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Some words and phrases help to develop ideas and relate them to one another. These kinds of words and phrases are often called discourse markers. Note that most of these discourse markers are formal and used when speaking in a formal context or when presenting complicated information in writing. with regard to; regarding; as regards; as far as ……… is concerned, as for These expressions focus attention on what follows in the sentence. This is done by announcing the subject in advance. As regards and as far as………is concerned usually indicate a change of subject Examples: His grades in science subjects are excellent. As regards humanities … With regard to the latest market figures we can see that ... Regarding our efforts to improve the local economy, we have made ... As far as I am concerned, we should continue to develop our resources. As for John's thoughts, let's take a look at this report he sent me. on the other hand; while; whereas These expressions give expression to two ideas which contrast but do not contradict each other. Examples: Football is popular in England, while in Australia they prefer cricket. We've been steadily improving our customer service center. On the other hand our shipping department needs to be redesigned. Jack thinks we're ready to begin whereas Tom things we still need to wait. however, nonetheless, nevertheless All these words are used to present two contrasting ideas. Examples: Smoking is proved to be dangerous to the health. Nonetheless, 40% of the population smokes. Our teacher promised to take us on a field trip. However, he changed his mind last week. Peter was warned not to invest all of his savings in the stock market. Nevertheless, he invested and lost everything. moreover, furthermore, in addition We use these expressions to add information to what has been said. The usage of these words is much more elegant than just making a list or using the conjunction 'and'. Examples: His problems with his parents are extremely frustrating. Moreover, there seems to be no easy solution to them. I assured him that I would come to his presentation. Furthermore, I also invited a number of important representatives from the local chamber of commerce. Our energy bills have been increasing steadily. In addition to these costs, our telephone costs have doubled over the past six months. therefore, as a result, consequently These expressions show that the second statement follows logically from the first statement. Examples:
such as a poem. plot. You cannot prove your thesis (which is an opinion) by offering other opinions. It is a lot like the closing statement lawyers make at the end of a trial--a summary of all the evidence presented and a restatement that all the evidence points to the logical conclusion that what they said at the beginning (their thesis that the defendant was either guilty or innocent) is true. which ties everything together. The government has drastically reduced its spending. The thesis is what you will spend the rest of your essay trying to prove. we have been forced to cut back our advertising budget. You must draw your evidence from the text. An analytical essay (often referred to as a five-paragraph essay though there's nothing special about the number five) will attempt to explain the significance of a portion of a literary work. Your thesis statement is your opinion. The point you are trying to make is often the answer to a question (or prompt) which a teacher has given you. focus. Everything in the MAIN BODY of the essay (generally. you must prove that your thesis statement is true based on evidence from the text. called the body of the paper. The analyst (or you. explain how they relate to your thesis. Just as your introduction lead the reader in to the thesis. the conclusion leads out from it. Stay away from narrow statements of facts that can be easily proven or disproven. you must focus in on what you wish to convey to the reader about the literary work. three paragraphs) must relate to the main point you are trying to make--YOUR THESIS. the arguments presented in the body are summarized and the thesis is restated as proved. You must always bring it back to your thesis statement. should be the main idea of your essay. As a result. Give yourself a challenge--and the reader will be engaged. as the writer of the analytical essay) tries to take things apart to examine the individual pieces that make up the whole. style or other literary concerns. BY PROVING SOME SORT OF POINT.He reduced the amount of time studying for his final exams. Analytical Essay Guidelines Analysis begins with a whole object. novel. We've lost over 3. you must provide evidence (examples) to prove your point. Try leaving the reader with something additional to think about (but still something that is related to thesis of the paper). You should quote passages from the text to prove your point. his marks were rather low. Therefore. You must continually explain HOW and WHY it means what you say it means. When you incorporate evidence into your essay. The conclusion is essentially a mirror of your introduction. Consequently. The answer to your prompt. You must be very specific about how the evidence you are offering supports your opinion. YOUR THESIS STATEMENT (main idea. remember. If you write something that has little to do with your thesis. the thesis statement is the sentence that ends your introduction. you need to include the following: • • • • • a way to draw the reader in the author title (underlined or italicized) general statement about the literary work (sometimes) necessary background information about the story (very little) . Your job as the writer of an analytical essay is to convince the reader that your opinion is correct. or the point you are trying to make. you must attempt to make some kind of point about the literary work in your essay. or do not include it and find other evidence that does support your thesis.you have two options: expand and modify your thesis to accommodate that information. it is not a fact. Usually (but not always). just remember that you must explain their significance. Often. Finally. theme. Before writing your analytical essay. In the paragraphs which follow the introduction. Once you have a focus. INTRODUCTION (1 paragraph):tell the reader what your paper is about Not necessarily in this order. And somehow you should make your paper sound complete. you must write a CONCLUSION (a final paragraph). short story or play. opinion) MUST BE CLEARLY STATED IN YOUR INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. The point you are trying to make may have to do with characterization. but not limited to. This is called a THESIS STATEMENT. a number of programs have been canceled.000 customers over the past six months. The thesis should be fairly broad. you must be sure to explain it adequately.
three paragraphs): these paragraphs should answer the question. CONCLUSION (1 paragraph): Tell the reader what you told him/her and leave him/her with something to think about.• thesis statement (your opinion. Not necessarily in this order. main idea or focus) . restated to emphasize that you have proven your point a summary of your main points a way to leave the reader thinking about the marvelous ideas in your essay. you need to include the following: • • • your thesis. analyze your examples.descriptions . How do they fit in with your main point?) explanation of how your analysis relates to your thesis statement.should be fairly broad has a point to prove MAIN BODY (approx. .comparisons explanation of the significance of your examples in terms of your thesis statement ( in other words.passages . Not necessarily in this order. you need to include the following: • • • • specific examples to prove your point quotations .this may be controversial . "why?".