DOGFEEDER WITH NOTIFICATION AND CONTROL VIA SMS
A Project Study Presented to The Faculty of the College of Information Technology and Engineering De La Salle Lipa
In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING
by DEL RIO, ARGUS F. LALUNIO, WILSON Z. MIRASOL, IVAN C. March 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES Chapter 1 page i
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Introduction Objectives of the Study Significance of the Study Conceptual Background Scope and Delimitations of the Project Definition of Terms REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Review of Related Literature Review of Related Studies Synthesis METHODOLOGY Pre-design Stage Design Stage Development Stage Testing Stage
1 3 4 5 9 10
12 20 22
26 26 27 28
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1 2 3 4 5 6 Conceptual Framework Conceptual Framework of the Proposed Project Full-bridge circuit typically used in strain gauge transducers Petmate Café Feeder The ERGO 8 day feeder Petmate Le Bistro Electronic Portion-Control Automatic Pet Feeder 7 Block Diagram of Research Methods and Procedures 19 25 page 6 8 17 19 18
effort and expense required for their proper care. are highly social creatures and possess a strong desire to communicate and interact with people. Understanding these responsibilities are essential and it is very important to think about the time. Dogs. and also providing some entertainment. enjoyable experience for the entire family. The amount and type of food is taken into consideration for them to have a
. (Kingston. It is important that people take care of them like a family member. like humans. One important factor on pet care is feeding. The time and effort spent caring for dog will be returned by a lifelong loyalty and friendship that will be received from them. Most dogs need to be fed once or twice a day depending on the breed of the dog. cleaning. 2004) Owning a dog requires responsibility and commitment from the owner. Feeding your dog a proper diet is one of the most important things to know about how to take care of a dog. Owning a dog can be a positive. They easily fit in peoples’ lives and interests and can easily adjust to just about any environment with proper training. Dogs bring companionship and joy to any family. which includes providing proper food to eat.Chapter 1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Dogs have been known as man's best friend. proper grooming.
feeding the pet manually is impossible. making sure that each pet has access to food throughout the day. (Heil. however the busy schedule. Proper feeding will ensure that the pet will grow strong and healthy. The project study is also able to send
. different types of dog feeders are available on the market to solve this problem. the proponents realized the idea of having an automatic dog feeder with weight sensor that can regulated amount of food being dispense at any preset time. but does nothing to control the amount of eaten by the pet. The common complaints on this kind of feeder are the poor construction which allows the pet to tear the feeder apart and to access all of the food and frequent battery replacement. lack of time and everyday stress. the owners tend to become forgetful or exhausted when doing the simple task. Also when the owner’s location is far away from the dog. Some of these dog feeders are the gravity type feeder wherein the food falls into the bowl as the dog empties the bowl. Feeding the dog everyday is a responsibility that the entire pet owner should take. 2008) With these complaints. Since the device has no chute then the owner does not need to rely on the feeder to measure amount of food. Also the food sometimes clogs the chute of the feeder preventing food from being dispense. Another type of feeder is the disk type wherein the cover lid rotates and serves food. With this problem.well balance meal.
it is possible to control the system anywhere and anytime. Design and develop a microcontroller based system that will process data and control the quantity of food and the period of time that the machine will dispense food. Integrate GSM application that will provide notification and wireless control through SMS. 5. Specifically. With the use of cell phone which is economically and readily available as means of transmitting via SMS. Construct a weight sensor circuit that will measure the weight of food being dispense. 2. The project is called “Dog Feeder with Notification and Control via SMS”. 4. Implement uninterrupted power supply for the dog feeder system. the study sought to: 1.
.notification and receive control via SMS from persons concerned with the cell phone as the medium of communication between the user and the system. Test and evaluate the effectiveness of the project. Objectives of the Study The project study entitled “Automatic Dog feeder with Notification and Control via SMS” aims to design and develop a system that can automatically provide food to the dog and send notification to the concerned persons and allow wireless control through SMS. 3. Also with the use of GSM technology. it is possible to inform the concerned person in the shortest time possible when their dog is fed on time.
in combination with thoughtful. and peace of mind of the owner while away. and to make adjustments as they mature. For the proponents The proponents will gain more knowledge and experience to improve their skills. efficient design. The project will contribute a great importance to the following people: For the dog owner The project study can help the owner feed their pet even when they are away. It also offers a wireless monitoring technique via text messaging. For the educator and students This project can serve as additional information conducive for learning.
. This project can serve as a solution to pet feeding and can help the owner to manage their pet easily.Significance of the Study The project study entitled “Automatic dog feeder with notification and control via SMS” offers a solution to pet owners who value quality. This will also serve as supplementary information that can help develop their knowledge and skill regarding wireless technology. GSM networking. microcontroller programming. allowing this study to easily program a diet customized for the pet's optimum health. Replacing manual or free-feeding with an automated solution will profoundly improve the time together. The conduct of the project study will enable them to apply their knowledge and skills learned from previous ECE programs.
a message is stored by the network and immediately sent when coverage area becomes present. when GSM coverage is unavailable. automation can be defined as the technologies concerned with performing a process by means of programmed command combined with automatic feedback control to ensure proper execution of instructions. More than a paging service. The resulting system is capable of operating without human intervention. SMS is now increasingly becoming popular as a messaging service. or computerized action for human effort and intelligence. With this the user are able to exchange with other digital cellular network. Short message service or SMS as it is commonly called is the capability of a cellular terminal to send and/or receive alphanumeric messages within a few seconds where GSM coverage is available. (Peersman. 2000)
. electrical. Conceptual Background
Automation is used in a wide variety of systems in which there is a significant substitution of mechanical. This project can also be used as a topic for enhancement and development of the system using other technologies and theories. In general usage.For the future designer This project can be used for future reference for other similar projects. One message can compose of 160 characters or 140 bytes in length.
automation could be use to solve such problem.Considering the situation about the difficulties encountered in manually feeding the dog. Given this situation and technology.
Manual pet feeding Automation of machine and process SMS communication
1. the proponents of the study aim to design and develop an automatic dog feeder with the idea of having an SMS notification and wireless controlling of the system. Hardware design 4. Having a wireless technology can also be helpful by sending notification and control. Development 5. Actual Testing 6. Software design 3. Data gathering: RESEARCH INTERVIEW CANVASSING ACQUIRED SUPERVISION 2.
Figure 1 illustrates the conceptual paradigm of the design project that will serve as guide in conducting the study. Conceptual Paradigm
Automated dog feeder with notification and control via SMS
. Evaluation Figure 1.
In the process of designing this project study. accomplish all the requirements. and most essentially. manual pet feeding. The expected output of the proponent’s effort is an automatic dog feeder with the idea of having an SMS notification and wireless control. They aim to generate comprehensible data. The proponent will canvass for the cost of the equipment and acquire passable administrative assistance from the proponents’ project study adviser.In Figure 1. comparison. standards compliance and consultations.
. the proponent will go through the gathering of data. the proponent will also seek guidance and supervision by interviewing professional electronic engineer. design and develop automated dog feeder with additional features and high-quality standard. Research is the basic part of any study where all studies will undergo research process. technicians and veterinarians. automation of machine and implementation of SMS communication technology are the concept that would be used by the proponents’ project study. The proponents will have conceptual product enhancement. Considering this input of the project study.
The MCU will process data and send signal to the device to dispense food at any preset time. The GSM module will process the
. After the time duration. Conceptual Framework of the Proposed Project
In Figure 2. A weight sensor will be used to monitor the amount of food. To begin with. Upon dispensing. the device will send SMS notification that shows amount of food taken and time of dispensing. This shows a more detailed process of how the project will function. The dog feeder system will operate with the aid of dc power supply. The information will be directed to the microcontroller unit (MCU). The device can also be controlled by sending SMS through a cellphone commanding the device to dispense food. the device will then give time duration for the pet to eat their food. the whole system was shown in the conceptual framework. keypad is to be used to input the time when will the machine dispense food and the amount of food to be dispense.Figure 2.
data from the SMS sent by user. g. microcontroller and weight sensor. The project study will only use modules for GSM. The studies concerning about the automation of machines and processes. f. The study has the following delimitations: a. The project study can be made to feed multiple dogs but the design of the project study will focus only on feeding one dog. e. c. The concept of a close loop system to have an accurate output. The study will only cover the kind of dog that eats dry food. d. h. b. Then the GSM module will send a signal trough the MCU which commands the dog feeder to dispense food. The weight sensor will be used as the sensing element of the project study. Scope and Delimitations of the study The proponents was able to defined the scope and delimitations to be able to know the ability and limitations. The concept of microcontroller unit as the controlling element of the system. The study will also be concerned with wireless data transmission through GSM technology for notification and control via SMS. The device can provide food for one week. The study will mainly cover the following: a.
One that dispenses or gives out.b. system.It is the use of computers to control industrial machinery and processes.It is known as the Global System for Mobile Communications (originally from Group Special Mobile) and the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. d. The dispenser is capable of dispensing both dry food and wet food. Feedback.
. but the prototype will only use dry food specifically commercial dog foods. c. where human operators are provided with machinery to help them in their jobs.The process of returning a part of the output of a circuit. especially a machine or container that allows the contents to be removed and used in convenient or prescribed amounts. The study will not provide visual representation in notification process. Dispenser. either to oppose the input (negative feedback) or to aid the input (positive feedback) GSM. Definition of Terms
The following terminologies are defined to have a clear perspective on the words that had been used in this study: Automation . replacing human operators. or device to the input. It is a step beyond mechanization. The study will not consider the eating habits of dogs.
It contains a processor core. and programmable input/output peripherals.A sensor is a device that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an instrument.Is a functional computer system-on-a-chip. sending text messages or text messaging. complexity or function Sensor. program memory. The service allows for short text messages to be sent from one cell phone to another cell phone or from the web to another cell phone. SMS.
. for assembly into units of different size. memory.A load cell translates loads or forces into measurable electrical output.It stands for short message service.Microcontroller Unit. Module. It is also often referred to as texting. Strain gauge. memory (a small amount of RAM.A separable component. Microcontrollers include an integrated CPU. Strain gauges are placed in the elastic element to sense the strain induced by the load applied on the load cell. frequently one that is interchangeable with others. or both) and peripherals capable of input and output.
2010). 2G mobile technology has brought a revolution to the mobile technologies so that the 2G technologies replace by 3G technologies like EDGE and UMTS (“GSM Technology”. umbrella and pico cells in the network surroundings. micro. The theories and descriptions have been taken as guidance in completing this project. The application of GSM is dependent upon its frequency. Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) Mobile phones connect to the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) by locating the cells of different sizes which includes macro. the use of weight sensors and other related project that use microcontroller as the main controller. femto. This chapter will present and give an overview about some application that uses SMS application. Micro cells cover a small geographical.Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Review of Related Literature
In completing this project study. Pico cell is a wireless communication scheme and also cover a small geographical area.
. the proponents have found the following studies and literature as relevant to the system being proposed. All 2G and 3G cell phones have GSM. Femto cell is a small base station designed to provide the needs of minor business area. Macro cells are the largest cells that cover radio signals.
GSM Module GSM module accept SMS request from a mobile user. It picks up signal from the cellular system means division of city into a cell. The user can enable or disable the communication with the GSM modem. Large number of base station is necessary in a city to function the mobile phones easily. 2010). the user should enable the communication and it is only disable when the database is updated or edited (Bhoir. Multimedia Message Service (MMS). and newer phones may also provide Internet services such as web browsing and e-mail (Abdul. It provides voice communications. Particularly in the communication of GSM modem. Short Message Service (SMS). Each cell has its own base station where this base station has the radio equipment to spread the mobile frequency used in a city. Mobile telephone is a type of shortwave analogue or digital telecommunication. Mobile phones have special codes which
. Mobile phones works based on the concept of wireless technology and cell networking. 2011). It uses a radio wave or satellite transmission to connect in a wireless communication network. Mobile phone An electronic device often referred to as a cellular phone. The GSM modem can receive and respond from this SMS request through the help of this module.
on or off of animation and exchange of picture messages (Brown. Some of this is downloading of ringtones. 2007). SMS message are handled by “short message service center” which is maintained by the cellular provider for the end devices. SMS is now increasingly becoming popular as a messaging service. the application on the phone that handles messages containing binary data. One message can compose of 160 characters or 140 bytes in length. The program is stored on the read-only memory. With this the user are able to exchange with other digital cellular network. 2006). More than a paging service.identify the phones number and network operator of individual mobile phone (“Cell Phones”. a message is stored by the network and immediately sent when coverage area becomes present (Cvetkovic. It is dedicated to perform one specific program at a time. It has a low power rating which consumes about 50
. 2000). Short Message Service Short message service or SMS as it is commonly called is the capability of a cellular terminal to send and/or receive alphanumeric messages within a few seconds where GSM coverage is available. when GSM coverage is unavailable. Typically. Microcontroller Microcontrollers are special purpose computers. Binary data can also be sent over the air via text message.
Flash devices are microcontroller which can be reprogrammed or which allow the program to erase. It is capable of storing and running a program.mill watts.It has the ability to store and run unique programs that makes it extremely versatile. Microcontroller can also be classified in terms of programming as Flash Devices and One Time Programmable Devices. 2006). such as analog to digital (A/D). random-access memory (RAM). Its ability to perform math and logic function allows it to imitate sophisticated logic and electronic circuits (Iovine. read-only memory (ROM). and digital to analog (D/A). A microcontroller also takes input from the device it is controlling and controls the device by sending signals to different components in the device (Singh. Strain Gauge Configurations Strain gauges are sensing devices that change resistance at their output terminals when stretched or compressed. 2004). serial and parallel ports. input/output (I/O) lines. One Time Programmable devices are microcontroller which can be programmed once or when the program is wrong the microcontroller cannot be used again (Smith. timers and other built in peripherals. The microcontroller contains a central processing unit (CPU). 2008). It is normally connected to a solid material to measure its dimensional changes when put into
. electrically erasable programmable read only memory (EEPROM). A microcontroller is an expensive single-chip computer.
2005). The applied force will vary the electrical resistance of the strain gauge. the intensity of the force applied is proportional to the intensity of the electrical resistance varied (Maloney. 2004). A greater sensitivity will rise out when more than one gauge is used. tension and force. Stress is measured by attaching a spring element with the strain gauge to the surface that contract or expands where the mechanical change is determined by the gauge. Poisson effect in honour of the French scientist Simeon Poisson takes place when an object is subjected to mechanical strain. 2004).compression or tension. it contracts or expands. Spring element that exhibits Poisson effect is used with the addition of strain gauge that varies its electrical resistance. Strain gauges have a characteristic gauge factor that is defined as the fractional change in resistance divided by the strain (Gyorki.
. Strain gauges are often used in measuring pressure. A basic full-bridge circuit typically used in strain gauge transducers is illustrated in Figure 3 (Maloney. Gauges are placed in the elastic element to sense the strain induced by the load applied on the cell. Wheatstone Full-Bridge Circuit with Strain Gauge Sensor A Wheatstone bridge is used to convert force or loads into electrical output.
.Figure 3.Full-bridge circuit typically used in strain gauge transducers
Commercially available dog feeder There are many different types of pet feeders on the market today attempting to solve the problem of making sure that each pet has access to a healthy amount of food throughout the day. This type of feeder as shown in figure 4 is not meant to control portion sizes or access to the food. which consists of a hopper full of food which falls into a bowl as the bowl is emptied by the pet. The following are samples of commercially available dog feeders. The most common complaint being that the food hopper can be knocked off by the pet. (Hail. Petmate Café Feeder The most basic pet feeder is a gravity feeder. regardless of the owner’s schedule.
The device operates by rotating the lid when the programmed time is reached. the ERGO 8 day feeder is shown in figure 5. requires frequent change of battery and cover rotates rather than the base. since the owner places the exact amount to be fed in each compartment. 2008)
Figure 5.Figure 4. The ERGO 8 day feeder
. (Hail. The problem with this device is that it has a poor construction which allow pet to tear the feeder apart and allowing access to the food. and the owner does not need to rely on the feeder itself to measure how much food will be served.Petmate Café Feeder
The ERGO 8 day feeder The advantage of this type of feeder over the gravity-type feeders is that there is no chute to get clogged with food.
This device can be program to dispense food up to 3 meals per day. the smallest portion of food is too large for some pets. The device can be programmed to respond to regular meal times and amounts.5 pounds of food and can dispense portions from ¼ cup up to 3 cups. 2008)
Figure 6.Petmate Le Bistro Electronic Portion-Control Automatic Pet Feeder This pet feeder holds 4. Petmate Le Bistro Electronic Portion-Control Automatic Pet Feeder
. and that the food gets jammed in the chute leaving the pet hungry. The figure 6 illustrates the Petmate Le Bistro Electronic PortionControl Automatic Pet Feeder. (Hail. The most common complaints about this type of feeder is that the programming is very difficult and is lost when the batteries are removed.
utilizes the technology of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) to control electrical device at home from a remote location using a mobile phone. This is achieved by
sending an SMS to a receiver present at home which is in turn connected to a hardware kit. The SMS then received by the receiver is transmitted to the microcontroller using a serial port.(2009). The microcontroller then reads the
. demonstrated two sub-system for automating appliances and security purposes via SMS. The required task was performed only when the pre-configured number instructed the system. The system is capable to instruct user via SMS. System allowed the provision of security such that system took no action against the instruction received from unauthorized number. The study entitled “A Proto-Type for Home Automation Using GSM Technology” by Srinivasa (2010). The second system is about security alert which is achieved in a way that on the detection of intrusion the system allows automatic generation of SMS thus alerting the user against security risk.Review of related study
Foreign study A study entitled “SMS Based Wireless Home Appliance Control System for Automating Appliances and Security” by Sikandar et al. from a specific cell number. to change the condition of the home appliance according to the user’s needs and requirements. The appliance control subsystem enables the user to control home appliances using SMS.
A relay circuit is use for protection against strong reverse current.
. Local Study Abdul et al. The proponents used a mechanical type of sensor specifically the water level sensor. Buzzer and three switch sensor with floater. There were three levels of warning message and when the third level of warning message was activated the system sent a warning message to the BENQ GSM module and an irritating buzzer will activate to warn the concerned people. conducted a project study entitled “SMS Based Water Level Monitoring System” is a device that can detect and monitor the level of water and with the use of cell phone.message received and controls the appropriate device. (2010). BenQ as the GSM Module. The GSM modem served as the transmitter/receiver of the system. it will warn the people concerned for the shortest time possible when water is in critical level. They used plastic floater to easily float in the water having sensor switch connected in the floater. The sensor was connected to the ground to be activated and it sends the signal to the Zilog Encore Z8F6421 microcontroller. The study made use of a microcontroller specifically AT90S8515 microcontroller with an assembly language coded program which is stored in a built-in flash memory of the microcontroller. The system is composed of Zilog Encore Z8F6421 as microcontroller. The proponents made use of the combination of the conductivity system and the float system.
The microcontroller will then facilitate the whole process in sending the message to the mobile equipment then to the network provider until it reaches the destination or the cell phone of the owner. PC is used as the controlling element of the device. when there is fire. smoke. This is achieved by sending an SMS to receiver present at home which is in turn connected to a
.Bonares. et al. (2007) conducted a project study entitled “SMS Integrated Home Security System” demonstrated the use of GSM technology by designing a security device that can monitor and at the same time send SMS informing the concerned person automatically through the network provider. and intruder inside the home in the shortest possible time . The research entitled “SMS Based Wireless Home Appliance Control System (HACS) for Automating Appliances and Security” made use of a GSM module as a transceiver of the device. When one of the sensors is triggered it will send a digital signal to the microcontroller. Synthesis
Two groups of researchers made use of the same concept of controlling devices using GSM technology. The study entitled “A Proto-Type for Home Automation Using GSM Technology” also uses a GSM module as a transceiver of the device. This study is able to control their respective devices at home from a remote location by a simple mobile phone. The sensors will serve as the switches of the security system.
smoke or intruder is detected. The project entitled “SMS based water-level monitoring system” is uses a floater that will activate a switch once the water reach a certain level. Also through SMS. Both studies are related to this study since both studies are able to send notification regarding a certain situation or event using SMS as a means of communication between the user and the devices. By using GSM module specifically a. they only vary in the sensor use for the triggering of notification. notification is then sent to the GSM network to the concerned person through SMS.hardware kit.
. The concept of notification via SMS was implemented by two more study. the studies are able to control their respective devices wirelessly. BenQ as the GSM module. Another study entitled”SMS Integrated home security system” uses a sensor that will activate when fire. Upon activation notification will be sent through the GSM network using a GSM module as a transmitter for SMS sending. The controlling element used Zilog family. Both studies are related to this project study since all study uses a GSM module as a means of connection between the user and the device.
According to Malik (2008). past theories and knowledge to solve an existing problem arise from the study. the proponents give consideration to the four different stages namely: pre-design stage. applied type of research deals with practical problems.
. The study will be constructed under the descriptive type of research and applied type of research. design stage. development stage and testing stage. To achieve the reliability. This type of research uses basic research. Creswell (1994) stated that the descriptive type of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.Chapter 3
This chapter present and discuss the procedures and the methodology used for the design and development of the Automated Dog Feeder with Notification and Control via SMS. functionality and well-organized model. This type of research allows the proponents to gather information from other existing related studies which are relevant to the project study and further investigation may be conducted when important new issues and questions arise during the duration of the study. Applied type of research will be undertaken to solve practical problems rather than to acquire knowledge for knowledge sake.
Block Diagram of Research Methods and Procedures
.Pre-design Stage Review and Evaluation of existing commercially available dog feeder Research about the study Conducting an interview on technical persons
Design Stage Designing the layout of the study Consideration of necessary components Program flow chart
Development Stage Hardware Development Fabrication of PCB layout Familiarization of the components Program Development Consultation with the professionals Developing necessary program language
Testing Stage Performance and efficiency testing of the design project Testing of the program developed Actual simulation of the design project
. component costs and the availability of the components. Also upon gathering the important data consideration of the availability of components that can be used will be considered. To improve the design conceptualization of the project study. This also includes the development of block diagram. magazines and books which help in accomplishing the success of the design project. the proponents will come up with the layout of the design. proponents will deal with the diagram and design of the components necessary in the project study.
Through comprehensive plans and analysis of the project study. goals will be set in order to create the design project study and the proponents will make a brain storming in order to know the focus of the design project. the proponents will interview some technical persons typically in the field of Electronics Engineering and Computer Programming. In this stage.Pre Design Stage
To develop the project study. The proponents evaluate commercially available dog feeder and will consult different articles. websites. Gathering of different related studies serve as a source to come up with various applications related for the design project.
This stage will incorporate with the programming stage where a computer programming language will be use to acquire the program that functions according to the design project. The hardware consists of GSM module. At this stage necessary components will be purchased and fabrications of PCB layout for the circuits will be completed for the actual construction of the project study. Development Stage
Plans from the design pre-design and design stage will be used to achieve the goals in this stage. A keypad will accept the input parameters to operate the feeding machine.
. The display will be an LCD display. For the selection of the microcontroller the proponents will be considering the price and specifications that has been used in other studies and that would fit our application. load cell sensor and microcontroller. the proponents will use the block diagram to come up with the overall design and fabrication of the Automated Dog Feeder with Notification and Control via SMS. Hardware Development For hardware development. This would involve the familiarization of microcontrollers that are available in the market.
After the designing and developing stage of the project study. The proponents will do different testing procedure for the different design circuits then the output of each will be compared to the expected outcome. the performance and efficiency of the Automated Dog Feeder with Notification and Control via SMS will be tested.
. The software will involve the programming language that depends on the microcontroller chosen. If possible programming language will be explored by the proponents. The program should be able to facilitate the simulation and perform every instruction properly.Program Development For the program development. consultations with the professional in the field of programming will be conducted. The whole system which includes the device and the created programs will be tested through the actual simulation of an Automated Dog Feeder with Notification and Control via SMS. Different approaches will be considered that can help to accomplish the project study.
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