2012 | 2013
About WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
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2012 | 2013
About WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS NEW TITLES History Media Studies Cultural Studies Migration Studies International Relations Sociology Psychol0gy Natural Science Rock Art Art Literary Studies Biography Theatre 1 2–51 2–13 14–16 17–20 21 22–29 28 30 32 34 36–39 40–47 48–49 50–51 CURRENT TITLES Cultural Studies Urban Studies Anthropology History Politics Sociology Psychol0gy Migration Studies Palaeoanthropology Archaeology Popular Science Environmental Science Natural Science Rock Art Art Literary Studies Biography Theatre Women’s Writing African Treasury Series Wits P&DM Governance Series Textbooks BACKLIST INDEX ORDERING INFORMATION 52–87 52–54 54 54 55–57 58–59 60–62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70–71 72–73 74–76 77 78–80 81 82–83 84 85–87 88–92 93–96
Wits University Press is 90 years old this year. The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg was born when the South African School of Mines and Technology was awarded university status by an Act of Parliament, becoming operational on 1 March 1922. At its first Senate meeting on 27 March 1922, a proposal for the formation of ‘The University of the Witwatersrand Press’ was accepted by then Principal, Jan H. Hofmeyr. The Press soon became an outlet for important research carried out at the University. Many flagship journal and book publications started their long life span here. The journal Bantu Studies (later renamed African Studies), for example, was first published by the Council of Education, Witwatersrand in 1921, and was taken over by the fledgling Press in 1923. Other important early publications include the Bantu (African) Treasury Series, the South African Journal of Medical Sciences (according to the preface by Raymond Dart, this was ‘devoted to the purely scientific aspects of medicine’), English Studies in Africa and many inaugural lectures. Classics such as Tiyo Soga’s The South-Eastern Bantu (1930) and Percival Kirby’s The Musical Instruments of the Native Races of South Africa (1953) are still an important resource for researchers, despite their now unsuitable titles. Of course, things have changed since then. The Press (since 2002 simply called ‘Wits University Press’) started publishing manuscripts by academic authors from around the world, and in the 1980s became renowned as a publisher of engaged political and historical works. However, its publishing programme was much broader and included genres such as theatre, palaeontology, archaeology, literary studies and selected textbooks. After 1994 there was a trend towards ‘cross-over’ books, which are still based on academic research and subjected to peer-review but which appeal to both academic and general readers. The publishing boom of the early 2000s has given way to more challenging market conditions. At the same time technological innovations have opened up new possibilities for the publishing and marketing of books. And while we draw on our traditional strengths, it is vital that we embrace current and emerging business models. An exciting extension of our programme is the introduction of digital books, in both e-book and PDF formats. We are working with a number of e-retailers and distributors to ensure that these digital editions become readily available to individuals, teaching institutions and libraries. Please consult our website and social media pages for updated information as we develop this area: www.witspress.co.za Our 2012/2013 catalogue features current and forthcoming titles, as well as most of the titles on our backlist. Research in the social sciences and humanities continues to flourish and we hope that our list has something to offer most readers!
Veronica Klipp (Publisher)
Cover: Willem Boshoff, Abamfusa Lawula 1997 and Death of the Typewriter 1978 Design and layout: HotHouse South Africa
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS is strategically placed at the crossroads of African and global knowledge production and dissemination. We are committed to publishing well-researched, innovative books for both academic and general readers. Our areas of focus include art and heritage, popular science, history and politics, biography, literary studies, women’s writing and select textbooks.
978 1 86814 573 7 (print) 978 1 86814 600 0 (digital) 230 x 150 mm 384 pp Soft cover November 2012
On 8 January 2012, the African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa, the oldest African nationalist organisation on the continent, celebrated its one hundredth anniversary. This historic event has been cause for celebration and has generated significant public debate both within the ANC and South African society at large. This centennial anniversary of the ANC is an opportune moment for critical reflection on the ANC’s historical trajectory on the struggle against colonialism and apartheid. This edited collection brings together new work by a number of South African and international scholars and seeks to open up debate around various aspects of the ANC’s past. Covering a broad chronological and geographical spectrum, using a diverse range of sources and multiple theoretical frameworks, the chapters in this anthology both build upon and extend the historiography of the ANC by offering new perspectives on a variety of themes. These include the relationship between Christianity and African nationalism; political biography; language and the politics of performance; the production of ideas; popular movements; exile politics; and the complex transformation of the ANC from liberation movement to state-governing party. By moving away from utilitarian approaches to the history of the ANC that have dominated contemporary discussions around the centenary, the contributions published in this volume suggest that the relationship between the histories of earlier struggles and the present needs to be rethought in more complex terms. This timely contribution will certainly challenge hegemonic narratives of liberation that have become an established part of the national discourse since 1994.
One Hundred Years of the ANC Liberation Histories and Democracy Today
Edited by Arianna Lissoni, Jon Soske, Natasha Erlank, Noor Nieftagodien and Omar Badsha
Arianna Lissoni obtained her BA and PhD in History from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. She is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow at North-West University, Mafikeng. Jon Soske is Assistant Professor of Modern African History in the Department of History and Classical Studies at McGill University, Quebec. From 2009 to 2011, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Centre for Indian Studies in Africa (CISA) and the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), both based at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His most recent publication is Boundaries of Diaspora: African Nationalism and the Indian Diaspora in 20th Century South Africa. Natasha Erlank trained as an historian at the University of Cape Town. She has a doctorate from Cambridge University. Noor Nieftagodien is the Deputy Chair of the History Workshop and Senior Lecturer in the History Department at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Omar Badsha is a self-taught, award-wining artist and photographer. He is the founder and Director of South African History Online, a website and publishing venture on South African history and culture.
Introduction One hundred years of the ANC: Debating struggle history after apartheid Jon Soske, Ariannna Lissoni and Natasha Erlank Keynote address 1. A continuing search for an identity: carrying the burden of history Joel Netshitenze Keynote address 2. Fragmentation and cohesion in the ANC: the first 70 years Philip Bonner Interview with Omar Badsha Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Religion and Resistance in Natal, 1900-1910 Norman Etherington Christianity and African Nationalism in South Africa in the First Half of the Twentieth Century Natasha Erlank Between Liberation Histories and Academic Histories Thozama April Imagining the Patriotic Worker: The Idea of ‘Decent Work’ in the ANC’s Political Discourse Franco Barchiesi Popular Movements Contentious Spaces and the ANC, 1943-1956 Noor Nieftagodien Unravelling the 1947 ‘Doctor’s Pact’: Non-European Unity and the Production of a Nationalist History Jon Soske The Politics of Language and the reporting of Chief Albert Luthuli’s funeral 30 July 1967 Liz Gunner Robben Island University Revisited Crain Soudien Shishita: A Crisis in the ANC in Exile in Zambia, 1980-1981 Hugh Macmillan Comrade Mzwai Vladimir Shubin Revisiting Sekhukhuneland: Trajectories of Former UDF Activists in Post-Apartheid South Africa Ineke van Kessel Regeneration of ANC Political Power, from the 1994 Electoral Victory to the 2012 Centenary Susan Booysen The ANC: Party Vanguard of the Black Middle Class? Roger Southall Globalisation, Recolonisation and the Paradox of Liberation in Southern Africa John S. Saul
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 571 3 (print) 978 1 86814 592 8 (digital) 240 x 170 mm 592 pp Illustrated Soft cover September 2012
The People’s Paper A Centenary History and Anthology of Abantu-Batho
Edited by Peter Limb
This much-awaited volume uncovers the long-lost pages of the major African multi-lingual newspaper, Abantu-Batho. Founded in 1912 by African National Congress convener Pixley Seme, with assistance from the Swazi Queen, it was published until 1931, attracting the cream of African politicians, journalists, and poets S.E.K Mqhayi, Nontsizi Mgqwetho and Robert Grendon. In its pages burning issues of the day were articulated alongside cultural by-ways. Comprising both essays on and texts from the paper, it explores the complex movements and individuals that emerged. The essays contribute rich, new material to provide clearer insights into South African politics and intellectual life. The Anthology unveils a judicious selection of never-before-published columns from the paper spanning every year of its life, drawn from repositories on three continents. Abantu-Batho also
had a regional and international focus, and by examining all these dynamics across boundaries and disciplines the book transcends established historiographical frontiers to fill a lacuna that scholars have long lamented. Distinguished historians and literary scholars, together with exciting young scholars, plumb the lives and ideas of editors, writers, readers and allied movements. Sharing the considerable interest in the ANC centenary, this unique book will have a strong appeal and secure audience among all interested in history, politics, culture, literature, gender, biography and journalism studies, from academics and students to a general public interested in knowing about this early ANC newspaper, its people and the stories that once captivated South Africans.
A fascinating and … pioneering volume. For the first time the story of the Abantu-Batho newspaper is told here, based on a massive amount of research. The book not only tells the story of a key newspaper, but also sheds entirely new light on the early history of the ANC and the hitherto largely neglected social, economic and political history of Africans on the Rand. An important, radical voice had been missing: here it is restored. A timely and salutary reminder of the struggles in the face of great odds to expose and to challenge the injustices of early twentieth century South Africa. — Brian Willan, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Rhodes University Once this material is in the public domain, it will be impossible to write about this era of popular politics in South Africa without making reference to Abantu-Batho and the key role it played. The many gems in this book peel away the layers in the story of the paper. It deals with a much occluded aspect of South African politics, history and culture about which many scholars have commented over the years but which no one has addressed. — Heather Hughes, Principal Teaching Fellow, University of Lincoln
Preface Les Switzer THEMES AND CONNECTIONS Chapter 6. Swazi Royalty, the Founding of Abantu-Batho, and Pan-Ethnic Nationalism in the Early South African Native National Congress Chris Lowe Chapter 7. Abantu-Batho and the Xhosa Poets Jeff Opland Chapter 8. African Royalty, Popular History, and Abantu-Batho Sifiso Ndlovu & Peter Limb Chapter 9. ‘Johannesburg in Flames’: The 1918 Shilling Campaign, Abantu-Batho, and Early African Nationalism in South Africa Paul S. Landau Chapter 10. Garveyism, Abantu-Batho and the Radicalisation of the African National Congress during the 1920s Robert Vinson Chapter 11. An African Newspaper in Central Johannesburg: The Journalistic and Associational Context of Abantu-Bantu Peter Limb Conclusion Assessing the Decline and Legacy of Abantu-Bantu Peter Limb PART 2 ANTHOLOGY
PART 1 ESSAYS Introduction: A Centenary History of Abantu-Batho: The People’s Paper Peter Limb Chapter 1. ‘Only the Bolder Spirits’: Politics, Racism, Solidarity, and War in Abantu-Batho Peter Limb Chapter 2. ‘They Must Go to the Bantu Batho’: Economics and Education, Religion and Gender, Love and Leisure in the People’s Paper Peter Limb FOUNDERS AND EDITORS Chapter 3. Pixley Seme and Abantu-Batho Chris Saunders Chapter 4. Queen Labotsibeni and Her Role in Abantu-Batho: Gendering African Newspaper History Sarah Mkhonza Chapter 5. ‘We of Abantu-Batho’: Robert Grendon’s Brief and Controversial Editorship Grant Christison
Peter Limb is Associate Professor and Africana Bibliographer at Michigan State University. He has written widely on South African history. His recent books include A. B. Xuma’s Autobiography and Selected Essays and Correspondence (2012), The ANC’s Early Years (2010), Grappling with the Beast (2010), and Nelson Mandela: A Biography (2008).
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 186814 543 0 (print) 978 186814 599 7 (digital) 200 x 240 mm 272 pp Illustrated Soft cover September 2012
Ekurhuleni The Making of an Urban Region
Philip Bonner and Noor Nieftagodien
Ekurhuleni - The Making of an Urban Region is the first academic work to provide an historical account and explanation of the development of this extended region to the east of Johannesburg since its origins at the end of the nineteenth century. From the time of the discovery of gold and coal until the turn of the twenty-first century, the region comprised a number of distinctive towns, all with their own histories. In 2000, these towns were amalgamated into a single metropolitan area, but, unlike its counterparts across the country, it does not cohere around a single identity. Drawing on a significant body of academic work as well as original research by the authors, the book traces and examines some of the salient historical strands that constituted what was formerly known as the East Rand and suggests that, notwithstanding important differences between towns and the racial fragmentation generated by apartheid, the region’s history contains significant common features. Arguably, its centrality as a major mining area and then as the country’s engineering heartland gave Ekurhuleni an overarching distinctive economic character.
Phil Bonner is Professor of History at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, where he holds the National Research Foundation (NRF) Chair in Local Histories and Present Realities. He was historical consultant to and executive producer of a six-part documentary television series entitled Soweto: A History, which was screened on Channel 4 in Britain, on SBS in Australia and SABC TV 1 in South Africa to considerable critical acclaim. He was co-curator of the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg. Bonner has published widely on urban and labour history. His most recent book, co-authored with Noor Nieftagodien, is Alexandra: A History. Noor Nieftagodien serves as the Deputy Chair of the History Workshop and is Senior Lecturer in the History Department at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His most recent book is Alexandra: A History, co-authored with Phil Bonner. He serves on the board of the South African History Archives. His primary area of research is on liberation movements and local, urban history. He is currently writing the histories of Orlando West (Soweto), the Vaal Triangle and the Chemical, Electricity, Paper, Plastic and Allied Workers’ Union.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2 Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Chapter 15. Chapter 16. Chapter 17. Origins and early days Class struggle Black Ekurhuleni, 1890-1927 Ekurhuleni’s insubordinate women, 1918-1945 Social worlds and social strains in industrialising Ekurhuleni Squatter camps and immigrant culture Politics Consolidating apartheid and the black response Making of a modern economy Reshaping the urban landscape The student movement of 1976 Ekurhuleni and the struggle against apartheid A time of insurrection Politics of the stalemate The politics of transition City of fragments Informal and contentious city
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WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 544 7 (print) 978 1 6814 595 9 (digital) 240 x 210 mm 200 pp Full colour photographic section Soft cover August 2012
Orlando West, Soweto An Illustrated History
Noor Nieftagodien and Sally Gaule
Until the end of the First World War, urban growth in Johannesburg proceeded unevenly and haphazardly, but under the impact of a wave of militant struggles by black workers and in the context of the devastating impact of the 1918 influenza epidemic, the state became determined to better manage the movement of Africans into the urban areas and to place them in properly controlled locations. The promulgation of the Native (Urban) Areas Act of 1923 was intended to meet these objectives. The Act was a hybrid piece of legislation. On the one hand, it espoused the principles enunciated by the Stallard Commission of 1922, which had infamously declared that an African ‘should only be allowed into the urban areas, which are essentially the white man’s creation, when he is willing to enter and minister to the needs of the white man, and should depart therefrom when he ceases so to minister’. On the other hand, when it empowered local authorities to set aside land for black residential purposes, it recognised the need to create conditions for the settlement of an urban African population in order to provide a reliable supply of labour to secondary industry. The growing demand for housing led the government to establish Orlando (named after the chairman of the Native Affairs Committee, Edwin Orlando Leake) in 1931, when thousands of African families were evicted from urban slums in and around the city centre and moved there. The authorities described this as a ‘model native township’ that was supposedly planned along the lines of a garden city. The new location, it promised, would be characterised by tree-lined streets, business opportunities and recreation facilities. Reflecting the views of a somewhat conservative section of the African urban elite, the popular African newspaper Bantu World predicted on 14 May 1932 that the new township ‘will undoubtedly be somewhat of a paradise [that] will enhance the status of the Bantu within the ambit of progress and civilisation.’ Orlando West, Soweto illuminates the genesis of Orlando township and its well-known subsequent history, which is inextricably linked with the lives of prominent South Africans such as Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu, amongst many others. A beautiful photographic essay complements the testimony from residents, who describe the way things were, and the way they are now, in the heart of Soweto, South Africa’s most iconic African township.
Noor Nieftagodien serves as the Deputy Chair of the History Workshop and is Senior Lecturer in the History Department at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His most recent book is Alexandra: A History, co-authored with Phil Bonner. He serves on the board of the South African History Archives. His primary area of research is on liberation movements and local, urban history. He is currently writing the histories of Orlando West (Soweto), the Vaal Triangle and the Chemical, Electricity, Paper, Plastic and Allied Workers’ Union. Sally Gaule is Senior Lecturer in the School of Architecture and Planning at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She teaches, researches and practices photography. The core of her research explores the overlaps between architecture, photography and urbanism. She has held photographic exhibitions on the built environment of Johannesburg and is currently working on an exhibition on the demise of Johannesburg’s Top Star Drive-In. She is a member of the photographic advisory board at Museum Africa.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Origins Right to the City Place of Defiance Uncertain Times Good Times Work and Education Inspired by Black Consciousness The Students Uprising Making of a Middle Class Making a Revolution Photo Essay on Vilakazi Street
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WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 564 5 234 x 156 mm 176 pp Black and white illustrations Soft cover June 2012
Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa
Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign explores the gendered dynamics of apartheid-era South Africa’s militarisation and analyses the defiance of compulsory military service by individual white men, and the anti-apartheid activism of the white men and women in the End Conscription Campaign (ECC), the most significant white anti-apartheid movement to happen in South Africa. Military conscription and objection to it are conceptualised as gendered acts of citizenship and premised on and constitutive of masculinities. Conway draws upon a range of materials and disciplines to produce this socio-political study. Sources include interviews with white men who objected to military service in the South African Defence Force (SADF); archival material, including military intelligence surveillance of the ECC and ECC campaigning material, press reports and other pro-state propaganda. The analysis is informed by perspectives in sociology, international relations, history and from work on contemporary militarised societies such as those in Israel and Turkey. This book also explores the interconnections between militarisation, sexuality, race, homophobia and political authoritarianism. This book is essential reading for scholars and students interested in South African liberation history, militarisation, gender, conscientious objection and peace activism. It will appeal across disciplines of International Relations, Sociology, Politics and History. Daniel Conway is Lecturer in Politics at Loughborough University
Introduction Chapter 1. Soldiers, citizens and strangers Chapter 2. The militarisation of South Africa and the growth of war resistance Chapter 3. Performing citizenship, engendering consent: constructing militarised masculinities and citizenship in South Africa Chapter 4. ‘Going the right way’: contesting conscription Chapter 5. Breaking away: the End Conscription Campaign Chapter 6. ‘Every coward’s choice’?: responses to war resistance Conclusion
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
uKhahlamba Umlando wezintaba zoKhahlamba/ History of the Ukhahlamba Mountains
John Wright and Aron Mazel
The uKhahlamba mountains have been the home of many different groups of people for a very long time. Small groups of hunter-gatherers began living in rock shelters there at least 27 000 years ago. Their descendants were San people who still lived there as recently as a hundred years ago. About 600 years ago, groups of African farmers began building their villages near the foothills and grazing their cattle into the mountains. From the 1840s, European settlers in the colony of Natal began laying out farms for sheep and cattle in the foothills of the mountains. They drove out the San, and brought the African farmers under their domination. In the twentieth century the settlers and their descendants began to use the land for purposes besides farming, especially for developing tourism and leisure activities, and supplying water for industry. Africans became labourers on the farms and in South Africa’s towns and cities. UKhahlamba tells about the coming of these different peoples to the mountains, and describes the different ways of life that they established, sometimes peacefully, sometimes violently. It is an abbreviated version of Tracks in a Mountain Range (Wright and Mazel) and is published in dual format in English and isiZulu. John Wright retired from lecturing in history at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Pietermaritzburg at the end of 2005. He now lives in Johannesburg, and has honorary research posts in the Rock Art Research Institute at the University of the Witwatersrand, the School of Social Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the Archive and Public Culture Research Initiative at the University of Cape Town. He is the co-editor of The James Stuart Archive of Recorded Oral Evidence Relating to the History of the Zulu and Neighbouring Peoples (5 volumes, in progress). Aron D. Mazel teaches at the International Centre for Cultural and Heritage Studies, Newcastle University, UK. Posts he has held include Assistant Director of the Natal Museum in Pietermaritzburg and Director of the South African Cultural History Museum in Cape Town. Since 1979 he has undertaken extensive archaeological research into the huntergatherer history of the Thukela basin and the rock art of the Drakensberg. Other research interests include the management and interpretation of tangible and intangible heritage resources and the history of South African museums.
Prickly Pear The Social History of a Plant in the Eastern Cape
William Beinart and Luvuyo Wotshela
The book uses the history of one plant to traverse an exceptionally wide historical and social terrain. Anyone curious about South African history will find the connections it makes – across space and time, and between people – fascinating and remarkable. — Jonny Steinberg, author of Midlands and Three Letter Plague While there are many studies of the global influence of crops and plants, this is perhaps the first social history based around a plant in South Africa. Plants are not quite historical actors in their own right, but their properties and potential help to shape human history. In turn, the trail of prickly pear in South Africa has been profoundly affected by the plant’s biological characteristics. This book explains why plants such as prickly pear were not peripheral to many people in the Eastern Cape, and why a wild, and sometimes invasive, plant from Mexico remains important to African women, such as Nowinile Ngcengele, in shacks and small towns. The central tension at the heart of this social history concerns different and sometimes conflicting human views of prickly pear. Some accepted or enjoyed its presence while others wished to eradicate it. The plant, as the book illustrates, became a scourge to commercial livestock farmers. But for impoverished rural and small town communities of the Eastern Cape, it was a godsend. In some places it still provides a significant income for poor black families and especially for women. Debates about prickly pear have played out in unexpected ways over the last century and more.
978 186814 528 7 (print) 978 1 86814 685 7 (digital) 220 x 200 mm 96 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover May 2012
William Beinart is Rhodes Professor of Race Relations and Director of Graduate Studies at the African Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford University. Luvuyo Wotshela is an academic at the University of Fort Hare, Eastern Cape.
978 1 86814 530 0 (print) 978 1 86814 664 2 (digital) 240 x 170 mm 240 pp Illustrated Soft cover
Isandulelo Isahluko Soku-1: Isahluko Sesi-2: Isahluko Sesi-3: Isahluko SesiI-4: Isahluko SesiI-5: Isahluko SesiI-6: Izintaba kanye nabaxoximlando Abazingeli-Abacosheli (kudla) kanye nabalimi eziNtabeni Imidwebo emadwaleni asoKhahlamba Ikhulunyaka loshintsho olukhulu, iminyaka ye-1770 kuya eminyakeni ye-1870 Ukuzinza komBuso wamaKoloni eziNtabeni: 1870-1900 Ukufika ‘kwempucuko’ ezintabeni, kusukela ngonyaka we-1890 kuze kube yimanje Preface Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Chapter 4: Chapter 5: Chapter 6: The mountains and the story-tellers Hunter-gatherers and farmers in the mountains The Rock Paintings of the uKhahlamba A century of big changes: 1770s to 1870s The establishment of colonial rule in the mountains: 1870 to 1900 ‘Modernisation’ comes to the mountains: 1890 to the present
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Prickly Pear, Brewing and Local Knowledge in the Eastern Cape, 2000-2006 The Spread of Prickly Pear, 1750-1900 Early Debates about the Control of Prickly Pear Experiments with Cactus in the Cape, a Miracle Fodder? 1900-1930 Eradicating an Invader: Entomologists, Cactoblastis and Cochineal, 1930-1960 The Multi-Purpose Plant, 1950-2006 Scientists and the Re-evaluation of Cactus for Fodder and Fruit, 1960-2006 Afrikaners and the Cultural Revival of Prickly Pear Conclusion: Back to the Brewers
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WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 568 3 (print) 978 1 86814 588 1 (digital) 220 x 150 mm 304 pp Illustrated Soft cover September 2012
Fight for Democracy The African National Congress and the Media in South Africa
Fight for Democracy is a penetrating and critical scrutiny of the ANC’s treatment of the print media since the inception of democracy in 1994. In this book, Glenda Daniels does not hide behind a veil of detachment, but instead makes a passionate argument for the view that newspapers and journalists play a significant role in the deepening of democratic principles. Daniels’ study goes to the heart of current debates and asks why the ANC, given its stated commitment to the democratic objectives of the Constitution, is so ambivalent about the freedom of the media. What would be the consequences of a revised media policy on democracy in South Africa, and at what cost to freedom of expression? Daniels examines the pattern of paranoia that has crept into public discourse about the media and the ANC, and the conflictual relationship between the two. She argues that the ANC’s understanding of democracy, transformation and development entails (amongst other things) the rallying of the nation behind its leadership as the premier liberation movement and democratically elected representative of the majority while morally coercing black journalists and professionals into loyalty. Daniels challenges the dominant ANC view that journalists are against transformation and that they take instruction from the owners of the media houses; in short that they are ‘enemies of the people’. Fight for Democracy is a timely publication in the context of the impending clampdown on media freedom and the twin threats of the Protection of State Information Bill (Secrecy Bill) and the Media Appeals Tribunal, both of which signify closures in South Africa’s democracy. Written in a polemical style, this is a work of activism that will be essential reading for the informed public as well as those working in Journalism and Media Studies. It should interest all democrats, members of political organisations as well as academics and Right2Know activists, locally and internationally.
Glenda Daniels has been a journalist in South Africa for over twenty years, having started her career at the then Weekly Mail in 1990. She has just ended her term as advocacy co-ordinator at Amabhungane (M&G Centre for Investigative Journalism), where she defended the space for investigative journalists to do their work. She gives talks and presentations throughout South Africa on media freedom and access to information issues. She also served on the Right2Know leadership structures, and has just taken up a new challenge at Wits Journalism, a research project on the State of the Newsroom in South Africa. Fight for Democracy is her first book publication.
Introduction: The ANC and the Media Post-Apartheid Chapter 1. The Relationship between the Media and Democracy Chapter 2. Media’s Challenges: Legislation and Commercial Imperatives Chapter 3. Race, Identity and ‘The Media’ Chapter 4. Freedom of Expression: the Case of Zapiro Chapter 5. Social Fantasy: the ANC’s Gaze and the Media Appeals Tribunal Chapter 6. The Sunday Times: Mondli versus the former Minister of Health, Manto Chapter 7. What is ‘Developmental Journalism’? Chapter 8. Concluding Reflections: Where is Democracy Headed?
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THE ANC AND MEDIA IN SOUTH AFRICA
THE ANC AND MEDIA IN SOUTH AFRICA
This is an exciting and pertinent topic that comes at a watershed moment in South African history. The power relations between the two institutions – media and government – are strained and require careful examination and reflection in order for society to benefit. This book highlights the need for critical and reflexive analysis of this relationship, and its overt advocacy certainly makes for compelling reading. —Nathalie Hyde-Clarke, School of Communication, University of Johannesburg
In a world where the media plays such a powerful role as a watchdog, guardian and disseminator of information, that not only influences public opinion, but in essence shapes our morality, it is essential that the individuals and groups who are affected be assured that this role is performed with utmost integrity and full accountability. [T]o strengthen and support constitutional democracy in South Africa, the need for a free and independent, but accountable and responsible media, is not negotiable. —Thuli Madonsela, Public Protector, in The Daily Maverick
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WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Radio in Africa Publics, Cultures, Communities
Edited by Liz Gunner, Dina Ligaga and Dumisani Moyo
Radio has been called ‘Africa’s medium’. Its wide accessibility is a result of a number of factors, including the liberalisation policies of the ‘third wave’ of democracy and its ability to transcend the barriers of cost, geographical boundaries, the colonial linguistic heritage and low literacy levels. This sets it apart from other media platforms in facilitating political debate, shaping identities and assisting listeners as they negotiate the challenges of everyday life on the continent. Radio in Africa breaks new ground by bringing together essays on the multiple roles of radio in the lives of listeners in Anglophone, Lusophone and Francophone Africa. Some essays turn to the history of radio and its part in the culture and politics of countries such as Angola and South Africa. Others – such as the essay on Mali, gender and religion – show how radio throws up new tensions yet endorses social innovation and the making of new publics. A number of essays look to radio’s current role in creating listening communities that radically shift the nature of the public sphere. Essays on the genre of the talk show in Ghana, Kenya and South Africa point to radio’s role in creating a robust public sphere. Radio’s central role in the emergence of informed publics in fragile national spaces is covered in essays on the Democratic Republic of Congo and Somalia. The book also highlights radio’s links to the new media, its role in resistance to oppressive regimes such as Zimbabwe, and points in several cases – for example in the essay on Uganda – to the importance of African languages in building modern communities that embrace both local and global knowledge.
Being Nuclear Africans and the Global Uranium Trade
Uranium from Africa has long been a major source of fuel for nuclear power and atomic weapons, including the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. In 2002, George W. Bush claimed that Saddam Hussein had ‘sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa’ (later specified as the infamous ‘yellowcake from Niger’). Africa suddenly became notorious as a source of uranium, a component of nuclear weapons. But did that admit Niger, or any of Africa’s other uraniumproducing countries, to the select society of nuclear states? Does uranium itself count as a nuclear thing? In this book, Gabrielle Hecht lucidly probes the question of what it means for something – a state, an object, an industry, a workplace – to be ‘nuclear’. Hecht shows that questions about being nuclear – a state that she calls ‘nuclearity’ – lie at the heart of today’s global nuclear order and the relationships between ‘developing nations’ (often former colonies) and ‘nuclear powers’ (often former colonisers). Nuclearity, she says, is not a straightforward scientific classification but a contested technopolitical one. Hecht follows uranium’s path out of Africa and describes the invention of the global uranium market. She then enters African nuclear worlds, focusing on miners and the occupational hazard of radiation exposure. Could a mine be a nuclear workplace if (as in some South African mines) its radiation levels went undetected and unmeasured? With this book, Hecht is the first to put Africa in the nuclear world, and the nuclear world in Africa. Doing so, she remakes our understanding of the nuclear age.
Liz Gunner is Visiting Professor at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER) and Dina Ligaga a lecturer in the Department of Media Studies, both at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Dumisani Moyo is Research and Publications Manager at the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa. Contributors: Wisdom J. Tettey Christopher Joseph Odhiambo Dumisani Moyo Dorothea E. Schulz Scott Straus Winston Mano Sekibakiba Peter Lekgoathi David B. Coplan Dina Ligaga Liz Gunner Stephanie Wolters Tanja Bosch Maria Frahm-Arp Stephen R. Davis Marissa J. Moorman David Smith Monica B. Chibita
978 1 86814 550 8 (print) 978 1 86814 665 9 (digital) 235 x 155mm 368 pp Soft cover December 2011 With James Currey Publishers Rights: Africa only
Gabrielle Hecht is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. She is the author of The Radiance of France: Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II and the editor of Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War, both published by MIT Press.
978 1 86814 563 8 (print) 230 x 155 mm 440 pp Illustrated Soft cover
PART 1 PROLIFERATING MARKETS Chapter 1. Imperial Projections and Market Devices • 1940-1976 Chapter 2. Capitalism and Colonialism • Britain, Namibia, and South Africa, 1968-75 Chapter 3. The Price of Sovereignty • Niger and Gabon, 1970-1982 Chapter 4. Market Borders • Enframing International Trade, 1975-1985 Chapter 5. Trials and Performances • South Africa & Namibia, 1970-1990 Chapter 6. The Yellowcake Road • Conclusion to Proliferating Markets PART 2 NUCLEAR BODIES Chapter 7. The Nuclear Life of Radon • 1940-1976 Chapter 8. Transluscent Exposures • Madagascar & Gabon, 1952-1975 Chapter 9. Devices of Exposures • Instrumentation and regulation, 1975-2001 Chapter 10. Invisible Exposures • South Africa, 1952-2001 Chapter 11. Hopes for the Radiated Body • Namibia, 1976-2001 Conclusion Uranium from Africa
June 2012 With MIT Press Rights: Southern Africa only
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 562 1 (print) 230 mm X 155 mm 224 pp Soft cover May 2012 With Columbia University Press Rights: Southern Africa only
The AIDS Conspiracy Science Fights Back
Since the early days of the AIDS epidemic, many bizarre and dangerous hypotheses have been advanced as to the origins of the disease. In this compelling book, Nicoli Nattrass explores the social and political factors prolonging the erroneous belief that the American government manufactured the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to be used as a biological weapon, as well as the myth’s consequences for behavior, especially within African American and black South African communities. Contemporary AIDS denialism, the belief that HIV is harmless and that antiretroviral drugs are the true cause of AIDS, is a more insidious AIDS conspiracy theory. Advocates of this position make a ‘conspiratorial move’ against HIV science by implying its methods cannot be trusted, and that untested, alternative therapies are safer than antiretrovirals. These claims are genuinely lifethreatening, as tragically demonstrated in South Africa when the delay of antiretroviral treatment resulted in nearly 333,000 AIDS deaths and 180,000 HIV infections that could have been prevented – a tragedy of stunning proportion. Nattrass identifies four symbolically powerful figures ensuring the lifespan of AIDS denialism: the hero scientist (dissident scientists who lend credibility to the movement), the cultropreneur (alternative therapists who exploit the conspiratorial move as a marketing mechanism), the living icon (individuals who claim to be living proof of AIDS denialism’s legitimacy) and the praise-singer (journalists who broadcast movement messages to the public). Nattrass describes how pro-science activists have fought back by deploying empirical evidence and political credibility to resist AIDS conspiracy theories, which is part of the crucial project to defend evidence-based medicine.
A rigorous and illuminating investigation into the anatomy of AIDS conspiracies, this book ought to be read by anybody interested in the relationship between science and ordinary people. —Jonny Steinberg, author of Three Letter Plague and Sizwe’s Test: A Young Man’s Journey through Africa’s AIDS Epidemic
Nicoli Nattrass is Director of the AIDS and Society Research Unit at the University of Cape Town and is visiting Professor at Yale University. She is a recognised expert on the political economy of antiretroviral treatment. Her research has helped change South African AIDS policy, and her current work on AIDS denialism and conspiracy theories has informed the work of AIDS scientists and activists across the globe. She is the author of Class, Race and Inequality in South Africa co-authored with Jeremy Seekings and Mortal Combat: AIDS Denialism and the Struggle for Antiretrovirals in South Africa.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. The conspiratorial move against HIV science and its consequences Aids origin conspiracy theories in the United States and South Africa Who believes AIDS conspiracy theories and why leadership matters Science, politics, and credibility: David Gilbert fights AIDS conspiracy beliefs in US prisons Science, conspiracy theory, and the South African AIDS policy tragedy Hero scientists, cultropreneurs, living icons, and praise-singers: AIDS denialism as community Defending the imprimatur of science: Duesberg and the medical hypotheses saga The conspiratorial move and the struggle for evidence-based medicine
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Sonic Spaces of the Karoo The Sacred Music of a South African Coloured Community
Sonic Spaces of the Karoo represents a mature and intellectually aggressive treatment of a musical and cultural soundscape rarely tackled. The author has crafted a truly unique treatment of a musical culture that draws on deeply situated academic arguments ... [t]his book will be widely read and will appeal to a broad intellectual audience. —Gregory Barz, Blair School of Music ... a significant contribution not only to South African music studies but also to African studies generally – and gender and identity studies. The book foregrounds a marginal and disempowered community, enhancing our awareness of an area of South Africa’s cultural history that was sorely neglected. More, it is a good ethnography, raising macro issues (politics, culture, identity, gender, race, belief, power, ideology) out of what is essentially a micro study of a small group of women and a limited repertoire of music. —Christine Lucia, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Sonic Spaces of the Karoo is a pioneering study of the sacred music of three coloured people’s church congregations in the rural town of Graaff-Reinet. Jorritsma’s fieldwork involves an investigation of the choruses, choir music and hymns of the Karoo region to present a history of the people’s traditional, religious and cultural identity in song. This music is examined as part of a living archive preserved by the community in the face of a legacy of slavery and colonial as well as apartheid oppression. Jorritsma’s findings counteract a lingering stereotype that coloured music is inferior to European or African music and that coloured people should not or do not have a cultural identity. Sonic Spaces of the Karoo seeks to eradicate that bias and articulate a more legitimate place for these people in the contemporary landscape of South Africa. Marie Jorritsma completed her doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia in 2006 and is currently a Senior Lecturer at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Her research has appeared in accredited journals, African Music and South African Music Studies. Her monograph, Sonic Spaces of the Karoo: The Sacred Music of a South African Coloured Community (2011) is co-published with Temple University. Last year, Marie was awarded the prestigious Friedel Sellschop fellowship for young researchers at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Exorcising the Demons Within Xenophobia, Violence and Statecraft in Contemporary South Africa
Edited by Loren B. Landau
On 11 May 2008, residents of Alexandra Township turned violently on their neighbours, launching a string of attacks that, two weeks later, left 60 dead, dozens raped and over a hundred thousand displaced. Although not the most severe political violence in South Africa’s turbulent past, the 2008 attacks reflect an important moment in the country’s post-apartheid, post-authoritarian existence: a moment when the government’s legitimacy and the post-apartheid order were called into question. It is these events and subsequent consequences for the ordering of power, population and place that this book explores. Exorcising the Demons Within makes sense of recent anti-outsider violence by situating it within an extended history of South African statecraft that both produced the conditions for the attacks and has been reshaped by it. Drawing on an interdisciplinary team of expert scholars and on new research, this is the first academic text to fully theorise the events that made global headlines in 2008. Through its subtle, empirical and theoretically informed analysis, the book reshapes discussion of xenophobia and violence in South Africa while injecting local debates into global considerations of the meaning of citizenship and the post-colonial state.
978 1 86814 548 5 (print) 235 x 155 mm 216 pp Illustrated Soft cover January 2012 With Temple University Press Rights: Southern Africa only
Loren B. Landau is a political scientist by training and Director of the African Centre for Migration and Society (ACMS) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. He is the author of The Humanitarian Hangover: Displacement, Aid and Transformation in Western Tanzania (2008) and has written extensively on sovereignty, humanitarianism and mobility in Southern and Eastern Africa.
978 1 86814 535 5 (print) 978 1 86814 633 8 (digital)
Loren Landau Introduction: Exorcising the Demons Within: Xenophobia, Violence, and Statecraft in Contemporary South Africa Tamlyn Monson and Rebecca Arian Media Memory: A Critical Reconstruction of the May 2008 Violence Christine Fauvelle-Aymar and Aurelia Wa Kabwe-Segatti People, Space and Politics: An Exploration of Factors Explaining the 2008 Anti-Foreigner Violence in South Africa Jean Pierre Misago Disorder in a Changing Society: Authority and the MicroPolitics of Violence Noor Nieftagodien Xenophobia’s Local Genesis: Historical Constructions of ‘Insiders’/‘Outsiders’ and the Politics of Exclusion in Alexandra Township Jonathan Klaaren Citizenship, Xenophobic Violence and Law’s Dark Side Darshan Vigneswaran ‘Separation Anxiety’: The Historical Origins of Xenophobia in the SAPS Tamlyn Monson Making the Law; Breaking the Law; Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Sovereignty and Territorial Control in Three South African Settlements Tara Polzer and Aurelia Wa Kabwe-Segatti From Defending Migrant Rights to New Political Subjectivities: Gauteng Migrants’ Organisations After May 2008 Loren Landau Postscript: Demons and Democracy: Positive Values and the Politics of Outsiderness in Contemporary South Africa
235 x 155 mm 296 pp Soft cover February 2012 With United Nations University Press Rights: Africa only
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Introduction: The Challenges of Inscribing Coloured Voices Karoo People and Places Hidden Transcripts: How Hymns Reveal History Senzeni na: Interrelationships Between the Music of Mission and Independent African Church Denominations Singing the ‘Queen’s English’: Church Choirs in Kroonvale Mothers of the Church: Women’s Society Music and the Politics of Gender Conclusion: Reflections on Karoo Sonic Spaces
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 575 1 (print) 230 x 150 mm 526 pp Soft cover June 2012 With Hurst & Co. Rights: Southern Africa only
The EU and Africa From Eurafrique to Afro-Europa
Edited by Adekeye Adebajo and Kaye Whiteman
In the high imperial period from the nineteenth century, some in Europe advocated the idea of ‘Eurafrique’ – a formula for putting Africa’s resources at the disposal of Europe’s industries. After tracing Europe’s historical attempts to remodel relations following African independence from the 1960s and Europe’s own quest for unity, the book examines the current strategic dimensions of the relationship, especially the place of Africa in Europe’s own need for global partnerships. Key issues are then analysed, from trade and investment to the growing priorities of security and governance, offering case histories of the role of key European players in Africa – France, Britain, Portugal and the Nordics – within the context of
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction Kaye Whiteman PART 1 AFRICA AND EUROPE IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE The Rise and Fall of Eurafrique: From the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 to the Tripoli EU-Africa Summit of 2010 Kaye Whiteman Paradise Lost and Found: The African Union and the European Union Adekeye Adebajo
the European Union. The volume concludes by examining issues of migration and identity, especially in view of Europe’s controversial immigration policies and complex relations with the Maghreb and Mediterranean, as well as perceptions of past and current European identity. The study concludes that Africa and Europe still appear not to have fully escaped the burdens of history, and examines the feasibility of elaborating and practising, in future, an ‘Afro-Europa’: a new relationship of genuine equality, partnership, and mutual self-interest between both continents that sheds the baggage of the ‘Eurafrique’ past.
Adekeye Adebajo is an accomplished scholar who has authored and edited three books on peace and conflict issues in Africa. He is Executive Director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), a top-rated global think-tank based in Cape Town. Adebajo was Adjunct Professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) and Director of the Africa Programme of the New York-based International Peace Academy (IPA), a research and policy development institute. He has served on UN missions to South Africa, Western Sahara and Iraq. His most recent publication is The Curse of Berlin: Africa After the Cold War (2010). Kaye Whiteman is a journalist and writer specialising in West African affairs but with wider interests in Europe-Africa relations and international relations. A graduate in History from the University of Oxford, he was Deputy Editor of West Africa magazine before moving to the European Commission in Brussels where he dealt with development issues, especially in Africa. He is currently a London-based Editorial Adviser to Business Day (Nigeria) and writes for numerous publications such as The Guardian, The Annual Register, Afrique Asie and Geopolitique Africaine. He is also a Research Associate at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).
PART 2 POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, AND STRATEGIC DIMENSIONS Regional Integration in Africa: Lessons From Europe? Adebayo Adedeji Europe, Africa, and Aid: Towards A Genuine Partnership Rob de Vos South Africa and the EU: Where Lies the Strategic Partnership? Talitha Bertelsmann-Scott The EU, the Maghreb, and the Mediterranean George Joffé The EU and Asia: Lessons for Africa? Shada Islam PART 3 TRADE, INVESTMENT, AND DEVELOPMENT Global Africa: The Last Investment Frontier? Liam Halligan An Anatomy of the Economic Partnership Agreements Mareike Meyn Africa and Europe: Ending A Dialogue of the Deaf? Gilbert Khadiagala A Critique of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy Charles Mutasa PART 4 SECURITY AND GOVERNANCE AU/EU Security and Governance Cooperation Garth le Pere The EU Security Role in the Great Lakes Region Aldo Ajello The EU Security Role in Chad and the Central African Republic Winrich Kühne PART 5 THE EU/AFRICA POLICIES OF FRANCE, BRITAIN, PORTUGAL, AND THE NORDICS France, the EU, and Africa Douglas A. Yates Britain, the EU, and Africa Paul D. Williams Portugal, the EU, and Africa Alex Vines The Nordics, the EU, and Africa Anne Hammerstad PART 6 MIGRATION AND IDENTITY Migration and ‘Fortress Europe’ Andrew Geddes The Black Atlantic From Othello to Obama: In Search of A Post-Racial Society Ali A. Mazrui Europe’s Post-Colonial Role and Identity Hartmut Mayer
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 86814 576 8 (print) 234 x 156 mm 360 pp Soft cover April 2012
Region-building in Southern Africa Progress, Problems and Prospects
Chris Saunders, Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa and Dawn Nagar
With Zed Books Rights: Southern Africa only
How successful have southern African states been in dealing with the major issues that have faced the region in recent years? What can be done to produce more cohesive and effective regionbuilding in southern Africa? This original and wide-ranging volume, which draws on an interdisciplinary team of African and African-based specialists, addresses the key political, socio-economic and security challenges facing southern Africa today. These include HIV/AIDS, migration and xenophobia, land grabbing and climate change, and the role of the UN, the EU, the USA, China and other external actors in the region. It also looks at the Southern African Customs Union, development finance institutions, and issues of gender and peacebuilding. In doing so, the book goes to the heart of analysing the effectiveness of SADC and other regional organisations, suggesting how region-building in southern Africa may be compared with similar attempts elsewhere in Africa and other parts of the world.
Chris Saunders is Emeritus Professor in the Historical Studies at the Unviersity of Cape Town, and a research associate at the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town. Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa is Senior Researcher at the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town. Dawn Nagar is a Researcher at the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town
This book adds to an already strong resource base for policymakers, planners, business leaders and scholars. It’s a smooth and easy read! —Simba Makoni, First Executive Secretary of the SADC This timely and well-researched volume enriches the existing body of literature on regionalism in southern Africa with commendable nononsense clarity. It is carefully nuanced, engages the debate at more than one register, and ought to become a primer on this subject to academicians and practitioners alike. —André du Pisani, The University of Namibia This is likely to be one of the most important books of this decade on region-building in southern Africa. I highly recommend it. — Margaret C. Lee, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill This volume is unique: it takes a broadly Pan-African approach, draws together reputable analysts, offers fresh perspectives on topical issues, and provides the basis for deeper research of key dynamics that could propel regional integration forward. —Siphamandla Zondi, Institute for Global Dialogue, Tshwane There has been an urgent need for an up-to-date volume on southern Africa as a region, and for the expansive range of the region’s concerns to be fully and sympathetically addressed. This book will be indispensable to all who wish to understand southern Africa and its regional dynamics. —Stephen Chan, The School of Oriental and African Studies, London
Foreword Adekeye Adebajo Introduction Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa, Dawn Nagar and Chris Saunders PART 1 HISTORICAL LEGACY The Southern African Development Coordination Conference and Its Approaches to African Regionalism Gilbert Khadiagala The Southern African Development Community: Between Cooperation and Development: An Insider Perspective Kaire M. Mbuende GOVERNANCE AND MILITARY SECURITY SADC’s Decision-making Architecture Chris Landsberg Elections and Conflict Management Khabele Matlosa Peacekeeping: From the United Nations to the SADC Standby Force Chris Saunders Gender and Peacebuilding Elizabeth Otitodun and Antonia Porter PART 3 ECONOMIC INTEGRATION Economic Integration Dawn Nagar The Southern African Customs Union: Promoting Stability Through Dependence Richard Gibb South Africa’s Development Finance Institutions David Monyae HUMAN SECURITY Food Insecurity Scott Drimie and Sithabiso Gandure HIV/AIDS and Human Security Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa Migration and Xenophobia Francis Nyamnjoh and Patience Mususa Climate Change Challenges David Simon EXTERNAL ACTORS The European Union Mzukisi Qobo The United States Nomfundo Ngwenya China Garth le Pere Dawn Nagar, Chris Saunders and Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 574 4 (print) 230 x 150 mm 360 pp Soft cover November 2012 With Ohio University Press Rights: Southern Africa only
Peacebuilding Power and Politics in Africa is a critical reflection on peacebuilding efforts in Africa. The tensions and contradictions in different clusters of peacebuilding activities, including peace negotiations; statebuilding; security sector governance; and disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration are exposed. Essays also address the institutional framework for peacebuilding in Africa and the ideological underpinnings of key institutions, including the African Union, NEPAD, the African Development Bank, the Pan-African Ministers Conference for Public and Civil Service, the UN Peacebuilding Commission, the World Bank, and the International Criminal Court. The volume includes on-the-ground case study chapters on Sudan, the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Sierra Leone and Liberia, the Niger Delta, Southern Africa, and Somalia. The authors adopt a variety of approaches, but they share a conviction that peacebuilding in Africa is not a script that is authored solely in Western capitals and in the corridors of the United Nations. Rather, the focus on the interaction between local and global ideas and practices in the reconstitution of authority and livelihoods after conflict. It looks at the multiple ways in which peacebuilding ideas and initiatives are reinforced, questioned, reappropriated, and redesigned by different African actors.
Peacebuilding, Power and Politics in Africa
Edited by Devon Curtis and Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa
Introduction: The Contested Politics of Peacebuilding in Africa Devon Curtis PART 1 PEACEBUILDING: THEMES AND DEBATES Peace as an Incentive for War David Keen The Politics of Negotiated Settlements in an Era of Liberal Peacebuilding Sharath Srinivasan Statebuilding and Governance: The Conundrums of Legitimacy and Local Ownership Dominik Zaum Security Sector Governance and Peacebuilding Eboe Hutchful The Limits of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration Paul Omach INSTITUTIONS AND IDEOLOGIES The Role of the African Union, New Partnership for Africa’s Development, and African Development Bank in Postconflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding Gilbert M. Khadiagala Postconflict Peacebuilding as Statebuilding: The Case of the Pan-African Ministers Conference for Public and Civil Service Chris Landsberg The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission: Problems and Prospects Funmi Olonisakin and Eka Ikpe Financing Peace? The World Bank, Reconstruction, and Liberal Peacebuilding Graham Harrison The International Criminal Court: A Peacebuilder in Africa? Sarah Nouwen PART 3 CASE STUDIES Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region of Africa Rene Lemarchand Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in Southern Africa: Namibia, Angola, and Mozambique Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa Peacebuilding Through Statebuilding in West Africa? The Cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia Comfort Ero, International Crisis Group Building Peace in Sudan: A Daunting Task Musifiky Mwanasali Oil and Peacebuilding in the Niger Delta Aderoju Oyefusi Peacebuilding Without a State: The Somali Experience Christopher Clapham
Devon Curtis is Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Emmanuel College. Her main research interests and publications deal with power-sharing and governance arrangements following conflict, African rebel movements, and critical perspectives on conflict, peace and development. She is currently writing a book about peace-building in Burundi. Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa was a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town. Previously, he was a lecturer in the Department of International Relations at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, a visiting scholar at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo, and a research officer at the Centre for Defence Studies at the University of Zimbabwe, Harare.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 540 9 (print) 978 1 86814 625 3 (digital) 220 x 150 mm 248 pp Soft cover February 2012
Conversations with Bourdieu The Johannesburg Moment
Michael Burawoy and Karl von Holdt
Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002) is the most influential sociologist of our time. His works take in education, culture, sport, literature, painting, class, philosophy, religion, law, media, intellectuals, methodology, photography, universities, colonialism, kinship, schooling and politics. Not much remains outside Bourdieu’s sociological eye. His works are widely read across disciplines and he was one of the most prominent public intellectuals in France. Conversations with Bourdieu presents the first comprehensive attempt at a critical engagement with Bourdieu’s theory as a totality. Michael Burawoy constructs a series of imaginary conversations between Bourdieu and his nemesis – Marxism – from which he silently borrowed so much. Starting with Marx, and proceeding through Gramsci, Fanon, Freire, de Beauvoir and Mills, Burawoy takes up the challenge Bourdieu presents to Marxism, simultaneously developing a critique of Bourdieu and a reconstruction of Marxism. Karl von Holdt, in turn, brings these conversations to South Africa, showing the relevance of Bourdieu’s ideas to a country he never visited. Armed with Bourdieu, von Holdt takes up some of the most pressing social and political issues of contemporary South Africa: the relation between symbolic and real violence, the place of intellectuals in public life, the intervention of gender in politics, the grappling with race, the critique of education, the importance of habitus, the history and future of class mobilisation, and the legacy of the liberation struggle. Conversations with Bourdieu pioneers a distinctive approach to doing social theory that is neither a combat sport nor an artificial synthesis, but a way of pushing theory to its limits through dialogue – dialogue between theorists and dialogue between theory and the world it represents. The book is distinctive too in pointing towards a new global sociology consciously rooted in a dialogue between the social realities and theoretical perspectives of North and South. The conversations were first presented as Mellon Lectures at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg in 2010.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Sociology is a Combat Sport: Bourdieu Meets Bourdieu Theory and Practice: Marx Meets Bourdieu Cultural Domination: Gramsci Meets Bourdieu Colonialism and Revolution: Fanon Meets Bourdieu Pedagogy of the Oppressed: Freire Meets Bourdieu Antinomies of Feminism: de Beauvoir Meets Bourdieu Intellectuals and their Publics: Mills Meets Bourdieu Homo Ludens vs. Homo Habitus: Burawoy Meets Bourdieu Concluding Reflections
Michael Burawoy is a British sociologist, best known as the author of Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labour Process under Monopoly Capitalism, a study on work and organisations that has been translated into a number of languages. He is a world renowned proponent of public sociology who has engaged with Marxism through-out his career, seeking to reconstruct it in the light of the historical challenges of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. He is a former president of the American Sociological Association and is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley. Karl von Holdt is Associate Professor in the Society, Work and Development Institute (SWOP) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. He formerly worked at the National Labour, Economic and Development Institute (NALEDI), a research unit linked to the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). He is former editor of the South African Labour Bulletin and author of the groundbreaking Transition from Below: Forging Trade Unionism and Workplace Change in South Africa (2003). He currently serves as a Commissioner on the National Planning Commission of South Africa.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 578 2 (print) 978 1 86814 579 9 (digital) 245 x 168 mm 512 pp Soft cover January 2013
Psychological Assessment in South Africa Research and Applications
Edited by Sumaya Laher and Kate Cockcroft
This book provides an overview of the research related to psychological assessment across South Africa. The thirty-six chapters provide a combination of psychometric theory and practical assessment applications in order to combine the currently disparate research that has been conducted locally in this field. Existing South African texts on psychological assessment are predominantly academic textbooks that explain psychometric theory and provide brief descriptions of a few testing instruments. Psychological Assessment in South Africa provides in-depth coverage of a range of areas within the broad field of psychological assessment, including research conducted with various psychological instruments. The chapters critically interrogate the current Eurocentric and Western cultural hegemonic practices that dominate the field of psychological assessment. The book therefore has the potential to function both as an academic text for graduate students, as well as a specialist resource for professionals, including psychologists, psychometrists, remedial teachers and human resource practitioners. Sumaya Laher and Kate Cockcroft are Associate Professors in the Department of Psychology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Laher’s research interests are in the fields of psychological assessment, in particular personality theory and assessment, cross-cultural issues in relation to mental health and illness, and the interface between religion and psychology. Cockcroft conducts research in the field of developmental cognitive psychology, particularly intelligence, memory and language, as well as cognitive assessment in the South African context. Both authors have published extensively in their fields and have been teaching psychometrics and psychological assessment at undergraduate and postgraduate levels for over a decade.
Introduction Contextualising Psychological Assessment in South Africa Sumaya Laher and Kate Cockcroft SECTION 1 COGNITIVE TESTS: CONCEPTUAL AND PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS WAIS-III Test Performance in the South African Context Ann ShuttleworthEdwards, E.K. Gaylard and S.E Radloff WISC-IV Test Performance in the South African Context A.B. Shuttleworth-Edwards, A.S. Van der Merwe, P. Van Tonder and S.E. Radloff Senior South African Individual Scales Revised Kate Cockcroft Assessing School Readiness using the Junior South African Individual Scales Linda C. Theron School Readiness Assessment in South Africa Zaytoon Amod and Deidre Heafield Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children Kirston Greenop, Jessica Fry and Diana de Sousa The Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System Zaytoon Amod Dynamic Assessment in South Africa Zaytoon Amod and Joseph Seabi The Learning Potential Computerised Adaptive Test (LPCAT) Marié de Beer APIL and TRAM Learning Potential Assessment Instruments Terence Taylor The Griffiths Mental Development Scales Lorna Jacklin and Kate Cockcroft Neuropsychological Assessment in South Africa Marilyn Lucas PERSONALITY AND PROJECTIVE TESTS: CONCEPTUAL AND PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in South Africa René van Eeden, Nicola Taylor and Cas Prinsloo Using the Fifteen Factor Questionnaire Plus in South Africa Nanette Tredoux The Basic Traits Inventory Nicola Taylor and Gideon P. de Bruin The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) in South Africa Kathy Knott, Nicola Taylor, Yvonne Nieuwoudt and Fatima Bhabha The NEO-PI-R in South Africa Sumaya Laher Using the Occupational Personality Profile (OPI) in South Africa Nanette Tredoux Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ) Tina Joubert and Nadene Venter The Millon Inventories in South Africa Rabia Patel and Sumaya Laher Assessment and Monitoring of Symptoms in the Treatment of Psychological Problems Charles Young and David Edwards Assessment in Routine Clinical and Counselling Settings David Edwards and Charles Young Projective Assessment of Adults and Children in South Africa Katherine Bain, Zaytoon Amod and Renate Gericke The Use of the Thematic Apperception Test and the Children’s Apperception Test in South Africa Renate Gericke, Katherine Bain and Zaytoon Amod Projective Assessment Using the Draw-A-Person (DAP) and Kinetic Family Drawing (KFD) in South Africa Zaytoon Amod, Renate Gericke and Katherine Bain The Rorschach in South Africa Marita Brink SECTION 3 ASSESSMENT APPROACHES AND METHODOLOGIES Ethical Perspective in Assessment Nicoleen Coetzee Using Computerised and Internet-based Testing in South Africa Nanette Tredoux The ImPACT Neurocognitive Screening Test A. B. Shuttleworth-Edwards, V. J. Whitefield-Alexander and Se. E. A. Radloff A Family Consultation Model of Child Assessment Zaytoon Amod Qualitative Career Assessment in South Africa Mark Watson and Mary McMahon Psychological Assessment and Workplace Transformation in South Africa: A Review of the Research Literature Karen Milner, Fiona Donald and Andrew Thatcher Assessment of Prior Learning: A South African Perspective Ruksana Osman Large Scale Assessment Studies in South Africa: Issues in Reporting to Teachers Anil Kanjee Current and Future Trends in Psychological Assessment in South Africa: Challenges and Opportunities Sumaya Laher and Kate Cockcroft
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 552 2 (print) 978 1 86814 591 1 (digital) 240 x 210 mm 400 pp Illustrated in full colour Hard cover September 2012
Parrots of Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands Biology, Ecology and Conservation
Parrots’ colour and charisma, coupled with the fact that they mimic human speech, make them fascinating to many people. They are ancient birds with unique bill and foot structures that enable them to forage on fruits in the canopy of forest trees as well as on seeds in grasslands. Because they depend on fruits and seeds all year round, most species are confined to the tropics or sub-tropics, where the world’s biodiversity is at its greatest. There are over three hundred species of parrots, of which more than one hundred are recognised as rare, endangered, vulnerable or threatened with extinction. Parrots are largely distributed in tropical areas of developing countries where economies are weak and uncertain, and where there is great dependence on the exploitation of natural resources, particularly hard wood evergreen forests, which are preferred parrot habitats. Unfortunately, high levels of corruption are common to these regions, with much illegal trade in animals and little or no law enforcement. Collectors of parrots in the first world pay huge sums for rare parrots. However, research, education and conservation actions are greatly reducing illegal trade in African parrots. This book provides complete coverage of all aspects of the biology of extant African, Malagasy and Mascarene parrots, and reviews our knowledge of extinct and fossil parrots from the region. Particular themes include the behavioural and ecological characteristics of parrots, their species characteristics and conservation biology. Current concepts in avian and conservation biology are also discussed. Parrots of Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands is aimed at ornithologists, conservation biologists, avian ecologists, academics, bird watchers and parrot fans alike. It is well illustrated, with high quality original photographs, and includes distribution maps, figures and tables.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Introduction Conservation Biology Systematics Biogeography Intelligence and Communication Breeding Biology of African Parrots Diet and Metabolism of African Parrots African Longtailed, Vasa and Fossil Parrots African Parrots African Lovebirds Case Study of the Endangered Cape Parrot African Parrots in Crisis African Parrot Action Plan
Mike Perrin obtained his BSc Hons at Royal Holloway College, University of London and his PhD at Exeter University. He undertook a Post-doctoral Research Fellowship in Canada and his first lecturing post was at Makerere University in Uganda. Having then lectured for six years at Rhodes University, he took the Chair of Zoology at the then University of Natal, where he is now Professor Emeritus and Director of the Research Centre for African conservation. He has contributed to a dozen books, about 250 scientific publications and supervised many post-graduate students.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 545 4 (print) 978 1 86814 598 0 (digital) 240 x 200 mm 348 pp Illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds September 2012
Working with Rock Art Recording, Presenting and Understanding Rock Art Using Indigenous Knowledge
Edited by Benjamin Smith, Knut Helskog and David Morris
This volume contains cutting edge contributions that consider new approaches to three areas: the documentation of rock art; its interpretation using indigenous knowledge; and the presentation of rock art. Working with Rock Art is the first edited volume to consider each of these areas in a theoretical rather than a technical fashion, and it therefore makes a significant contribution to the discipline. The volume aims to promote the sharing of new experiences between leading researchers in the field. While the geographic focus is truly global, there is a dominant north-south axis with
strong representation from researchers in southern Africa and northern Europe, two leading centres for new approaches in rock art research. Working with Rock Art opens up a long overdue dialogue about shared experiences between these two centres, and a number of the chapters are the first published results of new collaborative research. Since this volume covers the recording, interpretation and presentation of rock art, it will attract a wide audience of researchers, heritage managers and students, as well as anyone interested in the field of rock art studies.
Benjamin W. Smith is Director of the Rock Art Research Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. He is President of the Pan African Archaeological Association and Research Editor of the South African Archaeological Bulletin. His research interests include the herder and farmer rock arts of Africa, the Batwa (Pygmy) rock art of central Africa, theory and method in rock art studies and the role of rock art in modern society. Knut Helskog is Professor of Archaeology at Tromsø University Museum, University of Tromsø, Norway. His responsibilities include the management of the Norwegian Cultural Heritage Act, salvage archaeology, archives, collections, museum exhibitions, popularisation and research. His research interests are oriented towards hunter–fisher-gatherer populations in northern Fennoscandia with a special focus on the interpretation of rock art. David Morris is Head of Archaeology at the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa. His work involves collections management, museum display, public archaeological site management and contract archaeology. His research focus is the archaeology of South African hunter-gatherers and herders with a particular focus on rock art.
ON DOCUMENTING ROCK ART Rock art management: juggling with paradoxes and compromises, and how to live with them Anne-Sophie Hygen Expressing intangibles: A recording experience with /Xam Rock Engravings Janette Deacon Aspects of documentation for conservation purposes exemplified by rock art Terje Norsted The spatial context of rock art sites: what might GIS have to offer in the absence of a temporal resolution of rock paintings? Thembi Russell Rock art in context – theoretical aspects of pragmatic data collections Tilman Lenssen-Erz Representing southern African San rock art: a move towards digitisation D.Winnie Mokokwe The routine of documentation Knut Helskog Prehistoric explorations in rock - investigations beneath and beyond carved surfaces Trond Lødøen ON UNDERSTANDING ROCK ART USING INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE Politics, ethnography and prehistory: in search of an ‘informed’ approach to Finnish and Karelian rock art Antti Lahelma Ethnography, history, rock art: the significance of social change in interpreting rock art David Pearce Symbols on stone – in the footsteps of the bear in Finnish antiquity Juha Pentikäinen Animals and humans: metaphors of representation in south-central African rock art Leslie Zubieta Ways of knowing and ways of seeing: spiritual agents and the origins of Native American rock art David Whitley Shamanism, rock art and history: implications from a Central Asian case study Andrzej Rozwadowski ON PRESENTING ROCK ART Presenting rock art through digital film Paul Taçon Rock art at present in the past Lindsay Weiss The importance of Wildebeest Kuil: ‘a hill with a future, a hill with a past’ David Morris Theoretical approaches and practical training for rock art tourist guiding and management Janette Deacon and Neville Agnew Two related rock art conservation/education projects in Lesotho Pieter Jolly Scandinavian rock art in the past - the present - and the future Gitte Kjeldsen The presentation of rock art in South Africa: what are the new challenges? Ndukuyakhe Ndlovu Yellowstone, Kruger, Kakadu: nature, culture and rock-art in three celebrated national parks Catherine Namono and Christopher Chippindale
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 580 5 (print) 978 1 86814 581 2 (digital) 230 x 155 mm 256 pp Illustrated in full colour Soft cover January 2013
The book is based on meticulous and thorough research. It is well-written, lucid throughout and admirably free of jargon. Elegantly conceived ... it is a pleasure to read. — Carolyn Hamilton, NRF Chair in Archive and Public Culture, University of Cape Town
Picturing Change Art and Visual Culture at Universities in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Many universities in South Africa have acquired new works of art for key spaces on their campuses. These works convey messages about the advantages of cultural diversity, but recently acquired sculptures, paintings and tapestries also critically engage with histories of racial intolerance and conflict. A current concern among tertiary South African institutions is the influence of British imperialism or Afrikaner nationalism on aspects of their inherited visual culture. Discussions from within the art world around the curatorship of art, memorials, insignia and regalia has shed light on these outmoded colonial value systems which universities now wish to distance themselves from In Picturing Change, Brenda Schmahmann explores the implications of deploying the visual domain in the service of transformative agendas. In other words, how do universities reflect, through the visual objects on their campuses, on their revisionist aims and endorsements of cultural diversity? While most new commissions are innovative, there have been instances in which universities in South Africa have acquired works of art with potentially traditionalist – even backward-looking – implications. And while imperatives to remove inherited imagery may be underpinned by a wish to unsettle white privilege, there have in fact been occasions in which such actions have served to maintain the status quo. Further, while many expected that a post-apartheid era would have freed artists from censorship, some images produced or shown under the auspices of universities have in fact been susceptible to proscription for supposedly articulating hate speech. Schmahmann identifies and analyses a range of approaches taken by universities and commissioned artists towards these ‘troublesome’ visual objects . This study is the first to consider imagery at a range of tertiary institutions in the country, and it is unique in its exploration of a transformative ethos in the visual domain at universities. It will be invaluable to readers interested in public art and the politics of curating and collecting, and also to those concerned with the challenges involved in transforming contemporary universities into spaces welcoming of diversity in South Africa. Brenda Schmahmann is Professor of Art History and Visual Culture at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa. She was the editor and primary contributor on Material Matters (2000) and also the author of Through the Looking Glass: Representations of Self by South African Women Artists (2004), for which she won the Rhodes University Vice Chancellor’s Book Award.
Introduction Chapter 1. Negotiating sculptures and memorials from the early twentieth century Chapter 2 Rethinking university insignia Chapter 3. New art acquisitions Chapter 4. Portraits of university officers Chapter 5. Controversies
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WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 547 8 (boxed set of four volumes) Each volume: Visual Century 270 x 235 mm South African Art in Context 1907 – 2007 240 pp Full colour Gavin Jantjes (Project director) and Mario Pissarra Soft cover with gatefolds (Editor in chief ) November 2011
Visual Century is encyclopaedic in scope. —Janet Stanley, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Museum of African Art … a valuable contribution to literature on South African art. —Brenda Schmahmann, Fine Art Department, Rhodes University Visual Century is an ambitious four-volume publication that reappraises South African visual art of the twentieth century from a post-apartheid perspective. Wide-ranging and in-depth essays by over 30 contributors, including many of South Africa’s leading art historians, cultural commentators and artists, make it an indispensable resource for curators, historians, students and artists. Lavish full colour illustrations, often of rare or seldom-seen artworks, make this collection a treasure for all art lovers with an interest in South African art. Given the need to construct a national archive, this work is a stellar example of what local research can achieve as we tell our own stories, especially against the broader movement for a more inclusive international art history that recognises and celebrates the contributions made in South Africa. The project was funded by the National Department of Arts and Culture under Pallo Jordan, and brings together a wide range of local writers and perspectives.
Visual Century Volume 1: 1907–1948
Edited by Jillian Carman
Volume one begins after the South African (Anglo-Boer) War, at a time when efforts were being made to unify the white ‘races’, and ends with the coming to power of the Afrikaner nationalists. This volume provides critical perspectives on the ideological and institutional frameworks for white and black artists of the period, and the art they produced. Discussions of public art and architecture, traditionalist African art, and Western-style painting and sculpture are complemented with consideration of the roles played by museums, art eduation, art societies and exhibitions, art historical writing and patronage. Fresh perspectives on the art of the first half of the twentieth century highlight complexities that still resonate today.
Visual Century Volume 2: 1945–1976
Edited by Lize van Robbroeck
Between the end of the Second World War and the Soweto uprisings, South Africa was increasingly isolated from the international world as a result of its policies of racial discrimination and extreme social engineering. This volume addresses the fertile cultural ambivalences of this period. These include the relationship between Afrikaner nationalism and the emergence of an ‘official’ South African art, which would come to be challenged by the steady increase in the number of modern black artists and new informal art centres. The impact of white patronage, the responses of migrant workers to rapid change, and artists’ responses to the repressive political climate of apartheid, as well as to emerging black nationalism, are all canvassed. The allure and impact of European and American art, along with modernist discourses, for South African artists both at home and in exile, not least the struggles of black and white artists to define an African identity, are also explored.
978 1 86814 687 1 (digital)
978 1 86814 688 8 (digital)
Gavin Jantjes is a South African artist currently based at Norway’s National Museum. Mario Pissarra is the founder of Africa South Arts Initiative (ASAI). Contributors: Rasheed Araeen, Gabeba Baderoon, Vonani Bila, Jillian Carman, Christine Eyene, Federico Freschi, Hazel Friedman, Thembinkosi Goniwe, Melanie Hillebrand, Gavin Jantjes, Z.P. Jordan, Sandra Klopper, Juliette Leeb-du Toit, Nessa Leibhammer, Sarat Maharaj, Mandisi Majavu, Emile Maurice, Sipho Mdanda, Zayd Minty, Anitra Nettleton, Uche Okeke, Andries Oliphant, Mario Pissarra, Hayden Proud, Elizabeth Rankin, Colin Richards, Lize van Robbroeck, Judy Seidman, Ruth Simbao, Kathryn Smith, Mgcineni Sobopha, Roger van Wyk and M. Mduduzi Xakaza.
Visual Century Volume 3: 1973–1992
Edited by Mario Pissarra
Bracketed by porous transitional moments in the early 1970s and 1990s, this volume covers a period characterised by a deepening of the struggle for democracy, at a time when historical preoccupations with race were increasingly intertwined with burgeoning debates on class and gender. The essays address a multiplicity of ways in which artists responded directly and indirectly to the challenges of this period, mostly as individuals, but also through organisations. Resistance and complicity, and the spaces in between, found expression in the use of everyday themes, biblical sources, ethnically derived themes, subtle and extreme forms of humour, as well as through representations of conflict. Challenging art was produced in community arts centres, universities and in public places, at a time when the cultural boycott simultaneously united and polarised artists, and exiles mediated the ambivalences of ‘home’.
Visual Century Volume 4: 1990–2007
Edited by Thembinkosi Goniwe, Mario Pissarra and Mandisi Majavu
The end of the Cold War and subsequent rise of globalisation, along with the advent of democracy in South Africa, introduced new social and political orders, with profound implications for South African artists. The essays in this volume critically address some of the most notable developments and visible trends in post-apartheid South African art. These include South Africa’s entry into the international art world, its struggle to address its past, and artists’ persistent and often provocative preoccupations with individual and collective identity. The widespread and often unsettling representation of the human body, as well as animal forms, along with the steady increase of new technologies and the development of new forms of public art are also discussed. While much of the art of the period is open-ended and nondidactic, the persistence of engagement with socially responsive themes questions the reductive binary between resistance and post-apartheid art that has come to dominate accounts of before and after South Africa’s democratic election.
978 1 86814 689 5 (digital)
978 1 86814 690 1 (digital)
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 566 9 (print) 978 1 86814 593 5 (digital) 240 x 170 mm 416 pp Illustrated Soft cover August 2012
South African literary criticism has been rejuvenated by an emphasis on the materiality of book production and circulation, and the historical embedding of those institutions and practices that turned texts into ‘works’ considered worthy of our attention. This elegantly framed collection of readable, provocative essays examines the relations between the production and consumption of books to present a rich social history of South African print cultures. It is indispensible reading for anyone seeking to come to terms with the processes and practices, both national and transnational, that have fashioned this country’s literature and the ways in which it is read and understood. — Michael Titlestad, Department of English, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
Print, Text and Book Cultures in South Africa
Edited by Andrew van der Vlies
Print, Text and Book Cultures in South Africa is a field-defining contribution to the country’s literary scholarship. Andrew van der Vlies’s introductory essay maps the conceptual terrain in a systematic and engaging way, illustrating its relevance to South Africa’s literary and cultural history. The essays that follow demonstrate the archival richness and liveliness of the field, while opening doors to future research. Beyond South Africa, the book will be exemplary in showing how book histories develop under postcolonial conditions. — David Attwell, author of J.M. Coetzee: South Africa and the Politics of Writing (1993) and Rewriting Modernity: Studies in Black South African Literary History (2005), and co-editor of The Cambridge History of South African Literature (2012) This book explores the power of print and the politics of the book in South Africa from a range of disciplinary perspectives—historical, bibliographic, literary-critical, sociological, and cultural studies. The essays collected here, by leading international scholars, address a range of topics as varied as: the role of print cultures in contests over the nature of the colonial public sphere in the nineteenth century; orthography; iimbongi, orature and the canon; bookcollecting and libraries; print and transnationalism; Indian Ocean cosmopolitanisms; books in war; how the fates of South African texts, locally and globally, have been affected by their material instantiations; photocomics and other ephemera; censorship, during and after apartheid; books about art and books as art; local academic publishing; and the challenge of ‘book history’ for literary and cultural criticism in contemporary South Africa.
INTRODUCTION Print,Text, and Books in South Africa Andrew van der Vlies SECTION 2. PRINT CULTURES AND COLONIAL PUBLIC SPHERES Metonymies of Lead: Bullets, Type, and Print Culture in South African Missionary Colonialism Leon de Kock ‘Spread Far and Wide over the Surface of the Earth’: Evangelical Reading Formations and the Rise of a Transnational Public Sphere – The Case of the Cape Town Ladies’ Bible Association Isabel Hofmeyr Textual Circuits and Intimate Relations: A Community of Letters Across the Indian Ocean Meg Samuelson LOCAL/GLOBAL: SOUTH AFRICAN WRITING AND GLOBAL IMAGINARIES Deneys Reitz and Imperial Co-option John Gouws ‘Consequential changes’: Daphne Rooke’s Mittee in America and South Africa Lucy Valerie Graham Oprah’s Paton, or South Africa and the Globalisation of Suffering Rita Barnard THREE WAYS OF LOOKING AT COETZEE In—or From—the Heart of the Country: Local and Global Lives of Coetzee’s Antipastoral Andrew van der Vlies Under Local Eyes: The South African Publishing Context of J.M.Coetzee’s Foe Jarad Zimbler Limber: the Flexibilities of Post-Nobel Coetzee Patrick Denman Flanery QUESTIONS OF THE ARCHIVE AND THE USES OF BOOKS Colin Rae’s Malaboch: The Power of the Book in the (Mis) Representation of Kgalusi Sekete Mmalebôhô Lize Kriel ˆ ‘Send Your Books on Active Service’: The Books for Troops Scheme During the Second World War, 1939-1945 Archie L. Dick From The Origin of Language to a Language of Origin: A Prologue to the Grey Collection Hedley Twidle SECTION 6. ORATURE, IMAGE, TEXT The Image of the Book in Xhosa Oral Poetry Jeff Opland Written Out, Writing In: Orature in the South African Literary Canon Deborah Seddon Not Western: Race, Reading, and the South African Photo Comic Lily Saint IDEOLOGICAL EXIGENCIES AND THE FATES OF BOOKS The Politics of Obscenity: Lady Chatterley’s Lover and the Apartheid State Peter D. McDonald ‘Deeply racist, superior and Patronising’: South African Literature Education and the ‘Gordimer Incident’ Margriet van der Waal Begging the Questions: Producing Shakespeare for Post-apartheid South African Schools Natasha Distiller NEW DIRECTIONS The Rise of the Surface: Emerging Questions for Reading and Criticism in South Africa Sarah Nuttall Sailing a Smaller Ship: Publishing Art Books in South Africa Bronwyn Law-Viljoen The University as Publisher: Towards a History of South African University Presses Elizabeth le Roux
Thought provoking, wide ranging in its subject material, and dynamically edited, this collection marks a turning point in the study of book cultures in South Africa. These essays, exemplars of recently published work in the field, draw attention to the rich, interdisciplinary seams of material uncovered by key exponents of South African print culture history. The work as a whole demonstrates how one can engage with the confluence of text, people, history, culture, and print technology in South African contexts. It will prove one of the first ports of call for anyone wishing to undertake further journeys in this subject area in the future. — David Finkelstein, co-editor of The Book History Reader (2001) and The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland (vol. 4, 2007), and co-author of An Introduction to Book History (2005)
Andrew van der Vlies is Senior Lecturer in the School of English and Drama at Queen Mary, University of London, and Research Associate in the Department of English Literature at Rhodes University, Grahamstown. His areas of expertise include South African literatures and literary cultures, Anglophone postcolonial writing, and print and book histories. He is a literary critic, historian and cultural sociologist, and author of South African Textual Cultures (2010). He reviews regularly for various publications such as the Times Literary Supplement and Art South Africa.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 561 4 (print) 978 1 86814 597 3 (digital) 215 x 130 mm 256 pp Soft cover June 2012
“The term ‘coconut’ is one of several edible designations, including ‘bounty’ (from the American Bounty chocolate bar), ‘topdeck’ (a South African chocolate bar) ‘apple’, ‘banana’, and, of course, ‘oreo’ (from the American Oreo cookie), used to designate someone who, due to his or her behaviour, identifications, or because they have been raised by whites, is ‘black’ on the ‘outside’ and ‘white’ on the ‘inside’. “In South Africa, the appellation ‘coconut’ is currently in extensive circulation, and is closely tied to class mobility as indicated through speaking a specific kind of ‘white’ English. When used by those who are claiming access to an authentic blackness of whatever shade, the term has derogatory implications of inauthenticity, artificiality and, sometimes, shameful or shameless aspiration.” (From the Introduction)
Shakespeare and the Coconuts On Post-apartheid South African Culture
Natasha Distiller is a writer and academic currently based in Berkley, California. She was, until recently, Associate Professor of English and Chief Research Officer at the Institute for the Humanities in Africa (HUMA) at the University of Cape Town. Some of her previously published books include Fixing Gender: Lesbian Mothers and the Oedipus Complex (2011); Horace Amoris: The Collected Poetry of Rosa Newmarch, edited and with an introduction and notes by John Holmes and Natasha Distiller (2010) and Desire and Gender in the Sonnet Tradition (2008).
Distiller examines Shakespeare’s place in South Africa’s education and culture without universalising the contradictory forces that have made that position controversial and is thus able to provide both a fascinating account of current South African culture and a precise analytical model with which to challenge the concept of a single ‘global’ or ‘post-colonial’ Shakespeare. —Kate McLuskie, Emeritus Professor of Shakespeare Studies, The Shakespeare Institute Natasha Distiller, of all scholars working on ‘Shakespeare’ and South Africa, asks the most interesting questions. She pushes us to think about our relationships not only to the oeuvre of a Renaissance poet-playwright, but to race, discourses of authenticity, national identifications, pedagogy, the institutions of literature in the country, and the place of South Africa in the global mediascape. —Andrew van der Vlies, Queen Mary, University of London
In this book Natasha Distiller explores historic and contemporary uses of Shakespeare in South African society which illustrate the complexities of colonial and post-colonial realities as they relate to iconic Englishness. Beginning with Solomon Plaatje, the author looks at the development of an elite group educated in English and able to use Shakespeare to formulate South African works and South African identities. Refusing simple or easy answers, Distiller then explores the South African Shakespearian tradition postapartheid. Touching on the work of, amongst others, Can Themba, Bloke Modisane, Antony Sher, Stephen Francis, Rico Schacherl and Kopano Matlwa, and including the popular media as well as school textbooks, Shakespeare and the Coconuts engages with aspects of South Africa’s complicated, painful, fascinating political and cultural worlds, and their intersections. Written in an accessible style to explain current cultural theory, Shakespeare and the Coconuts will be of interest to students, academics and the general interested reader.
Introduction Chapter 1. Shakespeare in English, English in South Africa Chapter 2. ‘Through Shakespeare’s Africa’: ‘Terror and murder’? Chapter 3. Tony’s Will: Titus Andronicus in South Africa 1995 Chapter 4. Begging the questions: Producing Shakespeare for post-apartheid South African schools Chapter 5. English and the African Renaissance Chapter 6. Shakespeare and the coconuts
... a fascinating book by a leading authority on Shakespeare in South Africa ... broad and wide ranging issues that go to the heart of debates about South African identity and politics. —Brian Willan, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Rhodes University
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Ingalo mthetho a LakaMtApheliAgambaqa mpi YaboMbu Iseth jini kanini uzenza ifungo gwe Nengyama ngalo mthetho a LakaMtApheliAgambaqa mpi YaboMbu Iseth jini kanini uzenza ifunIngwe ngonyma Ingalo mthetho a LakaMAphelile ambaqa uzenmpi za bu Isifungo uze Inifu gwe gw Nena L gonyama eli Ingalo mpi bo m a
helile ambaqa mpi YaboMbu Iseth jini kanini uzenuzenza za ifunIsiIngwe fungo ngonyma InIngalo gwe mthetho Nena LakwaA gonyelile ama ambaqa mpi IngaYaboMbu lo Iseth jini kanini uzenza ifungo gwe Nenny am
978 1 86814 565 2 (print) 978 1 86814 577 5 (digital) 220 x 150 mm 240 pp Soft cover June 2012
African-language writing is in crisis. The conditions under which African writing developed in the past (only remotely similar to those of Western models), resulted in an inability of Eurocentric literary models to explore the hermeneutic world of Africanlanguage poetics inherited from the oral and the modern worlds. Existing modes of criticism in the study of this literary tradition are often unsuited for a nuanced understanding of the intrinsic and extrinsic aspects at play in the composition, production and reading of these literatures. In African-Language Literatures, Innocentia Jabulisile Mhlambi charts new directions in the study of African-language literatures generally, and isiZulu fiction in particular by proposing that African popular arts and culture models be considered as a solution to current debates and challenges informing discourses about expressive forms in African languages. Mhlambi shows how this approach brings into relationship the oral and written forms, the local and the international, elitist and popular genres, and she places the resultant emerging, eclectic culture into its sociohistorical context. She then uses this theoretical approach to explore – in a wide range of cultural products – what matters or what is of interest to the people, irrespective of social hierarchies and predispositions. It is the author’s contention that, contrary to common perception, the African-language literary tradition displays diversity, complexity and fluidity, and that this should be seen as an invitation to look at systems of meaning which do not hide their connections with the facts of power and material life.
African-Language Literatures Perspectives on IsiZulu Fiction and Popular Black Television Series
Innocentia Jabulisile Mhlambi
Innocentia Jabulisile Mhlambi is Senior Lecturer and Head of Department of African Languages at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She teaches African-language literatures, black film studies, popular culture, visual culture and studies in oral literature. She is a judge for the M-NET (a South African television station) literature award in the Nguni category. African-Language Literatures is the recipient of the University of the Witwatersrand’s 2010 University Research Committee (URC) publication award, previous winners of which include Jillian Carman, Ashlee Neser, Anitra Nettleton and Sarah Nuttall. This is her debut publication.
Introduction: African Language-Literature and Popular Arts: Challenges and New Approaches Chapter 1. Proverbs in Narratives: Seeing Contemporaneity Through Archaic Gazes in Aphelile Agambaqa and Impi Yabomdabu Isethunjini Chapter 2. Nested Narratives: ‘Some are seated well […] while others are not seated at all’ Chapter 3. Acts of Naming: The Detective Plot in Masondo’s Fiction Chapter 4. ‘A world in creolisation’: Inheritance Politics and the Ambiguities of a ‘Very Modern Tradition’ in Two Black South African TV Dramas Thematic Re-engagements in the Television Series Gaz’ Lam and isiZulu Literature ‘It is not crime in the way you see it’: Kuyoqhuma Nhlamvana’s Rewriting of Yizo Yizo’s Crime Discourse and Outlaw Culture
Chapter 5. Chapter 6.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Aphelile Agambaqa Impi YaboMdabu Iseth unjini Yekanini Ukuzenza Isifungo Ingwe Nengonyama Ingalo Yomthetho Ifa LakwaMthethwa Hlala Kwabafileyo Gaz Lam Yizo Yizo Aphelile Agambaqa Impi YaboMdaInnocentia Mhlambi’s work constitutes a major bu Iseth unjini intervention in the field of African-language Yekanini Ukuzenliterature. This work documents the vibrancy of post-apartheid isiZulu language literary forms za Isifungo Ingwe whether the detective novel or television drama. Nengonyama By using models of popular culture formulated Ingalo Yomthetho Ifa Lain relation to other parts of the continent, waMthehwa Mhlambi enriches our understanding of African Kwabafil Hlala eyo Gaz Lam cultural studies and isiZulu literature. This book Yizo Yizo Aphelile Agambaq will be of interest to all who care about cultural Impi YaboMdabu Iseth unjin politics in South Africa. Yekanini Ukuzenz — Isabel Hofmeyr, Centre for Indian Studies Isifungo Ingwe Nengonyama Ingal in Africa, University of the Witwatersrand, Yomtheth Johannesburg Ifa LakwaMthethwa Hlala Kwabafileyo Gaz Lam Yizo Yizo Aphelile This anthology of critical essays is like a fresh breeze blowing from the seaAgambaqa of literary criticism Impi and critique, but it is also like a sailing ship whichYaboMdabu Iseth unjini blazes a trail in transcending narrow jackets of Yekanini Ukuzenza Isifungo Ingwe Aph canonical and generic critique. In short, it can be Nengonyama Aga defined as an invitation to engage in a meal of Ingalo Yomthetho Ifa LawaMthehwa Im traditional genres (proverbs) as they cross paths Kwabafil Hlala eyo Gaz Lam dab with post-modernity (television drama). Yizo Yizo Aphelile Agambaqa — Nhlanhla Maake, Faculty of Humanities, Impi YaboMdabu Iseth unjini jin University of Limpopo ni Yekanini Ukuzenza Isifungo Ingwe Nengonyama Isi InIt’s been a while since I read an appreciation of literature and television in isiZulu with such analytical depth and finesse. izo Aphelile Agambaqa Impigw It persuasively debunks the tired clichés that there is little formal innovation or thematic sophistication in works done in African am YaboMdabu Iseth unjini Yekanilanguages in South Africa…. An essential read for scholars and students interested African literary and cultural studies. Yom ni Ukuzenza — Bhekizizwe Peterson, School of Literature and Language Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Ifa Isifungo Ingwe Nengonyama Ingal Aphelile Agambaq Impi YaboMdabu Iseth unjini Yekanini UkuzIngalo Yomthetho WITS UNIVERSITY PRESSIfa 45 LawaMthehwa Hlala Kwabafileyo Gaz Lam
978 1 86814 570 6 (print) 978 1 86814 587 4 (digital) 220 x 150 mm 280 pp Soft cover March 2013
Nuruddin Farah is widely regarded as one of the most sophisticated voices in contemporary world literature. Michel Foucault is revered as one of the most important thinkers of the twentieth century, with his discursive legacy providing inspiration for scholars working in a range of interdisciplinary fields. The Disorder of Things offers a reading of the Somali novelist through the prism of the French philosopher. The book argues that the preoccupations that have remained central throughout Farah’s forty year career, including political autocracy, female infibulation, border conflicts, international aid and development, civil war, transnational migration and the Horn of Africa’s place in a so-called ‘axis of evil’, can be mapped onto some key concerns in Foucault’s writing most notably Foucault’s theoretical turn from ‘disciplinary’ to ‘biopolitical’ power. In both the colonial past and the postcolonial present, Somalia is typically represented as an incubator of disorder: whether in relation to internecine conflict, international terrorism or contemporary piracy. Through his work, both fictional and non-fictional, Farah strives to present alternative stories to an expanding global readership. The Disorder of Things analyses the politics and poetics that underpin this literary project, beginning with Farah’s first fictional cycle, Variations on the Theme of an African Dictatorship (1979-1983), and ending with his Past Imperfect trilogy (2004-2011). Farah’s writing calls for a more refined, substantial reading of our current geo-political situation. As such, it both warrants and compels the kind of critical engagement foregrounded throughout The Disorder of Things. This book will appeal to students, academics and general readers with an interest in the interdisciplinary study of literature. Its engagement with theorists, drawn from postcolonial, feminist and development studies, set against the backdrop of a host of philosophical and sociological discourses, shows how such intellectual cross-fertilisation can enliven a single-author study.
The Disorder of Things A Foucauldian Approach to the Work of Nuruddin Farah
... an important addition to the study of the oeuvre of Nuruddin Farah, one of this continent’s leading and most original novelists. The study will be of great interest to scholars specialising in contemporary African literature [...] whilst being accessible to general readers with an especial interest in Foucault; in African politics and social developments; or in assessing the contribution of an intriguing but ‘difficult’ author. —Annie Gagiano, University of Stellenbosch The author is ambitious; this is not a study which applies Foucault, but a study which at its best attempts to reread each figure (Foucault and Farah) in dialogue with the other. —Eleni Coundouriotis, University of Connecticut
John Masterson is a lecturer in the Department of English at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa. He has published work on a range of writers, including Chinua Achebe, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Kiran Desai, Dave Eggers and Abdulrazak Gurnah, and on topics, including the Rwandan genocide and postcolonial conflict.
Introduction: Taking On Foucault and Fleshing Out Farah – Opportunities for Dialogue and Reflections on Method Chapter 1. Quivering at the Heart of the Variations Cycle – Labyrinths of Loss in Sweet and Sour Milk Chapter 2. So Vast the Prison – Agonistic Power Relations in Sardines Chapter 3. Through the Maze Darkly – Incarceration and Insurrection in Close Sesame Chapter 4. From the Carceral to the Biopolitical – The Dialectical Turn Inwards in Maps Chapter 5. ‘A Call to Alms’ - Gifts and the Possibilities of a Foucauldian Reading Chapter 6. Trajectories of Implosion and Explosion – The Politics of Blood and Betrayal in Secrets Chapter 7. Bringing It All Back Home – Theorising Diaspora and War in Yesterday, Tomorrow and Links Chapter 8. A Woman Apart - Entanglements of Power, Disintegration and Restoration in Knots Conclusion: Pirates of the Apocalypse – Where Next?
Photographs: George Hallet
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 86814 601 7 (print) 978 1 86814 602 4 (digital) 200 x 130 mm 160 pp Soft cover November 2012
Lover of His People A biography of Sol Plaatje
Seetsele Modiri Molema
Translated by D.S. Matjila and Karen Haire
Seetsele Modiri Molema’s Sol T Plaatje: Morata Wabo is the first biography of Solomon Plaatje written in his mother-tongue, Setswana and the only book-length biography written by someone who actually knew him. The manuscript had long been housed in the Wits Historical Papers and was accessible only to scholars. D. S. Matjila and Karen Haire have mined the archive to produce the first English translation of Molema’s biography, Lover of His People: Sol Plaatje. In this account, Molema balances Plaatje’s public and political persona – as a pioneer black politician and man of letters – with an intimate account of Plaatje, the human being: his physical features, habits, temperament, talents, personality, character, fears, struggles, dreams and aspirations. In short, Molema illuminates the spirit of Plaatje painting a personal portrait of this leading South African figure and his impact not only on South Africa’s political and cultural landscape but on the young Molema as well. In shaping this manuscript into a book the editors and translators have included a preface which elaborates on the uniqueness of Molema’s biography, and on the relationship between these two prominent Africans and the value of this text within the broader ambit of revisioning South African historiography. Recognising that Molema was an extraordinary scholar, intellectual and politician in his own right, the book includes an essay on the life and legacy of Seetsele Modiri Molema and his contribution to South Africa’s black intellectual heritage. This biography will be of interest to scholars and general readers alike.
It is high time this book was made available to a wider audience, and I congratulate both editors and publisher in this initiative. —Brian Willan, Hon. Senior Research Fellow, Rhodes University
Seetsele Modiri Molema (1891-1965) was a doctor and surgeon by profession. After completing his medical degree at the University of Glasgow, Scotland in 1919, he lived in Dublin, Ireland where he wrote and published the landmark history, Bantu Past and Present: An Ethnographic and History Study of the Native Races of South Africa (Edinburgh: Green, 1920). He later returned to Mafikeng where he spent most of his life treating black and white patients alike. D. S. Matjila is Associate Professor in the Department of African Languages at UNISA. Karen Haire is Senior lecturer at the University of Johannesburg where she teaches academic writing.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. First encounter and acquaintance Early days and youth An unforgettable year: 1896 Life’s challenges Plaatje, the career journalist Government news Conventions and writings Plaatje in his own words: English extracts Plaatje in his own words: Setswana extracts Delegations and meetings The last meetings and travels The last encounter
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Somewhere on the Border
Anthony Akerman’s Somewhere on the Border is merciless. In this touching, disturbing and meticulously researched play, each vulgar and bullying witticism reinforces the indoctrinating brutality with which young, susceptible minds were beaten into submission. Each word is like a razor wire pulled across the soul. —Leon van Nierop, Artslink Since its first staging in the early 80s, Akerman’s play has lost none of its explosive power. Chillingly brutal and grimly humorous all at once, it detonates in the present like a longdormant mine. —Ivan Vladislavić, Author Somewhere on the Border was written by Anthony Akerman while in exile more than two decades ago. The play was intercepted in the post and banned as a publication by the apartheid censors because the language was considered ‘offensive’ and the portrayal of the South African Armed Forces ‘prejudicial to the safety of the state’. This publication of a one-act version of the play brings the Border War back into public discourse and pierces through the armour of silence, secrecy and shame that still surrounds it. The script is complemented by an author’s preface and an afterword by historian Gary Baines, as well as photographs of its 2011 production.
Our Lady of Benoni
Introduction by Sarah Roberts
Our Lady of Benoni teems with anecdote and incident, pulses with desire and frustration, juxtaposes disparate cultural norms and plays exuberantly with fantasies and truths that cluster around the subject of virginity. Its tone is zany, its subject weighty. — Sarah Roberts, Skye Chair of Dramatic Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Zakes Mda’s satire is a kaleidoscopic display of the extremes to which men (and by implication women) are prepared to go in terms of valuing what is ‘virginal’. Mda presents us with the consequences of transgression: that which is seen as polluted and judged to be dangerous to the good health and purity of a group, a society, a culture. Taboos, superstition, customs and moral ethics become the subjects of inquiry and are, at times, subjected to ribald satire. This play cuts into a virtuoso style of theatre that can in no way be confused with the objectives and methods of conventional realism. Mda establishes a unique style and tone that is innovative, entertaining and challenging. It fuses satirical elements derived from classical poetry with a modernist sensibility that synthesises Brechtian and Absurdist features of theatricality, using characters as types and montage. Above all, in this work there is a profound exploration of what it means to operate in the politically charged landscape that defines post-apartheid South Africa with its cultural pluralities and differentials in access to resources and agency. Stylistically adventurous and unafraid to deviate from conventionally accepted norms, Mda is iconoclastic in his handling of the ways in which attitudes to power, superstition, ethics and sex are constructed. The cultural discourse of patriarchy and the ‘regime of truths’ regarding ideals and taboos defining female sexuality, its obligations, and its custodianship are the focus of this play.
Anthony Akerman is an internationally acclaimed playwright and director. In protest against the South African apartheid regime he went into exile in 1973 and lived in Amsterdam, working in theatre. He returned to South Africa in 1992 and has since written several award-winning plays. He also writes for radio and television. Dark Outsider: Three Plays (Wits University Press) won the SACPAC Drama Prize and earned its author the 1995/96 Vita Playwright of the Year Award.
978 1 86814 560 7 (print) 978 1 86814 596 6 (digital)
978 1 86814 567 6 (print) 978 1 86814 594 2 (digital) 200 x 130 mm 144 pp Soft cover August 2012
Preface by Anthony Akerman Somewhere on the Border (one act) Afterword by Gary Baines
200 x 130 mm 128 pp Black and white photographs Soft cover January 2012
Zakes Mda is a South African writer, painter and music composer. He has published nineteen books, nine of which are novels and the rest collections of plays (including the anthologies And the Girls in their Sunday Dresses and Fools, Bells and the Habit of Eating); poetry, a monograph on the theory and practice of theatre-for-development, and an autobiography titled Sometimes there is a Void: Memoirs of an Outsider. His books have been translated into twenty languages and have won a number of awards, including the Amstel Playwright of the Year Award, the Commonwealth Writers Prize for Africa, the M-Net Prize, the Sunday Times Literary Prize, the Zora Neale Hurston/Richard Wright Legacy Award and the American Library Association Notable Book. He commutes between America and South Africa, working as a Professor of Creative Writing at Ohio University, a beekeeper in the Eastern Cape, and as Director of the Southern African Multimedia AIDS Trust in Sophiatown, Johannesburg. He is also a Patron of the Market Theatre in Johannesburg.
Interview with Pat Tucker Introduction by Sarah Roberts Glossary of terms Our Lady of Benoni (two acts)
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Pumla Dineo Gqola
… a landmark book on the role of slavery in shaping contemporary South Africa. Drawing on historical scholarship as well as studies of slavery worldwide, Gqola delivers a brilliant new piece of literary and cultural analysis. —Gabeba Baderoon, Pennsylvania State University In this first full length study of South African slave memory, Pumla Gqola uses interdisciplinary feminist and postcolonial methodologies to analyse the recent visibility of South Africa’s slave past beyond history departments. What does it mean for South Africans alive today to claim slave ancestry? How do works of the imagination, such as novels, poems, creative essays, documentary films, television series, coded recipes and art installations represent this era of South Africa’s past? In what ways does living in a democracy permit collective rethinking of what it means to belong to a Muslim diaspora? Pumla Dineo Gqola is Associate Professor of Literary, Media and Gender Studies at the School of Literature and Language Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Edited by Xolela Mangcu
Why does it matter that nations should care for their archives, and that they should develop a sense of shared identity? And why should these processes take place in the public domain? How can nations possibly speak about a shared sense of identity in pluralistic societies where individuals and groups have multiple identities? And how can such conversations be given relevance in public discussions of reconciliation and development in South Africa? This volume takes its title from Weber’s point, elaborated on in the chapter by Benedict Anderson, that the future asks us to be worthy ancestors to the yet unborn. It aims to reach a broad and informed reading public because the topics of identity and citizenship are of pressing interest in contemporary public discourse. In a changed (and, some might say, degraded) environment of public dialogue, the editor hopes to inspire a re-thinking of the very essence of what it means to be a citizen of South Africa. Becoming Worthy Ancestors aims to make accessible the theoretically informed work of its various contributors, while the introductory chapter by the editor contributes to the coherence of the volume. Xolela Mangcu is now based at the Department of Sociology at the University of Cape Town. He is Non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Washington D.C.
978 1 86814 507 2 (print) 978 1 86814 692 5 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 256 pp Soft cover, 2010
The First Ethiopians The Image of Africa and Africans in the Early Mediterranean World
Malvern van Wyk Smith
… an original and interesting contribution to the scholarship on European views on Africa. – Stanley Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles The First Ethiopians explores the images of Africa and Africans that evolved in ancient Egypt, in classical Greece and imperial Rome, in the early Mediterranean world, and in the early domains of Christianity. Inspired by curiosity regarding the origins of racism in southern Africa, van Wyk Smith consulted a wide range of sources: from rock art to classical travel writing; from the pre-dynastic African beginnings of Egyptian and Nubian civilisations to Greek and Roman perceptions of Africa; and from the geo-linguistic history of Africa to the most recent revelations regarding the genome profile of the continent’s peoples. The research led to a startling proposition: western racism has its roots in Africa itself, notably in late New-Kingdom Egypt as its ruling elites sought to distance Egyptian civilisation from its African origins. Malvern van Wyk Smith is Professor Emeritus in the Department of English at Rhodes University, South Africa.
978 186814 532 4 (print) 978 1 86814 557 7 (digital) 210 x 130 mm, 192 pp Soft cover 2011
South Africa and India Shaping the Global South
Edited by Isabel Hofmeyr and Michelle Williams
… makes a significant and innovative contribution by establishing a new field of research. —Preben Kaarsholm, Roskilde University, Denmark Hofmeyr and Williams have assembled an impressive interdisciplinary group of scholars to lend insights into various historical and contemporary facets of India-South Africa relations in ways that enrich the comparative enterprise. —Gilbert M. Khadiagala, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg South Africa’s future is increasingly tied up with that of India. While trade and investment between the two countries is intensifying, they share long-standing historical ties and have much in common: apart from cricket, colonialism and Gandhi, both countries are important players in the global South. What forms of transnational political community between these two regions have yet to be researched and understood? The first section traces the range of historical connections between the two countries. The second section explores unconventional comparisons that offer rich ground on which to build original areas of study. This innovative book looks to a post-American world in which the global South will become ever more important. Within this context, the Indian Ocean arena itself and South Africa and India in particular move to the fore. Isabel Hofmeyr is Professor of African Literature at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She played a key role in the establishment of the Centre of Indian Studies in Africa. Michelle Williams is a senior lecturer in the Department of Sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 53
978 1 86918 499 0 (print) 978 1 86814 634 5 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 400 pp Illustrated in full colour Soft cover, 2009
Do South Africans Exist? Nationalism, Democracy and the Identity of ‘the People’
This book provides a critical study of South African nationalism, against a broader context of African nationalism in general. Narratives of resistance presume that ‘the people’ preceded the period of nationalist struggle. This book explores how an African ‘people’ came into being as a collectivity organised in pursuit of a political, and not simply cultural, end. Chipkin argues that the nation is a political community whose form is given in relation to the pursuit of democracy and freedom, and that if democratic authority is lodged in ‘the people’, what matters is the way that this ‘people’ is defined, delimited and produced. He argues that the nation precedes the state because it emerges in and through the nationalist struggle for state power. Ultimately, he encourages the reader to re-evaluate knee-jerk judgments about the failure of modernity in Africa.
978 1 86814 445 7 (print) 978 1 86814 626 0 (digital) 215 x 140 mm, 272 pp Soft cover, 2007
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Ivor Chipkin is based at the Human Sciences Research Council, and also teaches at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 538 6 (print) 978 1 86814 555 3 (digital) 235 x 155 mm, 344 pp Soft cover 2011
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
What is slavery to me? Postcolonial/Slave Memory in Post-apartheid South Africa
Becoming Worthy Ancestors Archive, Public Deliberation and Identity in South Africa
Edited by Sarah Nuttall and Achille Mbembe
With an Afterword by Arjun Appadurai and Carol A. Breckenridge
978 1 86814 473 0 240 x 160 mm, 400 pp Illustrated Soft cover, 2009 With Duke University Press
Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis is a pioneering effort to insert South Africa’s largest city into urban theory, on its own terms. Johannesburg is Africa’s premier metropolis. Yet theories of urbanisation have cast it as an emblem of irresolvable crisis, the spatial embodiment of unequal economic relations and segregationist policies, and a city that responds, but does not contribute to modernity on the global scale. Complicating and contesting such characterisations, the contributors to this collection reassess classic theories of metropolitan modernity as they explore the experience of ‘city-ness’ and urban life in post-apartheid South Africa. They portray Johannesburg as a polycentric and international city with a hybrid history that continually permeates the present. Contributors: Lindsay Bremner, David Bunn, Fred de Vries, Nsizwa Dlamini, Mark Gevisser, Stefan Helgesson, Julia Hornberger, Jonathan Hyslop, Grace Khunou, Frédéric Le Marcis, Xavier Livermon, John Matshikiza, Achille Mbembe, Robert Muponde, Sarah Nuttall, Tom Odhiambo, Achal Prabhala and AbdouMaliq Simone. Sarah Nuttall is Associate Professor of Literary and Cultural Studies and Achille Mbembe is Research Professor in History and Politics, both at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Luka Jantjie Resistance Hero of the South African Frontier
An exciting tribute to one man’s courage and dignity in the face of overwhelming odds, and a welcome contribution to the history of resistance to the rapacious colonial conquest of southern Africa. — Neil Parsons, University of Botswana Luka Jantjie is today a largely forgotten hero of resistance to British colonialism, his place in South African history overshadowed by events elsewhere in the region. This book attempts to redress the balance by recording his remarkable story. In 1870, at the beginning of the Kimberley diamond mining boom that was to transform southern Africa, Luka Jantjie was the first independent African ruler to lose his land to the new colonialists, who promptly annexed the diamond fields. His outspoken stand against the hypocrisy of colonial ‘justice’ earned him the epithet ‘a wild fellow who hates the English’. As the son of an early Christian convert, Luka was brought up to respect peace and non-violence; his boycott of rural trading stores in the early 1890s was perhaps the earliest use of nonviolent resistance in colonial South Africa. His steady refusal to bow to colonial demands of subservience intensified the enmity of local colonists determined to ‘teach him a lesson’. As many of his people succumbed to colonial pressures, Luka was twice forced to take up arms to defend himself and his people from colonial attacks. His life ended in a dramatic and heroic last stand in the ancestral sanctuary of the Langeberg mountain range, the consequences of which stretched far into the next century.
City of Extremes The Spatial Politics of Johannesburg
Martin J. Murray
… gets beneath the surface of the city’s chaotic present to discover the inertia of long-term deployments. —Lindsay Bremner, Professor of Architecture, Temple University City of Extremes is a powerful critique of urban development in greater Johannesburg since 1994. Murray describes how a loose alliance of city-builders – including real estate developers, large-scale property owners and municipal officials – has sought to remake Johannesburg in the upbeat image of a ‘world-class’ city. By creating new sites of sequestered luxury catering to the comfort, safety and security of affluent urban residents, they have produced a new spatial dynamic of social exclusion, effectively barricading the mostly black urban poor from full participation in the mainstream of urban life. This partitioning of the cityscape is enabled by an urban planning environment of limited regulation of the prerogatives of real estate capital. Murray suggests that the ‘global cities’ paradigm is inadequate for understanding the historical specificity of the colonial mining town turned postcolonial megacity of Johannesburg. Martin J. Murray is Professor of Urban Planning at the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, and Adjunct Professor at the Center for African and African-American Studies at the University of Michigan, United States.
978 1 86814 523 2 235 x 155 mm, 480 pp Soft cover, 2011 With Duke University Press
Kevin Shillington is the author of a number of historical and contemporary works including The Colonisation of the Southern Tswana 1870-1900 (1985), Causes and Consequences of Independence in Africa (1997) and History of Africa (3rd edition 2005).
978 1 86814 549 2 234 x 156 mm, 320 pp 16 pp colour section Soft cover 2011 With Aldridge Press
Home Spaces, Street Styles Contesting Power and Identity in a South African City
Leslie J. Bank
… a very powerful ethnography from post-apartheid South Africa and an important contribution to the anthropology of the city. —Thomas Hylland Eriksen, University of Oslo This book revisits and updates the classic Xhosa in Town series, which was based on research conducted in East London during the 1950s. Bank returned to the areas studied in the 1950s to assess how social and political changes have transformed them, in particular the apartheid reconstructions of the 1960s and 1970s, the struggle for liberation and the post-apartheid period in the 1990s and 2000s. He offers fresh insights into the understanding of urbanism in South Africa by exploring the relationship between social identities formation and the struggle for power and place inside the city. Leslie J. Bank is Professor and Director at the Fort Hare Institute of Social and Economic Research.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Prologue Birth and early life, 1835-1858 Adult responsibilities, 1858-1868 The defence of the diamond fields, 1867-1871 The loss of the diamond fields, 1871-1876 Tension and resistance in the colony, 1876-1878 Rebellion and the Battle of Kho, 1878 Dithakong and capture, 1878-1879 Prison, release and the new Morafe, 1879-1881 Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Chapter 15. Chapter 16. Chapter 17. War, land and the British, 1882-1885 The land commission, 1885-1886 From ‘murmuring’ to boycott, British Bechuanaland, 1886-1895 The Langeberg, rinderpest and rebellion, 1895-1896 The gathering storm, January-April, 1897 The battle for the Langeberg, April-May, 1897 Siege and final stand, May-July, 1897 The aftermath
978 1 86814 531 7 220 x 150 mm, 288 pp Soft cover, 2011 With Pluto Press
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Johannesburg The Elusive Metropolis
Philip Bonner and Noor Nieftagodien
Alexandra is a social and political history of one of South Africa’s oldest townships. It begins with the founding of the freehold township in 1912, and traces its growth as a centre of black working class life in the heart of Johannesburg. Declared as a location for ‘natives and coloureds’, Alexandra became home to a diverse population where homeowners, tenants, squatters, hostel-dwellers, workers and migrants drawn from every corner of the country converged to make a life in the city. Based on scores of life history interviews, the book portrays in vivid detail the daily struggles and tribulations of Alexandrans. A focus is the rich history of political resistance, in which civic movements and political organisations arranged bus boycotts, anti-removal and anti-pass campaigns, and mobilised for housing and a better life for residents. But the book is not only about politics. It tells the stories of daily life, of the making of urban cultures, of the soccer matches, church services and shebeens that vie for the attention of residents. Philip Bonner and Noor Nieftagodien are both based at the History Workshop, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Metal That Will Not Bend The National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa, 1980-1995
Brilliant exposé of Numsa’s role in the liberation of our country. Aluta Continua! —Numsa president, Cedric Gina In the 1980s there was a surge of trade union power on a scale not previously experienced in South Africa. Numsa was a highly prominent and innovative union, and one of Cosatu’s most radical affiliates, and its story is one of astonishing achievements as its activities built workers’ rights and deeply eroded the apartheid state. Metal That Will Not Bend – a translation of the union’s motto Insimbi ayigobi – tells that story by revisiting the formation of the powerful modern-day union movement. The trade union movement kept the internal struggle alive in the late 1980s when community organisations in the United Democratic Front (UDF) had been smashed. Forrest traces the themes of power, independence and workers’ control as they were practised by Numsa. A number of small metal organisations, with at times antagonistic organisational and political strategies, were built in different ways and with different attitudes to the exiled liberation movements in the early 1980s. They eventually unified into one powerful organisation. Workers’ struggles built this power, and Forrest scrutinises the strategies used in the late 1980s, such as innovative bargaining strategies, to significantly improve the conditions of impoverished workers. The book then progresses to examine how Numsa used its power in an attempt to insert a workers’ perspective into the political transition of the early 1990s.
978 186814 480 8 (print) 978 1 86814 614 7 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 526 pp Illustrated Soft cover, 2008
Riding High Horses, Humans and History in South Africa
The horses introduced to the southern tip of Africa were both agents and subjects of enduring changes. They were key to the colonial economies, buttressing the socio-political order and inspiring contemporary imaginations. These equine colonisers not only provided power and transportation but also helped transform their new biophysical and social environments. In some ways Riding High is an attempt to chronicle the effects of an inter-species relationship whose significance was vast and led to major changes in the history of leisure, transportation, trade, warfare, and agriculture. On another level, these stories are simply the adventures of a big gentle herbivore and a small, rogue primate. Riding High reinserts the horse into the broader historical narrative about southern Africa and speculates what a new kind of history that takes animals seriously might offer us.
978 1 86814 514 0 (print) 978 1 86814 667 3 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 360 pp Illustrated Soft cover, 2010
Sandra Swart is Associate Professor in the Department of History at Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Kally Forrest was editor of the South African Labour Bulletin. She has edited and published a number of popular books on South African trade union histories.
Tracks in a Mountain Range Exploring the History of the uKhahlamba-Drakensberg
John Wright and Aron Mazel
Since the arrival of literate European settlers in what is now KwaZulu-Natal in the second quarter of the nineteenth century, numerous stories about the Drakensberg region have made their way into print. But for every story which happens to have been written down, there are many others which have not, and which are therefore unavailable to us in our aim of wanting to establish a modern-day understanding of the history of the Drakensberg. The declaration of the uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park as a World Heritage Site provided an occasion for reflecting on the history and people of the region, from the earliest known times to the present. Constructed from archaeological and written sources, this book highlights the histories of the indigenous San hunter-gatherers and black farmers, as well as of the European colonisers. The accessible text is complemented by photographs of the landscape, rock art and archaeological finds. John Wright is an Emeritus Professor of History at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Aron Mazel is an archaeologist at the International Centre for Cultural and Heritage Studies, Newcastle University, United Kingdom.
978 1 86814 534 8 (print) 978 1 86814 556 0 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 576 pp Illustrated Soft cover 2011
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Building local power: 1970s Power through numbers: 1980-1985 Power in unity: 1980-1987 Breaking the apartheid mould: 1980-1982 Worker action fans out: 1980-1984 Melding institutional, campaign and bureaucratic power: 1983-1990 Conquest of Metal Industrial Council: 1987-1988 Auto workers take power: 1982-1989 Auto takes on the industry: 1990-1992 New directions: 1988-1991 Defeat of Mawu strategy: 1990-1992 Towards a new industry: 1993 Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Chapter 15. Chapter 16. Chapter 17. Chapter 18. Chapter 19. Chapter 20. Chapter 21. Chapter 22. The Cinderella sector: 1983-1990 Applying vision in auto and motor: 1990-1995 Applying vision in engineering: 1994-1995 Independent worker movement: 1980-1986 Beginnings of alliance politics: 1984-1986 Weakening the socialist impulse: Civil war in Natal 1987-1994 Civil war in Transvaal: 1989-1994 New politics: 1987-1990 Disinvestment: Pragmatic politics 1985-1989 Compromising on socialism: Legacy of the Alliance 1989-1995
978 1 86814 409 9 (print) 978 1 86814 681 9 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 176 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2007
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Alexandra A History
Edited by Daryl Glaser
For nearly ten years – more if we include his period of influence under Mandela’s presidency – Thabo Mbeki bestrode South Africa’s political stage. Mbeki was a seminal figure in South Africa’s new democracy, one who left a huge mark in many fields. If we wish to understand the character and fate of post-1994 South Africa, we must therefore ask: What kind of political system, economy and society has the former President bequeathed to the government of Jacob Zuma and to the citizens of South Africa generally? This question is addressed head-on here by a diverse range of analysts, commentators and participants in the political process. Mbeki and After will be of interest to anyone wishing to understand the current political landscape in South Africa, and Mbeki’s role in shaping it.
The African National Congress and the Regeneration of Political Power
Few outsiders have been able to penetrate the complex world of the ANC in power as Susan Booysen has. This is a superlative and passionate work by a critical observer, researcher, analyst who is miles ahead of the field. — Ronnie Kasrils, former ANC government minister The African National Congress (ANC) has moved light years beyond the liberation movement of old. It is a party-movement that draws on its liberation credentials, and continuously extracts immense power from its deep anchorage amongst the people of South Africa. Notions of trust, tradition and caring infuse this blend. Yet, the ANC is conflicted by a multitude of weaknesses, cracks, factions and unflinching eyes on internal succession battles and chances to generate ‘patriotic’ capital. It is in charge of the state, and fuses party and state in the name of electoral conquest, but it fails to bring definitive solutions to crucial matters of government. The ANC remains a giant … on porous legs. And, as it moves post-peak, its hands are firm around the levers of power. Booysen has constructed her analysis around the framework of the ANC’s four faces of political power – the organisation, the people, political parties and elections and policy and government. Based on an understanding of the struggles and achievements along with the deferred dreams, her focus is on how, since 1994, it has acted to continuously regenerate its power.
978 1 86814 502 7 (print) 978 1 86814 651 2 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 320 pp Soft cover, 2010
Daryl Glaser is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Popular Politics and Resistance Movements in South Africa
Edited by William Beinart and Marcelle C. Dawson
… self-consciously attempts not to be corralled in by a nationalist framework with a strong inclination to celebrate and justify current regimes of power. By focusing their attention on popular movements and resistance the authors make an important contribution to the historiography on South Africa’s liberation struggle. —Noor Nieftagodien, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg This volume explores some of the key features of popular politics and resistance before and after 1994. It looks at continuities and changes in the forms of struggle and ideologies involved, as well as the significance of post-apartheid grassroots politics. Is this a new form of politics or does it stand as a direct descendent of the insurrectionary impulses of the late apartheid era? William Beinart is Rhodes Professor of Race Relations and Director of Graduate Studies at the African Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford University. Marcelle C. Dawson is a Senior Researcher associated with the South African Research Chair in Social Change at the University of Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 518 8 (print) 978 1 86814 662 8 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 380 pp Soft cover, 2010
Susan Booysen is a political analyst and commentator, and is based at Wits University’s Graduate School of Public and Development Management (P&DM).
978 1 86814 542 3 (print) 978 1 86814 553 9 (digital) 235 x 155 mm, 512 pp Soft cover 2011
The Origins of Non-Racialism White Opposition to Apartheid in the 1950s
This is a path-breaking study of the emergence of non-racialism … a painstaking insight into the Congress Movement and the Communist Party, then operating underground, as well as the Liberal Party, drawing on widespread oral and archival material. —Raymond Suttner, author of The ANC Underground Freedom came to South Africa far later than elsewhere on the continent – and yet it was marked by a commitment to non-racialism. How did this come about? How did an African nationalist liberation movement resisting apartheid open its doors to other races, and whites in particular? This book uncovers some of the stories and hidden histories that help explain our past. It focuses on a talented, brave, but tiny minority of whites who rejected the growing racism of postwar South Africa and worked to breach the dividing line between black and white. David Everatt is the Executive Director of the Gauteng City-Region Observatory, a joint project of the University of Johannesburg, the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and Gauteng Provincial Government.
SECTION 1 Chapter 1. Chapter 2. SECTION 2 Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. SECTION 3 Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9.
ANC movement-party in power Introduction: ANC pathways to claiming, consolidating and regenerating political power Aluta continua, from Polokwane to Mangaung ANC power and the power of the people The ANC and its pillars of people’s power Power through the ballot and the brick Participation and power through cooperation, complicity, co-optation ANC in party politics and elections Power through elections – serial declines, but the centre holds Floor-crossing and entrenchment of ANC electoral supremacy Subjugation and demise of the (New) National Party Countered and cowered Congress of the People (Cope)
SECTION 4 Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. SECTION 5 Chapter 13.
ANC power and state power State institutions as site of struggle in ANC wars Between centralisation and centralism – the Presidency of South Africa Policy, pursuit of the ‘turn to the left’ and the paradox of continuity Conclusion ANC at a critical conjuncture – movement, people, elections, governance
978 1 86814 500 3 (print) 978 1 86814 658 1 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 240 pp Soft cover, 2009
Related titles from Wits University Press: Mbeki and After, Popular Politics and Resistance Movements
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Mbeki and After Reflections on the Legacy of Thabo Mbeki
Reviving the tradition of critical scholarship developed in the 1970s and 1980s by the South African Review, the New South African Review is intended to be informative, discursive and accessible to a wide readership. It is not envisaged as an annual review of events, although it will seek to provide contemporary comment, and it will engage with (indeed, seek out) current controversies. John Daniel is from the School of International Training (Durban); Prishani Naidoo, Devan Pillay and Roger Southall are lecturers in the Department of Sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
New South African Review 2 New Paths, Old Compromises?
Edited by John Daniel, Prishani Naidoo, Devan Pillay and Roger Southall
In this volume, the New Growth Path (NGP) adopted by the South African government in 2010 provides the basis for a debate about whether ‘decent work’ is the best possible solution to South Africa’s problems of low economic growth and high unemployment. Rising inequality is explored against the backdrop of the failings of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and BroadBased Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE). The NGP’s proposals for ‘greening the economy’ are discussed, with emphasis on the creation of ‘green jobs’ and biofuels. The volume also includes investigations into the crisis of acid mine drainage on the Witwatersrand, and other persistent environmental challenges. Possibilities for participatory forms of government are surveyed, and civil society activism is explored in relation to the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) and environmental campaigns. The crisis in child care in public hospitals, the difficulties that characterise attempts at building relationships between the police and a township community, and the problems related to the absence of legislation to govern the powers of traditional authorities over land allocation (through the experience of the Eastern Cape) are also featured. Asking whether the NGP reflects a set of new policies or an attempt to re-dress old (com) promises in new clothes, this volume brings together different voices in debate about possibilities for alternatives to neo-liberal and capitalist development in South Africa.
New South African Review 1 2010: Development or Decline?
Edited by John Daniel, Prishani Naidoo, Devan Pillay and Roger Southall
On the evidence of this first volume, publication of the NSAR promises to become an exciting event in the annual calendar, giving voice to critical research and debate about the major issues confronting contemporary South Africa. —Tawana Kupe, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg A much-needed, impressive analysis of South Africa sixteen years after the end of apartheid. Essential reading for South Africa watchers and a valuable teaching resource. —Catherine Jenkins, SOAS, University of London This first volume of the NSAR offers a collection of original surveys of key issues and problems confronting post-apartheid South Africa. It ranges widely across the implications of the international crisis for the economy, the threats to our fragile ecology of present economic strategies, through to the state of the ANC and the public service, issues around service delivery, migration, HIV/AIDS, land reform, crime, the sexual behavior of our youth, and much more. Posing the provocative question of whether South Africa is embarking upon a long-term decline, the volume simultaneously argues the potential for a society premised upon social equality, social coherence and sustainability. This collection will appeal to a wide audience, national and international, interested in engaging with the multiple dilemmas and challenges facing contemporary South Africa.
Introduction Prishani Naidoo DOMESTIC AND REGIONAL POLITICS The ANC-SACP-Cosatu Alliance and its Discontents: Contesting the ‘National Democratic Revolution’ in the Zuma Era Devan Pillay The African National Congress and the Zanufication Debate James Hamill and John Hoffman The Democratic Alliance and Opposition Politics in South Africa Neil Southern and Roger Southall Democracy and Accountability: Quo Vadis South Africa? Paul Hoffman Civil Society and Participatory Policy Making in South Africa: Gaps and Opportunities Imraan Buccus and Janine Hicks Bring Back Kaiser Matanzima? Communal Land, Traditional Leaders and the Politics of Nostalgia Leslie Bank and Clifford Mabhena South Africa and ‘Southern Africa’: What Relationship in 2011? Chris Saunders ECONOMICS AND SOCIETY ‘The wages are low but they are better than nothing’: The Dilemma of Decent Work and Job Creation in South Africa Edward Webster The Crisis of Childcare in South African Public Hospitals Haroon Saloojee The Worker Cooperative Alternative in South Africa Vishwas Satgar and Michelle Williams Street Level Policing in South Africa: A View from Gauteng Knowledge Rajohane Matshedisho BEE Reform: The Case for an Institutional Perspective Don Lindsay Bokfontein Amazes the Nations: Community Work Programme (CWP) Heals a Traumatised Community Malose Langa and Karl von Holdt ENVIRONMENT Above and Beyond South Africa’s Minerals-Energy Complex Khadija Sharife and Patrick Bond Corrosion and Externalities: The Socio-economic Impacts of Acid Mine Drainage on the Witwatersrand, South Africa David Fig Food versus Fuel? State, Business, Civil Society and the Biofuels Debate in South Africa, 2003 to 2010 William Attwell MEDIA The Print Media Transformation Dilemma Jane Duncan The South African Broadcasting Corporation – The Creation and Loss of a Citizenship Vision and the Possibilities for Building a New One Kate Skinner
978 1 86814 541 6 (print) 978 1 86814 559 1 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 488 pp Soft cover 2011
978 1 86814 516 4 (print) 978 1 86814 558 4 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 488 pp Soft cover 2010
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Sarah Mosoetsa … entered the hidden abode of household production to discover a very different world from the one painted by the merchants of social capital and livelihood strategies. Rather than the romance of poor people struggling together to survive, she found a fractious and often violent world. —From the foreword by Michael Burawoy This book describes how households in two different areas in KwaZulu-Natal are sites of both stability and conflict, due to the enormous burden placed on them by unemployment and unequal power relations. Many are extremely poor, relying on a total monthly income of less than R800. However, the book also demonstrates that they are not passive victims of poverty. Women, in particular, show impressive qualities of energy and resourcefulness. Mosoetsa draws on Amartya Sen’s notion of co-operative conflict to argue that in times of crisis there is more conflict than cooperation. She also documents the humiliation many men feel at the loss of their role as provider, and the resulting escalation of domestic violence and alcohol abuse. Sarah Mosoetsa is a research associate at the Society, Work and Development Institute (SWOP), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Debra Kaminer and Gillian Eagle
Given the history of political violence in South Africa, high levels of violence against women and children and the prevalence of violent crime, the country has the unfortunate distinction of being considered a real-life laboratory in which to study traumatic stress. Taking both a historical and contemporary perspective, this book covers the extent of and manner in which traumatic stress manifests, including the way it impacts on people’s meaning and belief systems. Therapeutic and community strategies for addressing and healing the effects of trauma exposure are covered, as well as the particular needs of traumatised children and adolescents. Traumatic Stress in South Africa provides an up-to-date overview of theory and practice. Attention is also paid to context related challenges, such as how trauma presentation and intervention is coloured by cultural systems and class disparities. Debra Kaminer is Senior Lecturer in the Psychology Department at the University of Cape Town. Gillian Eagle is Professor and Head of Psychology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 533 1 (print) 978 1 86814 627 7 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 192 pp Soft cover, 2011
iKasi The Moral Ecology of South Africa’s Township Youth
This book is based on a study of South African youth who live in townships (iKasi in isiZulu) and who, spared the apartheid era struggle, grew up in a moral vacuum. iKasi is an examination of how these disenfranchised youth think about morality. Through detailed ethnographic study, Swartz describes how a group of young people construct right and wrong, what rules govern their behaviour, how they explain the gap between what they say and what they do, and ultimately the multiple ways in which they construct meaning from the influences in their immediate contexts (or moral ecologies). Her main theme is the interrelationship between poverty, morality and youth in a post-conflict context. iKasi brilliantly illustrates the extent to which poverty impacts on the physical, emotional and psychological aspects of young people’s lives, including their moral functioning, growth and development.
978 1 86814 509 6 (print) 978 1 86814 682 6 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 232 pp Soft cover 2010
Contradicting Maternity HIV-positive Motherhood in South Africa
Drawing on rich and poignant interviews with mothers who have been diagnosed HIV-positive, Contradicting Maternity provides a rare perspective of motherhood from the mother’s point of view. Whereas motherhood is often assumed to be a secondary identity compared to the central figure of the child, this book reverses the focus, arguing that maternal experience is important in its own right. The book explores the situation in which two very powerful identities, those of motherhood and of being HIV-positive, collide in the same moment. This collision takes place at the interface of complex, and often split, social and personal meanings concerning the sanctity of motherhood and the anxieties of HIV. The book offers an interpretation of how these personal and social meanings resonate with, and also fail to encompass, the experiences surrounding HIV-positive mothers. Photographs, academic literature and the accounts of real women are read with both a psychodynamic and discursive eye, highlighting the contradictions within maternal experience, but also between maternal experience and the social imagination.
978 1 86814 522 5 230 x 150 mm, 248 pp Soft cover, 2010 With Palgrave Macmillan
Sharlene Swartz is a research specialist in the Child, Youth, Family and Social Development division of the Human Sciences Research Council.
Changing the Course of AIDS Peer Education in South Africa and its Lessons for the Global Crisis
Changing the Course of AIDS is an in-depth evaluation of peer education as a way of creating the much-needed behavioural change that could affect the course of the global health crisis of HIV/AIDS. After spending six years researching the response of large South African companies to the epidemic, David Dickinson found that regular workers serving as peer educators can be more effective as agents of behavioral change than experts who lecture about the facts. In this book he describes the promise of this grassroots intervention and the limitations of traditional top-down strategies. Dickinson takes us right into the workplace to show what it means when workers directly tackle the kinds of sexual, gender, religious, ethnic and broader social and political taboos that make behavior change so difficult, particularly when that behavior involves sex and sexuality. David Dickinson is Professor of Sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 186814 511 9 230 x 150 mm, 272 pp Soft cover, 2010 With Cornell University Press
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 494 5 (print) 978 1 86814 624 6 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 240 pp Soft cover 2009
Carol Long is an Associate Professor in Psychology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and a practicing clinical psychologist.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Eating from One Pot The Dynamics of Survival in Poor South African Households
Traumatic Stress in South Africa
Ronald J. Clarke and Timothy C. Partridge with contributions by Kathleen Kuman
The unique fossils featured in Caves of the Ape-Men were excavated at cave sites which today are clustered within the first World Heritage Site to be proclaimed in South Africa under the auspices of UNESCO. This full colour coffee table book includes excellent visuals of the area, a brief account of its history and an accessible assessment of its importance for understanding the emergence of hominids – the early creatures transitional between the great apes and man – and, later, some of the earliest representatives of our own species. Short text boxes are interspersed with illustrations of key fossil specimens as old as four million years. Also included are reconstructions of how these hominids might have appeared and the dramatic landscapes within which they were discovered.
Edited by Shireen Hassim, Tawana Kupe and Eric Worby • Photographs by Alon Skuy
Foreword by Bishop Paul Verryn
978 1 86814 487 7 210 x 180 mm, 272 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2008
The 2008 xenophobic attacks caused an outcry across the world and raised some fundamental questions about a democratic South Africa. Go Home or Die Here emanates directly from a colloquium convened by the Faculty of Humanities at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg in the weeks following the outbreak of violence. It is an attempt to make sense of the nuances and trajectories of building a democratic society out of a deeply divided and conflictual past, in the conditions of global recession, heightening inequalities and future uncertainty. With extensive photographs by award-winning photographer Alon Skuy, who covered the violence for The Times newspaper, the volume is passionate and engaged, and aims to stimulate reflection, debate and activism among concerned members of a broad public. Shireen Hassim, Tawana Kupe and Eric Worby are all academics based at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 510 2 (print) 978 1 86814 696 3 (digital) 245 x 170 mm, 296 pp Hard cover, 2008
Ron Clarke is a paleoanthropologist and the late Timothy Partridge a geologist/paleo-climatologist, both at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
The Humanitarian Hangover Displacement, Aid and Transformation in Western Tanzania
Loren B. Landau
Western Tanzania has hosted hundreds of thousands of refugees living in massive refugee camps sustained by millions of dollars of humanitarian aid. This book explores this influx of people and aid, and shows how they have transformed the politics and governmental practices of the region. Loren Landau found that the refugee influx did not produce the deleterious economic and environmental effects often assumed. Outside the camps, a Tanzanian population long marginalised became incorporated into systems of power and authority which linked them to Dar es Salaam, central Africa, Geneva, Washington and the grain farmers of the American Midwest. They became ‘Tanzanian’ as never before by exalting the territory, the nation and a political leadership that delegated responsibility for security and services to others: the United Nations, non-governmental organisations and the citizenry. The result was a hybridised regime of power shaped by history, contingency, self-interest and perception: a political form that questions models of rural transformation and the functional basis of the modern nation-state. Loren B. Landau is Director of the African Centre for Migration and Society at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
A Search for Origins Science, History and South Africa’s ‘Cradle of Humankind’
Edited by Philip Bonner, Amanda Esterhuysen and Trefor Jenkins
Foreword by Phillip Tobias
978 1 86814 455 6 235 x 155 mm, 192 pp Soft cover, 2008
978 1 86814 418 1 Philip Bonner, Amanda Esterhuysen and Trefor Jenkins are all academics based at the University of the Witwatersrand, 240 x 168 mm, 420 pp Johannesburg. Bonner is a historian, Esterhuysen an archaeologist and Jenkins is a geneticist. Full colour, illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds, 2007
Research based on fossils found in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site (COH), as well as signs of early human habitation, have shed new light on the evolution of humankind and on the significant role that southern Africa played in the development of modern humans. A Search for Origins aims to provide an overview of the history of the COH and surrounding areas, and of the important discoveries that have been made there, for a non-specialist audience. This edited volume frames the scientific advances that have been made in the COH against the intellectual and political background out of which they emerged. It is the first systematic account written by specialists in their disciplines. The multi-disciplinary approach is innovative and ground-breaking.
Selecting Immigrants National Identity and South Africa’s Immigration Policies, 1910-2008
At a time when (im)migration is at the forefront of international and South African debates, this book critically examines the relationship between changes in South Africa’s immigration policies, and shifts in the construction of national identity by the South African State. Relating the history of the immigration policies of the South African State between 1910 and 2005, it explores the synergy between periods of significant change in state discourses and policies of migration, and those historical moments when South Africa was reinvented politically or was in the process of active nation building. It is in these periods that the relationships between immigration, nationalism and national identity is most starkly revealed. In a readable, well-researched and interdisciplinary work, Peberdy provides the first history of South Africa’s immigration legislation. Sally Peberdy is Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. She is the 2007 winner of the Wits University Research Committee Publication Award.
From Tools to Symbols From Early Hominids to Modern Humans
Edited by Francesco d’Errico and Lucinda Backwell
A number of researchers have tried to characterise the anatomy and behavioural systems of early hominid and early modern human populations in an attempt to understand how we became what we are. Can archaeology, palaeoanthropology and genetics tell us how and when human cultures developed the traits that make our societies different from those of our closest living relatives? This collection of selected papers from a South African-French conference organised in honour of palaeoanthropologist Phillip Tobias, provides a multidisciplinary overview of this field of study. It is based on collaborative research conducted in sub-Saharan Africa by South African, French, American and German scholars in the last twenty years, and represents an excellent synthesis of the palaeontological and archaeological evidence of the last five million years of human evolution.
978 1 86814 484 6 220 x 150 mm, 340 pp Soft cover, 2009
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 417 4 240 x 170 mm, 606 pp Soft cover, 2005
Francesco d’Errico is Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and Research Professor at the Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, United States. Lucinda Backwell is a Researcher in the School of Geosciences at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Go Home or Die Here Violence, Xenophobia and the Reinvention of Difference in South Africa
Caves of the Ape-Men South Africa’s Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site
Edited by Natalie Swanepoel, Amanda Esterhuysen and Philip Bonner
The last 500 years represent a strikingly unexplored and misrepresented period in southern Africa’s past. In this period key cultural contours of the sub-continent took shape, while in a jagged and uneven fashion some of the features of modern identities emerged. Enormous internal economic innovation and political experimentation was taking place at the same time as expanding European mercantile forces started to press upon southern African shores and its hinterlands. This suggests that interaction, flux and mixing were a strong feature of the period, rather than the homogeneity and fixity proposed in standard historical and archaeological writings. This book represents the first step by a group of archaeologists and historians to collectively reframe and re-examine the last 500 years, and to challenge current thinking about the region’s expanding internal and colonial frontiers.
From genes to geology, medicine to music, bacteria to beauty, Wilmot James sheds light on a cornucopia of ideas. At the core is the triumph of science as enlightenment and liberation, a potent force for the public good. —Helena Cronin, London School of Economics The modern scientific discipline of genetics has helped us to understand the nature of humanity, and Wilmot James has played a key role in promoting a popular understanding of it. James tells some compelling stories about the genome: why we have different skin colours, how blood tells a special story of human history, why the brain likes music, how smell works, why kids love bugs and the teaching of evolution. He gives an account of a great South African scientist, Eddie Roux, who was known more for his politics, and of the extraordinary naturalist Eugene Marais, who became known more for his Afrikaans poetry. Wilmot James is Federal Chairperson of the Democratic Alliance. He is an Honorary Professor in the Division of Human Genetics (University of Cape Town) and a Visiting Research Professor of the Open University (United Kingdom).
978 1 86814 474 7 245 x 170 mm, 296 pp Soft cover, 2008
Natalie Swanepoel is an archaeologist at the University of South Africa, Pretoria. Amanda Esterhuysen is an archaeologist, and Philip Bonner a historian, both at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 515 7 (print) 978 1 86814 656 7 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 208 pp Soft cover, 2010
Sterkfontein Early Hominid Site in the ‘Cradle of Humankind’
This guide to Sterkfontein is the second in a series of short books on South Africa’s World Heritage Sites. Written by specialists and generously illustrated, the series aims to provide accurate and accessible introductions to the sites, and to make the visit more meaningful and enjoyable for uninformed visitors. Mapungubwe was published in 2005. Sterkfontein provides an easy-to-read overview of the geological and fossil history of the Sterkfontein Valley. The remarkable record contained in the Sterkfontein Caves, comprising thousands of animal, plant and hominid fossils, is simply presented and current debates are explained. The use of visual markers from Sterkfontein enables visitors to identify essential features and formations. Amanda Esterhuysen is an archaeologist at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Riddles in Stone Controversies, Theories and Myths about Southern Africa’s Geological Past
Riddles in Stone covers a variety of fascinating controversies and startling differences of opinion that accompanied the evolution of the study of Earth Sciences in southern Africa. Over the centuries, debates have raged amongst geologists, and between geologists and biologists, physicists and theologians, on controversies such as the age of the Earth and its lifespan; Continental Drift; the origin of ore deposits of gold, diamonds, copper and platinum; and Schwarz’s wellmeaning but forgotten Kalahari Scheme. Although scrupulously rooted in scientific literature, this book maintains an accessible and entertaining tone and shows how consensus amongst a majority may be proof of nothing. Geologists, challenged to interpret events that took place billions of years ago, have drawn up theories and hypotheses which may appear either absurdly dated or, from other perspectives, as cutting edge. Hugh Eales is Professor Emeritus of Geology at Rhodes University, South Africa.
978 1 86814 421 1 (print) 978 1 86814 678 9 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 64 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2007
978 186814 447 1 (print) 978 1 86814 666 6 (digital) 245 x 190 mm, 432 pp Soft cover, 2007
Mapungubwe Ancient African Civilisation on the Limpopo
Thomas N. Huffman
Between AD 900 and 1300, the Shashe-Limpopo basin in Limpopo Province witnessed the development of an ancient civilisation. Like civilisations everywhere, it consisted of a complex social organisation supported by intensive agriculture and long-distance trade. The Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape, as it is now known, was the forerunner of the famous town of Great Zimbabwe, situated about 200 kilometres to the north, and its cultural connection to Great Zimbabwe and the Venda people allows archaeologists to reconstruct its evolution. This generously illustrated book tells the story of an African civilisation that began more than 1000 years ago. It is the first in a series of accessible books written by specialists for visitors to South Africa’s World Heritage Sites. Thomas N. Huffmann is head of Archaeology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Stars of the Southern Skies An Astronomy Fieldguide
Edited by Mary Fitzgerald
Few books are devoted entirely to the rich skies of the southern hemisphere. Stars of the Southern Skies offers stargazers some unique insights into the night skies in their half of the world. A practical chapter is devoted to choosing an instrument – from binoculars to telescopes – with which to view the moon, the planets and the stars. The beauty and romance of the worlds around our world and the myths that have been created around them are described in one chapter; comets and meteors are detailed in another. A chapter is devoted to the Sun and Moon, a chapter to the planets. The text is complemented by superb illustrations – star charts, photographs and graphics – making it a visual delight. This is a book for anybody who has ever gazed in wonder at the glory of a star-filled sky, and a must for all budding amateur astronomers.
978 1 86814 408 2 (print) 978 1 86814 649 9 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 64 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2005
978 1 86814 410 5 (print) 978 1 86814 676 5 (digital) 240 x 180 mm, 144 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2005
Mary Fitzgerald is a former Director of the Planetarium, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Five Hundred Years Rediscovered Southern African Precedents and Prospects
Nature’s Gifts Why We Are the Way We Are
Photography by Rodger Bosch
Ara Monadjem, Peter John Taylor, F. P. D. (Woody) Cotterill and M. Corrie Schoeman
This full colour book includes chapters on the evolution, biogeography, ecology and echolocation of bats, and provides accounts for the 116 bat species known to occur in southern and central Africa. The identification of families, genera and species is aided by character matrices. The species accounts provide descriptions, measurements and diagnostic characters, as well as detailed information on the distribution, habitat, roosting habits, foraging ecology, and reproduction of each species. Photographs of the bats, including their skulls and dentition, and accurate timeexpanded echolocation call spectrograms illustrate the accounts. Species distribution maps are based on the recorded localities of 6000 museum specimens. A comprehensive appendix lists the accession number, locality and co-ordinates of every specimen represented on the distribution maps. Ara Monadjem is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Swaziland; Peter Taylor is an Associate Professor in the Department of Ecology and Resource Management at the University of Venda; Woody Cotterill is the ERANDA Research Fellow at the Africa Earth Observatory Network (AEON) and Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Cape Town; Corrie Schoeman is a Lecturer in the School of Biological and Conservation Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.
978 1 86814 478 5 (print) 978 1 86814 646 8 (digital) 240 x 210 mm, 268 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2009
Invaded is a story about biological pollution – the plants and animals that have spread around the globe on the back of human movement, those that have traversed the boundaries of natural habitats and have begun to erode their new adopted environment. Joubert documents the grave consequences of humankind’s intended and unintended introduction of alien species into South Africa. Working in close collaboration with the Centre for Invasion Biology at Stellenbosch University, she brings to the general reader a scientifically sound yet accessible and important book. Invaded is, however, not a story of despair. Instead, it encourages scientists, citizens and policy-makers to continue with their efforts to contain and eradicate invasive alien species. It is a book for the guardians of the South African environment.
978 1 86814 508 9 (print) 978 1 86814 618 5 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 608 pp Full colour, illustrated Integrated cover, 2010
Boiling Point People in a Changing Climate
Climate change is the biggest moral problem of our time, as people who have contributed least to the pollution responsible for global warming are increasingly understood to be most vulnerable to the shifting environment around them. In Boiling Point, Joubert embarks on a journey in which she explores the lives of some South Africans affected by this phenomenon: a rooibos tea farmer in the Northern Cape, a traditional fisherman in Lambert’s Bay, a farmer in the centre of the Free State’s maize belt, a political refugee in Pietermaritzburg and a sangoma in Limpopo mining country. Most of these communities live on a knife-edge because of poverty and their dependence on an already capricious natural environment. Boiling Point considers what might happen to them as normal weather trends are amplified in a hotter world.
Elephant Management A Scientific Assessment for South Africa
Edited by R. J. Scholes and K. G. Mennell
Elephants are among the most magnificent – but also most problematic – members of South Africa’s wildlife population. While they are sought after by tourists, they also have a major impact on their environment. As a result, elephant management has become a highly complex and often controversial discipline. The South African Minister for Environmental Affairs and Tourism convened a round table, which recommended that a scientific assessment of elephant management be undertaken to gather, evaluate and present all the relevant information on the topic. Its main findings and recommendations are contained in this volume. Elephant Management is the first book of its kind, combining the work of more than 60 national and international experts. Extensively reviewed by policy-makers and other stakeholders, it is the most systematic and comprehensive review of savannah elephant populations and factors relevant to managing them to date. Bob Scholes is an ecologist at the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Kathleen Mennell is a Masters student in the Ecosystem Processes and Dynamics Research Group at the CSIR.
978 1 86814 467 9 (print) 978 1 86814 620 8 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 264 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2008
Scorched South Africa’s Changing Climate
Scorched is a vivid journey through southern Africa’s mesmerising landscapes as climate change sets in. It wanders through the KZN Midlands to capture the last faltering calls of a rain frog that was named after the hobbit Bilbo Baggins. The author pauses for thought following an elephant stampede to consider how savannahs might shift in an altered climate. She trails the wading birds of the West Coast into the high Arctic tundra for their annual breeding season before returning to a Cape which is crisping over as drought continues to grip the province. The world is shifting its shape around these plants and animals. In places it is warming and drying, elsewhere the rains come in greater deluges. Some are abandoned as species retreat before the onslaught of rising greenhouse gases and altered weather patterns. Scorched ponders the morality of the changes humankind has wrought, and the future of life as we know it.
978 1 86814 479 2 (print) 978 1 86814 629 1 (digital) 245 x 170 mm, 645 pp Soft cover, 2008
Adaptive Herbivore Ecology Student Edition From Resources to Populations in Variable Environments
The adaptation of herbivore behaviour is seasonal and locational variations in vegetation quantity and quality is inadequately modelled by conventional methods. Norman Owen-Smith innovatively links the principles of adaptive behaviour to their consequences for population dynamics and community ecology, through the application of a metaphysiological modelling approach. The main focus is on large mammalian herbivores occupying seasonally variable environments such as those characterised by African savannahs, but applications to temperate zone ungulates are also included. Issues of habitat suitability are similarly investigated. The modelling approach accommodates various sources of environmental variability, in space and time, in a simple conceptual way and has the potential to be applied to other consumer-resource systems. Norman Owen-Smith is Research Professor in African Ecology and heads the Centre for African Ecology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 437 2 (print) 978 1 86814 668 0 (digital) 210 x 190 mm, 264 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover, 2006
Leonie Joubert is a freelance science writer. Scorched: South Africa’s Changing Climate and Invaded: The Biological Invasion of South Africa, were awarded honorary Sunday Times/Alan Paton Awards. Boiling Point: People in a Changing Climate, is based on research funded by the 2007 Ruth First Fellowship. 68
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 427 3 230 x 150 mm, 374 pp Soft cover, 2005
Invaded The Biological Invasion of South Africa
Bats of Southern and Central Africa A Biogeographic and Taxonomic Synthesis
First published in 1976, People of the Eland helped to lay the foundations for a new generation of research into the meaning of prehistoric art. It was the first major step away from the outsider’s view upon San rock art that had dominated studies of rock art for nearly a century. The book, an account of the rock art of the San of the Drakensberg Range, was also about the mountain San themselves: their lives, their beliefs, their culture and their history during colonisation. It quickly became clear to Vinnicombe that the art reflected the most deeply held San beliefs and symbols and she tried to gain an insider’s view of the rock art using San understandings of the world. This approach and this understanding have now become the standard for all those working with San rock art. Whilst this early knowledge of San art has been built upon considerably since 1976, Vinnicombe’s contribution remains a cornerstone of our current understanding. Reprinted here in full colour, with the original artwork and photographs, People of the Eland remains a seminal work, the impact of which cannot be underestimated. Patricia Vinnicombe was one of South Africa’s foremost rock art experts. She died in Australia in 2003.
Seeing and Knowing Rock Art with and without Ethnography
Edited by Geoffrey Blundell, Christopher Chippindale and Benjamin Smith
It is largely through the work of David Lewis-Williams that San rock art has come to be understood so well, as a complex symbolic and metaphoric representation of San religious beliefs and practices. This volume demonstrates the depth and wide geographical impact of Lewis-Williams’ contribution, with particular emphasis on his use of theory and methodology drawn from ethnography. Seeing and Knowing explores how to understand and learn from rock art with and without ethnography. Because many of the chapters are based on solid fieldwork and ethnographic research, they offer a new body of work that provides the evidence for differentiation between knowing and simply seeing. The volume is unique in that it covers such a wide geographic range of examples on this topic, from southern Africa, to Scandinavia, to the United States. Many of the chapters explore studies in rock art regions of the world where variation and constancy can be observed and explored across distances both in space and in time. Geoffrey Blundell is Curator of the Origins Centre museum at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Christopher Chippindale is a reader in Archaeology and Curator for British Collections at the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge University. Benjamin Smith is Director of the Rock Art Research Institute (RARI) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 497 6 (print) 978 1 86814 660 4 (digital) 250 x 270 mm, 400 pp Soft cover, illustrated 2009
The Eland’s People New Perspectives in the Rock Art of the Maloti-Drakensberg Bushmen
Edited by Peter Mitchell and Benjamin Smith
Only 1000 copies of People of the Eland were printed in 1976. It was neither reissued nor reprinted and has become one of the rarest and most expensive of all books on the African past. In 2002, Vinnicombe started to explore the possibility of republication, but she did not feel that the book could be reissued without adding additional sections to explain how knowledge had expanded in the decades since its publication. Tragically, Pat died in March 2003. Peter Mitchell and Benjamin Smith took up her challenge and brought together the leading scholars in the field to write new sections to explain both how knowledge has changed since the publication of People of the Eland, and how current research is still influenced by this landmark volume. The Eland’s People is a companion volume to People of the Eland that aims to provide a richer appreciation of the importance of Pat’s original work, as well as allowing readers an overview of current understandings of Drakensberg rock art. Peter Mitchell is a Professor at the School of Archaeology, St Hugh’s College, Oxford University. Benjamin Smith is the Director of the Rock Art Research Institute (RARI) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. Chapter 7. Chapter 8. Chapter 9. Chapter 10. Chapter 11. Chapter 12. Chapter 13. Chapter 14. Chapter 15. Chapter 16. Chapter 17. Rock art with and without ethnography Geoffrey Blundell, Christopher Chippindale and Benjamin Smith Flashes of brilliance: San rock paintings of heaven’s things Sven Ouzman Snake and veil: The rock engravings of Driekopseiland, Northern Cape, South Africa David Morris Cups and saucers: A preliminary investigation of the rock carvings of Tsodilo Hills, northern Botswana
978 1 86814 513 3 (print) 978 1 86814 671 0 (digital) 245 x 200 mm, 328 pp Soft cover, illustrated 2010 With Left Coast Press Rights: Africa only
Art and authorship in southern African rock art: Examining the Limpopo-Shashe Confluence Area
Edward B. Eastwood, Geoffrey Blundell and Benjamin Smith
978 1 86814 498 3 (print) 978 1 86814 628 4 (digital) 250 x 270 mm, 256 pp Soft cover, illustrated 2009
Archaeology, ethnography, and rock art: A modern-day study from Tanzania Imogene L. Lim Art and belief: The ever-changing and the never-changing in the Far West David S. Whitley Crow Indian elk love-medicine and rock art in Montana and Wyoming Lawrence L. Loendorf Layer by layer: Precision and accuracy in rock art recording and dating Johannes Loubser From the tyranny of the figures to the interrelationship between myths, rock art and their surfaces
Composite creatures in European Palaeolithic art Thinking strings: On theory, shifts and conceptual issues in the study of Palaeolithic art Margaret W. Conkey Rock art without ethnography? A history of attitude to rock art and landscape at Frøysjøen, western Norway
‘Meaning cannot rest or stay the same’ Patricia Vinnicombe Manica rock art in contemporary society Tore Sætersdal Oral tradition, ethnography, and the practice of North American archaeology Julie E. Francis and
Lawrence L. Loendorf
Beyond rock art: Archaeological interpretation and the shamanic frame Neil Price
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
People of the Eland Rock Paintings of the Drakensberg Bushmen as a Reflection of their Life and Thought
Women by Women 50 Years of Women’s Photography in South Africa
Edited by Robin Comley, George Hallett and Neo Ntsoma Introduction by Penny Siopis
978 1 86814 441 9 (print) 978 1 86814 695 6 (digital) 300 x 290 mm, 260 pp Full colour, illustrated Hard cover 2006 With the Department of Arts and Culture, Republic of South Africa
This book celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the 1956 women’s march on the Union Buildings. It provides a showcase of photographic talent, from the early pioneers of social documentary to the challenging images created by women in South Africa today. As the struggle against apartheid gained momentum in the 1970s and 1980s, women photographers recorded the drama unfolding across the land. More recently, women have begun exploring a different aesthetic and developing a wide range of photographic practices in the worlds of fashion, journalism, documentary and advertising.
African Dream Machines Style, Identity and Meaning of African Headrests
African Dream Machines takes African headrests out of the category of functional objects and into the more rarefied category of ‘art’ objects. Styles in African headrests are usually defined in terms of western art and archaeological discourses, but this book interrogates these definitions of style and demonstrates the shortcomings of defining a single formal style model as exclusive to a single ethnic group. Anitra Nettleton’s drawings of each and every headrest encountered are a major part of the project.
Edited by Joni Brenner, Elizabeth Burroughs and Karel Nel
Hominid fossils touch a responsive chord in people everywhere, who seem to have an inherent drive to know their beginnings. We want to know what the fossils have to say to us. There seems to be a magic in the fossilised bones that transcends time …. —Donald Johanson and Blake Edgar Life of Bone brings into sharp relief the abutting practices of the scientific and the artistic, practices which have coexisted since the beginning of our species. It is based on an exhibition at the Origins Centre at the University of the Witwatersrand, which displayed the original fossil skull of the Taung child hominid alongside artworks by Joni Brenner, Gerhard Marx and Karel Nel made specifically in response to these evolutionarily significant remains. This unique combination prompts a range of enquiries on the nature of both artistic and scientific disciplines, and encourages a dialogue between the very distant historic and the contemporary.
978 1 86814 458 7 (print) 978 1 86814 612 3 (digital) 245 x 170 mm, 488 pp Illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2007
978 1 86814 539 3 (print) 978 1 86814 647 5 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 176 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2011
Dunga Manzi / Stirring Waters
Edited by Nessa Leibhammer
Dunga Manzi / Stirring Waters showcases some of South Africa’s most treasured heritage in the form of Tsonga and Shangaan art and culture. It tracks the history of these cultural groups through essays and a wealth of images of material culture and art. Divided into four sections, the book highlights the histories of the Tsonga and Shangaan, including a personal narrative of the Makhubele family. The second section explores the magnificent beading tradition and the third, the complex legacy of woodcarving from the late nineteenth century to contemporary times. The historical trajectory, as well as the spectacular attire and equipment of sangomas, form the subject of the fourth and last section.
Robin Comley is a freelance picture editor and photographic consultant. George Hallett and Neo Ntsoma are award-winning photographers.
Anitra Nettleton is Professor in the Wits School of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She is the 2006 winner of the Wits University Research Committee Publication Award.
Uplifting the Colonial Philistine Florence Phillips and the Making of the Johannesburg Art Gallery
Uplifting the Colonial Philistine is a thoroughly researched, account of the unusual circumstances in which early Johannesburg came to have an art gallery with one of the most avant-garde collections in the world. It describes the characters who brought the Johannesburg Art Gallery to its launch in 1910: Florence Phillips, wife of one of the Randlord patrons, and Hugh Lane, curator. Containing 100 reproductions from the original catalogue, this book unravels the complex intertwining of personal and socio-political agendas that made up the fabric of the founding.
History after Apartheid Visual Culture and Public Memory in a Democratic South Africa
Annie E. Coombes
History after Apartheid analyses how South Africa’s visual and material culture represented the past while at the same time contributing to the process of social transformation. Coombes examines how strategies for embodying different models of historical knowledge and experience are negotiated in public culture – in monuments, museums and contemporary fine art. She explores the dilemmas posed by a range of visual and material culture including key South African heritage sites, and highlights the contradictory investment in these sites among competing constituencies.
978 1 86814 449 5 (print) Nessa Leibhammer is a Professor in the Wits School of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 978 1 86814 691 8 (digital) 278 x 215 mm, 232 pp Full colour, illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2007 With the Johannesburg Art Gallery
Dumile Feni Retrospective
Johannesburg Art Gallery • Curated and edited by Prince Mbusi Dube
My subjects are Africans because they are my people, but my message, the idea I am bringing to put across has nothing to do with racialism. —Dumile Feni Dumile Feni was one of Africa’s greatest twentieth century artists – painter, sculptor, poet and nascent filmmaker too. This lavishly illustrated, full-colour book is the most comprehensive collection of Dumile’s work to date. It honours the artist’s work, sketches, paintings and sculptures, and provides intimate, quirky photographs of Dumile himself, essays about him by great contemporary thinkers in the art world, poetry about him and poetry by him.
978 1 86814 436 5 (print) 978 1 86814 686 4 (digital) 230 x 170 mm, 480 pp Illustrated Soft cover with gatefolds 2006
978 1 86814 407 5 230 x 155 mm, 384 pp Soft cover 2004 With Duke University Press
Jillian Carman was a curator at the Johannesburg Art Gallery for twenty years. She is the 2005 winner of the Wits Research Committee Publication Award. 72
Annie E. Coombes is Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the School of History of Art, Film and Visual Media at Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom.
978 1 86814 442 6 300 x 240 mm, 248 pp Prince Mbusi Dube is the Education Curator at the Johannesburg Art Gallery and also the Curator of the Dumile Feni Full colour, illustrated Retrospective. Hard cover, 2006 With the Johannesburg Art Gallery
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Life of Bone Art meets Science
This book is about the poetry, vision and context of one of South Africa’s most talented praise poets. The author of five volumes of Xhosa poetry and performer of inspired and elegantly crafted izibongo (praise poems), Manisi saw himself as a man of multiple allegiances and identities at a time when these markers of self were rigidly policed. He was for a time the most famous poet in Kaiser Mathanzima’s court. He also wrote the first published poem about Nelson Mandela in 1954, hailing him prophetically as ‘Gleaming Road’. Despite these early accomplishments, Manisi ended his career as a lonely performer in American and South African universities. Neser examines Manisi as an inventive negotiator of rural and urban spaces, modernity and tradition, performance and publication, the local and the foreign. In the divided context in which he created poetry, the author argues, it was not possible for Manisi to articulate the package of identities that defined him. The over-determined public discourse, caught in meanings dictated by apartheid politics and the urban-centred resistance movement, distorted and isolated Manisi’s poetry. Ashlee Neser is a Researcher at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. She is the 2010 winner of the Wits University Research Committee Publication Award.
Edited by N. Chabani Manganyi and David Attwell
Chabani Manganyi published the first edition of Mphahlele’s selected letters twenty-five years ago under the same title. Bury Me at the Marketplace suggested the energy and magnanimity of Mphahlele the man, whose personality and intellect as a writer and educator would carve an indelible place for him in South Africa’s public sphere. Despite the personal nature of the letters, the further horizons of this volume are the contours of South Africa’s literary and cultural history, the international affiliations out of which it has been formed, particularly in the diaspora that connects South Africa to the rest of the African continent and to the black presence in Europe and the United States. This selection of Mphahlele’s own letters has been greatly expanded; it has also been augmented by the addition of letters from Mphahlele’s correspondents. N. Chabani Manganyi is a clinical psychologist, biographer and non-fiction writer. David Attwell is Professor of Modern Literature at the University of York, United Kingdom.
978 1 86814 489 1 (print) 978 1 86814 621 5 (digital) 230 x 155 mm, 528 pp Soft cover, 2010
978 1 86814 537 9 (print) 978 1 86814 679 6 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 280 pp Soft cover, 2011
Bushman Letters Interpreting /Xam Narrative
The Bleek and Lloyd Collection, which represents a rare and rich record of an indigenous language and culture that no longer exists, has exerted a fascination for anthropologists and poets alike. How does one begin reading texts that are at once so compromised and so unique? Bushman Letters examines not only the /Xam archive but also the critical tradition that has grown up around it, as well as the hermeneutic principles that inform that tradition. It critiques these principles and offers alternative modes of reading. The book accomplishes two things: it shows up problems with the ways the /Xam materials have been approached by previous critics, and it suggests what their interpretations have left out in the course of its own detailed and poetic readings of a number of narratives.
Marginal Spaces Reading Ivan Vladislavić
Edited by Gerald Gaylard
Ivan Vladislavić is one of the most significant writers in South Africa today. Internationally his stature rests on his responsiveness to the contemporary, his humour, his honed style, his articulation of the search for home within the urban, his delicate balance between immersion and objectivity. Locally he has been positioned by critics as the voice of the ‘now’ in post-apartheid letters for his forensic analysis of South Africa in transition from the exceptional and marginalised to the merely marginal. This edited volume collects much of the significant and original critical material, ranging from reviews to interviews to full length articles, so far published on Vladislavić’s individual works. In compiling the book, Gaylard has chosen critical material of diverse opinion and form, from the scholarly to the casual and creative, in order to indicate the wide-ranging and fertile responses that Vladislavić’s writing elicits. Moreover, he has included examples of the initial reception of each of Vladislavić’s books upon their publication. Gerald Gaylard is a senior lecturer in the English Department at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 506 5 (print) 978 1 86814 622 2 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 356 pp Soft cover, 2010
Michael Wessels is a researcher in the English Department of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
Entanglement Literary and Cultural Reflections on Post-apartheid
… a finger-on-the-pulse report from the cultural frontline of contemporary South Africa. —Isabel Hofmeyr, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Entanglement aims to capture the contradictory mixture of innovation and inertia, of loss, violence and xenophobia as well as experimentation and desegregation, which characterises post-apartheid South African life worlds. In her readings of literature, new media forms and painting, Nuttall moves away from a persistent apartheid optic, drawing on ideas of sameness and difference, and their limits, in order to elicit ways of living and imagining that are just starting to take shape and for which we might not yet have a name. In the background of her investigations lies a preoccupation with a future-oriented politics, one that builds on largely unexplored terrains of mutuality while being attentive to a historical experience of confrontation and injury. Sarah Nuttall is Associate Professor of Literary and Cultural Studies at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER), at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Nuttall is the 2008 winner of the Wits University Research Committee Publication Award.
978 1 86814 536 2 (print) 978 1 86814 650 5 (digital) 235 x 155 mm, 376 pp Illustrated Soft cover, 2011
Mediations of Violence in Africa Fashioning New Futures from Contested Pasts
Edited by Lidwien Kapteijns and Annemiek Richters
This book analyses the violence of recent African wars from the perspectives of people who experienced and witnessed them. Two of the six chapters engage with South African mediations of violence. Liz Gunner explores the ways in which song and performance in the a capella genre of the isicathamiya mediate a complex cocktail of social and psychological violence in post-1994 KwaZulu-Natal. Diana Gibson introduces the army kitbag (balsak) as a metaphor for the painful and dark memories of veterans of the border war with Angola in the apartheid state, who experienced deep psychological, social, interpersonal, political and historical disconnectedness as a result of the fighting. Lidwien Kapteijns is Professor of History at Wellesley College, United States. Annemiek Richters, physician and medical anthropologist, is Professor of Culture, Health and Illness at Leiden University Medical Centre and the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, The Netherlands.
978 1 86814 476 1 (print) 978 1 86814 632 1 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 216 pp Illustrated Soft cover, 2009
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 529 4 230 x 150 mm, 272 pp Softcover, 2010 With Koninklijke Brill NV
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Bury Me at the Marketplace Es’kia Mphahlele and Company. Letters 1943–2006
Stranger at Home The Praise Poet in Apartheid South Africa
The publication of Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart by Heinemann provided the impetus for the foundation of the African Writers Series (AWS) in 1962 with Achebe as Editorial Adviser. The AWS almost single-handedly jump-started the rapid surge in African literary creativity by putting into print more than 300 works in less than twenty years. The availability of these books throughout the world made it possible for universities and secondary schools to begin to teach courses on African literature; in Africa itself this led to a profound transformation of the curriculum in English. A whole new discipline of literary studies quickly emerged. None of this would have happened so rapidily and so successfully had it not been for the pioneering role played by the AWS.
N. Chabani Manganyi Foreword by Es’kia Mphahlele
Considered increasingly as one of the earliest South African modernists and social realists, Gerard Sekoto completed his most memorable work during the early and middle years of the 1940s. When he left for Paris in 1947, he was at the height of his creative powers. He spent 45 years as an exile in France, and during these often difficult times his talent, dedication, belief in the equality of all people and, most 978 1 86814 400 6 of all, his identity as an African sustained him. (print) Chabani Manganyi’s biography is informed 978 1 86814 640 6 by the discovery, after Sekoto’s death, of (digital) a ‘suitcase of treasures’, which contained 210 x 180 mm, 304 pp Illustrated in full colour previously unknown musical compositions, Soft cover with gatefolds letters and a large quantity of notes, writings and private documents. 2004 N. Chabani Manganyi is a clinical psychologist, biographer and non-fiction writer.
Clifton Crais and Pamela Scully
Displayed on European stages from 1810 to 1815 as the Hottentot Venus, Sara Baartman was one of the most famous women of her day, and also one of the least known. Based on research and interviews that span three continents, Crais and Scully reconstruct Baartman’s life and discuss the enduring impact of the Hottentot Venus on ideas about women, race and sexuality. The book concludes with the politics involved in returning Baartman’s remains to her home country, and connects Baartman’s story to her descendants in nineteenth- and twentiethcentury South Africa.
978 1 86814 472 3 232 x 156 mm, 360 pp Soft cover, 2008 With James Currey Publishers (UK)
James Currey was the Editorial Director at Heinemann Educational Books in charge of the African Writers Series from 1967 to 1984.
The Animal Gaze Animal Subjectivities in Southern African Narratives
Many humans do not regard animals as complex beings. Instead, they objectify animals, relate to them as ‘pets’, or see them simply as spectacles of beauty or wildness. By contrast, the southern African writers whose work is explored in The Animal Gaze, including Olive Schreiner, Zakes Mda, Yvonne Vera, Eugene N. Marais, J.M. Coetzee, Luis Bernardo Honwana, Michiel Heyns, Marlene van Niekerk and Linda Tucker, represent animals as richly individual subjects. The animals – including cattle, horses, birds, lions, leopards, baboons, dogs, cats and a whale – experience complex emotions and have agency, intentionality and morality, as well as an ability to recognise and fear death. When animals are acknowledged as subjects in this way, then the animal gaze and the human response encapsulate an interspecies communication of kinship, rather than confirming a human sense of superiority. Woodward engages with the writings of Jacques Derrida, J.M. Coetzee, Val Plumwood and Martha C. Nussbaum, in a way that compels the reader to think differently about non-human animals and human relationships with them. Wendy Woodward is a Professor in the English Department at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
978 186814 488 4 235 x 155 mm, 248 pp Illustrated Hard cover 2009 With Princeton University Press
Clifton Crais is Professor of History and Pamela Scully is Associate Professor of Women’s Studies and African Studies, both at Emory University, United States.
Tobias in Conversation Genes, Fossils and Anthropology
Phillip V. Tobias with Goran Strkalj and Jane Dugard
Tobias in Conversation invites the reader to embark on a journey through the life and work of Phillip Tobias. It is based on a collection of interviews with the internationally acclaimed scientist. Tobias is first and foremost a human anatomist. Interviews range across such topics as research into the physical anthropology of living peoples; studies of mammalian chromosomes; an invitation from Louis and Mary Leakey to describe the hominid fossils they discovered; the identification, description and naming of Homo habilis; re-opening of the Sterkfontein fossil site in 1966; Tobias’s political activism and medical ethics; and his personal philosophy concerning religion and evolution.
Into the Past A Memoir
Phillip V. Tobias
… not only records Phillip Tobias’s personal journey in life, science and education, but also the passage of our country, South Africa. —Sydney Brenner, Nobel Laureate (from the foreword) Phillip Tobias is arguably South Africa’s most honoured and decorated scientist. Into the Past focuses on his early life: from his troubled childhood in Durban and Bloemfontein to his student days at Wits University (where he also taught from 1945 until 1993) and the prolific research, correspondence and travels of his early career. His dedication to the people of Africa, and his role in the fight against racism during the harrowing decades of South Africa’s apartheid regime, are vividly recounted.
978 1 86814 462 4 (print) 978 1 86814 615 4 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 208 pp Soft cover, 2008
The Imagination of Freedom Critical Texts and Times in Contemporary Liberalism
At last, a view of literary studies that speaks to the real world where political conduct, social justice and individual freedom matter. —Laurence Wright, Rhodes University Andrew Foley explores the work of a number of writers who have responded, from a liberal viewpoint, to critical moments when the idea of human freedom has come under threat. He presents a contextualised discussion of the work of Alan Paton, Chinua Achebe, Ken Kesey, Seamus Heaney, Fay Weldon, Athol Fugard, Mario Vargas Llosa, Ian McEwan and others, in order to pursue three interrelated aims: to reassess the significance of these writers from a contemporary perspective; to clarify their political vision as liberal writers; and to develop a case for liberalism as a coherent and compelling political philosophy. Andrew Foley is Head of the Department of English in the School of Education at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
978 1 86814 477 8 (print) 978 1 86814 680 2 (digital) 250 x 170mm, 360 pp Soft cover 2008
978 1 77010 015 2 234 x 153 mm, 320 pp Soft cover 2005 With Pan Macmillan
978 1 86814 492 1 (print) 978 1 86814 644 4 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 328 pp Soft cover, 2009
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Goran Strkalj is a biological anthropologist at Macquarie University, Sydney. Jane Dugard is a biologist who writes evolutionary materials for school textbooks.
Phillip V. Tobias is Professor Emeritus in the School of Anatomical Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Africa Writes Back The African Writers Series and the Launch of African Literature
Sara Baartman and the Hottentot Venus A Ghost Story and a Biography
Gerard Sekoto ‘I am an African’
Lara Foot Newton
In 2001 South Africa was devastated by the news of a brutal rape of a nine-month-old child who came to be known as baby Tshepang. The media reported that she had been gang-raped by a group of six men. Later it was discovered that the men had been wrongfully accused and that the infant had instead been raped and sodomised by her mother’s boyfriend. Once the story of baby Tshepang hit the headlines, the scab was torn off a festering wound, and hundreds of similar stories followed. Weaving together ‘twenty thousand stories’ (the number of reported child rapes in South Africa each year), Tshepang tells a story of love, forgiveness and the difficulties of coming to terms with a violation of this magnitude.
Nothing but the Truth is the story of two brothers, of sibling rivalry, of exile, of memory and reconciliation, and the ambiguities of freedom. Nothing but the Truth (2002) was John Kani’s debut as sole playwright and was first performed in the Market Theatre in Johannesburg. It won the 2003 Fleur du Cap Award for best actor and best new South African play. In the same year Kani was also awarded a special Obie award for his extraordinary contribution to theatre in the United States. This play was selected by the South African National Department of Education for study in Grade 12. A new scholar’s edition, co-published with Macmillan South Africa, has been released which meets all requirements of the department.
978 1 86814 415 1 (print) 978 1 86814 683 3 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 64 pp Soft cover, 2005
Lara Foot Newton is a South African playwright, theatre director and producer.
978 1 86814 389 4 (print) 978 1 86814 657 4 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 72 pp Soft cover, 2002
John Kani co-wrote famous plays such as The Island with Athol Fugard and Winston Ntshona. Nothing but the Truth marks his debut as sole playwright.
Macmillan/WUP scholar’s edition: 978 1 77030 317 1, Soft cover, 2008. (Available from Macmillan South Africa, Tel. +27 11 731 3300)
Zulu Love Letter
Bhekizizwe Peterson and Ramadan Suleman
Set against the backdrop of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Zulu Love Letter is a story of two mothers in search of their daughters. Thandeka Khumalo is challenged with mending her estranged relationship with her thirteen-year-old daughter, Simangaliso, who grew up with her grandparents because of Thandeka’s career and political commitments. Tormented by a sense of guilt, Thandeka is compelled to confront her experiences of detention and torture when ghosts from the past reappear. Me’Tau, the mother of a young activist (Dineo) whose assassination Thandeka witnessed and reported, wants Thandeka to help in finding Dineo’s body so that she can be given a fitting burial. Marking the ebb-and-flow of the adults’ attempts to deal with the historical inheritances of apartheid is the ‘Love Letter’ that Simangaliso is weaving as a gift to her mother. A colourful tapestry of beads, trinkets and buttons, the ‘Love Letter’ encapsulates the power of the arts in fostering memory-work, healing and love. The script won the Special Jury Prize – Best Script 2001, at the 15th Edition, Grand Prix du Meilleur Scenariste, Paris. Bhekizizwe Peterson and Ramadan Suleman are directors of Natives At Large, a film and television production company. Peterson is also Associate Professor of African Literature, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Love, Crime and Johannesburg A Musical
Junction Avenue Theatre Company Introduction by Malcolm Purkey and Carol Steinburg
Love, Crime and Johannesburg is the story of Jimmy ‘Long Legs’ Mangane, a people’s poet involved in the struggle, who is accused of robbing a bank. He passionately asserts his innocence, claiming to work for the ‘secret secret service’. Lewis, his old friend and comrade from the struggle, now owns a bank. How did this happen? The man of the struggle is now a man of accounts. Added to the mix is an old-style gangster, two girlfriends, a Jewish father and a very unusual Chief of Police. Described as one of the first genuine post-apartheid plays, Love, Crime and Johannesburg is a witty, light-hearted account of life in the City of Gold at the turn of the millennium. Winner of the 2000 Vita Award for best script of a new South African Play.
978 1 86814 496 9 (print) 978 1 86814 505 8 (print with DVD) 978 1 86814 693 2 (digital) 210 x 180 mm, 128 pp Soft cover, illustrated, 2009
978 1 86814 354 2 (print) 978 1 86814 648 2 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 80 pp Soft cover, 2000
At this Stage Plays from Post-apartheid South Africa
Edited by Greg Homann
As South Africa continues to advance towards the fulfilment of its visionary constitution, significant shifts in the mode, style and theme of its nation’s theatre have begun to take hold. The four plays in this collection offer insights into an emerging national identity in their exploration of the themes of reconciliation, matriarchy, justice, accountability, corruption, truth, memory and violence. Editor and theatre director Greg Homann argues that South African playwrights have surfaced into a new period, in which the mode of representation has shifted to match a democratic society grappling with multiple points of view. The following plays are included: ‘Reach!’ by Lara Foot Newton ‘Some Mothers’ Sons’ by Mike van Graan ‘Shwele Bawo!’ by Motshabi Tyelele ‘Dream of the Dog’ by Craig Higginson Greg Homann is a Lecturer in South African Theatre at the Wits School of Arts, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Junction Avenue Theatre Company Introduction by Malcolm Purkey
A truly superb production .... It is subtle, sophisticated, polished, warm, informative and much more – in short bloody wonderful. —Charles van Onselen, historian Sophiatown was the ‘Chicago of South Africa’, a vibrant community that produced not only gangsters and shebeen queens but leading journalists, writers, musicians and politicians, and gave urban African culture its rhythm and style. This play, based on the life history of Sophiatown, opened at the Market Theatre in Johannesburg in February 1986 to great acclaim. The play won the AA Life Vita Award for Playwright of the Year 1985/86. This edition of the play includes an introduction which sets the work in its historical context. The Junction Avenue Theatre Company was founded in Johannesburg in the 1970s.
978 1 86814 493 8 (print) 978 1 86814 617 8 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 186 pp Soft cover, illustrated, 2009
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 236 1 (print) 978 1 86814 673 4 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 96 pp Soft cover, 1993
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Tshepang The Third Testament
Nothing but the Truth
Cupidity, corruption and conciliation are the themes of the three plays in this collection: The Mother of all Eating, a one-hander, with its central character a corrupt Lesotho official, is a grinding satire on materialism. You Fool, How Can the Sky Fall? is an unbridled study in grotesquerie, reflecting a belief that government by those who inherit a revolution is almost inevitably, in the first decade or two, hijacked by the smart operators. The Bells of Amersfoort, with its graphic portrayal of the isolation imposed by exile, picks up on the themes of the other two plays but adds to them the concept of ‘healing’, both of the soul and of the land.
Athol Fugard Introduction by Anthony Akerman
In an old house in a small country town three women gather in the presence of a stinkwood table and their powerful memories of the man they have just buried. In Sorrows and Rejoicings, Athol Fugard turns once more to his beloved Karoo and to the themes of exile and the importance of place that have permeated so many of his plays. Anthony Akerman’s accessible introduction situates the play in the context of the body of Fugard’s work.
The contributions of African women to their respective nations have been documented for generations as letters, speeches, songs, poems and other oralities, but never before have they been gathered together in one monumental work: The Women Writing Africa Project. This invaluable resource, originally published by Feminist Press in the United States, seeks to elucidate voices and stories that have been long ignored and are in need of telling.
The Southern Region
Edited by M.J. Daymond, Dorothy Driver, Sheila Meintjes, Leloba Molema, Chiedza Musengezi, Margie Orford and Nobantu Rasebotsa
Presenting voices rarely heard, some recorded as early as the mid-nineteenth century, as well as rediscovered gems by well-known authors such as Bessie Head and Doris Lessing, this landmark collection reveals a living cultural legacy that will revolutionise the understanding of African women’s literary and cultural production. The texts – ranging from communal songs and folktales to letters, diaries, political petitions, court records, poems, essays, and fiction – demonstrate the critical role played by women in cultural continuity and resistance to oppression in six countries in the region: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
West Africa and the Sahel
Edited by Esi Sutherland-Addy and Aminata Diaw
The collection encompasses an epic cultural history through the voices of women represented in twenty languages spoken in an area encompassing twelve countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Conakry, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone.
978 1 86814 377 1 (print) 978 1 86814 639 9 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 162 pp Soft cover 2002
978 1 86814 385 6 (print) 978 1 86814 674 1 (digital) 200 x 130 mm, 80 pp Soft cover 2002
Zakes Mda is a multiple award-winning playwright, novelist, painter, composer and filmmaker. He currently teaches at the University of Ohio, United States.
Athol Fugard is one of South Africa’s and the world’s finest playwrights. His numerous plays have won many awards, been produced internationally and made into musical works and films.
978 1 86814 394 8 235 x 155 mm, 560 pp Soft cover 2003
978 1 86814 428 0 235 x 155 mm, 512 pp Soft cover 2005
My Life and Valley Song Two Plays
My Life is based on the diaries of five South African girls who were growing into womanhood in 1994. The perspective of each young woman on her country and her people is conveyed with a mixture of naivety, exuberance, warmth and humour. A small Karoo town provides the setting for Valley Song, which explores the theme of youth in search of itself, and provides a lyrical metaphor for the new South Africa in which it was set, and has been termed one of Fugard’s most endearing plays.
My Children! My Africa! and Selected Shorter Plays
Athol Fugard Edited by Stephen Gray
In his introduction to this collection, Stephen Gray states that ‘there can be no artistic grounds on which to uphold a belief that “short” implies “lesser”’; he goes on to make the point that ‘Fugard seems naturally to be most at ease when working in compact dense forms’ . This collection brings together all the available shorter plays by Athol Fugard not accessible to readers and performers, and demonstrates through these plays the crucial stages of Fugard’s development as a great man of the theatre.
The Eastern Region
Edited by Amandina Lihamba, Fulata L. Moyo, Mugyabuso M. Mulokozi, Naomi L. Shitemi and Saida Yahya-Othman
This volume highlights twenty-three languages and five east African countries: Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. It focuses on the daily lives of women in retellings of personal sufferings and triumphs, parliamentary speeches, fiction, poetry and songs, and the roles of women in creating an educated people in nations free from colonial rule.
The Northern Region
Edited by Fatima Sadiqi, Amira Nowaira, Azza El Kholy and Moha Ennaji
The fourth volume in the series includes more than 100 texts from Algeria, Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia. It includes works from 1500 BCE to the present; from an Egyptian Queen’s marriage proposal to contemporary women promoting new marriage and family laws. Many names will resonate with modern readers, including Leila Abou Zeid, Amina Arfaoui, Salwa Bakr, Assia Djebar, Nawal El Saadawi and Fatima Mernissi. Important themes include polygamy, the veil, education and political participation.
978 1 86814 287 3 (print) 978 1 86814 654 3 (digital) 190 x 125 mm, 86 pp Soft cover 1996
978 1 86814 117 3 (print) 978 1 86814 653 6 (digital) 198 x 126 mm, 198 pp Soft cover 1990
978 1 86814 459 4 235 x 155 mm, 512 pp Soft cover 2007
978 186814 490 7 235 x 155 mm, 636 pp Soft cover 2009
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Fools, Bells and the Habit of Eating
Sorrows and Rejoicings
Women Writing Africa
AFRICAN TREAUSURY SERIES
The African Treasury Series is a premier collection of texts by South Africa’s pioneers of African literature and written in indigenous languages. First published in the 1940s, the series provided a voice for the voiceless and celebrated African culture, history and heritage. It continues to make a contribution by supporting current efforts to empower and develop the status of African languages in South Africa.
B. Wallet Vilakazi
978 085494 068 4, 1935
978 085494 079 0, 1960
Abantu Besizwe Historical and Biographical Writings, 1902-1944
S. E. K. Mqhayi Edited and translated by Jeff Opland with the assistance of Luvo Mabinza, Koliswa Moropa, Nosisi Mpolweni and Abner Nyamende
S. E. K. Mqhayi (1875-1945) was born in the Eastern Cape and taught in and near East London and at Lovedale. He helped to edit two local newspapers, Izwi labantu and Imvo zabantsundu before retiring to devote himself to social upliftment schemes, to writing and translating. Mqhayi is one of the greatest figures in the history of South African literature, yet his achievement is not fully appreciated because he wrote only in isiXhosa. He was the greatest of all isiXhosa praise poets, whose concern with all the people of South Africa earned him the title ‘Imbongi yesizwe jikelele’, ‘The poet of the whole nation’. Abantu Besizwe (The Nation’s People), the first new volume of Mqhayi’s writing to appear in over 60 years, contains 69 historical and biographical essays contributed to newspapers between 1902 and 1944 as originally published, with facing English translations. The collection will confirm his status as a major South African author.
978 085494 069 1, 1936
Pelong ya ka
978 191980 579 5, 1962
Dintshontsho tsa bo- Juluse Kesara
Solomon Tshekiso Plaatje
978 085494 070 7, 1937
978 085494 081 3, 1965
978 085494 072 1, 1941
Aaron Phumasilwe Myeni
978 085320 026 0, 1969
978 085320 018 5, 1941
978 085494 103 2, 1972
978 1 86814 501 0 (print) 978 1 86814 611 6 (digital) 230 x 150 mm, 648 pp Soft cover, 2009
978 18692 511 5, 1943
978 186925 065 2, 1986
The Nation’s Bounty The Xhosa Poetry of Nontsizi Mgqwetho
Edited and translated by Jeff Opland with the assistance of Phyllis Ntantala, Abner Nyamende and Peter Mtuze
For nearly a decade Nontsizi Mgqwetho contributed poetry to a Johannesburg newspaper, Umteteli wa Bantu. Very little is known about her life. She explodes on the scene with her urgent, confrontational poetry on 23 October 1920, sends poems to the newspaper regularly from 1924 to 1926, withdraws for two years until two final poems appear in December 1928 and January 1929, then disappears into the shrouding silence she first burst from. The poetry she left immediately claims for her the status of one of the greatest literary artists ever to write in isiXhosa, an anguished voice of an urban woman confronting male dominance, ineffective leadership, black apathy, white malice and indifference, economic exploitation and a tragic history of nineteenth-century territorial and cultural dispossession. The Nation’s Bounty contains the original poems alongside English translations.
978 085320 016 1, 1945
Dipale le Ditshomo
978 085494 988 5, 1987
978 191991 110 6, 1945
Diwani ya Muyaka bin Haji Al-Ghassaniy
Tseleng ya Bophelo le Dithothokiso tse Ntjha
978 085494 077 6, 1947
Pambo la Lugha
978 085494 078 3, 1952
Kielezo cha Insha
978 186814 451 8 (print) 978 1 86814 655 0 (digital) 230 x 150 mm, 480 pp Soft cover, 2007
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Jeff Opland is Visiting Professor of African Language and Literatures at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and Research Fellow in the Department of African Languages, University of South Africa, Pretoria.
Titles in the African Treasury Series are also available from Macmillan South Africa Tel: +27 11 731 3300 • www.macmillan.co.za
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
AFRICAN TREAUSURY SERIES
The African Treasury Series
WITS P & DM SERIES
Edited by Barry Mendelow, Michele Ramsay, Nanthakumarn Chetty and Wendy Stevens
The insights following the wake of the Human Genome project are radically influencing our understanding of the molecular basis of life, health and disease. The improved accuracy and precision of clinical diagnostics is also beginning to have an impact on therapeutics in a fundamental way. This book is suitable for undergraduate medical students, as part of their basic sciences training, but is also relevant to interested under- and postgraduate science and engineering students. It serves as an introductory text for medical registrars in virtually all specialties, and is also of value to the General Practitioner wishing to keep up to date, especially in view of the growing, internet-assisted public knowledge of the field. There is a special focus on the application of molecular medicine in Africa and in developing countries elsewhere. Barry Mendelow is Emeritus Professor, Wendy Stevens is Head of the Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, Michele Ramsay is Head of the Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Division of Human Genetics and Nanthakumarn Chetty is Head of the Platelet Research Unit in the Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, all at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and National Health Laboratory Service.
The Politics of Service Delivery
Edited by Anne Mc Lennan and Barry Munslow
Securing economic growth by ensuring that its rewards are distributed to the poor and marginalised through social grants and effective delivery remains a key challenge facing South Africa in the second decade of democracy. This book examines the obstacles to and, in a series of case studies, reflects on lessons for delivery in developing countries.
African Security Governance Emerging Issues
Edited by Gavin Cawthra
Africa faces a range of security challenges. This book is a result of research carried out by the Southern African Defence and Security Management Network (SADSEM) on many new and emerging security issues. The broad focus is on security governance – the role of state and a wide range of social actors in the areas of both human and state security. The topics covered include policing transformation, intelligence governance, regulation of private security actors, challenges of nuclear proliferation, regional security, peace diplomacy and peace missions, the relationship between development and security and new challenges in governance of the military.
978 186814 481 5 (print) 978 1 86814 661 1 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 340 pp Soft cover 2009
Anne Mc Lennan is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Public and Development Management, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Barry Munslow is a Visiting Research Professor at the Graduate School of Public and Development Management.
978 1 86814 483 9 (print) 978 1 86814 613 0 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 240 pp Soft cover 2009 With United Nations University Press
978 1 86814 465 5 (print) 978 1 86814 652 9 (digital) 280 x 210 mm, 518 pp Illustrated in full colour Soft cover, 2008
The Fundamentals of Human Embryology Student Manual 2nd Edition
John Allan and Beverley Kramer
The Fundamentals of Human Embryology imparts to students a comprehensive overview of how the human embryo forms, not only as a basis for the student of human anatomy, but also as a link to abnormalities they may encounter in their clinical careers. Extensively illustrated with labeled line drawings, this concise manual will meet the needs of both undergraduate and postgraduate students in the Human Sciences. Special features include separate chapters on the neural crest, the skull and osteogenesis, and in-depth coverage of head and neck embryology, including the development of the tooth, for students of dentistry, and speech and audiology. This Second Edition features an appendix of coloured photographs of congenital abnormalities to help students form a more realistic idea of developmental abnormalities. John Allan is Emeritus Professor of Applied and Functional Anatomy in the School of Human Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Beverley Kramer is Head of the School of Anatomical Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand, and President of the Anatomical Society of Southern Africa.
Gavin Cawthra is Professor of Defence and Security Management at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Security and Democracy in Southern Africa
Edited by Gavin Cawthra, Andre du Pisani and Abillah Omari
Southern Africa has embarked on one of the world’s most ambitious security co-operation initiatives, seeking to roll out the principles of the United Nations at regional levels. This book examines the triangular relationship between democratisation, the character of democracy and its deficits, and national security practices and perceptions of eleven southern African states. Progress will mean building multinational institutions, entrenching democratic practices, drawing on civil society and integrating the southern African project with that of the African Union.
The State of the State Institutional Transformation, Capacity and Political Change in South Africa
Louis A. Picard
In this book, Picard breaks new ground in his exploration of the nature of the South African state in the 1990s and early twenty-first century. He argues that the structural legacies of the apartheid state embedded in systems of government have a continuing influence on the success of the new democratic government in South Africa.
978 1 86814 503 4 (print) 978 1 86814 638 3 (digital) 295 x 210 mm, 256 pp Soft cover, 2010
Turnaround Management and Corporate Renewal A South African Perspective
Edited by Neil Harvey
This broad definition can apply to turnarounds in almost anything – a life, an endeavour, a company, a municipality, a non-profit organisation, a sporting team, a university, a government. Turnaround Management and Corporate Renewal deals mainly with the turnaround of business organisations. The strategic, financial, legal, human resources, marketing and operations, stakeholder management, political, and internal and external aspects of turnarounds are evaluated in depth by leaders in their fields. Definitions, stages of a turnaround, rapid appraisal and detailed analysis, recovery plan development and implementation are covered. Change management, small business turnarounds, recruiting for a turnaround, value management and value engineering, early warning signals and managing stress are all included in the chapters. Case studies are written by people who have led successful South African turnarounds. Neil Harvey led fourteen successful turnarounds across a variety of industries in Africa, Europe and the United States from 1968 to 1999. He has since been a professor at Rhodes University and adjunct professor at Grand Valley State University in the United States.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
978 1 86814 453 2 (print) 978 1 86814 670 3 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 340 pp Soft cover 2007
978 1 86814 419 8 (digital) 978 1 86814 677 2 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 416 pp Soft cover 2006
Andre du Pisani is Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Namibia. Abillah Omari is Director of the Mozambique/Tanzania Centre for Foreign Relations, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Professor of Strategic Studies. 84
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Louis A. Picard is Professor in the Division of International Development, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, United States.
978 1 86814 519 5 (print) 978 1 86814 684 0 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 576 pp Soft cover, 2011
The Wits P&DM Governance Series explores the challenges and politics of governance and service delivery in unequal and limited resource contexts such as South and southern Africa. By focusing on public administration, institutional economics, development and good governance issues, it aims to contribute to the development of a knowledge base that informs governance policies and practices in southern Africa.
Molecular Medicine for Clinicians
Jules Kieser and John Allan
Practical Anatomy is a clearly written guide to dissection and an account of the biological, developmental and systematic foundations of human anatomy. The book is aimed at the second year medical, dental and physiotherapy student. It has built on the solid foundation of Professor Phillip Tobias’s Man’s Anatomy, incorporating all the features unique to that work.
Errol van der Merwe and Charles Potter
Engineering Graphics forms part of every engineer’s training. This interactive workbook for the beginner engineer has developed out of internationally acclaimed research on spatial perception methodology, and is written to the requirements of the National Qualifications Framework.
Colin Hartley, John Ford and Colin Firer
An easy-to-read, integrated approach to accounting and finance which dispels much of the mystique surrounding these subjects aimed at students and non-financial managers. The updated edition incorporates changes in legislation and in attitudes towards financial analysis, the interpretation of annual accounts and the use of financial rations, as well as chapters on the financial planning process, the cost of capital and risk analysis.
James Fisher, Lesley-Anne Katz, Karin Miller, Andrew Thatcher
South Africa at Work highlights some of the core issues that shape South Africa’s contemporary working environment, and shows how an understanding of psychology can assist managers in the effective running of organisations and the promotion of effective employee relations. South Africa at Work will help both managers and students understand the real-life complexities of organisational life in South Africa.
978 1 86814 335 1 (print) 978 1 86814 645 1 (digital) 297 x 210 mm, 304 pp Soft cover 2000
978 1 86814 309 2 (print) 978 1 86814 663 5 (digital) 297 x 210 mm, 416 pp Soft cover 1999
978 1 86814 429 7 (print) 978 1 86814 623 9 (digital) 214 x 150 mm, 300 pp Soft cover 2005
978 1 86814 381 8 (print) 978 1 86814 675 8 (digital) 240 x 170 mm, 224 pp Soft cover 2003
Errol van der Merwe is a Lecturer in the School of Mechanical Engineering and Charles Potter is Associate Professor of Psychology, both at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Jules Kieser is a Lecturer at the University of Otago Dental School in New Zealand. John Allan is Emeritus Professor of Anatomy at the University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, Johannesburg.
Colin Hartley is a chartered accountant and cost management accountant. Colin Firer is Academic Director of the Graduate School of Business and Len Abrahamse Chair of Business Administration in Finance at the University of Cape Town. John Ford is a Lecturer at the Gordon Institute of Business Science.
James Fisher is a Professor of Psychology and Lesley-Anne Katz, Karin Miller and Andrew Thatcher are all Lecturers in Psychology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
Biology Skills Second Edition
Using the topic of biodiversity as background content, Biology Skills is designed to teach the most important techniques required for a science degree, enabling the student to learn new techniques at the same time as revising the course work. Designed in the form of a handy workbook, Biology Skills is interactive and flexible enough to be used by students in their own study groups or in more formal tutorial groups with the guidance of a tutor.
General Pathology Illustrated Lecture Notes
J. J. Rippey
General Pathology covers the study of pathological or disease processes in general with particular reference to morphological changes. The book is designed for secondand third-year pathology students in the medical and paramedical fields. Topics covered include cell injury, death and necrosis, pigmentation, calcification, haemorrhage, shock and oedema.
Encounters An Anthology of South African Short Stories
Edited by David Medalie
Among the twenty contributors to this anthology are Nobel Laureate, Nadine Gordimer; the immortal chronicler of the Groot Marico, Herman Charles Bosman; awardwinning authors Ivan Vladislavić’s, Ahmed Essop, Mandla Langa, Dan Jacobson, Miriam Tlali, Christopher Hope, Mbulelo Mzamane and Chris van Wyk; and the legendary icon of Drum Magazine, Can Themba. Compiled and introduced by David Medalie, this selection ranges across time, culture and style.
English-Zulu / Zulu-English Dictionary
C. M. Doke, D. M. Malcolm, J. M. A. Sikakana, B. W. Vilakazi
This is the original and first Zulu-English dictionary to be developed in South Africa. It was begun in the 1940s by Wits University lecturers, C. M. Doke and B. W. Vilakazi. Vilakazi, who died in 1947, was the first published Zulu poet and his collection, Amal’eZulu, is listed in the Top 100 African Books of the twentieth century. The EnglishZulu dictionary was published in 1958 by Doke, Malcolm and Sikakana. The first combined edition of the two dictionaries (i.e. the present format) was published in 1990. The English-Zulu / Zulu–English Dictionary is still the definitive dictionary in these languages. Various revisions have been undertaken over the years to bring the orthography up to date.
978 1 86814 327 6 (print) 978 1 86814 619 2 (digital) 297 x 210 mm, 256 pp Soft cover 1997
978 1 86814 240 8 (print) 978 1 86814 639 0 (digital) Second Edition 243 x 169 mm, 364 pp Soft cover 1994
978 1 86814 325 2 (print) 978 1 86814 630 7 (digital) 220 x 150 mm, 272 pp Soft cover 1998
978 1 86814 160 9 (print) 978 1 86814 631 4 (digital) 210 x 150 mm, 1608 pp Soft cover 1990
Debbie Osberg is based at the General College of Science at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 86
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
John Rippey is a former Professor of Anatomical Pathology at the South African Institute of Medical Research, at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.
David Medalie lectures in the English Department at the University of Pretoria, South Africa.
WITS UNIVERSITY PRESS
Introduction to Engineering Graphics A Drawing Workbook
Practical Anatomy The Human Body Dissected
Business Accounting and Finance for Managers An Introduction, 6th Edition
South Africa at Work Applying Psychology to the Workplace
Africa on the Move
African Migration and Urbanisation in Comparative Perspective
Edited by Marta Tienda, Sally E. Findley, Stephen Tollman and Eleanor Preston-Whyte
African Postmodernism and Magical Realism 978 1 86814 424 2 2006
Ambiguities of Witnessing
Law and Literature in the Time of a Truth Commission 978 1 86814 460 0 2007 With Stanford University Press
And the Girls in their Sunday Dresses
A Centenary Selection of Herman Charles Bosman’s Stories
Compiled by Patrick Mynhardt
Change of Pace
South Africa’s Economic Revival
Children of Bondage
Robert C -H Shell
A Social History of the Slave Society at the Cape of Good Hope, 1652-1838 978 1 86814 275 0 • 1997 reprint With Wesleyan University Press (US)
The Closest of Strangers
South African Women’s Life Writing
Edited by Judith Lütge Coullie
978 1 86814 432 7 2006
978 1 86814 222 4 1993
978 1 86814 416 7 2004
978 186814 384 9 2003
978 1 86814 388 7 2004
At the Junction
Four Plays by The Junction Avenue Theatre Company
Edited and Introduced by Martin Orkin
Her Life and Writing 978 1 86814 446 4 2007
Bessie Head: Thunder Behind her Ears
Big African States
Angola, DRC, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan
Edited by Christopher Clapham, Jeffrey Herbst and Greg Mills
Bleakness and Light
Inner-City Transition in Hillbrow, Johannesburg
Commissioning the Past
Edited by Deborah Posel and Graeme Simpson
Understanding South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Edited by Grant Olwage
Music For and Against Apartheid 978 1 86814 456 3 2008
Culture and Commonplace
in Honour of David Hammond-Tooke Edited by Patrick McAllister
Customs and Beliefs of the/Xam Bushmen
Gillian Stead Eilersen
978 1 86814 264 4 1995
978 1 86814 425 9 2006
978 1 86814 333 7
978 1 86814 358 0 2002
978 1 86814 326 9 1998
Edited by Jeremy C. Hollmann 978 1 86814 399 3 2004
Boy from Bethulie
Butterflies and Barbarians
Swiss Missionaries and Systems of Knowledge in South-East Africa 978 1 86814 448 8 2007
Buttons and Breakfasts
The Wits Wonder Women Book
Edited by Margaret Orr, Mary Rorich and Finuala Dowling
Race and Politics in Springbok Cricket
Bruce Murray and Christopher Merrett
Decolonization and Empire
978 1 86814 397 9 2003
978 1 86814 423 5 2006
978 186914 059 5 2004 With University of KwaZulu-Natal Press (SA)
Contesting the Rhetoric and Reality of Resubordination in Southern Africa and Beyond
John S. Saul
District Six Revisited
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978 1 86814 352 8 2000
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Abantu Besizwe Adaptive Herbivore Ecology Africa on the Move Africa Writes Back African-Language Literatures African Dream Machines African National Congress and the Regeneration African Security Governance After Colonialism AIDS Conspiracy, The Alexandra: A History Ambiguities of Witnessing And the Girls in their Sunday Dresses Animal Gaze, The At the Junction At this Stage Bats of Southern and Central Africa Becoming Worthy Ancestors Being Nuclear Bessie Head: Thunder Behind Big African States Biology Skills Bleakness and Light Boiling Point Boy from Bethulie Bury me at the Marketplace Bushman Letters Business Accounting and Finance Butterflies and Barbarians Buttons and Breakfasts Caught Behind Caves of the Ape-Men Celebrating Bosman Change of Pace Changing the Course of AIDS Children of Bondage City of Extremes Closest of Strangers, The Commissioning the Past Composing Apartheid Contradicting Maternity Conversations with Bourdieu Culture and Commonplace Customs and Beliefs of the /Xam Decolonization and Empire Disorder of Things, The
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District Six Revisited Do South Africans Exist? Dumile Feni Retrospective Dunga Manzi Eating from One Pot Ekurhuleni Eland’s People, The Elephant Management Encounters English-Zulu / Zulu-English Dictionary Entanglement Ethnic Pride and Racial Prejudice EU and Africa, The Exorcising the Demons Within Fight for Democracy First Ethiopians, The Five Hundred Years Rediscovered Fools, Bells and the Habit of Eating Fred de Vries Interviews, The From Africa to Afghanistan From Tools to Symbols Fundamentals of Human Embryology Gaining Ground Gandhi’s Johannesburg Gangs, Politics and Dignity General Pathology Gerard Sekoto: I am an African Go Home or Die Here History after Apartheid Home Spaces, Street Styles Humanitarian Hangover, The Hyperactivity and ADD IKasi Imagination of Freedom, The Imaginative Trespasser Improving Teaching and Learning Into the Past Introduction to Engineering Graphics Invaded Investment Choices for South African Education Johannesburg Law and Sacrifice Life of Bone Love, Crime and Johannesburg Lover of his People Luka Jantjie
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Mapungubwe Marginal Spaces Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Material Matters Mbeki and After Mediations of Violence Metal that will not bend Mfecane Aftermath, The Molecular Medicine for Clinicians Mourning Becomes … My Children, My Africa My Life and Valley Song Nation’s Bounty, The Nature’s Gifts New South African Review 1 New South African Review 2 Nothing but the Truth One hundred years of the ANC Origins of Non-Racialism Orlando West, Soweto Our Gendered Past Our Lady of Benoni Paper Wars Papwa Sewgolum Paradise, the Castle and the Vineyard Parrots of Africa, Madagascar and the Peacebuilding, Power and Politics People of the Eland People’s Paper, The Permanent Removal Picturing Change Politics of Service Delivery, The Popular Politics and Resistance Portraits of African Writers Practical Anatomy Prickly Pear Print, Text and Book Cultures Psychological Assessment in South Africa Radio in Africa Region-building in Southern Africa Riddles in Stone Riding High Sara Baartman and the Hottentot Venus Scorched Scots in South Africa, The Search for Origins, A
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Security and Democracy in Southern Africa Security Intersection, The Seeing and Knowing Seeking Mandela Selecting Immigrants Shakespeare and the Coconuts Shakti Sol Plaatje: Selected Writings Somewhere on the Border Sonic Spaces of the Karoo Sophiatown Sorrows and Rejoicings South Africa and India South Africa at Work Sport versus Art Stars of the Southern Skies State of the State, The Sterkfontein Still Beating the Drum Stranger at Home Structure, Meaning and Ritual Theatres of Struggle Tobias in Conversation Tracks in a Mountain Range Traumatic Stress in South Africa Tshepang Turnaround Management UKhahlamba Untold Stories Uplifting the Colonial Philistine Visual Century War against Ourselves, The We Write What We Like What is slavery to me? Wits: The ‘Open’ Years Women by Women Women Writing Africa: The Eastern Region Women Writing Africa: The Northern Region Women Writing Africa: The Southern Region Women Writing Africa: West Africa and the Sahel Working with Rock Art Worlds of Power Young Warriors Zulu Love Letter
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