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Quyneld and associates in the Patent Rolls

26 January 1307 – 11 February 1413

The Patent Rolls (Calendarium Rotulorum Patentium, Rotuli litterarum patentium) are
primary sources for English history, a record of the King of England's correspondence,
starting in 1202.

The record the letters patent, or royal letters issued unsealed, and were started under
the Chancellorship of Hubert Walter. This was during the reign of King John of England,
and the patent roll was started in order to keep track of letters that had been issued by
the government. Instead of keeping the records in a register or book form, they were
written on sheets which were stitched together into long rolls to form a roll for each year

Saul, Nigel A Companion to Medieval England 1066–1485 Stroud: Tempus 2000 ISBN 0-
7524-2969-8 p. 116

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Name Variants: Quenyld, Quyneld, Queynnild, Quenild, Quenhill, Quenhilt

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Pardon to… …the like to Richard son of Thomas Thurstan of Estrington1, when indicted of
the death of William Quenyld.
At Lanercost2

Edward I, Volume 4, Membrane 40, pg 439. 26 January 1307.

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Pardon to on account of his good service in Scotland and for his abjuration of the realm
on that account…. …to the undermentioned, viz.:— Richard de Estrington for the death of
William Quenild of Estrington and for other felonies. By p.s.

Edward II, Volume 1, Membrane 6d, pg. 295/298. 26 October 1310

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Commission to Hugh Chastilon3 and his fellows, arrayers4 of men Westminster, at arms
and archers in the county of Buckingham, reciting that because it is the king's will that
twenty men at arms, to wit the said Hugh, (Sir) Henry (de) Chalfhunt5, Geoffre de Lucy6,
John son of John Giffard7, Edmund de Hampden8, Edmund Waleys9, Martin Chaunceux10,

1
Thomas was a ‘mercer’, middle English for merchant. Estrington, Yorkshire
2
Lanercost Priory in Cumbria when Edward I was resident during his last campaign in 1306/7. Attacked a
number if times by William Wallace. Lanercost is a priory in the north of Cumbria close to the Scottish border.
Edward I spent the last months of his life there directing a campaign against Robert the Bruce. Although very
ill, he caught and hanged three of the Bruce's four brothers. The ailing but indomitable King , then aged 68,
mortally ill but refusing to admit defeat, embarked on horseback on the journey which was to prove his last on
26th June. The protracted journey, while waiting to cross the estuary on his way to Scotland to crush a
rebellion lead by Robert the Bruce, underlines the poor state of his health, he finally had to be carried in a litter.
He reached Kirkandrews-on-Eden on 2nd July but struggled on until three days later he arrived at Burgh by
Sands, where on 7th July 1307 he finally breathed his last at Burgh Marsh, Solway Moss
3
Sherriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire. As master of the cross-bows in France, in 1369, along with
count Guy de St. Pol, besieged and took the town of Abbeville, and the whole country of Ponthieu. The records
of the Exchequer of Edward III state that in 1370 a ransom of 10,000 marks was paid to Sir Nicholas Levigne
(of the Parish of All Hallows the Great in Thames Street) for the freedom of Hugh, his prisoner taken in war
4
an officer who had a commission of array, to put soldiers of a country in a condition for military service.
5
Lord of Frinstead in Kent
6
Of Cublington, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
7
Of Chillington Hall, South Staffordshire http://www.chillingtonhall.co.uk/ . Father was an MP under Edward II
8
Of Great Hampden, Buckinghamshire, England. John de Hampden, the son of Reginald, held the manor in
1346, and was a knight of the shire in two Parliaments of Edward III in 1351–2, and again in 1363. There is a
tradition that Edward III. and the Black Prince once paid a visit to Hampden, and that while the Prince and his
host were amusing themselves with games of chivalry, a quarrel arose and the prince received a blow in the
John de Coueley(e)11, William Wyot12, John de Thame13, Thomas Frisel14, Richard
Hampden (see fn. 8), John Baret15, John de Wermeston16, John de Amondesham17, John
Reynam18, John de Nowers of Gothirst19, and three other men at arms, twenty armed
men and eighty archers of the strongest and bravest of the county be selected in the
county and go in ships upon the sea for the defence of the realm, he commands that on
sight of these presents these said men be arrayed and duly furnished with arms, armour,
bows and arrows and brought to Sandwich20 and that if need be they be compelled to
this by incarceration of their bodies and taking of their lands and goods into the king's
hand, so that they be there by Tuesday in Easter week to enter the ships ordained to
take them to go on the king's service at the accustomed wages of war. In the meantime
the commissioners are to send men to Sandwich to provide victuals for the men ready to
be shipped on their arrival. It is the king's will also that when they reach the sea their
horses shall be sent back to their own parts. He has commanded the collectors of the
tenth and fifteenth granted by the commonalty of the realm for the expenses of the men
going on the said service to pay them their wages, to wit to every knight 2 shillings to an
esquire I2 pennies to an armed man 6 pennies and to an archer 4 pennies a day, for one
month from the time of at which they left the said county. Furthermore he gives the
commissioners power to arrest and imprison contrariants or rebels and take their lands
and goods into his hand, and hereby gives command to the sheriff, men at arms and
archers, mayors, bailiffs, ministers and others of the said county to be attending,
answering, counselling and aiding to them in the premises. By the guardian & C.

The like to the following arraying men at arms be in the counties named and bringing
them to Sandwich at the same day: Hugh de Blount21, knight, and the arrayers in the
county of Essex, twenty, men at arms, to wit the said Hugh, John de Seintclier22, Thomas
de Clopton23, Henry Moyne24, William Gennyn25, John de Boys26, Lionel de Bradenham27,

face, which greatly enraged his royal father, who instantly left the house with his son; and afterwards seized
some valuable manors belonging to De Hampden as a punishment for his want of manners and loyalty. The
following lines are said to refer to this incident:-

"Tring, Wing, and Ivanhoe


Hampden did forego
For striking of a blow,
And glad he did escape so."

http://www.mspong.org/picturesque/great_hampden.html
9
Son of Lord William Le Waleys of Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire?
10
Of Okhide Manor, Horton, Buckinghamshire
11
Of Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestireshire. The place where Edward II was murdered 21 September 1327
12
Possibly the brother of John Wyatt and brother in law of John of Gaunt’s wife, Catherine Swinford
13
Of Buckinghamshire. Nominated to the Council of the Guildhall of London for Aldersgate in 1347. Possibly a
Knight Hospitalier
14
Occupied Bradenham Manor, Desborough, Buckinghamshire between 1350-1360
15
Of Bernwell
16
Of Urmston Old Hall, Urmston then Wermeston
17
Of Amondesham, near Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire
18
Of Buckinghamshire, now Raynham and part of Luton
19
Buckinghamshire
20
an important major port in Kent
21
Knight of Essex and High Sherriff of Hertfordshire in 1361, Owned land adjacent to St. Mildred the Virgin in
Poultry
22
John Saint Clair, knight, of Aldham St Cleres, Igtham (Eyghtham), Kent

23
(Croyon-Cum) Clopton Deserted Medieval Village (Cambridgeshire) is situated to the west of Croydon village,
and can be reached by following the footpath at the western end of Croydon High Street. The Medieval village
of Clopton is mentioned in the Domesday Book, and is known from documentary sources to have had a market
in the 13th century. The village seems to have gone into decline during the later middle ages, and was finally
deserted during the early 16th century when the land was purchased by John Fisher. By enclosing the common
strip fields into large pasture fields, the villagers were stripped of their livelihood and ejected from the
countryside. All that remains today are the earthwork traces of the village layout. The earthworks are difficult
to interpret as the village was terraced into the hillside. However earthwork survey and excavation have greatly
increased our understanding, and demonstrated the presence of a central church, two moated sites and a
probable mill. The roughly rectangular moat has been identified as that of Clopton Bury, the manor of Clopton,
and a series of channels link the moat with the mill site in the south-east of the village.

24
Of Willingham, Cambridgehsire?
25
Of Guildford, Surrey?
William de Dale, Robert de Rokele28, Roger Monkoye and ten others, twenty armed men
and sixty archers, (Sir) Hugh FitzSymond29 and his fellows, arrayers in the county of
Hertford, twenty armed men, to wit the said Hugh, John de Chilterne30, John Quenyld,
Hamo31 de Ware

Edward III, Volume 11, Membrane 22, pg 413/4. 28 March 136032

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Commission of the peace33, pursuant to the statutes… … The like to the following:— John
de la Lee34, William de Notton35, John Lodewyk36, Richard de Bydeford37, Thomas de
Eston, John de Whitewell38 and John Quenyld, in the county of Hertford
At Westminster

Edward III. Volume 12, Membrane 33d, pg. 64. 21 March 1361

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Not Patent Roll


Title Grant to John de la Lee (see fn. 34), knight, Sir Thomas de Knesworthe39;
Adam de Wyvelyngham40, clerks, and Robert at the Warde of his manor of Landbeach
Reference CCCC09/35/55 (former reference: XXXV 55). Creator Thomas Grey of
Hertfordshire41. Covering Dates 21 Oct. 1361 (Pelham, Thursday after St Luke, 35
Edward III). Extent and Medium 1 membrane; vellum; Stained; Manuscript. Witnesses:
Robert de Geddyng42, knight; Thomas Logat; William Schanke; John Quenyld; William
Rokesburgh43. Parkerian endorsement: manerium vocat' Landbeche44

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Commission of the peace, pursuant to the statutes… … The like to the following:—
(continued) Guy de Boys45, John de Chilterne46, Thomas de Eston, John Quenyld and
John de Whitewell47, in the county of Hertford
At Westminster

26
Patron of the Augustinian Priory of Tiptree, Essex. The only remaining part of the priory is a rubble wall
extending E of the present house built in the 16th century
27
Knight and Lord of the Manor of Langenhoe, Essex
28
Of Hertfordshire
29
Knight and Lord of the Manor of Merston, Kent, and Caxton, Cambridgeshire
30
Of Chilthorne Vagg, near Yeovil in Somerset
31
Of Meldebourn and Ware in Hertfordshire. Also occupied property in Cambridge. The name Hamo means
house or home and was introduced from Germany during the Norman Conquest
32
Last year of the phase of the Hundred Years War called the Edwardian War 1337-1360
33
a commission under the King’s great seal, constituting one or more persons justices of the peace
34
Royal Steward of Edward III’s household, of Albury, Hertfordshire. Seized the manor of Chamberlains in
Cambridgeshire and sold it back to Corpus Christi College in 1361 for 700 marks
35
Knight, of Notton in Yorkshire. King’s serjeant and justice of the King’s bench. King’s lieutenant in 1361 when
he was sent to Ireland
36
Of Wormlee (Wormley), Brokysburn (Broxbourne), and Ludwick in Hertfordshire on the route from London to
Ware; 23 miles. Justice of the peace for Hertfordshire. His father, William, went on pilgrimage with Hugh
Fitzsimmons (see fn. 29) to Santiago de Compostella in 1332
37
Coroner of Hitchin, Hertfordshire
38
Of Skeyton, Runhal, Norfolk
39
Kneesworth (now Bassingborn-Cum-Kneesworth), Cambridgeshire
40
A village now known as Willingham. Cambridgshire
41
See fn. 34 Thomas Grey promised Landbeach to the royal steward, Sir John de la Lee, in return for his
support.
42
Knight, of Northampton
43
Previous owner of Mark Lane, now in the ownership of the Drapers' Company of Throgmorton Avenue,
London EC2N 2DQ

44
Deeds relating to Landbeach, Cambridgeshire. http://janus.lib.cam.ac.uk
45
Lord of the manor of Munden or Great Furnivall, Hertfordshire in 1361
46
See fn. 30
47
See fn. 38
Edward III, Volume 12, Membrane 32, pg. 66. 15 December 1361

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Commission of the peace, pursuant to the statutes of Winchester, Westminster.


Northampton and Westminster, and of oyer and terminer48 touching felonies, trespasses,
forestalleries and regrateries, abuses of measures and weights and delinquencies against
the statutes and ordinances of labourers49, to John, duke of Lancaster50, John atte Lee51,
Edward Fitz Symond, John Foxcote52, John Quyneld, John Strete53 and Luke Vynter54,
in the county of Hertford. By C.
At Westminster

Edward III, Volume 13, Membrane 22, pg. 144. 3 May 1365

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Licence for the alienation55 in mortmain56 by John Quyneld and Walter Lepere of two
messuages57 and 2 acres of land in Eggeswere and Ildestre58, and by John Chishull59,
chaplain, William Stoteville, vicar of the church of St. Sepulchre without Neugate,
London, and by John Harpesfeld of a toft60, 116 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow and 6
acres of wood in Acton, not held in chief, which are of the value of 32 shillings yearly, as
has been found by inquisition taken by Nicholas Heryng61, escheator62 in the county of
Middlesex, to the prior and convent of St. Bartholomew's, Smethefeld63, to hold as of the
value of 40 shillings yearly in part satisfaction of £20 yearly of land and rent which they
have the king's licence to acquire.
At Westminster

Edward III, Volume1, Membrane 5, pg. 380. 12 January 1374

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48
Oyer and terminer - a term used in England in commissions directed to judges of assize about to hold court,
directing them to hear and determine cases brought before them.
49
post 1348 Black Death institution of Edward III’s Statute of Labours in 1351, hugely unpopular with the
peasants of England
50
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, third son surviving son of Edward III, Called Gaunt because he was
born in Ghent in Belgium; Gaunt was the old English name for Ghent
51
Atte Lee, modern spelling Atlay
52
Involved in fishmongering
53
Mayor of Dover in 1378
54
Testified at the petition of John West about the Manor of Ayot St. Lawrence, Hertfordshire in 1370
55
The regulation of the 'alienation' or transfer of feudal lands without a licence from the Government. Henry III
issued an ordnance prohibiting the tenants in chief of feudal lands from alienating those lands without a proper
licence from the state. The penalty for not going through the licensing system was forfeiture of the lands
concerned.
56
Mortmain is a legal term, derived from medieval French, literally meaning dead hand and refers to the
sterilisation of ownership of property by vesting it perpetually in the form of a religious office
57
Properties
58
Edgware and Elstree
59
Chaplain of the Priory of Thomas of Watford
60
A homestead
61
Seneschal and Supervisor of the King’s castles and manors in Kent

62
In feudal England, escheat referred to the situation where the tenant of a fief died without an heir or
committed a felony. The fief reverted to the King's ownership for one year and one day, by right of primer
seisin, after which it reverted to the original lord who had granted it. From the time of Henry III, the monarchy
took particular interest in escheat as a source of revenue. From the 12th century onward, the Crown appointed
escheators to manage escheats and report to the Exchequer, with one escheator per county established by the
middle of the 14th century. Upon learning the death of a tenant, the escheator would hold an "inquisition" to
learn if the king had any rights to the land. If there was any doubt, the escheator would seize the land and
refer the case to Westminster where it would be settled, ensuring that not one day's revenue would be lost.
This would be a source of concern with land owners when there were delays from Westminster.

63
A large area, about 3 acres in extent, much of it marshy, full of water and mud, lying to the north-west of the
City of London, adjoining the Church and Hospital of St. Bartholomew on the west, at the northern end of
Giltspur Street, in Farringdon Ward Without, and extending to the Bars of Smithfield. Formerly used as a large
Cattle Market. Harben Dictionary
26 July 1374. Commission to John Boterwyk, sheriff of Middlesex, David de Westminster.
Berdevill, Henry Traynel, John de Salesbury and John Bysouth, serjeants-at-mace, to
arrest Robert Cavendyssh, John Hidigham, Thomas Branton, John Wespray, Simon
Bereford, John Morewell, Richard Norhampton, John Peyk, Richard Ivy, Walter Guldeford,
Bobert Spelyng, John Halys, William Michel, John Hamstede, John Faucon, John Waryn,
Thomas Fakenam, Bobert Anton, John Grandon, William Bysude, William Ledys, Gilbert
Forester, Thomas Pope, John Brokelee, John Walche, John Stalbrigge, John Orby, John
West, John Kent, Benedict Wade, William Barton, John Woleward, Nicholas Kembere,
William Catisby, Bobert Aston, Robert Nely, Simon Bucell, Henry Biriount, John Lane,
Walter Wynchestre, Nicholas Nettilham, John Sharp, John Wolwirton, John Brandon, John
Someri, John Lilie, Nicholas Neubolt, Roger Lucas, Simon Vinur, Richard Fitekyn, Richard
Poche, John Topclif, John Stirbourne, William Walys, Richard Couke, Robert Duram,
Thomas Strode, John Stekis, John Frend, Stephen Goldfynch, William Ocle, John atte
Parke, John Salusbiri, Richard Shirbourne, William Witby, William Schambir, Walter West,
John Wodestoke, Walter Lucas, William Alret, John Fulbourne, John Sutfold, Richard
Dancastre, John Honcler, John Clifford, Richard Baker, John Soutyng, Thomas Harnme,
John Grenehell, Richard Sutton, Hugh Cursun, Thomas Langeton, William Martlesham,
John Wytbred, John Ermyn, John Helmele, Henry Juwet, John Kitteson, John Catour,
Robert Hare, John Bynle, Martin Zonge, William Gillot, John Dobbys, Richard Little, John
Lile, Richard Frere, Roger Kendale, John Freman, Robert Bladys, Robert Hedon, Reynold
Man, Richard Bakere, William Cook, John atte Wode, John Causere, William Berkyng,
Henry Cok, Tlaomas Croft, John Cristemasse, Richard Gerard, John Dodele, John Elene,
John Herewell, John Dod, Ivo Serle, John Spencer, Richard Fuller, Robert Sewet, John
Goudwyn, Thomas Fischere, John Froisel, Nicholas Cruce, Alexander Stephan, William
Haunsel, John Cook, Thomas Skynnere, Thomas Prince, Simon Bakere, Hugh Toky,
William Walter, William Leverik, John Poddyng, John Smyth, John Tredegold, John Brice,
William Raulyn, 'page,' John Passelewe, John Bylet, John Coggere, Edmund Vynceiit,
Thomas Sneyth, Simon Hasse, Richard Thomme, John Sharp, Stephen Beneyt, John
Belde, John Walyngton, John Barker, William Somer, William Bussh, John Hert, Benedict
Neweland, Ellis Rekeman, William Flemyng, John Lambyn, William Catour, 'page,'
Thomas Shippernan, 'page,' Thomas Staleworthyn, John Do, John Thomme, Thomas
Salman, Robert Hood, Ralph Smyth, Geoffrey Perers, John Cheseman, 'page,' John More,
John Berne, John Bode, John Bondys, Roger Zongwyne, Thomas Rolf, John Gaskwyn,
Alan Coggare, John Stemhache, Robert Bam, Nicholas Taillour, William Hudde, John Mois,
Thomas Adam, Richard Pirye, 'archer,' Nicholas Dole, John Symond, 'archer,' John
Furmyton, John Herdyng, John Jacmyn, ' archer,' Philip Yle, ' archer,' John Kencot, Philip
Sampton, ' archer,' John Frere, Richard Byx, Henry Norkyn, John Reynold, ' archer,' John
Edwyne, Ralph Denys, William Shepherd, John Sellay, John Pipere, William Sneyere,
William Moys, ' archer,' John Wytle, ' archer,' Richard Souter, ' archer,' Thomas Bor, John
Andreu, John Lenne, Thomas Surl, John Knetthere, Gilbert Hesne, John Cherryngherst,
Nicholas Boydyn, John Boydyn, Thomas Page, Laurence Justice, John Zonge, Walter
Zonge, Henry Tybbe, John Grene, John North, John Cornyssh, John Gallewere, Andrew
Yasterlyng, Andrew Smert, John Person, Gilbert Trumplour, John Spriner, Thomas Alwyk,
John Yol, Thomas Yol, John Wyther, John Malle, Thomas Brokman, John Colyn, John
Sende, Simon Londyn, Robert Soleys, John Prison, John Arnold, William Huglot, William
Spisour, Alexander Cook, John Aleyn, Thomas Elys, John Ecchere, John Short, John
Corey, John Chelf, John Crippe, 'page,' John Soylard, 'page,' Thomas Iryssh, Andrew
Mersey, Pernelt Laurence, Thomas Meynard, John de Baylle, Peter Gerard and William
Richard, ' page,' and to bring them to London and deliver them to the sheriffs for safe
keeping in Neugate gaol until further order for their delivery. By K.
29 July 1374. The like commissions to the following: — John Filyol, sheriff of Essex and
Hertford, Luke Vyriter and William Quenyld. By K. & C.
At Westminster

Edward III, Volume 15, Membrane 6d, pg. 489-491. 26 July 1374 – 29 July 137464

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64
Possibly as a result of disturbances and uprisings that occurred between the post 1348 Black Death
institution of Edward III’s Statute of Labours in 1351, hugely unpopular with the peasants of England, and the
Peasants’ Revolt in 1381
Commission to Edmund Fauconer65, Simon Kegworth, John Quyneld, Westminster.
William Brok and John Welde, escheator in the county of Hertford, to find by inquisition in
the counties of Hertford and Essex what lands, knights' fees and advowsons of churches
Simon son of Imbert and Henry Merk66 held of the king in chief, in demesneas67 well as in
service, on the days on which they died, and what they held of others, at what time they
died, who are their next heirs and who have held the lands since their death and taken
the issues, and by what title.
At Westminster

Edward III, Volume 6, Membrane 37d, pg. 315. 12 February 1376

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Timeline: Richard II enthroned in 1377 at the age of 10. John of Gaunt became regent in
all but name. The first poll tax was levied the same year
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Revocation of the protection, with clause volumus68, granted to John Quenyld, going over
sea (as was believed) on the king's service in the company of John, duke of Lancaster69,
as Thomas de Cobeham, sheriff of Kent, certifies that he is skulking in his bailiwick70
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 1, Membrane 37, pg.268. 8 August 137871

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Subsidiary Patent Roll


Poll tax, Sheffield, 1379

John Quenyld. Magot Quenyld' & Johanna filia (daughter) ejus (his). Johannes Queynnild'
& Matilda uxor (wife) ejus (his). Willelmus Quenild' & uxor (wife). Strafforth wapentake72,
Sheffield parish

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Commission to John de Monte Acuto73, Bernard Brocas74, Walter Haywode75, Michael


Skillyng76 and William Ryngebourne77, to enquire into the truth of a petition of Hugh

65
Of Heston and Isleworth
66
Of the medieval moated manor of Marks, Dagenham, Essex
67
land kept in the lord's possession, not leased out but, under the feudal system, worked by villeins (peasants)
to supply the lord's household
68
Judicial protection, which granted immunity from most suits at law guaranteeing the safety of possessions
and servants
69
See fn. 50
70
The area of jurisdiction of a bailiff. Strafforth was the southernmost wapentake in the West Riding of
Yorkshire, England
71
The Caroline War phase (1379-1389) of the Hundred Years War was being fought at the time
72
A political unit similar to a "Hundred" in Anglo-Saxon England, The Wapentake is a collection of local
parishes. The term is used in former Danelaw region of England and derives from words meaning "show your
weapon". The idea was that all in favor of a resolution would raise their sword, ax, etc. to show agreement.
Genuki
73
Aka Montague. Knighted in France during the Hundred Years War. Earl of Salisbury and supporter of Richard
II. One of the wealthiest men in England at the time with substantial landholdings. Aristocratic poet and
possibly the author of the early ballads of Robin Hood. Convicted of treason for raising troops to challenge the
ascent of the Duke of Lancaster, later Henry IV. Beheaded by a mob in Wales 7th Jan 1399/1400 after his failed
plot to kill Henry IV at the jousts. His head was placed on London Bridge and his body was buried at Cirencester
Abbey then later moved to Bisham Priory, Berkshire
74
Sir, of Clewer near Windsor, Berkshire. Friend and companion to the Black Prince, eldest son of Edward III
who had died 4 years earlier than this entry. Bernard was Edward III’s Master of the Horse and Master of the
Buckhounds. Captain of Callais under Richard II and the Queens Chamberlain. MP for Hampshire in 10
parliaments and Wiltshire on the 11th time of re-election. His son would also be executed alongside John De
Monte Acuto in Cirencester (see fn. 73). Familial brass monuments extant in churches in Sherbourne St John
and Bramley in Hampshire. Sir Bernard is buried in Westminster Abbey
75
Of Stratfeld and Lord of the Manor of Sulham, Berkshire. Hampshire County Sherriff and guardian of the
manor of Compton Monceux
76
Sherriff of Winchester in 1357 and Justice of the Peace in 1380
Craan78 of Winchester, alleging that, whereas on Tuesday after St. Benedict, 2 Richard II,
he acquired to himself and Isabel his wife, for life, the manor of Oterbourn79, co.
Southampton, from Richard Wyncestre80 for a certain sum of money, the said Richard
and Agnes his wife, Richard Uttokcestre81, parson of the church of Lymynge, co, Kent,
John Quenyld of Edenbrugge82, Thomas Stanton83, clerk, executor of the will of William
Underhull, Nicholas Langestoke84, late mayor of Southampton and , Thomas (de)
Kyngton85, clerk for receiving recognizances of debts in the same town, schemed to
dispossess him and his wife of the same, and forged a recognisance of the statute of
merchants for 550 pounds, dated 22 February, 26 Edward III., payable on a day now
past to the said William Underhull and John Payn, clerk, and caused it to be sealed under
the names of John de Wyneestre, knight, and the said Richard his brother, and in the
presence of the said mayor and clerk to be enrolled in the books for the purpose, and a
certificate to be delivered in Chancery for obtaining execution in respect of the manor
and other hinds86 belonging at that date to the said John and Richard Wyncestre.

Richard II, Volume 1, Membrane 10d, pg. 577. 20 October 1380

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87
Commission to John de Monte Acuto, Bernard Brocas, Walter Haywode, Robert
Charleton88 and William Ryngebourne, enquire into the truth of a petition of Hugh Craan
of Winchester, alleging that, whereas on Tuesday after St. Benedict, 2 Richard II, he
acquired to himself and Isabella his wife, for life, the manor of Oterbourn, co.,
Southamptom, from Richard Wyncestre for a certain sum of money, the said Richard and
Agnes his wife, Richard Uttokcestre, parson, of the church of Lymynge,. Kent, John
Quenyld of Edenbrugge, Thomas Stanton, clerk, executor of the will of William Underhull,
Nicholas Langestoke, late mayor of Southampton, and Thomas Kyngton, clerk for
receiving recognisances of debts there, schemed to dispossess himself arid his wife of the
same, and caused a recognisance of statute merchant, dated 22 February 26, Edward III,
for 550 pounds, payable on a day now past to the said William Underhull and John Payn,
clerk, to be forced and scaled under the names of John Wyncestre and Richard his
brother, and in the presence of the said mayor and clerk enrolled in the books for the
purpose, and a certificate thereof to be delivered in Chancery for obtaining execution in
respect of the manor and other lands belonging then to the said John Wyncestre and
Richard. By C
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 1, Membrane 13d, pg. 630. 10 February 1381

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Timeline: In June 1381 10,000 men, forming the vanguard of the Peasants Revolt, march
on London

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77
Of Barton Stacey and Liss, both in Hampshire
78
Sometime holder of the manor of Hedgecourt, Felbridge, on the Surrey-Sussex border
79
Or Crane. Otterbourne, district of Chilcombe, Hampshire. Eventually his petition succeeded
80
Winchester
81
Uttoxeter, Staffordshire
82
Eatonbridge aka Stangrave, Kent
83
Of Oxford
84
Steward off Southampton and owner of two vaults in English Street
85
In 1404 became rector of St. Andrews Church, Burton Overy, Leicester
86
Alteration of Middle English hine, household servants
87
See fn. 79
88
His Worship Sir Robert Charleton, serjeant at law on the King’s bench and Court of Common pleas and was
one of the justices tasked with punishing rebels involved in the Peasants’’ Revolt in Wiltshire and
Gloucestershire. involved in the Merciless Parliament which executed most of Richard II's court and senior
advisers, but when Richard reasserted his authority in May 1389 Charleton was made a Knight banneret. Trier
of Petitions at seven of the eight Parliaments between February 1388 and January 1395. Chief Justice until
Michaelmas 1395
Revocation of protection with clause volumus, for one year, granted Westminster, 3
October to John Quenyild, fishmonger of, or lately staying in, Edenbrigge, co. Kent, alias
of the county of Southampton, as going beyond seas on the king's service in the
company of Edmund, earl of Cambridge89, on testimony that he is not on the king's
service, but stays in England on his own affairs.

Richard II, Volume 2, Membrane 19, pg. 46/7. 18 October 1381

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Pardon at the Supplication of Richard de Burde, knight, to John Quenhill of Surrey, alias
Quenyld of Edenbrigg (recorded as a fishmonger) , co. Kent, alias Quenyld of Crassiilton,
co. Surrey, for all treasons, felonies and trespasses committed by him, notwithstanding
he was excepted in Parliament as a principal insurgent90. By PS
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 2, Membrane 12, pg 269. 1 May 1383.

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Pardon to John Quenyld, fishmonger, sumtyme duellying in Edyngbregg,' of outlawries in


the counties of Southampton and Middlesex, for not appearing in the King's Bench to
answer Hugh Crane and John Glemes for respectively touching trespasses or to pay the
king a ransom in each case, he having now surrendered to the Marshalsea prison, as
certified by Robert Tresilian, chief justice.
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 3, Membrane 15, pg. 141. 15 May 1385

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Not patent Roll


Executors of Walter: Matilda, his wife, Thomas Potesgrave, and John Clayditch
Debtor: John Quenyld of Southampton.
Creditor: Walter Hervyle, citizen and pewterer of London, now deceased.
Amount: £40.
Before whom: William Walworth91, Mayor of London; Helmyng Leget, Clerk.
When taken: 10/08/1375
First term: 02/02/1376
Last term: 02/02/1376
Writ to: Sheriff of Hants
Sent by: Nicholas Brembre, Mayor of London; Helmyng Leget, Clerk.
Endorsement: London' Coram Justice de Banco in quindena Pasche92

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Revocation of protection with clause volumus for one year, granted to John Quenhild
alias Quenyld, sometime of Edenbrigge, co. Kent, as going to Calais on the king's service
in the company of (Sir) William de Bello Campo93, captain of Calais, because he is not
preparing to go94.

89
Of Kings Langley, Hertfordshire. Fifth son of Edward III. 1361 created Earl of Cambridge and on 6 August
1385 created Duke of York. This record in the Rolls most likely refers to the expedition in 1381 when Edmund
sailed to Portugal, then at war with Castile, and was joyfully received at Lisbon by King Ferdinand
90
Perhaps as a result that he was cleared of a suspicion that he may have participated in the Peasants’ Revolt
in 1381
91
In 1381 killed Wat Tyler leader of the Peasants’ Revolt army which marched on London. Previously worked
for a time for Geoffrey Chaucer at the Customs House in London

92
C 241/173 National Archive
93
Aka Beauchamp, Knight, made 1st Baron, Lord of Bergavenny, Monmouthshire, England, in 1392, and third
son of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. His grandfather Guy, who was with Edward I when he died, would
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 3, Membrane 12, pg. 364. 2 November 1387

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Pardons of outlawry to the following - John Costidell, parson of Hevere, co. Kent, for not
appearing to answer John Quenyld touching a debt of 80 pounds
At Westminster

Richard II, Volume 4, Membrane 41-40, pg. 63/66. 9 November 1389

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Pardons of outlawry to the following - Richard Hylles ' sometyme dwelling in Missenden,'
for not appearing before the king to answer John Quenyld touching a trespass. Middlesex
At Westminster

Henry IV, Volume 4, Membrane 27.25, pg. 437/444. 11 February 1413

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Other

To the church of the Blessed Mary of Lancaster, to the Prior, three acres and a half of
land in the village of Skerton, which I had of Quenild, son of Robert of Skerton
THE CHARTULARY OF THE PRIORY OF LANCASTER

most likely have been at the hearing at Lanercost in 1307 when the first of two pardons was issued to Richard
of Estrington for the death of William Quenyld. Guy was responsible for the kidnap at Deddington and the
subsequent trial and execution of Piers Gaveston, Edward II’s lover. William is buried at Black Friars, Hereford,
Herefordshire, England. The will of William Le Beauchamp, Lord of Bergavenny, dated 25 April 1408, reads… My
body to be buried in the Church of Friars Preachers at Hereford, next and beneath the tomb of John of Hastings,
Earl of Pembroke. I will that five tapers be hung about my body as soon as may be after my decease, and that
twenty four poor men be clothed in black, and that each of them carry a torch, receiving two pence a piece for
that service. To the place of my burial twenty marks or more, as my executors shall think fit; for the charges of
my funeral one hundred pounds; I desire that ten thousand masses be said for my soul in all possible haste
after my death by the most honest priest that can be found; and that four good priests be found for ten years
to sing for my soul and for the soul of my Lord Sir John Hastings, Earl of Pembroke, and for all the souls to
whom I owe obligation; to the poor tenants within my Lordship one hundred pounds; to Joan, my wife, a pair of
basons covered and over gilt, having the arms of Warwick and Arundel impaled thereon; to Richard, my son,
my best sword and harness for the justs of the peace, which belonged to war; to Joan and Elizabeth, my
daughters, one thousand marks each for their marriage. And I constitute Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of
Canterbury; Thomas Earl of Arundel; and Joan, my wife, my executors. From the Testamenta Vetusta by
Nicholas Harris Nicolas
94
The Caroline War phase (1379-1389) of the Hundred Years War was being fought at the time