THU T NG XÂY D NG C U VI T - PHÁP - ANH VOCABULAIRES TECHNIQUES DE CONSTRUCTION DES PONTS TECNICHCAL GLOSSARIE OF BRIDGE ENGINEERING (B n th o l n 3) (Le troixiem project

) (THIRD DRAFT) Had nib, thing 12 - 1999 L I NÓI U

ây là m t tài li u so n th o dành cho các sinh viên ngành C u ng nh m giúp trong vi c luy n t p d ch các tài li u k thu t t ti ng Vi t sang ti ng Pháp và ti ng Anh. Ph n ti ng Pháp l y theo các thu t ng c a Tiêu chu n thi t k c a n c Pháp. Ph n ti ng Anh d a theo các thu t ng trong Tiêu chu n AASHTO-1994 c a Hoa-k . B n in này ch là b n in th , còn m t s ch tr ng s c b sung d n d n. Tác gi mong nh n thi n h n. c các ý ki n phê bình s a ch a chu n b cho b n in chính th c hoàn

A Áp l c bên c a t Pression laterale de teres Áp l c ch ng Poussee Áp l c b ng Butée Áp l c c a dòng n c ch y Pression du courant Áp l c c c i Pression maximum Áp l c y c a t Poussé des terres Áp l c th y t nh Poussé hydrostatique nh h ng c a nhi t Effet de temperature B Bán kính cong (bán kính Rayon de courbure o n ng cong) Bán kính tác d ng c a m Rayon d'action des aiquilles de dùi vibration Bán kính trong c a ng Rayon interieur de courbure cong B n cánh d i Semelle inférieure B n cánh trên Semelle supérience B n cánh (m t c t I,J, h p) Bride, l'aile (f) B n g i gi n n trên 4 Dalle à appuis simples sur poutres c nh lên các d m disposees au coutour

Lateral earth pressure Stream flow pressure Maximum working pressure Earth pressure Hydrostatic pressure Temperature effect Radius of curve Reach (of vibrator) Inside radius of curvature

Bottom flanger,Bottom slab Top flange,Top slab Flange slab Slab simply supported along all four edges by beams Rectangular slab simply B n ch nh t g i gi n n Dalle rectangulaire à appuis simples supported along all four edges trên b n c nh lên các d m sur poutres disposees au coutour by beams

B B b B h

n có khoét l n có kích th c gi m t n có nh p theo m t ng (b n 2 c nh)

Dalle élégie

Voided slab, Hollow slab

Dalle à appuis dans une Dalle à appuis dans deux Dalle nervurée Dalle orthotrope Plague d'ancrage Hourdis inférieur d'un caisson

One-way spaning direction slab Two-way spaning directions slab (slab supported on four sides) Anchor plate Bottom slab of box girder Slab reinforced in both directions Calculating note Deck slab, deck plate Cast-in-situ flat place slab Orthotropic desk Top slab of box Cover-plate Splice plat, scab Gusset plate Fat slab Transition slab Floor slab Cover plate Top slab Erection plan

B n có nh p theo hai h ng (b n 4 c nh) B B B B n có s n n có s n tr c giao n c a m u neo, B n neo n áy c a d m h p t c t thép hai h

B n

ng Dalle armeé dans deux directions Note de calcul Hourdis, tablie Dalle coulée en Dalle orthotrope Hourdir supérieur d'une caisson Plate-bande Couvre-joint Gousset Haunch Dalle plane Dalle de transition Plancher-dalle, plancheren dalle Plaque de couverture Hourdis Dessin en perspectif ... Dessin d'exécution Cachetage Sealing Burlap Entretien Cure du Béton Protection contre abrasion Protection contre l'affounillement Protection des armatures contre la crrosion Bande adhésive .... En fonte ductile

B n ghi chép tính toán, B n tính B nm tc u B n m t c u úc bê tông t i ch B n m t c u tr c h ng B nn ph p B n n i p, b n má B n n i ph B n nút, b n ti t i m B n ph ng B n quá B n sàn B n thép ph ( ph n b n cánh d m thép ...) B n trên nh B n v ph i c nh B n v thi công Bao ph m u neo d ng l c Bao t i ( d ng h bê tông) Báo cáo thí nghi m c c B o d ng, duy tu B o d ng bê tông trong lúc hóa c ng B o v ch ng mài mòn B o v ch ng xói l B o v c t thép ch ng r B ng dính B ng gang úc

Record of test piles Maintenance Curing Protection against abrasion Protection against scour Protection against corrosion Joint tape ...of cast iron

B ng thép cán B tl i B t l i nh t Bê tông Bê tông b o h (bên ngoài c t thép) Bê tông b t áy (c a móng Cáp c c, c a gi ng, c a h Bê tông b m Bê tông cát Bê tông có quá nhi u c t thép Bê tông c t thép d ng l c Bê tông c t thép d ng l c trong Bê tông c t thép d ng l c ngoài Bê tông c t thép th ng Bê tông c ng cao Bê tông ã b tách l p (b bóc l p) Bê tông úc t i ch Bê tông úc s n Bê tông hóa c ng nhanh Bê tông không c t thép Bê tông mác th p Bê tông n ng Bê tông nh Bê tông nh có cát Bê tông nghèo Bê tông phun Bê tông s i Bê tông th y công Bê tông tr ng l ng thông th ng Bê tông t i (m i tr n xong) Bê tông xim ng B m t chuy n ti p B m t ti p xúc B m t ngoài

.....en acier laminé Defavorable La plus défavorable Béton Enrobage des armatures Lit de beton au fond d'une Béton de sable Béton fortement armés Béton précontraint Béton précontrainte intérieuse Béton précontrainte extérieuse Béton armé Béton a haute resistance Beton desagrege Béton coulé en Beton prefabrique Béton à sement Béton non-arme Béton a faible Béton lourd Béton leger Béton leger à sable Béton maigre Béton projetté, Gunite, Shotcret, Béton de graviers ... Béton hydraulique Béton à densité normale Béton frais Béton à ciment Pooclan Surface de contact Paroit, Exterior face

...of laminated steel Unfavorable... The most unfavorable Concrete Concrete cover Fouilk, bouchon Pumping concrete Sand concrete Over-reinforced concrete Prestressed concrete Internal prestressed concrete External prestressed concrete Reinforced concrete High strength concrete Spalled concrete Cast in situ place concrete Precast concrete Early strength concrete Plain concrete, Unreinforced concrete Low-grade concrete resistance Heavy weight concrete Light weight concrete Sandlight weight concrete Lean concrete (low grade concrete) Sprayed concrete, Shotcrete, Hydraulic concrete Normal weight concrete, Ordinary structural concrete Fresh concrete Portland-cement, Portland concrete ... Interface Contact surface Exterior face

B m t ván khuôn B phân ph i l c B kéo c ng c t thép d ng l c B móng

Face exterieure Paroit du coffrage Plate-forme

Form exterior face ... Bed plate Prestressing bed Footing Amplitude of stress ... Anchorage seating ... Strain Unit shortening Long-term deformation Unit lengthening Retrait deformation Flexible flexion deformation Shear deformation

Semelle Amplitude des variations de Biên bi n i ng su t contrainte Bi n d ng c a neo khi d ng l c t kích truy n vào m u neo Bi n d ng c a các th trên m tc t Bi n d ng co ng n t ng Raccourcissement unitaire i Bi n d ng dài h n Déformation de longue durée Bi n d ng dãn dài t ng Allongement unitaire i Bi n d ng do co ngót Déformation de Shrinkage Bi n d ng do u n Déformations dues à la ... Déformations dues à l¶effot Bi n d ng do l c c t tranchant Bi n d ng do t bi n Déformation de creep

Deformation due to Creep deformation Bi n d ng àn h i Déformation elastic, Strain elastique Elastic deformation Bi n d ng quá m c Déformation excessive Excessive deformation Bi n d ng theo th i gian Déformation différée Time-dependent deformation Bi n d ng t c th i Déformation instantanée Imediate deflection Bi n d ng v ng lên Deformation convexe Upward deflection Bi n i nhi t Variation de la temperature Bi n i s t nh h c Modification du schema statique ... Variation in accordance with Bi n i theo th i gian c a Variation dans le ... temps de ... the time of ... Bi u di n th c a Représentation graphique de ... Graphical representation of ... Bi u bi n d ng tuy n Diagramme de Déformation linéaire Linear deformation diagram tính Bi u tác d ng t ng h Diagramme d¶interaction moment- Momen-Axial force effort mô men-l c d c interaction normal diagram B t áy Metre un lit de .... B t kín, l p kín Etanchement Sealing Bó xo n 7 s i thép Toron Strand Bóc l p bê tông b o h Enlever lacoche d¶enrobage du beton Removal of the concrete cover B trí Arrangement ... Arrangement ... B trí các i m c t t c t Rðparatition des arrets des barres Arrangement of longitudinales thép d c c a d m longgitudinal de la poutre renforcement cut-out

B trí c t thép Ferraillage . n c) Pompe d¶huile Hand-act oil pump à B m d u dùng tay maine B m hút B m ly tâm B m n c dùng tay Bu lông hình ch U Bu lông Bu lông neo Búa Búa h i n c n ng B c xo n c a s i thép trong bó xo n Pompe aspirante Pompe centrifuge Pompe d¶eau a maine Lien en U.. Cáp có t trùng th p Câble à basse relaxation Cáp dài c kéo c ng t 2 Câble long tendu des deux coté u Cáp ã ép v a Câble injecte au Cáp t h p long áy Câble de solidarisation inférieur h p Momen arm Competition. ol c Cánh tay òn Bras de levier C nh tranh Compétition Cao c Nivellement Cao .. cao trình Altitude... Device Coupleur Deviator Lubrification Pigment Pump Aspiring pump.. Extraction pump Centifical pump. C m bi n o ng su t Capur . Impeller pump Hand-act water pump U form bolt connection Bolt Anchor bolt Hammer Hydraulic hammer of simple effect Twist step of a cable C C m bi n o bi n d ng Jauge de Déformation . Boulon en U Boulon Boulon d¶ancrage Mouton Mouton à vapeur à simple effet Pas d¶enroulement des fils General location of a bridge Arrangement of reinforcement Cable disposition Additional Equipement Set. Competing Leveling Pile bottom level Ruber Low relaxation strand Long cable tensioned at two ends Grouted cable . Level Cote de niveau Cao chân c c Cao su Caoutchouc ....B trí chung c a c u Disposition generale Disposition des armatures. Dispositif de raboutage ng l c kéo sau B ph n làm l ch h ng Deviateur cáp Bôi tr n Lubrification B t m u ( fa s n) Pigment B c x p hàng Manipuler to handle B m (máy b m) Pompe B m chìm (ngâm trong Pompe immergée .. B trí c t thép d ng l c Câblage B xung. thêm vào Additional B thi t b Equipement B n i các o n cáp d Coupleur..

. c a «) Grade (du beton.) C p c a bê tông Grade du beton C p c a c t thép Grade del¶acier C p c a t i tr ng Classe du chargement C p ph i h t Granulométrie C p ph i h t không liên t cGranulométrie uncontinue C p ph i h t liên t c Ulométrie continue C u ki n Element C u ki n ch u c t Element contre llement C u ki n ch u nén Pièce comprimée C u ki n ch u xo n Element en torsion C u ki n ch a n t Pièce non-fissurée C u ki n có b n cánh Elementa aile C u ki n có hàm l ng c t Pièce comportant un ferrailage thép t i thi u minimal C u ki n có m t c t ch Element a section rectangulaire nh t C u ki n úc s n Elemen prefabrique C u ki n liên h p Element composite C u ki n liên k t Attache C u ki n li n kh i Element monolithique C u ki n liên hi p ch u Element composite à flexion u n C u ki n hình l ng tr Pièce prismatique C u Pont Temporary non-grouted cable Galvanized strand Plastic coated greased strand enveloppes cable Short cable tensioned at one end Stay cable Prestressing teel strand 7 Wire strand Sand Moisture sand Dusts sand Compacted sand Dry sand Wet sand Cut pile head Simple shear Static equilibrum Crane Gantry crane Grade Grade of concrete Grade of reinforcement Class of loading Grading.. Cân b ng t nh h c Équilibre statique C nc u Grue C n c u c ng Grue portique C p (c a bê tông.Cáp t m không ép v a Câble provisoire non coulis injecte Cáp cm k m Câble galvanisé Cáp g m các bó s i xo n Câble à torons graisses et b c trong ch t d o d¶elastomere Cáp ng n c kéo c ng t Câble court tiré d¶un seul coté m t u Cáp treo xiên (c a h dây Haubans xiên) Cáp thép d ng l c Câble. .. toron Cáp xo n 7 s i Toron 7 fils Cát Sable Cát m Sable humide Cát b t Sable très fin Cát ch t Sable dense Cát khô Sable sec Cát t ( m n c) Sable sature d¶eau C t uc c C t thu n túy Cisaillement simple . Element Member subject to shear Compression member Torsion member Uncracked member Flanged member Member with minimum reinforcement Rectangular member Precast member Composite member Attachment Monolithic member Composite flexural member Prismatic member Bridge . Granulometry Uncontinuous granlametry Continuous granulametry Member ..

. rail bridge Masonry bridge Double deck bridge Frame bridge Portal bridge Rigid frame with hinges Bridge composed of simple span precast prestressed grider made continues prefabriques Aqueduct Lifting bridge Skew bridge Long span bridge Short span bridge Highway bridge. C u d m h ng Pont à poutres cantilever C u d m liên h p Pont à poutres composées C u dây xiên Pont à hauban... Service bridge Existing bridge Cantilever bridge Composite beam bridge Cable-stayed bridge Approach viaduct Movable bridge Sliding bridge Cast-in-place. posttensioned bridge Pedestrian bridge Railway bridge. Pont de courte travée Pont-route Pont roulant Pon provisoire Escalier u máng u nâng-h th ng u xiên . road bridge Turning bridge Emergency bridge Stairs C u cho 2 hay nhi u làn xe Pont a deux ou pluisieur voies C C C C C u có ng xe ch y trên Pont tablier supérieur u có ng xe ch y d iPont tablier inférieur u có tr cao Viaduc u cong Pont en courbe uc nh Pont Pont de service (pont de C u công v manutention) C u c hi n có Pont existant..C ub n C u b n liên t c có 2 hai nh p b ng nhau C u bê tông c t thép th ng C uc t C u cho m t làn xe Pont-dalle Pont-dalle continue à deux traveés egales Pont en Béton armé Pont elévateur Pont a une voie Slab bridge Two-equal spans continuos slab bridge Renforced concrete bridge Hoist bridge Bridge design for one traffic lane Bridge design for two or more traffic lanes Deck bridge Through bridge Viaduct Bridge on curve Fixe .c u treo u nh p l n C u nh p ng n C u ôtô C u quay C ut m . Pont haubané C ud n Viaduc d¶accès C u di ng Pont mobile C u di ng tr t Pont glissant C u d ng l c kéo sau Pont coule en situ a preconrainte úc bê tông t i ch posterieure Pont pour piétons (la passerelle C u ib piétonnière) C u ng s t Pont-rail C u g ch.á xây Pont en masconnerie C u hai t ng Pont à deux etages C u khung C u khung chân xiên Pont à bequilles C u khung T có ch t Pont-cadre articule C u liên t c các d m gi n C C C C c ghép t Pont continue forme des poutres n úc s n simples precontraintes ng Pont aqueduc Pont levant Pont oblique Pont de grande portée Pont à fravée courte.

Flage thickness (web thickness) Length of penetration Loaded length in meters . pathologic Ch t bôi tr n c t thép d Graisse. Lubrifiant ng l c Ch t b o v Agent de protection Ch t d o Elastomère Ch t d o nhân t o Elastomere synthese Ch t d o thiên nhiên Elastomere naturele Ch t dính k t Liant Ch t hóa d o Plastifiant Ch t ho t hóa Activateur Ch t làm c ng. C u có tr nghiêng Pont à béquilles C u chui Passage inférieur Ch i s ch Brosser .. Hauteur effective Chi u cao d m Hauteur de la poutre Chi u cao t nh không Hauteur du gabarit Chi u cao toàn b c a c u Uteur hors-tout de l¶element ki n Chi u dày c a b n (c a s n) Chi u dài c c h vào t Chi u dài t t i (tính b ng Longueur chargee en metre mét) Straight bridge Medium span bridge Arched bridge Overpasse.. Ch n oán Auscultation..C u thang ( ib ) C u th ng Pont de droit C u trung Pont de la portée moyene C u vòm Pont en arc C uv t Pont pour passage superieur C u v t qua ng s t Pont tranversant le chemin de fer C t kh c Encocher .. Ch t hoá Durcisseur c ng Ch t làm t ng nhanh quá Accelerateur trình Ch t l ng mong mu n Qualité exigée Ch t xâm th c Agent agressif Ch ôi (do l c nén c c Fendage (due a la presion Fendage b ) locale) Chéo.. Plastic Synthetic plastic Natural plastic Bond. Passage superieure Railway overpasse Portal bridge Underpass To brush clean Diagnosis Sliding agent Prospecting agent Elastomer. Manufaction Precast Embeded item Temporary instruction Depth Effective depth at the section Depth of beam Vertical clearance Overall depth of member .. cho ch t Chi ti t chôn s n Ch d n t m th i Instruction provisoire Chi u cao Hauter Chi u cao có hi u Hauter utile. Bonding agent Plastifying agent Activator Hardener Accelerant Required quality Corrosive agent Skew Fabrication.. s n xu t Farrication Ch t o s n Préfabrique Chêm nút neo vào u neo Blocage des clavettes .. xiên Biais Ch t o.

To subject. to bear. Perimeter of bar Ch công trình Maitre d¶oeuvre Engineer.. Etre sous charge.. to Ch u t i .Chi u dài o n neo gi c c t thép Chi u dài kích khi không ho t ng Chi u dài nh p Chi u dài truy n d ng l c kéo tr c Chi u dài truy n l c nh dính bám Chi u dài u n d c Chi u dày Chi u d y b n cánh a Longueur d¶ancrage de l¶armature Longeur fermé Travee Longueur de tranmission de la precontrainte Longueur de tranmission par adherance Longeur de flambement Epaisseur Epaisseur de l¶arm Anchorage length Closed length Span length Transmission length for pretensioning Bond transfer length Buckling lengh Thickness Flange thickness.. Capstone Ch t ngang (l p ch t Clavette (clavetter) Fastening pin (to bolt) ngang) Chu k t t i .Cle de voute Key. to withstand. Key block...... to load. Web thickness Chi u r ng b n ch u nén Largeur des tables de width Compression flange of T-girder c ad mT compression des poutres en Té Chi u r ng có hi u c a b n Largeur utile de l¶aile Effective flange width cánh Chi u r ng có hi u (c a Largeur effective (des poutres en Té) Effective width (of T girder) d m T) Chi u r ng phân b c a t i Largeur de reparation du poids Distribution width for wheel tr ng bánh xe d¶essieu loads Chi u r ng ph n xe ch y Large de la chaussee Roadway width Chi u r ng t nh không Largeur du gabarit Horizontal clearance Chi u r ng toàn b c u Largeur totale du pont Overall width of bridge Ch nh tr dòng sông Repulation du couran d¶eau River training work Ch u ng c mà không Resister sans defaillance .Architect Ch ut Maitre d¶ouvrage Owner Chuy n giao công ngh Transfert tecnologyque Technology transfer Chuy n v Déplacement Displacement . etre charge resist Chu k dao ng Periode de vibration Period of vibration Ch n v trí xây d ng c u Emplacement du pont Bridge loacation Ch r ng (khoét r ng) Vide Void Ch ng m cho b m t Hydrofuge de surface Surface water protection Ch t Clé Hinge Ch t bê tông Articulation en Béton Concrete hinge Ch t nh vòm (chìa khoá) Clé.. to carry. Loading cycle Chu k ng su t thi t k Cycle des contraintes projetes Design stress cycles Chu vi thanh c t thép .. To stand without failure h ng .

de l¶acier Raccoucissement élastique Raccourcir Retrait Pieu Pieu en beton precontrainte Pieu en beton prefabrique Pieu sur pointe Pieu beton precontrainte Pieu isole Pieu a beton coule sur la place Pieu prefabrique Pieu à grande diamètre Pieu foré Pieu fore-moule Pieu flottant Pieu-tube Pieu-tube en acier Pieu tube non rempli ng Relative rotation Automatic design program Automatic design software Thermal expansion and construction Elastic shortening Contraction Contraction. tr c ag i C h ck tc u Pieu tube de l¶acier a beton coule en Concrete-filled pipe pile situ Pieu creux Hollow pile Steel H pile Pieu d¶essai Test pile Palplache Sheet pile Barre d¶appui . tubular steel pile Unfilled tubular steel pile Co ng n c a bê tông Co ng n c a thép Co ng n àn h i Co ng n l i Co ngót C c C c bê tông c t thép d ng l c C c bê tông úc s n C c ch ng C cd n C c d ng l c C c ã óng xong C c n C c úc bê tông t i ch C c úc s n.. C c th C c ván. shrinkage Pile Prestressed concrete pile Precast concrete pile Point-bearing pile Driver pile Prestressed pile Driven pile Single pile Cast-in-place concrete pile Precast pile Large diameter pile Bore pile Bored cast-in-place pile Friction pile Pipe pile. ch công trình d¶ouvrage ng trình th nghi m Programme d¶essais .. maitre « u t . c c ch s n C c ng kính l n C c khoan C c khoan nh i C c ma sát C c ng C c ng thép C c ng thép không l p lòng C c ng thép nh i bê tông l p lòng C c r ng ly tâm C c thép hình H . ng trình tính toán t Programme de calcul automatique Logiciel de dimensionnement automatique Dilatation thermique Raccourcissement du beton . Raccourcissement .. c c ván thép Con l n.....Chuy n v quay t Ch Ch Ch ng Ch ng trình thi t k t ng Co dãn do nhi t i Mouvement de rotation relatif Maitre d¶ceuvre.. Theorical C h c lý thuy t Mðcanique rationnelle mechanic Tensioning (tensioning Công tác kéo c ng c t thép Mettre en tension operation) . Mðcanique des structures Structural analysis Pure mechanics.. hollow shell pile Steel pipe pile..

. Acier C t thép d ng l c Prestressing steel. frettage Hoop reinforcement C t thép g m ( truy n Epingle Pin l c c t tr t nh neo) C t thép l ra ngoài Armature exposee Exposed reinforcement C t thép m c t i thi u Ferrailage minimal . deformed gai) d¶armature reinforcement C t thép d c Armature longitudinale Longitudinal reinforcement Armature de precontraite. corporation Công th c pha tr n bê tông Formulation du beton Concrete proportioning C ng Égout Buse .link.. C t ai d ng l c Étrier tendu C t li u (s i á) Granulat Aggregate C t thép ai (d ng thanh) Stirrup.. Barre a nervois Deformed bar. work Công trình k thu t cao Construction a haute High tech work technique Công trình ph t m thi Construction provisoire d¶execution Temporary construction công Công tr ng Chantier Site Công ty Compagnie (gpoup) Company. c ng xiên Biais buse . C ng chéo.Công trình Ouvrage d¶art Construction.lateral tie C t thép b n cánh Armature de l¶aile Flange reinforcement C t thép b n m t c u Armature du hourdis Slab reinforcement C t thép bên d i (c a m t Armature inféricure Bottom reinforcement c t) C t thép bên trên (c a m t Armature supéricure Top reinforcement c t) C t thép ch u c t Armature contre cisaillement Shear reinforcement C t thép ch u kéo Armature tendue Tension reinforcement C t thép ch u nén Armature comprimé Compression reinforcement C t thép ch song song Armature parallele au passage Main reinforcement parallel to h ng xe ch y (longitudinale) traffic C t thép ch vuông góc Armature perpendiculaire au passage Main reinforcement h ng xe ch y (lateral) perpendicular to traffic C t thép có dính bám Barre à haute adhérence Deformed reinforcement cao (có g ) C t thép có t chùng Acier à relaxation normale Medium relaxation steel bình th ng C t thép có t chùng Acier à très basse relaxation Low relaxation steel th p C t thép có g (c t thép Barre dedormee . cable tendon C t thép d ng l c có Armature de precontrainte a Bonded tendon dính bám v i bê tông adherante C t thép d ng l c không Armature de precontrainte non Unbonded tendon dính bám v i bê tông adherente C t thép ã b r Corroded reinforcement C t thép t theo vòng tròn Acier circulaire..

Armature tranversde Armature inclinee Armature repartie.. C t ng Pieu-colonne Pile column C t tháp (c a h treo) Pylone Cung c p.. Armature de reparation Transverse reinforcement Inclined bar Distribution reinforcement C t thép ph t g n sát b Armature de peau Skin reinforcement m t C t thép t ng c ng thêm Armature de renfort Strengthening reinforcement C t thép th ng Armature droite Straight reinforcement C t thép thi công Acier de construction Erection reinforcement C t thép th ng (không d Armature passive (non precontrainte) Non-prestressed reinforcement ng l c) C t thép trong s n d m Armature en l¶arme Web reinforcement C t thép tròn tr n Rond lisse Plain round bar C t thép u n nghiêng lên Barre relevée Bent-up bar C t thép xo n c Armature spirale Spiral reinforcement C t Chargee Column C t ch u t i úng tr c Colonne chargee axial Axially loaded column C t ch u l c Poteau C t có c t ai vuông góc Colonne a cache perpendiculaire a Lateral tied column v i tr c l¶axe C t có c t thép xo n c Colonne a armature spirale Spiral reinforced column C tm c Balise . cung ng Fourniture Supply Cung ng n chân công Fourniture à pied d¶ceuvre Supply at the site trình C a c ng Culvert head C ng ch u kéo Resistance à la fraction Tensile strength C ng ch u kéo c a bê Resistance du beton à la traction à 28 Tensile strength at 28 days age tông 28 ngày jours C ng ch u m i Rðsistance à la fatigue Fatigue strength C ng ch u nén 28 Rðsistance à la compression à 28 Compressive strength at 28 ngày jours days age C ng ch u u n Resistance a la flexion Flexural strength C ng c ch n Resistance ultime Ultimate strength C ng àn h i c a thép Resistance elastique limite de l¶acier Yield strength of reinforcement lúc kéo en tension in tension C ng àn h i c a thép Resistance elastique limite de l¶acier Yield strength of rein forcement lúc nén en compresion in compression C ng c tr ng Rðsistance caractéristique Characteristic strength C ng kh i vuông Resistance de l¶echantillon cubique Cube strength D Dài h n (t i tr ng dài h n) « A long term Long-term (load) D i phân cách Separateur Seperator .C t thép ngang C t thép nghiêng C t thép phân b Acier tranversal.

Collage des plaques metalliques Dãn n Elongation D ng hình h c c a m t c t Geometrie de la section Danh nh Nominal . D m Poutre D m b n thép hàn Poutre soudee a ame plaine D m b n có ng xe ch y Poutre a ame plaine a tablie d i inferieure D m b n thép có ng xe Poutre a ame plaine a tablie ch y trên superieure D m bê tông c t thép Poutre en beton armee D m biên. Piece de pont Entretoise d¶about Entretoise portant le Entretoise intermediaire Poutrelle Poutre iterieure Poutre de lancement Poutre rivee Profilé Positive vers le haut m h ng mh p m h p nhi u t m liên t c m ngang m ngang u nh p m tc u Gluing of steel plate Expansion Section geometry Girder. d m ngoài cùng Poutre exterieure D m ch có c t thép ch u Poutre a armature en tension kéo seulement D m ch u t i tr ng r i u Poutre sous charge uniformement D m có c c t thép ch u Potre a armature en tension et en kéo và ch u nén compresion D m ch u u n Poutre flechie D m ch u u n thu n túy Poutre en flexion simple D m có chi u cao không Poure a hauteur constante i D m có khoét l Poutre elegie D m ch T Poutre en Té D m d c ph Longeron Poutre a precontrainte anterieure D m d ng l c kéo tr c (pretendure) D m d ng l c kéo sau Poutre a precontrainte posterieure D m b n Poutre sous dalle D m g i gi n D D D D D D n Poutre simple Poutre console Poutre caisson Poutre caisson a segments Poutre continue Entretoise. T-girder Stringer Pretensioned beam Posttensioned beam Supporting beam Simply supported beam.tranverse beam table Intennediate diaphragm Interior girder Launching girder Riveted girder Positive upward D n ngang D m ngang trong nh p D m nh . simple span Cantilever beam Box girder Segmental box girder Continuous beam Diaphragm End diaphragm Floor beam. beam Welded plate girder Through plate girder Deck plate girder Reinforced concrete beam Edge beam...exterior girder Beam reinforced in tension only Uniformly loaded beam Beam reinforced in tension and compression Flexural beam Pure Flexion beam Beam of constant depth Voided beam T-beam.Dán b n thép ...d m nh hình D m phía trong D m t m lao c u Giá lao d m D m tán inh D m thép cán ng hình D u d ng l y h ng lên trên .

granulat concasse Moellon Bordure de trotoir Echafaudage. Estimatif Estimation Force de precontrainte Prestressing force Precontrainte centree Centred prestressing Precontrainte excentree Non-centred prestressing Precontrainte laterale Precontrainte Precontrainte extericure .. Tranverse prestressing Prestress External prestressing . á xây á v a (ch n v a hè trên c u) à giáo. Under the effect of ... scaffolding Precontrainte effective (apres pertes) Effective prestress after loses .Tream current Form removal Tolerance Tolerance To use Rapid testing kit Testing device.. Caillou. dàn giáo Ligature Service apres-vente Aire totale Aire de l¶armature Nominale section Aire d¶une section Contract section Aire convertee Surface portante Adherence Courant d¶eau Decoffrage Solvan Solvent Utiliser Equipement pour essai rapide Appareil de mesure Entretien Donnee Donnees de calcul Ligature... stone Gravel Cobble..Dây thép bu c D ch v sau khi bán hàng Di n tích bao (không k thu h p do l ) Di n tích c t thép Di n tích danh nh Di n tích m t c t Di n tích ti p xúc Di n tích tính i Di n tích t a (ép m t) Dính bám Dòng n c ch y D ván khuôn Dung môi.b o d ng D li u (s li u ban u) D li u tính toán D li u v l l t ã x y ra D án s b ( án s b ) D oán D toán D ng l c D ng l c úng tâm D ng l c l ch tâm D ng l c theo h ng ngang D ng su t D ng su t có hi u sau m i m t mát D ng l c ngoài D i nh h ng c a D ng h bê tông m i xong á ád m á h c..Cintre Rock. máy o Duy tu.. Tie After sale service Gross area Area of reinforcement Area of nominal Area of cross section (cross sectional area) Contract area Transformed area Bearing are Bond Stream flow. Dung sai Dùng D ng c th nghi m nhanh D ng c o. ashalar stone Curb Scaffold. Cure to cure. Testing instrument Maitenance Data Calculation data Past flood data Preliminary design Forecast Avant-projet Prevoire Devis estimatif. Sous l¶effet de .. curing .

cast-guide d ng l c . giàn giáo Cintre Centering. m trên m t Vibrateur superficielle Surface vibrator m trong (vùi vào h n Vibrateur interne Internal vibrator h p bê tông) ánh giá.à giáo treo... c l ng Estimation Evaluation t Sol Earth. granular Sol non coherent r c material t n n bên d i móng Sol de fondation Foundation soil t phù sa. chày Dame Tamper m bê tông cho ch t Compactage Tamping m c nh (rung ván Vibration des coffrages Form vibrator khuôn) m dùi ( m bê tông) Aiguille (Vibrateur-aiguile) Reedle vibrator m rung Dame vibrante Vibrating tamper .. argileux Loam t b i... Eccentric loading t t i lên .false work à giáo t di d ng Cintre autolanceur girder Moving construction ai ôm vòng quanh Collier i tu Rehabilitation Rehabilitation áp ng các yêu c u . t b i tích Alluvion Alluvial soil t sét Argile Clay u th u Adjudication Adjudication uc u About de pont Bridge end u máy dieden Loconotive a diesel Diesel locomotive u máy h i n c Locomotive a vapeur Stream locomotive u neo hình tr có khoan Perforated cylindrical anchor Tête d¶ancrage culindrique percee l head u nh p Bout de la travee Span end u n i n i các c t thép Coupleur Coupler d ng l c c tr ng các v t li u Caracteristique des materiaux Material characteristics c i m v t li u Caractere du materiau Material properties c tr ng c h c Caracteristique mecanique Mechanical characteristic D t t i l ch tâm . t r i Cohesionless soil.. To meet the requirements m. t t i th lên c u Chargement eperimentale sur le pont Test loading on bridge t vào trong khung c t Mise en place dans le ferraillage Put in the reinforcement case thép ê quai (ng n n c t m) Batardeau Cofferdam m u neo d ng l c Plaque d¶appui Bearing plate hình loa c a m u neo Tromplaque Trumplate.. soil t á sét Limon... Loading on .. Chargement sur ... phù sa Alluvion Alluvion t ch t Terre compacte Compact earth t dính k t Sol cohesif Cohesive soil t không dính k t.

..... ajuster úng i u ki n t .....(casting) . bi n i u ki n d ng h bê Condition de cure du beton tông i u ki n khí h u b t l i Condition climatique defavorable i u ki n môi tr ng ... Crampon .. i u tra (thanh tra) . sóng âm ng n c n s tách r i nhau inh a Happe . Test train Train serving the line Truck train Segment Key block segment On-pier segment Trumpet Driving additional piles Project .... i u tra b ng ph ng pháp . c n ch nh cho Adjustement. To cast. khúc d m Troncon o n ( t) h p long c a Vousoir de cle k t c u nh p o n ( t) k t c u nh p Vousoir de pile bên trên tr o n ng loe um u Trompette neo óng c c Battage des pieux pilling óng c c thêm án Projet án phác th o s b Avant-projet bê tông (s bê tông) Couler (la betonage) Overload provision Pile cap Force representative point (on the curve) Levelling point Jacking end Location of the resultant Location of the concrete compressive resultant Adjustment Soild conditions Balanced strain condition Condition of curing Unfavourable climatic condition Enviromental condition Inspection Sounding In order to prevent separation Cramp. i u ki n cân b ng ng . Rivet Flange rivet ..phòng quá t i Prevision de surchargement m uc c Avant-pieu i m bi u di n c a n i l c Point representatif de sollicitation (trên th ) i m c n o cao Point a niveler i m u c t thép c Bout tire (de la precontrainte) kéo c ng b ng kích i m tc ah pl c Point de passage de le resultante i m t h p l c nén bê Point de passage de la resultante de tông compression du beton i u ch nh.Crampon inh móc Clou à crochet inh tán Rivet inh tán b n cánh Rivet sur l¶ame inh tia-r -phông Tire-fond oàn t u th ( th c u) Train d¶experimentation oàn t u ch y th ng Train d¶experimentation xuyên trên tuy n oàn xe t i Convoi o n d m.

. To cast in many stage phrases Rebound of pile Humidity (relative) Annual ambient relative humidity Fire resistance Durability Unit shortening Total shrinkage Compactness Courbature Accuracy (of test) Stiffness Flexural stiffness Torsional stiffness Lateral rigidity of the bridge Maximum stroke Steel elongation Unit elongation . cone d¶abram tông t t c a nút neo trong l neo (sau khi ã óng ch t Rentree des clavettes nút neo) th m th u. Activity og cement Tightness (water tightness) Eccentricity Structural integrity Setllement Slenderness Viscosity Crack opening...bê tông theo nhi u giai Couler en plusieures o n ch i c a c c m( m t ng i) Humidite (relative) m t ng i bình quân Humidite relative moyenne annuelle hàng n m b n ch u l a Resistance au feu b n lâu (tu i th ) Durabilite co ng n t ng i Raccourcissement unitaire co ngót t ng c ng Retrait total du beton ch t Compacite cong Courbure chính xác (th nghi m) Precision (des essais) c ng Rigidite c ng ch ng u n Rigidite a la flexion c ng ch ng xo n Rigidite a la torsion c ng ngang c a c u dài di chuy n cc a Course du piston pittong c a kích dãn dài c a c t thép Allongement de l¶acier dãn dài t ng i Allongement unitaire d . Crack width Sensitivity. Sensitiveness Stability Figure stability Hardness degree Crack width Slump Anchor sliding Permeability Anchor sliding Deflection Camber . l ng l o Jeu ho t hoá xi m ng Activite du ciment khít kín không rò n c Etancheite l ch tâm Excentricite li n (nguyên) kh i c a Integrite de construction k tc u lún Affaissement (tassement) m nh Elancement nh t Viscosite m r ng v t n t Ouverture des fissures nh y c m Sensibilité n nh Stabilite n nh hình dáng Stabilite de forme r n c ng Degre de durete r ng v t n t Largeur d¶une fissure s t (hình nón) c a bê Affaissement au cone. th m Permeabilite tr t trong m u neo Glissement a l¶ancrage c a u c t thép võng Fleche v ng ng c Contrefleche ..

... Courbe experimentable (contraintedeformation) Remblai Nominale diametre ..... perpendicular to . Counterbalance Homonogeneity Manometer Earthquake Dinamic Segment Traffic lane unit .. séismique(adj) Dinamique Vousoire Charge unitaire sur une voie . ..v n h ng x p r ng (c a bê tông) i tr ng ng ch t ng h o áp l c ng t ng l c h c t. o n tuy n cong ng cong bi u di n th c a ..... Mesure paralletement a . Endevelope curve Curve Representative curve of . o n (c a k t c u) n v làn xe úc bê tông t i ch c (b ng choòng) .. c o vuông góc v i .... To cast in place Pick .mesure perpendiculairement a ... piling To ship pile head . Test curve (strain-stress) Embankment Nominal diameter Outside diameter Railway Road Approach roadway Extrados Intrados Rise of are Toll Road Waterway Center line Cable trace Parapolic cable trace Reseau navigable Axe centrale Trace du cable Trace de cable parabolique Trace de cable compose de segments Cable trace with segmental line de droite Is multiplied by Torsional stiffness Torsional stability Fill...... c o song song v i ng bao ng cong. Courbe enveloppe Courbe Courbe representative de . Mesured parallel to ... ng cong th c nghi m ng p u c u ng kính danh nh ng kính ngoài ng s t ng b ng d n vào c u ng biên trên c a vòm ng biên d i c a vòm ng tên vòm ng thu phí giao thông ng th y ng tr c. c nhân v i c ng ch ng xo n n nh xo n t p trên vòm b n ng tr c vòm ng áp l c óng c c p uc c Longueur d¶encorbellement Porosite (du beton) Contrepoids Homogeneite Manometre Sðisme(m)...earth fill Areh axis Line of pressine Driving. Chemin de fere Route Cantilever dimension Porosity Counterpoiser... Couler (le beton) en situ Piquer ... Mesured .. .. ng tim ng tr c cáp ng tr c cáp d ng parabole ng tr c cáp g m các o n th ng ...

... Course Papier de verre Abrasive paper Contreventlement Wind bracing Caisson Caisson Caisson a paroi en boue-ciment Betonnite lubricated caisson Caisson on temporary Gi ng chìm p o Caisson sur batardeau provisoire cofferdam Gi ng chìm bê tông úc t i Caisson conlee en situ Cast-in-place concrete caisson . Connection Needle Launching girder Pile drive Maintenance cost Production cost Replacement cost Construction cost Basic assumption Design assumption Definitive evaluation Transition stage Load stage Construction successive Phases successives de la construction stage(s) Solution technique Technical solution Contreventement Bracing Inspection de construction Supervision of construction Interruption du trafic Interruption of traffic Dilater. injection G Fonte ductile Nervure Approximative Jonction Aiguille Poutre de lancement Sonnette Cout d¶entretien Cout de manutention Cout de remplacement Cout de mise en ceuvre Hypothese de base Hypothese de calcul Evaluation definitive Phase de transition Etape de chargement t Application of lived load on deck slab Back fill behind abutmait Influence livie for moment Approaches.. ng tr c i u ki n t t i Ép m t c c b Ép v a Gang úc Gân... duy tu Giá thành ch t o Giá thành thay th Giá thành thi công Gi thi t c b n Gi thi t tính toán Giá tr quy t toán Giai o n chuy n ti p Giai o n t t i (Các) Giai o n thi công n i ti p nhau Gi i pháp k thu t Gi ng gió Giám sát thi công Gián o n giao thông Giãn n Giãn n t do Giáo trình (khóa h c) Gi y ráp Gi ng gió Gi ng chìm Gi ng chìm áo v a sét E Pression localisee Injecter. appwoch road Guaid stone Centre line Loading conditions Located pressure Grout. Grouting Cast iron Rib . s n (c a b n) G n úng Ghép n i Ghi Giá 3 chân lao c u (d ng dàn) Giá búa óng c c Giá thành b o d ng. dilatation Expansion Dilatation libré . Free expansion Cours .t ho t t i lên m t c u p sau m ng nh h ng mô men ng d n vào c u áva ng tim. Approximate ...

Dosage Aggregate content Steel percentage Cement content Weld H Aval Teneur... Appareil d¶appui fixe Appui a rouleaux Appui mobile. neoprene bearing Bearing Fixed bearing Roller bearing Movable bearing Mechanical bearing Tetron bearing Intermediate support Guided slipping bearing Slipping bearing Elastomatric bearing Elestomatric pot bearing Roller bearing Acceleration due to gravity Plate bearing Downstream side Content. To fixe the ends of reinforcement Angle of interior friction Plywood Laminate timber Thermal gradient Laminated elastomeric bearing End support Rubber bearing. Appareil d¶appui mobil Appui mecanique Appui tetron Appui intermediaire Appui guide glissant Appui glissant libre Góc ma sát trong G dán (ván khuôn) G ép Gradien nhi t G i b ng ch t d o cán G i biên (m c u) G i cao su G ic u G ic nh G i con l n G i di ng G i ki u c khí G i têtrôn G i trung gian (tr c u) G i tr t có h ng d n G i tr t t do G i cao su G i h p ch t d o G i con l n Gia t c tr ng tr ng G i b n thép H l u Hàm l ng Hàm l ng c t li u Hàm l ng thép trong bê tông c t thép Hàm l ng xi m ng Hàn Floating caisson Air caisson Shear limit Elastic limit Conventional elasticity limit Rupture limit of the prestressed steel Fixation Fixation on the form Keeping the line operating . dosage Dosage en granulats Pourcentage d¶acier Dosage en ciment Soudage .ch Gi ng chìm ch n i Caisson flotable Gi ng chìm h i ép Caisson a air comprime Gi i h n c t tr t Limite du cisaillement Gi i h n àn h i Limite étastique Gi i h n àn h i qui c Limite conventionnelle d¶elasticite Gi i h n phá h y c a c t Limite de rupture de l¶acier de thép d ng l c precontrainte Gi cho c nh Fixation Gi cho c nh vào ván Fixation au coffrage khuôn Ghi c a ng s t Aiguille Gi cho thông tuy n ng Assurer le fonctionement du trafic Gi c nh u c t thép Bloquer l¶extremite des armatures Angle de frottement interne Isoplane Gradient thermique Appui en elastomere frette Appui d¶about Appui neoprene Apparei d¶appui Appui fixe.

..Hàn ch m Hàn t i công tr ng Hàn trong x ng Hàng rào ch n an toàn Hàng rào ch n b o v ng xe ch y trên c u Hàng rào ch n b o v ng xe p trên c u H ng. ......) H s xét n tính liên t c c a các nh p H s xung kích H s phân b H s nhám H gi ng liên k t c a dàn H th ng siêu t nh Down stream end Single plane system of cables Two plane system of cables Two unclined plane system of cables Platelage Bridge floor Coefficient de securite Safety factor Coefficient partiel de securite Partial safety factor Coefficient of thermal dãn dài do nhi t Coefficient de dilatation thermique exspansion Coefficient minorateur aux sections gi m m t c t thép .. d¶acier ng nh t Coefficient d¶homogeneite Homonegeity coefficient gi m kh n ng ch u Strength capacity reduction Coefficient minorateur a capacite factor không có th nguyên Coefficient sans dimension Dimensionless coefficient l ch tâm Coefficient d¶excentricite Excentricity coefficient ma sát do cong Coefficient de frottement angulaire Friction curvature coefficient ma sát trên o n Coefficient de frottement lineaire Friction linear coefficient Coefficient de friction glissante Coefficient de souplesse des travees Coefficient de reparation tranversale Coefficient d¶ulitisation Coefficient de poisson Coefficient de surcharge Coefficient d¶equivalence Coefficient du combinaison des charges (pour) Facteur de continuite des travees Coefficient of sliding friction Spans¶ flexibility coefficient . Encorbellement (partie encorbellement) Spot-weld Fild-weld Shop welding Safety railing Vehicular railing.. ph n h ng H l u H cáp 1 m t ph ng H cáp 2 m t ph ng H cáp 2 m t ph ng nghiêng H m tc u H s an toàn H s an toàn t ng ph n H s H s Soudure par points Soudure sur chantier Glissière .. Poisson¶s ratio Load factor Modular ratio Load combination coefficient (for .) Continuity factor Impact factor Distribution coefficient Coefficient of roughness Lateral bracing Hyperstatic system Systeme hypestatique . traffic railing Bicycle railing Cantilever H s H s l c H s H s H s H s th ng H s ma sát tr t H s m m c a các nh p H s phân b ngang H s s d ng H s poát-xông H s t i tr ng H s tính i H s t h p t i tr ng ( i v i .. ....

hình oval Hình v t ng th Durcissement du beton Hóa c ng trong i u ki n bình th ng Hoàn công Ho t t i Ho t t i tác d ng trên v a hè Ho t t i t m th i Ho t t i r i u t ng ng H s m u.. Prestressing by stages Non-simultaneity of jacking Overstressing Keo epoxy Keo t ng h p Kðo c ng Kðo c ng c t thép t ng Pretension partielle ph n Kðo c ng c t thép theo Pretension par étapes t ng giai o n Kðo c ng không ng th i Non-simultaneite de mise en tension Kðo c ng quá m c .... Charge mobile Live load. moving load Charge mobile sur trottoir Surcharge mobile provisoire Sidewalk live load Live load Equivalent distribuled live load Dossier pilote Dossier d¶execution Contrat Contrat d¶expertise Contrat de fourniture Alliage Clavage Typical document Construction document Formal tender Mixing Contract.. tài li u h ng d n H s thi công H s u th u H n h p ã tr n H p ng H p ng chuyên gia H p ng cung c p H p kim H p long H pl c H p l c dính H p l c ma sát H p l c b ng không H h ng (h h ng c c b ) H ng gió H ng lên phía trên Drainage Systeme isostatique Elalonnage. Dammage locale. elalonnier Drainage Isostatic system . agreement Expertise contract Supply contract Alloy Closure Resultant Resultant of cohesion Resultant of friction Zero resultant Damage (local damage) Wind direction Upward Epoxy resin Synthetic resin Prestressing Partial prestressing . Default locale Direction ventee Ascendante K Colle epoxy Colle synthetique Mettre en tension ...H th ng thoát n c.. s thoát n c H th ng t nh nh Hi u ch nh Hi u ng nhi t Hi u ng th y tri u Hình d ng trái xoan. Thermal effect Buoyancy effect Oval Oval Vue d¶ensemble Durcissement du beton General view Concrete hardning Hardening under normal Durcissement en normale condition condition Achevement des travaux .

colone) Structure boulonné Structure soudé Structure existante (beton existant) To extend reinforcement Simple tension Substructure Superstructure Composite prestressed structure Monolithic prestressed structure Cast in situ structure (slab. beam. b n. s n Ossature K t c u liên h p thép ± bê Ossature mixte acier ± beton tông c t thép K t c u nh p c u K t c u nh p Ossature K t c u nh p b n có l Tablier en dalle elegie r ng K t c u nh p b n liên t c Tablier en dalle continue K t c u nh p có nhi u s n Pont à multipli poutres d m ch Continuous slab deck Multi-beam deck. Load-carrying Kh n ng ch u t i Capacité de charge capacity Supporting power of pile Supporting capacity of pile Kh n ng ch u t i c a c c Capacite portanye de pieu Load-carrying capacity of pile Kh n ng ch u t i c a c c Capacité portante du pieu par Load capacity of the pile as a theo v t li u c a c c materiau de structure structural member Kh n ng ch u t i c a c c Capacité portante du pieu par sol de Load capacity of the pile to theo t n n fondation transfer load to the ground . column) Bolted construction Welded construction Existing structure (Existing concrete) Structure Composite steel and concrete structure Bridge deck Desk Hollow slab deck K t c u khung.Kðo dài c t thép Kðo thu n túy K t c u bên d i K t c u bên trên K t c u d ng l c liên h p K t c u d ng l c li n kh i K t c u úc bê tông t i ch (d m. multi-beam bridge Statically indeterminate K t c u siêu t nh Hyperstatique structure structure K t c u t ng ch n Retaining structure K t c u ph n trên Superstructure K t c u ph n d i Substructure K t c u li n kh i Monolithic structure K t qu th nghi m c u Resultat d¶experimentation du pont Bridge test result K t tinh Crystallize Kh n ng ch u c t c a m t Capacité de cisaitlement de la Shear capacity of the section c t section Kh n ng ch u l c ã tính Capacité résistante calculée Computed strength capacity toán c Load capacity. c t) K tc u c liên k t b ng bu lông K tc u c liên k t hàn K t c u hi n có Prolonger les armatures Traction simple Infrastructure Superstructure Construction composite précontrainte Construction precontrainte monolithe Structure coulée en site (poutre.dalle.

Investigation Investigation for bridges Topographic survey Hydraulic investigation Hydrologic investigation Waterway opening Expansion joint for bridge. percerment Khoang Panneau Kho ng cách Espacement Kho ng cách gi a các bánh Espacement des essieux xe Kho ng cách gi a các c t Longitudinal espacement entre des ai trong s n d m armatures Kho ng cách gi a các c t Espacement d¶acier précontrainte thép d ng l c Kho ng cách gi a các d m Espacement des poutres Kho ng cách gi a các d m Espacement des entretoises ngang Kho ng cách gi a các m u Espacement des blocks d¶ancrage neo Kho ng cách gi a các tr Espacement des piles c u Kho ng cách gi a các tr c ... distance Wheel spacing Longitudinal spacing of the web reinforcement Spacing of prestressing steel Girder spacing Diaphragm spacing Anchorage spacing Pier spacing Axle spacing Clear span Distance center to center of .... Spacing.... v t n i Joint de construction thi công Khoan Percer..Kh n ng ch u t i c a t n n Kh n ng h p th (làm t t) dao ng Kh n ng tiêu n c Kh c Kh o sát Kh o sát c u Kh o sát a hình Kh o sát th y l c Kh o sát th y v n Kh u thoát n c Khe bi n d ng cho c u Capacité portante du sol de fondation Capacité absorbante Encoche Reconnaissance topographique Investigation hydraulique Investigation hydrologique Travée d¶ècoulement d¶eau Joint de chaussere Bearing capacity of the foundation soils Vibration-absorbing capacity Discharge capacity .. Road joint Expansion joint Joint Erection jiont .. khe bi n d ng Joint de dilatation Khe n i Joint Khe n i thi công.. Kho ng cách t tim n Distance du centre au centre des tim c a các d m poutres Khô Sec (seche) Kh i b n m t c u úc s n Tablier préfabriqué Kh i u neo Bloc d¶ancrage Kh i t p (sau m sau ... Tosbou . Distance center to center of beams Dry Deck panel End block Backfill Khe co dãn. xe Kho ng cách tr ng (nh p Espacement libré tr ng) Kho ng cách t tâm n Distance du centre au centre des . tâm c a các.

ch t n i Articulation Khu v c ch u kéo c a bê Zone de tension du beton tông Khu v c neo Zone d¶ancrage Khu y tr n Brasser.. Defaut apparent c) Kích Verin Kích có b ngàm gi cáp Verin a prise frontale phía tr c Kích có b ngàm gi cáp Verin a prise arriere phía sau Kích d t.. Verin à pousée Kích kéo c ng cáp có Verin multitoron nhi u bó s i xo n Kích kéo c ng m t bó Verin monotoron s i xo n Kích 2 tác d ng có pistông Verin a double effet à piston creux trong mobile Kích t o d ng l c Verin de tension Kích th y l c Verin hydraulique Kích th c bao ngoài Dimension hors-tout Kích th c danh nh Dimension nominale Kích th c tính b ng Cotes en mm milimet Kích tr t trên teflon Verin glissant sur téflon Sliding mass Anchorage block .t ng ch n) Kh i t tr t Kh i neo... Constant alongthe span Massive Enol block Stone masenry Clearance for navigation Raiway gauge.. u neo (có l Bloc d¶ancrage. . brassage Khuôn hình chóp c t o Cone d¶abrams s t bê tông Khung Charpente Khung ki u c ng (khung Portique ouvert h ) Khuy t t t n d u Vice cache Khuy t t t c a công trình Vice de construction Khuy t t t l ra (trông th y Vice apparent.. Không thay i d c nh p . . Hinge Tension zone in concrete Anchorage region To mix. kích a Kích y Verin plat... Tête d¶ancrage chêm vào.. Pushing jack Multistrand jack Monostrand jack ... Sliding jack on teflon ... M xing Abraham¶s cones Frame Open frame Hidden defect Structural defect Apparent defect Jack .... Constante tout le long de la travee Kh i xây l n c Massif Kh i u d m Kh i xây á Kh gi i h n thông thuy n Kh ng s t Kh ng h p Kh i công Demarage du chantier Kh i công xây d ng Demarrage des travaux Kh p n i.. Width of track Narrow gauge . Prestressing jack Hydraulic jack Overall dimension Nominal size .t vào neo) . Flat jack..

l khoan Lún L c Verifier.K s th c hành K thu t c u Ki m tra (ki m toán) Ki m tra ch t l ng bê tông Ki m tra nghi m thu Ki m tra th c nghi m Ki m tra trong quá trình s n xu t Ki u c u Ký hi u K s c v n Làm ch m l i Lan can Lan can trên c u Làn xe Làn xe thi t k Lao c u Lao ra b ng cách tr t L y m u th L p k ho ch thi công L p d ng L p t thi t b L ch tâm Liên k t. Production supevision Bridge type Notation Consulting engineer . Splice Bolted splice Rigid connection Flexible connection Sliding joint Pinned joint Monolithic Center spiral Male cone Wearing coat Subbase Waterproofing membrane Grout hole Conic hole .. checking Checking concrete quality Reception control . traffic lane Design lane Lauching Launching by sliding Probing Work planing Erection Installation Excentred Joint. la verification Contrôle de qualité du beton Controle de reception Verification experimentale Controle en cours de fabrication Type de pont Notation Ingénieur conseil L Retarder Garde-corps Voie Voie projetee Lancement.. n i Liên k t bu lông Liên k t c ng Liên k t m m Liên k t tr t Liên k t ch t Li n kh i Lõi hình xo n c trong bó s i thép Lõi nêm neo (hình chóp c t) L p ph m t c u L p lót m t n n ng L p cách n c L b m v a vào ng ch a cáp L hình chóp c t L m ng L th ng. To retard Hand rail Railing Lane... lancier Lancement par gissement Echantionnage Planification des travaux Montage Installation Excentre Liaison. Assemblage Connection par boulon Liaison rigide Liaison souple Connection glissant Monolithe Spirale Clavette Practising engineer Bridge engineering Control. Hole Settlement Force Chape étanchéité Trou d¶injection Trou conique Mortaise Trou Tassement... Connection. Affaissement .

. Couche d¶etancheite Water procfing layer n c) L p ph m t v a hè Revetement de trotloir Side walk cover L nh v c áp d ng Domaine d¶application Application field L l ch s ... Revetement de zinc Zinc covering L pn c Nappe d¶eau Water layer L p phòng n c (l p cách Etancheite..L L L L L L L L L L L c ly tâm cd c c do dòng n c c do cong ng và l ch tâm ng c lên lan can c do sóng c ng t c y ngang chân vòm c c t tr t n m ngang c c t th ng ng p Nappe Enrobage Centifugal force Longitudinal force Water current force Forces due to curvature and eccentricity of truck Forces on parapets Wave force Seismic force Horizontal thrust Horizontal shear Vertical shear Layer Protective concrete cover L p bê tông b o h Cover to reinforcemont L p c t thép bên d i Nappe inferieure d¶armature Lower reinforcement layer L pm k m Zingage.l c y ngang Poussee Pressure L c yn i Flottaso Buoyancy L c ng Effort dinamique Dinamic force L c ng t Effort seisemique Earthquake forces L c h ng tâm Force radiale Radial force L c kích ( kéo c ng c t Effort de traction du verin Jacking force . L cc t Effort tranchant Shear force L c c t do ph n bê tông Cisaillement supporte par le beton Shear carried by concrete ch u L c c t do t nh t i Cisaillement par charge permanente Shear due to dead load L c c t do ho t t i Cisaillement par charge mobile Shear due to live load L c c t ã nhân h s Effort tranchant factorise Factored shear force L c c t n m ngang Effort tranchant horizontal Horizontal shear L c c t th ng ng Effort tranchant vertical Vertical shear L c do dòng n c ch y tác Force du courant d¶eau sur la pile (le Force from stream current on d ng vào m tr culee) pier(abutment) L c do nhi t Force thermique Thermal force L cd c Effort longitudinnale Longitudinal force L c d c tr c Effort axiale Axial force L c y. Historical flood L l t Innondation Flood L thi t k Innondation historique Design flood Lu n cáp qua Passage du cable Cable passing Lu n cáp vào kích Enfilage de torons dans le verin .

... Impact Impact due to track irregular Rolling impact . Welded wire fabric. . Mastic Biturninous mastic Grout pump Levelling instrument Cutting machine Pushing machine Oscillograph L it a qu c gia L c kéo Effort de traction L u l ng thi t k Debit de calcul Lý thuy t d m Theorie de la poutre Lý thuy t n a xác su t Theorie semi-probabiliste Lý thuy t xác su t v an Theorie probabiliste de la securite toàn Lý thuy t t bi n tuy n Theorie de fluage liniaire tính Lý trình ( lý trình X) Point kilometrique (au X) M Ma sát Frottement Ma sát tr t Friction glissante Ma tr n c ng M k m.. Probability theory of safety Theory of linear creep .thép) L cl t L c ly tâm L c nén c c b L c tác d ng t phía bên L c t p trung L c tính L c va d c c u (ngang sông) L c va ngang c u(d c sông) L c va ch m L c va ch m do ng không u L c va ch m do xe ch y l cl L c xi t bu lông L i c t thép s i hàn Force Force centrifuge Effort de compression locale Force laterale Effort concentre Effort statique Chocs lateraux (choc lateral) Chocs frontaux (choc frontal) Choc Choc par irregularite de la voie Choc du materiel roulant Effort de serrage Grille d¶armature soudee Overturning force Centrifugal force Local compresion Latenal force Concentrated force Statical force .... Friction Sliding friction Stiffness matrix Zinc covering Slope ... l p m k m Zingage Mái d c Pente Mao d n Capillaire Mát-tít Mastic Mát tít bi tum Máy b m v a l p lòng ng Pompe d¶injection ch a cáp Máy cao c (máy th y Niveau bình) Máy c t c t thép Coupeuse Máy y cáp vào trong ng Machine a pousser les torons ch a cáp Máy o ghi dao ng Oscillographe .... Welded wire mesh National coordinate grid Traction Design volum Beam theory Semi probability theory .

.. k ho ch Plan M t b ng v trí công trình Plan de masse M t bích. Rebar locator Agitator Shaker Crushing machine Tensile test machine Fatigue test machine Grout mixer Lost due to elastic shortening Loss due to concrete shrinkage Friction looses Lost due to relaxation of prestressing steel Lost due to relaxation of prestressing steel Loss of pressed (pressed losses) Loss due to concrete instant deformation due to nonsimultaneous prestressing of several strands Loss at the anchor.I... Appareil d¶essai de tension Appareil d¶essai de fatigue Malaxeur. tông M t b ng. Loss due to anchor slipping Slope failure Test cube. cube Plan Land planing . caisone) c t T. Perte t m u neo par rentree l¶ancrage M t n nh mái d c M u th kh i vuông bê . h p) M t c t có momen c c i Section a moment maximal M tc td c Profil en long M tc t c Section plein M t c t a ch t Coupe geologique Cover-meter. Orthotropic deck Without balasted floor Balasted reiforced concrete gleck Uncracked concrete section Cracked concrete section The most sollicited section Rectangular section T section Inverted T section Flanged section Section of maximum moment Longitudinal section Plain section Soil profile . cái bích n i ng Bride M t c u b n tr c h ng M t c u không ba lát M t c u BTCT có balát M t c t bê tông ch a b n t Section non-fissuree du beton M t c t bê tông ã b n t Section fissuree du beton M t c t ch u l c b t l i Section la plus sollicitee nh t M t c t ch nh t Section rectangulaire M t c t ch T Section en Te M t c t ch T ng c Section en Te inverse M t c t có b n cánh (m t Section a ailes (T.Máy o l p bê tông b o h c t thép Máy khu y Máy nén m u th bê tông Máy th kéo Máy th m i Máy tr n v a M t mát do co ng n àn h i Appareil de mesure de la couche d¶envelope Agitateur ... I. Melangeur Perte due au raccourcisement elastique Perte de tension due au retrait du M t mát do co ngót bê tông beton M t mát do ma sát Perte de tension par frottement Perte de tension due au fluage du M t mát do t bi n bê tông beton M t mát do t chùng c t Perte de tension due à la relaxation thép d ng l c de l¶acier M t mát d ng su t Perte de tension M t mát d ng su t do Pertes par deformation instantanee bi n d ng t c th i c a bê du beton lors de la mise en tension tông khi kéo c ng các cáp non simultanee de plusieurs cables l n l t (không ng th i) M t mát d ng su t lúc Perte de tension à l¶ancrage.

. Crochet Hook Fatigue Fatigue Corrosion fatigue Corrosion fatigue Foundation Foundation Fondation sur pieux Pile foundation Bedding Fondation superficielle Footing Fondation profondee Deep foundation Opening the tender Wedening of the deck Module de deformation Modulus of deformation Module de deformation longitudinale Young modulus of concrete instantanée du beton (modun young) Modle effectif Effective modulus Module d¶elasticite Modulus of elasticity Moment ultime Ultimate moment Moment along sherter span Moment flechissant Bending moment . Surface of sliding Circular sliding surface Wedge-shaped sliding surface Failure surface Curved failure surface Ancrage Anchorage Eprouvette Representative spicement Cylindre Cylinder.un bi n d ng Mô-dun bi n d ng d c t c th i c a bêtông Môdun có hi u qu Mô... Test cylinder Eprouvette de controle Test example Epreuve de controle en cours de Test example during execution travaux Sample taken out from the Epreuvette prise de la structure actual structure Cote non-supporte de la dalle Unsupported edge of the slab Courbure de barre..un àn h i Mô men c c h n Mô men d c theo nh p ng n c a b n Mô men u n Section examinee Considered section Section mediane. On-bearing section Section carree Square section Parement des ouvrages .M tc t c xét M t c t gi a nh p M t c t hình nh n M t c t hình h p tam giác M t c t khoét r ng M t c t liên h p M t c t ngang M t c t ngang dòng n c M tc tg i M t c t gi a nh p M t c t trên g i M t c t vuông M t ngoài công trình M t tr t M t tr t tròn M t tr t g y góc M t phá ho i M t phá ho i cong M u neo M u th i di n M u th bê tông hình tr M u th ki m tra M u th ki m tra trong quá trình thi công M u th l y ra t k t c u th t Mép h ng c a b n Móc câu ( u c t thép) M i M ir Móng Móng c c Móng c ng Móng nông Móng sâu M n u th u M r ng m t c u Mô. Section en travée Midspan section Section circulaire Circular section Trapezcidal box section Section creuse Voided section Section composite Composite section Section tranversale Cross section Section perpendiculaire au courant Stream cross section Section at support Cross section at mid span Section sur appui .

Mô men u n do ho t t i Moment flechissant du auxcharges variables Live load moment Bending moment per unit Cracking moment Twist moment Righting moment Support moment Section modulus Section modulus with respect to top (bottom) fibers Section modulus of top fiber refered to center of gravity Overturning moment Secondary moment due to prestressing Factored moment Moment of inertia .. m tc t Mô men l t Moment bouleversant Mô men th c p do d ng Moment secondaire du a la l c precontrainte Mô men ã nhân h s Moment factorise Mô ment quán tính Momen d¶inertie Mô men siêu t nh do d Moment hyperstatique de ng l c precontrainte Mô men t nh c a ph n m t Moment statique de la section sus c t bên trên (ho c bên (ou au dessous) du niveau en d i) c a th ang xét ch u examination du cisaillement par c t l y i v i tr c trung rapport a l¶axe neutre hoà Mô men t nh nh do d Moment isostatique de precontrainte ng l c M c u Culee.. end support Gravity abutment Supports Description Widening of web Fix point Evironment Corrosive environment agressive Saudure Peripheral weld Coupler (coupling) Lap Mô men u n trên 1 n v chi u r ng c a b n Mô men gây n t Moment de fissuration Mô men gây xo n Momen de la torsion Mômen gi ch ng l t Moment retenant Mô men g i theo nh p dài c ab n Mômen kháng u n c a m t Module de la section c t Mômen kháng u n c a m t Modul de la section par rapport a la c t i v i th trên cùng fibre superieure (inferieure) (d i cùng) Mômen kháng u n c a th trên cùng i v i tr ng tâm . Statical moment of cross section are about (or below) the level being investi-gated for shear about the centriod Hypestatic moment of prestressing Abutment.. appui d¶extemite M ki u tr ng l c Culee massive les appuis M tr c u (nói chung) Mô t Description M r ng c a s n d m Elargissement de l¶ame M c tr c c Point de repere Môi tr ng Environnement (l¶ambiance) Môi tr ng n mòn Milieu agressif.. ambiance M i hàn M i hàn theo chu vi M i n i cáp d ng l c kéo sau M i n i ch ng lên nhau c a c t thép Coupleur Plaque de recouvrement .

neo vòng Connecteur arceaux ..... tông) beton de l¶ouvrage Neo ngoài Ancrage exterieur Exterior anchor Neo nh l c dính bám Ancrage par adherence Anchor by adherence Neo quai.M i n i h p long ( o n Joint de clavage h p long) M i n i hi n tr ng Connexion au chantier M i n i hi n tr ng b ng Connexion au chantier par boulon a bu lông c ng cao haut resistance M t cách i x ng Symmetriquement M t cách r i u Uniformement reparti M c c.. Pure compression Connector Shear connector Rigid connector Stiffened angles Ancrage actif_Active anchorage_ Neo ki u inh Stud Neo ch ng Neo d ng thanh th ng Ancrage vertical reliant deux parties Vertical-tie ng n i 2 ph n bê tông differaents du beton arme c t thép khác nhau Neo ki u inh (c a d m Connecteur goujons Stud shear connector thép liên h p bê tông) Neo ki u thép góc Connecteur cornieres Corner connector Neo ng m (n m trong bê Ancrage noye.. khum Bombement M ic c Pointe du pieu M c n c l cao nh t M c n c t n su t 1% Niveau a 1% de frequence N Nách d m. Ancrage incorpore au . Haunch.. m u c c Avant pieu Mui luy n.vút cánh d m Nâng lên (s nâng lên) Soulever (le soulevement) Nén b p c c b ( ch t Ecrasement local g i) Nén thu n túy Compession simple Neo (c a d m thép liên Connecteur h p b n BTCT) Neo c a d m liên h p Neo c ng Neo b ng thép góc có s t ng c ng Neo m m Flexible connector n Closure joint Field connection Field connection use high strength bolt Symetrically Uniformly Pile cap . Neo th ng Ancrage passif Passive anchor Neo trong Ancrage noye Internal anchor Neo trong t (dùng cho Acrage dans le sol Ground anchor h m.. Pier nose Highest flood level ..Tapered haunch Lifting Local crushing . t ng ch n) N n á Roche mere Rock ..

..... kh u Nh p chính l n Nh p eo Nh p g i gi n n Nh p liên t c Nh p neo Nh p thông thuy n Nh p t nh không Nhóm c c Nhóm c t thép Nh b t lên Nhúng kim lo i trong k m nóng ch ng r Nh c i m N i các o n cáp d ng l c kéo sau N i ch ng N i c t thép d ng l c N i dài c c N i ghép. nhà th u (bên B) Ng ng an toàn t i thi u Nhà kho có mái che Nhào tr n Nhân công.(Labour cost) Prendre en adjudication . n i dài ra N il c Deblai Remblai . . Galvaniser Galvanisation Point faible Couplage toron par toron Recouvrement ... Sollicitation exterieure Fournisseur Cause de degat Adjudicateur Adjudicataire . Temperature de cure Curing temperature Temperature supposee au moment de Assumed temperature at the montage time of erection Temperature ambiante Air temperature Travee Span Majlor span Travee suspendue Suspended span Travee independante Simply supported span Travee continue Continuous span Anchor span Navigation span Portee libre Cloar span Groupe de pieux Group of piles Groupe de l¶armature (paquet . Subgrade Excavation Embankment Short-term (short load) Acceptance Preliminary study External force Provider Cause for deterioratio Owner Contractor Minimum safety margin Shed Gacher Mix Main d¶oeuvre Labour. máy móc Nguyên nhân h h ng Ng i g i th u Ng i nh n th u.N n tc a ng N n ng ào N n ng p Ng n h n (t i tr ng ng n h n) Nghi m thu Nghiên c u s b tr c Ngo i l c Ngu n cung c p v t t . Assemblage..... Acceptation Etude prealable Effort exterieu.... Uplift Galvanisation au chaud. ti n công th Nh n th u Nhi t d ng h bê tông Nhi t gi nh lúc l p ráp Nhi t không khí Nh p. Reinforcement group d¶armature) . recouvrement Solicitation Drawback Connection strand by strand Overlap Caupling Dile splicing Splice .

.N i kh p N i ng N i ti p nhau N i suy tuy n tính Nút (trong m ng l i) Nút neo (chêm trong m u neo d ng l c) Nút neo chêm s n trong m u neo th ng N c tr n N cm t N c ng m N t N t nghiêm tr ng Articuler Manchon. Culvert Flexible sheath Trumpet.. Ph m vi Domaine Scop.... To connect by hinge . clavette Clavette prebloquec Eau de surface Eau souterraine . field Ph m vi an toàn Domaine de securite Safey field Ph m vi áp d ng Domaine d¶application Field of application Ph n l c Reaction Reaction Ph n l c g i Reaction d¶appui Support reaction Phân b áp l c Repartition de pression Pressure distribution Phân b d c c a t i tr ng Repartition longitudinale des charges Longitudinal distribution of the bánh xe d¶essieur wheel load .. Successive To interpolate linearly Node Anchoring plug Preblocked plug Mixing water . guide Round steel tube Steel pipe filled with Slope stability Aercdynamic Stability of bridge At mid ± span At quarter point Fissuration .. guide k t c u d ng l c kéo sau ng thép hình tròn Tube ronde (d¶acier) ng thép nh i bê tông Tube rempli de beton concrete n nh mái d c n nh khí ng l c c a c u Gi a nh p Nh p À mi ± portee P Phá ho i Rupture Failure Phá h y Destruction . Underground water Cracking Severe cracking Efflorescence Hight density Duct . thép Gaine D L) ng loe c a m u neo trong Trompette...... Ô M u trên b m t bê tông Efflorescence ng b ng polyetylen m t Conduit en polyethylene a haute cao densite ng ch a c t thép d ng Conduit. Subsoil water. tube polyethylene duct l c ng có r nhánh Culotte ng c ng Buse ng m m (ch a cáp. raccord Successive Interpolation Noeud Mor.

Phân b l i Phân b l i n i l c Phân b l c gi a . Ph gia Adjuvant Admixture Ph gia ch ng th m . distibution of Phân b t i tr ng Repartition des charges load Phân b theo chi u d c c a Repartition longitudinale des charges Longitudinal distribution of bánh xe d¶essieur wheel loads Phân b tuy n tính Distribution lineairement Linear distribution Phân b ngang t i tr ng Trausverse load distribution Phân b ng su t Distribution des efforts Stress distribution Phân t ng khi bê tông Segregation Phân tích k t c u Structural analysis Phân tích àn h i ( i v i Analys elastique Elastic analysis k t c u) Phân tích thành ph n h t Analyse granulometrique des Material grading.....Option Ph ng pháp d ng h bê Procede de cure du beton Method of concrete curing tông Ph ng pháp kéo c ng sau Procede de tension posterieure Posttensioning (apres betonage) khi bê tông Redistribution Redistribution des efforts Repatition des efforts entre . Waterproofing admixture Ph gia ch m hóa c ng bê Retartadeur Retarder tông Ph gia hóa ch t Chemical admixture Puzzolanic admixture... Internal force redistribution Force distribution betwween .. Transverse distribution. Ph gia puzolan Adjuvant puzzolanique Puzzolanic material Ph gia t ng nhanh hóa Accelerator. . Lateral Phân b ngang Repartition laterale distribution Phân b ngang c a t i Repartition laterale des charges Lateral distribution of the wheel tr ng bánh xe d¶essieur loads Load distribution. Size grading c a v t li u materiaux Ph n b c thép gia c m i Sabot de pieu Pile shoe c c Ph n ng xe ch y Chaussee Roadway Phòng thí nghi m Laboratoire Laboratory Phòng thi t k Le bureau d¶ etudes .. Earlystrength Accelerateur c ng bê tông admixture Ph tùng Accessoire Accessories Phun bê tông khô Projection par voie seche Dry guniting Phun bê tông t Projection par voie monillee Wet guniting Phun m kim lo i b o Metallisation Metalisation v ch ng r Phun v a l p lòng ng Injection des coulis Grouting ch a c t thép d ng l c Ph ng án Altenative...

(bi n d ng quá m c) Quá t i Qu búa Qui trình Qui trình t i tr ng Quay Quay t do trên g i Quy t nh thành l p Rãnh thoát n c ng m Procede de reparation Procedé de construction en porte-ang pháp thi công h ng faux.Ph ng pháp kéo c ng tr c khi bê tông Ph ng pháp ki m tra b dòng xoáy Ph ng pháp ki m tra b phát quang Ph ng pháp ki m tra b th m ch t m u Ph ng pháp ki m tra b tia phóng x Ph ng pháp ki m tra b t tr ng Ph ng pháp lao t ng ph ng pháp úc y Ph ng pháp lao Ph ng pháp l p ghép Ph ng pháp phân tích th ng kê Ph ng pháp n i c c Ph ng pháp s a ch a Ph Procede de tention auterieure ng ng . Code Specification of loading Rotation On-bearing free rotation Decision of establishing Sewer ng Methode de controle par impregnation de coloris ng Methode de controle par radiation ng Methode de controle par particules magnetique t.. Procede de poussage yd c Procede de montage Methode de analyse statistique Ph Ph âm Ph ng pháp th có phá Methode d¶essai destructif h ym u Ph ng pháp th không Methode d¶essai non-destructif phá h y m u Ph ng pháp th c nghi m Methode empirique Ph ng pháp xây d ng Procede de construction Q Quá m c. Methode de controle fluorescent Pretensioning (avant betonage) Eddie current testing Fluorescent method Dye penetrant examination Radiography method Magnetic particle examination Incremental lauching method Incremental push-launching method Erection method Statistical method of analysis Splicing method Repair method Canlilever cosntruction method Test methode Utrasonic testing Destructive testing method Non-destructive testing method Empirical method Method of construction. Mouton Code (reglement) Cahier des charges Rotation Libre rotation sur appuis R Egout ....(deformation excessive) . Construction method Excessive (excessive deflection) Over load Ram Specification. Procedé de construction par encorbellement ng pháp th Methode d¶essai ng pháp th b ng siêu Methode d¶essai par ultrason Excessive.

. decapager S n ph m Produit S n xu t Fabrication Sau khi neo xong c t thép Apres realisation de l¶ancrage d ng l c Sau khi n t Apres fissuration Sét Argile Siêu cao Devers Siêu t nh Hyperstatique So le Alterne S i Gravier S i nh . S b trí chung S i n l (c t thép s i) Fil S n Painture S n lót Impression Súng b t n y th c ng Sclenrometre a beton bê tông Suy thoái (lão hóa) Degradation (vieillissement) S d ng Utilisation Capacite portant de moment S c ch u mômen danh nh nominale S c ch u t i c a c c theo t S c ch u t i c a c c theo k tc u S n (b n b ng c a m t Ame c t I.. Individual wire Paint Impression Concrete test hammer Degradation Use. to grade Product Production After anchoring After cracking Clay Superelevation Hypestatic Altenate Gravel Fine gravel Rebound number Test data General layout Single wine.d n m t b ng Decapage.Rãnh thoát n R b m t cn i Porosite superficielle S Gres Open channel Surface void ... To scrape.. T. h p) S n c ng d c (n m Horizontal raidisseur ngang) S ng c ng ngang (th ng Raidisseur laterale (verticale) ng) S n t ng c ng ng c a Vertical raidisseur d m S n vòm . s i p v n Gravillon S b t n y trên súng th bê Durete tông S li u th nghi m . Usage Nominal moment strength of a section Supporting capacity of soil for the pile Structural capacity of pile Web Longitudinal stiffener Transverse stiffener (vertical) Stringer Areh rib Sa th ch Sai sót (không chính xác) Defauts de construction trong thi công Sai s cho phép (dung sai) Tolerance de construction trong thi công San n n. Inaccuracy in construction Tolerance in construction ..

. Action variable Action des seismes Action climatique Action locale Action Surface action Live load Earthquake . Exceptional load Pedestrian load Uniformly distributed load Military load Short-term load Long-term load Concentrated load Construction load Design load Test load Dead load.. tr c) T i tr ng bi n i ít Charge variable faible T i tr ng c c h n Charge utime T i tr ng d i . Lane load Load due to earth fill Wind load Wind load on structure Wind load on live load Working load (service load) Railing load Environmental load Infrequent heavy load .. Permanent load Pedestrien load ....Tác d ng. tác ng Tác d ng b m t Tác ng bi n i Tác ng c a ng t Tác ng c a khí h u Tác d ng c c b Tác ng c a sóng Tác ng t ng h h m t c u v i dàn Tác ng mài mòn Action abrasif Tác ng vòm.... T i tr ng do t p T i tr ng gió Charge du vent T i tr ng gió tác d ng lên Force du vent soufflant sur la k tc u structure T i tr ng gió tác d ng lên Force du vent soufflant sur la charge ho t t i mobile T i tr ng khai thác Charge d¶ exploitation T i tr ng lan can T i tr ng môi tr ng T i tr ng n ng b t th ng Charge lourde non-frequent T i tr ng ngo i h ng Charge exceptionelle T i tr ng ng i i b T i tr ng phân b u Charge repartie uniforme T i tr ng quân s Charge militaire T i tr ng tác d ng ng n Charge de courte duree h n T i tr ng tác d ng dài h n Charge de longue duree T i tr ng t p trung Charge concentree Charge appliquee en cours T i tr ng thi công d¶execution T i tr ng thi t k Charge projete T i tr ng th Charge d¶epreuves T i tr ng t nh (t i tr ng Charge permanente th ng xuyên) T i tr ng trên v a hè Charge sur trottoire T Action .. Local action Wave action Deck-Truss interaction Abrasive action Arch action Delayed action Impact effect Resettlement Wheel load (Axle load) . Ultimate load Lane loading.... hi u ng . vòm Tác d ng làm ch m l i Effect retardateur Tác ng xung kích Tái nh c T i tr ng bánh xe (t i tr ng ..

.... Reinforcement T ng c ng c u Reinforcement de pont T ng Tendeur Thanh biên dàn Thanh biên trên c a dàn Thanh biên d i c a dàn Thanh c ng Tirant Thanh ch ng chéo Contre-fiche Thanh c t thép . Chord Top chord Lower chord .. rivetage Tâm nén Centre de pression T p i u ki n u th u Cahier des charges T p trung ng su t Concentration de tention T c ngh n ho t ng trên Embouteillage tuy n T c ng n c.. Tender documents Stress concentration Operational bottlenecks on the line Water stop To strengthen. Truck load Reveted . Thanh gi ng Chainage Thanh gi ng ngang Entretoise Thanh ng (c a dàn) Montant Thanh ng treo c a dàn Thanh ng không l c c a dàn tam giác Thanh n m ngang song song c a rào ch n b o v Parapet trên c u (tay v n lan can c u) Thanh gi ng chéo m c th ng c a dàn Thanh gi ng chéo m c h c a dàn Thanh gi ng ngang m c th ng c a dàn Thanh xiên c a dàn Thành ph n bê tông Composition du beton Thành ph n n m ngang Composant horizontale Th ch cao Tháo kích ra Relacher le verin Thay i Change. Plaster To remove the jack Change . Axle load Eternally applied load. Charge thi công) d¶assemblage T i tr ng xe ô tô v n t i Charge de camion Tán inh River.. to reinforce Strengthening of bridges ..T i tr ng tr c Charge d¶essieu T i tr ng t bên ngoài Charege externe (ngo i t i) T i tr ng t c th i Charge instatanee T i tr ng t ng ng Charge equivalente T i tr ng xây l p (trong lúc Charge de montage. nút b t ng Etanchement T ng c ng Reinforcer... External load Instant load Equivalent load Erection load Truck loading. Bar (reinforcing bar) Tie Braced member Hanger Hip vertical Inter mediat post Parapet Top lateral Bottom lateral Top lateral strut Main diagonal Concrete composition . Variation Axle loading.

.. In-situ test ch Thí nghi m nén v Essai d¶ecrasement .... Thép t ng c ng Acier de renfort Strenghening steel To carry out without Thi công mà không làm Execution sans interruption du trafic interrupting trafic flow on the ng ng thông xe qua c u sur le pont bridge Thi công th c hi n Executer mettre en place (efcetuer) Execution Thí nghi m Essai Test Thí nghi m ki m tra t i Essai de controle en place .... Acier de resistance superieure.. Varier linairement Changement de temperature Remplacement immediat Impregnation Impregnation de chloride Impregnation d¶eau .... Thép có t chùng thông Acier a relaxation normale Normal relaxation steel th ng Thép có t chùng r t Acier a tres base relaxation Low relaxation steel th p Thép có tính ch t c bi t Acier a proprietes particulieres Steel with particular properties Thép công c Acier rapite ... To vary linearly Temperature change To vary over a wide range Immediate replacement Penetration Chloride penetration Water penetration Prequali fication in such a mamner that . Thép ã tôi Acier trempe Chillid steel Thép úc Acier moule Cast steel Thép hình Profile Shape steel Thép h p kim Acier allie Alloy(ed) steel Thép h p kim th p Acier faiblement allie Low alloy steel Thép k t c u Acier de structure Structural steel Thép non (thép than th p) Acier doux Mild steel . . thâm nh p Th m ch t cloride Th m n c Th m nh tr c .. Test in place. theo cách mà .... Par ordre de priorite Tôle Tôle nervuree Acier au carbone Acier lamine .Thay i m t cách tuy n tính Thay i nhi t Thay i trong ph m vi r ng Thay th kh n c p Th m.. . Acier Thép c ng cao High strength steel à haute resistance Thép d ng su t Acier de precontrainte Prestressing steel Thép ã ram Acier recuit ... In order of priority Plate Ribbed plate Carbon steel Laminated steel Weathering steel (need not be painted) Atmospheric corrosion resistant steel Thép ch ng r do khí quy n. Theo trình t u tiên Thép b n Thép b n có gân Thép các bon (thép than) Thép cán Thép ch u th i ti t (không c n s n) ......

trang b Thít tr t c a g i Tích phân Mo Tiêm v t n t Ti n hành. Conception Member design Preliminary design Justification. Dimensionement .. Handling equipment Equipment for the distribution of concrete Construction equipment Erection equipment Design. To adapte. To carry out Mise en oeuvre Execution Standart.. thích nghi Adaptation. th c hi n Ti n hành thi công Tiêu chu n Equipement de construction Equipement d¶assemblage Etude du projet..... l p t. adaptation Safety device Weighing equipement Stressing equipment Anchoring device Movable casting Grouting equipment . Regle Code.. Adapter v i . Conception.. Avant-projet Calcul par methode des facteures de Load factor design charge Calcul par methode du taux Allowable stress design admissible Tranverse design Installtion Installation Sliding plate Integrale de Mohr Integral of Mohr Injection des fissures Injection . Thi t b an toàn Dispositif de surete Thi t b cân Thi t b kéo c ng Equipement de mise en tension Thi t b neo gi Dispositif a tenons Thi t b di ng bê tông Equipage mobile equipement Thi t b b mv a Equipement d¶injection Thi t b o Instalation de mesure Thi t b lao l p c u Equipement de lancement Thi t b phân ph i bê tông Equipement de repatition de beton Thi t b thi công Thi t b xây l p Thi t k Thi t k c u ki n Thi t k s b Thi t k theo h s t i tr ng Thi t k theo ng su t cho phép Thi t k tính toán theo h ng ngang Thi t l p. Norme. Specification Publish an anouncement of Thông báo u th u Avis d¶appel d¶offres preminiary selection Th a thu n (chu n y) Agrement Approval Thoát n c Drainage Drainage Thoát n c d c Drainage longitudinale Longitudinal drainage Thoát n c ngang ng ô Transverse drainage of the Drainage tranversale de la chaussee tô roadway Th biên ch u nén Fibre comprime extrem Extreme compressive fiber Th d i Fibre inferieure Bottom fiber Th trên Fibre superieure Top fiber Th t d i (c nh) c a g i Base plate Th i i m t t i Moment du chargement Loading time Th i i m kéo c ng c t Moment des operation de tension Prestressing time . Standart.Thí nghi m nén v ch ôi Essai d¶ecrasement par fendage (theo ng kính) Thích ng v i.

. Calculer Calculation. To fin by successive úng successives approximations Tính n mòn Agressivete Agressivity Tính ch t c h c Caracteristique mecanique Mecanical characteristic Tính li n kh i Monolithisme Monolithism To calculate... Computing Tính toán b ng tay Calcul a la main Hand calculation Tính toán bi n d ng Calculation de la deformation Deformation calculation Tính toán do võng Calculation de la deflection Deflection calculation Tính toán theo h s t i Calcul suivant les facteurs de charge Load factor design tr ng Tính toán theo t i tr ng Calcul suivant la charge de service Service load design khai thác Tính toán theo ng su t Calcul suivant la contrainte Allowable stress design . Temps de Actual construction time Th i h n thi công th c t construction effectif Th t c th m nh tr c Prequali fication procedure Thuy t minh Notice descriptive .. to compute Tính toán Justifier.thép moment de la mise en du cable Th i i m truy n ng su t Moment de transmission d¶effort Transfer of stress moment Th i gian bi u c a vi c Plan d¶execution du betonage Casting schedule bê tông Th i gian bi u c a vi c l p Plan d¶execution de montage Erection schedule d ng Delai de construction reel.. Model testing Th trong phòng thí Essai de laboratoire Laboratory testing nghi m Th nghi m v va p Essai de choc Impact testing Th nghi m v m i Essai de fatigue Fatigue testing Th t i (th nghi m ch u Essai de charge Load test t i) Th t i hi n tr ng Load test at the site Th c nghi m Experimentation Experiment Th ng l u ( th ng l u Amont Upstream side c a) Tim ng Centre line Tìm b ng cách x p x g n Trouver par approximations .. Th nghi m c c Essai de pieu Pile test Th nghi m n lúc phá Essai destructif Testing to failure ho i Th nghi m ông h c Essai dynamique Dynamic test Th nghi m không phá Essai non-destructif Nondestructive testing ho i Th nghi m k t c u Essai de structure Structural testing Th nghi m nhanh Essai accelere Accelerated test Th nghi m t i hi n tr ng Essai en site Field test Th nghi m trên mô hình .

. Total load on all axies xe T i kéo Treuil . T c thi t k Vitesse projete Design speed T i u hóa Optimisation Optimisation T ng các góc u n c a Total angular change of tendon Deviation moulaire totale du cable ng tr c c t thép d ng profile from jaching end to sur la distance X du point de tension l ct u kích n i m x point x T ng các góc u n nghiêng Deviation angulaire totale du cable Total angular change of tendon c a c t thép d ng l c profile from anchor to point X kho ng cách x k t m u sur la distance X neo T ng d toán Estimatif generale General estimation T ng h p v t t Bill of materials T ng t i tr ng lên m i tr c . Additional dead load T nh không (kho ng tr ng) Gabarit Clearance T nh không thông thuy n Gabarit de navigation Navigational clearance T nh không thoát n c Ouverture Hydraulic clearance T a Coordonnee Coordinate Toán Abaque Abac T h p t i tr ng Combinaison d¶actions Load combination T h p c b n (chính) Combination fondamentale Basic combinaison T h p tai n n ( c bi t) Combination accidentalle Accidental combination T h p hi m Combination rare Unusual combinaison T h p th ng xuyên Combination permanente (frequente) Permanent combinaison T h p h u nh th ng Combination quasi-permanente Quasi-permanent combinaison xuyên T c thi công Vitesse de prise .. Tr m thu phí giao thông Toll Plaza Trang trí n i th t Internal decoration Tr ng thái ch a n t Etat non fissure Uncracked state Tr ng thái ã có v t n t Etat fissure Cracked state Tr ng thái Etat. v n nh hình dáng forme Tr ng thái gi i h n khai Etat-limite de service Service ability limit state thác ......cho phép admissive Tính toán theo tr ng thái Calcul suivant les etats limites Limit state design gi i h n Tính toán th y l c Analyse hydraulique Hydraulic analysic Tính toán th y v n Analyse hydrologique Hydrologic analysic Tình tr ng b o d ng duy Etat mauvais d¶entretien Poor state of maintenance tu kém T nh t i b xung sau ... Situation State Tr ng thái gi i h n Etat-limite Limit state Tr ng thái gi i h n c c h n Etat-limite d¶ultime Ultimate limit state Tr ng thái gi i h n c c h n Etat limite ultime de stabilite de ..

pha tr n Tr c u Tr palê Tr palê c nh Tr palê trên phao n i Tr c d c c a c u. Intermediate support Framed bents Fixed framed bents Framed bent on ponton Longitudinal center line of the bridge Centroid lies Average Ortthogonal Before anchoring Loading case . Age du beton lors de la mise en precontrainte Age de la mise en charge Tr ng tâm Tr ng l ng tính cho m t n v di n tích Tr n.. Conventional value Intermediate value During stressing operation Segment weight Self weight..... Mixing Pier. Tim d c c u Tr c trung tâm Trung bình Tr c giao. Sedimentary Nominal value Approximate value . Glissement.. own weight Concrete unit weight. vuông góc v i nhau Tr c khi neo c t thép d ng l c Tr ng h p t t i Tr ng h p thông th ng Tr t Tu i c a bê tông lúc t o d ng l c Tu i t t i Decompression limit state Cracking limit state .....Tr ng thái gi i h n m t Etat limite de decompression nén Tr ng thái gi i h n hình Etat limite de formation des fissures thành v t n t Tr ng thái gi i h n v bi n Etat limite de deformation d ng Tr ng thái gi i h n v m Etat-limite d¶ouverture des fissures r ng v t n t Tr ng thái gi i h n khai Etat-limite de service vis-a-vis thác v m r ng v t n t d¶ouverture des fissures Tr c d c Profil en long Tr m tích Tr s danh nh Valeur nominale Tr s g n úng Valeur approximative Tr s khoán Valeur forfaitaire Tr s qui c Valeur conventionelle Tr s trung gian Valeur intermediaire Trong quá trình kéo c ng .. density of concrete Center of gravity Surface weight ... Cracking limit state Serviceability limit state of cracking . To mix.. sliding Concrete age at prestressing time Age of loading . c t thép Tr ng l ng o n ( t k t Poids du segment c u) Tr ng l ng b n thân Poids propre Tr ng l ng riêng bê tông Poids volumique Centre de gravite Poids surfacique Melange Pile (appui intemediaire) Palee Palee fixe Palee sur parge Axe longitudinale du pont Axe passant par le centre Moyenne Orthogonal Avant realisation de l¶ancrage Cas courant .

.. . Rappot eau sur ciment Propotion de mixage ....... Pure flexione .prestressing tension reinforcement Ratio of prestressing steel Water/cement ratio Mix proportion Modular ratio The rise ± span ratio ...... .. ..Tu i th .... T ng t iv i Gi a thép và bê tông T ng cánh (vuông góc) T ng cánh (xiên góc) T ng ch n T ng ch n có các t ng ch ng phía sau T ng ch n có các t ng ch ng phía tr c T ng tr c c a t ng ch n t T ng ch n t T ng ch n ki u tr ng l c Tuy n chính Tuy n nhánh T l (trong b n v ) T l chi u dài nh p trên chi u cao d m T l gi a t nh t i và ho t t i T l hàm l ng c t thép th ng trong m t c t T l hàm l ng c t thép d ng l c T l n c/xim ng T l pha tr n h n h p bê tông T s c a các mô dun àn h i thép-bê tông T s ng tên/nh p c a vòm T tr ng c a v t li u Chuy n h ng Neo ngoài t thêm U n thu n túy Duriabilite Rentree des clavettes Recul a l¶ancrage Selon les exigences de l¶ouvrage Fluage Relaxation Compatibilyte de deformation . U Deviateur Bossage d¶ancrage Flexion simple Density of material Deviator ........ Between steel and concrete Side wall Wing wall Retaining wall Counterfort wall Buttressed wall Pieds droit (du mur de soutenement) Stem Ouvrage de soutenement Mur de soutenement massif Echelle . Entre l¶acier et beton Mur en retour Mur en aile Mur de soutenement Mur de soutenement a contreforts Mur de soutenement a butee Durability Anchor slipping .... Creep Relaxation Compatability of strains .. .. b n lâu T t lùi c a nút neo T t tr t u c t thép d ng l c trong m u neo Tùy theo yêu c u c a công trình T bi n T chùng T ng thích bi n d ng . . . Retaining wall Gravity wall Main line Branch line Scale Span/depth ratio Dead to live load ratio Ratio of non. De meme pour .

Permissible Contrainte admissible stress ... mobile et ho t t i có xét xung kích dynamique ng su t àn h i c a c t Contrainte d¶elesticite de la thép d ng l c precontrainte ng su t gây n t Contrainte de fissuration ng su t kéo Contrainte de traction Yeild point stress of prestressing steel Cracking stress Tensile stress Diagonal tension traction stress. ng su t thi t k Design stress Contrainte projete ng su t tính toán Contrainte de calcul Calculation stress ng su t t nh t i Contrainte due a charge permanent Stress due to dead loads ng su t trung bình Contrainte moyenne Average stress ng su t t a (ép m t) d i Contrainte de pression sous la plaque Bearing stress under anchor b n m u neo d¶ancrage plates ng su t t c th i Contrainte instatanee Temporary stress ng su t u n Contrainte de flexion Bending stress ng su t v tung c a bê Contrainte d¶eclatement Bursting concrete stress tông ng su t yêu c u (c a cáp Tension require (du cable) Required tension of the tendon d ng l c) .ng l c ng l c tính toán ng su t ng su t ban u ng su t bê tông th cáp d ng l c ng su t c t cho phép ng su t c t tr t ng su t cho phép ng su t co ngót ng su t có hi u ng su t c t thép d ng l c sát neo sau khi tháo kích ng su t dính bám ng su t do nhi t Sollicitation Stress Sollicitation de calcul Design stress Contrainte Stress. unit stress Contrainte initiale.. live and impact stress Contrainte d¶adherence Contrainte thermique Contrainte combinee due aux ng su t do t h p t nh t i. tension a l¶origile Initial stress t Contrainte du beton au niveau du Concrete stress at tendon level cable Contrainte de cisaillement Permissible shear stress admissible Contrainte de cisaillement Shear stress Allowable stress.. ng su t pháp Contrainte normale Normal stress ng su t thép u kích Tension initiale au verin Steel stress at jacking end kéo c ng Tension prevue dans le projet. charges permanente. ng su t kéo ch Contrainte principle de tensile stress Principal strees ng su t khai thác Contraint de travail Working stress ng su t nén Contrainte de compression Compressive stress ng su t phá h y b o m Contrainte de rupture garantie . Shrinkage stress Contrainte effective Effective stress Contrainte aupes du block d¶ancrage Stress at anchorages after apres removal du verin seating Bond stress Thermal stress Combined dead.

..ng su t do c u l p c l ng b ng lý thuy t Estimation theorique c l ng khoán c a các Estimation forfaitaire des pertes m t mát V Va ch m. Impact Diaphragm . va p Choc Vách ng n Cloison Vai (ph n vát nh k t Epaulement c u) Ván khuôn Coffrage Charior de coulage Equipage mobile Ván khuôn di ng de betonnage Ván khuôn áy Fond de moule Ván khuôn tr t Coffrage glissant V t li u co dãn c (kim Materiau ductile lo i) V t li u c a móng Materiau de fondation V t li u có tính hút m V t li u c ng cao Materiau a haut resistance V t li u bao ph Materiau de recouvrement V t li u dòn Materiau fragile V t li u ng ch t Materiele homogene V t li u ph b ov c t thép D L kh i r ho c .. Shearing crack Bending crack Crack in developement Active crack Microcrack Stable crack Passive crack Through crack Drafting Calculation example Bridge location. Sliding form Ductile material Foundation material Moisture-absorptie material High-strength material Covering material Fragil material Homogenous material Coating Construction material . Bridge position Sidewalk.. Travling form ..... Form Movable form.. gi m ma sát khi c ng c t thép V t li u xây d ng Materiau de construction V y kim lo i Paillon V t n t do c t Fissure par cisaillement V t n t do u n Fissure par flexion V t n t ang phát tri n Fissure evolutive V t n t ho t ng Fissure active V t n t nh li ti Microfissure V t n t n nh Fissure stable V t n t th ng Fissure passive V t n t xuyên Fissure tranversante V k thu t Ví d tính toán Exemple de calcul V trí c u Location du pont V a hè trên c u Trottoir Vi c m k m Galvanisation Viên á h p long c u vòm á V b c polyetylen m t Gaine en polyethylene a haute cao c a cáp d ng l c densite (PEHD) V thép Envelope en acier Handling stresses Theoretical estimation . footway Galvanizing Key stone HDPE sheath Metal shell ..

Grower washer .... Under condition of .. Grout Mortar Non-shrinkage mortar Cement-sand grout pour injection Highway Croa head Dimentioning Prohabity Agressivity.Vòi n c Robinet Vòi phun v a Lance Vòm Arc.. Voute Vòm n a tròn Vòm nhi u t Vòm n a elip Vòm parabol Vòm nhi u tâm Vòm g ch á xây Vòng m. m ) Chevetre Xác nh s b kích th c Dimensionnement. Vôi Chaux V nc nh V n l u nh V n pháp nh V tung vùng t neo Eclatement Zone du beton comprime Zone d¶ancrage Zone du bout de l¶element Renformis Coulis d¶injection Morlier Couis sans retrait Coulis de ciment-sable Vùng bê tông ch u nén Vùng t m u neo. Arch Semi-circular arch Segmental arch Semi-eliptical arch Parapolic arch Multicentred arch Masoury arch Washer . rông den Rondelle Vòng m vênh.... Fixed capital Movable capital Legar capital Bursting in the region of end anchorage Compremed concrete zone Anchorage zone End region of the member ...Agressif Xâm th c c a môi tr ng Agressivite du milieu Xe t i Camion Xe t i kéo r -mooc Camion a semiremoorge X p ho t t i Chargement des surcharge load X pt i Chargement Xi m ng Ciment Xi m ng n Ciment expansif Xi m ng Pooc-lan Ciment Portland Xí nghi p Entreprise Xo n Torsion Xói chung Affouillement general .. A condition que . . vùng neo Vùng u c u ki n Vút (c a d m) V a phun . V i i u ki n r ng .. rông en Rondelle grower vênh ..... tiêm V a trát V a không co ngót V a xim ng cát tiêm (ph t) . dimensionner Xác su t Probabilite Xâm th c Agressivite ... Agressive Environment agressivity Truck Tractor truck Application of live Loading Cement Expanding cement Portland cement Enterprise Torsion General scour X Xa l Autoroute Xà m (c a tr .

Xói c c b Xói l Xói n c h c c Xuyên qua X lý b m t bê tông X lý nhi t cho bê tông Xí nghi p duy tu X lý s li u X ng úc s n k t c u bê tông Affouillement local Affouillement Lancage Penetration Traitement superficiel du beton Traitement thernique du beton Entreprise de l¶entretien Traitement des donnees Local scour Scour Launching Penetration Concrete surface treatement Concrete thermal treatement Maintenance enterprise Interpretation of the data Precasting Yard .

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