _m°n Zp≥bmhpw
hn´v hb-\m-´n¬ t]mh-emWv \√Xv
F∂p ]t≠s∂m ]≠mcw]d-™Xns‚ {]mtbm-KnI kvtIm]m-bn-cp∂p CXv. ]t£, Ahn-sSbpw Xncnt®dp sIm≠Xv am{Xw an®w; sa®hpw.
temIw Xo¿Øpw hn]-Wn-bmb
ImeØv Agn-aXn Hcp _nkn-\kv
{Sn°v am{X-am-Wv. \nb-a-\-Øns‚
]gpXpw hnShpw t\mt°≠ Imcyw
AXns‚ ]n∂nse am^nb kwL-

khpw AXns‚ ad-hnse Kp≠-I-fpamWv C∂sØ lotdm-Iƒ. hm¿ØIƒ adn-s®m-Sn-°m\pw Ie¿∏n-√mØ
ip≤-t\-cp-I-fpsS IÆpw ImXpw
sh´n hnI-e-am-°m\pw Icm¿ Gs‰SpØ Hcp _n\m-an, Nm\¬ ]m\enepw FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ Ukv°n-ep-aps≠-¶n¬ F{X-tIm-Snbpw ap°n GXv
sImSnbpw s]m°n F{X B≠n-temdn-Iƒ Ib-‰n-t∏m-bmepw Hcp Np°pw
`b-s∏-Sm-\n-√mØ \mSm-Wn-t∏mƒ
tIc-fw. am[ya am^n-b°
- m¿°v
apºn¬ a{¥n-a-∂-∑m¿ hsc k¿∆k-‘nbpw aS°n ]qP-]p-jv∏m¿®\
\S-Øp-tºmƒ \nb-a-]m-e-Isc Ip‰s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-e¿∞hp-an-√. Hm¿°m∏p-dØv sl¬a‰v C√msX
ss_s°-SpØv ao≥ hmßm≥ t]mbhs\ ]nSn®v ssIImcyw sNøp∂

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

9

t]meo-kns‚ hocyhpw iqcyhpw
H∂p \ng-en-°p-It]mep-an-√t√m
tImSnIƒ I´p apSn®p X{ºms\
ssIømaw sh®v dnam≥Un-se-Sp-°ptºmƒ. "Gam-t\, tPmen-bpsS `mKam-Wv, IpSpw-_-Øns‚ I™n-bpsS
{]iv\-amWv, am∏m-°tW' F∂ ]cnth-Z\ Ie¿∂ ssZ\y-Xt- bm-sSbmIpw At∏mƒ Im°n-°m-]S- y-߃
{Iaw kmh-[m\whcp-Øp-∂X
- v.
\¿Ω\ncq-]-I\pw \n¿Ωm-Xm-hpamb Sn‚p-tams‚ Hcp In‚¬ IY-bp≠v. C¥y-°m-c\pw Ata-cn-°-°mc\pw P∏m≥Imc\pw Hcp dtÃmd‚n¬ sh®v I≠p-ap-´n-b-s{X. {]mtZin-Ihpw tZio-b-hp-amb A`n-am\w
]d-®n-en-\nsS Ah-cpsS N¿® ]pXpXmbn hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-ßnb "I≈-s\∏nSn' b{¥sØ Ipdn-®m-bn. Ata-cn°-°m-c≥ ]d™p: B b{¥w
Rß-fpsS \m´n¬ h∂-t∏mƒ Hcp
Znhkw icm-icn \qdv I≈-∑msc
]nSn-®p. P∏m≥Imc≥ tI´am{X ]d™p: Rß-fpsS \m´n¬ Aº-XmfpIsf Hcp aWn-°q¿ sIm≠v ]nSn-®p.
c≠pw tI´ C¥y-°mc≥ ]d™p:
Rß-fpsS \m´n¬ B b{¥-Øn\v
Hcp I≈-s\bpw ]nSn-°m≥ Ign™n-√. adp-]Sn tI´-t∏mƒ Ah¿
]d™p: I≈w I≈w. C¥y-°m-c≥
Xe-XmgvØn kwibw Xo¿Øp.
I≈-a-√, Rm≥ ]d-™Xv kXy-amWv. ImcWw, B b{¥w \nc-Øn-end-°nb DSs\ a{¥n-bpsS GP‚p-amcn¬ Btcm Nne¿ h∂v AXpw
I´psIm≠p-t]m-bn!
Hcp Imbn-I-ta-f-bpsS t]cn¬
Fgp-]-Ø©v e£-Øn-e-[nIw
tImSn cq]-bpsS Agn-aXn \S-Ønb
tZiob ImbnI a{¥m-eb
- a- mWv
\Ωp-tSXv F∂ hkvXpX sh®v
t\m°p-tºmƒ Sn‚p-tam\v
tUmIvStd-‰n\v A¿l-Xb
- p-≠v.
Ign™ hmc-Øn¬ \ΩpsS Zriy,
{imhy, enJnX am[y-a-ß-fn¬
\nd™p \n∂ 2 Pn kvs]Iv{Sw
Agn-a-Xn-bpsS s]cp-°-∏´nI hmbn°m≥ Nn√d ]msSm-∂p-a√ s]´Xv.
Hcp e£-Øn Fgp-]-Øøm-bncw
tImSn cq]-bmWv sSentImw a{¥m-ebhpw cب Sm‰bpw \ocm-dm-Unbbpw \o¿ kmwLvhnbpw a‰p-

sams° tN¿∂v D∏n-en´v kq£n®Xv. henb Xam-i- AX√, kao-]`m-hn-bn¬ km¿∆-{Xn-Ia- m-Im≥
km[y-X-bp≈ 4 Pnbp-sSbpw 3 Un,
4 Un kwhn-[m-\-ß-fp-sSbpw km[yXm-]-T-\-߃ \SØn JP-\mhv
sIm≈-bpsS CX-]c- y-¥a- mb
sdt°m¿Uv kr„n-°p∂ Hcp-°-ØnemWv kXy-{]-Xn-⁄bpw sNm√n- ap„n-a-S°n Pbv `mcXpw ]d™v A[nIm-c-Øn-te-dnb ]e-cp-an-∂v. ]nSn-®Xn-t\-°mfpw hep-Xv, Cu hnj-bØn¬ ]b-‰n-sØ-fn™ hº≥am¿
amf-Øn-ep-s≠∂v kp{]ow tImSXn
Xs∂ \nco-£n-®X
- m-Wv.

fm-bn-cn°pw A[nIw. t_mw_v
\pdp°n Dt∏cn sh°p∂ Ip‰w
kap-Zm-b-Øn\v ]pd-Øp≈ Nne
tZmssj-IZr-°p-Iƒ P∑m¿÷nX
kzØmbn kap-Zm-b-Øn\v Nm¿Øn°-f-™-XmWv. AXp thsd ]d-tb≠-XmWv, CX-X-√. Nµ-\-tØmev
sNØn-°-S™Xv apX¬ I√v IcSv
Im™o-c-°p‰n hsc \ofp∂
\m´nse sX‰p Ip‰-߃°v Acp-Nmcn-t®¿∂v hcp∂ ]Xnhp kap-Zm-bt∏-cp-I-sfm∂pw Ch-I-fnen-√; \√Xv
Xs∂. hb-\m-´n¬ \n∂v am\w
sXdn® Xe-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn
s]mßp-tºmƒ D≈n-se-hn-sStbm

C∂v P\n-°p∂ \h-Pm-X-ss∏-X-ens\ IqSn tN¿Ømep≈ C¥y≥ P\-kw-Jy-bnse Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw 1670 cq]bn-e[
- nIw _°-‰n-en-´m¬ am{Xta 2 Pn kvs]Iv{Sw hgn
Ih¿® sNø-s∏´ XpI tiJ-cn-°m-\mIq F∂mWv IW°v. tZiobw hn´v tIc-fØ
- n¬ h∂m-ep≈ IY sh®mWv
\mw XpS-ßn-bX
- v. henb tImfv h∂-t∏mƒ sNdn-b- Im‰v
am™p-t]m-bXpsIm≠mWv ]eXpw N¿®°v hcm-ØXn∂v. emhven≥ Agn-aXn Xe-hm-NI
- a- mb ]{X-°S- e
- m-kpIƒ°v Ct∏mgpw ]pXp-am\w \„-s∏-´n-´n-√
C∂v P\n-°p∂ \h-Pm-Xs- s∏-Xens\ IqSn tN¿Øm-ep≈ C¥y≥
P\-kw-Jy-bnse Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw 1670
cq]-bn-e-[nIw _°-‰n-en-´m¬
am{Xta 2 Pn kvs]Iv{Sw hgn
Ih¿® sNø-s∏´ XpI tiJ-cn-°m\mIq F∂mWv IW-°v. tZiobw
hn´v tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂m-ep≈ IY
sh®mWv \mw XpS-ßn-b-Xv. henb
tImfv h∂-t∏mƒ sNdn-b- Im‰v
am™p-t]m-bXpsIm≠mWv ]eXpw
N¿®°v hcm-Ø-Xn∂v. emhven≥
Agn-aXn Xe-hm-N-I-amb ]{X-°-Sem-kp-Iƒ°v Ct∏mgpw ]pXp-am\w
\„-s∏-´n-´n-√.
]t£, ]¥-en\v ]pdØp ]dbm≥ ]mSn-√mØ Hcp ImtXmcw
ko{I-´p≠v Ct∏m-gsØ Agn-aXn
\nb-a\ hnhm-Z-ß-fn¬. \ΩpsS
\m´n-¬ GXp {]iv\-°m‰v ]mdnbmepw s]mßnh-cp∂ N≠n-∏-≠m-c߃°v km[m-cW apkvenw t]cp-I-

10 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

Hcp-Xcw \o‰epw t\mhepw ]X™n-cp∂p.
Npcp-ßn-bXv, apkvenw kap-Zm-bØn-\-h-Im-i-s∏´ k¿°m¿ k¿hokp-Iƒ kmt¶-XnIXzw Im´n
]qgvØn-sh-°p∂ CSXv k¿°m-dnt\mSv \s´√v \nh¿Øn ]d-bp-I-sb¶nepw sNøm-a-t√m, \tc-{µ≥ IΩoj≥ dnt∏m¿´pw ]mtemfn IΩn‰n
dnt∏m¿´pw k®m¿ in]m¿i-Ifpw
\S-∏m-°m-\p≈ cmjv{Sob \oXn
]men-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ t]mI-s´, Npcpßn-bXv Ct∏mgsØ Cu A\ym-bamb ]n≥hm-Xn¬\nb-a\w XS-bp-Isb-¶nepw sNøq F∂v. apkvenw
auenIhmZn-Is- f-°mƒ cmPyØn\v
`ojWn lnµpXzw Aÿn°v
]S¿∂ h¿Kobi‡n-If
- m-sW∂v
\mSns‚ \mfsØ {][m-\-a{¥n
cmlp¬Pn ]d-s™∂p hn°neoIvkns‚ ]c-Zq-jWw GtXm
Hc¿∞-Øn¬ \tS ]d-™-Xns‚

Bi-b-t`-Z-am-Wv. Cu \nb-a-\-Ø´n∏v tIhew ]n.-F-kv.-kn. XeØn¬ am{X-a-√, tIc-f-Ønse an°
k¿∆-I-em-ime kn≥Un-t°-‰p-I-fnepap≠v. ]m¿´n {Kma-h¬°-c-Whpw
B{in-Xh
- m¬key {]I-S\
- h
- p-amWv
\S-°p-∂-Xv. A£c\ne-ß-fnse
hnip≤ Im]-Sy-߃ImcWw t\cn-S]m-Sp-Iƒ F∂pw Nph∏v \mS-Iƒ°p≈n-em-W-hn-sS. Imcy-em-`-Øn\p
th≠n d∫¿ Ãmºp-Isf Xncp-In-°b-‰p∂Xv \√ H∂m-wXcw sN‰-Øcw
Xs∂.
\m´n¬ \S-°p∂ Agn-a-Xn°v
Imem-\pkmcn-bmb ]cn-jv°m-chpw
hnIm-khpw kw`-hn-°p-∂p≠v. 1956
tIcfw ]nd∂ h¿j-am-Wv. B
h¿jw t]meokv tÃj-\p-If
- n¬
dnt∏m¿´v sNø-s∏´ G‰hpw henb
tamjWw I∂p-Im-en-Isf Ih¿®
sNø-em-bn-cp-∂p. A∂v AØcw
A™q-dn-e-[nIw tIkp-Iƒ cPn-ÿ
sNø-s∏´n-cp∂p. ]t£, Aº-Xm≠v
hf¿∂ tIc-fØ
- n-en∂v I∂p-Im-enIsf shdpsX sImSp-Ømepw
th≠mØ ÿnXn-bm-Wv. C∂v
X¬ÿm-\Øv \n¬°p∂
Xkv°chrØn hml-\-tamjWamsW-∂mWv tXm∂p-∂X
- v. Hcp
ImeØv ssI°qen hmßn-b-hs‚
ssIsh´-W-sa∂ Aen-JnX \nbaw
`mc-XØ
- n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v
taml≥PZmtcm kwkvIrXn tcJIƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p-sh∂v Ncn{X
\nco-£W
- a- p-≠v. C∂m-Is´ ssI°qen-°m-cmWv G‰hpw henb Km‘nb-∑m¿˛ I≈v sNØ-cp-Xv, IpSn-°-cpXv, sImSp-°-cpXv F∂v ]Tn-∏n®
Kpcp-in-jy≥am¿ C∂o- \m-´nse
G‰hpw henb hntZ-i-aZy A_v°mcn-If
- m-sW∂t]mse.
ssIa-S°v, amaq¬ XpS-ßnb
]gb \m´p-\-S-∏p-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ
sslsSIv kv]r°pw tImSn-If
- psS
IW-°p-am-Wv. At∏mƒ ]ns∂ AgnaXn F∂ hm°v Xs∂ Aÿm-\Øm-bn. Ct∏mƒ Ipw`-tIm-Ws- a∂mWv s{S≥Uv sse≥.
ssI°qensb∂p ]d-™phcp∂
G¿∏mSv Xs∂ Ct∏mƒ C√m-Xmsb∂p ]d-bmw. ImcWw, Ct∏mƒ
IfnIƒ _m¶v A°u-≠p-If
- n-emWv;

ssIIƒs°√mw ]Ø-c-am-‰ns‚ ]cnip≤n Xs∂. HcpImesØ kmºØnI {Ia-t°-Sp-Iƒ hy‡n-]-c-am-bncp∂p; C∂Xv kmaq-ln-I-am-Wv.
kwL-SnX t]io-_e
- Ø
- n-t∑-emWv
Imcy-߃ \S-°p-∂X
- v. F∂m¬,
CXns\ Aa¿® sNøm-\p≈
in£m \nb-a-ßtfm? 1860˛¬ {]m_eyØn¬ h∂ C¥y≥ in£m-\n-b-aßfpw. ]pXnb s\‰v h¿°v Ih¿®Iƒ \nb-asØ t\m°pIpØnbm°n BIm-jtØmfw IpXn-®p-bc- ptºmgpw {]kvXpX \nb-a-Ønse
91˛e[nIw hIp-∏p-Iƒ ayqkn-b-

°p∂ taJ-e-Iƒ. as‰m-c¿∞-Øn¬
Ccp≠ Ime-L´- Ø
- nse aZy-˛a- Z- n-cm£n-˛-aÆv t{]cnX s\dn-tI-Sp-Iƒ
Xs∂. Ct∏m-gtØXn\v kmt¶-XnIXbpsS k¶o¿WXIqSn-bp-s≠∂p
am{Xw. C„-s∏´ s]Æv, AXym-[p\nI kuI-cy-߃, ^vfm‰p-Iƒ,
em∏v, Im¿ XpS-ßnbh Hm^¿
sNbvXmWv CS-\n-e°
- m¿ Im‰pw
KXnbpw GI-Zn-im-flI
- a- mbn ImØp
kq£n-°p-∂-Xv. Nne D∂-X-tI-{µßsf elcn ]S¿Øn ab-°p-∂Xpw
\nXy-hr-Øm-¥a- m-Wn-hn-sS. \mS≥
I≈p-Iƒ, ]\-¶-≈p-Iƒ, ]p√p-h-Sn-

Øn¬ Hme-bn-se-gpXnsh°mhp∂hn[w A{]-k‡
- a- m-sb∂
hna¿iw \nbatI{µ-ßf
- n¬\n∂v
Xs∂ hcp-tºmgpw F¥n\pw
GXn\pw H®-sh®v ap≠p-cn-bp∂
\nb-a-\n¿amWk`-Iƒ \n›-e-am-Wv.
Hcp Imcyw IqSn-bp-≠v; h≥InS
Ipw`-tIm-Wß
- f
- psS t]cptZmjw CSXn-s\-°mƒ ]nSn-Iq-Sn-bXv he-Xp]£ cmjv{So-bØ
- n\v Xs∂-bm-Wv.
I≈-°-S-Øv, Icn-©-¥, hymP-aZyw, hymP-knUn/hnk-, F≥.-H.-kn,
Un{Kn -am¿°venÃv, tUmIvS-td‰v
ssKU≥kv, dnb¬ FtÃ-‰v, hymP
]mkvt]m¿´v, hymP t- c-Jm-\n¿am-Ww,
\£{X thiym-eb
- ß
- ƒ, tX°v˛- B
- Sv˛- a- m-©nbw Irjn, lm°nw-Kv,
s{IUn‰v Im¿Uv Xncn-a-dn-Iƒ XpSßn-bh
- b
- mWv tIc-fØ
- nse
sslam¿Pn-\¬ sIm≈-Iƒ \S-

bn≥, sIm´p-h-Sn, \new-s]m-Øn,
j°o-e, _n≥em-Z≥ XpS-ßnb
t]cn-ep≈ I≈p-Iƒ°m-Ws{X
Ct∏mƒ Gsd Iºw. kv{Xoa-Zm-ek
hnfºn am[yakap-∂ -X-X-e-ßsf
H∂-S¶w hcp-Xn-bn-em-°p∂ coXnbmWv Ign-™b
- mgvN Xe-t»-cn-°m-c\mb "Z ]-b\o¿' ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I≥
tKm]o-Ir-jvW≥ at\m-lc- a- mbn
]pdw-tem-Is- Ø-Øn-®X
- v. sIm®n-bn¬
\n∂p≈ kocn-b¬ \Snamtcm-sSm∏w
]u¿Æan cmhpw lWn-aqWpw
sIm≠m-Sm≥ Hm^¿ hmKvZm\w
sNøp∂ coXn tImgn-t°m-S≥ am[ya- iyw-J-ebn¬ hsc ]c-s∂-Øn-sb∂Xv \n m-c-a-√. "s]sÆm-cp-sº´m¬... AXns‚ _m°n `mKw `bm\-I-am-b-Xn-\m¬ Bcp-anXphsc
]qcn-∏n-®n-´n-√.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

11

tIcfw IpSn-b∑
- m-cpsS
\mSv; k`bpw

{][m\ tÃmdn 
]nW-tßmSv A_q-_Iv¿

aZy-]m-\n-If- psS \msS∂p tIc-fsØ apJy-a{¥n A®p-Xm-\-µ≥
hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xn\p ]n∂mse
\nbak`bnepw IpSn-b-∑m-cpsS
km∂n-≤y-aps≠∂v Btcm-Ky-a{¥n
{ioa-Xnbpw CuønsS {]kvXm-h\
- b
- nd-°n.
I≈pIpSn-b\
- mb FUnFΩns\
D]-tbm-Ks- ∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv hb-\m´nse sXmgn¬X-´n-∏n-te°v \bn®
Hs∏m-∏n-®s- X∂v Ad-Ãn-emb
At[m-a-fie Kpa-ÿs‚ samgn- h∂p. k¿°m¿ Hm^o-kp-I-fn¬ Cßs\-bp≈ [mcmfw Xma-c(- k
- Z- m-sh-≈Øn¬)-Ifps≠-∂mWv s]mXp-kw-kmcw. Ah¿ aptJ-s\-bm-Ws{X an°
Xncn-a-dn-Ifpw ssI°q-en-Ifpw \nb-ahn-cp-≤˛N´-hn-cp≤ CS-]m-Sp-Ifpw
H∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Chsc D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØp∂ dm°-‰n\v "Infn-Iƒ' F∂m12 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

Ws{X ]d-bp-I.
tdmUn¬ s]men-bp∂ Pohn-X߃ FSp-°p-∂Xpw I≈m-sW∂v
t]meokv I´mbw ]d-bp-∂p. am[ya
cwKsØ clkyw
tNm¿Øp∂Xnepw cmPyclkyw
ssIam-dp-∂-Xnepw aZyhpw s]Æpw
]¶p-h-ln-°p∂p Fs∂-√m-hcpw
kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p.
AZv\m≥ Itkm-Kn-sb∂
Bbp[ hym]m-cnbpsS G‰hpw
henb D]-I-cWw hocyhpw
hnebpw IqSnb aZy-am-sW∂v ]{Xhm¿Ø-Iƒ h∂n-cp-∂p.
Ubm\ cmP-Ip-am-cn-bpsS A]-IS-a-c-W-Øn¬ Imap-I\pw aZyhpw
Hcp-t]mse {]Xn-tN¿°-s∏-´p.
HmWhpw hnjphpw {Inkvakpw
]pXp-h¬kc∏pe-cnbpw aZy-hn-]-W\-Øns‚ a¨kq-Wmbn ae-bmfn

]cn-h¿Øn∏n®p.
BIm-i-®pgn ImcWw [\p-am-kam-bn´pw ag- am-dp-∂n-√. ioX-Øns‚
amk-amb hr›nIw ag-bmbn IS-∂pt]m-bn. "Xncp-hm-Xnc Rm‰p the'
B¿°pw sIm≠p-t]m-Im-\m-hns√∂miz-kn® ]g-b- I¿j-I≥
Imcy-sa-s¥-∂d- n-™p˛F√mw amdn,
A√ am‰n.
tImgn-t°ms´ Hcp kvIqfn¬
hnZym¿∞n-\nIƒ°v Is≈-Øn-®psIm-Sp-°p∂ hnZym¿∞n dm°‰v
t]meokv Is≠-Øn-bs- {X.
^mIvSd- n-If
- n¬ kv{Xo sXmgn-emfn-Ifpw ]pcp-js- Xm-gn-em-fn-Ifpw
H∂n-®mWv aZy-tk-h- \S-Øp-∂sX∂v {ioaXn a{¥n ]cn-`hw]d-bp∂p.
I≈v IpSn-®m¬ hb-‰n¬ InS-°W-sat∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥
]m¿´n AWn-It- fm-Sm-hi
- y-s∏-´n-cp∂p≈q. A√msX, A®p-Xm-\-µ\v
knµm-_mZv hnfn-°-cp-sX∂v hywKyw.
""It≈mfw \s√mcp hkvXp `qtemI-Øns√-Sn-amao, I≈¬∏w D≈n¬
sN∂m¬ `qtemIw Xcn-InS
XnssØ''˛CXmWv I≈ns‚ ]m¿iz^-esa∂v ]m¿´n sk{I-´-dn°v AdnbmsXhcm-\n-Sb
- n-√.
aZy-hn-cp≤ dmen-Iƒ, \ncmlmc߃, IΩn-‰n-Iƒ, [¿Æ-Iƒ,
aZy-hn-cp≤ kan-Xn-Iƒ F¥n\v
Km‘n-b∑m¿ t]mepw hwi-\miw
t\cn-Sp-Ib
- m-Wv.
""I≈v sNØm-\p≈XmWv; IpSn°m-\p-≈-X√'' F∂ \ymbw _meni-am-hp-∂Xv sNØnbp≠m-°nb
I≈v ]ns∂¥v sNøpw F∂
tNmZyw Db-cp-tºm-gm-Wt- √m.
_nh-tdPkv tIm¿]-td-j≥
NpaØp∂ BZm-b-\n-IpXn tXmakv
sFk°v kmdns‚ Np≠n¬ tX\qdp∂ kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ aZy-]m\n-Iƒ Xo¿°p∂ Zpc¥ßƒ \nhmc-Ww sNøm-\n-d-°p∂ ]Ww Iq´n
t\m°n-bm¬ hchv ""I''bpw sNe-hv
""I''bpw XΩn¬ sNehv ""I'' anI-®p\n¬°pw.
aZy-hn-]Ø
- n-s∂-Xn-cn¬ ]d-bØ° {]Xn-tcm-[ß
- tfm {]Nm-cW
- ßtfm ¢®v ]nSn®pImWp-∂n-√. JZ-

dn´v I≈v jm∏n¬ Ib-dp-∂Xv
]s≠ms° Ipd-®n-em-bn-cp-∂p. C∂nt∏mƒ _m¿ apX-em-fn-t]mepw
CkvXn-cn-bn´ hSn-t]mse \n¿Ønb
H∂mw Xcw hntZi \n¿ΩnX
IZ¿(?) [cn-®mWv Iu≠-dn-en-cn-°p∂Xv Xs∂. tem´dn ]c-kyØn¬\n∂v PKXn {ioIp-amdpw
A_vIm-cn-bn¬\n∂v A®p-X\pw
amdnb hm¿Ø hmbn®t∏mƒ
tXm∂nb Bflm-\µw sNdp-X-√.
C\n kz¿Æ ]c-ky-Øn¬\n∂v
taml≥emepw ssIcfn Nm\-en¬
\n∂v aΩq-´nbpw amdp∂ \mtfm¿Øv
Bizmkw sIm≈m-hp-∂t- X-bp-≈q.

]I-epdßp∂ Aßm-Sn-I-fn-e[nIw cmhp-W-cp-∂p. ]pe-cp-thmfw
IpSn®p aZn®p ckn®p can®p Ignbm≥ F{X-sb{X \£{Xtlm´-epIƒ \mSns‚ \m\m-`m-KØv Xe
Db¿Øn \n¬°p-∂p.
Cu k¿°m¿ (C-SX
- p-]£
- w)
h∂-Xn¬ ]ns∂ IqSp-X¬ Du∂¬
\¬Inb taJe F¥n\m-bn-cp-∂p?
\nb-a-k-`-bn¬ ]d™ DØ-c-߃
t\m°n-bm¬ In´p-∂Xv IqSp-X¬
_mdp-Iƒ, aZy-jm-∏p-Iƒ A\p-hZn®p F∂m-Wv. IW°v tI´m¬
sR´m≥ am{X-ap-≠v.
Xt±i kzbw-`-cW ÿm]-\-

I≈pIpSn-b-\mb FUn-FΩns\
D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv hb-\m-´nse
sXmgn¬X-´n-∏n-te°v \bn® Hs∏m-∏n-®-sX∂v
Ad-Ãn-emb At[m-a-fie Kpa-ÿs‚ samgn- h-∂p.
k¿°m¿ Hm^o-kp-I-fn¬ Cß-s\-bp≈ [mcmfw
Xma-c-(-k-Zm-sh-≈-Øn¬)-Ifps≠-∂mWv
s]mXp-kw-km-cw. Ah¿ aptJ-s\-bm-Ws{X an°
Xncn-a-dn-Ifpw ssI°q-en-Ifpw
\nb-a-hn-cp-≤˛N´-hn-cp≤ CS-]m-Sp-Ifpw H∏n-°p-∂-Xv.
Chsc D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ dm°-‰n\v "Infn-Iƒ'
F∂m-Ws{X ]d-bp-I

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

13

߃°m-bn-cp∂p I≈v jm∏n\v
ssek≥kv \¬Im-\p≈
A[nImcw. AXv ]mtem-fn- ]n≥hen®p. ]©m-b-Øm-bm¬ s]s´∂-\p-hZn-°m-\m-hn-√. hnjbw {]mtZ-in-IamWv. Aß-s\-bßv ssek≥kv
\¬Im≥ \m´p-Im¿ hnSn-√. CX-dnbp∂ a{¥nbpw a{¥n-k-`bpw
AXßv FSpØpIf™p t\cn-´mbn
CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ. CXn-s∂-Xn-cn¬ \S-∂ph-cp∂ [¿Æ kw_-‘n®v Hcp
tImfw hm¿Øtbm F¥n\v Hcp
Nm\¬ N¿®tbm \mfn-Xp-hsc
\ΩpsS {i≤-bn¬ s]´n-cpt∂m?
tIc-fØ
- n¬\n∂v CS-°nsS Nne
k¿s∆ hm¿Ø-Iƒ ]pd-Øp-hcpw.
NneXv hnhm-Z-amhpw NneXv
Bcmepw {i≤n-°-s∏-Sn-√.
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S-Ønb
\yq\-]£ßfpsS k¿s∆ hnhm-Z-ambn. C\n \S-Øp-tºmƒ ]gp-X-S®p
\S-ØW
- s- a∂ ktµiw \¬In
F∂¿∞w. A`ykvXhnZy-cm-bh
- cpsS sshhm-lnI PohnXw 2˛6
h¿j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ h√msX De-bp∂p-≠s{X? hnhmltamN\
\nc°pw IqSp-∂p. A\m-Y-Iƒ s]cpIp-∂p. hn√≥ hnh-c-a-√, hnizm-k-

°p-d-hv. aZyw, kpt`m-K-Xr-jvW, ]ckv]cw _lp-am-\n-°m-\p≈ hnap-JX, CutKm, Al-¶m-cw.... Aßs\
\ofp-∂p.
\nb-a-k-`-bn¬ cmhnse Xs∂
aZy-]n-s®-Øp∂hcp-s≠-∂mWv
{ioaXn So®-dpsS ]cm-Xn. I≈p
IpSn-®mte Nne¿°v {]kwKw hcq
F∂mWv sl¬Øv an\n-ÿ ]d-bp∂-Xv.
F.-sI. B‚Wn k¿°m¿
Nmcmbw \ntcm-[n-®t- ∏mƒ tIc-fØnse BImiw hogp-sa∂v Nne¿
Bi-¶-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. Nmcmb \ntcm-[\-Øns‚ KpW-hiw XpS¿{]-hrØnbn-eqsS \ne-\n¿Øm≥ k¿°m-dpIƒ \o°-w \S-Øm-Xn-cp-∂Xv "JP\m-hns‚' I\w Hm¿Øm-sW∂ ]cmXn°v ]Xn-cn-√.
k¿°m¿ Hm^o-kp-I-fn¬ cmhnse-Øs∂ I≈v IpSn®v Poh-\-°m¿
FØp-∂p. ]≈n-°q-Sß
- f
- nepw
hmZymcpw ]nt≈cpw HØptN¿∂mWv aZy-tk-h.
]m≥]-cmKv, lm≥kv BZn-bmb
]m°-‰v elcn XqßmØ GsX¶nepw IS-Iƒ ImWptam ssZhØns‚ Cu kz¥w \m´n¬?!

kønZv tImb-™n-t°mb X߃
tImUq¿, sNmfq¿
t^m¨: 2752711, sam: 9947585085
kv{Xo]p-cpj ssewKnI tcmK-߃, ko{K kvIe-\w, k¥m-\-an-√mbva, saen-®n¬, aq{Xm-ib tcmK-߃, imco-cn-Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-amb
a‰p tcmK-߃ hncn-∏n¬ aq{X-sam-gn-°¬, A]-kvamc tcmK-߃
apX-em-bh alm-∑m-cpsS CPm-kn-øØv {]Imcw ]mcº-cy-ambn NnIn’n-°p-∂p.
IqSmsX Imen-I-fpsS tcmK-߃°pw NnIn’ \n¿t±-in-°p-∂p.
F√m-hn[ Bbp¿thZ bq\m\n Xdn acp-∂-Iƒ°pw _‘-s∏-Sp-I.

X߃kv ^m¿akn
s^bvakv t_°-dn°v kao-]w,
14 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

tIm´-∏-Sn, ae-∏pdw

tIcfw {`m¥m-ebw F∂p ]d™t∏mƒ {]Xn-Ic- n-°m-Øh
- ¿
IpSn-b∑
- m-cpsS \msS∂p tI´t∏mgpw au\n-I-fm-bn.
Ip´n-Iƒ IpSn®p IpSn®v
IpSpw_w IpfwtXm≠n tIcfw
samØw Ipf-am-bmepw sXc-s™-Sp∏p-Iƒ hcpw t]mIpw, a{¥n-k-`Iƒ D≠mhpw, `c-Whpw \S-°pw
\ap-°Xv aXn-bt√m F∂m-sW¶n¬ \tam-in-h F∂-√m-sX¥p
]d-bm≥.
Fkv.-Fkv.-F¬.-kn. _p°n¬
""aX-an√'' Fs∂-gp-Xm≥ tImfw
\n¿Ωn® ta\n-bn-emWv t__n
a{¥n. Cß-s\-bm-sW-¶n¬ F¥n\m-sWmcp aXw F∂mhpw.
B¿°pw Ft∏mgpw Fß-s\bpw
IpSn°mw, IqØmSmw F∂ hn[amWv Imcy-߃.
""aZyw hnj-amWv'' F∂v ]d™Xv cmjv{S-]n-Xm-hm-sW-¶nepw
AXv A¥-Imew. CXv C¥-Im-ew.
"aZyw' aZy-am-sW∂ hnizm-kw ASnbp-d-®p-t]mbn. aZy-hn-]-Øn-s∂-Xncn¬ hnizm-kn-Isf¶nepw i‡nbmbn {]Xn-Ic- n®pXpS-ßm≥
sshIn°qSm.
""aZy-]m-\s- Øbpw NqXp-If
- nsbbpw Ipdn®v Ah¿ Xm¶tfmSv
tNmZn-°p-∂p. ]d-bp-I, Ah-bn¬
henb tZmjhpw a\p-jy¿°v Nne
{]tbm-P\
- ß
- f
- p-ap-≠v. F∂m¬,
Ah-sIm-≠p-≠m-Ip∂ tZmjw
{]tbm-P-\-sØ-°mƒ hfsc hepXm-Wv.'' (hn.-Jp. 2:219)
JP-\m-hn-te-°p≈ hc-hns‚
em`-tØ-°mƒ F{Xtbm aS-ßmWv
AXp sIm≠v cmPy-Øn\pw kaql-Øn\pw kw`-hn-°p-∂ tZmjsa∂v `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°mWv a\ n-em-th-≠X
- v; IpSn-b∑
- m¿°pw
IpS-n∏n-°p-∂-h¿°pw a\- n-em-hWw.
""kXyhnizm-kn-Itf, aZyw,
NqXm´w, hn{K-l-߃, {]iv\w
sh°p-hm-\p≈ D]-Ic- W
- ß
- ƒ
F∂nh \oNhpw ]nim-Nns‚
{]hrØn-bn¬ s]´Xpw Xs∂-bmIp-∂p. AXpsIm≠v \n߃ hnPbn-I-fm-hm≥ th≠n Ah h¿÷n°p-I.'' (hn.-Jp. 5:90)

\memw hb-kn¬ Bcw-`n® Cu AXy-]q¿∆ Ah-ÿ-bpsS
]q¿WX Ip´n-bpsS Ggmw hb-tkmsS ad-\o°n
]pdØphcp-Ibpw ]cs° Adn-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
Ggmw hb-kn¬ Xs∂ e£-W-sam-sØmcp lm^n-fns\
t]mse apkvl^v t\m°msX Xs∂ Jp¿-B≥
BZym-h-km\tamXn B _me≥ Ncn{Xw kr„n-®p

lm^nkv ]¥em≥ aΩpap√ lmPn

I\n™pIn´nb
Jp¿-B≥ ku`mKyw 

hnsI apl-Ω-ZvIp´n ss^kn

]Tn-°msX Xs∂ hnip≤ Jp¿B≥ a\x]mT-amb A¤pX hy‡nXz-am-bn-cp∂p A¬ lm^nfv ]¥em≥ aΩp-ap√ lmPn(\xa). Dd-°Ønepw CS-°nsSbp≠m-Im-dp≈
At_m-[m-hÿ
- b
- n-ep-am-bn-cp∂p
Jp¿-B≥ HmØns‚ XpS-°w.
\memw hb-kn¬ Bcw-`n® Cu
AXy-]q¿∆ Ah-ÿ-bpsS ]q¿WX
Ip´n-bpsS Ggmw hb-tkmsS ad\o°n ]pdØphcp-Ibpw ]cs°
Adn-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ggmw
hb-kn¬ Xs∂ e£-Ws- am-sØmcp
lm^n-fns\ t]mse apkvl^v
t\m°msX Xs∂ Jp¿-B≥ BZymh-km\tamXn B _me≥ Ncn{Xw
kr„n-®p. XPvho-Z-\p-k-cn®v a[p-camb ]mcm-bW-am-bn-cp∂p At±-lØn-t‚-Xv. ]ns∂ ]cn-tim-[-\bpw
AwKo-Im-chpw a’-chpw kΩm-\-hp-

ambn B ssP{X-bm{X XpS¿∂p.
NnIn-’bpw Bflob Z¿i-\-hpambn apt∂-dnbt∏mgpw Xs‚
ln^vfv kn±n°v Xnf°w h¿[n-®-tXbp-≈q.
ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse s]cn¥¬aÆ Xmeq-°n¬s∏´ Im∏v
F∂ ÿeØv 1901 P\p-h-cn-bn-embn-cp∂p lm^n-fns‚ P\-\w. ]¥em≥ DÆo≥Ip´n ap√-bmWv ]nXmhv. amXmhv DΩm®p _ohn. ae-_mdnse ]pcm-X\ apkvenw PamAØpI-fn-sem-∂mWv Im∏v al-√v.
tIc-f-Ønse a° F∂v t]cp-tI´
s]m∂m-\n-bn¬ aX-]T- \
- Ø
- n\pw
tkh-\-Øn\pw t\XrXzw sImSp-Øncp∂ aJvZqw IpSpw-_-Ønse Xmh-gnI-fn¬ s]´ ]fin-X≥am¿
Im∏nepw Zo\o-tk-h\
- Ø
- n∂v
t\XrXzw \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. Im∏n¬

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

15

apkven-bm-c-IØv F∂mWv Ah-cnhnsS Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Cu
]finXIpSpw-_-hp-ambn D‰-_‘w
]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂ ]¥-em≥ IpSpw_-Øn-emWv Ncn{X]pcp-js‚ ]ndhn. ]nXmhv DÆo≥Ip´n ap√
\m´nse aX-cw-Kß
- f
- n¬ kPo-ha- m-bncp-∂p. Ip´n-Isf HmØp-]-Tn-∏n-°¬,
hoSp-If
- n¬ Jp¿-B≥˛am-e˛- a- u-enZv
]mcm-b-Ww, ZpB sNø¬ XpS-ßnb
]gb apkvenw Xd-hm-Sp-I-fn¬ \ne\n-∂n-cp∂ Ckvem-anI NSßpIƒ°mbn DÆo≥Ip´n ap√ HmSn
\S-°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu bm{X-bn¬
\mep hb-kp-Im-c≥ aΩp-hn-s\bpw
Iq´m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw
Im∏nse Hcp ho´n¬ HmØn∂v
sN√p-tºmƒ ho´p-Im-c≥ X∏n-ØS™p Jp¿-B≥ HmXp-I-bm-Wv. CXptI´ Ip´n aΩp ]d™p: ""_m∏m,
Cu HmØv sX‰m-Wv.'' At∏mƒ
]nXmhv ]d™p: ""F∂m¬, \o
icn°v HmsX-Sm''. B `mKw icnbmbn Ip´n HmXn-t°ƒ∏n-®t- ∏mƒ
]nXmhpw ho´p-Im-c\pw A¤p-X-s∏´p. Hcp \mep hb-kp-Im-c≥ Jp¿B≥ HmXp-Itbm? AXpw apkvl^v
t\m°m-sX. tI´-h¿°v hniz-kn°m≥ {]bm-kw. aΩp -Ip-´nIƒs°m∏w Ifn®p \S-∂p.
F∂m¬, A√mlp Hcp Imcyw \S∏n-em-°m≥ \n›-bn-®m¬ AXv \S°m-Xn-cn-°ptam? Ip´n-bpsS Akm[m-cW Ignhv ]ns∂bpw {]I-Sambn. Bfp-Iƒ°v A¤p-X-am-bn.
]fin-X≥am¿ ]cn-tim-[n®v AwKoI-cn-®p.
\m´pk{º-Zm-ba- \
- p-kc- n®v Ggmw
hb-kn¬ Xs‚ HmØp-]-≈n-bn¬
a‰p Ip´n-I-tfm-sSm∏w aI-s\bpw
DÆo≥Ip-´n ap√ A£cw ]Tn-∏n°m-\n-cp-Øn. BZy-Zn-hkw Xs∂
Ad_n A£-c-߃ ]Tn®pXo¿∂p.
]n∂oSv hnc-k-amb Znh-k-߃. a‰p
Ip´n-Iƒ B¿∏pw hnfnbpw Iq´ptºmƒ aΩp-hn\p XnI™ au\w.
Hcn-°¬ DÆo≥Ip´n ap√m ]pd-Ønd-ßn Xncn®phcp-tºmƒ I≠
ImgvN At±-lsØ A¤p-X-s∏-SpØn. Xs‚ aI≥ HmØp]≈n-bn¬
\neØp hoWv t_m[-c-ln-X-\mbn
Jp¿-B≥ HmXp-∂p. a‰p Ip´n-Iƒ

lm^nkv ]¥- e m≥
aΩp-ap√ lmPn

°nsS _m∏ iIm-cn-°pw. _m∏
IpSn-tbmØv ap√-bm-Wv. Rm\pw
HmØp ]Tn-®p _m∏sb klmbn°Ww. Fs‚ aSn _m∏ms\
\ncm-i-s∏-Sp-Øn. A∂v ]e-I-t∑¬
Fgp-Xn-bmWv ]T-\w. Hcp apkvl^v
hmßm≥ ]W-an-√. H∂v t\m°n
hmbn-°-Ww. hnhcw I√Sn
sambvXp´n kmln-_n-t\mSv ]d-™p.
At±lw A∂v ]{¥≠v AW
X∂p. AXpsIm≠mWv BZy-ambn
apkvl^v hmßn-b-Xv. ^mXznl
apX¬ apA-∆nZssX\n hsc Rm\Xn¬ t\m°n HmXn. CsXm-cm-h¿Ønbm-Wv. CtXmsS \q‰n-∏-Xn-\mep
kqd-Øp-Ifpw F\n°v a\x]mT-amsW∂v t_m[y-am-bn. A∂p apX¬

Hcp Znhkw Im∏nse ho´n¬ HmØn∂v sN√p-tºmƒ
ho´p-Im-c≥ X∏n-Ø-S™p Jp¿-B≥ HmXp-I-bm-Wv.
CXp-tI´ Ip´n aΩp ]d™p: ""_m∏m, Cu HmØv
sX‰m-Wv.'' At∏mƒ ]nXmhv ]d™p: ""F∂m¬,
\o icn°v HmsX-Sm''. B `mKw icn-bmbn Ip´n
HmXn-tIƒ∏n-®-t∏mƒ ]nXmhpw ho´p-Im-c\pw
A¤p-X-s∏-´p. Hcp \mep hb-kp-Im-c≥
Jp¿-B≥ HmXp-Itbm? AXpw apkvl^v t\m°m-sX.
tI´-h¿°v hniz-kn-°m≥ {]bm-kw
t]Sn®p Np‰pw IqSn \n¬°p-∂p.
t_m[w sXfn-™t- ∏mƒ F¥mWv
kw`-hn-®s- X∂v Ip´n-Iƒ°v
Hm¿abn√. tI´-h¿°v A¤p-X-am-bn.
Nne¿ Pn∂v _m[-bm-sW∂v hn[n
]d-™p. DÆo≥Ip´n ap√-bpsS
DXvI-WvTbpw h¿[n-®p. aI≥ apºv
Dd-°Ø
- n¬ HmXn- sR-´n-bp-W¿∂
kw`hhpw Hm¿Øv B ]nXmhv
Akz-ÿ\
- m-bn.
sNdp-∏-Im-esØ Nne kw`-h߃ ]n¬°m-eØv lm^nfv aΩp
ap√ Xs∂ Ab-hn-d-°p-∂p-≠v.
At±lw ]d-bp∂p: ""Fs‚ _m∏
DÆo≥ Ip´n ap√-bmWv. Ggmw hbkn¬ _m∏ Fs∂ HmØp ]≈nbn¬ tN¿Øn. Ad_n A£-c-߃
]Tn-®p. GXm≠v t\m°n hmbn°m≥ km[n-°p∂ ÿnXn-bm-bn.
]ns∂ HmØn\p t]mIm≥ aSn. CS-

16 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

C∂p hsc HmXm≥ F\n°v
apkvl^v t\mt°≠n h∂n-´n√.''
(ap√m-°-bpsS PohnXImeØv hn.]n. sskXv apl-ΩZv \nkman At±l-hp-ambn \S-Ønb A`n-ap-J-Øn¬
\n∂v, N{µnI 03/12/1983)
aΩp ap√m-°ms‚ ln^vfv
hm¿Ø \mSmsI ]c-∂p. At±lsØ ImWm\pw HmØv
tIƒ°m\pw P\-߃ XSn®pIqSn.
{]ikvX ]fin-X∑
- m-cpsSbpw
lm^nfvamcp-sSbpw ASp-tØ°v
DÆo≥Ip´n ap√ aI-s\bpsamØv
bm{X sNbvXp. Ah¿ Ip´nsb ]cntim-[n-®p. ln^vfv icn-sh-®p.
CsXmcp km[m-cW HmØ-s√∂pw
A¤p-XI
- c- a- mb kn≤n-bm-sW∂pw
A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. aΩp ap√m° ]dbp∂p: ""A°m-esØ {]ikvX
]fin-X\
- mWv Icn-º\
- °
- ¬

AlvaZv apkven-bm¿. _m∏ Fs∂
At±-lØ
- ns‚ ASp-°¬ sIm≠p
t]mbn. ""Fs‚ tam≥ sNdp-∏-am-Wv.
Jp¿-B≥ GXv `mKhpw lrZn-ÿ-amWv. HmXn- ]m-Ta- m-°nbns´m-∂p-an-√.''
_m∏ apkven-bm-tcmSv ]d-™p.
apkven-bm¿ Fs∂ HmXn-∏n®p.
apkven-bm¿ HmXn® cwKw Ct∏mgpw
Hm¿Ω-bp-≠v. C°m-eØv Bb-ØpIƒ Xmsg \n∂v ta¬t∏m´v HmXp-∂]-Xn-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]mW-°mSv
]qt°mb Xß-fpsS ]nXr-hy≥
kønZv Aen ]qt°mb Xß-fmWv
Aßs\ HmXp∂Xv \ntcm[n®Xv.''(N-{µnI 03/12/1983)
]mW-°mSv Xß≥am-tcmSv \√
_‘w ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂p lm^nfv
aΩp-ap√. At±lw Xs∂ ]dbp∂p: ""hcn-t°m-S≥ AlvaZv Ip´n
kmln-_ns‚ ho´n¬ ]mW-°mSv
]qt°mb Xß-fpsS ]nXr-hy≥
kønZv Aen ]qt°mb X߃ Hcn°¬ h∂p. ChnsS Jp¿-B≥
ImWm-]mTw HmXp∂ Ip´n-bp-s≠∂v
tI´p. B Ip´nsb Hm∂v ImW-Ww.
Rm≥ Xß-fpsS ap∂n¬ sN∂p.
Ft∂mSv A¬_-Jd kqd-Øn¬
\n∂v HmXm≥ ]d™p. Rm≥ HmXnsIm-Sp-Øp. Ipsd HmXn-b-t∏mƒ
Ft∂mSv \n¿Øm≥ ]d-™p.
At±lw apkvl^v t\m°n. \ns‚
HmØv icn-bm-sW∂v ]d-™p. tam≥
Fs‚ IqsS ]mW-°m-t´°v hc-Ww.
\ns‚ Jp¿-B≥ ]mcm-bWw F√mhcpw tIƒ°-s´ F∂v X߃ ]d™p. F\n°v t]Sn-bm-bn. Rm≥
hm∏ms\ hn´p Hcp ÿeØpw
t]mbn-´n-√. Fs‚ hnjaw I≠t∏mƒ \n\°v th≠p∂ kuI-cysa√mw Rm≥ sNbvXpXcm-sa∂v
]d™p X߃ Biz-kn-∏n-®p.
_m∏ms‚ kΩ-Xt- ØmsS X߃∏m∏ms‚ Imf-h-≠n-bn¬ Ibdn ]mW°m-t´°v t]mbn. aq∂p Znhkw
AhnsS Xma-kn-®p. ]e-cp-sSbpw
apºn¬ h®v Jp¿-B≥ HmXn-®p.
Xß-fpsS Imcy-°m-c\
- mb Ip™o≥
F∂ Bsf Fs∂ t\m°m-\mbn
X߃ \ntbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. CS-°nsS
X߃ Xs∂ h∂p Fs‚ Imcy߃ At\z-jn-°pw. aq∂p Znh-kØn\p tijw X߃ Fs∂

ho´n¬ sIm≠m-°n. DΩ-tbmSpw
D∏tbmSpw ]d™p: -""\n-ß-fpsS
aI≥ A√m-lp-hns‚ Ir]-bp-≈-h\m-Wv. Ah≥ sX‰p-I-fn-te°v
t]mIp-∂Xv kq£n-°-Ww.'' Cu
kw`-h-tØmsS ae-_m-dns‚ ]e -`mK-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Fs‚ t]cn¬
Iºnbpw IØpw hcm≥ XpS-ßn.
an° ÿeØpw _m∏-tbm-sSm∏w
t]mbn Jp¿-B≥ HmXn.''
1962-˛¬ iwkp¬ Dea C.-sI.
A_q-_Iv¿ apkven-bm¿ Im∏n¬
{]kw-K-Øn\p h∂p. {]kw-K-Øn\p
apºv lm^nfns‚ Jp¿-B≥ ]mcm-b-

\S-Øp-Ibpw A[ym-]I tkh-\Øn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p.
a{Zmkv FPyp-t°-jW
- ¬ Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v ae-_m-dnse auehn˛apkvenbm¿°v th≠n \S-Øn-bncp∂ ae∏p-dsØ ss{S\nwKv kvIqfn¬ \n∂v
At±lw _ncpZw t\Sn-bn-cp-∂p.
1932˛¬ e`n® Cu amÿ k¿´n-^n°-‰mWv At±-lsØ A[ym-]-\Øn\v tbmKy-\m-°n-b-Xv. ae-_mdnse kº-∂ Xd-hm-´nse bphm°ƒ t]mepw hnZym-`ymk {]h¿Ø\-ß-fn¬\n∂v AIew ]men-®n-cp-∂
ImeØv _ncpZw t\Sm\pw tPmen

alm-\mb iwkp¬ Dea hnIm-c-`-cn-X-\mbns°m≠v
Fgp-t∂‰p \n∂p ]d-™p: ""apAvan\pItf,
CsXmcp km[m-cW HmØ-√, d∫m-\n-ømb
ln^vfv am{X-am-Wv''. DSs\ Xs‚ X´-sa-SpØp
lm^n-fn\v kΩm-\n-°pIbpw sNbvXp
W-am-bn-cp-∂p. kzc-am-[pcyw
sIm≠pw `‡n-km-{µX sIm≠pw
kZ- ns\ At±lw tImcn-Ø-cn-∏n®p. alm-\mb iwkp¬ Dea hnImc-`c- n-X\
- mbns°m≠v Fgp-t∂‰p
\n∂p ]d-™p: ""apAvan\pItf,
CsXmcp km[m-cW HmØ-√, d∫m\n-ømb ln^vfv am{X-am-Wv''. DSs\
Xs‚ X´-sa-SpØp lm^n-fn\v kΩm\n-°pIbpw sNbvXp. Im∏nse
Jmknbpw JXo-_p-amb sI.-Fw.
A–p¬ JmZ¿ apkven-bm¿,
ssiJp\m hn.- D-a¿ apkven-bm¿
XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Cu kw`hw A\p-kvacn-°m-dp-≠v. lm^n-fns‚ A¤p-X-kn≤n°p≈ Cu ]finX t{ijvTs‚
km£n-]{Xw Hcp kap-Zm-b-Øns‚
Idm-aØpw AwKo-Im-c-hpambn amdpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
{]mY-anI ]T\w kz¥w ]nXmhn¬\n∂v Ic-ÿa- m-°nb lm^nfv
]n∂oSv henb Hu]-Nm-cnI aX-]-T\-Øns\m∂pw t]mbn-cp-∂n-√.
F¶nepw ]fin-X-∑m-cpambp≈ \nc¥c kº¿°w At±-lsØ ]finX-\m-°n. Jp¿-B≥ Bb-Øp-I-fpsS
A¿∞w t]mepw samØ-Øn¬ Adnbm-am-bn-cp-∂p. 1930˛40 Ime-ßf
- n¬
Im∏v, tXe-°mSv `mK-ß-fn¬ kvIqƒ

kºm-Zn-°m\pw Zcn-{Z-\mb
lm^nfn∂v XpW-bm-bXv Xs‚
ln^vfv kn≤n- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
]e {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw lm^nfv
aΩp ap√-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. CS-°nsS
t_m[-t°-Sv, Xe-Xp-d∂
- n-Sm≥
]‰mØ Ah-ÿ, cm{Xn k©-cn°m≥ `bw, Zo\o-N-cy-I-fp-sS -Nn-´,
\nXy-Aw-Ki
- p-≤n XpS-ßnbh
AXn¬s∏-Spw. \S-Ø-Ønepw CcpØ-Ønepw Dd-°nepw
DW¿hnepsa√mw At±-lØ
- ns‚
Np≠p-Iƒ kZm- Jp¿-B≥ a{¥n-°pIbm-bn-cn°pw. kwkmcw hfsc
Ipd-hm-bn-cp-∂p. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS
kwkmcw tIƒ°p-tºmgpw At±-lØns‚ Np≠p-Iƒ A\-ßp-∂Xv
ImWmw. hen-b-h-tcmSpw sNdn-b-htcmSpw kemw ]d-™n-cp-∂p. tcmKim-¥nbpw a\xkam-[m-\hpw tXSn-hcp-∂-h¿s°√mw Jp¿-B≥ sIm≠mbn-cp-∂p NnIn-’. 29/11/1990˛\mWv
B alm-a-\o-jn Cl-tem-I-hmkw
shSn-™Xv sNΩm-Wn-tbmSv
]pØ≥]≈n J_¿ÿm-\n-emWv
alms‚ aJmw ÿnXn sNøp-∂-Xv.
2011 P\p-hcn 8,9,10 Xnø-Xn-I-fn¬
aJm-an¬ t\¿®bpw A\p-kva-cW
]cn-]m-SnIfpw \S-°p-Ibm-Wv.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

17

Xplv^Ø
- p¬ apPm-ln-Zo≥

tIcfNcn-{X-Øns‚ I\epw ImXepw
ae-∏pdw IØn 
alvaqZv ]\-ßm-ßc

tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ ]-cn-k-c-ß-fn-¬ Ncn-{Xw ]-Tn-®pXp-S-ßp-∂ G-sXm-cp
hn-Zym-¿-Yn-bpw X-s‚ tI-c-fo-b N-cn{X A-dn-hp-a-fi-e-ß-sf hm-¿-sØSp-°p-∂-Xv ]-Xn-\m-dmw \q-‰m-≠n-¬
hn-c-Nn-X-am-b H-cp Ir-Xn-bp-sS A-SnØ-´n-eq-∂n-bm-Wv. A-[n-\n-th-i hncp-≤ t]m-cm-´-Øn-s‚-bpw ap-kv-enw
cm-jv-{So-b C-S-s]-S-ep-I-fp-sS-bp-sa√mw A-Xn-hn-]p-e X-e-ß-ƒ ]-d-bm\p-s≠-¶n-epw, B-Xy-¥n-I-am-bn tIc-f N-cn-{X-sØ-°p-dn-®v e-`y-am-b
B-Zy-sØ N-cn-{X-c-N-\m {K-Ÿ-sa-∂
\n-e-bn-em-WXv {]-kn-≤w.
"Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥ ^o
_-Av-fn A-Jv-_m-cn-¬ _p-¿-Xp-Km-enøo-≥' F-∂v ]q-¿-W-\m-aw. ssi-Jv
ssk-\p-±o-≥ a-Jv-Zqw B-Wv {K-Ÿ-I¿-Øm-hv˛ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥ C_v\p A-_v-Zn-¬ A-ko-kv C_v-\p
18 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

ssk-\p-±o-≥ C_v-\p A-en C_v-\p
A-lv-a-Zn-¬ a-Av-_-cn. 1583-˛-em-Wv cN-\ ]q-¿-Øn-bm-b-Xv˛]-Xn-\m-dmw \q‰m-≠n-s‚ A-h-km-\ Z-i-I-ß-fn-¬.
tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ B-Zy-sØ e£W-samØ N-cn-{X-{K-Ÿ-am-Wv Xp-lv^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥. A-Xn-\p-apºv ]m-´p-I-fm-bpw sF-Xn-ly-ß-fmbpw ssI-am-dnh-∂n-cp-∂ "tI-c-tfm-¬]-Øn'bpw a-‰p \m-S-≥ A-dn-hp-I-fpam-Wv tI-c-f-sØ-°p-dn-®v D-≠m-bn-cp∂-Xv. \m-e-©v \q-‰m-≠p-I-ƒ I-gns™-¶n-epw C-∂pw h-en-sbm-c-f-hp
h-sc, Xp-lv-^ X-cp-∂ A-dn-hp-I-fmWv tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ ]p-cm-X-\-˛-a-[y-Ime-sØ-°p-dn-®v Im-cy-am-bpw D-≈-Xv.
Xp-lv-^ N-¿-® sN-bv-X `m-K-ß-ƒ Adn-b-s∏-´ N-cn-{X-am-bpw, N-¿-® sNøm-Ø-h "C-cp-f-S-™ A-[ym-b-ß-fmbn' A-dn-b-s∏-Sm-Ø N-cn-{X-am-bpw

C-∂pw ti-jn-°p-∂p. ]p-cm-X-\-Im-esØ "kw-Lw Ir-Xn-I-ƒ'°v ti-jw
tI-c-f-sØ-°p-dn-®v ]-Tn-°m-≥ K-thj-I-¿ F-∂pw B-{i-bn-°m-dp-≈-Xv,
a-[y-Im-e-Øv F-gp-X-s∏-´ Xp-lv-^sb-bm-Wv. A-Xp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂, Xplv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-s\ am-‰n-\n-¿Øn-bp-≈ tI-c-f-N-cn-{X ]-T-\w Zp m-[y-am-Wv.
ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥ a-Jv-Zqw Xplv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥ F-gp-Xn-b
k-µ-¿-`-hpw k-a-b-hpw G-sd {]-kn≤-am-Wv. t]-cp-X-s∂ kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂Xp t]m-se, t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cp-sS
A-[n-\n-th-iw a-e-_m-dn-s\ ]n-Sn-®pIp-ep-°n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ th-f-bn-¬ Ah-¿-s°-Xn-sc ap-kv-enw k-aq-l-sØ
A-Wn-\n-c-Øn bp-≤w sN-øm-≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv Ir-Xn-bp-sS B-Xy¥n-I e-£yw. "hn-ip-≤bp-≤'Øn-\p
th-≠n-bp-≈ hn-fn-bm-f-am-Wv Xp-lv^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥ F-∂ "hn-ip≤ tbm-≤m-°-ƒ-°p-≈ k-Ωm-\w.'
t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv A-[n-\n-th-i-hpw Ah-¿-s°-Xn-sc-bp-≈ t]m-cm-´-hp-am-Wv
Ir-Xn-bp-sS aq-e-hn-j-b-sa-¶n-epw,
tI-c-f-sØ-bpw tI-c-fo-b-cp-sS B-Nmcm-\p-jv-Tm-\ k-{º-Zm-b-ß-sf-bpw apkv-enw B-hn-¿-`m-h N-cn-{X-sØ-bpw
Ip-dn-s®-√mw ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥
hn-i-I-e-\w sN-øp-∂p-≠v.
\m-ep `m-K-ß-fm-bn hn-`-Pn-°-s∏´ Ir-Xn-bn-¬ ]-Xn-t\-gv A-[ym-b-ßfp-≠v. B-ap-J-Øn-¬, t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kpIm-¿ a-e-_m-¿ P-\-X-tbm-Sv sN-øp-∂
{Iq-c-Ir-Xy-ß-fpw A-\o-Xn-I-fpw hn-iZ-am-°p-∂p. k-Xy-Øn-s‚-bpw k-∑m¿-K-Øn-s‚-bpw ]m-X-bn-¬\n-∂v hyXn-N-en-®-Xm-Wv C-Ø-cw ss]-im-NnI-am-b {Iq-c-Ir-Xy-ß-ƒ A-\p-`-hn°m-≥ C-S-h-cp-Øn-b-Xv F-∂m-Wv
ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ ho-£-Ww.
_n-Pm-]q-¿ kp-¬-Øm-\m-b A-en BZn-¬-jm-°v k-a-¿-∏n-°p-∂p A-t±-lw
Cu Ir-Xn. 1557 ap-X-¬ 1580 h-sc `c-Ww \-S-Øn-b A-en B-Zn-¬ jm,
B-Zn-¬ jm `-c-W-Iq-S-Øn-se A©m-a-sØ cm-Pm-hm-bn-cp-∂p. C-dm-\n¬\n-∂pw h-∂ Xn-I-™ in-bm hnizm-kn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂ Cu `-c-W-Iq-SØn-se, {]-K-¬-`-\m-b `-c-Wm-[n-Im-

cn-bm-Wv B-Zn-¬ jm. {]-ap-J kp-∂n]-fin-X-\m-b ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥
a-Jv-Zqw, H-cp in-bm cm-Pm-hn-\v X-s‚
Ir-Xn k-a-¿-∏n-°p-∂-Xpw A-t±-lsØ ap-‡-I-Wv-Tw {]-iw-kn-°p-∂Xpw A-¤p-Xm-h-l-am-sW-∂m-Wv, a{Zm-kv k-¿-h-I-em-im-e-bn-se s{]m^-k-dm-bn-cp-∂ F-kv. ap-l-Ω-Zv lpssk-≥ ss\-\m-¿ 1942˛-¬ tc-J-s∏-SpØn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
Ir-Xn-bp-sS L-S-\-bpw `m-Ko-I-cW-hpw A-[ym-b-ß-fpw B-ap-J-Øn¬ X-s∂ ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥ hn-iZ-am-°p-∂p-≠v. B-Zy-`m-K-Øv "hn-ip-

≤-bp-≤'Øn-s‚ Bh-iy-I-X-sb-°pdn-®v ap-kv-enw-I-sf t_m-[-hm-∑m-cm°p-I-bpw B-h-iy-am-b am-¿-K-\n-¿-t±i-ß-ƒ \-¬-Ip-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p. Jp¿-B-≥ kq-‡-ß-fpw {]-hm-N-I h-N\-ß-fpw ]-fin-X-ho-£-W-ß-fpw D≤-cn-®m-Wv Pn-lm-Zn-s‚ am-lm-flyw
ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥ k-a-¿-Yn-°p-∂Xv. ]-sØm-º-Xmw \q-‰m-≠n-¬ F-gpX-s∏-´ a-ºp-dw X-ß-fp-sS "ssk-^p¬ _-Øm-dpw' k-øn-Zv ^-k-¬ ]qt°m-b X-ß-fp-sS D-±-Øp-¬ D-a-dm-Dw
Xp-lv-^-bp-sS C-tX ssi-en-bm-Wv
]n-¥p-S-¿-∂n-´p-≈-Xv. tI-c-fo-b C-kv-

\m-e-©v \q-‰m-≠p-I-ƒ I-gn-s™-¶n-epw C-∂pw
h-en-sbm-c-f-hp h-sc, Xp-lv-^ X-cp-∂ A-dn-hp-I-fm-Wv
tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ ]p-cm-X-\-˛-a-[y-Im-e-sØ-°p-dn-®v
Im-cy-am-bpw D-≈-Xv. Xp-lv-^ N-¿-® sN-bv-X `m-K-ß-ƒ
A-dn-b-s∏-´ N-cn-{X-am-bpw, N-¿-® sN-øm-Ø-h
"C-cp-f-S-™ A-[ym-b-ß-fm-bn' A-dn-b-s∏-Sm-Ø
N-cn-{X-am-bpw C-∂pw ti-jn-°p-∂p. ]p-cm-X-\-Im-e-sØ
"kw-Lw Ir-Xn-I-ƒ'°v ti-jw tI-c-f-sØ-°p-dn-®v
]-Tn-°m-≥ K-th-j-I-¿ F-∂pw B-{i-bn-°m-dp-≈-Xv,
a-[y-Im-e-Øv F-gp-X-s∏-´ Xp-lv-^-sb-bm-Wv.
A-Xp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂, Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-s\
am-‰n-\n-¿-Øn-bp-≈ tI-c-f-N-cn-{X ]-T-\w Zp- m-[y-am-Wv

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

19

em-an-I c-N-\m-tem-I-Øpw ]-fin-Xtem-I-Øpw ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-s‚
kzm-[o-\w F-{X-tØm-fw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂v \-ap-°v Cu H-scm-‰ k-aoI-c-W-Øn-eq-sS a-\- n-em-°mw.
a-e-_m-dn-se C-kv-em-an-s‚ B-Ka-\-˛-hym-]-\-sØ Ip-dn-®m-Wv c-≠mw
`m-Kw. N-{µ-≥ ]n-f-¿-∂ kw-`-hw I≠ tN-c-am-≥ s]-cp-am-ƒ, kn-tem-Wnte-°v B-Zw a-e k-µ-¿-in-°m-≥
t]m-b A-d-_n kw-Lw, C-kv-emw
kzo-I-cn-°m-≥ a-°-Øv t]m-Ip-∂ cmPm-hv, {]-t_m-[-\m-h-iym-¿-Yw cm-Pmhn-s‚ I-Øp-am-bn F-Øp-∂ am-en-Iv
_v-\p-Zo-\m-dpw kw-L-hpw, tI-c-fØn-s‚ hn-hn-[ `m-K-ß-fn-¬ A-h-¿
\-S-Øn-b bm-{X-I-ƒ, ÿm-]n-® ]≈n-I-ƒ Xp-S-ßn tI-c-f C-kv-em-ans‚ B-hn-¿-`m-h-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´
I-Y-I-sf-√mw ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥
C-hn-sS tN-¿-°p-∂p. ti-jw A-t±lw ]-d-bp-∂p: ""C-sXm-s°-bm-Wv ae-_m-dn-¬ C-kv-emw F-Øn-b-Xn-s‚bpw hym-]n-®-Xn-s‚-bpw N-cn-{Xw. GXp Im-e-Øm-Wv C-Xp kw-`-hn-®-sX∂v D-d-∏n-®p]-d-bm-≥ \-ap-°v bm-sXmcp sX-fn-hp-an-√. ln-Pv-d 200˛em-sW∂m-Wv `q-cn-]-£m-`n-{]m-bw. F-¥mbn-cp-∂m-epw, ta-¬-]-d-™ cm-Pm-hns‚ C-kv-em-an-te-°p-≈ a-X-]-cn-h-¿Ø-\w {]-hm-N-I-s‚ Im-e-Øm-Wv \S-∂-sX-∂m-Wv a-e-_m-¿ ap-kv-enw-Ifp-sS s]m-Xp-hn-izm-kw.'' am-en-Iv-_v-

\p Zo-\m-¿ I-Y-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ a‰p-]-e ssh-cp-[y-ß-fpw ssk-\p-±o-≥
a-Jv-Zqw Xp-S-¿-∂v hy-‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v.
a-e-_m-dn-se `-c-W-hy-h-ÿ-I-sf-°pdn-®m-Wv Cu `m-K-Øn-s‚ A-h-km-\Øn-¬ N-¿-® sN-øp-∂-Xv.
a-e-_m-dn-se ln-µp-°-fp-sS GXm-\pw B-Nm-cm-\p-jv-Tm-\-ß-sf-°p-dn®m-Wv aq-∂mw `m-K-Øv hn-i-Z-am-°p-∂Xv. km-aq-Xn-cn-bp-sS {]-P-I-sf-∂pw
sIm-®n-cm-Pm-hn-s‚ {]-P-I-sf-∂pw a-e_m-dn-se P-\-ß-sf c-≠m-bn X-cwXncn-°p-∂ ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-s‚ \n-co£-W-Øn-¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-¿ a-e-_mdn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn h-cp-∂n-s√-∂p thWw I-cp-Xm-≥. {_m-lv-a-W, \m-b-¿
k-ap-Zm-b-ß-fn-se B-Nm-c-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw A-h-cp-sS a-Xm-\p-jv-Tm-\-ß-sf°p-dn-®pw sN-dn-b tXm-Xn-¬ ssi-Jv
ssk-\p-±o-≥ N-¿-® sN-øp-∂p. ln-µpk-ap-Zm-b-Øn-¬ \n-∂pw ]-e A-\m-Nmc-ß-fpw C-kv-em-an-I k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-te°v I-S-∂p-h-∂-Xv kw-_-‘n-®v h-f-sc
Ku-c-h-tØm-sS-Ø-s∂ hn-i-I-e-\-hnt[-b-am-°p-∂p-≠v. a-e-_m-dn-¬, hn-injym tIm-gn-t°m-´v ap-kv-enw-I-ƒ-°p-≈
i-‡n-sb-°p-dn-®pw kzm-X-{¥y-sØ°p-dn-®p-sa-√mw ssk-\p-±o-≥ a-Jv-Zqw
F-gp-Xp-∂p.
Ir-Xn-bp-sS G-‰-hpw ssZ-¿-Ly-tadn-b \m-emw `m-Kw t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Imcp-sS B-K-a-\w, A-h-¿ a-e-_m-dn-¬
sN-bv-Xp-Iq-´p-∂ {Iq-c-Ir-Xy-ß-ƒ, X-t±-

kv{Xo]p-cpj≥am¿ ]pd-Øp-]-d-bm≥ aSn-°p∂ clky
tcmK-߃, ssewKnI £oWw, _e-°p-dh
- v, hen-∏°
- p-d-hv,
{io{L-kvJ-e-\w, k¥m-\-an-√mbva (-h- ‘yX), kv{XoI-fpsS
sh≈-t]m-°v, saen-®n¬, kvX\-tcm-K-߃, aq{Xm-ib tcmKß-ƒ, aqe-°p-cp, sh≈-∏m- - v, tkmdn-bm-knkv F∂n-hbv°v
^e-{]-Z-amb bq\m\n NnIn-’. 35 h¿jsØNnIn’m ]cn-⁄
ap≈ l°ow sI.-C. C{_m-ln-an s\ t\cn¬ ImWp-I. hntZ-iØ
h¿ tcmK-hn-hcw IØv aptJ\Adn-bn-°p-I. {]h¿Ø\w _
hymgw, sh≈n am{Xw.
Im´p-߬ tImwπ-Ik
v ,v Ppam-ak
- Pv nZ- n\v ap≥hiw,
Du´n tdmUv,

20 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

io-b-¿ {]-tXy-In-®pw ap-kv-enw-I-ƒ
A-h-¿-s°-Xn-sc Xo-¿-°p-∂ {]-Xntcm-[ {]-h-¿-Ø-\-ß-ƒ Xp-S-ßn-bh hn-i-Z-am-bn tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
]-Xn-\m-ev A-[ym-b-ß-fn-em-bn 1498
ap-X-¬ 1580 h-sc-bp-f-f t]m-¿-®p-Kokv A-[n-\n-th-i N-cn-{Xw h-f-sc
hn-]p-e-am-bn F-gp-X-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.
km-aq-Xn-cn cm-Pm-°-∑m-cp-am-bn t]m¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-¿ D-≠m-°n-b A-©p
D-S-º-Sn-I-fpw Hm-tcm A-[ym-b-ß-fnem-bn N-¿-® sN-ø-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. Nmen-bw tIm-´-°v th-≠n-bp-≈ bp-≤hpw A-Xn-¬ t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cpsS Z-b-\o-b-am-b ]-cm-P-b-hpw Xp-S¿-∂p-≈ A-h-cp-sS Zo-\-ÿn-Xn-bpam-Wv Ir-Xn-bp-sS A-h-km-\ A[ym-b-ß-fn-¬.
A-[ym-b-ß-ƒ b-Ym-{I-aw a-e_m-dn-se t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cp-sS
B-K-a-\-hpw Zp-jv-sN-bv-Xn-I-fpw,
t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cp-sS G-Xm-\pw
{Iq-c-Ir-Xy-ß-ƒ, km-aq-Xn-cn-˛-t]m-¿®p-Ko-kv D-S-º-Sn-bpw tIm-gn-t°m-s´
t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv tIm-´ \n-¿-am-W-hpw,
km-aq-Xn-cn-am-cpw t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Imcpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ ssh-cm-Ky-hpw tImgn-t°m-Sv tIm-´ ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°-epw, c≠mw km-aq-Xn-cn-˛ t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv DS-º-Sn-bpw Nm-en-b-sØ t]m-¿-®p-Kokv tIm-´ \n-¿-am-W-hpw, aq-∂mw
km-aq-Xn-cn-˛-t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv D-S-º-Sn,
kp-¬-Øm-≥ _-l-Zq-¿-jm-bpw t]m¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ k-am[m-\m-¥-co-£-Øn-s‚ hn-cm-aw, kpsse-am-≥ _m-j-bp-sS Zn-bp k-µ-¿i-\w, \m-emw km-aq-Xn-cn-˛-t]m-¿-®pKo-kv D-S-º-Sn, km-aq-Xn-cn-bpw t]m¿-®p-Ko-kpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ i-{Xp-X,
A-©mw km-aq-Xn-cn-˛-t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv
D-S-º-Sn, km-aq-Xn-cn-˛ t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv
ssh-cm-Ky-Øn-s‚ Im-c-Ww, Nm-enbw tIm-´-bp-sS ]-X-\-Øn-te-°v \bn-® bp-≤w, Nm-en-bw tIm-´ \-jv-Ss∏-´-Xn-\p ti-j-ap-≈ t]m-¿-®p-Kokp-Im-cp-sS A-h-ÿ F-∂n-h-bmWv.
tI-c-f a-[y-Im-e N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚
Cu-Sp-‰ ]-I-¿-Øn-sb-gp-Øm-b Xplv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥, A-Xn-s‚
]-e X-e-ß-fn-eq-sS C-∂pw G-sd
N-¿-® sN-ø-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.

h-f-sc kw-£n-]v-X-sa-¶n-epw A-Xns‚ D-≈-S-°-hn-h-cw \-ap-°v Z-£ntW-¥y-bp-sS `q-an-im-kv-{X-sØ°pdn-®pw t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-cp-sS C¥y-bn-se B-Zy-Im-e-ß-sf-°p-dn-®pw
hy-‡-am-b A-dn-hv X-cp-∂p. a-e-_mdn-¬ A-h-¿ sN-bv-XpIq-´n-b Ir-Xyß-fp-sS b-Ym-¿-Y Nn-{Xw ]-d-™p-Xcp-∂p "Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥'
F-∂m-Wv 1942˛-¬, Xp-lv-^-°v Cw-•ojv ]-cn-`m-j X-øm-dm-°n-b F-kv. apl-Ω-Zv lp-ssk-≥ ss\-\m-¿ F-gp-Xnb-Xv. Hm-Iv-kv-t^m-¿-Uv bq-Wn-th-gv-kn‰n-bn-se s{]m-^-k-¿ k-Rv-P-bv kp{_lva-Wyw "F-Iv-kv-sπm-td-j-≥-kv
C-≥ I-W-Iv-‰-Uv ln-Ã-dn' F-∂ Xs‚ Ir-Xn-bn-epw Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬ apPm-ln-Zo-s\-°p-dn-®v N-¿-® sN-øp-∂p≠v.
km-ap-Zm-bn-I ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn-s‚
N-cn-{X-km-£y-am-Wv ssi-Jv ssk\p-±o-≥ a-Jv-Zq-an-s‚ Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬
ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥ F-∂m-Wv s{]m-^.
Fw.Pn.F-kv \m-cm-b-W-≥ Xp-lv-^sb-°p-dn-®v ]-d-bp-∂-Xv. am-\-hn-I-X°pw km-ap-Zm-bn-I -ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn\pw th-≠n \n-e-sIm-≠ ssi-Jv
ssk-\p-±o-≥, ]-{¥-≠mw \q-‰m-≠pap-X-¬ tI-c-f-Øn-¬ \n-e-\n-∂n-cp-∂
a-X-ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn-s‚ t\-¿-®n-{X-amWv Xp-lv-^-bn-eq-sS h-c-®n-Sp-∂-sX∂v A-t±-lw \n-co-£n-°p-∂p.
tUm. sI.sI.F-≥. Ip-dp-∏v ASn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂-Xv, Xp-lv-^-Xp-¬ ap-Pmln-Zo-\n-eq-sS ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥
t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-¿-s°-Xn-sc sI-´n-∏Sp-°m-≥ {i-an-® C-kv-em-an-I cm-Pyß-fp-sS {]-Xn-tcm-[ \n-c-°p-th-≠nbp-≈ {i-a-am-Wv: Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-se-bpw
Kp-P-dm-Øn-se-bpw _n-Pm-]q-cn-sebpw kp-¬-Øm-∑m-sc tIm-gn-t°m-s´
km-aq-Xn-cn-s°m-∏w H-‰-s°-´m-bn \n-¿Øn t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kp-Im-¿-s°-Xn-sc apkv-enw cm-Pm-°-∑m-cp-sS H-cp tIm-¨s^-U-d-kn kr-jv-Sn-°m-\m-bn-cp-∂p
ssk-\p-±o-s‚ {i-a-sa-∂v I-cp-X-s∏-Sp∂p. H-cp N-cn-{X-Im-c-s\-∂ \n-e-bnepw C-kv-em-an-s‚ kw-c-£-I-s\-∂
\n-e-bn-ep-ap-≈ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ \-bX{¥-]-c-am-b ÿm-\-am-Wv, Im-e-ßtfm-fw \o-≠p-\n-∂ Ip-™m-en a-c-

km-ap-Zm-bn-I ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn-s‚ N-cn-{X-km-£y-am-Wv
ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥ a-Jv-Zq-an-s‚ Xp-lv-^-Øp-¬
ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥ F-∂m-Wv s{]m-^. Fw.Pn.F-kv
\m-cm-b-W-≥ Xp-lv-^-sb-°p-dn-®v ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.
am-\-hn-I-X-°pw km-ap-Zm-bn-I -ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn-\pw
th-≠n \n-e-sIm-≠ ssi-Jv ssk-\p-±o-≥, ]-{¥-≠mw
\q-‰m-≠p- ap-X-¬ tI-c-f-Øn-¬ \n-e-\n-∂n-cp-∂
a-X-ku-lm-¿-Z-Øn-s‚ t\-¿-®n-{X-am-Wv Xp-lv-^-bn-eq-sS
h-c-®n-Sp-∂-sX-∂v A-t±-lw \n-co-£n-°p-∂p
°m-¿-am-cp-sS t]m-cm-´-ß-ƒ-°v I-cpØv ]-I-¿-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. "B-tKm-f ap-kvenw k-aq-l-Øn-\p X-s∂ A-`n-am-\hpw {]m-[m-\y-hpw {]-Zm-\wsN-øp-∂Xm-Wv Xp-lv-^-Xp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-≥'
F-∂v tUm. F.sF. hn-em-b-Øp-√
\n-co-£n-°p-∂p. "ku-Øv G-jy-≥
C-kv-em-an-s‚ N-cn-{Xk-©m-c-ß-sf°p-dn-®v K-th-j-Ww sN-øp-∂ B-¿°pw H-gn-®p-Iq-Sm-\m-Im-Ø {K-Ÿ-amWv C-sX-∂v' km-£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂
tbm-Ko-¥-¿ kn-°-¥v, Xp-lv-^-Xp-¬
ap-Pm-lnZo-s\ k-aI
- m-eo-\ km-{am-PyXz-t]m-cm-´ß
- f
- p-sS ]-›m-Øe
- Ø
- n-¬
{]-Xn-jTv- n-°p-∂p-≠v.
\n-c-h-[n `m-j-I-fn-te-°v hn-h-¿Ø-\w sN-ø-s∏-´ Xp-lv-^Ø
- p-¬ apPm-ln-Zo-\v 1833˛em-Wv B-Zy-am-bn Cw-

•o-jn-¬ `m-jm-¥c- a- p-≠m-Ip-∂X
- v.
Fw.sP. tdm-f-≠v-k-s‚ Cu ]-cn-`m-j
e-≠\
- n-se tdm-b¬
- {Sm-≥k
- vt- e-j≥
^-≠v Hm-^v t{K-‰v {_n-´-¨ B-‚ v Ab-¿-e-‚ n-\p th-≠n sP.F-¬. tIm-Ivkv B-‚ v k-¨ B-Wv {]-kn-≤o-I-cn®-Xv. 1899˛¬ tU-hn-Uv tem-]-kpw
1942˛-¬ lp-ssk-≥ ss\-\m-dpw Xp-lv^-Øp-¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-\v ho-≠pw Cw-•ojv ]-cn-`m-jI
- ƒ
- X-øm-dm-°p-Ib
- p-≠mbn. t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kn-ep-≈ Xp-lv-^-bpsS ]-cn-`m-j, t]m-¿-®p-Ko-kv A-[n-\nth-i Im-e-Øp-X-s∂ {]-Nm-c-Øn-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂p. a-e-bm-f-Øn-¬ aq-∂p ]cn-`m-jI
- f
- m-Wv Xp-lv^
- Øp-¬ ap-Pmln-Zo-\p-≈-Xv: th-em-bp-[-≥ ]-Wn-°t»-cn, s\-√n-°p-Øv ap-l-Ω-Z-en ap-kven-bm-¿, kn. lw-k km-ln-_v F-∂nh-cp-sS ]-cn-`m-j-I-ƒ.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

21

PÃnkv apl-ΩZv XJn Dkvam-\n-bpsS

Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ˛]Xns\m∂v

Jmkn Cbm-fn(d)s‚
_p≤ni‡n
Jmkn Cbm-fn(d)s‚ _p≤n
i‡n hfsc {]kn≤-am-Wv. CXp
kw_-‘-ambn ]e kw`-h-ßfpw
ImWmw. Hcmƒ Jmkn Cbmfn(d)s‚ ASØp h∂v ]d™p:
""Rm≥ Ipd®v ]Ww Hcmƒ°v
kq£n-°m≥ sImSp-Øn-cp-∂p.
Ct∏mƒ AXv Xncn-®m-h-iy-s∏-Sptºmƒ Abmƒ Fs∂ ]cn-l-kn°p-∂p.'' Jmkn {]Xnsb hnfn®p
tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw
Xs‚ ]°¬ hmZn H∂pw G¬∏n®n-´n-s√∂pw ]d-™p. Jmkn hmZntbmSv tNmZn®p: ""Xm¶ƒ Cu ]Ww
FhnsS h®mWv Cbmƒ°v ssIamdn-bXv?''
hmZn: ""Im´n¬ Hcn-SØv h®.v''

22 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

Jmkn: ""AhnsS h√ AS-bm-fhp-apt≠m?''
hmZn: ""D≠v; Hcp ac-amWv,
AXn\v Nph-´n¬ h®mWv Rm≥
]W-a-bmƒ°v ssIam-dn-b-Xv.''
Jmkn: ""icn, F∂m¬ B acØns‚ Nph-´n¬ t]mbn t\m°q!
AhnsS Xm¶ƒ Ipgn-®n´n´v ad∂p
t]mb-Xm-bn-cn°mw.''
hmZn t]mb tijw {]Xn-tbmSv
Jmkn ]d™p: ""At±lw hcp∂Xv hsc \o ChnsS Ccn-°p-I.''
Jmkn a‰p tIkp-I-fn¬ Xocpam-\-sa-Sp-°m≥ t]mbn. A¬]w
Ign™v Jmkn(-d) s]Sp-∂s\
{]Xn-tbmSv tNmZn®p: ""F¥m,
Abmƒ B ac-Øns‚ ASp-Øv

FØn-bn-´p-≠m-Iptam?''
""C√, Ct∏mƒ FØn-bn-´p-≠mhn√''˛{]-Xn-bpsS adp-]Snbpw s]s´∂m-bn-cp-∂p.
AtXmsS Jmkn I≈s\
Is≠-Øn. Abmƒ°v B acw ]cnN-b-ap-s≠∂p hy‡-am-bn. AXn∂¿∞w AhnsS h®v Abmƒ hmZnbp-ambn Ft¥m Hcp CS-]mSv \SØn-sb-∂m-Wv. HSp-hn¬ sX‰p kΩXn-t°≠nh∂p.
as‰mcp kw`hw IqSn-bp-≠v.
CtX ]cm-Xn-bp-ambn Xs‚-b-Sp-°¬
h∂ Hcm-tfmSv Jmkn ]d-™p:
""Ct∏mƒ \n߃ t]mbn-s°m-≈q.
\n߃ ChnsS h∂p ]d-™Xv
{]Xn Adn-b-cpXv. c≠p Znhkw
Ign™v ChnsS Xncn®phcp-I.''
Abmƒ ÿewhn´t∏mƒ
{]Xnsb hnfn®v At±lw ]d™p:
""Fs‚-b-SpØv [mcmfw ]Ww h∂n´p-≠v. \nß-fpsS hoSv kpc-£n-X-amsW-¶n¬ AXhnsS kq£n-®p-h-°Ww.''
{]Xn: ""AsX, Fs‚ hoSv
]q¿Æ kpc-£n-X-amWv.''
Jmkn: ""icn, F∂m¬ \n߃
AXn-\p≈ ÿew k÷o-I-cn®p
h°pI.''
{]Xn hfsc kt¥m-j-tØmsS
ho´n-te°v t]mbn. tijw ]cm-Xn°m-c≥ h∂p. At±-l-tØmSv
Jmkn ]d™p: ""C\n \nß-fpsS
kplr-Øn-s‚-b-Sp-°¬ sN∂v
]Ww tNmZn-°pI. Xcp-∂p-sh-¶n¬
{]iv\-an-√. Cs√-¶n¬ ]Ww
Xncn®pXc-W-sa∂pw XcmØ
]£w Jmkn-tbmSv ]cmXn ]d-bpsa∂pw ]d-bpI.''
Abmƒ kplr-Øns‚bSp-°¬
t]mbn. Jmkn(d) ]d™ {]Imcw
Bh-iy-s∏-´p. kplrØv ]Ww
Xncn®p \¬In. ]n∂oSv Abmƒ
Jmkn-bpsS ASp-°¬ h∂-t∏mƒ
At±lw Abmsf iIm-cn-°p-Ibpw
am∏p sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. (AXzp-dp-Jp¬ lnI-anø nbm-kn-ø,
C_v\p Jønw t]Pv: 22,23˛A¬
CØn-lmZv {] v, Za-kvIkv. ln.
1375)
C_vdm-lo-ap_v\p a¿kqJv

_kzco ]d-bp∂p:
"" Jmkn Cbm-fv(-d) Jmkn-bm-Ip∂-Xn\p apºm-Wv. R߃ At±-lØns‚ apºn¬ Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
Hcmƒ h∂v apºn-ep-ff Db¿∂
ÿe-Øn-cp∂v hgn-bm-{X-°msc
ho£n®psIm≠n-cp-∂p. A¬]w
Ign-™-t∏mƒ Abmƒ AhnsS
\n∂v Fgp-t∂‰v Hcp hgn-bm-{X-°mcs‚ ]n∂mse IqSn apJw t\m°n
Xncn®p h∂p AtX ÿeØv
Xs∂ Ccn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. At±lsØ t\m°n Cbm-fv(-d) tNmZn®p:
""]d-bq, At±-l-Øn\v F¥mWv
th≠Xv?''
""Xm¶ƒ Xs∂ ]d™mepw''˛F√m-hcpw adp-]Sn
]d™.
Cbmfv: ""At±lw A[ym-]-I-\mWv. At±-l-Øns‚ H‰ IÆp≈
Hcp `rXys\ ImWm-Xm-bn-´p-≠v.
Ahs\ Xnc-bp-I-bm-Wv.''
DSs\ Rß-fn¬\n∂v Hcmƒ

B hy‡n-bpsS ASp-°¬ sN∂v
tNmZn®p: ""Xm¶ƒ F¥mWv At\zjn-°p-∂-Xv.''
At±lw: ""Fs‚ Hcp `rXys\
ImWm-\n-√. Ahs\ At\z-jn-°pI-bm-Wv.''
sN∂-bmƒ: ""`rXy≥ Fß-s\bp-≈b
- m-fmWv?''
At±lw: (]-e- hn-ti-j-Wßfpw ]d™ tijw) ""Ah\v Hcp
IÆn-√.''
sN∂bmƒ: ""\n߃°v
F¥mWv tPmen?''
At±lw: ""Ip´n-Isf ]Tn-∏n-°pI-bm-Wv.''
A¤pXkvX_v≤-cmbn R߃
Cbm-fn-t\mSv tNmZn®p: ""CsX√mw
Xm¶ƒ°v Fßs\bmWv Adn-bm≥
Ign-™Xv?''
Jmkn(d) ]d™p: ""At±lw
ChnsS hcp-tºmtg Rm≥ At±lsØ {i≤n-°p-∂p-≠v. X\n°v
Ccn-°m≥ A\p-tbm-Py-amb HcnSw

Btcm-SmWv CXp tNmZn-®-sX∂v Nn¥n®pt\m°q?
]cn-ip≤ {]hm-N-I-tcm-Sv. amem-J -t]mepw Xß-fpsS
]cn-]m-h-\-X-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬ apºn¬ hcn-√.
tNmZn-®tXm, A{X \nkmc sX‰p-a-√-˛hy`n-Nm-cw.
am\y≥ \mhn¬ Cu hm°v hcp-∂Xp t]mepw
\mWn-°pw. as‰mcmtfmSmWv CXp- ]-d-™-sX-¶n¬
]d-™-bmsf X≈n-∏p-d-Øm-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂
kZ-ky¿ Cu bphmthmSv tIm]n-®p

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

23

At±lw sXc-bp-∂Xv Rm≥ I≠p.
Ah-km\w ChnsS G‰hpw Db¿∂
ÿe-amWv At±lw sXc-s™-SpØ-Xv. Rm≥ At±-lsØ B]m-ZNqVw t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ Hcp cmP
IpSpw-_-Ønse AwK-a-s√∂v a\ n-em-bn. F\n°v t_m[y-am-bXv
cmPm-°∑
- msc t]mse Ccn-°m≥
Xm¬]-cy-s∏-Sp-∂b
- m-fmWv At±-lsa∂mWv. Aßs\ Nn¥n-®-t∏mƒ
Ip´n-Isf ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ A[ym-]-IcmWv Cu kz`m-h-°m-sc∂v a\- nem-bn. AXpsIm≠v At±lw Hcp
A[ym-]-I-\m-sW∂v F\n°v ]nSn-In´n.
""-]n-s∂, `rXys‚
IYtbm?''˛R߃ tNmZn®p:
""Cu kml-Nc- y-Øn¬ Abmƒ
Hcp ItÆ km[m-cW hgn-bm-{X-°mcs‚ apJw t\m°n t]m∂n-cp-∂p.
B bm{X°m-c\v Hcp D≠m-bn-cp-∂p≈q. AXn-\m¬ Abmƒ Xs‚
`rXys\ At\z-jn-°p-Ib
- m-sW∂pw
`rXy≥ H‰-°Æ
- \
- m-sW∂pw F\n°v
t_m[y-am-bn.

ck-I-c-amb ]cmXn
bp‡-amb ]cn-lmcw
Camw iAv_o(-d) ]d-bp∂p:
""Hcn-°¬ Da¿(-d)s‚ k∂n-[n-bn¬
Hcp kv{Xo h∂p- ]-d™p: ""Aaotd, Fs‚ `¿Øm-hn-s\-t∏mse
\√ Hcmƒ temIØv Hcp]t£,
thsd-bp-≠m-In-√; At±lw ]I¬
apgp-h≥ t\mºpw cm{Xn apgp-h≥
\nkvIm-chpw \n¿h-ln-°p∂p.''
C{Xbpw ]d™v kv{Xo \n»–-bm-

bn. Da¿(-d)\v kv{Xo ]d-™-Xns‚
\nP-ÿnXn a\- n-em-bn-√.
At±lw ]d™p: ""A√m-lp
\nßsf A\p-{K-ln-°-s´,
\n߃°v s]mdpØv Xc-s´. \√
kv{XoIƒ Xß-fpsS `¿Øm-°∑msc Ipdn®v Cßs\ Xs∂bmWv ]pIgvØn∏d-bp-I.''
CXp tI´ kv{Xo H∂p
kvXw`n®p\n∂p. Fgp-t∂‰p aSßn-t∏m-hm-s\m-cp-ßn. ASpØv
IAv_v_v\p knhm¿(-d) D≠m-bncp-∂p. Xncn®pt]mIm-s\m-cp-ßp∂
kv{Xosb I≠ At±lw Da¿(-d)t\mSv ]d™p: ""Aaosd,
Xm¶ƒ°v Ah¿ ]d-™Xv a\- nem-bn-´n-√. Ah¿ Xs‚ `¿Ømhns\ ]pI-gvØn-b-X-√, ]cmXn
]d-™-Xm-Wv. Ah-cpsS `¿Ømhv
Bcm-[\mX¬]-c-\mbn Xs‚
_m[y-X-Iƒ \n¿h-ln-°p-∂n-s√∂mWv ]d-™Xv?''
""AXv icn, AXmtWm Imcyw,
Ahsc hnfn-°q.'' Da¿(-d)
B⁄m-]n-®p.
Ah¿ Xncn®ph∂p. At\z-jW-Øn¬ IAv_v(d) ]d-™Xp
Xs∂-bmWv Imcy-sa-∂v t_m[y-ambn. AXn-\m¬ IAv_nt\mSv
Xs∂ Hcp Xocp-am\w ]d-bm≥
Da¿(-d) Bh-iy-s∏-´p. IAv_v(-d)
]d™p: ""t\Xmth, \n߃
D≠m-bn-cns° Rm≥ Fßs\
Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°m-\mWv?''
""\n߃°mWv Ah-cpsS
]cmXn a\- n-em-b-Xv. AXn-\m¬

^e-{]-Za
- mb NnIn’
i‡n-°p-d-hv, {io{L-kvJ-e-\w, kz]v\-kvJ-e-\w,
a‰p ssewKnI tcmK-߃, kv{XoIƒ°p-≠m-Ip∂
sh≈-t]m-°v, aq{Xm-ibtcmK-߃, N¿Ω-tcm-K-߃,
aqe-°pcp F∂n-h°v ^e-{]-Z-amb NnIn-’.
^nkn-jy≥: Fw
Fw.-.-B¿. IrjvW≥

R.K .¢n\n- ° v
dqw \º¿ ˛3, a\gn _kv v, tlmkv]n-‰¬ tdmUv,

s]cn-¥¬aÆ. Mob: 9447769061
(sshZy-cXv\ {]` GP≥kn)

24 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

kabw 9.30 apX¬ 6.30 hsc

\n߃ Xs∂ AXv ]cn-l-cn®p
sImSp-°pI''˛D-a¿(d) ]d-™p.
IAv_v(-d) ]d-™p: ""hnizm-kn-IfpsS t\Xmth, Gdn-h-∂m¬ \mep
kv{XoIsf hnhmlw Ign-°m-\p≈
A\p-aXn Hmtcm ]pcp-j\pw
A√mlp \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. Bsc-¶nepw
Cu A\p-aXn{]Imcw \mep t]sc
I√ymWw Ign-®m¬ \mep Zn\-cm-{Xß-fn¬ H∂v Hcp `mcy°v Ah-Im-is∏-´-Xm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Ah-cpsS
`¿Ømhv aq∂p Znhkw Bcm-[-\bn¬ apgp-Im\pw \memw \mƒ \n¿_‘-ambpw Xs‚ `mcy-tbm-sSm∏w Ignbm\pw Xm¶ƒ I¬]\ sImSp°pI.''
IAv_ns‚ Xocp-am\w tI´-bpSs\ Da¿(-d) Fgp-t∂‰v \n∂p ]d™p: ""Cu Xocp-am\w Xm¶-fpsS
BZysØ {KlW i‡n-sb-°mƒ
A¤p-X-Icw Xs∂.'' ]n∂oSv
IAv_n(-d)s\ Da¿ _kz-d-bpsS
Jmkn-bmbn Ah-tcm-[n®p. (-A¬
CkvXo-B-_v..., C_v\p A–p¬
_¿dv/286/3. apkvX^ apl-ΩZv {] v
˛Cu-Pn]vXv: ln. 1358)

hy`n-N-cn-°m≥
A\p-h-Zn-°Ww
{]t_m-[\ cwKØv bp‡nbpw
_p≤nbpw Bh-iy-am-Wv. ]t£,
kwi-b-tcm-K-ap≈ Nne Bfp-I-fp-≠mhpw. Ahsc NnIn-’n-°p-∂Xv `mcn®
NpaX-e-bm-Wv. kXy-{]-t_m-[-I\v
ChnsS AXy-[nIw £abpw kl-\-Xbpw hm’-ey-tØmsS-bp≈
kwt_m-[\ Ignhpw bp‡nbpw
_p≤n-bpw Imcy-߃ lrZ-b-Øn¬
k∂n-th-jn-∏n-°m-\p≈{X
Kmw`ocyhpw AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. {]hmN-I≥ kwib-tcm-Kn-Isf Fß-s\bmWv ssIImcyw sNbvX-sX∂v
hy‡-am-°p∂ Hcp lZokv C∂v
Fs‚ {i≤-bn¬s∏-´p.
A_q Dam-a-bpsS \nth-Z-\w,
Jpssd-in-bmb Hcp bphmhv \_nbpsS NmcØv h∂p hnNn-{X-amb
Imcyw tNmZn-®p: {]hm-N-I-tc,
F\n°v hy`n-N-cn-°m≥ A\p-aXn XcWw.''
Btcm-SmWv CXp tNmZn-®-sX∂v
Nn¥n®pt\m°q? ]cn-ip≤ {]hm-N-Itcm-Sv. amem-J -t]mepw Xß-fpsS ]cn-

]m-h-\-X-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬ apºn¬
hcn-√. tNmZn-®tXm, A{X \nkmc
sX‰p-a-√-˛hy`n-Nm-cw. am\y≥
\mhn¬ Cu hm°v hcp-∂Xp
t]mepw \mWn-°pw. as‰mcmtfmSmWv
CXp- ]-d-™-sX-¶n¬ ]d-™-bmsf
X≈n-∏p-d-Øm-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v
Xs∂ kZ-ky¿ Cu bphmthmSv
tIm]n-®p. Abmsf iIm-cn®p `bs∏-Sp-Øn. ]t£, A\p-{K-ln-bmb
{]hm-N-I≥ Ahsc kam-[m-\-s∏-SpØn. Abmƒ i{Xp-Xtbm FXn¿t∏m
H∂pw sIm≠-√; {]XypX kwi-btcm-Kn-bm-bXpsIm≠m-sW∂pw
Ah≥ hm’-eyhpw kvt\lhpw
B{K-ln-°p-∂p-sh∂pw \_n(-k)
Ahsc [cn-∏n-®p. \_n AbmtfmSv
]d™p: Fs‚ ASpØv hcq.
ASpØv h∂ Abm-tfmSv \_n(-k)
tNmZn-®p: ""CXv \nß-fpsS DΩ-tbmSm-sW-¶n¬ \n߃°Xv C„-s∏Sptam?''
bphmhv: ""C√, Hcn-°-ep-an√''
\_n: ""\obpw a‰p Bfp-Ifpw
AXv Xß-fpsS DΩ-tbmSv C„-s∏-Sp∂n-√. \ns‚ aI-tfm-Sm-sW-¶ntem?''
bphmhv: ""C√ {]hm-N-I-tc,
kXy-ambpw C√.''
\_n: ""\ns‚ ktlm-Z-cn-sb-bmsW-¶ntem?''
bphmhv: ""C√ ssZh-Zq-X-tc,
kXy-ambpw C√.''
\_n: ""Bcpw Xs‚ ktlm-Zcnsb Aßs\ sNøm-\n-„-s∏-Sp-∂n√. \nß-fpsS AΩm-bn-tbm-Sm-sW¶ntem?''
bphmhv: ""C√, \_n-tb, kXyambpw.''
\_n: ""AsX, Bcpw AXv
AΩm-bn-tbmSv B{K-ln-°p-∂n-√.''
C{Xbpw ]d™v {]hm-N-I≥
Xs‚ hm’-ey-Icw bphm-hns‚
ta¬ h®p ]d™p: ""A√m-lp-th!
Cbm-fpsS lrZ-bsØ ]hn-{X-am°q''
CXn-\p-tijw bphmhv hfsc
\∂m-sb∂pw Hcp `mK-tØ°pw
Xncn™pt\m°pI t]mepw sNøm-dns√∂pw Dam-a(-d) ]d-bp-∂p. Cu
\nth-Z\]c-ºc {]_-e-am-sW∂v
Camw ssli-ao(-d) ]d-bp-∂p-≠v.
(a-Pva-D- hm-CZv. 129/11 Zmdp¬
InXm-_v-˛-ss_-dqØv 1967)

IhnX 
A_q aniv-A¬ sshe-Øq¿

Xu_
a\ v aqSn-sh-®Xv
]pd-sØ-SpØv IÆocp tN¿Øp...
Xe I\-ØXv
Cd°n kpPq-Zn¬ sh®p...
ssI ]Ip-ØXv
hnS¿Øn ZpB-bn¬ \o´n...
Iøpw Imepw IÆpw aq°pw
\ncØnsh®v ClvXn-km_v sNbvXp...
Ad-^-bn¬ \n∂p≈ Im¬∏mSv
am™v XpS-ßp-∂p..
]nd∂phoW Ip™ns‚
J¬_v D≈n¬ ]nS-°p-∂p...
C\n
NpaSpw `mfihpw
kq£va-ambn \nd-°Ww
kz^ Xncn®p hnfn-®n-s√-¶n-tem...!

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

25

{]kn-≤-amb "D°mf' N¥-bpsS amXr-Im-cq-]hpw
D°m-f-bpsS C∂sØ t^mt´mbpw ]pkvX-I-Øn¬
\¬In-bn-´p-≠v. Pmln-enøm ImesØ Atd-_y≥
D]-Zzo-]ns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq]w IrXy-ambn
hnh-cn-°p-∂p-≠v

AXzv
AXv ekpko-dØ
- p-∂_
- h
- nø
hmb\ 
]n apl-ΩZv dlvam\n at©cn

hmb-\-bn¬ hyXykvX A\p-`hw
\¬Ip-∂-XmWv tUm.- iuJo A_q
Jeo¬ cNn® "AXzvekp- o-d-Øp∂-_-hnø' F∂ Ncn{X{KŸw.
Ncn{X]›m-Ø-e-ßsf AS-bm-f-s∏Sp-Øp∂ `q]-S-ßfpw Nn{X-ßfpw
IrXn-bpsS am‰p Iq´p-∂p.
iuJnbpsS Xs∂ as‰mcp
{KŸ-amb "AXzve p¬ Jp¿B\pw' Kl-\-amb ]T-\-am-Wv.
c≠pw Ncn{XhnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw
]fin-X≥am¿°pw Gsd D]-Imc
{]Zhpw ÿe-˛-Ime kw`-h-ßsf
Ipdn-®p≈ hni-Z-amb Ah-X-cWhpw DƒsIm-≈p-∂-Xp-am-Wv.
"AXzvekp- o-d-Øn-∂-_-hnø'
{]hm-NI Ncn{X`qan-I-bpsS hni-ZoI-c-W-am-sW-¶n¬ "AXzve p¬
Jp¿-B≥' InS-b‰ Jp¿-B≥ ]T-\26 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

am-Wv.
{]hm-N-I-cpsS ]nXr-˛-am-Xr- -]-cº-c-Ifpw k¥m-\-]-c-º-c-Ifpw hnhcn-°p-∂-Xn\v tUm. iuJo kzoIcn® ssien B›-cy-I-c-am-Wv.
{]hm-NI IpSpw-_sØ ]qØp
\n¬°p∂ ac-tØmSp]-an®v Nn√-Ifn¬ t]cp tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb Ah-XcWcoXn hyXykvXX ]pe¿Øp∂p.
"AXzvekp- o-d-Øn-∂-_-hnø'
bpsS Ah-km\ `mK-sa-Øp-tºmtg°pw 160˛¬ ]cw `q]-S-ßfpw
Nn{X-ßfpw A\p-_-‘-tc-J-Ifpw
IS-∂p-h-cp-∂p. hnhcWw {lkzhpw
F∂m¬ ka-{Khpw kc-f-hp-am-Wv.
Ncn-{X-hn-h-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw ]T-\m-hX-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw kml-N-cy-Øn¬
s]mXp-sh-bp-≠m-Ip∂ aSp-∏n¬

\n∂pw hmb-\-°m-c\v D≥taiw
\¬Ip-∂-h-bm-Wv AXzve nse
IrXy-amb `q]-S-߃.
{KŸ-Øns‚ Ah-km\
`mKØv A\p-_‘ hnh-c-W-amWv
\¬In-bn-´p-≈-Xv. "IAv_'sb
Ipdn®p≈ hni-Z-amb N¿®-bmWv
Cu `mK-Øv. IAv_bpsS IrXyamb \ofhpw hoXnbpw Ncn{X
\mƒh-gn-Iƒ°-\p-k-cn-®p-h∂ am‰ßfpw hy‡-ambn AS-bm-f-s∏-SpØp∂ πm\p-Ifpw Nn{X-ßfpw Cu
`mK-Øp-≠v. IAv_bn¬ \n∂v
aoJm-Øp-I-fn-te-°p≈ Zqchpw
IAv_ hnI-k-\w, AXp-ambn
_‘-s∏´ hy‡n-Iƒ F∂n-hsc
Ipdn-s®ms° AXn¬ hnh-cn-°p-∂p≠v.
k^m a¿∆m t]m°p-h-c-hp-Iƒ
{]tXyIw AS-bm-f-s∏-SpØn
AXns‚ ]m¿i-ß-fnse Ihm-S-߃
hsc tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb tcJm-Nn{Xhpw Cu `mK-Øp-≠v. Atd-_y≥
D]-`q-J-fi-Øns‚ hnkvXo¿Whpw
Np‰-fhpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ am∏n¬
\n∂mWv Bcw-`w. c≠mw A[ymbØn¬ \_n-bpsS ]nXm-a-l-\mb
C_vdmlow \_nsb ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØp-Ibpw At±-l-Øns‚ {]t_m[\ am¿K-߃ AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-ØpIbpw sNøp-∂p.
Ncn-{X-Øn¬ tI´p-tIƒhn am{Xap≈ kphm-Av, emØ XpS-ßnb
_nw_-aq¿Øn-I-f-S°w Jp¿-B≥
t]sc-SpØp ]d-™Xpw A√m-ØXp-amb 14 _nw_-߃ ÿnXn
sNbvXn-cp∂ ÿe-ßfpw {]tZ-ißfpw IrXy-ambn AS-bm-f-s∏-SpØnb `q]Sw Ncn-{Xm-t\z-j-I¿°v
D]-Im-c-s∏-Spw.
{]kn-≤-amb "D°mf' N¥-bpsS
amXr-Im-cq-]hpw D°m-f-bpsS
C∂sØ t^mt´mbpw ]pkvX-IØn¬ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. Pmln-enøm
ImesØ Atd-_y≥ D]-Zzo-]ns‚
]q¿Æ-cq]w IrXy-ambn hnh-cn-°p∂p-≠v. a‰p IrXn-Isft∏mse
tIhe ÿe-a-S-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Ø-en¬
HXp-ßp-∂-X√ Cu Nn{Xw. A°meØv Pohn-®n-cp∂ {Inkv-Xym-\nIƒ, PqX¿, aPq-kn-Iƒ, _nw_m-cm[-I¿ F∂n-h-c-psS hmk-ÿ-e-

AXzvekp- o-d-Øp-∂-_-hnø'bpsS
D¿Zp th¿j≥

am{Xw aXn C{XbpwImew ]ecpw
[cn-®p-h-®n-cp∂ sX‰mb t_m[w
Xncp-Øn-hm-bn-°m≥. ]e-t∏mgpw
\mw ImWp∂ "DlvZv aebpw "P_ep-dp-amØpw' IrXyambn AS-bm-fs∏-Sp-Øp-∂-tXm-sSm∏w Jmen-Zv(-d)
Aº-bvØp-Im-cpsS ASp-°-te°v
Ibdn-h∂ hgnbpw C∂sØ
DlvZv `qanbpw P_-ep-dp-amØpw
thdn´p thdn´p AS-bm-f-s∏-SpØn
]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
IrXn-bpsS B[n-Im-cn-IX
t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Nne DZm-l-cW-߃ am{Xw FSpØpIm´nb-XmWn-hn-sS. kq£va-ambn ssIImcyw

Ae-k-amb ]T-\-a√ Cu IrXn-bpsS Ah-X-c-W-sa∂p
hmb-\-°m-c\p t_m[y-s∏-Spw. Kl-\-amb Ncn-{X-]-T\w
\S-Ønbpw Ncn{X ÿe-߃ t\cn´p kµ¿in®pw
IrXy-ambn bYm¿∞ Ncn{X hkvXp-X-Iƒ
Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øn-bp-amWv Hmtcm t]Ppw Xp∂n-t®¿°p-∂sX∂p t_m[y-s∏-Sm≥ A[n-I-sam∂pw
hmbn-t°-≠n-h-cn-√.
ßfpw Ah-cpsSta¬ B[n-]-Xy-ap≠m-bn-cp∂ `c-W-Iq-S-ß-sfbpw
{]tXyI Nn”-߃ \¬In AS-bmf-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
hnh-c-Wm-Ir-jvS-X-bn¬ henb
anIhv ]pe¿Øp-∂-XmWv A_m_o¬ ]£n-I-sfbpw B\-°-el
kw`-hhpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p∂ `mKw.
kz≥-B-Cu-en¬ \n∂pw a°-bn-te°p≈ {]bmW hgn IrXy-ambn
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw hgnat[ybp≈ ]´-W-ßsf {]tXyIw
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v.
Ae-k-amb ]T-\-a√ Cu IrXnbpsS Ah-X-c-W-sa∂p hmb-\-°mc\p t_m[y-s∏-Spw. Kl-\-amb
Ncn-{X-]-T\w \S-Ønbpw Ncn{X
ÿe-߃ t\cn´p kµ¿in®pw
IrXy-ambn bYm¿∞ Ncn{X
hkvXp-X-Iƒ Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øn-bp-amWv
Hmtcm t]Ppw Xp∂n-t®¿°p-∂sX∂p t_m[y-s∏-Sm≥ A[n-Isam∂pw hmbn-t°-≠n-h-cn-√.
D≤rX IrXn-bnse DlvZvae

sNtø≠ Hmtcm ÿeØpw AXnt‚-Xmb Kuc-h-tØm-sSbpw B[nIm-cn-I-ambpw hnj-b-߃ {]Xn-]mZn-°p-∂p.
bm{Xmhgn-Iƒ AS-bm-f-s∏-SpØp-∂Xpw Hfn™p k©-cn® `mKß-fn¬ bYm¿∞ hgn-s°m∏w
A∂-h¿ bm{X-°-h-ew-_n® hgnIfpw th¿Xn-cn®p hc®pImWn-°p∂Xv tUm. iuJo A_q-J-eo¬
Cu ]T-\-Øn¬ \S-Ønb ITn-\m[zm\w t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.
bp≤-`qan IS¬Xoc-ß-fn¬
\n∂pw F{X AI-e-Øn-emsW∂pw bp≤-`q-an-bpsS
Ab¬{]tZ-i-ß-sfbpw cmPy-ßsfbpw bp≤-Ønse ]¶m-fn-Isfbpw `q]-S-Øn-eqsS hy‡-am-°p∂p-≠v. hmb-\-°m-c\v ]q¿Æ-kwXr]vXn \¬Im-\p≈ ITn-\-{iaw
iuJo Cu IrXn-bn¬ \S-Øn-bn-´ps≠∂p ]d-bmsX hø. Zmdp¬
^nJ¿, kndn-b-bmWv ]pkvX-IØns‚ {]km-[-I¿.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

27

th≠mØXn\p
t]mI-cpXv aI-tf...

AIsØ hmb-\°v

_jo¿ Im´p-ap≠

I¬°-Ø-bn-semcp hnIvtSm-dnb
sS¿an-\-ep-≠v. {_n´o-jpIm-cpsS
{]Xm]w hnfn-t®m-Xp∂ Iem-Nm-cpX-tbmsS \n¿an® AXn-a-t\m-lc
Xqsh≈ sIm´m-cw. AXn\p Np‰pw
]m¿°m-Wv. kmbm-”-߃ BkzmZy-I-c-am-°m≥ ]‰nb CSw. \ΩpsS
tImgn-t°ms´ am\m-©nd kvIzb-dns‚bpw ae-∏p-dsØ tIm´-°p-∂ns‚bpsams° henb cq]-ambn
CXns\ hnti-jn-∏n-°mw.
ImWm\pw Id-ßm\pw B\-µn°m\pw ]‰nb CS-߃. cm{Xn F´p
aWn-tbmsS ChnsS AS-bv°pw.
]ns∂ Atßm´v {]th-i-\-an-√.
hnim-e-amb DZym-\w \ndsb
XW¬ ac-߃, `wKn-bmbn sh´nsbm-Xp-°nb ]p¬Ø-I-n-Sp-Iƒ,
Acp-hn-Iƒ XpSßn \b-\m\-µ-I-c28 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

amb Imgv® Xs∂. kabw t]mIp∂tX Adn-bn-√. R߃ kmaqly
{]h¿Ø-I-cpsS Hcp ]T\kwLw
Np‰n-Øn-cn™v kmbm”w sNe-hgn-°m≥ FØn-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p AhnsS. Iptd hntZ-in-Iƒ, Xt±-io-b¿,
Zº-Xn-am¿, Ah-cpsS a°ƒ,
hr≤¿, hymbm-a-Øn-\mbn \S-°m-\nd-ßn-b-h¿, sNdp-∏-°m-cpsS sNdnb
kwL-߃, Ian-Xm-°ƒ F∂p
tXm∂n-°p-∂-h¿, hnZym¿∞n
hnZym¿∞n-\n-Iƒ XpSßn ]e Im‰K-dn-I-fnepw s]Sp-Øm-hp∂
At\Iamfp-Iƒ AhnsS FØn-bn´p-≠v. ]ns∂ Rßfpw. Ccp-´m-hp∂Xv hsc R߃ AhnsS Np‰n-°dßn. Iptd t]¿ Ccp-∂pw
ssItIm¿Øp ]nSn®p \S∂pw
Hs° kabw sNe-h-gn-°p-∂p.

Nne¿ ]m´p-]m-Sp-∂p≠v. Nne¿
t^mt´mbv°p t]mkv sNøp-∂p.
Aß-s\-b-ß-s\...
GXm≠v Ccp-´m-b-t∏m-tg°pw
sshZyp-Xn-Zo-]-ß-fpsS aßnb {]`
DZym-\-amsI ]c-∂p. sXfn™
shfn®w ]e-bn-S-tØ°pw FØp∂n-√. an° ÿe-ß-fnepw ]m¬\nemhns‚ {]Xo-Xn-bm-Wv. Hcp-an-®ncp∂ Ian-Xm-°ƒ F∂p tXm∂n-∏n°p∂ Iptd-bm-fp-Iƒ Hcp-an®p InS°-em-bn. ASp-Øn-cp-∂-h¿ ]ecpw
H∂m-Im≥ XpS-ßn. Nne¿ \o≠p
\n¬°p∂ ]cncw`-W-Øn-te¿s∏-Sp∂p. Nne¿ A[-c-ssI-am‰w \SØp∂p. ChnsS Fgp-Xm≥
sIm≈mØ{Xbpw tami-amb Imaeo-e-I-fn¬ Ah¿ ]c-ky-ambn apgpIn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. \S-∂p-t]mIp∂, IÆp≈ Bcpw CXp I≠p
t]mIpw. CXp ImWm≥ th≠n
Bcpw Hfn™pt\mt°≠ Bh-iyan-√. CXp sNøp∂ Nne¿s°ms°
am\hpw acymZ-bp-ap-≠v sIt´m!
Ah¿ IpS \nh¿Øn sh®v B adhn-en-cp-∂mWv C∏Wn sNøp-∂Xv.
shdpsX Nncn®pX≈m≥
th≠n ]¶p-sh-®-X√. CXp
I¬°Øbnse ÿnXn! \ΩpsS
\mSpw CXn¬ \n∂pw hn`n-∂-a-√.
C{X ssehmbn \manXv XpS-ßn-bn´n-s√-¶nepw Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw iwJpap-Jhpw tImhfw IS-∏p-dhpw FdWm-Ipfw ip`mjv ]m¿°pw assd≥
ss{Uhpw tImgn-t°mSv am\m-©nd
kvIzb-dp-sams° CØcw ]c-kyhy-`n-NmctI{µ-ßfpw hn]-W\
tI{µßfp-ambn amdn-Øp-S-ßn-bn-´p≠v. bqWn-th-gvkn‰n Iymº-kp-Ifnepw Nne tImtfPv Iymº-kp-I-fnep-sams° CØcw "]m©m-c
aqe'Ifp≠vt]mepw.
tPmen, ]T\w XpSßn ]e
Bh-iy-߃°mbn cmhnse Xs∂
hoSp-hn-´n-d-ßp∂ Ipamco Ipamc≥amcpw bphXo bphm-°-fpsams° sshIp-t∂cw "F≥tPmbv'
sNøm≥ Chn-sS-ß-fn-te-°mWv HgpIp-∂-Xv. Xpd∂ Pohn-X-Øns‚
h‡m-°-fmbncn°pw Ch¿. icocw
]¶p-sh-bv°m\pw PohnXw Bkz-Zn-

°m\pw D≈-Xm-sW-∂mWv Ch-cpsS
"sse≥.'
C\n kΩ-Xn-®m¬Xs∂ ]c-kyambn thtWm? Hcn-e-bpsS ad-sh¶nepw Bbn-°qsS? hgn-bm-{X-°mcpsS sXmen Dcn-btWm? Ahsc
am\w sISp-ØtWm?
CsXms° ]m›mXy kwkvImc-Øns‚ _m°n]{X-ß-fm-Wv.
kwkvIm-c-Øn\p tNcp∂ Imcy߃ am{Xw A\p-I-cn-®m¬ t]mtc?
C\n CXns‚ aqey-h-i-Ønte°p t]mbmtem? \Ωp-sSsbms° A\n-b\pw A\n-b-Øn-bp-

knI hf¿®bv°v AXy-¥m-t]-£nX-am-bXn-\m¬ CØcw kmaq-lnI-˛kmw-kvIm-cnI˛hn-t\mZ tI{µßƒ°p th≠n apd-hnfn Iq´m≥
ChnsS Bfp-I-fp-≠v.
A[n-Ir-X¿ Cu Ima-eo-e-Iƒ
ImWmsX ImWp-∂p-ap-≠v. Chsc
HmSn®p]nSn-®n´v \mem-fpsS apºn¬
\n¿Øn s]mXnsc X√n \nbaIqSØns‚ apºn¬ sIm≠p-h-cp-IbmWp th≠-Xv. AXn\pw \nbaw
A\p-h-Zn-s®∂phcn-√. 18 hbkv
Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ H∂n\pw {]iv\an-√t√m! s]mXp-ÿew CØcw

shdpsX Nncn®pX≈m≥ th≠n ]¶p-sh-®-X√.
CXp I¬°Øbnse ÿnXn! \ΩpsS \mSpw
CXn¬ \n∂pw hn`n-∂-a-√. C{X ssehmbn \manXv
XpS-ßn-bn-´n-s√-¶nepw Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw iwJp-ap-Jhpw
tImhfw IS-∏p-dhpw Fd-Wm-Ipfw ip`mjv ]m¿°pw
assd≥ ss{Uhpw tImgn-t°mSv am\m-©nd
kvIzb-dp-sams° CØcw
]c-ky-hy-`n-NmctI{µ-ßfpw hn]-W\
tI{µßfp-ambn amdn-Øp-S-ßn-bn-´p-≠v.
bqWn-th-gvkn‰n Iymº-kp-I-fnepw Nne tImtfPv
Iymº-kp-I-fn-ep-sams° CØcw "]m©m-c
aqe'Ifp≠vt]mepw.
sam-s°-bmWv ChnsS ]¶p-sh-°ms\-Øp-∂-Xv. cmhnse aZvd-k-bnte°v ]d-™p-hn-´n-cp∂, bmko≥
a\x]mTw ]Tn-®n-cp∂ \ΩpsS Ip´nIƒ Xs∂-bmWv Ch-scm-s°!?
IÆpw ImXpw Xpd-∂p-sh®v ]pdw
temIsØ t\m°n-°m-Wm\pw
\√Xp sXc-s™-Sp-°m\pw Ip´nIƒ°v Ign-bmsXt]mIp-I-bmtWm?
D∂X hnZym-`ym-khpw ]´W-Øn¬
tPmenbpw In´p-tºmƒ k¬hgn ad°p∂p \ΩpsS sNdp-∏-°m¿!
CsXms° I≠v hf-cm≥ Iptd
"\√' A\n-b-∑m-cp-ap≠v \ap-°v.
CØcw "A\m-imky tI{µßƒ' AS®p]q´m≥ \ap-°m-hn-√.
ImcWw, hnt\mZw a\p-jys‚ am\-

th≠m-Ø-c-߃°p D]tbm-Kn-°p∂-hsc amXr-Im-]-c-ambn \nb-aØn\p ap∂n¬ sIm≠p-ht∂ aXnbm-Iq. AXn∂mbn A[n-Ir-Xcpw
\nb-a-]m-e-Icpw DW¿∂p
{]h¿Øn-°-Ww. h√-t∏m-sg-¶nepw
]t{Sm-fnwKv \SØn hnc´n hn´-XpsIm-≠m-bn-√; I¿i\ \ne-]mSp
Xs∂ kzoI-cn-°-Ww. G‰hpw {]Yahpw {][m-\-hp-ambn th≠Xv Ah\-hs‚ {i≤- X-s∂-bm-Wv. \ap°v
\ΩpsS ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-∂hscsb¶nepw D]-tZ-in®p hgn
\SØm\m-I-Ww. shdpsX ho´p-Imscbpw Kpcp-\m-Y≥amscbpw [n°cn®v th≠m-Ø-Xn\p t]mtI≠
a°-tf... IpSp-ßn-t∏m-Ipw..!

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

29

{]Xn-^e
- ß
- f- psS
A\¥ km[y-XI
- ƒ
Xncp-samgn 
Peo¬ ss^kn ]p√-t¶mSv

A_q-Z¿dv(-d) ]d-bp∂p: \_n(-k)
Ft∂mSv ]d™p: ""\√ Imcy-ßfn¬ H∂ns\bpw \o \n m-c-ambn
ImW-cp-Xv. {]k-∂-h-Z-\-\mbn \ns‚
ktlm-Z-cs\ A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-∂Xp
t]mepw.''(-ap-kvenw)
]c-tem-IØv {]Xn-^ew e`n°p∂ ]pWy-I¿Ω-ß-fpsS taJe
AXn-hn-im-ea- m-Wv. Bcm-[\
- m-cq-]Øn-ep-≈h am{X-a√ ]pWy-I¿Ω߃. a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ F√mN-e-\-ßfpw a\-\-ßfpw ]pWy-ßfmWv; Xn∑-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-X-s√¶n¬. AXn-\m¬ \√ Imcyw
AsX{X sNdp-Xm-bn-tXm-∂p-∂psh¶nepw \n m-c-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-tS≠tXm Ah-KW
- n®v Xt≈-≠tXm
A√. Hcp a\p-jys‚ apJ-tØ°v

30 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

sXfn™ apJ-hp-ambn t\m°p-∂Xv
A{X-h-enb Imcy-sam-∂p-a-√.
F∂m¬ AXpt]mepw Ckvem-anI
Zr„ym I\-s∏-´Xpw ]c-tem-IØv
{]Xn-^e
- m¿l-hp-am-sW∂v Xs‚
A\p-bm-bn-Isf sXcy-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ib
- mWv Xncp-\-_n(-k) sNøp-∂-Xv.
GXm\pw Nne Bcm-[\m apdIƒ \n¿tZ-in-°p-Ibpw Ah {]Xn^-em¿l-amb ]pWy-I¿Ω-ßf
- mbn
]cn-KW
- n-°p-Ibpw Pohn-XØ
- ns‚
a‰p taJ-eI
- s- f-°p-dn®v au\w Zo£n°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ ÿnXn-hn-tijw
Ckvem-an-en-√. a\pjy{]Ir-Xn°pw
kwkvIm-cØ
- n\pw A\p-tbm-Py-amb
F√m \√ Imcy-ßfpw ]pWy-߃
Xs∂. AXn-\m¬, kpIr-Xß
- ƒ
sNbvXv {]Xn-^ew t\Sm≥ kXy-hn-

izm-kn-Iƒ°v [mcmfw Ah-kc- ß
- ƒ
Xpd-∂p-In-´p-∂p.
Zm\-[¿Ω-߃ hfsc {]m[m-\yap≈ ]pWy-I¿a-am-Wv. F∂m¬,
kº-Øp-≈-h¿t° {]kvXpX
]pWyw t\Sm≥ Ign-bq. Cu Nn¥
]mh-s∏´ kzlm_nIfn¬ Nnesc
Atem-k-c-s∏-Sp-Øn. [\n-I-∑msc
t]mse Zm\w sNbvXv {]Xn-^ew
Ic-ÿa- m-°m≥ Ign-bmsX
t]mbt√m F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Ahsc
Ae-´nb at\m-hy-Y. Hcn-°¬ {]hmNI Xncp-ta-\n(-k)-tbmSv Cu
hnjaw Ah¿ Xpd∂p ]d™p:
""A√m-lp-hns‚ ZqXtc! [\-ap-≈h¿ [mcmfw {]Xn-^ew Ic-ÿ-am°p-∂p. Rßsf t]mse Ahcpw
\nkvI-cn-°p-∂p. Rßsf t]mse
Ahcpw t\mºv A\p-jvTn-°p-∂p.(A-Xn-s\√mw ]pd-sa) Ah-cpsS [\Øn¬ an®w hcp-∂Xp sIm≠v
Ah¿ Zm\-[¿Ω-߃ sNøp-∂p (-R߃°v AXn∂v Ign-bn-√t√m).''
{]hm-NI
- ¿(k) tNmZn®p:
""\n߃°pw Zm\w \¬Im≥ NneXv
A√mlp \n›-bn®p X∂n-´nt√?
F√m Xkv_o-lp-Ifpw kzZ-Jb
- m-Wv.
F√m XIv_o-dp-Ifpw kvXpXn-h-N-\ßfpw Xlveo-ep-Ifpw kzZ-Jb
- m-Wv.
\∑-I¬∏n-°epw Xn∑ -X-S-bepw
kzZ-J-bm-Wv. \nß-fpsS `mcy-am-cpsS
ASpØv sN√p-∂Xp t]mepw kzZ-Jbm-Wv. (C-sXms° \n߃°v sNømhp∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv.) '' At∏mƒ
t{imXm-°ƒ tNmZn®p: ""Rß-fn-semcp-Ø≥ hnIm-c-i-a-\-Øn\p th≠n
`mcy-amsc kao-]n-°p-∂-Xnepw {]Xn^-e-apt≠m?'' \_n(-k) {]Xn-I-cn®p: ""Hcmƒ \njn-≤-amb am¿K-Øn¬
AXv \n¿h-ln-°p-Ib
- m-sW¶n¬
Ah≥ Ip‰-°mc-\m-hp-I-bnt√?
F∂m¬, A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amb hgnbn¬ AXv \n¿h-ln-®m¬ Ah∂v
{]Xn-^-e-hp-ap-≠v.'' (-ap-kvenw)
\√ Imcy-߃ H∂n-s\bpw
\n m-ca- mbn ImW-cp-sX-∂mWt√m
Xncp-hm-IyØnse D]-tZiw! P\-ßfp-sS Zr„n-bn¬ \n mc Imcy-ambXpt]mepw A√m-lp-hns‚bSp°¬ AXv KW-\o-b-am-bn-cn-°pw.
AXn-\m¬ Imcy-ßs- f-sbm∂pw Ah-

K-Wn-°c- p-sX-∂mWv D]-tZ-iØ
- ns‚
s]mcpƒ. ""c≠p t]¿°nS-bn¬
{]iv\w ]cn-l-cn®psImSp-°¬, Hcp
hy‡nsb hml-\-Øn¬ Ib-dm≥
klm-bn-°¬, NpaSv Ib-‰m\pw Cd°m\pw kl-Ic- n®psImSp-°¬,
a\p-jy-tcmSv \√ hm°v ]d-b¬,
\nkvIm-c-Øn\p th≠n ]≈n-bnte°v Hmtcm Nhn-´Sn sh°¬, hgnbn¬ ImWp∂ iey߃ FSpØp
am‰¬ F√mw ]pWy-I¿Ω-ßf
- m-Wv.''
(-_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw)
km[m-cW
- b
- n¬ emL-hX
- c- Øn¬ KWn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Nne Imcyß-fmWv CsXm-s°. ]t£, hnim-eamb a\p-jy-tk-h-\-Øns‚ `mK-ßfm-Wn-sX-√mw. AXn-\m¬ hfsc
hne-s∏-´-Xmbn Ckvemw Ahsb
ImWp-∂p.
\\-thmsS kv]¿in-®m¬ Kuc-hX-c-amb amen-\y-ap≈Xpw \oN
Pohn-bp-ambn Ckvemw IW-°m°p∂ \mb°v Zml-Pew \¬Inb
hy‡n°v A√mlp ]m]-tam-N\w

Abmƒ InW-‰n-te°v ho≠pw Cdßn. Xs‚ Imepd Agn®v AXn¬
sh≈w \nd®p. hmb sIm≠v ISn®p
]nSn-®v InW-‰n¬\n∂p I-bd- n.
\mbsb sh≈w IpSn-∏n-®p. A°m-cW-Øm¬ A√mlp At±-lt- ØmSv
\µn ImWn-®p. At±-lØ
- n\v ]m]tam-N\w \¬In.'' CXp tI´ kzlm_n-Iƒ tNmZn®p: ""arK-ßf
- psS ImcyØnepw R߃°v {]Xn-^ew e`n°ptam \_ntb?'' {]hm-NI
- ¿(k)
{]Xn-hN
- n®p: ""AsX, F√m Pohn-Ifnepw \n߃°v {]Xn-^-e-ap-≠v.''(_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw)
Camw _pJm-cn-bpsS Hcp
dnt∏m¿´n¬ A√mlp At±-l-Øn\p
s]mdpØpsImSp-Øp kz¿K-Øn¬
{]th-in-∏n-®p F∂pIqSn-bp-≠v.
]pWy-ß-fpsS A\-¥-amb
km[y-XI
- f
- n¬ Nne-XmWv D≤-cn-°s∏´ Imcy-ß-sf-√mw. hfsc Kuc-hX-c-ambh am{X-a-√, F{X sNdp-XmsW-¶nepw \√ Imcy-Øns‚
alXzw A√mlphn-s‚-bS- p-°¬

""\n߃°pw Zm\w \¬Im≥ NneXv
A√mlp \n›-bn®p X∂n-´nt√? F√m
Xkv_o-lp-Ifpw kzZ-J-bm-Wv. F√m
XIv_o-dp-Ifpw kvXpXn-h-N-\-ßfpw Xlveo-ep-Ifpw
kzZ-J-bm-Wv. \∑-I¬∏n-°epw Xn∑ -X-S-bepw
kzZ-J-bm-Wv. \nß-fpsS `mcy-am-cpsS
ASpØv sN√p-∂Xp t]mepw kzZ-J-bm-Wv.'
\¬In kz¿K-{]-thiw A\p-h-Zn®p
sImSp-ØX
- mbn Camw _pJmcn
\nth-Z\w sNbvX lZo-kn¬
ImWmw. \_n(-k) ]d™p: ""Hcmƒ
Hcp hgnsb k©-cn®psIm≠ncns° At±-l-Øn\v ITn-\-amb
Zmlw t\cn-´p. At±lw Hcp InW¿
I≠p. AXn¬ Cd-ßn Zml-i-a\w
hcp-Øn. Ibdn-h-∂-t∏mƒ \mhpw
Xq°nbn´v Hcp \mb \n¬°p-∂p.
Zml-Øm¬, \\™ aÆn¬ (CS°nsS) \mhn´v \°p-∂p. Fs∂t∏mse Cu \mbbpw Zml-Øm¬
he-bp-∂p-≠m-hmw F∂p ]d™v

hen-b-Xm-Wv. ""\∑-bm¬ \n߃
F¥p sNbvXmepw A√mlp AXv
Adn-bp∂-h\mWv.''(hn.-Jp¿-B≥)
""AWp-aWn Xq°w \∑ Hcmƒ
sNbvXm¬ AXns\ Ah≥
ImWpw.''(-hn.-Jp¿-B≥)
kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v A√mlp
\¬Ip∂ A\p-{K-la- m-Wn-sXm-s°.
A√m-lp-hns‚ {]Xn-^ew
Imw£n®v Bflm¿∞-ambn sNøp∂
GXv \√ I¿Ω-Øn\pw IW-°‰
{]Xn-^-e-߃ A√mlp Hcp-°n-sh®n-cn-°p-∂p. kºm-Zn-°m≥ {ian-°W-sa∂p am{Xw.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

31

hm¿Ø

knhn¬ k¿∆o-kv ]co£m tIm®nwKv
am¿§-\n¿t±-iI ¢m p-Iƒ
tImgn-t°mSv: sF.-F.-F-kv., sF.-]n.-F-kv., sF.-F-^v.F-kv., C¥y≥ sdbn¬sh, IwÃw-kv, t^mdÃv XpS-ßnb
DtZymK taJ-eb
- n-te°v ]Tn-Xm-°sf k÷-am-°p-∂X
- n\v
πkvSp ÿm]-\-ß-fnepw Un{Kn tImtf-Pp-I-fnepw am¿§
\n¿t±-iI ]cn-io-e\ ¢mkp-Iƒ \S-Øm≥ akvIØv
kp∂n sk‚-dn\v Iogn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ lb¿ FPpt°-j-W¬ t{]m{Kmw IΩn‰n Xocp-am-\n-®p. knhn¬
]co£ ]cn-io-e\
- ß
- ƒ°v sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂h
- c- psS apgph≥ sNe-hp-Ifpw IΩn‰n hln°pw. IΩn-‰n-bpsS {ia^-e-ambn CXn-\Iw c≠p-t]¿°v sF.-F.-F-kv. e`n-°pIbpw I¿Wm-S-I, NØn-kvKUv kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ Pn√m
IeŒ¿am- c mbn tkh- \ - a - \ p- „ n- ° p- ∂ p≠v . U¬ln
tIm®nwKv sk‚-dn¬ Ct∏mƒ \mev t]¿ ]cn-io-e\w t\Snh-cp-∂p.
]mW-°mSv kønZv sslZ¿ Aen inlm_v X߃
A≤y-£-X-h-ln-®p. kønZv kzmZn-Jen inlm_v X߃,
am∂m¿ Ckvam-Cu¬ Ip™plm-Pn, lmPn.-sI.-a-ΩZv
ss^kn, ]pdßv A_vZp√ apkven-bm¿, imlp¬l-aoZv
amÿ, iwkp-±o≥ amÿ, keow FS-°-c, tUm. F≥.F.-Fw.-A_
- Zv p¬Jm-Zn¿, ]nW-tßmSv A_q-_°
- ¿ kwkmcn-®p. A_vZp- -aZv ]qt°m-´q¿ kzmKXw ]d-™p

sdbv©v hm¿jnIw Bcw-`n®p

sdbv©v `mc-hm-ln-Iƒ
]qs°m-f-Øq¿
ap-l-Ω-Zv ss^-kn B-a-bq-¿ ({]-kn), A-–p-¬ a-Po-Zv
Zm-cn-an ]p-√m-c, A-–p-¬ I-cow ap-kv-en-bm-¿ (-ssh.-{]kn.) kn.-F. A-ko-kv ]p-¬-∏-‰ (-P.sk-{I-´-dn), \q-dp±o-≥ b-am-\n (-tPm. sk-{I-´-dn), hn.-]n. sN-dn (-{S-j-d-¿),
]n.-kn. A-e-hn-°p-´n ap-kv-en-bm-¿ (]-co-£m t_m-¿-Uv
sN-b-¿-am-≥).

N∏m-c-∏-Shv
iu°-Øen ss^kn \Sp-hn¬ (-{]-kn.) sskXhn
ss^kn, Da¿ ss^kn (-ssh. {]kn.), Aivd^v
ss^kn ASn-t®-cn (-P.sk{I-´-dn), apXz-en_v \qdm\n
A¬l-k-\n, tImtXcn A–p√ ss^kn (-tPm.-sk{I-´-dn), Fw.-Fw. APva¬ amÿ (-{S-j-d¿), sslZ¿
ss^kn (-]-co£m t_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥).

Nmen-t»cn
sI.-]n.-F.-I-_o¿ dlvam-\n (-{]-kn.), kn.-sI.-lwk
aue-hn (-P.-sk-{I-´-dn), ]n.-ssh.-Ip-™n-tam≥ lmPn
(-{S-j-d¿), ]n.-Sn.-A-∫mkv aue-hn(-]-co£m t_m¿Uv
sNb¿am≥), ]n.-Jm-enZv aZn-\n, hn.-]n.-Fw. A_q-Dss\kv aue- h n (- s sh. {]kn.), ]n.- F w.- F .- I cow
ss^kn, sI.-F.-k-^-dp-±o≥ apkven-bm¿ (-tPm.-sk{I-´-dn-am¿).

Hma-®∏
- pg
sI.-A-ivd^v ss^kn (-{]-kn.), kn.-F.-\m-k¿ Aivd^n, sI.-]n.-C-{_mlow ss^kn (-ssh.-{]-kn.), ]n.F.-kemw apkven-bm¿ (-P.-sk-{I-´-dn), Fw.-l-k≥
ss^kn, sI.-]n.-A-–p¬ K\nøv ss^kn(-tPm.-sk{I-´-dn), sI.-]n.-ap-l-Ω-ZvIp´n apkven-bm¿ (-{S-j-d¿), kn.ap-_m-dIv Zmcn-an (-sN-b¿am≥ ]co£m t_m¿Uv).

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: hf¿∂phcp∂ Xe-ap-d-bn¬ [¿Ω-t_m[hpw am\p-jnI aqeyhpw \¬Ip-∂-Xn\v aX-]-T\w A\nhm-cy-am-sW∂pw CXn-∂mbn aX-]-T\ tI{µ-ßfpw aZvdkm- {]ÿm-\-ßfpw hln-°p∂ ]¶v \nkvXp-e-am-sW∂pw sh´-Øq¿
tImgn-t°mSv henbJmkn ]mW-°mSv kønZv \mkn¿ F.-Fw.A–p apkven-bm¿ (-{]-kn), _n.-ssk-\p-±o≥
inlm_v X߃ {]kvXm-hn-®p. Bew-tImSv sdbv©ns‚ ss^kn, Fw.-sI.-lwk ss^kn (-ssh.-{]-kn), ]n.\m¬]Xmw hm¿jn-ItØm-S\
- p-_‘
- n®v Bdp amkw \o≠p iw-kp-±o≥ (P.-sk-{I-´-dn), hn.-F.-kn-±oJv ss^kn,
\n¬°p∂ B-tLmj ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ DZvLm-S\w sNøp-I- Fw.-l-\o^ ss^kn (-tPm.-sk-{I-´-dn), ]n.-sI.-ap-lbm-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. Imbw-Ipfw A–p-√-Øo^v apkven- Ω-Z-en(-{S-j-d¿), F≥.-Sn.-A-–p-∂m-kn¿ ss^kn (-]co£m t_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥)
bm¿ {]m¿∞\ \S-Øn.
hlm_v apkven-bm¿ Icp-\mK-∏≈n Jndm-AØv \S-Øn. Un.C-am-ap-±o≥ k¿ A[y-£X hln®p. inlm- _ p- ± o≥ ss^kn
sIm√w, Aøq_v Jm≥ ss^kn,
kn±oJv ss^kn AΩn-\n-°m-Sv,
AlvΩZv dimZn, \ko¿ Jm≥
ss^kn, Akow Im´v apdm-°¬,
i^oJv _mJ-hn \cn-°-√vap-°v,
\Po_v aue-hn, ^mdq-Jv, A–pdlow aue-hn t]cp-ae {]kw-Kn®p. A–p- d - l n- a m≥ _mJhn
h¿°e kzmKXhpw sI.-A¿ip- Bew-tImSv sdbv©v \m¬]Xmw hm¿jn-ImtLmj ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ tImgn-t°mSv henb
±o≥ apkven-bm¿ \µnbpw ]d-™p. Jmkn ]mW-°mSv kønZv \mkn¿ inlm_v X߃ DZvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p
32 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

hm¿Ø

Fkv.s- I.-Fk
- .v F
- k
- .v F
- ^v.
taJe Iu¨kn¬
FS-h-Æ-∏md: Fkv.-sI.-F-kv.-F-kv.F- ^ v . FS- h - Æ - ∏ md taJe
Iu¨kn¬ _n.-F-kv.-sI. X߃
DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. taJe {]knU‚ v _n.-F-kv.-sI.- X-߃ A[y£X hln-®p.
sI.-]n.-k-Cu-Zv, Sn.]n Aen-AIv_-¿, ip°q¿ sh´-Øq¿, JmenZv
apkven-bm¿ _mJ-hn {]kw-Kn-®p.
`mc-hm-ln-I-fmbn Ajvd^v Zmcnan
hmg- b q¿ (- { ]- k n- U ‚ v ) , apl- Ω Zv
im^n tIm´p-]m-Sw, \mkn¿ Iogv]-dºv, Ajvd^v hm^n, A–p¬ Iemw
Bkm-Zv (-sshkv {]kn-U‚p-am¿), Sn.]n. Aen- A - I v _ ¿ Du¿°- S - h v (P\d¬ sk{I-´-dn), ss^k¬ apXp]-d-ºv(-h¿°nwKv sk{I-´-dn), bq\pkv
apkven-bm¿, PwinZv FS-h-Æ-∏md
A–pkemw aue-hn (-tPm. sk{I-´dn), ]n.-sI.-ip-°q¿ sh´-Øq¿ ({Sjd¿). F∂n-hsc sXc-s™-Sp-Øp.

]-≈nZ¿- k
- p-Iƒ- Du-¿÷
- nX- a- m-°m-≥
cw-KØ
- nd- ß
- W
- w: ap-\∆- d- e- n inlm_v X-߃Xn-cq-¿: a-{Z-kI
- s- f F-Xn-¿°
- p-∂h
- ¿- a\p-jy-Xz-sØ F-Xn-¿°p-∂h
- c- m-sW-∂v
]m-W-°m-Sv k-øn-Zv ap-\-∆-d-en in-lm_v X-ß-ƒ ]-d-™p.
]-≈nZ-¿-kp-I-fp-sS tim-j-Ww apkv-enw k-ap-Zm-bw A-\p-`-hn-°p-∂ {]iv-\-ß-fp-sS {]-[m-\ Im-c-W-am-Wv. a{Z-kI
- ƒ
- am-\h
- tam-N\
- Ø
- n-\v F-∂ {]ta-bØ
- n-¬ k-ak
- X
-v tI-cf- Pw-Cø
- Ø
- p¬ ap-A√
- n-ao-≥ Pn-√m k-tΩ-f\
- w Xn-cqcn-¬ D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
]-≈nZ-¿k
- p-Iƒ
- Du-¿÷
- n-Xa- m-°m-≥ cwK-Øn-dß
- W
- w.
tIm-´p-a-e Sn.Fw. _m-∏p ap-kv-enbm-¿ A-[y-£-Xh-ln-®p. sI.sI.Fkv. X-߃
- sh-´n-®n-d ]-Xm-I D-b¿- Ø
- n.

k-øn-Zv ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b X-ß-ƒ P-a-epss√-en {]m-¿-∞-\-°v t\-Xr-Xzw \-¬In.
]n-W-tßm-Sv A-_q-_-°-¿, A-_v-Zp- a-Zv ]q-t°m-´q-¿, Fw.F tN-fm-cn, kzem-lp-±o-≥ ss^-kn sh-∂n-bq-¿ ¢m-skSp-Øp. F. a-c-°m-¿ ss^-kn, k-øn-Zv
l-ko-_v k-Jm-^v X-ß-ƒ, d-low Npg-en, k-øn-Zv ap-l-Ω-Zv Pn-^v-cn X-ß-ƒ,
sI.]n. ap- l - Ω - Z v ap- k v - e n- b m- ¿ ,
sI.]n.F d-km-Jv ss^-kn, sI. Aen ap-kv-en-bm-¿, ]n.Fw. d-^o-Jv Al-Ω-Zv, C. km-Pn-Zv au-e-hn {]-kw-Kn®p. Sn. sam-bv-Xo-≥ ap-kv-en-bm-¿ ]p-dßv kzmK-Xhpw ]n.sI. A-_Zv- p-¬ JmZ-¿ Jm-kn-an \-µn-bpw ]-d-™p.

{]-hm-kn kw-K-aw
F-Sh
- Æ
- ∏
- m-d: d-io-Zn-ø A-d_
- n-Iv tImtf-Pv {]-hm-kn kw-K-aw d-io-Zn-ø {]kn-U-≠v ]m-W-°m-Sv k-øn-Zv ssl-Z-cen in-lm-_v X-ß-ƒ D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sNbv-Xp. {]n-≥-kn-∏-¬ hn.-]n. ssk-Xp-apl-Ω-Zv \n-km-an A-[y-£-Xh-ln-®p.
Fw.-]n.-Fw. A-en au-e-hn sIm-t≠m´n, hn. ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ h-´-∏m-d,
sI.-kn.-F. \m-kn-¿ hm-hq-¿, kn.-sI.
im-°n-¿ B-t°m-Sv, Jm-en-Zv _m-J-hn
F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d, ]n.-F. au-e-hn A-®-\º-ew, F-≥. A-_v-Zp-¬-A-ko-kv au-ehn F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d, Fw.-sI. ap-Po-_v-dlv-am-≥ ap-≠p-ap-gn-, F.-sI. ap-l-Ω-Zv
A-ivd- ^
- v hm-hq-¿, hn.-]n. A-_vZ- p-¬ Ako-kv au-e-hn ]m-©o-cn, ap-l-Ω-Zv Aiv-d-^v Hm-am-\q-¿, \u-jm-Zv Ip-\n-Ø-e°-Sh
- v, sI.-sI. A-_Zv- p-¬A
- k
- o-kv hmhq-¿, F-≥.-hn. A-_vZ- p-√Ø
- o-^v h-´∏
- md, d-io-Zn-ø ssh-kv{- ]-kn-U≠
- v sI.-]n.
_m-∏p lm-Pn ap-Xp-]-d-ºv, sI.-C. apl-ΩZ- v lm-Pn s\-√m-c,v A-Sp-c]
- d- º
- v sNdn-bm-∏p lm-Pn, _n.-F-kv.-sI. X-߃, F.-]n. A-_v-Zp-√-au-e-hn ]-s¶-SpØp.

Fkv.sI.sP.Fw ae-∏pdw Pn√m {]Xn-\n[n ktΩf\w ]mW°mSv kønZv
ap\∆den inlm_v X߃ DZvLmS\w sNøp∂p.

]pkvXIw {]Im-i\w sNbvXp
IpsshØv kn‰n: kakvX tIcf
PwC- ø - Ø p¬ Dea apim- h d
AwKhpw kp∂n bph- P \kwLw
kwÿm\ sk{I-´-dn-bp-amb ]n.-]n.ap-l-ΩZv ss^kn cNn®v IpsshØv
Ckvem-anIv sk‚¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn®
"kakvX' Ncn{X ]pkv X - I - Ø ns‚
{]Im- i \w ]mW- ° mSv kønZv
sslZ- c en inlm_v X߃ \n¿hln- ® p.
]mW-°mSv \S∂ efn-Xa- mb NS-ßn¬

Imfmhv sskX- e hn apkv e n- b m¿
]pkvXIw G‰p-hm-ßn.
]n.- ] n.- a p- l ΩZv
ss^kn
]pkvXIw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn. ]n.-sI.F. e- Ø o^v ss^kn, lk≥
kJm^n ]qt°m-´q¿ ]s¶-Sp-Øp.
IpsshØv Ckvem-anIv sk‚¿ ap≥
sNb¿am≥ s\∑n\n apl- Ω Zv
ss^kn kzmK-Xhpw tIm˛-Hm-Un-t\‰¿ H.-A-–p-d-lvam≥ lmPn \µnbpw
]d-™p.

kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

33

hnNm-c-]Yw 
]nW-tßmSv

34 kp∂n A^vIm¿ 2011 P\p-hcn 05

_m-_v-cn ]-≈n s]m-fn-®-Xv \n-Ir-„tam D-¬-Ir-„-tam (-]n-W-dm-bn am-∏m°-Ww hm-°v Rm-\pw D-]-tbm-Kn-°pI-bm-Wv) F-∂v X-¿-°w]n-Sn-®m-Wv
tIm-S-Xn-I-fn-¬ t]m-epw tIm-em-lew. _-lp-am-\-s∏-´ tIm-S-Xn-I-tfm-Sv
A-tß-b-‰w B-Z-c-hp-≠v. C-s√-¶n-¬
hn-h-c-a-dn-bp-sa-∂v P-b-cm-P-≥ t]mepw Xn-cn-®-dn-™pXp-S-ßn. F-∂mepw _m-_v-cn ]-≈n kw-_-‘n-®v
A-e-l-_m-Zv ssl-t°m-S-Xn-bp-sS eIv-t\m s_-©n-s‚ hn-[n C-S-s\-©v
tN-¿-Øp hm-bn-®m-¬ P-b-cm-P-∑m-scsIm-≠v tIm-S-Xn-I-ƒX-s∂-bm-Wv Nne-sXm-s° ]-d-bn-∏n-°p-∂-sX-∂p
tXm-∂m-Xn-cn-°p-tam.
Xo-{h-hm-Z-Øn-\v ]-£w C-s√-∂
]-£-am-Wv \n-jv-]-£w. Cu ]-£w
B-cp-a-{X Ku-\n-°p-∂ns√-∂pam-{Xw.
a-te-Km-hv kv-t^m-S-\w, hm-cm-W-kn
kv-t^m-S-\w, hym-P G-‰p-ap-´-¬, a°
akvPnZv kvt^mS-\w, eu-Pn-lm-Zv
tIm-em-l-ew C-sXm-s° \-S-∂ \mSm-W-t√m \-Ωp-sS \m-Sv. C-sXm-s°
Xn-c-°-Y-sbm-cp-°n A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-hsc `o-I-c-¿ F-∂p hn-fn-®pIq-sS∂mWv hmZsa-¶n-¬ ]n-s∂ B-cm-Wmthm `o-I-c-¿?
h-cp-∂ sX-c-s™-Sp-∏n-¬ tIm¨-{K-kn-\v thm-´v In-´m-\m-Wv cm-lp¬-Km-‘n C-ß-s\ ]-d-™-sX-∂m-bncp-∂p ap-Xn-¿-∂ _n.-sP.-]n. t\-Xmhn-s‚ {]-Xn-I-c-Ww. th-sdm-cp _n.sP.-]n. t\-Xm-hv Nm-\-¬ N-¿-®-bn-¬
]-d-™-Xv cm-lp-¬ cm-jv-{So-b Ip-´nbm-sW-∂pw H-∂pw h-I-Xn-cn-hm-bns√-∂p-am-Wv. G-Xv t\-Xm-hn-s‚ {]kv-Xm-h-\-bm-Wv H-dn-Pn-\-¬ F-∂m-cdn-™p.
a-X-Xo-{h-hm-Zw F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂Xv H-cp X-am-i-bm-Wv. F-∂m-¬ F-√m
sIm-e-I-fpw A-ß-s\ I-W-°m-t°≠n-h-cpw. tN-I-∂q-¿ A-en-l-k-≥
au-e-hn-sb h-[n-®-Xm-sW-∂v tIm-SXnt]m-epw ]-d-bp-∂p. H-cp k-Jm-^nsb in-£n-°p-∂p. C-Xp a-X-`o-I-chm-Z-am-sW-s∂ß-s\ ]-d-bpw? h-IXn-cn-hn-√m-Ø-h-cp-sS a-≠-Ø-cw F-





































































fpw t\-Xm-°-fpw `o-I-c-hm-Zn-I-sf
sX-c-bp-I-bm-Wv. B-cm-Wv Cu `o-Ic-hm-Zn-I-ƒ F-∂v I-≠p-]n-Sn-®v A-dÃv sN-bv-Xp A-I-Øm-°m-≥ t]m-eokpw \-S-]-Sn-I-ƒ ssI-s°m-≈m-≥
tIm-S-Xn-I-fpw D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p F-∂mWv \m-sam-s° I-cp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.
F-∂m-¬, B-cm-Wv `o-I-c-¿ F∂v C-Xp-h-sc hy-‡-X h-∂n-s√-∂mWv hm-¿-Ø-I-ƒ \-¬-Ip-∂ Kp-W-]mTw. "hn-°n-eo-Iv-kv' ta-[m-hn A-ks©-bm-Wv ssl-sS-Iv `o-I-c-≥ F-∂v
A-ta-cn-° ]-d-™pI-gn-™-Xn-\m-¬
C-\n B cw-K-Øv X-¿-°-Øn-\v km[y-X C-√. Im-c-Ww, h-en-b-Ωm-h-≥
]-d-bp-∂-Xm-W-t√m A-\p-k-c-W-bp≈ a-cp-a-°-fp-sS \m-´p-\-S-∏v.
ln-µp `o-I-c-hm-Z-am-Wv {]-iv-\sa-∂v A-ta-cn-°-°m-c-t\m-Sv cm-lp-¬Km-‘n ]-d-™-Xv "cm-lp-Im-ew' I-gnbm-sX-bm-tWm F-∂pth-Ww kw-ibn-°m-≥. B-¿.-F-kv.-F-kv. \m-knÃpI-sf t]m-se-bm-sW-∂ Zn-Kv-hn-Pbv knw-Kv \-S-Øn-b {]-kv-Xm-h-\ H´pw i-cn-bm-bn-s√-∂v C-{km-Cu-¬ a{¥n Hu-tZym-Kn-I-am-bn {]-Xn-I-cn-®p.
tl-a-¥v I-¿-°-sd F-ß-s\
"Im-am' B-kv-]-{Xn ]-cn-k-c-sØØn? F-Øm-≥ kn‰n t]m-eo-kv kp{]-≠v A–p¬ K^q¿ \n¿tZ-in-®Xv
{S-U-‚ v tlm-´-en-\-Sp-tØ-°m-bn-cp∂p-h-t√m, I¿-°-sc-bp-sS _p-≈-‰v
{]q-^v Pm-°-‰v F-hn-sS, Im-¿-°sc°v G-‰ -sh-Sn B-cp-sS-, G-Xv
tXm-°n-¬ \n-∂v h-∂ D-≠-bm-Wv?
C-Xn-s\m-∂pw C-t∂m-fw D-Ø-cw In´n-bn-´n-√.
C-°m-cyw ]m-¿-esa-‚ n-¬ ]-d™ A-–p-d-ln-am-≥ B-¥p-se-bpsS A-{U-kv t]m-epw C-t∏m-gn-√.
A-t±-lw πo-\-dn k-tΩ-f-\-Øn-ept≠m F-∂p-t]m-epw H-cp ]-{X-hpw
]-d-™pI-≠n-√.
a-lm-flm-Km-‘n-sb sh-Sn-sh-®p
sIm-∂ \mYq-dmw hn-\m-b-Iv tKm-Uvsk hn-ip-≤-t\m `o-I-c-t\m F-∂v
X-¿-°w]n-Sn-°p-∂ Im-e-am-Wn-Xv.

C-¥y-bn-en-t∏m-ƒ an-° am-[y-a-ß-

`oI-c-hm-Z-"]£w'
∂p ]-d-bmw. Kpcp-Ø-t°-sS∂pw
]d-bmw. F-∂m-¬, A-Xp t]m-se-bmtWm B-¿.-F-kv.-F-kpw `-Pv-dw-Kv-Zfpw kw-Lv-]cn-hm-¿ kw-L-S-\-I-fpw
^m-kn-Ãp-I-fpw A-Xp-t]m-ep-≈-hcpw. A-h-¿ Xo-{h-hm-Z-Øn-\m-bn a-Xw
D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. A-h-¿-°v Hcp i-{Xp-hpw H-cp e-£y-hpw D-≠v.
A-Xv ssl-µ-h kw-kv-Im-cw am-{X-ap≈ H-cp cm-Py-am-Wv.
C-Xn-\v kmw-kv-Im-cn-I ^m-knkw F-∂p ]-d-™m-¬ A-Xv I-S-∂m{I-a-Wam-sW-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-X-t√ I-S∂m-{I-a-Ww. ssl-µ-h`o-I-c-X H-cp
bm-Ym-¿-∞y-am-Wv. A-Xp X-s∂-bm-Wv
G-‰-hp-a-[n-Iw `-b-t°-≠-Xpw.
Zn-Kv-hn-P-bvknw-Kv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv
t]m-eo-kn-epw ]-´m-f-Øn-epw k-¿°m-¿ D-tZym-K-Øn-epw Cu `o-I-c-¿
\p-g-™p-I-b-dn-bn-´p-≠v F-∂m-Wv.
B-I-bm-¬ X-¿-°w]n-Sn-®p k-a-bw If-bp-I-b-√ th-≠-Xv, ip-≤o-I-c-W-amWv.
`m-c-Xw B-cp-sS-bpw h-I-b-√,
A-Xv `m-c-Xo-b-¿-°p-≈-Xm-Wv. A-Xn\v -Pm-Xn a-X h-¿-K -tZ-i ]-cn-K-W-\
]m-Sn-√. A-Xp-≠m-°m-\p-≈ \o-°w
\p-≈n-°-f-™m-¬ t]m-cm ]n-gp-Xp-If-bW
- w.
tZ-io-b Im-gv-N-∏m-Sp-≈ ]m-¿-´n-Ifpw t\-Xm-°-fpw H-cm-izm-k-am-Wv. atX-X-c-Xzw \n-e-\n-¿-Øm-≥ A-h-¿t° I-gn-bq, ]-t£, A-`n-\-b-am-hcp-Xv. Im-‰-\p-k-cn-®v Xq‰p-∂ \n-e]m-Sp-I-ƒ Im-¥]p-c-Øn-t‚-Xm-Wv.
A-Xm-W-t±-lw I-cp-Wm-I-c-s\ ImWm-≥ B-kv-]-{Xn-bn-¬ t]m-bn ]-Ssa-Sp-Øp ]-{X-°m-¿-°v sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv.
k-Xy-k-‘-am-h-Ww \n-e-]m-Sp-I-ƒ.
A-cp-‘Xn- tdm-bn-bp-sS hm-°v
2010˛te-Xpw P-h-l-¿-em-¬ s\-lv-dphn-t‚-Xv 1948˛te-Xp-am-b-Xn-\m-¬ c≠pw ^-e-Øn-sem-∂m-sW-¶n-epw XXz-Øn-¬ c-≠m-sW-∂v hym-Jym-\n-®
kp-Ip-am-¿ A-go-t°m-Sv amjpw km[y-X-I-ƒ t\m-°n kw-km-cn-°p-I-bmWv. \-ap-°m-h-iyw \-s´-√p-≈ t\Xm-°-fpw \n-e-]m-Sp-I-fpw \-S-]-Sn-Ifp-am-Wv.